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Occupational Wage Survey
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
APRIL 1964

Hu I let in No. 1 3 8 5 - 6 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS




A PRIL 1964

B u lletin No. 1385-66
Ju ly 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of ann u al
o c cu p atio n al w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is design ed
to p ro v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s ta b lish m e n t
p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s . It y ie ld s
d e ta ile d d a ta b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv isio n s fo r m e tro p o lita n
a r e a la b o r m a r k e t s , fo r eco n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (a) the m o vem en t of
w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and sk ill le v e l, and (b) the
s t r u c t u r e and le v e l of w a g e s am ong la b o r m a r k e ts and
in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

In tro d u c tio n ______________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s _________________________
T a b le s :
1. E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of su r v e y
and n u m b er s t u d i e d ____________________ ______________
2. In d ex es of sta n d a rd w e ek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s,
and p e r c e n ts of i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s _______
A : O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s— en and w o m en —_—
m
_____________ ____
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m en and w o m e n ------ --------------------- _ ----------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d _______________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s_________________13
A - 5. C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v em en t o c c u p a tio n s____________

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in d iv id u al a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r eac h la b o r m a r k e t
stu d ie d . A fte r c o m p le tio n of a ll of the in d iv id u al a r e a
b u lle tin s fo r a roun d of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a rt su m m a r y
b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
The f i r s t p a r t b r in g s data fo r eac h
of the la b o r m a r k e t s stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . The se co n d
p a r t p r e s e n t s in fo r m a tio n w hich h a s b een p ro je c te d fr o m
in d iv id u a l la b o r m a r k e t d a ta to r e la t e to eco n o m ic r e g io n s
and the U nited S t a t e s .

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a r k e ts c u rre n tly a re in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s i s
c o lle c t e d an n u ally in e a c h a r e a . In fo rm atio n on e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s is
o b tain e d b ie n n ia lly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s of the su r v e y in
C h ic a g o , 111., in A p r il 1964. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u ­
r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ic a g o , 111., b y M a ry E . S to k e s ,
u n d e r the d ir e c tio n of K en neth T h o rste n .
The stu d y w a s
u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of W oodrow C. L inn , A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u str ia l R e la tio n s.




1
4

E s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age
p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l . M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s —_________________
B - 2 . Shift d if f e r e n t ia ls __________________________________________
B - 3 . S ch ed u led w e ek ly h o u r s__________________________________ —
B - 4 . P a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________ -_________
B - 5 . P a id v a c a t io n s _______________________
B - 6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s _________
B - 7 . P a id s ic k le a v e _______________

A pp en dix: O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S ee in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

C u rr e n t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s in the C h ic a g o a r e a , a r e a l s o
a v a ila b le fo r m o to r v e h ic le p a r t s (A p ril 1963), m a c h in e r y
in d u s tr ie s (M ay 1963), and w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s
(M a rch 1963).
Union s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e of p r e v a ilin g p ay
l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the follow in g t r a d e s o r in d u s t r ie s :
B u ild in g c o n str u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l - t r a n s it o p e ra tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

Hi

5
10
11
15

18
19
20
21
22
25
26
29




O ccupational Wage Survey—Chicago, 111.
Introduction

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 82 la b o r m a r k e ts in w h ich the U. S . D e ­
p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b tain e d by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u fie ld
e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lish m e n ts within s i x b ro a d in d u stry
d iv is io n s : M a n u fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t i l it i e s ; w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fro m th e se
s t u d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n stru c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e
in d u s t r ie s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n . S e p a r a t e ta b u ­
la tio n s a r e p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of the b ro a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich
m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e shown for
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e ek ly sch edu le
in the giv en o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late
s h if t s . N on produ ction b o n u se s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g b o n u ses
and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W here w e ek ly h o u rs a r e re p o r te d ,
a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o rk sc h e d u le s
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s
a r e p aid ; a v e r a g e w e ek ly e a r n in g s fo r th e se o c c u p a tio n s have been
ro un ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
D iffe r e n c e s in p ay le v e ls fo r se le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s in which
both m en and w om en a r e co m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
f a c t o r s a s (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s t r ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2) d if f e r e n c e s in len gth of s e r v ic e or
m e r it re v ie w when in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s te d on th is b a s i s ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d , alth ou gh the o c c u ­
p atio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c l a s s i f i e d w ithin the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s if y in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o re g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d ivid ual
e s t a b lis h m e n t s . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d if f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e cond ucted on a sa m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv ed in su rv e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s . To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r, a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e given th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u stry gro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se below the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in
a l l e s ta b lish m e n ts w ithin the sc o p e o f the stu dy and not the num ber
a c tu a lly su rv e y e d . B e c a u s e of d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l stru c tu re
am on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l em ploym en t
o b tain ed fro m the sa m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ied s e r v e only to
in d ic ate the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d . T h e se d if f e r ­
e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l str u c t u r e do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
of the e a r n in g s d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n s an d E a r n in g s
Th e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stu dy a r e co m m on to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s: (a) O ffic e c l e r ic a l; (b) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e accou n t of in te r e s ta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u tie s w ithin the s a m e jo b . The o ccu p a tio n s se le c t e d fo r stu dy
a r e l is t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the app en d ix. E a r n in g s d a ta fo r so m e of
the o c c u p a tio n s l is t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the o ccu p atio n is too s m a ll
to p ro v id e enough d a ta to m e r it p re s e n ta tio n , or (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lish m e n t d a ta .

E s ta b lish m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm atio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s) on se le c te d
e s ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s a s they
r e la t e to o ffic e and p lan t w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n stru c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk fo r c e a r e exc lu d ed . "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e rfo rm in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s. " P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g forem en
and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g le a d m en and t r a in e e s) en ­
g a g e d in n on o ffice fu n ctio n s. C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u tem en a r e
ex c lu d ed in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in clu ded in n on m an u facturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

* Data were obtained by m ail from some of the smaller establishments for which visits by
Bureau field economists in the last previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the
occupations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.




1

2
M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d . They a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith f o r m a l m in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r y p o lic ie s .

o r fla t - s u m a m o u n ts. H o w ev e r, in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n p a y ,
p ay m e n ts not on a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
e x a m p le , a p ay m en t o f 2 p e rc e n t o f an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
a s the eq u iv alen t of 1 w e e k 's p ay .

Sh ift d iffe r e n t ia l d a ta (tab le B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p lan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (a) e s ta b lish m e n t p o l i c y ,2 p re s e n te d in t e r m s of to ta l p lan t
w o rk e r em p lo y m en t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s of
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly em p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift a t the tim e o f the
su r v e y . In e s ta b lis h m e n t s havin g v a r ie d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t
ap p ly in g to a m a jo r ity w a s u se d o r , if no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity ,
the c l a s s if i c a t i o n " o t h e r ” w a s u se d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w hich so m e
la t e - s h if t h o u rs a r e p aid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n tia l w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u rs.

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a l l h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s (ta b le s B - 6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, e x c ep tin g only l e g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su c h a s
w o rk m e n 's co m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Su ch p la n s in clu de th o se u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
co m p an y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u g h a un ion fund o r p aid d i r e c t ly
by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g fun ds o r fr o m a fund s e t
a s id e fo r th is p u r p o s e . D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a fo r m of
life in su ra n c e .

The sc h e d u le d w e ek ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lish m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s ap p ly in g to
a l l o f the p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lish m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s;
p aid v a c a tio n s; and h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s (ta b le s B - 4
th ro ugh B -7 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a ll y on the b a s i s th at th e se a r e
a p p lic a b le to a l l p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis t e d . S u m s
of in d iv id u al ite m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls
b e c a u s e of roun ding.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on
h o lid a y s g ra n te d an n u ally on a fo r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , (1) a r e p ro v id e d
f o r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) h ave b een e s t a b lis h e d by c u sto m . H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in clu d ed even though they m a y f a ll on a non­
w o rk d a y , even if the w o rk e r i s not g ra n te d a n o th er d ay off. The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p aid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b er o f w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . The se co n d p a r t co m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o liday tim e .

Th e su m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) i s lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o l ic ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith p ay i s g ra n te d a t the d is c r e tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. S e p a r a t e
e s t im a t e s a r e p ro v id e d a c c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m pu tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e rc e n t of an n u al e a r n i n g s ,
2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late drifts.




S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim ite d to th at type of
in s u ra n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s i s d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm atio n is p r e s e n te d fo r a l l su c h p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s. H o w ev er, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have e n a cte d te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,3 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
t r ib u t e s m o re than i s le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tio n s
of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll p ay o r a p ro p o rtio n of the w o r k e r 's p ay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w hich p ro v id e fu ll p ay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
w hich p ro v id e eith e r p a r t ia l p ay o r a w a itin g p e r io d . In a d d itio n to
the p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n c e o r p a id s i c k le a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d
to ta l i s shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits.
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w h ich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s an d in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e of h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su ra n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g fo r c o m p le te o r p a r t i a l
p ay m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Su ch p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n c e co m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf - in s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o se p la n s that p ro v id e m on th ly p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of
the w o r k e r 's life .

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee. Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in C h ic a g o , 111. , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , 2 A p r il 1964

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

----

_

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------ __ _ - --------- ----------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ---- — ---------------------- -------- ------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5-----------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________ _____
R e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------------------- ------ --------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ---------------- --------S e r v i c e s 7----------------------------------------------------------------------

100

A ll d i v i s i o n s --------------- —

---------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b li s h m e n t s

W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y

W ithin
sc o p e of
stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
O ffic e

T o t a l4

______ 3, 570_________ ______

.5 2 7 ____

-

1, 569
2, 001
193
62 4
206
40 9
569

_____ 1, 2 5 5 , 500______ _______ 2 7 0 , 6 0 0 _____

__ 7 5 5 , 7 00 ______

T o ta l4

6 1 7 , 210_______

6 6 3 ,1 0 0
5 9 2 , 4 00

1 0 4 ,5 0 0
1 6 6 ,1 0 0

4 5 2 , 900
3 0 2 , 800

2 7 5 , 970
3 4 1 , 240

1 4 7 ,2 0 0
9 2 , 500
17 0 , 200
86, 400
9 6 , 100

218
309

100
50
100
50
50

P la n t

3 1 ,1 0 0
27, 6 00
30, 900
55, 700
2 0 ,8 0 0

7 6 , 500
4 9 , 000
122, 000
6 6 , 900
4 8 , 4 00

1 1 2 ,5 6 0
2 1 , 890
1 2 7 ,7 6 0
4 3 ,5 8 0
35, 450

51
67
52
57
82

1 T h e C h ic a g o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f C o o k , D u P a g e , K a n e , L a k e , M c H e n ry , a n d W ill C o u n t ie s .
The "w o rk e rs
w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in th is
t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e
o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s
a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f ic e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
C h i c a g o 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m i s m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d i s e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the stu d y .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
i n d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s , C h ic a g o , 111.
In d ex
( A p r il 1961 = 100)

I n d u s tr y a n d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p
A p r il 1964

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e
A p r il 1963
to
A p r il 1964

A p r il 1962
to
A p r il 1963

A ll i n d u s t r i e s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m en ) _ -----------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n )------ —
S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) -------------------------U n s k il le d p la n t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

10 8 .
11 0 .
10 9 .
109.

2
2
3
2

2. 5
4. 3
3 .4
2. 7

2.
2.
2.
3.

M a n u f a c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) --------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n )-----------S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n )-------------------------U n s k il le d p la n t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------

109.
109.
10 8 .
107.

3
6
7
5

3.
3.
3.
1.

2. 5
2. 0
1 .9
2. 5

5
8
1
6

3
5
1
8

A p r il 1961
to
A p r il 1962

A p r il I9 6 0
to
A p r il 1961

2
0
5
5

2.
3.
3.
3.

3
1
6
7

3. 0
3. 6
3 .4
3. 2

3.
3.
3.
3.

1
1
3
3

3.
3.
3.
2.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of office c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s of s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r offic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s of change r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e ek ly s a l a r i e s fo r n o r m a l h o u rs
of w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k sc h e d u le f o r which s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho urly e a r n i n g s , exclud in g p r e m i u m p ay fo r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , and la te s h if t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e l e c t e d k ey o c c u p a t io n s and i n ­
clu de m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o rt a n t j o b s within e a c h gro u p .
The office c l e r i c a l d a ta a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m en in the following
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c l a s s A and B; c l e r k s , f il e , c l a s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o l l; C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; keypunch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B;
o ffice b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n i o r ; s w it c h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B; and t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B . The i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e d a ta a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w om en i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s .
Men in the following
8 sk i l le d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d j o b s a r e inclu ded in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k i l l e d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n i c s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u tom otive; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; and tool and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k i l le d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l handling.
A v e r a g e w e ek ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e ho urly e a r n i n g s w e r e
co m pu ted for e a c h of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . The a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
or h o urly e a r n i n g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m en t in e a c h of
the jo b s during the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ighted e a r n i n g s




for individual o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then t o t a l e d to obta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l gro up . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t a g e )
of the group a g g r e g a t e f o r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the oth e r
y e a r w a s com puted and the d i f f e r e n c e b etw een the r e s u l t and 100 i s
the p e r c e n t a g e of change f r o m the one p e r i o d to the o th e r.
The
i n d e x e s w e r e com puted by m u ltip ly in g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e for each p e r io d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
The in d ex e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s of (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o th e r
i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e i v e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s while in the s a m e
jo b; and (3) ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e
r e s u lt i n g f r o m la b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s ,
and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
with d iffe re n t p ay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e
i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s without a c t u a l
w a g e c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t i n c r e a s e the
p ro p o rt io n of low er p aid w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t io n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r p aid
w o r k e r s would have the o p p o site e ff e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t of
a h igh-payin g e s t a b li s h m e n t out of an a r e a could c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s to d r o p , even though no ch an ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
The u s e of co nstan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
of c h a n ge s in the p ro p o rt io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea c h jo b i n ­
cluded in the data.
The p e r c e n t a g e s of change r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s in
a v e r a g e pay for s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c ed by
c h a n ge s in st a n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u l e s , a s su ch , or by p r e m i u m p ay
for o v e rtim e .

The a b o v e tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m ethod u s e d in computing a new index
(1961 b a s e ) and tre n d s e r i e s . T h is s e r i e s , in itia ted with the e x p a n sio n of the
l a b o r m a r k e t w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S t a n d a r d M e trop olita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s ,
r e p l a c e s the old s e r i e s (1953 b a s e ) .
The new s e r i e s c o v e r s the s a m e jo b g ro u p in gs a s the e a r l i e r s e r i e s
with the following e x c e p t io n s: The c l e r i c a l and i n d u s t r ia l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d to w o m en , now include both m en and w o m en . C h a n ge s w e r e a l s o m a d e
in the jo b s included within job g ro u p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tica l l i s t could be
em ploy e d in a l l a r e a s .

A: Occupational E arnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e str a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

A verage

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w ork ers

$
W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a r d )

$

$

S

40

$

i

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

S

$

(

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

125

13G

135

14C

145

150

155

160

“

and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

12 5

130

135

140

145

150

155

160 o v er

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

2

-

6
4
2

36
6
30

-

-

-

1

5

186
75
111
15
5C
41
4

226
73
1 53
26
24
40
59

2 73
76
197
78
43
66
6

218
84
1 34
49
19
13
34

234
110
1 24
29
25
17
40

249
150
99
9
23
37
30

94
52
42
22
4
5
11

81
39
42
5
29
3
5

131
37
94

-

159
41
lie
2
12
45
54

67
58
9
3

-

16C
14
146
1
49
20
73

1C6
70
36
8
23

-

29
5
24
1
2
1
18

-

69
1
22

86
45
41
4
20
6

76
22
54
3
33
7

150
64
86
13
55
2

lo e
38
7C
66

162
75
87
58
3
24

79
37
42
38
4

58
27
31
20
11

47
27
20
2C

35
31
4
4

13
12
1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
50
17
33
33
-

25
2
23
23
-

39
16
23
23
~

16
10
6
6
-

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

6

1
1

15
4
11

and
under
45

MEN
CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ------------------------

2 ,3 1 5
910
1 ,4 0 5
251
432
296
366

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

$
1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------FINANCE 3 ------------------------

1 ,1 4 1
433
70 8
27 9
245
102

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 8 . GO

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

192
136

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

_

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1 ,9 2 1
56 7
1 ,3 5 4
1 ,1 7 3
1 44

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 3 . CO
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

*

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

460
333
12 7

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 8 . CO
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

1 ,7 3 6
476
1 ,2 6 0
138
130
121
572
29 9

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

6 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 7 . 0C
6 9 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

86
7
79
9
8
6
28
28

252
60
192
3

410
121
289
17
25
12
150
85

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------- -----

123

3 9 .5

1 2 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING .
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------FINANCE 3 ------------------------

1 ,0 3 1
429
602
152
22 4

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ------------------------

1 ,3 0 5
549
756
110
211
115
241

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 6 . 50
9 0 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




-

2

21
-

-

5

-

6

-

36
6
30
1
29

17
5
12
2
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

-

-

-

“

2

34
1
4
17

10

87
17
70
3
43
17

1

174
34
140
47
72
16

_

_

30
7

30
27

33
16

24
20

7
-

10
10

32
32

16
14

6
6

2
2

-

_

_

1

49

4

34

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

49
30
19

4

-

-

34
27
7

65
18
47
24
8

78
9
69
54
15

123
16
1G7
89
18

84
13
71
61
1C

170
69
101
86
14

31C
122
188
153
14

71
42
29
18
11

189
99
90
79
11

211
69
142
133
9

108
23
85
83
2

165
39
126
125
1

_

_

1

3
2
1

30
30
-

12
6
6

36
34
2

68
59
9

41
18
23

69
22
47

70
53
17

33
27
6

14
11
3

38
35
3

22
18
4

-

-

2

1

17
16
1

185
26
159
25
17
11
50
56

70
22
48
9
15
9
9
6

125
42
83
39
32
2
4
6

75
17
58
15
19
5
15
4

1C
5
5

8
3
5
3
2

1
1

8

12

18

4

23

20

10

13

3

1

4

176
36
140
28
82

151
84
67
1
39

145
55
90
26
26

91
47
44
12
11

87
43
44
15
11

71
51
20
6
6

51
27
24
1
16

56
18
38
26
5

38
9
29
12
-

15
6
9
4
-

29
3
26
14
-

190
91
99
18
38
20
11

141
66
75
21
15
17
10

120
68
52
11
13
13
8

67
40
27
1
17
5
1

25
11
14
6
4
1
2

28
4
24
10
12

21
1
20
20

4
3
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

6

-

12
-

II

12

11

12

11

-

5
149
35

6

34

_
-

35 0
100
25 0
14
7
49
138
42

17
1
16
1
-

-

4
2
2
141
72
69
4
5
22
28
10

5

_
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

5

9
2
7

-

-

-

2
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

-

18
1
17
1
-

6
10

7

-

172
61
111
4
26
15
48

-

-

6

56
33
23
5
8

159
50
109
11
14
9
60

163
70
93
5
13
14
58

182
8C
102
1
57
9
27

37
12
25

_

93
3
90
90
-

2

-

36
-

36
36
-

1
4

3

-

7

5
2

-

-

2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

T a b le A-l.

6

O ffice O ccu p atio n s—M en and W om en — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g str a ig h t -tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—

A verage

S
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

of
w orkers

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )

$
40

45

$

50

$

*

$
55

60

$
65

70

$

$
75

$
80

$
85

$

$
90

95

$

$

$
100

105

110

$
115

$
120

1 25

$

$
130

$
135

$
1 40

$
145

S
150

*
155

an rl

u n d er
45

160
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

ICC

105

110

115

120

12 5

4
4
2

3
3
2

13
13
10

57
13
44
31

67
11
56
18

57
28
29
11

48
9
39
7

78
66
12
8

49
20
25
2

35
5
30
6

8
8
4

5
1
4
2

~

-

7

1

29

29

24

25

25
7
18

72
51
21

288
146
142
48
76

169
115
54

4C
38
2

45

131

74
40
34
25
3

67
39
28
8
19

140

14 5

15C

155

160

over

-

“

-

~

~

-

-

139
12
127
107
20
1
1

135

8

130

TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------FI NA NC E 3-------------------

425
153
2 72
103

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------

123

o
o

HEN - CONTINUED

7 5 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -- --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

1 , 23C
56 9
661
248
323

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39. 5

8 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

455
449
236

3 8 .5
38. 5
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

869
444
425
208

39. 5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES ------------------- ----

2 ,5 5 0
631
1 ,9 1 9
44 8
272
1 ,0 6 7
103

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 8 . CO
7 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------FINANCE 3------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

2 ,9 3 0
1 ,3 3 0
1 ,6 0 0
260
298
265
529
248

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE 3
-------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

5 ,6 4 3
1 ,8 9 7
3 ,7 4 6
425
87 9
928
1 ,0 6 4
45 0

38. 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
8 5 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

~

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le




8 1 . CO
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 6 . 5C
8 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

6

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

3
-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

-

~

16
16
7

_

-

12

74
74
71

55
54
31

81
80
60

48
48
29

17
16
8

25
25
6

34
34

45
45

1

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

1

56
56
24

-

2

~

“

20 6
67
139

138
54
84
60
13

6
2
4
~

52
7
45
26

95
38
57
36

114
75
39
6

216
94
122
84

13C
77
53
14

49
29
20
10

102
64
38
11

39
29
10
2

22
2
20
19
1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

42
15
27
3
5
1
6
12

47
13
34
22
1
1
4
6

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
8
15
2

9
6
3

2
1
1
1

-

-

2
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
“

2
2
~

217
10
207
14
26
166
1

249
8
241
51
41
140
9

429
44
385
81
23
270
11

343
48
295
85
43
142
25

402
159
243
85
41
99
18

2 26
95
131
36
39
18
23

2 01
34
117
68
27
8
12

96
47
49
6
12
22
1

88
73
15
11

46
43
3
3

24
18
6
6

26
18
8

62
31
31

142
60
82

195
61
13 4

189
88
101

20
6
3

10
37
22
13

9
38
81
6

13
16
66
6

3 59
120
2 39
4
32
81
107
15

40 8
181
227
30
92
39
50
16

40 9
243
166
34
35
24
44
29

4 16
194
222
90
13
10
81
28

233
113
120
55
23
6
17
19

160
83
77
15
13
3
23
23

200
90
110
3
29
1
14
63

60 2
248
35 4
10
74
101
139
30

835
253
582
ID
127
169
209
67

96 7
314
653
20
191
173
190
79

587
163
424
28
117
102
118
59

551
244
337
30
94
53
96
34

423
185
238
132
56
16
16

212
42
170
70
65
15
3
17

189
105
84
64
9

66
18
48
39
3

70
56
14
3
1

6
4
2

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
7

6

~
_

~
10

71

-

-

-

10

71

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

4
66
1

147
1
146
2
6
136
2

_

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

20

36
-

-

-

-

20

36

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

36
-

-

1

1

2

“

-

-

1
5

-

173
22
151
7
-

65
42
37

397
86
311
4
38
92
112
65

532
151
351
8
132
85
135
21

2

18

10

37
25
12
“

~

1

-

4
9

-

-

'

2
2

3
3

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ab le A-l.

O ffice O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m en — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e str a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s e a rn in g s t r a ig h t- tim e •w eekly e a r n in g s of—

A verage

$

N um ber

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

S
40

W e e k ly
w orkers

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a r d )

e a r n in g s 1

u nder
45

45

50

$

$

$
55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$

$
80

85

$

$
90

95

$
100

$
105

110

$

$

%

115

120

$
125

$

S
130

135

140

$

$

%

%

1 45

150

155

an H

(s ta n d a r d )

$

160
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

100

105

11 0

115

120

10

29
1
28

69
9
60
21
27
8

149
34
115
25
63
26

169
61
108
4
57
41

172
54
118
16
83
6

111
54
57
14
25
11

79
33
46
2
13
24

84
56
28
5
4
12

72
33
39
11
5
6

16
11
5
2

12

8
4
4

740
187
553
8
40
84
2 88
133

829
415
414
47
119
57
170
21

481
132
349
30
40
112
158
9

369
108
26 1
43
91
44
65
18

173
31
142
79
48
12

172
77
95
54
21

19
7
12
12

51
17
34
34

9
3
6
6

3

18
2

2
2

6
1
5

2
1
1

1

125

130

135

5
2
3

4
1
3

14C

1 45

150

155

160 o v e r

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------FINANCE 3------------------SERVICES -----------------

989
353
636
102
30 8
134

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

$
8 3 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE 3 ------------------SERVICES ------------------

4 ,5 0 5
1 ,3 4 9
3 , 156
333
500
464
1 ,5 3 6
32 3

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------- MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------RETAIL TRADE ------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------

1 ,1 5 6
265
891
145
582

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

6 0 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------~

2 ,0 5 7
1 ,0 5 3
1 ,0 0 4
50 4
413

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING----------■
PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE 3 ------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------- -

2 ,0 5 6
1 ,1 5 4
902
165
161
216
109
25 1

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 ------- ■
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL T R A D E -------------FINANCE 3 -------------------

3 ,0 3 7
800
2 ,2 3 7
37 9
529
768
152

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

308
164
144

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE ------------FINANCE 3 ------------------

2 ,7 1 4
1 ,2 3 1
1 ,4 8 3
51 8
21 3
237
437

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
8

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

6

20

-

-

6
6
-

20
15
5

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

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16 4
20
14 4

18
“

-

-

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2
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75
49
16

22
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354
57

907
22 8
679
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4 34
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33 7
41
296
30
227

219
26
193
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272
40
232
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158

168
95
73
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61
31
30
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28
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19
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86
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29 3
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69
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251
131
120
43
68

223
54
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22

166
108
58
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24

177
136
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217
154
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89
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249
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378
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149
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241
129
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12 7
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184
97
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53
26
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65
47
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44
22
22

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23
21
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-

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10

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58 9
124
465

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-

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4
2
2
1

-

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1

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1

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14

14

14 4
77
67
5
10
31
14
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78
10
68
22
2
18
16

86
3
83
8
36
35
4

253
52
201
2
49
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50 4
107
397
14
79
124
17

554
57
497
27
148
214
35

518
172
346
40
117
134
11

250
78
172
19
34
95
4

287
131
15 6
21
24
76
16

2 25
88
137
99
9
17
1

168
43
125
86
21
12

63
16
47
35
9
1

13
9
4
3
1

33
22
11

78
68
10

44
11
33

37
19
18

19
8
11

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10
1

27
6
21

36
11
25

15
5
10

1
1

60
18
42
15

175
75
100
8
14
7
61

388
122
266
16
17
57
150

428
242
18 6
9
48
29
85

312
207
105
35
25
22
19

415
167
248
108
42
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51

373
153
220
145
17
24
23

372
1 68
204
158
33
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41
25
16
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22
2
20
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1

49

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-

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-

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6
2
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34

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31
3

17
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34

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49
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12

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-

1

2

2

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23
22
1
1

8
8

4
4

_

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-

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37
33
4

10
8
2

10
5
5

10
8
2

_

4

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1

2

~

~

4

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

*

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

T a b le A-l.

8

O ffice O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m en — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

A verage

1

N um ber

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

W e e k ly
w orkers

h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly
e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

40

u n d er
45

$

45

$
50

$

55

S

%

60

65

t

$
70

75

$

$
80

85

$
90

$

95

$

$
100

105

$

$
110

$
115

$
120

1 25

$

$

130

135

$
140

$

1 45

$

S
150

S
1 55

160
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

105

110

115

1 20

30
30
30
-

8
8
1
7

75
75
l
22
7
36
9

2 54
47
207
16
12
20
135
24

403
81
3 22
13
26
60
18 4
39

637
322
315
5
89
73
130
18

808
343
46 5
48
110
100
161
46

690
183
507
67
196
42
147
55

38 0
134
246
19
73
21
1C6
27

2 74
124
150
27
31
22
28
42

278
98
180
119
11
12
32
6

83
38
45
34
8
1

47
15
32
30

10
4
6
2

2

2

4

_
-

158
7
151
59
11
72

228
35
193
36
152

272
75
197
23
48
90

221
52
169
59
27
58

19 9
88
111
35
19
41

82
33
49
13
2
31

14
5
9
1

60
12
48
3
1
2

10
6
4

4
1
3

74
11
63
1
20
4
38

147
24
123
2
22
24
63
12

509
175
334
19
27
25
235
28

130

140

1 45

1 50

over

9
8
1

52
17
35
9
26

135

16
15
1
1

12 5

155

1 60

WOMEN - CONTINUED
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------- -----RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3----------------------SERVICES ---------------- ------

3 ,9 9 3
1 ,4 0 4
2 ,5 8 9
382
578
359
989
281

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 9 . 5G
7 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------- -----RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ------------------------

1 ,2 5 7
322
935
193
14 4
447

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

-

-

SECRETARIES ------------------------- 1 6 ,0 9 2
6 ,4 2 5
MANUFACTURING ------------------9 ,6 6 7
NONMANUFACTURING--------- -----1 ,1 0 5
PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 ------- -----1 ,8 4 3
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------1 ,6 8 5
RETAIL TRADE -----------------2 ,4 9 1
FINANCE 3 ----------------------2 , 54 3
SERVICES ----------------------

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

_

_

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------SERVICES ----------------------

7 ,6 5 8
3 ,3 6 1
4 , 297
975
722
352
1 ,5 5 4
694

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 5 . 5C
8 5 .5 0
9 9 . OC
8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------SERVICES ----------------------

3 ,7 9 7
1 ,6 8 2
2 , 115
241
328
734
38 8

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS-------- -----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3----------------------SERVICES ---------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------SERVICES ---------------------S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

10
7
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

18 5
95
90
16
10
6
56
2

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 4 . OC
9 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
12
12

-

-

1 ,9 2 8
52 4
1 ,4 0 4
226
111
239
31 1
51 7

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

3

2 ,5 0 7
1 ,2 4 9
1, 258
142
591
124
214
18 7

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 C .0 C
8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

_

-

-

_
-

11 5
-

3

-

115

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

94

152

-

13
20
82

35

11

29

-

59

-

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

“

-

10
.1

16
13

29
-

91 9
432
4 87
47
179
46
122
93

52 9
263
266
137
51
15
25
38

615
2 50
365
273
8
6
65
13

364
138
226
178
29
5
6
8

1 59
19
140
119
10
1
9
1

49
17
32
24
3
5

~

571
235
33 6
26
27
120
84

606
222
384
38
58
139
75

552
262
290
24
65
126
35

489
241
24 8
32
55
97
28

359
2 10
149
22
36
63
21

210
154
56
18
22
7
5

110
66
44
17
4
11
8

35
15
20
8

292

179
61
118
69
9

107
55
52
28
6
1
17

43
16
27
21
3
1
2

21
7
14
11
3

-

-

45
28
17
5
8
3

7
4
3
3
-

90
8
82
48
17
13

142
44
98
2
20
44

1 43
14
129

20 5
60
145
4
11
28
66
36

238
87
151
13
10
41
41
46

165
71
94
24
13
16
16
25

387
197
19C
24
116
17
12
21

405
2 02
203
17
105
14
34
33

463
223
240
25
90
23
55
47

S I

110
79
31

180
53
127
16
80
6
24
1

231
143
88
15
48
6
17
2

-

-

19
12
~

-

542
295
247
59
34
23
47
84

2 60
167
93
23
18
11
18
23

214
1 40
74
44
8
2
16
4

-

349
125
224
22
6
63
39

238
71
167
31
3
47
36

2
22
24

-

152

590
2 51
339
63
94
31
80
71

1171
675
496
44
84
50
222
96

6
26
8
112

-

1

492 1113 1361 1928 1861 1 778 1664 1 5 2 9 1121 1 0 3 5
299
785
725
649
607
403
527
158
521
6 82
814
8 40 1143 1 1 3 6 1096 1015
922
334
7 18
5 08
49
64
134
124
6
39
78
145
112
110
189
1 09
109
265
1 84
119
133 240
70
22C
151
138
143 220
228
247
184
96
78
75
2 29
309
204
170
314
338
1 60
1 15
102
2 42
179
289
268
326
28 3
305
301
166
86
81

7 1 3 1 1 3 6 129 0
53 9
467
28 2
6 69
751
4 31
24
39
52
157
118
44
73
76
48
308
313
19 3
181
97
128

151
39
112
1
16
44
22
29

94

-

-

IC G

192
55
27
9
80
21
366
214
152
19
64
22
12
35

-

15
25
1C 7
56
51
8
1C
11
22

-

127
47
80
7
22
44
7

1

2
1
1
1
-

118
53
65
23
9
1
29
3

114
69
45
6
12
4
16
7

49
13
36
20
6

-

-

1
15

8
2

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

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-

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-

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-

-

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-

-

-

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“

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14
13
1
1
-

7
7
-

12

12
9
3
1
2
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1
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

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-

13
10
3

6
4
2

1

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_

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-

-

1

-

3

2

-

-

26
3
23

10
10

-

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6
1
5
2
2
1

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

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-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
3

-

-

50
29
21
3
2

“

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

10

3
3
-

4

-

~

~

“

T a b le A-l.

O ffice O ccu p atio n s—M en and W o m en — C on tin u ed

9

(A v e r a g e st r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a rn in g s of—

A verage

$

N um ber

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n
w orkers

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a r d )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )

$
V:

$
45

$
50

1

$
55

60

S

$
65

70

75

$

S
80

$
85

%

90

95

$

$
100

10 5

$

110

$

$
115

$

$

120

1 25

$
130

$
135

$
140

$
145

$

$
150

155

160
and

under
45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

105

110

115

120

125

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
13
15

13
4
9

64
1
63
8

81
4
77
51

72
25
47
16

31
10
21
17

91
35
56
49

27
19
8
1

18
12
6
~

3
3
~

”

-

-

130

135

6
6

16
3
13
2

14C

145

150

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

155

160 o v er

WOMEN - CONTINUED
TABULATING’ MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 1 -------------2

450
135
31 5
144

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
9 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 6 . 5C
9 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------

440
121
319

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- -----WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 ----------------- *----SERVICES -----------------------

2 ,3 5 9
1 ,0 4 2
1 ,3 1 7
305
105
49 2
323

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 ------- -----WHOLESALE T R A D E --------- -----RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

5 ,5 1 5
2 ,4 9 7
3 ,0 1 6
199
30 6
26 6
1 ,4 6 2
785

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2 ------- -----WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE 3 -----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

9 ,9 0 3
2 ,9 3 1
6 ,9 7 2
477
1 ,0 3 7
1 ,0 7 2
3 ,3 6 2
1 ,0 0 4

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 9 . 5C

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

~

~

~

_

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

20
-

20
2
5
13
-

10

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

24
1
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
8
5
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

_

_

-

-

-

-

193
24
169

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
60
95
8

-

113
21
92

70
26
44

31
2
29

60
6
54

25
5
20

11
6
5

35
35
~

8
5
3

12
1
11

73
12
61

35 3
149
2C4
84
16
67
36

476
161
315
64
11
61
179

32 9
152
177
49
21
92
15

275
155
120
37
11
46
25

166
96
70
3
11
29
24

137
86
51
11

9
84
1

315
144
171
45
16
86
24

119
51
68
5
1

24
5
19
3
2
5

7
2
5
l
1

91
36
55
4
6
20
18
7

417
101
316
5
12
27
215
57

7 1 6 116 8 106 3
508
384
505
332
558
660
3
17
20
8
56
78
39
40
30
398
183
312
159
109
98

711
360
35 1
32
70
24
118
107

53 8
181
357
20
38
25
1 64
110

387

496
191
305
32
126
60
47
40

247
125
122
27
28
20
44
3

-

94 0 1752 2 1 8 3 1583 142 9
65
30 4
78 4
58 9
44 5
875 1448 1 3 9 9
98 4
99 4
99
26
108
38
73
171
151
219
165
82
189
156
186
198
60 2
842
691
405
421
118
180
34 5
13 4
101

822
349
473
38
68
108
232
27

-

9
14

-

3

~

167
35
15
33
3C
54

132
71
61

188
38
150
65
24

64
14
50
41
6

8
8

_

_

2
1

2

212
101
111
30
4
17
11
49

2
-

220

2 2

11
3
8
17
5
2

37
25
12
8
-

7
4
3
3

2

-

2

4
1
1

3
3

13

3
45

3

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




-

2
2

12 7
33
94

-

2

_

T ab le A-2.

10

P ro fessio n al and T ech n ical O ccu p atio n s—M en and W om en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p ril 1964)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w eekly e a r n in g s o f—

A verage

s

N um ber

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n
w ork ers
( s ta n d a r d )

e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a r d )

$

60
and
u n d er
65

DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ----MANUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UFACTURING --

613
466
147

3 9 .5
4 0 .C
3 8 .5

$
1 4 9 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ----MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S2SERVICES ---------

3 ,2 2 6
2 ,1 2 8
1 ,0 9 8
195
816

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 3 5 . CO
1 3 2 .5 0
1 4 C .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ----MANUFACTURING -----NO NM ANUFACTURING -PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2*
SERVICES ---------

2 , 140
1 ,4 7 6
664
226
391

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 . CC
9 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

108

3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0

59

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

TRACERS ----------------

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ---------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ----------------NO NMANUFACTURING --------------

659
541
118

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

-

$
65

70

$

75

$

$
80

85

$

S
90

95

$

100

$

105

$
$
no 115

$

$
120

$
125

$
130

S
135

S

$
145

1 50

$
160

$

%

170

180

$

$
190

200

210
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

140

1 45

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

8
8

3
3

15
13
2

22
22

35
27
8

88
84
4

21
21
”

38
23
15

45
43
2

191
117
74

59
40
19

42
23
19

21
21
“

5
1
4

13
13
-

3
3
-

_

75
69
6

48
45
3
-

6

3

193
177
16
6
1

279
221
58
14
38

408
250
158
22
128

2 48
164
84
22
51

333
222
111
33
67

239
134
105
20
76

258
138
120
23
95

249
1 93
56
8
43

361
145
216
22
179

199
105
94
7
83

100
65
35
3
29

54
34
20
8
9

24
24

-

109
97
12
6
5

97
26
71
16
55

181
73
108
87
21

77
8
69
40
23

17
7
10
2
8

38
12
26

4
4

18
8
10

2
2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26

-

10

-

3

1

3

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

6
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

2

22
2C
2
1
1

2
2

23
18
5
2
3

120
106
14
13
1

2 56
232
24

-

23
21
2
2
-

16

102
83
19
7
8

223
174
49
16
25

158
126
32
13
11

316
260
56
2
47

160
114
46
6
39

176
112
64
9
55

147
88
59
11
43

“

5

~

6

46

16

13

8

3

8

2

1

1

2

_

_

2

4

1

12

5

14

8

7

1

63
46
17

48
39
9

130
111
19

88
76
12

60
45
15

85
76
9

53
37
16

37
32
5

36
33
3

-

-

_

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

1
8
6
2

_
40
37
3

_

2
2

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

“

-

-

1

1
1

S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r st r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o rre sp o n d to th e se w eekly h o u rs .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .




$
140

_

_

_

_

_

_

T a b le A-3.

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n al, and T ech n ical O c c u p atio n s—M en and W o m en C om bin ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
1 . April 1964)
1,
Average
Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Occupation and industry division

1,353
578
775
342
334

39-5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

$
83.50 CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------82.CO
MANUFACTURING ------------------85.00
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------89.00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------85.00
FINANCE3------------------------

BILLERS# MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- —
^RETAIL T R A D E ----- ;
---------

461
455
236

38.5
38.5
4C.G

72.50
72.00
67.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS#
CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------

871
445
426
208

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------~
RETAIL TRADE -------------FINANCE3------------------—
SERVICES -------------------

2,585
639
1,946
448
272
1,090
104

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
37.5
38.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING# CLASS A --MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------RETAIL T R A D E --- ----------FINANCE3------------------ SERVICES ------------------

5,245
2,240
3,005
511
730
561
895
308

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.0
37.0
38.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES2----WHOLESALE TRADE -----RETAIL TRADE ---------FINANCE3--------------SERVICES --------------

6,784
2,330
4,454
704
1, 124
984
1,166
476

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
37.0
38.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------WHOLESALE TRADE -----FINANCE3--------------SERVICES --------------

1,048
371
677
102
308
137

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
38.5
37.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE3----------SERVICES ----------

4,697
1,405
3,292
408
525
468
1,561
330

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
37.5
38.5




Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CLERKS, ORDER ------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE ---

95.00 CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------97.00
MANUFACTURING -------------92.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------91.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------- >
•
RETAIL TRADE ------------77.00
FINANCE3------- ----------88.50
SERVICES —
73.50
79.50 COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------76.00
MANUFACTURING -------------69.00
NONMANUFACTURING ----------79.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------108.00
RETAIL TRADE ------------109.50
FINANCE3-----------------107.00
114.00 DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPEPATORS
112.50
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------100.50
MANUFACTURING -------------101.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------109.00
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A — -----84.00
MANUFACTURING ------------------87.50
NONMANUFACTURING---------- -----82.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------------100.00
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------84.00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------75.00
FINANCE3-----------------------77.50
79.00 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B — ----MANUFACTURING ------------------84.50
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------88.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------82.50
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------79.50
RETAIL TRADE -----------------78.00
FINANCE3-----------------------82.50
SERVICES ----------------------70.00 OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS—
71.00
MANUFACTURING -----69.50
NONMANUFACTURING --86.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES 2—
72.50
WHOLESALE TRADE -68.50
RETAIL TRADE ----65.50
FINANCE3
66.00
SERVICES

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .

Number
of

1, 168
267
901
145
582

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
37.5

$
60. 00
64. 50
59. cc
57. 0 0
57. 50

3, 978
1, 620
358
1, 677
557

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

95. 50
92. 00
98. CO
106. 50
75. GO

2,

SECRETARIES ------------------------- 16,215
MANUFACTURING ------------------6,456
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------9,759
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------1,180
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------1,857
RETAIL T R A D E ------------ ---- —
1,685
FINANCE3-----------------------2,492
SERVICES ----------------------2, 545

2, 516
1,,487
1.,029
246
168
227
118
270

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
37.5
38.5

3,,093
800
2,,293
393
569
770
152

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

373
202
171

39.0
39.5
39.0

2,►736
1 ,233
.
1 ,503
,
538
213
237
437

39.0
38.5
39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0
37.5

4,
,014
1 ,415
,
2, 599
389
580
360
989
281

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
37.5
39.0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------94. 50
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------96. 00
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------93. 00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------102. 00
FINANCE3-----------------------90. 5C
S E R V I C E S ---------------- -----84. 00
103. 50 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------89. 00
MANUF A C T U R I N G -------------*----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------82. 00
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------86. 00
WHOLESALE TRAOE -------- -----80. 50
FINANCE3-------- *
--------------91. 00
SERVICES ----------------------81. 00
79.,00 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS--------------73.,50
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------78.,00
WHOLESALE TRADE -------- *----75.,00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------81..50
FINANCE3----------------- -----S E R V I C E S ----------------- -----88.,00
89,.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— RECEPTIONISTS87.,00
MANUFACTURING ------------------94.,00
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------90.,00
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------79..50
WHOLESALE TRADE -------- -----81.,00
RETAIL T R A D E -----------------FINANCE3----------------- -----79.,0C
SERVICES .
------- -------- -----8C,,50
78..00 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
90..00 CLASS A ---------------------------79..00
MANUFACTURING ------------------76..00
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------74..00
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------78..00
FINANCE 3------------------------

2,993
798
2,195
210
323
265
1,019
378

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
38.0
37.5

67..00 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
69,.00
66..50
MANUFACTURING ------------------79,.50
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------68,.50
PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------65,.50
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------64 .00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------.00
FINANCE3------------------------

16
5

$
38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5
37.5

104.00
106.50
102.50
114.00
103.50
99.50
100.50
100.50

7,706
3,381
4,325
1,003
722
35 2
1,554
694

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5
37.5

3, 88C
1,734
2, 146
270
330
734
388

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.5
38.5
37.5
38.0

94.50
97.50
92.00
98.50
94.50
92.50
88.50

1,947
525
1,422
244
239
311
517

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
37.5
39.0

81.00
88.50
78.00
96.50
87.50
70.50
81.50
68.50

2, 507
1,249
1,258
142
591
124
214
187

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
36.5
39.0

82.50
82.50
82.50
84. OC
82.00
80.00
84.00
85.00

1, 129
464
665
165
247

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
37.5

115.50
115.50
115.00

1,755
684
1,071
254
270
134
325

39.0
39.0
39.0
4C.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

98.50
10G.5Q
97.00
104.00
98.50
96.00
92.00

111

85.50
85.50
86.00

99.00
86.00

81. CO
80.00
82.00

121.0 0

111.50

T a b le A-3.

12

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n a l, and T e ch n ical O c c u p a tio n s—M en and W o m en C o m b in e d — C o n tin u ed

( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
( standard) (standard)

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S — C O N T IN U E D

O F F I C E O C C U P A T IO N S — C O N T IN U E D

Average

Average

Average
Number
of
workers

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
Cl ASS C ---------- -------------------------------- _ ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE3-------- ---------------

865
274
591
189
161
124

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------- 10,026
$
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------2,965
82.50
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------7,061
85.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------485
81.00
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------1,106
88.00
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------1,072
70.00
FINANCE 3-----------------------3,383
80.00
SERVICES ---------------- -----1,015

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE3-----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

2,366
1,042
1,324
305
105
492
330

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
40.0
37.5
37.0

80.00
81.50
78.50
77.50
77.50
75.00
79.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE3-----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

5,549
2,509
3,040
204
310
266
1,463
797

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5
38.0

82.50
83.50
82.00
93.00
83.50
81.00
79.50
83.50

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
38.0
38.0

$
70.50
73.00
69.50
80.00
72.00
71.00
67.00
69.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S — C O N T IN U E D

621
471
150

39.5
40.0
38.5

149.50
148.00
154.00

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------------- -----------

3,239
2,135
1,104
195
820

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

$
135.00
132.50
140.00
137.00
141.00

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------SERVICES -----------------------

2, 199
1,497
702
231
422

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

103.50
98.50
113.50
115.50
113.50

663
544
119

39.5
39.5
39.5

108.00
108.00
107.50

TRACERS ------------------------------

126

40.0

88.00

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S

DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n

Number
of
workers

T a b le

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e

and

P o w e rp la n t O c c u p a tio n s

13

--*
P *

o

2.1C 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4.00 4 .20 4.40 4.60
CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE3-----------------------SERVICES -----------------------

1,096
516
580
130
148
240
58

$
3.52
3.20
3.81
2.83
3.64
4.39
4.02

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE3----------------- -----SERVICES ---------------- *-----

3,096
2,210
886
65
169
L74

3.47
3.39
3.65
3.51
4.24
3.61

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------- *----MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2------- -----RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE3----------------- -----SERVICES ---------------- *-----

2, 146
886
1,260
108
281
511
313

3.41
3.33
3.47
2.84
3.61
3.64
3.30

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------SERVICES -----------------------

949
594
355
50
82
131

2.85
2.74
3.03
2.83
3.16
2.92

22
22

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2------- *-----

1,487
1, 184
303
150

2.64
2.62
2.68
2.61

46
41
5

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING --------------------

1,592
1,590

3.30
3.30

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------

2,562
2,392
170
116

3.47
3.47
3.45
3.45

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
lMAINTENANCE)------ -------- -----MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

2,424
589
1,835
1,516
134
115

3.39
3.26
3.43
3.46
3.37
3.40

-

MECHANICS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------ *----M ANUFACTURING------------- *----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

3, 592
3,106
486

3.20
3.15
3.48

_
-

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

1,537
1,513

3.31
3.31

O I L E R S ------------------------ ------MANUFACTURING -------------------

690
657

2.63
2.60

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

12
12
-

-

2
1
1
1
~

77
6
71
68
3
-

61
29
32
4
28
-

46
26
20
16
4
“

54
46
8
3
2
1
2

63
38
25
5
19
1
-

83
75
8
4
1
2

54
49
5
4
-

76
71
5
4
1
-

29
27
2
2

86
45
41
28
1
12

57
51
6
4

11
11
“

8
1
7
6
1
-

33
30
3
3
-

4
2
2
2

8
3
5
5
-

336
4
332
67
231
34

4
4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

28
6
22
1

34
34
-

59
57
2

102
66
36
8

137
136
1
-

319
305
14
6

192
93
99
5

208
194
14
-

352
298
54
17

-

-

*

-

3

89

2

19

323
56
267
1
2

11
4
7
4
3

6
6
-

223
97
126
6
89
31

1

2

334
259
75
19
47
6

67
66
1
1
-

-

333
323
10
6
-

10
10
-

-

92
70
22
-

72
15
57

-

193
115
78
1

13
13
-

27
17
10
5

130
96
34
33
1

33
33
-

89
56
33
8
3
1
-

46
33
13
1
5
5
2

128
51
77
9
68

186
56
130

665
57
608
130
385
93

111
67
44
19
21
4

176
110
66
1
49

83
79
4

5
3
2

48
1
74

75
48
27
16
5
6

194
70
124

-

136
76
60
44
-

9
7
2
-

-

26
25
1
1

15
15
-

42
42
-

_
-

13

5

-

16

81
73
8
8
-

33
19
14
11
3
“

43
39
4
4

-

88
67
21
1
20

45
42
3
-

72
68
4
3

192
147
45
43

310
278
32
24

6
6

12
19
19

-

-

-

18
13
5
-

-

42
42

38
16
22
-

53
53
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
8
3
3

22
14
8
1
7

55
46
9
9
-

304
83
221
16
61
57

9
9
-

167
135
32
9

173
101
72
71

150
127
23

21
13
8

99
63
36

8
3
5

107
106
1

15
15

30
30

47
47

110
110

90
90

38
38

106
105

89
89

137
137

308
307

136
136

18
18
-

41
40
1
1

57
18
39
39

53
53
-

87
83
4
2

44
44
-

289
289
-

275
254
21
-

172
160
12
-

127
52
75
72
3

64
26
38
38
-

34
2
32
32
-

53
30
23
13
1
2

41
2
39
22
16
1

147
35
112
75
5
3

158
93
65
22
35
8

-

-

-

-

-

16
4
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
98
18

_

-

-

-

2
2
-

3

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

177
177

160
160

93
93

381
378
3
-

407
404
3
-

343
339
4
2

286
176
110
60
12
38

304
83
221
122
25
52

946
80
866
833
27
6

140
4
136
132

-

-

_
-

_
-

3
3

-

23
16

_

-

-

-

4
-

2

_

_

-

-

_

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

“

15
15

2
2

66
59
7
7

98
23
75
65

32
31
1
-

4

82
2
80
80
-

26
26
15
10
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

25
25
-

16
16
-

-

-

-

_

8
8

-

_

_

-

“

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

135
135
-

14
14
-

1
1
-

-

-

- '

8
8
-

61
61
-

114
114
-

125
122
3

70
60
10

158
125
33

285
279
6

300
283
17

333
319
14

268
250
18

288
221
67

246
226
20

493
426
67

364
363
1

196
180
16

94
65
29

185
185

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1
-

-

-

1
1

-

_

-

48
48

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_
-

_
6
6

-

-

-

-

-

34
27
7
3
4

8
8
-

-

-

-

95
43
52
8
4
40

-

-

5.00 5.20

3
1
2
2
-

-

-

-

1
-

-

_

1
1

i
$
4.80 5.00

|

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
$
Average
T
h urly T J
o
Under 2. CO 2.10 2.20 2 .30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.1C 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4 .00 4.20 4.40
ea n n s 1 *
rig
and
2.00 under

*
0
0
o

Occupation and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

O'

( A v e r a g e s t r ,a i g h t - t im e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s i o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r i l 1964)

-

-

1
1

3
3

11
11

21
18

52
52

81
81

60
57

26 2
256

170
164

411
410

70
70

338
337

8
8

17
13

6
6

26
26

_
-

_

_

-

19
19

72
72

50
50

108
108

86
81

94
94

22
22

108
108

43
43

22
22

16
9

22
1

13
13

_
-

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

T a b le A -4.

14

M aintenance and P o w erplan t O ccu p ation s— C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
of
workers

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

Average
hourly
earnings 1

$

$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
)
$
$
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.3C 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4.CO 4.20 4.40 4.60 4. 80 5.00
U n der

and

S

2. 00 u n d er
2.10 2.2C 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5. 00 5.20
$

PAINTERS* MAINTENANCE ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES1------------------------------------------2

923
354
569
141
56
305

4.00

PIPEFITTERS. MAINTENANCE --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------- --------------------

1, 178
954
224

3.47
3.37
3. 88

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------- ------------------------ — -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

149
54
95

3.41
3.14
3.56

SHEET-METAL WORKERS. MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING --------— -------------------------

262
254

3 .3 3
3 .3 5

15

4, 518
4,518

3 .6 1

r c 1a I I
KC t A tL

T rPx A H C
I AUF

—_

FINANCE3---------------------------------------------------------------------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
y I
c 1i a 1 Nu
n Af tI AUi iriA iLr T Ui K f l it

-------------------------------

™—

3.49
3.23
3.65
2.96

-

-

-

1

8

-

-

1
1

8

-

21
9
12
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

5

3.61

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




12
-

12
12

25
25
1
1

16
3
13
13

83
24
59
58
1

-

61
45
16
-

7
7

21
8
13

20
19
1

47
43

_

31
7
24

8
2

6
6

-

37
35
2

49
46
3

2

25
25

1

-

-

27
27
-

46
24
22
20

61
18
43
32
1

41
41
-

16
9
7

5
4
1

38
33
5

-

7

-

-

-

34
31

24
18

37
2
35

39

45
45

26
1
25

8

6

14
1
13

-

39
-

99
62
37

42
42

201
192

5
4
1

18

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

3
1
2

8

-

-

-

-

2

6

4
4

5
5

_

1
1

_

335 1128
335 1128

896
896

225
225

63
63

*

8

6

-

22
21
1

8

9
9

4
3

34
34

22
22

14
14

22
22

63
63

68
68

2
2

101
101

47
47

82
82

226

226

251
251

299
299

373
373

482
482

8

3

6

-

2

-

-

24
14

93
93

132
111
21

251
250
1

-

337
11
326
1
13
284

-

-

“

8

1
1
8

66
5
61

-

20

_

3

-

17
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

T ab le A-5.

C u sto d ial and M aterial M o vem en t O ccu p ation s

15

(A v erag e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Occupation1 and industry division

Number
o
f
workers

$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly ^ Under 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.2C 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
earn n s &
ig
and
and
1. 10 under
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER ----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 --------------

926
910
62

$
2.24
2.24
2.42

26
26

2
2

8
8

20
20

37
37

4
4

31
31

32
29

6
6

1
1

8
8
8

-

7
7
6

25
15
6

662
659

56
56
A2

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ---- -------- — ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

415
402
224

1.46
1.47
1.37

19
19
19

54
54
54

34
34
22

24
12
12

76
76
30

42
42
42

111
111
29

10
10
10

35
35
5

-

8
7
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

5,862
2, 176
3,686

1.98
2.21
1.85

17
17

34
34

105
34
71

189
30
159

488 1198
35
33
453 1165

357
147
210

180
49
131

389
255
134

286
154
132

536
383
153

324
171
153

137
64
73

202
84
118

117
72
45

144
59
85

256
119
137

528
160
368

173
145
28

153
134
19

32
31
1

17
17

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------

1,253

2.40

8

106

120

216

109

36

30

31

45

86

137

143

132

31

17

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------

41

149

62

28

54

over

6

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

923

1.95

-

-

34

24

35

33

147

34

167

41

14

33

23

2

2

~

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --- 14,908
MANUFACTURING -------------------- 8,071
6,837
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------947
WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------554
RETAIL TRADE ------------ -----1,632
F I N A N C E -----------------------1,815
otKVItto ---------------- -----1,889

2.08
2.12
2.03
2.31
2.08
1.81
2.40
1.70

133
133
34
99

44
44
40
-

253
57
196
75
121

407
192
215
19
47
149

403
15
388
23
61
304

631
152
479
17
60
158
244

758
354
404
19
281
104

909 1451 1106
561 800 923
348 651 183
8
6
32
29
55
10
44
175 308
20
16
8
68
122 281

954
797
157
26
4
79
10
JO

935 1731 2192 1402
698 1126 711 558
2 37 605 1481 844
31
50 429 144
46
59 111
77
58
69
53
34
37
15 975 678
49 217
35

487
193
294
141
5
46
49
53

473
428
45
17
26
1

312
275
37
30
6
1

250
205
45
6
38
1

56
9
47
10
5
28
4

20
16
4
4
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------FINANCE4------------------------

5,709
719
4,990
414
140
231
3,059

1.83
1.96
1.81
1.92
1.67
1.61
1.84

4
4
-

40
40
-

15
15
3

139
29
110
10
21
“

95
4
91
34
9

284
62
222
57
62
20

109
26
83
9
5
51
4

362 3905
78
95
267 3827
47
210
19
28
20
16
2 2921

171
74
97
6
10
22
59

186
131
55
10
1
43

126
69
57
49
-

18
16
2
2
-

13
13

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------- 23,631
MANUFACTURING------------- — ---- 10,594
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- 13,037
6,717
PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------3,534
2,599
RETAIL TRADE -----------------SERVICES ----------------------174

2.44
2.30
2.56
2.76
2.34
2.37
1.72

18
18

1
1

51
51

58
58

94
16
78

223
98
125

513
338
175

587 1078
284 683
303 395

18

1
-

33
18

58
-

6
69
3

2
110
13

31
112
32

136
110
57

246
139
10

970 1545 2080 2065 1941 2538 1039 1353 1912
732 1096 1506 161C 479 943 404 589 362
238 449 574 455 1462 1595 635 764 1550
6
49 666 1231 204 321 1287
2
1
148 310 421 114 678 280 384 367 159
84
47
76 104
63 112 150 286 118
6
13
21
1

851
381
470
64
32
374

822 3504
73 918
749 2 586
630 2245
48 150
71 191

315
20
295
22
273

41
30
11
11
-

14
14
-

6
6
-

12
12
-

ORDER F I L L E R S ---------- ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3---- ---------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

9,700
3,298
6,402
154
5,078
1, 169

2.45
2.37
2.49
2.47
2.47
2.55

_
-

_
-

_
-

w3
3

54
20
34

166
50
116

157
56
101

175
90
85

27
27

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

25
9

76
40

35
66

218
36
182
4
80
98

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

7,000
3,879
3, 121
2,605
475

2.28
2.30
2.25
2.28
2.10

_

68
24
44
40
4

94
52
42
40
2

81
24
57
32
25

213
100
113
63
36

256
108
148
76
69

310
165
145
103
34

RETAIL TRADE --------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




-

-

-

-

160
64
96
69
1

49
33
16
15
1

31
23
8
7
1

746
253
493
7
403
83

437
334
103
3
71
29

69C
459
231
4
195
32

843 1146 1487 1227
525 312 285 398
318 834 1202 829
66
49
13
8
255 772 1175 719
44
13
19
50

780
138
642

664
81
583

105
52
53

194
7
187

272
17
255

20
20

48
48

12
12

-

-

-

-

53
32

229
78
151
128
23

544
97

542
41

3
50

-

2
253

-

-

-

-

368
96
272
233
31

427
362
65
52
12

599
375
224
199
24

600
350
250
212
36

383
302
81
50
29

434
285
149
117
32

337
57
280
272
8

441
279
162
160
2

365
90
275
208
67

129
113
16

61
61
-

17
17
-

19
19
-

27
27

-

-

-

-

903
477
426
390
34

752
382
370
358
12

-

16

187
37
35
2
2

-

-

79
79
-

-

T a b le A -5.

16

C u sto d ial and M aterial M o vem ent O ccu p ation s— C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Num be r
of
workers

hourly
earnings

PACKERS* SHIPPING (WOMEN)
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -----RETAIL TRADE --------

2, 539
1,396
1, 143
476

$
1.83
1.95
1.69
1.78

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------*----NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

2, 3C4
1,049
1, 255
534
42 7

SHIPPING C L E R K S ----- *-------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------

1
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
t
$
$
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
Under
and
$
and
i.10 under
1 .2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 over

-

1
1
1

2.50
2.53
2.48
2.43
2.45

-

-

-

-

1,331
824
507
320
162

2.62
2.69
2.51
2.63
2.31

_

1, 177
397
780
579
139

2.71
2.76
2.80
2.37

16,730
2,056
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------- 14,674
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------- 9,028
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------3,615
RETAIL TRADE -----------------1,660

3.14
3.08
3.15
3.17
3.15
3.08

TR UC KD RI VE RS 5 ------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------- -----PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE -------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------- ---WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




2.68

1, 841
1, 134
109

2.98
2.92
3.06
2.41

4,939
494
4,445
2, 568
1, 538

3.10
2.97
3.11
3.09
3.18

7,014
568
6, 446
4,408

2,666

-

34
34
4

81
29

242

52
12

135

398
137
261
86

333
127
206
48

346
215
131
112

151
54
97
59

225
131
94
92

248
247
1
1

227
216
11

26
26

10
10

3
3

1
1

2
2

8
8

4
4

42
6
36
19
15

70
43
27
19

128
82
46
19
26

126
36
90
74
11

189
57
132
89
42

218
128
90
12
78

201
121
80
60
16

296
132
164
80
21

399
92
307
76
42

185
150
35
17
13

79
42
37
28

126
64
62
41

69
62
-

-

-

-

6

3

6

90

1

56
25
31

35
20
15
12

41
36

78

139
63
76
67

106
51

139
106

64
64

5

6

46
35
11
1
8

37
35

3

186
139
47
24
18

85

45
32
13

82
36
46
1
44

77

5

67
32
35
19
16

94
10
84
57
27

51
15
36

64
15
49
38

46
19
27

6

14

30

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

14

30

-

-

-

-

6

14

28

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

9
5

-

1

1

-

-

2

4

1

1

8

1

-

“

2

4

18

1
-

1

9

-

9

61
24
37
10

11

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

5

33

-

37
14
23

-

43
5

35
23

12

2

21

17
1
16

19
58
48
10
56

62

1
1

-

_

-

_
-

1

38
38

_

_

-

-

-

-

14

35
39
_
_
- 3 9

3
8
1
8
2 -

-

-

3
3

_

23
10
13
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,035

3.25
3.15
3.25
3.26
3.26
3.21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,525
98
1,427
766
482

3.17
3.00
3.18
3.17
3.27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

_
_

_

24
1

309
305

-

-

24
13
13

25
10
15
7

-

_

_
.

-

11

21

3
--

-

84
4
80
80
-

-

13
11
2
—

2

-

5 4
5 1
3
-

-

2

-

46
-

46
38
3

4684 4100 2376
933 197 100
3751 3903 2276
2212 3004 985
1211 596 1026
321 300 265

-

-

566 1494 2143
192 112
80
374 1382 2063
50 1133 1282
101 203 766

306
27
279

10 24* 63
31
24
32
—

32
52

442

i

6
87
17
- 4 2 6
45
17
_
_
_

52
26

436
391

- 1 6

1
1

-

-

11
9

15
13

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

22
-

49
26

22
22

23
23

231
35
196
144

63
17
46

12

12

40

198

2 - 2 1

-

_
-

12
12

12

512
136
376
155
84
137

-

91
34
57
57

1

2
—

2
10
10

54
34
20
19
1

12
12

2
1
1
1

-

31
22

13
13

-

21

44
31
13
—

1
1

266 1224
213
532
212 450

501
497

447
-

2

-

-

2C3
57
146
127
13

-

-

_

6

45

25
25
-

-

-

6

8

2

-

-

57

99
75
24
18

408 1194 2802
49 236 321
359 958 2481
526 1965
19 101 287
23 301 228

2

-

-

87
23

154
76
78

2

-

29
12
17
15

145
7
138
92
38

-

-

2

204
23
181
37
133

4

2

-

3

4

151
151
12
6

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
6
2

-

-

5

209
32
177
38
133

52

14
14
_

33

31

21

6
14
14
_
_
- 1 4

55

52

110
20
90

7

65
10
55
44
9

9

6

10

69
16
10

-

47
19
25

11
12

7

10

-

1 ,000

6
6

*

1

-

1

-

1

-

35

1
1

1
1

179
59
120
26

-

-

-

107

198

231
75
153

12
12

995 3521 1637
132 129
99
863 3392 1538
382 2956 769
194 185 534
287 248 235

6

39
4

141
41

529

100

528
216

48

1

175
135

48
15
33

T a b le A-5.

C u sto d ial and M aterial M o vem en t O ccu p atio n s— C on tin u ed

17

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Chicago, 1 1 , April 1964)
1.
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

A verage
hourly
earn in gs2

TRUCKERS,POWER (FORKLIFT) MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES3----WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL T R A D E -------- -

5,406
4, 516
890
103
667
102

$
2.60
2.59
2.70
2.69
2.73
2.62

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------- 1
5
4
3
2

1,801
944

2.46
2.44

1
2
3
4
5

1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.2C 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.1C 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
and
and
D under
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1 .70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1C 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 over
;r

“
“

-

-

-

-

24
24
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1

"

1
1

4

16
16

102
102

Data limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




3
3

126
116
10

444
422
22

345
33G
15

1
16
16

52
48
4

6

16
3

48
48

75
75

43
43

14

450
431
19
3
12
2

643
473
170
41
120
7

524
462
62
10
47
5

334
227
107
4
92
11

34
34

117
115

651
16

196
76

67
44

-

570 1122
447 1065
57
123
18
103
52
5
2
186
138

103
103

245
43
202
201
1

203
163
40
40

151
100
51
27
24

14
8

23
-

110
110

—

4
4
-

6
6
~

-

8
8
-

'

_

144
144
-

'

_

_

_

-

-

18

B : E sta b lish m e n t P ra c tic e s an d Su p p lem en tary Wage P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

M a n u f a c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
in d u strie s

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h ours3 3 Of--A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

37V2

3 8 3/4

40

A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

37V2

3 8 3/4

40

N o n m a n u fa c t u t in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d \v e e k ly h o u r s>3 o f—
A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

37V2

3 8 3/4

40

A ll
sc h e d ­
u le s

37 V2

3 8 3/4

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d -------------------------

527

218

XXX

XXX

XXX

309

XXX

XXX

XXX

527

218

XXX

XXX

XXX

309

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d
m i n i m u m ---------------------------------------------

18

14

91

138

31

10

83

279

125

16

13

90

154

32

10

95

1
2
4
5
4
1
1
_
_
_
-

_
1
1
4
3
3
1
_
1
_
_
-

2
1
9
4
11
13
28
15
18
10
8
3
2
4
_

_
1
1
1
1
5
9
5
3
2
3
_
_
_

_
1
4
1
2
1
1
_
_

2
7
3
9
5
12
8
9
6
7
1
4
_

2
1
24
13
33
30
57
23
27
15
8
3
4
8
2
_

_
4
2
14
13
26
13
16
5
2
2
3
5
2

_
5
3
2
2
2
_
_
1
1

_
1
1
5
3
2
_
1
_
_

_
3
2
9
9
17
6
11
5
2
2
2
4
1

2
1
20
11
19
17
31
10
11
10
6
1
1
3

_
1
2
5
2
6
10
2
1
2
1
_

_
1
1
1
3
2
_
1
1
_

_

_
_

2
16
4
14
8
13
5
8
5
5
_
1
3

3

14
9
3
1

9
5
2

_

_

_

4
1
1

-

2

2

-

-

_
2

5
4
1
1

I

_
_

8
5
2

_

_
_
_

-

_
1
1
5
8
15
9
16
5
4
3
3
4
1
_
8
5
1
1
_
1

-

-

-

-

266

128

u n d e r $ 4 2 . 5 0-----------------u n d e r $ 4 5 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 4 7 . 5 0-----------------u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50-----------------u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 7 5. 0 0 -----------------u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0_____________
u n d e r $ QO. Of)
u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0-----------------u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 _____________
u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 _____________
o v e r --------------------------------

2
1
11
5
17
25
52
30
41
15
16
6
6
9
2
13
5
1
5
3
1

_
2
1
6
12
24
15
23
5
8
3
4
5
2
_
10
5
1
1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d
m i n i m u m _________________________________

128

59

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in t h is c a t e g o r y ---------------------

133

31

XXX

XXX

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 8 5 . 00
$ 8 7 . 50
$ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 2 . 50
$ 9 5 . 00
$ 9 7 . 50

and
an d
and
and
an d
an d
an d
and
an d
an d
and
and
an d
and
and
and
an d
and
an d
and
an d
an d
an d
an d

_

3
_
4
3
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

4
3
-

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

XXX

147

63

XXX

XXX

XXX

84

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

102

XXX

XXX

XXX

101

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

71

XXX

XXX

XXX

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




_

~




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

( S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1 9 6 4 )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r—

A c t u a ll y wo r k in g o n —

S eco n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift w o rk

S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l -----------------------------------------------------------------

9 2 .5

8 0 .8

1 8 .2

5 .9

W ith s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------

9 2 .0

8 0 .0

1 8 .0

5 .8

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ----------------------------

5 3 .0

4 5 .2

1 0 .8

3 .8

5 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ______________________________________
8V2 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------9 c e nt s ______________________________________
10 c e n t s _____________________________________
11 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------12 c e n t s _____________________________________
12 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
13 c e n t s _____________________________________
14 c e n t s _____________________________________
I 4 V2 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------15 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------17 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------

5 .9
.8
.4
.5
7 .8
.7
1 .4
2 2 .8
.7
3 .9
.2
.5
1.5
3 .7

1 .2
.8
.5
.8
1 1 .6
.4
8 .3
1 .2
.7
1.1
.7
1 0 .8
2 .1
1 .4
.8
2 .5

1.1
.3
(2 )
.1
2 .2
.2
.2
3 .8
.2
1 .3
(2 )
.2
.4
.6

18

rpnts

-

2 0 c e n t s _____________________________________
c e n t s ---------------------------------------------25 c e n t s - ______________________________ ______
2 7 4/ s c e n t s ___________________________________

(2 )
1.1
.8
.5

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________6 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 /2 p e r c e n t _________________________________
1 0 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------12 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------1 2 V2 p e r c e n t ________________________________
13 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------

2 2 9/ io

-

_

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

_
_
(2 )
.1
.1
.7
.1
1.5
.1
(2 )
.2
.2
.5
.1
_

(2 )
.5

(2 )
.1
.1
.1

(2 )
.1
_
_

3 4 .1

2 6 .9

5 .8

1.2

5 .5
1 .0
.7
.4
2 4 .7
.4

.5
1 .0
.2
1 9 .5
.7
.4
.2
4 .4

1.5
.4
(2 )
.1
3 .6
(2 )

-

1.3

-

-

.1

.4

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ----------------

-

_
(2 )
(2 )
.7
(2 )
(2 )
.4
(2 )

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p l u s
c e n t s p e r h o u r _______________________________

"

1.1

-

.2

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------

4 .8

6 .3

1 .4

.6

W ith n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ---------------------------

.6

.8

.2

(2 )

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

20

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 5 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 6 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 6 V4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 6 V4 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s -----------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 V2 h o u r s -----------------------------3 8 V2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------3 8 3/4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 8 3/4 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ----------------------------------4 0 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------4 4 h o u r s ____________________________________________________
4 4 V2 h o u r s ____________________________ '-------------------------------4 5 h o u r s ______________________________________ _____________
4 8 h o u r s ____________________________________________________
4 9 h o u r s a n d o v e r --------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100

6

4
2

2
-

1
1
1
15
-

11
-

11
2
15
4
24
4

22
1
6
24
1
2

(4 )
4
1
17
1
(4 )
9
(4 )
60
(4 )
(f)
(4 )

(4 )
19
1
-

5
2
-

-

-

-

-

8
-

-

13
2
66
2

-

-

13
-

1
-

60
-

92
-

-

-

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
2 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




PLANT WORKERS

Public .
utilities 1

All
industries

(4 )
88
1

33
-

9
2
34
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

All
3
industries

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

-

-

1
6
1
-

2
3
3
-

100

100

2

3
2
3
-

(4 )
1
3
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
87
(4 )
1
(4 )
1
2
1

1

Wholesale
trade

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

-

-

-

(4 )

-

(4 )

89
1
2
(4 )
1

98
-

91
-

-

-

2

5
2
2

-

81
3
1
-

5
2

0
(4 )
69
9
-

14

21
T a b le B-4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r il 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________________

W ork ers
p a id h o
W ork ers
n o p a id

in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------------in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

All
.
industries 3

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

98

100

98

91

~

■

1

“

2

-

2

9

1
56
4

2
27
2

17
63
.

(4)
35
1
3
13

2
26
3
21
3
22
1
2
-

1
74
-

(4 )
11

1
12
3
13
44
2
4
15

0

0

(4 )
4

11
1
-

"

-

“

N u m ber o f days

L e s s t h a n 6 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 3 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 3 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ______________________________
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -------------------------------------------1 0 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s -----------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y -------------------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
24
3

.

_
5
2
6
50
1
22
14
-

1
31
3
17
2
22
6
1
13
1
4
-

1
46
1
3
1
45
4
-

(4)
10
1
3
6

19
5
15
30
5
5
11
1
1
6

(4 )
1
1
6
1

(4)
-

(4)

■

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
1
28
4
3

-

-

-

“

.
18
1
1
4
9
4
2
6
1
9
5

9

(4 )
11
1

23
40
23
13

1
16
_
1
-

-

-

(4 )

(4 )
4
1

-

-

3
3
30
2
1

-

-

-

-

2

(4 )
-

1
-

-

-

4
_
_
_
_
_

"

■

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

1
1
1
5
5
25
27
84
87

-

_

-

-

_

_

9
5
-

6

3
(4)
3
1
2
_
1
_
_
_
_
(4)
-

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5

12 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------I I V 2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________________
IO V 2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------------------4 davs or m ore

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

(4 )
1
8
8
8
17
18
31
36
72
75
100
100
1 00

(4)
8
9
26
31
76
81
100
100
100

-

-

14
14
36
36
92
95
100
100
1 00

4
5
19
26
65
69
99
100
100

_
-

4
5
53
53
99
99
100

1
3
36
40
40
53
54
62
71
81
82
100
100
100

.
2
2
2
2
7
8
28
28
40
44
99
100
100

_
_
n
(4 )
1
5
5
21
23
68
70
97
98
99

99
99
100

-

_

13
13
35
35
76
76
98
98
98

6
7
21
26
69
72
98
100
100

_

_
_

6
6
23
23
97
97
98

_
(4)
(4)
(4)
4

H

4
5
n
n
74
88
91

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n " s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s an d
d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e th e n c u m u la te d .




22
T a b le B-5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s by v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
O F F IC E W ORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l ic y

PLA N T W ORKERS

All
industries

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public
utilities z

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
1

100
99
1

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

100
96
4
-

99
99
-

100
100

-

-

Finance 3

Services

All
industries

100

,

Manufacturing

Public
utilities z

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100
91
7
2

98
98

100
98
2

99
94
5
1

100
90
8

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------O t h e r _____________________________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------------A m o u n t of v a c a t io n p a y

-

-

(5 )

(5)

(5 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

99
93
6
(5 )
1
(5 )

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

(5 )

6

A ft e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ______________________________________
1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------- ------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

6
46
9
3

10
49
7
7

-

1
32
6
-

_

_

33
65
2

58
41
1
-

(5)
99
1
-

1
98

_

_

27
_

1
20
16
(5 )

5
69
16
2

7

61
5
-

17
13
2
(5 )

27
11
3
1

3
_

(5)
77
1
19
(5 )
2
1

(5)
80
2
14
1
3
1

_

_

_

74
_
24
-

67
_
32
_
-

-

64
3
33
_
-

37
6
52
1
2
1

47

38
12
48

26
4
69

_

-

6
23
2
-

1
22
4
-

5
12
( 5)

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

24
( 5)
74
2

18
1
77
4

_
50
50
-

-

-

-

3

4

_

_

-

_

_

16
84

-

-

_
83
_
17
_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________________

89
(5)
4

88
(5)
8

-

-

4

8
36
56
-

1
97
2
-

99

2
97

-

-

1

1

1
-

-

-

-

7
39
1

7

3 4

_

7
59

91

-

-

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

0
(5 )

93
1
5
"

1
(5 )
88

2
8

_
-

100
-

-

_
-

96
4
-

_
-

99
1
-

_
-

97
2
1
-

(5 )

86
1
13
"

5
8

82
2
3
1

8
12
72
3

4
1

_

3

_
98
-

91
_
3

2
_
98
_
-

-

-

"

3

_
_

99

1
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s -------------- ,--------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of t a b le .




0

(5)
93
1
5

1
(5)
88

2
8

_
100
-

_
96
4

_
99
1

_
97
2
1

(5 )
86
1
13

4
8

83
2
3
1

7
12
73
3
4
1

_
_
98
_
-

3
3

91
_
3

_
100
_
-

_
_

99

1

23
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t i o n s 1 C o n tin u e d
—

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
O F F IC E W ORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l ic y

All
industries

P L A N T W O R K ERS

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

87
3
10
-

_
84
3
14
-

_
99
1
-

_
93
_
7

_
96
_
4
-

_
87
8
4

(5 )
66
1
33
~

(5)
30
4
64
(5)
2

_
24
5
68
(5 )
3

_
48
13
38
-

_
40
1
60
"

_
14
_
86
-

_
30
2
67
1

(5)
26
4
67
1
2
(5)

20
6
70
1
4
-

43
6
51
(5)

34
1
63
_
2

10
90
_

( 5)
8
( 5)
84
3
6
(5)

4
( 5)
89
1
6
-

3
_
84
13
(5 )

.

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

1
(5)
90
2
5
1

2
(5 )
87
4
6
1

_
98
_
1
-

_
97
_
3

_
93
_
7
-

_
96
_
4
-

(5 )
47
_
47
4
2

1
32
9
57
(5 )
1

2
26
12
58
(5 )
1

_
51
10
36
_

_
34
6
60
-

_
24
_
75
_

-

“

-

.
76
_
22
2
-

(5 )
45
1
48
4
2
-

1
25
9
62
1
1
(5 )

2
20
14
60
2
2
-

33
3
62
_
_

21
6
70
_

20
_
80
_
_

-

26
4
69
1
-

-

3

-

18
_
78
_
2
2

5
_
93
_
1
-

5
_
83
4
8
-

(5 )
32
_
48
_
20
“

1
9
1
82
2
4
(5 )

2
3
1
88
2
4

_
_
86
12
_

13
_
83
_
4

-

-

14
_
77
_
6
3

1
9
1
59

2

Services

All
industries

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------- -----------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________

(5)

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------

72

1

21
2
3
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________

-

70
_
20
_
10
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .




(5)
7
( 5)
63
2

26
2

_

_

4

3

_
18

_
5

_
5

(5 )
29

( 5)
62

-

-

_

_

_

70

50

61

72
2

4

29
1

2

-

-

12
13

30

35

2

22

( 5)

49
( 5)
21

2

27
2

3

1
65
2

26
(5 )

_
_
59
_

27
12

14

12

65

46

53

37

35

23
1
12

_
_

3

_

_

24
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
O F F IC E W ORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l ic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

(5*
)
7
(5)
35

_

_

_

4
(5 )
37

3

18

-

-

46
38
13

25
5
50

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

P L A N T W O R K E RS
Finance 14
3
2

Services

All
,
industries'*

_

_

5
15

5

(5 )
28

9

-

-

37

43

Retail trade

Manufacturing

Public
utilities z

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A m o u n t of v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1

52
5

1

55

2

2

-

-

81
-

48

10

1
1

3

1

37

40

49

51

1

-

29
( 5)

2

2

1

2

_

_

_

_

-

14

12

62

-

-

_

_

34
52

28
4
52
3

31

24

12

_

_

57

14
-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v i c e

1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------

(5)
7
( 5)
35

1

52
5

_
4
( 5)
37
(5)
54
4

_
3
46
38
13

_
18
25
5
50

2

_
5
15
_
81

_
5
37
_
48

10

(5 )
28
43
29
(5)

1

3

1

1

37

40

48
3

49
3

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c lu d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p l a n s w h ich o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " or 1 s a b b a t i c a l "
1
of s e r v i c e .
T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s r e c e n t ly n e g o t i a t e d in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e of a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r te d to
of a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s
o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ho r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




2

9

1

1

_
_
34
52

12

_
14
28
4
52
3

_

12

31
_
57

_
62
_
24
_
14

b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s

an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y

25
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 C h ic a g o , 111., A p r i l 1964)
2
O F F IC E W ORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e f it

All
industries

P L A N T W O R K ERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 34

100

100

100

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------------S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 __________________________

96

99

99

94

95

53

59

49

66

46

79

86

82

80

92

61

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e ------------S ic k le a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) .!-------------------------------------

44

62

25

48

38

27

46

47

56

53

54

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n _____

93
92
76
67
71

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

78

94

96

98

98

89

82

48

59

65

54

66

42

49

71

88

94

73

89

86

76

34

73

85

41

64

58

71

54

10

7

26

27

4

13

Services

All
.
industries

100

97
43

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g :

1
2
3
4
5

13

1

’

9

22

93
92
78
56
71
(6)

99
99
98
94
62
( 6)

*

2
95
89
80
61

66
4

8
54
97
97
53
75
77
( 6)

2
92
92
77
74
79

4

14

10

24

8

29

4

85
83

96
96
77
42
62

98
98
77
38
62

98
98
92
75
70

94
85
64
40 '

93
93

92
91

47
71
( 6)

18
27

66
60
55

8

1

1

68

66

86
6

I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




26
T a b l e B -7 .

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , C h ic a g o , 111., A p r il 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

industries

All

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

4 59. 2

4 55. 7

54. 2

6 1 .6

4 56. 5

57. 9

2 3 .9

16. 6

49. 5

35. 3

33. 2

16. 9

40. 8

44. 3

2 1 .2

45. 8

3 8 .4

43. 5

42. 1

76. 1

8 3 .4

50. 5

64. 7

66. 8

83. 1

2 7 .4
26. 3
. 2
. 2
5. 1
3. 0
1. 0
1. 1
. 1
4. 7
. 1
4 .4
2. 3
.4
1 .6
.4
.4
. 1
.4
. 8
. 5
. 5
-

23. 2
21. 5

26. 6
26. 6

29. 5
29. 5
1 .8

40. 5
40. 5

38. 7
38. 7

6. 7
5. 6
1 .0
1. 5
. 8

18. 9
18. 9

22.
22.
.
1.
4.

8 .4
3. 1

7 .9
7. 9

(7)

00

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
f o r m a l p a i d s i c k l e a v e ------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o f o r m a l p a i d s i c k l e a v e ___________________________

Manufacturing

00

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

All
industries

—
J

S ic k le a v e p r o v is i o n

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f p a id s ic k le a v e
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly
U n ifo r m p la n :5
N o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------4 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------8 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s ___________________________________________
1 0 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------12 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------1 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------2 0 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------1 3 0 d a y s ________________________________________
5 d a y s p e r d i s a b i l i t y ----------------------------------2 0 d a y s p e r d i s a b i l i t y ---------------------------------F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y ---------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ---------------------------------------------------W a i t i n g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y _____________________________________________
F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y ---------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ---------------------------------------------------G r a d u a t e d p la n 5— A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a i t i n g p e r i o d ----------------------------------------------- —
F u l l p a y 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------3 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------- ------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------8 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------1 0 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------12 d a y s __________________________________________
15 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------2 4 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 —5 0 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y 6 -----------------------------10 d a y s __________________________________________
12 d a y s __________________________________________
2 0 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------2 2 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ---------------------------------------------------W a i t i n g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y ---------------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y ---------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ----------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le ,




19. 3
13. 9
. 5
2. 7
1 .4
. 3
1. 2
3. 5
1. 1
. 8
. 1
. 8
4. 2
1. 8
. 2
1 .0
.4
.6
1. 2
8. 1
3. 5
2. 8
1 .8

4 .4
3. 1
(7)
2. 8

-

1 1 .1
-

-

4. 3
1 .7
. 5
4. 2
-

8. 2
-

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1 .0
. 7
.4
.4
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1 .9
-

-

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2 4 .4
1 9 .6
1. 2
1 .4
3. 7
1 .9
5. 9
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2. 1
4. 2
.9
1 .6
.9
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7. 5
1 .0
2 .7

3 .8

5. 2
. 2
-

3. 7
5. 7
3. 3

1. 2
4. 3
.6
. 7
1 .2
2. 1
4. 3
. 7
"

22. 8
14. 7
-

23. 2
9 .8

13. 2
1 .2
-

5. 5
2. 8
1 .4
1 3 .4
5. 8
1. 5
3 .4
2. 3
1 .6
.4
1. 1

6 .9
3. 7
3. 2

1. 2
4. 9
4 .9
-

-

9. 6
5. 1

-

-

2 .4
1 .4

6. 5
5. 0
3. 0

.6
. 7
4 .4
. 8
.4
.4

6 .4
2 .9
. 3
2. 6
-

-

-

3. 0
2 .4
1 .0

-

-

4 .4
20. 0
4 .8
3 .7
3. 7
-

"

-

14. 5
10. 3
4 .4
2 .4
3. 5
-

15. 1
15. 1
-

6 .4
7. 2
8. 8
-

-

1 .0
. 1
6 .8
. 2
6. 0
-

-

-

(7)

1.
2.
.
.
2.

0
7
3
2
2

5 .4
2 .9
.9
.9
(7)
.6

-

3. 4
4. 6
-

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3 .8

3 .6

-

-

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3. 5

2. 0
-

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1. 5
6. 1
1 .9
1. 1
3. 1

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6

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5. 0
3 .6
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6. 6
3 .4
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1. 5
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( 7)
. 3
3. 5

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7
8

2. 8
2. 2
1 .4
1 .4
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2. 4
2 .4
2 .4
-

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-

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-

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( 7)
. 1
1 .0
. 2
. 2
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2 .4

1 .9
1. 5
.4
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(7)
. 2
. 5
. 1
.6
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.4
. 2

2. 2
2. 0
-

39. 8
22. 5

2. 2

. 8
(7)
. 3
. 6
5. 5
. 2
1 .3
4. 0

3. 1
. 5
. 5
-

-

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1. 7
. 7

1. 3
6. 1

-

-

. 7
5. 3
. 7
-

-

. 3
2. 3
2. 3

. 7

-

4. 7
1. 3
-

7. 6
. 7
-

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. 8
3. 3
2 .4
1. 0

. 7
-

3.
3.
3.
.
-

-

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3
3
1

2

(7)
-

-

-

-

5. 6
1 .4
4. 2

6 .9
15. 1
10. 0
2. 2
2. 9

-

27
T a b le B -7 .

P a id S ic k L e a v e — C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n of o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , C h ic a g o , 111. , A p r i l 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
S ic k le a v e p r o v i s i o n

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

23. 0
1 4 .4

2 5 .9
1 9 .4
-

27. 7
22. 1
17. 0
-

23. 2
7. 6
2 .4
-

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 1
2

Services

All
,
industries

28. 9
2 .9
. 3
2. 6
-

14. 5
10. 0
-

15. 3
15. 3
. 2
7 .4
-

8.
3.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
-

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 1
4

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

7. 1
3. 9
3. 0
-

4. 7
. 8
-

17. 6
. 7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Services

T y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a id s i c k le a v e
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly — C o n t in u e d

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 5 — A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e ;
N o w a i t i n g p e r i o d - --------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ___________________________________________
10 d a y s __________________________________________
14 d a y s __________________________________________
1 5 d a y s __________________________________________
18 d a y s __________________________________________
2 0 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------2 3 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------2 4 d a y s __________________________________________
2 5 d a y s __________________________________________
4 3 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------4 5 d a y s __________________________________________
5 0 d a y s __________________________________________
6 0 d a y s __________________________________________
1 3 0 d a y s ________________________________________
8 0 —9 0 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------2 0 d a y s p e r d i s a b i l i t y ---------------------------------F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y 6 ------------------------------2 0 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------4 0 d a y s __________________________________________
4 2 d a y s __________________________________________
5 0 d a y s __________________________________________
6 0 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------6 5 d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------8 7 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------1 3 0 d a y s ________________________________________
P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ---------------------------------------------------W a i t i n g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y ----------------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y -------------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ___________________________________________

P r o v is io n s

(7)
3. 5
. 3
. 5
. 9
2. 7
. 5
. 1
. 7
. 5
. 1
. 8
. 3
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1 .3
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2 .6
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6 .0
.

7

5. 3

-

1. 2
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2. 5
5. 6
1 .2
1 .2
3. 2
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-

2 1 .2

-

3. 1
1 .4
15. 6
2. 2
1. 5
5. 9
2. 3
3. 3
1. 6

.4
1.

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~

2 .4
4 .4
-

1 .4

-

22. 5
22. 5

-

6. 5
. 2
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6. 1
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. 1
. 1
. 8
-

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1

(7)
. 1
3. 0

-

. 7
-

-

. 7
-

6. 0
6. 0
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.6
-

1 .0

-

. 2
-

-

-

-

. 8

-

-

1. 5
-

-

-

-

-

3. 1
-

3 .9
. 5
-

10. 0
10. 0

-

-

. 5
-

3. 1

3. 3
-

-

3. 5
2 2 .4
5. 1
14. 9
2 .4

-

-

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1 .9
4 .4
1 .8
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. 2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 7
6. 6

.9
4. 5

-

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6 .9
6. 6
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-

.

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-

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. 2

-

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-

(7)
1 .6
. 5
. 3

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-

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23. 5
-

4 .9
1. 3

3. 2
1 .3

23. 5

2. 3

2. 3

4. 7

"

5. 6
1 .4
3 .4
. 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

. 7

.7
-

2. 9

fo r a c c u m u la tio n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r a c c u m u la tio n
o f u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e _____________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

9. 0

5 .4

1 . 0

1. 5

.

8

2 1 .6

27. 0

.

7

5. 0

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
I n c l u d e s l e s s th a n 3. 5 p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l s i c k le a v e p l a n s f o r w h ich d e t a i l s a r e n o t a v a i l a b l e .
" U n if o r m p l a n s " a r e d e f in e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ich a n e m p l o y e e , a f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , i s e n t it le d to th e s a m e n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a id s i c k le a v e e a c h y e a r . " G r a d u a t e d
p l a n s " a r e , d e fin e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ich an e m p l o y e e 's le a v e v a r i e s a c c o r d in g to le n g th o f s e r v i c e . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n . E s t i m a t e s r e f l e c t p r o v i s i o n s
a p p lic a b le a t th e s t a t e d le n g th o f s e r v i c e b u t do n o t r e f l e c t p r o v i s io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e i v i n g 15 d a y s ' s i c k le a v e a f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a l s o r e c e i v e th is a m o u n t
a f t e r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r le n g th s o f s e r v i c e .
6 M a y in c lu d e p r o v i s i o n s o t h e r th a n th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y . N u m b e r s o f d a y s sh o w n u n d e r " F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y " a r e d a y s f o r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e i v e s i c k le a v e a t fu l l p a y ; w o r k e r s
a r e e n tit le d to a d d it io n a l d a y s o f s i c k le a v e a t p a r t i a l p a y .
7 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B ILLE R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
c lassifie d by type of machine, a s follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la ss A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine). U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C lass B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine„ cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ss ist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m ach in e).U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

29

30
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct c la ss B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b asis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A, In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, c la ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C la ss B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical task s required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss C. Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

31
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B . Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

32
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c alls. May record toll c alls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act a s receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERA TOR-Continued
C la ss C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single po si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la ss A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la ss B . Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct Spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
C lass B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

33
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

L ead er . Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen

in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-sectio n s,
etc,, to sc ale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such a s those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and tru sses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
m aterials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (a ssista n t). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. U ses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assistin g in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




34
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g journeyman by holding m aterialsor tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a lso supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in e stab lish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

35
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

36
PIPE FIT T E R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, g ages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well a s of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




37
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

38
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b asis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lYt tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are c lassifie d by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—

The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963» 40 cents a copy.

O ccu pation al W age S u rv e y s
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a ila b le bulletin^, is p re s e n te d below. A d i r e c t o r y indicating d a te s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s of the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s may be p u rc h a se d from the Superintendent of D ocu m ents, U . S . Governm ent P rin tin g O ffice, Washington, E». C. , 20402,
or f ro m any of the B L S re g io n a l s a l e s o ffices shown on the inside front co ver.
A rea

Bulletin
number

A kron, O h i o ____________________________________
Albany— ch en ecta d y — r o y , N. Y 1_______________
S
T
A lbu qu erqu e, N. Mex 1_________________________
Allentown— e th leh e m — a s t o n , P a . — J 1______
B
E
N.
A tlanta, G a _____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d _________________________________
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ___________________
P
B i r m in g h a m , A l a 1______________________________
B o i s e , I d a h o ............................................................. .........
B o sto n , M a s s 1
__________________________________

1345-81
1385-52
1385-61
1385-53
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1385-63
1345-74
1385-16

B u ffalo , N. Y ____________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t __________________________________
Canton, O h i o 1 __________________________________
C h a r l e s to n , W. V a 1____________________________
C h a rlo tte , N. C 1
________________________________
C hattan ooga, T e n n . — a ________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 1111____________________________________
C in cinn ati, Ohio— 1___________________________
Ky
C le v ela n d , O h io ________________ -_______________
C o lu m b u s, O h io ________________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1385-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1385-66
1385-58
1385-1 1
1385-25

25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
30cents.
25cents
25 cents
20cents

D a l l a s , T e x ____________________________________
D avenport— ck Island— o li n e , Iowa—
Ro
M
111______
Dayton, Ohio 1___________________________________
D en v e r, C o l o 1__________________________________
D e s M o in e s , I o w a 1_____________________________
D etro it, M i c h ___________________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x ________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ___________________________ ______
G r e e n v i l le , S. C ________________________________
Houston, T e x ___________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

In d ia n ap o lis, Ind 1_______________________________ 1385-30
J a c k s o n , M i s s 1_________________________________ 1385-41
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a _______________________________ 1385-32
K a n s a s C ity , Mo. — a n s 1_______________________ 1385-26
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H ------------------ 1345-77
H
N.
L ittle Rock—
North Little R o ck , A r k _____________ 1385-3
Long B e a c h , C a l i f 1_______________ 1385-59
L o s A n g e le s—
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d _____________________________ 1385-50
Lubb ock , T e x ___________________________________ 1345-72
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H _______________________________ 1385-1
M e m p h is, T e n n 1________________________________ 1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
20
20
20
25

l

P rice
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M ia m i, F l a 1___________________________________
M ilwaukee, W i s ________________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , M i n n ___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights ,M i c h . .......................
Newark and J e r s e y City, N. J 1_______________
New Haven, C o n n 1_____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a _______________________________
________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1
Norfolk— o r t sm o u t h and Newport News—
P
Hampton, Va 1________________________________
Oklahoma City, O k l a ___________________________

Bulletin
number

P rice

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

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1345-75
1385-2

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O maha, N e b r . —
Iowa 1
___________________________ 1385-14
Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a i c , N. J 1 ______________ 1385-62
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J 1________________________ 1385-31
_________________________________ 1385-54
Phoenix, A riz 1
P it t sb u r g h , P a _________________________________ 1385-38
P o rtla n d , M a i n e 1
_______________________________ 1385-22
P o rtla n d , Or eg. — a s h _________________________ 1345-73
W
P r o v id e n c e —
Paw tu ck et, R. I . — a s s ___________ 1385-65
M
R ale igh , N. C 1
__________________________________ 1385-7
Richmond, V a 1
_________________________________ 1385-23

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R o ck ford , 1111__________________________________ 1385-60
St. L o u i s , M o . - I l l _____________________________ 1385-21
S a lt L a k e City, U t a h _____________________
1385-28
San Antonio, T e x 1
______________________________ 1345-78
San B e rn a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — ntario, C a l i f 1____ 1385-9
R
O
San D iego, C a l i f ________________________________ 1385-13
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakland, C a l i f 1_________________ 1385-36
Savannah, G a ___________________________________ 1345-60
S cran ton , P a 1__________________________________ 1385-8
S e a ttle , W a s h 1_________________________________ 1385- 10

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Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k 1___________________________ 1385-20
South Bend, In d 1________________________________ 1385-51
Spokane, W a s h 1 ________________________________ 1345-66
.
To ledo , O h i o ___________________________________ 1385-46
Tren ton, N. J ___________________________________ 1385-27
Washington, D . C . - M d . - V a ____________________ 1385-17
W aterbury, C o n n 1______________________________ 1385-48
W aterloo, I o w a ________________________________ 1385- 18
Wichita, K a n s . __________ ______________________ 1385-6
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s _______________________________ 1345-80
Y ork , P a 1 _______________________________ _______ 1385-45

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102