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Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA
MARCH 1964

Bulletin No. 1 3 8 5 - 5 9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




MARCH 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-59
July 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20 402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n ed to p r o v id e data on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry wage p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a rk e ts, fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and f o r the U nited S tates.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g es by o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the str u c tu r e and le v e l o f w ages am ong la b o r
m a rk e ts and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

In trod u ction ____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in dividu al a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch la b o r m a rk et studied.
A fte r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in dividu al a re a b u lletin s fo r
a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry bu lletin is is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the la b o r m a rk ets
stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d part p r e s e n ts in ­
fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c te d fr o m in div idu al la b o r
m a rk e t data to r e la te to e c o n o m ic re g io n s and the U nited
S ta te s .

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk ets c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s is
c o lle c t e d an n ually in e a c h a re a . In form ation on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is o b ­
ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e su lts o f the s u r v e y in
L o s A n g e le s -L o n g B e a ch , C a lif. , in M a rch 1964.
It w as
p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o ,
C a lif. , by R o b e r t L . O r r , u nder the d ir e c tio n o f W illia m P.
O 'C o n n o r.
The study w as under the g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f
John L . Dana, A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and
In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
4

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y
and n um ber stu d ied ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r ce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ------------------------------

3

O ccu p ation a l e a r n in g s:*
A - 1.
O ffice o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w o m e n ______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and p ow er plant o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ____________

11
13
15

E sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ____
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls _____________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch edu led w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s _________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s ---------------------------------B -7 .
P a id s ic k le a v e ________________________________________________

17
18
19
20
21
24
25

Appendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* N O TE: S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s in the L o s A n g e le s—L on g B ea ch
a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u str ie s
(A p r il 1963), m e n 's and b o y s ' su its and c o a ts (O c to b e r 1963),
and w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s (A p r il 1963).
Union
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le
fo r bu ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

m

3

5
10

27




Occupational W age Survey—Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r ’ s B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l ea r n in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld
e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lish m en ts w ith in six b r o a d in d u stry
d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese
stu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e
in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s studied to w a r ra n t in clu s io n . S ep arate ta b u ­
la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich
m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r i a .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le
in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
sh ifts . N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g bon u ses
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d ,
a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k sch ed u les
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have been
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c t o r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s t r ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ifi c du ties p e r fo r m e d , alth ough the o c c u ­
pa tion s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ith in the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in individu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stud ied s e r v e on ly to
in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h ese d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E a rn in gs data fo r som e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the o ccu p a tio n is too sm a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lish m en t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w o r k fo r c e a r e e x clu d e d . "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ction s. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g fo re m e n
and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and tr a in e e s ) e n ­
g aged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en are
ex clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed in nonm an ufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

* Data were obtained by m ail from some of the smaller establishments for which visits by
Bureau field economists in the last previous survey indicated employment in relatively few o f the
occupations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.




1

2
M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta ble B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is it e d . Th ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la ry p o li c ie s .

o r fla t -s u m am oun ts.
H o w e v e r, in the ta b u la tion s o f v a c a tio n p a y,
pa ym en ts not on a tim e b a sis w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d
as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k ’ s pay.

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (a) esta b lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f tota l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In esta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plyin g to a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount ap p lied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u se d . In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s.

Data a re p r e se n te d fo r a ll h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as
w o r k m e n ’ s co m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clude th ose u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly
by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r re n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set
a s id e fo r this p u rp o s e . D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f
life in su ra n ce .

The sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs (ta ble B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. P a id h olid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans (ta b les B -4
th rough B -7 ) a r e tre a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sum s
o f in div idu al ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rough B -7 m ay not equ al totals
b e c a u s e o f roun din g.

Data on paid h olid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h o lid a y s granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b een e sta b lis h e d by c u s to m . H olid ays
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d ed even though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y , even if the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole and h alf
h olid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted . The se co n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h alf
h olid a y s to show tota l h oliday tim e .

The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r . S ep arate
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch as tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s,

2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su ra n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In form ation is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s. H ow e v e r, in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,3 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k lea v e plans a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
Sep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p resen ta tion o f the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
tota l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e eith er o r both typ es o f b e n e fits .
C a ta stroph e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in su r a n ce , in clu d es th ose p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p aym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s . Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce ’ com p a n ies o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T abu lation s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r ’ s life .

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h ,

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

—

— -----

_ ------------------------------------------------------

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth e r
pnV dir u t il it i e s ®
----------W h o l e s a le t r a d e --------------------------- __ — -------------R e t a il t r a d e (e x c l u d i n g d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) ---------------------------------------- -------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ) 8-------------------------------M o t io n p i c t u r e s 9 _______________________________________________

b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h 196 4

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

2, 909

-

1, 166
1, 743

100
50
100
50
50
50

127
4 93
2 27
332
511
53

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

A l l d i v i s i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g

C a li f .,

100

T otal 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o t a l4

3 47

1, 0 6 5 , 700

2 2 7 , 2 00

5 9 0 , 100

5 2 9 , 150

119
2 28

5 9 2 , 000
4 7 3 ,7 0 0

9 5 ,0 0 0
1 32, 2 00

3 4 4 ,8 0 0
2 4 5 ,3 0 0

2 9 3 , 150
2 3 6 ,0 0 0

35
51
29
46
52
15

1 08 , 8 0 0
6 9 , 7 00
9 5 ,0 0 0
9 9 , 0 00
8 0 , 100
2 1 , 100

6 0, 700
4 2 , 100

8 9, 190
17, 190
3 7, 390
5 2 , 080
2 6 ,3 5 0
13, 800

22, 600
17, 6 00
( 6)
6 5 , 100
1 6 ,4 0 0
2, 700

,
( 6)
7 7, 000
42, 600
12, 6 0 0

1 T h e L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f L o s A n g e l e s a n d O r a n g e C o u n t i e s .
L
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in th is t a b le
p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e
o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s^ n a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 195 7 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r
s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
L o s A n g e l e s ' e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a n d m o s t o f it s l o c a l t r a n s i t a r e m u n c i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f in it io n
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e
stu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le
w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , a n d (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta .
7 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in " a l l
in d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e d i s t r ib u t io n an d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s ; an d e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .
9 M o t i o n p i c t u r e p r o d u c t i o n a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e s e r v i c e in d u s t r ie s in d e p e n d e n t o f p r o d u c t io n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o .




T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f st a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif.
In d e x
(M a r c h 1961 = 1 00)

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
M a r c h 1964

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e
M a r c h 1963
to
M a r c h 1964

M a r c h 1962
to
M a r c h 1963

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

A p r il I96 0
to
M a r c h 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )______________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) __________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
__ _________ _
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n )____________________________

1 0 9 .5
1 1 2 .4
1 0 9 .2
1 1 0 .9

2 .6
3 .5
3 .1
3 .6

3 .3
4 .6
2 .7
3 .8

3 .3
3 .8
3 .2
3 .2

4 .1
3 .0
4 .0
3 .4

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )_______ __ _
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) _____ __
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )
_________
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n )____________________________

1 1 0 .8
1 1 2 .4
1 0 8 .6
1 0 8 .4

3 .3
4 .0
2 .6
2 .7

3 .7
4 .6
3 .0
3 .6

3 .4
3 .3
2 .8
1.9

3 .4
2 .9
4 .1
3.1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o r k sch e d u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p .
The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u str ia l n u rse data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w om en in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h ou rly ea rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y em p lo y m e n t in ea ch o f
the jo b s du ring the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961. T h e se w eig h ted ea rn in g s




fo r in d iv id u a l o ccu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g r e g a te fo r
e a ch o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n ta g e )
o f the g rou p a g g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a te fo r the o th e r
y e a r w a s com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .
The
in d e x e s w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a t io s fo r e a c h g rou p
a g g re g a te fo r each p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T he in dex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) changes in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e
r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l
w ag e ch a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , even though no ch a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The use of con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
ch a n g es in standard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

The a b o v e tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u se d in com pu tin g a new in d ex
(1961 b a s e ) and tren d s e r i e s . T h is s e r i e s , in itia ted w ith the ex p a n sion o f the
la b o r m a rk e t w ag e s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s ,
r e p la c e s the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a s e ).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou p in gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x c e p tio n s : The c l e r i c a l and in d u str ia l n u rse g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w o m e n , now in clu d e both m en and w o m e n . Changes w e re a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ith in jo b g rou p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t co u ld be
e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .

5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif. , M a rc h 1964)
Average

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

$
Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

i
45

S

(
5C

55

$
6

G

$

1

65

70

S
75

i
80

$

$

$
85

90

95

s
100

$
105

s

$
110

115

$
120

$
125

$
130

S

S
135

140

$
145

$

150

S

$
155

160

and
under

165
and

50

55

60

11 0.00
11 0.00
11 0.00

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

65

70

75

80

85

90

-

-

~

-

1
-

1

4

-

1

1

2
2

29
24
5

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

10

21

-

14
4

-

10

52
29
23

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

10
10
10

12
12
12

7
7
7

64
64
64

~

2
2
2

38
24
14

56
14
42

179
107
72

50

85

4
-

7
4

6
12

39

126
93
33

47
34
13

2

1

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

over

136
64
72
5

32
13
19
-

27
18
9
-

10

32
15
17

6

10

21
8

1

2

18

5

5
5
5
“

7
3
3
“

35
31
4
4

7
7
5 7

~

~

-

-

MEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2 ---------------

95
95
95

40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------MO TI ON PICTURES4 ----------------

979
485
494
71
93
156
40

39.5
4C.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0

117.50
121.50
113.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLA^S B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------

360

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

90.50
91.00
89.50
90.50

-

8 6 .0 0

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

201

159
34

$

12 0.00
1 1 1 .0 0

110.50
141.50

4

8

6

13
“

-

4

10

9

6

4

29

-

126
48
78
18

199
53
146
146

148
26

-

107
52
55
55

394
24
370
370

153
18
135
135

182
84
98
98

28
27

7
4
3

5

25

27

2

12

21
2

3
3

13

19
7

17
14

26
3
23

85.00

-

-

1

6

4

28

8 8 .0 0

“

~

“

“

-

22

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 4 ----------------

870
374
496
55
67
169
129
70

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

78.50
85.00
74.00
80.50
74.50
67.00
75.50
80.00

-

12

23

-

2
21

77
15
62

SE CR ET AR IE S --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------

55




o
o

39.5
40.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2
-

2

-

6

4
4

23
23

22
21

11
11
-

1

1 1 1 .0 0

1
1

2

137.50

12

-

-

-

-

12
-

21
-

-

-

-

1

94
89
5
5

“

~

~

“

i

-

-

-

-

-

139
33
106
106

36
32
4
4

_
-

58
28
30
30

-

_
*

_
-

6

35
3
32
32

10

5
1

1
1

4
4

-

_
-

2
1

6

4
7
i

3
3
2

-

1

4

116
83

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

1

1

DUPLICAT IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) -------------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

39.5
40.0
38.5
39.0
39.5
38.0

1
6
2

8
8
-

117.00
110.50
124.00

839
412
427
49
65
256

2
10

2
1
1

7

3
3

40.0
40.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

TABU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I NA NC E 3 --------------------------

l

8

289
146
143
37
65

40.0

7

3

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 4 ----------------

1

16
42
3
-

137
29
108
18
16
38
32
4

66

26
40
3
4
10

16
7

3
-

4

5

1

2

157
36

95
39
56

104
75
29

-

20
-

121
2
16

36
33
31

7
33
16

51
50

3

9

2
12
8

15

4

7
3

122

94

8

10

53
31

56
34

22

22

22

22

40
28
12

14
7
7

1
6

1

-

11

5

1

-

5
1

5
5
5

3
1

6

157
127
30
7

9

10

1
-

8

1

2

9
4
5

6
5
I

4

3
1

11

5

2

-

3

1

1

124.50

2

3

14

2

10

1

8

6

5

2

-

1

126.CO

2

2

2

2

8

1

4

2

5

2

-

-

-

29
9

139
30
109
3

116
48

142
67
75
9

82
56
26

67
39
28

60
59

7
3
4

14
3

16

-

16
9

21
2
-

-

1
-

1
-

2
2
-

23

11
8

-

-

-

-

-

120.00

124.50
115.50
122.00

124.50
110.50

-

12

9
9

114.00
11 5.CO
113.50
114.50

-

7
~

10

5

39. 5
40.0
40.0
40.0
4C.0

-

30
49
~

-

54
1,704
489
1,215
1, 127

-

11
1

11

74
26
9
35
~

5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---------------

-

28
17

21

29

5

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

31

8

31
7

f
c

2

26
4

147
37
110
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

4

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
3

4

12

5
5

1

3

1

-

-

10

20

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

9

4

2

68

17

6
12

103

31

10

56

109
70
39
3
13
8

-

-

1
-

4
17

19
5

1
-

1
2
-

-

-

T a b le A -l.

6

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif. , M a rch 1964)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average
Number
o
f
workers

$

S

$

«

$

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

%

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10C

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

50

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

over

$
108.00
110.50
106.00
114.00

2

9

17

42

75

-

-

9
3

42

69

104
70
34

71
43
28

3
3
-

3
3
-

11 0.00

-

-

2
-

17

-

-

149
73
76

198

-

109
44
65

102

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

2

5

—

~

_

_

_

45
Weekly
Weeklyearnings 1 and
hours1
standard) under
(
standard) (

and

MEN - CONTINUED
TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------FI N A N C E 3 -------------------------TABULATI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------

941
399
542
76
169
233

39.5
40.0
39.0
4C.C
39.0
39.0

6

99.00

174
117

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.0

91.00
96.00
87.50

-

-

-

8 6 .0 0

-

*

*

52

39.0

84.50

-

-

375
143
232
81

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

88.50
82.50
92.50
94.00

-

-

286
112

3
3

3
-

30
-

1

-

2

6

1

4

12
20

25
40

5
52

18
51

12

33

47

-

10

33
33

37
35

9
9

41
29

-

12
12

26
19
7
7

56
33
23
14

-

3
3

30
4

1

6

5

5

5

8

1

5

7

-

70
28
42

8
-

82
28
54

87
19
68

4

~

20

11
21

18
3
15
7

16

-

91
50
41
3

-

6
12

13

96
43
38
3

2
8

14

56

8

3

6

4
4
-

1
2

50
9
36
“

-

1

1

-

-

-

~

~

“

.

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

"

*

"

_

5

15
4

2

11

3

“

2

3

6

-

-

-

16
3

-

3

”

2

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) ----------------------- ----MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKFEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPEPATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES *** --------------------

67
65
700
328
372
176
1,489
211

1,278
108
994
77

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

75.00
88.50
72.50
94. 50
67.50
78.50
105.50
105.50
105.00
107.50
104.00
98.00
99.50
130.50
83.50
85. 50
82.50
82.00
86.50
77.00
82.00
118.50

2 ,88 8

66

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
38.5
38.5
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------MOTION PICT UR ES 4 ----------------

4,255
1,791
2,464
753
542
702
348
36

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
38.5
38.5
40.0

201

260
376
306

98. 50
99.00
98.00
98.50

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------MOTION P I C T UR ES 4 ----------------

1,484
1,404

87.00
87.00

“

“

22

_

_

_

15
15

5
5

13
13

25
25

7
5

1
1

_

_

12
10
2

32
19
13

129
39
90
58

67
59

~

169
61
108
55

115

~

84
35
49
18

-

-

~

“

“

“

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

“

~

-

_

82

-

-

-

82

82
-

117
-

117
-

117

268
-

268
-

156
11

145
-

1

2
-

1
-

21
-

72

2
-

1
-

21
-

66
-

11
10

38

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

22

-

141
4

-

-

130

208
30
178
25
149

182
24
158

264
4

_

-

6

20
8

8

86

67
23
44

49
14
35

36
37

8

2

1

2

141
70
71

_

_
-

-

-

11
11
-

3
8

96
34
62
10

4
32
16

329
73
256
42
2

146
66

447
141
306
123
46
133
-

812
351
461
203
71
116
64

174
92
82

-

2
20

32
39

29
31

234
119
115
9
14
56
29

787
308
479

505
218
287

120

86

142
144
72

75
74
22

515
240
275
50
122

50
43

2 97
151
146
47
28
48
20
2

414
233
181
89
53
3
32




"

16
4

28
7

48
26

21
21

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
7
35

45
31
14

4

14
5
9

4
4

-

-

4

3

-

4

-

44
29
15
3

1
-

2
-

-

12

-

22

47

8

12

21

~

~

35
20

13
13

15
13

-

477
254
223
38
77
31
61
-

17C
126
44
14
17

527
394
133
29
2

65
35
2

50
37
13
1

15

3

12

3
-

242
72
170
30
41
32

15
4

5
5

22

11
-

-

22

2

240
104
136
33
38
3
35

-

8

67
15
52

4

11
2

-

223
86

137
16

22

81
60
21
1

12

4

19
29

-

16

26
4

6
-

5

22
-

6

5

4

-

2

5

-

3
4
11
11
-

-

3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

12

-

4

3

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

"

~

“

-

17

4

1
8

4

1
'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

12
11

11

99
13

55
34

68

1
1
-

19

156
42
114

2

-

17
5

1
1

~

_

3

53
28
25
15

34
34

"

2

18

4

T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif. , M a r c h 1964)

Average

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

o
f
workers

$
45

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings1 and
(standard) (standard) under
50

$

$
55

50

s

$
60

65

%

70

75

$

$
80

S
85

$
90

$

$
95

100

105

$

$
110

115

S

s

$
120

125

$
130

i
135

$
140

$

$

145

150

S
155

t

160

165
and

60

55

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

57
57
57

69
69
56

106
106

39
5
34
32

53
25
28
24

53
32

23
14
9

53
52

14

1

19

38
3
35
33

658
56
602

470
43
42 7
44
328
55

200

233
58
175

182
104
78

94
81
13
7
5

185
180
5
4
-

54

23

1

2
21

175
16
159
38

94

5
5

26
26

-

21

53
37
16
9

100

105

115

120

7

6

12

7

6

9
5
4
3

110

125

13C

135

140

145

150

155

160

165 over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS* FILE* CLASS A MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --FINANCE3 ----------

$
80.50
93.00
76.50
73.00

533
133
400
322

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5

CLERKS* FILE. CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE3 ----------------SERVICES *** ------------

2,679
561
2 , 118
1,488
261

39.0
4C.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
38.0
39.5

85.50
72.50
64.50
63.50

CLERKS. FILE. CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE3 ----------------SERVICES *** ------------

976
158
818
107
600
81

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
38.0
39.5

65.50
71.00
64.50
73.50
62.00
63.00

CLERKS. ORDER ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------

802s
238
564
70
343

39.5
39.5
39.5
4C.0
39.5

94.50
91.50
95.50
107.00
103.00
99.50
99.50
99.50
107.00

96.50
99.50
95.00
104.50
93.00

88
202

CLERKS. PAYROLL -------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE3 ----------------SERVICES *** -----------MOTION PICTURES4 ---------

1, 213
636
577

29

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0
40.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------

1,628
576
1,052
40
464

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) ------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------FINANCE3----------------SERVICES *** -----------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------WHOLESALE TRADE -------FINANCE3 ---------------SERVICES *** ----------MOTION PICTURES4 --------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




102

80
149
122

69.50
82.00
6 6 .0 0

10 2.00

90.50
95.50
119.50

334
98
236
105
87

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
38.0

77.00
87.50
72.50
66.50
76.00

2,143
980
1,163
136
129
714

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5
38.5
40.0

94.50
99.50
90.00
107.00
96.50
83.50
91.00
116.50

121

41

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
13

-

141

428

-

-

2

141
4
133
-

426
-

12

71

6

2 96
112

12
-

65

158
158

-

-

12

63
2

109
49

_

_

_

-

-

-

6

10

40
472
53
341
86

255
18
233

121

74
74

46
24

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

88

29
171
10

6

28
115
7

34

34

1 CI

21

-

-

4

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

88
21

-

56

6
8

5
59
26
33

50

11

13

8
-

-

7

-

2
-

29

“
-

_
-

11
1

12

7
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

124
4

32
16
16

60
41
19

86

109

18

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

8

24
1C
14

11
11

37
37

8

2

-

1

-

12

6

35
-

249
40
209

1

120
-

27

87

-

41

4

3

12
-

18

67

159

293

-

-

12

68

12
-

18

67
4

147

-

2

12
-

18

61

-

2

132
13

2

-

101

40

55
19
36
18
7

3

3
3

4
4

48
9
36

-

-

-

18

-

-

58
47

50

3

-

137
9C
47
7

20
-

-

-

148

20
-

-

_

230
119

47
43
4

-

-

126
55
71
3
19

5
5
-

-

-

6

1
-

-

47

-

8

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

60
13
47

-

5

-

-

83
64
19

20
10

-

-

-

16

-

18
18

~
~

-

57

30

37

18

~

-

-

8
-

2
-

-

“

3

41

8

“

”

-

48
38
32

16

-

,

-

17

35

-

_

_

-

-

66
-

24

-

“

-

12

53
24

2

4

_

-

-

_
-

48

2
11
-

_
'-

2

2
2

5

65
37
28

6

22
-

8
-

2

-

34
26
26

-

-

-

-

21

21

2

86

111

62

17

12

21

16
14
-

4
29
17
-

68

165
67
98
4
62

158
52
106
3

4
19

11
2

1

-

2

109
30
79

16

81
5
76

16
121

66

~

-

11

51

39

4

_

11

~

115
44
71
3
65

185
113
72

285
221

214
13

64

201

12

1

46

9

18

66

2

6

60

31

12
2
8

6
2

1
1
1

307
115
192

270

251
184
67
5
15
19
13
9

_

-

-

39
82
40
16
-

28
38

_

1
6
-

_

-

1
-

_

-

2
6
-

_
-

1
-

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

6

-

1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

22

12

2

39

37

4

-

21

13

13

2
-

8

2
11

2

-

1

1

-

-

2

10

2

4
79

53
3
50
33
4
3

74
7
67
46
3

2

12

-

-

12

3

1

235
58
177

_

-

12

3

_

12

10

_
-

76

61
15
46
16
1C
17
3
-

_
-

8

23

225
5
4
213
3

11

6

26
126
14

4R
76
61
1

201

69
9
6

42
12

365
317
48
17
19
3
3
3

6

8

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif. , M a rc h 1964)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average
Number
of
workers

$

t

%

$

%

$

Weekly
earnings1
(standard]

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

45
and
under

50

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

92
18
74

55

60

65

$

S

70

75

$
80

$

S

85

90

-

-------------------

NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2,536
1 , 182
1,354

39.5
40.0
39.0

$

80

85

90

95

275

334

400

269

426

147
91

249
cI

180
5(

140

157
23

_

_

_

243
94
149
25

143
40
103

62
4
58

39

1

16
46

2
21

4

31

MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 2 --------------FI NA NC E 3 --------------------------

-

-

17

141

181

9

4C.0

111.50

902
287
615
35

39.0
40.C
39.0
38.5

69.00
73. 50
67.00
70.50
70.50
64.50

105

no

193

30 2

43

171

100

$
120

$

$

$

125

115

120

125

13C

168

37

26

5

138

24

21

130

135

$

140

S

$

145

150

<

%

155

160

165

135

140

_

_

-

-

1

21

160

over

145

150

155

165

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

416

38.5

7,843
rUOL

I t U 1 ILil Ito
uum cc n e m m r
M n U L C j ALC 1 K A U t
c T pi a Fit l 3
r i MA N f F
r CKVl r C
. w
w e o u f W c ro w . .#

-

6

-

14
“

-

106
3
103

215
53
162
5

10
12

91

91

144

——

MOTION P I C T U R E S 4 -------------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL

-------------------------------u iu u cirT im M ir
nAIMUrAt l U K I N b
—
i i n NPA i n r A r 1iin I u r
. .
N U u y i i r l U rA t T U K v l i b — — .
nUOU I r U lr n LI T I c f 2
r iioi t t n 1 i 1 i l >
u u m c f i i c rri m r
.
............
ff n U L t j A L c i K A U t
c t IN u r t
... .
r 1 i n nit c ^
A
—

SERVICES *** --- — —
n cn i K o
r li t l Un rt f f————

uriTtnu
nU 1 1 u n

40.0
39.5

92.00

-------

3,025

3, 135
392

6

9
5
-

27
7

cL'f T t n O U A n t n r t m A T u n r k... . o
. I r ajo n Aon U o r K 1 n
”
uiimcirTiiATur
. .
n A I N U r A t I UKI IN u ™
liriiUiiuiCir t1u n 1N1j — —— — — —— — — — — —
I L iNn AiNUr A t UK fur
Si
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE 3-------------------------SERVICES * * * ---------------------------------------------——————
——

SalTCHBOARC OP ER AT OR -RECEPTIONISTS... .
————— .. .. ... . .. . . . . . . .
. .

NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------- --------———----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------r f i i i Air* r- 3
r IN A N lc

• * * ------------------------------—--------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

39.0

39.5
4C.0

2

2

12

121
12

28
93
48

2

14
1

_

_

50

~

8 8 .0 0

9

~

107

233

107

911

94.50

8

603
174
429
61

667
105
42

20

-

1,701
361

39.0
39.0
4C.0

178

82.50
91.00
108.00

1

1

51

7

768
273
49 5
28
125

2,255
1,908

39.5

98.50
97.00

4C.0

95.50
91.50
97.50
119.50

2 08
742
112

2, 336
1,672
199
135
552
60 8
79
1,945
1» C 2 1
924
408
143
192

40.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0
39.C
5

*

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

3e.5
39.5

84.50
98.00
79.00
94.50
95.00
77.50
6 9 . 50
109.00
87.50
38.00
87.00
96.00
87.50
79.00
83.00

-

-

-

16

1

827 1216
536 10 32
241
23
66

162
57
105
38
28

18

1C

1

(
j

50
165

—
-

-

1

06

99

50

106
15

99
88

25
168

24
5

77

156
-

_

4

74

-

-

4

16

39
24
15

-

-

8

1

*

12

*

-

10

10
10

118
71

3

53

32

2

32

2

-

21
11

2

30

2

3

13

2

7

4

3

5

10
7
3
2

22

36
-

-

6

-

1

-

6

-

1

~

“

-

-

-

-

_

“

~

“

“

“

2

-

11
11

-

1

2

1

2

69

122

44

26
28

66

86

26

20

278
129
149
73
23
17
31

219
166
53
14
24

10

24

7

8

23

25
26

54
3

168
141
27

17

2

40

1
12

84

7

1

15
15

6

~

“

-

5

1

9

76

2

68
2

3

99
15
84
16
16

1
8
£

1

1

94
63
31

44
30
14

21

‘

146
97
49

190
24
166

414
174
240

388
189
199

17?
12 R
44

2 55
2 C1
54
2

2

61

114

85

6

4C

13

9

51

67

48

22

2

1

15

1

2

1

-

~

26

“

1

2

9

-

10

-

“

10

“

1

44

5

96
g
87

12

22

59

11
-

-

22

84

79

-

75

57

21

-

73
127

1

12

21

2

-

97

46

18
57

56

80
80

16

18

133
71

-

20

200

10

10

58

32
o

54

125
53
72
15

360
258

10

199

128

55
23
32

39
3
36

22

563
441

378
281

265
91
174
23
17
74
54

1
7

578
257

36

246
70
176
14

45
31
41

15
61

17

130
229

152
35
117

68

14

55
172

262
14
248
13

432
247
185
49

31

1

~

502
219
283
42
76

9

148
39
1C9
38
5

18
9
9
4
3

945
398
547
63
104
136
44
167

a
19

16

20

4

3007 2241 1668 1044
2213 1521 1032 470
660
794 720 636
574
904 1C 73
78
67
81
124 124 116
88
65
98
84
191
82
247
358 164
457
447
167
128
176
244
277 188
274
17
29
57
31
11

374
159
215
19

1

10

2

242
347 1127
91
30
103
40
465
182
82 457
692
161
531

2

4

79

—— ————

c T tcN U b o iA rucoci f c c i i v n n — — —
i I u n r K n rtK
btNlUK .......
—
wiMiir A t l U l s l rur
irTiio I i v j
nA lfU r
—
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------nUiK i ir i l fi t r l e b 2 —
i
r i o L 1 1 U t 111 1 tcc
— « — —
u u m c c a i c rn inr
....
H n U L r ^ ALC 1 K A U t
F I N A N C E --------------------—
rcnwffCc *** "
m mm
atK V ltC o
MOTION PI CT U R E S 4 ----------------

n liu l U i K t b <
r rti n rf

566
5,648

36

1 0 8.CO
113.00
109.50
103.00
104.50
131.0C

— " — —— — ——— — —

39.0
38.5

11

2

2C

2




i

115

1

9

-

1

SERVICES

%

no

5c
1 CO
1

12

8 8 .0 0

87.50

40

ii i ua ic a t l U K r ii r
r*AINUr A r Ti in l n l b

105

CO NTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B

u n TltU n
nui nu

$

&

10C

and

2

WOMEN

$
95

-

10

-

T a b le A -l.

9

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch , C a lif, , M a r c h 1964)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Average

$
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of
workers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(standard)

$
45

and
u n d er

$
50

(
55

*
60

*
65

$

$

$

75

70

80

$
85

$

55

-

-

60

65

70

75

80

85

-

1

$

$

—

90

95

100

-

-

7

$

$

105

95 10C
,

~

50

$

90

110

115

—

105

_

$

$

$

$

$

$

120

125

130

135

140

145

—

92
54

39.5
40.0

T A 6 UL AT IN G - M A C H I N E OP ERATORS,
CL AS S B ------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------F I N A N C E 3--------------------

707
606
71
107

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
36.5

95.50
107.50
93.50
108.50
93.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------

63

38.5

93.00

-

GE NE RA L ------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------

871
250
621
35
425

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
38.0

81.CO
85.50
79.00
90.00
76.50

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
-

-

-

11
-

-

-

12

-

111
6

-

-

11

83

72

134

54

46

24

110

115

120

125

4

18
5

12
11

15
13

1

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------SERVICES *•* -------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S 4 ----------

3,095
1,265
1,830
183
1,039
358
40

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
4C.0

8 6 .0 0

4

9

52

150

-

5C4
115
389

668

92.50
81.50
87.00
78.50
84.00
109.50

260
23
237

390
172
218
34
114
52

304
160
144
16
1C7
19

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------SERVICES *** -------------MO TI ON PI CT UR ES 4 ----------

9,479
3, 127
6,352
203
671
4,520
788
37

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
40.0

75.50
87.00
69.50
81.50
78.00
66.50
74.50
95.0C

85

transcribing-machine

101

$
121.00

-

-

-

-

l

125.50

operators

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

_
-

44

48

-

-

-

44
-

48
4

~

3

“

83
9
74

46
3
43

144
19
125

15
4

163

164
1

11

43
9
34

23
3

42
17
25

21

10
1

20

2

-

4

19

2
22

19

24

5

9

2
1

2

12

-

10

2

19

1

1

2

13

3

100

128
50
78

201

111

31
80

172
61

70
26
44

41

15
186

28
28

-

12

9
4
5
5

80
207
73

309
259
50

35
3
32

8

21

62
30
32
3

25
36

12

5

7

13
87

-

-

-

6

4

9

52

144

-

-

-

-

20

22

4

9

52

174

261

-

-

-

96
48

-

10

238
430
55
195
169

22

19

2

2

2

23
11
2

2

308

486

1110

41
486 1069

-

-

85

30 8

-

-

-

-

-

8

85

307

-

1
-

443
39

958
64

-

-

-

16
26
20
4

10

6

1988 1 354
294 303
1694 1051
27
38
122
151
1399
724
98
161
-

-

999
251
7 48
38
371
233

797
27 3
524
35
158
205
107

-

-

102

409
223
186
13
68

27
73
4

8

17

1

87
25
62
28
2C

21
-

27
10

17

2

-

1

2

2

21

42
40

9

486 1320
421 1286
65
34
14
10
6
23

2

1
12

15

12

-

6

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 S ee fo o t n o t e 9, ta b le 1.
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s f o l lo w s : 5 at $ 165 to $ 170; and 2 at $ 175 to $ 180.
* * * E x c lu d e s m o t io n p i c t u r e s .




*

*

155

160

165

165

over

—

13C

135

140

WGMEN - C O N T IN UE D
TA BU LA T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CL AS S A ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

$
150

17
17

145

15C

an

155

160

T a b le A -2.

P rofession al and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n

(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long B each, C alif. , March 1964)
Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—

Average
$

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

$

S

$

85
Under
and
$
under
85
90

90

95

A
A
100
105
110

$

$

$

115

120

S

125

$

130

$

135

$

$

%

140

145

150

$
155

$

160

S

165

$

170

$

$

175

S

$

185

18 0

19 0

195
_

A
200
and

/
100

105

110

115

120

125

130

19 0

195

20 0

over

65

9

26

-

11
11

52

-

135

140

145

15 0

155

160

165

17 0

175

180

18 5

6
6

95

6
6

41
41

38
38

17
13

6
2

6
5

126
13
11 3

14 6
18
12 8

3
3

98
20
78
8
57

57
4
53

16
5
11

-

-

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ----------------------- -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ----------------------------- --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ * ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 ----------------------------------SERVICES * * * ---------------------------------------------n itA«F T ^ H F N t
u f\ r v o n c n

j IIIH 1 uv\
u n f DR

-

$

55 8
15 6

3 ,0 6 9
2 ,1 7 2
89 7
57
72 5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
i r v .u u

1 3 9 . CO
1 3 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0

*
_
-

-

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7
7

73
73

-

-

1

244
237
7
2
1

260
3

104
3

63
6

106
5

109
4

29
5

2

6

5

11

6

7

5

1

-

126
122
4

193
189
4

196
182
14
2
8

212
201
11
4
7

317
286
31
3
21

187
166
21
12
2

312
268
44
4
32

193
149
44
13
31

20

2 66
161
105
2
94

179
87
92
5
72

10

10

1

1

— ■■■

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ — ---------

1 ,0 5 2
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

12
5

84
24

130
6

134
27

90

4 0 .0

1 3 2 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

WOMEN
DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR --------------------------------------------M iH U rM r Tf iUV\T H r
nA k in c iU iO 1 u u

DRAFTSMEN. JUNIOR

• - * “ **p“ ^ " *
— -------------------------

—

-----------

MAMI IF A T T H f) IM P

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -----------------------------------

'*>

67

3
V

51 4
42 1
93
29

* u .u

*

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

H U .U

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

2

_

4

_

l U o • UU

41

_

3 1
1
6

Hi
_

_

-

-

11
2
9

43
37
6

45
38
7
2

43
29
14
4

42
34
8
3

3
85
73
12
3

1
92
75
17
10

11

13

6

21
11
10
2

12
12

2

-

2

13
-

8
0

118
110
8
5

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 13 at $ 2 0 0 to $ 2 0 5 ; 13 at $ 2 1 0 to $ 2 1 5 ; and 26 at $ 2 2 0 to $ 2 2 5 .
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
* * * Excludes m otion pictures.




3

3

ise weekly h ours.

1

26 5
1C
25 5
2
249

43

2

0
3
64
-

64
—

52

*

-

-

£0

15
2
13

43
2
41

-

3

-

-

-

—

-

13

39

-

3

T a b le A-3.

O ffice, P rofessional, and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

11

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s — on g B e a ch , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1964)
L
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------

47 0
143
32 7
176

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE)--- ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

67
65

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS
CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------WHOLESALE TRADE --------

703
330
373
176

3 9 .5
4 C .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING---- ---WHOLESALE TRAOE -------FINANCE3 ---------------SERVICES *** -----------

1 ,4 8 9
211
1 ,2 7 8
108
99 4
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A MANUFACTURING---- ------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------FINANCE3 ---------------SERVICES *** ----------MOTION PICTURES4 --------

3 ,8 6 7
1 ,9 6 9
1 ,8 9 8
272
353
532
411
106

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
111 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 3 5 .C
O

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------FINANCE3— -------------SERVICES *** ----------MOTION PICTURES--------

4 ,6 1 5
1 ,9 9 2
2 ,6 2 3
787
566
776
355
52

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
1 1 3 .C
O

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --- ----FINANCE3 ----------------

556
140
41 6
324

3 9 .0
4 C .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

2 ,7 3 3
57 0
2 , 163
101
206
1 ,5 0 4
261

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

See footnotes at end of table.




Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

99 5
158
837
33
107
60 4
81

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

$
6 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

CLERKS, OROER ------ -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2— ---------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------

2 ,5 0 6
72 7
1 ,7 7 9
88
1 ,4 7 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL - ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE3 --------------------SERVICES *** — --------------MOTION PICTURES-------------

1 ,5 0 2
78 2
72 0
139
85
151
128
94

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .C
O
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---MANUFACTURING — -------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ---WHOLESALE TRADE -----

1 ,6 9 3
626
1 ,0 6 7
54
46 5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 8 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

450
181
269
119
93

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING --- — ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES-------WHOLESALE TRADE --------FINANCE3----------------SERVICES *** -----------MOTION PICTURES4 ---------

2 ,1 5 0
982
1 ,1 6 8
138
129
71 7
121
41

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 4 . 5C
9 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------FINANCE3 ---------------SERVICES *** — ---------MOTION PICTURES---------

2 ,5 4 6
1, 187
1 ,3 5 9
335
315
47 6
54
40

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 e .5
4 C .0
4 0 .0

8 8 . CO
8 8 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------MANUFACTURING------ -----NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------- *
FINANCE3 ----------------SERVICES *** ------------

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR OITTO) ------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------FINANCE3------------- ---SERVICES *** ------------

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFIC E OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

O F FIC E OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES2WHOLESALE TRAOE —
FINANCE3---------SERVICES •••

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS—
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES
WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE--------SERVICES *•* —
MOTION PICTURES—

1 ,7 7 2
661
1 ,1 1 1
90
130
58 5
186
78

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$
7 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES ----------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3---------SERVICES *** — — MOTION PICTURES4—

1 6 ,7 7 6
8 ,8 9 1
7 ,8 8 5
964
997
3 ,0 2 5
2 ,0 0 6
574

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING — PUBLIC UTILITIES WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3 --------SERVICES *** — r—
MOTION PICTURES-------------

5 , 66 9
2 ,5 1 6
3 ,1 5 3
410
418
1 ,7 0 1
361
122

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR MANUFACTURING--- —
NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIES WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3---------SERVICES **• — r—
MOTION PICTURES—

4 , 171
2 ,2 5 7
1 ,9 1 4
187
208
74 2
583
112

3 9 .5
4 C .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS—
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC UTILITIESWHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3 ---------SERVICES *** — 7 —
MOTION PICTURES4 —

2 , 340
66 6
1 ,6 7 4
199
135
554
608
79

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES-----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------FINANCE--------------------SERVICES *** ----------------

1 ,9 4 5
1 ,0 2 1
92 4
77
40 8
143
192

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L ong B e a ch , C a lif. , M a rc h 1964)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

of

Weekly

workers
(standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(
standard)

$

TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------WHOLESALE TRADF ---------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------SERVICES *** --------------------

931
466
465
52
71
269
50

39.5
4C.0
38.5
39.0
4C.0
3 8.0
39.5

TABULATING— MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------MOTION PICTURES ----------------

1,648
500
1,148
240
340
33

39.5
4C.C
39.0
39.0
38.0
4C.0

349
128

39.0
40.0
36.5
36.0

TA BULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------F I N A N C E --------------------------




O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
( standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O F F IC E O C C U P A T IO N S— CO N T IN U E D

O F F IC E O C C U P A T IO N S— CO N T IN U ED

221
149

120.00
124.50
115.50
121.50
125.00
110.50
115.00
102.50

110.00
99.50
109.50
97.00
132.00
91.50
97.50

88.00
88.00

Average

Average

Average
Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number

of

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S IO N A L AN D T E C H N IC A L
O C C U P A T IO N S

TR ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPFRATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------------------------

902
276
626
35
430

39.0
40.0
36.5
4C.0
38.0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------F I NA NC E3-----------------------------------------------------------SERVICES * * * — --------------------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S --------------------------------------

3, 133
1,275
] , 858
191
1,051
358
46

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
4C.0

92.50
82.00
87.00
78.50
84.00
109.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------ -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------F I N A N C E -----------------------------------------------------------SERVICES * * * — --------------------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S --------------------------------------

9,531
3, 142
6,389
214
679
4, 525
79 7
41

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
4C.0

75.50
37.00
69.50
83.00
78.00
66.50
74.50
95.00

$
81.50

86.00
79.50
90.CO
77.00

86.00

DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

558
156
402

39.5
4C.0
39.5

$
172.00
154.50
179.00

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR -------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------SERVICES *** --------------------

3, 159
2,248
911
57
739

40.0
4C.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

139.00
130.50
159.00
145.50
160.50

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

1,209
1, 111
98

40.0
4C.0
40.0

105.00
105.00
99 . 5C

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( REGISTERED) -----MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

53 9
440
99
29

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

117.50
118.00
115.50
119.50

TRACERS ---------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------

236
236

40.0
40.0

103.50
103^.50

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 See fo o tn o te 9, ta ble 1.
* * * E x c lu d e s m o t io n p ic t u r e s .

T a b le A -4.

M aintenance and P ow erp la n t O ccu p a tion s

13

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los A ngeles—
Long B each, C alif. , M arch 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-■time hourly earnings of—
A
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
t
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
S
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40

i$
Occupation and industry division

o
f
wres
okr

h u l Under
ory
erig 1 S
anns
2.20

$
3.20
3.24
3.05
2.71
3.19
3.89

_

-

111

3.48
3.49
3.44
3.30
3.45
3.89

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------MANUFACTURING --- -------------NONMANUFACTURING-------- ------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------------SERVICES ---------------------

916
600
316
30
215

3.54
3.65
3.35
3.26
3.30

_
-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------

147

3.15

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1,118
964
154

2.70
2.70
2.69

9

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------

1,776
1,771

3.27
3.27

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

1,839
1,716
123

3.40
3.39
3.62

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2— -----------WHOLESALE T R A D E -- -----------SERVICES *** -----------------

2,246
664
1,562
1, 230
184
59

3.36
3.32
3.37
3.4C
3.22
3.22

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TR AD E-------------

2,835
2,641
194
128

3.21
3.22
3.11
3.09

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

239
239

3.40
3.40

OILERS---------------------- — ---MANUFACTURING ------------------

450
450

2.67
2.67

23
23

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------------SERVICES *** -----------------

781
610
171
41
52

3.14
3.16
3.07
3.10
3.12

_
-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------

69 5
631

3.38
3.44

and
“ and
under
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 over
.
.
. 101
5
20
14
94 180 281 140
48
45
46
24
21
37
_
_
_
_
_
_
4
11
37
76 152 255 129
12
41
44
12
21
_
_
_
- 101
_
_
1
9
2
11
18
28
26
11
4
2
12
37
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
- 101
4
7
4
2
3
25
5
21
3
34
_
_
_
_
_
_
63
16
77 130 147 228 246 169 754 164
54 154
46
11
76
_
_
_
5
76
84 119 216 218 148 745
78
50
25
11
42
76
_
_
_
63
46
11
1
28
28
12
21
9
86
4 129
4
_
_
_
_
_
63
4
9
1
2
21
1
84
4
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
20
6
7
1
10
6
18
111
_
_
_
4
8
4
3
5
25 158 119
67 149
28
71
56
90
34
89
6
_
_
_
5
2
17
50
74
61 103
70
17
90
22
89
_
_
_
4
8
4
1
8
108
45
6
46
28
39
1
12
6
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
4
8
4
14
4
7 106
41
6
14
23
8
6
-

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING------------ -----NONMANUFACTURING------■
-------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------------SERVICES *** ----------------MOTION PICTURES3 -------- -----

1,056
794
262

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ------------SERVICES *** ----------------MOTION PICTURES3 - *
- -----------

2, 335
1,893
442
169

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




121

54
34

68

-

-

-

21

-

3

-

-

1

79
65
14

265
233
32

-

6

27
27
-

-

~

-

-

96
85
11

1

1

2
2

12

-

-

1

1
1

1
1

1

_
-

-

9

_
-

35
35
-

-

-

12

3

-

-

-

25

-

236
187
49

195
194

28
28

40
40

24
_

84
84

-

-

-

16
16

217
217

372
372

274
2 74

646
646

29
25
4

38
36

76
72
4

348
348
*

339
339
-

262
262

2

13
4
9

1

53

66

96
14
82
45

232
108
124
113
4
-

158
80
78
8

327
274
53

21

35
15
20

-

11

1

42
42

*

-

9

30
28

2

2

11

14
52
5

22

6
2

4
12
10
2
2

46

22

-

1

71
71
-

770
699
71

119
107

68
6
6

-

18
18

18
18

32
32

117
117

124
124

_
*
_

40

-

_
_

14
3

1

39
10

11
2

_

51

12
12

_
-

-

-

50

-

73
73

150
149

4
-

22
22

-

135
132
3

84
82

168
127
41

123
123

46
46

432
285
147

207
51
156

913

38
35
3

10
10

13
13

_
_
_

64
32

47

306
29 3
13

502
494

36
34

187
187

_

6

327
298
29
26
106
106
_
-

-

5
5

59
37

10
10

41
41

3
3

30
30

13
13
_
-

47
47
-

25
15

55
50
5
3

98
95
3

206
166
40

10

4

_

1
1

1
1

2

36

5
5

35
35

22

14

2

6

2

66

847

114
112
2
2

4
4
_
-

26
26

73
73

104
91
13
4

76

-

-

-

2

119
119

_
_
-

-

_
_
-

39
31
8

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

2

222

213

12
12

_
_
_

2
2

_

6

5
3

3
3
_

2

43
43

_
_

31
31

18
18

-

8

136
136

-

34
34

68
8
8

-

1
8

8
2

10

-

94
94

70
70

4

20

-

20

14
14

-

14

T a b le A -4.

M aintenance and P ow erp la n t O ccu p ation s— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s — on g B e a c h , C a lif. , M a rc h 1964)1
L
3
2

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings ofOccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ^
earnings

S

Under
S

2.20

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

301
249
52

$
3.30
3.27
3.44

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------

160
132

3.31
3.36

_

2,746
2,718

3.44
3.44

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------




$

$

$

S

$

$

l
i

1.00

2

S
S
$
$
$
$
3.10 3.20 3.30 3.4C 3.50 3.60

and
_
under
2.30 2.40 2. 5C 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 •
5.10 3.20 3.30 3.4C 3.50 3.60 3.70

2
-

$

2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

_

_

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

7

_

20

_

-

_

_

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 S ee fo o tn o te 9, ta b le 1.
* * * E x c lu d e s m o t io n p ic t u r e s .

26
26

4
4

_
_

10

-

12C
117
3

28
28

43
43

16
15

137
137

374
374

417
417

34

-

1

22
12

5
5

8
8

-

20
20

9

51
51

94
94

S

$

$

i
i

3.70

i
i

2S.8C

2
5.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40

%

S

$

and
3.80 :
5.90

5

t .90
♦

4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 over

1
1

24

2
3

-

-

1

3
3

-

“
421
421

831
831

-

~

20
20

130
116

285
285

24

f
c
27
27

_
-

12
12

10
10

_
-

_

_

-

_

_

15

1

_

_
_

T able A -5.

15

Custodial and M aterial M ov em en t O ccu pation s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s — on g B ea ch , C a lif., M a r c h 1964)
L
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of----

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings 2

$
1.20

«
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.30 1.40 1.50 1 .60 1.70 1 .80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70

$
$
(
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.80 2.9C 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

2.90 3.0C 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 over

and
under

and
1

.70 1.80 1.90

232
226
77
118

$
1.78
1.77
1.83
1.65

_

442
428
238

1.78
1.77
1.89

_

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

4,049
2,407
1,642

2.36
2.64
1.95

-

GUARDS:
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2,084

2.68

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

323

2.39

-

-

-

-

-

-

65

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CL EA NE RS --M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S ----------------

11,232
4,926
6,306
434
263
958
2,987
209

2.14
2.32

38

306

258

191
24
167

270
82
188

224
64
160

ELEV AT OR OPERATORS, PASS EN GE R ----N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------EL EV AT OR OPERATORS, PA SSENGER

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEA NE RS
(WOMEN! — ---------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 --------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------SERVICES *** -------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5----------------

2,049
331
1,718
47
876
668

55
8,370
3, 163
5,207

2.00

2.32
2.21

1.87
1.91
2.53
1.88

2.15
1.83
2.03
1.73
1.91
2.50

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2,003

2.63
2.44
2.75
2.81
2.78

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

4,634
863
3,771
2,500

2.59
2.45
2 .6 ?
2.58

2,00 2

~
-

.

_

-

“

84
84
84

34
34

15
15
-

115
115
-

3
3
3

678
678

29
29

14
14

10
10

“

-

38

110

-

110

-

306

-

258

-

-

-

-

22

-

20

_

1

1

283

27

12
-

60

-

12
-

60

-

54

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

20
2

-

-

-

2
111

26
36

140
-

140

54

40
10

40
40
40

~

~

32

1

169
169
163

84
84
40

33
25
25

8

152
65
87

39

175

7
7

8

2
6

73
6

454
22

12

12

-

331

966

173

36

2

95

6

6

20

1

15

6

47

-

-

-

-

969
397
572
18
16
65
389

959
538
421
55
53

828
538
290
155
35

328
277
51
23

71
55
16

103
98
5
4

4

32
30

22

490
58
432

97
50
47

-

-

109
3

358
357

-

-

-

1

21

281

52
20

32
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

61

206

43

-

-

11

61
“
53
48
5
-

2.44
2.33
2.54
2.56

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOME*')---------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

404
171
233

2.07
2.34
1.87

_

_

5

-

-

40

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

40

4

78

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------- PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

1, 533
704
829
55
426

2.65
2.58
2.71
2.98
2.59

_

_

_

_

16

-

-

-

16

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

-

4

-

78

206
176

32
-

8
-

8
-

8

8

28
7
21

46

10

23
18

27
26
83
28
55

79
79

-

-

-

40

22

-

-

6

12
2

1

12

-

4

32

10
10

10

_
-

-

2
-

4

2

-

60
60
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

-

-

-

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

38

6
6

2
2

444

704
2 76
428
34
50

73 3
123
610
484
123

741
323
418
17
399

306

341
59
282
252

706
18

-

22

1

55
286
188
98

66

40

443
359
84
23
23

18
171
143
87
56

220

224
3
33

89
61
28

7

38
48

60
45
15
15

37

7

86

24
19
5
5

89

-

40

19

41
23
18
15

5

-

43

470
384

1

32
32
-

20

105
30
75
-

5

46

12

282
237
45

-

675 2017
540 1094
135 923
76
10
19

12
12

21

12

-

37
36

183

126
126

_

488
173
315

172

240
240

_

391 1052
337 1013
39
54

111

112

_

278
198
80

10

-

_

214
173
41

41

-

-

4

-

9
9

_

4
4

1

3
30

-

.

-

16

87
341

-

201

2

.

64

37

250

-

21

5
-

1

146
131
15

111

4

-

-

57
47

276 352
319 1470

469

2

67
7
60

2

838 2207
196 249
642 1958
17
1
2

3
3
3

457

1, 146
565
581
484




2 .2 0

8
2

8

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

44
44

2.10

432
25
394
13

116
9

30

o
o

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60

90
67
23

22
_
-

“
11

7
4

399
469
99
328

443
147
296
33
244

422 1438 1119
4 585
20
402 1434 534
28 1029 275
154 308 1 1 2

60

126

10

6

150
30

-

120
-

120
-

-

120

120

642
298
344
344

633
33
600
79

52

4

485

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

485
174

-

-

-

52
52

-

-

-

-

-

146

38

32

_

_

_

_

146
146

38
20

32
“

868

644

727
132
595
555

148
75
73
72

156
125
31
31

198
53
145
145

124
124
-

3
3
-

134
82
52

106
54
52

97
89

207
150
57

-

8

10

50

22

284
205
139
127
12

4
19
9

688

-

-

-

8

8
-

13

4

42

44

8

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

77

70
33
37

8

72
29
43

130
17
113

-

-

-

56

28

113

276
44
232
14
14

28
-

6

28
-

71
33

2

20

12

9
3

30
28

-

-

2
-

18

-

2

1
1
-

10
10
-

-

-

T a b le A -5.

16

Custodial and M aterial M ov em en t O ccu pations— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , L o s A n g e le s —L on g B ea ch , C a lif., M a rch 1964)1
6
5
4
3
2

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Occupation1 and industry division

SHIPPING CLERKS---- -------------nAnurAtiuiMnb 1 " 11
11
p■■*
NONMANUFACTURING -------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------

934
535
399
325

Average
hul
ory
erig2
anns

$
2.69
2.59
2.83
2.80

706
515

2.71
2.57
2.89

106

2.37

12,970
3,682
MANUFACTURING ----------------9,288
NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ------------- 4,205
2,861
HHuLtoALt 1 HAllt ^
—— —
714
SERVICES *** ----------------272
MOTION PICTURES5 - ----- -----

3.02
2.97
3.04
3.08

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING------ ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------SERVICES *** ----------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
IONS?
...
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING--- ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------

1,22 1

$
1.20

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
S
$
$
S
S
%
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
%
$
%
$
$
$
%
$
$
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1 .80 l.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

and
under
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 .90

2.96
2.96
2.96
3.04
2.95

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------------------

4,927
1,124
3,803
1,936
1,039
1,275
187
1,088
388

3.07
3.00
3.09
3.14

4,054
2,842
287
577

2.80
2.71
3.01
2.92
2.96

1,052
681
371

21

21

3

“

29
29
3
26

55

56
52
4
4

203
87
116
4
13
96

18

46

_
-

18
18

-

21

22

21

-

-

“
-

“

-

“

-

31
31
31

-

10

45
6

2.73
3.14

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1.5 TO AND
INCLUDING 4 TONS ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ * ------------ik imi t «• ai t v fl
PU BLIC U l I L I l I c i

■
—

WHOLESALE TR A D E ------- ------------- ---------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
IRA ILcR

1T r t 1

T K U P v c n r t PtJMcK
1 m i CKcKo nrtucn

--

-----------------------

f en H i ir ! l
I r U o wM I c t I

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------------aiAaiy a aan r A P T i i n tkiP
.
. .
NUNnA Nv Jr A v 1 UK I N b
T
*

PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
r U I U K L i r i1i9
rnam i r

-

-r-

. . .

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------1
2
3
4
5
6

1 ,21 2

2.88

-

-

-

2.24

2

-

-

-

31
31

29
26

45
39

4
-

52
52
-

97
97
“

ICC
56
44
44

51
36
15

35
33

70
48

12

64
36
28
28

64
45
19
10

22

135
118
17

312
303
9

47

2

-

2

21

6

7

3

29
28

243
35
208

1

*

-

-

10
10

-

41
114
13

-

49
144

366
163
203
1C
163

337
105
232
5
175
25

211

141
70
2

50
5

8

39

525
212

313
18
215
5

. -i 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 over
108

124
46
78
44

26

26

58
58

57
57
13

73

27

10

18
18

21
21

10
10

87
26
61

40
40

580 1447 2937 2653 1386 1062
314 743 483 274 511 2 1 2
266 704 2454 2379 8 75 850
26 359 2267 937
12
500
228 302 147 671 573 113
- 390
16
11

657
2 51
4 06
52

108
108
138
54
84
51

-

1
1
-

22

111

25
13
7

36
55
33

88

117
94

71
12

9

53
14
-

105
6

99
56
43

-

37
27
10
10

63
63
57

1

1

4
4
2
1

1

10
10

_
-

-

22

-

-

-

52

23
23

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

ftp

-

52
52

-

-

-

80

23
23
-

35
35

28
28

-

-

29
11

18

52

69
32

4C5
107
298

288
131
157

42

19

19

215

144

84

-

-

-

-

96

42

26

22
-

55
9

42

22

“

9

28
254
92
162

-

-

8
-

56

6

4

-

6
6
-

7

-

-

1

8

56
56

507
487

431
303

124
108
16

20

122

788
609
179
57
105

89
89

2 C4
2C4

199
199

201
10

4

181
181
-

1

9

1

9

11

43C
417

280
199

13

31
48

18
18

125

101

9r
\
cV
-

-

2

861 1045
511
44
350 1 0 0 1

179
127
52

63

191

88

-

35
33
-

42

-

D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e re o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts.
F in a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
See fo o tn o te 9, ta ble 1.
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru c k o p e r a te d .
E x clu d e s m o t io n p ic t u r e s .




-

2

-

2

-

147

15
400

-

2

-

-

370

581
227
354

140

21

342

10

560
50
510

497
77
420
332

178
9
169
151
18

479
28
-

264
317

261
440
12

231
97
16
81

-

140
130

552
212

340
-

103
-

-

1

-

-

~

249
249

4
4

-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

31

97
30
67

398
2

8

3 96
50

23
-

-

-

66

8
-

-

8

-

9
9

-

‘
-

131
116

190
190

-

17
17

-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

3G
30

_

_

6

311

-

-

152
17
135

326 128
941 1167
941 841
316
-

-

-

-

18
35

no
43
67
-

12

3.13
3.12
3.14
3.08
3.10

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFACTURING — ---------------------------* ------------NONMANUFACTURING--------- -------------- — ----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------

38
38

-

-

2.69

4,340
1,578
2,762
1,236
1,085

89
73
16

-

-

-

.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

7
4
3

-

-

2

1
21

“
_
-

-

2.20

-

“
_
-

~

2 .1 0

23
23
~

“
-

2.76
3.21

1,779
523
1,256
254

and
2 .0 0

60

~

_
~

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

17

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 196 4)
Other in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o r k e r s z

In exp e rie n ced ty p ists
N onm anufacturing

M anufacturing
M in im u m w ee k ly s tr a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

B a sed on standard w eekly hoursI 3 of—

A ll
in du stries

A ll
sch ed u les

N on m an ufactu ring

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u strie s

40

A ll
sch e d u les

37Vz

383
/4

B a sed on standard wee k ly hours 3 of---A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

A ll
sch ed u les

37 Vz

383
/4

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied ------------------------------------------------------------------

347

119

XXX

228

XXX

XXX

XXX

347

119

XXX

228

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------------

192

72

70

120

14

13

84

202

71

68

131

15

13

94

$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 5 0 _____________ _____________ _______
$ 4 7 .5 0 and under $ 5 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 . 00 and under $ 5 2 . 5 0 -------------------- — ---------------------------$ 5 2 . 50 and under $ 5 5 . 0 0 ---------------- ------------ ---------------------$ 5 5 . 0 0 and under $ 5 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and u nder $ 6 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 0 0 and under $ 6 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 00 and under $ 6 7 . 5 0 -------------- ------------------------- ----------$ 6 7 . 50 and under $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 and under $ 7 2 . 5 0 --------------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 50 and under $ 7 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
$7 5. 00 and under $ 7 7 . 5 0 -------------------- ------- -----------------------$ 7 7 . 50 and u nd er $ 8 0 . 0 0 -------------------- -------- ---------------------$ 8 0 . 00 and under $ 8 2 . 5 0 -------------------------- -------- ----------------$ 8 2 . 50 and u nder $ 8 5 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------------$ 8 5 .0 0 and under $ 8 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
$ 8 7 . 50 and u nd er $ 9 0 . 0 0 -------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------$ 9 0 . 00 and under $ 9 2 . 5 0 ---------- —
$ 9 2 . 50 and u nder $ 9 5 . 0 0 ---------------- -------- ------- ---------------$ 9 5 . 00 and u nder $ 9 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------- ---------------------$ 9 7 . 50 and under $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------- -----------$ 1 0 0 .0 0 and under $ 1 0 2 .5 0 ___________________________________
$ 1 0 2 .5 0 and under $ 1 0 5 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------$ 1 0 5 . 00 and u nder $ 1 0 7 . 5 0 ---------------- ---------------------------------$ 1 0 7 . 50 and under $ 1 1 0 . 0 0 __________________________________
$ 1 1 0 . 00 and under $ 1 1 2 .5 0 ___________________________________

1
3
3
6
16
13
17
22
18
17
12
7
8
6
9
2
3
11
1
6
7
2
1
1

_
2
1
8
11
8
8
6
5
3
1
8
2
5
1
2

_
2
1
8
11
7
8
6
5
3
1
8
2
5
1
2

1
3
3
6
14
12
9
11
10
9
6
2
5
5
1
3
6
1
5

_
2
4
4
2
1
-

_
1
2
2
7
5
6
8
11
4
2
2
2
8
2
4
1
1
-

_

_

1
2
2
4
1
2
1
-

1
3
2
3
7
9
11
5
6
7
7
5
3
3
2
3
8
2
3

-

-

_
2
1
1
3
2
2
1
1
2
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
1
1
2

-

1
1
1
1

-

-

-

1
-

_
1
2
2
7
5
6
7
11
4
2
2
2
8
2
4
1
2
-

1
2
8
3
6
15
14
15
8
6
9
8
5
3
4
2
3
10
2
3

-

_
3
1
4
5
6
5
6
10
7
4
2
5
5
1
2
6
1
3
5
2
1
-

1
2
8
4
8
17
21
20
14
14
20
12
7
5
6
10
2
7
11
3
3

5
2

_
1
4
2
2
1
1
1
2
-

"

-

-

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

51

18

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

51

16

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk ers
in this c a te g o r y __________________________
_____________________

104

29

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

XXX

94

32

XXX

62

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

1

-

-

-

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m startin g (hiring) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r standard w ork w eek s.
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l job s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a re p r e se n te d fo r a ll standard w orkw eeks com bined, and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n stand ard w ork w eek s r ep o r ted .




-

1
1
1
1

-

-




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C a li f ., M arch 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

Second sh ift
w ork

T h ir d o r other
sh ift w ork

Second sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o t a l...................................................................................................

91 . 0

80. 0

17. 1

3. 7

W ith s h ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l---------------------------------------

91. 0

80. 0

17. 1

3. 7

U n ifo r m c en ts (p er h o u r ) -----------------------------------

67. 2

29.0

12. 8

2. 0

4 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s -------------------------- ------------------------------ -----6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------9 c e n ts ____________________________________________
10 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------------------_
_
11 c e n t s _- __ ___ _______ ___ ____ ____ ______
12 c e n ts ______ _____ __ ______ ________ ______ ___
_
I 2 V2 c e n t s .
---------— ----------------13 c e nt s _______________________ __ ____ ______ _
_
14 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------I 4 V2 c e n t s ------ -------- -------- ----------------------15 c e n t s --------------------------- — - ----- ---------1ft rp nts —
- 18 c e n t s ___________ _ _ ____ __
__ _
20 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------22 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------22 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
24 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------------29 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------

.9
4. 7
.6
1 .8
5. 5
.7
17. 6
1 .2
25. 7
1. 2
.8
.4
.2
5. 0

.8
-

_
. 1
. 6
.6

7. 7
4. 0
1. 2
1. 1
5. 8
1. 5
1 .8
1. 0
1. 2
1 .2
1. 0

.2

. 2
.6
. 1
. 4
1. 0
. 2
2. 4
. 4
5. 8
.4
. 1
. 1
. 1

.7
.3
-

. 1

(2 )
-

. 1
-

.7
.2
(2 )
-

.
.
.
.

2
2
1

-

2
. 1
-

“

(2 )

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ---------------------------------------------

10. 3

5 .4

1. 9

(2 )

5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------6 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ----------- ----------------------- ------15 p e r c e n t ________ ___
- ------- —

5. 1
2. 7
2. 5

1. 0
.8
. 1

”
( ,)

“

5. 2
. 3

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r r e d u ce d h o u r s --------------------

1. 4

1 .4

.2

F u ll d a y 's pay fo r r e d u c e d h o u r s , plus
u n ifo r m c e n ts p e r h o u r ------------------------------------

5. 2

35. 0

1. 1

1 .4

P a id lu nch p e r io d not g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t
w o r k e r s , p lu s u n ifo r m c e n ts p e r h o u r-------

2. 2

2. 2

. 5

(2 )

O th e r f o r m a l pay d if f e r e n tia l----------------------------

4 .8

6 .9

. 5

. 1

-

(2 )
. 1

W ith no s h ift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l----------------------------------

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

19
T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u r s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1 964)
L
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Weekly hours

100
35 hours
36 hours

All
industries

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------_______

H n urs

1
2
3
4
5
6

___

—

--------------

__ _

-----------

-----------------------

. ....... .....
37V2 h o u rs ____________ __________________ __ __________ __
Over 37V2 and under 383 hours ______________________
/4
383 h o u rs ________________________________________
/4
Over 383 and under 40 hours---------- --------------/4
40 h o u rs--------__ — — --------------------- ----------Over 40 and under 44 hours—-----------------------------44 V irm r s .
_
_
^ A 1/ !

2
(6)
3
7
3
5
_
80
(6)

Wholesale
trade

PLAN T WORKERS

100

100

100

Services
(ex clu d in g
m otion pictures)

M otion ^
pictures

100

100

100

3

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

6

F in a n ce3

4
-

1

-

-

-

-

1

9

-

-

7
20
9
3

-

(6)
(6)
1

8
14
7
16

Services
(exclu d in g
m otion pictures)

M otion
p ictu res4

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
_

_

-

_

Wholesale
trade

1

(6)

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities'2

All
,
industries

_

98
(6)

3

-

-•

_

_

-

3

4

_

-

_

_

_

_
_
89

_
_
_
100
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87

53

55

100

1
96

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
95
(6)
1
(6)

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
S e e f o o t n o t e 9, t a b le 1 .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ( e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




-

1
-

(6)
1

95

(6)

1

0

-

_

100

96

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

6

_

20
T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h o lid a y s ----- ---------------------------------— -----------W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------ -----------------------

All
industries1

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Finance3

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

All _
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 7
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures4

100

100

•100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

99

98

100

91

100

■

2

1

2

"

“

“

”

"

9

N u m b er of days

L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s ------------------------- -— - ----------5 h o lid a y s ------------------ --------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day----------------------------------------6 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------------ — — ----7 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h olid ays p lus 1 h alf day— — ------------------------7 h olid ays p lus 2 h alf d a y s ---------------------------------- 8 h o lid a y s ________________ - ------------- — -----------------8 h olid ays p lus 1 h alf day----------------------------------------8 h olid ays p lus 2 h alf days _ ------------------------ ------9 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------9 h olid ays plus 1 half day----------------------------------------9 h olid ays p lus 2 h alf d a y s -------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s .-___ _____ _ _ ___
_
_ _
_ . . . ______ _
_
11 h o lid a y s ________________________ _____ _____
11 h olid ays p lus 2 h alf d a y s------------------------------------12 h o lid a y s------------------------------------------------------------ —-----

(b)

_

_

_

.

1

3
21
74
2
-

13
1
2
23
7
4
45
5
“

4
14
6
1
28
25
2
3
4
3
3
6
2

(6)
20
2

87

2
8
13
17
23
47
76
83
96
96

100
100
100

100
100
100

100

100
100
100

100

100

100

(6)
7
1
1
25
4
2
44
8
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
( 6)

(6)
3
2
2
34
3
2
53
1
(6)
“

■

1
2
4
5
7
15
61
65
92
93

_

1

2

56
59
95
97

76
76
97
97

100
100
100

100
100
100

100
100
100

100

100

100

100

(6)
37
2
29
10
-

.
100
-

3
1
13
2
3
30
3
2
40

.
1
4
3
5
41
4
2
37
1
2
(6)
-

2
5
24
64
2
-

-

-

■

( 6)

<!>
(6)
2
(6)
~

■

.

.

8
2
24
3
6
51

14
54
1
11
2
8

( 6)
5
-

( 6)
-

-

-

-

-

“

■

"

■

100
*
-

T o ta l h olid ay tim e 7

12 d a y s__________________________________________________
11 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------10 days or m o r e _________________________ —----------------9 V2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------7 V2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------__r ft——_
— r r
7 days or m o r e
6 V 2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------2 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------1 day or m o r e _________________________________________

_

_

-

-

-

(?)
(6)
1

2

5
5
53
60

86

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

(?)
(6)

(?)
(6)
3
3
42
45
91
94
97
99
99
99

_

10
38
40
78
79
99
99

1
2
3

.

-

46
79
81
94
95
96
98

2
66
66
91
91
96
96
98
98

_
5
5
63

66
90
92

100
100

_

_

-

.
_
_

( 6)

8
10
21
23
77
77

77

100
100

100
100

91

100
100

i n c lu d e s

t h o s e w it h

7 fu ll d a y s

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .

4

-

2
2
44

_
2

See footnote 9, table 1.

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e (e x c e p t d e p a r t m e n t s t o r e s ) a n d r e a l e s t a t e , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l an d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o on .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .
5
6
7




and

21
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a tio n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a li f . , M a r c h 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o lic y
All
2
Industries

Manufacturing

Public %
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Finance 4

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 5

All ,
industries b

Public 3
utilities

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

89

100
86

100
100

97
95

100

98

-

-

2

11

-

14
-

-

2

-

99
85
14
-

100

95
5
-

100
100

100

87
13
-

100
100

100

94

M eth od o f p a y m en t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ---------- --------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ------------------------------------------------O t h e r _____________ ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------- -------------------------------

6

-

82
18
-

(7)

(7 )

1

"

-

25
75
-

3

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 8

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________ _________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________ ________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2

2

1

1

_

37

44
_

37
-

4
59
3

_

44

36
13

85
-

-

-

-

8

9

_

_
-

2
1

(7)

9
17
(7)
(7)

12

2

13
-

35
4

-

14
18
_

7

_

16

86

3

_

-

1

-

_

_

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------ --------------- -------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________ __ ____________ ________
4 w e e k s _________________________________ — __________

_

_

_

_

85

1

11
2

78

85
2
1

13
-

100

1

(7)

38
_
62
_
-

1

-

"

-

3

3
(7)
93

19

1

_
(7 )
-

22

67
2
2
8

100

(7)
64
4
30

-

1
1

-

(7)

_
60
6

33
1

(7)
-

_

’
75
5
15
4

68

68

32
-

_
26

-

“

1
2
1

_
100

_
_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _____ ____________ ______________________ ___

1

93
1
1
1

2
1

5
14
81
-

98
-

-

"

-

2

_
100

-

13
76
2
2
8

_
100

22

4
70
3

27
4
64
5

20
11

8
1

64

1

1

4

91
-

-

(7 )

-

-

-

5
4
85
3

7
7
79
5

2

2

-

1

43
_
51

_
100

_

1
2
1

-

9
_
85

100

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________

_______________________ _____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
Z w e e k s _________ ______ _ __ _ _ ___ _ _________ ____
_ _ _ _
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________- ______
3 w e e k s ______ _ _________ ___ ___ ___ ______ _____ __
_
_
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




1

(7 )
94
2
2
1

1

92
2

4

_
1

99
-

_
-

_
-

7
-

-

100

100

68

100

-

-

15

-

2
8

(7 )

_

_

2

1

93

99
-

1

4

1
2
1

_
_
_

22
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1— C o n tin u e d

(P ercen t distribution of o ffice and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rovisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , March 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

An
,
Industrie* 2

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

Finance *

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

1
92
2
4

1
99
_
-

_
100
-

7
68
15
2
8

1
68
15
8
8

M
otion
pictures 5

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 5

All .
industries6

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

5
4
86
3
2

6
6
81
5
2

93
3
4

1
99
-

9
85
1
2
1

100
-

76
1
23

9
79
5
4
1

96
4

Am ount o f v a c a tio n pay 8— Continued

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------- ------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ----- -----------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

“

"

“

99
1
-

(7 )
85
4
10
1

(7 )
86
2
11

93
3
3

81
2
16

87
7
6

-

"

(7 )
44
3
51

(7 )
48
3
47
1
1

23
2
74
-

49
3
47
-

1
47
7
36
2
8

49
3
47
-

1
44
7
39
2
8

1
(7 )
94
2
2
1

100
-

(7 )
'

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(7 )

95
5

-

1
1
75
4
18

1
1
81
6
10

89
4
2
4

(7 )

“

25
75
-

1
1
36
5
54
1
1

1
1
41
8
46
2
1

40
4
52

17
83
-

1
1
19
7
69
1
1

1
1
16
11
68
2
1

~
25
3
68
~
4

1
1

~
-

"

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w eeks — ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

(7 )

1

_
33
3
64
"

4

30
1
69
-

9
45
42
1
1

~
27

9
■
42
2
42
1
1

5
95

9

*
*
5
-

23
77
'

'

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------

(7 )

(7 )

-

-

27
4
67
1
1

9
6
83
1

(7 )

(!)
(7 )

28
1
71
”

19
2
79
~

72
■
-

■
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ------------------------ ; -----------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ____ - __________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------ ------------------ -----------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




c>
~
7
o

87
2
4
(7)

(7 )
-

4
90

2
4
(7 )

-

-

1

-

-

12

5

1
98

-

-

1
24
-

82

-

-

90
3
2

59
2
14

1

6

-

-

17

1
7

-

1

83

84

-

2

3
(7)

5
1

84
3
4

2
90
1
4

2

■

7
91
-

2

~

32
"
54

95

1
1

-

23
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1 C o n tin u e d
—

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rovisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., March 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

P LA N T WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All
2
industries1
2

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Finance 4

Services
(ex clu d in g
m otion pictures)

1
1
77
21

_
11
56
34

5
_
72
_
23

_
17
83
_

-

-

-

1
_
24
_
58
_
15
2

1
1
18
_
80

_
11
41
1
45
2

5
59
_

1
_
24
_
25
7
42
2

17
83
_

1
_
24
_
25
7
42
2

_
17
_
83
_
_

Public ,
utilities3

M otion
pictures 5

All
.
industries6

1
1
7
1
72
2
15
1

1
1
5
1
75
3
13

1
1
7
1
59
2
27
1

1
1
5
1
64

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

Wholesale
trade

_
2
62
1
32
2

_
6
_
72
_
22

_
_
2
18
1
77
2

_
6
_
57
1
35

Services
(exclu d in g
m otion pictures)

M otion
pictures 5

A m o u n t of v a c a tio n p a y 8— Continued

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

!

w e e k ___________________________________________________

O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s
—
----2 w ee k s ------------------- ----------- ------------------- - ---------____
O ve r 2 and under 3 w e e k s — — — __
3 w e e k s -------------- ----- -- ---------. _____________ T
----- -O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______ - _____ _ __________
_
_
_
_
4 w ee k s
O ver 4 w e e k s
___
_
______ ___

(? )

(?)

( 7)
72
1
20
(7)

4
_
76
2
17
1

(7)

(7)

7

-

(7)

-

9
_
32
_
49
_
6
1

_
5
_
95
_
_

-

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek
- — — __ — — -------- ------- .
----O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
_
_
_
_ ______
2 w eeks
_
_
— _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w eeks
_
_ _ _ _ _
__ __
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w eeks
_
___ _
_
_ _
O ve r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

7
(7)
53
1
37

1

4
64
2
29
1

33
3

-

3
24
(7)

(7)

9
_
32

_
5

49

95

_

6
1

_

_
-

A fte r 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w ee k _
---------- — — — __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----- ------------------------- -------2 w ee k s
_
_ . _
_ _
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------- — ----- -------3 w ee k s
_
_
_
O ve r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- _____—
4 w ee k s
__ _

(7)

(7)

7

4

(7)

44

1
45
2

64
2
29
1

_
1
1
18
71

9

_
11
41
1

44
4

_

5
_
29
63
3

1
1
7
1
59
2
27
1

1
1

5
1
64

3
24
( 7)

_
_
2
18
1
72

7

_
6
_
57
1
34
2

9
32

_
49
_
6
1

_
_

5
95

_

1 In clu d es b a s ic p lan s on ly.
E x c lu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th ose p lan s w hich offer ” extended” or "s a b b a t ic a l” b en efits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s are plans re c e n tly n egotiated in the st e e l, alu m in um , and can in d u str ie s.
2 In c lu d es data fo r r e t a il tra d e (excep t d epartm ent sto r e s) in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s.
4 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te.
5 S ee footnote 9, table 1.
6 In c lu d es data fo r r e t a il trade (excep t dep artm en t sto r e s) and r e a l e sta te , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
7 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
8 In clu d es p a y m e n ts other than "le n g th of tim e , ” such as p erc en ta g e of annual ea rn in g s or f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c on verted to an equ ivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p ercen t
of annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily ch o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s for p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r ex a m p le , the changes
in p r o p o r tio n s in d icated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s oc cu r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cum u lative.
T h u s, the p rop ortion r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o re
a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e after few e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




24
T a b le B -6.

H e a lth , In su ra n ce, and P e n s io n P lan s

(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m en ts p rovidin g
h ealth, in su r a n ce , or pen sion b e n e fits, 1 L o s A n g e le s—Long B each , C a lif. , M a rc h 1964)
2
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Type of ben efit
AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Finance 4

Services
(ex clu d in g
m otion pictures)

100

M otion
pictures ®

100

AU
,
industries 6

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ---------- i---------------------------- -----------A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su r a n ce ------------------------- ------------------- --------------------------S ick n ess and a c cid en t in su ran ce or
sic k le ave or b o th 7 ------------------ ----------------------------------

98

99

99

98

99

97

98

92

78

93

62

85

62

78

81

77

79

85

81

82

76

49

71

64

66

S ick n ess and a ccid en t in su r a n c e ---------- ------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ----------------------------------------- -------------Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p e r io d )--------------------------------- -----------

24

26

11

23

27

21

33

24

29

71

79

77

67

71

37

71

39

44

2

1

1

12

"

"

15

8

H o sp ita liza tio n in su r a n c e --------------------------------------------S u rgical in su r a n c e -------------------------------------- ------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------C ata strop h e in su r a n c e ---------------------------------- ----------R e tire m e n t p en sion -----------------------------------------------------------No h ealth, in su r a n c e , or p en sion plan --------------

97
97
90
83
80

99
99
91
82
81

88
88
88
93
85

99
96
89
67
68

99
99
94
89
84

96
97
89
78
72
2

97
97
92
55
72
1

100
100
94
60
69

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

100

Manufacturing

P u blic ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Services
(ex clu d in g
m otion pictures)

M otion
pictures 5

100

100

100

100

94

98

99

76

100

84

66

84

62

87

72

85

23

16

15

27

10

16

64

42

14

-

4

41

"

-

90
90
88
78
82

99
95
94
48
83

89
89
87
32
35
9

100
100
100
40
100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding:

( 8)

_
91
91
76
68
99

1 Includes those plans fo r w hich at le a s t a part of the c o st is borne by the e m p lo y e r , ex ce p t those le g a lly r eq u ired , such as w o rk m en 's co m p en sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t .
2 Includes data fo r r e ta il tra d e (ex c ep t d ep artm en t sto r e s) in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
4 F in a n c e , in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te .
5 See footnote 9, table 1.
6 Includes data fo r r e ta il tra d e (ex c ep t d ep artm en t sto r e s) and r e a l e sta te , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
7 U nduplicated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e or s ic k n e ss and accid en t in su r a n ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m num b er of d ays' pay that can be ex pected by ea ch em p lo y e e . In fo rm a l sic k le a v e allo w a n c es d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
8 L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




25
T a b le B -7 .

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1 9 6 4 )

OFFICE WORKERS
Sick leave provision

All w o r k e r s _____

_ _ _ _ _

__

All .
industries

___ ___

W o r k e r s in establishments providing
formal paid sick leave
__
W o r k e r s in establishments providing
no fo rm al paid sick leave __ ____

_

__

Manufacturing

100.0

100.0

6

Public ,
uiiis
tlte

100.0

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WO RK ER S
Finance 3

100.0

100.0

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion^
pictures

100.0

100.0

All ,
industriess

100.0

Public 2
uiiis
tlte

Wholesale
trade

100.0

100.0

100.0

6 68 .1

6

Manufacturing

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

100.0

Motion ^
pictures

100.0

73.1

79.9

78.5

71.0

36.6

71.3

54.3

52.0

82.6

13.8

-

26.9

20 .1

21.9

21.5

29 .0

63.4

28.7

45.7

48.0

31.9

17.4

86 .2

100.0

53.2
52.6
23.9

67.4
67.3
48.2

31.6
31.6
-

68.9
68.9

10 .2

1 2 .8

33.7
32.9
18.2

39.9
39.8
27.7

13.7
13.7
3.0

1.1

3.9
3.3
9.0
_
_
_
_
2.3
2.3
-

_
56.2
_
_
_
_
-

29.1
29.1
_
2.9
_
4.3
7.5
14.4
_
_
_
-

40.1
35.9
16.6

10 .2

45.8
44.9
1.5
2.3
3.8

28.7
26.4

6.1

55.2
54.3
27.8
2.7
-

2.2

24.8
24.8
-

6

78.1

6

6

T y p e and a m o u n t of paid sick
leave provided annually
U n i f o r m plan: 7
N o waiting period
_____
Full pay 8 ________________________________
5 days_______________ __ ______________
6 da ys___
__
____
7 day s_ _
____ _ ____ _ ____ __
9 days
... .
1 0 days
1 2 days
_ ____ __ _
13 days
15 days
2 0 days
. .
___ _ _
__ _
2 2 days
28 d a y s .. .
130 days
Full p a y plus partial pa y 8 _______________
___ __
2 1 days _ __
_____
_
Partial p a y only
Waiting period
_
_ _
_ __
Full pa y. _
_ _
Full pa y plus partial p a y ________________
Partial pa y only

.2

-

4.9
4.3
21.3
_
-

1.4
1.4
-

.6

.8

.6

.8

-

-

1.3
.7
5.9
3.6

2.3

2.1

4.9

2.3
.7
4.2
.3
.3
.5
.2

.6

.2
.1

_
_
.1
.1

2.1

1.8

11 .2

7.8

1.2

8.1

-

_
2.5
14.6
_
.9
-

1.6

_
_
4.3
3.3
.9
7.7
7.7
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at e n d o f t a b l e .




.3
.2

1.3
.8

17.2
8.7
1.7
1.3

11.9
9.4

.8

3.2
2.5

2.4
.8

4.2
1.5
2.3
.1

4.4
1.1

.9
.2

2.6
1.0

2.1

.4
-

-

44.8
9.3
.3
8.3
.7
-

8.3
3.9
_
3.9
4.4

-

-

-

3.0
1.4

35.5
.3
.3
-

-

5.0
2.2

2.8

'

22 .8
10.2

3.1
2.4
2.6

9.8
2.3

"

2.3
2.3
2.3
-

-

-

6.8

-

_
2.9
2.3
2.3

-

-

-

.5
_
2.1

1.6

( )
9
.3

_
_
-

.2

.1

-

8.3
4.4
3.1

_
_

.6

13.3
11.0
1.8

2.2

-

.8

6.0

_
2.4
5.6
_
_
1.4
_
_
.1

3.8
1.6

2.6

8.8

_
1.8

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

“

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
~

'

7.9
7.9
7.9
_
-

8.2

1.3

.4
'

Grad ua te d p l a n 7 -- After 1 year of service;
N o waiting period _
__ _ __
Full p a y 8 _ _ _ __ __
5 days
........
6 days. _
_
__ _
8 days
1 0 days
15 d a y s ________________________________
Full p a y plus partial pa y 8 ............. .
5 days
1 0 days
.
.
.
2 0 days
Partial p a y only
_ ...... .
_
....
Waiting period .....
Full p a y
..
.
_
. ..
Full pa y plus partial pa y
Partial pa y only
..
.
.
.

8.1

_
_
-

5.6
1.9
.4
.3
.5
.1

.9
.3
.4
.2

3.4
2.3
.6

.5
_
1.1

.4
.7
_

-

-

2.8

-

-

-

1.1

.4
.4

-

.1
.2

.7

32.5
5.5
_
_
4.5
1.0

_
_
_
27.0
-

_
-

3.7
_
_
_
_
_
3.7
_
.7
3.0
11 .6

1.3
-

10.3

.1
.1
.1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

26

Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leavel— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , M a r c h 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Sick leave provision
All
industries

j

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

11.9

44.8
9.3
.3
3.2
5.8
35.5
-

Wholesale
trade

PLAN T W ORKERS

Finance 1
3
2

Services
(ex clu d in g
m otion pictures)

M otion
p ictu res45
6

All
5
industries

Manufacturing

P u blic 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Services
( exclu din g
m otion pictures)

M otion
pictures

Ty p e and a m o u n t of paid sick leave
provided annually— Continued
Gr aduated plan 7— After 10 years of service:
N o waiting p e r i o d __________________________
Full pay 8 ________________________________
1 0 d a y s _______________________________
1 2 da y s ------------------------------15 da y s _______________________________
2 0 d a y s _______________________________
28 d a y s _______________________________
44 d a y s _______________________________
6 0 da y s _______________________________
140 d a y s ----------------------------Full pay plus partial pay 8 -------------5 d a y s ________________________________
1 0 d a y s _______________________________
2 0 da y s _______________________________
50 d a y s _______________________________
60 da y s _______________________________
65 d a y s _______________________________
130 days _____________________________
Waiting p e ri od----------------------------Full pay _______________________________
Full pay plus partial p a y ---------------

17.9
8.3
.9
.9
1.5
.3
.6

.5
.6

.7
9.6
1.5
1.2
.8

1.4
.6

3.7
.3
.4

.2
.2

8.8
2.0

2.7
.3
3.1
2.7
-

.2
-

-

35.5
.5
.3
.1

8.3
3.9
3.9
4.4
-

25.2
9.9
3.1
1.1

2.3
15.3
5.2
4.0
2.7

-

1.0

1.4
3.0
5.0

1.7

2.2
2.8

.7

-

_

_

2.3
2.3
2.3
-

15.7

63.7

7.9
7.9
7.9
-

5.7
1.7
(9)
.1

.4
4.0
.5

.2

2.8

.4

3.4
1.8

1.6

.9
.7

1.2

.4
.4

15.7

12.5

1.2

.1

32.5
5.5
-

4.7

0.1

1.0

.1

3.7
3.0
-

.1

1.8

1.3
10.3

“

19.1

42.8

“

3.8

1.2

4.3
27.0
27.0
1.8

-

.7
11 .6

Provisions for accumulation
W o r k e r s in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
unused sick leav e____________________________

24.0

13.2

19.5

23.4

42.3

1 Includes data for retail trade (except depa rt me nt stores) in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate,
4 See footnote 9, table 1.
5 Includes data for retail trade (except de pa rt me nt stores) and real estate, in addition to those industry divisions s h o w n separately.
6 Includes less than 3 percent of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d in establishments with formal sick leave plans for which details are not available.
7 " U n i f o r m plans" are defined as those fo rm al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the s a m e n u m b e r of days' paid sick leave each year.
"G raduated
plans" are defined as those fo rmal plans under whic h an employee's leave varies according to length of service.
Periods of service w e r e arbitrarily chosen.
Estimates reflect provisions
applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression. Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service m a y also receive this a m o u n t
after greater or lesser lengths of service.
® M a y include provisions other than those presented separately. N u m b e r of days s h o w n under "Full pay plus partial pay" are days for which w o r k e r s receive sick leave at full pay, w o r k e r s
are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
9 L e ss than 0.05 percent.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.

Because

of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) . Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B , Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers* accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) .U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s .4. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B . Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

29
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A .

SECRETARY— Continued

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine

May train inexperienced operators.

vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
C la ss B.

Under close supervision or following specific proce­

dures or instructions,
punched cards.

transcribes data from source documents to

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­

bination keypunch machine to keypunch

tabulating cards.

May

verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does n ot in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain,files, keep records, etc.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL

OR

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position.

Duties include making appoint­

ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s n ot in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w ork .

30
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B . Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A. Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s Bm Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

L ea d er.

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen

in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or

J u n ior ( a s s i s t a n t ) .
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or

preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing

manufacturing purposes.

purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­

required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or

mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Uses various types of drafting tools as

perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve o c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid

S e n io r . Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­

to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and

facturing purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,

health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­

beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,

fare, and safety of all personnel.

materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May

TRACER

ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cjoth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-squafe, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materialsor tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

33
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

34
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

35
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
th e f o l l o w i n g :
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'or m ore o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g :

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k

requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and

S h ip p in g c le r k

perform Other related duties.

Sh ippin g and r e c e i v i n g c ler k




36
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r ”s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s
are e x c l u d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T ru ck er, p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T ru c k er, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lift )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er l l2 t o n s )
/

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% to an d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963- 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is p resen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
av ailab le on req u est. B ulletins may be purchased fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overnm ent P rintin g O ffice , W ashington, Ei. C. , 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sa les o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

A k ron , O h io _______________________________________ 1345-81
Albany—
Sch enectady— r o y , N. Y 1________________ 1385-52
T
A lbu qu erq u e, N. M e x ____________________________ 1345-63
Allentown— ethlehem — aston , P a .— J 1 _______ 1385-53
B
E
N.
A tlan ta, G a ______________ _________________________ 1345-71
B a ltim o r e , M d ___________________________________ 1385-24
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________________ 1345-67
P
B irm in g h am , A l a _________________________________ 1345-56
B o is e , I d a h o ______________________________________ 1345-74
B oston , M ass 1
____________________________________ 1385-16

20
25
20
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N. Y ______________________________________
B u rlin gton, V t ____________________________________
Canton, O h io ______________________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a 1---------------------------------------------C h arlotte, N. C 1 _________________________________
C hattanooga, T e n n .— a __________________________
G
C h ica g o, 1111______________________________________
C incin nati, Ohio—
Ky 1____________________________
C lev ela n d , O h io __________________________________
C olu m b u s, O h io __________________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1345-65
1385-58
1385-11
1385-25

25
20
20
25
25
20
30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T e x _______________________________________
D avenport— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M
111_______
D ayton, O h io 1_____________________________________
D e n v e r , C olo 1____________________________________
D es M oin es, Iowa _______________________________
D etroit, M ic h _____________________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x _________________________________
G reen B ay, W i s __________________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C __________________________________
H ouston, T e x _____________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis , Ind 1
_________________________________ 1385-30
Ja ck son , M i s s ___________________________________ 1385-41
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a _________________________________ 1385-32
K ansas C ity , M o .—
Kans 1________________________ 1385-26
L aw ren ce— av erh ill, M a s s .— H ______________ 1345-77
H
N.
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o c k , A r k _____________ 1385-3
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif1________________ 1385-59
L o u is v ille , Ky. — d______________________________ 1385-50
In
L u bbock, T e x _____________________________________ 1345-72
M a n ch ester, N. H _________________________________ 1385-1
M em phis , Tenn 1____-___________ ______ -_________ 1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

M iam i, F l a 1______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is__________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, Minn_____________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M i c h ____________
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J 1__________________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
New O rle a n s, L a _________________________________
_________________________________
New Y ork , N . Y 1
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Hampton, Y a 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ______________ . _____________

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Iowa 1
____________________________
Omaha, N eb r. —
P a terson — lifton— a s s a ic , N. J _________________
C
P
P h iladelph ia, P a. — J 1_________________________
N.
P h oen ix, A r iz 1___________________________________
P ittsb u rgh , P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d , M a in e 1
_________________________________
P ortla n d , O reg. — a s h __________________________
W
P ro v id e n ce —
Paw tucket, R. I . — a s s 1
M
____________
R aleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
R ichm ond, Va 1
___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o ck fo rd , 111_____________________________________
St. L o u is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h ____________________________
San A ntonio, T e x 1
________________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — ntario, C a lif 1____
R
O
San D ieg o, C a lif_________________________________
Oakland, C a lif 1
__________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Savannah, G a ___________ ___ ______________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a s h 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1_____________________________ 1385-20
South Bend, In d1_________________________________ 1385-51
Spokane, W a s h 1 _________________________________ 1345-66
,
T o le d o , Ohio______________________________________ 1385-46
T renton, N. J _____________________________________ 1385-27
W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a _____________________ 1385-17
W aterbu ry, C on n 1________________________________ 1385-48
W a terloo, I o w a __________________________________ 1385-18
W ichita, K a n s____________________________________ 1385-6
W o r c e s te r , M a ss_________________________________ 1345-80
Y ork , P a 1________________________________________ 1385-45

25
25
25
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
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cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102