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Occupational Wage Survey
PORTLAND, OREGON-WASHINGTON
MAY 1964

Bulleti

No. 1 3 8 5 - 6 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PORTLAND, OREGON-WASHINGTON




MAY 1964

Bulletin No. 13 85 -67
July 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.
A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin.
The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Portland, O reg.— ash ., in May 1964.
W
It was prepared
in the Bureau1s regional office in San Francisco, C alif.,
by Robert L. Orr, under the direction of William P.
O’ Connor. The study was under the general direction of
John L. Dana, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and
Indus tr ial Re lation s .




Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups-------------------------------------------

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied-----------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods-----------------------------

3
3

A : Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations—
men and women------------------------------------A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and women____________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined--------------------------------------------------A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________
A -5 .
Custodial and material movement occupations-------------------

9
10
11

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for womenoffice workers------B -2 .
Shift differentials-----------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours-------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
Paid holidays------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
Paid vacations_______________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans______________________
B -7.
Paid sick leave______________________________________________

13
14
15
16
17
19
20

Appendix: Occupational descriptions---------------------------------------------------------

21

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back co ve r.)

A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the Portland area is also
available for the machinery industries (May 1963). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

5
8




O ccu p ation al W age S u rv ey—P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W ash.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings atid related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within sc o p e of su r v e y and n u m b er studied in P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W a sh .

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e sta b lish ­
m ents in scope
of study

In d ustry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M an ufactu ring

.

S e r v ic e “ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scop e o f study

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

594

158

1 1 7 ,4 0 0

2 0 ,3 0 0

7 6 , 300

6 6 ,2 2 0

■

246
348

65
93

5 2 ,9 0 0
6 4 ,5 0 0

5, 300
15, 000

3 8 ,7 0 0
3 7 ,6 0 0

2 9 ,4 7 0
36 , 750

50
50
50
50
50

60
87
93
42
66

23
20
26
9
15

2 1 , 100
1 0 ,1 0 0
1 9 ,0 0 0
7 , 90 0
6, 40 0

1 1 ,3 0 0

1 5 ,1 9 0
2, 910
1 2 ,4 6 0
4 , 370
1, 820

50

T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r public u tilitie s 5------- ------------- ---------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e __________ __________________ _____________________ __
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ----------------------------------

by m a jo r in d u str y d iv isio n , 2 M ay 1964

3, 70 0
( 6)
2, 000

( 6)
1 5 ,3 0 0
(7 )
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)

1 The P ortlan d Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n sists o f C la c k a m a s , M u ltn om ah , and W ash ington C o u n tie s, O r e g . ; and C la r k C ounty, W a sh .
The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y"
e s t im a t e s show n in this table p ro v id e a r ea so n a b ly accu rate d esc rip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n o f the lab or fo r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h ow ever, to
s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other em p loym en t in dexes for the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce ( l) planning o f w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad vance of the p a y r o ll p eriod studied, and (2) s m a ll'e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ictu re th e a te r s a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 Includes e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s excluded fr o m the se p a r a te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u str y d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for "a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
Separate
p r e se n ta tio n of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one or m o r e o f the follow in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep arate study,
(2) the sa m p le w as not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it sep arate p resen tation , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility of d isc lo su r e
o f in divid u al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n tire in d u str y d iv isio n are rep rese n ted in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l e sta te p ortion only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S eparate p resen tation of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e o f the r e a so n s given in footnote 6 ab o v e.
8 H o te ls; p e r so n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air sh ops; m o tion p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T ab le 2.

Indexes of standard w eekly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h ourly earn ing s fo r se le c te d occu p ation al g ro u p s,
and p erc en ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s, P ortlan d , O r e g .—W ash .
Index
(M ay 1961 = 100)

In d u stry and occu p ation al group

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e

M ay 1964

M ay 1963
to
M ay 1964

M ay 1962
to
M ay 1963

M ay 1961
to
M ay 1962

A ll in d u s tr ie s ;
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )_____________
In d u stria l n u rses (m e n and w o m e n )--------------S k illed m ain tenan ce ( m e n ) _____________________
U n sk illed plant (m e n )------------------------------------------

109.
117.
108.
110.

4.
1.
3.
2.

5
4
2
8

2.
10.
2.
3.

9
7
9
7

1.
4.
2.
3.

7
5
5
6

2.
2.
3.
3.

8
3
3
4

M a n u fa c tu r in g ;
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )_____________
In d u stria l n u rses (m en and w o m e n )--------------S k illed m ain tenan ce ( m e n ) -------------------------------U n sk ille d plant (m e n )------------------------------------------

107. 5
i 1)
108. 5
110. 2

5. 0

1.
12.
2.
1.

5
1
0
1

.
5.
2.
2.

9
2
7
5

3.
1.
2.
2.

8
2
9
4

D ata do not m e e t publication c r ite r ia .

4
3
9
4

n

3. 6
6. 4

M ay 1960
to
M ay 1961

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new index
(1961 base) and trend series. This series, initiated with the expansion of the
labor market wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas,
replaces the old series (1953 base).
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A:

5

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—
Wash. , May 1964)
Average

S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w ork ers receivin g stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

1 55

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

1 40

145

150

155

160

9
9

45

2
2

26
12
14

12
8
4

20
2
18
16

17
3
14
1

21
7
14
3

21
2
19
14

19
3
16
7

7
3
4
4

11
3
8
8

2
2
2

6
6
6

2
—
2
2

-

-

and
under
50

MEN
CLERK S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A - --------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- ---------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2—
----------- •
—

180
59
121
63

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

CLERK S, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------- ------------

127
1 15
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

_
-

1
-

11
8
4

13
13
1

7
7
3

28
28
28

14
14
10

14
11
3

5
4
4

17
16
8

3
-

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

CLERK S, O R D E R --------•
------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------

179
58
121

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 3 . 00
1 1 1 .0 0

_

_

_

34
8
26

11
4
7

10
—
10

20
20

13
2
11

7
2
5

4
4
-

3
2
1

-

-

31
9
22

-

-

19
8
11

9
9

“

14
10
4

-

-

CLERK S, P A Y R O L L ------- ----------------------------------

30

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

4

-

12

-

-

3

3

7

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

OFFICE B O Y S ----- --------------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING
------------ -------- -—
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------- *
-------------

66
47
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

-

5
4
4

1
1
1

6
6
6

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

-

—

—

—

—

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----- --------- ~ ----------------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0

-

1

3

1

8

1

5

2

3

3

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- -----------

80
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

_

1
1

7
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
M A C H IN E )----- -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------- ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 --------------- ~ ~ —

126
40
86
26

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

33
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----- ------ --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

104
65
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

3
- 1

12
1

10
6

22
17
16

—

5
5
—

-

-

1
1

3
3

3
2

12
11

9
4

11
8

12
6

16
1

14
6
8
4

2
2
-

9
2
7
-

2
2
-

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
23
4

_

14
11
3

9
9

2

_

~

1

7
1
6

_

-

5
2

WOMEN

-

-

-

-

25
-

10
-

9
4
5
-

18
8
10
8

12
9
3
-

11
7
4
-

“

4
4

1
1

20
20

4
4

2
2

2
2

9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

~

~

_

21

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------- -MANUFACTURING----------------------------------------*
NONMANUFACTURING--------------------- ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------

314
68
246
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A — ----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------ --------------

277
91
186
67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

See footnotes at end of table,




25

~

-

10

6

-

-

-

21
1

6
4

-

_

“

—

26
—

-

-

-

“

6

10
4
6

11
2
9

17
15
2

48
5
43
8

24
6
18
7

60
2
58
3

59
18
41
1

39
12
27
7

18
11
7
7

4

8

11

-

—

-

16
5
11
11

38
13
25
12

24
5
.1 9
4

-

26

4

-

-

-

8
1

11
3

9
9

~

1

19
5
14

1

2

1

2

29
9
20
16

32
13
19
9

28
10
18
1

8
5
3
-

_

_

_

~

~

—

8

22
9
13
9

_

—

8

-

_

~

2

14
8
6
-

5
2
3
1

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-l.

6

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—
Wash. , May 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w ork ers receiving stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

s

$
W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

45

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

1 25

130

135

1 40

145

150

155

55

60

65

7Q

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

1 25

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

42
2
40

25

56
7
49
1
13

38
11
27
12

51
17
34
4
13

114
26
88
4
64

77
24
53
5
29

91
22
69
13
28

27
12
15
8
7

13
6
7
1
2

18
4
14
14

50
50
42

7
7
7

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

2
“
2
2

~
~
“

~

~
~
~

~
“
~

22
22

3
3

11
11

5
5

4
4

1
1

-

-

3
3

6
6

-

4
4

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

27
10
17
5

9

7

8

16

2

9
5

7
“

8
8

16
16

2
2

1
—
1
1
-

1
1
—

2
2
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
—

-

“

_
-

_
-

“

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

—

—

-

-

-

-

-

43
8
35
25
6

35
16
19
11

11
9
2
2

26

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6 --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------------

616
1 32
484
1 01
209

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 9 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
7 3 . 00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

59
59

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------- -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

216
52
164
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

168
141

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 6 .5 0
5 3 .5 0

-

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

252
85
167

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 — -----------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------------

297
138
159
62
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

310
156
154
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 0 . 00
7 5 .0 0

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR D I T T O ! --------------------------

43

4 0 .0

-

25
-

32

-

-

9

_

58
4
54

19
8
11

23
7
16
2

17
6
11
3

15
12
3
2

105
105

26
26

6
1

11
4

9

“

8
1
7

36
4
32

5
4
1

15
4
11

44
23
21

36
7
29

42
26
16

20
6
14

5
5
-

1
1
-

21
21

19
4
15

_

_

_

-

-

-

—

-

-

17
10
7

-

7

8
8
5
1

44
20
24
2
17

46
35
11
1
5

27
11
16
1
13

46
20
26
7
1

2
2
-

37
21
16
15

-

13
7
6
6

23
8
15
8
“

26
1
25
18
7

3

16
1
15
8

13
1
12
7

34
8
26
13

42
14
28
2

11
5
6
5

40
17
23
23

21
10
11

93
86
7

19
13
6

5

6

5

6

2

8

12

9

1

-

3

1

4
2
2

31
19
12
6

94
8
86
9

37
20
17
4

56
24
32
20

27
9
18
9

15
4
11
10

33
6
27
27

14
1
13
11

28
13
15
3

21
12
9
2

25
17
8
8

32
9
23
5

30
3
27
2

7
7

3
3

1
1

-

38
24
14
“

46
13
33

27
7
20

8

2
1
1

3

2

8

7
3
4

_

-

-

3

2

10
2
8

35
6
29
R
5

25
18
7
2
1

75
36
39
12
4

89
50
39
20
4

107
54
53

174
75
99

69
31
38

-

-

18

21

98
42
56
1
7

8

54
26
28
7
1

77
15
62

73
37
36

87
51
36
1

48
30
18
5

69
56
13
3

11
3
8
8

33
4
29
26

34
2
32
32

18

7

6

2

_

18
15

7
6

6

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

7 1 .5 0

-

4

3

_

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

8 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
9 0 . 00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

194
93
101
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 2 . 00

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

159
33
1 26

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

SECRETARIES -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

8 84
385
499
120
82

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

574
206
3 68
98

_

11
5

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

-

“
-

15
5
10

-

-

322
93
229
105

See footnotes at end of table.

-

7
1
6
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-------------- -- -----------




$

$

and
under
50

WOMEN -

$

_

5

-

-

5 8 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

_

64
9
55

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

“

7
2
5

-

:

3

4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

35
8
27

56

"

"

-

5
5

_

18

-

18

-

4
4
-

-

56

-

-

-

9
-

9
9

-

6

20
12

15

_

1

—

-

-

2
2

-

15
13

-

1
1

-

1
1

_

-

_

_

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
2
5
5

—

1

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—
Wash. , May 1964)
Average

Number of w ork ers receivin g stra ig h t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

WOMEN -

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

50

S ex , occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

$

$
$

55

60

65

70

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

2
2

2
2

8

-

5
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

40
6
34
-

66
18
48
4

96
28
68
2

54
18
36
5

46
15
31
19

27
13
14
11

17
9
8
8

_
-

3
3

5
5

41
41

21
17

-

-

-

-

10
9
6

7
7
7

20
20
20

5
5
5

4
4
3

2

21
18
11
1

51
30
21
“

12
9
3
~

32
17
15
4

16
3
13

8
8

3
3

-

-

12
1
11

9
5

7
7

7
6

13
8

14
12

11
9

1

2

4

$
W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

45

$
$

$
$

$
$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

and
under

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 —

427
120
30 7
75

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS—
NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S RETAIL TRADE -----------

180
1 61
52
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
40. 0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

305
135
1 70
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 . 50
7 3 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

64
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G EN E RAL--------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

143
31
112

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

329
92
237

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2

771
164
607
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE

-

8
-

21
7
14

-

3

5

6

27
24
14

_

”

7
7
~

25
13
12
6

68
38
30
8

48
1
47
20

_

_

_

_

~

“

2
2

1
1
-

19
2
17

16
4
12

17
3
14

22
2
20

11
9
2

37
4
33

2

10
6
4

3

-

1

3

47
7
40

80
21
59

24
13

49
21
28

30
11
19

24
6
18

3
3
-

20
10
10

_

“

12
12

34
2
32

8
8

88
1
87

170
20
150
3

179
50
129
3

1 32
36
96
2

61
18
43
4

65
19
46
7

14
9
5
~

29
5
24
18

17
2
15
1

3
2
1
1

4
18
10

4

6
6

22

-

OPERATORS,
~

_

1

-

-

_
-

"

~

-

21
10

11

11

—

3
2
1
1

1
1
1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees receive their regular stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours,
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




$

$

$

$

$

$

8




Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, P ortland , O r e g .— ash. , M ay 1964)
W
Num ber of w orkers receivin g straight--tim e w eekly earnings of—

Average
Number
of
workers

$

$

$

$

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

85

90

95

100

1 05

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

85

S ex, occupation, and industry division

90

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

1 25

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

2

12

~

6

-

3

3

1

~

1
1

1
1

10
10

10
10

30
20
10
10

39
37
2
2

16
2
14
9

_
—

2
2

7
7

-

37
26
11
6

_

-

38
27
11
6

1
l

-

27
19
8
9

16
10

-

16
12
4
4

-

_

~

~

2
2

4
4

6
5

11
5

4

15
15

-

~

4

7

5

2

1

80
and
under

MEN

L E A D E R -------------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

$
1 3 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------PI IR 1 f r 1IT f 1 T 1 T Co
rUDLlU U 1 IL 1 T 1 F° 2

251
185
66
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

nu

53
' 42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

7
7

26

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

-

DRAFTS M N,
E

actcucu

niM in o

............

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3
3

1
1

6

—

6

-

-

-

WOMEN

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ------

1
Standard hours refle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees
w eekly h ou rs.
‘ T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.

rec eiv e

their

2

regular

stra ig h t-tim e

4

sa la r ie s

-

and the

earnings

c orresp on d

to

these

9

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg.—
Wash. , May 1964)

Occupation and industry d ivision

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O F F IC E OC C U P A TIO N S— CONTIN U ED

O F F IC E O C C U P A TIO N S
BILLERS* MACHINE (B IL L IN G
M A C H IN E )-------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2 -----------------------------

1 32
40
92
32

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 4 .5 0
7 5 . 00
7 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L -------------------------------- --------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

327
154
173
73
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------- ------------------—
NON MANUFACTURING--------------------- -----------

104
65
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------------

310
156
154
65

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------ ------------------------------- -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------------------------

314
68
246
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

D PL I CAT IN G - MACHINE OPERATORS
U
(MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO ) -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

56
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------ --------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- ----------- ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 — ------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------

457
150
307
82
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2— -----------------------

322
93
229
105

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
7 8 . 50
8 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

194
93
101
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G IRLS------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

225
52
173
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

S E C R E T A R IE S -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------- -----------

893
386
507
128
82

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

588
207
381
111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 9 . 00
1 0 0 .5 0

430
120
310
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0

743
144
599
168
2 09

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 . 00
8 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A — ------------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------------------------

64
64
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 4 . 50
1 0 0 .5 0

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------- —

219
52
167
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------— -------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------- ------------

1 69
142

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 6 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

CLERK S, ORDER ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------ ---------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------- -----RETAIL T R A D E ---------------------------------•
—

431
143
2 88
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N IO R ---------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS------------------- ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2 ------------ ---------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------- -—

180
1 61
52
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURI N G -------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------- -----------

305
135
170
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

TABULATING-NACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

36

4 0 .0

1 2 4 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------------------

144
57
87
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANU FAC T U R IN G ---------------------------------

143
31

112

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

329
92
237

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------------------------

771
164
607
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ------------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------- ------

27

4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

255
185
70

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, J U N IO R ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------- -—

55
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

NURSES,

26

4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0

/

6 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

PR O FE SSIO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C UPATIONS

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ------

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees receive their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings corresp ond to these weekly hours,
T ran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




Number
of
workers

O F F IC E O C C U P A TIO N S — C O NTINU ED
$
9 1 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ■
---------------- ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

Average

Average

Average
Number
of
workers

10

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, Oreg.—
Wash. , May 1964)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
2 .2 0

Average
earnings 1

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
$
$
3 . 50 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .1 0

1
S
4 .2 0 4 .3 0

2 .3 0

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 Q

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .9 0 4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0 4 .4 0

16
1
15
15

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
3
12
12

8
8

12
12

4
4

2
1
1

10
1
9
2

9
9
“

-

39
36
3

3
3
-

24
18
6

1

_

_

-

—

-

1

-

_

_

Under
and
$
2 . 2 0 under

$

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------------- —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------ - ---------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2— --------- -------------

104
55
49
29

$
3 .2 8
3 .2 8
3 .2 8
2 .8 8

—

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- ---------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------

296
2 60
36

3 .4 2
3 .4 2
3 .4 4

-

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO N ARY---------------- ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ■
-------------

216
158
58

3 .2 2
3 .2 7
3 .0 7

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- ---------

128
1 13

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

4
4

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE T R A D E S -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

54
30

2 .6 0
2 .5 2

4
3

1
1

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

43
43

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

173
154

3 .3 4
3 .3 7

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

~

“

~

“

“

“

“

8
8

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

-

“

2
2

_

-

2
2

4
4

_

12
12

-

—

-

_

-

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

1
1
-

3
-

6
6

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

3
-

8
8
-

12
9
3

29
14
15

30
30
~

106
106

68
24
44

6
2
4

8
8

52
52
“

24
24

_

_

4
4

_

-

4
4

5
5

-

23
23

2
2

11
11

2
2

5
4

45
27

_

81
81

4
4

-

-

-

3

-

-

~

28
28
-

12
12

14
12

10
4

28
28

31
31

1
-

20
14

4
4

4
4

10
10

1
1

27
5

1
1

6 91
200
491
410

3 .2 1
3 .1 4
3 .2 4
3 .2 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE------------ *---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

472
444

3 .2 3
3 .2 4

MILLWRIGHTS — ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------ -------- -----------

160
160

O I L E R S ------------------------------------------------- --— -—
MANUFACTURING-----------------------— -----------

57
57

2 .6 2
2 .6 2

4
4

_

_

“

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE----- -------- ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

67
58

3 . 30
3 .3 2

-

_

-

P IP E F IT T E R S, MAINTENANCE--------•
-----------MANUFACTURING----------------------------- *
--------

124
85
69
69

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

4
4

3 .2 7
3 .3 5

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------- ------------------------

3

3 .3 5
3 .3 5

9
9

“

_

“

32
32

10
10

4
4

24
24

2
2

9
9

1
1

9
4

1
1

_

“

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.

_
-

2
2

86
84

1 53
96
57
14

245
33
212
188

128
6
1 22
116

82
82

16
16

143
118

3
3

84
81

1
1

2
2

_

_

11
3
8

-

-

~

—

“

4

4

_

_

6

_

6

-

—

-

—

-

6

-

6

_

_

_

_

-

—

-

—

_

_

_

-

-

_

30
30
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

2
2

7
7

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

2
2
-

-

-

-

_

_

16
16

_

“

-

6

_

6
6

-

56
56

_

6
6

_

_

2
2

_

-

_

“

~

_

_

_

“

_

_

4
4

38

-

-

-

_

86

-

“

-

28
28

1
1

~

17
17

—

2
1

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------- -------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------— —




_

3 .7 0 3 .8 0

8
8

-

_

34
28
6

-

-

125
125

27
27

2
2

_

5
4

64
64

4
4

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

~

38
38

-

_

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

~

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

-

2
2

10
6

19
19

_

-

—

17
17

18
18

—

-

-

31
31

6
6

—

-

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, O reg—Wash., May 1964)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
t
1 .1 0

Number

Occupation 1 and industry d ivision
workers

earninfcs 2

$
1 .2 0

$
$
1 .3 0 1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

S
1 .6 0

$
$
1 .7 0 1 . 8 0

$
1,. 9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

*
$
$
$
$
$
2 . 20 2 . 3 0 2 •40 2 . 50 2 . 60 2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

%

%

%

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

1 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 30 2 . 4 0

2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 . 60

ove r

22
20
2

29
19
10

-

and
und er
1 .2 0

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(W O M E N )------------------------- ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------- -------------GUARDS Ah® WATCHMEN--------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------- — ----------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------- -

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

84
84
51

$
1 .4 6
1 .4 6
1 .4 7

12
12
12

11
11
1

6
6
6

18
18
-

3
3
3

30
30
29

1 85
90
95

2 .2 0
2 .2 4
2 .1 7

—

-

4

_

6

_

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

4

“

6

~

1

2

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING-----------------------— -----------

73

2 .1 5

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, W D CLEANERS-----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 --------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------- -- ---------

1 ,2 0 0
405
795
114
270

2 .0 3
2 .2 3
1 .9 3
2 .2 1
1 .8 2

-

_

42

-

-

-

~

-

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(W O M EN)----- --------------------------------------- — ------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------- —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 -------------- ------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------------- ---------

191
171
48
31

1 . 82
1 .8 1
1 .9 3
1 .4 7

4

“

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 3 ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

2, 2 1 7
1, 2 0 4
1 ,0 1 3
635
122

2 .6 4
2 .5 0
2 .8 1
2 .9 2
2 .3 4

-

-

-

-

2
2

“

“

“

ORDER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------—
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

749
136
613
178

2 .7 2
2 .8 3
2 .7 0
2 .6 0

-

PACKERS, SHIPPIN G ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC T U R IN G ---------------------------------

318
46
272

2 .6 6
2 .2 9
2 .7 3

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------- --------------

163
106
57
41

2 .7 1
2 .7 7
2 .6 1
2 .5 0

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

108
73
35

2 .9 0
2 .9 6
2 .7 9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

239
122
1 17
2 ,9 9 4
5 67
2 ,4 2 7
1 ,7 8 4
258

3 .0 5
3 .1 3
3 . 04
3 .0 4
3 .0 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) --------------------------------------*
—
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

254
44
2 10

2 .7 3
2 .3 5
2 .8 1

26
8
18

See footnotes at end of table.




_

2
2

-

-

-

-

8

20

15

“

42
36

30
1
29
5

39
1
38
11

26
2
24
19

31
17
14
2
7

246
12
2 34
1
115

94
58
36
1
2

289
60
229
22
61

4
4

_
-

8
8

21
20

-

-

-

-

3
-

75
71
26

15
15
-

1
—

10
6
6

“

29
23
2

18
18
15

20

6
5
5

_
-

_
-

4
4

7
3
4

108
91
17

32
27
5

16
12
4

25
24
1

99
99

-

-

4

4

15

5

4

1

-

7

2

3

_

_

2

-

-

-

—

-

2
2

3
3

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

“

_

-

_

_

_

1

~

-

1

-

_

1

1

_

_

“
-

-

“

“

-

-

-

37
35
2
—
2

4

1
1
1

-

—

-

-

38
31
7
2
5

105
27
78
24
54

467
416
51
38
13

297
289
8

30

136
71
65
41

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
_
_
_

20

—

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

_

-

_

-

_

“

-

-

-

_

_
_
-

7
7
-

_
_
-

—

28

1 18

104

3

_

_

28

118

104

3

2
2

5
3
2
2

10
8
2
2

13
7
11
11

1
1

18
18

20
8
12
12

22
11
11
-

20
11
9
4

22
20
2
2

5
5
-

“

7
4
3
3

-

-

1

-

6
4
2

5
2
3

5
1
4

23
23
-

3
3

22
13
9

5
5

10
10
-

1
1
-

53
10
43

5
2
3

24
18
6

11
11
-

-

-

-

98 1 9 7 4
44
149
54 1 8 2 5
- 1676
51
1

460
47
413
87
169

61
29
32
7

9
4
5
5

54
54
-

99
99

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

1

“

8

8

_
-

8

8

16
8
8

12
12
-

17
4
13

24
8
16

24
18
6

31
31
“

6
6

10
10
-

41
37
4

28
4
24

~

16
7
9
2
~

2
2
-

~

31
16
15
15
“

22
8
14
4
2

7
2
5
1

10
5
5

9
1
8

-

-

-

2

11

-

3

“

~

2

6

~

3

”

6

_

3

1
1
-

-

-

6

-

-

2

11

-

3

-

1
1
-

-

-

_
_
_

_
-

23
16
7

1
1
-

-

_
_
_
-

20
20
-

17
10
7

3

-

_

337
337
32 7
-

10
6
4

_

-

_

273
20
253
2 29
4

7
7
-

11

-

_
_

4
4

2

-

_
_

2
2
“

-

11

_
_

68
62
6
6

_

2

_

42
42
-

-

-

_
_

20
19

_

_

_
_

164
133
31
10
1

6

-

—
-

223
12
211
5
12

6

-

_
-

166
18
148
69

_

_

-

280
4
2 76
13

1

-

_

_

35
23
12
-

_

_

_

-

31
4
27
17

_

-

_

-

-

“

_

_

-

5
3

—
—

_

_

5

4
1

_

-

3

43
34
9
1

_

30
16

“

-

43
37
6
6
~

2
2

-

1

-

9
9

12
5

-

-

10
3
7

2

12

-

-

2
-

31
25
6
6

-

-

—

18

6

1

-

-

27

18

5

6
6

_

1
1

-

63
53
10
2
8

5
—

-

-

1
1

-

“

-

72
24
48
35
3

47
27
20

_

-

-

2 .8 0

-

-

-

-

2 .7 0

-

14
7

1
1

-

2 .6 0

14

2
2

3
1
2
2

“

2 .5 0

4
4

2 .7 5
2 .8 5
2 .6 5

TRUCKDRIVERS4 ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

1 .9 0

6

_

27
27
-

—
18
4
14

“
_
-

5
3
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

160
1
1 59

_

-

-

-

_

7
—
7

-

-

3
3
-

16
16
-

_
-

—

_
_

_
_
-

-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
_

59
54
5
5

_

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number

Average

workers

earnings 2
1

Occupation 1 and industry division

$
1 .1 0

$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
$
3 . 30 3 . 4 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
9
10
10

7
6
1
1

-

13
5
8

3
2
1

37
9
28

-

-

61 1215
10
32
51 1 1 8 3
- 1143
51
"

-

-

10
10

14
14

-

14
10
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

28

“

~

531
106
425
398

346
36
310
87

44
12
32
~

7
2
5
~

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

over

and
u n d er
1 .2 0

TRUCKDRIVERS4 -

$
1 .2 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------‘-----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------------

1 ,4 6 1
165
1 ,2 9 6
1 ,1 5 4
80

$
3 .0 3
3 .1 3
3 .0 1
3 .0 2
3 .0 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY {OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ---------------------------

964
187
777
485

3 .1 3
3 .1 4
3 .1 2
3 .0 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYP E) -------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------—

276
117

3 .2 3
3 .0 9

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L I F T )------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------------

813
395
418
303

2 .8 6
2 .6 2
3 .0 8
3 .1 5

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

69
57

—

1

12
12

2 .7 2
2 .6 9

_
-

_
-

_

_

“

“

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1 Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays,
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
4 Includes all d rivers regard less of size and type of truck operated.
5 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .7 0 .




_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

10
10

30
30

10
_
-

_

18
18

2
_
-

44
44

3

and late shifts.

_

_

78
65
13
9

81
81
-

2
2

41
41

—
-

66
66
-

-

-

-

“
_
-

9
9

~

-

4
4

_

20
“

55
55

58
58

3
“

2
-

54

-

24
-

100
80
20

31
9
22
“

76
7
69
-

137
19
118
118

7
7
-

1 76
176
176

6
6
-

_

15
15
-

~
9
9

_

12
3

“
_

2
2

15
10
5

-

-

_

_

54 4

-

B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istr ib u tio n of esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce sa la r y for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , P ortlan d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M ay 1964)
O ther in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o rk ers

In exp erien ced typ ists

Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e sa la ry 1

All
industries

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

A ll
schedules

40

All
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

40

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

40

All
schedules

40

Establishments studied ___________________________________ ___

158

65

XXX

93

XXX

158

65

XXX

93

XXX

Establishments having a specified m in im u m ______________

73

29

28

44

39

80

31

29

49

43

$ 47.50___________________________________
$50.00________________________ _________
$ 52.50________________________________ __
$ 55.00__________________________ _______
$57.50___ ____________________________
$ 6 0 .00_ ________________________________
$62.50___________________________________
$65.00___________________________________
$67.50_„_________________________________
$ 70.00__________________________________ _
$72.50___________________________________
$75.00_________________________________
$77.50___________________________________
$80.00___________________________________
$82.50___________________________________
_ _______________________________________

1
3
9
6
8
11
2
2
6
6
4
1
2
4
3
5

_
1
2
1
3
8
2
1
1
2
2
1

_
1
2
1
3
8
2

1
2
7
5
5
3

1
2
6
4
4
2

-

-

1
5
4
2

_
_
5
1
2
7
2
2

5
4
2

-

-

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

2
3
-

2
3
-

2
2
1
1
2
3
-

1
2
15
4
4
2
1
1
3
6
2

1
2
13
3
3
1
1

-

_
5
1
2
7
2
3

2
3
-

2

2

-

-

6

6

Establishments having no specified m inim um _____________

34

19

51

17

$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

5

5

1
2
20
5
6
9
3
4
3
8
4
1
1
4
3
6

XXX

15

XXX

35

19

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

34

XXX

43

15

XXX

28

XXX

1
2
2
1

-

_

_

3
6
2
_

Establishments which did not employ workers

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e stab lish ed m in im u m starting (hiring) reg u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r standard w ork w eek s.
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l job s such as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
Data a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll stand ard w orkw eeks com b in ed , and fo r the m o st co m m o n standard w orkw eek rep o rted .




14




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m an u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ou nt of d iffe r e n tia l,
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S econd sh ift
w ork

T h ird o r other
sh ift work

A c tu a lly woirking on—

Second sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

9 4 .8

8 7 .8

16 .5

5 .7

W ith sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l__________________________

9 0 .2

8 7 .8

15.7

5 .7

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) _______________________

5 1 .1

4 4 .2

9 .3

4 .4

3 c e n t s __________________________________________
4 c e n t s __________________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s _______________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
9 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n ts _________________________________________
12 c e n t s _________________________________________
O v e r 12 and u nder 15 c e n t s ________________
15 c e n t s _________________________________________
O v e r 15 c e n t s __________________________________

1.0
6 .5
1 .4
_
2 .6
4 .7
10.1
1 2 .0
2 .5
5 .5
1.5
3 .2

3 .7
_
5 .2
10 .2
2 .4
18.7
4 .1

.4
1.1
2 .5
2 .1
.4
1.3
.1
.4

.5
1.5
_
2 .0
.1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________

16 .7

14.1

3 .7

.2

5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

1.0
1 5 .6

.2

-

3 .9
1 0 .2

.1
3 .6
-

-

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ce d h o u r s _____________

2 .5

4 .5

.1

.4

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ce d h o u r s plus
c en ts d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________________

1 6 .0

19.1

1.5

.2

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r red u ce d h o u r s plus
p e r c e n ta g e d i f f e r e n t i a l________________________

1.2

3 .2

.2

.3

O th e r sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________

2 .7

2 .7

1.0

.1

W ith no sh ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l______________________

4 .6

1
In c lu d es e s t a b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p er a tin g late
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly op era tin g late s h ifts .

_

_

.2
.7
-

_

_
_
_
.3
_
_
_

_

.8

s h ift s ,

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts with fo r m a l p r o v is io n s

c o v e r in g

la te sh ifts

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Portland, O re g .—
Wash. , May 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll
!
in d u stries

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------

30 h o u r s ------------------ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s ____________________________________________________
37V2 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 37V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------40 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 44 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------44 h o u r s ___________________________________________________________________
45 h o u r s _____________ ______________________________________________

1
2
3
4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

10 0

10 0

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s 13
2

100

R e t a il tr a d e

1O0

A ll
,
in d u strie s

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic 2
u tilitie s

100

100

100

1
1

(4
~)
3

-

-

2

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

.

93

100

95

96

100

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

3

-

96
4
-

(4)

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




100

4

1

(4 )
18
5
75

R e ta il tr a d e

_
_
_

89
4
3

16
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Portland, Oreg.—W ash., May 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All w orkers___

A
U j
in u
d stries

_ _ _ _ _

_

_ —

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays
_
— _ --- ------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays__
____ _ _
_ _ __ ___

M
anufacturing

P
ublic ,
utilities1
2
3

R
etail trad
e

A
U
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

PubUc2
u
tilities

R
etaUtrade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

97

99

100

96

3

1

(4)

-

-

2

_
5
55

4

Number of days
Less than 6 holidays__ ____
_ _ _ — _
6 holidays™ _
________
_______
6 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
6 holidays plus 2 half days___
__
_ ___
7 holidays __
_ __ __________
7 holidays plus 1 half day
_
_
___ __
7 holidays plus 2 half days
___ ___ ________
8 holidays_____ __
____________________________
8 holidays plus 1 half day_______________________
___
__ ___ __
8 holidays plus 2 half days__
9 holidays™
__
__ __ — __ ______
11 holidays __
__
_
__
___ ______

(4)

26
1
2
47
(4 )

38

1
40
-

1

6

15

13
-

2
3
(4 )

1
40
-

1
88
-

11
-

1

4
31
(4)

1
41
3

16
-

1

2
16
-

60
3
17
-

_
13
48
38
-

13
78
3
-

1
-

2

1

Total holiday time 5

11 days _
9 days or
8V 2 days
8 days or
l l /z days

7 days or

61/ days
2
6 days or
5 days or
3 days or
2 days or

_ __
_____
__
m ore__
_
___
or m o r e .
__ _ _
m o re ..
--or m o r e . __
m ore__
_
__
or m o re __ _
m ore__
more™
m ore.
_ _ _
m ore.
_
__

___
__ __
______ ____ _
_ _
___
----- — _ ----_ _ __
_ _________
_ _ _ _ _
_ _ __
___ __ ______
__ __ __

1

-

-

4

1
1
20
20

-

-

-

-

40
40
95
95

-

6
23
23
72
73
99
99
99
99

59
61
98

100
100
100

100
100
100
100

-

-

-

-

2
2
22
22

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
20
20

11
11

61

62

82
82
97
99
99
99

99
99

100
100

93
94
96
97

38
38
87
87

100
100
100
100

1
1
5
5
83
83
93
96

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with
7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.

1
2
3
4
5




Table B-5

Paid Vacations3

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Portland, O re g .—Wash. , May 1964)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a c a tio n p o lic y
AU
2
in d u stries

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

3

R e ta il tr a d e

AU
4
in d u strie s

M a n u fa ct u r in g

PubU c 3
u tilitie s

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
91
9
-

100
100
-

100
96
4
-

100
98
2
-

100
81
19
-

100
100
-

2
44
4
1
-

4
29
13
4
-

43
3
-

5
10
-

5
13
2
1

8
9
1
1

_
42
4
_
-

6
5
_
_
-

34
64
( 6)
1
1

28
68
4
-

68
28
3

85
15
-

81
1
16
( 6)
2
-

81
1
13
4
-

75
_
25
-

93
_
7
_

-

-

10
6
81
1
1
1

6
3
87
4
-

14
29
54
3

14
86
-

50
7
41

60
11
25
4
-

41
7
52
-

34
_
66
_
-

2
1
94
2
1
1

2
3
88
3
4
-

97
3

1
99
-

4
7
87

_
100
-

5
95
-

-

4
12
79
4
-

-

-

2
1
94
2
1
1

2
3
88
3
4
-

_
97

1

_

12
79

_

_

99

3
7
87

4

-

100

97

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

4
-

_

3

-

-

( 6)
96
2
1
1

_

_

93
3
5

97

1
97
-

_

1

1
95
( 6)
4

3
94

_

“

3

"

"

M eth od of p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovidin g
paid v a c a tio n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t-------------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------O th e r
_
_____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------- —
A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w ee k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -_- ____ ____ ___________ _____________________ _
_
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----- -----------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------- -----------------O ver 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------7 w eeks
.
___
O ver 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------- ---------- -----------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------

( 6)
2
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k --------------------------------------- ---------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w ee k s — ----------------------------------- -----------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------- ------------------------

( 6)
2

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----- ---------------------------------------------------- -----------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e k s __
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____

( 6)
2
-

3

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------,--------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w e e k s ________________
O ve r 3 and under 4 w ee k s .

See footn otes at end of ta b le .




_

_

94

100

_

_

6

_

■

3

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Portland, O reg.— ash., May 1964)
W
PLANT

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V ac ation p o lic y
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s 3

R e ta il tr a d e

A ll
in d u s trie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

WORKERS

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s

R e t a il t r a d e

A m ount of vacation pay 5— Continued
A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(6 )

41
2
56
1
(6)

-

35
5
60
(6)

_

51
-

1
40
-

-

37
4
58

-

49

3
47

-

-

51

51

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

1

-

-

_

1
40

20
4
75

45
3

58

1
45
3
51

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _______________________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(6)

35
2
63
1
(6)

58

73

51

-

63
3

1
30
4
65

-

-

-

-

-

(6)

-

-

1

1

-

-

_

_

21

2

1
33

1
20

11

-

-

-

_

-

_

66

78

86

98

56

-

22
5
72

33
-

-

-

-

27

3
47

-

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
l

(6)

2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

13
(6)

85
1
1

-

74
-

5

95
3

-

-

2

3
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

_

A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _______________________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(6)

12
(6)

70
1
17

1
18

_

2

1
33

-

17

8

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

71

51

46

-

-

-

-

21

20

48

10

1
18

_

-

8

2

3
41

-

61
-

22

50
3
45

56
-

10

3
41

A fte r 25 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

(6)

12
(6)

_

_

1

17

2

33

-

-

31
3
64
-

-

-

49
1
30
1

63
2
26
1

1
18

_

_

33

8

2

-

-

-

-

27

49
1
30
1

63
2
26
1

-

27

48
1
38

56
3
24

(6)

(6)

( 6)
12

_

1

17

2

-

-

-

39
-

-

30
-

68
-

-

36
-

20
-

A fte r 30 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 Wee k _______________________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s --------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________ __ _____________ ___________ _
O ver 4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________

(6)
39
1
47
(6)

-

56

31

3

3

24

64

(6)

-

-

39
*

30

3
41
_

36

-

_

68

20

-

"

1 Includes b a sic p lans only.
E xclu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose p lans w hich o ffer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s ic p lans to w o r k e r s with
q ualifying lengths of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such ex c lu sio n s are plans r e c e n tly negotiated in the ste e l, alum inum , and can in d u str ie s.
2 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
4 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep a ra tely .
5 Includes p aym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p erc en ta g e of annual earn ing s or fla t -s u m p aym en ts, converted* to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a
paym ent of 2 p erc en t of annual ea rn in g s w as co n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f le c t the in dividu al p r o v is io n s for
p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r ex a m p le, the changes in p r op ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' se r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s oc cu rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e c u m u lative.
T h u s, the p rop ortion re c e iv in g 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e after few er y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.




Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w ork ers in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p loyed in e s ta b lish m e n ts providin g
h ealth, in su ra n ce , or pen sion b e n e fits, 1 P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W a sh . , M ay 1964) 1
6
5
4
3
2
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of b en efit
A ll
,
in d u stries

M a n u fa ct u r in g

R e ta il tr a d e

A ll
,
in d u strie s

100

100

100

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------------------------------S ick n ess and a c cid e n t in su r a n ce or
s ic k le a v e or b o th 5 -------------------------------------------

90

92

85

73

76

58

75

41

65

61

69

76

69

62

80

S ick n e ss and a c cid e n t in s u r a n c e ---------------------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) -----------------------------------------------------------------Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d ) ------------------------------------------------------------------

43

54

25

37

40

47

16

"

H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------- -----------------------C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------------------R e tire m e n t p e n sio n ---------------------------------------------No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion p lan ---------

94
94
93
61
73

95
94
91
46
69
1

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M a n u fa ct u r in g

100

P u b lic 3
u tilitie s

R e ta il tr a d e

100

100

87

81

43

73

44

38

88

75

68

70

81

43

59

23

10

8

13

13

36

10

12

9

34

10

93
93
93
79
63

93
93
93
53
50

94
93
91
39
65
1

94
92
89
36
78
1

95
95
95
62
79

93
93
90
45
36

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovidin g:

8

( 6)

( 6)

1 In clud es th o se p lan s fo r w hich at le a s t a part of the cost is borne by the e m p lo y e r , ex cept those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's co m p en sa tio n , so c ia l se c u rity ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
4 In cludes data f o r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 U n d up licated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e or sic k n e ss and a ccid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich
d efin ite ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d ays' pay that can be ex p ected by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
In form al sic k le a v e a llo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a re ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, Portland, Oreg.—W ash., May 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE W
ORKERS
Sick leave provisions

A ll w orkers____ __

__

___

___

All
.
in u
d stries
_____

_____

W orkers in establishments providing
form al paid sick leave____ __ __ ___________
Workers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick leave______________________

M
anufacturing

P blic ,
u
u
tilities1
2
100.0

R
etail trad
e

A ■
ll
in u
d stries-’

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

100.0

100.0

100.0

22.0

16.9

46.7

22.7

78.0

83.1

53.3

77.3

10.0
8.8
.6
3.5
4.7
1.2
5.7
3.8
.5
1.5

8.4
8.4
.9
7.5
7.3
4.4
2.9

21.0
12.7
6.8
5.8
8-. 3
3.3
3.3
"

9.8
9.8
9.8
3.8
3.8
"

8.1

1.7

1.2

-

-

-

-

1.0
.5
.6
4.4
1.6
2.8

1.2
-

21.1
2.1
19.1

2.7
2.7
2.7
6.3
6.3
-

2.6
.3
1.7
.7
.5
-

1.2
1.2

2.1
2.1
-

6.0
6.0
3.3
2.7
-

100.0

100.0

100.0

47.8

47.2

52.1

32.9

52.2

52.8

47.9

67.1

21.7
17.3
2.8
3.5
3.2
4.7
1.4
1.0
3.0
.1
.1
-

28.2
26.5
4.2
1.7
11.4
6.2
1.7
.5
.5
-

28.9
7.3
1.1
.6
.8
4.7
5.2
5.2
16.4
-

14.9
14.9
4.0
10.9
-

21.4
13.3
1.8
1.7
8.2
.8
5.9

18.5
15.7
4.4
6.0
2.8

3.7
3.7
3.0
.7
-

100.0

M ufactu g
an
rin

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually
Uniform plan: 4
No waiting p e r io d _____________________________
Full p ay3
_ _
— _ _
5 days
_ __ _
______________ __
6 days___ _
10 days __ ____________ __
_ __ __
___________ ___
12 days ___________
Full pay plus partial pay 5 ________________
5 days_________________ ______ _________
Partial pay only______ __
______
Waiting period _ __ __ __ ------- ----- ----- —
Full pay
______ __
_ _______ ________
Full pay plus partial pay__
___ ______
Partial pay only __ __
____________
Graduated plan4— After 1 year of service;
No waiting p e rio d _____________________________
Full pay 5 ---------- --- ---------------------5 days
7 days___ _ ______ _____________ __
Full pay plus partial pay 5
22 days
____ _______________ ___ __
10 days per disabilityPartial pay only—
__ ________ ________
Waiting p e rio d ________________________________
Full pay________________________________ __
Partial pay only____________________________
Graduated plan4— After 10 years of service:
No waiting p e rio d ______________ _____ ___ _
Full p a y * ---------__ _ _ _
-----12 days
__
21 days
____
_
____________ ____
Full pay plus partial p a y5 _ _ ____
5 0 day s ____ ___ ___ ______________________
65 days
60 days per disability__________________
Partial pay only ___________ _ _ __
__
Waiting p e rio d ______
_________ _ ______
Full pay plus partial pay ___ ___________

-

4.4
1.3
3.1

-

-

22.5
11.0
4.0
1.7
11.5
1.3
.9
5.9
3.5
3.5

18.5
14.7
4.3
6.0
3.7
2.3
.5
-

20.5

28.0

-

-

18.8
1.8
17.0
5.4
5.4
.7
17.7
17.7

-

8.1
8.1
9.9
9.9
15.1
-

15.1
7.0
8.1
-

.6

3.0
3.0

3.6
3.6

7.6

14.7

-

-

-

-

-

20.4
20.4

3.0
3.0

26.4

13.6

Provisions for accumulation
Workers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e ------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

26.6

13.4

Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other p ublic u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a tely .
"U n ifo r m p la n s " are d efined as th ose f o r m a l plans under w hich an e m p lo y e e , after 1 y e a r of se r v ic e , is entitled to the sa m e n u m b er of d a y s' paid sic k le a v e each
y e a r.
"G ra d u a te d p la n s " a r e defined as those f o r m a l p lans under w hich an e m p lo y e e 's le ave v a r ie s accord in g to length of s e r v ic e . P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch o se n .
E s tim a te s r e fle c t p r o v isio n s ap p licab le at the stated length of se r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s' s ic k le a v e after
10 y e a r s of se r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e th is am ount after g r e a te r or le s s e r lengths of s e r v ic e .
5 M ay include p r o v isio n s other than th ose p re se n te d se p a r a te ly .
N u m b e r s of days shown under "F u l l pay plus p a r tia l p a y " are days fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e
at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s are en titled to addition al days of sic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in office s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B# Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under clo se supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the specific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
s p ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A* Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
etc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




29
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and refecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform 0ther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request----The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A

lis t

o f th e

la t e s t

a v a ila b le

b u lle t in s is p re s e n t e d

b e lo w .

A

d ir e c t o r y

a v a ila b le o n r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m th e S u p e r in t e n d e n t o f
o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s s h o w n o n th e in s id e f r o n t c o v e r .

in d ic a t in g

D o c u m e n ts ,

d a te s o f

e a r lie r

s t u d ie s ,

G o v e rn m e n t

U .S .

P r in t in g

and

th e

O ffic e ,

p r ic e s

B u lle t in
A re a
O h i o _________. ___ _ _______ . _________
_

A k ro n ,

num ber
1 3 4 5 -8 1
1 3 8 5 -5 2

A l b a n y —S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y
-____
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x 1 _____________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J 1
A t l a n t a , G a _____________ ;
_______________ -_____
B a l t i m o r e , M d ______________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r , T e x ______________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a 1__________________________

1 3 8 5 -6 1
1 3 8 5 -5 3
1 3 4 5 -7 1
1 3 8 5 -2 4
1 3 4 5 -6 7
1 3 8 5 -6 3
1 3 4 5 -7 4

o f th e

W a s h in g t o n ,

b u lle t in s is
E i. C .
20402,

B u lle t in
P r ic e

A re a

num ber

20 c e n t s

M ia m i,

25 c e n t s

M ilw a u k e e ,

25 c e n t s

M i n n e a p o l i s —S t .

25
25
25
20

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h _____________
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J 1 ___________________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n 1_________________________ ________

1 3 4 5 -6 9
1 3 8 5 -4 9
1 3 8 5 -3 7

N e w O r le a n s ,

1 3 8 5 -4 2

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

B o i s e , I d a h o ---------------------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s 1______________________ . _______

1 3 8 5 -1 6

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

B u ffa lo ,

1 3 8 5 -3 3

20
25
25
25
20
30

W i s _____________ ____ __________________
P a u l,

M i n n . . ________

1 3 8 5 -2 9
1 3 8 5 -5 6
1 3 8 5 -3 9

25
25
25
20

ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

30 c e n ts

New Y o rk , N. Y 1
____________________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , Y a 1___________________________ — ________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a _______________________________

1 3 4 5 -7 9

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
40 c e n ts

1 3 4 5 -7 5
1 3 8 5 -2

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

L a ___________________________________

25 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -4 7
1 3 8 5 -6 4

F l a 1. . _______________________________________

P r ic e

N . Y ___________________
V t ------------------------

C a n t o n , O h i o 1-------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a 1---------------

1 3 8 5 -5 7
1 3 8 5 -5 5

C h a r l o t t e , N . C 1_______________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a ______
C h i c a g o , 1111 ---------------------------

13 8 5 -5
l_ 3 8 5 - 6 6

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —Ky1
________
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o _______________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o -------------------- -

1 3 8 5 -5 8
1 3 8 5 -1 1
1 3 8 5 -2 5

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

D a lla s ,

1 3 8 5 -1 5
1 3 8 5 -1 2

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -4 0
1 3 8 5 -3 4
1 3 8 5 -4 4

25 c e n t s

T e x __________________________________

D a v e n p o r t —R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111 ,
D a y t o n , O h i o 1________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo 1
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a 1 _____________ — .
D e t r o i t , M i c h ________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x ____________________
G re e n B a y ,
G r e e n v ille ,
H o u sto n ,

W i s _________________ S . C _____________________

T e x _______________________

1 3 8 5 -4 3
1 3 8 5 -1 9
1 3 8 5 -4
1 3 4 5 -6 8
1 3 4 5 -8 2

25
25
25
20
20
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

25 c e n t s

O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a 1______. . . . _______ ____ _ _______
_

1 3 8 5 -1 4

P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J 1_________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J 1___________________________
_ _
P h o e n i x , A r i z 1________ ______ _ _ ______ ___ ________

1 3 8 5 -6 2
1 3 8 5 -3 1
1 3 8 5 -5 4

P i t t s b u r g h , P a ______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e 1___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h 1 _______________________ ____

1 3 8 5 -3 8
1 3 8 5 -2 2
1 3 8 5 -6 7

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —M a s s _____________
R a le ig h , N . C 1
_______________________________________

1 3 8 5 -6 5
1 3 8 5 -7

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

R i c h m o n d , V a 1___________ _________ ___________ ____ _

B u r lin g t o n ,

1 3 8 5 -2 3

25 c e n t s

R o c k f o r d , 1111_______________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . - I l l _________________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h _______________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x 1______________________________ ____

1 3 8 5 -6 0
1 3 8 5 -2 1
1 3 8 5 -2 8
1 3 4 5 -7 8

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s

S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a l i f 1_____
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f _________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f 1
___________________
S a v a n n a h , G a ________________________________________

1 3 8 5 -9
1 3 8 5 -1 3
1 3 8 5 -3 6
1 3 4 5 -6 0

S c ra n to n ,
S e a ttle ,

P a 1. . . . ___________ _____________ ______ ____

W a s h 1 ______________________________________

30 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -8

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -1 0

25 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -3 0

25 c e n t s

S io u x F a l l s ,

S.

D a k 1_______________________________

1 3 8 5 -2 0

25 c e n t s

25 c e n ts
20 c e n t s

S o u th B e n d ,

I n d 1______________ . . . _ __________ ___ . . .
_

1 3 8 5 -5 1

F l a ____________________________

1 3 8 5 -4 1
1 3 8 5 -3 2

Spokane,

W a s h 1 ____ __________________ . . . . _____ ____
.

1 3 4 5 -6 6

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s

K a n s a s C i t y , M o . —K a n s 1 ___________________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H — — ____

1 3 8 5 -2 6
1 3 4 5 -7 7

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

T o l e d o , O h i o ________________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J _____________________ __ ______ __ _____
_
_

1 3 8 5 -4 6
1 3 8 5 -2 7

L it t le

1 3 8 5 -3

20 c e n t s

W a s h in g t o n ,

1 3 8 5 -1 7

1 3 8 5 -5 9
1 3 8 5 -5 0
1 3 4 5 -7 2

30 c e n t s

W a te rb u ry ,

20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

1 3 8 5 -1

20 c e n t s

W a t e r l o o , I o w a _______ ____ __ _____________________
_
W i c h i t a , K a n s _______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s __ _________________________________

1 3 8 5 -1 8
1 3 8 5 -6
1 3 4 5 -8 0

1 3 8 5 -3 5

25 c e n t s

Y o rk ,

1 3 8 5 -4 5

I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d 1__
J a c k s o n , M i s s 1.
J a c k s o n v ille ,

R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e

Rock,

A r k ______

L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f 1_________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . _________ . . . . . __________
Lubbock,

T e x ________________________________

M a n c h e s te r, N . H .
M e m p h i s , T e n n 1 ______ ___

i

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




D . C . —M d . —V a _______________________
C o n n 1________

P a 1 ___________________________________________

1 3 8 5 -4 8

20 c e n ts
20
25
25
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102