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Occupational Wage Survey

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
SEPTEMBER 1964

San Di

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C lag ue, C om m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA




SEPTEMBER 1964

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 2
November 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent o f Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
each of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for
the United States. A major consideration in the program
is the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the
structure and level of wages among areas and industry
divisions.

Introduction------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups_____________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

3

3

8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers____
B -2 .
Shift differentials--------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours______________________________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays---------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5.
Paid vacations-------------------------------------------------------------------------B - 6.
Health, insurance, and pension plan s______________________
B -7 .
Paid sick leave________________________________________________
B -8 .
Profit-sharing plans__________________________________________

11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational descriptions----------------------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions------------------------------------------------------------------

21
23

B.

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program.
Information on occupational earnings is co l­
lected annually in each area. Information on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained
biennially in most of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups for selected periods------------------------------------------------------------Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations—
men and wom en-------------------------------------A - 2.
Professional and technical occupations-men and women_
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupationsmen and women combined__________________________________
A - 4.
Maintenance and power plant occupations---------------------------A - 5.
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations____________

At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each area studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
San Diego, Calif. , in September 1964.
It was prepared
in the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, C a lif.,
by George K. Lee, under the direction of W illiam P.
O'Connor. The study was under the general direction of
John L . Dana, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and
Industrial Relations.

1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back co v er.)
Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the San Diego area, are also available for building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating em ployees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

5
7




Occupational W age Survey—San Diego, Calif.
Introduction
This a rea is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Department o f
L a b or's Bureau o f Labor Statistics conducts surveys o f o ccu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis.
In this area, data w ere obtained by p erson a l v isits o f Bureau field
econ om ists to represen tative establishm ents within six broad industry
d iv ision s: M anufacturing; transportation, com m unication, and other
public u tilities; w holesale trad e; reta il tra d e; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded from these
studies are governm ent operations and the con stru ction and extractive
industries. E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f
w ork ers are om itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploy­
ment in the occupations studied to w arrant in clusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided fo r each o f the broad industry d ivision s which
m eet publication c r ite r ia .

reported, as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is to the work
schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which straight-tim e
sa la ries a re paid; average weekly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n earest half d olla r.
D iffe re n ce s in average pay lev els fo r m en and women in any
o f the selected occupations should not be assum ed to re fle ct d iffe r ­
en ces in pay treatm ent o f the sexes within individual establishm ents.
The averages presen ted r e fle ct com p osite, areaw ide estim ates. In­
du stries and establishm ents d iffe r in pay level, jo b staffing, and in
the extent to which m en and wom en are em ployed and, thus, contribute
d ifferen tly to the estim ates. Other p ossib le fa ctors which may con ­
tribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay in clude: D ifferen ces in p ro g re ssio n
within established rate ranges, sin ce only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents are co lle c te d ; and d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p erform ed ,
although the w ork ers a re appropriately cla ss ifie d within the same
su rvey jo b d escrip tion . Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em ployees
in these surveys are usually m ore gen eralized than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e cific duties p erform ed .

These surveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se of
the unnecessary c o s t involved in surveying a ll establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at minim um co st, a g rea ter prop ortion of
large than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
however, all establishm ents are given th eir appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presen ted, th erefore,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those b elow the m inimum s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent
obtained from the sam ple of establishm ents studied serv e only to
indicate the relative im portance o f the jo b s studied. These d ifferen ces
in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the accu racy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are o f the
follow ing typ es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a teria l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational cla ss ifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
d escrip tion s designed to take account o f inter establishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e jo b .
The occupations se le cte d fo r study
are listed and d e scrib e d in appendix B.
Earnings data fo r som e o f
the occupations listed and d e scrib e d a re not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables becau se either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p rov id e enough data to m e rit presentation, o r (2) there is p o s s i­
bility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establishm ent data.

Establishm ent P ra c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s as they
relate to o ffic e and plant w ork ers.
A dm inistrative, executive, and
p ro fe ssio n a l em ployees, and fo r c e -a cco u n t con stru ction w ork ers who
are utilized as a separate w ork fo r c e a re excluded. "O ffice w o rk e rs"
include working su p erv isors and n onshp ervisory w ork ers perform in g
c le r ic a l o r related functions. "P lant w o rk e rs " include working fo r e ­
m en and a ll n onsupervisory w ork ers (including leadm en and trainees)
engaged in n onoffice functions. C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i.e ., those hired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule
in the given occu pation al cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W here weekly hours are




Minimum entrance sa la ries (table B - l ) relate only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v isited . They are presented in term s o f establishm ents
with form a l m inim um entrance salary p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d ifferen tia l data (table B -2 ) are lim ited to plant w ork ers
in manufacturing indu stries.
This inform ation is presented both in
term s of (1) establishm ent p o licy , 1 presented in term s o f total plant
w ork er em ploym ent, and (2) effectiv e p ra ctice , presented in term s of
w ork ers actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e o f the
survey.
In establishm ents having v a ried d ifferen tials, the amount
applying to a m a jority was used or, if no amount applied to a m a jority ,
the cla ssifica tion "o th e r1 was used. In establishm ents in which som e
1
la te-sh ift hours are paid at n orm al rates, a differen tial was re co rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B -3) of a m a jo rity o f the
fir s t-s h ift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to
all o f the plant or o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. Paid h olidays;
paid vacation s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p ro fit-sh a rin g
plans (tables B -4 through B -8 ) a re treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jority
o f such w ork ers are eligib le o r may eventually qualify fo r the p r a c ­
tices listed. Sums o f individual item s in tables B -2 through B -8 may
not equal totals because o f rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo rm a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) are provided
fo r in written form , o r (2) have been established by cu stom . Holidays
ord in arily granted a re included even though they may fa ll on a non­
workday, even if the w ork er is not granted another day off. The fir s t
part o f the paid holidays table presen ts the number o f whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5) is lim ited to
form a l p o lic ie s , excluding in form al arrangem ents w hereby tim e off
with pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the em p loyer.
Separate
estim ates are provided accord in g to em ployer p ra ctice in computing
vacation payments, such as tim e payments, percen t o f annual earnings,
o r flat-su m amounts.
However, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
payments not on a tim e b a sis w ere converted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a payment o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equivalent of 1 w eek 's pay.

com pany and those provided through a union fund o r paid d ire ctly by
the em p loyer out o f cu rren t operating funds o r from a fund set aside
fo r this p u rpose.
Death benefits are included as a form o f life
insurance.
Sickness and acciden t insurance is lim ited to that type o f
insurance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d ire ctly
to the insured on a weekly o r monthly ba sis during illn ess o r acciden t
disa b ility.
Inform ation is presented fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con tribu tes. H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J ersey, which
have enacted tem porary d isability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r contributions, 2 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) c o n ­
tributes m o re than is legally required, or (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of the law. Tabulations
o f paid sick leave plans are lim ited to form a l p la n s3 which p rovid e
fu ll pay or a p rop ortion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence from w ork
b ecau se of illn e ss.
Separate tabulations are presented accord in g to
(1) plans which provid e fu ll pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which provid e either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod .
In addition
to the presentation o f the proportion s o f w ork ers who are p rovided
sick n ess and acciden t insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of w ork ers who re ce iv e either o r both types o f b en efits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es re fe rre d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em ployees in ca se o f sick n ess and injury involving expenses beyond
the n orm al cov e ra g e o f hospitalization, m ed ical, and su rgica l plans.
M edical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com plete o r partial
payment o f d o c to r s ' fe e s . Such plans m ay be underwritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organizations or they may
be se lf-in su re d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited
to those plans that p rovide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

Data are presented fo r all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7) fo r which at lea st a part o f the co s t is
borne by the em ployer, excepting only legal requirem ents such as
w orkm en's com pensation, so cia l secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem en t.
Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance

P ro fit-sh a rin g plans (table B -8) are lim ited to form a l plans
with definite form ulas fo r computing p rofit sh ares to be distributed
among em ployees and w hose form ulas w ere com m unicated to em ­
p loyees in advance of the determ ination o f p ro fits. Data are presented
accord in g to p rov ision s fo r distributing p rofit shares to em p loyees:
( l ) C urrent o r cash distribution o f p rofit shares within a short period
after determ ination o f p r o fits; (2) d eferred distribu tion of p rofit shares
after a sp ecified num ber o f y ea rs o r at retirem en t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe rre d plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is requ ired to s e le ct whether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p rofit in cash, have it d eferred , or part in cash
and part d efe rre d .

An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it met either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in San Diego, Calif.
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions-

—

----- -------

by m ajor industry division, 2 September 1964

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Office

T o ta l4

Plant

Total4

353

102

93, 400

16, 200

56, 100

64, 960

50
-

92
261

30
72

44, 000
49. 400

5, 200
11, 000

25, 100
31, 000

3 6 ,5 9 0
28,3 7 0

50
50
50
50
50

20
30
113
34
64

12
.7
22
11
20

10, 500
2, 400
21, 000
6 ,3 0 0
9, 200

2, 400

6 ,2 0 0

9, 840
660
9, 510
3, 880
4, 480

— — — — —

Manufacturing
- NonmanufacturingTransportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5—
Wholesale trad eRetail trade.
Finance, insurance, and real e stateS e rv ices8—

(J )

0

(?)
( 6)

(,>

0

( 6)

1
The San Diego Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of San Diego County.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes
for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied,
and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
- The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll indu stries" in the Series B tables.
Separate
presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(l) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study,
(2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.




Table 2.

Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for
selected occupational groups in San Diego, C a lif ., for selected periods

Industry and occupational group

September 1963
to
September 1964

September 1962
to
September 1963

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women) ______ ____ ________
Industrial nurses (men and women) _____________________
Skilled maintenance (men) ________ _____________________
Unskilled plant (men) ____________________________________

3 .6
.4
3. 5
3 .2

3. 1
7. 5
3 .4
3 .2

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) _______________________
Industrial nurses (men and women) _____________________
Skilled maintenance (men) _______________________________
Unskilled plant (men) ____________________________________

4. 1
0
3 .7
4 .8

4 .6
8. 5
3 .4
4 .3

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in
average earnings of selected plant worker groups.

F or o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rse s, the p e r ­
centages of change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of w ork , that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which straigh t-tim e
sa la ries are paid. F or plant w ork er grou p s, they m easu re changes
in average straight-tim e hourly ea rn in g s, excluding prem ium pay for
overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. The
p ercen tages are based on data for selected key occupations and in ­
clude m ost of the n um erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffice c le r ic a l data are based on m en and wom en in the follow ing
19 job s: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , cla s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p ayroll; Com ptom eter op era tors; keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla ss A and B;
o ffice boys and g irls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, gen eral; sten og ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard op era tors; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B; and typ ists, cla ss A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance jobs, and 2 unskilled job s are included in the
plant w ork er data: S killed— ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; painters; p ip efitters; and tool and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs, p o r te r s , and clea n ers; and la b o r e r s ,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1962. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other.

The percentages of change m easure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force r e ­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings o f—
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard

S
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

%

45

*

%

$

%

»

50

55

60

65

70

75

55

60

65

70

75

80

i

S

$

$

$

S
$
$
$
$
$
110
115
120
125
130 135

95

100

105

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

9
8

-

-

13
12

2
2

2
2

2
2

9
4

2
2

4
4

-

6

12

12

-

-

12

8

1

_
-

1
1

2
2

8
7

12
7

26
26

3
“

80

85

85

90

2

90

and
under
50

and
over

45
36

$
$
$
$
4 1 .0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
4 2 .0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0

CLERKS,

ORDER ----------------------------------------------

58

1 1 2 .0 0 1 1 2 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

36
32

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

53
44

4 0 .0 1 2 9 .0 0 1 3 0 .5 0 1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 2 8 .5 0 1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 3 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

43
27

4 0 .0 1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0

o
o

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

+

MEN

7 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

5 8 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0
5 7 .5 0 - 7 5 .0 0

-

_
“

5
5

-

-

-

3

4

-

-

-

6
6

4
4

1
1

9
9

2
2

3
2

2
2

3
1

1

1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

7
6

5
4

5
2

8
2

9
4

3
3

4
4

~

1
1

“

-

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

5
~

_

24
3
21

7
5
2

9 8 .0 0 - 1 1 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .5 0

~

6 1 . 0 0 - 7 5 .5 0

-

-

7

7

8 5 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

“

~

-

1
1

1
1

6
6

8
8

6
6

5
1

7
3

_

_
-

23
23

23
23

18
18

8
8

26
26

7
2

1
1

1

-

_

_

-

20

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

20

32
2
30

19
3
16

17
1
16

11
3
8

33

-

24

23
4
19

12
12

21
2
19

54
8
46

20
20

31
8
23

~

“

1

11

1

*
“

1

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

34
64
47

o
o

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
101

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

240
42
198

3 9 .5
9 5 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 1 0 4 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
3 9 .0
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING. CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

222
40
182

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

6 8 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0

_

_

*

-

CLERKS. F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

49
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 9 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

5 3 .5 0 - 7 4 .0 0
5 3 .0 0 - 7 2 .0 0

_

-

CLERKS. F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

61
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

5 4 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

5 2 .0 0 - 6 1 .0 0
5 2 .0 0 - 6 1 .0 0

8 3 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

6 6 . 0 0 - 8 1 .5 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0

17

1

6
6
-

8
8

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
14
3

11
9
2

6
4
2

27
16
11

-

5

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

*

_

1

5

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

-

2

-

33

18
18

8
8

6
4

1

6
5

7
7

2

6
6

27
27

13
13

3
3

7
7

_

_

-

~

~

1

-

-

3
1
2

10
6
4

15
6
7

1
1

10

2
l
1

13

13
8
5

-

13

20
5
15

20
9
11

44
37
7

81
79
2

~

_

1

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

5
5
16

5
5

1

36

8 6 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

-

-

6

2

2

2

2

-

4 0 .0
9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0
4 0 .0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

2

5

-

-

-

2

5

5
1
4

_

-

1
1

8
2
6

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
31
76

4 0 .0
9 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
4 0 .0
8 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
6 0 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

_

_

18

6
3
3

2
2
-

_

-

11
1
10

_

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

214
138
76

4 0 .0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 3 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0

_

_

2

o
o

18
14
4

-

85
45
40




56
11
45

-

17

ORDER ----------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.

3

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

CLERKS,

_

-

18

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

10

3
1

-

_

17
16

24

+

7 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

2

29
7

7
-

22

7

-

-

“

-

6
T ab le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

(A vera ge stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , San D iego, C alif. , Septem ber 1964)
W eek ly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occu pation , and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard!

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
S

$
45

M ea n 1
2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

i»

1
50

55

.
1

1
60

65

1
70

t.
75

1
;

t

80

85

i
90

95

!t
*
%
1i
$
$
$
$
130
120
110 115
125
135
100
105

and
under

and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

20
20

28
28

14
12

6
3

1

3

_

_

115

120

125

130

135

over

1

75

110

18

2

105

WM
O EN - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

93
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

$
7 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

$
$
7 4 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 3 . 0 0 - 7 9 .5 0

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

49
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

5 9 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

5 4 .0 0 - 6 5 .5 0
5 3 . 0 0 - 5 9 .5 0

_
-

16
16

12
12

9
4

6
3

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------------------

865
402
463
61

4 0 .0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 9 .0 0 1 2 1 .5 0 1 1 5 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
4 0 .0
9 6 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

6
6
2

14
14
-

42
5
37
4

75
6

95
13
82
2

84
6
78
5

73
22
51
6

59
11
48
8

68
38
30
10

68
50
18
3

180
175
5
-

37
31
6
3

49
42
7
7

15
9
6
5

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

445
278
167

4 0 .0
9 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
3 9 .5
7 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 1 .5 0

-

5
5

_
-

13
13

28
28

49
49

27
7
20

36
1
35

18
7
11

16
11
5

39
38
1

55
55

159
159

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

676
423
253

4 0 .0
9 9 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
7 8 . 5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
3 9 .5
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

30
30

45
5
40

60
10
50

55
6
49

48
18
30

39
13
26

69
52
17

79
78
1

238
238
-

2
2

6
1
5

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A*------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

85
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 4 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0

8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

_

_

4
-

1
-

1
1

3
~

13
13

1
1

2
1

5
3

42
41

2
1

_

-

9
7

2

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

146
135

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 - 7 9 .5 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 7 6 .0 0

_

10
10

8
8

28
28

39
39

17
15

9
9

8
8

4
4

12
12

1
1

8
1

2
-

_

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

133
32.
101

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

6 8 . 5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_
-

7
7

17
17

14
14

26
8
18

_
-

19
6
13

9
1
8

21
8
13

11
5
6

-

_
~

9
4
5

_
-

1

£

_
-

_
-

1
1

8
8

49
49

39
39

9
2
7

29
8
21

19
4
15

17
5
12

25
16
9

60
54
6

355
351
4

5
5

-

32
32

44
44

53
1
52

65
7
58

19

33
13
20

42
8
34

8
1

6
1
5

17
17

15
15

_

_

-

_

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

3
0

-

_
-

«*u.u 1 ^ 3 .3U X3U.3U

1

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

616
440
176

9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 7 .5 0 1 0 5 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 8 . 5 0 - 8 7 .5 0
4 0 .0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

334
70
264

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 8 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

-

6 0 . 5 0 - 8 0 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0

7

12

7

-

-

_

_

_
-

_

-

~

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

3

6

15

1

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_
_

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings o f all w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber o f w o rk e rs . The m edian design ates p osition — half of the em ployees surveyed r e c e iv e
m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The m id dle range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the low er o f these rates and a fourth
earn m o r e than the higher rate.
3 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
4 D e scrip tio n fo r this occu pation has been re v ise d sin ce the la st survey in this are a . See appendix A.




7
Table A -2.

P rofessional and T echnical O ccupations—M en and W o m e n

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San D iego, C a lif., September 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
%

$

%

$

$

$

S

$

s

$

*

t

S

$

$

$

t

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

75
and
.under

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

80

Sex, occupation, and industry division

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

13
49
23
2
nANUrAt 1U 23
49
2
* 3 K1Nb —

4
*

35
27

9
—7

17

2

11
9

2
-

1

4

5

3

5

16

4

1
1

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

11
11

12

10
10

19
19

-

-

-

12

M
EN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3-------------------------------

172
140

CLASS C 3-------------------------------

42

IA 1 A
I ill C /"Tl I TUT
D

DRAFTSMEN,

yiiiiicirTiio rur
“ AM rAU UM l«b
U

$
$
4 0 .0 127.50 124.50
4 0 .0 125.00 123.00

$
$
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
lift . cn_i i i •n
rv
l i o 5 u -i
uu

4 0 .0 102.50 106.00
4 0 .0 102.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
ac t n i n U 3U
a
'f J . 3U _ 1U . an

W EN
OM

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) -----

u
iiiiicirTiin
riANur au i uki nb fiir

53
52

o o
o o
>■*
*

NURSES,

115.00 116.50 1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
115.50 117.00 1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 F or definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 D escription fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




-

8
T ab le A -3 .

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n al, and T ec h n ical O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occu pation s studied on an a rea ba sis
by industry division , San D iego, C a lif. , Septem ber 1964)
Average

A verage

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

W eekly
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

A verage

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112
31
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

*
9 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

133
32
101

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

69
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

214
138
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
1 0 3 .5 0
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------9 3 .5 0
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

83
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 8 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

112
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

93
69

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

85
67

87
66

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------9 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----- ;-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------8 1 .0 0
PUBLIC UTILITIES1
2-------------------------9 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------6 5 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------6 4 .0 0

6 5 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

865
402
463
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

626
444
182

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

336
72
264

445
278
167

7 1 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

677
424
253

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

176
144

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A3------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

85
68

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3-------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

45
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B3------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

146
135

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

56
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

39
32

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

285
51
234

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

235
45
190

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -*

55
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING -

61
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

CLERKS* OROER------------------------------------ '—
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

94
34
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

104
53
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th eir regu lar s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
2 T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
3 D e scrip tio n fo r this occu pation has been r e v is e d sin ce the la st su rvey in this are a . See appendix A.




Number
of
workers

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------$
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------7 5 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------7 0 .0 0

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE!-------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

CLERKS* PAYROLL -----MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

Occupation and industry division y

Number
of
workers

9
T a b le A -4.

M aintenan ce and P o w e rp la n t O ccu p ation s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings of—
O ccupation and industry d ivision
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle ran ge2

$
2 .4 0
Under
,
^
and

S
t
$
$
t
I
$
$
I
t
$
2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

$
$
I
t
S
3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0

_

_

2 .4 0 under
2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0

$

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

3 .2 7
3 .2 9

$
$
3 . 0 5 - 3 .3 7
3 . 1 9 - 3 .3 7

3 .6 4
3 .5 3

3 .6 6
3 .5 8

3 . 5 5 - 3 .8 3
3 . 5 2 - 3 .6 6

3 .3 7
3 .4 2

197
118

$

3 .1 8
3 .2 3

CARPENTERS# MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

3 .4 3
3 .4 4

3 . 3 5 - 3 .4 8
3 . 3 8 - 3 .4 9

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES

15
15

_

_

3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .1 0

12
7
51
50

20
19

_

32
27

38
33

14
13

12
12

2 . 6 2 - 2 .8 6
3 .4 6
3 .4 7

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

3 .5 2
3 .5 1

3 . 3 7 - 3 .5 8
3 . 3 7 - 3 .5 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------

138
69
69
42

3 .3 2
3 .4 5
3 .2 0
3 .2 6

3 .3 8
3 .4 4
3 .3 2
3 .1 5

3 .1 1 3 .1 9 3 .0 4 3 .0 5 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

191
172

3 .3 2
3 .3 1

3 .3 1
3 .3 0

OILERS-----------*-----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

38
38

2 .6 0
2 .6 0

2 .7 0
2 .7 0

2 . 6 1 - 2 .7 9
2 . 6 1 - 2 .7 9

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

101
75

3 .0 8
3 .0 5

3 .0 6
3 .0 5

3 . 0 1 - 3 .1 4
3 . 0 1 - 3 .0 9

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

49
45

3 .2 9
3 .3 3

3 .4 1
3 .4 2

3 . 2 4 - 3 .4 6
3 . 2 7 - 3 .4 6

TOOL AN DIE MAKERS ---------------O
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

221
221

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3 . 5 1 - 3 .6 5
3 . 5 1 - 3 .6 5

23

3 .4 9
3 .5 0
3 .4 5
3 .5 5

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay f o r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 F o r defin ition o f te rm s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.

18
13

11
11

3 . 2 5 - 3 .3 9
3 . 2 4 - 3 .3 7




19
19

_

2

15
15

6
5

19

1

11
11

1
1

18
5

80
80

21
21

60
60

16
16

35
28
7

2
16

22

14

8

10
10
10
5

50
50

18

10
10

2
11
11

27
27
44
44

86
86

60
60

25
25

10
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1964)

Number o f w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
woikeis

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

*

$

$

s

*

$

$

s

1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .60 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .6 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3. 00 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0
M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

under
1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .60 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .
GUARDS A D W
N
ATCH EN ------------------------M
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

264
196
68

$
2 .7 0
2 .8 1
2 .4 0

$
2 .8 4
2 .8 5
2 .4 3

$
2 .7 2 2 .8 2 2 .1 8 -

$
2 .8 9
2 .8 9
2 .5 9

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, A D CLEANERS N
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4---------------------

850
259
591
91

2 .0 7
2 .3 6
1 .9 5
2 .3 6

2 .0 6
2 .4 3
1 .88
2 .4 2

1 .7 7 2 .2 0 1 .7 4 2 .3 2 -

2 .4 2
2 .4 8
2 .1 4
2 .4 6

JANITORS, PORTERS, A D CLEANERS
N
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

80
26
54

1.83
2 .4 2
1.5 5

1.82
2 .4 4
1.4 6

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

257
69
188

2 .8 2
3 .0 5
2 .7 3

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

206
206

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

_
-

_
-

~

39
39

46
7
39
“

1 .4 3 - 2 .4 1
2 .4 0 - 2 .4 8
1 .4 0 - 1 .82

13
13

25
25

3 .0 0
3 .1 4
2 .8 5

2 .5 9 — 3 .1 2
3 .1 0 - 3 .1 7
2 .4 0 - 3 .0 6

_
-

2 .8 2
2 .8 2

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .7 4 - 3.1 1
2 .7 4 - 3 .1 1

36
28

2 .6 9
2 .7 3

2.7 9
2 .8 0

2 .7 1 - 3 .1 5
2 .7 2 - 3 .1 8

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39
27

2 .9 2
2 .8 6

2 .7 8
2 .7 6

2 .7 3 - 3 .2 2
2 .7 3 - 2 .7 9

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

89
39
50

2 .4 8
2 .5 6
2 .4 2

2 .5 5
2 .7 2
2.52

2 .2 1 - 2 .7 6
2 .4 2 - 2 .7 7
2 .0 7 - 2 .7 6

TRUCKDRIVERS5 ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4---------------------

962
348
614
236

3 .1 3
3 .3 7
2 .9 9
3 .1 5

3 .2 0
3 .55
3.17
3.21

2 .8 7 2 .9 7 2 .8 4 3 .0 8 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 /2 TONS) -----------------------------------

7
4
3
11
11
-

_

1

1

7

7

11

2

8

-

1

1

7

7

11

2

8

66
2
64
1

57
5
52
1

78
12
66
”

75
40
35
13

14
5
9
2

54
27
27
11

14
14

_
-

1
1

2
2
-

-

1
1
-

3
3

3
3

6
6

159
159
4

3 .2 4
3 .1 8
3 .2 6

3 .31
3 .0 7
3.32

339
173

3 .4 5
3 .0 9

3 .3 9
3.1 9

191
92
99

2 .9 7
2 .7 7
3 .1 6

3.11
2 .81
3 .1 5

-

_
-

9
9

19
19

19
12
7

14
14

54
54

74
52
22

-

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

20
19
1

1
1

8
8

28
28

5
5

11
1
10

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_

_
-

_
-

6
6

89
89

9
9

-

35
35

54
54

-

-

5

_

-

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

1

_

12
10

4
1

_

-

7
7

5
5

_
-

_

-

1
1

1
1

*

23
19

“

1
l

-

3

10
5

-

-

-

~

7
6
1

14
2
12

2
2

21
19
2

3
3
-

-

5
5

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

61
34
27
18

100
15
85
53

265
4
261
120

44
20
24

24
24
“

150
150
-

-

_
-

5

-

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

~

4
“

14
2
12
“

7
7
“

“

-

-

-

2

5

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
12

2
2

8

8

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rive rs regardless o f size and type of truck operated.




-

5
5

2 .7 9 - 3 .1 7
2 .7 3 - 2 .8 7
3 .1 2 - 3 .1 9

1
2
3
4
5

_
-

-

3 .1 8 - 3 .8 4
2 .8 7 - 3 .3 2

TRUCKERS, P W R (FORKLIFT)
O E
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

-

4
4
-

_

9
5

7
7

7
1
6

9
1

-

8

5
3
3

24
24
~

_
-

36
36
~

1
1
-

3
2
1
1

3
1
2
“

55
26
29
4

109
16
93
37

49
43
6
“

3

-

*

-

-

1

-

29

3

3

-

4

-

-

-

5
5
-

24
24

-

36
36

1
1
-

2
2
-

2
2

23
23

31
31

-

4
4
*

6
6
-

6
6

20
20
-

-

1

-

6

1

-

3
3

8

3 .1 4 - 3 .3 7
3 .0 3 - 3 .3 4
3 .1 8 - 3 .3 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER TH
AN TRAILER TYPE) -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

4
4
-

5
5

-

258
52
206

_
-

3
3
1

-

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

5
5

49
39
10

_
*

_
-

2 .1 8 - 2 .8 7
2 .7 2 - 3 .4 2
2 .1 5 - 2 .8 3

-

190
118
72
58

1
1
-

_
-

2 .6 5
2 .7 9
2 .3 5

-

_
-

“

2 .5 6
2 .8 5
2 .4 0

_
-

-

3 .3 9
3 .8 4
3 .3 3
3 .3 4

183
66
117

-

_

-

2 .7 1 - 2 .7 9

-

-

-

2 .7 5

_
-

_

-

2 .6 0

_
-

24
23
1

-

~

50

46
35
11

4
1
3

_

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM ( 1 - 1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0

132
132

14
1
13

9
5
4

_
-

_

-

-

2
2

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

8

14

31
30

84
84

80
3
77

19
6
13

59

26
25
1

-

_
-

10
10

41
41

-

3
3

126
4
122

1

60

-

-

29
28

_

150

11

B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , San D ie g o , C a lif., S e p te m b e r 1964)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im um w ee k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u s trie s

__

-

__

______ _____

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m —

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

----___

-----

30

XXX

72

XXX

102

30

XXX

72

XXX

13

13

26

22

45

14

14

31

27

6
3
1
5
8
3
1
4
1
1
1
2
3

_
4
3
1
1

_
-

6
3
1
5
4
-

4
3
1
4
4

_
1

_
1

-

3
_
1
1
1
-

8
4
2
5
8
3
1
4
2
1
1
2
4

_
_
1
3

8
4
1
5
4
4
1
1
_
1
1
1

6
4
1
4
4
_
_
3
1
1
_
1
1
1

8

2

XXX

6

9

3

55

15

XXX

40

48

13

-

1
3

-

4
3
1
1
_
1
3

4
1
1
1
"

-

XXX

XXX

-

-

4
3
1
1

4
3
1
_
1
_
_
1
3

-

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h iring) re g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e pa id fo r stan dard w o rk w eek s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
Data a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t co m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k r e p o r te d .




A ll
sch ed u les

39

under $ 5 2 .5 0 — —
____ -----under $ 5 5 .0 0
__
_
_
_ _ _ _ _ _
under $ 5 7 .50_ ------------__ _ _ ------under $60 .0 0 — — -----------------------__
under $ 6 2 .5 0 _____
____ _ _ — ____
under $65 .0 0
__
__
_
_
_
_ _
— - _
__
- under $ 6 7 .50_ _ ----under $ 70 .00
----- --- _
under $ 7 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 5 .0 0 ----- _ __ ------------- —
_ —
under $77 .5 0 --------------------------under $ 8 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 8 2 .50_ __ —
__
_ _ __
------o v e r ----------------------------------------------------------------------

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y
_
_
_ ____

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—

102

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m $50 .0 0
$5 2 .5 0
$55 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$6 0 .0 0
$6 2 .5 0
$ 65 .00
$ 67 .50
$ 70 .00
$7 2 .5 0
$ 75 .00
$ 77 .50
$8 0 .0 0
$8 2 .5 0

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s trie s

B a se d on standard w ee k ly hou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts stu died

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs
N onm anufacturing

XXX

XXX

6
35

XXX

XXX

12




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
San D iego, C a li f ., September 1964)
Percent of manufacturing plant workersIn establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for —

Shift differential

Actually wo rking on—

Second shift
work

Total

Uniform cents (per hour)
5 cents 1 0 cents—
1 2 cen tsI 2 V2 cen ts14 cen ts15 cents —
174 cents
/5
18 cents
20 cents
_
3 5 % cents—

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

—

_

87. 5

19.0

2 .9

92 .0

87. 5

18. 8

2 .9

85. 8

With shift pay d ifferen tial -----------------------------------------------------------------

Second shift

9 3 .6

—

Third or other
shift work

15. 1

1 8 .4

1. 0

1.8
12. 1
64. 0
2 .8
1. 6
1. 7
1 .9

—

_

_

—

8 h o urs’ pay for 7 V2 hours' work plus
1 0 cents8 hours' pay for 7 hours' work plus
15 cents -----------------------------------------— ------------------------------------------------8 hours' pay for 6 V2 hours' work plus
8 cents —
8 hours' pay for 6 V2 hours' work plus
10 cents ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 hours' pay for 6 V2 hours' work plus
12 cents ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Other provisions for full day's pay for
reduced hours -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------With no shift pay differential

-

Full day's pay for reduced hours plus
u n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) — ---------------------------------———

-

4. 3
-

2 .8
-

2 .9
-

1. 6
1. 7
1 .9

—

_

4. 8

69. 8

(1
2)
. 5
15. 7
. 3
. 5
. 1
1. 1

Third or other
shift

_
( 2)
.
-

2

.
-

1

.7

-

-

-

( 2)

.2

1. 8

4 .8

-

.

-

4 .8

-

.

-

5 7 .8

-

1 .7

2

-

-

2. 3

-

.

-

4 .9

“

-

2. 6

.

2

-

.

2

1. 3
1

1

.

6

1

-

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

13

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, San Diego, C alif., September 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W eek ly hou rs
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s — ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------

h ou rs
—
-------------------—
h ou rs ____ _ _ _ _ _
_
---------------h ou rs —_- _ _ _ _ — ___ - _— — ____________________________________
37V 2 h ou rs
-------- _
_
O ver 37V 2 and under 4 0 h ou rs ---------4 0 h ou rs
_
-------- —
—
—
O ver 4 0 and under 4 8 h o u rs
__
_
_
-------4 8 h ou rs
------------- _ _
_
—
__
_

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 1
2

100

100

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

10 0

100

P u b lie u tilitie s 2

100

35

2

-

-

(4)
3

5

-

36

3

-

-

-

-

-

30

1
2
3
4

2

1

-

2

-

-

-

3

-

_

99

100

83

94

100

1

-

-

1

-

-

8

2

1

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




-

3
89

14

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 196 4)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Item
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

10 0
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s __ —
_ ---------- —
_ W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no pa id h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

10 0

10 0

90

98

98

1

■

~

10

2

2

N um ber o f days

5 h o lid a y s
---------------—
---------6 h o lid a y s
— — - ------------------------------- 6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ------------------------- -------------------------7 h o l id a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 h olid a y s — — _ ------- --------- - --------8 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ---------------------------------- ------------ —
9 h o lid a y s _ ------_ — ----------- - ------10 h olid a y s
— — — --------- --------- — -

(4)
16
(4)
8
69
3
(4 )
3

8
1
4
87
-

-

1
6
-

5
87
“

_

_

_

27
2
7
53

14
5
7
72

8

-

-

-

1

"

"

_
72
79
84
98
98

_
74
90
90
98
98

~

-

15
74

T o ta l h olid a y tim e
1 0 d a y s _____________________________________________
9 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days o r m o r e
_ _____ — _____
8 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------- —--------7 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------- --------------------6 V2 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e — --------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

3
3
6
74
83
83
99
99

_
87
91
92
10 0
10 0

_
87
93
93
99
10 0

_
1
1
54
61
63
90
90

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ica tion , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.




15

T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , Sa n D ie g o , iC a lif ., S e p t e m b e r 196 4)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s ----- — - -

----------------------

PLAN T W ORKERS

2

-------------

100

3
M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

4
A ll in d u s trie s

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lio u tilitie s 3

100

100

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s — --------- ----------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym en t—
------- ------ — —
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t______ __ ___________ ___
O th e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ----- ------- ---------------------- -----

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

-

99
98
2
-

"

(5)

-

7

6
5
3

"

100

100

100

96

-

4

-

Am ount o f v a ca tio n pay 6
A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek — ------- ---------------------— 1 w eek — ________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------

1

37
1

2
8
-

_
92
-

8
70
23

50
2
49
"

56
33
6
4

22
2
55
13
8

87
3
5
5

_
-

3
3
83
7
4

_
5
72
15
8

4
90

-

_
77
15
8

_
94

10

3

32
41

"

A fte r 1 y ea r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------- ----2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------- -----------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

27
(5)
66
7
"

1

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k __________________________ — _____________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s — ------------ --------------3 w e e k s ---------------------- ------- ------------------- ------ 1

0
(5)
91
7
1

_
73
23
4

100

_
72
23
5

100

-

1

5

A fter 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek ________________ _____ _____________ ___ O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s --- --------------------- ----------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
1

0

(5)
91
7
2

_
-

-

1

88
7
4

1

5

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek ______
___ _______________ — ------- ----2 w e e k s ------------ ------------- --------- ---------------- O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________ _______________________________
1

(5)
91
7
2

_

_

_

_

_

72
23
5

100

88
8
4

77
15
8

94

-

-

1

5

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w eek ------------------ — ----------- ----------------------------2 w eeks — ---------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------1

(5)
78
12
12

_

_

-

_

_

61
9
9

94
6

70

64

79

10

20

20

16

1
20

______ !_______________________________

See foo tn o te s at end of table.




16

T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n D ie g o , jC a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 196 4)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— Continued
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
- ----------- — —
— ----- 2 w e e k s __________ ___________________ __ ___ ____ ___
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s
__ _
_
3 w eek s _____ _______________________ ____ ___ __ _
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s __ __ __ — _
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

_

(5)
52
8
38
2

59
23
19
_

_
3
3
94
-

-

(5)
32
5
59
2
2

_

-

_
46
6
46
1
1

59
13
26
2
-

_
14
6
73
6
-

_
3
_
97
-

_
27
2
67
3
1

19
4
69
7
1

(5)
13
2
78
3
4

_
13
6
72
6
2

_
1
_
99
-

_
24
2
65
5
3

14
4
69
7
6

(5)
13
2
63
2
20

_
13
6
72
6
3

_
1
49
_
50

_
24
2
57
3
14

14
4
68
7
8

_
44
1
55

(5)
13
2
50
2
33

_
13
6
67
6
7

_
1
4

_
24
2
49
3
22

_
14
4
66
7
9

_
_
7
1
91

(5)
13
2
44
2
39

_
13
6
67
6
7

_
24
2
49
3
22

_
14
4
66
7
9

_
_
7
1
91

6
5
85
_
5

A fter 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w eek s _ _ _ _ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w eek s
_ _ _
_ __ _
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________ _
4 w eek s
_ _
T
__

_
2
1
92
_
5

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek- _ _ _ _
--------_ ------- —
Z w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w eek s _ _ _ _ _
_ _
—
__
_
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s _ _
_______
4 w eek s - - -----_
- -

_
_

_

94
1
5

'

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2 w eek s — ------- _ ------- _ __
— --------O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s
__ _ _ — ___
3 w eek s _
_ ----- ----- _ — — _
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----- __
— —
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_

_

_

_

A fter 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek.
_
_
_
—
- 2 w eek s _
_ ------- - _
_
----- O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w eek s _
------ _
_
- —
- _
O ver 3 and under 4 w ee k s — _ ----- --------4 w eek s _
_ _
----- ----- ------------ -----

-

95

_

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
] ^ee|f
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and
3 w eek s O v er 3 and
4 w e e k s ---

- ----- ---------under 3 w ee k s __
_
_ - ------under 4 w ee k s —
----- — —
__

— —
-----------------—

----------__ — —
— — —
- — —

_
1
-

4
-

95

_

1 In clu des b a s ic plans only.
E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose plans w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s t e e l, alum inum , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s ep a ra tely .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
6 Inclu des paym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t im e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the
chan ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cum u lative.
Thus, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




17

T a b le B -6.

H e a lth , In su ra n c e , an d P e n sio n P la n s

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 San D ie g o , C a lif., S e p te m b e r 1964)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T yp e of b e n e fit
A ll in d u s tr ie s

2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ili t ie s 1
3
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lie u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

100

100

82

99

95

87

94

88

87

95

97

71

80

87

27

45

_

23

47

_

65

A ll w o r k e r s

93

52

47

68

44

18

1

45

20

3

44

99
99
77
91
83

100
100
100
99
96

99
99
89
81
57
(6)

100
100
82
86
68

100
100
100
91
95

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g ;
L ife in s u ra n ce
_ __
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce
S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5__ __ __ __ __
S ick n es s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n f f - ---S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aiting p e r io d ) _
__ _
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w aiting p e r io d )..
_ __

__

H os p ita liz a tion in s u r a n c e _____________ _______
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
M ft d ir .a l

insHranr.fi

C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce
R e tire m e n t p en s ion
_ __ _
No h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n --------

99
99
84
92
77
(6)

1 Inclu des th ose plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o rk m e n 's com p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h
at le a s t
the m in im u m n um ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u al b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




18

T a b le B -7.

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , San D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 1 96 4)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

S ick le a v e p r o v is io n
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s

__

__

___________

____________ __

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l paid s ic k le a v e
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no fo r m a l pa id s ic k le a v e ___________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

1 0 0 .0

100 .0

1 00 .0

100. 0

82. 6

9 3 .9

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100 .0

1 0 0 .0

97. 2

6 6 .5

7 0 .4

87. 3

17. 4

6. 1

2. 8

33. 5

2 9 .6

12. 7

39. 7
37. 1
1 6 .9
2. 2
8. 1
2 .9
5 .8
2. 6
5. 5
5. 2
. 2
-

5 1 .1
5 0 .5
4 4 .6
1 .2
2 .4

4 8 .8
48. 8

4 7 .0
4 5 .8
4 1 .2
2 .9
.8

37. 4
37. 4

-

3 3 .4
3 2 .9
21. 1
5. 6
4. 1
. 8

-

-

-

.5
13. 5
1 2 .4

1 .2
1 .6

29.
26.
7.
3.
2.
3.
7.

1
7
1
4
4
0
3
. 7
1 .6
8. 4
1 .7
6. 7

4 2 .8
42. 8
22. 2
1 0 .7
6 .5

-

45. 1

37. 4
26. 7
1 1 .4
1.9
3. 0
2 .8
4. 4
9. 1
7. 4
1 .6
-

4 2 .8
4 2 .8
3 4 .5
6. 0

48. 5
3. 3

2 6 .8

T yp e and am ount o f p aid s ic k
le a v e p r o v id e d annually
U n iform plan: 4
No w aiting p e r io d
F u ll pay 5___________________________________
5 days
6 days _____ ________ ________________
10 d ays ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ________ ________ _
18 days __________________________________________ _________

22 d a y s

P a r t ia l pay o n ly ______________ ________________________ _
W aiting p e r io d
___
_
F u ll pay _____________ _______ ____________________________
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay __________________ ____
P a r t ia l pay o n l y ___________________________________________
G ra d u ated plan 4— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d . __________________________________________
F u ll p a y 5________________ _ _______________________________
1 d a y .. ________________________ _________________________
2 d a y s ________________________________________________ ____
3 days __________________________________________________
6 days -------------------- ------------ ------------ ---------------------10 d a y s ______________ _____________________________ ___
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay ______________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ______ _______________ __
W aiting p e r i o d ___________________________________________________
F u ll pay _ _____ ________________________________________ _
P a r t ia l pay o n l y ___________________________________________
G ra du ated plan 4 — A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d _____________ _____________
F u ll pay 5__________ ____________________________________
5 d a y s _____________ ____________________________
7 days
_
_ _
12 d a y s __________________ ____________________
30 d a y s ____________ __ _________________________
55 days _____________________________________________________
217 d a y s ____ _____ ___________________
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 5 _______________
65 d a y s ________ _____ ____________ __
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ___________________________
W aiting p e r io d , fu ll pay______________________

.

7

-

1.2
-

47. 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 3.8

2 1 .8

12 . 3

6. 3
6. 3

1 1 .9
3 .8
4 .8

-

-

-

-

-

-

45. 1

-

-

3. 3

-

-

-

3. 3
-

3. 3
6

-

7. 4
7. 4

1 .6

5. 3
1. 7
2. 2
. 4
. 3
1 .6

.

-

-

1. 2

"

-

-

-

34. 0

-

-

-

3. 3

5. 7
1 .7
4. 0
19. 3
12. 3
8. 1
1 .3
. 4

-

-

-

45. 1
45. 1
-

.3
7 .0
5. 6
"
.2

9 .4

48. 0

13. 6

-

21.8

-

-

-

3 .5
2. 8
-

-

-

-

36. 2

-

2 1 .8
2 1 .8
1 8 .0
3 .0
-

-

36. 2
42. 5
6. 3
-

3 .5

-

-

~

2. 8
36. 2
36. 2
-

8. 1

46. 4

P r o v is io n s f o r a ccu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n
o f u nu sed s ic k l e a v e _______________________

1
2
3
4

__

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; a n d 's e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
"U n ifo r m p la n s " are d e fin e d as th o se fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is e n titled to the sa m e n um ber o f d a y s ’ paid s ic k lea v e ea ch y e a r . "G rad u ated
p la n s " are d efin ed as th o se fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n . E stim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s ap p lica b le
at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ’ s ic k le a v e after 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fter
g r e a t e r o r le s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th er than th o se p re s e n te d se p a r a te ly . N u m bers o f days show n under " F u ll pay plus p a r tia l p a y " are days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k lea ve at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a re en titled to add ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




19

T a b le B -8.

P ro fit-S h a rin g P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ,
b y t y p e o f p la n , Sa n D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t e m b e r 196 4)
PLANT W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of plan
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s _______

__ _____ ____

__

W o rk e rs in es ta b lis h m en ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s_____________________________
P lan s p ro v id in g f o r c u r r e n t
d i s tr ih n ti nn
. ................... . .. .
P lan s p ro v id in g f o r d e fe r r e d

P lan s p rov id in g fo r both c u r r e n t and
d p f f»TTpd d i s t r i b u t i o n
..........................
..

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

o f

d is tr ib u tio n

W o rk ers in esta b lis h m en ts p r o v id in g
no p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s_________________________

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

27

1
0

1

15

1
1

5

4

2

2

1

22

9

1
2

1
0

100

1

(5)

P lan s p rov id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e of
m fttV in H

3

5

1

(5)
73

1

90

99

85

89

95

1 The study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit sh a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo r m u la s w e r e c om m u n ica ted to the e m p lo y e e s in
advance of the d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a co m m itm e n t b y the co m p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic co n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y exten ds to a m a jo r it y o f the
o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.







A p p e n d ix A .

C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

21




A p p e n d ix B .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination tvninsr and addins machines! to oreoare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform ,and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerics.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woricers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports' on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical woik.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (”Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A , Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the- standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units pr parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse*who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
woik. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; wodcing standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by woikers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woxk involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilenoom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more woikers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the woiking properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his woik; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the followings
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of woik from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker* s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
woiking to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die makers work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming woik. Work inC US T O D I AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATE RIA L

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing .supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or elec trie-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

Area

Bulletin P ’-nber
and price;

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_____________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1__________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1________________________ _ ___
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963___
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex. , May 1964 L
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
_______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
_________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1963 1
___________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1385-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. *1963_____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964__________ . ____ .__________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1____________ _____ __________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
___ . ____ ________ ___
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
_________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-G a. , Sept. 1964 1____________ _.__
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1_
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1963.
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963.

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1385-11,
1385-25,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1963______________________ ____
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
Ill. , Oct. 1963___________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, J an. 19 64 1______ _ ______ __________
Denver, C o lo ., Dec. 1963 1
_____________. . _________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1____________________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964________________________
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1963_____________________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1_____________________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1_____________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1________________________

1385-15, 25 cents
1385-12,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641
______________________________ 1385-60, 25 cents
St. Louis, Mo.-111. , Oct. 1963__________________________ 1385-21, 25 cents
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963 . . . ______________ — . . . . 1385-28, 20 cents
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964____________________________ 1385-74, 20 cents
San Bernardino—
Riverside-Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964________________________________________________ 1430-8,
20cents
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 19641__________________________ 1430-12, 25 cents
San Franc is co-Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1964 1____________ 1385-36, 25 cents
_______________________________ 1385-69, 25 cents
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964________________________________ 1430-2, 20 cents
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964_______________________________ 1430-9, 25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1____________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1964 1______________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964..___________________
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
______ _____ _
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H. , June 1964 1___
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1 ..
____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , Mar. 1964 1
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964__________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 19641
________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1___________________
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1_____________________

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1963 1
________________________ 1385-20, 25 cents
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1___________________________ 1385-51, 25 cents
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964______ __________ ;___________ . . . 1385-78, 20 cents
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964____________ ____________________ 1385-46, 20 cents
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963_______________________________ 1385-27, 20 cents
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a . , Oct. 1963_________________ 1385-17, 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 19641__________________________ 1385-48, 25 cents
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963____________________________ . . . 1385-18, 20 cents
Wichita, K ans., Sept. 19641_____________________________ 1430-11, 25 cents
Worcester, M a ss., June 1964 1
______________ ____________ 1385-79, 25 cents
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1___________________________________ 1385-45, 25 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Miami, F la ., Dec. 1963 1________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964,____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964___________ ____
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 19641_______
Newark and Jersey City, N. J., Feb. 1964 1_________ ____
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1
_________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964___________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1___________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
______________________

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1963 1
_________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , May 1964 1
____________
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J. , Nov. 1963 1____________________
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1964 1_____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov.. 1963 1________________________ _ __
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash. , May 1964 1_____________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .—
Mass. , May 1964________
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964_______________________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1963 1
______________________________

1385-14,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1385-23,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25cents
25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
20cents
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102