View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

k

Occupational Wage Survey

HOUSTON, TEXAS
JUNE 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-81




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
HOUSTON, TEXAS




JUNE 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1385-81
August 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ctogue, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m o f annual
o ccu p a tio n a l w a g e s u rv e y s in m e tro p o lita n a re a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e data on occu pation al ea rn in gs, and e s ­
ta b lis h m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c te d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a rk e ts , fo r econ om ic re g io n s ,
and f o r the U n ited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e ra tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g es b y o ccu p a tion a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b ) the s tru c tu re and le v e l o f w ages am ong la b o r
m a rk e ts and in d u s try d iv is io n s .

W age tren d s f o r s e le c te d occu p ation al g ro u p s -------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n tly a re in clu ded
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on occu pation al earn in gs is
c o lle c te d an n u ally in ea ch a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h ­
m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w age p ro v is io n s is ob ­
ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a re a s .




E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scop e o f s u rv e y
and num ber studied-----------------------------------------------------------------In dexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al gro u p s,
and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s --------------------------

3

3

O ccu p ation al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occu pation s— e n and w o m e n ________________________ —
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu pation s—
m en and w om en ---------------------------------------------------------- —
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu pation s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ------------------------------------------ —
A - 4. M aintenance and p o w er plant o c c u p a tio n s ---------------------- —
A - 5. C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o ccu p a tion s___________

11

E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a ge p r o v is io n s :*
B - l.
M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s _____
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls -----------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------

13
14
15
16

B -6 .
B -7 .

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in d ivid u al a r e a b u l­
le tin p re s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r each la b o r m a rk e t studied.
A f t e r c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d ivid u a l a r e a b u lletin s fo r
a round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is issu ed .
The f i r s t p a rt b rin g s data f o r each o f the la b o r m a rk ets
stu died into one b u lle tin .
The second p a rt p resen ts in ­
fo r m a tio n w h ich has b een p r o je c te d fr o m in d ivid u al la b o r
m a r k e t data to r e la t e to ec o n o m ic re g io n s and the U n ited
S ta tes.

T h is b u lle tin p re s e n ts re s u lts o f the s u rv e y in
Houston, T e x . , in June 1964.
It was p re p a re d in the
B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in A tlan ta, G a ., by Jam es D.
G a rlan d , under the d ir e c tio n o f Donald M . C ru se, R e g io n a l
W a ge A n a ly s t.

4

H ealth , in su ra n ce, and pen sion p la n s ------------------------------P a id sick le a v e __________________________________________________

19
20

O ccu p ation al d e s c r ip t io n s ---------------------------------------------------

23

A ppendix:

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
a r e a s . (S ee in s id e back c o v e r . )
A c u rre n t r e p o r t on occu p ation al ea rn in gs and sup­
p le m e n ta ry w a ge p ro v is io n s in the H ouston a r e a is a lso
a v a ila b le fo r the m a c h in e ry in d u s trie s (M a r c h 1964). Union
s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
fo r bu ild in g co n stru ctio n , p rin tin g, lo c a l- t r a n s it o p era tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs .

iii

5
8
9

10




Occupational Wage Survey—
Houston, Tex.
Introduction
as fo r o ffic e c l e r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk schedules
(rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s
a re paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese occupations have been
rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk ets in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics conducts su rvey s o f
occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s alid re la te d w a ge b en efits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtained by p e rs o n a l v is it s o f B ureau fie ld
e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e estab lish m en ts w ith in s ix b roa d in d u stry
d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and o th er
pu b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and
r e a l e s ta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in du stry groups exclu d ed fr o m th ese
stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t op era tio n s and the con stru ction and e x tr a c tiv e
in d u s trie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d becau se they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occu p ation s studied to w a rra n t in clu sion . S ep a ra te tabu­
la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r each o f the b ro a d in du stry d iv is io n s w h ich
m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c te d occupations in w hich
both m en and w o m en a re co m m o n ly em p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c to r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is trib u tio n o f the s ex es am ong in ­
d u s trie s and esta b lish m en ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w when in d ivid u a l s a la r ie s a r e adju sted on this b asis;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , although the o c c u ­
pations a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ith in the sam e s u rv e y job d e ­
s c rip tio n . Job d e s c rip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in these
s u rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those used in in dividu al
esta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a sam ple b a s is b ecau se o f
the u n n e c e s s a ry c o s t in v o lv e d in s u rvey in g a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m inim u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a sed on the esta b lish m en ts studied a re p re s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the indu stry grou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p ation al em p lo ym en t e s tim a te s re p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a ll esta b lish m en ts w ith in the scop e o f the study and not the num ber
a c tu a lly su rv e y e d . B eca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p ation al stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f occu p ation al em p loym en t
obtained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied s e r v e only to
in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r ­
en ces in occu p ation al stru ctu re do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u ra c y
o f the e a rn in gs data.

O ccu pations and E a rn in g s
The occu p ation s s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie t y
o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u s trie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: (a ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l;
(c ) m ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu stod ial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set o f job
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take account o f in te r esta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sam e job . The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the occu pation s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
ta b le s becau se e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the occu pation is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i­
b ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l estab lish m en t data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d (in the B - s e r ie s ta b les) on s e le c te d
e sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and s u p p lem en ta ry w a ge p ro v is io n s as they
r e la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w o r k e r s who
a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a ra te w o r k fo r c e a r e exclu d ed . ’’O ffic e w o r k e r s ”
include w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r r e la te d fu nctions. ’’P la n t w o r k e r s ” include w o rk in g fo re m e n
and a ll n o n s u p e rv is o ry w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lead m en and tra in e e s ) en ­
gaged in n o n o ffice fu n ction s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re
exclu ded in m anu factu ring in d u s trie s , but included in nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s .

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo ym en t and earnin gs data a r e shown fo r
fu ll- t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ired to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iv e n o ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclu de p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h ifts . N o n p ro d u ctio n bonuses a r e exclu ded, but c o s t - o f- liv in g bonuses
and in c e n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re re p o rte d ,




M in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is ite d . T h ey a r e p re s e n te d in te rm s o f estab lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y p o lic ie s .

1

2
Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to p lan t w o r k e r s
in m an u factu rin g in d u s trie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (a ) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y , 1 p re s e n te d in te r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p re s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d s h ift at the tim e o f the
s u rv e y .
In esta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
app lyin g to a m a jo r it y w a s u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a tio n ’ ’o th e r " w as u sed. In esta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e
la te - s h ift hours a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h ou rs.
The schedu led w e e k ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as app lyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lish m en t. P a id h o lid a ys;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su ra n ce, and p en sion plans (ta b le s B -4
through B -7 ) a r e tre a te d s t a tis tic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f such w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c tic e s lis te d . Sums
o f in d ivid u a l ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rou gh B -7 m a y not equ al to ta ls
b ecau se o f rounding.
D ata on paid h o lid a y s (ta b le
B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid ays gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a r e p ro v id e d
fo r in w r itte n fo r m , o r (2) have been e s ta b lis h e d b y cu stom . H o lid a ys
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e inclu ded even though th ey m a y f a ll on a non­
w o rk d a y , even i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n te d an oth er day o ff. The f i r s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid ays ta b le p re s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h o le and h a lf
h olid a ys a c tu a lly gran ted . The second p a rt com b in es w h o le and h a lf
h olid a ys to show to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
Th e su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , exclu d in g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h e re b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a r e p ro v id e d a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com puting
v a c a tio n p a ym en ts, such as tim e p a y m en ts, p e rc e n t o f annual e a rn in g s ,
o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H o w e v e r , in the tabu lation s o f v a c a tio n p ay,
paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e rc e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d
as the eq u iva len t o f 1 w e e k ’ s pay.

1 An
conditions:
late shifts.
shifts during
late shifts.

establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the follow ing
(1 ) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
A n establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating




D ata a re p re s e n te d fo r a ll h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p en sion
plans (ta b le s B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b orn e by the e m p lo y e r , excep tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as
w o rk m e n 's com p en sation , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans include those u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce
com pan y and those p ro v id e d th rou gh a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly
by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p e ra tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s et
a s id e fo r this pu rp ose. D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu ded as a fo r m o f
life in su ran ce.
S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su ran ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh p aym en ts a r e m ad e d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r con trib u tes. H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d ed o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the re q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll p a y o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s p ay d u rin g ab sen ce fr o m w o r k
becau se o f illn e s s .
S ep arate tab u lation s a r e p re s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p ro v id e e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p resen ta tio n o f the p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v id e d
s ick n ess and accid en t in su ran ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n du plicated
to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both typ es o f b e n e fits .
C atastrop h e in su ra n ce, s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten d ed
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce, in clu des th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a se o f sick n ess and in ju ry in v o lv in g ex p e n s e s beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t ia l
paym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insu rance com pan ies o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T abu lation s o f r e t ir e m e n t p en sio n plans a r e lim ite d
to those plans that p ro v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts fo r the re m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
9 A n establishment was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e of s u rv e y and num ber stu died in Houston, T e x .,

T a b le

M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
ments in sco p e
of study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s ----- —--- ----------- . . . -----

W h o le sa le tr a d e _______ _____ _____ _________ _________________
R e t a il tr a d e ________ ____ — --------------------------------------F in a n c e , in su ra n c e, and r e a l e s t a t e --------------------------S e r v ic e s 8______ ——— -------------- -------------------- -----------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts

N u m ber o f esta b lish m en ts

W ith in sco p e o f study

W ith in
scope o f
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

1, 072

222

205, 400

36, 500

128,000

98,490

50
-

330
742

72
150

79, 600
125, 800

8, 100
28, 400

56, 900
71, 100

38, 120
60, 370

50
50
50
50
50

125
165
221
104
127

34
33
40
20
23

8, 600
6, 000
3, 800

18, 600
9, 500
32, 300

24,
7,
18,
5,
3,

— --------— ------------ ----

M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________________________________
N onm anu f a ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , ^com m unication, and oth er

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 June 1964

34,
19,
41,
15,
14,

900
300
800
200
600

(!)
( 6)

(I )
( 6)

250
750
900
620
850

1 T h e H ouston S tan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a co n sists o f H a r r is County.
Th e " w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f study" e s tim a te s shown in this ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu rate
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
Th e e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a ris o n w ith oth er em ploym en t in dexes
fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) plan nin g o f w a ge s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e s ta b lish m e n t data co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advan ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the scope o f the su rv ey .
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith tota l em p loy m en t at or a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A l l ou tlets (w ith in the a re a ) o f com pan ies in such in d u s trie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te r s a re c o n s id e re d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the s ep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e exclu ded.
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les. S eparate p resen tatio n
o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m a de fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s ep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple
w a s not d es ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s ep a ra te p resen ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r esen ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re re p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s g iv e n in fo otn ote 6 a bove.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile r e p a ir shops; m o tion p ic tu re s ; n on p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

In dexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu p a tion a l grou p s,
and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s , H ouston, T e x .
Index
(M a y 1961=100)

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
M a y 1961
to
June 1962

June 1964

June 1963
to
June 1964

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )--------------In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w om en )-----------S k ille d m ain tenan ce (m e n )____________________
U n s k ille d plant (m e n )--------------------------------

107.
106.
108.
114.

2
1
2
3

1. 5
2. 3
1.9
5 .5

3. 3
1. 8
2. 1
.9

2. 3
1.9
4 .0
7. 3

3. 2
4 .9
2. 8
1. 1

M an u factu ring:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )--------------In d u s tria l n u rses (m e n and w om en )-----------S k ille d m ain tenan ce (m e n )-------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n )--------------------------------

109. 0
107. 1
106. 2
114.0

.5
3 .0
1.7
4. 0

5 .4
3. 1
1. 3
1. 5

2 .9
.9
3. 1
8. 0

3. 2
6 .6
1. 6
2. 2

In d u stry and occu p a tion a l group

June 1962
to
June 1963

M a y I960
to
M a y 1961

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d exes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in gs o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r grou p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tria l n u rs e s , the p e r ­
cen ta ges o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o r k , that is , the standard w o r k sch edu le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r gro u p s , th ey m e a s u re changes
in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s , exclu d in g p re m iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and f o r w o r k on w eek e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
The
p e rc e n ta g e s a r e based on data fo r s e le c te d k e y occu pations and in ­
clude m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in each grou p.
T h e o ffic e c le r ic a l data a r e b a sed on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s: B o o k k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , accou n tin g,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g ra p h e rs , g e n e ra l; s te n o g r a ­
p h e rs , s e n io r; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s ; ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. T h e in d u s tria l nu rse data a r e
based on m en and w om en in d u s tria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed job s a r e inclu ded in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m e c h a n ic s , au to m o tive; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
d ie m a k e rs ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in gs w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occu p ation s. The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u rly ea rn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lie d by em p loym en t in each o f
the jo b s du ring the p e r io d s u rv e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d ea rn in gs




fo r in d ivid u al occupations w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g r e g a te fo r
each occu pation al grou p. F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n ta g e )
o f the grou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a te fo r the o th e r
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e rc e n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The
in d exes w e r e com puted by m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each grou p
a g g r e g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the b a se y e a r (1961).
T h e in d exes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and w a g e ch an ges; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job ; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w a g e s due to changes in the la b o r fo r c e
re s u ltin g fro m la b o r tu rn o v e r, fo r c e ex p a n sio n s, f o r c e re d u c tio n s ,
and changes in the p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l
w a g e changes.
F o r ex a m p le, a fo r c e exp a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o ccu p a tion and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a red u ctio n in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p osite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a could cau se the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to drop, even though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
esta b lish m en ts in the a re a .
Th e use of constant e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
The p e rc e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
T h e y a re not in flu en ced by
changes in standard w o rk sch ed u les, as such, o r by p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , H ouston, T e x ., June 1964)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of-^—

Average

S e x , o ccu p a tion , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Num ber
of
workers

*
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
43

and
under

$
45
“

$
St­

$

i

$

$

t

$

t

$

t

$

$

$

i.

$

t

$

60

65

7C

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

125

133

135

14 0

145

15

75

80

35

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

I5 r

over

1

31

15

33
4
29
8
7

92
12
8,
43
34

49
10
39
21
12

69
19
5.!
42.
6

43
15
28
23
1

44
19
25
16
8

25
7
18
9
8

23
5
18
10
8

10
2
8
1
7

14
2
12
5
5

3C
6
24
21
3

8
8
5
3

17
2
15
7

20
13
7
5

31
25
11
14

14
13
6
7

18
15
14
1

il
9
2
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
5
8
8

10
3
7
7

”

45
MEN

$

i

55

50

55

60

65

7u

-

-

-

-

-

-

$

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------- : -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

530
114
416
256
121

4C .0
4 C .0
4C.C
4C•0
4C .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

219
182
82
74

4 C .0
4 C .0
4C . 0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 8 .0 J
8 9 .5 0

109 .50
11 1 .5 0
1 )9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
111 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7
7
-

-

-

1
1

31
19
9

15
15
-

26
11
15
14
1

12
12
2
5

15
15
4
4

4
2

27
26
18
2

18
17
2
12

40
27
9
15

-

-

1

-

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

350
138
212
192

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0

9 7 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

-

1
l

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2

108
71
49

4 0 .5
4 C .5
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 9 7 .0 0
1 05 .50

OFFICE BOYS -----------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

227
187
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C • 0

5 9 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------

96

3 9 .5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2 ------------

169
145
34

4 C .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 )

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

124
82

4 0 .0
4C.D

6 9 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

6
6

39
39

20
20

B IL L E R S , MACHINE ( BOOKKFEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

95
82

4 C .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPEPATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

165
129
72

4C.Q
4 0 .0
40. J

8 5 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------•R ETAIL TRADE ----------------------

382
72
310
67

4 C .0
4 t .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

466

4C.D
4 0 .5
4 C• 0
4 C .0
4C . 0

9 6 .0 0
10 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

53
50
14

2
2
2

20
17
14

26
22
3

11
10
1
1

41
19
22
12

-

9
9
4

3
3
2

4
2
-

1
1
1

-

17
6
11
1

1 1 8 .0 0

97
76
32

-

2
2
2
8
8
-

-

-

2
-

25
6
19
19

58
12
46
46

54
27
27
27

30
1
29
29

12
6
6
6

4
1
1

11
5
2

2
1
-

21
17
17

6
6
6

8
3
3

8
7
7

1
-

-

7
7
7

4
4
4

2

1

7

13

8

5

5

11

7
6
4

6
4
3

11
9
9

4
2
2

-

2

5

.

.

-

13
-

2
2

-

56
14
42
17
12

12
10
2
1
1

18
6
12
5
1

19
5
14
11
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
24
23
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8
1
1

6
1
1

-

2

23
18
18

-

-

12

49
46
4

8

2

6

1

-

1
1

-

53
7r
33
33
-

4
1
1

1
1
-

2
1
-

14
14
5

21
21
4

19
19
1

26
20
1

18
6

7
6

12
-

5
-

4
3

4
-

17
9

5
5

7
5

9
9

22
22
20

23
23
12

13
4
-

21
19
14

3

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
6

80
10
70

57
14
43
3

59
9
50
17

31
17
14

36
6
30
4
1

71
24
47
1
9

53
3
50
4
8

70
22
48
1
18

32
4
28
14
6

31
6
25
8
2

14
13
1

2
-

-

-

-

7

7

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

.

.

.

.

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

3
3

1

27

-

25
14

2

1
1

5
5

24
24
2

1
-

WOMEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/tes at end
S ee fo o tn o
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

o f table,

1 12
354
80
78

7
7

6
6

17
17

9
9

10
10
-

16
4

26

12

26
3

1

87
4
83
19
3

10
10

21
3

2

-

-

1

3

27
4
2

-

1

-

11
8

2

2
6

2

2
6

9
4
5
5

4

3
4

-

5
4
l
1

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , Houston, T e x ., June 1964)
Average

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g stra ig h t -tim e w e e k ly ea rn in g s of—
$

%

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

workers

WOMEN -

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

45

S ex, occu pa tion , and in d u stry d iv is io n

4:)
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(standard) (standard) under

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

IOC

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

-

-

20
6
14
2
2
5

53
9
44
4
9
2

162
21
141
32
30
42

111
26
85
20
42
7

90
12
78
19
25
27

173
67
106
15
28
45

106
26
80
9
40
7

69
10
59
29
23
-

56
28
28
15
8
~

23
8
15
2
4
7

16
16
10
6
~

17
3
14
8
6
-

6
1
5
2
3
~

7
_
7
7
-

3
_

4
2
2

9
_

3
1
2
-

20
16

17
12

23
22

3
2

14
12

7
3

4
2

-

1
“

1
1

2
1

1
1

2
1

6
4
3

1
-

1
1
1

2
2
1

1
1

10
10
10

_
“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

125

130

135

%
$
$
140
145
150
and

140

145

150

over

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

925
219
706
168
246
142

4 c .:
4 0 .5
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 6 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 0 . 5C
7 0 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

104
78

4 0 .0
4 C .0

7 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2-----------

410
365
58

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

_
-

21
21
-

61
53
5

79
79
1

109
103
30

60
48
1

45
31
1

14
12
5

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

149
138

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 4 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

_
-

3
3

95
90

18
17

23
18

4
4

6
6

-

~

-

~

~

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

78
69

4C . 0
4C .0

7 5 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

_

_

13
13

1
1

2
2

14
12

7
4

21
21

1
“

-

10
9

_

-

7
7

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2----------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

314
93
221
1C6
53

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C .0
4 0 .5

8 8 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 ’
9 4 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

5
5
3
2

19
2
17
1
15

22
1
21
2
5

53
20
33
14
7

15
9
6
2
4

34
4
30
17
12

20
13
7
1
2

35
9
26
13
2

18
11
7
2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------R ETAIL TRADE ------------------

313
279
53
82
133

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 C .0
4 C .0
4 c .:

7 3 . 5C
7 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 j

_
-

_
-

16
16
16

14
14
1C
4

54
54
9
1
39

40
36
6
18
12

63
55
8
19
22

39
35
4
13
18

34
26
4
6
16

16
12
8
4

16
13
7
5
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A *
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL I T IE S 2 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

387
72
315
107
109

4 C .9
4 C .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

28
1
27
12

43
12
31
1
13

68
2
66
16
28

36
4
32
13
14

23
7
16
5
5

48
8
40
17
13

_

_

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

455
60
395
134
13C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C.C
4 C .0

7 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 1 . 5C
7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------

147
123
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 3 . 5C

SECRETARIES -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------R ETAIL TRADE -------------------

2, 343
637
1 ,7 0 6
465
552
107

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5
8 6 . 5C

See
fo otn otes at end


of table.

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

95
7
88
41
24

74
11
63
34
17

57
6
51
10
30

99
17
82
20
37

59
5
54
12
10

37
24
6

42
40
6

44
41
7

17
11
1

1
1
1

4
4
4

1
1
1

_

10

30
4
26

60
9
51

69
19
50
5
32
4

157
28
129
17
22
9

249
75
174
58
41
14

4
1
3
2
-

28
2
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
14

5

-

2

9
_
9
-

1

3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

-

-

2
-

11
2
9
6

31
31
30

17
2
15
10

13
5
8
3

2
1
1
1

1
1
-

13
11
5
5
1

2
1
1
-

-

2
2
2

_
-

-

74
10
64
47
2

23
15
8
5
3

11
5
6
2
4

6
2
4
1
3

7
2
5
5

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

2
2
-

1
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
1

3
3
1
2

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

2
2
2

2
1
1
1

2
1
1
1

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

—

_

1

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

218
53
165
37
73
2

118
65
53
?9
16
2

65
13
52
22
6

72
22
50
11
32
1

30
12
18
2
12

34
15
19
6
10

22
8
14
5
8

59
24
35
19
16

29
2
27
14
12

5
5
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1
1
1

198
49
149
19
66
17

277
60
217
47
46
15

202
50
152
42
47
8

243
52
191
81
47
8

119
44
75
36
25
8

Ill
35
76
29
32

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

7

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d o ccu pa tion s stu died on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , H ouston, T e x ., June 1964)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in gs o f—

A verage
»

S e x , o ccu p a tion , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Num ber
of
woikers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

40

$

45

50

55

$

t

*

60

65

$
70

$
75

$

$

%
80

85

90

$
95

100

%
%
105
n o

$

$
115

$
120

$
125

S

$
130

135

$
140

$
145

and
under

150
and

45

WOMEN -

$

50

_
-

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

_

6

-

-

22
2
20
7
5

101
2
99
44
19
2

222
20
202
67
30
21

118
18
100
47
17
2

201
32
169
64
30
15

143
54
89
30
31
4

116
46
70
11
32
4

90
44
46
4
23
2

34
26
8
2
3
2

37
16
21
18
2

25
14
11
9
2

12
6
6
2
4

4
3
1
1

6
6
-

13
13
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

29
29
15

85
85
39

104
3
101
38

150
6
144
44

167
33
134
55

62
22
40
19

49
6
43
15

59
29
30
8

16
10
6
1

26
12
14
11

5
5
2

3
2
1
-

6
1
5
1

1
1
-

_
-

~

4
4
4

2
2

-

_
-

4
4

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------R ETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------------------

1 ,1 5 3
305
848
309
199
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C .0
4C .0
4 C .0

$
7 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

787
124
663
264

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
102 .00
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------------------------------

380
69
311
65
109

4 C .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
4 C .0
4 C .5

7 2 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD O PERATOR-REC EPTIO NISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------------------------------

446
123
323
37
145
52

4C.G
40 . 0
4 C .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

7 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------

235
201
54

4C • 0
4C .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

T Y P IS T S * CLASS A --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------

646
133
513
135
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .G

7 3 .5 0
81.50
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------------------

1 ,0 4 3
180
863
186
188

4 0 .0
4C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 3 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
64.01

-

-

-

-

6
4

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

—

-

-

-

-

-

21
21
12

20

20

-

-

20

20

32
1
31

28
2
26

31
5
26
5
13

25
2
23
8
8

50
7
43
5
22

49
20
29
4
4

36
4
32
6
1

26
5
21
13
2

12
5
7
6
1

25
7
18
12

18
3
15
6

89
6
83
19
18
17

94
19
75
8
31
1G

61
2
59

41
24
17

28
17
11

14
8
6

19
8
11

9
7
2

9
4
5

1
1
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
12

53
17
36
10
18
8

17

11

6

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
2

56
43
12

23
21
14

65
53
14

27
27
8

14
14
x

4
4

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2
2
2

-

-

“

89
6
63
12
27

89
26
63
39
11

27
10
17
3
2

54
19
35
14
2

27
10
17
3
5

21
16
5
x

4
3
1

2
2
-

1
1
-

4
4

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

29
1
28
5
11

56
12
44
12
9

33
18
15
8
1

9
4
5
5
-

-

-

-

-

12

~

21

25

-

12
-

_
-

-

-

-

12

16
10
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

25
18

_

2

9

32

78

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

32
10

-

-

78
13
12

205
39
16b
40
21

3 30
49
251
63
31

195
41
154
5 ;
4?

1

1

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

84
17
67
3

16

317
29
2 88
35
69

-

_

~

9
9

-

9

-

-

9

-

-

9

-

Stan dard h ou rs r e fl e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o rr e s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly hours.
T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s .




_

T ab le A -2.

8

(A verage

P ro fe ssio n al and T echnical O ccupations—M en and W o m e n

s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu pa tio n s s tu died on an a r e a b a s i s
by industry division,

H ouston,

Average

Sex,

o ccu pa tio n,

and indu stry division

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

June

1 964 )

receiving s tra ig h t-tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs
$

*
Number
of
workers

Tex.,

65
W eekly
earnings 1 a n d
(standard) u n d e r
70

$
70

$

$
75

80

S
85

$

$
90

95

$
100

$
105

$
11 0

$

$
115

1 2C

$
125

t
13 0

$
135

$
14 0

$
145

S
o

%
150

155

$
1 60

$
165

$
170

%

$
175

1P0

135
an

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

1 20

125

130

135

140

14 5

150

155

16?

1 65

17C

17 5

180

185

over

MEN
$
154.00

-------------------------------------------

168

4 C .0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------------

73
95
67

4 0.0
4 0 .0
40 .0

743
375

4 C .0
4 C .0

125.00

368
249

40 .0
4 0 .0

125.00

-

1 2 4 . 5C

-

399
264
13 5

96

40. 0
4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 . 0C
8 8 . 50
96 .5 0
96 .0 0

74
54

4 C .0
4 C .0

113.5
121.00

DRAFTSMEN,

DRAFTSMEN,

LE AD ER

SENIOR

-------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------D R A F T S M E N , J U N I O R --------------------------------------M A N UF ACT U R IN G — —
—
— —
—
—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — ----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

2

153.00
1 5 4 . 5u
156.50

125.50

2

_

8
6
2
2

5
-

_

_

-

-

-

5

28
24
4
4

39
30
9
9

63
47
16

1

68

1 29

9

57

26

7

16

33

78
48

45
24
21
7

27
21

8

8

-

8
7

-

1
1

4
4

12
10

61
35

38
29

2

3

26

3
41

16

51
17
10

8

1

2

7
3

18
23
15

2

93
36

17
14

54
36
18
11

2

68
5?
16

5
3
2

-

1
1

51

2

5

2

9
8

12

“

1A

18

14

12
2
2

7
11
11

11
3
3

66

16
9

100
25

35
20

44
21

75

15

23

30
36

54

7

20

1

1
1
-

4

6

6

6
6

47

6
41
13
10

1
-

6

5

11

6

29

1
1

-

1
4

~

4

?

4
2

3
2

6

1
1

6
-

5
5
-

3
3
-

21
7
14
14

13
13
13

3
4
4

7

15
9

?C
13

7

2

7

10
-

13

5

-

6
6

6

2
2

~

~

1

1

2

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

1

1

2

“

*

5

_

1
1

1
1

?

_

_

_

_

_

WOMC's

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

_

1

Standard hours

2
3

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as fo llo w s:
3 at $185 to $190; 3 a t $195 to $200; a n d 3 at $200 to $205.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er public u tilities.




r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s

_

re c e iv e their r e g u l a r

straight-tim e

12

_

5

6
6

s a l a r i e s a n d t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .

_

2

T able A -3.

O ffice, P rofession al, and T ech nical O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

9

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex. , June 1964)
Average

Average
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O FFIC E

O F F IC E O C C U PA TIO N S— C O N TIN U ED

O C C U PA T IO N S

B I L L E R S , MA CH IN E ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------------------------------

$
139

4 0 .0

71.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------

5C
89
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

82.50
65.00
7 8.50

B I L L E R S , M A CH INE (B O O K K E E P I N G
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------------------------------

103

4 0 .0

7 1.50

90

4 C.0

6 9.50

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

334
55
279

4 C .0
4 0.0
4 C .0

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------------------------

53
82

4 C .0
40. v

-------------------------------------------

133

40. C

$
73 .0 0
74 .0 0
73 .0 0
8 0.00
7 7 .0 0
68 .0 0

D U P L I C A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPER ATOR S
( M I M E O G R A P H OR D I T T O ) ------------------------------

----------------------------

57

4 C .0

64 .5 0

50

4 0 .0

--------------------------------------

176
13 5
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0

85.50
82.00
8 6.50

BOOKKEEPING-M ACH INE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------------------------------

437

4 0 .0

6 8.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------

72
365
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C.0

7 5.50
6 7 .0 0
67.50

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------

996
770
336
199
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 5

TRADE

MANUFACTURING

------------------------------------

KEYPUNC H

OPERATORS,

108.00
85.50

888

4 0.0
4C .0

250
320
144

4C .C
4 C .0
4 C.0

1 ,144

4 C .0
4C.C
4 0 .0

110

4 C .0

-----------------------------------

109

4 0 .0

457
60
397
135

4 0 .0
40 .0
4 0 .0

72 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
71 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

TRADE

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------

131

4 0 .0
4 1 .0

O F F I C E B O Y S A N D G I R L S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

374
64
310

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4C.0

102

4 0 .0

WHOLESALE

T R A DE

73 .5 0

--------------------------------------

40 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------------------

37
145
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

7 1 .0 0
6 8.50
74 .0 0
6 6.50

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------------------

121

3 9 .5

117.50

NO NM ANU FA CTURING

OPERATORS,

U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

6 1 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

-----------------------------------

62

3 9 .5

5 7.50

2,367

100.50

7 1.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- ---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

642
1,725
484

4C.Q
4 C.0
40 .0
4 C .0

4C.0
4 0 .0

7 9.50
7 3.00

W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------------------

552
107

4 t.:

1,1 7 3
305

4C .0
4 0 .9

868

4 0 .0
40 .0
4C.0
4 1 .0

79 .5 0
9 9 . 00
7 6.00
76 .0 0
7 9 . 50
74 .5 0

124

4 C .0
4 C .0

9 1 .5 0
102.00

WHOLESALE

4 0 .0

95 .5 0

4 C.0
4 0.0
39 .5

9 3.50
100.00
8 9.00

235
201
54

4 0 .0

73 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 C .0

74 .0 0
75 .0 0

672
139
533

4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0.0

137
100

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

74.00
81 .5 0
7 2.00
7 3.00
7 7 .0 0

t044
180

4 0 .0
40 .0

6 3.00
6 6 .5 0

B64

4 0 .0

62 .5 0

187
18 8

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

65.00

D R A F T S M E N , L E A D E R --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

168
73

4 C.C

95
67

4 C.C
4C.Q
4 0 .0

154.00
153.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------------------------------------------

755

4 C.0

1 2 5 . CO

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------------

376
379

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

255

4 0 .0

125.50
124.50
124.00

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------------

TRADE

TYPISTS,

CLASS

A

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------- ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------------------TYPISTS,

CLASS

B -----------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------SECRETARIES

1C 4 .5 :
9 9 .0 0
106.50
192.5,
86.59

CLERK S, F I L E , CLASS
NONM ANUFACTURING

A --------------------------------------------------

112

CLERKS*

8

454
407
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3.00
62.50

4C .0

72.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

C -------------------------------------------------

149
138

4 C.0
40 .0

5 4.50
5 4.00

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------------------------

329
19 9

-------------------------------------------

4 C .r

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

672
265

4 C.0
4 C.0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

422
13 0

4C .0
4 0 .0

94.50
102.50

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------- ---------

29 2
155

4C .0
4 0 .0

9 1.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

38 0
69
311

4‘ • 5
v
4C .0
4 1 .0

7 2 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

71

4 1 .0

65
109

4 C .0
4 0 .5

8 4 . 5C
6 0.99

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E --------------------------------

64 .0 0

8 9.50

4 0 .0

9 3.50
99 .0 0
91.00
94.50

796

-------------------------

428
147
281
243

205
179
44
54

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
5 9.50

----------------------------------------------------------

7 8.50
7 8.00
8 2.00
83.00

$
7 3 .5 0
80 .5 0

447
124
323

8 7.00

K E Y P U N C H O P F R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

PUBLIC
, acc o un ting , class
b —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------

A -----------------

393
75
318

8 8.00
9 5 .5 0
8 6.00
92 .0 0

WH OLE SALE

103.50
102.50
108.50

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------------

PUBLIC

c l e r k s

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

TA BULATING -M ACHINE

--------------------------

WH OLE SALE

C O N T IN U E D

6 3 .5 0

TRADE

N O NM ANU FA CT URIN G
BOOKKEEPING-M ACH INE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccupation and industry division

O F F IC E O C C U PA T IO N S—

C OM P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

RETAIL

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccupation and industry division

FILE,

CLASS

----------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------CLERK S, F I L E , CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING
CLERKS,

CRDER

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------WH OLE SA LE

TRADE

Standard hours
Tran sportation ,




78

4 C .0
40 .0

98.00
8 0.50

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

RETAIL

TRADE

-------------------------------------------

r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
co m m u n ica tio n ,

and o th er p u b lic utilities.

52

4C .C

90 .0 0

PR O F E SSIO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
O C C U PA TIO N S

DRAFTSMEN,

DRAFTSMEN,

SENIOR

JUNIOR

154.50
156.50

---------------------------------------

404

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ----------------------------

264
140

4 C.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .C

101

4 0 .0

91 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 6.00
9 5.00

NURSES, IND USTRIAL (REGISTER ED ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

74
54

4C . 0
4C.C

113.59
121.00

s a l a r i e s a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s ,

10

T ab le A -4.

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations

(A verag e straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry divisio n

Average
hourly
Under
earnings 1 (
1.50

$
1.50

$
1.6C

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$

S

1.9 0

2.0 0

1.7 0

1.80

1 .9 0

2.0 0

2 .1 0

$

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—
$
2 .7 0

$
2.80

$
2 . 90

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3

$
2.2 0

2 .20

2.30

2 .4 0

18

2

6

2

6

1
5

2
2

3
3

14
14

_

31
2
29

2 .3 0

$
2.4C

t
2 .50

$
;> . 6 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 . 1C

3 .,00

3.10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

5

$
2.1 0

$
3 .2 0

1

I f
in

12

-

1

7

7

3
3

29
29

_

12
6
6

15
-

6
-

15

6

%
3 .3 0

S

%
3 .5 0

$
3.6 0

$
3 .7 0

S
3 .8 0

3.90

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

over

5

S
3.40

-

~

and

and

under
1.6C

2.50

2 .60

2 .7 0

3 .4 0

3.5 0

3 .60

16

1

70

102

3

1

98
97

75
72

30
30

130
127

123
123

29
17

5

6
6
-

14
14
-

23
5

6
-

27
20

_
-

18
16

6

7

-

-

-

-

$
281
NO NM ANU FA CTURIN G

1

--------------------------------------

52

2 .9 9

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

59 C
553

3.33
3 .3 3

337
79
258
76

2 .61
3 .01
2 .4 9
2 .7 5

480
429
51

2 .5 4
2 .5 7
2 .3 3

252
245

3.01
3.01

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

417
379

3 .3 9
3 .3 5

M E C H A N I C S , AUT OMO TIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

634
189

2.8 5
2 .9 5
2.81
2.8 1
2.7 8

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------NO NM ANU FA CTURING

--------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS,
MA MI IFACTI IP I MC
f i AI NUr Au 1U n l INO

T OO L RO OM
“

—

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 1 --------------------------------- 4
3
2
LiuniL u u A L u TO AA C
Nn J C C A • «- 1 KAI> C
ur r u A M ir c
n ^vn
|

* Air r
HA I r i ' CnlAINvtC
u a t ai tc a i

445
347
81
1,3 7 8

_

_

_

4

l

~
-

_

_

_

-

3
1

6
1

8
8

1

~

-

9

8
-

29

1

8
-

-

16
-

11
-

2‘
-

12
-

13
-

8

-

16

11

2

12

13

2
7

8

10
19

_

43
4
39

45
10
35

-

£

28

48

11
5

17
17

6

-

16
16

-

8
4

-

26

16
14

3

-

2

12

3

1 57
1 57

40
40

1
1

-

3

-

-

1,0 8 7
29 1

3 .08
2 .7 5

-

9
9

11
11

7
7

45
45

75
72

5
5

148
148

70
67

18
2

9
9

16

-

7
3
4

16
2
14
6
8

37
4
33

65
30
35

15

141
2
139
139

37
34
3

37
29
8

-

-

3
3
-

-

8

-

-

"

3

_

-

33
2

34
-

34
3

31
19

59
39

44
16

13
-

12
1

-

31
30

34
32

31
30

12
5

20
5
15

28
20

13
12

11
8

M I L L W R I G H T S ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

147
147

3.45
3.4 5

O I L E R S ________ ___ _____ —______________________________

112
111

2 .6 5
2.6 5

_

242
too

3 .2 5

-

643

-

2

-

-

----------------------------------------------

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE
MA MlU r A CTI IP T MC
H A n IF t 1UK X(Mb

--------------------------------—————————

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------------------------u a Ainr A r T i m y Air
. .
H A n iu rA v . I U K l n b —
———
—
—
- metal workers, m aintenance
U A A i i i r A r T n n r A t r ...............
H A IM U rA t 1 U K l l i b

sheet

T O O L A ND D I E MAKERS
MA l U r
n « l Ml IP A T T II ft f MT
t 1U A l H b

1
2
3
4

—

---------------------------------» •

50
53

3 .5 4
3 .54

218
214

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

5

_

_

_

_

_

9

63
8

~

1
1

1
1

42
41

_

3

4

113
17

44
13 0

14

12
13

92
1

6
6

_

_

_

14
14

3
3

14
14

-

7

1
1

9
11

102
2

2

184
184

24

_
1
1

6
6
_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

18
18

9

1

13

11

16
16

5

_

266
257
9

140
140

16
16

109
109

91
91

61

3 .23
3 .23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

49
-

29

2

-

25
4

2

_

_

_

49

-

4
1

£

2

23
23

_

286

296

-

-

4
4

-

-

17
17

2C
20
16
16

21

£

57
57

59
59

51

-

_
-

1

-

10

_

*

17
17

14
14

shifts.

_

9
9

14

1
-

-

-

24

2

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 6 at $ 3 . 9 0 to $ 4 ; a n d 1 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .3 0 .
Transportation,
com m unication,
and o th er p u b lic u tilities.
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as fo llo w s:
2 at $1 to $ 1 .1 0 ; a n d 6 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1 .3 0 .




_

14
16

-

16

5

2
13
10

20

33

104
-

3 .4 7

MANUFACTURING

6

-

30
o\
j

-

-

-

21
71
C1
.

-

-

-

103
96

10

-

1

61
61

10
-

-

1
-

-

10
10

6

-

-

20

1 nn

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

_

-

60

6
-

n

_

-

-

10

4
4

64
36
28

-

6

26
22

12
12

20
4
4

7
27

23
23

~

3
3

3

6

_

2
2
_

5
5

12
12

-

“

9
9

-

~
-

-

-

-

T able A -5.

11

C ustodial and M ate rial M o ve m e n t O ccupations

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
$
Number

Average

workers

earnings 2

O ccu pation 1 and industry d ivisio n
$

G U A R D S A N D WA T CH M EN --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

611
259

$
1 .10
1.0 9
1.76

$

$

$

$

$

$

1.10

1 .20

1.30

1.40

1.5 0

1 .70

1.8 0

1 .9C

$
2.v 0

$
2.10

$
2 .2 0

*
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2.60

$
2 .8 0

$

1.00

$
1.60

$

.9 0

3.0C

$
3 .2 0

t
3 .4 0

*
3.60

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1.10

1 .20

1.33

1.40

1.50

1.6 0

1 .7 0

1 .80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.3 C

2.4 0

2.6C

2 .80

3.0 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

over

$

under
.7 3

138
134

S

.8 0

$

an d
.60

ELEVATOR OPERATORS* PASSENGER
( W OM E N ) ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f—

S

.7 0

$
.6 0

8
8

8
8

_
-

_
-

---------------------------------------

352

2.25
1 .39

153

2 .72

-

40
36

_
-

27

_
-

243
42

59
16

19
11

14

-

17
-

-

41
30

26
23

2
2

~

_
-

17
17

27

~

201

43

8

14

17

3

11

3

~

-

~

----------------------------------------------

3
3

8
8

54
54

30

-

-

NONMANUFACTURING

“

3

-

~

-

17

-

17

~

~

5
1
4

54
40
14

4
-

28
26

52
51

4

2

1

-

-

27

-

26

51

-

17

~

GUAR DS :
M A N U F A C T U R IN G

2

WA T C H M EN :
----------------------------------------------

106

1.58

-

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S * A N D C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------------

2 ,735

1.54
2.09
1.2 9

52

43

80

28

2

183

166

52

43

80

28

2

18 3

W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------------------------

13 6
717

1.6 9
1.27

~

48

12

948
904

1.25
1.2 3

30
30

_
-

1 .51

_
-

_
-

65
3 ,033

1.7 4
1.75
1.73
1 .73
1.48

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

2 .0 4
2 .1 4
2.0 2

-

_
-

MANUFACTURING

JANITO RS,
P O R T E R S , A ND CL E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) ------------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------------

862
1 ,873
176

1 ,508
1 ,525
779

1.6 9

-

-

-

-

26

4

5

5

-

5
5

17
17

8
2

"

2

14 5
91
54
-

160

-

25

9

62
20
42

16
13
3

227

42

1
2
8

3

5

2
2

1
1

5
5

25
3
22

52
18
34

16

11
11

1
13

3

37

62
6?

11
11
7

18
18
16

4
4
4

13
a

1

_
-

-

_
-

1 42
98
44
36

432
188

34 0

196
134
62

14C
29

107
31

161

44
296
69

131

217
154

1 11
9C

76
72

30
-

63
-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

“

_
-

574
555
22
569
333
236
IC O
118

8

244
223
16

16

14
14

8

8

-

93

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------------

224
145

2.33
2 .4 4

17

8

5

7

4

-

12
-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------------------------

79
68

2.1 2

10
8

4
4

5
5

12
12




10
2

49
49

2.35

table.

“

-

2

143
143

2 .49
2 .1 7

of

1

2

_
-

86

end

-

-

7

1
29

150

at

2

-

16
33

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------

footn ote s

190
26

25
34

2.18
2 .6 6
1.9 9

See

44
6

23
95

334
96
23 8
68

2.11

50
20
8

8
1 09

-

-

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------------------------------------

64

58
2
2

11
26
1C 8

-

1.58
1.51
1 .58

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

216

139

-

136
86
65

1.91
2.02

13

50

93

-

PACKERS,

144

1

7C

30
109
50

-

2.12
1 .91

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------------------------

-

60

126
23

-

898
159
739
460
159

--------------------------------------------

-

45
42
3

166

-

-

13 9

ORDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------------------SHIPPING

-

85
46
39
32

168
113
55
25

184
58

214

TRADE

23

11
21 1
46
165
14

--------------------------------------------

RETAIL

41
31
10
3

16
281
35
246
6

-

-

-

42
524
12
512

-

-

1
1

-

_

“
8
8

_
-

9

11

-

-

-

9
-

10
-

9

11
10

9

10

156
42
114

10

34

1

4
5

22
41

22

17

11
11

3
3
3

7
2

14
9

-

14
9
7

1

14
-

26
-

28
-

20
-

14
14

26
3

28

_
~

9

27
29

2
7

18
18
18

15
15
8

13

2

6

13
9
3

2

-

6
3

2

3

_

_

_

1

13
4
9
2

-

9

~
_
-

19

1
27

20
5
15

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

3

13

18

11
2
2

9
9
9

7
13
4

93
-

40
6
34
24

56
56

-

16
10

6
1

-

-

90
90

17

-

-

-

~

~

-

~

~

”

5

4

_

_

_

_

_

234
140
94
66

48
34
14
14

141
48
93
85

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

119

26
-

1C
f?
2

-

11 5

54
54
54

64

“

52
108
1o

48
179

22
97

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

“

_
~

“

1

~

~

_
“

~

~

13
8
5

32

30
20
10

16

1
31
18
13

-

16

1
4

l
-

1-'

27
18

19
15

15
15

30

9

4

“

4

9

4

1
8

28
27

36
29

1

7
7

7

-

16

-

8

_

88
9

26
26

8
8

1

~

-

2C
20

3
3

4
4

1

~

—
~

~

22
13

1
1

5
5

“

~

“

9
3
6
6

-

15

9

9
7

2
-

3

2

?

-

2

2

18

14

16
2
p

11

-

_
-

6
6

12

T able A -5.

C ustod ial and M a te ria l M o ve m e n t O ccupations— C ontinued

(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
*
Average
• 60
.7 0
hourly Under
earnings 1 $
2
and
.60 under

$

$
.8 0

.90

$
i.:o

$
1.10

$
1.20

$
1.30

$
1.40

$
$
$
$
1 .50 1.60 1.70 1.80

$
$
1.90 2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
$
$
2 • 2C 2 .3 0 2 .4 0

$
$
$
$
2 • 6G 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

*
3.60

2 .2 0

2 .30

2 .80

3 .6 0

over

-

1
1
-

.70

T R U C K D R I V E R S 4 ---------------------- -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ * -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G — --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------RETAIL

TRADE

-------------------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS* L IG HT (UNDER
1 - 1 / ? T O N S ) -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T RA D E ------------------------------------------T R U C K O R I V E R S * M E D I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY (O V E R 4 T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ---------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T RA D E ----------------------------------T R U C K D R I V E R S , HEAVY
O T H ER T H AN T R A I L E R

(OVER 4 TONS,
T Y P E ) --------------------

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P . I N G -------------------------------------WHOLESALE

1
2
3
4

T RA D E

-----------------------------------

3,289
732
2,557
962
810
668

$
2.20
1.92
2.28
2.9C
1.93
1.79

826
167
659
172
364

1.65
1.92
1.58
1.5 6
1.53

1,752
507
1, 245
771
281
193

2.33
1.94
2 .49
2 .9 7
1.61
1.89

.8 0

.9 0

i.C U

1.10

1 .20

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

-

-

4
4

-

12
12

108
108

185
82
1C 3

-

~

-

-

“

~

12

32
54

44
59

286
45
241
4
114
118

168
70
98
73
25

132
75
57
8
24
14

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

~
_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

_

_

_

.
-

-

“

2.00

2.10

199
41
158
35
68
35

155
13
142
29
113

45
15
30
8
12

74
43
31
7
9

101
45
56
3
38
15

115
85
30
3
17

2 .4 0

178
76
102
9
52
21

176
20
156
2
145
9

2 .6 0

160
20
140
70
70

78
41
37
21
16
”

32
12
20

_
-

6
6
-

-

~

~

”

40
40
-

593
10
583
583
-

13
13
-

~

~

9
1
8
“

136
136

74
74
52

67
12
55
6
49

142
3
139
34
100

77
10
67
54
13

33
15
18
3
~

40
30
10
8
2

92
23
69
41
8

119
5
114
24
90

26
11
15
2
3

24
5
19

17
4
13

47
17
30

4

3

9

~

_
-

32
32

98
70
28

140
42
98

89
60
29

64
30
34

32

18
10

80
18

17
12

20
14

59
14
45
3
29
13

94
17
77
35
15
27

29
2
27
5
22

15
15
6
9

36
31
5
5

97
81
16
3
13

131
59
72
8
52
12

31
15
16
2
7
7

82
14
68
68
~

108
8
ICO
69
31

1
1
—

_

145
5
140
138

248
3
245
160

20
20
—

-

-

-

~

-

“

14
14
-

755
16
739
739
“

13
13
—
“

"
_

-

-

l
1
-

_
-

_
-

”

—

_

18

-

-

”

18
18

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

29

20

-

-

4
4

74
74
16

63
40
23
19

36
36
-

28

41
41
-

44

16
11

12

31

68
-

90
44

56
48

10
10

68

46

38

44

139
78
61
-

79
77

5
5

52
52
-

_
-

_
-

2.50
1.77
2 .56
2.35

“

~

56

2.83

-

-

-

-

-

833
44 5
388
161

2.21
2.37
2.02
2.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

30
30
-

-

~

1
1
-

~

4

24
24

13
1
12
12

7
6
1
“

19
25

5

_
~

13
6
7
7

2

-

—

3C
1
-

2
-

8
-

_
~

_

-

-

641
53
588
335

_

-

3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

19

344
31
313
68
160
85

12
12
12

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d rivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




1.90

_

_

-

1 .70 1.8C

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

13

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f esta blish m en ts stu died in a ll in d u stries and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e rie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , H ouston , T e x . , June 1964)
In e x p e rie n c e d typ is ts
M an ufactu ring
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u stries

O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 1
2
M an u factu ring

N on m anu factu rin g

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u stries

Nonm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
schedu les

40

A ll
sch edu les

40

222

72

XXX

150

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m --------------------

68

22

21

46

40

u nder $ 4 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
u nd er $ 4 5 . 00--------------------------------------------u n d er $4 7 . 50--------------------------------------------u n d er $ 50. 00--------------------------------------------u nd er $ 5 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
u nder $ 55. 00------------------- -----------------u nd er $ 57. 50— --------------------------------------u nd er $ 6 0 .0 0 --------------------------------------------u nder $ 62. 50--------------------------------------------u nder $ 6 5 .0 0 — ----------------------------------------u nd er $6 7 . 50--------------------------------------------u nd er $ 7 0 .0 0 --------------------------------------------u n d er $ 7 2 . 50___________________________________
u n d er $ 7 5 . 00------------------------ ------------------u n d er $ 7 7 . 50--------------------------------------------u nd er $8 0 . 00___________________________________
o v e r -----------------------------------------------------------

_
1
24

_
1
22
3

_
1
21
2
4
4
3
3
1
1
-

3

3

3

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------

29

11

XXX

18

XXX

40

18

XXX

22

XXX

E sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------

125

39

XXX

86

XXX

90

25

XXX

65

XXX

E sta b lis h m e n ts s t u d ie d -------

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 80. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-------------------------------

5

7
9
6

4
1
4
2
2
1
2

2
2
1
4
3
1
1

3
2
1
2

_
2
1
1
4
3
1
1
3
2
1
2

6
5

3
3
1
2
-

A ll
sch edu les

40

A ll
sch edu les

40

222

72

XXX

150

XXX

92

29

28

63

57

1
1
2
43
4

_
5
2
1
4
3
2
1
5
2
1

_
5
1

1
1
2
38
2

1
1
2
36
1
3

6

10
5

7
1
6

2
1

1 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a lly esta b lish ed m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid fo r standard w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g i r l .
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a l l stand ard w ork w eek s com bin ed, and fo r the m o st c o m m on standard w o r k w e e k r e p o r te d .




1

5

4
3
2
1
5
2
1

6

6

2

2
4
1
-

5

1
-

14




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and amount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
H ouston, T e x . , June 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m an u facturing plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In esta b lish m en ts h aving fo rm a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

Second sh ift
w o rk

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift w ork

Second sh ift

89.4

76.3

19.3

7. 2

W ith sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------

85. 1

76. 3

18.4

7. 2

U n ifo r m cen ts (p e r h o u r )---------------------------

80. 6

72.7

17.8

7. 2

1.9
3 .7
9. 3
14. 3
26. 1
9 .3
10.7
. 5

_
1.8
1.9
1. 3
1. 5
1. 1
9.2
1.9
21.6
1. 6
2.7

T o t a l --------------------------

---------------------------------

4 cen ts _____ ________ ___ _______________________
5 cen ts — --------- ---------- _
--------6 c e n t s -------------------- ----------- --------7 c e n t s ______________ __ __ , n .______________ „
_ ,_
8 c e n t s ________________________ _____________ _
9 r.Pint.s
10 c e n ts _______________ _______________ ____
11 ce n ts ------ --------------------- ---------------12 rc>nt;A
.
. ..
_
I 2 V2 c en ts_________ _ __ ______________ __
13 riants

I 3 V3 ce n ts __________________ ______ ___ ___ __
I 3 V2 ce n ts ____________________________________
14 c en ts___ __ ____________ __________________
15 c e n ts ------------------ --------------------- —
r.fvnf-.s

18 ce n ts -----------------------------------------------------------262 3 ce n ts -------------------------------------------------------/
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ------------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 72 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ---- ----------- ----- ---------------15 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------W ith no sh ift pa y d i f f e r e n t i a l--------------------------

-

1. 6
1. 0
1. 3
.8
-

4. 5
2 .6
-

.9
1. 0
4 .3

-

1. 3
2. 3
1. 2
17.7
4. 5
1.0
3.6
2. 0
.7
1. 0

.2
.4
2 .8
3.8
4 .7
1. 8
2.7
.1
-

.3
.4
. 5
.3
"

.6
.2
-

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

_
-

. 1
.2
.3
. 1
.4
.5
1.8
.2
.3
.3

. 1
2. 3
.6
. 1
-

.4
.9

1
In clu des e s ta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and esta b lish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e ve n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts .




T ab le B-3.

Scheduled W e e k ly H ou rs

(Percen t distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled w eekly hours
of firs t-s h ift w orkers, Houston, T e x ., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e ek ly hours

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 5 h o u r s -------------------

--------------------------------------------------------

3 7 l/2 h o u r s ------------ ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ---------------------------------4 0 h o u r s __________________________________ __________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s --------------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s --------------------------------------4 8 h o u r s ________ ______________________________________________

P L A N T W ORKERS

All
industries1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

All
.
industries3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
-

-

2

-

3

4
-

-

-

91
5

98
2
-

87
1
-

92
4
-

5
1

2
-

2

2

(4 )
4
1
90
3
1
1
c>
(4 )

(4 )
1
-

1
-

8
86
3
1
(4 )

91
3

Manufacturing

(4 )
77
3

6

3
5

-

7
2

|

|

Public ,
utilities 6

Wholesale
trade

1
80
10
6
3

_________________ i ________________ _________________ I ________________ 1
_
i
_

1
2
3
4

Includes data for finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s ervices , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.

Retail trade

100

4
61
5
6
8
12
4

16




T able B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All
industries1

A ll w o rk e rs ------------------------------------------------------------

W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
paid h o lid a y s __ _.. . ___________________ __ ________
W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
no paid h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities^

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

99

(4)

(4)

(4)
9
(4)
(4)
38
2
2
27

(4)
7
(4)
1
21
5
4
33
1
28
-

AH
industries1
3
2

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

93

96

95

97

90

“

(4)

7

4

5

3

10

.

1
36
40
23
-

6
13
(4)
24
(4)
1
30
-

_

c>
(4)
17
(4)

5
4
(4)
19
2
32
33
-

1
3
56
1
24
9
3

15
27
31
17
-

"

(4)

■

"

~

_
-

n
0

_
3
3

-

12
12
36
36
92
92
96
96
96
96
97

17
17
48
48
75
78
78
78
90

N um ber of days

L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------- 5 h o lid a y s ___________________________ __ _____________
5 holidays plus 1 half day------------------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half days -------------. . . . ----6 h o lid a y s _________ ________________________ _________
6 holidays plus 1 half day------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days ._ —
_ ------- -----7 holidays - __
------- 7 holidays plus 1 half day__________________________
7 holidays plus 2 half days
------ — — --------7 holidays plus 3 half d a y s ---------------- _ — ----8 h o lid a y s _. . . . ___ .. . __ ______ __ ____ ____ . . . . __ _____
9 holidays -_______________ —.. . ___ ______ __ ________
10 holidays------- ------ .
------------------ -----

£>
(4)
(4)
17
(4)
2

.
1
1
16
2
52
28
-

8
41
2
26
20
3

•

6
15
1
57
15
(4)

Total holiday time 5

9 days or m o r e _____ ______ ____ _.. . . . ___
8V2 days or m o r e ____________________ __ _________ _
8 days or m o r e ___ _____________________ _
7 V2

days or m ore ...__....________ ____ _______
7 days or m ore ._ _. ._
-----__
----- .
6 V2 days or m ore ------- — ---- - ----- ----6 days or m ore —
— - — -----5 V2 days or m o r e .
_
------— . . . .
5 days or m ore __
4 days or m ore _______ _____ ________ ______ ______ _
3 days or m ore ______________ ___________ _____ ___
2 days or m ore _ — ------ _
__ ------ 1 day or m ore

1
2
3
4
5
includes

Includes

data

fo r

finance,

insurance,

_

2
3
3

_
-

_
-

3
3

20
20
50
52
90
91
99
99
99
99
99

28
29
66
71
92
93
99
99
99
99
99

28
28
80
82
98
99

23
23
50
50
92
92

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s ,

_

23
23
63
63
99
99
99
99
99

(4)
18
18
49
49
74
74
87
87
88

89
93

in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s

_

(4)

-

(4)
(4)

33
33
68

15
15
72
74
89
89
95
95
95
95
95

68

87
87
91
91
93
96
96

.
_

shown separately.

Transportation,
com m unication,
and other pu blic utilities.
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s i n a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s t h a n 0.5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s that a d d to the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f
those w ith 7 fu ll d a ys an d no h a lf d a ys,
6 fu ll days and 2 half days,
5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on.

w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a total of 7 d a y s
P ropo rtio n s
w ere
then cu m u la te d .

17
T ab le B-5.

Paid V acation s

(Percen t distribution o f office and plant workers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Houston, T e x ., June 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A H w o r k e r s _________________________________________

All 2
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

All
.
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
( 5)
-

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

98
96
2
1
-

99
95
3
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
96
1
3
-

( 5)

"

-

-

2

1

1

"

-

2
33
5
1

5
31
1

_
25
9
1

4
18
4
4

24
5
2

3
13
1
( 5)

5
6
-

34
1
3

4
10
( 5)
1

19
3
-

29
1
70
( 5)

33
( 5)
67
-

_
35
65

28
72

_
60
2
34
5

1
64
3
30
1

67
3
28
"

59
36
"

_
73
27

2
67
2
26
3

_
6
5
88
( 5)

_
6
3
91
-

_
1
18
80
-

.
7
93
-

_
29
4
63
5

1
33
8
56
1

32
13
53
-

_
26
9
64
-

_
32
68
-

2
41
3
50
3

2
1
94

5
3
81
11

-

_
1
99
-

6
2
87
5
-

1
11
6
79
1

10
11
77
-

_
3
1
96
-

( 5)

1

-

_
5
9
87
_
-

2
18
2
75
3
-

_
1
99
-

_
5
2
88
5
-

1
11
7
79
1

_

3
1
96
-

_
5
9
87
-

2
17
3
75
3
-

_

_

3
2
87
5
4

1
8
3
82
1
4

_

1

2
13
3
75
3
3

Method of payment
W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
paid vacations___ ___ _______ _____ ____ __ _________
L en g th -o f-tim e paym ent--------------------------P e rcen tage p ay m en t--------------------------------------F la t-s u m paym ent-----------------------------------------O t h e r------ _
—
- --------------W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations----------------------------------------------Amount of vacation pay 6
A fte r 6 months of service
U n der 1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------1 w eek — ——— — — — — — —— — — — — — —— —
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________ _____________________ -

"

_

_

_

A fte r 1 y ear of service
U nder 1 w eek — —
1 w e e k ---------------- —
O v e r 1 and under 2
2 w eeks
,
, ,
O v e r 2 and under 3

—— —
————————— —
--------------- ------------- ------------w e e k s __________ —____________
.,,,
...
. .
weeks — ___
____ __ _ _

A fte r 2 y e a rs of service
Unde r 1 w e ek
1 w e e k ------------------O v e r 1 and under 2
2 w eeks — — ——
O v e r 2 and under 3

f.............
......
, ,
,
------- ------- ------- ----- — —
w e e k s ----------------------------------————
——— — —
—
w e e k s ------------------ ----------------

A fte r 3 y e a rs of service
U n d er 1 w e e k _____ _____________________ ________
1 w e e k _____ __ —
____ ___ ______ ______ _—____ ____
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ____________ —__ —______
2 w e e k s _—— —— __ __ ___ _________________ ____
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ __________ ___ _ _
3 w e e k s ------- ------—_____ _______
___

( 5)
2

( 5)
100
-

A fte r 4 y ears of service
U nder 1 w e e k ________
__
________________ —
1 w e e k ____________________ _______ _____ _____
.. .
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________ ___ —
2 w eeks — ____________ _ ________ ________
_ „
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ______________________ — _ ____________

_
2
1
94
( 5)
2

_
5
3
82
11

_
( 5)
100
-

( 5)

9
11
77
1

A fte r 5 y e a rs of service
U n der 1 w eek
.
___________ ___ —
____ ______
1 w eek —__ _________ .-T
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________________ —
2 w eeks —— ——__ ____—
—_____ — _— —___ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________ ___ —
3 w e e k . ------------------------------------------------------------------




See footnotes at end of table.

_

1
1
92
3
4

_

2
2
82

_

( 5)
100

-

-

14

"

-

99
-

'

_

-

5
5
83

3
1
96

-

-

6

'

5
95
-

~




T ab le B-5.

P aid V a ca tio n s1— C ontinued

(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
PLANT WORKER8

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
AU ,
industries*

_
i
(5)
52
1
45
( 5)

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
3
2

W
holesale
trade

_
2
(5)
40
57

_
_
44
_
56

_
1
66
3
31

Retail trade

AU
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

_
3
2
52
5
38
“

1
8
2
47
1
40

_
3
_
55
41

_
5
_
70
4
21

2
13
3
54
3
25

“

_
5
2
35
1
56
“

“

“

"

_

1
8
2
38
2
49

_

_

_

5
2
25
1
66

3

5

-

_

46
1
49

2
13
3
48
3
30

Amount of vacation p a y 6— Continued
A fter 10 y ears of service
Under 1 w ppk',.................
■ ■
, ||
M
1 w eek ----------- ----------- —
— ------ —
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks -------------------- ----- —
2 weeks _________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------ — ------ - ------- ~
----4 w e e k s ----------------- — ----- -------------- ------ -------

“

-

,

A fter 12 y ears of service
_

_

1
45
2
50

3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________

1

2
( 5)
25
66

4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)

-

Under 1 w eek--------------------------------------------------------1 w eek----------------------------—-------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 weeks
_ ------- - -----------2 w eeks _____ _____ ___________ ___ _____ ______________ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
-------— — -----3 w eeks - ------- ------- — ~ ----- — ---------------Over

A fter
Under

2 weeks -

2w e e k s

15 y e a r s

----------------------------------------

20 y e a r s

-----------

2

4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
23
70
4

1
1

23
52
( 5)
24

1
2
1

3 w e e k s ______________ ________ ______________________ ___________

39

O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s ________ ____ _____________________ ________________ ____ _

(5)
30

2 w e e k s ________________________________________________

O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------After

30 y e a r s

2

O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s ______________ _____ ________ ____ ________________________

4

38
4
58
_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5
24
71
-

19
45
34

52
4
39

3

_

17
74

9
90
_

6

( 5)

1

1

5

31
64
_

39
51
5

4

-

1
0
25
61

1
1

7
16
74
-

2

1
2
84
-

( 5)

3
-

_

1

3
17
41
_

9
70
_

31
35
_

40

2
1

33

5
39
36
5
15

1
0

3

16
40
_

1
2

5
24

39

58
_

50
_

24

36

27

2
1

1
1
19
45
14
3

24

1

7

19
45

2
2
3

8

1

3

_

17
33
_

9
57
_

31

41

34
-

6

5

37

39
17
5
34

-

-

31
_

1
0

3

24

16

1
2

5
24

28

29
_

37
_

40
_

35

47

47

32

-

-

-

-

-

3

19
45
14
3

1

7

2
0

of s ervice

U n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
w e e k s _________________________ ________________________ ______ _
3 w e e k s - ______ _____ ________ __________________________________ _

Over

3
2
43
5
47

of serv ice

2 w e e k s __________________________________________________________

Under

_

1
56
3
41

of s e r v ic e

U n d e r Z w e e k s ■■
■.
weeks
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______ ______________________

A f t e r 25 y e a r s

6

-

of s e r v ic e

- --------------- ----------- ---------------- -------------- -------3 weeks
------------------- — — --------- -------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fter

( 5)

w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
1
39
( 5)
30

8

1

3

_

17
33
_

9
57
_

31
31
_

41

34

37

6

-

5
39
17
5
34

1
0

7
16

1
2

28

29
_

37
_

5
24
40
_

35

47

47

32

-

-

-

24

1

_

2
0
-

1 Includes basic plans only.
Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sab b atical" benefits beyond basic plans
w o rk e rs with qualifying lengths of service.
T ypical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum,
and can
industries.
2 Includes data for finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
i Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for re a l estate and serv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time b a s is ; for
exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings w as considered as 1 w eek 's pay.
P e rio d s of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e c e s s a rily reflect
the individual p rovisions for p ro gressio n s.
F o r exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in p ro visio n s o ccu rrin g
between 5 and 10 years.
E stim ates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receivin g 3 w eeks' pay or more after 5 years includes those who rec e iv e 3 w eek s' pay
or m ore after few er years of service.

to

T ab le B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and P ension P lans

(P ercen t of office and plant w o rk e rs in a ll industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Houston, T ex., June 1964)
OFFICE W O RK E RS

Type of benefit

AH
industries1
2

P L A N T W O RK E RS

100

100

100

100

96

99

92

60

36

62

76

70

71

21

43

3

51

58

57

9

6

94
94
72
78
72

----------

100

69

----

Retail trade

52

w o r k e r s ---------------

Wholesale
trade

94

A ll

Manufacturing

P u b lic,
utilities3

91
91
66
69
78
2

All
4
industries45

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

88

89

91

94

84

88

40

51

58

49

56

39

78

67

78

54

65

60

23

23

36

56

16

27

19

57

28

20

12

24

39

21

9

2

35

17

18

19

11

21

93
93
73
94
75
1

97
97
74
83
63
1

87
87
44
55
52

87
87
62
50
55
7

90
90
72
48
65
7

95
95
66
72
70
4

89
89
67
53
46
8

83
83
51
47
40
2

W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing:

A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
Sickness and accident insurance or

.m r lr r p e c an d a r r i d p n t in e iir a n r p .

_ ---

Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
Sick leave (p a rtia l pay or
w a i t i n g p p r in H )

............

No health, insurance, o r pension plan ______

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those le g a lly required, such as w ork m en 's compensation,
so c ia l security, and ra ilro a d retirem ent.
2 Includes data for finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 T ransportation, communication, and other public utilities.
i
4 Includes data fo r re a l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w o rk ers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown sep arately below .
Sick leave plans are lim ited to those
which definitely establish at least the minimum num ber of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allow ances determ ined on an
individual b a sis are excluded.







T a b le B -7.

P aid S ick L eave

(P ercen t distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick leave provision

All .
industries

M
anufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

100.0

100.0

W o rk ers in establishm ents providing
fo rm a l paid sick leave
W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing no

—

100.0

100.0

59.8

64.5

66.7

35.5

33.3

41.0

Public 2
utilities

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100.0

|

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

63.3

59.0

40.2

A11 workers,,,,,,.

Retail trade

All 3
industries

37.3

30.3

43.2

49.8

42.0

36.7

62.7

69.7

56.8

50.2

58.0

12.9
12.9
6.3
2.4
2.5
1.8
14.9
2.0
12.9

Type and amount of paid sick
ieave provided annually
i

|
Uniform p la n :4
No waiting period —--------------------- -------------------F u ll pay * __
3 days.__________ ____________ ______ ___ ___

10 d a y s____________________________________
12 d a y s_____________ ___________ — -----------20 days
24 days
_ _
F u ll pay plus p artial pay
P a r t ia l pay only
Waiting p e r io d __ __ ___ __ . . . . __ .. . . . ------ -— -----F u ll pay
F u ll pay plus p a rtial p a y ___________________
P a r t ia l pay only__ ... . . . . . . ________...------ -------

19.3
19.0
.8
2.9
2.4
.6
5.1
5.1
.6
.5
.2
.1
.2
2.9
.3
2.6

22.2
21.1
2.0
.2
_
6.5
9.7
1.0
.3
.7
2.9
2.9

9.7
9.7
1.7
4.0
4.0
-

31.1
18.7

36.6
20.1
1.3
2.4
3.0
.9
1.8
2.8
6.5
16.5
5.9
8.2

47.6
29.4
13.8
5.3
10.3
18.2
16.1
2.2
9.3

■

26.7
26.7
9.9
9.3
2.2
2.3
2.8
■

20.2
20.2
5.3
4.5
1.6
3.5
1.5
2.1
21.1
2.6
18.5

10.2
9.4
2.2
1.8
.2
.6
1.8
1.7
.3
.2
.4
.8
8.1
2.8
.2
5.1

5.6
3.9
.5
2.8
1.7
7.2
3.1
4.1

5.1
5.1
.7
4.5
5.0
5.0
”

24.7
24.7
8.3
7.9
1.8
3.8
2.9
5.8
3.2
2.6

8.1
3.6
3.6
-

10.0
3.9
1.8
1.3
.2
.1
.3
5.3
.8
1.0
3.1
.8
8.7
3.0
2.4
3.3

8.5
.5
.5
6.2
6.2
1.9
9.0
3.3
5.4
.3

14.2
12.6
11.0
1.6
.5
1.1

12.3
9.6
2.6
2.6
1.1
3.4
2.6
2.6

'

Graduated p la n 4— A fter 1 year of servic e:
F u ll pay ’ _

.3

5 days.
_
---- 6 days
10 d a y s ____________________________________
26 d a y s____________________________________
30 days
_
------40 days
F u ll pay plus partial pay 5 __
-------------------- --- ------------------------5 days
20 days
P a r t ia l pay only___ ____ __ ____ __________ .....
Waiting period
F u ll pay plus p artial p ay ___________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ....._______________________ —

See footnotes at end of table.

5.1
.4
4.7
1.3
2.8
.6
1.4
12.4
.3
6.8
4.6
-

-

6.0
3.3
2.7

2.8
1.6
-

1.1

28.2
14.1
4.4
2.3
.8
6.6
14.1
14.1
1.5

-

-

9.3

1.5

-

4.5
2.7
-

13.9
13.9
-

-

18.9
-

18.9

-

4.9
-

4.9

8.1
3.4
3.4
-

4.7
3.3
-

6.1
6.1
-

Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave— Continued1
(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, Houston, Tex., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick leave provision

PLANT WORKERS

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

35.4
18.5
3.9
.8
1.8
.8
2.0
.4
.6
2.8
1.4
16.9
.3
.7
1.5
1.1
4.1
2.2
2.1
3.5
2.3
1.8
.3
.3

36.6
17.2
.7
2.5
_
2.0
2.8
1.8
6.5
19.4
3.0
4.9
1.2

57.0
29.4
13.8
5.3

30.8
16.7
1.5
3.5
5.1
6.6
_

6.6

6.0

Retail trade

All ,
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

22.0
3.6
3.6
_

14.6
4.0
.9
.2
.5
.4

8.5
.5
.5
-

33.1
12.6
_
1.6
-

14.4
11.7
3.2
5.2
_
3.4

14.2
3.4
3.4
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
10.8
3.3
_
6.1
_
_
_
_
_

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually— Continued

G raduated p la n 4— After 10 y ears of service:
No waiting p e r io d -------------------------------------------F u ll p a y ^ ----------------------------------------- -------10 d ays________________ — _____ ______
15 d ays---------------------- -------------------------20 d ays______________________________ - —
30 day s_____ __ ________ _____________ _____
43 d ays____________________________________
52 days--------------------------------------------------65 days— — ________ ____ _____ __ ____ — —
80 H^ys
_
_
90 d ays__________________ __________ _____
152 d a y s ___________ __ ________ __________
F u ll pay plus partial pay 5------------------------5 d a y s --------------- --------------------------- ---25 d ays_______________________________ ___
50 d ays_______________________ __ _______
55 days ____ ___ _____ ____ __ _______________
6 0 dayS— — —— ——
—
—
—
70 days ___________________________ ________
80 days-------------------------------------- —
130 d a y s ------------------------- — ---------------P a rtia l pay o n ly ----------------------------------------W aiting p e r io d __________________________________
F u ll p ay-___ __ ___ _____________—
_________
F u ll pay plus p artial pay___________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly -----------------------------------------

■

10.3
27.6
16.1
9.3
2.2
-

-

-

1.1

•

!

-

-

1.5

-

“

_

.3
_
1.6
9.7
.8
1.5
1.7
2.7
2.4
.8
4.4
1.5
2.8
.2

6.0

2.6

5.4

!
1

j
3.4
3.0
2.8
1.6

;
;
j
|

!

i
i
I
14.1
-

!

-

!
i

,

-

18.4
2.7
13.9

!
1

14.1
1.5

J

'
'

I

_
_
6.2
_
1.6
_
4.6
1.9
9.0
3.3
5.4
.3

j
!
!
i
I
11.0
20.5
_
.5
18.9
1.1
-

_
2.6
_
_
_
2.6
_
4.9
-

-

-

"

4.9
-

5.7

7.7

2.0

P ro v isio n s for accumulation

W o rk e rs in establishm ents having
provision s for accumulation of
unused sick le a v e --------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r fin a n c e ,

in s u ra n c e ,

and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s ,

12.1

in a d d itio n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s

8.0

s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t il it i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
" U n i f o r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d a s th o se f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ic h a n e m p lo y e e , a f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e ,
is e n t it le d to th e s a m e
num ber of
d a y s ' p a id
s ic k le a v e e a c h y e a r .
" G r a d u a t e d p l a n s " a r e d e f i n e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p l a n s u n d e r w h i c h a n e m p l o y e e 's l e a v e v a r i e s
a c c o r d i n g to le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P e rio d s of
s e rv ic e
w e r e a r b it r a r ily
ch osen .
E s t im a t e s r e f le c t p r o v is io n s
a p p li c a b le at th e s ta t e d le n g t h o f s e r v i c e b u t
donot
r e fle c t
p r o v is io n s fo r
t h e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 15 d a y s ' s i c k l e a v e a f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a l s o r e c e i v e t h i s a m o u n t a f t e r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
5 M a y in c lu d e p r o v is i o n s o th e r th a n th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
N u m b e r s o f d a y s s h o w n u n d e r " F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y " a r e d a y s fo r w h ic h w o r k e r s
r e c e i v e s ic k l e a v e at f u ll p a y ; w o r k e r s a r e e n t it le d to a d d it io n a l d a y s o f s ic k le a v e a t p a r t i a l p a y .




p r o g r e s s io n .

T hus,




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field s ta ff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
title s and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs, machine, are
c la ssifie d by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( h i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) • Uses a sp ecial billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. U sually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ecessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and to tals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation u su ally involves a large number of carbon copies of
the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h i n e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h i n e ) . U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally in­
vo lves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine autom atically accumulates figures on a number
of v e rtic a l columns and computes and usually prints autom atically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sa les and
credit s lip s .




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s .4. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct c la ss B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B . Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher reg isters;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s , c la s s ifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group of lower le v e l file
clerks.

B# Sorts, codes, and file s un classified m aterial by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly c la ssifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
A s requested, lo cates clearly identified material in file s
and forwards m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s .
C la s s

CLERK, ORDER
Receives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listin g the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been c la ssifie d or which is e a s ily classified in a simple serial
classifica tio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, lo cates readily available material in file s
and forwards m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. P er­
forms simple cle rica l and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s .
C la s s




C m Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilitie s, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C l a s s A 0 Operates

a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding s k ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
lo cates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from sev era l documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C l a s s 6 . Under clo se supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerica l work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
adm inistrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued
making phone c a lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own in itiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tive ly routine clerica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e w o r k . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as e v i­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, p o licies, procedures, file s, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e w o r k .

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c a lls . May record toll c a lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who ca ll in, or o ccasio n ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la s s
C. Operates simple tabulating or ele c tric a l account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collato r, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typ ically in volves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine cle ric a l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or c le ric a l work may take the major part of this worker’ s time w hile at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A. Operates a variety of tabulating or e le ctrica l a c ­
counting machines, ty p ically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
d ifficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents ty p ically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is ty p ically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or p artially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B# Operates more difficult tabulating or ele ctrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a rep etitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are w ell established. May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as leg al
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is
cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils, mats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in
duplicating processes. May do c le ric a l work involving little sp ecial
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C l a s s A 0 Performs o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Typing ma­
terial in final form when it in volves combining m aterial from se v e ra l
sources o r responsibility for correct spelling , syllab icatio n, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated sta tis tic a l
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying d etails to suit circum stances.

C l a s s B 9 Performs o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN-Continued

L e a d e r . P lans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

S e n i o r . P repares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-sec tio n s,
etc., to s c a le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of m aterials,
beams, and tru sse s; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
m aterials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustm ents or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lin es and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

J u n io r (a s s i s t a n t ).
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. U ses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assistin g in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other ac tivities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of a ll personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of ele ctrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayouts, or other specificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the ele c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or e le ctrica l equipment; and using a variety
of electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the sk illed maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g journeyman by holding m aterials or to o ls;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
m aterials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishm ent in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations.
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h •

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le c t proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classifica tio n .

m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e th a n o n e e n g i n e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety v a lv e s. May clean, o il, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usu ally acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

In stalls new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and
in stalls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work in volves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and in stallin g and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishm ent. Work in vo lves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, d rills, or sp e cializ ed equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v a lv e s ; reassem bling and in stallin g the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience u su ally ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work in volves m o s t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ic a l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major rep airs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling
machines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience u su ally acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
len t training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are
workers
whose p r i m a r y d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.


OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
lia rities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecificatio n s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations re la t­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
te sts to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
len t training and experience. W o r k e r s p r im a r i ly e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d
r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and in stallin g
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience u su ally
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work in vo lves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding in stallatio n of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience u su ally acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F abricates, in s ta lls , and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh e lve s, lockers, tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishm ent. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and la y ­
ing out a ll types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecificatio n s; setting up and operating a ll availab le

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cificatio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se toleran ces; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and sele ctin g appro­
priate m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or sim ilar establishm ent.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m e n w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te rin g .

and ch eck on

id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s a n d

31
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent. Duties involve a c o m b i n a t i o n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o r e o f
th e f o l l o w i n g :
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a te s a re e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unioader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve o n e 'o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g :
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing, or placing m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting m aterials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o l o a d a n d u n l o a d s h i p s a re e x c l u d e d .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selecto r; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. S h ip ­
p in g w ork i n v o l v e s :
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e i v i n g
w ork i n v o l v e s :
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and file s.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le rk
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
te rials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s
a re e x c l u d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssifie d by type of
truck, as follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

T ru c k e r, p o w e r (f o r k l if t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r th a n f o r k l i f t )

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b i n a t i o n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , l i g h t ( under l l 2 t o n s )
/

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (1 % t o a n d i n c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o t h e r th a n t r a i l e r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg al entry.

Available On Request----The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1963*

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
availab le on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Governm ent Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, E> C. , 20402,
.
or from any of the BLS region al sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A re a

Bulletin
number

A kron , Ohio 1
______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N. Y 1________________
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x 1 _____________________ _____
Allentown—
Bethlehem —Easton, P a . — J 1_______
N.
Atlanta, G a 1_______________________________________
B a ltim o re, M d ____________________________________
Beaumont— o r t Arth u r, T e x 1___________________
P
B irm ingham , A la 1________________________________
B o ise, Id a h o ______________________________________
Boston, M ass 1
____________________________________

1385-80
1385-52
1385-61
1385-53
1385-73
1385-24
1385-70
1385-63
1345-74
1385-16

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B uffalo, N. Y __________________
Burlington, V t - ________________
Canton, O h io 1 _________________
C harleston, W. V a 1______ -___
C h a rlo tte, N. C 1
_______ ___ ____
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a _______
G
Chicago, 1111__________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y 1_________
K
C leveland, O h io _______________
Columbus, O h io_______________

1385-33
1385-47
1385-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1385-66
1385-58
1385-11
1385-25

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, T e x _______________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island— olin e, Iowa—
M
111____ —
Dayton, Ohio
D e n v e r, Colo 1__________________________________ —
Des M o in e s , Io w a 1_______________________________
D etro it, M ic h _________________________________ ____
F o rt W orth, T e x __________________________ _______
G reen Bay, W is ___________
G re e n v ille , S. C 1__________________________________
Houston, T ex i _________________________ —_________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1385-68
1385-81

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
25
25

Indianapolis, Ind 1
_________ ________ ______
Jackson, M is s 1_________ -_____ ------ -----Jackson ville, F l a _______________________
Kansas C ity , Mo. —
Kans 1_______________
L aw ren ce— a verh ill, M ass. — H 1----H
N.
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A r k ---Los A n geles—
Long Beach, C a lif 1
-------L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind_____________________
Lubbock, T e x 1___________________________
M anchester, N. H _______________________
Memphis , Term 1--------- ---------------------

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1385-76
1385-3
1385-59
1385-50
1385-75
1385-1
1385-35

25
25
20
25
25
20
30
20
25
20
25

i

P r ic e

Data on establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
number

P r ic e

M iam i, F l a 1______________________________________
M ilwaukee, W is___________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Pau l, Minn_______
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich 1 ___________
Newark and J ersey C ity, N. J 1__________________
New Haven, Conn 1_________________________ . ____
New O rlea n s, L a _________________________
New Y o rk , N. Y 1
__________________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a____________________________________
Oklahoma C it y , O k la ________________ ___ _________

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1385-71
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1385-72

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77
1385-2

20 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N e b r. —
Iowa 1
________________
Paterson —
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J 1
P
___
Philadelphia, P a .- N . J 1____________
Phoenix, A r iz 1______________________
Pittsburgh, P a ______________________
Portlan d, Maine 1
____________________
Portlan d, O reg. — ash1____________
W
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I. — ass.
M
Raleigh, N. C 1
_______________________
Richmond, Va 1
______________________

1385-14
1385-62
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1385-67
1385-65
1385-7
1385-23

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 1111____________________________________
St. Lou is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h ________ ___________________ —
San Antonio, T e x __________________________ ______
San Bernardino— iversid e-O n ta rio , C a lif 1____
R
San D iego, C a lif__________________________________
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif1
__________________
Savannah, G a1_____________________ ___ ——________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a sh 1___________________________________

1385-60
1385-21
1385-28
1385-74
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1385-69
1385-8
1385-10

25
25
20
20
25
20
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak 1_________
South Bend, Ind1______________
Spokane, W ash________________
T oled o, Ohio__________________
Trenton, N. J _________________
Washington, D. C .— d .— a _
M
V
W aterbury, Conn1____________
W aterloo, Io w a _______________
W ic h ita, K an s
-____ ________
W o rcester, M ass4____________
Y ork , P a 1 _____________________

1385-20
1385-51
1385-78
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1385-79
1385-45

25
25
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102