View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—INDIANA
FEBRUARY 1964

B u ll e t i n INo .




1 3 8 5 -5 0

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—INDIANA




FE B R U A R Y 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1 3 8 5 - 5 0
May 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction_____________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied____________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods_________________

2

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women_________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_______________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___

Appendix: Occupational descriptions__________________________________

11

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program.
Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , in February 1964. It was prepared
in the Bureau's regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, by
Donald J. McNulty, under the direction of Elliott A.
Browar, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and In­
dustrial Relations.




2

r- oo cr-

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two-part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

1
3

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Louisville area, are also available for building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

Hi

4
6




O c cu p a tio n a l W age S u rvey —L o u is v ille , K y .—In d .
Introduction

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of L ab ors Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3> differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1




2

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m b er stu died in L o u is v i ll e , K y .—
Ind. , 1
by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 F e b ru a r y 1964
N u m ber o f esta b lis h m en ts

In du stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y'4

A ll d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________________

466

152

125, 900

84, 830

M a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ----------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
othe r p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 ------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ----------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e 6 -------------------------------------------------------------------- —
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6 ----------------------------S e r v ic e s 6 7 __________________________________________________

211
255

72
80

7 7 ,5 0 0
48, 400

56, 000
28, 830

44
51
87
38
35

21
10
21
12
16

15,
6,
15,
6,
4,

12, 790
2, 830
7, 360
3 ,4 9 0
2, 360

Studied

500
900
000
700
300

1 The L o u is v ille Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f J e ffe r s o n County, K y .; and C la r k and F lo y d C o u n tie s , Ind. The " w o r k e r s
w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
in
the s u r v e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e ( l ) p lanning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n ce o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s i f y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the area ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind.
Index
(F e b r u a r y 196 1-1 00)

Industry and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
F e b r u a r y 1964

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
F e b ru a r y 1963
to
F e b ru a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

A ll i n d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -----------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) ------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )-----------------------------U n sk ille d plant ( m e n ) --------------------------------------

109.
108.
108.
108.

7
3
8
7

3.
3.
2.
3.

1
5
6
6

3.
2.
3.
1.

4
0
1
4

2 .9
2 .6
2 .9
3. 5

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )-----------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )-----------------------------U n sk ille d p lant ( m e n ) --------------------------------------

108.
108.
108.
110.

9
8
4
3

3.
3.
2.
4.

1
9
4
6

1.
2.
3.
1.

9
5
1
3

3 .7
2. 1
2. 7
4. 1

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1964)

Averaob
Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

N UM BER OF WO RK ERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN IN G S OF-

$45
Under and
$45 under
$50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A _
M anufacturingNonmanufacturing.
Public utilities 2

249
156
93
48

39.
39.
39.
40.

5
5
5
0

$112.50
116.50
105.50
118.50

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B—
M anufacturing-------------------N onm anufacturing--------------

168
90
78

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

94.50
93.50
95.50

C lerk s, o r d e r -------------------------

47

40. 0

97.00

O ffice b o y s -----------------------------M anufacturing-------------------N onm anufacturingPublic utilities 2-------------------------------

156
68
88
27

38.
38.
39.
39.

5
5
0
5

64.00
65.00
63.50
82.00

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
M anufacturing--------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B------------------------------------M anufacturing_________
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss C—
N onm anufacturing—

53
41

39. 5
39. 5

117.00
119.00

86
“ 63

39. 0
39. 0

96.50
98.50

42
32

39. 5
40. 0

92.00
96.00

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a ch in e )M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------

84
49
35

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5

74.00
72.00
76.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
machine)
Nonm anufacturing---------------------------------

52
40

38. 5
39. 0

69.50
64.50

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss A _________________________
M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing—

78
33
45

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

84.50
83.50
85.50

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss B---------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------

395
66
329

39. 0
38. 5
39. 0

64.50
72.50
63.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A_.
M anufacturingNonmanufacturing__________
Public utilities 2________

246
137
109
37

39.
39.
39.
39.

0
0
0
5

94.50
100.00
87.00
95.00

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B--------M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing-----------------------P ublic utilities 2----------------------

766
220
546
173

38.
39.
37.
38.

0
5
5
5

69.50
74.50
67.50
79.00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




-

_

-

-

_

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

over

2
2

2
2

12
2
10
-

13
4
9
3

7
5
2
-

20
15
5
-

24
14
10
5

29
15
14
11

29
21
8
7

49
39
10
9

17
10
7
7

12
9
3
3

13
13

7
4
3
3

53
36
17

29
3
26

5
2
3

-

-

*

and

-

-

7
7
4
3
1

-

-

12
7
5

_

-

5
5

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

_

15
6
9
"

35
5
30
3

14
8
6
3

32
24
8
1

_

.

.

.

.

“

"

■

■

■

-

-

'

“

.

_
-

6

-

6
-

"

~

1

_

_

-

6
1
5

-

1

-

6
6

9
9

1
1

.
-

.
-

_
-

2

.

-

_
-

_
_

1

1

-

1

1

18
13
5

15
8
7

9
5
4

8
7
1

5
3
2

4
3
1

_

6

3

7

4

15

5

4
2
2
1

.
_

.

4
2

.

~

12
11
1
-

-

6
1
5
-

-

1
"

2
"

11
4
7

.

6
4

-

9
7
2
“
1
■
4
2
3
3

.
.

18
1
17
12

3
1
2
2

5
2
3
3

1

~

1
"

.

7
7

3
3

25
14

13
9

1

6
2

-

23
23
-

3
3
-

5
2
3

9
6
3

4
4

-

20
20

7
-

3
-

11
7
4

13
10
3

9
3
6

1
1
“

10
4
6

-

1
1

5
4

1
1

3
3

22
19

9
4

7
7

6
5

2
2

4
3

.

5
5

12
12

.

.

-

-

-

.
-

5

-

1
1

6

-

5

-

_
-

20

_
-

_
-

-

6

1

6
39
13
26

20
5
15

37
16
21

30
14
16

1
1
-

3
2
1

2
2
-

-

20

2

-

2

-

21

2
-

2
-

21
6

38
18
20
“

11
3
8
-

20
12
8
1

44
22
22
18

21
17
4
4

32
20
12
-

7
5
2
-

9
4
5
5

81
20
61
13

66
25
41
9

80
30
50
7

107
42
65
25

92
15
77
72

40
17
23
11

18
15
3
1

10
2
8
-

15
7
8
8

18
11
7
6

3

-

-

-

_

22

8
-

22

127
22
105
2

_

79
14
65
16

-

-

49
2
47

8

-

2
“

2

-

-

-

71
7
64

_
_

'

-

-

-

_

_

3
3

_
.
-

.
-

1
1

1
1

1

"

'

-

-

_

'

-

.

5
5

.

-

-

_
-

.
-

_

-

I ll
2
109

_
_

-

3
3

_

-

-

6

.

5

-

-

_
.
-

.
-

-

-

12
2
10

1

-

-

10
9

"

5

-

8

.

1
1

_
.
-

1
1

13
7
6

-

6

8

_

-

“

12
10
2

1

_
.
_

1

.

7
6

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

*

-

.

.
-

-

.

"

.
“

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

"

-

3

3
3

_

_
_

-

-

-

3
3

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
22

_

10
10

-

1

_

1
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—
Ind., F e b r u a r y 1964)
A vbbaok

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
workers

NUM B ER OF W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E KLY EA RN IN G S OF—

$45
W
eekly
W
eekly Under and
hours1 earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) $45 under
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

~$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$ 140

nvfir

and

W om en— Continued
_

_

-

-

-

1
-

4
3

4
4

14
12

8
7

3
3

10
1

-

1
-

1
-

3
-

1
-

1
-

2
-

-

-

5
5

21
21

10
9

32
25

22
20

7
6

7
2

4
-

3
1

_

12
12

9
8

3
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

52.50
51.50

_

10
10

43
43

6
6

2
-

5
3

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39.0
37.5
39.5

67.00
87.00
58.50

1
1

4
4

48
48

6
6

10
3
7

6
5
1

4
4

13
8
5

9
4
5

2
1
1

9
5
4

2
2
-

7
7
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

_
_
-

3
3
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

238
133
105

39.5
39.5
39.0

75.00
78.00
71.00

_
_

1
_
1

13
6
7

18
3
15

49
18
31

19
9
10

24
20
4

26
25
1

22
5
17

23
17
6

17
11
6

12
10
2

6
6
-

2
2
-

2
_
2

4
1
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

213
83
130

39.0
39.0
39.0

77.00
79.00
75.50

3
3

9
9

12
2
10

11
11

34
22
12

13
8
5

22
4
18

17
13
4

19
9
10

20
5
15

7
3
4

5
5
-

33
4
29

2
2
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

C lerks, file , c la s s A -------------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------

53
30

38.0
37.5

$86.00
77.50

_

C lerks, file , c la s s B -------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------------------

136
112

39.0
38.5

65.00
64.00

C lerk s, file , cla s s C -------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------

66
62

39.0
38.5

C lerks, o r d e r --------------------------------------------M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------

124
38
86

C lerk s, p a y r o ll____________________________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------------------C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s _______ __________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anuf a ctur ing----------------------------------

_

-

D uplicating-m ach ine op erators
(M im eograph or D itto)----------------------------

40

37.5

64.50

-

-

6

14

3

5

1

9

1

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

Keypunch o p era tors, cla ss A _____________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onmanuf a ctur ing---------------------------------

145
67
78

39.5
39.5
40.0

86.50
83.50
89.00

26
15
11

22
15
7

11
6
5

71.00
75.50
67.50
79.00

_
32
8
24
2

14
7
7

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

.
17
2
15
3

11
7
4

304
121
183
35

_
5
5
-

3
3

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B_____________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2-------------------------------

.
6
6
-

37
13
24
2

83
24
59
6

26
16
10
2

14
8
6
4

43
39
4
4

19
1
18
"

10
6
4
_
_
_

38
2
36
_
_
-

3
2
1
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_

1
1
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_

-

5
5
22
10
12
12

O ffice g i r l s ________________________________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anuf a c tu r ing----------------------------------

85
31
54

39.0
38.5
39.5

59.00
60.50
57.50

-

4
1
3

28
4
24

32
12
20

9
8
1

2
1
1

4
3
1

2
2
-

_
_
-

1
_
1

2
_
2

1
_
1

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

S e c r e t a r ie s ___________________________ ___
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing______________________
Pu blic u tilities 2-------------------------------

1,183
659
524
124

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

93.00
97.00
88.50
108.00

3
3
-

16
16
-

19
19
-

60
19
41
-

77
36
41
-

133
41
92
5

102
61
41
5

121
84
37
3

111
58
53
15

86
70
16
12

82
55
27
10

171
122
49
19

39
28
11
8

73.00
74.50
72.00
86.50

96
13
83
15

134
50
84
9

86
44
42
11

74
53
21
2

73
45
28
9

123
86
37
18

17
14
3
3

16
8
8
-

16
4
12
9

41
1
40
40

2
_
2
2

14

14
14

_
_

_
_
_

31
16
15
9
_

2
2

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

17
13
4
4
_

3

724
322
402
134

56
31
25
11
_

48
23
25
20

Stenographers, g e n e r a l__________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2-------------------------------

6
6
31
4
27
2

-

-

_
-

-

Stenographers, s e n io r ____________________
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------

495
303
192

39.5
40.0
39.0

90.00
89.50
91.50

-

"

-

8
2
6

27
18
9

30
11
19

22
6
16

51
36
15

33
12
21

41
19
22

133
125
8

24
15
9

5
5
-

38
35
3

38
13
25

27
4
23

14
1
13

3
1
2

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s ____________________
M anufacturing___-____________________
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------

165
55
no

40.0
40.0
40.5

67.00
77.00
62.50

13
3 13

7
7

32
12
20

7
7

16
16

21
2
19

12
6
6

21
18
3

12
3
9

4
3
1

13
5
8

3
2
1

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s _____
M anufacturing__________________________
Nonm anufacturing______________________

209
109
100

39.5
39.5
40.0

69.00
73.00
64.50

-

-

13
2
11

28
4
24

58
23
35

27
26
1

23
10
13

21
18
3

13
5
8

8
8
-

11
7
4

4
3
1

2
2
-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




_
_
_
-

1
1
-

-

-

_

_

.

-

1
1

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
_
-

2
2
-

_

.

_
_
1
_
1
_

_

_

-

_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

3
3
_
_
.

-

_

.
_
_
-

_

.
_

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

-

_
-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , February 1964)
Avbraos
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W O RK ER S RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN IN G S OF-

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$45
Under and
$45 under
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

over

-

10
~

2
2

1

4
-

2
1

-

6
6

2
2

1
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

and

Women— Continued
—
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B----------------------------------------------- -—
Nonm anufacturing_____________________

108
89

38. 5
38. 0

$84. 00
82. 00

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s C ---------------------------------------------------Nonmanuf ac tur ing --------------------------------------------

44
26

37. 0
36. 5

67. 50
59. 50

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs,
g en eral -----------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing --------------------------------------------

166
83
83

39. 0
38. 5
39. 5

74. 00
73. 50
74. 00

Typists, cla s s A ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _____________________________
Public utilities 2 __________________________

203
153
50
35

39.5
39.5
40. 0
40 .0

77.
75.
83.
86.

Typists, cla s s B ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _____________________________

471
181
290

39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

62. 00
67. 00
59. 00

_

-

-

-

-

"

8
8

7
7

10
10

2
2

15
14

35
33

-

-

7
7

4
4

13
12

3
1

3
-

2
“

7
“

2

14
9
5

8

34
26
8

40
24
16

16
3
13

3
3

10
4
6

6

1

11
3
8

_

_

18
16
2

14
14

-

-

74
59
15
12

19
11
8
4

39
26
13

32
10
22

75
55
20

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

_

-

8

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

50
50
00
50

-

-

-

31
25
6
2

58

104
30
74

64
20
44

71
31
40

7
-

7

-

58

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

17
14
3

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

11
2
9
7

4
4

4
3
1
1

10
5
5
5

8
5
3
3

-

_

1
1

2
2
~

_

~

-

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

17
5
12

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

"

"

"

_

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 1 at $ 25 to $ 30; 6 at $ 35 to $ 40; and 6 at $40 to $45.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L ou isville , K y .—
Ind. , February 1964)
Avbbagb
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

N UM BER OF W O RK ER S RECEIVING ST&AIG HT-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN IN G S OF

$60
and
under
$65

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

18
11

10
8

5
5

35
35

5
2

Men
D raftsm en, s e n io r -----------------------------------M anufacturing------------ -----------------------

135
110

40. 0 $126.50
40. 0
128.00

D raftsm en, ju n io r -----------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------

143
137

40. 0
40. 0

85. 50
84. 50

50
44

39. 5
39. 5

103.50
105.00

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

8
8

2
2

18
9

9
5

3
3

7
7

31
31

34
34

19
19

4
4

6
6

5
2

6
6

18
18

6
3

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

2
1

5
5

8
5

8
7

2
2

11
11

2
1

6
6

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

_

_

16
16

_

3
3

_

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d )_________
M anufacturing--------------------------------------




-

_
-

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

“

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L o u is v i ll e , K y. —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1964)

Average
weekly ,
earning! 1
(Standard) |

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ccupation and industry division

33
49

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing..
N onm anufacturing..

67
333

C lerk s, accounting,
M anufacturing..
N onm anufacturing..
P u b lic u tilitie s 2

495
293
202
85

C lerk s , accounting,
M anufactur ing_.
N onm anufactur ing_.
P u b lic u tilities 2

934
310
624
220

C lerk s, file , c la s s A_.
M anufacturing_____
C le rk s , file , c la s s B .
M anufacturing------_
N onm anufactur in g..

25
117

C lerk s, f ile , c la s s C_
N onm anufacturing..

66
62

C lerk s, o r d e r ..
M anufacturing..
N onm anufactur ing_

171

51T
106

C le rk s, p a y r o l l ____________________________
M anufacturing___________________________
Nonmanufactur ing----------------------------------P u blic utilities 2_____________________

261
151
no
27

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs-----------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_______________________

213
83
130

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph o r D itto)_________
M anufacturing-------------------------

74.
80.
71.
85.

00
00
00
50

$77 .
80.
73.
86.

50
50
00
00

77. 00
79. 00
75. 50

Sw itchboard op era tors..
Manufa cturing..
Nonm anufacturing..

168
55
113

$67. 50
77. 00
63.00

Sw itchboard op er a to r -r e c e p tio n ists _
M anufacturing..
Nonm anufacturing..

209
109
100

69.00
73. 00
64. 50

57
44

116.50
119.00

T abulating-m achine o p era tors ,
M anufacturing..
N onmanuf a cturing..

194
82
112

89. 50
97. 50
84. 00

86
28
58

79. 50
79. ob
80. 00

66. 00
68. 50

147
"69
78

87. 00
84. 00
89. 00

Keypunch o p e ra to rs,
M anufacturing..
Nonmanufacturing.
P u blic utilities 2_.

316
121
195
47

71.
75.
69.
83.

50
50 T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , general
Manufactur ing___________________________
50
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------00

178
95
83

73. 00
72. 5b
74. 00

O ffice boys and g ir ls ..
M anufacturing..
Nonm anufacturing..
P u blic utilities 2

241
99
142
40

62.
63.
61.
78.

50
50
50
00

T y p ists, c la s s A ___________________________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_______________________
P u blic u tilities 2_____________________

203
153
50
35

77.
75.
83.
86.

T yp ists, c la s s B -----------------------------------------M anufacturing___________________________
Nonmanufactur ing-----------------------------------

471
181
290

62. 00
67. 00
59. 00

D raftsm en, sen ior..
M anufacturing_
_

138
113

126. 50
127. 50

D raftsm en, ju n io r .
M anufacturing__

143
137

85. 50
84. 5b

52
46

104.00
105. 50

77. 50 I S e cre ta rie s _
I
M anufacturing..
Nonmanufa ctur ing.
P u blic utilities 2_.
71. bo
64.00
Stenographers, gen eral..
M anufacturing..
52. 50
Nonm anufacturing..
Pu blic utilities 2
51. 50
75. 50
94. 00 9
64. 00 |

M anufacturing..
Nonmanufactur ing_.

532
132

93.
96.
89.
108.

50
50
00
00

726
322
404
136

73.
74.
72.
87.

50
50
50
00

495
303
192

90. 00
89. 5d
91. 50

1, 198
66b

_
Earnings rela te to regu la r straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la ries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ra n sp orta tion , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.




earnings 1
(Standard)

45
25

72. 5b 1Keypunch o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing..
63. 00
N onmanuf a cturing_
103. 50
109.00
95. 50
108. 50

Number
of

T abulating-m achine o p era tors ,
M anufacturing_______________

$75. 50
72. 00
79.00
87. 50

83. 50
85. 50

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

69. 50
64. 50

49
44
26

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)..
Nonmanufa c tu r ing______________________
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A --------M anufacturing..
N onm anufacturing..

weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h in e ).
M anufacturing..
Nonmanufacturing.
P u blic u tilities 2_.

Number
of

T abulating-m achine op erators
Manufacturing.
Nonm anufactur ing _.

c la s s C -------------------

50
50
00
50

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

N u rses, industrial (reg istered )..
Manufactur ing________________

8




Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., F e b r u a r y 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARN INGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

155

Carpenters, maintenance
Manufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing —

122

__

33

E lectrician s, maintenance__ _ _
M anufacturing__ _
__ __ _
Nonmanufacturing— _ __
Public utilities 2 _________________

454
353

Engineers, stationary__________________
M anufacturing-

128

_

_ __

101

95
110

$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90
Average
hourly j Under and
$1.70 under
$1.80 $1.90 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
$3.28
3.32
3.14
3.38
3.44
3.15
3.18
3.18
3.25

-

“

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

.

_

_

"

7

11
6

6

12
11

4
4

1

_

3

_

2

2

“

492
477

3.32
3.32

.

.

.

_

.

.

.

-

-

"

"

-

406
116

2.94
2.94
2.95
3.09

-

18
18

-

-

-

15

1

12

290
221

3

M echanics, maintenance —
M anufacturing-

807
777

3.29
3.30

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

M illwrights _ _
M anufacturing-

179
179

3.16
3.16

_

_

_

220
2ll

2.70
2.71

130
120

3.19
3.24

301
301
62
62

3.39
3.39

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

283
283

3.66
3.66

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

.

3.44
3.44

O ilers—
_
M anufacturing-

—

Painters, maintenance
Manufacturing _ _

__ —

—
----

_____

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance___
Manufacturing
_ _ __
Tool and die m akers__
M anufacturing___

_ —

_

3

1

_
~

_ _

.

4
4

“

_

5
5

59

1

7
3

28
28
-

5

10

_
"

_

6
6

17

2
2

_
~

M echanics, automotive
(maintenance)— _
M anufacturingNonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 2 _________________

27
26

2

_
"

M achinists, maintenance— _
Manufacturing
_ —

5
5

5
5
-

3.35
3.35

24
24

15
15

5
-

1

31

10
1

1

~

9
5

7
7

1

63
9
54

36
24

8

1

12

-

2
2

"

8
8

_

4
4

3

■

-

10
10

1

-

19
15
4

17
17
8

8
8

_

16

_

_

1

7

6
6

24
24

16
16

1
1

6

36
36

20
20

8
8

13
13

48
48

.

-

"

_
_

8
8

42
42

22
22

“

10

' 3
3

38
38
-

_
-

_

_

.

.

-

-

3
3

“

~

.

.

.

_

~

1

3
3
-

-

10

-

"

33
33

5
5

8

2
2

2

_

10
10

.
-

_
-

21
10

79
79

21
21

5
4

1

M achine-tool operators, to o lr o o m ____
M anufacturing_______________________

7

1

-

-

1

84
84
-

-

8
6
2

102

80
80
-

“

1

2.42
2.51
2.32

15
15
-

-

-

215
113

"

48
48

93
55
38
38

10
10

-

1
2

3
3

H elpers, maintenance tr a d e s .
Manufacturing _
_ _ _____ _
Nonmanufacturing___________________

5

12
12

3

5

4
4

12

11

3
3

6

4
7

4
4

2.72
2.77

50
50
-

11

15
15

252
235

_____
___

19
19
-

4
3

-

2
1
1

.

F irem en, stationary b o ile r__
M anufacturing__ _ _

10
10

3
3

-

-

-

22
21
1

5
5
-

9
_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

7
7

_

_

1

~

28
28

1
1

12
12

_
"

1
1

17
17

159
159

206
193

53
53

47
47
46

22

17
8

48
7
41
39

4
4
*

6
1

5
5

29
72
72

17
16
-

29
5
24
24

-

-

-

8

35
35
14

101

9
13
3

24

39
39

40
33

10
6

52
52

208

92
92

259
259

_
-

14
14

_

21

22
22

17

12

6
6

1
1

15
15

22
22

24
24

12
12

_

_

_

7
7

_

15
15

83
83

_

_

_

11

46
46

46
¥5“

17
17

-

16
16

_

2

-

-

6
6

3
3

10
10

27
27

7
7

7
7

2
2

_

-

-

_

-

~

1
1

9

_

_

34
34

39
39

96
96

99
99

_

8
8

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

7
7

13
13

18
18

_

-

-

10
10

10
10

_

_

12
12

7
7

36
36

40
40

174
174

16
16

10
1

50
50

1

3

_

4

-

-

1
1

1

-

2

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

-

_

1

TP
15
14

_

_

_

9

2
2

■

9

_

200

1

41
41 '

"

1

-

_
-

“

~

_
■

_
-

2
2

5
5

_

_

16

_

16
_

_

-

-

_

2
2

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage s tra igh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , F eb ru ary 1964)

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry div isio n

of
w
orker*

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$0.90 $ 1.00 $ 1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $ 1 .60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2740 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30
hourly , Under
earning*
and
$ 0 .9 0 under
$ 1.00 $ 1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $ 1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 over

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen ger
(m e n )----------------------------------------------- --E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen ger
(w om en)— _________ __________

____

26
26

$1.18
1.18

3 10
10

-

_

31

1.09
1.09

_

_

18
18

4
4

9

2.05
2.44
2.71

.
-

.
-

2

31
31

205
33
_
33
172

-

52
52
-

94
94
-

123
3

193
9
184
“

7
7

4
4

25
25

"^ T ~

Guards and w atchm en______________ ___
__ ____________
M anufacturing____
Guards _ ____ __ __ ___ ______
W atch m en ------ — — ----- ----N onm anufacturing-----------------------------Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(m e n )----------- __ __ __ ________ _____
M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 __________________
Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(w om en)___________ ___
______________
M anufacturing---- ----------- --------------Nonmannfa rtnri ng
Pu blir ntilitip s 4

814
452
277
175
362
1,944
1,052

2 .0 0

1.56
1.84
2 .2 0

158

1.43
2.04

342
159
183
31

1.28
1.62

892

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l h an dlin g---------------M anufacturing____________ _____ __
N onm anufacturing------- -------------------P u blic u tilities 4 __________________

2,755
2,143

1.59
1.96

2

10
10

120

45

_

3
3

15

38
18

2

-

2
16
20

2

13
150
38

84
32
52
3

2
2

24
16
-

7

16
8

2

6

5

4

73

48
27

51

20

2

10
6

_

_

12

5

53
25

21

-

39
-

16

112

1

1
1

13
_
_
_
13

14
13

20
10

10

_

3

82
69
13

68

2

72
50

181
173

22
22

8
2

28

78
65
13

78
47
31
3

85
46
39
-

148
131
17
-

238
237

4
-

-

10

166
54
17

_

40

10

26

62

126

16

39

125

40

10

26

62

6
120

47
47

31
8

29

32
32

2.25

_

_

_

_

45

_

325
691

2 .6 0

45

"

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en )_______________
M anufacturing___ _________ _______
N onm anufacturing------------------------------

697
509
188

2.21

P a ck e rs , shipping (w o m e n )____________
M anufacturing- ____ - _________ __

136
130

R eceivin g c l e r k s ________________________
Mannfarhi ring
N onm anufacturing------------------------ ---

259
155
104

2.09

-

-

-

50

-

-

-

12

-

-

38

_

.

1

20

"

_

“

■

15

_

_

_

2.05
_

_

"

-

.

.

"

-

-

-

-

-

Shipping c l e r k s ------- --- ----------- __
M anufacturing- — __ ___ ____ __

100

74

2.53
2.63

Shipping and r e c e iv in g ,c le r k s _________
M anufacturing- — __
_ _________
N onm anufacturing__ _ _ __________

89
42
47

2.23
2.33
2.14

-

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_ "

164
138
26
26

311
311
_
-

522
522
_
-

27
27
_
-

12

104
_
104
104

_
_
-

_
_

-

96
_
96
96

12

134
18

58
58

32
32

72
72

_
_

8
8

_

.
_

.
_

160
160

24
24

8
8

3
3

_
_

10
10

4
4

2
2

_
_

-

"

-

"

14

35

8

~

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

14
14

8
8

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
_

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

“

"

~

_

19

11

12

23

28

7

36
31
5

138
138
~

74
70
4

_

.

_

7
7

1
1

48
48

-

22
22

18
17

16
7

34
24

28
16

15
5

1

9

10

12

10

8
8

3
-

10
10

10
10

22

5
5

.

23
23
"

6
_
6

3
2

6

1

5

31
2

12
12

21
21

_

.

"

"

4
4

-

~

3

.

7

2

9

17

"

2

9

17

17
13
4

16
7

7

9

12
1
11

~

.

2

-

“

-

9
-

3
-

3
3

-

1

-

-

8
5
3

-

-

-

29
29

7
5
2

‘

_
-

39

18
6
12

'

6
6

1

2

'

-

124

-

1

-

12

10

-

_
_
_

27

-

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
_
-

49

16

10

.

.

2
2

_
_
_

20

176
118
58

8
8

3

2 .1 0

2

-

_
_
_
-

176
80
96

74
27
47

115

2

1,016

-

220

39
37

O rd er f ille r s - — _____________ _______
Manufac tur in g-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------

-

-

81
34
47

268

-

16
16

1

154
140
14

-

8
8

20

1

-

58
58
_

7
7

111

_

-

142
142
_
-

7
4
3

20
8
8

_
_
_

74
74
_
-

1

2
2

_
_
_

44
44
•
_
-

-

18

14
14
14
_

-

r

—

14
6
14 -----

-

10

-




88

25

44
44
44
_

69
69

-

20

-

S ee f o o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .

8

11

75
75
75
_

79
65
65
_
14

20
20

-

2.38
2.56

234
138
96

_
_
-

6

69

43
43

119
105
14

43
43
43
_

29
4

63

-

2 .02

10
1

10
10

2
2

9
_
9

12

33
24
9

2.39
1.72

58

20

33

2.35
2.34
2.38
2.93

612

1

60
27
_
27
33

'

'

-

~
'

_

_
12

2
2
2

-

116

11

8

g

1

-

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d., F e b r u a r y 1964)
In
N U M B E R OF W O RK ER S RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A R N IN G S OF—

,

$0.90 $ 1 .00 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30
Under and
and
$0.90 under
$ 1 .0 0 $ 1.10 $ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 over

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v era g e
h o u rly
e a rn in g !

1, 657
427
1, 230
633

$2.67

T ru ck d riv e rs , light (under
1V2 ton s)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing-

103
36
67

1.87
2.27
1.65

_

2

2

3

2

2

T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 ton s)____________________
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing-

569
180
389

2.33
2 .9 0

_

_
-

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e )
M anufacturing
Nonmanuf actur ing

535
53
482

2 .8 6

T ru c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type)

133

2.90

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

T r u ck d riv e rs 5 --------------------------------------Manuf actur ing------------------------------------N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 4

----------------------------

--------- ----- - —
_____ — _ ———
__ ____— —
---- ---

----------- - — —
__________ —
_________
---------

T ru ck ers , pow er (forklift)
M anufacturing
Nnnmannfa rtnring
PnHlir liHlitips *

__

— ___
——

T ru c k e r s , pow er (other than
fo r k lif t ) ____ _____ ________ — _________ _
Marmfa rtnring

1
2
3
4
5
6

1 160
,

2 .6 8

2.67
2.85

2.07

_
-

-

_

2

_

48

2

2

48

2

_

6

-

6

44
5
39

-

12

3

_
“

-

19

18

19

6
12

_

2

-

2

-

19

12

2

■

12

"

19

12

45

-

6

45

6

32
5
27

5
5
"

32
32

-

2

-

_

-

_
_
"

-

8
8

_
_
"

-

161
3
158
144

21

10

2
2

3
7

_
-

151

"

151

-

19
2
2

15
15
-

13

9
5
4
4

215
18
197
39

78
63
15
■

85
76
9

174
5
169
"

27
13
14
-

46
43
3
-

78
52
26
~

469
33
436
436

5
5
■

16
14

3

4

1
2

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

4

7

-

4

12
12

4

138
3
135

-

7

-

13
8

-

-

972
188
39

2.51
2.52
2.48
2.48

118
73

2.48
2.60

2

-

-

10
10

-

66

-

-

52
14

54

-

54
“
!
i

29
29
“

-

-

■

~

"

49
49

"

49
49
-

_
-

-

9
4
5

169

14

169

14

37
34
3

12

169
4
165

9

60

-

1

-

-

63

-

_

122

83
83

34
34

243
243

6

-

25
25

-

-

5

282
218
64
14

-

22

23
23

-

_

60

3.00

11
11

60

3.02

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $0.80 to $0.90.
T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s of s ize and type of truck operated.
A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $4.20 to $4.30.




5
5

5
5

-

12
12

32
32

48
42
6

5
2
3

3

60
60

39

5

203
198
5

14

18
104

-

-

12

-

6 54

-

54

6

20

-

3
3

28
28

-

_

_

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class 4. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class BmSorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under close supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN-Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
e tc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materialsor tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he i ; per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o: a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

17
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.m echanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

18
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




19
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen , who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

20
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins maybe purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, E> C. , 20402,
.
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Akron, Ohio____________________________________
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y ________________
Albany—
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J________
N.
Atlanta, Ga_____________________________________
Baltimore, M d _________________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________
Birmingham, A la______________________________
Boise, Idaho___________________________________
Boston, M a ss1
__________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Buffalo, N. Y ___________________________________
Burlington, V t_____________________________ -___
Canton, Ohio____ _____________ _____ ______. . . ___
Charleston, W. V a ____________________ ________
Charlotte, N. C ____-_____ ____________ _______ _
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga________________________
Chicago, 1111____ _____ -__________ ________ ___
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio________________________________
Columbus, Ohio________________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Dallas, T e x ____________________________________
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111______
Davenport—
Dayton, Ohio1__________________________________
Denver, Colo1______________________ _______ ___
Des Moines, Iowa1_____________________________
Detroit, Mich___________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex_______________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S. C ________________________________
Houston, T e x _________________ _________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

Indianapolis, Ind 1
______________________________
Jackson, M iss1_________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ______________________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans 1_______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
________________
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind____________________________
Lubbock, Tex__________________________________
Manchester, N. H_______________________________
Memphis, Tenn 1_______________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1385-50
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

Bulletin
number

Price

Miami, F la 1_____________________________________
Milwaukee, W i s 1________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn_____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ic h ____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J 1__________________
New Haven, Conn1_______________________________
New Orleans, L a _________________________________
New York, N. Y 1
_________________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
____________________________
Clifton— assaic, N. J _________________
P
Pater son—
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J 1_________________________
Phoenix, A r iz ____________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ___________________________________
________________________________
Portland, M aine1
Portland, Oreg. — a sh __________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— a s s 1
M
____________
Raleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
Richmond, Va 1
____________________ -______________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Rockford, 111_____________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake City, U tah____________________________
________________________________
San Antonio, T e x 1
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif1____
San Diego, C alif_________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif1
__________________
Savannah, G a_____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W ash 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Sioux Falls, S. D ak1____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W ash 1
.._________________________________
Toledo, Ohio_____________________________________
Trenton, N. J _____________________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a _____________________
V
Waterbury, Conn1________________________________
Waterloo, Iow a__________________________________
Wichita, Kans____________________________________
W orcester, M ass_________________________________
York, P a 1________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

25
20
25
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102