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Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI
FEBRUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-41




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI




FEBRUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-41
April 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups--------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

B:

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions is ob­
tained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Jackson, M is s ., in February 1964.
It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga. , by George G.
Farish, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
Wage Analyst.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied--------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods--------------------------

3

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women--------------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations— en-----------------m
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined-----------------------------------------------A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-------------------------A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations----------------Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for womenoffice workers__
B -2 . Shift differentials---------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours-----------------------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays---------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations--------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans-----------------------------B -7 . Paid sick leave_____________________________________________

9
10
11
12
13
15
16

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions-------------------------------------------------

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Jackson area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

lii

3

r- ["- oo

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
States.

1
4

5
6

17




O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y —J a c k s o n , M iss.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in' occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
* An
conditions:
late shifts.
shifts during
late shifts.

establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
(1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Jackson, M is s ., 1 by major industry division, 2 February 1964
N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts

M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

In d u stry d iv isio n

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

139

77

20, 200

3, 800

13, 100

14, 730

-

40
99

25
52

7, 500
1 2 ,7 0 0

500
3, 300

6, 000
7, 100

6, 020
8, 710

50
50
50
50
50

16
21
28
19
15

11
9
13
10
9

1, 900
(6)
(6)
(7)
(6)

3, 400
840
1, 540
1, 650
1, 280

A ll d iv is io n s _________________________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------- ---------------------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
public u tilitie s 5_______________________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e ______________________________________________________
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v ic e s 8_________________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts
W ithin sc o p e of study

50

3,
1,
3,
2,
1,

80 0
600
100
40 0
80 0

800
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

1 The Jack son Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n sists of Hinds County.
The "w o r k e r s w ithin scope of stud y" e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovid e a rea so n a b ly a c cu ra te d escription
of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other em p loym en t in dexes for the area
to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t tre n d s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of esta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) sm a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re ex clu d ed fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Standard In d ustrial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d ivision .
3 In clud es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (within the area) of com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n ce, auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ictu r e th e a te rs are c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the sep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tra n sp ortation w e r e ex clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, and for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s Bta b le s. S ep arate
p resen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e for one or m o r e of the follow in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovide enough data to m e r it sep a r a te study,
(2) the sam p le w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p resen tation , (3) r e sp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r esen ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual e s ta b ­
lish m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d ivision are re p r e se n te d in e s tim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S eparate p r e se n ta tio n of data for this d iv isio n is not m ad e for one or m o r e of the r e a s o n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir sh o p s; m otion p ic tu r e s ; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T ab le 2.

In d exes of standard w ee k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly earn ing s fo r se le c te d oc cu p ation al g r o u p s,
and p e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r se le c te d p e r io d s , J a ck so n , M i s s .
Index
(F e b r u a r y 1961=100)

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e
F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

F e b r u a r y i9 6 0
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

F e b r u a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1963
to
F e b r u a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

11 0. 7

3. 7

3 .4

n

(M

i 1)

(M

(M

10 8. 3
11 6. 9

.5
4. 9

3 .6
2. 9

4. 0
2 8. 3

5 .0
4. 0

O ccupation al group

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ). ______________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en) _____________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) ------ _ ------------- ----U n sk ille d plant ( m e n )_______________________________




Data do not m e et publication c r ite r ia .
P e r c e n t of in c r e a se for m anufacturing w as 4 . 9 .

3. 3

1 .8

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A:

Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s . , F ebru ary 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W O R K E R S R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W EEKLV E A RN IN G S OF—

$40
Under
and
under
$40
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

over

2

2
-

5
5

6
4

2
2

3
3

3
3

4
1

_

_

-

-

-

3
1

5

_

_

_

4

.

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

Men
_

_

_

_

-

-

"

-

_

_

5

10

2

9
8

2
2

1
1

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ---------------------N onm anufacturing________________________

30
19

40 . 0
40 . 0

$ 9 9 .5 0
98. 50

_

_

_

"

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B -----------------------

35

40 . 0

79. 50

_

_

_

Office b o y s------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing________________________

18
17

39. 5
39. 5

57. 50
57. 50

"

-

2
2

T ab u latin g-m ach ine o p e r a to r s,
c la ss A ______________________________________

20

40. 0

1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

T ab u latin g-m ach ine o p e r a to r s,
c la ss B _
_
_
........
Nonm anufacturing________________________

16
16

40 . 0
40. 0

92. 00
92. 00

-

-

-

15

38. 5

68. 50

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

3

2

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

2

1

4

3

6

_

3

1

_

_

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

8
8

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

5

3
3

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e )_______

_

1

28
27

39. 5
39. 5

55. 00
54. 00

B ookkeeping-m achin e o p era to rs,
c la ss A ______________________________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

42
37

40. 0
40. 0

72. 00
7 1 .0 0

B ookkeeping-m achin e o p e r a to r s,
c la ss B _________________________________________________
N onm anufacturing ______________________________

50
38

4 0 .5
40. 5

62. 50
62. 00

-

~

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s A ______________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing________________________

63
18
45

40 . 0
40. 0
40 . 0

84. 50
91. 50
81. 50

.
-

_
-

-

-

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B _______________
Nonm anufacturing________________________

200
193

38. 5
38. 5

68. 00
68. 00

-

-

“

C le r k s , file , c la s s B _______________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------------------------

44
44

38. 5
38. 5

55. 50
55. 50

-

C le r k s, file , c la ss C _______________________
Nonm anufacturing________________________

66
66

39. 5
39. 5

52. 00
52. 00

_

-

C le r k s , ord er.._______________________________

24

40 . 0

68. 50

-

_

-

-

4
4

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1
1
_
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
_
1

2
2
-

4
2
2

2
_
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

4
1

4
4

1
-

3
-

5
5

1
1

3
3

-

-

3
2

9
7

4
2

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
19
16

2
2
-

_

5
5
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

4
4

-

"

1
-

-

-

'

-

7
7

10
10

14
12

3
2

8
6

14
12

14
11

4
3

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

3
3

6
6

-

3
3

15
15

45
44

28
27

-

_

21
21

19
19

2
2

-

7
7

47
47

10
10

-

_

_

“
_

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ______________________________
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------

38
28

39. 5
39. 0

78. 50
79. 00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s, c la ss A _____________
Nonm anufacturing________________________

34
26

39. 5
39. 5

67. 50
67. 50

_

_

_

"

-

"

Keypunch o p e r a to r s, c la ss B ______________
N onm anufacturing________________________
Public u tilities 2 ______________________

87
81
31

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

61. 50
6 1 .0 0
67. 50

-

-

_

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
2

2
2

-

-

"

-

1
1

8
2
6

7
7

7
2
5

11
4
7

12
6
6

29
27

14
14

14
11

51
51

1
1

_

_

_

_

"

2
2

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

3

10

7

5
4

6
4

5
5

4
2

6
5

5
■5

25
25
2

17
17
3

16
13
5

-

-

-

14
14

_




_

|
------------

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)_____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing________________________

See footnotes at end of table

1

-

"

-

-

"

_

-

-

_

_

"

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_
_

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s ., F ebru ary 1964)
Avbbagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUM B ER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

Number

of

workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

(Standard)

$40
Under and
$40 under
$45

$45

$5 0

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$ 1 00

$1 0 5

$110

$1 15

$1 20

$125

$1 3 0

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$ 1 00

$1 05

$1 10

$ 1 15

$120

$125

$130

over

45
5
40
4

20
2
18
9

35
9
26
1

32
2
30
3

17
6
11

12
4
8
4

13
3
10
7

4
1
3
3

6
1
5
4

7
7
7

1
1
1

7
7
3

-

~

1
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

and

W omen— Continued

M anufacturing____________________________
N onm anuf actur ing
Public u tilit ie s 2

257
33
224
48

4 0 .0
40 .0
39 .5
39 .0

$ 7 8 .0 0
83.00
77.00
94.00

_
-

_
-

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing____ __________ __ __________
N onm anufacturing_______________________
Public u tilit ie s 2

153
18
135
59

39 .5
40 .0
39 .5
38.5

65 .50
65 .00
65.50
73.00

_
“

_
-

1
1

Stenographers, senior
Nonmanufacturing

50
48

40 .0
40 .0

77.00
77.00

_

_

_

-

Switchboard o p e r a to r s ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing

44
39

42 .0
42 .5

54.00
53.50

3 10
10

3
3

Switchboard op era to r-rec ep tio n ists
Nonmanufacturing

31
26

4 0 .5
40 .5

65 .0 0
63 .50

_

39 .0
39 .0
39 .5

66.50
6 6 .00
70.00

_
-

39 .0
39 .0

57.00
57.00

_

_

-

"

58
------ 45“
21

T y p ists, c la s s A
Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities 2 —

136
136

T y p ists, c la ss B
Nonmanufacturing

_
-

5
5
1

16
16
"

36
36
"

28
1
27
2

31
3
28
8

20
4
16
7

28
5
23
7

13
2
11
10

5
1
4
3

21
1
20
19

3
1
2
2

2
2

_
-

1
1
1

-

_

-

-

-

“

"

“

■

"

_

6
6

9
8

3
3

6
5

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

"

10
10

_

-

9
9

_

-

4
4

*

-

5
5

9
6

2
2

4
3

5
4

2
2

_

_

_

4
4

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

-

“

_

_

3
2

5
5

5
2

1
1

2
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

.

-

6
6

_

-

7
7

"

-

"

"

"

_
-

_
-

1
1

4
4
3

11
9
3

5
3
1

6
5
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

19
15
9

_

-

12
9
“

-

-

-

-

-

"

_

1
1

63
63

31
31

28
28

8
8

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

_

_

_

"

_

■

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 8 at $30 to $ 3 5 ; and 2 at $3 5 to $ 4 0 .




-

_

-

-

_
“

-

-

-

-

“

sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly h ou rs.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s ., F ebru ary 1964)
A vbbaqb
Number
of
workers

Occupation

20

D raftsm en , senior

Standard hours

refle ct

the workweek for

which

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

40 .0

em ployees

W eek ly.
earnings1
(Standard)

$110.50

receive

N U M B ER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

$75
and
under
$80

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$1 1 0

$1 15

$1 20

$1 25

$1 30

$135

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$1 15

$1 20

$1 25

$ 1 30

$1 35

$1 40

2

2

3

3

3

2

their

1

regular

4

stra igh t-tim e

sa la r ie s

and the

earnings

corresp ond

to these w eekly h ours.

_

-

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s ., F ebru ary 1964)

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average
w ly j
eek
earn gs
in
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

43
29

$ 7 9 .0 0
8 1 .00

Stenographers, sen ior------------------------------------ ____________—
Nonmanufacturing
- -

50
48

$7 7 .0 0
77.00

34
26

6 7 .50
67 .5 0

Switchboard operators
_
N onmanuf a c tur ing----------------------------------------------------------

44
39

54.00
53.50

87
81
31

61 .5 0
61 .0 0
6 7 .50

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists------------------------------N onmanuf actur ing----------------------------------------------------------

31
26

65.00
6 3 .50

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class A ------------------------

20

109.00

29
28

56 .50
57.00

Tabulating-m achine op erators, class B
1\(nnmaniifarhiring
. ..

37
37

80.50
80.50

Manufacturing_____________________________ — ------------Nrmrnamifa r.tnr ing
_
.
____
Pn^l'jr^
- ..

257
33
224
48

78.00
83 .0 0
77.00
94 .00

58
46
21

66.50
66.00
70.00

138
138

57.50
57.50

Stenographers, g e n e r a l_________________________________
Manufacturing-------------------------------------------------------------N onmanuf ac tur ing_____ ______________________ ___ ——
O7
Pilblir
.. r

154
18
136
60

65 .50
66 .0 0
65 .5 0
73 .00

20

110.50

Occupation and industry division

earnin
gs1
(Stand
ard)

15

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)-------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

an

c u

g

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B _— — -----—

_

_ ___ _________-

55.00
54.00
72.50
71.00

50
38

62.50
62.00

____________

235
19
216

69.50
78.50
69.00

c la ss B ____________________________________

44
44

55.50
55.50

66
66

52.00
52.00

Nonmanufacturing---------------------------------— ------------------

,

an

C le r k s , payroil ________
'M
ani^arturiTig

_________

Nnnmamifar-tivrTnjT
Pul^l i ^
^^1 ^ e ^
"i

89.50
95.00
86.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B __________
m

28
27

93
29
64

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ------------------------------------------

C lerk s, file ,

$68.50

43
37

rtl ft ''bin** (Hilling

® .

tu

g

earn gs^
in
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

_ _____

T yp ists, c la ss A -------------------------------- —----------------------------Nonmanufacturing
_
------ Public utilities 2 ________________________________________
T yp ists, class B _

___

___

_ ____ ____ __ ____ ______

P rofession al and technical occupations
D raftsm en , senior

_ __

1 E arnings relate to regu lar stra igh t-tim e w eekly salarie s that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson, M is s ., Febru ary 1964)
N UM BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S O F Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly .
earnings

$ 1 .5 0
Under and
$ 1 .5 0 under
$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .30

$3 .4 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .10

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$3.40

$3 .50

28
26

$ 2 .7 0
2.70

_

19

2.93

_

_

_
-----

22
22

2.69
2.69

_

_

72
65
51

2.45
2.45
2.41

-

-

M ech anics, autom otive (maintenance)
____
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------------- —
P ublic u tilities 2 ______ _________ ________

_
-

M ech anics, m aintenance—
_
M anufacturing_____

77
72

2.50
2.44

1
1

1
1

2
2

E le c tr ic ia n s, maintenance
_ _____
__ __ __
M anufacturing_________ ___ — ------------ ---- E n gin eers,

sta tio n a ry ---------

-------------

---------

M ach in ists, maintenance _______ __ __ _
M anufacturing --------------------- ----- _

_____
__ _ __

_ __ —
_____ —

-

-

-

2
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

2

-

8
8

2
2

-

_

E xcludes prem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




-

-

1
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

30
30
30

-

1
1
-

8

_

-

_

12
12

5
5

11
11

-

3
3

-

_

1

_

-

4
4

4

_

2

12
12

_

-

4
4

-

3
3
-

_
-

1
1
-

8

6
6

4
3
1

-

11
11

4
4

4
4

9
9

_

2
2

6
6

6
-

-

2

10
10

9
8

-

2
2

_

-

1
-

_

-

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

_
-

12
12
12

_
_

_
-

11
_

_

_

-

4
-

8
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson, M i s s ., F ebru ary 1964)
N U M BER OF W O RK ERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$ 0 .7 0 $0 .8 0 $0 .9 0 $1 .00 $1 .1 0 $ 1 .20 $1 .30 $1 .4 0 $1.50 $1 .60 $1 .7 0 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0
Average
hourly ,
earnings Under and
$0 .7 0 under
$0 .80 $0 .9 0 $1 .00 $ 1 .10 $1 .2 0 $ 1 .30 $ 1 .40 $1 .5 0 $1.60 $1 .70 $1 .80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $2 .9 0 $ 3 .00 $3 .1 0 $3 .2 0

E levator op erators, passenger
(w omen)----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_____________________

37
-------T7

$ 0 .8 4
.ST

3 14
~ r r

-

-

-

"

~

"

16
T5

Guards and watchmen------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------W atch m en ----------------------------------------

75
51
34

1.56
1.51
1.28

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

■

_

■

"

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
(m e n ) _____ ___ __ ___________ _____________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing--------- —
-----------Public u tilit ie s 1 ___________________
4
3
2

325
114
211
19

1.31
1.47
1.22
1.49

13
13

-

4
4

10
10

15
3
12

"

■

_

“

"

Janitors, p o rte rs, and clean ers
(w om en)________ ________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

103
98

1.19
1.18

1
1

2
2

-

-

23
23

-

"

L a b o r e rs, m aterial handling___________
M anufacturing--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

343
267
76

1.48
1.45
1.55

.
-

.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

_

.

5
5
5

9
-

8
5

4
4

-

5
2
2

190
50
140
“

15
4
11
8

15
10
5
1

34
26
8
8

2
2
1

10
7
3

2
2

"

70
65

5
5

1
1

-

-

-

“

168
134
34

55
43
12

2
2

34
34

7
2
5

_

.

17

8

.

4

_

~

"

_

3
3

~

6
6

-

4
4

5
5

-

"

-

-

56
12
44
"

4
4

3
3

30
27

-

2
2

26
9
17

-

“

Order f i l l e r s ----------------------------------------------

36

1.39

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s ---------------Nonmanufacturing--------- --------------------

27
19

2.1 4
2.15

_

“

T ru ck d rivers 5------------------------ ---------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilities 4 ---------- --------- —

241
88
153
39

1.78
1.54
1.91
2.87

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
1V2 tons)— ----------------------- --------------Nonmanufacturing---------------------------

75
72

1.29
1.30

_

_
-

6
6

_

-

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 tons)______ _ ---------------Manufacturing---------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------Public u tilit ie s 4 ------------------------

80
20
60
30

2.09
1.40
2.32
3.0 0

-

-

-

-

64
61

1.56
1.54

T ru ck ers, power (fo r k lift)______________

-

-

"

10
9

1 Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
2 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
3 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 0 .4 0 to $ 0 .5 0 .
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
5 Includes all d rivers r eg a r d le ss of size and type of truck operated.




1
1

30
27
27

.

-

2
4
— T~------ T

4

8
8

-

-

-

4
4
-

2
2
-

■

8
8
_

1
1

"

"

_

6
4
2

11
5
6

25
23
2

18
14
4

4
4
“

6

_

.

_

.

“

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

2
_

8
3

"

27
29
18 1
8
21
9
3

35
33
2

12
10
2

.

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
-

-

9
9

21
21

1
1

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

2
2
-

1
1

6
4
2

-

-

.

.

1
1

2
2

1
1

22
22
10

2
2

_

1

28
28

-

“

“

6
6

6
— 6—

-

“

1
1
1

_

_

"

“

13
2
11

1

.

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1
-

-

-

10
10

"
1
1
1

3
3

_

2
2
1

3
3

2
2

9
6
3

"

-

-

1
1
1

3
3

-

2
2

"

“

"
24
24
24

1
1

-

4
2

-

~

“

12
12
10

-

-

“

-

19
19
19

B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

9

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of esta b lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y for s e le c te d c a te g o r ie s
o f in ex p er ien c ed w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , J a ck so n , M i s s . , F e b r u a r y 1964)
Other in ex p erien c ed c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2

In exp e rie n ced typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w eek ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in du stries

B a sed on stand ard w eekly h ours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

B a sed on standard w eekly h ours 3 of—
A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
sch edu les

Nonm anufacturing

M an ufactu ring

N onm anufacturing

A ll
sch e d u les

40

40

A ll
sch e d u les

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------

77

25

XXX

52

XXX

77

25

XXX

52

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving a s p e c ifie d m i n i m u m _______________

26

6

6

20

13

33

7

7

26

18

under $ 3 7 . 50-------------------------------------------------------under $ 4 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 4 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 4 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 4 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 5 0 . 0 0 --------------------------------------------------- under $ 5 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 5 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------- -----------under $ 5 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
under $ 6 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 6 2 . 50_____________________________________
under $ 6 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 6 7 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------under $ 7 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------o v e r — ------------------------------------------------------------------

_
2
17
2
1
1
1
1
1

_
5
1
-

_
5
1

_
2
12
2
1
1
1

_
5
1
1

1
1
3
1
15
2
1
1
1

1
1
12
1
1
1

1

1
1
3
1
20
2
1
1
1
1
1

_
5
1
1

"

_
9
1
1
1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

4

1

XXX

3

XXX

6

1

XXX

5

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ____ ____________________________________________

47

18

XXX

29

XXX

38

17

XXX

21

XXX

$ 3 5 . 00
$ 3 7 . 50
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55 . 00
$ 57 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

-

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m sta rtin g (hirin g) re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r stand ard w o r k w e e k s.
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll stand ard w ork w eek s com b in ed, and for the m o s t c o m m o n stand ard w ork w eek re p o r te d .




-

1




10

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Jackson, M i s s ., February 1964)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishments having form al
p ro v isio n s1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on-—

Second shift
work

Total ___

—

With shift pay differential

71. 4

_ __

Uniform cents (per hour) _ _ _ _ _ _
2 c e n t s ____ — — _
4 c e n ts -----5 c e n ts ____ ____
6 c e n ts _—
— _
7 cents —
9 c e n t s ------------ —
10 cents _
__
12 cen ts—
U niform percentage —
10 percent—

— __
_
__

—
— —
_ _ _ _ _
__ _ _ _ _ _

With no shift pay differential

-

_______

--------

7 1 .4

14. 5

5. 4

6 2 .4

12. 2

3. 5

58. 2

____

Second shift

62. 4

_

Third or other
shift work

58. 2

10. 4

3. 4

2. 3
9. 2
29. 4
3. 7
7. 2
2. 5
3 .9

_
31. 7
2. 8
1 6 .4
.9
2. 5
3 .9

.
1.
5.
.
2.
-

4. 2

4. 2

4. 2

4. 2

1. 9

. 1

9. 1

9. 1

2. 2

2. 0

-

1
7
0
1
5

-

Third or other
shift

_
-

1. 7
-

.7
-

1. 0

1. 0

1. 9

. 1

1
Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provision s covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.

11
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Jackson, M i s s ., February 1964)
O F FIC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

W e e k ly h ou rs
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

3 7 V2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 and under 4 0 h o u r s ------------------------------4 0 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 0 and under 44 h o u r s _______________________
44 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 4 and under 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------4 8 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------50 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 50 h o u r s ________________________________________

1
2
3
4

100

1

100

21

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

49

M anufacturing

1
1
60
6
6
5
8
6
7

75
5
6
9

96
-

2

-

-

6
64
3

1
78
-

-

2
2
2

1
5
13

(4 )
(4 )

-

-

2

51

M anufacturing

In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities 2

100

3
-

-

-

-

4

12
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Jackson, M iss. , February 1964)
PLAN T W ORKERS

OFFICE W O R K E R S

Item
A ll industries

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

84

89

87

“

16

11

13

2

_

14
5
14
3
3

4
5
4
18
3
30
9
5
7
4

3
6
25
39
40
77
78
82
84

25
55
58
76
79
85
89

1

",

M anufacturing

Publio u tilities2

N u m ber of days

1

3
4
5
5
5
6
6
7
7
8

h o lid ay----------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day--------------------------------------h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------------------------------h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------------------------------h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day--------------------------------------h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
1

57
4
1

4
3

5
7
6
17
5
24
8
7

_
-

4

12

37

2

3

20

13
73
-

2

1

“

21

2
1

7
3
6
70
“

T otal h olid ay tim e 4

8 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 days or m o r e ___________________________________
7 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------5V2 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e __________________ _________________
4 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ______________________________________
1 day or m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------

2

1

_

5
29
34
38
95
96
98
99

22

37
61
65
82
89
95

86
88
88

100

100
100
100
100

4

_

11

76
80
80
87
87
87
87

1 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 A ll com b in ation s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the s a m e am ount are com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the p rop ortion of w o rk ers rec eiv in g a to ta l of 7 d ays in clu d es th o se with 7 fu ll d ays and
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e r e then cu m u lated .




13
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Jackson, M is s . , February 1964)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Vacation policy
All industries

A ll w orkers__

_ _

___

___

___

___

— __

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Pu blic u tilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99

99
99

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

91
77
9
4
2

87
68
20
-

100
100

-

9

13

4
19
1

7
9

4
52

-

-

-

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations— — ------ — —
- — L ength-of-tim e paym ent--------------------------------Percentage payment— ---------- — ------F la t-su m payment — — —
—
— O ther______ _____
__
—
----__ _
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations____________ — — — — —

(5)

-

-

Amount of vacation pay 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week- ___
_ _
-------- _
_ — 1 week__________
__________
— -------- — —
2 w eek s --------------------------------------------------

(5)
61
1

_
34

_
27
72

_
54
46

_
63
37

6
64
21

_
78
7

_
64
36

_
7
1
91

_
15

6
34
5
47

_

84

_
9
5
86

37
4
46

_
15
16
69

_
15

_
7

6
25
3
58

_
29
4
54

6
18
3
65

_
15
4
68

6
15
1
71

9

_

-

-

79

100

1
54

After 1 year of service
TTnHor

1 n/»o1r

1 week- __ ____— --------2 w eek s______ ___ ____ ____

--------

___

—

---

-----

- ____

After 2 years of service
Under 1 week______
_
___ ___
1 week __ _ ____ __ ___ ____ _____
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ---- _
2 weeks ________
_________________

_ ----____

_______

—
—

—
—

---

—

---

-

After 3 years of service
Under 1 week— ----------------------—
--1 week-------------- „
_ -------------------------- — ----Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------— — ____
2 weeks ______ ___ ___
_
— — — — _

_
6
(5)
94

-

-

85

93

_
4
(5)
96

_
12
88

_
100

_
3
(5)
93
3

_
9

-

-

-

91

100

_
7
-

93

After 4 years of service
Under 1 week- ------------------ -------- -------- — -----1 week_______________ ______ _____ ___ __ ___
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s----------------------------------2 w eek s-------------------------------------------------------------------

-

_
4
-

96

After 5 years of service
Under 1 week______________ _____ _____ — — 1 week-________ ______ ______ _______________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s -------------------------2 w eek s ----------- --------- ----- — ----- ----

See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le .




-

14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Jackson, M is s ., February 1964)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll industries 2

M anufacturing

Public utilities3

All industrial4

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities3

A m ount of v acatio n pay 6— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s of se r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k ________ - ____ — _____________________
1 w e e k .__ . . . . . _______ . . . . . . . _____________ ______________
2 w e e k s _____________ — _ __________
__________
3 w e e k s _____ — ._______ __ ___ _ ___ _______ _______
_

_

_

3
63
33

9
79
12

49
51

_
_

6
13
60
12

6
73
9

_

_
_
65
35

3
53
6
38

9
71
20

18
13
70

6
13
51
3
19

6
65
16

_
33
6
61

3
23
74

9
51
39

5
95

6
13
34
39

6
41
41

_
13
87

_
5
95

6
13
32
35
5

_
6
38
39
5

_
_
13
84
3

-

13
32
26
14

A fte r 12 y e a rs of s e r v ic e

Under 1 w ee k _________________________________________
1 w ee k __________________ ____ _ _
_ ____ ___
____
2 w e e k s __ ________ ____ _____ ______ _______ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________ ______________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r 15 y e a rs of s e r v ic e

Under 1 w ee k _____________ ________________________
1 w ee k —_— __ ____________ __________ ______ ______
_
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k _________________________________________
1 w ee k __________________ ___ ___________ _ __ _ ___
2 w eeks
-- ..
_,__
3 w e e k s _____________ _____ ______ ________ ______
4 w e e k s ______________ _______
_ _____________ ___

_

_

3
23
67
8

9
51
32
7

3
23
39
35

9
51
27
12

A fte r 25 y e a rs of se r v ic e

Under 1 w ee k --------------------- -------------------------------------1 w ee k _____ __________________
______ ____ ______
2 w eek s _ --------------- -------- ---------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________ ___________ __________
4 w e e k s _______ ___ _________________________________

6
5
45
49

_

6
38
35
9

_
13
52
35

1 Includes b a sic plans only.
E x c lu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those p la n s w hich offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" ben efits b eyond b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifyin g lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x clu sio n s are plans r e c e n tly n egotiated in the ste e l, alu m in um , and can in d u str ie s.
2 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T ran sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivisions shown sep a ra tely .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p erc en t.
6 Includes p aym en ts other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p erc en ta g e of annual earn ings or f la t -s u m p aym en ts, converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p ercen t
of annual earn ing s w as c o n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p rop ortion s in dicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s o c cu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a rs.
E stim a te s are cu m u lative.
T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s' pay
or m o r e after 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e a fter few er y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




15
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Jackson, M i s s ., February 1964)1
*
4
3
2
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit
All industrial

A ll w orkers______________

____________________

2

M anufacturing

Publie utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilitiM 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
94

85

100

76

80

100

60

21

95

38

26

84

75

80

84

63

74

81

Sickness and accident insurance-------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)-----------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)------------------------------------------

28

49

22

38

41

33

53

47

26

15

15

22

13

"

56

*1

28

47

Hospitalization insurance__________________ Surgical insurance------------------------------------------M edical insurance------------------------------------------Catastrophe insurance------------ -----------------------Retirement p e n sio n __________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n ____

95
95
60
72
78
3

89
89
48
41
62
11

100
100
98
83
92

84
84
50
51
45
16

86
86
41
44
57
14

100
100
93
78
79

Life insurance _______________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance------------- ----------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5-------------------------------------

1 Includes those plans for which atleast a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities,
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are lim ited to those whichdefinitely establish
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




retirement.

at least the

16
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by formal sick leave provisions,
Jackson, M iss. , February 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

S ick le a v e p r o v isio n
All industries1

M anufacturing

Public utilities

100.0

100.0

100.0

6 6 .9

4 7 .4

33 .1

5 2 .6

19.1
19.1
1.5
-

“

10 d a y s--------------------------------------------------------12 d a y s--------------------------------------------------------20 d a y s_____ ______________________________
65 d a y s------------------ -------------------- -----------W aiting p e r io d ------------------------------------- -------------P a r tia l pay o n ly ---------- ----- ------------------------

25.1
25.1
4 .5
6 .7
8 .4
.6
1.9
1.2
.6
2.1
1 .4

1.9
9.1
4 .6
-

G raduated p la n 4— A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r io d ____________________ _________
F u ll pay 5 ----------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------------------------- — -----------10 d a y s--------------------------------------------------------15 d a y s----------------------------------------- -----------40 d a y s--------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5 --------- -------------15 d a y s -------------------------------------------------22 d a y s--------------------------------------------------------W aiting p e r io d ------------------------------------- -------------F u ll pay_______________________________________
P a r tia l pay o n ly ______________________________

2 8 .2
13 .5
2 .4
3 .6
3 .7
3.1
14.7
9 .8
2 .7
1 1 .4
1.7
9 .6
3 9 .6
9 .9
2 .4
3 .6
2.6
29 .7
5 .4
10.3
9 .6
-

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________

___________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
f o r m a l paid s ic k le a v e ------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no fo r m a l paid sic k le a v e -------------------------------------

2

All industries 3

M anufacturing

100.0

100.0

8 2 .7

36.1

4 3 .0

69 .1

17.3

6 3 .9

5 7 .0

3 0 .9

6.2
6.2
-

11 .5
11.5
1.8
1.6

1 4 .9
1 4 .9
-

8 .5
8 .5
_

-

-

1.9
6 .9
6 .9

1.5
1.3
4 .2
1.1
1.0
1.0

3 .2
9 .2
2 .5
.9
.9

_
8 .5
_
3 .7
3.7

2 8 .2
2 8 .2
2 3 .2
-

20.2
20.2
1.6
18 .6
4 9 .3
4 9 .3

3.7
2.0
.4
1.5
1.8
1.1
19.9
2.7
17.2

_
2 7 .2
2 7 .2

13 .2
13 .2
2 .9
10 .3
4 3 .7
11.6
32 .1

2 8 .2
2 8 .2
19.3
-

6 9 .5
20.2
1.6
18 .6
4 9 .3
4 9 .3
-

2 7 .2

4 5 .3
13 .2
2 .9
10 .3
32 .1
_
32 .1
11.6
11.6
-

2.8

Pu blic utilities 1
2

100.0

T y p e and amount o f p a id s ic k le a v e
p ro v id e d an n u ally

U n iform plan : 4
No w aiting p e r io d ______________ ________________
F u ll p a y 5 -------- __ -------- __ -----------------------5 d a y s ---------------------------------- ----------- ------6 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------

G raduated p la n 4— A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r io d ________________________________
F u ll p a y 5 -------------- — — ------------------------------10 d a y s------------------ ------------------------------- _
55 d a y s---------------------------------------- -------------130 d a y s ____________________________________
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y 5 --------------------------50 d a y s______________________________________
65 d a y s---------------------------- -----------------70 d a y s------------------ ----------------------------------W aiting p e r io d ____________________________________
F u ll pay__________________ - ______ _______ ____
P a r tia l pay o n ly ----------------------------------- -------

-

-

-

-

9 .5
2.0
.4
1.5
7 .5
1.0
1.1
4 .8
14.1
1.7
12 .4

-

4 .6

-

2 7 .2

P r o v is io n s for a c cu m u la tio n

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r accu m u latio n of
unused s ic k l e a v e -----------------------------------

--------

-

1 2 .4

3 .9

-

1 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " are defined as those f o r m a l plans under w hich an e m p lo y e e , a fter 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e num ber of d a y s' paid sic k le a v e ea ch y e a r .
"G r a d u a te d
p la n s " are defin ed as those f o r m a l plans u nder w hich an e m p lo y e e 's le ave v a r ie s a c cord in g to length of s e r v ic e .
P erio d s of se r v ic e w ere a r b it r a r ily c h o se n .
E s tim a te s r e fle c t p r o v isio n s
ap p licab le at the stated length of s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, the p rop ortion rec e iv in g 15 d ays' s ic k leave after 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount
a fter g r e a te r or l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
* M ay include p r o v isio n s other than those p resen ted se p a r a te ly . N u m b ers of days shown under " F u ll pay plus p artial p a y " are days fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a re en titled to additional days of s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A, Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
17

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

19

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class BmUnder clo s e supervision or following sp ecific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or cod es,
missing information, e tc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued

making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

20

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE O PERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B, Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A, Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B, Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
e tc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
com plete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts add new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working

23

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

24

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




25

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
Packers who also make
or entering identifying data on container.
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

26

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline** or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy {over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, E» C. , 20402,
.
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Price
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
40

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1
___________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J ________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J 1________________________
Phoenix, A riz__________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a _________________________________
Portland, Maine1
_______________________________
Portland, Or eg. — ash________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. L — ass1
M
___________
Raleigh, N. C 1
______________ ___________________
Richmond, Va 1
________________ *________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________
St. Louis ^ M o .-I ll___________________________ Salt Lake City, Utah___________________________
San Antonio, T ex1
_______________ -______________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif1____
San Diego, Calif_______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif1 _ _______________
_
Savannah, Ga__________________________________
Scranton, P a 1__________________________________
Seattle, Wash1_________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1___________________________
South Bend, Ind_________ . . . ____________________
Spokane, Wash1 _____________- _________________
,
_
Toledo, Ohio1__________________________________
Trenton, N. J __________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ____________________
Waterbury, Conn_______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa__________________________ ____ —
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, Mass_________ _____________________
York, P a _______________________ -______________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y ____________________________
Burlington, Vt 1
.............................................. .
Canton, Ohio____________________________
Charleston, W. V a ______________________
Charlotte, N. C __________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a_________________
G
Chicago, 1111____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky_____________________
Cleveland, Ohio_________________________
Columbus, Ohio_________________________

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x _______________ ._____________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— 1
11
Dayton, Ohio 1__________________________
Denver, Colo1__________________________
Des Moines, Iowa ______________________
Detroit, Mich1
__________________________
Fort Worth, Tex________________________
Green Bay, W is_________________________
Greenville, S. C _________________________
Houston, T e x ___________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1385-40
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapolis, E d 1
n _______________________
Jackson, Miss 1 _________________________
Jacksonville, F la _______________________
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans 1_______________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H --------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind 1
____________________
Lubbock, Tex___________________________
Manchester, N. H_______________________
Memphis , Tenn 1________________________

1385-30
1385-41
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
25
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25




Bulletin
number

Miami, F la 1___________________________________ 1385-29
Milwaukee, W is 1_______________________________ 1345-59
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn_____________
1385-39
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights , M ich___________ 1345-69
Newark and Jersey City, N. J__________________ 1345-46
New Haven, Conn1_____________________________ 1385-37
New Orleans, L a 1
______________________________ 1345-44
New York, N. Y 1
_______________________________ 1345-79
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1________________________________ 1345-75
Oklahoma City, Okla___________________________ 1385-2

Akron, Ohio_____________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J_.
N.
Atlanta, Ga______________________________
Baltimore, M d __________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________
Birmingham, A la_______________________
Boise, Idaho ____________________________
Boston, Mass 1
__________________________

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

Area

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102