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Public Ubi

Occupational Wage Survey

WICHITA, KANSAS
SKPTKMUKR 1964

Wichita
SEDGWICK

Bulletin

No.

1430-11




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g ue, C om m issioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
WICHITA, KANSAS




SE P TEM B ER 1 9 6 4

Bulle ti n No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 1
November 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
each of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for
the United States. A major consideration in the program
is the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the
structure and level of wages among areas and industry
divisions.

Introduction____._______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_____________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

3

3

8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers____
B -2 .
Shift differentials--------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours---------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
Paid h olidays---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
Paid vacations-------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plan s______________________
B -7 .
Paid sick leave----------------------------------------------B -8 .
Profit-sharing plans----------------------------------------------------------------

11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions----------------------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions___________________________________________

21
23

B.

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program.
Information on occupational earnings is co l­
lected annually in each area. Information on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained
biennially in most of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
change for selected periods------------------------------------------------------------Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations—
men and women-------------------------------------A - 2.
Professional and technical occupations—
men and women—
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined___________________________________
A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations----------------------------A - 5.
Custodial and material movement occupations-------------------

At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each area studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Wichita, Kans. , in September 1964.
It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, E L , I by Edward
.
Chaiken, under the direction of Kenneth Thorsten.
The
study was under the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.

1
4

*N O T E : Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back co v er.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Wichita area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

iii

5
7




Occupational Wage Survey—Wichita, Kans.
Introduction
This area is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. Department o f
L a b or's Bureau o f Labor Statistics conducts surveys o f occu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide b a sis.
In this area, data w ere obtained by p erson al v isits o f Bureau field
econ om ists to representative establishm ents within six broad industry
d iv ision s: Manufacturing; transportation, com m unication, and other
public u tilities; w holesale trad e; retail tra d e; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded from these
studies are governm ent operations and the con stru ction and extractive
in du stries. E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d number of
w ork ers are om itted because they tend to furnish insufficient em ploy­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided fo r each o f the broad industry division s which
m eet publication c rite ria .

reported, as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is to the work
schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which straight-tim e
sa la ries are paid; average weekly e a rn in g s 'fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half d ollar.
D ifferen ces in average pay levels fo r m en and women in any
o f the selected occupations should not be assum ed to reflect d iffe r ­
ences in pay treatm ent o f the sexes within individual establishm ents.
The averages presented re fle ct com p osite, areawide estim ates. In­
d u stries and establishm ents d iffer in pay level, jo b staffing, and in
the extent to which m en and women are em ployed and, thus, contribute
differen tly to the estim ates. Other p ossib le fa ctors which may con ­
tribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay include: D ifferen ces in p rog ression
within established rate ranges, sin ce only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents are c o lle cte d ; and d ifferen ces in sp ecific duties p erform ed,
although the w ork ers are appropriately cla ss ifie d within the same
survey jo b d escrip tion . Job d escrip tion s used in classifyin g em ployees
in these surveys are usually m ore gen eralized than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among e s ­
tablishm ents in the sp e cific duties p erform ed .

These surveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because o f
the unnecessary c o s t involved in surveying a ll establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at minimum cost, a g rea ter prop ortion of
large than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
however, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th erefore,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates represen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scop e of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estim ates o f occupational employm ent
obtained from the sam ple of establishm ents studied serve only to
indicate the relative im portance o f the jobs studied. These d ifferen ces
in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the accu racy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a variety
o f manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are o f the
follow ing typ es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m a teria l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational cla ss ifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
d escrip tion s designed to take account of in terestablishm ent variation
in duties within the same job .
The occupations selected fo r study
are listed and d e scrib e d in appendix B.
Earnings data fo r som e of
the occupations listed and d e scrib e d are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p rovide enough data to m e rit presentation, or (2) there is p o s s i­
bility of d isclosu re o f individual establishm ent data.

Establishm ent P ra ctice s and Supplementary Wage P rovision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage provisions as they
relate to o ffice and plant w ork ers.
A dm inistrative, executive, and
p rofession a l em ployees, and fo rce -a cco u n t construction w orkers who
are utilized as a separate work fo r c e are excluded. "O ffice w ork ers"
include working su p erv isors and nonsupervisory w ork ers perform ing
c le r ic a l o r related functions. "Plant w o rk e rs" include working fo r e ­
men and a ll nonsupervisory w ork ers (including leadm en and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w ork ers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are




Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) relate only to the e s ­
tablishm ents visited . They are presented in term s o f establishm ents
with form a l m inimum entrance salary p o licie s .
1

2
Shift d ifferen tia l data (table B -2) are lim ited to plant w ork ers
in manufacturing industries.
This inform ation is presented both in
term s of (1) establishm ent p olicy, 1 presented in term s o f total plant
w ork er em ploym ent, and (2) effective p ra ctice , presented in term s of
w ork ers actually em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e o f the
survey.
In establishm ents having va ried differen tials, the amount
applying to a m a jority was used or, if no amount applied to a m a jority,
the cla ssifica tion "o th e r '1 was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te-sh ift hours are paid at norm al rates, a d ifferen tial was re cord ed
only if it applied to a m a jority o f the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B -3) o f a m a jority o f the
fir s t-s h ift w ork ers in an establishm ent are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or o ffice w ork ers of that establishm ent. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p rofit-sh a rin g
plans (tables B -4 through B -8) are treated statistically on the b asis
that these are applicable to all plant o r o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jority
o f such w ork ers are eligible o r may eventually qualify fo r the p r a c ­
tices listed. Sums of individual item s in tables B -2 through B -8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo rm a l b a s is; i. e . , (l) are provided
fo r in written form , o r (2) have been established by custom . Holidays
ord in arily granted a re included even though they may fa ll on a non­
workday, even if the w orker is not granted another day off. The fir s t
part o f the paid holidays table presen ts the number o f whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5) is lim ited to
form a l p o lic ie s , excluding in form al arrangem ents w hereby tim e off
with pay is granted at the d iscre tio n o f the em p loyer.
Separate
estim ates are provided accord in g to em ployer p ra ctice in computing
vacation payments, such as tim e payments, p ercen t o f annual earnings,
or flat-su m amounts.
H owever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
payments not on a tim e b asis w ere converted to a tim e b a sis; fo r
example, a payment of 2 percen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equivalent of 1 w eek 's pay.

com pany and those provided through a union fund o r paid d irectly by
the em ployer out o f current operating funds or from a fund set aside
fo r this pu rpose.
Death benefits are included as a form o f life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of
insurance under which predeterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the insured on a weekly o r monthly basis during illn ess o r accident
d isability.
Inform ation is presented fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer contributes. However, in New Y ork and New J ersey, which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which requ ire em ­
p loy er contributions, 2 plans are included only if the em ployer (1) con ­
tributes m o re than is legally required, or (2) provid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requirem ents of the law. Tabulations
o f paid sick leave plans are lim ited to form al p la n s3 which provide
full pay or a prop ortion o f the w o rk e r's pay during absence from work
becau se o f illn e ss.
Separate tabulations are presented accord in g to
(1) plans which provid e full pay and no waiting period , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay o r a waiting p eriod.
In addition
to the presentation o f the proportion s of w ork ers who are provided
sick n ess and accident insurance o r paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of w ork ers who receiv e either o r both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es re fe rre d to as extended
m ed ical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to p rotect
em ployees in ca se of sick n ess and injury involving expenses beyond
the norm al cov era g e o f hospitalization, m ed ical, and su rgical plans.
M edical insurance re fe r s to plans providing fo r com plete or partial
payment o f d o c to r s' fe e s . Such plans may be underwritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be se lf-in su re d . Tabulations of retirem en t pension-plans are lim ited
to those plans that provide monthly payments fo r the rem ainder of
the w o rk e r's life .

Data are presented fo r all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7) fo r which at lea st a part o f the co st is
borne by the em ployer, excepting only legal' requirem ents such as
w orkm en's com pensation, s o cia l secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem ent.
Such plans include those underwritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance

P ro fit-sh a rin g plans (table B -8) are lim ited to form a l plans
with definite form ulas fo r computing p rofit shares to be distributed
among em ployees and whose form ulas w ere com m unicated to em ­
ployees in advance of the determ ination of p rofits. Data are presented
accord in g to p rov ision s fo r distributing p rofit shares to em ployees:
(1) C urrent o r cash distribution o f p rofit shares within a short period
after determ ination of p ro fits; (2) d eferred distribution of p rofit shares
after a sp ecified num ber o f yea rs o r at retirem en t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe rre d plans; and (4) electiv e distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to se le ct whether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p rofit in cash, have it d eferred , or part in cash
and part d efe rre d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T able 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber stu died in W ich ita , K ans. , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 S ep tem ber 1964

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s ----------------------------------------

N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s co p e
o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffice

T otal 4

Plant

T otal 4

_

198

74

58, 200

12, 400

3 6 ,4 0 0

46, 660

50

66
132

29
45

41, 000
17, 200

8, 600
3, 800

25, 900
1 0 ,5 0 0

3 7 ,1 9 0
9, 470

22
17
55
19
19

13
4
15
5
8

4, 500
1, 400
7 ,4 0 0
2, 100
1, 800

900
-(6 )

------------------------------------

M an u factu rin g__________________________________________________
N onm an u factu rin g— __ ----------------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
--------------oth er pu b lic u tilitie s 5-----------------------------------W h oles a le t r a d e - _ --------- __ ----------------- ------ -----R eta il tr a d e ------ -------- _ _____ ______________
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e _____________ ___ _
S e r v ic e s 8--------------------- --------- ------------— _______

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

-

50
50
50
50
50

2, 600
( 6)
( 6)
(7)
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

3, 980
450
3, 400
870
770

1
The W ich ita Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f Sedgw ick County.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te
d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the su r v e y . The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t in d exes
fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2^ s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts are e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f c o m p a n ies in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lis h m e n t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th er w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a ter tra n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 This in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate
p resen ta tion o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study,
(2) the sam ple w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p resen ta tion , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f individ ual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l estate p ortion on ly in
es tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S eparate p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv isio n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s given in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




2. Indexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l gr
W ich ita , K a n s ., S e p tem ber 1964 and S e p te m b e r 1963, and p e r c e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s 1
2
Indexes
(S e p te m b e r 1960 = 100)
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
S ep tem ber 1964 S e p te m b e r 1963

P e r c e n t s o f change 1
S eptem ber 1963
to
S eptem ber 1964

O cto b e r 1962
S ep tem ber 1961 S ep tem b er I960
to
to
to
S e p te m b e r 1963
O cto b e r 1962
S ep tem ber 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )--------In du strial n u rs e s (m e n and w o m e n )___
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m e n )-----------------U n sk illed plant (m e n ) -----------------------------

108. 6
1 1 0 .4
112. 3
112. 4

106. 7
109 .9
108. 3
107. 9

1 .8
.5
3. 7
4. 2

3.
1.
4.
5.

0
8
7
3

1.
3.
1.
2.

5
8
7
9

2. 1
4 .0
1 .7
2—. 4

M anuf a c tu r i ng:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )--------In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )----S k illed m ain ten an ce (m e n )--------------------U n sk ille d plant (m e n ) ----------------------------

107. 8
109. 9
1 1 1 .4
111. 3

106 .7
1 0 9 .9
107. 3
108. 3

1. 0
0
3 .9
2. 8

1.
1.
4.
3.

6
8
2
6

1 .9
3. 8
.9
2. 7

3. 0
4. 0
2. 1
1 .9

1 U n less o th e r w is e in d ica te d , a ll ch an ges a r e i n c r e a s e s .
2 T h is d e c r e a s e r e fle c t s la b o r tu rn o v e r and a h igh er
w age d e c r e a s e s .

p r o p o r tio n o f e m p loym en t

r e p o r t e d in lo w -w a g e esta b lis h m en ts ra th er than

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P resen ted in table 2 are indexes and p ercen tages o f change
in average salaries o f o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rse s,
and in average earnings o f selected plant w ork er groups.
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rs e s, the p e r ­
centages of change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
o f w ork , that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which straigh t-tim e
sa la ries are paid. F or plant w ork er g rou p s, they m easu re changes
in average straight-tim e hourly ea rn in gs, excluding prem ium pay fo r
overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. The
percen tages are based on data fo r selected key occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n um erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffice c le r ic a l data are based on m en and wom en in the follow ing
19 job s: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p ayroll; C om ptom eter o p era tors; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A and B;
o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, gen eral; sten og ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard op e ra to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B; and ty p ists, c la s s A and B. The industrial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s a re included in the
plant w ork er data: S k illed— ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; painters; pip efitters; and to o l and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m aterial handling.
A verage w eekly sa la ries o r average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each o f the selected occu pation s. The average sa la ries
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each of
the job s during the p eriod surveyed in 1961. T hese weighted earnings




fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. F in ally, the ratio (exp ressed as a percentage)
o f the group aggregate fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other
year was com puted and the d ifferen ce between the resu lt and 100 is
the percentage o f change from the one p eriod to the other. The
indexes w ere com puted by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate fo r each p eriod after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percen tages o f change m ea su re, p rin cip ally,
the e ffects o f (1) gen eral salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
in cre a se s in pay re ce iv e d by individual w ork ers while in the sam e
job ; and (3) changes in average w ages due to changes in the labor fo r c e
resulting fro m labor tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers em ployed by establishm ents
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls.
Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause
in cre a se s or d e cre a se s in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion might in crease the
prop ortion o f low er paid w o rk ers in a sp e cific occupation and low er
the a v era g e, w hereas a reduction in the prop ortion o f low er paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite effect. S im ila rly, the m ovem ent of
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an area could cause' the average
earnings to d rop , even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
establishm ents in the area.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the prop ortion of w ork ers represen ted in each jo b in­
cluded in the data. The percen tages of change re fle ct only changes in
average pay fo r straight-tim e hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem ium pay
fo r overtim e.

A. Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage s traigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , W ichita, K ans., Septem ber 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard'

Num ber of w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
*
30

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
35

$
40

i
45

$
50

Ii

$
55

60

1
65

i

1
70

75

1i
80

I>
85

i►

90

$
95

$

*

1 00

105

$
1 10

S
115

$
1 20

and
under

1 25

and

35

40

45

50

55

-

-

-

-

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

over

-

-

-

11
10
1
-

11
5
6
5

9
6
3
2

13
3
10
10

12
8
4
4

10
1
9
4

3
_

-

4
1
3
3

3
_

-

3
3

3
3

1
-

3
3

2
2

7
6

-

6
5

11
9

5
-

2
1

1
-

-

11

-

60

MEN
76
34
42
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 9 . CO
1 0 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

39
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 71. 5 0-

CLERKS,

$
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

$
$
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

-

-

ORDER ----------------------------------------------

39

4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0

9 1 .5 0

7 8 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

53
25
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
5 8 . CO

5 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

5 3 . 0 0 - 7 4 .5 0
6 2 .0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
5 2 . 0 0 - 5 8 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

60
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

45
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 . 00
8 4 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 8 0 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

-

B IL LE R S, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
M A C H IN E )------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

32
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
6 1 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

9 2 . 00

8 5 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

-

“

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------—
-----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

129
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

6 0 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 6 .5 0 - 6 7 .0 0
5 6 .0 0 - 6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

“

4
4

15
15

43
43

29
29

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

101
33
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 2 . 5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

150
53
97
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

7 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

6 2 . 5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
5 9 . 5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

_

_

17

-

-

11
2
9

17
“

20
6
14
1

13
11
2
1

A ----------------------------

56

4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

CLASS B ----------------------------

32

4 0 .0

6 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

38
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

OROER ---------------------------------------------

28

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

80
27

-

-

_
-

-

1

-

-

1

11

1

3

24
5
19

4
4

5
4
1

3
3
-

5
3
2

_
-

9
9
-

1
1

-

-

-

4
3

-

21
3

1
1

10
-

3
2

4
4

1
1

6
6

14
13

9
9

1
1

8
5

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

10

15
12

5
3

11
1

2
*

4
1

1
"

_

6

-

-

6

9
5
4

20
5
15

12
3
9

13
3
10
6

8
2
6
1

15
12
3
2

5
4
1
1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

_

-

_
3

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

_

3

-

1
1
-

1
-

-

_
-

-

-

_
_

1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

10
9

7
7

9
7

2
2

3
1

_

-

-

-

4
2

3
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
7
15

6
1
5

9
5
4

3
1
2

5
2
3

9
4
5

_

_

-

-

-

-

16
2
14
14

15
11
4
4

1

6

10

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_
-

_

-

WOMEN

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLERKS, F IL E ;

CLERKS,

CLASS

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

6 6 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

7

6

8

16

5 9 .5 0

5 5 .0 0 -

-

-

-

-

8

9

4

3

2

-

1

2

6 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

5 2 .5 0
5 1 .0 0

4 9 .0 0 - 6 8 .0 0
4 8 . 0 0 - 5 4 .5 0

_

_

_

14
10

2
1

2

2

_

-

1
1

-

-

4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 -

-

-

-

2

8

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

9 6 . 50
9 0 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
9 2 . 50

8 4 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_

_

_

“

“

~

2
2

4
3

7
7

7 2 .0 0

9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

13
13

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

-

_

-

1
1

6
6

10
10

1

11

1

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

10

2

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

19
2

8

5

-

5
2

3

-

11
8

1

“

3
1

4

~

-

-

2

-

T ab le A -l.

6

O ffice O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W ic h ita , K a n s ., S e p t e m b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w o rk e rs r■eceiving straight--tim e w eekly earnings of—
$
30

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$
35

$
40

$

$
45

50

$

$

55

60

$
65

$

$
70

75

$
80

$
85

$

*

90

95

$
100

$

$
105

110

$
115

$
120

and
under

125

and
over

35

W EN OM

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

1 20

125

“

-

-

-

2
-

1
-

16
14

6
6

1
-

14
14

3
?

10
5

2
1

-

1
1

8
1

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

5
-

7
-

3
3

19
12

14
13

2
2

-

3
2

11
11

14
14

-

-

-

-

~

-

“

“

12
3
9
2

8
4
4
2

10
3
7
3

11
7
4
4

11
9
2
2

10
6
4
4

25
23
2
2

26
26

8
8

-

-

“

“

24

14

12
1
11

18

21
4
17

61
27
34

47
25
22

~

-

-

-

26
12
14
1

-

42
36
6
4

76
60
16
11

99
87
12
2

61
52
9
9

27
2
25

8
3

7
5
2
1

11
8
3
2

14
10
4
3

24
14
10
10

33
26
7
7

4
1
3
3

_

12

4
3

10

7
3

2
1

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

b

3

1
1

4
4

_

-

12
2
10

2

3
2

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

64
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 7 .5 0
7 4 . CO

$
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

$
$
6 4 . 0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 8 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

78
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 . 50
9 1 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

7 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

KrYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES1
3-------------------------2

158
98
60
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 4 . 50
9 2 .0 0
6 7 . 0G
8 6 .0 0

6 4 . 5 0 - 9 5 . 50
7 9 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
5 8 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- :------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES3--------------------------

622
44?
1 80
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
9 6 . 50
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 2 . 50
1 0 2 . 0 0 1 0 2 . 50

8 4 . 5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
9 5 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 --------------------------

160
72
88
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
3 3 . 50
7 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
9 2 . 50

6 4 .0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 8 . 5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
6 1 . 0 0 - 9 0 . 50
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

_

_

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4 ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

71
62

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

6 3 . CO
6 2 . 00

6 3 . 50
6 2 .5 0

4 7 .5 0 4 6 .5 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

63
26
37

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
6 2 . 50

7 0 .5 0
8 2 . 50
5 9 .5 0

5 8 . GO- 8 0 . 0 0
6 9 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
5 6 . OD- 7 2 . 0 0

7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
8

19
7
12

~

~

-

“

“

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

_

4

-

-

4

16
3
13

-

-

~

-

-

11
11

2
2

-

15
13

“

-

-

6

6

6

6

_

_

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

~

—

14
-

-

7

~

16
3
13

6

5
-

3

9

5
5
-

1
1

*

-

*

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

-

“

-

-

-

65
60

36
35
1
1

25
25

12
12

-

-

-

-

8

-

12
12

5
5

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

-

6
6

7
7

1

_

-

~

~

“

~

~

1

_

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------

39

3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0

7 0 .5 0

6 1 .G O -

7 4 .5 0

-

-

8

-

-

-

8

2

14

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

80
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 5 . 50

3 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

9 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

4
1

10
9

7
6

30
30

8
8

1
1

_

_

_

_

~

6
4

_

“

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

194
101

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

6 7 . 00
7 3 .5 0

6 6 .5 0
7 3 . 50

5 9 .5 0 - 7 4 .5 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 8 1 . 00

_

_

7

36
14

31
14

31
?7

11
11

22
22

5
5

7
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

25
1

19
4

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich e m ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each job by totaling the earnings of all w o rk e rs and dividing by the num ber of w o rk e rs . The m edian designates p osition — half of the em ployees surveyed r e c e iv e m ore
than the rate shown; half re c e iv e le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
3 T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
4 D escrip tion fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

7

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Wichita, Kans. , September 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

$

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
»
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$

$

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

85

Sex, occupation, and industry division

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

3
3

-

-

-

-

3
3

3
3

3
3

12
10

16
16

5
4

2
2

-

1
1

2

1
1

17
17

9
8

11
11

4

2

-

_

4

2

~

~

_

2

4
4

2
2

11
11

3
3

2

2
2

10
10

2
2

1
1

_

_

80

weekly
M ean2

(standard'

Median 2

Middle range2

and
under

M
EN
%

$
$
$
1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 1 2 1 .5 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3-------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

63
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3-------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

47
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 1 2 . 50
1 0 7 .0 0 1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

37
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

I I I . 00 1 0 8 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

1
1

5
5

-

1
1

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

_

_

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l.
3 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




_

_

to these weekly hours.

T ab le A -3.

8

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n al, and T ech nical O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W ic h ita , K a n s ., S e p t e m b e r 1964)
Average

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Average
Weekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

A verage

O ccupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

BCUKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------

28

4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

$
9 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

64
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

79
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
9 1 . CO

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

161
98
63
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 . 0 0 IP.ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
8 6 .0 0
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------7 3 .5 0
8 8 . CO TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

67
27
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 . 50
7 1 . 50
5 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------

622
442
180
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

162
72
90
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
8 3 . 50
7 5 . 50
9 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B3------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

71
62

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

6 3 .0 0
6 2 . CO DRAFTSMEN,

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

63
26
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

BCGKKtEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

129
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
5 9 . 50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES1
2-------------------

177
67
110
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S2------------------

189
79
110
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C. 0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

59
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .C C
6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

37
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

53
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U TILITIES2------------------

67
27
40
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 . 50
8 1 .0 0
9 5 . 50
1 0 1 .0 0

hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING------------------------------

65
40
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 4 .0 0
9 8 . 50
8 7 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

55
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 . 50
8 4 .0 0

39

3 9 .0

6 8 . 00

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

80
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 . 50
8 5 . 50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

195
10 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 7 . CO
7 3 .5 0

70
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

CLASS C3 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

49
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

7 1 . CO
8 2 . 50 NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------6 2 .5 0

37
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

9 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
8 2 . 50
1 0 2 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

i
1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
3 D escrip tio n fo r this occupation has been re v ise d since the last su rvey in this area. See appendix A.




•W eekly

- CONTINUED

85
29

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

36
33

$
7 9 . CO
8G. 00

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----NONMANUFACTURING
COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

CILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

Number
of
workers

1 1 1 .0 0

T ab le A -4 .

M aintenan ce and P o w e rp la n t O ccu p ation s

9

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , W ich ita , K a n s. , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2.9 C

O ccupation and industry d ivision

and
under

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

$
2 .8 4
2 .8 3

ELECTRICIAN S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------

3 .0 5
3 .0 3

3 .2 2
3 .2 1

2 . 8 9 - 3 .2 8
2 . 8 3 - 3 .2 7

2 .8 5
3 .0 3

3 .3 4
3 .3 3

—

$
$
3 .1 0 3 .2 0

—

—

3 .0 0 3 .1 0

3 .2 0

—

$
*
3 .3 0 3 .4 0

—

—

and

3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0

3 .7 0

over

2 . 8 0 - 3 .3 9
2 . 7 8 - 3 .5 1

—

—

$
$
3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0

13
13
11

43
43

12
12

11

14
7

14
14

2 . 1 5 - 3 .1 4

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES
MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

13
7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AIN TEN AN CE )-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT I E S 1
3---------------------------2

136
46
90
84

2 .9 5
2 .8 5
3 .0 1
3 .0 1

3 .0 4
2 .7 6
3 .0 5
3 .0 5

2 .9 2 2 .4 6 3 .0 2 3 .0 2 -

3 .0 9
3 .3 3
3 .0 9
3 .0 9

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 23
110

2 .8 9
2 .8 6

2 .9 1
2 .8 8

2 .5 3 2 .4 9 -

3 .2 3
3 .0 9

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

31
28

2 .8 5
2 .8 3

2 .8 8
2 .8 7

2 .6 9 2 .7 1 -

3 .1 5
3 .1 4

P IP E F IT T E R S, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

26
26

3 .2 5
3 .2 5

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

3 .2 4 3 .2 4 -

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

410
410

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 . 0-8- 3 . 6 5
3 .0 8 - 3 .6 5

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

20
20

-

-

_

-

-

6
6
6

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

12
12
12

15
15

.

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

5
5

2
2

12
3

_

_

5

_

“

16
16

5

-

-

2

-

2
“

-

-

-

-

2

10
10

-

-

-

9
9

14
14

-

18
18

38
38

3
3

-

1
1
1

7
1
6
-

69
4
65
65

6
4

5
3

23
23

-

3
3

4
4

5
5

1

-

-

1

-

1
1

1
1

-

11
11

6
6

4
4

38
38

9
9

_

~

1
1

-

6
6

-

—

-

-

-

3
3

16
16

-

1

~

-

-

-

-

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or defin ition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ransportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




—

2 . 5 5 - 3 .0 9
2 . 6 3 - 3 .3 2

3 .1 9
3 .1 6

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY —
MANUFACTURING ---------------

$
$
2 . 6 3 - 2 .9 8
2 . 6 1 - 3 .2 9

2.86

110
101

$
2 .7 1
2 .6 7

2 .9 6

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------

—

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

19
19
-

-

1

-

44
44

45
45

-

~
-

_

-

_

_

“
-

194
194

_

10

T ab le A -5 .

C ustod ial and M a te ria l M o ve m e n t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W ic h ita , K a n s . , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e ce iv in g stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range3

$
%
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
1
$
$
$
$
L.
1 .0 0 1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 70 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0 ;?. 10 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 C 3 .0 0 3 .2 0
Under
and
$
under
1 .0 0
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1.6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . ic ;2.20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

E Lt VATCR CPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

30
30

$
0 .9 6
.9 6

$
0 .9 0
.9 0

$
0 .6 6 .6 6 -

$
1 .1 8
1 .1 8

41 5
15

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

150
1 24
26

2 .3 9
2 .4 7
2 .0 0

2 .5 0
2 .5 8
2 .0 0

2 .1 9 2 .2 9 1 .5 8 -

2 .7 4
2 .7 5
2 .2 7

~

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5----------------------------

595
408
187
37

1 .9 3
2 .1 6
1 .4 3
1 .8 5

2 .0 4
2 .2 4
1 .2 9
1 .9 1

1 .6 8 1 .9 6 1 .1 8 1 .7 5 -

2 .2 7
2 .3 0
1 .7 6
1 .9 7

JAN ITO RS,

PORTERS,

-

2
2
~

2
2

8
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

~

20
20
~

32
32
~

5
5

1
1

“

6
4
2

2
2

3
3

2
2
-

16
16
-

3
1
2

19
11
8

5
5
-

47
47
~

13
5
8
4

10

8

-

-

10
1

8
3

22
16
6
1

36
23
13
~

52
40
12
9

51
29
22
15

13
11
2
“

9
R
1
“

177
174
3
3

82
82

6
6

_

_

15

-

AND CLEANERS

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

48
28

1 .6 7
1 .3 ?

1 .6 6
1 .2 3

1 .1 9 - 2 .2 3
1 . 1 5 - 1 . 62

1
1

_

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5----------------------------

567
33 5
232
136

2 .3 9
2 .2 8
2 .5 5
2 .9 2

2 .3 5
2 .3 3
2 .7 6
3 .1 1

2 .0 5 - 2 .6 6
2 . 0 6 - 2 .3 8
1 .9 9 - 3 .1 3
3 .0 2 - 3 .1 6

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

7
“

~

5
4
1
“

ORDER

FILLERS --------------------------------------------

114

2 .3 5

2 .3 9

2 .0 7 -

2 .6 3

-

-

-

-

-

5

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------

190
155

2 .3 1

2 .4 5

2 .5 9

-

-

-

-

-

2 .4 8

2 .4 7

1 .9 5 2 .4 1 -

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------------

43

2 .2 7

2 .4 9

2 .0 3 -

2 .5 8

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS6 ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 5----------------------------

373
16 3
2 10
123

2 .6 9
2 .6 3
2 .7 4
3 .0 3

2 .8 2
2 .6 4
2 .9 3
3 .1 4

2 .4 9 2 .4 6 2 .6 9 3 . 11-

3 .1 2
2 .9 7
3 .1 5
3 .1 7

-

-

7

-

-

7

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------

47

2 .5 6

2 .6 4

2 .4 5 -

2 .6 9

133

2 .8 5

2 .8 5

2 .6 7 -

3 .1 2

177
147
30

2 .5 7
2 .5 6
2 .6 6

2 .7 2
2 .7 2
2 .7 2

2 .2 4 2 .1 8 2 .4 5 -

2 .7 6
2 .7 6
2 .8 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K LIF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------1

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

12
12

1
1

6
5

1
1

1
1

1

3

4

21
1
20
~

12
2
10
~

30
27
3
3

46
32
14
-

35
29
6

-

-

-

-

-

10

5

20

-

6
6

-

-

-

8

-

-

5

-

-

14

-

5

-

-

14

4
4
-

14
14

12
12
-

2
2
-

_

1

_
_

_

20
20

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

15
9
6
6

174
160
14
14

32

~

12

13
13

6
6

2
2

-

-

9

-

-

1
1

-

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

57
57

_

-

_

-

-

17
9
8
6

31
21
10
-

24
22
2

19
19
-

2
1
1
-

9

-

14

42

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

69
69

12
12

4
4

41
41

_

_

_

-

-

2

2

-

1

14

3

2

1

1

-

17
8
9

7
4
3
3

3
2
1
1

_
“

42
41
1
1

7
7
-

53
38
15
15

17
16
1
-

55
4
51
-

137
34
103
103

5
5
-

1

-

2 .7 1

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here oth erw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
F o r defin ition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
W ork ers w ere d istributed as fo llo w s : 12 at $0. 60 to $0. 70; and 3 at $0. 70 to $0. 80.
T ran sp ortation, com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f truck operated.




1
1

_

14
14
-

7

3

-

2

-

25

4

5

-

-

26

1

49

42

-

3
3

97
88
9

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

-

9
9

3
3

31
31

4
4

2
2

20
13
7

1
1

-

I ll
4
107
107

-

-

-

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , W ich ita, K an s., S e p te m b e r 1964)
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs z

In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w ee k ly hou rs 3 o f—

A.H
in d u strie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch ed u les

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—
40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

----- --------------

74

29

XXX

45

XXX

74

29

XXX

45

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ________________

E sta b lish m en ts stu d ied ------ ---------------------------

21

10

10

11

11

27

12

12

15

15

under $ 4 7 .5 0 ----------------------------------------------------under $ 50. 00----------------------------------------------------under $ 5 2 .5 0 ---------- ------------------------------------------under $ 5 5 .0 0 _______ ___________________ ____
under $ 5 7 .5 0 ------------------------------------------ --------under $ 60. 00---------- ------- -----------------------------under $ 62.50 _____ ________ ________________
under $ 6 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------under $ 6 7 .5 0 --------- ----- __ ----------------------------under $ 70. 00___ __ _____________ __________
under $ 7 2 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------under $ 75.00 ---------- ------------------ ----------------under $ 7 7.50---------- — _______________________
under $ 8 0 .0 0 ---------- ------------------- -----------------o v e r _______________
_________________________

_
_
8
2
1
3
1
2
_
1
1
-

_
_

_
_

_

3

3

1
1
10

1
2
1
1
_
_
_
1
_
1

_
1
2
1
1
_
1
1
-

5
2
1
_
1
_
1
_
_
1
-

_
5
2
1
1
_
1
1
-

_
_
4
1
1
_
2
2
_
_
_
1
1

1
1
6
2
_
1
_
1

1
1
6
2
_
1
_
1
1
_
.
_
1
1

E stab lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

6

5

XXX

47

14

XXX

$ 45. 00
$ 47.50
$ 50.00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$ 67.50
$ 70.00
$ 72.50
$ 75.00
$ 77.50
$ 80. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

2

-

1

1

.
_
4
1
1
_
2
2
_
_
1
1
-

-

1
_
_
_
1
1

XXX

15

7

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

32

10

XXX

22

XXX

3

1
1
2
3
_
1
-

1
2

_

_

E stab lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
33

T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r standard w o rk w eek s.
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.




12




T a b le B -2.

S h ift D iffe re n tia ls

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l,
W ich ita, K an s., S e p te m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A ctu a lly w ork ing on—

S econd shift
w ork

T h ird o r oth er
shift w o rk

T o ta l------------------------------------------------------------------------

99.5

92.6

25.0

7.0

W ith shift pay d iff e r e n t ia l-----------------------------------

96.9

92.2

24.7

6.9

U n iform cents (p e r h o u r ) -------------------------------

93.3

17.9

24.2

.8

5 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------10 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts _____________________________________
16 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------------

6.2
4.3
1.7
7.9
73.3

.3
.8
.3
1.7
21.1
-

.2
.3
.3

U n iform cen ts (p er hour) plus fu ll d a y 's
pay fo r re d u c e d h o u r s ---------------------------------10 cents plus 8 h o u r s ' pay fo r
6 V2 h o u r s ' w o r k --------------------------------------12 cents plus 8 h o u r s ' pay fo r
6 V2 h o u r s ' w o rk
_ _ ----- — ----- ------

_
-

6.9
9.4
1.7

Secon d shift

T h ird o r oth er
shift

-

69.9

-

5.7

-

56.5

-

5.2

13.5

-

.5

Other fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l------------------------

3.5

4.3

.5

.5

W ith no shift pay d iff e r e n t ia l------------------------------

2.6

.5

.3

-1

1
Inclu des e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts ,
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g late sh ifts.

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late shifts

13
T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u rs

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W i c h i t a , K a n s . , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT W ORKERS

W eek ly h ours
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ___________ ___________________________

U nder 40 h o u r s _____ _____ ____ _____ _____
40 h o u r s ____ __ _____ ___ __ _____ __________
O ver 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s _____________________
44 hou rs
O ver 44 and under 48 h o u r s _____________________
48 hou rs
50 h o u r s _____ _____________ __ _____ __________

1
2
3
4

100

1
95
1
2
1
(4 )
1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

100

100

100

98
1
_

1
99
_
_
_

M a n u fa ct u r in g

3
82
3
4
2
4
3

-

(4)

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




100

2
93
(4)
3
(4)
2

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100

97
_
_
3

14
T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , W ic h it a , K a n s ., S e p t e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

• Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

97

"

4

-

3

43
51
6

1
1
25
1
1
32
34
(4 )

2
9
2
1
38
48
-

6
6
6
57
57
100
100
100

(*)
(4)
35
68
69
94
95
96

48
87
89
98
100
100

N um ber o f days
2 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s --------- - ------------------------------- ------ —
6 h o lid a y s ___________ — — ------- - ~
6 h olid a y s plus 1 half day_______________________ —
6 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf d a y s ----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s __ _____________________________________ __
8 h olid a y s — --------- -------------- — — — —
9 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

(4)
31

(4)
8
1
(4)
42
49
-

n

(4 )
34
34
(4)
(4 )

_

_

_
32
59
6

T ota l h olid a y tim e 5
10 d a y s — ------- — - — - — -------------9 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------- —
8 days o r m o r e _____
— ..
— — —
7 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------6 1 2 days o r m o r e . ______
/
_______ _______
6 days o r m o r e __ ___ _____ ____ ____
__
5 days o r m o r e ___
___ _
___
_______
2 days o r m o r e _______ ________ ___ ______ __

o

(4 )
34
68
69
100
100
100

_
49
91
92
100
100
100

_

6
6
6
66
66
97
97
97

1 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll com b in a tion s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount are c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf da ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ays, and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.




15
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W i c h i t a , K a n s , , S e p t e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 2

ah

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(5 )
-

100
99
(5)
-

100
100
-

99
98
1
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

M ethod o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s ____________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent _
P e r c e n t a g e p aym en t_____________________ ____
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t___
O th e r ______ ____ ______________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tio n s
_

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
3
4

(5)
1

38
-

2
3
31

1
42

44
-

_
48
(5)
51
-

_
47
(5)
53
-

_
85
15
-

(5)
63
(5)
6
30

_
54
1
4
42

_
85
15
-

4

4
(5)
96
-

_
9
91
-

23
2
45
30

18
1
38
42

25
75
-

1
(5)
99
_
-

100
(5 )

7
1
57
33
1

3
1
48
46
1

2
95
3
-

7
1
57
34
1

3
1
49
47
1

2
89
9
-

5
1
56
34
3

3
1
48
47
2

_
91
9
-

4
(5)
22
31
39
3

1
12
42
40
4

_
40
9
51
-

Am ount o f v a c a tio n pay 6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O ver 1 and und er 2 w e e k s ________________________
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ___ ___________________________________
1 w eek .
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________ ________ __
2 w eeks _________
_____ _____
___ __ _____
O ver 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ________________________
A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ppT
c
___ ____ ___ _______________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __ ___ __ _______ __
2 w eeks
................ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________ ___________

1

95
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____
_ ___________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________
2 w e e k s _____
- _
___ __ ___
__
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eek s

1
(5)
98
(5)

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eek s _
___ _______ _ ___ _______ __ ____
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s __ ___________________
3 w e e k s ________________________ __________________

1
98
1
-

(5)

_

99
(5 )

94
6
-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek . ______________________ ___________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
____
2 w eeks
__
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________ _
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1

_

(5)

-

-

93
3
3

95
(5)
4

94
6
-

1
18
6
76
-

(5)
6
(5)
94
-

41
6
52

A fter 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------- --------------------------------------- -------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________

See footn otes at end o f ta b le .




-

"

16
T a b le B -5.

P aid V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W ic h it a , K a n s ., S e p t e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

Am ount of v a c a tio n pay 6— Continued
A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek— —
— — —
—
— — —
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------2 w e e k s ________ ____ „___ _________ _________ _______
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------__----------_ ___ ___
3 w eek s _ _ _ _ ____
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------

1
12
5
81
(5)

(5)
3
(5)
96
(5)

_
33
6
61
-

4
(5)
16
31
44
4

1
6
42
45
5

28
9
63

_
_
6
3
91
-

4
(5)
11
30
50
4

1
_
3
42
49
5

_
_
5
3
92
-

_
6
3
54
_
36

4
(5)
10
30
45
4
6

1
3
42
44
5
6

_
_
5
3
59
6
26

_

4
(5)
10
30
39
4
10
2

_

_

3
42
44
5
2
3

5
3
27
.
65
-

1

.

“

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s _
_2 w eek s
■— ______ —__ __ —
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s —
3 w eeks _
----_
_ _ _ _ _
__
___
_
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s —

1
6
3
90
(5)

(5)
1
-

98
( 5)

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek—
_ _ _ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___
_ —
2 w eek s __ _
_
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ___ ___
4 w eek s __ __
_
—

1
5
(5)
88
(5)
5

1
96
(5)
2

(5)

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_
—
—
—
— O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eek s
----O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _ _ _
3 w eek s - _
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _ ___ _
4 w e e k s ------- r
______ _______________________________
O ver 4 w e e k s ..
__ _ _ __ _

1

(5)

-

-

5
(5)
81
(5)
11
1

1
96
(5)
1
1

1

(5)

-

_•

6
3
23
_

67
-

1

_

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eekO ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w eek s
_ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s __ _
3 w eek s
---- ------,— .............................. ■..—. . . . . .
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w eek s
_
O ver 4 w eek s

-

5
(5)
81
(5)
11
1

_
-

1
-

96
(5)
1
1

6
3
23
-

,67
■

4
(5)
10
30
39
4
10
2

-

3
42
44
5
2
3

_

5
3
27
_

65
-

1 Includes basic plans only.
Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabba tical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time b asis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years.
Estim ates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.




17
T a b le B -6.

H e a lth , In su ra n c e , and P e n sio n P la n s

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p r ov id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 W ich ita, K an s., S e p te m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T yp e of b en efit
A ll in d u strie s1
2

A ll w o r k e r s ___

_________ ___ ________

________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s

3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lio u tilit ie s 3

_

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife i n s u r a n c e ---------------------- --------A cc id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ------- — ------ ----- — — —
S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce or
s ic k lea v e or b o t h 5- ------------- ------

95

99

100

94

99

100

77

89

57

70

75

61

94

99

91

93

99

84

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :

S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _________
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )__ ______
___ ___ __
S ick lea v e (p a rtia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d )------------------------------------------

43

52

16

81

96

20

50

49

44

39

45

24

33

42

31

32

35

40

H os p ita liz a tion in s u r a n c e — — - __ — S u rg ica l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------M ed ica l in su ra n ce
- _____ _ _ _ _____ _
C ata stroph e in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------R etirem en t p e n s io n ___________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , or p e n sio n pla n ---------

94
94
89
89
82
1

97
97
96
94
94

100

95
95
91
79
72
4

99
99
96
86
84

100

90
93
61

100
100

92
90
69

1 Inclu des th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's com p en sa tion , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5
U nduplicated total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to th ose w h ich d efin itely e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num ber o f d a ys' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a re exclu ded.




18
T a b le B -7.

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , W i c h i t a , K a n s . , S e p t e m b e r 1 964)
O F F IC E

W ORKERS

PLANT W ORKERS

S ick le a v e p r o v is io n
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
f o r m a l paid s ic k le a v e -------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no f o r m a l paid s ic k le a v e -------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 34

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

4 83. 2

9 0 .9

4 74. 9

71. 0

7 9 .7

64. 0

16. 8

9. 1

25. 1

29. 0

20. 3

36. 0

4 2 .3
42. 2
1. 1
4. 0
34. 1
2. 5
. 1
. 5
. 5

47. 5
47. 5
1 .0
. 4
4 5 .4

9 .2
9 .2
8 .9

36. 5
35. 3
32. 8
1 .7

44. 5
44. 5
43. 4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Type and am ount o f paid s ic k
le a v e p r o v id e d annually
U n iform p la n :5
No w aiting p e r i o d --------------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay 6---------- -------------- --- ----- --- ------------------------------------5 d a y s ------- — _ ---------------------------------------6 d a y s ---------- --------- —
_ _ _ _ _ _
10 d a y s —
—
—
___
— ------15 d a y s — — — -------------------- —
—
P a r tia l pay o n l y _______________________________________
W aiting p e r i o d - __
- ______——
---------_
_ -----------F u ll pay—
P a r t ia l pay o n l y — — ---------- ------ — _ G raduated p la n 5— A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d —
— —
_ _ —
F u ll p a y 6------------------- ----- —
_
----5 days
------ —
------------- ----15 d a y s-----_
— --------- - —
20 d a y s - — —
------ ----- _
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 6 — —
—
—
10 d a y s — ------- —
— —
W aiting p e r i o d _________________________________
__
_____________ _
F u ll pay_ ____
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay ---------- ----P a r tia l pay o n l y _______________________________________
G raduated p la n 5— A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d - _
—
-------------- _
-------------F u ll pay 6 ____ ____ ______ __________ — ___________ ___ _
30 days
..
____ , T
4 0 day s ___ - ___ — ____________ ___ __________
7 5 d a y s --------—
------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 6-----------------------------------30 d a y s - ------- --------------------------65 d a y s — _____
____ —
—
— W aiting p e r i o d - — - —
F u ll pay- — —
_
- _
—
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay—
---------------- —
P a r tia l pay o n ly ------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5 .9
5 .9
-

1. 2
3. 5
.9
2. 6

4. 1
.8
3. 3

8. 0
5. 2
2. 8

8. 5
5. 7
2. 1
2 .9
2 .8
2. 8
5 .7
1. 5

2. 3
1 .4
1 .4
1 .0
1. 0
3. 3

33. 2
5. 8
5. 8
2 7 .4
2 7 .4
25. 1

.7
.7
.7
-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 2

3. 3

25. 1

4. 1
3. 2
1 .2
.4
. 3
1. 0
I. 0
6. 8
3. 0
.7
3. 1

11. 3
5. 3
1. 3

2. 3
1 .4
. 8

58. 3

-

-

2. 4
6. 0
.4
4. 0
29. 0
26. 8

1. 0
-

-

. 1
. 1

-

2. 2

-

23. 9
10. 1
6. 2
3. 9
13. 8
13. 8
32. 1

-

-

1. 0
1. 2

32. 1

.

-

7 .8
2 .7
1.7
. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

58. 3
5. 8
52. 5

-

52. 1
6. 2
45. 9

41. 0
37. 7

-

30. 5
28. 3

-

-

-

-

-

2. 3

3. 3

"

5. 1
.4
3. 3
23. 3
2 1 .7
.7
. 8

64. 5

84. 1

14. 6

53. 7

.
.
-

7
7
7

-

-

1. 0

56. 0
3 .9
-

3 .9

-

1. 2

P r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s f o r accu m u la tio n
o f u nu sed s ic k le a v e _____________________________

73. 3

10. 1

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Includes less than 2 percent of workers employed in establishments with form al sick leave plans for which details are not available.
5 "U niform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each year.
"Graduated
plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen.
Estim ates reflect provisions
applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service may also receive this
amount after greater or le s s e r lengths of service.
6 May include provisions other than those presented separately.
Numbers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which workers receive sick leave at full pay;
workers are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.




19
T a b le B -8.

P ro fit-S h a rin g P la n s

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o riding p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s ,
b y t y p e o f p la n , W i c h i t a , K a n s . , S e p t e m b e r 1964)
PLANT W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T yp e o f plan
A ll in d u strie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s _________________ __ ______________

100

. ...

P la n s p rov id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
d is trib u tio n
P la n s p rov id in g fo r both c u r r e n t
and d e fe r r e d d istrib u tio n

100

7

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n sP la n s p r ov id in g fo r cu r r e n t
d istrib u tion
.......

P u b lic u tilitie s 34

100

A ll in d u strie s *

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

2

11

2

1

2

1

5

1

7

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

2

1

100

1

(5 )

P la n s p rov id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m ethod o f d istrib u tio n
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts p ro v id in g
no p r o fit -s h a r in p plans

M a n u fa c t u r in g

.
93

98

100

89

98

100

1 T h e study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1 ) having e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2 ) w h ose fo rm u la s w e r e com m u n ica ted to the e m p lo y e e s in
advance o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3 ) that r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t by the com p an y to m ake p e r io d ic co n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4 ) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the
o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.







A p p e n d ix A .

C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

Since the Bureau’ s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




21

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published.- In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




A p p e n d ix B .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accbtmts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations* May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the mote routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical woik.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (,,Full,, telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Woiks with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed woik is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
woik. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May Clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts# In general, the work of die auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience#

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment#

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Woik involves most of the following; Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; intexpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment# Woik involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush#
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience#
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following?
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded#
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake# In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US T O D 1 AL

AND

3

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, popping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price___

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1_____________________
__
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 1
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_________________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963______________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ., May 1964 1
_______________
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
__________________________
____________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
Boston, M a s s ., Oct. 1963 1
______________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1385-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963________________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964____________________ _________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1_______________________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
________________________
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-G a. , Sept. 1964 1 _____________ _____
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1_______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1963______________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963______________________ _______

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1385-11,
1385-25,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1963______________ __________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1963___________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 19641________________________________
Denver, C o lo ., Dec. 1963 1
_______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 19641___________________________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964_______________________ ________
Fort Worth, T e x ., Nov. 1963______________________ —____
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1___________________________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1____________________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1_______________________________

1385-15, 25 cents
1385-12,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1__________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1964 1_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964___________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
_____________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1964 1________
N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1
____________
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964_________________________
Lubbock, Tex. , June 1964 1
_______________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1__________________________
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1____________________________

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385 - 32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385 - 35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions -are also presented.




Area

Bulletin number
and price

Miami, Fla. , Dec. 1963 1________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964_______. ____________________
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May1964 1________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1___________
New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1964 1
__________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964___________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1____________________ _______
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
______________________

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385-77,
1430-5,

20 cents
25 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct, 1963 1
_________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , May 1964 1
___________
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J. , Nov. 1963 1____________________
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1964 1_____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 1____________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash. , May 1964 1_____________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .—
Mass. , May 1964_________
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964__________ - ____________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1963 1
________ „__________________ _

1385-14,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385- 38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1385-23,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

R ockford, 111. , Apr. 1964 1
____________________________
St. Louis, M o.-H I. , Oct. 1963_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963_______________________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964___ _______________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964_____________________________________________
San Diego, Calif. , Sept. 1963__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif. , J an. 1964 1____________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
_____________________________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964______________________________
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964_____________ ________________

1385-60, 25 cents
1385-21, 25 cents
1385-28, 20 cents
1385-74, 20 cents
1430-8,
1385- 13,
1385 - 36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25cents
25 cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1963 1
______________________
South Bend, Ind. , Mar. 1964 1_________________________
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964_____________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_______________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963_____________________________
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a . , Oct. 1963_______________
Waterbury, Conn. , Mar. 1964 1________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963____________________________
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1 ___________________________
W orcester, Mass. , June 1964 1
________________________ _
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1________________________________

1385-20,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1385-17,
1385-48,
1385-18,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102