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OOCU M Occupational Wage Survey SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA OCTOBER 1964 MI N N E H A H A j ♦ Sioux Falls I I u I I I i ii No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 5 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W. Willard W irtz, Secretary B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S Ew an C lag ue, C om m issioner HAWAII Occupational Wage Survey SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA OCTOBER 1964 Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 5 December 1964 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W . Willard W irtz, Secretary BUREA U O F LABOR STA TIS TIC S Ewan Clague, Commissioner For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents P reface C ontents Page At the end of each survey, an individual area bulletin presents survey results for each area studied. After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summ ary bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents information which has been projected from individual m et ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the United States. Tables: 1. A. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied..______________ __________ _______ ____________ _. . . . . Occupational earnings:* A - 1. Office occupations— men and women-__ _______________________ A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations-men and w o m e n . A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupationsmen and women combined-------------------------------------A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations________ — A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations Appendixes: A. Changes in occupational description s---------------------------------------------B. Occupational description s___________________________________________ Eighty-two areas currently are included in the program. Information on occupational earnings is col lected annually in each area. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained biennially in m ost of the areas. This bulletin presents results of the survey in Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., in October 1964. It was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., by Edward Chaiken, under the direction of Kenneth Thorsten. The study was under the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations. areas. * NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other (See inside back cover.) Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the Sioux F alls area, are available for seven selected building trades. 2 3 4 U U J i 4^ The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the United States. A major consideration in the program is the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the structure and level of wages among areas and industry divisions. 7 9 Occupational W age Survey—Sioux Falls, S. Dak. Introduction O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . E arnings data exclude p r e m ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses and incentive earnings a re included. W here w eekly hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu pation s, re fe re n ce is to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which straigh t-tim e sa la ries are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have been rounded to the n ea rest half d ollar. This a rea is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Departm ent o f L a b o r's Bureau o f L abor S tatistics conducts surveys o f o ccu p a tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis. This bulletin p resen ts cu rren t occu pation al em ploym ent and earnings in form ation obtained la rg e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents visited by B ureau fie ld e con om ists in the la st p reviou s su rvey fo r occupations rep orted in that e a r lie r study. P e r so n a l v isits w e re made to nonrespondents and to those respondents rep ortin g unusual changes sin ce the p reviou s survey. D iffe re n ce s in average pay le v e ls fo r m en and wom en in any of the se le cte d occupations should not be assum ed to r e fle ct d ifferen ces in pay treatm ent o f the sexes within individual establishm ents. The a verages p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide estim ates. Industries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l, jo b staffing, and in the extent to which m en and w om en are em ployed and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly to the estim a tes. Other p o ssib le fa cto rs which m ay contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay include: D ifferen ces in p ro g re s s io n within esta b lish ed rate ran ges, sin ce only the actual rates paid incum bents are c'ollected; and d iffe re n ce s in s p e cific duties p erform ed , although the w o rk e rs are ap p rop riately cla ss ifie d within the sam e su rvey jo b d e scrip tion . Job d e scrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usually m o re gen eralized than those used in individual establishm ents and allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among establishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p erform ed . In each area* data are obtained fr o m rep resen tative e sta b lishm ents within s ix b roa d industry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; tra n s portation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s; w h olesale trade; reta il trade; finan ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are governm ent o p e ra tions and the con stru ction and extra ctive in d u stries. E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk e rs are om itted b ecau se they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to warrant in clusion. Separate tabulations are p rovid ed fo r each of the broad industry division s which m eet publication c r ite r ia . T hese su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b eca u se of the u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll establishm ents. To obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion of large than of sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data, h ow ever, all establishm ents are given th eir appropriate weight. E s tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presen ted , th e re fo re , as relating to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and area, except fo r those below the m inim um s iz e studied. O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll establishm ents within the scop e of the study and not the number actually su rveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure among esta blish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent obtained fr o m the sam ple of establishm ents studied serve only to indicate the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jo b s studied. These d iffe r en ces in occupational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy of the earnings data. O ccupations and Earnings v The occupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a va riety of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are of the follow in g ty p es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical; (3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stod ial and m a teria l m o v e ment. O ccupational cla s s ific a tio n is based on a u niform set of jo b d escrip tion s designed to take account of in terestablishm ent variation in duties within the sam e jo b . The occu pation s selected fo r study are listed and d e s crib e d in appendix B. Earnings data fo r som e of the o ccu p a tion s'liste d and d e s c r ib e d are not p resen ted in the A -s e r ie s tables becau se either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m e rit p resen tation, or (2) there is p o s s i b ility of d isclo su r e of individual establishm ent data. E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s Tabulations on se lected establishm ent p ra ctice s and supple m entary wage p ro v isio n s (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Inform ation fo r these tabulations is co lle cte d biennially in this area. T hese tabulations on m inim um entrance sa la ries fo r in ex p erien ced wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs; shift d ifferen tials; scheduled w eekly h ou rs; paid h olidays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance, and pension plans; are p resen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in p reviou s bulletins fo r this area. 1 2 T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in S iou x F a ll s , S. D a k .,1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n ,2 O c t o b e r 1964 M in im u m e m p lo y m e n t in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s c o p e o f study In du stry d iv is io n A ll d i v i s i o n s . M an u factu rin g ___ — - ___ - .... — . _ __ __ __ - __ ___ __ _____ _ N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts W ithin s c o p e o f study 3 Studied W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4 Studied 54 _ _ T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 ___ _ W h o le s a le tra d e 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e 6 — _ . . . . . . F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6 ____________________ S e r v ic e s 54 9, 300 9. 300 50 " 16 38 16 38 4, 800 4, 500 4, 800 4, 500 50 50 50 50 50 12 7 14 4 1 12 7 14 4 1 1, 900 500 1, 600 400 100 1, 900 500 1, 600 400 100 1 T he S io u x F a lls Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M innehaha County. T h e ''w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in th is table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . T he e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y . 2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the S tandard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n . 3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ith in the a rea ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t. 4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the are a ) at o r ab ov e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . 5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d . 6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data. 7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g r e l i gio u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s . 3 A. O ccupational E arnings Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women (Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., O ctober 1964) Number of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of— Number Sex, occupation, and industry division workers $ weekly hours1 (standard' 45 M ean13 2 Median 2 M iddle range 2 $ $ $ $ S $ i $ $ $ $ $ * S S $ $ S $ 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 and under 50 - MEN $ $ 1 0 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0 19 4 0 .0 $ 107.00 $ 11 0.00 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- 32 28 4 0 .0 4 0 ,0 5 7 .0 0 5 6 .0 0 5 5 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 5 2 .5 0 5 2 .5 0 - 6 0 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 - 16 15 9 9 2 l 3 2 ~ 2 1 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B — NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------ 61 46 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 6 5 .0 0 6 0 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 5 7 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 5 2 .0 0 - 7 3 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 7 7 12 12 12 10 3 2 9 5 6 5 1 l CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING ------- 19 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 5 0 .5 0 4 9 .0 0 4 9 .0 0 4 7 .0 0 - 5 2 .0 0 4 7 .0 0 - 5 2 .0 0 12 12 7 7 8 7 .5 0 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A - 1 2 1 1 1 1 4 4 1 4 1 - 2 2 ~ - - 2 1 2 WOMEN KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, 19 5 0 .5 0 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 4 3 - 6 1 2 1 3 _ 2 1 4 3 1 4 l 2 * 2 3 ~ 1 1 l 2 2 2 “ 1 1 11 10 1 12 12 9 7 15 5 3 2 5 3 2 7 3 3 3 - 8 1 1 1 - - 12 11 8 7 4 3 11 3 _ _ _ 2 _ 3 2 - - 1 5 4 - 1 5 5 2 - 1 1 2 “ 4 2 _ ~ 2 70 .0 0 3 2 3 3 1 1 1 - - - 1 6 5 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 11 11 6 5 6 6 3 4 4 _ 3 - - 1 CLASS B ---------------- 23 4 0 .0 7 4 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 - SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 25 15 4 0 .0 8 1 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 4 0 .0 8 3 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------------- 90 59 34 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 7 2 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 - STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------- 25 19 40. 0 4 0 .0 8 9 .0 0 9 1 .0 0 8 6 .5 0 8 7 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0 8 L .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0 SWITCHBOARD UPERATUR- RECEPTIONIGTS- 15 4 0 .0 6 1 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 5 2 .5 0 - T Y P I S T S , CLASS S ----NUNMANUFACTUKING 34 30 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 5 8 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 5 5 .5 0 5 4 .5 0 4 9 .0 0 4 8 .5 0 - 8 5 .0 0 72 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 -r ~ 2 - - - - “ ~ l 1 - - - - - - 1 1 - - - - ~ “ - “ - - - - - 2 1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w ork ers. The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed r e c e iv e N ore m than the rate shown; half re ce ive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate. 3 Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities. 4 Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Data w ere not c o lle c te d fo r draftsm en and tr a c e r s due to the re v isio n of occupational d e s c r ip tio n s , w hich w e re re v ise d to fa cilita te im p rov ed c la s sific a tio n . (See appendix A .) It w as not fe a s ib le to c o lle c t earnings data by m a il the fir s t year; how ever, earnings data fo r d raftsm en and t r a c e r s w ill be c o lle c te d by pe rso n a l v is it and published next year. Data fo r industrial n urses do not m eet publication c r ite r ia . Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations‘ —Men and Women Combined (A vera ge stra igh t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis by industry d ivision , Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., O ctober 1964) Average A verage O ccupation and industry d iv isio n Number of workers W eekly hours 2 (standard) W eekly earnings 2 (standard) O ccupation and industry division OFFICE OCCUPATIONS OFFICE OCCUPATIONS BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 33 29 4 0 -0 4 0 .0 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------- 32 24 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 3 ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S3-------------------------- 74 17 57 16 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 - Number of workers W eekly hours 2 (standard) W eekly earnings 2 (standard) CONTINUED CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----------------------------------$ NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------5 7 .0 0 5 6 .0 0 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------9 7 .5 0 9 8 .0 0 SECRETARIES --------------------------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------6 8 .5 0 7 8 .5 0 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------6 5 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 PUBLIC U TILITIE S3-------------------------- Average O ccupation and industry div ision CFFICE OCCUPATIONS 19 19 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 $ 5 0 .5 0 5 0 .5 0 - STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 7 4 .0 0 25 15 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 8 1 .5 0 TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------8 3 .0 0 NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------- 90 59 34 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 7 2 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI0NISTS— S a la ries of p r o fe s sio n a l and tech n ica l w o rk e rs a re om itted fro m this rep ort. Standard h ours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p loyees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly h ou rs. T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other pub lic u tilities. W eekly hours 2 (standard) W eekly earnings 2 (standard) CONTINUED 4 0 .0 23 Number of workers 25 19 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 ' 1 9 .0 0 9 1 .0 0 15 4 0 .0 6 1 .0 0 34 30 4 0 .0 4 0 .0 5 8 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 5 Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations (A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , O ctober 1964) Hourly earnings 1 O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o ur l y e a rn i n g s o f— $ Mean1 2 Median 2 Middle range 2 $ $ $ $ $ $ 1 .90 Number of w orkers 2 .00 2.10 2.20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2.60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .90 3 .00 3 .10 3 .20 AUT0MJTIVE « U A T i I C iMAM L’ C 1 I n A i iM T CM A iM CJ —— _ — _ ———— —————— — — NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------------nidiiL ti r i i t t i li t iI l c 3 rU o t UiIL ] t j — — — 38 25 23 $ 2 .67 2 .6 0 2.61 $ 2 .4 7 2 .6 3 2 .6 3 - $ 2 .71 2 .72 2.72 $ > * $ $ $ $ 3.30 2 .1 0 2.20 2 .30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 2 .9 0 3 .00 3.10 3 .20 3 .30 3 .40 11 11 11 - 2 2 2 - and under 2 .0 0 MECHANICS, $ $ 2.83 2.78 2.77 4 3 3 1 — 1 1 — — 1 — — - 4 - — — 7 1 6 — 1 - 6 1 1 - — - _ 6 — ~ — - 1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 2 F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l . 3 Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities. Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations (Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , O ctober 1964) Number o f w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of— Hourly earnings O ccu p ation and industry division Number of workers "$ Mean 3 M edian3 M iddle range' $ $ 1.20 s 1 .30 $ $ $ I i I $ i $ $ l $ $ i $ i I 1.60 1 .40 1 .5 0 1 .70 1.8 0 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9 0 3 .0 0 3.10 3.20 and under 1.30 $ 1.99 2 .09 1.68 $ 1 .3 9 1 .7 9 1 .3 4 - $ 2.27 2.65 2.1 3 169 102 2 .37 2.33 2 .60 2.47 2 .1 0 2 .0 6 - 2.65 2.65 57 27 2.08 2 .32 30 1 .8 6 2.06 2.38 1 .95 1 .8 4 1 .9 7 1 .7 /3 - 2.37 2 .73 2.10 2.45 2.65 2 .39 2 .0 1 1 .8 9 - 2 .69 2 .93 - 2 . 02 - 2 .6 6 3 2 .6 6 2 .6 4 2 .3 8 2 .3 9 - 2.87 2 .69 J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------L A B O R E R S , M AT ER IA L HANDLING M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------O R DE R F I L L E R S ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------N UN M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------- 2.32 T R U C K D R I V E R S 4 ---------------- 2.4 0 2.28 MANUFACTURING -------N ON M AN U F A C T U R I N G T R U C K D R I V E R S , MED IUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO AND I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) -------------------N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G 1 2 3 4 --------------------------------- 1.40 $ 1.90 2 .17 1.67 51 2.54 35 2.53 6 l 5 9 1 8 1 .50 1 2 - 1 1 - 3 - 1.70 3 3 - 1 - 3 3 3 1 1 ,80 1.9 0 5 2 3 2 - - 2 2 - 1 1 1 6 4 1 3 6 2 4 1 1 - 1 1 - 1 1 5 3 2 .0 0 7 2 7 7 4 3 7 7 - 4 2 2 - 2.10 1 l - 7 6 6 5 2 2 - Data lim ited to men w ork ers. Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l . Includes all d rive rs regardless o f size and type o f truck operated. 1.60 1 - 2 .20 18 11 2.40 6 - 3 - - 6 7 6 1 2.30 2.50 3 1 1 2.60 8 8 l 2.90 3 .0 0 - 8 8 - - - - - - - - - - 7 7 - - 9 5 4 1 1 - 1 1 - 6 - - 9 4 - 3.10 - 3.20 - 3.30 - 88 48 8 1 5 5 - 4 4 - - 1 1 - 1 1 20 20 7 12 2 10 1 2.80 - i l l i l l 6 1 - 2.7 0 - 2 4 - - - 5 3 2 4 - 4 - 4 1 1 20 20 1 1 A p p e n d ix A . C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B, and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously published. In areas where current employment and earnings information was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will be presented next year. Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific categories. Switchboard operator* The revised description for switchboard operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation, if previously published. The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B. 7 A p p e n d ix B . O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. OFFICE BILLER, MACHINE BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows: Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined discounts and shinning charges and entrv of necessarv extensions. which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of -records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus tomers’ accolmts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The ma chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. CLERK, ACCOUNTING Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary 9 10 CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers. CLERK, FILE Class A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in con junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerics. Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple clerical and manual tarics required to maintain and service files. CLERK, ORDER—Continued to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders. CLERK, PAYROLL Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine. COMPTOMETER OPERATOR Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of other duties. DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material. KEYPUNCH OPERATOR CLERK, ORDER Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application 11 KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train inexperienced operators. Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc. Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor. OR OFFICE BOY OR GIRL Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters, e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. SECRETARY SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or memorandums for information of superior. Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appropriate for calls.) STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.) Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.) 12 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker* s time while at switchboard. TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations. TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators. Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro cedures are well established. May also include the training of new employees in the basic operation of the machine. Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from transcrib ing - ma chine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general. TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis tributing incoming mail. Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma terial in final form when it involves combining material from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies, e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already setup and spaced properly. 13 PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL DRAFTSMAN—Continue d DRAFTSMAN Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct tiieir preparation by lower level draftsmen. Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy. Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. MAINTENANCE Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress. DRAFTSMAN-TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.) and/or Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. is closely supervised during progress. Work NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) A registered nurse*who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. AND POWERPLANT CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard diop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap prenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 14 ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. ENGINEER, STATIONARY Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study puiposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex cluded from this classification. MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment. HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinists handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, 1he machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap prenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 15 MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) OILER Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es tablishment. Woik involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment. MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train ing and experience. PAINTER, MAINTENANCE Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es tablishment. Woik involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following? Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex perience usually acquired through a formal apprentice drip or equivalent training and experience. 16 TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. TOOL AND DIE MAKER volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of woik from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. (Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker) Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL AND For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification. MATERI AL MOVEMENT ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of starters and janitors are excluded. or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who specialize in window washing are excluded. GUARD Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and other persons entering. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER (Sweeper; charwoman; janitress) Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory wodcing areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING (Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper) A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded. 17 ORDER FILLER (Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman) Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. PACKER, SHIPPING Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following; Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are exclpdgd. For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.) Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately) Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons) Truckdriver, medium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type) SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK TRUCKER, POWER Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and Shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files. Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows: Trucker, power (foiklift) Trucker, power (other than foiklift) For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows: WATCHMAN Receiving clerk Shipping clerk Shipping and receiving clerk Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire, theft, and illegal entry. Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemises, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees. Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech nical, and Clerical Pay, February— March 1964 . 40 cents a copy. Occupational Wage Surveys A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent o f Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. , 20402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover. Area Bulletin number and p rice Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1 Albany-Schenectady— ro y , N. Y. , Mar. 1964 L, T Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1_ ____ ._____ Allentown— Bethlehem— Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 L N. Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1______________________________ B altim ore, Md. , Nov. 1 9 6 3 „ Beaumont— ort Arthur, Tex. , May 1964 P Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 L B oise City, Idaho, July 1964 . Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1963 1 _____ 1385-80, 1385-52, 1385-61, 1385-53, 1385-73, 1385-24, 1385-70, 1385-63, 1430-1, 1385-16, 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents Buffalo, N. Y . , Dec. 1963______________________________ Burlington, Y t. , M ar. 1964___________________________ . Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1------------- ------------------------------Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1 _______________________ Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1 ___________________________ Chattanooga, T enn .-G a. , Sept. 1964 l. _____ ____ ___ ___ Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641______________________________ Cincinnati, Ohio— Ky. , Mar. 1964 1-------------------------------Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1 _______ _____ _________ Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963__________ ____________. 1385-33, 1385-47, 1385-64, 1385-57, 1385-55, 1430-10, 1385-66, 1385-58, 1430-13, 1385-25, 25 20 25 25 25 25 30 25 30 20 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1963_______ _________________ __. . . . . 1385-15, Davenport— Rock Island— oline, Iow aM Ill. , Oct. 1963_________________________________________ 1385 - 1 2 , Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1___ __________________ ____ ___ 1385 -40, Denver, Colo. , Dec. 1963 1 _____ ____________________ __ 1385 -34, Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1_______________________ __ 1385 -44, Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964__________ ___-______ ______ _ 1385 -43, Fort Worth, T ex. , Nov. 1963___________________________ 1385 - 19, Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1__________________________ 1430 -3, G reenville, S. C. , May 1964 1___ _________ _____________ 1385 -68, Houston, Tex. , June 1964 1____ ___ ___ ________________ 1385-81, 25 cents 20 25 25 25 25 20 25 25 25 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1________ -__________ . ____ 1385 -30, Jackson, M iss. , Feb. 1964 1. ___________________________ 1385 -41, Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964 _ ________________________ 1385 -32, Kansas City, Mo. — Kans. , Nov. 1963 1 ______ ________.__ 1385 -26, Lawrence— Haverhill, M a s s .— H. , June 1964 1________ 1385 -76, N. Little Rock— North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1 1430 -7, Los Angeles— Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 *.___. _____ 1385 -59, L ouisville, Ky. — Ind. , Feb. 1964._____ _________ ______ __1385 -50, Lubbock, Tex. , June 1964 1 ____ . ________________________ 1385 -75, M anchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1------------------------------------- 1430 -4, Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1_____________. . . ___________ 1385-35, 25 25 20 25 25 25 30 20 25 25 25 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents 1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented. Area Miami, Fla. , Dec. 1963 1__________________________ Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964___________ ___ _____ _ Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964____ _____ Muskegon— Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1964 Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1______ New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1964 1 _____ _________ _____ New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964___________ ____^____ New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 l. Norfolk— Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va. , June 1964______ ________ Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1 _____ Omaha, Nebr. — Iowa, Oct. 1963 L___________________ Paterson— Clifton— assaic, N. J. , May 1964 1 P ____ ... Philadelphia, Pa. — J. , Nov. 1963 1______________ N. Phoenix, A riz. , Mar. 1964 1______________ _________ Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964__ ______________________ Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 1___________ ___________ Portland, Or eg. — ash. , May 1964 1_______________ W Providence— Pawtucket, R. I. — ass. , May 1964___ M Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964- Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1963 Bulletin number and price 1385-29, 1385-56, 1385-39, 1385-71, 1385-49, 1385-37, 1385-42, 1385-72, 25 25 25 25 30 25 25 40 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents 1385-77, 20 cents 1430-5, 25 cents 1385-14, 25 cents 1385-62, 25 cents 1385-31, 30 cents 1385-54, 25 cents 1385-38, 25 cents 1385-22, 25 cents 1385-67, 25 cents 1385-65, 20 cents 1430-6, 20 cents 1385-23, 25 cents 1385-60, 1385-21, 1385-28, 1385-74, 25 25 20 20 cents cents cents cents San Diego, Calif. , Sept. 1964 1_____________ San Franc is co-Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1964 1_ Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 * ...., Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964— .... Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964- 1430-8, 1430-12, 1385-36, 1385-69, 1430-2, 1430-9, 20 25 25 25 20 25 cents cents cents cents cents cents Sioux F alls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964. South Bend, Ind. , M ar. 1964 l m Spokane, Wash. , May 1964______ _________ T oled o, Ohio, Feb. 1964..— ____ —— __ Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963. Washington, D. C .— Md. — Va. , Oct. 1964 1 . Waterbury, C onn., Mar. 1964 1__________ W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963 _________ — , Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 19641_____________ W orcester, M a ss., June 1964 1 . — York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1________ 1430-15, 1385-51, 1385-78, 1385-46, 1385-27, 1430-14, 1385-48, 1385-18, 1430-11, 1385-79, 1385-45, 20 25 20 20 20 30 25 20 25 25 25 cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents cents Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 L . St. Louis, Mo.-111. , Oct. 1963__ Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963___________ San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964_______ ______ San Bernardino— iverside— R Ontario, Calif. ,