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Occupational Wage Survey

BURLINGTON, VERMONT
MARCH 1964

Bullet!

No. 1385-47




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BURLINGTON, VERMONT




MARCH 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-47
May 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 2 0 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor m arkets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the m ove­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor m a r­
kets and industry divisions.

Tables:
1.
A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied ______________________________________________ _

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions_______

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are
areas.
(See inside back co v er.)

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Burlington, Vt. , in March 1964.
It was prepared in the
Bureau’ s regional office in Boston, M ass. , by Leo Epstein,
under the direction of Paul V . Mulkern, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

3
4

7

available for other

Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Burlington area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

H
i

2

Lf) vO

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—men and women_________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and women__ ___________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations__

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program . Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in m ost of the areas.




1

^

A prelim inary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
A fter completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
States,

Introduction_________________________________________________________________




Oc c up at i o nal Wa g e Su r v e y —Bur l i n g t o n , Vt.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. D e­
partment of L abor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-tim e salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; tran s­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties perform ed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material m ove­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -se r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1




2

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Burlington, Vt. , 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 M arch 1964
Number of establishments

Industry division

Within scope
of study1
3
2

W orkers in establishm ents

Studied

Within scope
of study"4

Studied

A ll divisions -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

34

34

4. 840

4, 840

Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and other
public utilities 5------------------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade 67----------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te 6 ----------------------------Services 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

17
17

17
17

3, 070
1, 770

3, 070
1, 770

4
1
8
3
1

4
1
8
3
1

770
40
530
330
100

770
40
530
330
100

1 The Burlington A rea consists of Burlington, E sse x Junction, South Burlington, and Winooski.
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates
shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates
are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels
since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and
(2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation (50 em ployees).
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A ta b les.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 H otels; personal se rv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and architectural serv ice s.

A: Occupational Earnings

3

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Burlington, Vt. , March 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vkbaob

Sex, occupation, and industry division

(

Number

o
f
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly ^
(Standard)

$
45
and
under
50

$

I

*

t

s

$

$

i

i

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

1 10

11 5

1 20

1 25

130

135

140

145

1 50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

12 5

1 30

1 35

14 0

145

150

155

HEN

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------CLERKS.

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

II
9

3 9 .5
3 9.5

B

2
1

118.50
124.50

2

89.50

-

1

1
1
l

1
1

2

-

1
l

3
3

- 2
- 2

WOMEN

B I L L E R S . MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINEl --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

6
6

3 9.5
3 9 .5

5 9.00
59.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

27
7
20

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8.0

6 3 .0 0
7 7.5 0
57.5 0

A ----------------

9

40.5

93.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

56
b

3 8.5
40.0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

13
10

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------------------

_

1
1

1
1

4
4

_

3

9

-

-

-

-

3

8
1
7

2
1
1

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

70.5 0
6 8.50

2
-

5
2

5
1

14
~

4
1

5
2

2

3 8.5
3 8 .5

75.0 0
7 4.0 0

-

-

-

3
2

2
2

-

1
1

1
1

1

2
2

_
-

2
2

1

-

1

7
-

11
2

1

1
1

2
2

2

5
1
4

3
1
2

1
l

8

39.0

59.5 0

-

-

5

2

-

B ----------------

10

3 8.5

5 8.50

-

3

4

1

53
28
25

3 9 .0
4 0.0
3 7.5

9 2.0 0
1 00.50
8 2.00

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

2
1
1

7
1
6

1
1
~

4
3
1

6
4
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS--------------------------------

6

4 C .5

64.5 0

-

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

5
3
2

5
4
1

4
3
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

_

2
2

3

-

-

1

-

-

-

**

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

5

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

CLASS

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS
TYPISTS,

CLASS

B -----------------------------------------

2

8

3 9.0

7 3.5 0

-

1

-

1

1

3

-

1

-

13

3 9.5

6 2.00

-

-

7

3

1

1

-

-

-

3
-

1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours




4
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

Salaries of professional and technical workers are omitted
from this report.
Data do not meet publication criteria.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1 Men and Women Combined
—
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Burlington, Vt. , March 1964)
Averaq*
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

- m ach in e

operators

Weekly
earnings^
(Standard)

$

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B O O K K E E P I N G
jua t n kic
—
n Ap u li N t Ji _________ , _ _ ^ ^
ft{nit IU A ll It AO T 11DI Nb
A
NUNnANUr AP 1 UK I Mr
b ookke e pin g

Weekly
hours c
(Standard)

£

3 9.5
HO K
37# 3

5 9.0 0
5 9.00

Avbrao*
O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Pi c K /
irrniiuTfiir
L L Co iKcj y ALbUUnil i n U t pi A > o o ———————
V k ifc D
HANUr AC I UK I Nli —————— ——— — — ——
NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------------

- - - —- - --- ---— —
—
-LA S S B
3 8 .5
27
WANUrAL 1 l Nu — — — — — —— — — 3 9 . 5
UK
— —
— —
— — —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------- 3 8 . 0
20

6 3 .0 0
77.5 0
5 7 .5 0

rnunmurrm nrtrn ar nn r
.. .
......
bUrir 1 U n t I t K U rf c KA I UK 5 —
— —— — —
— — —

CLERKS*

A C C O UN T I N G f C L A ^ S A — — — —
— — —
Ma A 1CA P T1ID I M _ ■ _______ —
ll
P
riANUrAL lUKINb ■ — — _ _____ ______ _
— — _

N N A U AL 1 N • — — ——
U M N r U Ki
b

— ———
——

20
13
7
«

AO 0
3 9.5
A r; c

107.00
113.50
9 5 .0 0

1 rwnnnrij nnc n iTnnr
/
^CT^ UNUn Urtl\A 1 IJKo *

Up* '0 f f
LAn D

n

CCPDCTADTCC
vi'C 1AK 1 c O _ _ _
its AHICK r 1 UK t K b
IP
HAWUr Ab Tl ID I M —
———
— — — —
—
K U AN U r Awl UK f AlP ______________ _______
inIMH
M A A 1C APTI ID I M —
M kJl
b
— —— —
— —

B

10
Q
o
i n
1U

38. 5
3 9.5
38.0

7 3 . 00
8 2.50
7 1.00

38 5

Pi c n v c
jf

,

rhAypn i L
ATI' UL 1
-— *
— *
unnirirTimv M —
M A N U r A l 1 I tir
UK
b
—— —
— — — — — —
— —
tiA i iihi i r f r i i* N — .
K
i
tf
i
MUNWANUrAL tiUKI f nr...........
b
—— —
————
—

$

DO
13
53

Anuos
O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
hours 2
(Standard) (Standard)

38.5

7 8 . 00
83 •00
7 4 . 00

j

ao

n

c o . 5U
5 V cn

rvnr o l o t
1 T r i rrr

38.5

58.50

• o A
a

Weekly,
Weekly
hours'1
eanungs
(Standard) (Standard)

$

e1

HO A

28

9 2 .0 0
1 00 .50
8 2.0 0
6 4.5 0

25

40. 0
3 7.5

j n i r r u o m o n n n C“ i T1n n r .
t wnDUAKL Ur c o A UKj

6

40. 5

C 1 TfUDDA DD nfiCO A 1 UK K C COT f O I K T fj
u
JT
P
K
W 1I p d UAHU U K t K iTflD_D t i t r l luNlal

8

39.0

7 3 .5 0

HA C

6 2 .0 0

clt

pi ire
ULAho

0
.
0 — — — — — — ———
— — — — — —
—
13

Salaries of professional and technical workers are omitted from this report.
Data do not meet publication criteria.
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees received their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,




Number
of
workers

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Burlington, Vt. , March 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—■

Occupation and industry division

*

Number
of
worker*

$

1 .7 0 1 .8 0
and
_
under
1 .8 0 1 .9 0

$
CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

7
6

2 .3 3
2 .3 7

ELEC TR ICIA NS . MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------

9
9

$

$

*

*

$

1 .9 0
_

2 .0 0
_

2 .1 0
_

2 .2 0
_

2 .3 0
_

2 .4 0
_

2 .5 0
_

2 .6 0
_

2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3.ii0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .4 0
2 .4 0

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------

13
12

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

*

1
1

2 .5 5
2 .5 5

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------

1
1

*

3
3

1
1
1 1 1
1 1 1
1
1
1
1

2
2

-

1
1
2
2
2
2

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




$

$

-

$

*
2 .9 0

*
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

*

$

3 .3 0 3 . 4 0

$
3 .5 0

3 .6 0

1
1

1
1
- 1
-

1
1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Burlington, Vt. , March 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division
2

Number

Average

worker*

earning* c

of

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------------

26

48
32
16

1 .7 0
1 .8 2
1 .4 7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

35
19
16

1.8 1
1 .7 5
1 .8 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING
(MEN! --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

13
13

2 .0 6
2 .0 6

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

13
6
7

1 .9 8
2 .1 9
1 .8 0

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

16
14

TKUCKDRIVERS 3 ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 . 5 TO AND
INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------------------




$
1.1 0

$
1 .2 0

1.20

1 .3 0

t
1 . 50

S
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

i
1
]L. 8 0

$
1 . 90

(
2 .0 0

$
$
2 . 10 2 . 2 C

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

%

(
2 .7 0

2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

t
3 .0 0

$

2 . 50

$
2 .6 0

$

1 . 30

$
1 .4 0

1. 40

1 .5 0

1 . 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

]L.90

2 . 00

2 .1 0

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

over

2

3

8

7

5
3
2

4
1
3

-

1

2
-

6
3
3

4

2

5
3
2

_

-

1

$
2 .0 2

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
IMEN) --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

$
1 .0 0
u^er
1 .1 0

1

1

_

-

-

1
-

%

3
3

3

7
4
3

3
3
"

3

1

7
6
1

1
l
-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

1
1

3
3

3

-

1

3
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

“

3
3

1
1

-

-

_

_
_

1
1

2 .1 9
2 .2 4

-

-

26
10

2 .4 4
2 .1 9

-

1

-

“

~

~

6

2 .1 5

-

-

-

-

1

1

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
3 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

1
~

1

1

1

_

1

1

-

1
-

1
1

_

_

~

~

1
1

1

and late shifts.

1
1

1
1

1

_

_

“

-

2

16
16

_

4

_

1

_

_
_

_

_

1
1

4
-

4

~

-

5

_

-

5

-

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

_
_

_
_

_
_

„
-

_
_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

4

2

_

_

_

2
2

1
1

-

_

_

1
1

3
2

2

_

1
1

_

_

3

-

-

1
1

4
4

1

1

2

l

1
1

1

_
-

_

_

-

_

1

-

-

-

5
4
1

3 .1 0

2
2

_

_

_

"

-

_

1
1

2

_

_

-

13

_

-

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
vo ices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

7

8
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct class B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C. Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

9
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B# Under close supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

10
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p osi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B9 Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

11
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN-Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
e tc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior ( assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




12
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

13
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

14
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




15
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

16
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck Within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
.
available on request. Bulletins maybe purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, E» C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Akron, Ohio______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y _________
Albuquerque, N. M e x -----------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J„
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________
Baltimore, M d ___________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ____________
Birmingham, A la _________________________
Boise, Idaho______________________________
Boston, Mass 1
____________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y ______________________________
Burlington, V t ____________________________
Canton, Ohio______________________________
Charleston, W. V a _______________________
Charlotte, N. C ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________
G
Chicago, 1111______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky---------------------------------Cleveland, Ohio__________________________
Columbus, Ohio__________________________

1385-33
1385-47
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
20
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, T e x ______________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— 1
11
Dayton, Ohio1_____________________________
Denver, C o lo 1____________________________
Des Moines, Iowa1_______________________
Detroit, M ich_____________________________
Fort Worth, T e x _________________________
Green Bay, W is __________________________
Greenville, S. C ___-______________________
Houston, T e x _____________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1385-44
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapolis , Ind 1
________________________
Jackson, Miss 1 ___. __________-___________
Jacksonville, F la ________________________
Kansas City, M o.-K an s 1________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— H ______
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk ____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif1
________
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind 1
_____________________
Lubbock, T e x _____________________________
Manchester, N. H ________________________
Memphis, Tenn 1_________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
Miami, F la 1_____________________________________
Milwaukee, W i s 1________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn_____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J___________________
New Haven, Conn1_______________________________
New Orleans, L a -------------------------------------------------New York, N. Y 1
_________________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a 1-_________________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla____________________________

Bulletin
number

Price

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1345-46
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
____________________________ 1385-14
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J _________________ 1345-76
P
Philadelphia, P a . - N . J 1_________________________ 1385-31
Phoenix, A r iz ____________________________________ 1345-57
Pittsburgh, P a ___________________________________ 1385-38
Portland, M aine1
________________________________ 1385-22
Portland, Or eg. — a sh __________________________ 1345-73
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— a s s 1
M
____________ 1345-70
Raleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________ 1385-7
________________________ - _________ 1385-23
Richmond, V a 1

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111____________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake City, U tah___________________ —----------San Antonio, T e x 1
_______________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif1____
San Diego, C alif_________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif1
_________________
Savannah, G a ______________ ___ __________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W ash 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W ash 1 ________________ _________________
.
Toledo, Ohio_____________________________________
Trenton, N .J ____________________________________
Washington, D .C .— d.— a _____________________
M
V
Waterbury, Conn_______________________________—
Waterloo, Iow a________________________-_________
Wichita, Kans____________________________________
Worcester, Mass________________________________
York, P a 1________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1385-46
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1385-45

25
20
25
20
20
25
20
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102