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Occupational Wage Survey
MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE
AUGUST 1964

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE




AUGUST 1964

Bulletin No. 1430-4
October 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupational earnings, and establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor markets, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods___________________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.




B - 5.
B -6.
B -7.
B -8.

5
6

oo

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: *
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries forwomen office workers____
B -2. Shift differentials___________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours_____________________________________

3

vO

A. Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men______________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined______________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___

At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each
of the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Manchester, N.H., in August 1964. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Boston, M ass., by Leo Epstein,
under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

4

9
10
10

Paid vacations_______________________________________________
Health, insurance, and pension plans______________________
Paid sick leave______________________________________________
Profit-sharing plans________________________________________

12
14
15
16

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions_____________________________
B. Occupational descriptions_________________________________________

17
19

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Manchester area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

m




Occupational Wage Survey—Manchester, N.H.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work
schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in average pay levels for men and women in any
of the selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differ­
ences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual establishments.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates. In­
dustries and establishments differ in pay level, job staffing, and in
the extent to which men and women are employed and, thus, contribute
differently to the estimates. Other possible factors which may con­
tribute to differences in pay include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among e s­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B.
Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers.
Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working fore­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (l) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other” was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B -4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B -2 through B -8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (l) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer.
Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em ­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees;
(l) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

^ The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
^ An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n um ber studied in M a n c h e s te r , N .H .,
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s co p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s

_

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 A u gust 1964

N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

117

64

2 0 ,8 0 0

-

65
52

34
30

14, 600
6, 200

50
50
50
50
50

9
8
18
9
8

9
5
8
4
4

2, 000
1 , 000
1 ,4 0 0
1,2 0 0
600

------

M anufacturin g
_
_
N onm anufacturing
_
_
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5 __
_
_ ____ ____ _
W h oles a le tra d e
R eta il tra d e
__ __
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e state
S e r v ic e s 8__
_
_ _ _
_ _ _

Studied

Studied

50

T otal 4

O ffice

Plant

T o t a l4

2, 500

15, 500

15, 190

800
1, 700

12 ,5 0 0
3, 000

10, 840
4, 350

500
(?)
( )
(?)
( 6)

900
(?)
(?)
(!)
( 6)

1, 980
600
750
730
290

1 The M a n c h e s te r Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f the c ity o f M a n ch e ste r and the town o f G o ffsto w n in H illsb o ro u g h County.
The "w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e of
study" es tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r ,
to
s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m en t data
co m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e e xclu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des all e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f co m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d f r o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 Th is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S eparate p resen ta tion
of data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple
w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of individual
esta b lish m en t data.
1 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n on ly in
es tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Sepa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s in
M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , August 1964 and August 1963, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(A ugu st I960* 100)

O ccu p a tion a l grou p
August 1964

O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n ) ____ _____ __
In du strial n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )____________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )_______________________
U n sk illed plant ( m e n ) ___________ ______ ______

Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

116. 3
(l)

118. 9
119. 0

A ugust 1963

113. 3
l 1)
112. 4
112. 6

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
August 1963
to
A ugust 1964

2. 6
( L)
5. 7
5. 7

August 1962
to
August 1963

A ugust 1961
to
A ugust 1962

A ugust I960
to
August 1961

4. 2
l 1)
4. 1
3. 0

4. 5

4. 1
(*)
3. 5
3. 3

n

4. 4
5 .9

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A ard B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A. Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N.H., August 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of$

!t
50

M* " 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
55

*

60

S;

$

65

70

i>

75

$
80

ii
85

)

S

90

95

$
100

$

$
105

110

and
under
55

115

-and
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

over

MN
E
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------- -------------

21

3 9 .5

$
8 0 .0 0

$
7 8 .5 0

$
7 4 .0 0 -

$
8 4 .5 0

~

~

4

2

7

4

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------

15

3 9 .5

7 2 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0

4

2

1

1

3

2

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------- --------------------- ----- ------ -—

35

3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
0 1 .3 U

6 4 .5 0
0 1 .3 U

5 9 .0 0 eo n A -

7 5 .0 0
nn
«UU

-

11

8

7

1

4

4

-

a?
Of

2
-

6
6

13
13

5
5

19
16

12
2
10

8
2
6

-

6

4
4

4

~

WMN
O E

MDMMAMIlF A r T IIB T N r

1
1
_

-

2

-

-

-

22
21

10
9

3
1

7
3

4
2
2

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

5
4

8

2

_

2

1

1

1
1

2
2

_

22

22

14

9
13

4

8

11
11

10
2

10

11

11

4

1

1

1
1

1

87
74

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

80
22
58

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

5 6 .5 0 5 4 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 -

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

17
7
10

12
2
10

21
7
14

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

96
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

6 1 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

5 6 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 -

6 5 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

20
20

16
16

37
32

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

37

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 0 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

5 8 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

5 3 .5 0 5 3 .5 0 -

6 3 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

14
11

8
7

9
5

2

_

2R

1

-

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

129
51
78

3 9 .5
4 C .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

7 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

9 1 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

_
-

_
-

8

19
11

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------uniiuiuiir ArTiiniur
NUrinANUr Al. 1UKl nb — ^
— --—

54
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 3 . 50

6 5 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

CO DU* 71 AA
CA. fl*UU

5 9 .5 0 -

7 2 .0 0

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

29
23

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 0 .5 0
6 1 .0 0

6 1 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

5 7 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 -

6 4 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

4

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

74
19
55

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 9 .0 0
6 C .0 0
5 8 . 5C

5 5 .0 0 5 6 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 -

6 3 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

3
5

13
13

11

2

9
7

18
4
14

25
6
19

1

9

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

_

-

6

6

8

3

11
11

3
2

~

19
6
13

4
3
1

7

1
1

-

8

8

4
4

2
6

-

8
1

-

-

3

-

3

6
1
5

5
2
3

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

1

7

-

1

1 Standard hours reflect the w orkweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers. The median designates position— half of
the em ployees surveyed receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the
w ork ers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

6

(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N.H., August 1964)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
workers

$

$
90

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

a* d
under
95

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3----- —
— ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1
w eekly
2
3

34
30

$
$
$
4 0 .0 119.00 1 22.00 1 0 4 .0 0 4 0 .0 119.50 124.00 1 0 3 .0 0 -

132.50 1
133.50 1

Number of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e
w eekly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
(
$
$
95 100 105 110 115 120
125 130
100
4
4

-

-

105

110

5
5

4
3

-

115

1
—

-

-

120

125

1
-

4
3

*
135

140

-

-

and

130

135

140 over

3
3

6
6

3
3

2
2

Standard hours re fle ct the workweek for which em ployees re ce ive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these
hours.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N.H., August 1964)

workers

Number

Number

Number

of

Average

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------------

15

3 9 .5

$
7 2.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B
-1 ■
—
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

35
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

66 .0 0
6 1.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

99
20
79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

84.50
88.50
83.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

85
27
58

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38 .5

6 3.50
6 2.50
64 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER-------------------•
---------------------

31

3 9 .5

6 8.00

-

of

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

Occupation and industry division

workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------- ---------------------

102
81
21

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
6 4.50
60.50
80. C
O

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

37
28

3 9 .0
3 9.0

60.00
60.50

OFFICE BOYS A D GIRLS------------------------------------N

17

3 9 .0

60.00

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

129
51
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

82.00
79.00
84.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

54
4C

39 .5
39 .0

65.00
63.50

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

29
23

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
__
CLASS B ____ ■ ______ ________ — __

23

3 9 .5

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

75
19
56

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

34
30

4 0 .0 119.00
4 f-•0 119.50

60.50
6 1.00

59.00
59.50
59. C
O

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B2-----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours.
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




of

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

7

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August 1964)
Number o f w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1

O ccupation and industry division

1

Number
of
workers

2

Middle range 2

Median 2

$

1 .4 0 1 .5 0
and
under

$

i

1 .60 1 .7 0

$

$

1.80 1.90

$

s

2 .0 0 2 .1 0

$

$

2 .2 0 2 .3 0

$

$

2 .4 0 2 .5 0

I

$

$

2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

$

$

2 .9 0 3 .0 0

$

$

$

3 .1 0 3 .2 0

3 .30
and

1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 over

$

$

$

$

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------

15
15

2 .3 8
2 .3 8

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ----------

32
29

1.6 8
1.7 0

1.73
1.7 5

1 .5 1 - 1 .8 2
1 .4 9 - 1 .8 4

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING -----------

46
37

2 .01
1 .9 8

1 .97
1 .95

1 .9 0 - 2 .1 4
1 .8 5 - 2 .1 5

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------

17
17

2 .4 3
2 .4 3

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

2 .1 5 - 2 .6 7
2 .1 5 - 2 .6 7

2 .6 5
2 .6 9

2 .7 3
2 .7 4
2 .75

2 .5 5 - 2 .7 8
2 .6 5 - 2 .7 8
2 .7 0 - 2 .7 9

2 .4 2
2 .4 0

2 .0 9
2 .0 9

2 . 01 - 2 .8 8
2 . 00- 2 .7 5

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES3MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----

1
2
3
4

2 .6 8

29
28

2 .2 9
2 .2 9

1
1

2 .0 6 - 2 .7 3
2 .0 6 - 2 .7 3
4
1

1
1

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 3 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80; and 1 at $4 to $4. 10.




11
11

4
4

5

-

5

-

2

—

-

6

2

3

-

—

3

3

-

—

5
5

5
5

2
2

10
4
2

2
2
2

30
30
30

-

3

—

—

1

-

—

1

1
1
1

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

17
15

1

-

1

6
1

3

-

3

3
3

6

1

1
7
7
7

3
3

4
4

2
-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

1
1

2

1
1
-

-

1
1

-

3
3
3

2
2

3
3
3

-

-

1
1

-

44
4

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

8

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August 1964)
Number o f w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1
2

$
$
$
$
S
1>
i
$
$
i>
$
$
$
*
$
!.4
!.0
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1.30 1 .4 0 1.5 0 1 .6 0 1.7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 0 2 .1 0 2.2 0 2 .3 0 2 0 2 . 50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .80 2 .9 0
and
under
!.5
t.lC 2 .20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 0 2 . 60 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0
L
L
1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .40 1.5 0 1.6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2
$

O ccupation1 and industry division

D
f
jeers

Mean3

$

GUARDS AN W
D ATCH EN --------------------------M
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

35
32

1 .5 3
1 .5 4

Median3

Middle range3

$
1.49
1.52

$
$
1 .4 2 - 1 .6 6
1 .4 1 - 1 .6 6

$

~

$

2
2

$

5
5

12
9

3
3

9
9

-

3
3

“

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

_
-

3
3

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

W
ATCH EN:
M
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

26

1 .5 6

1.61

1 .4 2 - 1 .6 8

-

2

4

5

2

9

-

3

-

1

JANITORS* PORTERS, A D CLEANERS ---N
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

130
68
62

1 .5 2
1 .5 9
1 .4 5

1.41
1 .46
1.36

1 .3 2 - 1 .6 2
1 .3 6 - 1.7C
1 .3 0 - 1 .5 3

3
3

24
12
12

35
9
26

28
23
5

7
3
4

7
5
2

6
2
4

_
-

_

_

-

-

1
1

“

2
2

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------

187
77
110

1.85
1 .59
1 .98
2 .8 7

1 .5 8 1 .5 3 1 .7 6 2 .8 3 -

2 .0 4
1 .9 1
2 .8 4
2 .9 1

_
-

10
3
7

1
1
-

8
7
1

36
30
6

10
9
1

22
2
20

15
5
10

34
20
14

12

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

29

10

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39

1 .96
1 .6 6
2 .1 6
2 .89

29
29

10
1C

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

57
21

1 .72
1.41

1.93
1.39

1 .4 8 - 1 .9 9
1 .2 7 - 1 .5 8

_

8
8

4
3

3
3

3

3
3

1
-

1
1

24

10

3

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

48

1 .72
1.72

1.83
1.83

1 .5 2 - 1 .9 5
1 .5 2 - 1 .9 5

_
-

_

48

-

6
6

5
5

6
6

6
6

1
1

2
2

22
22

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

90
90

1 .5 4
1 .5 4

1.48
1 .48

1 .4 3 - 1 .6 7
1 .4 3 - 1 .6 7

_

5
5

6
6

46
46

4
4

11
11

8
8

1
1

9
9

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- ----------------------

30
15
15

1 .83
1 .7 3
1.9 3

1.78
1 .68
1.85

1 .6 3 - 1 .9 5
1 .5 9 - 1 .8 9
1 .6 9 - 2 .4 5

-

2
1
1

_
-

2
1
1

2
2
~

7
5
2

3
2
1

7
1
6

_
-

_
-

1
1
~

1
1

1
1
-

2
2

_
-

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS--------------- -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

25
21

1 .9 9
1 .9 9

1 .89
1.89

1 .6 8 - 2 .3 5
1 .6 6 - 2 .4 2

_
-

_

_

_

6
6

3
3

_

3
1

1
1

3
3

_

_

2

1
1

_

-

2
2

4

*

SHIPPING A D RECEIVING CLERKS -------N
MANUFACTURING----------- ----------------------

29
29

2 .1 5
2 .1 5

2 .32
2.32

1 .8 6 - 2 .3 9
1 .8 6 - 2 .3 9

_

_

_

-

1
1

4
4

4
4

2
2

_

_

2

“

11
11

2
2

TRUCKDRIVERS5 --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

193
58
135

2.3 9
2 .0 2
2 .5 5

2 .6 9
1 .96
2 .80

1 .8 5 - 2 .9 3
1 .8 2 - 2 .3 4
1 .8 7 - 2 .9 5

_

4
4
~

3
3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 /2 TONS) -------------------------------------

20

1 .6 3

1.59

1 .4 3 - 1 .7 7

-

1

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM ( 1 - 1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

46
24

2.1 2
1 .8 8

1.95
1.93

1 .7 4 - 2 .9 2
1 .8 3 - 1 .9 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

42
23

2 .61
2 .3 0

2 .6 5
2.43

2 .3 9 - 2 .9 5
1 .9 8 - 2 .5 7

_

_




1
2
3
4
5

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

1

-

2
2

4
4

12
12

.

1
1

6
6

”

16
7
9

17
5
12

4

1

-

6

2

4

_

2

6

_

-

“

~

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rive rs regardless o f size and type o f truck operated.

6

_

1

1

-

2
2

-

3
3

-

_

_

_

3
3
“

6

4
3
1

30
30

-

66

~

66

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

3
3

_

2

3
1
2

18
18

7

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

~

~

~

“

”

~

_

3
3

3
3

6
6

3
3

_

19

2

2
“

-

8

-

6

7

-

2

6
-

”

_

-

_

6

-

“
-

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of es ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A u gust 1964)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im um w eekly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o rk e rs 2
N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly hou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u s trie s

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ours 3 o f—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

E sta b lish m en ts studied _

64

34

XXX

30

XXX

64

34

XXX

30

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

23

14

14

9

5

37

21

20

16

12

$ 4 7 .5 0 .
-------- -------____ __ _
_
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0 ___
_ _ __
$ 5 7 .5 0
_ - - ~ .. ...
$ 6 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 6 2 .5 0 ___
$ 6 5 .0 0 _ _ _ _

_
1
14
6
-

_
10
4
-

_
10
4
-

_
1
4
2
-

_
2
1
-

1
2
22
7

_
14
5

_
14
5

1
2

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

2
_
_
-

2

-

-

2

2

4

1
1

1
1
6
1
_
_
_

-

3

3

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____________

6

3

XXX

3

XXX

16

7

XXX

9

XXX

35

17

XXX

18

XXX

11

6

XXX

5

XXX

$4 5 .0 0
$47 .5 0
$50 .0 0
$ 52 .50
$ 55 .00
$ 57 .50
$ 60 .00
$62 .5 0

and u n d e r

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y __ _
_ _
_ _ _ _ _ _

—

T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r standard w ork w e e k s .
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
Data are p r e s e n te d fo r all standard w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k r e p o r te d .




8

10
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
M a n c h e s te r , N. H . , A ugust 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

Secon d shift
w o rk

T h ird o r oth er
shift w ork

A ctu a lly w ork in g on—

Secon d shift

T h ird o r oth er
shift

T o ta l------------------------------------------------------------------------

48. 8

3 1 .8

8. 5

W ith sh ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l-----------------------------------

21. 0

3 1 .8

2. 7

3. 8

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) ------------------------------------------5 c e n t s --------- ------------- 7 ce n ts —
_ ~ — - - - -----------------7V2 c e n t s --------------- --------------------- --------10 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ———— — — —————— — —
224 5 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------/

15. 1
7. 5
.5
5. 3
1 .8

2 8 .4

2. 5
1 .7

3. 8

1 3 .9
3 .6
7. 5
1.7
1 .8

-

(1
2)
.8

3 .4
. 1
.2

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e ---------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t --------------------- — ------ -------------10 p e r c e n t----------------------------------------------------

5 .9
3 .4
2. 5

3 .4
3 .4

. 2
.2

-

W ith no sh ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l------------------------------

27. 8

5. 8

-

-

"

3. 8

-

-

. 1
-

1 In clu des e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly op e ra tin g late s h ifts , and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late shifts
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A u gust 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

W eek ly h o u rs
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

_ _

35 h ou rs _
_
_
_
_
_
37V 2 h ou rs —
___
__ — ___ —
383/4 h ou rs
_ _
_
39V 2 h ou rs _
__ ____ ______ _________
40 h o u r s __ _ _ _ _ _
42V 2 h o u r s __ _
_
_______
44 h ou rs
__
_
___
_ _ _ _ _
45 h ou rs
_
_
_ _
__
_ _
45V 2 h o u rs
__
_ __
_ ___ _ —
46 h ou rs
__ __
_
_
_ __
48 h ou r s ,____
_ ____ - ________________ ____ _
_
50 h ou rs _ __
_
_ — _
_________
1
2
3
4

100
(4 )
29
14
6
50
(4 )
-

“

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

2
5
94
"

_

2
1
81
2
5
4
2
1
1

2
2
91
5
-

67
33
-

'

"

57
43
-

'

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities 2

11
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber of paid h olid a ys
p r o v id e d annually, M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A ugust 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

.

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

......

.

Manufacturing

100

100

98

100

100

"

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s .

.

......................

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s
_
_ _

2

■

"

2

H
(4 )

.

.

2

1

1

-

1

3
29

-

20
2
10

4
34
23

-

5

7

1

2

11

18
7

15
-

N u m ber o f days

4 h olid a y s
5 h olid a y s

_

6 h o l i d a y s ......... . ..... __

__
_

__

_

_

_

___

_

___

__

16

........................ ..

7 h olid a y s
_
___ __ ____________________
7 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y __
_ _ ___
7 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf days
_
_
_ _ _
8 h olid a y s
__
„
_
8 h olida y s plus
9

1 h alf

h olid a y s

day

1

6

_

_ _

13
46

4
9
5

8

------

__

5
4
3

45
13
3
13

~

1

. ..

_ _____ _

10 h o l i d a y s ..... ......~ . _
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day__

85
3

2
12

.

9
-

33
53

6

(4 )

T ota l h o lid a y tim e 5

1 0 V 2 days
10 d a y s o r m o r e

9 days o r
8V 2 days
8 days o r
7V 2 days
7
6
5
4

days
days
days
days

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

or
or
or
or

_ _ _

----__

8

__
____

_

m ore
or m ore
_
_ _
m ore
or m ore
_
_ __ ___ __
m ore
_ ____
m ore
_
___
m ore
__ __ _ _
m o r e ____________________________________

54
67
69
75
76
81
97
97
98

_
5
14
18
37
41
54
99

100
100

3
89
99
99
99
99
99

100
100
100

(4 )

7
25
27
41
43
64
93
96
98

_
15
17
35
38
61
95
99

100

6
59
91
91
91
91
91
100
100
100

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s ep a ra tely .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll c om b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount are co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d ays, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.




12
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n ch e s te r, N. H ,, A ugust 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries2

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------

— -----------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
97
3
-

100
90
10
-

100
100
-

100
58
42
-

100
48
52
-

100
100
-

"

"

“

~

“

■

20
32
17
16

45
41
3
1

31
2
57

58
6
2
2

72
5
-

29
10
26

10
90

90
1
9

95
2
4

74

9
1
90

80
3
18

89
3
8

23
3
74

6

58
23
19

64
28
8

15
85

56
22
22

61
27
12

85

4
2
90
4

3
3
91
3

M ethod o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ___ ______________ _______ _________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t---------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e paym ent-----------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t— --------------- ----_____
O th e r ________________________________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------- — -----

A m ount o f v a ca tio n pay 5

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek ----------------------------------------------- ----------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ----------------- --------- ------------2 w e e k s --------------- ------- ------------------------

_

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------- ------O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ------- — ------- ------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

24

39

-

-

76

61

14
( 6)
85

31

12
1
87

27
4
69

94

12

27
4
69

94

26
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------------------- - ---------2 w e e k s ------------- --------- ------------------- — -----------

-

69

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------- ------2 w e e k s _______ __ ______ — ------ ------ ----------

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------- ----------------------------------- — —
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1

87

6
-

15
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek --------------- — — ------- — ------------------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------—
2 w e e k s __________________ __________ ______ ____
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




(*)

94
4

2
1
90
7

_
100

_
_
100

13
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n ch e s te r, N .H ., A u gust 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

A m ount of v a ca tio n p a y 5------Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________ __________________ __________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s __________ _________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s _
3 w eek s __
___
__
______________________________
_

1

_

-

_

86

12

_

_

_

48

13

88

1
51

3
1
81
2
13

1
2
89
2
6

3
1
79
2
16

1
2
89
2
6

_

36
_

64

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
___
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s . ___ __ __
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w ee k s ----- ---------- ---------- ...
3 w eek s
_
__
______________________________

1

1

_

_

_

_

50

86

6

_

_

_

49

13

94

1
34
64
1

1
82
13
4

3

.
_

3
_

97

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver

1 and u n d er

2 w eeks
3 w eeks

4 w eeks

_

2 w eeks

_ _____
___

___
_

__________

_ _

____________________

_

97
-

3
1
66

29
1

1

_

2

_
_
100
-

74
21
2

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

3

82

3

66

2
74

_
_

57

8

66

9

31

24
7

18
5

62

8

1
-

1
80

3

9

9

10

-

1
-

2 w eeks
3 w eeks

.... ________

4 w eeks

_
-

34

1 w eek

O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s .
_

1
-

1

1

38

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
.
.
.
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____
__ __ _ __
2 w e e k s _________
_ __ _______ ____ ___
__
3 w eek s
_ _
__
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w e e k s ____
__ __ _ __ __ ________ __

33

41
25

_

88

3

1
64
15

1
2

72
9

8
9

10

3

1
2
72

6

_
_
.
36
_
64

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s „ __ __
2 w eek s ___ _____ __ ______ ___ __ ___ __
3 w eeks
__ _ ___________
________ ______
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s .. __ _____ _ _ __
4 w e e k s . ..
...
__
____
___

_
-

33

1
80

41
25

9

9

1
64
15

10

_

8

10

88

9

6

1

-

3

9

_
_
36
_
64

1 Inclu des b a s ic plans only.
E x clu d e s plan s such as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th o se plans w h ich o ffe r " e x te n d e d ” o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s t e e l, alum in um , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 Inclu des paym en ts oth er than "len gth of t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual earn in gs o r fla t -s u m p aym en ts, c o n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r exam p le, a paym ent of 2 p e r c e n t
of annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the
changes in p r o p o r tio n s ’ in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e includ e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s are cu m u lative.
Thus, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th ose who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




14
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in esta b lis h m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , A ugust 1964)1
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T ype o f b e n e fit
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s . ----------

. . . .

—

-----

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ______
- --- ---------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e —
------ — ------ ---------- ---------S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
_ —
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5--------- --------------

92

81

100

88

87

100

72

72

97

65

62

91

82

85

100

85

86

97

S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e . --------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )-----------------------------------------S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )__ ----- ----- --------- -

38

85

11

81

86

33

63

53

91

5

1

38

2

-

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ------------------ — —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------ ----- — — —
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e ----— ----------— —
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------R e tir e m e n t p ension-----------------------------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n plan---------

92
94
71
66
71
1

82
91
62
18
44
1

1

3

-

26

100
100
100
87
93

91
91
77
20
57
1

91
91
75
11
61

100
100
100
63
88

1 In clu des th ose plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o rk m e n 's
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans
the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d ivid u al b a s is a r e




com p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
show n s e p a r a te ly .
a r e lim ite d
ex clu d ed .

to

and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.

th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h

at le a s t

15
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y fo r m a l s ic k lea ve
p r o v is io n s , M a n ch e s te r, N .H ., A ugust 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

S ick le a v e p r o v is io n
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

__ __ __ ____

__

______ _

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
fo r m a l paid s ic k le a v e W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no fo r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e
----- _

100.0

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries3

100.0

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

64.4

53.5

91.7

7.7

.5

63.7

35.6

46.5

8.3

92.3

99.5

36.3

22.1
22.1
12.8
.7
1.7
1.0
5.8
1.6
1.6

38.2
38.2
29.5

2.5
2.5
2.5

2.3
2.3
1.9
.5
1.6
1.6

.5
.5
.5

40.7
19.3
17.7
1.6
21.3
16.2
5.1
.2

15.3
15.3
12.1
3.2

2.2
.3
.3
1.9
.5
1.4

-

Type and am ount o f s ic k le a v e
p r o v id e d annually
U n iform plan: 4
N o w aitin g p e r io d _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
— _
Fu ll pay
. _
5 days
8 days____________________________________
10 days _ __
18 days
_ _
90 days
_
_ _
W aiting p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll pay _
_ _ ___
__ _
G raduated p la n 4 — A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d _____________________________
F u ll pay .
. . ___ __ _____ _________ ___
5 days
10 days
F u ll pay plu s p a r tia l p a y 5 ____ ___
5 days
_
. __ _______ 10 days
_
P a r t ia l pay only
__
_ __
W aiting p e r io d _
__ _
P a r tia l pay only—
_ ___
_
G raduated p la n 4— A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r io d _ _ _ _ _ _
_ ___
F u ll pay
___
__
___
_ _
10 d a y s _
_
_
55 days _
__
_
__ __
F u ll pay p lu s p a r tia l p a y 5 ________________
5 days
__ __ _ _ __ __
50 days
.................................. _
65 days
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
70 days
...
.
P a r tia l pay on ly
_ _

-

-

5.4
3.3
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

40.7
19.3
17.7
1.6
21.3
5.5
5.2
10.6
.2

15.3
15.3
12.1
3.2
"

1.0

89.2
3.4
-

3.4
85.0
57.6
27.3
.8
-

89.2
3.4

-

1.5
1.5

-

"

"

3.7

-

.3
.3

-

3.4
1.9
1. 5
-

"

-

-

-

37.7
5.7
-

5.7
32.0
8.6
23.4
-

26.0
26.0
63.7
5.7

3.3

-

3.4
85.0
28.0
57.0
.8

-

-

5.7
58.0
32.0
26.0
-

P r o v is io n s f o r accu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s f o r accu m u la tio n of
unu sed s ic k le a v e _ _

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e defin ed as th o se fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , after 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e , is e n titled to the sam e n u m ber of d ays' paid s ic k lea ve each y e a r . "G rad u ated
p la n s " a r e defin ed as th ose fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length of s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch osen . E stim a tes r e fle c t p r o v is io n s a p p lica b le
at the stated length of s e r v ic e but do not r e fl e c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
Thus, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s' s ic k le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fter
g r e a te r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 N u m b ers o f days shown under " F u ll p a y plus p a r tia l p a y " are days f o r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s a r e en titled to add ition al days of s ic k lea v e at p a r tia l pay.




16

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g p r o fit -s h a r in g plans
b y type of plan, M a n ch e s te r, N .H ., A u gust 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type o f plan
All industries1
2

A ll w o r k e r s

Public utilities34

All industries 4

100

1 00

1 00

Manufacturing

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s
P la n s p rov id in g f o r c u r r e n t
d is trib u tio n
.
_
. .

Manufacturing

4

..

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e fe r r e d
d is trib u tion
. .

..

P la n s p ro v id in g f o r both cu r r e n t
and d e fe r re d d is trib u tio n ..............

11

5

4

3

4

3

7

2

2

96

89

95

94

100

6

1

__

100

Public utilities3

.

..

P la n s p ro v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m ethod of d is trib u tio n .. ._ .
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s .... .

100

100

1 The study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo r m u la s w e re c o m m u n ica te d to the e m p lo y e e s in
adva nce o f the d e te r m in a tio n of p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t b y the com p an y to m ake p e r io d ic c o n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y of the
o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

17




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on die source document die items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or follow ing specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follow s specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing inform ation,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical woik.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough wodcing knowledge o f general business and office
procedures and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies,
procedures, files, workflow, e tc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; com posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incom ing m ail; and answering routine questions, e tc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people com ing into o ffice ; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information o f superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such
as conference, co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-tim e assignment. ( ,,Full,, telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e . g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls .)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions o f the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g* > giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if com plex calls are referred to another operator.)

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAIN TENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

25

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woric of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the follow ing Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

26

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following? Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker* s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming woik. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

27
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves? A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963 40 cents a copy.
*

O C C U P A T IO N A L W A G E S U R V E Y S

A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Bulletin number
and price

Miami, F la., Dec. 19631_____________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964_________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1964_____________
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1______
Newark and Jersey City, N. J., Feb. 19641
____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1 _______________________
New Orleans, L a., Feb. 1964________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964____ _______________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1963____________________

1385-77, 20 cents
1385-2, 20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1963 1
______________________
Paterson—
Clifton^-Passaic, N.J., May 1964 1
__________
Philadelphia, Pa.— J ., Nov. 1963 1_________________
N.
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1964 1__________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1964 __________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 1_____ ____________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1964 1__________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964______
M
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 19631__________________________
__________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1963 1

1385-14,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1385-7,
1385-23,

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20

1385-12, 20 cents
1385-40, 25 cents
1385-34, 25 cents
1385-44, 25 cents
1385-43, 25 cents
1385-19, 20 cents
1430-3,
25cents
1385-68, 25 cents
1385-81, 25 cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 1___________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1963 ______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963______________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964 ________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1963 1__________________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Sept. 1963_________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1964 1__________
Savannah, G a., May 19641
____________________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964 ___________________________
__________________________
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1963 1

1385-60,
1385-21,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25
25
20
20

1385-9,
1385-13,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1385-10,

25
20
25
25

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1385-3,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1963 1
_____________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1________________________
Spokane, Wash., May 1964___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_____________________ ________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1963_____________________________
Washington, D. C .—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1963______________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1_______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963___________________________
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1963 __________________________
Worcester, M ass., June 1964 1
_______________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1_______________________________

1385-20,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1385-17,
1385-48,
1385-18,
1385-6,
1385-79,
1385-45,

25
25
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
25
25

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1964 1 _________
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 19641__________________
Allentown-Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., Feb. 1964 L
N
—
Atlanta, G a ., May 1964 1______________________________
Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1963---------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1964 1
_____________
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 19641
---------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
_________________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1963 1
___________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1385-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963 ____________________________
Burlington, V t ., Mar. 1964__________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641____________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 ____________________
Charlotte, N. C ., Apr. 1964 1 ________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a., Sept. 1963_________________
G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1964 1_____ ___ ___ ______
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1963 __________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963__________________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1385-5,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1385-11,
1385-25,

25
20
25
25
25

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1963_____________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaI ll., Oct. 1963 ______________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1_____________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1963 1
___________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1-----------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1964____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1963 ________________________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 19641
-------------------------------------Greenville, S .C ., May 1964 1_________________________
Houston, Tex., June 19641___________________________

1385-15, 25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1963 1----------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Feb. 19641--------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la., Jan. 1964------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1 -----------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1964 1 ___ ____
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk., Aug. 1963______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 1964 1 _______
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb 1964_______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1 __________________________
Manchester, N. H ., Aug. 19641
----------------------------------Memphis, Tenn., Jan 1964 1
----------------------------------------

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
25cents
25 cents

30
25
25
20

25
25
20
25
25
20
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
20cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
25cents
25 cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
20cents
25 cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102