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Occupational Wage Survey
WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS
JUNE 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-79




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TIST IC S
Ewari C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS




JUNE 1964

Bulletin No. 1385*79
August 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and es­
tablishment practices and supplementary.wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups------------------------------------T ables:
1.
2.

3
3

8
9
10

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers--B-2.
Shift differentials----------------------------------------------------------B-3.
Scheduled weekly hours-------------------------------------------------B-4.
Paid holidays______________________________________________
B-5.
Paid vacations---------------------------------------------------------------B-6.
Health, insurance, and pension plans---------------------------B-7.
Paid sick leave---------------------------------------------------------------

12
13
14
15
16
18
19

Appendix: Occupational descriptions____________________________________

21

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied----------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of change for selected periods-__________________

A : Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women______________________
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women___________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined___------A-4.
Maintenance and power plant occupations_________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations---------------

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin.
The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Worcester, Mass., in June 1964. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Boston, Mass., by Leo Epstein,
under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the Worcester area is also
available for the machinery industries (April 1964). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for seven selected building trades.

m

5
7




Occupational W age Survey—W orcester, Mass.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. D e­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -se rie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 A n establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least die
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

E stablish m ents and w o rk ers within scope o f su rvey and num ber studied in W o r c e s te r , M a ss. , 1 b y m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n ,2 June 1964

T a b le 1.

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta blish ­
ments in scope
o f study

Industry d ivis io n

W o rk ers in establish m ents

Num ber o f establishm ents
W ithin
scope o f
study 3

W ithin scope o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T o t a l4

Plan t

T o t a l4

A l l d iv is io n s ------------------------------- -----------------------------------

_

270

90

57,500

9,000

39,800

35,070

M an ufactu ring---------------------------------------------------------------N onm anu factu ring---------------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
o th er public u tilitie s 5 --------------------------------------------W h o lesa le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e ------------- — — ----—
--------------F in a n ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l e s t a t e -------------------------S e rv ic e s » -----------------------------------------------------------------

50
-

163
107

47
43

41,000
16,500

4,8 00
4,2 00

30,300
9, 500

25, 100
9,970

50
50
50
50
50

11
15
53
17
11

9
5
14
8
7

3,400
1, 100
7, 100
4,000
900

500
(t)

2,300
(‘ )

(t )
({)
( 6)

(!
( 6)

3, 170
460
2,650
3,000
690

1 Th e W o r c e s t e r Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a consists o f the c ity o f W o r c e s te r ; and the towns o f Auburn, B e rlin , B oylston , B r o o k fie ld , E ast B r o o k fie ld , G rafton, Holden, L e ic e s te r ,
M illb u r y , N orth borough, N o rth b rid g e , N o rth B ro o k fie ld , O xford, Shrew sbu ry, Spencer, Sutton, Upton, W estborough, and W est B oylston in W o r c e s te r County, M a ss. Th e "w o r k e rs w ithin scope o f
stu dy" estim a tes shown in this ta b le p ro vid e a reason ably accurate d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and co m position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rvey. The estim a tes a re not intended, h ow ever,
to s e r v e as a ba sis o f co m p a rison w ith other em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent tren ds o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age su rveys re q u ire s the use o f establishm ent
data co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents a re excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In du strial C la ss ifica tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by in du stry division .
3 Includes a ll establish m ents w ith total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f com panies in such in du stries as tra d e , finance, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a ters a re co n s id e re d as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the separate o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a ter tran sportation w ere excluded.
6 Th is in du stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S erie s A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u stries" in the S e rie s B ta bles. S eparate presentation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the follow in g reason s: (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep ara te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it sep ara te presen tation, (3) response w as in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e r m it sep ara te presen tation, and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility o f d isc lo su re o f individual
establish m en t data.
7 W o rk e rs fr o m this en tire indu stry d ivis ion a re represen ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anu factu ring" in the S e rie s A ta b les, but fr o m the r e a l esta te portion only in
e stim a tes fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e rie s B ta b les. S eparate presen tation o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the reasons giv en in footnote 6 a bove.
8 H o te ls; p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; bu siness s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p icu tre s; non profit m em b ersh ip o rga n izatio n s; and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




Table 2. Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r sele cted occupational grou ps,
and p ercen ts of change 1 fo r sele cted p erio d s, W o r c e s te r , M ass.
Index
(June 1961=100)

P ercen ts o f ch a n g e1
2

June 1964

June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
June 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

June I960
to
June 1961

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )--------------In d u stria l nurses (m en and w om en )----------S k illed maintenance (m en) ---------------------U nsk illed plant (m e n )-------------------------------

108.7
107.9
106.1
111.9

1.6
0
1.1
3.3

2.7
2.1
1.6
4.2

4.2
5.6
3.2
3.9

3.6
1.1
3.4
4.7

M anufactur in g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )--------------In d u stria l nurses (m en and w om en )----------S killed maintenance (m e n )------------------------U n skilled plant (m e n )-------------------------------

109.2
106.8
105.2
114.5

1.5
2- .5
.9
3.5

3.2
1.6
1.4
3.3

4.2
5.6
2.8
7.0

3.7
1.1
3.4
3.5

Indu stry and occupational group

1 U nless oth erw ise indicated, a ll changes a re in crea se s.
2 Th is decline la r g e ly r e fle c ts em ployee tu rn over w ithin and betw een h igh - and lo w -w a ge establishm ents ra th er than w age d e c re a s e s .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p e r­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass., June 1964)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—

Average

45

o

40

Weekly
earnings 1 and
(standard) under

U
!

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$

50

55

$

%

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

A

S

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

1
1

7
7

1
1

3
2

3
3

1
1

l
1

1
1

2
2

5
5

5
5

3
3

2
2

4
4

-

1
l
2

6

2

1

8

7

-

-

_

_

1

Number
of
workers

$

$

1

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

MEN
CLERKS > ORDER----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

39
38

40.0
40.0

107.00
107.50

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

42
34

40.0
40.0

54. 50
55.00

-

27

38.5

97.50

-

27

38.5

80.00

-

40
26

38.5
37.5

69.00
59.00

~

8
8

4
4

49
35

39.0
39.0

83.00
86.50

_

_

~

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATt RS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

100
80

39.0
39.0

65.00
63.00

_

1
l

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

157
79
78

38.5
40.0
37.5

86.50
96.50
76.50

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

218
122
96

39.0
40.0
37.5

70.00
72.50
66.50

-

-

-

26
18

10
10

5
5

—

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
TABULATING-MACHINE f.PFRATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------

4

2

4

8

4

3

6
6

-

5

-

3

2

4
2

6

4
*”

12
10

20
20

_

1
1

_

1

8
8

l

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLIN G
MACHINE I ----------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING------------------------BLOKKEEPING-MACHlNh OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1
“

~

_

_

_

“

~

15
13

26
26

12
10

6
4

23
15

8
7

5
4

3

_
-

2
2

2
2

13
13

16
16

21
18
3

9
9

21
9
12

11
3
8

13
9
4

12
7
5

15
9
6

35
14
21

31
11
20

46
23
23

20
11
9

28
19
9

12
12
-

9
6
3

12
11
1

_

-

_
-

12

2

1

-

4

9
9

1

_

1
1

-

-

_

_

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

1
1

-

7
6
1

“

“
_

1

29

38.0

74. 50

-

-

-

-

5

4

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

102
34
68

38.0
40.0
37.0

58.50
63.00
56.00

-

-

4
4

33
7
26

29
5
24

20
10
10

8
5
3

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C --------------------NONMANUFACI U R IN G -------------------------

65
50

38.0
37.5

52.50
51.50

16
16

_
-

21
15

20
15

6
4

44
42

39.5
39.5

81.00
82.00

-

_
-

1
-

-

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

14 3
10 2
41

39.5
40.0
37.5

74.00
74.50
72.50

_
-

2
1
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

84
33

39.0
39.0

74.50
81.00

-

1

6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

65
60

40.0
40.0

70.50
71.00

-

-

~

1

_

.

5
3
2

10
10
-

3
1
2

_

-

11
11

7
3
4

3
3
“

_
-

_
-

-

3
3

4
4

_

1
1
“

2
2

2
2

5
5

-

-

_

_

_

7
7

1
1

.
_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

2

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

_

2
2

CLERKS, F ILE ,

CLASS A ---------------------

See footnote at end of table.




_
-

'

21
21

_

14
6
8

16
13
3

25
20
5

15
15
-

28
15
13

18
12
6

12
10
2

5
4
1

2
2

5

l
-

15
10

13
6

25
1

4
2

7
7

1
1

1
1

8
6

18
15

21
21

14
14

2
2

_

2
2

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

“
_

1
1
-

-

_

_

_

-

~

-

_

~
_

_

-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

6

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass., June 1964)
Number of workers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of*

Average

*

imber

S

$

$

$

orkers

hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

t

$

t

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

-

16
3
13

20
4
16

40
26
14

15
1
14

18
7
11

-

-

-

5
5

20

10

14

3

10
2
8

17
4
13

43
23
20

29
18
11

45
32
13

36
21
15

39
25
14

30
22
8

45
36
9

49
34
15

19
14
5

20
17
3

10
rt
2

3

-

2
2

3

5
5

“

-

9
9

6
6

-

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

40
and
under

W EN - CUNTINCEC
OM
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------

117
46
71

38.5
40.0
37.5

$
64.00
67.00
62.00

3
—
3

OFFICE G IR L S ------------------------------------

48

38.0

56.50

-

1

SECRETARIES-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

402
264
138

39.0
40.0
38.0

92.00
95.00
86.00

_
-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

197
130
67

39.5
40.0
38.5

75.00
77.50
70.00

_
-

_
-

-

11
6
5

34
16
18

26
10
16

36
27
9

34
23
11

22
21
1

4
2
2

13
8
5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

125
120

40.0
40.0

78.50
78.50

_

-

_

-

i
1

2
2

10
10

37
35

25
24

16
15

17
16

8
8

5
5

4
4

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------- —
NGNMANUFACTORING ------------------------

64
28
36

3 9.0
40.0
38.0

7 1.50
77.00
67.00

4
4 .

6
6

2
1
1

12
6
6

4
3
1

6
2
4

15
7
8

4
1
3

4
4
-

4
1
3

-

3
3

_
—

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIGNISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONM
ANUFAC I J R IN G ------------------------

114
88
26

39.5
40.0
33.5

69.00
70.00
65.50

3
-

1
1

3
3

2

3
2
1

-

“

2
1
1

2
2

~

23
22
1

5
5

~

24
18
6

8
8

3

38
26
12

2

-

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------- ----------------------

27

39.5

88.00

-

2

3

2

6

3

2

1

3

NONMANUFACTURING----- -------------------

95
71

37.5
36.5

65.50
63.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------- ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------- --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

139
77
62

39.5
40.0
38.5

69.00
69.50
68.50

_

_

3
2
1

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

300
188
112

39.0
40.0
37.0

60.50
62.00
57.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

TftANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,




_

_

_

_

-

-

7
7

20
19

17
12

25
21

16
8

5
2

19
8
11

30
17
13

19
10
9

29
23
6

27
10
17

4
3
1

_

-

-

-

74
34
40

85
37
48

68
57
11

33
27
6

34
29
5

2
2

3
1
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

—

5

5
2

5
2
3

_
“

-

-

1

-

-

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straight-tim e sa laries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.

-

-

-

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W orcester, M a ss., June 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly
hour, 1
(standard)

Weekly
earning, 1
(standard)

$
70

Under
$
under
70
75

$
75

$
80

$
85

90

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
%
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150

S

s

$

155

160

$
165

$
170

175
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

~

16
16

6

15
15

-

24
24

28
26

29
28

8

34
34

ii
'

17

9

5

7

14

21
16

11

4

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

22

2
o
2

27
27

3
3

24
24

2
2

19
19

3
3

10

2
2

135

1

175 over

M
EN
DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR --------------------------uAiiucirriin t
nANUrflu1UK1No

296
289

40.0
40*0

$
126.00
126.00

DPAFTSMEN, JUNIOR --------------------------U A IillC A r
HAnurAbTiItO T k t r
uk i nu

157

40.0

96.00

10

19

8

22

14

cc

1
1

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)---MANUFACTURING----------------------------

49
44

39.5
40.0

95.50
94.50

_

_

5
5

2
2

9
7

10
10

4
4

8
8

6
6

2

_

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




17
17

6
6

Tabic A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

8

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass., June 1964)

Number
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
40
26

38,5
37.5

$
69.00 COMPTOMETER OPERATORS — ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------59.00

84
33

39.0
39.0

$
74.50
81.00

BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

49
35

39.0
39.0

83.00
86.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

70
65

40 .0
40.0

70.50
71.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACfURING -------------------------

117
46
71

38.5
40.0
37.5

64. 00
67.00
62.00

90
57
33

39.0
40.0
37.0

55.50
55.50
55.00

100

80

39.0
39.0

65.00
63.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

272
87

39.0
37.5

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------- ---------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------------103.50
79.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

229
127
102

39.0
40.0
37.5

70.50 SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------------73.50
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------67.00

402
264
138

39.0
40.0
38.0

92.00
95.00
86.00

29

38.0

CLERKS, FIL E , CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING---------NONMANUFACTURING -----

10 2

38.0
40.0
37.0

197
130
67

39.5
40.0
38.5

75.00
77.50
70.00

68

125
120

40.0
40.0

78.50
78.50

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C NONMANUFACTURING -----

65
50

38.0
37.5

CIERKS, ORDER --MANUFACTURING

83
80

40.0
40.0

74.50 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------- -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------58.50
63.00
56.00 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------52.50
51.50
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS----------------------93.50
MANUFACTURING----------------------------94.00
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

64
28
36

39.0
40.0
38.0

71.50
77.00
67.00

153
110
43

39.5
40.0
38.0

74.50
75.50
73.00

114
88
26

39.5
40.0
38.5

69.00
70.00
65.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------

34

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
32

38.5

$
98.00

54
29
25

39.0
40.0
38.0

84.00
92.50
7 3 .50

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

95
71

37.5
36.5

6 5 .50
63. 50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

142
80
62

39.5
4 0 .0
38.5

69. 50
70.00
68.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

301
188
113

39.0
40.0
37.0

60.50
62.00
57.50

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ---------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------------

296
289

40.0
40.0

126.00
126.00

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

161
155

40.0
40.0

96.00
95.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

50
45

39.5
40.0

96.00
95. 00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

PROFESSIONAL AND TEC H N IC A L
OCCUPATIONS

Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.




Number
of
workers

O FFIC E O CC U PATIO NS— CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE)
NONMANUFACTURING -----

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

Average

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

9

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass., June 1964)
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
Average
hourly
earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

$

*

$

$

*

$

$

$

*

$

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Under 1.90 2.00 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2.30 2.40 2.5 0 2 .6 0 2.70 2.80 2 .9 0 3.0 0 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
4
and
1.90 under
2.0 0 2.10 2.2 0 2.3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2.6 P 2.70 2.8 0 2.9 0 3.0 0 3.1 0 3.20 3.30 3 .4 0 3.50 over

$

2.62
2.53

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------

183
178

10

14
14

11
11

13
13

3.01
3.01

15
15

23

22

2.34
2.34

21
21

15
15

2 .2 0
2.14

131
124

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------

23

14
14

10
10

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

172
172

2.65
2.65

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

223

220

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------

95
26
69
62

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

227
219

2.83
2.8 1

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

33
32

MANUFACTURING ------------------------

59
59

2.51
2.51

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

82
81

49
49

29
29

40
40

2.8 2
2.8 2

14
14

30
30

18
18

14
14

48
48

17
15

13
8
5

18
13
5
4

13
13

16
16

28
28

4
4

16
16

22
22

49
49

10

8
7

15
15

22
22

10

10

2.86

265
265

19
19

2.93
2.93

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------

20

2.68
2.68

10
10

25
25
26
26
26

1

25
25
9
6

15
15

26
26

10
10

10
14
14

10

12

10

12

20
20

23
23
14
13
14
14

2 .8 6

13
13

1 Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




12
11

15
11

14
14

23
23

2.7 4
2.77
2.74
2.7 5

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ----

17
17

3

2.94
2.94

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY —
MANUFACTURING----------FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

10

28
28

61
61

64
64

10
10

48
48

29
29

35
35

16
16

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

10

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass. , June 1964)
Number o f w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings o f—
Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
woAers

Average
hourly
earnings 2

%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
*
S
%
%
%
$
%
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.60 1. 90 2.0 0 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2. 40 2 . 50 2. 60 2.70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.3 0 3.40 3.50 3.6 0 3 .7 0
and
under
%

2 . 90 3. po 3.1 0 3.2 0 3.3 0 3.4 0

o
in

ELEVATOR OPERATORS. PASSENGER

o
<
0
«

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2.1 0 2.10 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. ?9 2.60 2.70

3.6 0 3.7 0 over

$

41

1.30

241
209

30

2*06

7

3

11
8

11

nunnANurAb• UKiNb
bUAKU5 AftU NAI LflPICA
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUF ACT URING
■ " '■ * * * " * "
GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------- —

123

2*21

-----------------------------------------

86

1.84

JANITORS* PORTERS. A ND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

701
487

1.85
1.95

41

1 *0 1

41

* -------------------------

8

3

18
16

2

8
6

4

Ai\

14
1

2

4

1

1
1

35
5

6

33

13

o
o
3
5

A*

1

49
49

14
1

~

3

69
69

4
4

“

14

36

4

~

14

19

1
1

1
1

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

—

-

36
7

~

~

2
2

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

~

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

watchmen :

MANUFACTURING

8

5

14

2

10

1

8

2

36

76
38
38

64
22
42

75
63

31
21

48
37
11

24
19

41
21
20

82
68

92
90

9

23

-

28
28

47
36
11

21
17
4

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN)---------------------- -------- --------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

113
50
63

1.50
1.72
1.33

38
8
30

-

9

22

598
328
270
91

2.28
2.16
2.42
2.97

19
7
12

2
1
1

22
15
7

11
10

-

~

ORDER FILLERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

95
55

2.18
2.18

_

_

-

-

2
1

176

2.31
2.31

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

57
30

2.30
1.95

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

52
41

2.29
2. 32

SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS

----------——
—

38

TRUCKDRIVERS4 -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

23
23

c

-

It

2

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------ ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------------------

1A

R APwcftf
rA tK C Kdt

r u t nntAir
I r r t Irb

MANUFACTURING
n crrtiit
KcCfcl v l n v

-----------------------------------------

** • e n i / r
CLtKIvo

f l A N U r A v » 1 UK 1 N u

PUR L I T
r U D I iV *

——

—

—

—

9

9

l

..
.

• « « « « •

TRUCKORIVERS. MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S ) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------ ---------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table.

45
38
7

25
25

32
32

-

-

73
53
20

4
8
8
-

-

128
10
118
2

-

14
14
-

~

-

“

“

-

~

6
6

19
7

1
1

4
1

10
10

12
-

-

15
10

7
9

7

16
16

16
15

31
31

13

13
13

17
8

19
I C

i 7
1 »

12

1
1

o
c

-

2

-

-

-

5
4

12

4

14
3

3
3

_

2
2

8
1

9
9

3
3

3

6
6

-

4

5

7

22
10
12

—

13
13

56
16
40

14

4

6

10
10

-

-

-

1
1

-

7

7

-

-

-

~

-

4
4

~

-

-

—

-

1
1

_

_

_

~

-

~

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

5c

2.05
2.04

545
209
336

2.5 7
2.32
2.72

-

_

_

-

-

-

28
28

1
1

-

-

16
7
9

1 ,6

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UND-rR
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------------------




2
-

. . .

I I T I I t T f FO 3
UV 1L I 9 IC C

UA&IIlP A M T lIfl I Al/*
n A l i U r A v VUlt * n u

l

J * U1

-

12
9
3

_

c

-

_

-

1
1
—
“

17
6
11
11

1
1

2
2

-

-

_

-

78
1
77
77

4
4

5
5

7
7

7
7

8
8

8
8

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

“

~

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

”

2
2

2
2

~

~

16
16

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

~

-

2
2

-

_

_

-

—

-

3

_

1

~

_

4

4

1
1

1

5

2

-

2

~

~

1
3

15
14

5
5

-

1

-

“

l

~

10
1
9

64
38
26

66
50
16

-

26

1c
io

-

8
7
1
1

-

15
10
3
_

t.
-

1
1

j

_

2

2
2

-

8
8

1
1

-

-

—

4

-

3

*

-

—
—

-

—

-

26

-

-

-

4

•

2
2

-

9

•J
f

45
19
26

4

1

43
37

2.09
2.05

~

“

~

7

-

-

7

~

-

7

8

11

-

121
28
93

2.31
2.0 3
2.39

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

2
2

10
10

—

4
4

41
1
40

21
1
20

-

3
3

195
4
191
191

2
2
-

“

4

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

~

—

2
2

“

-

~

-

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

11

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass. , June 1964)
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
1 .2 0

Number

workers

earnings 1
2

$
1 .3 0

%

>
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

%

1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

*
2 .6 0

$
$
2 . 70 2 . 8 0

$
2 • 90

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 .9 0

*0 0

—

”

~

~
-

~

“

-

_

9
9

_
_
_

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

15
15

-

_

_

~

~

*

S
$
3 . 00 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$-----$
3 . 60 3 . 7 0

3 .1 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

-

-

-

%

and

and

under
1 .3 0

TRUCK DRIVERS4 -

over

C O NTIN UED

T RU CK D RIVER S* HEAVY (O VER 4 TONS*
T R A IL E R T Y P E ) ----------- — -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------

20 7
128
111

$
2 .8 2
2 .9 4
3 .0 2

T RU CK D RIV ER S* HEAVY (O V ER 4 TON S*
Q IH E R THAN T R A IL E R T Y PE -----------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING --------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------

141
32
109
80

2 .7 2
2 .5 3
2 .7 7
3 .0 2

-

—
—

_

“

“

-

TRUCKERS*POWER (F O R K L I F T ) -------------------M ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

158
143

2 .4 1
2 .4 0

_

_

_

-

TRUCKERS* POWER (O TH ER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G ----------------------------------------

44
44

2 .6 6
2 .6 6

“

1
2
3
4

3 .2 0

—
-

—

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

-

~

12
_
12

_
_
_

5
5

-

-

-

_

2
2

7
“

—

*

'

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e rs rega rd less o f size and type of truck operated.




3
3

"

_

13
13

_
_

6
6

27
~

7
7

53
8
~

-

“

-

13
5
8

1
1

1
1

_
_
_

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

16
16

26
19

6
6

44
36

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

18
18

10
10

_

_

_

~

-

5
5

_
-

“

2
2

111
111
111

83
3
80
80
_

1
1

—
-

-

_
-

“

-

—

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

~

“

~

5

-

1
1

•

_
1
1

_

-

-

-

•

17
17

1
1

—
-

1
1

-

5

12

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n o f establish m ents studied in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis ion s by minimum entrance sa la ry fo r s e le c te d c a te g o rie s
o f in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk ers, W o r c e s te r , Mass. , June 1964)
In experien ced typists
Manufacturing
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

Other in ex p erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 2

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—

A ll
in du stries

40

A ll
schedules

90

47

XXX

43

XXX

35

20

20

15

1
2
16
1
8
2
1
1
1
2

_
8
1
6
2
1
2

_
_
8
1
6
2
1
2

1
2
8
_
2
-

E stablish m ents having no sp e cified m in im u m -----------------

16

11

E stablish m ents which did not em ploy w o rk e rs
in this c a te g o ry _____ _____ — --------------- — ------

39

16

— ------

------

.. — — — ~

E stablish m ents having a sp e cified m in im u m _____ — — —
$42. 50
$45. 00
$47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57 .50
$ 60. 00
$62. 50
$ 65 .00
$67. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 45. 00_________________________________
under $47. 50— ------------------------ — -----under $ 50. 00— — ---------- — __ — —
under $ 52. 50_________________________________
under $ 55. 00....................................................
under $ 57. 50— ---------- ------ — ----under $60. 00------------------------------------------under $ 62. 50— ------------------------ — -----under $ 65. 00— ------- ----- ------ __ — —
under $67. 50--------- -------------------------------o v e r — ------ — -----------

— ..

A ll
schedules

A ll
schedules

40

90

47

XXX

43

XXX

4

46

25

25

21

9

_
3
-

_
14

_
-

1
2
1
11

1
1
-

1
-

1
2
1
25
6
2
4
2
1
2

XXX

5

XXX

XXX

23

XXX

40

-

40

-

-

-

_
_
6
.

4
2
3
2

4
2
3
2

2
1
2
1
-

_
1
2
"

18

12

XXX

6

XXX

26

10

XXX

16

XXX

Th ese s a la rie s re la te to fo rm a lly establish ed m inim um sta rtin g (h irin g ) re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
Excludes w o rk ers in su b c le ric a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
Data a re presen ted fo r a ll standard w orkw eeks com bined, and fo r the m o st com m on standard w orkw eek reported.




Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w eek ly hours 3 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied------

M anufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

-

14

-

13
Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y typ e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In esta b lish m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
*

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

Second sh ift
w o rk

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

Second sh ift

T o t a l-------------------------- ------- -— — ---------------- —

78. 2

6 9 .4

13.4

2 .9

W ith s h ift pa y d iff e r e n t ia l------------------------------

70.7

6 5 .4

12.2

2. 6

U n ifo r m cen ts (p e r h o u r )---- ------ --------- -----

4 7 .4

38.6

7. 5

1. 5

4 c e n t s ---- ---- ------ --------------- —------------ —
5 c e n t s ------------ ------ ---- ------- ------------——
7 cen ts 8 c e n t s ---------------- —------- ----------- —--------10 ce n ts _
103 c e n ts _, _____._________________ _______
/t
12 c e n ts ------------------------------ ----- -----------15 c e n ts -----------------------------------------------20 cen ts
—

1. 5
13.3
2 .8
5 .3
20 .6
1. 5
2 .3

_
3 .3
1. 5

_
. 1
.2
.4

5 .3
9 .0
1. 5

.4
1. 3
.3
.9
3 .8
.4
.4
-

26.8

4 .7

1. 1

U n ifo r m p e rc e n ta g e 5 p ercen t7 p ercen t
10 p e r c e n t-------------------— ---------------------W ith no s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

-

23 .3

-

18. 0
-

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift

-

.5
.2
-

2 .3
1. 2
19.8

26.8

.8
3 .9

1. 1

7. 5

4. 1

1. 2

.3

-

-

1 In clu d es esta b lish m e n ts c u rr e n tly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts , and esta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u rr e n tly o p era tin g la te sh ifts.




14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, W orcester, Mass., June 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLA N T W ORKER8

W eek ly hours
A ll industries*

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------Under 35 hours
35 h o u rs ________________________________________ ___
36 h o u rs -----------------------------------------------------------------------------36V4 hOUrS
..,r— m-__,---------------------------------------- „
3634 h o u rs ------------------------------------------------------------------------/
4
37*/2 hours ■».—
T
-— ----m m m — —
m nm m
O ver 37V2 and under 40 h ou rs ----------------------------------40 hours
—r
—
—
44 hours _____
—
---------45 h o u rs -------------------------------------------------- — ------------------------

1
2
3
4

M anufacturing

Pu b lic u tilities 1
2

A ll in d u strial3

100

100

100

100

100

100

_
_

M anufacturing

2

(4 )
’

6

3

1
17
1
11

1

.

1

_

-

.

-

_

_

.

1
1
1
80

_

_

2
-

_

-

35

66

1
3
95

87

100

-

-

-

2

2

_

-

-

-

6
1

7

_

2

-

65

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin ance, insurance, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivision s shown sep a ra te ly.
T ran sporta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il tra de, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those indu stry division s shown sep ara tely.
L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




P u b lic u tilities 2

-

15
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, W orcester, Mass., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All Industrie*1

A l l w o rk e r s ----- ---------------------------- ----- — — ----W o r k e rs in establish m en ts p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s _____________________________________
W o rk e rs in establish m en ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o lid a y s -------------------- ----------------- — .

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3
4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

92

96

100

"

■

8

4

-

_
6

2

_
26

(4)

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

N u m ber o f days

4 h o lid a y s __________________________________________
5 h olidays ----- ---- ------ ------ ----- ---- ------------— — —
6 h olidays —------ —---------------- -------- — -------------6 h olida ys plus 1 h a lf d a y.— — — — ---- ----- ------6 h olida ys plus 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------- —
6 h olida ys plus 4 h a lf days
7 h olida ys ----- —---- ----- —------ ----- ----- -— -----------7 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day------- -------------- ------- —
7 h olida ys plus 2 h a lf d a y s ----------------- ------ ----8 h o lid a y s ----- --------------------------- ---------------- ---8 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day_______ — — —-------- ---8 h olida ys plus 4 h a lf d a y s ----------- ----- ---- ---- —
9 h olidays — -----------— ----- -------------------- —------ 9 h olida ys plus 1 h a lf day -.
—
10 h o lid a y s-------- ------- — —-------------- —------ ------10 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day
11 h olidays plus 1 h a lf day ------------ -— ------- ---------------

_

_

(4)
5
2
2
13
(4)
4
21
6
(4)
4

(4)
9
3
3
24
1
8
30
12
2

3
21

-

-

-

36
3
3

-

1
6

27
43
■

3
6
42
42
46
52
79
79
94
94
99
99
99

6
7
7
7
9
21
62
63
90
90
100
100
100

43
73
73
94
94
94
94
100
100
100
100
100

-

-

2
-

-

11
1
2
22
1
7
28
6
6
1
5

14
1
2
27
1
10
25
8

-

“

“

_

_

-

-

-

4
1

15

-

59

-

-

-

T o ta l h olid a y tim e 5

IIV2 days ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o r e --------- -— ------- — — — ------ ---------------- —
10 days or m ore - ----------------------------------------------------------------9V2 days o r m o r e ------ — — -------------- ---------------------------------9 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------- -------------- --------8V2 days o r m o r e --------— ------------------------ — --------------- —
8 days or m o re
—
7V2 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e ----------------------- „
—n—. . .
6V2 days o r m o r e ________- __________ - _________ ______________
6 days o r m o re — - — ------ — ---------------------------------- ----------5 days or m o re .---------t -,--------------------------------------------------------4 days o r m o re
—

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

_

-

5
6
12
19
54
55
78
80
91
91
92

-

1
6
14
49
50
78
80
94
94
96

-

59
59
74
74
74
74
100
100
100
100
100

Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
T ra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e, r e ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those indu stry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
A ll com binations o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the same amount a re com bined; fo r exam ple, the p rop o rtio n of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days includes those w ith 7 fu ll days and
days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf days, 5 fu ll days and 4 half days, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w e re then cumulated.




16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, W orcester, Mass., June 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

P LA N T W ORKERS

Vacation p o lic y
A ll industries 2

M anufacturing

Pu b lic u tilitie s 3

A ll industries 4

M anufacturing

P u U ic u tilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
6

100
93
7

100
94
6

99
84
16

100
83
17

100
85
15

M ethod of paym ent
W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g

F la t-s u m paym ent
O ther
W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

(5)
Amount o f va ca tion pay 6
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
3
66
( 5)
20

_
9
43

29
14
3

39
9
-

_
12
44

8

8
92

21

92

79

78
2
20

88
2
10

71

2
1
97

96

_
6
94

54
9
36

64
12
24

25
4
71

2

4

-

33

-

-

98

96

100

9
57

39
12
49

-

-

2 w eeks

4
64
1
20

100

39
12
49

100

A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ... ..

... -

-

-

29
-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
4
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
-

33

-

-

-

98

96

100

9
57

2

2 w eeks

4

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1

1

-

6

7

_

-

-

-

2

3

-

94
1

96

100

87

90

100

-

-

3

-

( 5)
4

( 5)

4

-

-

A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1

1

-

6
1
64

-




-

80

27

-

-

20

73

25

2

See footn otes at end o f table.

-

73
1
23

“

~

2

( 5)

7

_

2

_

72

29

( 5)

19
-

_

71

17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations'— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, W orcester, M a ss., June 1964)
PLA N T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll industries1
2

Amount o f va ca tio n pav

P u blio u tilitiea 34

A ll industries 4

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilities 3

6— -Continued

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------— ----------------------------------------- --------- -----O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s _
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------- -------------------------—
3 w eeks
4 w eeks -

1
62
1
34
2

1

_

_

-

61
2
36

6
94

-

-

_

6
1
53
3
33
2

7
2
60
4
28

86

-

-

6
1
21
2
66
3

7
2
20
3
69

_

6
1
20

7
2
20

(56
)

( 5)

55
1
15

59
2
11

6
1
20

7
2
20

14
.

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek _______________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------- ------------------- — -----O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s ___________ _______— — ------3 w e e k s ------- ------------ ------------------------------------------ — — ------4 w e e k s ------------------- —____ — --- ------- -— ---------

1

_

-

.

-

8

9
1
90

_

1

( S)

89
2

100

-

-

1
8
78
1
12

1
9
74
2
14

_
51
49

1
7

1
9

-

.
_

100
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

O v e r 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w e e k s ----------—— ----------------- ----- ------ — ------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------ -— ---- ---— ----- —
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s

_
60
40

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------- --------------- ----2 w e e k s --------------------------- ------- -----------— -----O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------ ---------------- ------------------ -------- ------------ ---------

-

47
46

-

_

_
-

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

-

45
45

15
85

35
36

36
36

14
86

_

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek ------------- -------- ---------------------------------------------- ---------O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w eeks O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ~
3 w eeks — --------------------- ------------------------------------ — — - —
4 w e e k s -------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w eek s ----------------------------------- ------------------------ — —

_

1

1

-

-

-

7

9

6
1
20

7
2
20

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

( 5)

-

15
85

35
35
1

36
34

14
86

45
46
1

45
43

2

2

-

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sa b b a tic a l" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of servic e . Typical of such exclusions a re plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and cam industries.
2 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and serv ices, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay.
Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
F o r example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates a re cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 ye a rs includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after few er years of service.




18
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 W orcester, M a s s ., June 1964)
2
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLA N T W ORKERS

Type of benefit
A ll industries

100

2

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilities 3

100

100

A ll industries 4

100

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilities 3

100

100

100

W o rk ers in establishments providing:
96

96

100

85

88

65

76

77

63

67

86

87

95

94

80

87

86

Sickness and accident insurance______ .
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting perio d)___________________________
Sick leave (p artial pay or
waiting perio d)--------------------------------------

68

88

56

72

86

52

71

68

94

8

2

25

1

2

2

-

35

Hospitalization insurance____________________
S urgical insurance---- ---- — — — .. .. _
M edical insurance____________________________
Catastrophe insurance.-------------------------------Retirement pension---------- — — ------- -----No health, insurance, or pension plan---- —

95
95
94
68
87
2

94
94
94
58
87
2

82
82
77
39
64
8

84
84
79
41
70
6

100
100
100
69
86

Life insurance---------------------------------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance---- ------- ------- ------- — ------- _
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5------------------------------------

-

100
100
94
63
73

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workm en's compensation, social security, and railro a d retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans a re lim ited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




19
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, W orcester, Mass. , June 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W O RKERS

Sick leave provision
A ll industries

1

M anufacturing

P u b lic u tilities 2

A ll Industrie* 3

100.0

M anufacturing

100.0

P u b lic u tilities 2

100.0

100. 0

100.0

100.0

71.9

69.3

94.4

9.6

1.6

59. 5

28. 1

30.7

5.6

90.4

98.4

40.5

Uniform plan:4
No waiting p e rio d ----------------------------------------—
F u ll p a y ^ ---- - — —
5 days
—— --------6 days —
- —
—
---- —
8 days
— ---------10 days__
—
—------ F u ll pay plus pa rtia l pay 5----------------------10 days— — — — 22 d a y s - ---- — — --------— ---—
Waiting period, full pay-

37.9
35.4
15.5
.7
7.8
11. 1
2.5
2.3
.1
.9

50.5
46. 1
24.9
20.8
4 .4
4 .4
1.7

24. 1
21.3
11.4
9.9
2.8
2.8
-

4 .4
4 .4
3.0
1.4
-

1.6
1.6
1.6
-

Graduated plan 4— A fter 1 year of service:
No waiting period
— F u ll p a y 5
10 riayg__________________________________
20 days-_________________________________
40—50 days F u ll pay plus p artial pay 5------- --------- -----__ - _
—
5 days
_
20 days—
—
- 22 days--------------- ------------- ------------------Waiting period, p artial pay only—

28.5
12.5
7.7
2.5
1.9
16.0
3. 1
2.8
9. 1
-

17. 1
15.2
11.7
3. 5
1.9
-

70.3
27.3
27.3
43.0
32.3
10.8
-

3.2
2.7
.9
.4
.5
.5
2.0

-

24.8
15.8
8.9
8.9
34.7

33. 1
19.5
6.2
2.5
1.4
4 .6
2.4
1.9
13.6

17. 1
15.2
11.7
3. 5
1.9

70.3
27.3
27.3
-

5.2
2.7
.4
.9
-

-

59. 5
15.8
15.8
43.6
8.9
34.7
-

A ll w o rk e rs- _

— — ----

—

W o rk e rs in establishments providing
fo rm al paid sick leave----------------------------- -----W o rk e rs in establishments providing
no fo rm al paid sick leave------------------------------Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually

Graduated plan 4— A fter 10 ye a rs of service:
No waiting period ——— — ————————————
F u ll p a y 5 —
__
—
30 days.
—
.
___ 40 days.
—
—
—
55 days—
— —
60 days———— — —__ _____ —_________ __
130 d a y s _________________________ — ___
80— days
90
------——
-----F ull pay plus pa rtia l pay 5—
—
25 dayg-------------------------- ------------------60 days_,_r
65 dStyff—— rrrm
-—
70 days—
—
__
130 d a y s ----------------------------------------------

.6

-

2.2
1.7
6.7

-

5.7

9.7

-

-

43.0
10.8
-

32.3
-

-

2.5
.5

- _
-

-

-

2.0
-

-

“

-

“

~

P rovision s for accumulation
W o rk ers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
unused sick le a v e -----------——---- — — -------- -------

6.0

1 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e; finance, insurance, and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep a ra te ly.
4 "U n ifo rm p la n s" a r e defin ed as those fo rm a l plans under which an em p loy ee, a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sam e num ber o f d a ys ' paid sick lea ve each y e a r . "Graduated
p la n s" a re defin ed as those fo r m a l plans under which an e m p lo y ee's lea ve v a r ie s accordin g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen. E stim a tes r e fle c t provision s
a p p licable at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t provision s fo r p ro g re s s io n . Thus, the prop o rtio n re c e iv in g 15 d a ys ' sick lea ve a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a lso re c e iv e this amount
a fte r g r e a t e r o r le s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
* M a y include p ro v is io n s o th er than those presen ted sep ara tely. Num bers o f days shown under " F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y " a re days fo r w hich w o rk e rs r e c e iv e s ick lea ve at fu ll pay;
w o r k e r s a re en titled to addition a l days o f sick lea ve at p a rtia l pay.







The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B ILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r, machine (billing machine), Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B0 Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B# Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYRO LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
Class C 9 Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set Up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C* Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TAB U LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B9 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATO R, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B, Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior ( assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C AR PE N TER , MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATO R OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




29
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting devices;unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-tbe-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, beavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, beavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than fork lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, E> C. , 20402,
.
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin
number

Bulletin
number

Price

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1385-71
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1385-72

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385-77
1385-2

20 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
__________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic,N. J 1_______________
Philadelphia, P a . - N . J 1_______________________
Phoenix, A riz1__________ -_____________________
Pittsburgh, P a _________________________________
Portland, Maine1
______________________________
Portland, O reg.-W ash 1_______________________
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass____ -_______
Providence—
Raleigh, N. C 1
_________________________________
Richmond, Va 1
____________________________ ____

1385-14
1385-62
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1385-67
1385-65
1385-7
1385-23

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Rockford, 1111___ ______________________________
St. Louis, M o .-Ill_____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah__________________________
San Antonio, Tex__________________________ ____
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C alif1____
San Diego, Calif___________________________ ____
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif1
__________________
Savannah, Ga 1
______________ __________________
Scranton, Pa 1_________________________________
Seattle, Wash1_________________________________

1385-60
1385-21
1385-28
1385-74
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1385-69
1385-8
1385-10

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Sioux F alls, S. Dak1__________________________
South Bend, Ind1
_______________________________
Spokane, Wash_________________________________
Toledo, Ohio___________________________________
Trenton, N .J __________________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a ____________________
V
Waterbury, Conn1
______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa______ -________________________
Wichita, Kans_________________________________
Worcester, Mass 1_____________________________
York, P a 1_____________________________________

1385-20
1385-51
1385-78
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1385-79
1385-45

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Price

Area

Akron, Ohio____________________________________ 1345-81
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y 1
_______________ 1385-52
Albuquerque, N. Mex 1
_________________________ 1385-61
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J 1______ 1385-53
N.
Atlanta, Ga 1
____________________________________ 1385-73
Baltimore, M d _________________________________ 1385-24
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex 1__________________ 1385-70
Birmingham, A la 1
______________________________ 1385-63
Boise, Idaho___________________________________ 1345-74
Boston, Mass 1
__________________________________ 1385-16

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Miami, F la 1___________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights,Mich1
____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J 1
_______________
New Haven, Conn1_____________________________
New Orleans, L a ______________________________
New York, N. Y 1
_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va_________________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla__________________ ._______

Buffalo, N. Y ___________________________________ 1385-33
Burlington, V t__________________________________ 1385-47
Canton, Ohio ______________________ ____________ 1385-64
Charleston, W. Va 1
____________________________ 1385-57
Charlotte, N. C 1
________________________________ 1385-55
Chattanooga, T enn. — a________________________ 1385-5
G
Chicago, 1111_______________________________ ____ 1385-66
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky1___________________________ 1385-58
Cleveland, Ohio________________________________ 1385-11
Columbus, Ohio________________________________ 1385-25

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Dallas, T e x ____________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111--------Dayton, Ohio1
__________________________________
Denver, Colo1__________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa1_____________________________
Detroit, Mich__________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex_______________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S. C 1______________________________
Houston, T e x __________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1385-68
1345-82

Indianapolis, Ind 1
______________________________
Jackson, M iss1
_________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ______________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans 1_______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H 1
N.
-----------------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk ----------------_______________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif1
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind____________________________
Lubbock, Tex 1_________________________________
Manchester, N. H ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn 1_______________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1385-76
1385-3
1385-59
1385-50
1385-75
1385-1
1385-35

Area

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102