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Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1964

B ti 1 < t i n IS o . 1385-49
1*




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY

1964

Bulletin No. 1385-49
M ay 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 30 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

The B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a r k e ts , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and fo r the U n ited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n e e d f o r g r e a te r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g es b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the s t r u c tu r e and le v e l o f w ag es am ong la b o r
m a r k e ts and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

In trod u ction _____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ---------------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in dividu al a r e a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a c h la b o r m a rk et stud ied.
A ft e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in div idu al a r e a b u lletin s fo r
a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a rt su m m a ry b u lletin is is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r e a ch o f the la b o r m a rk e ts
stu d ied in to on e b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts in ­
fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l la b o r
m a r k e t data to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the U nited
S ta te s .

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n tly a re in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is
c o lle c t e d an n u ally in e a c h a r e a . In form a tion on e s t a b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is o b ­
ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , in F e b r u a r y 1964.
It
w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in New
Y o rk , N. Y. , b y John G. C a ste lla n i, u nder the d ir e c tio n
o f H a r o ld A . B a rle tta . The study w as u n der the g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r, A s sis ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c t o r f o r W a ges and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y
and n u m ber stu d ied -----------------------------------------------------------------------------In dexes o f stan d ard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -------------------------------

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2.
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — en and w om en __
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ------------------------------------------------------A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s -----------------------------A - 5.
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

10
11
13

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ____
B - 2.
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls -----------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s _______________________
B - 7 . P a id s ic k le a v e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

15
16
17
18
19
22
23

A ppendix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

*N O T E :
S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le f o r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r . )

C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s in the N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity
a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r le a th e r tanning and fin ish in g
(M a r c h 1963), the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (A p r il 1963), and
w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' d r e s s e s (M a r c h 1963). U nion s c a le s ,
in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le f o r the
fo llo w in g tr a d e s o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in t­
in g, lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k
d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

H
i

3

5
9

25




Occupational Wage Survey—Newark and Jersey City, N.J.
Introduction

as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k sch ed u les
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have been
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b or S ta tistics con d u cts su r v e y s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld
e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e sta b lish m en ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry
d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou ps e x clu d e d fr o m th ese
stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e
in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t in clu s io n . S ep arate ta bu ­
la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich
m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich
both m en and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c t o r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u al s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ifi c d u ties p e r fo r m e d , although the o c c u ­
p a tion s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ith in the sa m e su r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in
a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stud ied s e r v e on ly to
in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stud ied. T h ese d i f f e r ­
e n ce s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in ter esta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the o c cu p a tio n is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in div id u al esta b lish m en t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e le c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s . A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . " O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ction s. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n
and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and tra in e e s ) e n ­
gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e
ex clu d ed in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed in nonm an ufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h ifts. N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b on u ses
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu ded . W h ere w eek ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d ,




M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta ble B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is it e d . T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f e sta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la ry p o li c ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s o f (a) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
s u r v e y . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plyin g to a m a jo r ity w a s u se d o r , i f no am oun t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a t io n ’ ’o t h e r " w as u s e d . In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated a s ap plyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s (ta b le s B -4
th rou gh B -7 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s
a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d . Sum s
o f in d iv id u al ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B -7 m a y not equ al to ta ls
b e c a u s e o f rou n d in g.
D ata on p a id h olid a y s
(ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid a y s g ra n ted an n ually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m . H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n o n ­
w o rk d a y , ev en i f the w o r k e r is n ot g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the pa id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n ted . The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h olid a y t im e .
The s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o l i c i e s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff
w ith pa y is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r . S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch a s tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
o r fla t -s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the tabu la tion s o f v a c a tio n p a y,
pa ym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as the equ iv alen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during die 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data a re p r e s e n te d fo r a ll h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plans (ta b le s B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as
w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans in clude th ose u n d e r w ritte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a u n ion fund o r paid d ir e c t ly
by the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set
a s id e f o r this p u rp o s e . Death b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f
life in su r a n ce .
S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in su ra n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In form ation is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s. H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k lea ve plan s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S ep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r paid s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
tota l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p es o f b e n e fit s .
C ata strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n ce , in clu d e s th ose plan s w h ich are! d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e f e r s to plan s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Such pla n s m a y be u n d e r w ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d . T ab u lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 196 4

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
of study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

1, 248
100
100
50
100
50
50

Studied

Studied

A ll d iv is io n s — ----------------------------------- ------------------- ------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________________________
—
_ ----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g— — ------- — —
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 ---------------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------- -------- — —
- — —
~ ~ — — _ — — ———
R e ta il t r a d e _________ —
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e — --------— ---------------S e r v ic e s --- ---------------------------------- ----------

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

T o t a l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

276

4 2 9 ,9 0 0

83, 900

260, 800

239, 790

586
662

122
154

244, 900
185, 000

34, 700
49, 200

169, 200
91, 600

122, 560
117, 230

82
210
74
117
179

27
39
24
28
36

53, 700
24, 200
36, 200
34, 200
3 6 ,7 0 0

9,
6,
3,
24,
5,

31, 600
11, 100
27, 400
6 900
20, 600

100
600
800
500
200

43,
7,
25,
20,
20,

600
530
530
230
340

1 The N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a s c o n s is t o f E s s e x , H udson, M o r r is , and U nion C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s
w ithin s c o p e of study" e s tim a tes show n in
this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the size and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed
in the s u rv e y . The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is of
c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo y m e n t in d exes fo r the a re a s to m e a s u re e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se
o f esta b lish m en t data co m p ile d con s id e r a b ly
in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y.
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin
the a re a s ) o f c o m p a n ies in su ch
in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s are c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d e d f r o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp orta tion w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l esta te e sta b lish m e n ts only.
W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l
estate p o r tio n only in " a l l
in d u stry " e s tim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; autom obile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e erin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s,
and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , N ew ark and J e r s e y City, N. J.
Index
(F e b r u a r y 1961*100)

Industry and occu p a tion a l group

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e

F e b ru a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1963
to
F e b r u a r y 1964

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en)
— ----In d u strial n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m aintenance (m e n )______________ ____ _
U n sk ille d plant (men) _ -------------------------

109.3
113.6
109.6
109.0

1.8
2.8
3.7
2.8

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en)
In d u strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en)
S k ille d m aintenance (men) --------U n sk ille d plant (m en )___ -----------------

109.1
113.0
109.4
108.7

2.3
1.9
4.0
3.6

----------- -------------_ ------------------

F e b ru a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

F e b r u a r y I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

3.1
6.0
3.1
4.0

4.2
4.2
2.6
1.9

2.8
3.8
3.4
4.2

3.0
7.0
2.9
3.3

3.5
3.6
2.3
1.6

2.8
4.3
3.5
4.4

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o r k sch e d u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p .
The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on m e n and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and t y p is ts , c la s s A and B . The in d u str ia l n u rse data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l han dlin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
the jo b s du ring the p e r io d




s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s w e r e
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w eig h ted ea rn in g s

fo r in d iv id u al occu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a te fo r
e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n ta g e )
o f the g rou p ag g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a te fo r the o th e r
y e a r w a s com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .
The
in d e x e s w e r e com p u ted by m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r e a ch g rou p
a g g re g a te fo r each p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T he in dex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) changes in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e
r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u s e
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l
w ag e ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , even though no ch a n ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
esta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The use of con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly ch a n g es in
a v e r a g e pay fo r str a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h e y a re not in flu e n c e d by
ch a n g es in standard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

The a b ov e tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u se d in com pu tin g a new in d ex
(1961 b a s e ) and tren d s e r ie s . T h is s e r i e s , in itia ted w ith the ex p a n sion o f the
la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S tandard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s ,
r e p la c e s the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a s e ).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou p in gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x c e p tio n s : The c l e r i c a l and in d u str ia l n u rse g ro u p s , fo r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w o m e n , now in clu d e both m en and w o m e n . Changes w e re a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ith in jo b g rou p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t cou ld be
e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1964)
A verage
Number
of

Weekly

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$45

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

-

$40
and
under

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160
and

$100 $105 $110

$115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 o v e r '

Men
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h in e )_____
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u blic u t ilit ie s 2------------------------------

70
69
69

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u blic utilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------Finance 3 ___________________________

379
135
244
31
91
73

38.
39.
37.
37.
37.
36.

0
0
5
0
5
5

106.50
108.00
105. 00
100.50
116. 00
94. 00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B -------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------

241
61
180

38. 5
39. 0
38. 5

97. 50
96. 50
97. 50

C lerks, file , c la s s B -------------------------------

98

38. 0

61. 00

C lerk s, o r d e r ____________________________
M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------------

258
121
137
121

C lerk s, p a y r o ll-----------------------------------------

80

O ffice b o y s ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P ublic u t ilitie s 2 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Finance 3 ___________________________

39. 5 $107.00
107.00
39. 5
107. 00
39. 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

"

17
17
17

5
4
4

9
9
9

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

3
_
3

3
_
3

6
_
6

7
4
3

16
16

3

4

1

1
8

19
6
13
2
6
3

35
13
22
9
4
3

3

5
3
2

5
5

7
4
3

1

1

_

_

3

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

13

2

2

3

3

_

_

15
7
8

5
3
2

48

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
3
13

_

_
-

-

19
19

9
1
8

13
1
12

13
3
10

15
6
9

25
13
12

12
5
7

22
11
11

17
4
13

9
4
5

2

_

25

37

9

6

9

_

_

5

3

1

_

1

_
_

.

-

_
_

6
6
6

14
14
-

24
1
23
20

33
23
10
10

28
22
6
6

39
15
24
22

27
3
24
22

13
10
3
-

10
7
3
-

40
9
31
30

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8
3
5
5

5
5

-

11
9
2
-

14

10

6

9

5

3

7

3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

4
3
1
1

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
1
4

5
1
4

_

1

_
_

3
2
1

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

496
182
314
66
68
139

38.
39.
37.
38.
37.
37.

0
0
5
0
0
0

62. 00
62.00
62. 50
69. 00
59. 50
62. 00

1
1

9
8
1

_
-

_
_

-

-

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
c la s s A---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------F in a n ce3 -----------------------------------------

278
140
138
93

38.
39.
37.
37.

5
0
5
0

108. 50
108. 00
109.50
104. 50

.

.

.

.

_

_

_

_

T abulating-m achine op era tors,
c la s s B---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P ublic utilities 2-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------Finance 3 ___________________________

407
171
236
38
74
96

38.0
39. 0
37. 5
38. 0
37. 0
37. 0

201
64
137
68

38.
39.
37.
36.




22
9
13

26
21
5
2
_
2

-

_

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

34
8
26
2
17

37
11
26
1
18
5

_
-

-

98. 00

50
50
50
00

11
3
8
_
2
2

29
10
19
3
9
2

_

-

3
3

38. 0

76.
80.
74.
72.

1
1
1

_

-

0
0
5
5

7
7
7

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s C---------------------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------

1
1
1

_

.

50
00
50
50
00
00

8
8
8

_
-

-

_

95.
97.
94.
104.
99.
89.

49
23
26
8
1
17

7
7
7

_
-

_

.

98.
96.
101.
101.

60
20
40
4
10
20

7
7
7

_
-

-

_

0
5
0
0

_

3

50
00
00
00

37.
36.
38.
38.

1
1
1

-

_

_

_

2

3

4

7

6

69
24
45

152
42
110
23
13
64

108
45
63
7
14
40

66
29
37
13
6
18

38
21
17

11
3
8
1

22
1
21
16

6
10

10
6
4
1
1
2

_

_

_

-

26

.
-

3
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

.

_

_

-

-

8
-

8
7

_

24
6
18

_

5

3
3

6
2
4

_

3

9

10

9

43
24
19
2
10
4

20

18
10
8
7

43
1
42
19

54
28
26
9

19
5
14
10

9

-

_

3

9

-

20
11

12
2
10

_

-

_

6
4
2

36
20
16

14
12
2

_
_

12

40
24
16
16

28
18
10
10

38
15
23
13

54
18
36
29

37
21
16
13

21
15
6
5

18
11
7
1

6
3
3

6
6

7

_

~

-

7
3

60
38
22
2
10
5

61
18
43
5
25
12

65
22
43
14
11
16

23
7
16
2

22
10
12
3
6
3

26
11
15
7
7
1

10
4
6
2
3

9
5
4
1
2

_

1
1

3
3

_

_
_

10
4
6
2

8
2
6
3

2

2

_

12

-

-

2

2

3
2
1

-

"

_
_

1

_
_
_
_

h

6
Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
Averace
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$45

$50

$55

$ 50

$55

$60

2

1

5
5

2

$ 40
W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings1
hour*1
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

$65

$ 70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$ 100

$105

$110. $115

$ 12 0

$12 5

$ 13 0

$135

$140

$14 5

$ 15 0

$155

$160

$65

$ 70

$75

$80

$85

$ 90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$125

$130

$135

$ 14 0

$14 5

$150

$155

$ 16 0

over

1
P

22
10
12
-

27
13
14
14

23
14
9
9

30
17
13
1

20
20

27
10
17
12

7

2

1

-

24
14
10
1

7
1

2
2

1
1

5
5

8
8

6
2
4

2

w

and
$12 0

W om en

191
103
88
42

3 8.0
37.5
3 8.0
3 9 .0

$ 7 7 .0 0
76.5 0
78.5 0
8 1.0 0

153
80
73

3 8.5
37.5
3 9 .0

7 0.0 0
74.5 0
6 5 .0 0

-

283
107
176

3 8 .0
3 7 .0
38.5

8 0 .0 0
8 7.0 0
76.0 0

.

780
203
577
106
381

38.5
38.5
38.5
3 8 .0
38.5

70.5 0
7 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
78.0 0
6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s A ----------------- —
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_
- - —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
—
— F in a n c e 3 ___ - __ - __ __ _____ __________
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------—---------- —

791
411
380
248
50

3 8 .0
38.5
37.5
37.5
3 8 .0

9 4 .5 0
1 00.00
8 9 .0 0
8 2.0 0
1 08.50

_
-

C le r k s , a cco u n tin g , c l a s s B ----- ----M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________ __________ ___
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
. —
_
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------------------------------

1, 229
510
719
97
130
166
68

37.5
3 9 .0
3 7.0
3 7 .0
3 7.5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

77.0 0
79.0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 9.0 0
7 7.5 0
78.5 0
6 6 .0 0

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ---------- ------- ---------M annfa r h ir in g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
F in a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------

242
68
174
110

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

79.0 0
8 3 .5 0
77.5 0
72.0 0

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------ —-------------------N on m a n n fa rtn rin g
F in a n ce 3 _____________ ___ _____ ___ _
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------

932
137
795
625
113

3 7.5
3 8.5
37.5
3 7 .0
38.5

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C --- ----------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------- -------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------F in a n rp ^

482
200
282
27
166

3 8 .0
38.5
3 7.5
3 6 .0
37.5

B i ll e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) ---------

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------B i ll e r 8, m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e ) ___ _____ ___ ______ _______ _

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ------------- ----- - - —

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s B
----- ----- ~

-

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
WVinl Aaal a f i*a^A

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




3

9

3

9

9
8
1

37
11
26

24
14
10

18
6
12

16
12
4

23
16
7

1

-

.

3

29

41
1
40

23
2
21

67
52
15

48
17
31

7
2
5

24
24

147
22
125
40
82

93
62
31
20
5

73
25
48
22
7

45
30
15
10

27
11
16
12

15
15
-

5
5
-

2
2
-

1

_

4

1

-

.

_

-

-

_

_

1

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
14
8

11
6
5

_
-

2
1
1

_
-

2
2

2
2

3
3

1

3
i

4
3

3

29

28
3
25

44

78

44

180
19
161

65
12
53

42

78
2
62

133

50

_
-

_
-

_
-

11
11
11
-

30
30
29

30
1
29
27
-

67
20
47
41
6

57
20
37
28
1

118
42
76
61
8

76
28
48
28
1

I ll
92
19
5

110
87
23
8
6

37
29
8
1
5

65
40
25
8
12

25
23
2
1
-

12
8
4
2

1

1

-

-

2

2

3

_
_

8
8
8
_

16
16
_
5
2
9

76
9
67
5
4
19

139
28
111
4
16
22
10

134
55
79
8
26
7
2

151
76
75
3
8
19
6

213
113
100
26
11
42
15

178
92
86
12
16
21
5

110
56
54
20
11
21

65
28
37
10
8
10
2

63
26
37
2
11
16

31
17
14
2
6

28
6
22
2
6
2

6
1
5

4
3
1

2

5

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

23
16
7
1

19
5
14
11

1

3
2
1
-

1
-

4
2
2
-

2
2

1

.

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

29
10
19
-

12
4
8

"

10
3
7
6

4
4
-

-

48
12
36
21

1

-

69
9
60
54

2

-

4
1
3
3

13

-

-

*

"

-

-

-

6 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

35
35
34
-

17
17
14
-

96
12
84
60
18

309
3
306
274
30

175
25
150
126
6

113
36
77
69
7

105
32
73
37
26

28
12
16
1
9

10
3
7

6
1
5
2
3

2
1
1

1

1

1

1

1

7

33
12
21
8
7

6 1 .5 0
6 5.0 0
5 8 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

110
12
98
3
61

137
50
87
_
64

99
49
50
6
30

50
29
21
11
7

27
17
10
_
3

37
24
13
4
1

17
15
2
2

3
2
1
1

2
2

-

*

13

1
1

-

1

1

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
worker*

Weeklyj
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F -

$40
Weekly
and
earning* 1
(Standard) u n d e r
$45

$45

$50

$55

~$60~

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

over

12
-

5
-

25

74
20
54

63

19
6
_

92
44

23
12
11

30
27
3
-

21
6
15
10

17
12

5
_

25
11
14

5

6

3

1

13
16
3
_

90
52

63

70

29
34

48
22

9
7

6
6

7
12
1

13
11
2
2
_

3
3

_

1
1

275
153
122
21

and

W om en— Continued
C le r k s , o r d e r ___________
M anufacturing_______
Nonmanufa ctur ing___
W holesale t r a d e __
R etail trade_______
C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______
M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufa c tu r ing_
W holesale trade
Finance 3_ ______
S e r v ic e s ________
Com ptom eter o p e r a to r s _________________
M anufacturing________________________
Nonm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilities 2__________________
R etail trade_______________________
D uplicating-m ach ine op era tors
(M im eograph o r D itto)________
N onm anufactur ing___________

427
196
231

5
5
0
5

$ 7 4 .0 0
7 7 . 50
71. 00
7 3 . 00

_
_

12
-

37. 5

67 . 00

-

12

38. 0
38. 5
38. 0

89. 00
9 2 .0 0
84. 00

_

-

_

-

_

39. 0
37. 5
37. 5

88. 00
8 2 . 50
87. 00

_

-

,

8 3 . 50
84. 00
8 2 . 50
8 7 .0 0

135

38. 0
38. 5
3 7 .5
37. 0
37. 5

79 . 00

88
58

38. 5
37. 5

6 5 . 50
60 . 00
85.
86.
83.
98.
78.

00
50
00
50
50

119
64
674
429“
245
50
64
50
514
253
261
34

37.
37.
37.
37.

-

2
-

9
9
-

-

9

8
2
6
2
2

33
10

2
-

.

.

14

-

16
14

22

-

19

8

_
_
-

38. 5

371

39. 0
37. 5

Keypunch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B___________
M anufacturing________________________
N onmanufa c tu r ing____________________
P u blic u tilities 2_________________ _
W holesale t r a d e __________________
Finance 3___________________________

898
382
516
192
83
205

37. 5
38.
36.
36.
37.
37.

5
5
0
0
0

72.
73.
71.
70.
75.
70.

00
50
00
50
50
00

O ffice g i r l s ______________
M anufacturing_________
N onmanuf a c tu r ing________
Finance 3
_______________

325
87
238
94

38.
38.
37.
37.

0
0
5
5

62.
60.
63.
58.

00
00
00
50

1
-

-

-

38. 5

102. 00

-

39.
37.
37.
37.
38.
37.
38.

0
5
0
5
5
0
0

l0 2 . 50
101. 00
1 0 5 . 50
1 0 0 .5 0

_
-

-

38. 0

81 . 00
83. 00

.

S e c r e t a r ie s ______________________________
M anufacturing________________________
N onmanuf a ctu rin g____________________
P u blic u tilities 2__________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade_______________________

Stenographers, g e n e r a l______
Manufactur ing_____________
Nonm anufacturing_________
P u blic u tilities 2_______
W holesale t r a d e _______
Finance 3________________
S e r v ic e s ________________
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le ,




4 , 582

“ 2732 T
2, 258
385
366
103
766
638
2 , 193
1 ,0 3 4
1, 159
284
143
409
299

39. 0
37. 5
37. 0
39. 0
38. 0
37. 0

9 7 . 50
9 5 . 50
1 0 6 .5 0

.

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

23
6
13

8
4

14
49
30
19

7
4

32
IS
17

31
21
10

5
2
1

4
2

19
7
12
2

49
21

82

28
1

51
31
_

9

19

14

15
10

6
4

61

26
41
1
16
2

9
8

19

84
43
41
2
28

49
22
2
14

1

-

_
_

_
-

_
_

85. 00

-

-

11
3
8
1

3
-

5
-

27

86
17

3
-

5

20
12
8
-

147
75
72
6
_

319
167
152

1
50

9
59
39

_
_

2

23
-

7
67

2

79

2

1
20

15
11

3
2

4

2

-

2

9
4

1
1

1

1

22

10

17

3

192
121
71
17
17
12
25

17
1
16
5

159
23
11
64
50

21

300

49
9
40

296
137

21
23

29
74

98
27
71
3

56
144
40
23

44

44

529
305
224
54

112
25
87
73

200

48

18
57

627
253
374

5
5

156
46
110
34

302
182
120

29
27
16
146
83

365
202
163
72
14
13
13
51

598
338
260

25
20

38
10

530

363
19 O
173
25
27
7
68
46

1
1
_

2
2

2
_

3

_

i

2

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

10
10
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_

1
1

1

29
6
20

28
5
_

1

—

1

8
34

2

_

_

13

2

2
1

_

69
20

-

4
4
_

3

67

2

15
1
14
7

3
1

136

77
139
37
27
72

-

7
3

2
1

216

98
58
5
31

-

9
2

4

162
64

-

-

4
-

36

2
2

5

6
7

4

20
10
10
-

48

6
2
4

69
38
31
7
6
16

35

4

16
13
3
_

89
28
61
17
24
17

9

15
6

14
2
12
4

18
6
8

109
52
57

9

4
4

22
4

n
31

29

12

3

44

45
21
24
4

-

2

5
3
2
_
_

6
5

6
5
_

57
5
37

-

3
_

33
27

29
5
7
7

144

47
_

-

82
53

19
2
3
10

99
55
44
_

8
20
-

69
15

9
9

116
97

125
83
42
1
34

12
-

1
26
1
-

19
2
6

5
5

12
2

6

12
_

4

55
36

5
r
2

21
14
7
4
3

!

12
-

68
21

71

5
4
1

3
3

12
-

5
31
14
_

28

-

38
7

2

_

50
50
00
50

79.
83.
80.
72.

5
5

-

-

700

38. 0
37. 5

35
18
17

2

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , cla s s A __
M anufacturing_______________
Nonm anufacturing___________
P u blic u tilities 2_________
Finance 3_________________

329
59
192

_

48
44
4

15
355
178
177
25
26
79
46

1

11
34

305
147
158
15
16
50
68

87

2

156
144
29
35
32
46

16
40
31
9
3
5

75
13
61
67

5

102
73

37

29
18
11

21

7
4

7
_

3
3
_

7
4
1

2

16
21

44

4

193
76

57
65

142
100
42
32
_

123
48
75
51

229
301

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

69
25

25
15
10

20
10
10

21

11

15

44

5

5

5

3
_

_
_

_

2
2

1

_

_

1

12

-

9

3

35
14
13
10

1
8

-

22
4

100
54
46
10
13

2

125
83
42
11

12
2
7
10

5
31

.

1

_
-

1
1

5
16

2

2

4

5

4

17
1

6

11
1
_
_

5
1
_

3

2

.

_

.

_

_

_

-

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
A verage
Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F $45

$50

$55

” $60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140' $145

$150

$155

$160

$45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$155

$160

over

_
_
_

_
_

4
-

19
-

65
34
31
2

159
123

127
62

178

113
74

20

-

-

-

15
1

9

25
6

39
3
14

-

65
6
35
10

46
5
21

-

36
2
23
7

128
94
34
3

_

2
2
_
_
_

224

_
_
_

16

14
-

5
-

50
6
44
_
_

91
32

80

83

71
_

36
47
4

-

7
12

15
24

5
10

6

-

14

2

13
4
4

59
8
21
3

39
41
1

95
37

5
_
_

38
13
25
_
_

95
24

14
_
_
_
_

23
2
21
_

6

5

58
41
12
2
2
1

12
-

5

40
38
2
_
-

6

2

-

$40
Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings*
(Standard)

and
under

and
$150

W om en— Continued
Stenographers, se n io r ____
M anufacturing--------------N onm anufacturing--------Pu blic u tilities 1 -----2
Finance 3------------------S e r v ic e s -------------------

1, 0 2 6

Switchboard o p era tors ____
M anufacturing--------------N onmanuf a c tur ing--------P ublic u t ilitie s 2____
W holesale t r a d e ____
Retail trade_________
Finance 3------------------S e r v ic e s -------------------

670

Sw itchboard o p e r a tor-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2______________
W holesale t r a d e ______________

691
335
42
159
87

219
451
106
68
81
136
60

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

$ 8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

65
167
54

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

90

3 8 .5

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 6 .0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 5 .5

6 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

3
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

-

_
_

7 0 .0 0

441
172

_
_

8 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

313

_

19
3

19
16
36

16

-

26
1

85
71
14

180
63
117

5

26

177
110
67
3

9

39
13

59
4

1 0 2 .0 0

106
75

_

4
_

749
417
332

8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

_
-

-

12
_

9

9
13
15

83

52

23

12

12

40
12

20
3
1

7
5

6
6

19

49
34
11
6
15

66
14

20
10

4
2

10
7
1
_

2

4
4
_

2

52

_

_

1

_

2
_

-

2

1

30
25
5
-

32

11
11

4
-

2
2

45
2
2
3

6

3
2

_

1

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
_

_

_

_

-

-

4

114
56
58
22
17

62
25
37

18

-

-

16
16
2
7
7

32

17

4

27

1

12
11

3
1

21

4
2

4
2

3

2

5

7
26

5

_

4

4

Tabulating-m achine operators,
1

4

3

1

Tabulating-m achine operators,
M anufacturing-----------------------

11
11

11
11

2

33

65

79

-

4
3

19
17

11
5

54

41

28

5

59
36
23
21

13
4

35
6

9
6

29
17

149
91
58
6
5
21

122

-

9

"

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

Tabulating-m achine operators,
T ran scribin g-m ach in e operators,
general-.
M anufacturing-------------- -—
N onmanuf a ctur ing_______ Finance 3----------------------T ypists, cla ss A -------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_____________________
P ublic u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------S e r v ic e s -----------------------------------------T ypists, cla ss B ---------------M anufacturing---------------N onm anufacturing______
P ublic utilities 2_____
W holesale t r a d e _____
R etail trade__________
Finance 3-------------------S ervices — ----------------

269
178
1, 10 8
595
513
62
99
199
149
3, 444
1, 2 2 4
2, 220
209
238
113
1, 4 6 2
198

_

8
-

11
-

35
-

80
23

8

11
11

35

57
38

90
45
45
36

72
40
32

105
25
80
3

315
235

20
47
10

135
23
112
30
15
55
12
472

320

9

'

-

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

-

35
24

_

11
_

78
14
64
_

_

_
_

_

8
3

16
47

-

-

-

-

-

15
_

62
-

205
-

15
_
_
_

62
-

205
-

546
125
421

32
2

15

28

46
5
152
2

19
20
14

732
172
560
46
60
42

358
10

371
41

_
_

717
297
420
40
31
25
277
47

32

80
1
13
23
43

263

171

209
20
26
12

149
30
5
6
96
12

128
23

24
148
101
47
18
2
5
6
16

89
33
9
11
1
11
99
41
58
28
10
1
5
14

23
5
18
6
85
41
44
2
1
-

4
2
2
2
25
17
8
5
1
_

-

30
26
4
1
_
_

11
11

22
7
15
3
8
2

5
2
3
1
1

2
1
1
1

41

2

3

2

1

-

41

26
13
13
_

33

8
6
2

4

16

4

16

4

16

26
15
1
2
1
3
8

1

9
24
7
1

3

_

9

2

_

16

1 J
—
1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$70 $75
and
under
$75
$80

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 $190

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 $190 over

and

Men
D raftsm en, le a d e r—
M anufacturing-----N onmanuf actur ing.
D raftsm en, s e n io r ________________
M anufacturing---------------------------N onm anufacturing------------- —----D raftsm en, ju n io r ______
M anufacturing----------Nonm anufacturing___
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3__
S e r v i c e s ---------------

358
305
53

38.5
39.0
37.0

1, 109
720
389

39.0
39.5
38.0

132.00
129.50
136.00

434
310
124
37
84

39.0
39.0
39.0
38.0
39.5

103.50
101.00
110.00
116.50
107.50

279
224
55

39.0
39.5
38.0

108.50
108.50
108.50

2
2

&159.00
156.00
176.00

-

_

8
4
4

6

2
4

14
11
3

_

2
2

6
6

-

-

-

"

"

19
16
3

88
87
1
1

48
45
3
2
1

72
50
22

22
18
4

_

_

_

_

3

4

3

3

6

4
2

10
9
-1

10

-

15
15

_

9
9

22
22

29
24
5

95
56
39

182
148
34

130
89
41

70
52
18

108
51
57

108
54
54

15
8
7
7

49
25
24
14
10

35
21
14

2
2

24
19
5

40
34

15
9

6

6

33
25
8

14
11
3

10
8
2

15
14
1

65
64

28
26
2

29
25
4

37
31
6

13
4
9

15
2
13

16
11
5

18
15
3

23
14
29

115
70
45

74
55
19

60
52
8

25
20
5

52
8
44

16
8
8

1
1
-

14
2
12

5
5
-

_

2
2

*

-

1

1
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1
1

47
37
10

29
28
1

1

6
6

34
12
22
1
21

2

22

43
29
14
3
n

52
52

_

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d )—
M anufacturing--------------------------Nonm anufacturing_____________

6

4

30
28
2

-

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for w hich em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
A ll w o rk e rs w ere at $190 to $200.
T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and J e r s e y City, N. J. , F ebruary 1964)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry division

earnings1
(Standard)

261
104
157
111

685
317
368
240
75

$83.50
84.50
82.50
87.00
72.50

754
478
276
42
64
71
50

90.00
93.00
85.00
79.50
90.00
83.50
87.00

Stenographers, g e n e r a l---- --------------------- ------------------Manufacturing___________ - ______________________
Nonmanufacturing
--------- ------------------------------ --Public u tilities 2_______ - —_____________________
W holesale tr?fie
F in a n ce3____ _ _ -------------------------------- ------S e r v ic e s ------- ----------------- ------------------------- -----

520
253
267
40
135

83.50
84.00
83.00
89.50
79.00

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph o r D itto)__— — --- -----------------------—
____
Nnnmannfarturing
________ _ _ _

115
70

70.00
66.00

M anufacturing_____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __
— __ ————— _____ _
Public utilities 2 _________ __________________

706
371
335
65
192

85.00
86.50
83.50
98.50
78.50

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s B___ __ _______ _______
M anufacturing______________________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------------------—
Public utilities 2 - _—— — —— — — —
W holesale trade
Finance 3
------------ — -------

904
383
521
192
83
210

72.00
73.50
71.00
70.50
75.50
70.00

O ffice hoys and g irls ______ __ _________________
______________ ___
Manufacturing...
Nnnmanufa rturing
_
__ ______________ ____
Public utilities 2_________
__________ ____
W holesale trad**
.
Finance 3___
_______ -

821
269
552
88
68
233
131

62.00
61.50
62.50
68.50
59.50
60.50
63.50

S e c r e t a r ie s ____________ ________
_________ ________
Manufacturing_-______________ _____ ___________
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2-----------------------------------------------W holesale trade _ _ __________
..
Retail trade------------------------------------------------------Finance. 3
__
______ _______

4, 622
2,355
2, 267
389
371
103
766
638

102.00
102.50
101.00
106.00
100.50
97.50
95.50
106.50

$85.00
76 50
q 1 00
97.50

-------- ------- --------

153
80
73

70.00
74.50
65.00

N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------

284
108
176

80.00
87 00
76.00

808
226
582
111
381

71.00
79.00
67.50
78.00
63.50

1, 170
546
624
55
121
321
98

98.50
102.00
95.50
100.50
114.00
84.50
106.50

1, 470
571
899
340
137
136
208
78

80.50
81.00
80.00
84.00
82.50
77.50
78.50
67.00

283
70
213
132

79.00
83.00
78.00
71.50

1,030
154
876
693
117

61.50
69.00
60.50
58.50
67.50

496
200
296
27
175

61.50
65.00
58.50
66.50
57.50

Nonm ann fa ^^ v*'i~g

M
sLfmfrfl r turinjj
Nonmflniifflrtiiririjj
y]

n ^pr^ ^
rlaaa A

Nmrm ami fa ntur i ng
Piiblir
A ^
O
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------------ITinanr a ^
S ervices
....

Public utilities 2-----------------------------------------------pAf^il trade
r ao
ri^ rV s

A

Nonmn nnf a/'tifri «g
Finance^
C1a w a ^i Ia
lr

n1a a a

Noi^ a n u fa c t ur

g

M anufacturing—— — ™
———— — — —— — —
p^iKi^

1itiAa ^

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




— -—

Num
ber
of

Occupation and industry d ivision

Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing ____________ -_- — —
Public utilities 2———
— — — —_-_— ——

earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

N onm anufacturing------------------

N ber
um
of

earnings1
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

2, 208
1, 039
1, 169
294
143
409
299

$81.50
83.00
80.00
84.50
80.00
72.50
85.00

1, 033
596
337
44
159
87

89.50
90.50
88.00
93.00
83.50
90.00

Switchboard o p e ra to rs --------------------------------------------------_____
____________
M anufacturing____ ___
Nonmanufacturing_- --- ------------------------- — - ---Public utilities 2-------------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e — — ----------- - ----- —
Retail tra d e .. _____ ______ — ----------- -------Finance 3- _-__ -__________ — — _ - S e r v ic e s ___ __ ___ __ - __ ________ _________

670
219
451
106
68
81
136
60

80.50
83.50
79.00
93.50
81.50
71.00
74.50
70.50

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s --------------------------Manufacturing
___ _
Nonmanufacturing___________________________ __ —
Public u t ilit ie s 2—_______ ____________________ __
W holesale t r a d e ------------ ------------- — - ______
S e r v ic e s ___
______________ - ----------------- —

749
417
332
65
167
54

81.50
81.00
82.00
82.50
82.50
83.00

Tabulating - m ac hi ne o p e r a to r s , c la s s A ---- ------------Manufacturing_____________________ ________ — —
Nonmanufacturing- ----------- — — ------------------ -—
F in a n ce3__ __________ _____ — --------------------

368
199
169
120

107.00
105.50
109.00
105.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B--------------------Manufacturing
.....
- Nonm anufacturing- _________— ________ _________
Public utilities 2 _____ -_____________ ___ _______
W holesale t r a d e _________________________________
F in a n ce3_______ — ____________ ______
- __

513
246
267
49
78
111

94.00
93.00
95.00
104.00
98.50
89.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s C --------------------Manufacturing- Nonmanufacturing------ -------- - ------------ ----------W holesale t r a d e ________— __ -__________- _______
Finance 3________________ ___— __ _________ ___

514
112
402
62
81

72.50
80.50
70.00
72.00
73.00

Stenographers, s e n io r --- ------- ---------------------------------Manufacturing
____
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ — - ___________ ___ — _
F in a n ce3__
__ - ----------- ------------- ------------S e r v ic e s ______ ____________ _______ _____ ___

"

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1964)

Average
w
eekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

N onm anufacturing---------------------------- --------Fi nanr # 3_____ ____ _______
»
____

-------

T yp ists, c la s s A ---------- __
__ -------------------- ---- —
Ma nnfarrtivri ng
N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------ ---- --------- — __
F in a n rp 3

441
172
269
178

$71.50
73.50
69.50
70.50

M anufacturing------- — ------- -

----

- ------ —

'Pi-i'hlir' iitilitips *
. .
W holesale t r a d e _______ __
Retail trade---------- -----------

- — — — ____
— — _
79.00 ]
Sprvirps
. . .
81.00
76.50
P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
81.00
75.50 D raftsm en, le a d e r-----------------------------------------------------Manirfartvcririg
...............
70.50
Nonmanufacturing— -— --------------- __ >_
82.50

1, 121

504 ~
517
64
101

199
149

2
3

1, 135
723
412

$131.50
129.50
135.00
103.50

3,457
1, 230
2, 227
215
239
113
1, 462
198

$67.00
70.50
65.00
73.00
62.00
64.00
63.00
73.00

D raftsm en, sen ior--------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing.. ------- — ____ ____ ____
_ ___
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------_
. . . . . _________
______
___
— --- ------ ------- _
_ __ _

452
311
141
39
99

116.00
106.50

361
308
53

159.00
156.00
176.00

N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d )___ — — _ —
__
M anufacturing--------- -------------- -------------- ^
______ _____
Nonmanufacturing---_ .
. ------ --- _ ~ __

282
227
55

108.50
■ ib a: so108.50

D raftsm en, junior ..
...
Manufacturing_______
. . .
Nonmanufacturing____ __
Public u t ilit ie s 2 — _ . S ervices ___ _

.

_________________________ _______ _________________________
1

Average
w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l--------------

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

earnings *
(Standard)

1 01.00
1 0 9.00

1

Earnings rela te to regu lar straigh t-tim e w eekly salaries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and J e rs e y City, N. J. , F ebru ary 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$0750
$1780 $4700 $4.20 $4740 $4.60 $47SO $5700
w rzo
$2.80
$ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60
Under and
and
$1.90 under
$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.*0 $3.50 $3.60 $3.90 $4.00 $4.30 $4.40 $4.90 $4.90 $5.00 over

of

Average
^hourly,1

C a rp en ters, m aintenance---------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing___________________

497
371
126

$3.13
3.13
3.13

8
8

-

-

2

8

E le c tr ic ia n s , m ain ten an ce --------------------------M anufacturing ------------- — - -----------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------

1,103

3.34
3.31
3.52
3.53

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

4

1

2
-

5

2
2

5

O ccupation and industry division

Ps l W1 { M |
1

14+4 « q2

E n gin eers, s ta tion a ry -------------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------- N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2— — -----------S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f ta b le .




Number
worker*

922

181
qA
71

670
461
209
86

3.48
3.46
3.54
3.35

-

-

-

3
-

1
-

3
3

1
1

-

■

2
-

8
-

-

_

3
3

!
1

-

9
9
-

1
-

7

8
1

57
53
4

34
28

64

31
30

6

2

1

35
31
4

59
54
5

81
77
4
3

102

118

194
184

106

104

18

2

10

6

100
6

58
30
28
18

46

100

93
91

110

82
20
2

46
46

-

25
25

87
78
9
3

10

41
34
7

65
34
31
27

65
49

52
38
14

34
9
25

12

8
2

29
25
4

53
16
37
25

"

‘

'

'

13

51
25
26

29
28

10

23

1

3

14
13

12

9
9

28
16

1

-

12
12

-

33
24
9
9

28
25
3
3

15

1
1

35

-

“

66

8
8

~

73
-

10

"

16
11

16
6
10

9

12

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

1
1

8

-

4
8

*

5
5

1
1
-

-

3
5

20
1
-

'

81
5

6

55
42
13

-

86

20

6

12

-

-

1
1

2
2
-

'

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
worken

$1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00
Average
hourly j Under and
and
M .90 under
$ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 $4.20 $4.40 $4.60 $4.80 $5.00 over

F irem en, stationary boile r
______
M anufacturing- — __ __ - —
N onmanuf a c tur ing----------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 — — —

410
276
134
41

$3.00
3.07
2.84
2.73

H elpers, m aintenance tra d e s---------------Nonmanufacturing___________________

543
305
238

2.50
2.41
2.61

19
19
-

M ach in e-tool op erators, to o lro o m ____
M anufacturing —
___ _

342
334

3.40
3.41

3
3
-

3
3
“

-

M achinists, maintenance . —
__ _
M anufacturing
__
- —
N onm anufacturing_____________ _____

2

2

3.30
3.30
3.42

1, 138
241
897
802
55

3.06
3.30
2.99
3.00
3.09

1, 373
1. 196
177

3.30
3.28
3.39

_
_
-

M illw rights
__
__
M anufacturing-----------------------------------

243
236

3.23
3.22

_

O ilers
—
M anufacturing

254
235

2.74
2.71

12
12

P ainters, m aintenance---- --------------------M anufacturing
- —
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 _________________

396
251
145
40

3.02
3.05
2.98
2.99

P ip efitters, m aintenance---------------------M anufacturing
— _
Nonmanufacturing

865
723
142

3.32
3.25
3.67

-

P lum bers, m aintenance— , -------------- —
Nonmanufacturing:
Pvi'hlir

72

3.03

_

28

Sheet-m etal w ork ers , m aintenance-----Mann fa rtnring

-

T ool and die m akers
M anufacturing

-

.

-

- —

64
58

2

6

3

_

_

11

8

22

47
41

8

6

7
4

16
13
3

58
51
7

131
58
73

_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3

8

M echanics, maintenance
M anufacturing— - ju
Nonmanufacturing

53
27
26
18

4

10
2

8

Pu blic u tilities 2 _________________
W holesale t r a d e ---------------------------

37
32
5
5

12

_

1. 490
1, 426
64

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance)
M anufacturing ---- -

-

9
13
"

14
14
-

2

8

-

"

_

-

3
3
-

_

_

_
-

_

_
-

4

-

_
-

-

-

-

2

_
_
-

_
-

2

_

_

_

_

2

6
2

2

2

-

-

_
-

!

5

1

7
1
6
6

12

_

5
7

45
35
10

27
27

-

19
18
1

43
25
18

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

76

7
7

68

61
7

38
38
-

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

23
23

_

_

_

-

_

16

_

_
-

18
18

24

_

_
-

_

3.35
3.36

2

_
-

16
16

1, 481
1, 189

_

22
22

21
21

10

_

-

5

3
3

_

11

21
21

41
40

3.28
3.22

_

11

74
31
43
43

_

11
10

19
19

171
156

_

4
4

21

22

8
8

17

_

_

I ll

25
25

9

-

_

115
115

29

-

2.73

-

_

2

1

376
370

2

-

31

19

285
281
4

17

-

20

12

120

9

_

"

254
242

135

-

_

_
-

12

_
-

82
82
-

9
3

65
64

_

-

357
357

12

1

-

166
164

4

47
47

_

12

1
1

_

116
112

28
28
-

"

_

5
5

1

72
71

_

-

4
4

24
23

7

_

"

153
153

6

2

_

"

49
49

82
76

30
30
-

2

_

83
83

66

9

-

_

-

5
5

99
78
16

27
14
13
13

-

39
-

39

_

-

-

110

13

-

-

_

-

_

3

34
76
54
7

15

-

_

3

“

110

1
1

-

_

_

-

255
36
219
208

-

-

8

-

-

_

52
9
43
30
13

-

-

2

1

59
54
5

_

24
24
-

"

1

1

6

21
1

-

_

42
41

11

22

-

18
18
-

2

-

-

2

235
235

-

1

178
176

246

8
8

1

82
78
4

67
65

26
26

23
20

-

23
17

40
36

16
16

11
11

11

7
7
-

1

38
38

15
14

1

9
11

15
15

1

10

~

1

20

_

33
23

14
14

7
4

25
25
-

43
26
17

99
3
96

2

6
6

40
40
-

4

-

-

_

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




7
3
3

"

3
3

_

10

"
22

2
2

_
-

11

15

2

92
26
65
-

89
74
13

9

-

_

28
25
3

110

6

69
41

4

10

2

66

103

1
1

6
6

_

_

_

_

8

-

"

"

-

31

13
13
-

6
1

12
-

1
-

16
-

-

-

-

5
5

12
8

1

16
-

-

-

-

147
144
3

80

12

_

_

_

_

12

“

_
-

_
_
-

28
15
13

.

1

79

-

_
_
-

_

_

2

_

_

_

7

.

.

_

_

100

-

~

-

-

117
117
-

84
82

151

1

35
35
-

2

30

31

2

_

_

_

21
21

32
27

21
21

19
19

180
175

190
187

99
93

120
102

274
114

_

121

6

25
56
54
2

_

-

-

29
29

20
2

-

-

2

6

66
66

1
1

_

_

2

14
14

12
12

57
45

45
33

171
135

8

243
243

45
45

8
8

_

_

9
9

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

Number
of
worken

$ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
Avenge
hourly 2
earning! Under and
and
& . 1 0 under
1
$ 1 ,?Q $1,30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

E levator o p era tors, p assen ger
(men) ------------------------------------ -------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------

230
225

$1.94
1.95

E levator o p era tors , passen ger
(w om e n.) -_______ ——___ - __ —_-_________..
N onm anufacturing--- -------------------------R etail trad e-----------------------------------

225
223
59

1.54
1.54
1.33

G uards and w atchm en — ________ ____
M anufacturing ________ ___
G u a r d s _____________________ ____ _
W atchm en— - _ _ ---- — _ —
Nonm anufacturing _____
____

2, 745
976
575
401
1, 769

2.27
2.40
2.08
1.63

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(men) — ----------------- — — ------------- Manuf actur ing— _____ ___ ___________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------P u blic u tilities 4 --------------------------W »r\ oca U
V l
R pfa i 1 1
-raHp
Finanrp®

1.86

5, 025
2, 520
2, 505
396
203
334
372
1, 200

2 .0 0

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
( w o r n fin) ____
___ - __ ____ ______
Mannfa rtnring
N onmanuf a ctur ing------------------------------

1, 204
234
970

1.67

8 , 451
4, 260
4, 191
3, 133
533
445

2.64
2.65
2.64
2.73
2.36
2.46

O rd er fille r s - — — ------- — ----M anufacturing _________ ___________
Nonm anufacturing — ____
_____
W holesale t r a d e ________ —_______
R etail tra d e ____ ____ — --------

1, 546
777
769
251
457

2.68
2.68

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en)_______________
M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------

860
770
90
66

2.33
2.37
1.99
2.08

P a ck e rs , shipping (w om en ) -------------------------

156
114

1.85
1.94

R eceivin g cle rk s
-__-__ -____ „ ___
M anufacturing_____ -_________________
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------R etail trad e — -------------------------------------------

458
266

2.44
2.44
2.45
2.35
2.51

Shipping c l e r k s ___________________________________
Manuf actur ing- _________________ — _____ _____
Nonm anufacturing --------------------------

329
265
64

M a n u fa r h ir in g

_

_____

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




192

56
91

2.24
1.76
2.33
2.08
1.53
1.83
1.55

1.59

2.69
2.51
2.83

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

109
47
47
62

144
95
95
49

56
41
41
_
15

69
58
57

15

1
11

72
53
16
37
19

_
3

63
_
_
63

_
_
_

_
_
_

.
-

.
_
_

439
343
96
72
24

166
106
60
25
35

8
1

9
5
4
4

3
_
3
3

19
18

1

_

1

1

1

1

_
_
_

92
92
_
_

_
_
_

1274
397
877
542
269
59

1160
564
596
570
7
17

521
77
444
436

18
14
4
_

_
_

.
_
-

_
_
_
-

22

475
300
54
117

1402
278
1124
989

112

149
102

-

25
87
4
69

-

-

-

20
20

170
155

96
72

120

22

68

86
68

133
15

4
24

18
34

410
338
72

455
245

409
368
41

-

-

12

2
2

7
7

2
2

24
24

144
144

2
2

19
19

25
25
-

16
16
16

33
33

14
14

21
21

4
4

50
50

40
40

-

-

-

2

21

2

6

2

2

3
3

626
_
626

278
_
278

330
34
9
25
296

83
26

57
29
8
21

109
78
37
41
31

118
79
49
30
39

36

8

73
56
15
41
17

5
7
24

118
43
18
25
75

337
19
318
-

294
15
279
-

150
40

339
145
194

330
172
158

47
4
267

85

_

-

10

_
-

3

15

-

*

.

13
13

-

-

2

-

2 .00

L a b o r e rs , m aterial han dling__________
M anuf acturing ___ -__ ______ __________
N onm anufacturing___________________
P u blic u tilitie s .4 --------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------- — -------- ------R etail trade
— — _

-

108
108
-

21

21

-

9

32

3

76

18

46

6

46
-

6

_

12

12

-

49
5
44

22

163

110

4
24
4
78

18
57

28

252
57
195
16
13
23
4
139

184
67
117
g

265
104
161

11

29
63
38

375
144
231
13
14
7
43
154

472
17
455

116

128
13
115

60
38

11
20

2

2

7
41

1

26

156
7

z

9

10

7

1

42

36

43

28
25
3

40
31
9

34
31
3

19
16
3

34
32

307
278
29

135

268
256

234
197
37
5
24

539
315
224
188

22

21

26
5

31
14
17

48
24
24

112

97
15

209
117
92

148
127

17

-

_
15

77
11

14
3

28

20
2

10

15

9

12

4
4

21

21

_

21

-

12

_
4

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

8

8

-

-

-

10
-

-

1
-

11
1
-

-

-

-

2
1

2
-

7

-

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

-

11
-

17

3

-

12

-

2
-

8
-

-

-

-

11
2

5
5

2

2
2

_

.

2

_

13

12

-

3

1

12 1

14
10

12

4
3

210

-

2

-

-

-

-

4

1

3

9
3

1

2
10

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

108

56
56

17
17

5
5

-

-

-

.

2
2
_

9
9

2

6
6
_

4
4

-

10
10
-

50

122

26

15

8

4
3

5
_

18

19
4
15

6

84
38
26

21
11
10
-

20

11

_

2

-

1
-

1
1
_

-

10

4

18

13

3

1

91
81

16
16
-

54
54
-

56
27
29

16
13
3

-

1
-

"

1

2
2

2
2

4
4

1
1
_

25
17

8

4

40
39

17
15

8
2
1

4
-

1
_

2
-

39

4

1

-

11
12

9
9

23
16

21
21

10
10

19
15

6

_
_

15

10
10

31
17
14

12

_
_

106

3
3

33
32

3

_

16
15

19
14

3

_

15

2

22
22

2
2

4

20

108

-

-

6
-

10 1

57
57

-

2

30
18

-

_

2
2

20
20

-

-

1
1
_
-

2

8
2

3

-

110

18
14
4

3

8
8
_

54
54

30
28

-

22
22
_

67
45

181
179

-

760
760
_
_

4

34
34

75
55

4

6

35

71
69

-

_

_
_

7

70
63
7
5

-

-

22

209

17
-

3

.

1
1

130

10
1

-

-

_
-

348
116
232
13
219

2

79
58

10
10

-

765
290

1

-

12

12

455
306
149
103
34

79
63
16

-

16

-

2

1

32
32
-

24

21
1

7
7

45
35

-

33
30
3

20

-

5
5

110

21

2

12

12

184
57
127

12

2

34

31
4
59
62

359
241
118
61
4

22

114

12

-

-

2.67

-

-

-

_

_

-

.

_

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

10
2

“

“

-

2.71

■

1
1

_

2 .66

~

*

-

-

-

-

4

8

7

21

286
80
206
184

10

47
9
38

3
3

_

_
_

2
_

-

_

2

-

-

-

_

4
4

2
_

-

-

2

_

_

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on a n .a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 12 and industry division
3

Nambar
of
workers

537
361
176
51

$2.57
2.45
2.80

996
315
681
880
1 ^85
' 216

3.17
3.48
3.02
3.06

732
138
594

3.04
2.45
3.18

-

937
640
297
538
577
178

3.16
3.52
2.89
2.99
2^9
2.75

_
-

3, 474
587
2, 887
2, 563
172

3.17
3.46
3.11
3.13
2.83

923
135
788
523
237

2.94
2.80
2.96
3.03
2.69

2, 215
1, 457
758
391
225
142

2.78
2.72

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s -------------M anufacturing
---------------- —
N onm anufacturing___ _ ______
__

T ru ck d rivers 78 ______ ___ —
9
— _
M anufacturing- __
_ _ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing — ---P u blic utilities 4 5-------------------------6

9.
3,
,
4,

6

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
1 V tons)____________ ______________
2
M anufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing-----------------------T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons) — ---- — —
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
- PiiVklir nfilifioa ^
W holesale t r a d e ____ _________
S e r v ic e s ---------------------------------T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type)
—
—
— Manufactur ing_________ -________ _
N onm anufacturing-----------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 4 ---------------------W holesale t r a d e ______________
T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type)
__
—
M anufacturing---- -------------------------N onm anufacturing— --------------------'PviKI i i- u t i l i f i p s *
W b n lA a a l a f r

T ru ck ers, pow er (fo r k lift )____________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onmanuf actur ing—------- --------- --------'P11HI1 /' u t i l i t i e s ^
"W V *nlpaalp tr a r lp

Retail trade______________________
T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
fork lift) — — --------— _ M anufacturing__________ —-----------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

$ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
Atmsco
houriy
earainc* Under and
and
$ 1 . 1 0 under
$ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $ 2 , 5 9 $?,60 $ 2 , 7 9 $2,80 $2,90 $3.00 $3,19 $3.29 $3.39 $3.40 $3.59 over

3,
1,
2,
1,
'

210

183

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

12

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

9
9
-

9
9
-

12

_

_

12

12

10
8
2

6

6
6

24
19
5

-

19
10

20
20

74
73

17
16

34
32

50
49

36
26

-

1

1

2
1

1

10

88

127
34
93
60

31
4
27
-

10
8
2
2

53
34
19
_

54
34
3
30

69
37
32
5

1

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
-

12

12

12

-

_
-

-

12

-

_
-

_
-

8
8

-

z

g

306
93
213
15
106
92

471
365
106
38
15
53

696
38
658
644
14

9

8
8

5
5

125

11

176
13
163

363
321
42

71
92

42

14

11

6

2
2

7
5

20
20

14
10

11
2

6

-

2

-

4

9

63
25
38

10
10

6
2

4

3
3
-

23
14
9

19
19
-

35
9
26

147
19
128

588
292

-

296

-

4

-

-

12

"

24
19
5

-

5

6

£
,

120

-

20
12
8

17

3

20
4

2
2

31
28
3

3

10
9

43
17
26

10
10

652
353
299
_
296

2

20

74
7
67

50
40

341
57
284
18
243
19

9
3

2 92

2.71

3

296

??

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

4

-

6

-

_

_

_

_

2

-

_

-

-

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

91
91

-

40
40
_

30
19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

86

-

-

-

32
7
25

30
30

57
22

28
16

-

35

12

35
362
105
257
71
158
28

297
158
139
70
32
37

13
13

18
18

_

-

-

_

_

_

2

_

3

21

_

10

30

31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

21

-

10

30

11
20

10

30

20

25

-

10
10

2
2

10
10

9
9

42
42

43
43

152
152

118
118

154
154

83
71

1
1

20

-

-

-

33
33

2 .9 0

12

3.00
2.74
2.87

12

2.45
2.44

35

8
8

-

25
25

3
3

52
51

70
45

1

_
-

11

4

633
4
629
615

7
4
4
"

22
22
-

9
1
8
1

2007 3014 118
307
67
253
1700 2761
51
1544 2506
45
5
147
119

1

124

12

178
143
35

-

-

-

_

-

6

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $0.90 to $1.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $3.80 to $3.90.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
A ll except 6 w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.
A ll w ork ers w ere paid under bonus plans.




.
-

1125
125
1000

901
90
9

13
13

2
2

104
104
_

2
2

11
11

2

-

2

168
153
15
_
14

409
48
361
_
360

1428
*1410
18
_

_
-

360
360

_
-

132
132
-

_
_
_

’ 563
563
_

-

-

-

-

_ _

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

156 2718
148
6
8 2712
8 2506
72
-

92
47
45
45

20
6

_
_
_

307
«307
_
_

36
_
36

22

579
11

568
523
45

14
_
14

-

-

1

1

16

_

_

6

1

1

18
_
18

35

5

137
16

_
_

199
T T 99
_

119

15
15
15

_

12

194
90
104
104

63

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

-

"

177
102

75

20
20

121

_
-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

15

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1964)

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

Manuf a ctu r ing
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r y

1

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs

3

M anufacturin g

o f—

2

N onm anufa ctur ing

B a sed on stan dard w e e k ly h ou rs

of—

3

industries
All
schedules

35

37 y 2 383
/4

All
schedules

40

35

37 y 2

3834
/

A ll
schedules

40

35

37 y 2

383
/4

40

A ll
schedules

35

37 V2

383
/4

40

Establishments stud ied_____ ____________

276

122

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

154

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

276

122

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

154

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified
minimum _ _
_
..

152

70

4

18

6

37

82

10

23

6

32

151

70

6

16

5

37

81

10

21

6

33

1

.
_

!

_

1

1

2

2

2

_

_

_
_

2

6

7
5
19
5
35
9
21

12

Under $ 4 2 .
$ 4 2 . 50 and
$ 4 5 . 00 and
$ 47. 50 and
$ 50. 00 and
$ 52. 50 and
$ 55. 00 and
$ 57. 50 and
$ 60. 00 and
$ 6 2 . 50 and
$ 6 5 . 00 and
$ 6 7 . 50 and
$ 7 0 . 00 and
$ 7 2 . 50 and
$ 7 5 . 00 and
$ 77. 50 and
$ 80. 00 and
$ 82. 50 and
$ 8 5 . 00 and
$ 8 7 . 50 and
$ 9 0 . 00 and

5 0 ___________________________
under $ 4 5 . 00_____________
under $ 4 7 . 50____ __ ____
under $ 50. 00_____________
under $ 52. 50_____________
under $ 55. 00
under $ 57. 50_____________
under $ 60. 00_____________
under $ 62. 50_____________
under $ 6 5 . 00___ __ _ _ _
under $ 6 7 . 50_____________
under $ 7 0 . 00 _ _ _ _ _ __
under $ 7 2 . 50_____________
under $ 7 5 . 00
under $ 7 7 . 50 ______ _ _
under $ 80. 00_____________
under $ 82. 50_____________
under $ 85. 00
under $ 8 7 . 50 ____________
under $ 9 0 . 00_____________
under $ 9 2 . 50_____________

_

12

_
_
3
17
5

_
_
_
_
_
_
3
_

23

12

1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

1
1
6
2

16
4
34

8

7

9

6

6

2

12

6

3
4
3
1

3
3
3
_
_

3

2

1

1

2

1

-

Establishments having no specified
m inim um _________________________________

52

25

Establishments which did not employ
w orkers in this category______

72

27

_
_
_
_
1

_
7

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
1

3

1

2

_

1

1

1

1

_
4
3
7
3
4
_
4

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

1

2

_
_
_
_
_
_

3
3
_
_

1

1

2

1

1

13
4
17
7

2

1

6

2

1

_

2

7

1

2

_
3
_
_
_
_
_

3
5
_

1

2

2

1

_

1
1

1

1

1
1

2

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

6

_
1

_
2
1

2

1

_

11

3
4

_

1

2

1

1

_

-

1

_
_
_

_
1

_
_

4

_
_

1

1

18
4

2

_
_
_
1

4

7
5
4
3
4

1

2

_

1

1

4
_

3

9

1

8

1

9

4
_

6

1

2
1

-

-

1

1

-

1

_

1

3

_

2

_

2

2

_

6

3

2

1

2

2

1

1

1

1

3

3
5
3

1

2

2

1

2

7

l

2

3
4

_
_

1

1

6

5
15
4
17
5
9

2

1

_

1

_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

4

1

2

3
3

2

7

1
1

6

3

2

1

4
3
4

1
2

_

1

1

3

1

1

1

_

-

2
1

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

60

25

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

65

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

38

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e p a id f o r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll standard w ork w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

1

1

_
_

_
_
_

1

l

_
5

_
_

_
_
_
_

1

_

1

_
_

1

1




16

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i ff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d i ff e r e n t i a l,
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b r u a r y 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p lan t w o r k e r s —
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actu ally working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

81. 9

76. 3

13. 1

5. 5

80. 8

7 5 .6

1 2 .9

5. 3

Uniform cents (per h o u r)_____________________

38. 7

35. 6

6. 6

3. 8

Under 5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------5 c e n t s -----------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ____________________________________ __
8 cents _ ------------- — — — ------------- — _
9 cents - ---------------------------------------------------- 10 cen ts---------------------------------------------------------11 cents ________ — ------------------------ __ _
12 cen ts---------------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 c e n t s _______________; __________________
_
13 cen ts---------------------------------------------------------15 cen ts---------- — — -------- ------------------- 16 cen ts---------------------------------------------------------17 c en ts_____ ______ _____ ____ ______ _
I 7 V 2 c e n t s ----- ~ — — -------- ------------- 18 cen ts---------------- ----------------------------------- 19 cen ts----- -------- — — ------------------- — 20 cents and o v e r __ — — — -------- — -

.7
4. 1
4. 8
4. 6
.6
12. 9
2. 1
2. 7
. 5
3 .6
1. 1
.8

. 3
.7
7 .6
. 3
5. 6
2. 0
.4
5. 9
4. 6
.5
3. 7
. 3
1. 1
2. 7

. 1
.9
.6
. 8
. 2
1 .9
.6
. 5
. 2
.7
. 2
(2 )

(2)
. 1
.6
(2 )
.7
.4
. 1
.4
.4
. 1
.7
(2 )
. 1
. 2

U niform p e rcen ta g e------------------------------------------

37. 8

36. 0

5. 4

1

5 p e rc e n t________ — ------------------- -------- _
7 p e rc e n t-------------------------------------------------------8 p e rc e n t— ----------------------------------------- — 10 percent____ — — — — — ------------- _
12 percent-----------------------------------------------------15 percent- — — — — -------- ------------- -

5. 3
.6
1. 1
30. 8
-

.6
31. 0
1. 1
3. 3

. 8
. 2
.2
4. 1
-

1. 1
(2 )
. 1

F o rm al paid lunch period not given
fir s t-s h ift w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------Other form al pay d ifferen tial---------- -------- _

. 8
3. 5

4. 0

.2
.7

. 3

1. 1

.8

.2

. 2

With shift pay differential

__ — ------------------

With no shift pay d iffe re n tia l----------

-------------

_

Third or other
shift

. 2

1 In c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n th ou gh th ey w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te sh ifts .
2
L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

17
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1 964)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------- ----------------------------------

U nder 35 h o u r s ---------------- ----------------------------------------------35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------- ----------------------------- 36 h o u r s ___ . _______________________________ ____ ______ _
3 6 V4 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 36 V4 and un d er 37V 2 h o u r s --------------------------- 37 V2 h o u r s -------------------------- ----------------------------------------------O v e r 37 V 2 and u n d er
h o u r s ----------------------------3 8 3/4 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 8 3/4 and u n d er 40 h o u r s ---------------------------------40 h o u r s _____________________________________________________
O v e r 40 and un d er 48 h o u r s ----------------------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

9

13

6

_

-

(4)
15
(4)
4

(4 )
9

2

(4 )
24
(4 )
14
3
47

30
1

9
2

37
_

2

_

4
47
_
-

17
(4 )
5
6

_
-

1

33

25

_

_

( 4)

3

Manufacturing

Public ,
Utilities

100

100

-

8
-

-

100

(4)
5
1

( 4)

(4 )
5

6

-

-

-

7

14

(4)
(4 )
84

(4)
(4 )
83

5
48

40

8

-

-

1

-

1

-

51

35

57

15

36

_

_

-

-

-

1

1

(4 )

3

1

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.




11

All
,
industries3

-

(4 )

1
2
3
4

PLANT WORKERS
Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

1

_
_
-

_

-

5

4
-

3

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

93
1

77
7

79

-

6

14

-

18
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s ____________j__________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h olid a y s — ------------------------ — ------ ----W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s _________________________ _____

PLANT WORKERS
All ,
industries 3

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finanoe 2

Service*

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

93

Public .
utilities 1

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

(4)

-

-

"

-

■

(4)

1

“

“

~

(4)
1
1
8
1
3
13
2
3
(4)
13

_
1
8
1
2
3
3
42
5
36
(4)

_
5
4
4
6
5
23
5
2
20
6
2
8
7
1
2
“

1
6
59
1
4
3
16
4
5
3
“

(4)
3
5
6
3
10
3
40
23
3
3

(4)
5
7
1
9
11
13
(4)
4
1
5
■
"
27
16
-

1
3
1
3
19
1
4
24
3
3
(4)
11
3
1
5
1
(4)
4
1
1
8
1
(4)

1
1
1
4
15
1
2
29
3
4
~
13
3
2
7
2
(4)
4
( 4)
1
6
1

1
“
“
16
20
~
~
~
16
■
2

3
1
18
7
1
1

(4)
1
2
10
( 4)
2
25
2
4
17
10
2
5
8
1
6
1
1
3
1
"

1
2
9
28
31
37
41
48
35
71
73
88
89
98
98
99
99
99
99

1
1
2
5
7
13
21
27
37
58
60
87
87
99
99
100
100
100
100

-

2
2
3
11
20
32
58
58
81
86
95
95
100
100
100
100

8

1
1
1
11
12
16
17
24
27
41
44
72
73
94
95
98
99
99
99

1
1
1
8

7

N um ber o f days
L e s s than 6 h olid a y s --------------------- ----- ---------________
6 h o lid a y s _____________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
6 h olid a y s plu s 2 o r 4 h a lf d a y s_________________
7 h o lid a y s _____________ _____ _____ _____ — —
7 h olid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day___ _____________ ___
7 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 5 h a lf d a y s_________________
8 h o lid a y s ____ __ _________________ ____________
8 h olid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day________________________
8 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lu s 3, 5, o r 6 h a lf d a y s ____________
9 h o lid a y s _____________________________________ —
9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
9 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 5 h a lf days ----------------------10 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
10 h olid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
11 h o lid a y s ___ ________ __________________________
11 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ---------- -----------------11 h olid a y s plus 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------12 h o lid a y s -----12 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
12 h olid a ys plus 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ----------------------13 h o lid a y s . ______________________________________

6

3
5
4
(4)
6

"

-

12
5
(4)
2
16
~
4

-

17
6
2
8
1
“
14
“
7
5
"
“

2
2
38
38
44
44
46
46
63
63
83
83
99
99
100
100
100
100

“
12
12
26
28
38
49
66
66
81
83
88
88
100
100
100
100

”
6
■
_
36
■
2

5
11
39
3
15
11
3
~
5
“
1
■
“
"
7
~
■

6
3
~
“
34
"
5
17
7
“
“
7
■
“
5
2
~

6
“
3
■

-

T o ta l h olid a y tim e 5
I 3 V2 d a y s _______________________ _________________
13 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------ ------I 2 V2 days o r m o r e . ----------------------- -----------------12 days o r m o r e __________________________________
11V2 days o r m o r e _______________________________
11 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o r e ____ _________________________
10 days o r m o r e __________________________________
9 Vi days o r m o r e ------------------- -------------------------9 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 V2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
8 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------7 V2 days o r m o r e ________________________ ______
7 days o r m o r e ----------------------- --------------------------6 V2 days o r m o r e _________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
5 days o r m o r e _________________________________
4 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
2 V days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------2

(4)
36
36
41
41
41
44
88
88

91
91
99
99
100
100
100
100

8
8

11
27
30
30
30
35
35
93
93
99
100
100
100

6
29
69
72
82
82
92
97
97
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

16
44
44
44
49
49
53
66
86
87
94
94
99
99
99
99

8

12
14
23
26
42
45
76
77
97
98
99
100
100
100

7
7
7
7
8

13
13
16
42
45
84
84
95
95
100
100

“
3
9
9
11
16
16
22
30
51
51
85
85
87
87
90
93

T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
.
5 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 d a ys in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h alf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.
1

2
3




19
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J. , F e b r u a r y 196 4)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________ __________________

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufscturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(5 )

100
99
1

100
100

100
100

-

-

Sendees

All .
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Sei fhiss

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
99
(5)

93
93

-

100
90
8
2

100
100

-

99
93
5
1

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

"

4
53
9

7
65
6
(5)

M ethod o f paym en t

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s _________________ ___________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p aym en t — __________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m en t ___________ ______________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t _____________ ________________
O t h e r _ ___ ______________ ____________ ______ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid v a c a t i o n s .. _________ ___________________

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

1

"

19
25
8

25
17
5

11
30
23

14
26
9

6
61
6

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
3
29
1
4
-

75
4
20

35

47
3
41
6
3

28

51
2
36

7

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________ _____ _________________ _
1 w eek -------------------- — __ -------- -------------------------- _
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ----- — -------------- ------2 w eeks —____ •
_______ - _____ - ___ __ _____ ___________
3 w eek s — — -------- -------- -------- ------------------------

10
56
16
3
(5 )

4
64
16
2
1

2
60
10

-

-

-

28
41
17
7

"

-

-

"

13
(5 )
87

4
4
91
1

77
4

(5 )
58
27

2
35
4

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________ __ _____ _____ _____________ _
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w eek s ______ ____ __ _________________ ____________ _
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ _____________ ____
3 w e e k s ___________ ___ ________________________ _____
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________ _____ — ------------------------

8
(5 )
91
(5 )
(8 )
(5)

11
-

88
_

(5)
1

-

"

20
-

(5 )
100

10
-

90

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

■ -

1
-

-

39
2
23
-

~

-

69
3
~

-

4
-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ------------------------------- 2 w e e k s __________ ________ ._ _______________ .
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------

1
2
96
1
(5 )
(5 )

2
2
95

2
8
90

_

.

(5)
1
96
1
1
(5 )

(5)
2
94

(5)
1

_

1

1
98
1
(5 )

-

-

-

95
4

100

_

86
9

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

96
4

98
2

89
9

-

-

-

-

27
20
47
1
4
-

32
30
37

8
21
64
1
6

10
31
54
5

-

1

31
-

44
2
23
-

16
2
72
6
3

1
.

95
3
-

28
2
59
-

4
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and voider 2 w e e k s ___ __
_____ ____
?. w p p ]ts
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w eeks . . . ____ . . . ___ __ ____ ____________________ _
O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------- — -------- ----------------------- .

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




-

3
1

1

_

_

1
96
1
2

99
-

_
_

3

_

-

5
84
6
4

72
2
23

_
_

97
3
-

10
1
78
-

4

20
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1 964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o lic y

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

Services

All 4
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

( 5)
91
9

7
18
66
1
6
"

10
28
57

3
72
2
23
“

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 6— C on tinued
A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek ----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ----------------- — ----- 2 w eek s — --------------------------- ------ _ — __ ---------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ------- ------------------ ------- ------- __ ---------O ver 4 w e e k s __ _____ ____ _____________ __ —

( 5)
1
94
3
2
( 5)

( 5)
2
91
3
3
1

1 w e ek ------- ------------------ ---------- — __ ___________________
(?)
O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------( 5)
2 w e e k s __,___. , ________________________________________________ 76
14
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s -------- — ------------ - —
3 wppks __________ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _
__
_
_
_
_
_
__
_
9
4 w eek s — — — ~ — - ---------- —
-----1
O ver 4 w e e k s — _
________ ______________ —
( 5)

( 5)
1
90
4
3
2
1

1
95
4
-

_

_

_

1
96
1
2

-

-

96
4

98
2

-

-

-

-

-

■

-

5
~

-

5
85
6
4
“

_
-

97
3
-

■

7
1
81
4
■

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
.

.

.

( 5)

_

-

-

-

-

94

83
3
12
2
"

59
20
20

48
35
17

_
24
10
58

_
32

-

6
_

-

-

86
13
1

-

-

“

■

6
8
86

( 5)
19
2
78

!

3
77
6
10
2
"

2
4
80
7
3
4
■

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

71
2
27
-

■

80
7
13
1
"

61
11
28

82
1
10

-

-

"

“

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek — ---------------- — — — -----2 w eek s
,,
„....
_....... _ M ,,,___
_ ll,.
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ____ __ _____ _____
3
P
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s —
>
4 w eek s — — _____ — — — _ ----------- —
------O ver 4 w eek s --------- -------- _ — —
-------

( 5)
17
4
76

( 5)
22
2
73

_
16
_

80

-

60

-

-

-

-

-

2
( 5)

2
1

4
-

9
"

8
■

( 5)
14
6
78
( 5)
2
( 5)

( 5)
16
5
76
( 5)
2
1

_

81

_
24
10
58

-

-

4
“

( 5)
7
2
75
12
3
2

( 5)
9
_

82
6
1
3

94

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

32
60

4
10
86

( 5)
16
3
81

-

-

-

9

8

-

-

“

"

■

"

_
2

_
18

_
13

_

( 5)
14

_

-

-

73

50
20
16

1
28
9
59
( 5)
3
( 5)

2
28
12
54

1
21
12
62
( 5)
3
( 5)

2
21
17
57
( 5)
3
1

1
12
2
75
5
3
2

2
13
2
72
6
2
4

-

_

_

_

22
2
76

26
13
58
2
1
“

20

43
5
42

-

-

3
1

-

”

-

77
-

-

3
“

3
“

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------- ------------ — ------------------------- —
—
------2 w e e k s ------------------ — ----- ----- —
-----O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------^
. ..
O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------— ---------O ver 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

15
-

-

-

22
2
76

-

-

22
17
58
2
1

"

-

_

20

24
4
62

“

-

-

77
-

-

3

3
•

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------- — ------- - ---------------- ------------------—
2 w eek s - - ---------------- ------- _ ---------- _ _
--------O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s
_______________ _ _ _
__
3 w e e k s ---------------------------— -------------------- — ________ O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eek s — ___
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 4 w e e k s __ _ _ ____ „ _____ ___ ______

S ee fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le .




_

_

_

2
7

4

-

5
60
29
6

-

84
-

2

-

-

_

-

-

11

16

12

2
96

-

-

-

85
2
2

63
11
10

74

-

2

-

7

21
Table B-5.

Paid V acations1— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1 96 4)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public 7
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

Services

Ali
industries4

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Berrlocs

57
2
41

11
61
2
26
-

16
24
60
"

12
67
14
-

38
2
59
"

11
48
2
40
-

16
22
62

12
_
57
19
5

38
2
59

11
48
2
40

16
22
62

12
_
57
19
5

Public ,
utilities £

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C ontinued

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ------------------ ------- -------- — — ---------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________ — _____ _________ - _______
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___ _ _ ____
_
___ _ ____ _
O v er 4 w e e k s ___________ _____ — ------------------ _

(5)
7
48
2
42
2

(5 )
9
48
3
38
3

2
59
35
4

18
58
17
7

13
15
72
"

_
41
2
57

(5 )
9
71
19
-

1
12
1
48
5
31
2

2
13
1
46
7
27
4

(5 )
6
_
26
1
58
10

(5 )
8
_
27
2
61
3

2
_
17
_
77
4

16
_
41
(5 )
36
7

13
_
8
_
79
-

25
49
26

(5 )
9
29
58
4

1
11
1
33
2
49
3

2
13
1
29
3
49
4

(5)
6
_
26
1
57
11

(5 )
8
_
27
2
61
3

2
_
17
_
77
4

16
_
41
(5 )
36
7

13
_
8
79

25
46
29

(5 )
9
29
58
4

1
11
1
33
2
49
3

2
13
1
29
3
49
4

-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
j w eek ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____ ____ ____________________ __________ ___
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------3 w eek s
.......
..........
......
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ___ __ ------------------ _
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------- --------------------------O v er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
!

w ______________________________________________
eek

2 w e e k s ------------------------------------- — ------------------.—
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ----- — ---------------------3 w e e k s --------------------- ------------- -------- ---------------O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ----- --------------------------4 w e e k s ___________ ___________ _______ __________ ___
O v er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- ---------------------------

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans o n ly .
E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o s e plans w hich o f fe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l"
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f s u ch e x c lu s io n s are plans r e ce n tly n egotiated in the s t e e l, alum in um , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilities.
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In clu d es da ta fo r r e a l e s ta te in addition to th ose industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 In clu d es pa ym en ts o th e r than "len gth o f tim e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p aym en ts, c o n v e r te d to
o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t
ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e includ e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s
o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths

an equ ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; f o r ex a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r exam ple, the
a r e cu m u la tiv e.
Thus, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w eek s' pay

22
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p r o v id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s ,1 N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b ru a r y 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll w o r k e r s _____________

________________________

PLANT WORKER8

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

Servioes

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

99

94

80

100

64

66

58

64

31

68

89

90

92

92

87

88

49

65

39

59

69

22

65

57

50

81

44

9

1
1

40

2

5

95
93
70
61
82
( 7)

95
95
69
62
84
( 7)

99
77
71
63
82

95
92
59
42
55

90
87
63
24
54
1

All
.
industries4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

85

93

97

97

96

73

76

71

55

58

47

68

37

62

87

70

70

63

81

79

54

67

58

64

34

75

50

46

78

76

17

9

26

40

38

30

-

"

12

10

28

8

10

6

98
98
82
69
94

83
82
40
62
73

96
92
71
31
75
( 7)

98
97
77
34
81

100
83
76
47
82

87
79
44
25
74

87
84
55
6
62

88
80
53
23
30
3

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e __ ___________ ____ ___ ______ ________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 5 6 ________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ..
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )6__________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l p a y o r
w aitin g p e r io d )6__________________________
H o s p ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ________________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ______ ____________________
No health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p lan _____

1

In clu d es th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t th o s e le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 In clu d es data fo r r e a l estate in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an individual b a s is a r e e xclu ded.
6 N ot c o m p a r a b le w ith e s tim a te s in e a r lie r su r v e y s due to a m o r e s t r ic t in te rp re ta tio n o f p r o v is io n s in a n u m ber o f esta b lish m en ts.
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




23
T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e p r o v i s i o n s ,
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 196 4)

OFFICE WORKERS
S ick le a v e p r o v is io n

A ll w o r k e r s ____

______

_ ___________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
fo r m a l paid s ic k le a v e — ------ ---------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no fo r m a l pa id s ic k le a v e ______________________

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public |
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

All .
industries3

1 00 .0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

74. 1

68. 1

90. 4

82. 5

49. 4

77. 9

75. 8

28. 9

2 5 .9

31. 9

9 .6

17. 5

50. 6

22. 1

24. 2

71. 1

29. 2
28. 6
.3
.1
8 .9
3. 1
2. 2
5 .9
4. 0
1 .0
.8
1.7
.2
.6
.2
.2
-

27. 5
26. 8
7 .7
2 .9
10. 0
2. 0
.6
2. 5
.5
.7
-

1 6 .6
1 6 .6
2. 3
4. 8
2. 7
2 .9
3 .9
1. 1
1. 1
-

62. 5
59. 2
1 6 .6
15. 3
.5
11. 6
7. 2
6. 3
.6
3. 3
-

1 1 .9
1 1 .9
.5
7. 2
3 .4
.9
1. 5
1. 5
-

22. 9
2 2 .9
4. 3
5 .9
7. 1
3. 5
2 .2
-

6 1 .4
61. 0
4. 3
1. 0
4 0 .7
2. 7
8 .9
2. 2
_
.4
-

9. 0
8. 5
.2
.5
2. 1
1. 1
.2
.3
1. 5
.6
. 1
.3
.8
.6
4. 5
3. 0
.2
1. 2

2 9 .8

26. 0
5 .9
.1
2 .2
11. 5
2. 6
1. 2
1. 0
3. 7
-

33. 6
3 3 .6
1. 5
1 .3
.8
3. 1
27. 0
-

18. 3
17. 3
6 .8
5. 3
5. 2
1. 1
-

7. 2
3 .9
.2
.5
( 6)

-

54. 9
26. 1
7. 1
4 .9
2. 7
4. 0
6. 2
28. 8
3. 6
22. 5

14. 2
4. 8
-

-

24. 2
3 .4
.3
3. 1
20. 8
1 5.7
5. 0

.5
10.9
.4
1 0 .4

-

-

-

9 .3
-

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

18. 6

54. 1

48. 9

48. 3

35. 5

8 1 .4

45. 9

51. 1

5 1 .7

64. 5

5 .4
4. 5
_
_
.6
_
.9
.4
.5
1. 1
.9
2. 6
2. 3
.3
-

7. 8
7. 8
1 .9
_
_
1 .9
1. 5
.5
2. 0
_
_
10. 9
.7
10. 2

32. 0
32. 0
_
10. 5
11. 1
_
4. 1
1. 1
2. 8
_
2. 1
4 .4
4. 4
"

15. 1
15. 1
_
1 .9
7. 6
_
2. 7
3. 0
_
„
_
_
9 .0
9 .0

20. 7
20. 7
_
3. 7
11. 0
_
_
_
5. 3
.8

-

-

3. 3
1.7
_
1. 1
_

18. 0
18. 0
1 .2
.2

8. 5
1 .4
1 .4
_
_
7. 1
-

18. 3
5. 3
2. 2
3. 1

7. 3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
7. 3
_
_
7. 3

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually
U n ifo rm p la n :4
N o w a itin g p e r i o d —
_________ _
F u ll p a y * ________________ —_________________
1 day—
—
---------- — ------------- „
4 days _
..
.
5 d a y s ----- — ----- - -------- —
__ —
6 days — — _ --------- _ _
------------ _ ____
7 days - ----9 d a ys
_ _
_ _ --------10 d a y s ___ ____________ _____
_____
12 d a y s __ __
_ ___ _ _ ___
__ — __
15 d a y s . —
„ _
20 d a y s — — --------- _
40 d a y s —
------— — —
_____ __ — __
130 d a y s __ ______
F u ll p a y plus p a r tia l p a y 5------------W aiting p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll p a y— ----- —
--------.
— —
F u ll p a y plus p a r tia l p a y — ____
_ — —
__ —
P a r t ia l pay o n l y ----G ra du ated p la n 4— A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w a itin g p e r i o d . - — — _
__
_____
F u ll pay^ — ____ — _______ __
_____
1 d a y ----- ------ — -------------3 d a y s ------ —
— --------- _ — __ _
5 d ays ———
— — _— ___ ___________
6 d a y s ------------------- --------- _
9 d a y s ----- — ------------- ------ --------10 d a y s — - ----- ---------- ------ ___
12 d a y s ______—
— -------------- —
___
_______ _ _____
15 d a y s —
_
—
17 d a y s — - — ---------------- ---------22 d a y s _________
_ ____ __
_____
25 d a y s —
------------- ----— „
F u ll p a y plus p a r tia l p a y 5--------__ __
5 d a y s _____—
____ ______
10 d a y s - ------- — — -------- _ ________
15 d a y s ___________ - ______________________
22 d a y s -------- — _____ __ __
W aiting p e r i o d - — - ___ ______ _ ______
F u ll p a y ___ _____ —__________________________
F u ll p a y plus p a r tia l p a y---------- __ — __
P a r t ia l pay o n l y __ — — ___________ ___

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le




3 5 .4
23. 8
( 6)
.5
5. 2
1 .6
.9
5 .9
2. 3
.8
1 .8
3. 3
.2
1 1.6
1 .8
6. 8
.9
.8
5. 2
.5
4. 6

-

-

1. 1
1. 6
1 .6

1 1 .8
7. 3
4. 5

2. 7
-

-

3. 8
9. 3
-

.7
2. 0
3. 3
.1
1 .3
.9
5. 5
.2
1 .2
4. 1

-

1 .6
-

-

-

1 6 .6
-

-

-

-

-

-

7. 3
1 .9
5. 4

_
-

7. 1
_
4. 1
4. 1

-

13. 0
.9
12. 1
_
5 .9
1. 9
4. 0

_
_
_
_
_
_

_

_
_

_

24
T a b ic B-7.

Paid Sick L eave---- Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e p r o v i s i o n s ,
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

S ick le a v e p r o v is io n

PLANT WORKERS

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Servioes

All
,
industries 3

33. 6
33. 6
1. 5
i. y
3. 1
4. 3
22. 7
-

18. 3
17. 3
6 .8
1 .6
5. 3
3. 6
1. 1
1. 1

24. 2
3. 4
.3
3. 1
20. 8
15. 7
5. 0
-

54. 9
21. 2
4. 0
6. 2
7. 1
2. 7
33. 7
4. 9
22. 5
2. 7
3. 6
“

14.4
5. 1
.2
1.0
3. 8
9 .3
9. 3
-

7. 8
4. 5
.8
.3
.1
.8
2. 0
3. 3
.5
1 .3
.9
.6
7. 6
.2
7. 0
.4

9 .8

7. 8

1 .9

•9

All
industries

Manufacturing

G raduated p la n 4— A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay® -------------- ----- - — ------ — 5 days — — _
--------- ------ - ----6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------10 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------18 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------20 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------25 d a y s —____—_____________—-------------- —
26 d a y s ___________— ------------------- ----------30 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------40 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------50 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------55 d a y s —------ —-----------------------------—----- —
65 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------66 d a y s — --------------------------- —-------------- —
75 d a y s---------------------------------------------------100 d a y s -------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5------------------------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------20 d a y s---------------------------------------------------22 d a y s---------------------------------------------------30 d a y s---------------------------------------------------35 d a y s--------- — - - ------ ---------60 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------130 d a y s ------------------------------------------------W aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------------F u ll pay-------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay--------------------------P a r tia l pay o n l y ------------------------------------------

3 5 .4
22. 4
( 6)
.5
.4
1 .6
2. 4
.3
1. 8
2. 3
2. 3
3. 3
.9
.9
2 .4
.2
.8
13. 0
1 .4
6 .6
.8
1. 1
.2
.9
1 .4
9 .4
.5
8. 7
.2

29. 8
26. 0
.2
1. 0
5. 2
4. 5
4. 8
2 .9
2. 2
1 .0
3. 7
.9
.5
.7
10. 9
.4
10. 4
“

-

-

-

39. 1
39. 1
“

1. 6
1 .6

_

1 1 .8
7. 3
4. 5

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n o f
unu sed s ic k l e a v e -----------------------------------------------

9 .7

8. 2

12. 6

1 9 .9

.3

Public ,
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

3. 3
1.7
1. 1
1. 6
.7
1 .0
7. 3
7. 3

18. 0
18. 0
1. 2
.2
16. 6
17. 3
17. 3

8. 5
1 .4
1 .4
-

'

“

•7. 1
7. 1
4. 1
4. 1
“

18. 3
5 .3
2. 2
3. 1
13. 0
.9
12. 1
5 .9
1 .9
4. 0

4. 3

2. 2

Manufacturing

4. 8

tart-*

8
7. 5
7. 5
7. 3
7. 3
"

U.

4. 6

1 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
2 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
3 In clu des data f o r r e a l esta te in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 " U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o se f o r m a l plans und er w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sa m e num ber o f d a y s ' paid s ic k le a v e e a c h y e a r .
"G rad u ated
p la n s " a r e d efin ed as th ose fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n .
E s tim a te s r e fl e c t p r o v is io n s
a p p lic a b le at the stated len gth o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fl e c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
Thus, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 15 d ays' s ic k lea v e a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this
am ount a fte r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th er than th o s e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly .
N u m bers o f days show n under " F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y " a re days fo r w h ic h w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay;
w o r k e r s a r e en titled to a d d ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.
6 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e prim ary p u rp o se o f p rep a rin g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s for the B u re a u ’ s w a g e su r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s
f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s if y i n g into a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a tio n s w o rk ers who a re em ploy ed under a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s and d iffe re n t work arra n g e m e n ts from e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t an d from a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p erm its the gro up in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s re p r e se n tin g co m p a ra b le jo b c o n te n t. B e c a u s e
o f th is

e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lish m e n t

and in te r a re a

c o m p a ra b ility o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, the B u ­

r e a u ’ s job d e s c r ip t io n s may d iffe r s ig n if ic a n tly from th o se in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s or th o s e
p re p a re d for other p u r p o s e s. In a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u ’ s fie ld e c o n o m ists are in ­
str u c te d to e x c lu d e w orking s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s, b e g in n e rs, t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d , p art-tim e,
tem porary , and p ro b atio n ary w o rk ers.
O F F IC E

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er
than an ord in ary o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p ew riter. May a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b i ll i n g s or sh ip p in g c h a r g e s or perform other c l e r ic a l work in c id e n ta l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s, b i ll e r s , m a c h in e , a re
c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s:

O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e (R em in gton R an d , E llio tt
F is h e r , S u n d stra n d , B u rro u g h s, N a tio n a l C a sh R e g is t e r , with or w ithout
a ty pew riter k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a re co rd o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f re c o r d s requ irin g a k n o w led ge o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fa m ilia rity with
the stru ctu re o f the p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g sy ste m u s e d . D eterm in es
proper re c o r d s an d d istr ib u tio n o f d e b it and c re d it ite m s to be u se d
in e a c h p h a se o f the w ork. May p rep are c o n s o lid a te d re p o rts, b a l­
a n c e s h e e t s , and oth er r e c o r d s by hand.

B iller, m achine (billin g m achine ). U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a­
ch in e (Moon H o p k in s, E llio t t F is h e r , B u rro u gh s, e t c ., w hich a re
co m b in a tio n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s) to p re p a re b i l l s an d in ­
v o i c e s from c u s t o m e r s ’ p u rc h a se o r d e r s, in tern a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s,
sh ip p in g m em oran d u m s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p re d e ­
term in ed d is c o u n t s an d sh ip p in g c h a rg e s and entry o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m ay or m ay not be com puted on the b illin g m a­
c h in e , an d t o t a l s w h ich a re a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d by m ach in e.
T h e o p e ra tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s a la r g e number o f carb o n c o p ie s o f
the b ill b e in g p re p a re d and i s often done on a fa n fo ld m ach in e.

C la s s B . K e e p s a record o f one or more p h a s e s or s e c t io n s of
a s e t o f re c o r d s u s u a lly re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led ge o f b a s i c book ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s or s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p ay ro ll,
c u sto m e r s’ a c c o u n ts (not in c lu d in g a sim p le ty pe o f b illin g d e sc rib e d
under b ille r , m a c h in e), c o s t d istr ib u tio n , e x p e n se d istrib u tio n , in­
ventory co n tro l, e t c . May c h e c k or a s s i s t in p rep aratio n o f tria l
b a la n c e s and p rep a re co n trol s h e e t s for the a c c o u n tin g departm en t.

B ille r, m achine (bookkeeping m a c h in e ).U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d stra n d , E llio t t F is h e r , R em ington R a n d , e t c ., w hich
m ay or m ay n ot h a v e ty p e w riter k ey b oard ) to p re p a re c u s t o m e r s ’
b i l l s a s p a rt o f th e a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n . G e n e ra lly in ­
v o lv e s the s im u lta n e o u s en try o f fig u re s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
ord. T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s f ig u r e s on a num ber
o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s an d co m p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in v o lv e a k n o w led g e o f b ook ­
k e e p in g .
W orks from uniform and sta n d a rd ty p e s o f s a l e s an d
c r e d it s l i p s .




C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

C la s s A .U n d e r g e n e ra l d ire ctio n o f a b o o k k ee p e r or a c c o u n t­
an t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y for k e e p in g one or more s e c t i o n s of a com ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s or re c o rd s re la tin g to one p h a se o f an e s t a b li s h ­
m ent’ s b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv e s p o stin g and b a lan cin g
su b sid ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s su ch a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

25

26
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G - C o n tin u e d
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g in v o ic e s or v o u c h e rs w ith p ro p er a c ­
c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; a n d r e q u ir e s ju dgm en t an d e x p e r ie n c e in
m ak in g p rop er a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l lo c a t io n s . May a s s i s t in p re p a rin g ,
a d ju s tin g , an d c l o s in g jo u rn a l e n t r ie s ; an d m ay d ire c t c l a s s B a c ­
co u n tin g c le r k s .
C la ss B . U n d er s u p e r v is io n , perform s on e or m ore ro u tin e a c ­
co u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su c h a s p o s tin g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs or a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te rin g v o u c h e rs in v o u ch er r e g i s t e r s ;
re c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o stin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s co n ­
tro lle d by g e n e r a l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g sim p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot re q u ir e a k n o w led g e o f a c c o u n tin g an d b ook ­
k e e p in g p r in c ip le s b u t i s fou nd in o f f i c e s in w hich th e m ore ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w ork i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s am on g s e v e r a l
w o rk ers.

C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A , In an e s t a b li s h e d filin g sy s te m c o n ta in in g a num ber
o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f ile m a te ria l
su ch a s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r ts , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c . May
a l s o f ile th is m a te r ia l. May k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in co n ­
ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s . M ay le a d a sm a ll group o f lo w e r l e v e l file
c le rk s.
C la s s B 9 S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l by sim ­

p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r) h e a d in g s or p artly c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l by fin e r
su b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d in d e x an d c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s.
A s r e q u e s te d , l o c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te ria l in f i l e s
an d fo rw ard s m a te r ia l. May perform r e la te d c l e r ic a l t a s k s re q u ired
to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C L E R K , ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u sto m e rs * o rd e rs for m a te r ia l o r m e rc h a n d is e by m a il,
p h on e, or p e rs o n a lly . D u tie s in v o lv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Q uotin g p r ic e s to c u sto m e rs; m ak in g ou t an order s h e e t l is t in g th e ite m s
to m ake up the order; ch e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n titie s o f ite m s on o rd er
sh e e t; an d d istrib u tin g order s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a rtm e n ts to b e
f ille d . May ch eck with c r e d it d ep artm en t to determ in e c r e d it ra tin g o f
cu sto m er, ack n o w led g e r e c e ip t o f o rd e rs from c u s to m e r s , fo llo w up o r d e r s
to s e e th at they h a v e been fille d , k e e p f i l e o f o rd e rs r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k
sh ip p in g in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s.

C LER K , PAYRO LL
C om p u tes w a g e s o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s an d e n te r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a ta on the p a y ro ll s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o rk e rs*
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e or p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; an d p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d
d a ta on p a y ro ll s h e e t, sh ow in g in form ation su c h a s w o rk er’s n am e, w ork­
in g d a y s , tim e, ra te , d e d u c tio n s for in s u r a n c e , an d t o ta l w a g e s d u e .
May m ake ou t p a y c h e c k s an d a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up an d d i s ­
trib u tin g p ay e n v e lo p e s. May u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTO M ETER O PE R A TO R
Prim ary duty i s to o p e ra te a C om p tom eter to perform m ath em a­
t ic a l co m p u ta tio n s. T h is jo b i s n ot to b e c o n fu se d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s ­
t ic a l or other type o f c le rk , w hich m ay in v o lv e fre q u en t u s e o f a C om p­
tom eter b u t, in w hich, u s e o f th is m ach in e i s in c id e n ta l to p erfo rm an c e
o f oth er d u tie s .

D U P LIC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R A PH O R D IT T O )
C la s s C mP e rfo rm s ro u tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l th a t h a s a lre a d y

been c l a s s i f i e d or w hich i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n sy s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, or num er­
ic a l).
A s r e q u e s te d , l o c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te ria l in f i l e s
and fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l; an d m ay f il l o u t w ith d raw al c h a r g e . P e r ­
form s sim p le c l e r ic a l an d m an u al t a s k s re q u ired to m ain tain an d
s e r v ic e f i l e s .




U nder g e n e ra l su p e r v isio n a n d w ith no s u p e r v iso r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , re p ro d u ce s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p ew ritten or h an d w ritten m atter,
u sin g a M im eograph or D itto m ach in e. M ak e s n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n t su c h
a s for ink an d p a p e r fe e d co u n ter a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t re q u ired to
p re p a re s t e n c il or D itto m a ste r. May k e e p f ile o f u s e d s t e n c i l s or D itto
m a s te r s . May so rt, c o lla t e , an d s t a p le c o m p le te d m a te r ia l.

27
KEYPUN CH O PERA TO R

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u ed

C la s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m erical a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or co m b in a ­

tio n k ey p u n ch m ach in e to tra n sc rib e d a ta from v a r io u s so u rc e d o c u ­
m e n ts to k ey p u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s .

P e rfo rm s sa m e t a s k s a s low er

l e v e l k ey p u n ch o p e ra to r b u t, in a d d itio n , work r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n o f
c o d in g s k i l l s an d the m aking of so m e d e te rm in a tio n s, for e x a m p le ,

m ak in g phone c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l an d im portant or c o n fid e n tia l
m a il, an d w ritin g ro u tin e c o rre sp o n d e n c e on own in it ia t iv e ; and ta k in g
d ic ta tio n (w here tr a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s not u s e d ) e ith e r in sh orthan d
or by S te n o ty p e or s im ila r m a c h in e , and tra n sc rib in g d ic ta tio n or the
re co rd ed inform ation re p ro d u ce d on a tra n sc rib in g m a c h in e. May p rep are
s p e c ia l re p o rts or m em orandum s for inform ation o f su p e rio r.

l o c a t e s on the s o u r c e docum en t the ite m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s
in fo rm atio n from s e v e r a l d o cu m en ts; an d s e a r c h e s for and in te r p re ts
in fo rm atio n on the docu m en t to determ in e in form ation to be p u n ch ed .

STEN O G R A PH ER , G E N E R A L
P rim ary duty i s to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a norm al routine

May train in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e ra to r s.

v o c a b u la ry from one or more p e r s o n s eith e r in sh orth an d or by S ten o ty p e
or sim ila r m ach in e; and tra n s c rib e d ic ta tio n ..M a y a l s o ty pe from w ritten
C la s s B % U nder c l o s e

d u re s or in s tr u c tio n s ,
p u n ch e d c a r d s .
b in a tio n

from s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts to

O p e r a te s a n u m erical a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or com ­

k ey p u n ch

v e rify c a r d s .

su p e r v isio n or fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e ­

t r a n s c r ib e s d a ta

m ach in e

to keypun ch

ta b u la tin g

card s.

May

W orking from v a r io u s sta n d a r d iz e d so u r c e d o c u m e n ts,

fo llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w hich h av e b ee n c o d e d or p r e s c r ib e d
in d e t a il an d re q u ir e l it t le or no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , or in te rp re tin g o f
d a t a to be p u n c h e d . P r o b le m s a r is in g from e rro n e o u s ite m s or c o d e s ,
m is s in g in fo rm a tio n , e t c ., are re ferre d to s u p e r v iso r .

O F F I C E B O Y O R G IR L

c o p y . May m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , or perform other r e la ­
tiv e ly ro u tin e c l e r ic a l t a s k s . May o p e r a te from a ste n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not include transcribing-m achine work . (S e e tra n scrib in g -m a c h in e
o p e ra to r .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R ,S E N I O R
P rim ary duty i s to tak e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a rie d te c h n ic a l
or s p e c ia l i z e d v o c a b u la ry su ch a s in le g a l b r ie fs or re p o r ts on s c ie n t if ic
re se a r c h from on e or m ore p e r s o n s eith e r in sh orth an d or by Sten oty p e or
sim ila r m a c h in e ; an d tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a l s o ty p e from w ritten
co p y . May a l s o s e t up a n d m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

OR

P e rfo rm s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su ch a s running e r r a n d s, o p e ra ­
tin g m inor o f f ic e m a c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s or m a ile r s , o p e n in g an d d i s ­
trib u tin g m a il, a n d oth er m inor c l e r ic a l work.

SEC R ETA R Y
P e rfo rm s
a d m in is t r a t iv e

s e c r e t a r ia l

an d c l e r ic a l d u tie s for a su p e rio r in an

or e x e c u t iv e p o sitio n .

D u tie s in c lu d e m ak in g a p p o in t­

m e n ts for s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le co m in g into o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g a n d




P e rfo rm s ste n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s re q u irin g s ig n if ic a n tly g re a te r
in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e ra l a s e v i­
d e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g : Work r e q u ir e s high d e g re e o f ste n o g ra p h ic
s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a thorough w orkin g k n o w led ge o f g e n e ra l b u s i­
n e s s an d o ffic e p ro c e d u re s an d o f the s p e c if i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a tio n s,
o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w orkflow , e tc .
U s e s th is
k n o w led ge in p erform in g ste n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d r e s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a teria l for
r e p o r ts, m em orandum s, le t t e r s , e t c .; c o m p o sin g sim p le le t t e r s from g e n e ra l
in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g an d ro u tin g in co m in g m a il; an d a n sw e rin g routine
q u e s t io n s , e tc . D o e s not include tran scribing-m ach in e work .

28

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a s in g le - or m u ltip le -p o sitio n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , an d in tr a p la n t or o f f i c e
c a l l s . May re co rd to ll c a l l s an d ta k e m e s s a g e s . May g iv e in fo rm atio n
to p e r s o n s who c a l l in , or o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s.
For
w o rk ers who a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e sw itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rr e c e p t io n is t .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d
C la s s C. O p e ra te s sim p le ta b u la t in g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s su ch a s the s o r te r , re p ro d u c in g p u n ch , c o lla t o r , e t c .,
with s p e c if i c in s tr u c tio n s . May in c lu d e sim p le w irin g from d ia g r a m s
and so m e filin g work. T h e w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o rtio n s o f a
work u n it, for e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g or c o ll a t in g ru n s or r e ­
p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d itio n to p erfo rm in g d u t ie s o f o p e ra to r on a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tio n or m o n itor-typ e sw itc h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t an d m ay a l s o ty p e
or perform ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w ork a s p a rt o f re g u la r d u t ie s . T h is ty p in g
or c l e r ic a l work m ay ta k e th e m ajo r p art o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A. O p e r a t e s a v a r ie ty o f ta b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r, c a lc u la t o r , in te r p re te r, c o lla t o r , an d o t h e r s . P e rfo rm s co m ­
p le t e re p o rtin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith ou t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , an d p erfo rm s
d if f ic u lt w irin g a s re q u ir e d . T h e c o m p le te re p o rtin g an d ta b u la tin g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a rie ty o f lo n g an d co m p le x r e ­
p o rts w hich o ften a re o f irre g u la r or n o n recu rrin g ty pe re q u irin g
so m e p la n n in g an d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to be ta k e n . A s a m ore
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e ra to r , i s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a ­
to rs in m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r tia lly train e d o p e r a to r s in w iring
from d ia g r a m s an d o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r ts.
D o e s not include w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p erform in g ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a tio n s and d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w ork an d p ro d u ctio n
o f a gro u p o f ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a to r s.
C la s s B # O p e r a te s m ore d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e ta b u la to r an d c a l c u la t o r , in a d d itio n
to the so r te r , re p ro d u c e r, and c o lla t o r . T h is work i s p erform ed under
s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s an d m ay in c lu d e the p erfo rm a n c e o f so m e w ir­
in g from d ia g r a m s. T h e work ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , for e x a m p le , ta b u ­
la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e tit iv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but
sm a ll ta b u la tin g s tu d y , or p a r ts o f a lo n g e r and m ore c o m p le x re p o rt.
Su ch re p o rts an d s t u d i e s a re u s u a lly o f a re cu rrin g n atu re w here
the p ro c e d u re s a re w e ll e s t a b li s h e d . May a l s o in c lu d e the tra in in g
o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s i c o p e ra tio n o f the m a c h in e .




T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
Prim ary duty i s to tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n orm al ro u ­
tin e v o c a b u la ry from tra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e r e c o r d s . May a l s o ty p e from
w ritten co py an d do sim p le c l e r ic a l w ork. W orkers t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n
in v o lv in g a v a rie d te c h n ic a l or s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r ie fs or re p o rts on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a re n ot in c lu d e d . A w o rk er w ho
t a k e s d ic ta tio n in sh orth an d or by S te n o ty p e or s im ila r m a c h in e i s
c l a s s i f i e d a s a ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p ew riter to m ake c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ak e ou t b i l l s a fte r c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b e e n m ad e by an o th e r p e r s o n .
May in c lu d e ty pin g o f s t e n c i l s , m a ts , or s im ila r m a t e r ia ls for u s e in
d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . May do c l e r i c a l work in v o lv in g l it t l e s p e c i a l
tra in in g , su c h a s k e e p in g sim p le r e c o r d s , f ilin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , or
so r tin g and d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.

C la ss A. P erform s one or more o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a­
t e r ia l in fin a l form when it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a te r ia l from s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s err r e s p o n s ib ilit y for c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b ic a t i o n , p u n c ­
tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l or u n u su a l w o rd s o r fo re ig n la n g u a g e m a­
t e r ia l; a n d p lan n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l
t a b le s to m aintain uniform ity an d b a la n c e in s p a c i n g .
May ty p e
ro u tin e form le t t e r s v ary in g d e t a i l s to s u i t c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

C la ss B, P erfo rm s one or more o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g
from rough or c le a r d r a ft s ; ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo rm s, in s u ra n c e p o l­
i c i e s , e t c .; an d settin g up sim p le s t a n d a r d t a b u la t io n s , or c o p y in g
m ore co m p le x t a b le s a lre a d y s e t up a n d s p a c e d p ro p e rly .

29

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N I C A L

D RA FTSM A N

D R A F T SM A N — o n tin u ed
C

L e a d e r . P l a n s an d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f on e or m ore d raftsm en
in p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s and d e t a il d ra w in g s from rough or
p re lim in a ry s k e t c h e s for en g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or m an u factu rin g

p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : In ter­
p re tin g b lu e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s , and w ritten or v e r b a l o r d e r s; d e te r­
m in in g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u tie s to s u b o r d in a te s and in­
s p e c t in g th e ir w ork; a n d perform ing more d if f ic u lt p ro b le m s. May
a s s i s t s u b o r d in a t e s d u rin g e m e rg e n c ie s or a s a r e g u la r a ss ig n m e n t,
or perform r e la t e d d u t ie s of a su p e rv iso ry or a d m in is tr a tiv e n a tu re .

Junior ( a s s is ta n t).

p re p a re d by

m an u factu rin g p u r p o s e s .
re q u ire d .

D raw s to s c a l e u n its or p a r ts o f d raw in gs

d ra ftsm a n or o th e rs for e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or
U s e s v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o ls a s

May p re p a re d ra w in g s from sim p le p la n s or s k e t c h e s , or

perform oth er d u t ie s under d ire c tio n o f a d ra ftsm a n .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e u nder g e n e ra l
m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i ll or in ju re d e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s who b e­
com e i ll or su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to ry or oth er e s t a b ­
lish m e n t. D u tie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f ir s t a id

Senior. P r e p a r e s w orkin g p la n s an d d e t a il d ra w in g s from n o t e s ,
rough or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or m anu­
fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u tie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w o rk in g p la n s , d e t a il d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s ,
e t c ., to s c a l e by u s e o f d raftin g in stru m e n ts; m ak in g e n g in e e rin g
c o m p u ta tio n s su c h a s th o se in v o lv e d in stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
b e a m s , an d t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g c o m p le te d w ork, c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s ,

m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , an d q u a n t it ie s ; w riting s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; an d
m ak in g a d ju s tm e n ts or c h a n g e s in d raw in gs or s p e c if i c a t io n s . May
in k in l i n e s a n d l e t t e r s on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p re p a re d e t a il u n its o f
c o m p le te d r a w in g s , or tra c e d ra w in g s. Work i s fre q u e n tly in a s p e ­
c i a l i z e d f ie l d su c h a s a rc h ite c tu r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, or
str u c t u r a l

d r a ftin g .

to the i l l or in ju re d ; a tte n d in g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s* in ­
ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s tre a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t re p o rts for
co m p e n sa tio n or oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g and carry ­
in g out p ro gram s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p rev e n tio n , e v a lu ­
a tio n o f p la n t en viron m en t, or oth er a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g the h e a lth , w e l­
fa re , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e rso n n e l.
TRACER
C o p ie s
p la n s
and d ra w in g s p re p a re d by o th e r s , by p la c in g
tra c in g clo th or p a p e r o v er d raw in g an d tra c in g w ith pen or p e n c il. U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and other d ra ftin g t o o l s . May p re p a re sim p le draw ­
in g s an d do sim p le le tte r in g .

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

P e rfo rm s the carp en try d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n str u c t an d m ain ­
ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g woodw ork and equipm en t su c h a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r tit io n s , d o o rs, flo o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , an d trim
m ade o f w ood in an e s ta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f work from b lu e p r in ts, d ra w in g s, m o d e ls, or
v e rb a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u sin g a v a rie ty o f ca rp e n te r’ s h a n d to o ls, p o rta b le

pow er t o o ls , an d sta n d a rd m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; m aking sta n d a rd sh o p
c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork; and s e l e c t i n g m a te r ia ls
n e c e s s a r y for the work. In g e n e r a l, the work o f the m ain te n a n ce c a r ­
p en te r r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ire d through
a form al a p p re n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .




30

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e rfo rm s a v a rie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l trad e fu n c tio n s su c h a s the
i n s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n ce , or re p a ir o f eq uip m en t for the g e n e ra tio n , d i s ­
trib u tio n , or u tiliz a tio n o f e le c t r ic en ergy in an e s ta b lish m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g or re p a irin g any o f a v a rie ty
o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su c h a s g e n e r a to r s , tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itc h b o a r d s,
c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s, m o to rs, h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s ,
or oth er tr a n s m iss io n eq u ip m en t; w orkin g from b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, l a y ­
o u t s , or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g an d d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in the e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m or eq u ip m en t; w ork in g sta n d a rd c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
lo a d re q u irem e n ts o f w iring or e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; an d u sin g a v a rie ty
o f e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d to o ls an d m e a su rin g an d t e s tin g in stru m e n ts. In
g e n e r a l, the work o f the m a in te n a n ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s roun ded tra in ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s i s t s one or more w o rk ers in the s k i l le d m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s ,
by p erform ing s p e c if i c or g e n e ra l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g
a w orker su p p lie d with m a te r ia ls an d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w orking a r e a , m a­
ch in e, an d eq u ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g journ eym an by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or t o o l s ;
and perform ing other u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c te d by jo u rn ey m an . T h e
kind o f work the h elp er i s perm itted to perform v a r i e s from trad e to tra d e :
In so m e tr a d e s the h elp er i s co n fin e d to su p p ly in g , lift in g , an d h o ld in g
m a te r ia ls and to o ls and c le a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; an d in o th e rs he i s p e r ­
m itted to perform s p e c ia l i z e d m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r ts o f a tra d e
th at a re a l s o perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s an d m ay a l s o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f sta tio n a r y e n g in e s an d eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly the e s ta b lish m e n t in w hich em p loy ed with p ow er, h e a t, r e fr ig e r a ­
tio n , or a ir-c o n d itio n in g . Work in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g an d m a in ta in in g
eq u ip m en t su c h a s ste a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s so r s , g e n e r a to r s, m o to rs,
t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g an d re fr ig e r a tin g eq u ip m en t, ste a m b o ile r s and
b o ile r- fe d w a te r p u m p s; m ak in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; an d k e e p in g a re co rd
o f o p e ra tio n o f m ach in ery , tem p e ratu re , an d fu e l co n su m p tio n . May
a ls o s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s. H ea d or c h i e f en g in eers in e s ta b lis h ­

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M
S p e c i a l iz e s in the o p era tio n o f on e or m ore ty p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o ls , su c h a s jig b o re rs, c y lin d r ic a l or s u r f a c e g r in d e r s, en g in e l a t h e s ,
or m illin g m a ch in es, in the c o n stru c tio n o f m a c h in e -sh o p t o o ls , g a g e s ,
j i g s , fix tu r e s , or d i e s . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
an d perform in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g
c o m p lic a te d s e tu p s or a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a rie ty o f p re ­
c is io n m e asu rin g in stru m en ts; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , an d
o p e ra tio n se q u e n c e ; and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts du ring o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . May be re q u ired to r e c ­
o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , an d to s e l e c t p rop er
c o o la n ts an d cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s - in d u s tr y w a g e stu d y
p u r p o s e s , m ach in e-tool o p e ra to r s, to o lro o m , in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a re e x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

m en ts em p loyin g more than on e en g in eer are exclu d ed .

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F ir e s sta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e s ta b lish m e n t in w hich
em p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p ow er, or ste a m . F e e d s f u e ls to fire by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , or g a s or o il b u rner; an d c h e c k s w ater
an d s a f e t y v a l v e s . May c le a n , o il, or a s s i s t in re p a irin g b oilerroom
eq u ip m en t.




P ro d u c e s re p la ce m e n t p a r ts an d new p a r t s in m ak in g r e p a ir s o f
m etal p a r ts o f m e ch a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work
in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In terp re tin g w ritten in s tr u c tio n s an d
s p e c if i c a t io n s ; p lan n in g an d la y in g ou t o f w ork; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a­
c h in is t ’ s h a n d to o ls an d p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t i n g up an d
o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m ach in e to o ls ; sh a p in g o f m e ta l p a r t s to c l o s e to le r ­
a n c e s ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f
w ork, to o lin g , f e e d s , an d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w orking

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M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW R IG H T

p r o p e r tie s o f the com m on m e t a ls ; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia l s , p a r t s ,
an d eq u ip m en t re q u ire d for h is w ork; an d fittin g an d a s s e m b lin g p a r ts
in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in ist’ s work n o rm ally
r e q u ir e s a ro u n ded tra in in g in m ac h in e-sh o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s or h e a v y eq u ip m en t, an d d is m a n t le s an d
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s or h e a v y eq u ip m en t when c h a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t
a re re q u ire d . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g
ou t o f the w ork; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a rie ty o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re ­
la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , a n d c e n te r s o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g
and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m en t; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd t o o l s , eq u ip m en t, an d
p a r ts to be u s e d ; an d i n s t a l l in g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d order pow er
tr a n s m iss io n eq u ip m en t su c h a s d r iv e s an d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l,
the m illw rig h t’ s work n o rm ally re q u ir e s a roun ded tra in in g and e x p e r i­
e n c e in the tra d e a c q u ire d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to rtru ck s, an d t r a c t o r s o f an e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g au to m o tiv e
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e so u r c e o f tro u b le; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m en t an d
p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e the u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , or s p e c i a l i z e d eq uip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g or fittin g p a r t s ;
r e p la c in g brok en or d e f e c t iv e p a r ts from sto c k ; g rin d in g an d a d ju s tin g
v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g a n d i n s t a llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h ic le
a n d m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts ; an d a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t in g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , or tig h te n in g bod y b o lt s . In g e n e ra l, the work o f the a u to ­
m o tive m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c ­
q u ired through a fo rm al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d
e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e ry or m e c h a n ic a l equipm en t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
Work in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : E xam in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e ch a n ­
i c a l eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e so u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g or p a r tly d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s a n d p erform in g r e p a ir s th at m ain ly in v o lv e the u s e o f
h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g a n d fittin g p a r t s ; re p la c in g b rok en or d e f e c t iv e
p a r ts w ith ite m s o b ta in e d from s t o c k ; orderin g the p ro d u ctio n o f a r e ­
p la c e m e n t p a r t by a m a c h in e sh o p or se n d in g o f the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e
sh o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p re p a rin g w ritten s p e c if i c a t io n s for m ajo r r e p a ir s
or for th e p ro d u c tio n o f p a r ts o rd ered from m ach in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g
m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts for o p e ra tio n . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w ork o f a m a in te n a n c e m e ch an ic re q u ire s roun ded tra in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a re
w o rk ers w h o se primary d u tie s in v o lv e se t tin g up or a d ju s t in g m a c h in e s .




O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il or g r e a s e , the m ovin g p a r ts or w e arin g su r ­
f a c e s o f .m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w oodw ork, an d fix tu r e s o f an e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u ­
l i a r i t i e s and ty p e s o f p a in t re q u ire d for d iffe re n t a p p l ic a t i o n s ; p re p a rin g
s u r fa c e for p a in tin g by rem ov in g o ld fin ish or by p la c in g p u tty or fille r
in n a il h o le s an d i n t e r s t i c e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun or b ru sh .
May m ix c o lo r s , o i l s , w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p ain t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in
prop er c o lo r or c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in te n a n ce
p a in te r re q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through
a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s or r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s , or oth er ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
L a y in g out o f work an d m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o sitio n o f p ip e from draw ­
in g s or other w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o rre c t le n g th s with c h is e l an d ham m er or o x y a c e ty le n e torch or p ip e ­
c u ttin g m a c h in e ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e by
h an d-driven or p o w er-d riven m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s

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P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

an d f a s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m ak in g sta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e re q u ire d ; a n d m ak in g sta n d a r d
t e s t s to d e term in e w h eth er f in is h e d p ip e s m eet s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e fitt e r r e q u ir e s ro un ded tra in in g an d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . W orkers primarily en g a g ed in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

ty p e s o f sh ee t-m e ta l-w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in
c u ttin g , b en d in g, form in g, sh a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d i n s t a l l i n g
sh e e t- m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s re q u ire d . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e
sh e e t- m e ta l w orker r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u ire d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L AND D IE M A K ER
(D ie m ak er; ji g m ak er; to o l m ak er; fix tu re m a k er; g a g e m a k e r)

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o rd er.
Work in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s re g a rd in g i n s t a l l a t io n o f
v e n ts an d tra p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a llin g or r e p a irin g p ip e s an d
f ix t u r e s ; an d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b e r’ s s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l, the work o f th e m a in te n a n c e plum ber re q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in ta in s in g o o d re p a ir the sh e e tm e tal eq u ip m en t an d f ix tu r e s (s u c h a s m ach in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l ro o fin g ) o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d l a y ­
in g ou t a l l ty p e s o f sh e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e work from b lu e p r in ts,
m o d e ls , or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t tin g up an d o p e ra tin g a l l a v a i la b l e

C o n stru c ts an d r e p a ir s m a c h in e -sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix ­
tu re s or d ie s for fo r g in g s, pun ch in g, an d o th e r m etal-fo rm in g w ork. Work
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w ork from
m o d e ls, b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, or o th e r o r a l a n d w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u sin g a v a rie ty o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s ­
u rin g in stru m e n ts, u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m on
m e ta ls a n d a l lo y s ; se t tin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a c h in e t o o ls an d r e la t e d
eq u ip m en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w ork, s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a tt r e a t in g o f m e ta l
p a r ts du rin g fa b ric a tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d t o o ls a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e
re q u ired q u a l it i e s ; w ork in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fittin g an d a s s e m b l i n g
o f p a r ts to p re sc rib e d t o le r a n c e s an d a llo w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p ro ­
p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the to o l a n d d ie
m ak er’ s work re q u ire s a roun ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e -sh o p an d toolro om
p r a c t ic e u su a lly a c q u ire d through a fo rm al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F or c r o ss - in d u s tr y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
in to o l an d die jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d from t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T

ELEV A TO R O PERA TO R , PA SSEN G ER

GUARD

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een flo o rs o f an o f f ic e b u ild in g ,
a p a rtm en t h o u s e , d e p artm en t s t o r e , h o te l, or s im ila r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W orkers who o p e ra te e le v a t o r s in co n ju n c tio n with o th e r d u t ie s su c h a s
th o s e o f s t a r t e r s an d ja n it o r s are e x c lu d e d .

P erform s ro u tin e p o lic e d u t ie s , e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t or on tou r,
m a in ta in in g order, u s in g arm s or fo rc e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d es g a te -




men who are sta tio n ed at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s entering.

33

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

JA N I T O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w e e p e r ; ch arw om en ; ja n it r e s s )
C le a n s an d k e e p s in an ord erly co n d ition fa c to ry w orkin g a r e a s
an d w a s h ro o m s, or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm en t h o u s e , or co m m e rcial
or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

D u tie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g ;

S w e e p in g , m oppin g or sc ru b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; rem ovin g c h ip s ,
tr a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g eq uip m en t, furn iture, o r f ix tu r e s ; p o lis h ­
in g m e ta l fix tu r e s or trim m in gs; p ro v id in g s u p p lie s an d m inor m a in te ­
n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , sh o w e rs, an d re stro o m s. Work­
e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a re e x c lu d e d .

P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p ro d u c ts for sh ip m e n t or s t o r a g e by p la c in g
them in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s perform ed b e in g
d ep en d en t upon the ty p e , s i z e , an d num ber o f u n its to be p a c k e d , the
type o f co n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , an d m ethod o f sh ip m e n t. Work re q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s an d may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : K n o w led g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o rd er to v e rify
co n ten t; s e le c t io n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e an d s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e rtin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r or oth er m a te r ia l to p rev en t
b re a k a g e or d a m a g e ; c lo s in g an d s e a l in g c o n ta in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s
or en terin g id e n tify in g d a t a on c o n ta in e r .
P a ck ers who a ls o make
w ooden b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r; h an d ler an d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tru ck er; sto c k S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

m an or s t o c k h e lp e r ; w areh ou sem an or w a re h o u se h e lp e r)

P r e p a r e s m e rch a n d ise for sh ip m e n t, or r e c e i v e s a n d i s re sp o n ­

A w o rk er e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u se , m an u factu rin g p la n t, sto r e ,
or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one or more o f the fo llo w ing:

L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a rio u s m a te r ia ls an d m e rc h a n d ise on or

from fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , or other tra n sp o rtin g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v ­
in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls or m erch a n d ise in p rop er s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ;
a n d tr a n sp o rtin g m a t e r ia ls or m e rch a n d ise by hand tru ck , c a r , or w h e e l­
barro w .

L o n g sh o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ips are ex c lu d e d .

s i b l e for in co m in g sh ip m e n ts o f m e rc h a n d ise or oth er m a t e r ia ls .
ping work i n v o lv e s :

ro u te s ,

a v a ila b le

Ship­

A k n o w led ge o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s ,

m e a n s o f tr a n s p o rta tio n , an d r a t e s ;

an d p rep arin g

re c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m ak in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w eigh t
and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d k e e p in g a f ile o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s.
d ir e c t or a s s i s t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d ise for sh ip m e n t.
work in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

V e rify in g or d ire c tin g o th e rs in v e rify in g the co rre c t­

n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , or oth er re c o r d s;
c h e c k in g for s h o r t a g e s an d r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m erchan­
O RDER F IL L E R

d i s e or m a te r ia ls
r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

(O rd er p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u se sto c k m a n )

to proper d e p a rtm e n ts; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y

F i l l s sh ip p in g or tra n sfe r o rd e rs for fin ish e d g o o d s from sto r e d
m e rc h a n d ise

in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c if ic a t io n s on s a l e s

to m e rs’ o r d e r s , or oth er in s tr u c tio n s.

slip s, c u s­

M ay, in a d d itio n to f illin g o rd e rs

a n d in d ic a t in g ite m s f il l e d or om itted , k e e p re c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s,

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk ers a re c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g clerk

r e q u is it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k or report sh o rt s u p p lie s to su p e r v is o r , an d

Shipping clerk

perform o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

Shipping and r e ce iv in g clerk




34

T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , POW ER

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a c ity or in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tra n sp o rt m a­
t e r i a l s , m e rc h a n d ise , eq u ip m en t, or men b etw een v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su c h a s : M an u factu rin g p la n t s , fre ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s , or b etw een r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s
an d c u s t o m e r s 9 h o u s e s or p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . May a l s o lo a d or u n lo a d
tru ck w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m inor m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , an d k e e p
tru ck in g o o d w o rk in g o rd er. D riv er -sa le sm e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d drivers
are e x c lu d e d .

O p e ra te s a m an u ally c o n tro lle d g a s o li n e - or e le c tr ic - p o w e r e d
truck or tra cto r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s a n d m a t e r ia ls o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a
w a re h o u se , m an u factu rin g p la n t, or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , tru c k d riv e rs a re c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e
an d ty p e o f eq u ip m en t, a s f o llo w s : (T r a c to r - tr a ile r sh o u ld be ra te d on
the b a s i s o f t r a ile r c a p a c i t y .)

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk ers a re c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f
tru ck , a s fo llo w s :

Trucker, p ow er (fork lift)
Trucker, p ow er (oth er than fork lift)

Truckdriver (com bination o f s i z e s li s te d s e p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under 1% ton s)

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 to n s)
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 ton s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s, other than trailer ty p e )




M ak es ro u n ds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p ro p erty
a g a i n s t fir e , th e ft, an d i l l e g a l en try .







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order a s BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963» 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the latest available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to ry indicating dates o f e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins m a y b e purchased from the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, E». C. , 20402,
or fro m any o f the BLS region a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
number

A kron, O h io ______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N. Y _________________
T
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ___________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem — aston, P a .— J________
E
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ___________________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________________
P
B irm in gh am , A l a ________________________________
B o is e , I d a h o _____________________________________
B oston , M a s s 1
____________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

B u ffalo, N. Y _____________________________________
B u rlin gton, Vt __________________________________
Canton, O h io ________________________ . ____________
C h arleston , W. V a _______________________________
C h arlotte, N. C ___________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a __________________________
C h icag o, 1111_____________________________________
C incinnati, Ohio—
Ky______________________________
C leveland, O h io __________________________________
C olum bu s, O h io _________________________ _________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents

D a lla s, T e x ______________________________________
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111_______
Dayton, O h io 1______________________________ ___ ___
D enver, C o l o 1____________________________________
D es M oin es, Iow a1 _______________________________
D etroit, M ich _____________________________________
F ort W orth, T e x _________________________________
G reen B ay, W is __________________________________
G re e n v ille , S . C __________________________________
H ouston, T e x ___________________________________ —

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind 1
________________________________
Jackson , M is s 1____________________________ - _____
J a ck son v ille, F l a —_______________________________
K ansas C ity, M o. -K a n s 1. . . _____________________
L aw ren ce— averh ill, M a s s .— H ______________
H
N.
L ittle R ock—
North L ittle R ock , A r k ____________
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1
________________
L os A n g eles—
L o u is v ille , K y .— d 1
In _____________________________
L ubbock, T e x _____________________________________
M an ch ester, N. H ________________________________
M em ph is, Tenn 1_________________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

l

P r ic e

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions ate also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

M ia m i, Fla 1_____________________________________
M ilw aukee, W i s 1________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, Minn_____________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ic h ____________
M
Newark and J e r se y C ity, N. J 1__________________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
New O rle a n s, L a ________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1
_________________________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and N ew port News—
P
Hampton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1385-49
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
30
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Om aha, N eb r. —
Iowa 1
_________________________ ___
P aterson — lifton— a s s a ic , N. J ________________
C
P
Philadelph ia, P a .-N . J 1_________________________
P h oenix, A r i z ____________________________________
P ittsbu rgh, P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d, M a in e 1
________________________________
P ortla n d, O reg. — a s h __________________________
W
P rov id en ce—
Paw tucket, R.I .— a s s 1
M
_____________
R aleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
Richm ond, V a 1
____________________ . ______________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford , H I ____________________________________ 1345-55
St. L ou is, M o . - I l l _______________________________ 1385-21
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h ____________________________ 1385-28
San Antonio, T e x 1
___________________________, _— 1345-78
_
San B ernardino— iv ersid e— ntario, C a lif 1____ 1385-9
R
O
San D iego, C a lif_________________________________ 1385-13
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif1 .________________ 1385-36
Savannah, G a ____________________________________ 1345-60
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________ 1385-8
Seattle, W a sh 1___________________________________ 1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a l ls , S. D a k 1____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1
-_______________________________—
T o le d o , Ohio_____________________________________
T renton, N. J ____________________________________
W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a _____________________
W aterbury, C on n 1 _____________________ ——______
W a terloo, I o w a __________________________________
W ichita, K an s____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss______________________-_________
Y ork , P a 1 ________________________________________

25
20
25
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1385-48
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102