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Occupational Wage Survey
CINCINNATI, OHIO—KENTUCKY
MARCH 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-58




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la g u e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CINCINNATI, OHIO-KENTUCKY




MARCH 1964

Bulletin No. 1385>58
July 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction_____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

B:

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program.
Information on occupational earnings is
cpllected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_____________________________ ____________ ___
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods________________

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_____________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined______________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and power plant occupations_______________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations_________

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky., in March 1964. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, by Donald J.
McNulty, under the direction of Elliott A. Browar, A ssist­
ant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1
4

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers—
B -2 . Shift differentials_________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours__________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays_____________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations____________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance,and pension plans____________________
B -7 . Paid sick leave___________________________________________

Appendix: Occupational descriptions__________________________________

areas.

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

A current r e p o r t on occupational earnings and
supplementary w a g e practices in th e Cincinnati area
is a l s o available for men's and boys' suits and coats
(October 1963). Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay
levels, are available for building construction, printing,
local-transit operating employees, and motortruck drivers
and helpers.

m

3
3
5
7
8
9

10
12
13
14
15
16
19
20
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B- l ) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "oth er" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.*
9
2
The temporary disability laws
contributions.
9 An establishment was considered as
minimum number of days o f sick leave that
need not be written, but informal sick leave
excluded.

in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
having a formal plan if it established at least the
could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan
allowances, determined on an individual basis, were

3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 M arch 1964
K
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll division s ------- ------------ — ------- ---------------------

__ —

Manufacturing------------ ------- — ----------------- ------- — — —
Nonmanufac tur ing---------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _ — ----------------- ------- — —
W holesale tra d e __ _______ __ ____ __ __ ____ __ __
Retail tra d e-____________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and rea l e s ta te ---- __ ------- ------S e r v ic e s 8 ------------- ------- ----------------- — ------- — — ~

Number o f establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

W orkers in establishments
Within scope o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

Office

Plant

T otal4

798

188

206, 600

36, 200

127,800

117.830

50
-

403
395

92
96

127,500
79, 100

18,600
17,600

84, 800
43, 000

70,810
47,020

50
50
50
50
50

65
98
115
48
69

26
12
25
16
17

24,
7,
24,
11,
11,

700
700
000
600
100

(6)
(6)
(6)
7)
(6)

(*)
(*)
< )

h
n

19, 200
1, 330
14, 820
7,410
4, 260

1 The Cincinnati Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea con sists o f Hamilton County, Ohio; and Cam pbell and Kenton Counties, Ky. The "w orkers within scope o f study" estim ates shown
in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position o f the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
com p arison with other em ploym ent indexes for the area to m easure employment trends o r levels since ( l ) planning o f wage surveys requires the use o f establishment data com piled considerably
in advance o f the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope o f the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such industries as trade,finance, autorepair service,
and m otion picture theaters are con sidered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, profession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate o ffice and plant ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry d ivision is represented in estim ates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and fo r "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
o f data fo r this d ivision is not m ade fo r one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossibility o f d isclo su re o f individual
establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only in
estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation o f data for this division is not made for one o r m ore o f the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e rv ice s ; automobile repair shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural s e rv ice s .




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups,
and percents of in crease fo r selected p eriod s, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.
Index
(M arch 196l«100)

P ercents of increase
M arch 1963
to
M arch 1964

M arch 1962
to
M arch 1963

M arch 1961
to
M arch 1962

109.2
106.5
108.3

3.0
3.5
3.9
2.9

3.6

111.1

2.3
1.9
2.5
3.0

108.4
106.6
108.1
110.6

2.2
2.5
2.7
2.4

2.7
3.0
4.0
3.1

Industry and occupational group
March 1964

February I960
to
M arch 1961

A ll industries:
Industrial nurses (men and wom en)__

1.0

1.6
4.8

2.7
5.3
5.2
6.0

Manuf acturing:
Industrial nurses (men and w om en).
Unskilled plant (m en).

_

_

3.3

1.0

1.3
4.8

2.9
5.4
5.1
6.6

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , March 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-tiijne weekly earnings o f-

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

umber
orkers

$

45
hours1
(standard)

earnings1
(standard)

under
5C

$

50

$

$

55

60

*

65

$

70

$

75

$

80

$

$

85

90

$
95

$
100

$

105

$

$

$

110

115

120

S

125

$

13C

$

135

$

140

$

145

150
and

55

60

65

70

-

-

-

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150 over

2
2

3
2
1

31
17
14

35
35

16
16

13
13

35
18
17

31
23
8

49
31
18

23
17
6

3
1
2

1
1

-

22
6
16

4
4

“

14
12
1

14
14

-

-

-

3
3

_

HEN
$
106.00
1C7.00
109.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING* CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------NCKMANUFACTURING----------

296
213
83

39.5
4C.C
3 9 .C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANLFACTUPING ----------

13C
58
72

39.5
39.5
39.0

79.00
82.00
7 7 .C
O

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

29C
143
147

4C.C
39.5
4C.0

100.00
98.00
102.50

OFFICE BOYS -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

234
148
86

39.0
39.0
39.0

64. C
C
64.50
6 3 .CO

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------

63
55

39.5
39.5

118 .C
O
119.50

180
10 5
75

3 9 .C
39.0
39.0

93. C
C
96.00
89.50

-

63

39.0

7 5 .C
O

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANIFACTURING ----------

187
113
74

39.5
39.5
39.0

68.00
68.50
68.00

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------

53

4C.C

69.50

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

142
97

39.0
38.5

83.50
84 .CC

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

414
175
239

3 9 .C
39.0
38.5

71.50
74.00
69.50

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

335
206
129

39.0
39.5
38.5

93.00
98.00
85.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

822
425
397

39.0
39.5
38.5

71.50
73.00
7 0 .C
O

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

~

31
12
19

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

34
4
30

1
1
-

9
9
-

18

—

2
2

2
2

12
11

3
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

3
3

4
4

1
1

3
3

_

l
1

10
10

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
9
29

11
1
10

6
5
1

17
11
6

10
9
1

14
4
10

4
2
2

2
1
1

7
7
~

9
7
2

16
10
6

15
3
12

11
4
7

41
21
20

19
8
11

26
13
13

9
9
-

23
15
8

32
20
12

12
10
2

63
38
25

44
27
17

51
44
7

14
9
5

7
7
~

2
2
“

14
5
9

2
2
~

5
1
4

10
5

9
9

7
7

17
13
4

20
12
8

16
6
1C

4
1
3

10
2
8

4

1

1

3
3

3
3

-

_
-

1
1

*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

_

8
3
5

4
4

2
2

“

15
8
7

4

-

-

-

4
-

2
2

3
3

-

3

25
22
3

-

-

-

18

3

9
6
3

13
12
1

26
15
11

2

14

18

8

12

33
9
24

21
14
7

15
8
7

28
17
11

29
19
10

18
16
2

1

3

13

10

1

22

_

1
1

13
13

6
4

15
2

23
15

25
20

5

-

26
21

9
8

3
~

16
13

13
9
4

30
13
17

91
11
80

60
20
40

75
49
26

44
29
15

33
5
28

25
11
14

30
15
15

3
3

6
6

3
3

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

7
7
“

29
4
25

26
13
13

33
15
18

52
37
15

72
40
32

17
8
9

30
21
9

12
12
“

8
4
4

13
12
1

12
12

7
7
“

9
9

_
~

3
3
”

-

-

2
2

3

23

36
18
18

76
39
37

99
26
73

128
77
51

185
112
73

92
54
38

46
31
15

50
20
30

40
19
21

19
7
12

2C
15
5

4
3
1

3
3

1
1

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

37
18
19

_

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

See footnote at end of table.




-

-

23

-

11
1
10

-

-

3

1
1

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , March 1964)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

55

60

65

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

10
-

8
1

24
10

10
9

23
21

10
10

6
6

3
2

2

15
5
10

12
12

4
4

_
-

-

_
-

1
1

i

45
Weekly Weekly
anns
h u s 1 e r i g 1 and
or
( t n a d ( t n a d under
s adr) sadr)
50

ViCMEN - CONTINUED

50

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of$
$
%
%
%
$
%
$
%
%
%
70
85
95 ICO 105 110 115 120 125
75
90
80

1
1

$

$

%

$

%

130

135

140

S
$
145 150

140

145

150 over

$

%

$

and
110

115

120

125

13C

135

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING ---------

97
60

39.0
39.5

$
77.50
81.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING ------

335
127
208

38.5
39.5
38.0

61.00
63.50
59.50

20
20

62
38
24

74
21
53

73
8
65

53
24
29

21
14
7

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ---NONMANUFACTURING -------

131
111

37.5
37.0

55.50
55.50

3

54
50

48
37

17
15

8
8

1
1

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

403
288
115

39.5
39.0
4C.C

75.00
74.50
77.00

_
-

13
13
-

22
22
-

44
40
4

61
37
24

62
49
13

40
27
13

81
30
51

25
25
“

19
19

14
12
2

9
9
~

12
4
8

1
1

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

417
306
111

39.0
39.5
38.0

81.50
82.50
8C.C0

-

6
5
1

19
17
2

41
22
19

36
23
13

41
30
11

35
23
12

55
42
13

55
54
1

45
37
8

37
18
19

8
1
7

22
20
2

6
4
2

3
3

_
-

3
3
-

5
4
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

356
192
164

39.5
39.5
39.5

74.50
74.00
75.50

_

-

-

-

18
15
3

55
31
24

71
51
20

61
37
24

66
22
44

34
10
24

13
5
8

1C
1C

13
7
6

2
1
1

3
3

3
3

7
7

_
-

_
—

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) -----------

58

39.0

68.00

-

6

12

14

5

5

1

6

3

5

-

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANLFACTURING --------------

204
103
101

39.0
39.5
38.C

85.OC
91.00
79. OC

_

_

4

-

18
9
9

30
13
17

29
8
21

36
17
19

26
21
5

17
10
7

8
8

13
13

3
3

1
1

4

9
9

_

-

10
10

KEYPUNCH OPFRATCRS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

509
307
202

39.:
39.5
38.5

72.50
76.50
67.00

-

33
10
23

52
21
31

44
25
19

81
37
44

94
53
41

69
42
27

38
34
4

49
38
11

18
16
2

23
23

2
2

5
5

1
1

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1C8
74

38.5
38.0

58.00
59.00

30
19

38
20

24
23

12
8

3
3

_

_

-

SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

2, 126
1,235
891

39.0
39.5
38.0

1CC.5C
104.00
95.50

-

_

_

-

-

11

-

-

11

16
6
10

78
15
63

155
59
96

196
112
84

199
70
129

183
120
63

173
82
91

302
183
119

233
173
60

177
134
43

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING---------- ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1,373
81C
563

38.5
39.0
37.5

74.00
74.5C
73.00

-

14
9
5

85
28
57

167
79
88

251
157
94

234
157
77

268
173
95

144
93
51

99
62
37

57
27
30

16
8
8

18
10
8

20
7
13

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

1, C43
871
172

39.0
39.0
38.C

91.00
92.50
83.00

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

20
7
13

26
5
21

41
21
20

63
41
22

116
97
19

167
158
9

190
179
11

171
141
30

136
117
19

80
78
2

SWITCHBOARC OPERATORS------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

210
71
139

39.5
4C.C
39.5

77.50
87. CC
73.CC

12

38

7
2
5

4

12

24
15
9

14
10
4

25
17
8

36
12
24

7
4
3

2
2
~

7
6
1

SkiTCHBCARC OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

421
215
206

39. C
39.0
39.0

74.00
75.50
72.50

34
22
12




TABULATING-MACHINE OPFRATCRS,
CLASS 8 ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTUPING -------------See footnote at end of table.

131
62
69

38.5
39.5
37.0

84.00
92.50
76.5C

_

-

-

-

12

38

_

16

-

-

16

-

-

-

-

4

12

66
46
20

47
9
38

74
42
32

43
17
26

50
23
27

43
21
22

24
15
9

10
10
~

-

16
8
8

18
7
11

16
16

16
5
11

7
1
6

5
3
2

11
9
2

25
22
a

8

2

-

-

-

-

8

2

-

—
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

85
68
17

93
56
37

86
68
18

44
38
6

28
16
12

15
10
5

5
4
1

47
21
26

13
12
1

14
13
1

_

_

—

_

_

-

-

-

-

14

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
2
5

_
-

“

_

_
~

7
3
4
7
7

-

_
-

2
2
-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

14
_

-

—

-

_
-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued

7

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , March 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average

$

4

Sex, occupation, and industry division

WOMEN - CONTINUED
TABULATING^MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
(standard)

4

50

45
and
under
50

55

60

$

$

70

65

$

75

$

4

80

85

4

105

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

6
6

5
5

25
23

27
25

38
33

5
5

8
5

6
2

4

110

4

115

4

120

125

4

4

-

16
1
15

41
10
31

53
30
23

66
44
22

49
36
13

64
29
35

58
40
18

18
7
11

7
2
5

6
3
3

3
3
“

12
2
10

47
11
36

104
30
74

77
29
48

105
80
25

67
53
14

71
46
25

40
39
1

32
27
5

11
10
1

189
40
149

314
142
172

181
106
75

153
107
46

70
62
8

39
15
24

19
19

33
33

_

_

_

-

$
69.50
68.00

383
205
178

39.0
39.0
3 8.5

71.50
73.00
70.00

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------

575
336
239

38.5
39.5
37.5

77.50
82.00
71.50

_

_

-

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

1,162
557
60 5

39.0
39.5
38.0

64.50
69.00
60.50

-

_

~
7
7

153
29
124

105 _110

100

115

130

4

135

4

4

140

145
—

and

150

3

39.0
3 8.5

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

4

4

100

95

90

«

123
104

MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

*

$

4

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

_

_

_

_

_

4

4

4

4

2
2
9
9
3
3

1
1

—

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , March 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

4
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

4

4

4

4

S

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

4

S
190

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190 over

“

-

-

"

-

1
1

T

1
1

1
1

~

2
2

-

7
7

7
7

6
4

26
26

8
8

25
18

1
1

7

14
~

2
2

2
2

2
2

j
1

70
and
under.
75

1

1

6
5

3
2

11
11

16
16

88
78

58
57

64
52

72
53

79
39

179
81

106
28

51
23

58
9

22
15

7
7

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

2
2

and

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, LEADER ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

112
82

4C.0
40.0

$
157.5C
152.5C

nnirrruri! rri. lL K
UKArl o n t r l f b cINtrn
U A al t ATtl I T A T
iI
D I
MANUrAUIURINb

HOC

4C.0
40.0

132.50
128.00

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

284
233

40.0
4C.0

106.50
105.50

9
9

13
12

5
5

2
2

36
33

16
15

40
32

17
17

76
54

29
20

14
7

7
7

7
7

5
5

2
2

2
2

1
1

3
3

—

-

~

—

-

-

~

-

~

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING ------------------

103
89

39.5
4C.0

106.C0
104.50

~

-

2
2

l
1

13
12

25
23

17
10

12
12

10
10

12
12

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

2
2

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
—
------

- —— — ——
— —

-

—

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., March 1964)
K
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hour*1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours1
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

225
113
112

39,5
39,5
39.5

$
73.00
68.50
78.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------------

6C

4C.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

39.5
39.5
39.5

$
75.CO
74.50
75.50

39.C
38.5

84.50
85.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B — —— —— — — — — — —
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

418
175
243

39.0
39. C
38.5

71.50
74.00
69.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

631
419
212

39.0
39.5
38.5

100.00
102.50
94.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

952
483
469

39.0
39.5
39.0

72.50
74.00
71.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

10C
62

39.0
39.5

78.00
81.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

338
127
211

38.5
39.5
38.0

61.00
63.50
59.50

68

39.C

70.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

209
106
103

39.0
39.5
38.0

85.50
92.00
79.CO

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

511
309
202

39.0
39.5
38.5

72.50
76.00
67.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

342
182
160

39.0
39.0
38.5

62. CO
63.00
61.00

SECRETARIES ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

2,147
1,238
909

39.0
39.5
38.0

100.50
104.00
96.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1,375
810
565

38.5
39.0
37.5

74.00
74. 50
73.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1,043
871
172

39.0
39.0
38.0

91.00
92.50
83.00

SMITCHBGARD OPERATORS---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

210
71
139

39.5
40.0
39.5

77.50
87.00
73.00

421
215
206

39.0
39.0
39.0

74.00
75.50
72.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------ ------------------------

131
111

37.5
37.0

55.50
55.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ——— —— —
— —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

693
431
262

39.5
39.5
40.0

85.50
82.00
91.50

SWITCHBOARC CPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------- —

454
338
116

39.0
39.5
38.0

84.00
84.50
81.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------




m a n ii c * r 1 i d I m t
D Aiu u r AC#t iUK t lib

NONMANUFACTURING

...

.

. ..

-------------------------------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

85
65

39.0
39.5

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ————— —— —— —— ——— —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

311
167
144

39.0
39.5
38.0

$
89.50
94.50
83.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ——— —— — — — ——— ——— —
——
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

186
144

39.0
38.5

71.50
68.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

383
205
178

39.0
39.0
38.5

71.50
73.00
70.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

582
339
243

38.5
39.5
37.5

78.00
82.00
71.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1, 191
565
626

39.0
39.5
38.0

65 .CO
69.00
61.50

DRAFTSMEN, LEADER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

112
82

4C.0
40.0

157.50
152.50

DRAFTSMEN, SENICR -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

833
489

40.0
4C.0

132.00
128.00

DRAFTSMEN, JUNICR -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING — — —
. . . .

296
238

40.0
4C.0

106.00
105.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) -----------------------------

148
103

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED
362
198
164

70.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

103
89

39.5
4C.0

106.00
104.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

114.00
120.00

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

9

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky., March 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings1

)
$
8
8
8
$
8
$
$
8
8
8
8
$
$
i
$
8
$
,20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.103. 20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10
and
under

and

CARPENTERS• MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

227
157
70

3.04
3.00
3.15

-

-

5
2
3

12
10
2

44
16
28

10
10
-

36
32
4

7
6
1

7
7
-

7
7
-

-

22
22
-

13
13
~

25
13
12

16
16
-

ELECTRICIANS# MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

774
549
225

3.19
3.20
3.17

4
3
1

1
—
1

10
10
-

17
17
-

83
45
38

68
31
37

37
31
6

45
45
-

28
19
9

29
29
-

27
11
16

65
61
4

217
119
98

61
53
8

71
71
-

ENGINEERS# STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

328
252
76

3.23
3.37
2.75

-

_

_

17
17
-

59
19
40

17
10
7

27
20
7

9
8
1

12
12

17
17

56
56

10
10

25
25

FIREMEN# STATIONARY BOILER -----MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

378
319
59

2.78
2.84
2.48

10

23
18
5

14
13
1

14
14

19
19

6
6

6
6

11
11

67
67

13
13

—

HELPERS# MAINTENANCE TRADES ----MANUFACTURING ----------------

294
227

2.43
2.44

1

30
30

18
18

MACHINE-TCCL OPERATORS# TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ----------------

428
428

3.22
3.22

-

38
38

2
2

113
113

90
90

40
40

MACHINISTS# MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ----------------

397
361

3.16
3.21

_
~

53
53

10
10

121
121

50
50

12
12

MECHANICS# AUTOMOTIVE
IMAINTENANCE)--------— -------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---- --------

515
123
392

2.91
2.96
2.90

MECHANICS# MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ----------------

569
532

2.93
2.95

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

267
267

3.26
3.26

01 M

140
136

PAINTERS# MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------

223
155

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ---------------

o
C
M
•
m

o
o
•

3.10

.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.7C 2.80 2.90

30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 over

$

a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------

SHEET— METAL WORKERS# MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------MANUFACTURING --------------

4

-

4

-

54
27
27

1
—
1

3
3
•

1
—
1

16
216

_
—
-

_

“

-

-

10
3
7

37
37

16
16

_
-

_
-

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

—

~
~

•

_
—

1
—

1

-

_

“
_
-

-

“

-

~

_
-

-

_ _
— -

~

_
~

_
-

-

-

4
4
-

36
34
2

66
52
14

104
91

51
14

23
19

19
14

-

1
1

-

9
9

19
19

34
34

30
30

44
44

-

1
1

6
6

10
10

1

18
18
-

20

8

4
2
2
20

10
10

2

13
8

16
11

82
56

16
16

7
7

11
11

90
13
77

44
8
36

30
6
24

29
1
28

82
8
74

77
22
55

48
14
34

37
1
36

47
19
28

9
9

7
7

-

_
-

_
— -

_
-

_
-

_

_
_
-

_
~
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
—
-

_
—

-

-

_

7
7

8
8

-

_
-

24
24

7
7

4
4

14
14

53
37

36
36

63
63

69
68

77
57

90
90

24
24

6
6

23
23

_
-

4
4

75
75

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

18
18

25
25

4
4

16
16

10
10

12
12

_
-

65
65

51
51

61
61

_
-

_
-

2.75
2.78

-

-

6
6

4
4

3
3

14
14

27
27

-

-

11
11

35
35

26
26

6
6

-

-

4
4

-

•

-

-

3

2

12

-

—

-

2

12

5
5
-

21
18
3

13
4
9

32
15
17

11
11
-

11
11
-

-

9
9

41
37
4

32
28
4

9
7
2

5
4
1

_
-

1

3

3
3
-

1

68

2.98
3.09
2.72

336
330

3.30
3.31

16
16

14

13
13

24
24

145
145

59
59

61

82
70

3.28
3.37

506
506

3.38
3.38

_
-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $4.10 to $4.20; and 8 at $4.20 to $4.30.




-

15
2
13

1
—
1

-

1

10

19
7
18
18

49
49

94
94

23
23

57
57

-

1

61
30
30

25
25
17
17

*

48
48

24
24

9
9

158
158

7
7

_

•
-

-

~
12
12
-

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

10

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky., March 1964)

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
o
f
wres
okr

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
i
S
$
$
«
$
$
$
Average 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1 .40 1.50 1
1.60 1 .70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
hul
ory
e r i g 2 and
anns
under
1.70 1•80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
1.10 1.2C 1.30 1.40 1 .50 1.60 1
$

$
3.50
and
over

ELEVATOR OPERATORS* PASSENGER
(WOMEN) --- -----— — ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

95
95

$
1.31
1.31

-

2
2

60
60

15
15

12
12

—
-

-

4
4

—
“

-

-

—

-

2
2

“

*
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

862
541
321

2.19
2.44
1.76

_
-

8
—
8

98
11
87

46
45
1

1C2
11
91

28
14
14

25
9
16

10
8
2

13
10
3

6
—
6

30
25
5

28
22
6

64
58
6

20
7
13

23
19
4

14
9
5

8
—
8

35
23
12

101
99
2

124
124
-

37
37
-

42
10
32

_
_
"

_
—
-

-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------- NONMANUFACTURING --------------

_
—

—

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------------- : -

380

2.70

1

1

3

-

9

6

-

6

15

28

6

19

9

-

23

99

108

37

10

-

-

-

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------

161

1.84

~

~

10

44

8

14

~

2

10

-

19

7

30

1

“

-

-

-

16

-

-

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

2,193
1*518
675

1.98
2.17
1.56

17
17

39
10
29

181
56
125

76
15
61

113
31
82

123
28
95

108
40
68

127
59
68

120
93
27

104
84
20

225
191
34

131
116
15

289
272
17

89
79
10

105
100
5

22
22
-

245
245
-

59
59

2
2

18
18
-

_

_

—

_
-

JANITORS* PCRTERS* AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---- — — ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

678
145
533

1.46
1.79
1.37

24
24

41
—
41

194
5
189

176
25
151

23
7
16

35
13
22

19
2
17

63
9
54

30
30
~

15
7
8

15
15
~

8
8

33
22
11

—
—
-

—
—
-

2
2
“

2,596
1,969
627

2.42
2.39
2.51

—

_
-

28
7
21

49
17
32

5
5
*
"

10
4
6

77
75
2

40
34
6

75
73
2

110
110
“

215
197
18

175
154
21

258
206
52

320
282
38

230
149
81

127
14
113

158
123
35

248
213
35

188
188
-

6
6
-

66
36
30

ORDER FILLERS -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

688
329
359

2.46
2.41
2.51

-

_
-

15
15
-

6
6
-

8
6
2

30
4
26

43
9
34

10
10
~

20
8
12

6
—
6

53
15
38

39
21
18

41
15
26

89
69
20

43
15
28

74
7
67

47
2
45

123
97
26

2
2

4
4
“

_
—
-

_
-

PACKERS* SHIPPING ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

598
482
lit

1.94
1.98
1.81

_
—

_
-

46
22
24

23
23
-

11
11

35
13
22

87
87

49
31
18

22
18
4

28
22
6

111
99
12

32
32
-

32
22
1C

41
31
10

13
13
“

44
44
“

2
2

14
4
10

_

8
8
-

_

_
~

_
-

PACKERS* SHIPPING (WOMENI -------u a i i A^Tim 1rr
nr
i*
nANUrAt 1UK ta b
i

328
328

2.07
2.07

-

-

-

-

31
31

17

5

-

20
20

102
1A4
lv<

-

-

20
OV
t
4f

-

133
A99

-

-

-

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

268
188
80

2.28
2.41
2.00

_
-

_
-

-

12
12

-

13
10
3

-

-

-

10
7
3

38
8
30

15
9
6

15
15
-

9
3
6

25
24
1

11
8
3

10
8
2

42
40
2

15
14
1

7
4
3

11
8
3

20
16
4

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------MANUFACTURING -- --------------

159
119

2.28
2.37

_

_

_
“

_

_

10
10

“

14

“

32
21

2

3
3

19
11

31
31

4
2

1
1

12
9

3
3

5
5

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING rLERKS ---MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

174
1C2
72

2.49
2.48
2.50

7
7

9
7
2

_

_

~

22
3
19

_

~

-

_
—

5
3
2

3
3

10
9
1

21
13
8

38
22
16

7
4
3

6
5
1

TKUCKCRIVERS 3 --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

2,718
497
2*221

2.95
2.69
3.01

24
10
14

11
11

26
26

23
8
15

11
1
10

14
14
-

26
22
4

9
9
-

26
10
16

57
55
2

56
41
15

41
15
26

TRUCKORIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1.5 TONS I ---------- -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

49e

2.7C
2.59
2.73

-

3
1
2

9
7
2

8
8

—

26
24

-

2

18
13
5

24

88
41C

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

See footnotes at end of table,




_

_

_

_

*

—

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

3
3

24
24

2

-

24

14

11

22

14

2

•

24

14

11

22

14

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

—
-

_
—

-

-

-

-

127
—
127

8
8

-

_
—
~

76
76

_
—
-

~

_
-

35
24
11

_

_

_

—
-

-

_
—
-

_

—
-

-

-

-

-

12
11
1

2
2
-

.
-

1
1
~

_

_

-

-

13
13

1
1

9
9

_

6
6
“

2
2

9
9
-

14
14
~

_

220
59
161

333
61
272

475
145
330

106
12
94

142
34
108

987
1
986

99

18
12

44
16
28

24

28

34

-

—

24

7
92

6

-

24

_

-

_

*

-

5
5

10
—
10

-

28

22

52

-

28
22

_

—

—

22

52

18

—

—

—

—

28

34

22

18

36
_

36

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

11

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky., March 1964)

Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

hourly
earnings2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
t
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
1
i
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1•80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1•90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.7Q 2.80 2.90 3.CO 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

*
3.50
and
over

TRUCKDRIVERS3 - CONTINUED
4
TRUCKDRIVERS* MEDIUM (1.5 TO AND
INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

678
247
431

$
2.90
2.64
3.05

MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

94
814

2.82
3.06

TRUCKERS*POWER (FORKLIFT) - ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

1*067
973
94

2.77
2.78
2.74

_

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

94
51

2.36
2.34

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

—

-

—

-

-

-

3
—
3

—

10
10

—

8
8

-

14
14

15
15

-

-

4

-

4

-

-

4

4

1
1
-

25
10
15

16
16
-

26
24

2
2

2

70
7
63

86
16
70

16

11
3
8

22
18

230

6

4

—

-

—

-

2

4

230

6

4

16

92
16
76

347
•

—

—

-

-

105
103

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
T O A f 1F D

1
2
3
4

TVPP1

.......

4

13

2

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

1
1

13
13

5
5

~

3
3

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 14 at $3.90 to $4; and 123 at $4 to $4.10.




t99
1KC

62

181

15
140

62

27
19
8

267
267

56
56

36
36

29
-

_

-

.

-

-

-

29

-

-

-

8
8

1
1

—

—

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L
1

“

1
1

2

-

2

9
9

85
85

-

-

2
2

~

-

—

-

-

99
99

12
12

74
64
10

101
101
~

39

—

-

-

130
83
47
20
16

_
—
-

1
1

45
6

1 01
101
-

—

—

347

_

_

-

4137
137
-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary fo r selected ca tegories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, Cincinnati, O hio-K y., M arch 1964)
Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w ork ers 2

Inexperienced typists
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly straight-tim e s a la ry 1
2

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

Establishm ents studied,
Establishm ents having a specified minimum
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72 50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
tinder
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over_

$45.00
$47.50,
$50.00,
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00,
$62 50,
$65.00
$67.50,
$70.00,
$72.50,
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00
$87.50

3 7 * /2

A ll
schedules

40

37V2

B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

37V2

A ll
schedules

40

37l /2

40

188

92

X XX

X XX

96

XXX

XXX

188

92

X XX

XXX

96

X XX

X XX

86

49

8

39

37

9

22

92

52

8

41

40

10

24

1
5
2
24
8
6
5
12
4
8

_

.

1
2

2
2

_

_

1

1

-

_

-

-

1
2

11
3
4
3
7
1
4
1
1
1

12
5
4
3
9
3
5
1
1
2

_

2
1
1

_
-

1
4
2
12
3
2
2
3
1
3

_
1
1
4
_
_
-

1
2

1
2
_

5
2
2
2
3
_

1

1
6
4
28
7
7
5
11
7
7

_

1

-

-

1
2

_

_

_

1
1

.

1

-

1

-

_

1
-

_
1
1
15
5
4
3
8
4
6

_
1

-

-

1
13
3
4
1
8
2
5

1
5
3
13
2
3
2
3
3
1

1
2
-

2
-

1
1

2
2
3

-

-

7
1
3
2
3

3

-

-

1

-

_

.

_

1

_

1

2

-

1

-

-

-

l

1

.

I

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

.

_

1

_

.

_

_

-

-

1
1

_

_

-

1
1

1

-

1

1
1
1
2

-

1
1

1

-

1

46

23

X XX

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

49

26

X XX

X XX

23

X XX

XXX

56

20

XXX

X XX

36

X XX

XXX

47

14

XXX

X XX

33

X XX

X XX

1
1
1
1
2

1

Establishm ents having no specified minimum
Establishments which did not em ploy w orkers
in this c a te g o ry .-------------------- ------— --------------

-

1
1

1 These sala ries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in su b clerica l job s such as m essenger o r o ffice girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweeks reported.




Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
All
industries

Based on standard w eekly h o u rs 3 of—

-




13
Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift differentials of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs b y type and amount of d ifferen tial.
Cincinnati, O h io-K y., M arch 1964)
P ercen t o f m anufacturing plant w ork ers—
In establishm ents having fo rm a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r—

Shift differential

Second shift
w ork

Third o r other
shift w ork

A ctually working on—
Second shift

T hird o r other
shift

84.9

72.5

16.7

4.2

-----------------

83.1

71.4

16.4

4.1

U niform cents (per h o u r ).__________ ________

53.1

47.0

1 0 .0

2 .6

T otal With shift pay

d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------

12 r e n t s

_______

cents
cents
14 c e n ts ......
15 cents
16 cen ts
17 r e n t s ______
1823j
/
19 cents—
2 0 cents
221/2 cents

_

4.7
3.3

-

2 .1

-

1.7

5 cents
6 cents
7 cents
l lfz cents
8 cents
1 0 cen ts.
11 cents

.9

.8
.9

_
-

.2
.1
.6

.1
-

2 .2

_
_
____

..

_____ ...r___

_

_
_
....

_______

14.4
1 .2

2.7
1.0

.1
.1

6 .1

1 1 .1

2 .0

1.0
.5

1.3
2.3
1.4
-

12V z
13V 3

.2

20.5
3.8

_

1.9
8.9

.6
.2
.1

-

-

___

.6
2 .0

-

-

_

.8

-

.1
.1
.1

-

1 .6

-

1.0
2.7

1.0
2.7

.1

.6

.3
.2

29.0

15.2

6.3

.9

5 p ercen t
71/2 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------10 p ercen t _

9.6
.8
17.7
.8

.8
14.4
-

2.9
.2
3.0
.2

(2)
.9
-

Other form a l pay differen tial . . . . . __. . . __ ___

1.0

3 9.1

.2

.6

1.7

1 .2

.3

.1

U niform p ercen tage

__
_
_

1 Includes establishm ents cu rrently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l p ro v is io n s cov e rin g late shifts
even though they w ere not cu rrently operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p ercen t.
3 P rim a rily full d a y's pay fo r red uced hours plus un iform cents o r p ercen ta ge p er hour.

14




Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercen t distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in a ll industries and manufacturing by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w orkers, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1964)
K
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ER8

.Weekly hours
A ll in d u stria l1

A ll w ork ers- -

—

—

—

----

Under 3 5 h o u rs ------------- —
---------------------------------3 5 h o u rs ------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 5 and under 3 7 V2 hours- — —
---- ------— 37V2 h o u rs -----Over 37V2 and under 4 0 hours—
~ —
4 0 h o u rs ------— ---- ---- ----------------------------------------Over 4 0 and under 4 5 hours-----------------------------4 5 h o u rs ------------------------------------------ -----------------4 8 hours — — - ---— —

100

M an u factu rin g

100

A ll in du stries 13
2

100

M an u factu rin g

10 0

(3)
2
11
19
5
62

(3)

-

2

1
19
4
76

-

-

3

4

-

(3)
87
4
3
1

1

-

88
4
3

1 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real
estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in
addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 L ess than 0. 5 percent.




Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1964)
K
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All InduatriM1

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ___________ ________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ____________ _ _
_ ____

_____
__ _

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

1

-

5
28
3
12

2
19
3
17
1
36
4
2
12

"

N um ber of days

U n d e r 6 h o l i d a y s ___________________ _______ „ _
6 h o l i d a y s . ___ ____________________________ _________ __
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ___________
_____ _
_ __ _ __ __
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ____ _
_____
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s ____ ________
_
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s _____________________ _
7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________ ______
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________ _
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s _______ _ _______ ____ _ __
_ _
8 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
_ ________ _
9 h o l i d a y s _____ _______________ _
9 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y __________________________
10 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------

1
28
6
8
(3)
1
33
6
1
9
1
1

1
18
6
12
1
34
3
1
17
2

(?)
(3)
35
3
1
8
(3)
1

-

-

6

2

4
4
7
17
24
65
71
99

6
6
8
26
29
76
81
99

100
100
100
100

100
100
100
100

2
2
4
13
16
64
67
94
95
97
98
99

(3)
4

-

(3 )
2
4

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 4

10 d a y s

9V2 d a y s o r m o r e __ —___________________ - _______ _
9 days or
8 days or
7V2 d a y s
7 days or
6V2 d a y s
6 days or
5V2 d a y s
4 days or
3 days or
days or

2

m
m
or
m
or
m
or
m
m
m

o r e _______ __ ________ , _____________„____
ore
.
______ ___
_
_ — _ _
_
m ore
-------------------------------------------------ore —
______________________ _ ____
_
m ore _
______ _________________
ore
- ___________________ ___ _ ____
m ore
-------------------------------------------------o r e ______________ __ ___________ ____ ____
ore
________________ ________ ______
o r e __________________ ____ _____ ____ _ _
_

4
4
5
19
23
76
79
98
99

100
100
100

1 Includes data for transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate;
and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data for transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; rea l estate; and s e rv ice s , in a d ­
dition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 L ess than 0.5 percent.
4 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the sam e amount are com bined; for exam ple, the proportion o f w orkers receiving a total
of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
P roportions w ere then
cumulated.

16




Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P ercen t distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing by vacation pay
p rovisions, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1964)
K
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Vacation policy
A ll in d u stries2

M an u factu rin g

A ll in d u stries3

M an u factu rin g

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
97
3
-

99
91
7
1

100
87
11
2

“

“

(4)

“

3
52
5
1

7
50
5
3

16
19
1
”

23
14
1
-

22
1
76
(4)

14
2
83
.
(4)

75
6
16
2
1

77
8
10
3
2

8
3
88
(4)
1

5
1
92
1
1

50
12
33
3
2

56
18
21
3
2

2
1
96
1
1

2
1
95
1
1

11
21
63
4
2

12
31
50
5
2

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations--------------- --— — ---- -------- —
-------Length -of-tim e paym ent------------ ----------------Percentage payment------------------------------------F lat-sum paym ent--------------------- -----------------Othe r ___a___ ________,_______ , _______ r
_
----- ,_
_
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations--------------------------- ----------------Amount o f vacation p a y5
A fter 6 months o f service
Under 1 week----------------------------------- —---- ---------1 waaV____________________ j
-,_____r ___________
___,
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w eek s-------------------------------------------------------------A fter 1 year of service
1 week----------------------------------------------- —
-------- -----Over 1 and under 2 w eek s --------------- — ------------2 w eek s ---------------------------------------------------— ------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------- — -------------------------- — -----------3 w e e k s ----------------------------—
A fter 2 years o f serv ice
! week__________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 w eek s---------------------------------------------- — — —-----Over 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------- . . . . -----------3 w eek s-------------------------------------------------------------A fter 3 yea rs o f serv ice
1 week------------- -------------------------------------- -----------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s -------------- . . . — ----------2 we e k s . . . . . .
—
—
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------- --------- -----3 weeks - .
.
—

See footnotes at end of table.




17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution o f office and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing by vacation pay
p rovisions, Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1964)
K
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Vacation policy
AH in d u stries2

M sau fsetu rin g

A ll in d u stries3

M anufacturing

Amount of vacation p a y5— Continued
A fter 4 years o f service
1 week------------------------------------------- -------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s-------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------- — -------—— -----------— ----------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s___________ ____ ___—
3 w e e k s _______ __________ __________________ _
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s--------------------- — -------

2
1
96
1
1
-

2
1
93
3
2
-

11
19
64
4
2
(4)

12
28
51
6
2
1

1
95
3
2
-

(4)
92
5
3
-

1
83
10
4
(4)

1
78
15
6

1
44
5
51
-

(4)
39
9
53
-

1
40
17
40
(4)

1
35
25
38
1

1
38
4
57
-

(4>
31
9
60
-

1
31
17
48
2
1

1
28
24
42
3
1

1
13

(4)
11

-

-

76
1
12
(4)

1
12
2
75
6
3
1

1
8
3
75
8
4
1

(4)
11
56
1
19
12

1
12
2
57
6
19
3

1
8
3
63
8
12
5

A fter 5 years of service
1 week
- ------- ~
2 w e e k s ------------—
---------- --------------- -------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---- — ---- ------------------3 w e e k s ------- ---------------------- -------- ---------------- — —
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------- ------- — .
—

1

After 10 years of serv ice
! week_________________________________________
2 weeks t~
__„ ------------,------------ ,----------- -,--------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
—
3 w e e k s ---- --------- ------------------ ---- -------- — ---- —
—
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------- ------------------—
A fter 12 years of service
1 week---------------------------- ------------------- —-----------2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------- ------------—
3 w e e k s ------------—
---------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s-------------------------------4 weeks _— ------------------------------ —
----------- -----------

-

A fter 15 years of service
1 week------------- — ---- — ----------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------- ------------------- — —
Over 2 and under 3 weeks —
3 w e e k s ------------------------- ;----------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s----- -------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________ _____
Over 4 w eeks-----------------------------------------------------

79

(4)
6
(4)

A fter 20 years of service
1 week---------------------------------------------------------------2 weeks ._ . ___________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--------------------- ----------3 w e e k s ------------------------- ----------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------- --------------4 w e e k s ---- -------------------- — -------------- ------ — — —

See footnotes at end of table,

1
13
-

56
2
22
6

18




Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing by vacation pay
provisions* Cincinnati* Ohio—
Ky., M arch 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Vacation p olicy
A ll in d u stries13
2

M anufacturing

A ll in du stries 3

M an u factu rin g

Amount of vacation p a y 5— Continued
A fter 25 yea rs of serv ice
1 week
- __ . _
__ ___
2 weeks___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks__
3 w eek s..
_
.
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks
Over 4 weeks
_
_

1
11

. .

— ----_

_

-

—
__ —

(4)
11

-

-

-

29
2
50
6

31
1
45
12

1
11

(4)
11

-

-

29
2
50
6

31
1
45
12

1
12
2
39
2
39
4

1
8
3
45
3
33
6

1
12
2
39
2
39
4

1
8
3
45
3
33
6

A fter 30 years of s e rv ice
1 week
__
. . .
2 weeks .
._
—
-------— ----_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 " 'P p lfg .. .
____ -■
_______ ___________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks
—
—
- --------------------- ----Over 4 weeks
_

1 Includes b asic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sa b ba tica l" benefits beyond
b asic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths of s e rv ice . Typical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel* aluminum, and
can industries.
2 Includes data fo r transportation, communication* and other public utilities; w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate;
and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; w holesale trade; retail trade; real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition
to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L ess than 0.5 percent.
5 Includes payments other than "length of tim e, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent
tim e b asis; fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen
and do not n ecess a rily reflect the individual p rovision s fo r p rog ression s. F o r exam ple, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' s e rv ice
include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 yea rs. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 w eeks' pay or
m ore after 5 years includes those who re ce iv e 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.




Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, or pension b e n e fits ,1 Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M arch 1964)
2
K
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of. benefit
A ll in du stries

2

M anufacturing

A ll in d u stries 3

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

93

94

90

95

55

61

55

59

77

84

85

94

45

61

72

88

49

56

4

2

10

-

11

4

90
84
57
53
84

88
86

93
85
49
27
76
4

W orkers in establishments providing:
L ife in su ra n ce______________________________
A ccidental death and dism em berment
insur anc e----------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both4. . . .
.
- Sickness and accident in surance-.^ .-------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)__ —
. . .
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)--------------------------------------Hospitalization insurance— — ---------------------S urgical insurance---------------------------------------M edical in su ra n ce------------—
---------------------- —
Catastrophe insurance------------------------ --------R etirem ent pension_________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan---------

2

57
48
83

1

94

88
50
24
83

2

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part o f the co st is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as w orkm en's
com pensation, social security, and ra ilroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real
estate; and serv ices, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; rea l estate; and s e rv ice s , in
addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Unduplicated total of w orkers receivin g sick leave o r sickness and accident insurance shown separately below .
Sick leave plans are
lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number o f days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick leave
allow ances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.

20




Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P ercen t distribution of o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and manufacturing by form al sick leave
p rovisions, Cincinnati, O h io -K y ., M arch 1964)
PLANT W ORKER8

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Sick leave p rovision
A llin d u a triea 12

A ll w o rk e rs .—

—

-----------

—

—

W orkers in establishm ents providing
form a l paid sick lea ve ------------ ---------------------------- — --------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no form a l paid sick lea ve— « . . .
— .

100.0

M anufacturing

100.0

A ll in du stries 2

100.0

M an u factu rin g

100.0

59.0

5 6.4

14.8

5 .9

4 1.0

4 3.6

85.2

94. 1

Uniform plan:3
No waiting p e r io d ..
—
F u l l p a y4 --------------------,------------------------------------------- ---------5 days - _
— — .
6 day s ------------------------- —
--------------------------------------------8 d a y s __ ___ _________________________________________
10 days-.-— ________„ rr,—
------- _________
12 days20 days—,t----------------------------------------------------------------Full pay plus partial pay— . . . .
Partied pay o n ly ---------— --------------------------------------------Waiting p e rio d ------------------------ — ---- ---- — ---Partial pay o n ly --------------------------------------

4 0.2
38.0
15. 1
3 .9
1.0
6 .0
2. 5
8. 3
1.7
.6
1.5
1. 5

4 8.2
45. 0
16.8
2 .0
9 .0
.8
14.9
3 .2
-

5.0
2.8
.4
.6

4 .0
1. 3
. 2

Graduated plan3— A fter 1 year of se rvice :
No waiting p e rio d -------- —
-----------—
-------- -------Full p a y4
- — — —
— 5 days —
—
10 days___-______ _—_____ —___________
Full pay plus partial p a y4----------------------10 days------ —
22 days__________ — --------- --------- ---- ---Waiting p e rio d —.
—- Full pay _
— .
____
Full pay plus partial pay.
. ---P artial pay on ly ----------------------------------------------------------

8 .6
3 .9
1. 1
2 .4
4 .7
2. 0
2 .3
8 .6
.5
6 .3
1.7

8. 1
7. 5
2. 2
4 .7
.7
-

Graduated p la n 3— A fter 10 years o f s e rv ice :
No waiting period —
Full p a y4.
- —
— 15 days_________________ _____________
Full pay plus partial p a y4
22 days ---------------- ------------ ------------ -----------------------------30 days . . .
—
65 d ays.
70 d ays.
—
Waiting period
Full pay plus partial pay-------------------------------------

12.7
3 .9
1.0
8 .8
1.0
2 .0
1 .4
3. 1
4 .6
4 .6

8. 1
7. 5
1.9
.7

14. 1

Type and amount o f paid sick leave
provided annually

-

-

1.3
.2
.3
2 .3
3 .6
3 .6
1.3
-

1.3
1. 0
4 .6
.4
3 .4
.8
3.3

-

2 .7
1. 3
1. 3
.6
-

.6
-

.6
-

-

-

3. 3
.5

-

-

-

-

.4
1.5
3 .0
3 .0

10. 0

1. 0

-

-

1. 2

-

-

-

-

.6
-

P rovision s fo r accumulation
W orkers in establishm ents having
provisions fo r accumulation of
unused sick leave — — —
---------- — ------------ — ---------

1. 2

1 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l
estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Includes data fo r transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; real estate; and s e r v ic e s , in
addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 "U niform plans" are defined as those form a l plans under which an em ployee, after 1 year o f se rv ice , is entitled to the sam e number o f
days' paid sick leave each year. "Graduated plans" are defined as those form a l plans under which an em ployee's leave va ries a ccordin g to length
of s e rv ice . P eriod s of se rv ice were arb itra rily chosen. Estimates re fle ct provisions applicable at the stated length of s e rv ice but do not re fle ct
provisions fo r progression .
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years, of se rvice m ay also re ce iv e this amount a fter
greater or le s s e r lengths of se rv ice .
4 May include provisions other than those presented separately.
Numbers o f days shown under "Full pay plus partial pay" are days fo r
which w orkers receiv e sick leave at full pay; w orkers are entitled to additional days o f sick leave at partial pay.

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine~other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B, Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (hookkeeping machine),Uses a bopkkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A .Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers suchas accounts receivable or accounts
21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B# Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties, involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A, Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve o combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s haodtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting,* and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gate•
men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials , merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Su rveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, E» C. , 20402,
.
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Price

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
__________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic,N. J_________________
Philadelphia, P a.-N . J 1_______________________
Phoenix, Ariz1_________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa_________________________________
______________________________
Portland, Maine1
Portland, Or eg. — ash________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.— ass1
M
____________
Raleigh, N. C 1
_________________________________
Richmond, V a 1
_________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111__________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-Ill_____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah__________________________
_________________ , ___________
San Antonio, Tex1
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif1____
San Diego, Calif_______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland,Calif1
__________________
Savannah, Ga__________________________________
Scranton, P a 1_________________________________
Seattle, Wash1_________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1__________________________
South Bend, Ind 1______________________________
Spokane, Wash1 _______________________________
,
Toledo, Ohio___________________________________
Trenton, N. J __________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ___________________
Waterbury, Conn1 _____________________________
Waterloo, Iowa________________________________
Wichita, Kans_________________________________
Worcester, Mass______________________________
York, Pa1__________________ J
__________________

1385-20
1385-51
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

25
25
25
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-81
1385-52
1345-63
1385-53
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
25
20
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y __________
Burlington, V t_________
Canton, Ohio__________
Charleston, W. V a 1___
Charlotte, N. C 1
_______
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ca
Chicago, 1111__________
Cincinnati, Ohio— 1__
Ky
Cleveland, Ohio_______
Columbus, Ohio_______

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1345-65
1385-58
1385-11
1385-25

25
20
20
25
25
20
30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ___________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111---------Dayton, Ohio1__________________________________
Denver, Colo1_________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa1_____________________________
Detroit, Mich__________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex_______________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S. C ________________________________
Houston, T e x __________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind 1
______________________________
Jackson, Miss 1_________________________________
Jacksonville, F la______________________________
Kansas City, Mo. -Kans 1______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
---------------------Louisville, Ky. —
Ind____________________________
Lubbock, Tex---------------------------------------------------Manchester, N. H______________________________
Memphis , Tenn 1_______________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1385-50
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
20
20
20
25




Bulletin
number

Miami, F la 1___________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich___________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J 1___________ ,____
New Haven, Conn1_____________________________
New Orleans, La______________________________
New York, N. Y 1
_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Ya 1________________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla__________________________

Akron, Ohio_____________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y 1
________
Albuquerque, N. M e x ___________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J 1
N.
Atlanta, Ga--------------------------------------------Baltimore, M d __________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ____________
Birmingham, A la______
Boise, Idaho__________
Boston, Mass 1
_________

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Area

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102