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Occupational Wage Survey

CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1964

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew a n C la g ue, C o m m issio n e r




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
CLEVELAND, OHIO




SEP TEMBER 1 9 6 4

Bu lle tin No. 14 3 0 -1 3
November 1964

UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LA BO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewon Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of L abor S tatistics p ro g ra m of annual
occupational wage su rveys in m etropolitan areas is designed
to provid e data on occupational earnings, and establishm ent
p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s. It yields
detailed data by selected industry division s fo r each of the
areas studied, fo r e con om ic reg io n s, and fo r the United
States. A m a jor con sid eration in the p rog ra m is the need
fo r greater insight into (1) the m ovem ent of w ages b y o c c u ­
pational ca teg ory and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the structure and
lev el of wages among areas and industry d ivision s.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r selected occupational g ro u p s__________________________
Tables:
1. E stablishm ents and w ork ers within scop e of su rvey and
num ber stu died__________________________________________________ _
2. Indexes of standard w eekly sa la ries and straigh t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and p ercen ts of
in cre a se fo r selected p e r io d s ___________________________________

At the end of each su rvey, an individual area
bulletin presen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each area studied.
A fter com pletion of all of the individual a rea bulletins fo r
a round of su rveys, a tw o-p a rt sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The fir s t part brin gs data fo r each of the m etropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The secon d part p resen ts
inform ation which has been p ro je cte d fr o m individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to eco n o m ic region s and the
United States.

A. Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en ______________________—
m
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations— en and wom en
m
A -3 . O ffice , p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
men and wom en c o m b in e d ------------------------------- ------------- —
A -4 . Maintenance and pow erplant occu p a tion s________________ —
A - 5. Custodial and m a terial m ovem ent occupations__________ —
B.

E ighty-tw o a reas cu rren tly are included in the
program . Inform ation on occupational earnings is c o lle cte d
annually in each area. Inform ation on establishm ent p r a c ­
tice s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ially in m ost of the area s.
This bulletin presen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
Cleveland, Ohio, in Septem ber 1964. It was p rep a red in
the B ureau's region al o ffic e in C leveland, by R obert G.
Bryan, under the d irection of E lliott A. B row a r, A ssistant
R egional D irecto r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




1
4

E stablishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s: *
B - l . M inimum entrance sa la ries fo r wom en o ffice w ork ers____ 15
B -2 . Shift d ifferen tia ls___________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours________________
B -4 . Paid h o lid a y s_______________________________________________
B -5 . P aid vacations______________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension p la n s_____________________
B -7 . Paid sick leave______________________________
B -8 . P ro fit-sh a rin g plans________________________________________

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d escrip tion s_____________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tion s_________________________________________

a rea s.

* NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available fo r other
(See inside back co v e r.)

A current rep ort on occupational earnings and supple­
m entary wage p ractices in the Cleveland area is also availa­
ble fo r the m ach in ery industries (A pril 1964). Union sca le s ,
indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls, are available fo r building
con stru ction, printing, lo ca l-tra n s it operating em p loyees,
and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

Hi

3
3
5
9

10
12
13

16
17
18
19
21
22
23
25
27




Occupational W age Survey—Cleveland, Ohio
Introduction
This a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. Departm ent o f
L a b o r's B ureau o f L abor S tatistics conducts su rveys o f o ccu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage ben efits on an areaw ide b a sis.
In this area, data w ere obtained by p erson a l v isits o f B ureau field
econ om ists to rep resen ta tive establishm ents within s ix broad industry
d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tran sportation , com m unication, and other
public u tilities; w h olesa le tra d e; re ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce, and
rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded fro m these
studies a re governm ent operation s and the con stru ction and ex tra ctive
industries* E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f
w ork ers are om itted b ecau se they tend to furnish in su fficien t em p loy ­
m ent in the occupations studied to w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabu­
lations a re p rovided fo r each o f the broad industry d iv isio n s which
m eet publication c r ite r ia .

rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p ation s, re fe re n ce is to the work
sch ed u les (rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which straigh t-tim e
sa la rie s a re paid; average weekly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n ea rest h alf d olla r.
D iffe re n ce s in average pay le v e ls fo r m en and wom en in any
o f the se le cte d occu pation s should not be assum ed to r e fle ct d iffe r ­
en ces in pay treatm ent o f the sex es within individual establishm ents.
The a v era ges p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide estim ates. In­
d u strie s and establishm ents d iffe r in pay lev el, jo b staffing, and in
the extent to which m en and wom en a re em ployed and, thus, contribute
d ifferen tly to the estim a tes. O ther p o ssib le fa cto rs which m ay co n ­
tribute to d iffe r e n c e s in pay in clu d e: D ifferen ces in p ro g re s s io n
within establish ed rate ran ges, sin ce only the actual rates paid in ­
cum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n ce s in sp e cific duties p erform ed ,
although the w ork ers a re approp riately c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey jo b d e scrip tio n . Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em ployees
in these su rveys are usually m o re gen eralized than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n ce s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p erform ed .

These su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b eca u se o f
the u nn ecessary c o s t involved in surveying a ll establish m en ts.
To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at m inim um co s t, a g re a te r p rop ortion of
la rg e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
how ever, all establishm ents a re given th eir a ppropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the m inim um s iz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in
a ll establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number
actually su rveyed .
B ecause o f d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among establish m en ts, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent
obtained fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied se rv e only to
indicate the rela tive im portan ce o f the jo b s studied. These d iffe re n ce s
in occu pation al stru ctu re do not m aterially a ffect the a ccu ra cy o f the
earnings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occu pation s se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a v a riety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are o f the
follow in g ty p es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stod ia l and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational cla s s ific a tio n is based on a u niform set o f jo b
d escrip tion s design ed to take account o f inter establishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e jo b .
The occupations se le cte d fo r study
are listed and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
E arnings data fo r som e o f
the occupations listed and d e s c r ib e d a re not p resen ted in the A -s e r ie s
tables becau se either ( l ) em ploym ent in the occu pation is too sm all
to p rovid e enough data to m e r it presen tation, o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
bility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establish m en t data.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s as they
rela te to o ffic e and plant w ork e rs.
A dm in istrative, executive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p loyees, and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w ork ers who
a re u tilized as a separate w ork fo r c e a re excluded. "O ffice w o rk e rs "
include w orking su p e rv iso rs and n on su p ervisory w ork ers p erform in g
c le r ic a l o r related functions. "P lan t w o r k e r s " include working f o r e ­
m en and a ll n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including leadm en and trainees)
engaged in n on office functions. C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included-in nonmanufacturing
in d u stries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regu la r w eekly schedule
in the given occu p ation al cla s s ific a tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t -o f-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings a re included. W here w eekly h ours are




M inimum entrance sa la rie s (table B - l ) relate only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v isite d . They are p resen ted in term s o f establishm ents
with fo rm a l m inim um entrance sa la ry p o lic ie s .
1

2
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2 ) are lim ited to plant w ork ers
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in form ation is p resen ted both in
term s o f ( l ) establish m en t p o licy , 1 p resen ted in term s o f total plant
w ork er em ploym ent, and (2) effe ctiv e p r a ctice , presen ted in term s o f
w o rk ers actually em ployed on the sp e cifie d shift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a rie d d ifferen tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo rity was used o r, if no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ifica tio n "o th e r " was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te -sh ift h ours a re paid at n orm al ra tes, a d ifferen tia l was re co rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h ours.
The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jo rity o f the
fir s t -s h ift w ork e rs in an establishm ent a re tabulated as applying to
all o f the plant o r o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. Paid h olida ys;
paid v a ca tion s; health, insurance, and pension p lan s; and p ro fit-sh a rin g
plans (tables B -4 through B -8 ) a re treated sta tistica lly on the b a sis
that these are applicable to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs if a m a jo rity
o f such w ork ers a re e lig ib le o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p r a c ­
tice s listed . Sums o f - individual item s in tables B -2 through B -8 m ay
not equal totals becau se o f rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a re p rovided
fo r in w ritten form , o r (2) have been establish ed by cu stom . Holidays
ord in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
workday, even if the w ork er is not granted another day off. The fir s t
part o f the paid h olidays table p resen ts the num ber o f whole and half
holidays actually granted. The secon d part com b in es whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to
fo rm a l p o lic ie s , excluding in form a l arrangem ents w hereby tim e o ff
with pay is granted at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
Separate
estim ates are p rovided a cco rd in g to em p loyer p r a c tic e in com puting
vacation paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earnings,
o r fla t-su m am ounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b a sis w ere con verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equivalent of 1 w eek1s pay.

com pany and those provid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the em p loyer out o f cu rren t operating funds o r fro m a fund set aside
fo r this p u rp ose.
Death ben efits are included as a fo rm o f life
insurance.
S ickn ess and accid en t in su ran ce is lim ited to that type o f
in su ran ce under which pred eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eekly o r m onthly b a sis during illn e ss o r accid en t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p resen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con trib u tes. H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J ersey , which
have enacted tem p ora ry d isability in su ran ce laws which req u ire e m ­
p lo y e r con tribu tion s, * plans a re included only if the em p loyer ( l ) c o n ­
2
tributes m o r e than is leg a lly requ ired , or (2) p rov id es the em p loyee
with ben efits which ex ceed the requ irem en ts o f the law. Tabulations
o f paid sick lea v e plans are lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which p rov id e
fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absen ce fro m w ork
b eca u se o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations are p resen ted accord in g to
(1) plans which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which p rov id e either pa rtial pay o r a waiting p eriod .
In addition
to the p resen tation o f the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers who are provid ed
sick n ess and a ccid en t in su ran ce o r paid sick lea ve, an unduplicated
total is shown o f w o rk e rs who re ce iv e either o r both types o f b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ica l in su ran ce, includes those plans which are design ed to p ro te ct
em p loyees in ca se o f sick n ess and injury involving expenses beyond
the n orm al c o v e ra g e o f h ospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ical in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com p lete o r partial
paym ent o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pan ies o r nonprofit organ izations or they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited
to those plans that p rov id e m onthly paym ents fo r the rem ain d er o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

Data are p resen ted fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pen sion
plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at le a st a part o f the c o s t is
borne by the em p loyer, excepting only leg a l requ irem en ts such as
w orkm en ’ s com pensation, s o c ia l secu rity , and ra ilro a d retirem en t.
Such plans include those underw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce

P ro fit-sh a r in g plans (table B -8 ) are lim ited to fo rm a l plans
with definite form u la s fo r com puting p ro fit sh ares to be distribu ted
among em p loyees and w hose form u las w ere com m unicated to e m ­
p loy ees in advance o f the determ in ation of p ro fits. Data are p resen ted
a cco rd in g to p ro v isio n s fo r distributing p rofit sh ares to em p lo y e e s :
(1) C urrent o r ca sh d istrib u tion o f p ro fit sh ares within a sh ort p eriod
after determ ination o f p r o fits ; (2) d e fe rre d distribu tion o f p ro fit sh ares
after a sp e cifie d num ber o f y e a rs o r at retirem en t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe r r e d p lan s; and (4) electiv e distribu tion plans, under
which each participant is requ ired to s e le ct whether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p ro fit in cash, haye it d eferred , o r part in cash
and part d e fe rre d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
2 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope o f survey and number studied in Cleveland, Ohio,
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

Industry division

A ll division s_______________________________________________
Manufacturing-.

—

— —

-

—

Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5
. —
W holesale tra d e - - — - —
-------- - —
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real e sta te- —
S e rv ice s 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------

by m ajor industry d iv isio n ,2 September 1964

Number o f establishments

W orkers in establishments
Within scope o f study

Within
scope of
study3
941

100
100
50
100
50
50

Studied

Studied
Office

Plant

T otal4

315

348,500

59.400

223, 300

241, 290

416
525

158
157

219,600
128,900

31,200
28, 200

153.700
69, 600

160,790
80, 500

57
163
70
116
119

_

T otal4

25
39
33
30
30

32,400
20,900
40,500
18,900
16,200

6, 400
5, 500
2, 700
11,600
(8)

14, 200
11,600
32, 200
61, 800
(8)

26, 450
7, 960
31,280
8,730
6, 080

1 The Cleveland Standard M etropolitan Statistical Area con sists o f Cuyahoga and Lake Counties. The "w orkers within scope o f study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate d escription o f the size and com position o f the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are hot intended, how ever, to serve as a basis o f com parison with other employment
indexes fo r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends o r levels since (1) planning o f wage surveys requires the use o f establishm ent data com piled con siderably in advance of the payroll period
studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope o f the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssification Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at o r above the minimum lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
s e rv ice , and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, profession a l, and other w orkers excluded fro m the separate o ffice and plant ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and s erv ices incidental to water transportation were excluded. Cleveland's transit system is m unicipally operated and is excluded by definition fro m the scope o f the study.
6 Estimate relates to rea l estate establishm ents only. W orkers fro m the entire industry division are represented in the S eries A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "all
industry" estim ates in the S eries B tables.
7 Hotels; personal serv ices; business serv ices; automobile repair shops; m otion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.
8 This industry division is represented in estim ates fo r "a ll ind ustries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate
presentation of data for this division is not made fo r one o r m ore o f the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study,
(2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient o r inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossibility o f d isclosu re
o f individual establishm ent data.




Table 2.

Indexes o f standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups in Cleveland, Ohio,
September 1964 and September 1963, and'percents o f in crease fo r selected periods
Indexes
(September 1960*100)

Percents o f in crease

September 1964 September 1963

September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September I960 September 1959
to
to
to
to
to
September 1964 September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September I960

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
O ffice cle r ic a l (m en and w om en)_____
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en)---Skilled maintenance (m en)____________
Unskilled plant (m en )--------------------------

109.4
110.6
110.5
110.3

107.9
109.6
109.3
108.5

1 .4
.9
1. 1
1.6

2. 5
3 .3
3. 1
2 .9

2 .7
2 .9
3 .4
3. 1

2 .6
3 .0
2 .5
2 .3

4 .0
3. 1
3 .2
2 .9

Manufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (men and w om en)_____
Industrial nurses (m en and wom en)---Skilled maintenance (m en). - — —
Unskilled plant (men) —
—
- _

108.0
110. 6
110.4
109.9

107.5
109. 6
109.4
108.4

.5
.9
.9
1. 5

2 .6
3 .3
3 .0
3 .4

2 .4
2 .9
3 .4
2 .6

2 .4
3 .0
2 .8
2.2

3 .0
3. 1
3.1
4 .2

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P resen te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta g es o f change
in av erag e sa la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in du strial n u r s e s,
and in average earnings o f se le cte d plant w o rk e r g rou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u strial n u r s e s , the p e r ­
centages o f change rela te to a v era g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich stra ig h t-tim e
sa la rie s a re paid. F o r plant w o rk e r g ro u p s, they m ea su re changes
in av erag e stra ig h t-tim e h ourly e a rn in g s, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
ov ertim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h olid a y s, and late sh ifts. The
p ercen tag es a re based on data fo r s e le cte d k ey occu p ation s and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e rica lly im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the follow in g
19 jo b s : B ookk eep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , accou ntin g,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y roll; C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten og ra p h ers, g en era l; ste n o g ra ­
p h e rs, sen ior; sw itch board o p e ra to rs ; tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u strial n urse data a re
based on m en and w om en in du strial n u rs e s.
M en in the follow ing
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s a re included in the
plant w ork e r data: S k illed — ca rp e n te rs; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m e ch a n ic s , autom otive; pa in ters; p ip e fitte rs; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and cle a n e r s; and la b o r e r s ,
m a teria l handling.
A verag e w eek ly sa la rie s o r av era g e h ourly earnings w e re
com puted fo r each o f the s e le cte d occu p a tion s. The a v e ra g e sa la rie s
o r h ou rly earnings w e re then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each o f
the jo b s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eighted earnings




fo r individual occu p ation s w e re then totaled to obtain an aggregate fo r
each occu p ation al group. F in a lly, the ratio (e x p re sse d as a p ercen tage)
o f the group a ggregate fo r the one y ea r to the aggregate fo r the other
y ea r w as com puted and the d ifferen ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the percen tage o f change fro m the one p eriod to the oth er. The
indexes w e re com puted by m ultiplying the ra tios fo r each group
aggr e gate fo r each p e rio d a fter the base y ea r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen tages o f change m e a su re , p rin cip a lly ,
the e ffe cts o f (1) g en era l sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit o r other
in c r e a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs while in the sam e
jo b ; and (3) changes in a verage w ages due to changes in the labor fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu rn ov er, fo r c e exp an sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause
in c r e a se s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu p ation al a v era g es without actual
wage changes.
F o r exa m p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p ro p o rtio n o f low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific occu pation and low er
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a red u ction in the p rop ortion o f low er paid
w o r k e r s would have the opp osite e ffe ct. S im ila rly , the m ovem ent o f
a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could cau se the average
earnings to d ro p , even though no change in rates o c c u r r e d in other
establish m en ts in the a rea .
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data. The p ercen ta ges of change r e fle c t only changes in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sch ed u les, as such, or by prem ium pay
fo r ov ertim e.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

%

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

40

M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

%

45

%

50

%

55

%

$

65

I

70

i

75

$

80

$

85

$

90

I

95

t

100

$

105

I

110

$

115

$

$

120

$

$

125

130

$

135

and
under
45

140
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

9

26
15

34
15
19

54
43

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

49
27

35
23

60
48

69
46
23
9

49
37

1
2

38
23
15

22
8

14
4

-

91
52
39
17
9

3
3

7

5
-

19

1
1
3
8
2
6

-

-

-

-

57
9
48
48

27
19

32

46
535

MN
E

$

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------- -------------

557
367
190
81
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS 8 -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------

284
117
167
47
80

95 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
9 1 .0 0
92 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 1 .0 0 105 .5 0
4 0 .0
93 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

CLERKS* ORDER -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------- ~

685
205
480
478

4 0 .0 1 13.50
4 0 .0 11 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 111.00
4 0 .0 1 1 0 .5 0

CLERKS. PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

87
71

117.00
1 17.50
115.50
116.00
113.00

1 18.00
119 .5 0
117 .0 0
116 .5 0
11 6 .0 0

$

1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 -

$

2
2

128.50
1 29.00
127 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
124 .5 0

-

-

8 1 .0 0 8 2 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 8 2 .5 0 -

4

1

3
3

3
-

-

-

-

13
3

24

124.50
1 33.50
1 2 2 .0 0
1 22.00

4 0 .0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0
3 9 .5 11 3 .5 0 1 1 7 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 9 8 .0 0 -

6 5 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 8 1 .0 0 6 0 .5 0 -

-

-

344
180
164
25
91

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

169
118
51
257
148
109
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

94
54

3 9 .0
4Q.0

8 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

266
132
134
34
57

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

78,.50
81..50
76, .00
84,.00
75,,50

1

124
50
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

7 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

65.50- 7 9 .5 0
7 4 . D - 8 4 .5 0
O
6 3 . 00- 7 6 .5 0

4

6 9 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
68.00
86.00

6 6 .5 0

8
1

1
1
1
1

-

20
9
1
1
10

31
13
18

1

8
2
1
2

9

15

13

10

2
1
1
1
1

6
6

1 2

19

29

7
3
4

25
16
9

-

-

4

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

4

44

10
1
1
1

34

91
42
49

51
43

35

5

8
1

1

24
14

10
1
7

29

1
1
2

18

20
12
8
2
2

16

1 05.00 1 0 5 .0 0 9 4 . 5 0 1 17.00
1 05.50 1 0 7 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 04.00 1 0 4 .0 0 9 4 . 5 0 - 1 14.50
1 08.00 111.00 1 0 7 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

9

6

3
-

3

1
2

17

-

1
1
6
1

7
5

10
9

31

42
25
17
14
-

16
1
1

55
13
42
42

65
19
46
46

5

7
5

7
2
4

2
2

17

10

3

4

19

-

-

1

20
10
1
0
2

1
1
3
8

39

-

-

-

14

4

24

22

4

23

3

1
2
2

3
3
-

6

-

6
6
-

3
1

5
5

20
17

5
5

6
6

5
5

7
7

3
3

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3

4
4
-

20
13
7

31
28
3

23
16
7

27
18
9

18
16

1
1

2

7
4

12
10
2

18

30

2
2
8
1

19
15
4
-

19

5
5

-

-

-

2
1
1

5

34
16
18
18

-

-

5
5

2
2

-

-

-

_

-

_
_

_

2
2
2

1
1
1
10

6

25
14
-

38
19
19
3

17
9

7
7

7
6

2
2

8
8

27
15

14
4

13
13

-

-

1
1
1
0
1
1

6
4
2
2

1
1

5

1

71
71

2
1
8
13
2

5
-

6
66
8

1
2
7
2

5
7

30

58
58

7
5

2

12

12

79
29
50
50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

14
5

51
19
32
32

-

-

20
6

17
13
3

77
15
62
62
5

18
7

12
8

29

2
1
2

3

1
1
8

9

1
1
9
2

10
6
4
2
2

18
7

-

22

31
17
14

6
2
6

3
7
7
2
1

1
0
8

1
1

13

1
1

68.,0 0 - 88.,00
69.,5 0 - 90. ,00
65.,5 0 - 85.,50
80.,5 0 - 115.,50
66.,0 0 - 79.,50

BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE)--------- — ---------— — -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

18
7
-

12
12

7 3 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 1 06.50

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------ ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

2

4 0 .0 121.00 1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 4 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 23.00 1 2 2 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0 - 131 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------- -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------

6

10
6

1 2 5 .0 0
128.50

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

5
3

15
3

1
1

1 08.50
112.00
107.00
110.00
1 06.00

114 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0 1 1 2 .5 0 9 9 . 5 0 1 1 2 .5 0 9 9 . 5 0 -

1
1
6

10
8

92

2
1

8
1
1

8
8

-

1
0
22
22

1
1
9

1
1

WMN
O E

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




1
1

-

13
13

-

-

-

9

1

-

22
17

11

11

28
13
15
7

2

12

12

12

19
-

19
37
19
18

8
8

12
1
2
8
7
1

10
9
4
3
1

1
1
-

9

-

-

-

9
9

-

6
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e we ekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
[standard)

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

»

$

S

$

S
S
$
S
$
$
$
105 110
115 120 125 130
135

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

4
4

~

4
4

13
7
6

13
1
12

44
22
22

32
18
14

17
13
4

45
45
*
*

7
4
3

11
11
~

6
2
4

4
1
3

7
2
5

1
1
“

1
1

1
1
~

26
10
16
6
2

55
9
46
2
14

46
11
35
8
11

103
42
61
42
9

84
51
33
19
10

85
31
54
40
8

43
15
28
19
-

14
5
9
5
2

8
7
1

8
8
-

6
3
3

2
1
1

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2

1

~

-

~

-

“

1
1
-

5
2
3
-

3
2
1
~

21
16
5
2
3

66
23
43
19
4

58
24
34
11
5

120
39
81
40
20

42
29
13
8
3

89
72
17
6

72
25
47
7
21

52
36
16
3
4

47
25
22
5
“

32
28
4
-

41
20
21
4
7

9
9
-

10
9
1
1
-

114
26
88
1
38
19
22

146
63
83
18
4
16
30

214
96
118
34
29
24
23

176
59
117
28
35
12
22

175
88
87
16
14
15
42

167
61
106
22
63
9
8

135
61
74
14
14

55
28
27
2
10
3
3

56
34
22
8
14

26
12
14
14

15
10
5
2
3

7
7

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

—

—

-

-

28

76
38
38
4
20
4
4

2

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

i

-

-

and
under
45

WOMEN -

$

%
40

-

CONTINUEO

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

210
129
81

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

$
8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

$
8 2 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

$
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

508
193
315
162
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

6 7 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 -

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING* CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------

670
361
309
100
73

3 9 .0 1 0 1 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
3 7 .5 1 0 1 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------

1 ,4 9 9
617
882
170
255
176
191

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

7 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 7 1 .5 0 6 7 . CO72. 507 2 . GO5 4 . DO6 8 .0 0 -

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

152
62
90

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 -------------------------------------------- -

511
169
342
119
102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

5 9 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 5 7 .0 0 6 0 . DO-

7 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------

447
154
293
42
51
61
108

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 0 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

6 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 1 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 6 . DO6 1 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 5 6 .5 0 4 8 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 -

6 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

384
220
164
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

8 0 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

6 9 . CO73.D O 6 1 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 -

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

674
442
232
81
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

583
284
299
60
75
144

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




9 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

—
-

—
“

—
”

_

_

-

-

-

-

28
21

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

_
-

1
1

66
10
56

-

-

-

-

1

28
-

3
53
~

-

68
22
46
7
8
20
9

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

6

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

~

7

12
7
5

26
8
18

11
2
9

21
15
6

30
10
20

15
3
12

10
9
1

5
3
2

4
3
1

1
1

6
45
14
31
14
8

106
37
69
43
18

73
14
59
23
16

130
41
89
23
28

59
26
33
20

26
11
15
3
5

19
7
12
7

25
1
24
13

14
6
8
-

13
12
1
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

146
22
124
14
29
2
57

76
32
44
3
16
1
15

52
27
25
9
2

14
5
9
8

21
15
6
2

14
9
5
2

10
5
5
4

29
25
4

4
4

14

1

4

3

1

4

6
1
5

26
13
13

38
24
14
12

52
29
23
18

33
18
15
15

44
28
16
12

42
24
18
18

44
22
22
20

18
18

4
4

4
4

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
7
5
5

28
14
14

56
41
15
3
3

57
33
24
2
10

51
45
6
3
2

78
51
27
10
4

83
50
33
15
6

41
26
15
5
2

46
27
19
10
2

80
48
32
16
1

34
27
7
5

64
31
33

57
33
24

84
53
31
5
10
16

63
28
35
3
11
17

35
22
13
4
6
3

32
13
19
15
3
1

56
35
21
20
1

27
19
8
8

20
15
5
5

_

-

_
-

~

-

21

-

21

-

21
-

60
10
50
4
37
9

9 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

_

12

21

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
7 9 . DO- 1 0 6 .5 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
6 3 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0

_

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 8 . DO- 1 0 2 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
9 6 . DO- 1 0 4 .5 0
6 9 . DO- 8 6 .5 0
5 5 . 0 0 - 8 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

12

21

2

8
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

13

47
25
22
9
4

_

_

37

-

-

-

17
1
16

26
7
19

49
13
36

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

-

37
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
14

2
14

21
12

14
18

6
12

37

~

1
1

29
23
6
1
l

2
2

5
5

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
8
1

**

14
12
2
1

7

2

6

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

15
13
2

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
%

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

S

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

$

$

$

S
S
135 140

120

125

130

125

130

135

140

-

-

-

1
1
_

-

and
under
45

WOMEN -

S

%

40

and
over

CONTINUED

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------------------------

88

3 9 .0

$
7 4 .0 0

$
7 1 .5 0

$
$
6 5 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

~

-

1

14

7

17

20

4

6

2

8

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

622
357
265
51
76

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
7 5 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0

_

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

99
43
56

12

55
51
4

-

-

*

80
41
39
9
19

55
43

-

98
38
60

110

-

7
5

11
12

4
3

3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------------------

877
368
509
134
179
140

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
6 8 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0 - 7 8 .0 0

_

_

22

-

-

7
15

44
15
29

-

114
47
67
15
41
9

60
37
23
1
12

64
35
29
16
7

9

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 -------------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------------------

236

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

6 0 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 5 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 5 4 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 5 6 .5 0 -

9

16

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES3 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------------------

3 ,0 6 5
1 ,6 9 4
1,371
191
245
123
592

3 9 .0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 1 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
3 9 .0
9 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 3 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 7 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
3 8 .0
9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------------------

1 ,8 7 5
986
889
292
185
292

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
6 4 .5 0 - 7 5 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- i------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 -------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------

1,061
701
360
145
144

3 9 .5
9 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 1 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
3 8 .5
8 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
7 9 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0

-

-

12

6

2

7

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A6-----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES3 --------------------------

123
73
50
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B6-----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

380

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0

7 3 .5 0

4

41

18

35

8 6 .0 0

6
-

50

8 8 .0 0

-

-

1

2

6 9 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

5 9 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
5 6 .5 0 - 8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
5 2 .0 0 - 6 6 .0 0

6
-

50

41

17

33

50

27
9
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

35

15

6

23
4

1

6

7
15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------------------

611
315
296

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

6 8 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

-

_

12

110

-

9
3
3
“

55
55

97
52
45

48

-

-

10

20

4

7

12
6

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




86

150
29
50

88

292
28
53
85

121

58

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

-

-

-

_

17
8

-

-

9

_

-

152
57
95
14
43

98
38
60

20

21

20

37
4
33

56
26
30

58

15

12

12

46

1
10

2

9
1
-

2
-

42
10

8

1
-

2
-

32

52

15
7
7

16

133
41
92

199
72
127

264

21

-

58
28
30

16

4
18

-

-

-

1

7

4

26

-

-

8

4

18

-

-

-

1
11

16

64

19
76

12
-

6
-

4

12
-

6
-

2
-

3

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

-

_
-

“

60
19
41
13
13

6

120

231
119

144
25
30
58

112

17
5
12
2

1

4
“
50
-

37

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

1

296
119
177
27
29
7
99

420
229
191
17
51

_
_

1

12

93
110

72
27
29

304
211

93
21
12

11

11

76

31

117
73
44
25
16

167
104
63
57

61
24
37
37

155
127
28

20

22
20

40

17

56
28
28

101
66

35

125
74
51

2
11

12

22

16

24

192
117
75
23
36

1
1
-

13
6

7
5

19
9

23
15

7

2

8

“

_

_

182

_

_
-

-

237
141
96
28
31
19

_

-

19

_
-

1
1

235
168
67

-

_

_

1

278
125
153
3
27

-

-

_

1
-

237
92
145
7
19
15
84

-

-

_

1

208
54
154
9
24
23
67

-

-

_

1
-

82
29
53

-

-

_

-

1
2

4
9
27

1

_

3
3

2

-

-

8

2

“

1

1

76

1
1

10

8

5

2
1
-

6

29

-

7
3

2
-

10

10
10
-

1

1

11
6

1
1
•

7

15
5

-

3

1
1
-

1
-

1

2

22

8

-

~

54
52

5

-

1

17

2
-

6
6

-

~
33
23

25
15

11

60

1

8

55
41
14
5
4

29
27

5

-

-

18

12

11
6

-

-

20

49
61
7

3

-

-

2

2

127
33
94
4
44
36

~

-

2
-

-

219
171
48
18
7
7
13
14
4

306
215
91
24
7
2

31

190
143
47
11
11
1
8

146
97
49
19
7

94
68
10

3

_

-

_

-

26

•

-

-

_

64
47
17
7
3

116
76
40
17
1
10

6

_

12

9

1
6

10

_

5

_

_

_

2

_
_

_
-

•
_

_

-

4

3

2
2
2

-

1
•

3
3

1
1

•
_
_
_

_

9

3
3

-

-

-

-

150
114
36
15
16

96
80
16

57
31
26
26

73
49
24
16

7
4
3
3

20

17
7

7
5

8

_

_

_

_

2

1
1
-

-

10

-

-

-

_
_

-

6

10

_

2

8

14

10

_
_
_

2

2

10
6

8

16
4
4

9

-

~

~

-

-

47
27

50

20

9

17

4

_

2

-

_

_

_

-

22

6

28

11
6

-

20

12

-

2
-

_

-

_
_

_
-

_

8
6

8
12
-

5

11

83
52
31

71
33
38

1
1
_

_

_

21

67
39
28
9

_

_
_
_

-

10

11

3
-

4

4
4

5
3

_

4

22

26

21

18
12
6
6

30
15
15
-

7

4

7

2
2
-

1
6
6

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

8
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard!

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$
40

$

$

$

$

%

3
i

i

60

65

70

75

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

~

-

-

10

13
13

16

2
8

15

-

~
-

5
5

5
5

1
1

3

56

1
2

21

31
13
18

38
28

5

10
-

9

i

%

%

I
3

*

%

*

$

$

$

S
t
135
140

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

17
4
13

18
9
9

34
4
30

9
7

10

8

12

6

i

4

3
3
-

•

2

4
4

7
7

4

10
10

21
21

11
8

10
10

2
1

-

17
13

1

.

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

89
41
48

55
45

56
24
32.

24

37
24
13

5
5
-

29
16
13

6

3
3

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_
_

_

12
12

_

_
_

_
_
_

54
19
35
13
3
°

89
44
45
9
3

123
75
48

156
105
51
4
7

128

102

95
57
38
7
5

62
48
14

28
17

14
14

6

4

5

2
2

8

9

_
_

_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

5

1

500
191
309
82
51
g
143

417
247
170
44
49

_
_
.
.

_
_
-

_
.
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

and
under

o

85

and

1

Middle range 2

55

vn

Median 2

50

00

WM
O EN -

M n2
es

45

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

00

Num
ber
of
workers

140

over

-

_
_

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------- ------------- — — --------------- -MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

$
90. 50
. 00
84. 50

$
9 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

$
$
8 0 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

-

-

102

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

83
74

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

87. 50
85. 50

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

-

-

162
60

100

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------cfM
AKir c 4 ___ —
___ ________ __________

429
233
196

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
ap S

76. 50
78. 0 0
75. 0 0
73 •50

7 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 nn—
l 1 *vv

8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
r 6 no
0 ? •VV

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------c iiu t lir C4 — — — — ———
r W IXt e
A
—————
—

885
548
337
65
52
f

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
30 . ^

85. 50
8 7 . 50
82 . 0 0
85. 50
84. 50
o u . 50

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

I

I

-

-

-

-

-

8 4 .5 0
oU .51)

7 7 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 7 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0
f UU* Or •uu

5
-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3 ------------------------U D PCAI P 1ft ADF
MI
nnULt j AUl TB AL
/C ■"
™
ppTAT1 TB App
nC 1A 1L 1f\ALC
FI NANCE4 - __ —
___ - — — — __________

2 ,2 8 5
963
1 ,3 2 2
251
239
IIS
11?
627

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4C •0
39. 5
3 8 .5

6 9 . 50
74. 0 0
. 50
7 3 . 50
6 6 . 00

6 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

6 2 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 5 9 .5 0 66. 005 9 .5 0 e l aa 33#UU
5 9 .5 0 -

-

5

-

-

66

65 .

00

8 6 .0 0

6 4 .0 0

7 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
nn
OJ«UU
6 9 .5 0

-

-

-

5
5

35

10

1
8

-

-

323
52
. 271
t
' 7
19
46
49
28
g 164

100

14

86

367
97
270
32
39
16
166

10

1

10

6

14
231
126
105
23
29

119
83
36
17

86

42
4
14

75
27
4
4

16

-

11
2

_

1
1

-

1

-

-

11

98
78

44
24

20

20

2
5

7

1

15

7

47
44
3
3

27
5

5
5

_

7

22
22

2

-

-

-

-

4

7

72

43

1 Standard hours re fle ct the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is com puted fo r each job by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and" dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed r e c e iv e m ore
than the rate shown; half r e ce iv e le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn le ss than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
5 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 12 at $140 to $145; 15 at $145 to $150; and 8 at $150 and over.
6 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




9
T able A -2.

P rofession al and Technical O ccu p ation s^ M e n and W o m e n

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, Septem ber 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
[standard

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e weekly earnings of —
$

ik

%

ik

il

S

ik

■
1

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

70

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

65
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

*

105

110

110

115

(

t

115

120

120

125

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

S
180

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

19
19

28
28

36
36

46
45

124
99

133
85

39
38

31
31

14
13

84

179
146
33

171

197

2

8
8

9
9

85
4

65
62
3

45
37

61
3

13
13
_
-

9
9
-

16
15

18
15

9
9

3
3

k

S

%

$

$

$

$

and
under

$

190
and

M
EN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A3------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

488
412

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 -------------------------

1 ,0 7 6
849
227
46

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3--------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$
$
$
&
4 0 .0 1 5 6 .5 0 1 5 8 .5 0 1 4 6 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 5 5 .5 0 1 5 7 .0 0 1 4 1 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

692
615

4 0 .0 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0

9 7 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 4 .5 0

163
126

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86.00
8 4 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

86.00

8 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
4

2

-

-

4
4

2
2
22
22

_
-

30
30

-

_
-

4
4

-

-

-

-

1
2
1
2

6
6

18
18

30
30

45
43

25
18
7
7

97
90
7
7

85
82
3
3

66

48
32

34
33

-

*

"

-

21
21

44
40

62
61

98
98

71

26
26

14

35
19

9
9

6

68
6
5

2
2

118
117

8
-

59

2
2

5
5

1
1

66
18
4
63
23

_
-

6

15
15

1
1

110 11
2

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

_
_

-

_
_
-

WM
O EN
DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3---------------------------------

84

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

242
217

1
2
3
4

4 0 .0 1 0 9 .5 0
4 0 .0 110.00

8 9 .0 0

111.00
111.00

7 7 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

7

1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

_

8
1

13

1
1

9

7

32

-

-

1

1
2

27
26

18
17

24
23

7

8
31
28

32
29

47
47

19
14

Standard hours r e fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings co rresp on d to these weekly hours.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




16
15

12
9

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
T a b le A -3 .

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n al, and T ec h n ical O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p t e m b e r 1964)
Average
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

1

Weekly |
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS,

BILLERS,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

MACHINE (BILLING

90 1
40 1
n o
1o c
1 49
43
63

MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1
l4*f
50
74

AO A
AO • 9
99 A
39.5
40# 0
90 <
C
99* 9
4 0 .0

1 0 2.50
101.00

76 1
513
2 48
93
53
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 7 .0 0
75 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ------------------------ —
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

58 5
2 85
300
61
75
1 44

3 9 .5

8 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

100

3 9 .0

50
50

3 9 .5

73 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0

627
36 2
2 65
51
76

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

8 7 .0 0
89 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

884
3 70
514
1 39
17 9
1 40

31 7
W9
lOZ
M

^ q *«;
40 0
3 9.0

73l50

r 1 COi/r
A/TOHAlTTAir
n Aoo A — — —
ULcKKof AtLUUMI IINbt b LA f C A — — — —
y a aii ic a /“n id 1 Air
...
MANUrAL I UK t Mb
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------Liuni CC A C IIn ADC
W Ut. Co AI C TO AUC
n
p f ilia ai/* c 3
rlNANUt
** ** J

1 ,2 2 7
7 28

39 0
39.5

1 08 .50
1 11 .00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------y a aii ic a r 1 to I Air
HANUrAb tiUK f Mb — — — — — —— — —
— —— — — ——
—
AI/UIUAAIIIE BV 1 VT 1 No
NUI'II.BDur APTlinTAI/*
, J\
— —
—
mini 1b n 1 I r 1 11J
rvjuL , r Ur t iL l t t c c Z
^
WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------nr 1 A l l I KAUc
Kt T A T1 TO A f\C — — — —— — — —
—— —
— —
—
cta u fir c
r 1 MAMbt 3— — — — — — — — — —
— — — — —
— —

93.50
85.50

90 • 9U
f O CA
72.0 0

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS.
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

CLASS A ----------

--------------------------------------------

181

39.5

104.50

124

37! 5

1,7 8 3
99 A
f OH
1 ,0 4 9
91 f
cl 9

3 9 .0

8 2.00

3 35
1 OA
1VU

4 0.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------80* 00
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------OA 90
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------OO0 CA
FINANCE3-------------------------------------------84.00

211

37lo

t I*
76.

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------------UAAlllCirTIlOTAir — — — — — — — —
nArNUr Ab l UK 1 Mb
— — — — — —
Ainkiy aaii ic Ar tiUM1 Air — — — —
NUNrJANUr ab» 1 in t Nb
—
— — —
P t A AMr p 3 IMANLc
I
__
....
.
.
r1

164
62
i n9
1UZ
51

3 9.0
3 9.5

8 4.00
85.50
O9 AA
o3#UU
85.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------u a aii ip a r 1 in t Mr
nAMUrAb n UK 1 Mb — — — — — — —
—
—
—
A A l AA IP AT 1 ID 1 A
lH IA ll
IT — — —
MUMnAMUr Ab TlUK f Mb — — — — — — —
— —
t_iLjn« r r ai c to anc —
HnULtbAbt IKAUt
— —
— — — —
—
—
CTMAf>rc3
r 1 MAMbC
—— — — — — — — —
— — —
—
—

521
191
1f1
350
1 17
11o
103

3 9.5
AQ • A
99 9

n c o b/Lt K K b,i c r l L t , acp pbo b — — — — —
i r
ct
n
bLA
— —
—
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------tjum c r ALfc rn m e —— ——— ——
WrlUL t b ai r IKAUt
—
ncTA 11 I i n e
Kt 1A 1!■ mKAUC

— A A9
—
155
3 08
42
51
A9
oz
122

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 5.50

FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le ,




3 9 .0
3 8.0
39 5
39.5
39.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

1 ,076
7 02
3 74
159
144

39.5
39.5
3 9.5
4 0.0
38.5

$
9 6.00
9 7.00
9 4.00
102.50
8 5.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A4-------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------;-------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

123
73
50
31

39.5
39.0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

9 7.0 0
9 8.00
9 5.50
9 8.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4 -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

3 80
88
292
28
53
85

3 9.5
39.5
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

73.5 0
8 8.00
69.0 0
9 1.50
7 8.0 0
5 7.50

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

611
315
29 6
121

3 9.5
3 9.5
39.0
3 9.5

78.50
7 9.5 0
7 8.0 0
7 9.50

9 5 .5 0

1 06.00

38.5

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

8 2 .5 0

3 9 .5

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

8 9 .0 0

3 9 .5

-

Number
of
workers

9 3 .5 0

3 9 .5

.o

39.0

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
10 1.50

IQ J
»
37. *

—

CONTINUED

4 0 .0

CIA
DIU
10 9

____

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0

”

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

1 ,0 6 9
425
64 4
57 8

AlU
1zv
1 90
O1
ol

I o .n
39 0

Number
of
workers

CLERKS. ORDER ----------------------------------------- —
$
9 0 9U
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------17# CA
Q1 AA
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------Ol « UU
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------7 8 . OOn
93.50B
7 4 . 5 0 CLERKS. PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------77* 50
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------71.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

k AAlH A r T 1ID 1 M
l
C
A
nANUrALIUKINu
— —
—
AlHAiy AA ir A/*Ti ID f Air
ll
rMUNWANUr AU f UK I Mb
Lium c 3 ai c 1KAUC
n n u l L r ALC rn Aor “ *
r 1 MflMtt
.
r v aia nr d

Average

Occupation and industry division

50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------- —
a t * nfl
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------* Kfl
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------65*50
FINANCE3-------------------------------------------A9 9U
09# CA
7 1 . 0 0 STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ---------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------5 9.5 0
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------67.5 0
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 -----------------------5 8.00
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------62.0 0

67.5 0

3 9 .5
3
3
4
3
3

9
9
0
9
8

91 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7
8
7
9

9
1
7
1

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

.5
.5
.0
.5
.0

7 4 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

58 0
266
314
54
141

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 7 .0 0
68 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

78 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

3 ,1 0 9
1 ,7 0 8
1 ,4 0 1
219
2 45
1 24
5 92

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

10 5.00
109.50

3 9 .0

9 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

115.50
9 7 .5 0

3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0

1,886

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

986
9 00
303
185
2 92

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

91 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 1 .0 0

3 8 .0

8 1 .0 0

20 2
143
59

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 20.50
1 22.00
116.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

419
20 8
211
72

3 9.5
3 9.5
39.5
3 8 .5

9 9.50
1 04 .00
94.50
9 7.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

177
63
11 4
51

3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9.0
38.5

86.50
95.00
8 1.50
79.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

429
2 33
196
69

39.5
39.5
3 9.5
3 8.5

76.50
7 8.00
7 5.00
7 3.50

T YP I S T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

924
555
3 69
97
52
147

3 9.5
39.5
3 9 .0
4 0.0
3 9.0
38.5

8 6.00
88.00
83.50
90.00
8 4.50
8 0.50

91 .5 0

3 8 .0

58

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7 0 .0 0

11
T ab le A -3.

O ffice, P rofession al, and T ech nical O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n C om b in ed — C o n tinu ed
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1964)
Average

Average
W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

2 ,*1 3
1,33 9

3 9 .0
AA A

T KA UH P ________________________*
1Q A C
* * 1“

239

■IU u
a
^ 0 #Q

66*00

115
627

3 9 .5
3 8 .5

5 8 .0 0
65 .0 0

268

A
A
*
_________________________________

$56
489
413

^

ic c
123* e n
D
O

H D A C T1 j U C K T f L U A CO
C\ A i C
UAAr C nCl l
M A I X UPA vr, T lUIff T MiT
r l A Ml I r A 1 K 1 n l

40* 0

1 3 4 •00

n R M P T1 oM P M T frfx A l PC f C *
UKA r C n e i
M 1 AP f f nj

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 9.00
132.50

40# 0
/ A f\

f*4
L
.r

T Ir
fiT
639

$
1 0 8.50
10 7.00

6 6 .5 0

RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------------

yum C ClA L C
"n U L Ci ' I P

nKAr C
C1 AC j
U Q A F T1 M F M • v #LA j C
M A Ml U C A T TII UD f Mir
n AN I r A t f K 1N l

74*50

W eekly
eam ings 1
(standard)

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B4 -------------------------------------------------------

1 ,08 6

C
C
s

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------onai r r n l i w i l c c
r U D L i L> U r v i t t lt C o 2

39« 5
e

*

--------------------------------------------------------------

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

OO
© O

CLASS B

H A W U r A v 1 U K i Pill

Nurriber
of

Occupation and industry division

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS ~ CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

$
T YPI STS .

Average

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

w

1
2
3
4

M A M I r A P 1 Iff I N H
n A IMl UP A U T lU T n i l
K

^

^

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1 -------------------------2

227
46

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

101

8 8 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL I REGISTERED ) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

I

* >
1
o c
o c

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

245
219

* *
o ©
o o

Occupation and industry division

1 1 0.00

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




146

85*00

10 9.50

12
T able A -4.

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H rly ea in s 1
ou
rn g
Occupation and industry division

w rk rs
o e

edian2
M
ean2 M

M
iddle ra g 2
ne

S
6
$
S
$
s
*
S
*
$
$
$
1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0
$
and
1 .9 0 under
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

*34
323
111
56

$
3 .2 2
3 .2 0
3 .2 5
2 .8 8

$
3 .2 0
3 .2 5
3 .0 8
3 .0 4

$
2 .9 2 3 .0 3 2 .6 5 2 .6 4 -

$
3 .4 8
3 .4 7
4 .1 9
3 .1 5

-

—
—
—

-

4
4
~

5
5
~

10
10
9

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1,6 4 2
1,481
161

3 .3 4
3 .3 5
3 .2 4

3.41
3.41
3 .5 6

3 .1 7 - 3 .6 2
3 .1 8 - 3 .6 1
2 .8 2 - 3 .6 5

_
•

_
-

1
1

5
5

11
11

2
2

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

361
239
122

3 .1 9
3 .4 2
2 .7 4

3 .1 7
3 .4 0
2.81

2 .9 5 - 3 .5 5
3 .1 2 - 3 .6 4
2 .3 2 - 3 .1 0

1

_

2

_

1

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

341
323

2 .8 8
2 .9 0

2 .8 8
2 .9 0

2 .6 4 - 3 .1 8
2 .6 6 - 3 .1 9

2

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 5-------------------—

848
793
55
32

2 .5 9
2 .6 0
2 .4 7
2 .6 2

2 .5 8
2 .5 8
2 .4 7
2 .4 9

2 .4 5 2 .4 6 2 .2 1 2 .4 1 -

2 .7 9
2 .7 8
2 .9 1
2 .9 5

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS* TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1 ,1 2 9
1 ,1 2 9

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

982
978

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING - - -------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 5— ----------------------

765
247
518
314

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------------

3
3
-

and
3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 ,0 0

29
11
18
12

19
16
3
-

26
17
9
3

8
6
2
2

59
53
6
6

45
24
21
20

48
44
4
4

30
30
-

39
39
-

61
61
-

6
6
-

1
1
-

-

_

-

l
1

29
329

3
3
~

14
10
4

90
74
16

44
35
9

61
61
~

64
61
3

150
146
4

242
242
~

87
70
17

224
223
1

142
129
13

444
370
74

19
19
-

13
13
-

10
10
-

2
1
1

14
13
1

6
6
-

6
6
-

15
13
2

-

_

_

_

27

5

8

9

4

5

8

9

4

6
1
5

10
1
9

38
34
4

39
20
19

44
25
19

12
10
2

35
30
5

21
21

27

2

-

over

11
11
-

14
12
2

$
*
$
$
$
S
$
S
$
•
3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0

22
22
-

37
37
-

9
5

12
12

34
31

10
9

28
28

26
24

52
47

30
30

23
23

31
30

34
34

5
5

25
25

13
13

_

_

-

-

1
1

5
5

2
2

5
1
4
-

15
7
8

45
45
-

14
13
1
~

17
10
7
7

47
47
-

137
126
11
11

186
184
2
-

106
103
3

71
71
-

76
71
5
-

100
86
14
14

20
20

8
8
-

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

3 .0 4 - 3 .5 7
3 .0 4 - 3 .5 7

_

-

2
2

2
2

_

4
4

4
4

12
12

28
28

23
23

35
35

123
123

119
119

43
43

114
114

91
91

142
142

161
161

135
135

31
31

25
25

5
5

30
30

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 .1 3 - 3 .5 1
3 .1 3 - 3 .5 1

_

_

_

~

_
-

_

•

~

5
5

10
10

3
3

14
14

44
44

55
55

12
12

71
70

109
109

207
207

49
46

154
154

45
45

168
168

11
11

14
14

1
1

10
10

3 .2 0
3 .1 7
3 .2 1
3 .2 5

3 .2 7
3 .1 5
3 .31
3 .31

3 .1 0 3 .0 6 3 .1 6 3 .2 3 -

-

1
1

1
1
-

17
8
9
7

22
2
20

~

7
7
7

9
5
4
3

13
12
1
~

21
14
7
7

102
32
70
15

110
92
18
14

118
8
110
93

253
5
248
145

41
32
9
9

45
36
9
9

-

-

-

1 ,787
1 ,663

3 .2 2
3 .2 1

3 .2 8
3 .2 6

2 .9 4 - 3 .5 4
2 .9 3 - 3 .5 2

5
5

27
25

81
81

21
17

26
24

128
125

104
104

137
133

116
107

108
108

181
181

184
170

157
150

170
92

280
280

25
24

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 ,085
1 ,0 8 5

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 .1 3 - 3 .5 5
3 .1 3 - 3 .5 5

_

“

_
-

_
-

15
15

52
52

24
24

19
19

45
45

66
66

151
151

85
85

30
30

116
116

444
444

38
38

*
-

2 .8 2
2 .8 2

2 .8 5
2 .8 5

2 .6 7 - 2 .9 5
2 . 6 7 - 2 .9 5

_

3
3

8
8

41
41

18
18

34
34

44
44

87
87

120
120

8
8

12
12

4
4

_

17
17

_

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

402
402

-

_
-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------

292
196
96
54

3 .0 5
3 .1 9
2 .7 7
2 .7 3

3 .1 4
3 .2 5
2 .6 4
2 .6 8

2 .7 6 2 .9 8 2 .2 3 2 .5 8 -

3 .4 2
3 .4 4
2 .9 8
2 .9 5

_
-

_

16
12
4
4

11
1
10
10

15

4
4
-

2
2

56
35
21
21

7
7
-

18
18

42
40
2

11
11

-

-

2

2

-

43
39
4
*

19
19

~

5
1
4
“

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

671
670

3 .26

3.35

3 .0 8 -

3.52

-

6

26

_

-

39

6

13

63

93

77

205

3.35

3 .0 8 -

3.52

~

6

26

-

-

39

6

13

99
99

41

3 .2 6

41

63

92

77

205

~

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

139

3.31

3.49

3 .1 8 -

3.55

-

_

_

10

_

_

l

-

13

4

16

13

65

3

127

3.37

3.51

3 .3 1 -

3.56

-

-

10

-

1

-

13

4

16

13

65

3

1,989

3 .5 9

3.68

3 .8 0

-

-

-

83

128

214

3.68

*
*

“

43

83

44
44

94

3.59

16
16

43

1.989

3 .4 4 3 .4 4 -

94

128

214

179
179

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ 1
5
4
3
2

3 .3 6
3 .4 2
3 .3 6
3 .3 6

3 .8 0

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

_
“

_

_
_

-

_
-

6
6

_

_

-

-

-

-

•

*

24
24
2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

•
-

-

~

-

-

-

15
15

_

14

1
1

2

9
9

-

~

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $4. 10 to $4.20; 3 at $ 4 .2 0 to $4.30; 4 at $4.4 0 to $4.50; 5 at $ 4 .5 0 to $4.60; and 15 at $4 .7 0 to $4 .8 0 .
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




-

-

5

2

_

227
227

5
5

9
6
3
~

-

_
—
-

-

-

-

-

18
18

19
19

_

_

_

“

-

~

_
-

_

1
1

_
7

-

-

-

-

7
~

-

-

_

2

1

_

1

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

457

326
326

158

10

158

10

457

13
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M ate rial M o vem en t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)

Number o f w ork ers re ceivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

O ccup ation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
$
$
$
$
i
S
$
S
$
$
1.10 1.20 1•30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20
%

Mean 3

M edian 3

Middle range3

$
1, 10

and

under
1.20 1.30 1 •40 1 .50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------------GUARDS AN W
D ATCH EN ----------------------------M
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------W
ATCHM
EN:
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE5-------------------------------------------

$
i
S
$
$
S
S
$
%
S
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 over

$
1.30
1 .28
1.23

$
1.26
1 .25
1.24

$
1 .2 2 1 .2 2 1 .1 8 -

967

2 .07
2 .55

2.13
2.66

711

2.68

2 .79

2 .5 3 -

2.91

256

2 .1 9

2.25

1 .9 8 -

2 .4 9

-

-

-

8

6

8

1

26

-

19

21

31

18

7

52

48

2

3,5 5 1

2.18

1 .8 3 -

2 .57

2 ,08 0
1,47 1

2.1 3
2 .39
1.77

2.46
1.82

2 .65
1 .89

162
142
434

2.21
1 .92
1.50

2.24
1.9 6
1.55

2 .2 0 1 .5 8 1 .9 6 -

48
14
34
24
5

52
5
47
13
34
“

117
1
116
21
13
68
5

159
24
135
2
18
97
4

138
38
100
9
8
48
13

651
138
513
7
11
14
223

~

167
79
88
5
14
2
15

216
168
48
20
24
1
3

280
238
42
34
6
1
1

242
207
35
7
8
2
3

155
125
30
14
4
1
4

505
496
9
3
3
3

1 .85

98
6
92
54
*

243
219
24
16
6
2

1.87

81
81
—
55
~

73
48
25
3
14
2

276

23
23
18
21
21
6
-

47
47
30
“

79
16
63
40
-

28
11
17
17

92
3
89
10
15

790
3
787
2
186

999
11
988

206
18
188

59
27
32

87
75
12

41
41
-

27
25
2

26
16
10

21
21
-

3
1
2

10
9
1

26
26
-

22
22
-

477

76

14

-

15
15
15

53
53
3
50

35
20
15
3
12

10
10
10

44
9
35
25

39
2
37
18
19

54
21
33
9
4
18

237
70
167
7
148
12

119
62
57
52
5

76
52
24
2
15
4

185
139
46
30
2

433
319
114
27
78
3

309
245
64
21
42
1

589
353
236
171
60
2

415
264
151
5
104
39

505
469
36
24
12

-

5
5
-

1
1
-

21
6
15
7

65
7
58
38

71
11
60
25

26
13
13
12

29
9
20
19

109
16
93
92

35
9
26
25

82
10
72
72

79
67
12
12

199
59
140
140

130
39
91
80

-

-

6
6
3

4
4

1
1
-

8
6
2
-

18
11
7
7

34
6
28
27

26
18
8
7

28
4
24
23

82
74
8
8

68
25
43
41

43
26
17
16

151
120
31
31

114
97
17
17

_
-

13
13

50
20
30

18

55
50
5

19
16
3

8
8
-

30
30
~

38
38
“

74
18
56

92
92
-

69
59
10

26
26

16
16

13

13
13
13

3
3
3

-

12
5
7
7

8
5
3
3

25
9
16
7
9

10
3
7
3
4

20
17
3
2
1

23
14
9
6
3

25
25
-

28
16
12
12

1
1
~

1
1
~

-

4
1
3
3

“

8
8
8

24
12
12
11

8
8
-

26

18
16
2
2

22
10
12
12

170
168
71
1 ,85 5

$
1.2 9
1.29
1.29

-

22
22
22

115
115
35

14
14
14

-

-

2
2

5
5

9
9

-

-

-

3
1

1 .2 9 -

2.7 4

•

i

2 .2 7 -

2 .87

507
”

59
8

41
6

39
8

14
1

47
30

108
8

33
20

57
47

89
79

71
47

25
20

103
91

90
83

62
56

125
109

329
298

56
56

“

-

-

-

-

-

4

8

1

26

48

29

13

39

35

54

109

289

56

-

9

-

202
188
14
10
4

97
84
13
9
4

4
2
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

530
370
160
3
68
89

815
523
292
64
4
224

826
22
804
571
77
156

172
168
4
3
1

1
1
-

3
3
“

159
127
32
30

321
129
192
143

122
67
55
15

59
57
2
~

31
31
-

7
7
-

1
1
-

150
105
45
45

132
132
*

205
185
20
20

130
128
2
2

53
53
-

10
10
~

3
3
*

13
13
-

4
4

6
6

78
78

23
23

8
8

17
17

-

-

17
6
11
8
1

34
19
15
15
-

64
30
34
33
-

25
24
1
1

31
10
21
17
4

116
93
23
14
9

57
26
31
28

7
7
6
1

6
4
2
-

19
12
7
7

13

60
49
11
9

45
38
7
6

15
9
6

171
157
14
9

23
17
6

18
16
2

1 .6 5 1 .2 7 1 .8 2 -

2
2
1
1

.5
,1
.6
.8

0
7
8
8

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, A D CLEANERS
N
2,58 4

1.65

1.62

1 .5 5 -

1.69

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE5-------------------------------------------

325
2 ,25 9

2 .05
1.60

2.00
1 .61

2 .29
1 .67

105

1.24

1.24

1 .8 7 1 .5 4 1 .1 7 -

768

1.6 5

1.6 4

1 .6 0 -

1.32
1.68

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------------

5,46 5

2 .58

2.62

2 .3 2 -

2 .87

3,1 1 2
2 ,35 3
883
730
699

2
2
2
2
2

.5 6
.61
.93
.32
.52

2
2
3
2
2

.6
.7
.1
.3
.8

0
5
2
3
2

2
2
2
1
2

.3
.2
.4
.9
.2

3
8
9
1
9

-

2
3
3
2
2

.7
.1
.1
.5
.9

8
1
6
9
8

ORDER FILLERS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1,5 5 2
671
881
710

2
2
2
2

.4
.6
.3
.3

2.5
2.6
2.4
2 .4

4
7
5
4

2
2
2
2

.2
.4
.0
.0

3
2
6
8

-

2
2
2
2

.7
.8
.7
.6

5
0
2
4

PACKERS, SHIPPING --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1,279

2 .4 9

1,016
263
247

2.57
2.1 8
2.2 1

2 .54
2.61
2.21
2.25

2
2
1
1

.3
.3
.9
.9

0
7
4
8

-

2.7 8
2 .50

644

2 .00

514

2.10

2.02
2.08

1 .6 8 1 .8 0 -

2.5 7

130

1.6 2

1.9 0

1 .2 7 -

1.96

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta ble,




7
3
4
4

2 .75

_

-

_

2.51
2.27

526

2.5 0

2.57

2 .1 7 -

2 .8 9

306
220

2.55
2.44

2.62
2.53

2 .2 0 2 .0 4 -

2.91
2 .86

123

2 .50

2.53

2 .3 0

2.69

2 .3 1 1.5 9 -

2 .74

89
478
355
123
101

2.61

2.68

2.7 0
2.36
2.26

2.83
2.33

2 .3 4 2 .5 4 2 .0 3 -

2 .9 3
2.95
2 .69

2.25

2 .0 2 -

2 .55

3.0 4

-

_
~

_

-

_

-

_
-

5

_

_

—

5
21
21

5
8
8

5

_

~

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
“

_

_
-

2
2
2
2
2
~

14
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M ate rial M o vem en t O ccupations— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
i
1 .1 0 1 .20 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

%
Mean 34
5

M edian 3

M iddle range3

Under
S

1 .1 0

and
under

and

1 .2 0 1 .30 1 .4 0 1 .50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0

SKIPPING ANIL RECEIVING CLERKS--------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

27A
165
109

$
2 .6 8
2 .7 6
2 .5 7

$
2 .8 0
2 .8 2
2.5A

$
2 .4 2 2 .5 5 2 .2 1 -

$
2 .9 3
2 .9 8
2 .8 9

TRUCKDRIVERS6 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

3 ,6 3 9
722
2 ,9 1 7
1,757
6A8
372

3 .0 6
2 .9 0
3 .0 9
3 .1 8
3 .0 5
3 .0 8

3 .2 0
2 .8 6
3 .21
3 .2 4
3 .1 2
3.11

2 .9 6 2 .7 0 3 .0 5 3 .2 0 3 .0 5 2 .9 4 -

3 .2 5
3 .2 1
3 .2 6
3 .2 7
3 .1 9
3 .2 4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 /2 TONS) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

59A
123
A71

2 .7 8
2 .7 6
2 .7 8

2 .9 8
2 .6 5
3 .01

2 .6 0 - 3 .0 7
2 .5 3 - 3 .2 9
2 .6 3 - 3 .0 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM ( 1 - 1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

1,312
223
1 ,0 8 9
831
1AA
110

3 .0 8
2.7A
3.1A
3 .1 6
3 .1 9
2 .9 8

3 .1 8
2 .7 5
3.21
3 .2 2
3.21
2 .9 6

2 .9 6 2 .6 3 3 .0 7 3 .1 0 3 .1 5 2 .9 1 -

3 .2 5
2 .9 4
3 .2 5
3 .2 6
3 .2 5
3 .0 0

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-------------------------

1,292
271
1,021
658

3 .1 8
3 .0 9
3 .2 0
3 .2 3

3 .2 3
3 .0 6
3 .2 4
3 .2 5

3 .1 7 2 .7 9 3 .2 0 3 .2 3 -

3 .2 7
3 .2 5
3 .2 7
3 .2 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

337
29A

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

3.2 3
3.2 3

TRUCKERS, PO ER (FORKLIFT) --------------W
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1,9 1 5
1 ,6 1 7
298
178

2 .7 6
2 .7 4
2 .8 9
2 .7 9

TRUCKERS, PO ER (OTHER THAN
W
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

605
A6A

2 .8 0
2 .9 1

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

3
3

3
3

_
-

~

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

3
3

5
5

5
5
5

~

_
~

3
3
3

_
-

_

3

~

3

~

-

5
5

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .9 8 - 3 .2 7
2 .9 9 - 3 .2 7

_

_

_

_

_

2 .8 2
2.8 1
2 .8 8
2 .8 4

2 .6 1 2 .5 6 2 .8 3 2 .8 1 -

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .7 5
2 .81

2 .4 9 - 2 .8 8
2 .6 7 - 2 .9 6

-

_

-

—

~

7
7
-

8
4
4

13
5
8

10
4
6

10
4
6

25
12
13

18
11
7

12
8
4

19
18
1

81
54
27

3
2
l
1
~

79
9
70
1
“

15
12
3
2
1

48
6
42
42

15
12
3
1
-

47
21
26
26
-

66
58
8
6
2

142
59
83
5
12

139
136
3
3
”

478
156
322
145
11
166

12

1

12

1

74
6
68

2
1
1

5
5
“

9
8
1

2
2
~

37
30
7

86
19
67

15
15
“

55
5
50

2
2
-

21
18
3
3

13
12
1
1

52
36
16
4

60
57
3
3

255
51
204
132

~

~

_

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2.6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

12

-

-

2 .8 8
2 .8 7
3 .0 4
2 .8 7

%
$
$
%
t
*
$
S
$
$
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2.5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0

~

-

13
1
12
3
6

1
1
-

2
2
-

4
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

10
10
-

2
2

_

_

-

-

“

~

“

8
8

-

12
12

3
3
-

-

30
30

_

-

_

_

45
45
-

51
43
8
8

43
43
“

85
85
-

2

2

6
1

2

2

_

_

12
12
-

11
5

2
2

17
8
9

728 1834
61 175
667 1659
184 1379
437
142
138
46

11
1
10
6
4

13
13
-

209
1
208

79
31
48

-

—

~

616
23
593
515
76
2

_

_

-

-

72

276
11
265
173
68
24

56
56
-

70
49
21

221
40
181

892
97
795

11
1
10

13
13
-

64
47

6
2

235
215

-

-

~

-

8
1
7

2

~

29
29

over

116
115
1
1

125
117
8
8

83
73
10
10

220
.219
1
“

825
653
172
151

244
150
94
*

58
54
4

152
29

58
57

29
28

91
91

142
137

24
24

37
37

_

_

_

3
3
-

9
9
~

5
5

46
46

~

15

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu died in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , C le ve la n d , O hio, S e p te m b e r 1964)
In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists
M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s trie s

M in im um w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing
A ll
in d u strie s

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
sch e d u le s

37Vz

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

37 V2

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—
A ll
s ch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

37V2

40

A ll
sch ed u les

37V2

40

E sta b lish m en ts stu died-------------------------------------------------------------

315

158

XXX

XXX

157

XXX

XXX

315

158

XXX

XXX

157

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

149

92

12

77

57

11

40

171

98

13

82

73

12

54

$ 4 7 .5 0 ------------- $ 5 0 .0 0 — _
_ _
_ —
----- ------ --_ _
$ 5 2 .5 0 — - $ 5 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------$5 7 .5 0 _________
— ----------------- _ _
$60 .00 — ---------- _ — —
------$ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 --------- — ----- — ----------------$ 6 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 7 0 .0 0 ----------------------- ---------------------- — _
$ 7 2 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 7 5 .0 0 __ _____ _____ _______ _____
$ 7 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 8 0 .0 0 _____ ____ __ ____________
$ 8 2 .5 0 ------------- ---------------- — _
$ 8 5 .0 0 ------------------------------------------------------$ 8 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$90 .00 - ------ --------------- ---------- --$ 9 2 .5 0 ___________ ______ ____
__

2
10
11
8
24
20
21
17
10
8
2
3
2
_
9

1
4
1
1
14
14
18
15
6
5
_
1
2
-

1
_
_
5
4
1
_
1
_
_

4
1
1
7
9
17
15
5
5

8
19
15
10
29
15
20
16
11
8
3
3
2
2
-

1
7
3
2
20
10
17
15
6
3
2
1
1

1
_
1
_
8
1
1
1
-

-

1
5
7
5
4
5
1
1
4
2
2
2
-

_

8
_

_

1
_

8
_

2

2

2

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

75

37

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y

91

29

XXX

$4 5 .0 0
$4 7 .5 0
$ 50 .00
$5 2 .5 0
$ 55 .00
$ 57 .50
$ 60 .00
$6 2 .5 0
$6 5 .0 0
$ 67 .50
$ 70 .00
$ 72 .50
$ 75 .00
$7 7 .5 0
$ 80 .00
$ 82 .50
$ 85 .00
$ 87 .50
$90 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

-----------

—

7
12
12
8
9
5
3
1
5
5
1
2
1
1
-

7
8
9
5
6
3
1
1
4
4
1
2

-

1
2
-

_
_

8
_

1
_

-

2

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

XXX

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

85

41

XXX

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

XXX

62

XXX

XXX

59

19

XXX

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

-

-

1
2
2
3
1
2
-

1

7
_

1 T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re p aid fo r standard w o rk w eek s.
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
3 Data a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll standard w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




.

1
6
10
7
10
6
3
2
4
3
2
2
-

-

_

7
2
2
9
9
16
15
5
3
2
1
1
1
7
_

1
_
-

3
2
2
1
2
2
_
-

_

1

1
1
_

16




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y typ e and am ou n t o f d iff e r e n t ia l,
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p te m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

S e c o n d sh ift

-

94.7

85.2

19.5

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

9 2 .4

84.5

19 .2

5.9

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) ____________________

56.6

51.3

11.9

4.8

5 c e n t s ______________________________________
6 c e n ts _ --------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ___________ _____ ________ — __ —
----l l !z c e n t s --- --------------- ------ __
8 c e n ts ------------------- — -------- -----8 V 4 c e n ts _ ___________________________ ____
8 V 2 c e n t s __ ____________________________ __
9 c e n ts _ __ __
___ ____ _______________
10 c e n t s ___ ________________ _____ _____ ___ _
IOV2 c e n t s ____ _____ ______ ___ _____________
1 1 c e n t s __ _____________ __ _ _ — _ —
1 2 c e n t s __ ___ ____ ____ ______ ___ ______ _
14 c e n ts __ ____________________ _______
I 4 V 2 c e n t s __ _____________ ______ _________
15 c e n ts — ----------------------- ----- ------------16 c e n t s ____________________________________
17 c e n ts
__________________________________
18 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------19 c e n ts
2 1 V 2 c e n ts and o v e r ---------------------------------

7.3
.7
.7
.4
14.0
.3
.3
2.5
12.7
.8
10.7
.7
.4
3.9

1.1
.2
.2
.2
3.4
(2 )
.1
.7
2.2
.2
2.7
.1
.1
.6

.1

_
1.2

1.4
.8
.3
.7
8.7
.3
.4
16.5
.2
_
15.7
•
1.4
2.5
.4
.4
1.6

_____________

33.4

29.3

6.9

5 p e r c e n t ---------- ---------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 V 2 p e r c e n t -------------- ------------------------------8 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ------ ---------------- ----------------- —

18.8
2.4
1.4
10.2
.7

.3
1.0
1.8
26.1
.1

3.9
.4

----------------

2.5

3.9

.4

.1

W ith no s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------

2 .3

.7

.3

.1

T o ta l __

-----

-----------------------------------------------

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ___________

O th er f o r m a l pay d iff e r e n t ia l —

-

-

_
-

1 In clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

-

_
. 1

-

.5
1.9
.2

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

6.0

_

(1 )
2

_
(2 )
(2)
.4
(2 )
2.9
(2 )
.8
.1
.2
(2)
(2)
. 1
1.1
(!)

(2 )
.2
-

.8

(2 )

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

17

T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u rs

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , C le v e la n d , O hio, S e p te m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

W eek ly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U nder 35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 35 and under 37*4 h o u r s __________________
37 1/z h ou rs _______________________________________
O ver 37V2 and under 40 h o u r s __________________
40 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 45 h o u rs ____________________
45 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 45 h o u r s _____________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

All
industries

M anufacturing

100

100

_

2
2
17
4
75
1
-

7

PLAN T W ORKERS

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

_

_

_

16
2
82

3
1
96

5
3
91

3
1
11

Public
utilities

_

-

_

_

7
8
36
12
35
2

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

85

Inclu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u t ilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te.
Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.




Finance

3

All
industries

100

1
1
( 5)
4
_

87
2
1
2

4
4

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

2

-

_

_

_
_

6

-

2

M anufacturing

100

Public
utilities

24
13
5

2

-

86
2
1
2

_

3
_

_

_

_

90
2
5
3

92
6

94

_

_

_

1

18

T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 964)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s -----------

------------------ -------

All
.
industries 1

-----------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities L

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance3

All 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

99

99

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

98

99

97

10 0

98

1

3

“

2

1
9
2
20
32
10
14
1
10
( 5)
"

( 5)

( 5)
16
5
19
24
12
17
1
6

( 5)
1
3
8
8
27
62
67
99
99
99
99

.
(5)
6
7
36
79
83
99
99
99
99

“

“

_
19
72
9
-

_
47
5
10
18
3
14
1
1
-

_
71
4
3
19
2
-

_
60
10
1
3
1
2
9
2
6
4
2

1
23
2
14
28
7
15
(5)
7
1
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

2
8
13
22
22
26
31
40
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

( 5)

( 5)
32
5
11
' 24
7
12
(5)
5
( 5)
2
1
(5)

"

2

N um ber of days
L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s __________ __ ______________ ___ ____ ______
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day---------------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------- -----------------7 h o lid a y s -__
___ __ _________ _______________ _
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days _ -----_ ------- _
8 h o l id a y s ____ ____ ___ _________ ___________ ___ __
8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h alf day
—
- — —
9 h o lid a y s ____________________________ *---------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf days ___ ___ ______ ___ _
- - ------ ----------- -----10 h o lid a y s -----10 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
— ----- —
1 2 h o lid a y s —---------------------------------------------------------------

-

(5)
-

_
22
69
6
-

_
51
4
3
16
2
14
3
6
-

5
59
1
8
25
-

-

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 1
6
5
4
3
2
1 2 d a y s_—
_ --------- ----. . . . .
—
1 0 Ve days o r m o r e ___________________ ____ ________
10 days o r m o r e —
_
.
.
.
.
9 days o r m o r e . . . .
_ _ ___ — — ----8 V2 days o r m o r e
__ . — — ----------------- _ _
8 days o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 days o r m o r e . . .
— --------------------- ----6 V2 days o r m o r e
. . . . . . .
------6 days o r m o r e —
—
--------- — 5 days o r m o r e _ _ __ ______ _ _
—
_. __
3 days o r m o r e - - . — ------ . . . .
----1 day o r m o r e ------ ---------- --------------------------- -----

-

9
81
81
10 0
10 0
10 0
100

1
2
2
19
48
53
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

2
25
29
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

-

-

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

1
8
8
30
72
74
97
98
98
98

( 5)
11
11
36
88
89
99
99
99
99

-

6
75
75
97
97
97
97

6
9
9
25
45
49
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

25
32
33
92
92
96
98

1 In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate.
4 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rce n t.
6 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d e s th ose
w ith 7 fu ll days and no half d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d ays, and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.




19

T a b le B -5.

P aid V a c a tio n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________

All
2
industries
__________

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

All s
industries 5

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

W
holesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 6)
-

100
99
( 6)
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
91
7
1
1

100
89
9
1
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
96
3
-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

Retail trade

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk e rs in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a ca tion s ---------------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t-------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ------ -------------------------------F la t -s u m paym ent ---------------------------------------O th e r ----------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tion s _______________________________

1

-

-

-

4
45
15
1

4
56
13
1

_
18
12
"

1
48
14
-

_
13
-

8
34
27
-

16
7
2
1

21
5
1
1

10
13
-

_
20
3
-

_
9
-

_
18
( 6)
81
1
( 6)

_
6
1
91
1
1

_
52
47
1

_
32
68
1
-

_
84
16
-

_
6
( 6)
94
-

( 6)
82
4
11
1
2

1
82
6
7
1
2

_
71
27
2

74
23
2
-

_
91
8
-

3
2
93
1
1

3
96
1
1

6
16
77
1

8
92
1
-

3
97
-

52
14
30
1
2

61
19
16
1
3

41
7
50
2

22
8
67
2
"

67
-

1
( 6)
96
2
2

1
95
2
2

3
96
1

99
1
-

_
100
-

14
28
53
1
3

18
40
37
1
4

1
1
96
2

5
7
86
2
~

5
95
-

1
( 6)
96
2
2

1
95
2
2

3
96

_

_

( 6)

-

-

100
-

100
-

12
27
56
2
3

15
38
41
2
4

1
1
96
2

5
7
86
2
-

5

-

_

_
89
5
6

99
1

-

-

-

-

58
42

83
4
13

(?)
(6)
84
5
10

1
86
7
6

98

-

A m ount o f v a ca tio n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _____________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________ _______________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _____ ____ ____ ______ __
___
1 w f»f»k____ _______ ___ ____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eek s _
— ___________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s — __________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------ ------ - ______
2 w e e k s __ _______________ ______________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

-

( 6)
100
-

33

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w e e k s __ _______________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ________ _____ ___________ ____________

( 6)
100
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____ __________________ _ — __ __ -----O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

1

99
1
-

-

95
-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek —
-----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____________________ 2 w e e k s ------------------------------- ----------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




( 6)
87
4
9

96
1
3

-

2

1
92
2
5

60
39

T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 964)

O F F IC E TyO R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s trie s

2

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

P L A N T \JTO RK ERS

R e ta il tr a d e

F in a n ce

4

A ll
in d u strie s

5

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic 3
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e ta il t r a d e

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 7— Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
- - 2 w eeks __ _ _
_ _ — ----O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------ ----------3 w e e k s __ 4 w eek s _
. . . . —
. ----------—

36
9
54
( 6)

31
16
52
( 6)

36
64
-

24
76
-

-

( 6)

41
11
48
-

51
1
48
-

28
29
42
( 6)

_
32
11
56
_

_
26
19
54
_

_
36
64
.

35
16
48
_

24
76
-

48
1
52
-

( 6)
21
32
46

( 6)

(6)

7
89
3
1

-

25
41
33
( 6)

43
2
54
-

1
38
10
51
-

15
.
84
-

(6)

18
46
36
1

.
26
2
71
_

1
31
10
58
_

.
13
_
86
_

(6)

(6)

-

-

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eeks.
. . . .
__
..
.
. . .
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s _
_
—
—
3 w eek s — -------------- -- ------ ----------------------------------- ----O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s .
.
.
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

-

-

-

6
87
5
2

9
91
-

7
89
3
-

18
81
1

99
1
-

8
1
84
5
1

5
1
86
7
1

.
100
-

14
78
2
6

10
89
-

6
63
4
26
( 6)

4
52
8
35
( 6)

9
60
30
-

7
68
3
21
-

18
73
9
-

( 6)
88
11
-

8
1
61
7
23
1

4
1
64
9
20
1

_
53
1
46
-

14
57
2
28
-

8
61
_
30
"

5
42
1
50
2

4
34
2
58
3

9
27
64
-

6
58
36
-

18
47
35
-

( 6)
65
34
1

8
1
34
4
51
2

4
1
31
5
56
3

.
26
2
72
-

12
51
31
6

8
_
48
_
43
-

5
42
1
51
2

4
34
2
58
3

9
27
64

6
58
36

18
47
35

( 6)
61
38
1

8
1
34
4
51
3

4
1
30
5
55
4

26
2
72

12
_
51
31
6

8
.
48
.
43

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------ -----------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------- -------------- ----------4 w eek s .
.
.
.
.
-

( 6)

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ----------- ---------— -------------—--------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s
—
- .
.
3 w eeks_
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s
—
4 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------- —
O v er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- ------- —------------------A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eek s —
.
. . . . . .
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------- ------------3 w e e k s ----------- --------------------- -------------- ------ ---------—
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s
------4 w eek s
_
—
— —
O ver 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s — — —— . . . . . — -----— -------------- ------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s — — — ---------------------—
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___ __________________ —
4 w e e k s . __ _
—
_
_ _ ----O v er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans only. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose plans w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d 1 o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s
1
with._qualifying lengths o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s te e l, alum inum , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
7 In clu d es paym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le,
a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid u al
p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u lative. Th us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e a fter fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




21

T a b le B -6.

H e a lth , In su ra n ce, an d P e n sio n P la n s

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1964)1
7
6
5
4
3
2
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All
,
industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance

4

A11

.

industries 5

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

98

96

98

93

96

98

98

100

99

94

64

66

61

68

21

72

61

66

55

67

41

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ______ - __________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________________________
S ick n es s and a ccid e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 6__________________________

73

85

71

85

82

42

92

95

75

96

86

S ic k n e s s and a ccid e n t in s u r a n c e __________
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________
S ick lea v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )____________________________

49

69

12

67

65

9

86

95

30

77

77

49

62

35

37

17

39

6

2

28

33

5

6

1

36

2

17

-

4

2

25

4

7

H os p ita liz a tion in s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
M e d ica l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e tire m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n pla n ______

86
83
62
53
82
1

93
90
67
48
90
1

97
97
95
87
68

73
72
43
41
53
( 7)

63
57
15
26
67
4

78
75
52
62
87
1

88
88
58
21
81
2

94
94
70
18
90
1

100
100
71
66
75

89
83
45
36
57

66
63
17
15
71
3

1 In clu des th o se plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 Inclu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly ..
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
5 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
6 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly
e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an individ ual b a s is are ex clu d ed .
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




22

T a b le B -7 .

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y
f o r m a l s i c k le a v e p r o v i s i o n s , C le v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 96 4)

OFFICE WORKER8
S ick le a v e p r o v is io n

All w n r k s r s

.

All
.
industries 1

. ...................................

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
f o r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Retail trade

Finance 3

All ,
industries

100.0

100.0

Manufacturing
100.0

Public 2
U
tilities

Wholesale
trade

100.0

100.0

Retail trade

100.0

54.0

63.3

70.5

38.6

33.8

38.4

9.8

3.1

53.0

37.1

11.9

46.0

36.7

29.5

61.4

66.2

61.6

90.2

96.9

47.0

62.9

88.1

U n ifo rm plan : 5
N o w aitin g p e r io d
F u ll p a y 6 ____
5 days
______
_ _ _ _ _
6 days
_
_
_
__ __
10 d a ys
_
_ _
12 days _
20 days _
F u ll p a y plu s p a r tia l p a y 6 _________________
5 days
.
_
W aiting p e r io d
_
_ __

22.8
20.5
5. 0
1.4
3.8
4.6
2.2
2.3
.9
.9

20.4
18.6
4. 0
1.2
4.9
.4
3.7
1.7
1.5

8.1
8.1
2.9
4.6
.6
-

34.8
33.9
21.1
.8
7.7
3.0
.9
.9
-

13.3
13.3
6.5
6.8
1.1

35.6
30.0
2.7
22.1
5.6
3.8
-

3.7
3.5
2.3
.5
.1
.3
.2
.2
1.0

1.3
1.3
1.1
.1
_
1.0

6.9
6.9
_
1.5
5.4
_
-

28.0
27.1
18.7
2.4
_
.9
.9
.4

2.7
2.7
.9
1.7
_
_
_
1.0

G raduated p la n 5— A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d ______________________________
Fu ll pay7 _
5
5 days
.
. _
__ _
10 days
_ _ _ _
_____
40— days
50
F u ll p a y plu s p a r tia l p a y 6 __
21 d a ys
_
_
_
_
W aiting p e r io d
__
_____
F u ll pay __
_ _
F u ll pay plu s p a r tia l p a y __________________
P a r t ia l pay on ly

24.2
19.4
3.4
8.9
2.9
4.7
1.3
6. 2
1.5
.9
3.8

41.5
35.3
6.2
15.7
5.5
6.2
_
-

15.7
3.3
2.0
12.3
12.3
4 6.4
4.6
8.7
33.1

1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9

3.2
.4
.4
2.8
16.1
16.1
-

1.4
1.4
1.4

1.6
1.0
.1
.7
.6
.6
3.4
.9
.7
1.8

.3
.3
.3
_
.5
.5
-

11.8
1.7
10.1
10.1
32.6
1.3
6.3
25.0

5.4
5.4
5.4
_
3.2
3.2

2.3
2.3
1.0
1.3
_
_
6.0
6.0
-

G raduated p la n 5— A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r io d
F u ll p a y 6 ..............................................................
20 days
_
_
130 days
__
__
_ __
80— days
90
_
_
_ _
F u ll pay p lu s p a r tia l p a y 6
_ _ _
50 d a y s .
__ __
80 d a y s
........
- ...
_ _
63 d a y s _ .
_ . _ ____
_ _ _____
65 d a y s _____ _________ __
.
W aiting p e r io d
F u ll p a y ______ _______ ._____ __ _________ _
F u ll pay p lu s p a r tia l pay

29.7
17.5
5.0
1.9
2.9
12.2
1.0
.9
1.3
5.2
.7
.5
.2

41.5
31.5
9.1
3.3
5.5
9.9
3.2
-

57.5
3.3
54.2
8.7
12.3
33.1
4.9
4.6
.3

1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9
1.9

19.3
.4
18.9
16.1
-

2.8
1.4
1.2
1.5
1.5
_
-

4.5
.9
.7
3.5
.9
.4
.6
1.6
.7

.3
.3
.3
-

.6

(7 )
.5
.5

4 3.2
1.7
41.5
6.3
10.1
25.0
3.0
1.3
1.7

5.4
5.4
5.4
_
_
_
_
3.2
_
3.2

8.2
2.3
1.3
_
6.0
6.0
_
_
_
_
_
-

6.5

2.6

.8

6.1

3.4

22.0

1.0

.1

6.9

10.2

-

T yp e and am ount o f pa id s ic k
le a v e p r o v id e d annually

-

1.5
1.5
-

.1

P r o v is io n s f o r accu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s f o r a ccu m u la tio n
of unu sed s ic k le a v e
_

_

In clu des data f o r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
Inclu des data f o r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
"U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e defin ed as th o se fo r m a l plan s under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sam e nu m ber of d a y s' paid s ic k le a v e each
year.
G raduated p la n s " are d e fin e d as th o s e fo r m a l plan s under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily
ch o s e n . E stim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s a p p lic a b le at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . Thus, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s' s ic k
le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r g r e a te r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
6 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th er than th o s e p re s e n te d se p a r a te ly . N u m bers o f days show n under " F u ll pay p lu s p a r tia l p a y " a r e days fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k
le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s a r e e n titled to add ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.
7 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.




23

T a b le B -8.

P ro fit-S h a rin g P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , C le v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T ype o f plan

AU
industries

c

PLAN T W O RK ERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

3

Finance

4

AU
industries

5

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

3

Retail trade

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plans ----------------------------------------------------------

-

9

45

46

11

9

-

8

26

13

4

3

3

-

1

8

7

5

-

7

19

( 6)

( 6)

"

“

-

22

19

«

3

3

-

4

P lans p rov id in g fo r d e fe r r e d d is trib u tio n —

12

16

-

5

32

8

P lans p rov id in g f o r both c u r r e n t
and d e fe r r e d d is t r ib u t io n _________________—

7

1

-

-

"

34

P lans p rov id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e
o f m ethod o f d i s t r i b u t i o n ---------------------------------------

( 6)

-

~

-

-

"

81

100

91

55

54

P lans p rovid in g fo r c u r r e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p r o fit -s h a r in g plans --------------------------------------------------

78

89

91

100

92

74

1 The study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit s h a r e s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e re com m u n ica ted
to the e m p lo y e e s in adva nce o f the d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t b y the com p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic co n trib u tion s b a sed on p r o fit s ; and (4) in
w hich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the o f fic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Inclu des data f o r s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
5 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.







A p p e n d ix A .

C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




A p p e n d ix B .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accoLmts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.'

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker’s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following?
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR*—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and inteiprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical woik.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, woikflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine woxk as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information puxposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g* > giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

so
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRMNG-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woric involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory" or other establishment,
duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of caipenter*s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers*, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers, hi general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the followings
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing^ system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and p rice

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_________________________ ___
Alb any— c he n e c t ady— r o y , N. Y. , M ar. 1964 1
S
T
________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1_____ ____________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 L
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1______________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963.
Beaumont— ort Arthur, Tex. , May 1964 L
P
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 19641
B oise City, Idaho, July 1964 L— .
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1963 1
_________ ___________

1385
1385
1385
1385
1385
1385
1385
1385
1430
1385

•80,
•
52,
•61,
•
53,
.73,
•24,
•
70,
•
63,
•
1,
.16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Miami, Fla. , Dec. 1963 1_________ ______
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964____ ____ _
_
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1964 l m
____
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 19641—
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 L
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964____
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1____
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964_________ _____
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963_______________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964---------------------- ---- --Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1______ _
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1964
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
___ _____
Chattanooga, T enn .-G a. , Sept. 1964
Chicago, 111. , Apr. 1964 1________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 *.
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963.

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1385-25,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
30
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1963 1
_________ ___ ______ ___
Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , May 1964
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J . , Nov. 1963 l .
Phoenix, A riz. , Mar. 1964 1____________ ______________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964____ ....
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 * „ __
Portland, O re g .—
Wash. , May 1964 1mm
m,
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I. —
Mass. , May 1964__
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964..______________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1963 1
__—
______

1385-14,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1385-23,

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, Tex. , Nov. 1963--------------------------------- --- ---------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
Ill. , Oct. 1963___________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan, 1964 1_
Denver, C o lo ., Dec. 1963
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1__
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964____________
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1963_________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 *«
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1__
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1_____

1385-15, 25 cents
1385-12,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111. , Apr. 1964 1
__________________ ___ ____ __
St. L ouis, Mo. -111. , Oct. 1963_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963__________________ _____
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964__________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964_____________________________ -___________
San D iego, Calif. , Sept. 19641_________________ _____
San Franc is co-Oakland, Calif. , Jan. 1964 1________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964______________________________
______
_
Seattle, Wash. Sept. 1964—

1385-60,
1385-21,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25
25
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 19631_
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 19641____
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964.
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 L
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H. , June 1964 1_
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 19641<
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1
___
L ouisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964______—
_________
Lubbock, Tex. , June 1964 1
________ _________—
__
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 19641.
Memphis, T enn ., Jan. 1964 l m

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F alls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1963 1
South Bend, Ind. , M ar. 1964 1_
_
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964______
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963______
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a. , Oct. 1963.
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 l ™
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963.______
Wichita, K ans., Sept. 1964 1______
W orcester, M a ss., June 1964 «
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1__________

1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,
1385-20,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1385-17,
1385-48,
1385-18,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

25
25
20
20
20
25
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




___
___
__
___
___

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

___ 1385-77, 20 cents
___ 1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102