View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
DETROIT, MICHIGAN
JANUARY 1 9 6 4

ISii Ilet i ii No. I 3 8 5 -4 3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTICS
Ew an C lag u e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DETROIT, MICHIGAN




JANUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-43
M ay 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




P r e fa c e

Contents

Page
T h e B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e tr o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a r k e ts , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and fo r the U n ited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g e s b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the s t r u c tu r e and le v e l o f w a g es am ong la b o r
m a rk e ts and in d u str y d iv is io n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n __________________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in dividu al a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch la b or m a rk et
stu d ied .
A fte r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in dividu al a r e a
b u lle tin s fo r a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a two p a rt su m m a ry
b u lletin is is s u e d . T h e f ir s t p a rt b rin g s data fo r ea ch o f
the la b o r m a rk e ts stu d ied into one bu lletin .
T h e se co n d
p a rt p r e s e n ts in fo r m a tio n w h ich has been p r o je c t e d fr o m
in d iv id u a l la b o r m a r k e t data to r e la te to e c o n o m ic re g io n s
and the U nited S ta tes.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y
and n u m ber s t u d ie d _______________________________________________
In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t -tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s __________________
O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — en and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w o m e n _____________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b i n e d ________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s __________________
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

A pp endix:

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s _____________________________________

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r re n tly a r e in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s is
c o lle c t e d an n ually in ea ch a r e a .
In form a tion on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is
ob ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e su lts o f the su rv e y in
D e tr o it, M ich . , in Ja n u a ry 1964. It w as p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in C lev ela n d , O hio, by A d r ie n D.
P i c a r d , J r. , u n d er the d ir e c tio n o f E llio tt A . B r o w a r ,
A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In d u stria l
R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

*N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r . )

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s in the D e tr o it a r e a
a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u str ie s (M ay 1963), and
m o to r v e h ic le p a rts (A p r il 1963). Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e
o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r bu ild in g c o n ­
str u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

M
i

2

2

4
8
9
11
12
15




O c c u p a tio n a l W a g e S u r v e y —D e tr o it, M ic h .
Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts su r v e y s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l ea r n in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le
in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
sh ifts. N o n p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b on u ses
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d ,
as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k sch ed u les
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have been
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts cu r re n t o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and
e a rn in g s in fo r m a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the la st p r e v io u s su r v e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th ese studies a r e g ov e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E s ta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e
th ey ten d to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the occu p a tio n s studied
to w a r ra n t in c lu s io n . S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w hich
both m en and w om en a re c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c t o r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s tr ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u al s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d , although the o c c u ­
p a tion s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ith in the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts. T o
obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv en th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s re la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll esta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to
in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T h e se d i f f e r ­
e n ce s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n onm an ufacturin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f inter esta b lish m en t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the o c cu p a tio n is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c l o s u r e o f in dividu al esta b lish m en t data.




E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this
b u lletin . In form a tion fo r th ese ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
th is a r e a .
T h e se ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch edu led
w e e k ly h ou rs; paid h olid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su ra n ce ,
and p e n sio n plans a re p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) in p re v io u s
b u lletin s fo r th is a r e a .

1




2

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber s tu d ied in D e tr o it , M ic h ., 1
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 J an u ary 1964

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s _

_

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

_

_

Studied

1, 144

289

6 2 1 , 600

4 7 5 ,9 4 0

449
695

99
190

4 1 1 ,7 0 0
2 0 9 ,9 0 0

3 3 8 ,4 8 0
1 3 7 ,4 6 0

100
50
100
50
50

70
177
101
143
204

30
32
36
37
55

49, 600
2 2 ,5 0 0
72, 100
3 2 ,9 0 0
32, 800

4 0 ,0 9 0
9, 170
5 3 ,9 1 0
1 9 ,6 6 0
14, 630

100
__

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

-

—

M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

Studied

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

_

T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s 5_______
__ _« __
— —
W h o le s a le tr a d e __ _
_____ __
__ __ __ __ _ __
R e ta il tr a d e
_ __ _ __
____ _
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te _____________________
__ __ ___
__
_____
___ __
S e r v i c e s 6__________

1 The D e tr o it Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M a co m b , O akland, and W ayne C o u n tie s . The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of stu d y"
e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . The
e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n with o th er e m p loy m en t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s
o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad v a n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied ,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the S tandard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s if y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (within the a re a ) at o r a b ov e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e exclu d ed . D e t r o it 's tr a n s it s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and is e x c lu d e d b y
d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e of the study.
6 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

In d e xe s o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , D e tr o it, M ich .
Index
(J a n u a ry 1961 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p
Ja n u a ry 1964

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )____
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en ) _
U n sk ille d plant (m en )
_

___
____

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )_____________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )_________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )__________ _______
U n s k ille d plant (m en )______ __________________

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
Jan uary 1963
to
Jan uary 1964

Jan u ary 1962
to
Jan u ary 1963

J a n u a ry 1961
to
J a n u a ry 1962

J a n u a ry I960
to
J a n u a ry 1961

108.7
109.4
107.7
109.1

3.0
3.1
2.7
3.7

3.0
2.7
2.9
3.4

2.5
3.3
1.9
1.8

3.1
4 .4
4 .4
4.8

108.7
108.3
107.7
108.4

3.1
2.6
2.7
2.9

3.4
3.2
2.9
3.4

2.0
2.3
1.9
1.8

3.8
5.3
4.5
4.7

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g ro u p s .
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o r k sch ed u le fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p ortan t jo b s w ith in ea ch g rou p .
The o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on m en and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keypun ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u rse data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in d u stria l n u r se s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l h an dlin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly
com p u ted fo r e a c h o f the
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d




s a la r ie s o r a v era g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s. The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u ltip lie d by em p lo y m e n t in e a c h o f
su rv ey ed in 1961. T h e se w eigh ted ea rn in g s

fo r in div idu al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th er.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r ea ch p e r io d a fte r the b a se y e a r (19 61 ).
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w ag e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e
r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e re d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e sta b lish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al
w a g e ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c o c cu p a tio n and low er
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m ov em en t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld c a u se the a v e ra g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
esta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se o f con stan t em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rs.
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
ch a n g es in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , or b y p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
and
under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85”

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130 $135

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130 $135

$140 $145 $150 $155

$160
and

$140

$145 $150 $155

$160 over

Men

0
5

$136.50
137.50
132.00
124.50
145.50

39. 0
39. 5
38. 5
37. 0

100.00

_

_

107.50
93.00
85.50

-

-

-

-

0
0
0
0

124.50
125.00
124.50
126.50

_
-

_

290
262

40.
40.
40.
40.

-

-

-

-

-

-

235
189

39. 5
40. 0

124.50
128.50

_

_

_

1

_

'

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

-

-

28

40. 0

108.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

1

_

23

82
34
48

36
26

29
28

27

28
16

10

_

31
15

3
3
4

6
1

41
24
17

38

_

79
13

20

_
_
_

37
18
19
3

5
0

72.00
78.50
65.00
74.00
64.00
62.00

40. 0
40. 0
39. 0

128.00
131.50
116.50

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

.

.

5

7

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5

7

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A - ___________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Pu blic utilities 3 ___________________
W holesale tr a d e ___________________

1, 158

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B____________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
Finance 5___________________________

39 3
186
207

C lerk s, o r d e r ____________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufa ctu r ing_____________________
W holesale tr a d e ___________________

455
165

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing:
P u blic utilities 3 ___________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic utilities 3 ___________________
Finance 5___________________________
S e r v ic e s ___________________________
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss A -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B__________________________________
Manufactur ing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Finance 5___________________________

920

238
79
92

68

475
240
235
37
86
86

357
270
87

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.

39.
39.
38.
39.
38.
37.

5
0
0

0

5
0
0

_
-

_
_

_

23
4
15
-

.

_
-

_

-

10

2
-

1
-

15

2

1

15

-

6

_

_
-

_
_

_

66

6
6

5
7
49

.

.

432
228
204
54
73

39.
40.
40.
39.
38.

5
0
0
5
0

107.00
112.50
100.50
104.50
94.50

172
71

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 0 .0 0

.

.

_

99.50
83.50

-

-

-

39.
40.
39.
40.

84.00
81.00

101

-

-

-

.

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________

-

-

3

4

13

14

12

2
1
1

2
2
-

10

10

1
_

7
5

1

-

-

-

3

21

-

3
18
13

24
7
17

1
-

5
5
"

2

_

_

-

_
_

_

-

3

14
5

-

4

2

2
1

_

53
27
26

22

28

11

36
8

2

“

"

38
23
15
9

33

67
42
25

16

6

6

27
5

3

6

42

76
64

95
74

115
89

127
105

71
61

72
51

16

12

21

26

22
10

10

21

8
2

19

2
2
_

7
7

3
3

3
-

15
3

3
4

-

2

32

16

11
21

10
6

8
8
_

12
12
_

59
14
45
43

70
31
39
26

50
14
36
36

21
10
11
11

17
3
14
14

66

2
2

13

29
22

7

_

101

94
7
1
6

90
69
21
_
21

103
85
18

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

16
10

9

6

28
13
15
15

6

3

_

1
1

2

9
3

-

9
4

-

2

18

30
4
26
23

_

_

8
1

13
13

2
1

27
15

16
9

21

10

14

15
9

9
9

41
41

3
3

7
7

10
10

1
1

-

2

6

7

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

21
21

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

22

47

19
3

22

27
18
9

10
10

5
5

6

3

12

26
5
8
11

20

1
_
_

7
5

20

1

1

6

4

12

15

-

1

6

4

6
6

7

5

7

6

15

1
-

5
-

-

11
-

10
-

1

5

15

11

10

7
7

22
8

3

19
7

6

-

14
3

12

1

37
29
29

6

25

1
8

1

24
24

8

13
12

6

29
28
-

_
-

12

1

17
3
14

5
3

9
3

1

.

12
2
10

23

_

1
-

1

_
4

_

11

24
4

156
130
26

_

10
1

12

2

_

18

11

31
17
14
2

-

25
18
7
3
-

9
9

1

.

3

19
12

7

25
7
18
5
11

9

3

4

8

34
7
27

26

4
4

33
3
30
-

22
20
2

12

14

17
14
3

8

73
27
46
27
7

60
29
31

13
11
2

50
22

25

12

44
40
4

43
35

31
30

8

1

24
24
'

-

-

3
3
-

_

_

.

.

.

_
-

-

-

-

12
2

-

14

-

"

"

-

19
14
5

8

4
4

5
5

37
32
5

20
20
_

1

-

-

45
33

28
7
"

10

62
50

"

_

.

„

.

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
_
-

15
8

7
_

7

W omen
B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine)
M anufacturing___________________
N onm anufacturing_______________
P u blic utilities 3 _____________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)__________________________
Nonmanufacturing_______________
R etail trade---------------------------S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




174
--------& r
110

41
155
113
51

5
0
5
0

93.00

"

-

-

-

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

71.50
66.50
59.00

1
1
1

4
4
4

17
17
17

10
10

86 .0 0

-

-

_

4

8
8
2

2

4

"

14
5
9
"

25
25
13

31
15

9
4

35
29

1
2

10

5

_

28
1

27

17
5

22

3

12
10

1

7

-

1

1
1

3

2
2

5
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
$45
and
under
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

_

-

-

_

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160
and
$160

over

W om en— Continued
Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p era tors,
M anufacturing-------------------------------------N onm anufacturing_____________________
Bookkeeping-m ach ine op era tors,
cla s s B__________________________________
M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilities 3 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade________________________
S e r v ic e s ___________________________

327
108
219
124

1,110

263
847
34
143
84
523
63

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0

$93.00

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.5
38.5
36.0

76.50
88.50
73.00
88.50
80.50
75.00
65.50
106.00

101.00

89.00
80.00

17
_

"

.

.
_
-

_

_
_

~

76
56

22

23

149
23
126

8

3
73
-

7
67

1

17
64

10

139

23

8

2

18
103
3

48
13

1

2

"

-

82

-

-

2
_

2

-

20
-

4
5

19
12

7
2

67
24
43
3
11
2

6
6
_

12

24

9
3

10

8
2

10
1

14

6

9

16
5

36

34

.

15

12
22

2
2
_

6

21

6

_

6

11
2

9

9
-

15

22

-

6

-

71
41
30
13

80
49
31

51

68

22

1

2
6
_

41
27
7
13

29
25
4
-

21

22

7
14

15
7
7

49
16
33

48
27
21

11
_
2

6

1

~

18
9

17
3

72

149
26
123

50
18
32

21

8
1
2

5

7
14

10
1

120

66

57
63
53

42
24
18
4

11

.

.

_

1

4

24

19

74

69

55
8

8

96 .0 0

-

_

-

4

24

19

74

64

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

6

20

49
5
44
7

2

3

1

13

2

8

1
_

4

5
15

8
8

-

1

31

99.00

-

-

-

“

-

2

-

11

31
26
5

15

86 .0 0

-

3
19
41

2

_

_

69
5

47

104.50
107.50
89.00

1
-

9
25

51

48

147

96
4
92
4

190
15
175

224
25
199
23

235
15

233
33

220
21

200

2,277
582
1,695
303
184
455
498
255

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
36.5
38.0

80.00
94.50
75.00
92.50
79.00
67.50
67.50
79.00

_

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ____________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------F inance 5___________________________

240
131
56

39.5
” 77. IT '
38.0

94.50
8 3750"
79.00

_
-

-

-

-

2

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ____________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Public utilities 3 ___________________

617
151
466
33
288
56

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

69.50
91.50
62.50
75.50
57.50
65.50

_

11
-

117

11
-

-

-

502
116
386
55
171
69

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

61.00

23

330
141
189
113

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0

81.00
90.50
74.50
78.50




82
13
69

159
4
155
4
9

-

76

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B-------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilities 3 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade------------------------------------Finance 5------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le .

96
36
60

82

76

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
37.5
38.0

C lerk s, o r d e r _____________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ___________________

132
24
108
4

8
21

16

983
354
629
105
73
133
147
171

S e r v ic e s ------------------- -------------- --------

59
7
52
26

29

1

-

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilities 3 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trade------------------------------------Finance 5 -----------------------------------------S e r v ic e s ------------------------------------------

C lerk s, file , c la s s C ------------------------------M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P ublic utilities 3 -----------------------------Finance 5___________ ________________

14

42
5
37
30

29
28
28

"

-

-

-

17

105.50
123.00

65.50
59.50
74.50
59.00
58.00

_
_
-

_
_
_

-

23
_

-

48
-

-

147

_

196
63
133
62
4
17
27
23

136
82
54
34
3
3

13

15

20

2

19

21

88

70
42
43

29
57
79
34

10

48
37

53
72
50

47
32
40
27

12
12

3
3

28
'25"

25
25

10

1

10

8

26
26
9

83
4
79
5
47

30

76
37
39
15
4
3

35
14
21
-

88
2

_

2

_

62

1

6

1
1
1

4
4
4

88
6

89

117
4
109
-

82

89

20
-

73

12 1

20
_

72

-

1
_

16

-

-

_

68

37
28

7
27
94
-

96
-

96
_

109
74
35
16

16
5
5

25

10

64
24
40

23
9
14

20

11

4
-

-

-

6

4
-

5
-

25
19

4
4

12

70
40
30
20

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

28
26

14
14

21

9
9

3
3

3

20

_
_

1
-

_
_

_

3

2

2
_

2

_

_

1

_

_

_

69
64
5

“

_
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

7

1

1
1

_

11

-

-

-

-

3

48
42

27
24
3

3
3

1

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

1
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_
_

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_ _

_

_

-

-

-

6

5

2

6
1

5
-

3
-

-

-

3

5

107
9
-

1
1
1

2
1

_

3

10
6
6

3
3

9
7

18
16

5
5

20

14
14

1
1

_
_

2

2
2

_
_

18
15
3

3

7

4

_

2
2
2

13
13

3

2

-

_

3
3

_

8

52

11

1

-

14

1
1

1

2

19

-

-

-

1

2

3
3

6

11

12

-

5

4
9
4

58
29

14

20

11

10
20

64
14

-

14

192
57
135
28
34
13

1

-

15
-

-

6

25

56

13
35
-

11

245
79
166

11

14

12

29
4
19
5

_

37
7
30
30

1
-

2
-

1
1

2
2

15
5

22

10

16
14

58
34
24
17

1
2
1

1
1

6

9

6

10

15

16

7
3

10

10
6
2

1

5
4

16

9
7

5
5

-

2
-

4
4

_ _

_

_

2
2

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

■

"

-

-

6
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$40
and
under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85 ~$90~ ~~$95"

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130

$135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 over

35
9
26
3
9

35
17
18
3
7

63

95
49
46
7

62
34
28
7

51
46
5

98
73
25

52
41

20

30
30

35
33

11

13

_

_

11

11
6
_

2

_

2
_

1

1

13

15

92
36
56
18
18
16

37
26

43

59
17
42
3
3
28

70
33
37
3

75
39
36

83
36
47

87
63
24

_

1

_

105
75
30
5

2

12

34

11

28

24

12

9

and

Women— Continued
812
474
338
76

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________
P ublic utilities 3 ___ _______________
Retail trade________________________

101

75
C om ptom eter op era to rs_________________
M anufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Pu blic utilities 3 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade________________________

1,036
633
403
37
10 1

218

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or D itto)_________________

5
0
5
0
0
0

$98.
105.
88.
94.
78.
92.

40.
40.
39.
39.
40.
40.

0
0
5

92. 50
lO l. 00
79. 0 0
9 6 . 00
91. 0 0
7 3. 00

6
-

15
4

13
3

31

2
-

6
-

11
_

10

2

6

8

3

-

3

1

23
4
13
3

00
50
50

2
-

7

49

7

43

3
63

_

2
_

30
4
26

_

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

2

7

17

3
33

40

-

_
_

-

6

6

8

66

6

20
2
12

6

3

7

33

1
1
_
_

23
23

2
-

_
_

2
_

1
1
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

11

1

-

-

10

3

"

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

86

73

22
22

11
11

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

66

124
no
14

_

64

87
84
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

-

_

-

_

-

16

7
5

8

6

2

2
_

17

'

-

2

1

22

37. 5

74. 00

.

.

.

6

19

14

10

1

1

2

1

2

2

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0
39. 0

94. 50
106.00
8 6 . 50
102. 00
74. 50

_

_

26

50

54

_

-

_

_

10
-

15

26

50

54

72
37
35

54
31
23

_

_

_

6

12

3

99
37
62
55

112

10
-

84
14
70
4

31

_
_

10
-

15

-

10
-

-

-

10

8

12

16

29

31

12

17

6

1,636
949
687
181
176
72
160
98

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0
38. 5
38. 0

89.
99.
77.
80.
86.
71.
68.
7 3.

50

_

_

16

48

2

1

116
54

47

20

13

2

_

9

11

25

1

6

_

1

-

-

3

11

12

6
12

6

50

5
18
17

_

2

10
20
10

4

00

_
_
_

300
258
42
25
3
4

1

_

124
71
53
15

104
80
24

_

118
45
73
5
32
18

67

14

143
26
117
50
27

86

_

123
9
114
49
17
4
29
15

68

_
_
_

99
14
85
3
17
7
46

102

00

298
80
218
57
85

39.
40.
38.
40.
38.

6 9 . 00
92 .0 0

3

58

52

60. 50
57. 00
57. 50

3
3
-

8
1

51
14
33

1

16

49
7
42
4
-

_

7

58
24
25

14
9
5
4

5

_

8
-

1

-

-

3

_

_

_

17

57

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

112
_

6
_
_
_

17

57

112

155
48
107

290

_
_
_
_

6
-

358
76
282
19

S e c r e t a r ie s ________
M anufacturing_
_
Nonmanufacturing_.
Pu blic utilities 3 _______
W holesale tr a d e _______
Retail trade____________
Finance 5_______________
S e r v ic e s _______________

6

, 225
3,718
2, 507
379
300
272
696
860

39.
40.
38.
39.
40.
40.
37.
36.

Stenographers, g e n e r a l_________________
Manufactur ing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Pu blic u tilities 3 ___________________
W holesale tr a d e ___________________
R etail trade________________________
Finance 5___________________________

2,867
1,771

39.
40.
39.
39.
39.
40.
38.
39.

1,096

306
232
108
373
77




0
0

50
00

65

O ffice g i r l s ______________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Retail trade________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

0

2
-

00

775
331
444
154
152

Keypunch o p era tors, cla s s A ___________
Manufactur ing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3 ___________________
Keypunch o p era tors, cla ss B____________
M anufacturing_________________________
Nonmanufa ctur ing_____________________
P ublic utilities 3 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Retail trade________________________

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
38.

0

0
5
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
5
5
5
0
0

5
5
0
5
5

00
00

50
00

_

-

1

113.00
123. 00
99. 0 0
108. 50
11 2 . 00
93. 0 0
91. 50
97. 50

_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

8 9 . 00

_
_
_
_
_

12
-

41

94.
80.
93.
85.
73.
69.
7 3.

8
8
_
_

12
_
_

41

3
5

5

8
6

7

19

50
00

00
50
00
50
50

_

5
1

-

8

39
3
36
6

2
_

_
_

6
_

2
12
1

10

8

36
11

46
52

190

290

39
151
13
26
13
93

158
132
26

6

11

146
15
131
4
9
18
83
17

1

23
71

62
12
10

20
11

82
20
1

8
8

3
54
58
47
3

2

1

1

62
57
5
4

59
44
15
15

26
26

11
11

-

_

125
116
9

56
33
23

2
2
-

6
6
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

83
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

9

23

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

380
228
152
38
39
3
26
46

626
463
163
37
26
14
27
59

571
493
78
19
26
3

591
500
91
32

646
596
50
9

244
204
40

241

96
82
14

97
87

52
50

8

10
_

2
_

20

22
1

5
3

4

4

1
-

8
22

6
-

36

171
149

160

22
20
2

11

51
44
7
7

21

8

5

4

1

7
-

4
3

_

1

17
15

5
4

4

2

7

1

12

33
257
17

7
32
44

1

1

34
85

12

120

46
87
129

220
122

240

98

124
29
57
5
18
15

20
10

9
54
5

116

250
155
95
24
43
13
8
7

_
.

37
37

1

352
63
289
17
39
45
94
94

381
142
239
23
25

439
144
295
39
30

466
243
223
75
39

21

20

20

78
92

104

38
51

423
341
82
29
28
3
14

343
268
75
45
23

189
129
60
47
9
4

8

6
1

102

130
83
47
44
3

149

3

22

222

19
4
11
-

48
44
4
-

4
14

-

1

-

10

3

2

-

-

3

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

1
-

5
6

T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly
houri^
(Standard)

$45
$40
Weekly
earnings* a n d
(Standard) u n d e r
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

~ $ 95“ $100

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

21
-

-

40
-

49
10

98
30

40
25
6

39
19
8

68
53
8

18

62

79
12

65
24
41
5
10
3

18
13
3

10

U 05

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

over

and.
$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

571
424

392
360

322

351
312

141
134

147

32

39

7

30

528
495
33
6
12

127

7

61

96

34

128

3

29
17
1
1

8
6
-

101
27
11

5
4

_

26

25
24
1

_

67

68
67
1

4

18
43

1

1

_

_

-

1

-

1

_

_

7
2

5

1

5

1

5

1

-

1

34
17
17
4
3

19
15
4

54
33
21

14

11
10

21

1\

1
1

1
1

3
5

9

1

7

2

1

W om en— Continued
Stenographers, s e n io r ---------M anufacturing------------------Nonmanuf ac tur i ng—---------Finance 5_______________
S e r v ic e s -----------------------

2 ,9 2 2

3 9 .5

$ 1 0 4 .0 0

2 ,3 3 1

4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

-

591
193
216

3 6 .5

-

-

_
-

3
18
18

9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0

5
-

24
-

46
-

90

1 0 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

_
-

80

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5
-

24
-

46
_

89
1

37
6
31
_

_

5
_

9
48

10

7 8 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

9
15
_

-

3 7 .5
3 8 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

69

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

64

4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0

175
67
108

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

"

51

3 9 .5

8 8 .0 0

_

_

402

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

7 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

_

-

-

-

_
_
_
-

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s -----------M anufacturing_____________
N onm anufacturing-------------P ublic u tilities 1 -----------35
24
6
W holesale t r a d e -----------R etail trad e------------------Finance 5 -----------------------S e r v ic e s ------------------------

909
364
545
62

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing------------------------------Nonm anufacturing._______________
Public u tilities 3 ______________
W holesale t r a d e __ ____________
Finance 5----------------------------------

785
387
398

T abulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s A________________________
T abulating-m achine o p era tors ,
c la s s B_______________ _________
M anufacturing_______________
N onm anufacturing-----------------

95
37
58
26

81
119
118
165

49
128
117

6
74
10
_

-

-

-

4
-

25
18
7
-

7 9 .0 0

4
4
-

7

36
2

67
27
40
_

8
20
6

1

94
36
58
7
21

19
13

29
1

11

9
1

-

23

58

26
13
13
_

-

-

10
32

64

_

4

1

3

8

9
12

5
57
3
16
17

67
1
10
3

6

47

15

6

13

149
67
82

69
17
52

5
47
14
12

7
14

139
81
58
14

15
3

17
11
14

216
130
86
46

11

9
5
2

300
22

"

17
17
_

_

1
1
_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

1

2

_

2

14

3

11

8

9

8

4

_

_

_

8
8

5
5

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

13
13

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

2
-

80
78
2

10

9

16

6

39
2

9

16

6

37

17

13
10
3

7
5
2

21
17
4

12
12

10

5
3
2

19

2

9

5

5

5

_

14

1

4

3

3

1

1

13

31
15

16
7

21

25

16
3

9
3

11
3

18
18
-

2

16

18
13
5

14

1
20
16

101
30

91
60

241
192

310
204

11
10

2
2

31

49
6
13
17

106

431
377
54

138
135

71
15
37

1

37

28

3
3

184
163
21

69
63
6
4

1

T abulating-m achine o p era tors ,
T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op e ra to rs ,
gen era l-----------------------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------N onm anufacturing_____-________

94
308
143

T yp ists, cla s s A __________________
M anufacturing---------------------------N onm anufacturing------- —_______
Pu blic u tilities 3 ------------------F inance 5-------------------------------S e r v ic e s __________ ___ _______

1 ,7 7 8
1 ,1 6 3
615

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

126

4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

9 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

T yp ists, c la s s B ----------------------M anufacturing----------------------N onm anufacturing----------------Pu blic u tilities 3 ------------ —
W holesale t r a d e -------------R etail trade---------------------F inance 5--------------------------S e r v ic e s ------------—_______

3 ,0 6 9
1 ,2 3 9
1 ,8 3 0
235
226
141
996
232

3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

1
2
3
4
5
6

229
180

4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

_

_

_

3
-

36
-

95
-

49
-

17
-

43
10

3
3

36
26

95
45

49
11

17
7

33
24

1
12
3

_

_
_
_
_

11
-

32
-

60
-

72

_
_
_

11
_

32

60

95
28
67

170
88
82

5

6
52

-

-

6

27
4

48
4
23

-

11

1
31
21

17
31
33

1
-

28
_

140
-

402
-

391
44

294

202
112

28
_

140
_
_

402
_

347
_

1
_

3
25

9
35
312

6
40
244

"

■

6
124
10

351
75
276
50
25
14

251
80

1
_

46

,

57

159
28

24

171
46
27
9
66
23

90
204
67
36
24
43
34

90
10
50
4
11
15

11

8
10
10

237
152
85
27
46
2

255
10 4
51
12

1

11
7

9

18
3

16
4

1

9
2

1

67
121

1

115
6
3
2

1

72
70
2

“

63
63

1

2

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 103 at $160 to $165; and 27 at $165 and over.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 20 at $160 to $ 1 65; and 3 at $165 to $170.
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 0 at $160 to $165; and 8 at $165 and o v e r.




1
1

8
8

x

-

8
T a b le A -2.

P rofession al and T e c h n ica l O ccu p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

667
644

40.0
40.0

3,390
2,971
419
97
295

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

170.00
172.00
157.50
145.50
159.50

D raftsm en, ju n io r ------------------M anufacturing______________
N onm anufacturing---------------Public utilities 2 ------------S e r v ic e s --------------------------

1,291
1,032
259
34

131.50
137.00

220

40.0
40.0
40.0
38.5
40.0

113.00
108.50

247

40.0

395
347

40.0
40.0

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$.120

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

D raftsm en, lea d er—
M anufacturing—

N urses, industrial (re g is t e r e d )M anufacturing-------------------------

9
9

_

_

_

_

5
5

6

-

-

20

5

18
2

30
28

53
20

33
25
7

9
9

62
54

10

79
40
39
7
32

137
98
39
19
19

94
94

130
124

130
130

56
39
17
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
_

2

2
-

-

-

“

-

-

~

1

-

2

22

36
19
17

13
9
4

16
2

24

61

4
18

20

14

4

_

_

_

1

28
9
19
9

18

17

4

14

3

10

71
23
48
4
44

48
39
9

_

32
29
4
24

1
8

106
42
64
15
49

96.50

3 48

6

5

2

55

55

35

17

19

3

116.00
117.00

4

6

1

4

14
9

8
6

59
47

40
35

45
40

49
48

53
49

36
34

1
1

$160

9
9

-

6

8

$190

$200

$210

$220

$230

$170

$180 $190

$200

$210

$220

$230 over

4
4

59

4
3

39
29

54
52

117
no

129
129

282
274

536
459
77

455
434

472
453
19

176
161
15

10
10

99
90
9

7

4
3

177
29

1
12

-

1

579
500
79
9

22

21
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

29

7

68

48

19

11

11

9

5

1

56
56

10
10

1
1

.

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

8

,178
175
3

66

89

63
3

88
1

2

2

6
5

4

92

55
55

206

20

112

117
113
117 , 1 1 0

15

20

-

5

61

11
11

126

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 4 at $50 to $55; 5 at $55 to $60; 19 at $60 to $65; 13 at $65 to $70; and 7 at $70 to $75.




$170 $180

111

2

110.00

$160

and

$204.00
204.50

D raftsm en, s en ior------------------M anufacturing---------------------N onm anufacturing---------------Public utilities 2 ------------S e r v ic e s --------------------------

$85
$80
Under and
$80 under
$85
$90

2

5

9
T a b le A -3.

O ffic e , P rofession al, and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n C om bin ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

183
64

N onm anufacturing________________________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _______________________________

119
50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m ach in e)----------------Nonm anufacturing________________________________
R etail trad e-------------------------------------------------------

155
113
51

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _________
M anufacturing_____________________________________
N onmanuf a ctu r ing________________________________
Finance 3_______________________________________

$84. 50
81. 0 0
8 6 . 50
93. 00

109

1 0 1 . 00

22 1

124

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B -------------M anufacturing____________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________________________
R etail tra d e____________________________________
Finance 3_______________________________________
S e r v i c e s _______________________________________

1, 144
275
869
38
143
84
526
' 78

77. 00
8 8 . 50
7 3. 50
90. 50
80. 50
75. 00
6 6 . 00
1 0 2 . 00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A
Manuf actur ing____________
N onm anufacturing________
P u blic u tilities 2 _______
W holesale t r a d e ______
R etail trad e___________
Finance 3_______________
S e r v i c e s _______________

2, 141
1,274
867
184
165
156
150

1 2 2 . 00

C le rk s , accounting, cla s s B.
M anufacturing____________
Nonm anufacturing________
P u b lic u tilities 2 ______
W holesale t r a d e ______
R etail trad e___________
F inance 3_______________
S e r v i c e s _______________

2, 670
7^8
1,902
366
230
472
566
268

C lerk s, file , c la s s B
M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing__
P u b lic u tilities 2
F inance 3________
S e r v i c e s ________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




212

263
137
56
662
180
482
38
297
56

C lerk s, file , c la s s C -----------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing________________________________
P u blic utilities 2 ______________________________
Finance 3______________________________________
S e r v ic e s ______ ______________________________

71. 50
6 6."50“
C le rk s, o r d e r ___ ____ ____ __ _____ _________________________ ____
59. 0 0
M anufacturing __________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------------89. 50
80. 0 0

C le rk s , file , c la s s A_.
N onm anufacturing_
F inance 3________

Number
of
workers

Average
earnings *
(Standard)

133.
105.
113.
128.
92.
86.
104.

50
50
00
50
50
50
50

83.
97.
77.
94.
83.
67.
69.
79-

00
50
00
00
50
50
50
50

. 00
84. 50
79. 00

96

71.
92.
63.
79.
58.
65.

00
50
00
00

00
50

W holesa le trade

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

, 247
3, 733
2, 514
385
300
272
696
861

$113. 00
123. 00
99. 0 0
109 . 0 0
1 1 2 . 00
93. 00
91. 50
97. 50

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h in e )--------------------------

O ccupation and industry division

509
120

389
58
171
69
785
--------- 30^
479
375

C le rk s, p a y r o l l _____________________________________
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------------N onmanufactur ing -------------------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 __________________________________________
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________
R etail trade___________________________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________________________

1,047
66 3
384
104
53

Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs _____________________________
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing________________________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ______________________________
W holesale t r a d e _____________________ _________
R etail trad e------------------------------------------------------

1,055
------ 6J 6 ~
419
49
105
218

102

78

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or D itto)______ _________________-— -

94

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s A ______________________
M anufacturing____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------------- .----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ______________________________
Finance 3_______________________________________

786
339
447
154
155

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla s s B----------------------------------M anufacturing------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing------------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 ______________________________
W holesale t r a d e ______________________________
R etail trade-----------------------------------------------------Finance 3
_______________________________________
S e r v ic e s _______________________________________

1,646
955
691
182
176
72
163
98

O ffice boys and g ir ls ________________________________
M anufacturing____________________________________
N onm anufacturing________________________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _________________________ ___
Retail trade-----------------------------------------------------Finance 3______________________________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________________________

773
320
453
84
76
171
103

S e c r e t a r ie s __________________________
M anufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing________________
P u blic u tilities 2 _______________
W holesale t r a d e _______________
R etail trade____________________
Finance 3_______________________
S e r v ic e s _______________________

6

Stenographers, g e n e r a l_____________
Manufactur ing____________________
Nonmanufacturing________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ______________
W holesale t r a d e ______________
R etail trade___________________
Finance 3_______________________
S e r v ic e s _______________________

2, 884
1,776
1 , 108
315
235
108
37 3
77

8 9 . 00
94. 50
80. 50
93. 50
85. 50
73.00
69. 50
73. 50

Stenographers, s en ior---------------------M anufacturing____________________
Nonmanufa c tur in g------------------------Finance 3______________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________

2,925
2, 334
591
193
216

104.00
106.50
94. 00
82. 50
9 8 . 00

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs______________
M anufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ______________
W holesale t r a d e ______________
R etail trad e----------------------------Finance 3______________________
S e r v ic e s ______________________

915

8 6 . 50
103. 00
76. 00
9 6 . 00
82. 50
67. 50
78. 00
6 9 . 00

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing____________________
Nonm anufacturing________________
89. 50
P u blic u tilities 2 ______ *----------9 9 . 00
W holesale t r a d e ______________
77. 00
Finance 3______________________
80. 0 0
S e r v ic e s ______________________
8 6 . 50
71. 00
Tabulating-m achine o p era tors, c la s s A —
6 8 . 00
M anufacturing___________________________
73. 50
Nonmanuf a ctu r ing----------------------------------71. 00
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs , c la s s B.
82. 0 0
M anufacturing____________________ - —
63. 00
Nonmanufacturing------------------------ -----71. 00
Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________________
57. 00
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
61. 0 0
Finance 3___________________________
61. 5 0

792
394
398
49
128
117
69

$61.
65.
59.
75.
59.
58.

00

50
50
50
00

00

106.50
109. 0 0
105. 00
11 2. 00
104. 00
1 1 2 . 0 <T
9 0 . 00
97. 50
97. 50
79. 0 0
9 2 . 00
92. 50
50
79. 50
9 8 . 00
9 0 . 00
73. 00

101.

77. 00
94.
105.
86.
102.
75.

50
50
50
00

00

365~

550
67
81
119
118
165

421
319

80.
83.
77.
81.
76.
72.
79.

00

00
00
50
50
00
00

102

128. 0 0
131. 00
117.50

607
295
312
69
64
103

105. 00
113. 50
97. 00
97. 00
99. 50
9 2 . 00

10
T a b le A -3.

O ffice , Professional, and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n C om bin ed — C on tin ued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings for s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , D etroit, M ich. , January 1964)

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

weekly*!
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla s s C____________

223
103

Nonmanufa c tu r ing-------------------------------------------------

120

$ 8 9 .5 0
9 9 . 00
81. 50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , g e n e r a l________

403
95
308
143

79. 0 0
100. 50
72. 00
70. 50

1,801
1, 176
625
134
229
182

9 6 . 00
101. 50
8 6 . 00
9 6 . 00
76. 00
9 0 . 00

M a n iifa rtn r in g

Ma nu fa.ctu r in g
N n n m iin iifa rtiirin g

.
A

_

_____

_____

___

Nfnnma nil fa c tu rin g

Pu blic u tilities
V in a n r p
S p r v ir e s

1
2
3

3

_

2 ______________________________

_.

__

3

W holesale trade
R e ta il tr a d e

_

S e rv ice s

earnings 1
(Standard)

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s—
Continued
3, 101
1,249
1,852
245
238
141
996
232

$76.
91.
67.
78.
79.
65.
61.
68.

50
00

00
50
00
50
50
00

S e r v ic e s ________________________________________

296

$170.00
172. 00
157.50
145. 50
159.50

D raftsm en, ju n io r ____________________________________
Manufac.t.u r in O
a
... .. .
Nonmanufacturing________________ _______________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ________________________________
S e r v ic e s _________________________ _ __________

1,310
1,039
271
34
232

131. 00
137. 00
109.50
113. 00
108. 50

413
365

116.50
117.50

T r a c e r s ________________________________________

247

96. 50

D raftsm en, s en ior____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
O
Nonm anufacturine_________________________________
or
P u b lic u t ilit ie s c

........... .

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
D raftsm en, le a d e r__________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sala rie s that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
F inance, insurance, and real estate.




Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

N u rses, industrial (r e g is te r e d )______________________
M anufacturing______________________________________

T y p ists, cla ss B ____________________________________
M anufacturing____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
P u b lic u t ilit ie s

T y p is t s , c la s s

weekly j
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

Finanrp^

Number
of
workers

667
644

204. 00
204. 50

_____

3, 398
2,978
420
97

11
T a b le A -4.

M aintenance a od P ow erp la n t O ccu p ation s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J a n u a ry 1964)
N U M BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G 8 OF—

O ccupation and industry div isio n

Num
ber
at
worker*

160
66

$3.32
3.39
3.05
3.13

3, 629
3, 412
217

3.54
3.55
3.31

770
5T6~

C a rp en ters, m aintenance---------------M anufacturing------------------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ---------------------------E le c tr ic ia n s , m ain ten an ce--------------------Manufac turing------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------

$1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10
Average
hourly j
earning* Under and
and
$1.80 under
$1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 over

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a ry ----------------------------M anufacturing------ ---------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________
P ublic u tilities 2 __________________
S e r v ic e s -----------------------------------------

741
5F5“
173
27
79
713
639
74

F irem en , station ary b o i l e r _____________
M anufacturing________________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------

3.39
3.54
2.90

3.15
2.78
3.24
3.32
2.61

_
-

.
-

.
-

5
5

_
-

2

2

-

-

66

2.67
2.71
2.44

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , t o o lr o o m -------M anufacturing — „ ____ —
-------

3, 001
3, 000

3.57
3.57

M achinists, m a in ten an ce_______
___
M anufacturing___ „
— -----------N onm anufacturing____________________

1, 194
1, 137
57
56

3.53
3.55
3.14
3.13

1, 649
700
949
698
158

3.22
3.32
3.14
3.19
3.04

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

2,

2,993
811
182

3.48
3.49
3.38

M illw rig h ts ______________________________
M anufacturing________________________

3, 461
3, 458

-

2

1

-

-

2

1

_
-

_

.

-

-

3.47
3.47

O il e r s ____ ___________
_____________
M anufacturing---- — „
________ „

864
856

2.84
2.84

648
155
58

3.29
0 7
3.02
3.07

P ip efitters, m a in ten an ce----------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------

2, 071
1, 993
115

3.21

8

7

1

1

-

7
3

1
6

2

15
-

4

7

2

6

7
7

6

-

16

-

_
-

-

P a in ters, m aintenance ------- --------------M anufacturing------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------Finance 3 __________________________

Sheet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance____
M anufacturing________________________
Tool and die m a k e r s ____________________
Mannfartiiri ng

W3

404
387
4, 427
4 , 426_

2

19
19

10

2

5
5

7
7

-

7

2

2

1

35
35
25

18
18

6

-

-

6

1

_

_
-

15
15
_
7

3
3
-

24
24
137
128
9

6

6

-

_
-

_
_
.
-

_

_
-

_

_

6

4

.
-

_
_
4
4

-

43
43
33

.

1

15

32

5

13
13
-

34
34

28
5
23

4
4
3

32
23
9
4
-

_
-

_
_

-

53
52

6

1

109
89

10
8
2

20

-

18
18^
_

-

_
-

2

2
1

-

18
18
-

-

-

-

13

8

85
81
4

91
90

15

6

12

2

-

26
15

38
23
15

23

95
59
36
36

149
149
_

204
203

14
14
_

_

1

95

222

86

220
2

85
85
-

1588
1585
3

796
79 2
4

313
215
98

1

307
h 307
11
9
37
73
15
36
----T2~ ------ TT — 53" — ~T~
5
13
19
29
6
3
10
10
3
1
34
16
18

28
24
4

10

-

44
44
-

50
50
-

37
27

14
14

47
47

14
14

-

2

166

2

39
39
_

15
14

10
10

49
49
36

138
137
113

88

3

-

27
27
27

12
12

69
69

41

12

84
84
_
_
-

5
5

28

10

3
3
3

1

1

-

2

-

-

-

2

10

-

-

-

22

-

-

3

3.46
3.48
3.71
3.71

-

6
6

-

-

7
158
156 ----- 2
2
5
_
_
4
_
_
_
-

4
4
_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
9
----- T~
_
_
_
-

_
_
60

57
3
51
5T“
_
_
.
_
-

_

8

33
4
£
,

46
40

166

194
194

302
302

713
713

1165
1165

275
275

163
163

_
-

6
6

142
142
_

81
77
4

93
92

156
132
24
24

398
398
_

115
115
_

37
37
_

15
15
_

54
54
_

_
_
_
_

155
113
42
14

260

82
178
119

525
194
331
325
D

1
1

8
8

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

1

1

270
176
94
_
-

8
8

_
-

6

_

_

_

_

5
22
- — r
5
18
18

_
_

67
-

1

_

11

8

8

81
7

32
29
3

124
80
44

152
149
3

291
2911
-

7
7

9
9

239
239

206

12 1
12 1

409
409

239
239

4
4

16

15
15

94
44
50

3

266

14
14

74
74

21
6

1

6

-

-

22
-

35
24

15
13

1
1

6

22

11

_

18

3

11
1
10
1

1

-

1

4
4

19
14

16 1
16 1

143
143

2

8

57

2

3

.

.

2
1

120

6

10

137
129

7

12
12

_

251
248
3

4

1

_
5

12

-

12
8

3

6

12

1
6

120

6

54
54

35
29

7

1

39
39
-

10

-

6

64
55
64 — 5T"
_
4
_
3
-

1

1
1

10

-

54

3
-

3
3
32
27
5

2

30

33
33

-

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finance, in surance, and real estate.




6

4

3.47
3.46

P lu m bers, m aintenance_________________

.
-

1

8
8

457
391

M echanics, m aintenance______ ________
M anufacturing ___________
___ ___
Nonm anufacturing____________________

.
-

4

H elpers, m aintenance tra d es — ---- ---M anufacturing—
„ „ ___
N onm anufacturing____________________

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) — ___________ ____ ___
M anufacturing------------------------------------N onm anufacturing— ---- — — ___
Public u tilities 2 ____
______ —
WVinl aqaIp tradp

.
-

58
58

16

7

52
5T”
-

4
4

1

249

12

91
53
38
29

95
95
-

242
242
-

1497
1496

729
726

2086
2086

31
31

222

27

_

52
159
52 ~ T W
-

_

150
T5TT
_
-

_
_

1

_

_
_

_

_
-

-

1

— r~

_

_
-

127
127
_

445
445

1044
1043

10

17

5
5

124
111

21
21

256
250

-

-

-

-

70
70

37
37

46
46

176
176

426
426

3458

130

19
19

49
48

_

1

_

_

6

-

2

_

2
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
_
-

_
_
_
7
7
3
-

_

12
T a b le A -5.

C ustodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu pations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ich . , J an u a ry 1964)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

E levator op era to rs, passenger
(me n) —
____________________ __________
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------

Num
ber
of
worker*

Avenge $ 1 . 0 0 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $T90" $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly 2 and
and
under
$ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

85
63

$1.64
1.56

-

437
437
139

21
21
21

116

1.42
1.42
1.28
1.44

3, 301
2, 144

2.49
2.89

1

_

-

-

W atchm en_______________________
N onm anufacturing------- — -------------

* 163
1, 157

2.20

_

_

1.74

1

-

107

12

118

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) - -------- — „ „
— ----------Manufacturing
___
— ____
N onm anufacturing---------------------------Public utilities 3 ------------------W holesale tr a d e ------------------------Retail trade-------- -----------Finance *
,
_____ ____
S e r v ic e s --------------------------------------

9, 149
6 , 516
2, 633
399
147
921
565
601

2.36
2.58
1.80
2.33
2.04
1.64
1.72
1.70

58
58
_
52
-

56
56
_
_
36
_

202

151
151
9

10 1

6

20

106

1, 697
359
1, 338

1.69

28
28

22

Elevator op era to rs, passenger
(w om en)______ _____...____________ ___
Nonm anufacturing__________________
R etail trad e__
___
S e r v ic e s __ _____
___
___
Guards and watchm en— ---- ---- — —
Manufacturing —
------- ------- —

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(w om en)— _ — _ ---------------- -------M anufacturing
---- ---------N onm anufacturing__________________
___
Retail trade__ ____
Finance * ...... .
r. _. _____
S e r v ic e s --------------------------------------

190

641
437

2.22

1.54
1.32
1.45
1.67

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling------M anufacturing---------------------------------—
------Nonm anufacturing------P ublic utilities 3 -------W holesale t r a d e ________________
Retail trad e__ — — ------- ------S ervices — ____________________

10, 131
6 , 262
3, 869
1,800
1,019
978
71

O rder f i l l e r s ---------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing---------- -----------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------------R etail trade---------------------------------

2, 758
928
1,830
1,284
455

2.76
2^53
2.50
2.59

P a ck e rs , shipping (m en)---------------------M anufacturing______________________
N onm anufacturing— — —
------W holesale tr a d e --------------------------

1,477
1, 194
283
256

2.58
2.65
2.28
2.31

P a ck ers, shipping (w o m e n )----------------N onm anufacturing__ - _____
___

389
78

2.38
1.38

R eceivin g c le r k s ____ - — ___________
M anufacturing______________________
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------ ------R etail trade---- ---------------------- -

663
453

2.77
2.87
2.56
2.75
2.43

2.66

2.69
2.59
3.04
2.41
2.01
2.01
2.61

12

16
14
14
_
14
_

-

15
15

2

29
29
29
-

36
36
27
9
107
-

22

4
_
18
27
27
_
11

16
_

See footnotes at end of table.




87
98

23

1

1

2

1

1

2

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

30
30
30
-

295
295
23

8
8
8

8
8
1

100

-

7

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

12

118
-

557
25

35
5

54
3

44
17

41
18

56
36

12

44

45

12
4

6
6

36
26
18

201

-

51
25
25

25
532

5
30

3
51

17
27

18
23

30

_

8

20

12

32

39

26

8
10

281
17
264
16
118
107
23

256

665

196
9
187
17
_
30
105
35

135
7
128
7
_

198

311
90

264
204
60
30

206

596
84
512
5
431
76

143
143

182
13
169
3
7
151

72
3
69

7
7
7

6

-

3

-

65
65
_
-

8

425
227
198
_
182
16
-

33

1

1

41
24
17
_
17
_

36
5
31
_
23

_

49
49
_
49
_

46
15
31
_
25

4

46
46
_
46
-

192
192
_

1

70
70
_
70
-

9

172

_
202

8
88

-

82
82
17
5
52
46
46
_
45

-

_

68

17
57
202

202

130
57
15

_
16
85
34
23
28

61

1

1

6

8

124
11

20

122

236
-

543

6

33
239
131
132

83
118
29

8

11

58

1

191
53

6

3

89
109

221

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
.
-

33
27
24
24
24

130
3
60
10

16

11

18

5

5

27
17

10
1

18
17

1

10

9

42
42
-

561
92
469

314
76
238
26
94

15
84

7

8

2
2

29
29

6

10

8

6

10

_

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

4
-

'

'

53
53

3
3

-

9

7
7
-

20
6

8

14

3
3

12

8
8

1

10

-

-

-

_

1

6

-

1

6

-

-

1

-

1

1

6

8

-

-

6

8
8

-

17
17

8
2

1

16

436
16

176

110
8

337
34
303
260
43

169
159
9

176

-

“

-

9
9
9
-

76

1

25
25
25

7

1

4

11
10

7
4
3

1

-

3
3

29
29
15
14

18
4
14
14

-

8
1

1

6

1

7
7

333
298
35
29
3
2

-

"

-

-

-

"

-

-

139
97
97

554
526
520

429
429
429

499
482
482

18
18

_
-

.
-

_
-

42

28

248
248
244
4
-

-

17

-

-

-

-

1630 2394 1458
1435 2372 1452
22
195
6
131
5
44
1
9
13
10

157
155

52
14
38

9

36
36
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

171
143
28
30

6

2
2

-

2
1

7
11

1
8
8

-

1

-

7

3

-

-

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

68

18
18
-

92
92
-

22
22

60
14
46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

382

1331

1

122

381
378
3
46

1209
1209
-

7
7
_
15
15

_
-

_
-

_
-

46
46
-

36
36
-

-

-

-

31
37

-

1

_
48
48
_

1

-

179
27
14
3

16
12

2

6
6

56
14

22

3

'

210

2
2

28
28

Z

1

1

1

160

16

22

54
52
16

360
300
60
8

36
16
84
17
67
59
138
129
9
1
20

6

391
231
160
147
1
12

169
100

69
57
12

46
1347 2444 1649 288
1193 2340 1469 " l 6 0 “
154
104
180 128
_
_
4
12
10
68
96
128
128
24
84
12
357
385 523
394
242
57
150 310
115
235 213
337
103
162 138
105
75
230
11
-

98
98
-

542
436

6

234

106
106

47
47
18
29

39
19

20

42
31
11

9

-

1

1

44
43

128
128
30
-

245
245
“

-

"

-

27
18
9
9

72

277
267

44

8
2

10

23
15

-

66

6
1

5

1
1

8
2

12

3
9
9

21

8

6
6

2

r
1

1

-

-

14
13

2

8

1
1

-

2
2

-

8
8

13
T a b le A -5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tio n s — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D e t r o it, M ic h . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation

1

and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
workers

Shipping c l e r k s _________________________
M anufacturing
..............
Nonm anufacturing
Shipping and receiv in g clerk s

655
577
78
58

$ 2 . 89
2. 92
2 . 69
2. 68

116

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

78
81
69
84
56

T ru ck d riv e rs 5 __________________________
Manuf a ctu r ing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade
S e rv ice s

7,271
2,753
4,518
2, 240
1, 398
714
123

3.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.
2.

01
01
01
16
84
97
71

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under
1 V t o n s )____________________________
2
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing________________

272
113
159

2. 48
2. 58
2. 41

266
693
573

2.92

Nonm anufacturing _
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 ton s)___________________
Manuf a ctu ringNonm anufacturing
"PiiVilip
^
W holesale trade
_
_ _
R etail tra d e___________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
_
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing__________ ____
P u b lic u tilities 3 ______________
W holesale t r a d e ______________

1, 371
1 037
334
140

$2.70 $2.80 W 9 0 $3.00 $ 1 1 0 J T 7 G J T 5 U J T W J T t t
Average $ 1 . 0 0 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $ 1 . 6 0 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 ’ $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50
hourly
earnings ‘ and
and
under
$ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

1,

10 9

374
56
3, 727
783
2,944
1,662
857

3.
2.
3.
2.
2.

12
67
01
57
67

3. 08
2.99
3. 10
3. 21
2. 92

1

-

-

-

1
1

_

6

_

.
-

_
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

2

-

-

2

2

6

15
15

2

-

-

6

12

2

-

3
3
-

33
-

40

12
21
21

4
4

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

2

1

752
38
714
146
505
43

114
26

49
28

10 1

88

21

-

-

-

8

10

-

6

_

5

90
_

3

1

6

8

9

2

3
65

-

-

5
-

2

6

15

12

8

4

3

7

19
18

26
15

2

6

15

12

8

4

3

7

1

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

103

6

97

3
3

2

2

73
69
4

125
24

_

12

10

232

-

13
13
_

8

63
33
30
_
-

49
23
26
4
19

3
3

12

13
13
13

8

6
4

9
3

40
_
40

1

-

2

6

6

_
3

30
29

48
42

421
420

1

6

1

78
17
61
48
3

616
612
4
3

-

20

317
189
128
76
19
29
4

2

30

24
24

4
4

47
47

-

110

39
28
11

29
29

62
62
-

2

_

2

-

-

-

1

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
f o r k lift)________________________________
M anufacturing_______________________

462
344

2.

80
91

-

-

-

2.

-

-

-

-

190

42
12
26

-

31
19

22

2

12

9

21

8
1
1

19

333
13
320

105
93

30
14
16
q
7

12
10
2
1

146
69
77
45
17

79
76
3
_
3

34
£
28
24
-

485
405
80
36

1046

11

14
_
44

748
54
694
5
448
235

1

14
19

8

2
1

-

4

12
4

74
36
35

80
22

6

36
35

9
1
8

_

_
_

_
.

_

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

243
243
_
_
_
_

_
.
_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

207
147
60
60

-

243
243
-

-

1
1

3

13
1
12

_
7

399 2849
109 ~ T 0 T
290
2247
_ 1941
246
290
60
-

_

3

8

1

2

20

I

’

_

_

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

258

135
30
105
71

97

331
41

-

-

_

10

12

-

2033
152
1881
1575
246

_

2

310
40
270
270

290

-

435
407
28
16

-

6

3

68

5
5

-

6

3

68

-

40
40
-

252

-

-

252

6

62

35

_

-

-

-

11
_

.
-

.

1

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
T ra n sp orta tion , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
F in an ce, in surance, and re a l estate.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f size and type o f truck operated.
A ll w o rk e rs w ere at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.

_

1

6

-

-

-

16

25

2

45

6

465

-

-

157
136

97
97
-

2

18
18
18
-

278
73
205
24
-

-

21
11

243
219
24
24

-

-

2421
2383
38
36

.
-

-

542
437
105
94

.
-

21

1294
1256
38

1

36
50
50
-

65
47
18
18
-

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

5

111
6

1

2

72
72

193
193

19
19

15
9

-

-

-

-

3. 18
.
-

-

g

253
43

65

77
76
85
65
74

-

-

6

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

8

32
15
17

90

570




2

4

_
_

_
-

2

5, 219
4,700
519
167
154

4
5
6

-

6

_
_

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift )_____________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trad e_______________________

1

-

7

_
-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 t o n s ,
other than tr a ile r type)____________

2
3

-

-

5
5

_
-

-

1

-

-

1

"

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

11
10

86

21

2

j
1

_
-

6

43
43




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job d escrip tion s for the Bureau’ s wage su rveys is to a s s i s t its
fie ld s t a ff in c la s s ify in g into appropriate occu p ation s workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll
t itle s

and

different

work

arrangements

T h is perm its the grouping of
o f this

em p hasis on

from

esta b lish m en t

to

esta b lish m en t

and from

area to area.

o ccu p atio n al w age rates representing com parable job con ten t.

in terestablish m en t

and interarea

com parability of

B ecau se

o ccu p atio n al con ten t, the Bu­

reau’ s job d escrip tion s may differ sig n ific a n tly from th ose in u se in individual esta b lis h m e n ts or th ose
prepared for other pu rposes.
In applying these job d e sc rip tio n s, the Bureau’ s fie ld ec o n o m ists are in ­
structed to exclude working su p e rv iso rs, a p p ren tices, learn ers, begin n ers, tra in ees, handicapped, part-tim e,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P repares s ta te m e n ts, b i lls , and in vo ices on a m achine other
than an ordinary or electro m a tic typewriter.

O perates

May a ls o k eep records a s

to b illin g s or sh ippin g ch arges or perform other c le ric a l work in cid en tal
to b illin g o p era tio n s.

a bookkeeping

machine

(Remington

Rand,

E lliott

F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs, N ation al C ash R e g iste r, with or without
a

typewriter

keyboard)

to

keep

a

record o f

b u sin e ss

tran saction s.

For wage study purposes, b ille r s , m ach in e, are
C la ss

c la s s if i e d by type o f m ach in e, a s fo llo w s:

A . K eeps

a set o f records requiring

a knowledge of

and experience in b a s ic bookkeeping prin cip les and fam iliarity with
B i ll e r ,

chine

m a c h in e

(b illin g m a c h in e ) . U se s a s p e c ia l b illin g ma­

(Moon H o p k in s,

the structure o f the particular accounting system u se d .

E llio tt F ish er, Burroughs, e t c ., which are

Determines

proper records and distribution o f debit and credit item s to be used

com bination typing and adding m ach in es) to prepare b ills and in­

in each phase of the work.

v o ic e s from c u s to m e r s’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,

ance s h e e ts , and other records by hand.

shipping m em orandum s, e t c .

May prepare con so lid a ted reports, b al­

U su a lly in vo lv es a p p lica tio n o f prede­

and shipping charges and entry o f n e c e ssa r y

C l a s s B . K ee p s a record o f one or more p h a ses or se c tio n s of

e x te n s io n s , which may or may not be computed on the b illin g ma­

a se t o f records u su a lly requiring little know ledge o f b a sic book­

ch in e , and to ta ls which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine.

keeping.

Th e operation u s u a lly in v o lv e s a large number o f carbon c o p ie s o f

custom ers* a ccou n ts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g described

the

under b iller, m achine), c o st distribution, ex p e n se distribution, in­

termined d isc o u n ts

b ill b ein g prepared and is often done on a fan fold m achine.

P h a se s or se c tio n s include accou n ts p a ya b le, payroll,

ventory control, e tc .
B i ll e r ,

m a c h in e

(b o o k k e e p in g

m a c h i n e ) .U s e s

a bookk eep in g

May ch eck or a s s is t in preparation of trial

b alan ces and prepare control sh e e ts for the accounting department.

m achine (Sundstrand, E llio tt F ish er, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may

or may not h ave typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers*

b ills a s part o f the acco u n ts receiv ab le operation.

G en erally in ­

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

v o lv e s the sim u lta n eo u s entry o f figures on c u sto m ers’ ledger rec­
T h e m achine a u tom atically accum ulates figu res on a number

C l a s s A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or account­

o f v e r tic a l colum ns and com putes and u su ally prints au tom atically

ant, has r esp o n sib ility for keeping one or more s e c tio n s of a com­

ord.

the debit or credit b a la n c e s . D oes not involve a know ledge o f book­

plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an e s ta b lis h ­

k e ep in g .

ment’ s b u sin e ss tra n sa c tio n s.

Works

from

uniform

and standard typ es

of

s a le s and




Work in vo lv es postin g and balancing

subsidiary ledger or led g ers such as accou n ts r ec eiv a b le or accounts

credit s li p s .

15

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

C L E R K , ORDER

p a y a b le; exam ining and coding in v o ice s or vouchers with proper a c ­
counting

d istrib u tion ;

and

requires

judgment

and

ex p erien ce

in

R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers’ orders for m aterial or m erch an dise by m ail,
phone, or person ally.

D uties in volve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

making proper a ssig n a tio n s and a llo c a tio n s . May a s s i s t in preparing,

Quoting prices to cu stom ers; making out an order s h e e t lis tin g the item s

ad ju stin g , and c lo s in g
counting c le rk s.

to make up the order; checking p rices and qu an tities o f item s on order

journal en trie s; and may direct c la s s

B ac­

sh ee t;

and distributing order s h e e ts to resp e c tiv e

fille d .

departm ents to be

May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f

B . Under su p e rv isio n , performs one or more routine a c ­

custom er, acknow ledge receip t o f orders from cu sto m ers, fo llo w uporders

counting o peration s such as postin g sim ple journal vouchers or a c ­

to se e that they have been fille d , keep file o f orders r e c e iv e d , and check

counts pa ya b le v o u ch ers, entering vouchers in voucher r e g iste r s;

shipping in v o ice s with original orders.

C la ss

recon cilin g

bank

a c c o u n ts ;

and postin g

su b sid iary

led g ers

con ­

trolled by gen eral le d g e r s, or p ostin g sim ple c o s t accou n tin g data.
T h is

jo b d o es not require a know ledge o f accounting

and book­

keepin g p rin cip les but i s found in o ffic e s in which the more routine

CLERK, PAYROLL

accou n tin g work is su b d ivid ed on a functional b a s is among sev eral
workers.

Computes w ages o f company em p loy ee s and enters the n e c e s ­
sary data on the payroll s h e e ts .

D u ties in v o lv e :

C a lc u la tin g w orkers’

earnings based on time or production record s; and p o stin g c a lc u la te d
data on payroll sh e e t, showing information su ch as worker’ s nam e, work­

C L E R K , F IL E

ing d a y s, time, rate, deductions for in su ran ce, and total w a g es due.

C l a s s A , In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g system containing a number

o f varied su b je c t m atter f i l e s , c la s s if i e s and in d ex es file m aterial
such a s

corresp o n d en ce, reports, tech n ical docu m en ts, e t c .

May make out paych eck s and a s s i s t paym aster in making up and d is ­
tributing pay en v elo p e s.

May u se a calc u la tin g m achine.

May

a ls o file th is m aterial.

May k eep records o f various types in con ­

junction with the f i l e s .

May le a d a sm all group o f low er le v e l file
COM PTOM ETER O P E R A T O R

c le r k s .

Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathem a­
C l a s s B # S o rts, c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m aterial by sim ­

ple (s u b je c t m atter) h ead in gs or partly c la s s if ie d m aterial by finer
su b h ead in gs.
a id s .

Prepares sim p le related index and c r o ss-re fe re n ce

A s req u ested , lo c a te s

and forwards m aterial.

c le arly id en tified

material in file s

tical com putations.

T h is job is not to be con fu sed with that o f s t a t is ­

tic a l or other type o f clerk, which may in v o lv e frequent u se o f a Com p­
tometer but, in w hich, u se o f this m achine is in cid en tal to perform ance
o f other du ties.

May perform related c le ric a l ta sk s required

to m aintain and se r v ic e f i l e s .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G RAPH O R D IT T O )
C la ss

C . Perform s routine filin g o f m aterial that h as already
c la s s ifie d in a sim p le seria l

Under general su pervision and with no su pervisory r e s p o n s i­

c la s s ific a t io n sy ste m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e tic a l, ch ro n o lo g ica l, or numer­

b ilitie s , reproduces m ultiple c o p ie s o f typewritten or handwritten m atter,

ic a l) .

u sin g a Mimeograph or Ditto m achine. M akes n e c e s s a r y adjustm ent such

been

c la s s if i e d

or which is

e a s ily

A s req u ested , lo c a t e s

readily a v a ila b le m aterial

in file s

and forwards m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
forms

sim ple

se r v ic e f i l e s .




P er­

c le r ic a l and manual ta sk s required to maintain and

a s for ink and paper feed counter and cylin d er sp e e d .
prepare sten cil or Ditto m aster.
m asters.

Is not required to

May keep file o f u sed s t e n c ils or D itto

May sort, c o lla t e , and stap le com p leted m aterial.

17

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C l a s s A , O p era tes a numerical a n d /o r alp h a betica l or com bina­

tion keypunch m achine to transcribe data from various source docu ­
m ents to keypunch tabulating card s.

Performs sam e task s

as lower

making

phone c a l ls ;

handling person al and important or con fiden tial

m ail, and writing routine correspon den ce on own in itia tiv e ; and taking
dictation (where transcribing m achine is not u sed ) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or sim ilar m ach in e, and transcribing dictation or the

le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f

recorded information reproduced on a transcribing m achine. May prepare

coding s k i lls and the making of some determ inations, for exam p le,

sp e c ia l reports or memorandums for information o f superior.

lo c a te s

on the so u rce document the item s to be punched; ex tra cts

inform ation from se v e r a l docum ents; and sea rch es for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation

May train in ex p erien ced operators.

in volvin g a normal

routine

vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe d icta tio n . May a ls o type from written
C l a s s B . Under c lo s e

dures or in stru c tio n s,
punched c a rd s.
bination

fo llo w s

tran scribes data

from source docum ents to

O perates a numerical a n d /or alp h a b etica l or com ­

keypunch

verify c a r d s.

su pervision or follow in g s p e c ific proce­

m achine

to

keypunch

tabulating

card s.

May

co p y .

May maintain f i l e s , keep sim ple record s, or perform other rela­

tiv ely routine c le r ic a l ta sk s.

May operate from a

D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e u/ork .

stenographic pool.

(S ee transcribing-m achine

operator.)

Working from various standardized source docu m en ts,

s p e c ifie d

se q u e n c e s which have been coded or prescribed

S T E N O G R A P H E R , SE N IO R

in d e ta il and require little or no se le c tin g , cod in g, or interpreting of

Primary duty is

to take dictation in vo lv in g a varied technical

data to be punched. P roblem s arising from erroneous item s or c o d e s ,

or s p e c ia liz e d vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on sc ie n tific

m issin g inform ation, e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation .
copy.

May a ls o type from written

May a lso se t up and maintain fi l e s , keep

O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

records, e tc .

OR

Perform s variou s routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffic e m ach in es such a s se a le rs or m ailers, opening and d i s ­
tributing m a il, and other minor c le ric a l work.

Performs
independence

stenographic

and re sp o n sib ility

denced by the fo llo w in g :

d u ties

requiring

s ig n ific a n tly greater

than sten ographers,

general as e v i­

Work requires high degree o f stenographic

speed and a ccu racy ; and a thorough working know ledge o f general b u si­
n e ss and o ffic e procedures and o f the s p e c ific b u sin e ss operation s,
organ ization , p o li c i e s , p rocedu res, fi le s , workflow , e tc .
U s e s this
SECRETARY

knowledge in performing sten ograp hic du ties and resp o n sib le c le ric a l
task s

Perform s
adm inistrative

or

secreta ria l

and c le ric a l duties for a superior in an

e x ec u tiv e p o sitio n .

D uties include making appoin t­

m ents for su perior; receiv in g people com ing into o ffic e ; answ ering and




such

as,

m aintaining

follow up

file s ;

a ssem b lin g

material

for

reports, memorandums, le tte rs, e t c .; com posin g sim ple letters from general
in stru ctio n s; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answ ering routine
q u e stio n s, etc .

D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

18

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R -C o n t in u e d

O p era tes a s in g le - or m u ltip le-p o sitio n teleph on e sw itch board .
D u ties

in vo lv e handling in com in g,

c a l ls .

May record toll c a lls and take m e s s a g e s .
who

a ls o

a ct

as

r e c e p tio n ists

see

sw itchboard

C. O perates

sim p le

tab u latin g

or

e le c tr ic a l

a c c o u n t­

ing m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, c o lla to r, e t c .,

May g iv e inform ation

to p erso n s who c a ll in , or o c c a s io n a lly take teleph on e o rd ers.
workers

C la ss

outgoin g, and intraplant or o ffic e

with sp e c ific in stru ctio n s. May in clu d e sim p le wiring from diagram s

For

and som e filin g work.

operator-

The work ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s portions o f a

work unit, for exam p le, in dividu al sortin g or c o lla tin g

r e c e p tio n ist.

runs or re­

p etitive operation s.

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to perform ing d u ties o f operator on a s in g le p o s i­

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

tion or m onitor-type sw itch board, a c ts a s rec ep tio n ist and may a ls o type
or perform routine c le r ic a l work a s part o f regular d u tie s.

T h is typing

or c le r ic a l work may take the major part o f this w o rk er's time w h ile at
sw itch board.

May a ls o type from

written copy and do sim ple c le ric a l work. Workers transcribing dictation
in volvin g a varied tech n ica l or s p e c ia liz e d vocabu lary such a s le g a l
briefs or reports on s c ie n tific research are not in c lu d e d .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la ss

Primary duty is to tran scribe d ictation in vo lv in g a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from tran scribing-m ach ine record s.

A . O p era tes

takes

a variety o f tabulating or e le c tr ic a l a c ­

dictation

in shorthand or by Sten otype

A worker who

or sim ilar

m achine is

c la s s if ie d as a stenographer, g en eral.

counting m a c h in es, ty p ic a lly including such m ach in es a s the tabu­
lator, c a lc u la to r, interpreter, c o lla to r, and o th ers.

Perform s com ­

p lete reporting a ssig n m e n ts without c lo s e su p e rv isio n , and performs
d iffic u lt wiring as required.
a ss ig n m e n ts
ports

T h e com plete reporting and tabulating

ty p ic a lly in vo lv e

which often

T Y P IS T

a variety o f long and com p lex re­

are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring

som e planning and se q u e n c in g o f ste p s to be taken.

As

a more

ex p erien ced operator, is ty p ic a lly in volved in training new opera­
tors in m achine o p era tio n s, or partially trained operators in wiring

U ses

a typewriter to make c o p ie s o f variou s m aterial or to

make out b ills after calc u la tio n s h ave been made by another p erso n .
May

include typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts, or sim ilar m aterials for u se in

du plicating p r o c e s s e s .

May do c le r ic a l work in vo lv in g little s p e c ia l

training, such as keeping sim ple reco rd s, filin g records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.

from diagram s and operating se q u e n c e s o f long and com p lex reports.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working su p erv isors performing tabu latin g-m ach in e

operation s a n d da y-to-d a y su p erv isio n o f the work and production
o f a group o f tab u latin g-m ach in e operators.

C la ss

A . Performs o n e o r m ore o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

T y p in g ma­

terial in final form when it in v o lv e s com bining m aterial from s e v e r a l
so u rc es err resp o n sib ility for correct s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a tio n , pu n c­

C la ss

B # O perates more d iffic u lt tabulating or e le c tr ic a l a c ­

counting m achines such a s the tabulator and c a lc u la to r , in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and c o lla to r. T h is work is performed under
s p e c ific in stru ction s and may in clu de the perform ance o f som e wir­
ing from diagram s.

tuation, e t c ., o f tech n ical or u nusual words or foreign lan gu age m a­
teria l;

and planning layout and typing o f co m p lica ted s t a t is t ic a l

ta b le s

to maintain uniformity and b a la n c e

in s p a c in g .

May type

routine form letters varying d e ta ils to s u it c irc u m sta n c e s.

T h e work ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , for e x a m p le, tabu­

la tio n s in vo lv in g a rep etitive accounting e x e r c is e , a com p lete but
sm all tabulating stu d y, or parts o f a longer and more com p lex report.
Such reports and stu d ie s

are u su a lly o f a recurring nature where

the procedures are w ell e s ta b lis h e d .

May a ls o in clu d e the training

of new e m p lo y ee s in the b a s ic operation o f the m achine.




C l a s s B. Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

C opy typing

from rough or clear drafts; routine typ in g o f form s, in surance p o l­
i c ie s , e t c .; and setting up sim p le standard ta b u la tio n s, or cop yin g
more com plex tab les already s e t up and s p a c e d properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSM AN

D R A F T S M A N —C ontinued

L ea d er.

P la n s and d irects a c tiv itie s of one or more draftsmen

in preparation o f working plans and d e ta il drawings from rough or

J u n ior

prepared

Draws to s c a le units or parts o f drawings

(a ssista n t).

by

draftsman or others for engineering, con struction , or

prelim inary s k e tc h e s for engineering, con struction , or manufacturing

manufacturing p u rp o ses.

p u rp o se s.

required.

D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Inter­

preting b lu ep rin ts, s k e tc h e s , and written or verbal orders; deter­

U s e s various types o f

drafting to o ls as

May prepare drawings from sim ple plans or s k e tc h e s , or

perform other d u ties under direction of a draftsman.

m ining work p ro ce d u res; a ssig n in g duties to su bordin ates and in­
s p e c tin g their work; and performing more d iffic u lt problem s.

May

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A reg istered nurse

a s s i s t su b ord in ates during em ergen cies or as a regular a ssig n m en t,
or perform rela te d d u tie s of a supervisory or adm inistrative nature.

who g iv e s nursing se r v ic e under general

m edical direction to ill or injured em p loyees or other p erson s who be­
come ill or su ffer an accid e n t on the prem ises of a factory or other esta b ­
lish m en t. D u ties in vo lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : G ivin g first aid

P rep ares working plans and detail drawings from n o tes,

to the i ll or injured; attending to su bsequ en t d ressin g of em ployees* in­

rough or d e ta ile d sk e tc h e s for engineering, con stru ction , or manu­

S e n io r .

ju ries; keeping records o f patien ts treated; preparing accid e n t reports for

facturing p u r p o s e s.

D u ties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Preparing working p la n s, d eta il draw ings, m aps,

com pensation or other p u rp o ses; a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l exam inations and

c r o s s -s e c tio n s ,

health ev alu ation s of a p p lica n ts and em p lo y e e s; and planning and carry­

e t c ., to s c a le

by u se o f drafting instrum ents; making engineering

ing out programs in vo lv in g health ed ucation, accid en t prevention, ev alu ­

com p utations

su ch

ation o f plant environm ent, or other a c tiv itie s a ffe ctin g the health, w e l­

as

those

in volved

in

strength of m aterials,

b ea m s, and t r u s s e s ; verifyin g com pleted work, ch eck in g d im en sio n s,

fare, and sa fety of a ll p erson n el.

m aterials to be u se d , and q u a n titie s; writing s p e c ific a t io n s ; and
m aking ad ju stm en ts or ch an ges in drawings or s p e c ific a tio n s .

May

ink in lin e s and le tters on p en cil drawings, prepare d e ta il units o f
com p lete d raw in gs, or trace draw ings.
c ia liz e d
structural

fie ld

such

as

architectural,

Work is frequently in a s p e ­
e le c tr ic a l, m ech an ica l, or

draftin g.

TRACER
C o p ies

plans

and

drawings prepared by oth ers, by placing

tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or p e n c il.
T -sq u a r e , c o m p a ss, and other drafting to o ls .

U ses

May prepare sim ple draw­

ings and do sim ple letterin g.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

Perform s the carpentry duties n ece ssary to construct and m ain­
tain in g o o d rep a ir building woodwork and equipment such a s b in s, c r ib s,

power t o o ls , and standard m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop

c ou n ters, b e n c h e s , p a rtitio n s, doors, flo o rs, sta irs, c a s in g s , and trim

com putations

made o f w ood in an esta b lish m en t. Work in vo lv es m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :

n e c e ssa r y for the work.

Planning and la y in g out o f work from blueprints, draw ings, m o d els, or

penter requires rounded training and experience u su ally acquired through

verbal in stru c tio n s; u sin g a variety o f carpenter’ s h an d tools, portable

a formal apprenticeship or eq u ivalen t training and experience.




relating to dim en sion s o f work; and s e le c tin g m aterials
In g en eral, the work o f the maintenance car­

20

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

Performs a variety o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such a s the

A s s i s t s one or more workers in the s k ille d m aintenance tra d es,

in s ta lla tio n , m aintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is ­

by performing sp e c ific or general d u ties o f le s s e r s k ill, such a s keeping

tribution, or u tilization o f e le c tric energy in an esta b lish m en t.
in v o lv es m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

Work

a worker supplied with m aterials and t o o ls ; c le a n in g working a rea, ma­

In sta llin g or repairing any o f a variety

ch ine, and equipm ent; a s s is tin g journeyman by h oldin g m aterials or t o o ls ;

o f e le c tric a l equipment such as gen erators, transform ers, sw itch boards,

and performing other u n sk illed ta sk s as directed by journeym an.

co n tro llers,

circuit breakers, m otors, heating u n its, conduit s y s te m s ,

kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform v a ries from trade to trade:

or other tran sm ission equipm ent; working from b lueprints, draw ings, la y ­

In som e trades the helper is con fined to su p p lyin g , liftin g , and h olding

The

o u ts, or other s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo ca tin g and d ia g n o sin g trouble in the e le c ­

m aterials and too ls and clean in g working a re a s ; and in others he is per­

trical sy ste m or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to

mitted to perform sp e c ia liz e d

load requirements o f wiring or e le c tr ic a l equipm ent; and u sing a variety

that are a ls o performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testin g instrum ents.

m achine o p era tio n s, or parts o f a trade

In

g en eral, the work o f the m aintenance e lec tric ia n requires rounded train­
ing and experience u su ally acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
eq u ivalen t training and ex p e rie n ce .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the operation o f one or more typ es o f m achine
to o ls , such as jig borers, cylin d rica l or su rfa ce grinders, engine la th e s ,
or m illin g m achines, in the con struction o f m ach in e-sh op t o o ls ,
ji g s , fixtu res, or d ie s .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y

Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

gages,

P lan n in g

and performing d ifficu lt machining o p e r a tio n s; p ro c e s s in g item s requiring
O perates and m aintains and may a ls o su p e rv ise the operation

com p licated setups or a high degree o f a cc u ra c y ; u sin g a variety o f pre­

o f stationary en g in es and equipm ent (m echan ical or e le c tr ic a l) to su p­

c isio n

ply the esta b lish m en t in which em ployed with pow er, h ea t, refrigera­

operation seq u en ce; and making n e c e s s a r y a dju stm en ts during operation

tion , or air-con dition in g.

to a ch iev e requisite tolerances or d im e n sio n s.

Work in v o lv e s :

O perating and m aintaining

equipment such a s steam e n g in e s, air com p ressors, generators, m otors,
tu rbines,

v en tilatin g

and refrigerating

equipm ent,

steam

b oilers and

measuring

o g n ize

instrum ents;

s e le c t in g

fe e d s ,

s p e e d s , too lin g,

and

May be required to rec­

when too ls need d ressin g , to d ress t o o ls , and to s e le c t proper

co o la n ts and cutting and lubricating o i l s .

For cross-in d u stry wage study

b o ile r-fe d water pum ps; making equipm ent repairs; and keeping a record

p u rposes,

of

sh op s are excluded from this c la s s if ic a t io n .

operation o f m achinery, tem perature,

a l s o su p e rv ise th ese op eration s.

and fuel consum ption.

May

m achine-tool operators,

toolroom ,

in

tool and

die jobbing

H e a d o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h •

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in m aking repairs o f
m etal parts o f m echanical equipm ent operated in an e sta b lis h m e n t. Work

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

in v o lv es
F ires stationary b o ile rs to furnish the esta b lish m en t in which
em ployed with heat, power, or stea m .
operates

F e e d s fu e ls to fire by hand or

a m ech an ical stok er, or g a s or o il burner;

and sa fe ty v a lv e s .
equipm ent.




and c h ec k s water

May cle a n , o il, or a s s i s t in repairing boilerroom

m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

Interpreting written in stru ctio n s and

sp e c ific a tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f work; u sin g a variety o f ma­
c h in is t's handtools and p recision m easuring in stru m en ts; s e ttin g up and
operating standard machine t o o ls ; shaping o f m etal parts to c lo s e toler­
a n c e s;

making standard shop com putations relatin g to d im en sio n s o f

work, to o lin g , fe e d s, and s p e e d s o f m achining; kn ow ledge o f the working

21

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M IL LW R IG H T

properties o f the common m e ta ls; s e le c tin g standard m a te r ia ls, parts,

In sta lls new m ach in es or heavy equipm ent, and d ism a n tle s and
in s ta lls m achines or h eavy equipm ent when ch an ges in the plant layout
are required. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P lan n in g and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a
variety o f handtools and riggin g; m aking standard shop com putations re­
lating to s t r e s s e s , strength o f m a teria ls, and cen ters o f g ra vity; alining
and balancing o f equipm ent; s e le c tin g standard to o ls , equipm ent, and
parts to be u se d ; and in s ta llin g and m aintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such a s drives and speed red u cers. In general,
the m illw right’ s work norm ally requires a rounded training and experi­
en ce in the trade acquired through a formal appren ticesh ip or equ ivalent
training and ex p e rie n ce .

and equipm ent required for h is work; and fitting and a sse m b lin g parts
into m ech an ica l equipm ent.

In gen eral, the m ach in ist’ s work norm ally

requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice u su a lly acquired
through a formal a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent training and ex p e rie n ce .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R ep airs a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tab lish m en t. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : Exam ining autom otive
equipm ent to d ia g n o se sou rce o f trouble; d isa ssem b lin g equipm ent and

O IL E R

performing repairs that in v o lv e the u se o f such handtools a s w ren ch es,
g a g e s , d r ills , or s p e c ia liz e d equipment in d isa ssem b lin g or fittin g parts;
replacin g broken or d e fe c tiv e parts from sto c k ; grinding and a d ju stin g
v a lv e s ; r e a sse m b lin g and in sta llin g the various a s s e m b lie s in the v e h icle

L u b ric a te s, with o il or g re a s e , the moving parts or wearing sur­
fa c e s o f m ech an ical equipm ent o f an esta b lish m en t.

and making n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and alining w h e e ls, a d ju stin g brakes
and lig h ts , or tightening body b o lts.

In general, the work o f the auto­

m otive m ech an ic requires rounded training and ex p erien ce u su a lly a c ­
quired through
e x p e rie n c e .

a

formal

appren ticesh ip

or

equ ivalent

training and

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and red e corates w a lls , woodwork, and fixtu res of an e s ­
tablishm ent.

Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g :

K n ow ledge o f su rface pecu ­

lia ritie s and typ es o f paint required for different a p p lic a tio n s ; preparing
su rface for painting by rem oving o ld fin ish or by p la c in g putty or filler
in n ail h o le s and in te r s tic e s ; and applyin g paint with spray gun or brush.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E

May mix c o lo r s, o i l s , w hite le a d , and other paint in gred ien ts to obtain
R ep airs m achinery or m ech an ical equipment o f an e sta b lish m en t.
Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Examining m ach in es and m echan­

ic a l equipm ent to d ia g n o se source o f trouble; dism antling or partly d i s ­

proper color or c o n s is te n c y .

In g en era l, the work o f the m aintenance

painter requires rounded training and ex perien ce u su a lly acquired through
a formal appren ticesh ip or e q u iva le n t training and ex p e rie n c e .

m antling m a ch in es and performing repairs that mainly in v o lv e the u se o f
h an d tools in scrap in g and fitting p a rts; replacing broken or d e fe c tiv e
parts with ite m s ob tain ed from s to c k ; ordering the production cff a re-

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

p lacem e n tp art by a m ach in e shop or se n d in g o f the m achine to a m achine
sh op for m ajor re p a irs; preparing written sp e c ific a tio n s for m ajor repairs

In sta lls or repairs w ater, stea m , g a s , or other ty p es o f pipe and

or for the production o f parts ordered from m achine sh o p ; re a sse m b lin g

p ip efittin gs in an e sta b lish m en t.

m a c h in e s; and m aking a ll n e c e ssa r y adjustm ents for o peration .

L a yin g out o f work and m easuring to lo c a te p osition o f pipe from draw­

In g en ­

Work in vo lv es m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :

era l, the work o f a m ain ten an ce m echanic requires rounded training and

in gs or other written s p e c ific a t io n s ; cutting various s i z e s o f pipe to

ex p e rie n ce u s u a lly acqu ired through a formal appren ticesh ip or eq u iva ­

correct lengths with c h is e l and hammer or o x y a c e ty le n e torch or p ip e­

c la s s if ic a t io n are

cutting m ach in e; threading pipe with sto c k s and d ie s ; bending pipe by

workers w h o se p rim a r y d u t i e s in vo lv e settin g up or a d ju stin g m a c h in es.

le n t training and e x p e rie n c e .

hand-driven or pow er-driven m a ch in es; a sse m b lin g pipe with couplings




E xclu ded from th is

22

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E —C ontinued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fa sten in g pipe to h an g ers; making standard shop com putations rela t­
ing to p r e ssu r e s, flo w , and s i z e o f pipe required; and making standard

cutting, bending, forming, sh ap in g, fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s ta llin g

t e s ts to determ ine whether fin ish ed p ip es meet s p e c ific a t io n s . In gen eral,

sh ee t-m etal a rticles as required. In g en era l, the work o f the m ain ten an ce

types o f sheet-m etal-w orkin g m a c h in es; u sin g a v ariety o f h an d to o ls in

the work o f the m aintenance p ip efitter requires rounded training and

sh ee t-m etal worker requires rounded training and e x p e rie n c e u s u a lly

ex p erien ce u su a lly acquired through a formal appren ticesh ip or eq u iva ­

acquired

le n t training and e x p e rie n c e . W o rk e rs p rim a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

ex p erien ce.

through a formal a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u iva len t

training and

r ep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture m aker; g a g e m aker)

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

Constructs and repairs m ach in e-sh op t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix ­
K ee p s the plumbing sy ste m o f an esta b lish m en t in good order.
Work in v o lv e s :

K n ow ledge o f sanitary c o d es regarding in sta lla tio n o f

ven ts and traps in plumbing s y s te m ; in sta llin g or repairing p ip es and
fix tu res; and opening c lo g g e d drains with a plunger or plum ber’ s sn ak e.
In g en eral, the work o f the m aintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and ex p erien ce u su a lly acquired through a formal ap p ren ticesh ip or
eq u iva len t training and ex p e rie n c e .

tures or d ie s for forgin gs, punching, and other m etal-form ing work.
in v o lv es m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Work

P lan n in g and la yin g out o f work from

m od els, blueprints, draw in gs, or other oral and written s p e c if ic a t io n s ;
u sing a variety o f tool and die m aker’ s h an d tools and p r e c is io n m e a s ­
uring instrum ents, understanding o f the working properties o f common
m etals and a llo y s ; settin g up and operating o f m achine to o ls and rela ted
equipm ent; making n e c e s s a r y shop com putations rela tin g to d im en sio n s
o f work, sp e e d s, fe e d s , and toolin g o f m a c h in e s; h eattreatin g o f m etal
parts during fabrication a s w ell a s o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to a ch ie v e
required q u a litie s; working to c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g
o f parts to prescribed tole ra n ces and a llo w a n c e s ; and s e le c t in g appro­

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

priate m aterials, to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .

In g e n e ra l, the to o l and d ie

F a b r ic a te s, i n s t a lls , and m aintains in good repair the sh e e tm etal

m aker’ s work requires a rounded training in m ach in e-sh op and toolroom

equipment and fixtu res (su ch as machine guards, g re a se p a n s,

practice u su ally acquired through a formal a p p ren ticesh ip or eq u iv a le n t

s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s, tan k s, v e n tila to r s, ch u te s, d u c ts, m etal roofin g) o f an
esta b lish m en t.
ing

out a ll

Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

typ es

o f sh e e t-m e ta l

m aintenance

training and experience.

P lanning and la y ­

work from

blu ep rin ts,

m o d els, or other s p e c ific a t io n s ; settin g up and operating a ll a v a ila b le

For cross-in d u stry w age study p u rp o ses, to o l and d ie m akers
in

tool and die jobbin g sh op s are ex clu d ed from th is c la s s if i c a t i o n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD

E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSEN G ER
Transports
apartment

h o u se ,

p a sse n g e r s

departm ent

betw een

sto r e ,

floors

h o tel,

or

of

an o ffic e building,

sim ilar e sta b lish m e n t.

Performs routine p o lic e d u tie s , either at fix ed p o st or on tour,
m aintaining order, u sing arms or force where n e c e s s a r y .

In c lu d es g a te -

Workers who operate e le v a to r s in conjunction with other du ties such as

m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d

th ose o f starters and ja n ito rs are ex clu d ed .

o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .




23

P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w eep er; charwom en; ja n itre ss)

Prepares f i n is h e d products for shipm ent or storag e by p lacin g
C le a n s and k e ep s in an orderly condition factory working areas

them

in shipping con tain e rs,

the s p e c ific operations

performed being

and w a sh roo m s, or prem ises o f an o ffic e , apartment h ou se, or com m ercial

dependent upon the type, s i z e , and number o f units to be p a ck ed , the

or other e sta b lish m e n t.

type o f container em ployed, and method o f shipm ent.

D u ties in volve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g :

S w eep in g, mopping or scrubbin g, and po lish in g flo o rs; removing c h ip s,

Work requires the

placin g o f item s in shipping con tain ers and m ay i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g :

K now ledge o f various item s o f stock in order to verify

trash , and other r e fu se ; du stin g equipment, furniture, or fix tu res; p o lish ­

content; se le c tio n o f appropriate type and s iz e o f con tain er; inserting

ing m etal fixtu res or trim m ings; providing su p p lies and minor m ainte­

en clo su res

nance s e r v ic e s ; and cle an in g la v a to rie s, sh ow ers, and restroom s. Work­

breakage or dam age; c lo sin g and se a lin g container; and applyin g la b e ls

ers who s p e c ia liz e in window w ashing are exclu ded.

or

in con tain er; u sing e x c e ls io r or other m aterial to prevent

entering identifyin g

data

on container.

P ackers

who

a lso

m a ke

w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G

(L o a d er and unloader; handler and stack e r; sh elv er; trucker; sto c k SH IP P IN G AN D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

man or sto c k h elp er; warehouseman or w arehouse helper)

P repares m erchandise for shipm ent, or r e c e iv e s and is respon­

A worker em p loyed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other esta b lish m en t w h ose duties in volve o n e 'or m ore o f th e f o l l o w in g :

L o a d in g and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or

from freigh t c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv ­
in g,

or p la c in g

m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage lo c a tio n ;

and transporting m aterials or m erchandise by hand truck, car, or w h e el­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

s ib le for incom ing shipm ents o f m erchandise or other m aterials.
p in g

w ork

rou tes,

in v o lv e s:

a v a ila b le

S h ip ­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, p ra ctic es,

m eans

of transportation, and

ra tes;

and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up b ills o f la d in g, postin g weight
and

shipping ch arges,

and keeping a file

o f shipping records.

direct or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipm ent.

May

R e c e iv in g

V erifyin g or directing others in verifyin g the correct­

w ork

in v o lv e s :

n e ss

o f shipm ents a ga in st b ills o f la d in g, in v o ic e s , or other records;

ch eckin g for sh ortages and rejectin g dam aged g o o d s; routing merchan­
O R D E R F IL L E R

d ise

or m aterials

to proper departm ents;

and

m aintaining n ecessary

records and f i le s .

(Order p ick er; sto c k s e le c to r ; warehouse stockm an)
F i lls shipping or transfer orders for fin ish ed goods from stored
m erch an dise

in accord an ce

with

sp e c ific a tio n s

tom ers’ o rd ers, or other in stru ction s.
and in d icatin g item s fille d

on s a le s

s li p s , c u s ­

May, in addition to fillin g orders

or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders,

req u isition a d d ition al sto c k or report short su p p lies to su pervisor, and
perform Other related d u ties.




For wage study p u rp o ses, workers are c la s s if ie d as fo llo w s:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ippin g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

24

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

T R U C K D R IV E R
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­

Operates a m anually con tro lled g a s o lin e - or ele c tric -p o w e r e d

te r ia ls , m erch an dise, equipm ent, or men betw een various typ es o f e sta b ­

truck or tractor to transport g oods and m aterials o f a ll kin ds about a

lish m en ts such a s :

w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other e sta b lish m e n t.

Manufacturing p la n ts, freight d e p o ts, w a reh o u se s,

w h o le s a le and retail e sta b lish m e n ts, or betw een retail esta b lish m e n ts
and c u sto m ers' h o u se s or p la c e s o f b u s in e s s .

May a ls o lo ad or unload

truck with or without h e lp e rs, make minor m ech an ical rep a irs, and keep
truck in good working order.

D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study p u rp o ses, truckdrivers are c la s s if i e d by s iz e
and type o f equipm ent, a s fo llo w s :

(T ractor-trailer sh ou ld be rated on

the b a s is o f trailer c a p a c ity .)

For wage study p u rp o ses, workers are c la s s if i e d
truck, as fo llo w s:

by type o f

T ru ck er, p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T ru ck er, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er 1% t o n s )

W ATCH M AN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tra ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds o f prem ises p e rio d ic a lly in protectin g property
a g a in st fire, theft, and ille g a l entry.

Available Upon Request---The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963- 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates of e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u est. B ulletins m ay be pu rchased from the Superintendent o f D ocum ents, U .S . G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, Ei. C. , 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
number

P r ic e

A k ron , O h io _______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N.Y _________________
T
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ____________________________
Allentow n— ethlehem — aston, P a . — J________
B
E
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ___________________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________________
P
B irm in g h am , A l a _________________________________
B o is e , Id a h o ______________________________________
B oston , M a s s 1
____________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-6 3
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

B u ffalo, N. Y ______________________________________
B u rlin gton, Vt 1
___________________________________
Canton, O h io ______________________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a _______________________________
C h arlotte, N. C ___________________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .— a __________________________
G
C h ica g o, 1111______________________________________
C incinnati, Ohio—
Ky______________________________
C levelan d , O h io __________________________________
C olum bu s, O h io __________________________________

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents

D a lla s, T e x _______________________________________
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111_______
Dayton, Ohio 1
_____________________________________
D en v er, C o l o 1____________________________________
D es M oin es, I o w a ________________________________
D etroit, M ich ._____________________________________
F ort W orth, T e x __________________________________
G reen B ay, W is __________________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C __________________________________
H ouston, T e x _____________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1345-42
1385-43
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

In dianapolis, Ind 1
_________________________________
Ja ck son , M iss 1___________________________________
J a ck so n v ille , F l a _________________________________
Kansas C ity, M o. —
Kans 1________________________
L aw ren ce— av erh ill, M a s s .— H ______________
H
N.
L ittle R ock—
North L ittle R o ck , A r k ____________
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1
_________________
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind 1
_____________ ________________
L u bbock, T e x _____________________________________
M an ch ester, N. H _________________________________
M em ph is, T e n n 1__________________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

M iam i, F l a 1______________________________________
M ilw aukee, W i s 1_________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, Minn_____________________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M i c h ____________
M
Newark and J e r se y C ity, N. J___________________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
New O rlea n s, L a _________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1
_________________________________
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and N ewport News—
P
Hampton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1345-46
1385-37
1385-42
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
25
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N eb r. —
Iowa 1
____________________________
P a terson —
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J _________________
P
P h iladelph ia, P a. — J 1_________________________
N.
P h oenix, A r i z ____________________________________
P ittsbu rgh , P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d, M a in e 1
_________________________________
P ortla n d, Or eg. — a s h __________________________
W
P rov id en ce— aw tucket, R. I .— a s s 1
P
M
____________
R aleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
R ichm ond, Va 1
___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford , H I _____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h ____________________________
________________________________
San Antonio, T e x 1
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — n ta rio, C a lif 1____
R
O
San D iego, C a lif_________________________________
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif 1
__________________
Savannah, G a _____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a sh 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1_____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1 _________________________________
,
T oled o, O h io 1____________________________________
T renton, N. J _____________________________________
W ashington, D. C . - M d . - V a _____________________
W aterbury, C on n _________________________________
W a terloo, I o w a __________________________________
W ichita, K a n s____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss_________________________________
Y ork , P a _________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102