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Occupational Wage Survey
CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA
a

APRIL 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-57




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CHARLESTON, WEST VIRGINIA




A PR IL 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-57
June 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 204 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups--------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
States.

B:




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied-----------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of change for selected periods---------------------------Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women----------- --------------- ---------------------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_________________________________
A - 4. Maintenance and power plant occupations_____________-____
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations------------------

3
3
5
6
7
8
9

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers____
B-2. Shift differentials------------------------------------ ------------------------B-3. Scheduled weekly hours_____________________________ ___ _____

10
1
1
12

B-6.
B-7.

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions is ob­
tained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Charleston, W , Va. , in April 1964.
It was prepared
in the Bureau’s regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, by
Adrien D. Picard, under the direction of Elliott A. Browar,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.

1
4

Health, insurance, and pension plans-----------------------------Paid sick leave---------------------------------------------------------- *____

16
17

Occupational descriptions---------------------------------------------------

19

Appendix:

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Charleston area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

Hi




Occupational Wage Survey—Charleston, W. Va.
Introduction
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant w orkers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment policy,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts* However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the w orker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk ers w ithin scope of su rvey and number studied in Ch arleston , W. V a .;

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

In du stry d ivis io n

by m a jo r in du stry division , 2 A p r il 1964
W o rk ers in establishm ents

Num ber o f establishm ents
W ithin
scope o f
stu dy3

Studied

W ithin scope o f study
Studied
O ffic e

T o t a l4

Plan t

T o t a l4

116

65

32,800

5, 500

20, 200

28. 350

50

31
85

23
42

19, 000
13, 800

2, 600
2, 900

12,600
7, 600

18,340
10, 010

50
50
50
50
50

20
17
32
8
8

16
5
13
3
5

6, 400
1, 400
4, 600
800
600

1, 500

A l l d iv is io n s ------------------------------------------------------------------

T ra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and other
j r iiti HtiPfi ®
. ..
_

2, 600
(‘ )
( )
(!)
( 6>

1

( >

0
0
( 6)

5, 960
440
2, 790
320
500

1 Th e C h a rlesto n Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a consists o f Kanawha County.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope of study" estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reason a bly accurate
d es crip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey.
The estim ates a re not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a ba sis of com pa rison w ith other em ploym ent indexes
fo r the a re a to m easu re em ploym en t trends or le v e ls since (1) planning of w age su rveys re q u ire s the use of establish m ent data com piled co n sid era b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d studied,
and (2) sm a ll esta blish m en ts a re exclu ded fr o m the scope o f the su rvey.
2 Th e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard Indu strial C la s s ific a tio n Manualw as used in cla s s ify in g establishm ents b y in du stry division .
3 Includes a ll esta blish m en ts w ith total em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim ita tion . A l l outlets (w ithin the a rea ) of com panies in such in du stries as tra d e, finance, auto re p a ir serv ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re co n sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes ex ecu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the sep arate o ffic e and plant c a teg o rie s.
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a ter transportation w e re excluded.
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is re p res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tables, and fo r " a l l in d u stries" in the S e rie s B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one or m o re of the fo llo w in g reason s: (1) Em ploym en t in the d ivis io n is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (2) the sample
w as not design ed in itia lly to p e r m it separate presentation, (3) resp o n se was in su fficien t or inadequate to p e rm it sep arate presen tation, and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility of d isc losu re of individual
establish m en t data.
7 W o rk e rs fr o m this en tire in du stry d ivis ion a re rep res en ted in estim ates fo r " a l l in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tables, but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion only in
estim a tes fo r " a l l in d u stries" in the S erie s B tables. Separate presen tation of data fo r this d ivis io n is not m ade fo r one or m o re o f the reason s g iv en in footnote 6 above.
8 H o te ls; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; automobile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m e m bersh ip orga n ization s; and en gin eerin g and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2.

Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r sele cted occupational groups,
and percen ts o f change 1 fo r s ele cted p eriod s, C h arleston , W. Va.
Index
(A p r il 1961*100)

Industry and occupational group
A p r il 1964

P e r c e n ts o f change
A p r il 1963
to
A p r il 1964

1

A p r il 1962
to
A p r il 1963

A p r il 1961
to
A p r il 1962

A p r il 1960
to
A p r il 1961

A l l in d u stries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )___________
In d u stria l nurses (m en and women) ____
S k illed maintenance (m en )______ ____________
U nsk illed plant (m en) _
_____
___ __

109.9
107.6
106.3
105.8

2.6
.4
2.6
2—.2

2.1
4.6
2.6
3.0

4.9
2.4
1.0
2.9

0.3
3.9
3.3
2.2

M an ufactu ring:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and wom en) ________ ___
In d u stria l nurses (m en and w om en)__ _
S k illed maintenance (m e n )_______ _______-____
U nsk illed plant (m en) ____ ____ _

104.0
107.5
105.5
106.0

.4
1.8
2.5
2.2

1.9
4.6
2.5
3.0

1.7
.9
.5
.7

1.6
4.4
3.1
1.4

U nless oth erw ise indicated, a ll changes a re in cre a s e s .
T h is decline la r g e ly re fle c ts sh ifts in em ploym en t betw een high - and lo w -w a ge establish m ents ra th er than w age d e c re a s e s .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of w orkers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: O ccupational E arnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verag e straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , A p ril 1964)
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—

$
Sex, occupation, and industry division

W eekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings
(standard) (standard)

35

and
under

40

$

40

i

45

-

-

45

50

I

50

-

i

55
-

55

i

I

60

-

60

65
-

65

t

70

-

70

i

75
-

75

I

80

-

80

»

t

05
-

85

1

90

-

90

95
-

95

i

100

-

100

$

i

105
-

105

$

110

-

110

i

115
-

115

120

1

120

-

i

125
-

125

i

130

-

130

12
7
5

16
10
6

135

95.50
102.00

9
3

4

140

-

140

I

145
-

145

$

150

-

150

1

155

and

155 over

2
2

40.0
40.0

I

19
16
3

5

40.0
40.0

135
-

16

123.50
128.50
117.00

$

68.00
63.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

123
71
52

40*0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ------------

56

22

OFFICE BOVS
NONMANUFACTURING ---

35
25

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B -----------------------

22

11

1

114.50

women

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE!
NONMANUFACTURING

40.0
40.5

53.50
54.50

BOOKKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING

40.0
40.0

64.50
64.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

39.5
40.0
39.0

102.00

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
39.5
39.0

66.50
92.50
58.50

CLERKS* PAYROLL
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING

39.5
40.0
39.0

93.50
104.50
74.00

2

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING

39.0
39.0

78.50
76.00

2
2

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

39.5
40.0

92.00
100.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B

39.0

67.00

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------

39.0

70.00
110.50

288
150
138
79

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL
MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING -

225
109
116

39.5
40.0
38.5

75.00

82
62

40.0
40.0
39.5

106.50
110.50
93.00

See footnotes at end o f table,




20

16
16

15
10

30

2

28

2

14
4
2

99.50
110.C0

4

l
l
-

120.00

80.50

24
23

2
2

117.50
92.00

SECRETARIES ----------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES 2

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR
MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING -

8

6

-

4
-

2
1
1
-

5
1

4
1

2

10
1

11

-

12

9

15
7

2

11

8

12

86.00

-

4
4

16

24

17

17

29

3
21
3

6
11
8

8

10

17
9

9
9

19
16

8
8

28
15
13

17
13
4

10
6

2

2

8

7
1
6

4
2
2

3
l
2

0
3
5

12
10
2

9
9

2

10
6

11
2

14

4

-

1

9
4

31
14
17

25
14

30
15
15

24
16

6

1

1

—
-

5

1

11

1

-

1

16

2

27

18

12

10
8

15
13

7

19
16
3
2

19
14
5
5

15
13

18
18

8
8

6
6

_

2
2

—

—

—

•

-

-

-

-

3
3

—

—

-

-

•

•

-

-

2

19
19

9
9

—

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , A p ril 1964)
Number o f w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of —

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

%
W eeklv
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

$

$
35

40

%
45

50

$
55

%

$
65

60

%
70

$
75

$

%

*

$
85

80

95

90

$

%

1
105

10 0

110

$
115

*
120

*
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

S

$
145

150

and
under
45

50

2
-

14
-

-

2

14

55

60

65

70

75

3
2

14
3
11

5
-

3
1

4
2

5
4

5
5

80

90

95

7
-

105

115

12C

19
13

—

2
2

3

1
1

HO

-

100

5
1

85

11

1

12 5

13C

135

140

14 5

150

155

79
25
54

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5

7 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

SWITCHBOARO O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

37
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

3 7 .5
61

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

T Y P I S T S * C LASS B — — — — —
—
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

132
17
115

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

_

_

-

6 1 .0 0

A ----------------------------------------

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E
CENERAL
C LASS

OPERATORS*
-r

1

1
1

4
4

1

-

-

-

_

-

38

6
_

3

28
28

17

2

_

35

-

1

*

16
15

17
1l

3

6

c

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

l

1

1

2

5

3

6

4

2
3

19
9
10

2

_

_

5

2

3

5

-

10

14

5

_
2

4

1 Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , A p ril 1964)
Number of w orkers ;
receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of-

Average

Sex, occupation, «yid industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$

$

1

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

%

$

$

$

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

15C

155

160

165

170

175

180

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

17C

175

180

185

1
1

75

6
6

7
7

4
4

5
5

10
10

7
7

15
15

18
18

16
16

4
4

3
3

1
1

3
3

4

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

and
under
8C

M
EN
40.0
40.0

$
150.50
15C.5C

DRAFTSMEN, JUNIOR ----------------------------

94

40.0

114.50

45
41

4C.0
40.0

113.50
115.00

1

ICC
100

1

DRAFTSMEN, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

10

9

6

16

14

11

2

3

8

2
2

2
2

2
2

4
4

5
5

7
7

9
9

2
2

3
2

W EN
OM
NURSES* INDUSTRIAL (REGTSTERE0I ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1

1

2
1

1

5
4

Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.




over

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — —
______

T Y P IS T S *

15 5

and

40

WOMEN -

$

-

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , A p ril 1964)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings
(standard)

Number
of
workers

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SWITCHB0ARC 0PERATOR-RECEP TI0NISTSNONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

37
31

39.5
39.5

$
64.00
62.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------

25

4C.0

112.00

61.00

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE! ---------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------- -------------

32
28

4C.0
40.0

$
54.50
55.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------ —

50
40

39.5
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B

— — ---------

39

39.0

67.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B — ----------------------------------------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

87
72

40.0
40.0

64.50
64.50

OFFICE BOYS AN0 GIRLS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------- -- — -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

51
21

30

39.5
39.5
39.5

68.50
76.50
63.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

181
94
87
37

40.0
40. C
39.5
40.0

117.00
126.00
107.00

SECRETARIES ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------

288
150
138
79

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5

110.50
120.CC
99.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLA«S B --- ---MANUFACTURING------------- — ---inniyftiAiiiiPArTiifiiyc
nUnnMnvr v 1wn 4IW

150
45
105

39.5
40.0
39.5

77.50
97.00
69.00

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL — ---- — ---M A NUFACTURING---- --------- ,-- —
NONMANUFACTURING----- -----— ----

226
109
117

39.5
40.0
38.5

80.50

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS A --------------

15

39.5

99.50

CLERKS* ORDER -----------------------

36

40.0

116.00

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------ — ------

84
64
20

40.0
40.0
39.5

CLERKS* PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

55
37
16

39.5
40.0
39.0

98.50
109.50
75.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS--------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------- -—

79
25
54

40.0
39.5
40.5

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------- — ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

60
48

39.0
39.0

80.00
76.00

110.00
86.00

75.50
107.00
111.00

93.00
74.00
91.50
66.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL — — —
— -— —----------- —--------

-

20

37.5

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------

62

4C.C

91.50

TYPISTS* CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

132
17
115

38.5
39.5
38.5

62.50
69.00
61.50

DRAFTSMEN* S E N I O R -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------

100
100

4C.0
40.0

150.50
150.50

DRAFTSMEN* JUNIOR ------------------

119

39.5

107.50

NURSES* INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED)--MANUFACTURING -------------------

45

40.0
40.0

113.50
115.00

PRO FESSIO NAL AND TE C H NICAL
OCCUPATIONS

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa laries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




W eekly
hours *
(standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

$
94.50
102.50

121.00

Number
of

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
hours *
(standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS— CONTINUED

O FF IC E OCC UPATIO NS

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

*1




Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va., A p ril 1964)
Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

$

$

Under

$

$

$

A

%

$

*

1 --------

$

$

$

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3•10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

and
%
2.40 under

and

2.50 2.60 2 .70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3 •20 3.30 3.40 3*50 3.6C over
$
C AR PE NTE RS• M AINTENANCE -----------------------M ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

179
176

3,44
3.45

E L E C T R IC IA N S ,

MAINTENANCE --------------------

333

3.43

E N G IN E E R S * STA TION A RY ---------------------------M ANUFACTURING ------------------------------

183
177

3.34
3.35

M A C H IN IS T S * MAINTENANCE -----------------M ANUFACTURING -----------------------------

166
154

3.45
3.45

M ANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 1--------------------2

65
117
103

3.10
3.06
3.06

M EC H A NIC S* MAINTENANCE -------------------M ANUFACTURING -----------------------------

451
444

3.50
3.52

M ILLW R IGH TS -------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING -----------------------------

242
242

3.42
3.42

-

P A IN T E R S * M A IN T E N A N C E --------- — -------M ANUFACTURING -----------------------------

160
158

3.37
3.39

2
-

P IP E F IT T E R S * MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

627
627

3.46
3.46

SHEET—METAL WORKERS* M AINTENANCE —
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------- — ------* --------

82
82

3.46
3.46

1
1

2
2

16
16

1
1

33

2

51

*
c.

33
33

1
1

-

_

12
12

_
“

-

-

2
2

6
6

6
1
1

1
1
1

4
14
13

-

1
1

8

2
-

-

~

-

7

_

_

_

-

1
l

7
4

_

-

_

~

_
~

6
-

-

_

5 .^ 5

M EC H A NIC S*

3
2
_

-

AUTOMOTIVE

1UAf N 9cNANtc 1
IffAI UTCAIi Al^r % ^

^

3

7

~

-

4

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

91
2

-

28
28

54
41

_
~

-

-

3
3

_

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

29
29

1
1

11
11

_

_

1
1

3
3

_

_
-

15
15

_

_

-

_

_

“

-

_

4
4

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Excludes premium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

16
16
8
8

1
1

_
-

22
22

_

183
183

81
81

_

104
104

4
4

49
49

-

22
22

12
-

85
85

37
37

2
2

9a
—

19
19

128
128

19
AC

—
—
“

-

24

12
—

207
207

233
233

-

150
150

51
51

-

-

83
83

6
6

5C
5G

_

12

374
374

164
164

.

41
41

33
33

-

“

3

_

-

-

_

_

_
-

56
56

12

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

“

—

-

_

2

—

9

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
' (Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. V a ., April 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Occupation1 and industry division
4
3
2

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

--- 1--- 1--- 1--- 1--- 5--- i--- 1--- 1--- 1--- i--- $--- I--- 1--- I--- s--- 1
--- 1--- 1
--- F
1--- r - 1--- $--- $--- i
Under
$
1 .0 0

1 .0 0

1 . 10

1 .5 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .7 0

1 • 80

1 .9 0

2 . 00 2 . 10

1 . 40

2 • 50

2 . 60 2 . 70 2 • 80

2 • 90

3 . 0 0 3 . 10 3 . 20 3 . 30 3 . 4 0

2 . 4 0 2 • 50 2 . 6 0

1. 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 • 10 2 . 2 0

1 . 50 1 •6 0

1 • 30

2 . 70 2 . 80 2 • 90

3 • 00

3 . 10 3 . 20 3 . 30 3 . 40

2 . 30 2 • 4 0

and
under
1 .1 0

ELEVATOR OPERATORS. PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------— ----

1 . 20

1•6 0

and
1 . 20 1 . 30 1 • 4 0

2 •2 0

2 . 30

$
48
48

.9 0
.9 0

318
18

116
101

2 .7 7
2 .9 4

1
•

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------- — ----

92

3 .0 2

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS --M A N UFACTURING--------------— --NONMANUFACTURING - 7 -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------

401
191
21 0
56

1 .8 9
2 .3 2
1 .5 0
1 .9 6

11
-

10
—

11
“

10

51
48
22

1 .5 2
1 .5 2
1 .9 0

1
1
-

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANOLING
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

339
173
166

2 .5 8
2 .6 9
2 .4 6

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -----------

10 7
95

2 .9 7
3 .0 6

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------MA N UFACTURING------------------ —

4
4

21
21

5
5

_

2
2

2
~

_

“

21
3
18
~

23
4
19
“

62
1
61
~

18
12
6
5

5
5
“

4
2
“

16
16
1

1
1
-

—

3
—

3
-

5
—

“

3

3

14
1
13

_

-

_

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---

52
556
275
281
196

2 .7 4
2 .8 2
2 .6 7
2 .9 0

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1.5 TO AND
INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

74
32
42

2 .6 1
2 .7 9
2 .4 7

192
26
166

2 .8 5
2 .7 3
2 .8 7

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------

93
60
38

~

2

2

—

—

2
~

2
~

32
7
25
24

10
6
4
3

21

2
2
2

2
2
-

9
9
9

-

-

1
—

5
-

-

5
-

5

1

5

-

5

8
6
2

2
2
-

12
8
4

40
14
26

_

-

1
1

-

5
-

-

2
1

_

“

1
-

-

-

1
-

5

"

17
3
14
1

-

4

-

2

-

-

-

_
-

6
6

10
1
9

4
1
3

5
—

1
—

5
-

1
—

4
—

5

1

5

1

4

4
4
-

15
7
8

24
12
12

9
9
-

2 .8 2
2 .7 9

21
9

16
13
3
1

_

_

-

•

-

1
-

_
—

-

“

4
4
4

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------N O NMANUFACTURING---------------

1
2
3
4
*
4

-

2

-

—

—

2

_

_

_

_

4
4

“

3

_

“

•

~

“

~

1
1

3

4

”

4
1
3

**

~

-

1
1

A
4

12 5
125

-

7
—

_
—

7

3
3

—

—

1
1

51
51

_

9

1

51

-

_
—

_
—

_

—

-

“

-

40
38
2

41
41
“

10

_

_

_

“

-

-

*

—

—

-

-

_

__
_

_

_

—

—

—

-

-

-

-

_
—

_
-

-

-

“

-

3
-

6
6

3
3

2

12

—
-

_
—
—

-

-

_
—

77
-

-

-

77

62
62
-

1

3
3

78
77

10
-

_
•

_
—

_

_

1

5

-

1

3

9

6

2

13
9
4
4

42
40
2
2

8
—

147
8
139
122

146
133
13
~

58
—

40
40
-

_

4
4

1
—
1

8
7
1

30
17
13

8
—

—

—

8

~

“•

13 4
—
134

7
7
~

27
—

2
2

27

4

2

23

22
-

14
14

_

—

9
9

-

7
7
•

B

3

-

-

3
3

_

8
8

_

**

-

9
9

11
10
1
1

“

-

-

_
—

_

5
2
2

21
16
5
5

6
6
6

-

5

“

_

.

8
8

3

—

-

~

5
"

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Workers were distributed as follows: 12 at $0. 40 to $0. 50; and 6 at $0. 60 to $0. 70.
W orkers were distributed as follows: 7 at $3. 40 to $3. 50; and 8 at $3. 50 to $3. 60.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




_

3

_

_

13
13

9
9

9

-

10
1
9
8

1
1

2 .7 4

TRUCKERS*POWER (FORKLIFT) --- — --MA NUFACTURING------------ — ----

_

-

5

2 .7 8

TRUCKDRIVERS* --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING - 7 ------- ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------- -----

2
"

-

“

5
~

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
NONMANUFACTURING - 7 -------- — --PUBLIC UTILITIES 5------- ------

over

—

—
—

36
3
3

7
_
-

58
58

-

5

1
1
-

_
—

~

—

1
1
“

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

—
“

11
11

15

~

•
_

4 15
15

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

10

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Charleston, W. V a ., A p ril 1964)
In experien ced typists
Manufacturing
M inim um w eek ly stra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
in du stries

Other in exp e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 1
2
Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 o f—
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

M anufacturing
A ll
indu stries

A ll
schedules

40

Nonm anufacturing

B ased on standard w e e k ly hours 3 o f—
40

A ll
schedules

40

65

23

XXX

42

XXX

65

23

XXX

42

XXX

E stablishm ents having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------------------

18

8

8

10

7

30

11

9

19

13

____ _________ __ ______________
$42. 50—
__
_
$45. 00------------------ -----------------------------------------------$47. 50—
-------— ----------- _ — _
$ 5 0 .00__ —
—
—
- —
$52.50 --------------------------------------------------------------------------- $55. 00 - —
—
_ —
-----— —
— - — —
$57. 50-----$60. 00—
—
_
_ —
$62. 50-------------------------------------------------------------------$65. 00------------------------------------------------------------------------—
.
-----$67. 50
—
$70. 00—
—
—
- $72. 50------ —
_
— - —
-----$75. 00 -------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
3
2
2

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
1

-

-

1
1
1
1
2

2
7
1
1
1
2
1
2

1

3
1

1
3
1

1
3
1

2
9
1
1
1
4
2
2
1
3
1

-

-

1
3

-

E stablishm ents having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------------

10

3

XX X

7

XXX

12

2

XXX

10

XXX

E stablishm ents w hich did not em p loy w o rk e rs
in this c a te g o ry ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

37

12

XXX

25

XXX

23

10

XXX

13

XXX

E stablish m ents studied —

U nder $40. on
$40. 00 and under
$42. 50 and under
$45. 00 and under
$47. 50 and under
$50. 00 and under
$52. 50 and under
$55. 00 and under
$57. 50 and under
$60. 00 and under
$62. 50 and under
$65. 00 and under
$67. 50 and under
$70. 00 and under
$72. 50 and under

-

—

-

__

__

--------

_

3

1
1
1
1

-

1 These sala rie s relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in su bclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

2
1

-

-

1
3
1

1
3
1

-

7
1
-

1
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m anu facturing plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
C h a rles to n , W. V a . , A p r i l 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu ring plant w o r k e r s —
In establish m en ts having fo r m a l
p ro v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

Second shift
w ork

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

Second sh ift

T h ird o r o th er
sh ift

95. 3

90.9

15. 6

12. 3

W ith sh ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l ________________________

93. 8

89.9

15. 5

11.9

U n ifo r m cen ts (p e r h o u r )_____________________

91. 5

89. 4

14. 4

11.9

rp n fc
5 c e n t s ___________________ __________ . _
6 re n ts
8 re n ts

A

10
12
14
15
16
17
18
20

_______ ____
c e n ts ... re n ts
re n ts
c e n ts __________ ____________ _ __
c e n ts ___ __ ___________
__ __ ______
re n ts
re n ts
re n ts

___

_
_

___
___

.
2.
12.
2.

8
1
6
6

15. 6
6. 8
46. 7
4. 3
_
-

_
-

.8
11. 4
3. 8
15. 6
.6

_

( 2)
.4
2. 4
3. 3
1. 5
6. 4
.4

6. 2
46. 7
4. 3

_
-

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l---------------------

2. 3

.5

1. o

W ith no sh ift p a y d if f e r e n t i a l_____________ _______

1. 5

1. 0

.2

_
-

( 2)
.9
.2
3. 3
. 1

_

1. 4
5. 6
.4
.4

1 In clu des esta b lish m e n ts c u rr e n tly op era tin g la te sh ifts, and esta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
eve n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly opera tin g la te sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.




12

Tabic B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percen t distribution o f office and plant workers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift workers, Charleston, W. V a ., A p ril 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLA NT WORKERS

Weekly hours
All industrial1

A ll w o rk e rs-------- — ------—----------- —------- —-----------— —

Under 3 7 % hours .
3 7 V 2 hours
—
.
Over 3 7 % and under 40 hours

------------ -—
--------

Over 4 0 and under 4 4 h ours.
—
_
hour 8 ___________ — , ____ ,_____________________________
h o u rs ............ ........... ............... — ------------------------------h o u rs ....... ...— — . .. — ——— . . . . ------------------- ------. . .

44
45
48

1
2
3
4

100

4
13
3
78
1
1
(4)

IfuntMtuiini

Public utilities 2

AllindtvtriM3

100

100

100

3

38
-

Public utilities2

100

100

3
1

-

Manufacturing

-

62
-

-

-

97

-

-

97

(4)
2
1
1

Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




2

6
85

-

100

-

-

1

-

-

13
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution o f office and plant workers in fill industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Charleston, W .V a. , A p ril 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKER8

Ite m
All industrial1

Public utilities 2

AUindwtrin3

100

W o r k e rs in esta blish m en ts p ro vid in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e rs in esta blish m en ts p ro vid in g
no paid h olidays _ ..
—
-----

M
anufacturing

M
anufacturing

Puttie utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

97

99

100

(4)

"

“

3

1

(4)
(4)
16
10
(4 )
63
7
2

<*>

1
1
26
15
54
-

(4>
2
7
15
75
“

N u m ber o f days

L e s s than 4 h olidays — —.
------4 h o lid a y s -------------_
— _ _
5 h olida ys - _____ ___________
— — —— .
6 h olida ys _ ------ — —
----7 h olid a ys — -------------- - —
- ------7 h olidays plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------8 h olidays ----- ----------- — —
-------- ------ — —
-------11 holidays
12 h olidays---------------------------------------------------------

_

6
7
(4)
86
-

1
6
11
82
“

_
86
94
100
100
100
100
100

_
82
93
99
100
100
100
100

_
14
27
59
~

Total holiday time 5
12 days_____________________________________________
11 days or m ore-----------------------------— ----------------8 days or m o r e ----------------------- — .--------- -----------— —
— _
7 days or m o r e --------- —
6 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------4 days or m ore ____
. . . .
3 days or m o r e ------------------------------------ — --------1 day or m o re -----------------— —
---- -------

2
10
73
83
99
$9

99
99
99

54
69
95
95
96
97
97

_
75
89
96
96
98
98
99

_
59
86
100
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate* and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
5 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
no half days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf days, 5 full days and 4 h alf days, and so on. Proportions w e re then cumulated.




14
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Charleston, W. Va., A p ril 1964)
PLA NT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tion p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s -— ----------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
90
8
1
(5)

100
89
11
-

100
84
15
1

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 3

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
paid vac at ion s — — — — — — — — —— —
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a ym en t--------------------------P e rc e n ta g e paym ent—
- — — - — F la t-s u m paym ent — --------------------------------Other ---------- ------ ----- -------- - —
W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g
no paid va ca tion s----------------------------------------

(5)

( 5)

“

Am ount o f vacation pay 6
A ft e r 6 months of s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks

-----

— .

---- —

55
1

_
38
(5)
61

_
5
95

10

85
3

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w e e k ___r-r-.-r________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
- —
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

_
96
4

( 5)
44
1
55

_
29
71

_
96
1
3

( 5)

_
23
77

.
28
9
62

_
18
82

_
2
98

18
82

_
2
98

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

_
6
4
90

_
4
_
96

_
10
89

25
3
72

_
99

14
84

_
1
99

14
1
84

( 5)

-

A ft e r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek -----------------------------------------------1 w eek
_
_
— — - — ----— —
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

_
1
97

_
( 5)

100

( 5)

A ft e r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w^^k
1 w eek
— ------- — ------ - ------ O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
_
------- 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------- — ---------------

_
1
1
97

_
( 5)

100

( 5)

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
1 we e k —
„ — ———
— .. . —
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s -----------— --------------2 w eeks _—... ___ ________________ ____
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




_
1
1
97
1

_
( 5)

_
-

100

100

( 5)

3
1
93
2

_
( 5)

_
-

-

-

100

100

15
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1— Continued
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Charleston, W. Va., A p ril 1964)
PLA N T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll Industrie*1
2

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities

3

A ll industries 4

M an u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities 3

Am ount of va ca tion p av 6— Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_ _
V----- — ----- ------ — ------— ----------------------------

U nder 1 w e e k . . . .
- . . . __
1 we a
r__________________ _________________
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s
3 w eeks

_

_

1
23

( 5)
9

18

76

91

82

_

-

_
-

( 5)
3
27
2
68

_
( 5)
16
3
81

_
37

-

63

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

—
--- —
-_ --____—___- __
____________ __
__
--- -- -- ~ -

Under 1 w e e k
ek—
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____________________ . .. .
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

1we

_
1
23
(5)
76

_
()
5

9
.
91

_
_
18
82

()
5

3
23
3
71

()
5

15
3
82

_
-

24
76

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k
__ --------------- — ——
l
--.----------------------------------------- T_________
2 w e e k s ........... ................... ............. ... . _________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

_
1
14
85

_
(5)
2
97

_
3
97

( 5)
3
12

8
4

_
(5)
3
97

_
100

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek - _ — —
—
— _
1 w e e k _________ _______________ — _____________________
2 w eeks —
— — __ — ------- ----- _ —
3 w eeks
T __________
,.
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

_

_

1
13
39
46

(5)
2
12
85

1
13
12
_
73

( 5)
2
10
_
88

3
92
5

_

( 5)
3
10
34
52

(5)
2
24
74

( 5)
3
10
15
6
66

(5)
2
9
9
80

( 5)
3
10
14
6
67

(5)
2
8
9
81

_
82
18

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek
---- __ --------- ----------- —
1 w eek —
—
__ — — ----------- - __ •
----- 2 w eek s ________________ ____ _____________________ _____
3 w eeks ..... ■
___
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s
_
------ _ ___
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

_

_
3
14
_
83

_

_
25
_
75

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k __ __ __________ ___ __ _____ ________ __ _
1 w eek _______________________________________________
2 w eeks
3 w eeks _____________ _________ _______ ___________ ___
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----- — --------- 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------

_
1
13
12
_
73

_
( 5)
2
10
_
88

_
3
14
83

_

_
_
25
_
75

1 Includes b a sic plans only.
Excludes plans such as va ca tion -sa vin gs and those plans w hich o ffe r "ex te n d e d " or "s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyond b a sic plans to w o rk e rs w ith q u alifyin g lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such ex clu sion s a re plans re c e n tly negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and can in du stries.
2 Includes data fo r w h o lesa le tra de; r e ta il trade; finance, insurance, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep ara tely.
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4 In clu des data fo r w h o lesa le trade, r e ta il trade, re a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d ivis ion s .shown sep ara tely.
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.
6 In clu des paym ents oth er than "len gth of t im e ," such as p ercen tage of annual earn in gs o r fla t-s u m paym ents, co n verted to an equivalent tim e b a sis; fo r exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t
of annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id ere d as 1 w eek 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividual p r o vis io n s fo r p r o g re s s io n s .
F o r exam ple, the
changes in p rop o rtio n s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro vis io n s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs .
E stim a tes a re cum ulative.
Thus, the p rop o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w eeks' pay
or m o re a fte r 5 y e a rs includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w eek s' pay or m o re a fter fe w e r y e a rs o f s e r v ic e .




16

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Charleston, W . V a . , A p ril 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R 8

PLA N T W ORKER8

Type of benefit
A l l inductriM

100

2

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

W o rk ers in establishments providing:
Life insurance— —-------------------------— ----------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance---- —
—
— —
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5. -------— .
—
Sickness and accident insurance------------Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting perio d ).. - — ....
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)-------------------------------------Hospitalization insurance----------------------------Surgical insurance--------- --- ------------- ------------M edical insurance — --------------- -------------------Catastrophe insurance---------------------------------Retirement pension ..
No health, insurance, or "pension p la n -------

P u b lic uttlitiM 3

A ll in d u ctriM 4

100

100

100

99

96

100

100

M a n u fa c tu rin g

.

P u b lic u tilitiM 3

100

,

98

99

46

17

85

42

28

78

87

95

96

93

97

91

51

90

5

76

97

28

43

22

90

19

16

37

37

66

5

46

55

31

99
99
98
97
91
( 6)

97
97
82
59
86
1

99
99
92
64
97

100
100
81
75
86

98
98
89
81
88
(6)

98
98
94
80
94
( 6)

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workm en's compensation, social security, and ra ilro a d retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and serv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, re a l estate, and se rv ic e s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sicknesb and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 L e ss than 0.5 percent.




17

Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and industry divisions
by form al sick leave provisions, Charleston, W. Va., A p ril 1964)
PLA N T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Sick leave provision
A ll industries1

A ll w o rk e rs _________________________________________
W o rk e rs in establishments providing
form al paid sick leave________ _________ __ ________
W o rk ers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick le ave ------------— __ ____________

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

79.7

88.7

94.6

20.3

11.3

5.4

9.7
9.5
1.6
5.1
.3
32.7
.9
31.8

11.7
11.7
10.6

7.6
6.7
5.8

A ll industries 3

M a n u fa ctu rin g

P u b lic utilities 2

100.0

100.0

64.4

71.1

68.2

35.6

28.9

31.8

11.4
11.4
9.7

15.6
15.6

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan:4
No w aiting period
F u ll p a y 5- - 15 d a y * ------------------—---------- ------------------------------------130 days --------. . . . ___ . . . . . —
F u ll pay plus p a rtial pay --------------------— ----------Waiting period
- — ___________ _________
F u ll p a y ... _i— ,— „ „ „ —
-----------T—
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ------------------------------- ---- ...
Graduated p la n 4— A fter 1 year of service:
No waiting period
F u ll pay----------- ---------- . . . ---- -— — ------------3 days ——— -— ____ ________ __ ___________
5 days
12 days
15 days
F u ll pay plus p a rtial pay
P a r t ia l pay only -— -------- ---------- ---------- ——
Waiting p e r io d ----------------------------------------------F u ll pay____— ------------ -------------------- ----- — .
F u ll pay plus p a rtial pay

-

66.5
-

66.5

-

1.0
3.4
3.4
-

-

31.0

-

48.0

.3

8.9
6.4
5.3
1.0
1.9

39.4
1.2

13.0
5.0

.5
.5
.5
6.2
6.2

37.3
37.3
29.4
7.9
26.3
2.3
*4.6
19.4

.5
.5

56.7
37.3
29.4
7.9
19.4
19.4
6.9
5.2
1.7
-

36.3

.9

.3

.6

7.4

10.5
6.0
2.7
3.1
4.5
4.5

12.7
7.1
3.8
1.0

.3

-

82.1
43.9
37.8
6.1
38.2
37.9
1.5
1.5
-

4.9

6.2
6.2

11.7

“

43.3

5.3

.9

.1

10.5

-

29.9

48.9

37.9

.7

•

4.6
4.6
-

1
.1

44.1
43.9
37.8
6.1
-

2.8
13.8
3.2

-

15.6

10.5
10.5
2.7
4.7
3.1
-

23.5
20.1
1.3
13.1
4.2
1.5

-

-

.7

Graduated p la n 4— A fter 10 ye a rs of service:
F u ll pay *
12 days—
18 days
.. ..------45 days——— ——— — —— — —— — —
50 days
130 days — ——— ------------— —— —------—
130 days per disability
F u ll pay plus pa rtia l pay *
—
10 days
65 days--------------------------------——— ---- ---Waiting period — — ------— ———— — ——
F u ll pay—
— —— ---- —— ——
— —
F u ll pay plus partial pay............. .............
P a r t ia l pay only — ——— —— — ——
—

35.0
20.7
1.3
2.6
1.5
10.2
1.6
2.8
14.3
2.1
10.7
2.3
2.0
-

-

.7

5.6
4.2
9.2
4.1
.2

-

P rovision s for accumulation
W o rk e rs in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
unused sick leave

1 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "U n ifo rm plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each year. "Graduated
plans" a re defined as those fo rm al plans under which an em ployee's leave va rie s according to length of service. P erio d s of service w e re a rb itra rily chosen. Estimates reflect provisions applicable
at the stated length of serv ice but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service may also receive this amount after
greater or le s s e r lengths of service.
5 M ay include provisions other than those presented separately. Num bers of days shown under " F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which w ork e rs receive sick leave at full pay; workers
a re entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B ILLE R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine).Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C on tin ued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B« Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain arid service files.

C L E R K , O RD ER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PA YR O LL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
Class C, Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
Class A # Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE O PERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
T Y P IS T
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B# Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C AR PE N TE R , MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25
M ACH INIST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tin u ed

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix ­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




27
JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one'or more o f the follow­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28
T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-tbe-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f
truck, as follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver ( combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light {under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




Trucker, power {forklift)
Trucker, power {other than fork lift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available Upon Request---The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1963«

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, I i. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Akron, Ohio____________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y 1
________________
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J.1
N. .______
Atlanta, G a _____________________________________
Baltimore, M d _________________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________
Birmingham, A la _______________________________
Boise, Idaho____________________________________
Boston, M a ss1
__________________________________

1345-81
1385-52
1345-63
1385-53
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents

Buffalo, N. Y ____________________________________
Burlington, V t __________________________________
Canton, Ohio___________________________________
Charleston, W. V a 1
____________________________
Charlotte, N. C 1________________________________
Chattanooga, Ten n .-G a________________________
Chicago, 1111___________________________ -_______
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio________________________________
Columbus, Ohio________________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1385-57
1385-55
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
2Q
cents
30 cents
20cents
25cents
20cents

Dallas, T e x ____________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111______
___________________________________
Dayton, Ohio1
Denver, Colo1_____ -___________._______ — _____
—
Des Moines, Iowa1_____________________________
Detroit, Mich___________________________________
Fort Worth, T ex________________________________
Green Bay, W is ________________________________
Greenville, S. C ...__...__ — 1345-68
Houston, T e x ___________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4

Indianapolis, Ind 1
_______________________________
Jackson, M iss1___________________________ _— .—
Jacksonville, F la _______________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans 1_______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk ____________
Long Beach, C alif1
_______________
Los Angeles—
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind____________________________
Lubbock, T ex___________________________________
Manchester, N. H _______________________________
Memphis, Tenn 1________________________________

Price

Miami, F la 1___________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis______________________________ ...
St. Paul, Minn___________________
Minneapolis—
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich___________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J1_________________
New Haven, Conn1_____________________________
New Orleans, L a _______________________________
New York, N. Y 1
________________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1________________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla___________________________

1385-29
1385-56
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
___________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J ________________
N.
Philadelphia, Pa. — J 1________________________
Phoenix, A riz 1
_________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ________________________________ _
Portland, Maine1
_______________________________
Portland, Or eg. — ash _________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.— a ss1
M
___________
Raleigh, N. C 1
__________________________________
Richmond, Va 1
__________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1385-54
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1345-82

25cents
20cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-Ill_____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah___________________________
__________________ ___________
San Antonio, T ex 1
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif1____
San Diego, Calif________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif1
_________________
Savannah, G a ___________________________________
Scranton, P a 1__________________________________
Seattle, Wash1_________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1385-50
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25cents
25 cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1__________________________ _
South Bend, Ind1
________________________________
Spokane, Wash1
.________________________________
Toledo, Ohio___________________________________
Trenton, N. J ___________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ____________________
Waterbury, Conn1
_________________ ____________
Waterloo, Iow a________________________________
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, Mass_______________________________
York, P a 1______________________________________

1385-20
1385-51
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

_

Bulletin
number

i

Price

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102