View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

I

Occupational Wage Survey

DAYTON, OHIO
JANUARY 1964

B ii II e I i n INo .




1385-40

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ciague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




DAYTON, OHIO
JANUARY 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1385-40
April 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




C o n ten ts

P re fa c e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e da t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r
m etrop olita n a rea labor m a rk e ts, for e c o n o m ic region s,
and f o r the U n ite d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the
p r o g r a m is th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (a) th e m o v e ­
m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l ,
and (b) the s t r u c t u r e and
le v e l of w ages am ong labor
m a r k e t s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A:
A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t and an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h l a b o r m a r k e t s t u d ie d .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r
a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is
i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e l a b o r
m a r k e t s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e ­
s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h as b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l
l a b o r m a r k e t da ta t o r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a r k e t s c u r r e n t l y a r e in clu d ed
in th e p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is
c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
In fo rm a tio n on e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is
o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
D a y t o n , O h i o , in J a n u a r y 1964. It w a s p r e p a r e d in th e
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , b y R o b e r t G .
B r y a n , u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f E l l i o t t A . B r o w a r , A s s i s t ­
ant R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y
and n u m b e r s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________

3

O ccu pation al e a rn in g s:*
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n -------------------------------------m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n ________________________________________________
A -3 .
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----------------------------------------------------A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------

8
9
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e
w o r k e r s _________________________________________________________
B -2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s i o n p l a n s ---------------------------------B -7.
P a i d s i c k l e a v e ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

12
13
14
15
16
18
19

A p p e n d ix :

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s
(See in side b a ck c o v e r . )

a re a v a ila b le fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e D a y t o n a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c ­
tion,
printing,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

til

3

5
7

21




Occupational Wage Survey—
Dayton, Ohio
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s in w h i c h the U. S. D e ­
partm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau o f L a b o r Statistics conducts su rv eys o f
o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In t h is a r e a , da ta w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d
e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r
p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e
s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a nd th e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e
in d u stries.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u ­
l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h
m e e t pu b lica tion c r it e r ia .

a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k s c h e d u l e s
( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
a r e p a i d ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e b e e n
r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d m a y b e due to s u c h
f a c t o r s a s (1) d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the s e x e s a m o n g i n ­
d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v i c e o r
m e r i t r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d o n th is b a s i s ;
a nd (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h the o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w i t h i n the s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e ­
scrip tion .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e
s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e u s e d in i n d iv id u a l
establish m en ts.
Th is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e se s u rv e y s a re con du cted on a sa m p le b a sis b e ca u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e giv en th eir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n th e s c o p e o f the s t u d y and n o t the n u m b e r
a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t
o b t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to
i n d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the e a r n i n g s d a t a .

O c c u p a t i o n s a nd E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g types:
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a nd (d) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h i n the s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x . E a r n i n g s da ta f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th e y
r e l a t e t o o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o
a re u tiliz e d as a sepa ra te w o r k fo r c e a re exclu ded .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n ctio n s. "P la n t w o r k e r s " in clud e w o rk in g f o r e m e n
a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n ­
g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u strie s.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd la te
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e r e p o r t e d ,




M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .

1

2
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t . P a i d h o l i d a y s ;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4
t h r o u g h B - 7 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e
a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s
o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s
b e c a u s e o f rou nding.
Data on pa id h o lid a y s (ta b le
B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a o n
h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d
f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m . H o l i d a y s
o r d i n a r i l y gra n te d a r e in clu d e d e ve n though th e y m a y fa l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n i f th e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e a n d h a l f
h olida ys a ctu a lly gran ted.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o li c ie s , exclu din g in fo rm a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w i t h p a y i s g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
Separate
e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g
v a ca tio n p a y m e n ts , such as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H o w e v e r , in th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n p a y ,
p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r
e x a m p le , a p a y m en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d
a s th e e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .

1
An establishment was considered
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
late shifts. An establishment was considered as
shifts during the 12 months prior to die survey,
late shifts.




D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 a n d B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s
w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Su ch plan s in clu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itt e n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y
b y the e m p l o y e r o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t
a s i d e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
Death b en e fits a r e in clu d ed as a f o r m o f
life in su r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d t o that t y p e o f
in su ra n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h pa ym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly
t o th e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p lo y e r con tribu tes.
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n ce law s w h ich r e q u ire e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p l a n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e
w i t h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T abu lation s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b eca u se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a nd n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h ic h p r o v id e e ith er p a r tia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n to
the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
to ta l is show n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e ith e r o r both ty pes o f b e n e f it s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d t o as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to r s ' fe e s.
Su ch plan s m a y be u n d e r w r itt e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n on p rofit o rg a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e lf -in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n plan s a r e lim ite d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
as having a policy if it m et either o f the following contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
minimum number of days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan
having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in D a y to n , O h io , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a r y 1964

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________ ___________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ______________ _____ ___________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5___ _____ — _____ ___ ____ _
_ _________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e _________________________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______________________
S e r v i c e s 8 ________________________________________________________

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in
scop e of
stu d y 3

_

382

50

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

O ffic e

P la n t

116

1 30 , 8 00

18, 500

94, 4 00

9 5, 070

-

2 04
178

58
58

9 6 , 0 00
3 4 , 8 00

12, 000
6, 500

72, 500
2 1, 900

73, 6 30
2 1 ,4 4 0

50
50
50
50
50

27
25
75
18
33

14
6
17
7
14

7,
2,
15,
2,
6,

1, 3 00

4, 8 00

6, 2 90
1, 000
8, 9 90
1 ,5 1 0
3, 6 50

6 00
7 00
6 00
800
100

( 6)
( 6)
(6 )
(6)

( 6)
(? )
( 7)
( 6)

T otal 4

1 T h e D a y t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f G r e e n e , M i a m i , a n d M o n t g o m e r y C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b le p r o v i d e a
r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r
e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f the
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in i m u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s
astra d e ,
fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
n ot d e s ig n e d i n it ia l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f da ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




T a b le 2.

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s , D a y t o n , O h io
In d e x
(J a n u a r y 1961 = 100)

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e

J a n u a r y 1964

J a n u a r y 1963
to
J a n u a r y 1 964

J a n u a r y 1962
to
J a n u a r y 1963

J a n u a r y 1961
to
J a n u a r y 1962

A l l in d u s t r i e s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________________
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________________________

1 0 6 .9
1 1 0 .9
1 0 6 .3
1 0 4 .6

1 .4
2 .8
2 .7
.5

3 .3
3 .8
2 .6
2 .0

2. 1
4 .0
.8
2.1

4 .0
8 .6
3 .6
5 .0

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____________
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) __________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) ___________________________

1 0 5 .3
1 0 8 .8
1 0 6 .0
1 0 7 .0

.5
1.8
2 .5
2 .3

3 .2
3 .8
2 .7
1.8

1.6
2 .9
.7
2 .7

4 .3
9 .7
3 .6
4 .9

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
J a n u a r y 1961

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , th at i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a la r ie s a r e paid.
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i t h i n e a c h g r o u p .
T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n m e n a n d w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g
19 j o b s : B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g ,
c l a s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o l l ; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a nd B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B; a n d t y p i s t s , c l a s s A a n d B . T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e da t a a r e
b a s e d o n m e n a nd w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in th e f o l l o w i n g
8 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s a n d 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p la n t w o r k e r da ta : S k i l l e d ---- c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n i c s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; a n d t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — ja n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l handling.
A v era g e w eek ly
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f th e
o r h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
the j o b s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d




s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ourly ea rn in gs w e r e
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s

f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n a n a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d a n d th e d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n th e r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r
each group
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r th e b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a nd w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e
j o b ; a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e
resultin g fr o m labor tu rn o v e r, f o r c e ex p an sion s, f o r c e red u ction s,
a n d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e
i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l
w age changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r
th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d
w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e th e o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , th e m o v e m e n t o f
a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t o u t o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a verage pay for s tra ig h t-tim e h ours.
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d <
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a ry 1964)

a r e a b a s is

N U M BE R OF W O R K E R S RECEIVING ST R A IG H T -T IM E W EE K LY E ARNING S O F—

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weeklyj
(Standard)

$50
Weekly
U n der and
earnings 1
under
$50
(Standard)
$55

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

7

14
11

11
10
1

8
6

7
4

14

6
1

11

18
13

29
20

3
3

5
5

2

3

3

5

9

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

$155
and

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

126
97
29

39. 5
39. 5
40. 5

$ 1 1 8 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

2

1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

4

-

5

2

4

1

11

6

2

1

-

_

7

2

12

34

10

6

13

1

.

1

.

9

16

2

2
2

4

13

15
3

11

2

8
2

22

-

18
12

2

8

6

13

1

-

1

-

1
1

-

_

_

14

_

2

_

_

1

5
5

_

2

1
1

_

2

1
1

_

-

3
3

1

14

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

l

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

6
6

5
4

2 10
10

.

.

.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________

37

40. 0

9 4 .5 0

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

167

39. 5

9 3 .5 0

_

_

93

39. 5

9 8 .5 0

-

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

32

40. 0

1 0 2 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

i

32

40. 0

1 0 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

i

O ffic e b o y s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

51
31

40. 0
40. 0

6 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

_

11

5

2

7
7

6

"

17
7

5

1 3 2 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

.

.

.

.

.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

62
53

40. 0
40. 0

7
7
-

1
1

_

5

3
3

.

.

.

.

-

1

2
2

3

•

-

’

4
4

5
4

5
3

4

3
3

6
6

4

3

10
10

.

■

’

-

1
1

-

-

.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
65

39. 5

1 1 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

6

"

“

“

•

"

_

•

4

2

16
3

4

1 1 0 .5 0

9
9

4

39. 5

4
4

2

44

2
2

4

M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

2

i

2

5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _____________________________________

28

40. 0

9 1 .0 0

.

.

.

.

1

3

.

5

2

4

7

4

1

.

i

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________

92
67

39. 5
39. 5

7 5 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

6
6

11
11

1

14
4

13

17

i

13

2

10
10

10
10

i
i

2
2

4
4

1
1

2
2

B i l l e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e )___________________________________

54

40. 0

6 5 .5 0

.

13

3

18

1

4

2

12

.

.

1

.

72

39. 5
40. 0

-

-

-

14
14

-

1
-

1
-

9
2

14
6

7

8

9
8
1

1
1

1

34

2

-

.
-

W om en

-

"

■

-

.

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

46
26

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u f a c tu r in g ______________________

262
152
110

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

171
122

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________

254
127

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ______________________
C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
C l e r k s , o r d e r _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




49

127
49

38. 5

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

8 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

'

-

-

-

1

-

16
1
15

31
11
20

15
11
4

24
10
14

35
11
24

22
13

-

3
1
2

-

_

9

40. 0

9 3 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

29
23
6

31
12

-

2
1
1

4

9 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

10
10

_

39. 5
40. 5
40. 0

7 2 .5 0

28
4

29
8

37
21

9

8
12

35
35

3

43
1
42

37

8 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

10
1

20

39. 5
40. 5

3
-

-

16

18
5
13

-

-

-

5

-

38. 5

8 8 .0 0

24
-

-

322

38. 5

6 9 .0 0

9

21

7

52

102

88

40. 0

5 9 .5 0

9

21

5

42

2

84
1

2

6

19

9

3
3

5
5

3
-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

'

5

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
10
7

10
10

47
47

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
14
11

19
16
3

12

13
12
1

7
4

5
3
2

4

5
5

4

1

_

_

_

_

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

8
8

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

■

■

22

21

5

5

4

"

2

3

1
1

1

.

12

2

_
-

3

6
6

3
1

3

-

6 8 .0 0

60

40. 0
40. 0

-

6 8 .5 0

-

28
21

13
1

29
12

25
3

4
-

9
6

9
7

74

40. 0

6 7 .5 0

•

7

12

17

22

4

3

2

134

19
15

11
6

-

12

6
6

8
1

2
2

"

7

'

"

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Number
of

N U M BE R O F W O R K E R S RECEIVING S T R A IG H T -T IM E W EE K LY E ARNING S O F—

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$1 00

$105

$1 10

$115

$1 20

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$1 00

$105

$1 10

$115

$1 20

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

over

-

5
5

22

11
8

17
16

16
15

31

20
10

16

10
7

16
15

13

11

7
3

4

21

1

11

_
-

_
-

27

19

20

19

10

11

18

23

4

12
12

12
12

14

9

22

18

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

18

$50
Weekly j U nder and
(Standard) (Standard) $50 u n d er
$55
Weekly

and

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
C l e r k s , p a y r o l l - — -------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------

201
155

39. 5
39. 5

$ 87 . 50
87. 50

C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s -----------------------------

220

40. 0

_
-

81. 50

N ^ nm a n u fa ctiu -in g
K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------ ------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

103
67
36

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 4 . 50
9 6 . 00
91. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------- ------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

198
148
50

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

7 4 . 50
76. 00
6 9 .0 0

39. 5

1

11

"

5

-

-

-

1

1

1

29
27

6
6

20
11

24

2

■

9

32
9
23

20
4

2
2

1
1

10
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

.

12
12

-

i
i

2
2

9
9

9
9

59
38

21
2

65
42
23
14

71
31
40

44
29
15

20

10

20
2

13

15

3

1

_

82
82

10
8
2

8

6

19

5
3

5

2

6

27
23
4

1

17

23
18
5

22
16
6

13

5
5

4
4

12
1

5

1

-

2

_

3

41
31

11

10

1 0 8 .0 0

5

87
49
38
5

68

-

36
25

68

"

31
26
5

34
34
7

43
25
4

82. 00

_

3

10

42

34

41

43

48

97

43

6
6

-

3

10
8
2

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

S ten o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l

428

40. 0

—

1
-

-

2

102. 50
104. 00

------

1
-

-

-

7
7
"

27
884
586
298
89

—

2

11

65. 00

— -------- --------------------

S e c r e t a r i e s --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 -------------- — - —

O f f i c e g i r l s ---------

19

100.00

-

"

80
55
25

2

--------------

168

40. 0

82. 50

-

3

10

15

14

18

28

43

15

35
16
19

1

269
207
62

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

104. 50

-

“

-

“

6
6
“

4
2
2

3
1
2

13
10
3

5
5
‘

31
24
7

23
14
9

32
10
22

32
22
10

33
26
7

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------ -------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

162
39
123

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

73. 00
94. 50
6 6. 50

9
9

22
22

8
1
7

24
2
22

15
2
13

10
3
7

26
26

10
3
7

8
6
2

4
1

5
4
i

5
1
4

2
2

161
110
51

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

75. 50
7 7 . 00
7 2 . 00

-

2
2
"

6
6
"

17
9
8

24
22
2

50
17

21
17
4

9
9
"

16
14
2

1
1

5
5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B --------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------

41
30

40. 0
40. 0

95. 00
96. 50

-

-

-

-

5
5

1
1

6
-

4
3

4
3

2
2

1

-

4
4

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

3
1

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ---------------------------------------------------------

70

38. 0

74. 50

-

-

12

7

6

10

18

6

6

-

-

-

1

1

119
87

39. 5
39. 5

72. 00
72. 50

-

5
4

10
10

21
12

15
11

15
11

33
26

11
4

2
2

2
2

2
2

-

-

i
i

266
202
64

39. 5
39. 5
40. 5

85. 50
88. 50
7 5. 50

-

2
2

21
9
12

26
17
9

18
11
7

34
22
12

21
12
9

27
16
11

20
17
3

15
15
-

22
22

-

10
10
-

23
23

-

26
25
1

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ----- — — — — -------M a n u fa ctu r in g —
— —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

575
359
216

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

7 2. 00
7 5. 00
6 7. 50

4
4

65
36
29

32
21
11

72
40
32

110
49
61

78
52
26

46
20
26

54
47
7

45
37
8

25
15
10

18
16
2

_

_

-

_

5
5

-

-

-

3
3

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

11

3

~

n
-

~

~

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ----------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

2

3

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------

4
3
— 7T
H— r~

4
4

“

2
1
1

1
1

33

2
1

14
14

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ -------------------------

72
70

57
53~
24
17

2

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r -------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------ ---------- N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

21
20
1

46
~25~

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------




—

106.00
99. 00

3
3
3

-

-

-

1
1
-

26
26

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 155 to $ 160.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D ay ton , O h io, J a n u a ry 1964)
Averace
N um ber

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

of

W eek ly

W eek ly

(S tan d a rd )

(S tan d a rd )

N UM BER OF W O R K E R S RECEIVING ST R A IG H T -T IM E W EE KLY EARNINGS OF

$75
$80
and
u n d er
$80
$85

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$185

$190

$195

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$185

$190

$195

$200

3
_

_
_

M en

D r a fts m e n , le a d e r --------------------------------------

50
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

D r a fts m e n , s e n i o r -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------

385
341
44

4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0.0

1 44.00
1 45.50
1 35.50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r

2 57
248

4 0 .0
■"4C.TT

16
16

$ 1 5 2 .0 0
151.00

_____________

-

1 10.00
1
110.00 “ 1

-

-

-

7
36
T 6 - —T

35

23
“ 21

1
1

8
8

-

-

22
~TT~

_
_

8
8

9
7

1
1

2
2

1
1

11
11

2
2

7
7

15
14
1

29
21
8

39
37
2

46
37
9

41
32
9

72
64
8

29
27
2

13
8
5

18
18

9
6

16
15

20
16

26
26

8
8

13
13

8
8

20
20

4
4

4
4

5
5

5
4

10
9

7
6

5
5

14
12

1

2
2

i

-

W om en

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l (r e g i s t e r e d ) ---------------

70
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

112.00
111.00

9
8

7
7

S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .




9
9

13
13

2
i

1
1

1
1

6

_
_

8
8

14
14

9
9

9
9

1
1

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , D ay ton , O h io, J an u a ry 1964)1
2

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w o rkers

A v erag e
w eekly j
e a rn in g s
(S tan d a rd )

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s

B i ll e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) -----------------------------

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

92
67

$75. 50
76. 50

54

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------

73
47
26

262
152
no

82. 00
89. 00
72. 00

1 0 4 .5 0
105. 50
101. 50
115. 50

M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

A v erag e
w eekly
earn in g s
(S tan d a rd )

$81. 50
98. 00
69. 50

94. 00
95. 50
91. 50

74. 50
76. 50
69. 00

78
40
38

62. 00
68. 00
55. 50

884
586
298
89

1 0 2 .5 0
104. 00
1 0 0 .0 0
108. 00

429
261
168

82. 00
82. 00
82. 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

c l a s s A _______________

65

$ 1 3 1 .5 0
132. 50

106
74

1 0 4 .0 0

98
35
76. 00

87

266
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

291
140
151

224
91
133

199
149
50

88. 50
87. 00
91. 00

N um ber
of
w orkers

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

106
70
36

-------------------------------

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

65. 50

297
219
78
29

M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------

e a rn in g s 1
(S tan d a rd )

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C ontinued

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------B i ll e r s , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )_____________

N um ber
of
w o rkers

75. 50
81. 00
70. 00

64

216

56

89. 50

334
92

69. 50
60. 50

269
62
167
40
127

90. 00
90. 00
89. 00

161
110
51

145. 00

249

1 1 0 .0 0

62

111. 00

74. 00

233
187
46

343

99. 00

82. 00
86. 50
77. 50

1 5 2 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0

301
153
148

50

M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------

S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l -----------------------------------------------------

67. 50

M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________________________

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------

75. 50
77. 00

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r —.

C le r k s , p a y r o l l----------------------------------------------------------------

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ----------------------------

1 E a rn in g s r e la t e to r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s that a r e p a id f o r sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




------------------------------------------------------

67. 50

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D a y ton , O h io , J a n u a ry 1964)
N U M BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E HOURLY E A RN IN G S OF—
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
hourly
earnings1

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------------

131
106
25

$ 3 .3 3
3.31
3.41

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g
- __ ___
_ - - __ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------- — - -----------------

497
440
57

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y —
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------

— _ — — --------------- -------- ----------------

$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0
and
u n d er
$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0

-

-

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

$ 3 .7 0

$ 3 .8 0

$ 3 .9 0

over

and

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

6
6

51
51

7
-

7
3

_

-

8
7

66
12

4
4

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

25
24

15
15

6
6

30
30

19
19

29
29

10
10

47
46

26
26

98
98

362
362

171
171

7
7

-

3
3

17
15

17
17

3
3

5
5

21
21

7
7

4
3

181
175

29
29

12
9
3
3

6
6

15
15

25
21
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

-

10
10
10

24
23
1

-

28
24
4
2

-

-

11
1
10
4

2
2

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

2
2

39
39

46
46

58
58

18
18

13
13

14
13

5
1

5

1

-

-

41
16

4
4

1
1

49
49

_

_

5
5

_

_

17
17

163
163

63
63

_

-

1
1

_

*

29
29

_

-

17
17

-

-

-

-

42
42

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

-

24
22

-

-

-

-

2
2

14
12

3

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

136
103

3 .22
3 .19

_

_

_

_

3

-

7
7

_

-

-

-

-

-

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r -------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------

118
102

2.81
2 .8 0

_

_

-

2
2

7
7

_

-

5
2

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s ___________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------- ------------------------ ----------------- - _

106
43

2 .5 4
2 .5 0

_

_

-

-

i
i

12
12

14
5

1. 099
1, 097

3 .2 9
3 .2 9

10
10

70
70

63
63

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------

294
285

3 .4 0
3.41

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m flifitp n A n rp j _______________________________________________
-------M a n u fa c tu r in g ___ - ---------- ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------- ---------- ------------------------

162
115
47
34

2 .9 3
2 .9 9
2 .8 0
2.71

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ------------------------------------------------------

317
281

3 .0 8
3 .0 3

M i l l w r i g h t s __________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g -------- -------- --------------------------------

295
295

3 .37
3 .3 7

O il « r s ________________________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------

99
97

2 .6 9
2 .69

1
1

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ------------- — --------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- — --------------------------------------

111
91

3 .1 0
3 .1 0

_

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________

312
281

3.41
3.41

P lu m b e r s , m a in t e n a n c e -----------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________

30
30

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

-

-

*

-

S h e e t -m e t a l w o r k e r s , m a in t e n a n c e --------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------

138
129

3 .45
3.45

_

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------- ------------- ------------------------

1, 071
1, 071

3 .67
3 .67

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4
4

8
8
8

.

.

.

.

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

.

-

_

-

5
5

_
-

_

-

.

-

-

-

11
11

6
6

15
15

7
7

_

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_
*

2
2

_

_

___
1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
2 A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 .1 0 to $ 4 .2 0 .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_

_

_

14
13

-

21
20

-

-

7
5

-

_

-

-

129
129

-

2
1

-

9
9
-

_

46
21
25

6
-

21
20

10
10

-

7
6
1

36
36

2
2

-

_

‘

19
7
12

37
37

1

-

_

-

-

1

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

1
1

10
10

_

_

-

15
15

3 .33
3 .3 2
3.41

-

3

33
33

-

_

8
5
3

6
6
“

-

_

10
10

3

-

M a c h i n e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m —
_ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________ — -------- — -----

5
3
2

15
15

-

-

_

_

7
7

-

_

_

-

_

-

17
4

43
41

14
4

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

92
92

2
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

'

-

-

_

_

40
10

187
187

63
63

10
10

_

-

5
5
20
11

75
75

-

12
12

11
11

73
73

42
42

-

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
9
4
4

_

58
58

-

_

-

14
3

_

-

*

1
1

-

-

_

29
29
-

-

_

lb

-

158
130
28

3
3

-

15
15

'

_

_

-

-

4
1

8
8

_

.

-

34
34

"

_

-

-

-

3
3

41
41

17
17

30
30

25
25

-

-

2
2

-

_

-

.
-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

.

.

.

-

i

-

-

-

40
40

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

483
483

306
306

1
1

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D a y ton , O h io, J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

A renge
hourly .
earnings c

$ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0
and
and
u n d er
$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 -9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0

16
73

4
4

5
3
3
2

6
6

4
4

7
7
5
2

47
47

145
12
133

34
13
21

10
4
6

52
4
48

12
12

29
29

5
5

14
3

19

27

6

G u a r d s and w a t c h m e n ----------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------G u a r d s ------------------— __ —
— —
W a t c h m e n -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------

613
449
401
48
164

$ 2 .4 2
2.61
2.71
1.80
1.88

-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
( m e n ) .........................- ........... -................................
M a n u fa ctu r in g
----------------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — — ---------- — —

1, 411
942
469

2 .0 9
2.31
1.63

15
15

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n )----M a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------------

192
79

1.73
2 .3 4

33
-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ______ __ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------- —

987
7 04
283

2.37
2 .4 4
2 .19

-

-

-

"

3

19

27

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______

—

450

2 .3 4

_

_

_

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------

295

2 .2 6

-

-

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m e n )--------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------

631
533
98

2 .3 6
2 .4 2
2.01

-

-

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) --------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------—
—
— —

268
251

1.84
1.87

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s — —

--------

131

2 .3 5

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------

79

2 .2 2

-

-

-

-

—

70

2 .6 0

-

-

-

S h ippin g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------

114
96

2.41
2 .4 2

"

“

1, 369

2 .8 6

.

862
605

2 .9 6
3 .0 5

-

___

—

S h ip p in g c l e r k s ----------

— --------

$ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 o v e r

3
1
1
2

18
15
15
3

13
7
1
6
6

39
37
32
5
2

10
8
8
2

22
21
21
1

14
10
10
4

10
6
6
4

50
3
3
47

50
47
47
3

228
228
228
-

~

29
28
18
10
1

32
5
27

48
10
38

98
74
24

28
24
4

75
64
11

75
68
7

104
99
5

32
25
7

106
77
29

450
403
47

55
55
_

-

5
5

4
4

10
10

4
4

-

9
8
1

-

4
4

8
-

-

32
32

28
28

-

-

6

37
12
25

13
12
1

11
1
10

12
2
10

13
11
2

35
28
7

104
88
16

104
98
6

109
87
22

82
41
41

50
45
5

132
128
4

_

_

2

_

_

15

114

35
16

23

14

89

11

*

-

-

2

*

-

15

114

19

22
5
17

15

7

29

11

3
3

1
1

-

29
18
11

12
6
6

23
12
11

44
30
14

46
46

1
-

66
52“
4

46
18
28

27
20
7

56
53
3

1
~

26
16

_

20
19

65
62

32
32

94
94

_

1
1

1
1

9
9

3
3

_

_

"

.

10

15

.

.

15

12

11

-

10

15

-

-

15

3
2
1

8

-

2

7

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
2

3

7

1

4

7

“

“

4
4

_

“

“

“

“

7
7

8
“

6
6

46
46

“

_

3

4

9

6

_

_

_

8
7

26
26

22
22

37
34

8

-

3

4

9

6

-

-

-

92
36
56
29

-

89
16

-

-

-

3

“
.

_

"

-

-

2

1

"

-

12
12
12
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

113
110
3

47
29
18

54
54

4
4

12
12

18

51

56

.

.

1

9

56

*

-

*

-

39
39

25
24
1

137
133
4

-

8
7

3
3

-

“

1

14
14

_

“

12

11

18

15

3
9

4

9

6
6

9
8

lo

“

11
11

“

21
12

41
27
14

156
46
no

253
228
25

65
~52~
3

■

_
-

-

_

.

“

_

6

-

-

1

-

9

10

_

_

4

7

12
12

'

“

'

.

1

N on m a n u fa ctu rin j-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3 ------------




-----

—

—

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .

3

1

3

10

9

75

.
-

187
57
130

494
2

492
492

2
— 2— •

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D a y ton , O h io, J a n u a ry 1964)
N U M BER OF W O RK ERS R E CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

Average
hourly 2
earnings

$ 1 .0 0 $ 1. 10 $ 1 .20 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0
and
and
under
$ 1 .1 0 $ 1.20 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 o v e r

T r u c k d r iv e r s 3— C on tin u ed
T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
1 V2 t o n s ) ______________________________
IV anuf a c Turing
T
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------ -----------------

86

$ 2 .2 0

38

1.84

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )---------------------------- Ivfa nu fa c tn ri n g

179
120

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------

413
41

3 .07
2 .7 8

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a i l e r t y p e )--------------------

119

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) --------------------JVla n” fa ^ tu ri ng

625
60l

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f 0 r*k|i ft)
l^ja nuf ^ f'tu ri ng

145
145

*
2
3
4

3

4

-

3

4

6

9

6

2.51

-

-

9

13

TZ4

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

10

-

1

1

-

■

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

“

-

_

2

15
13

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

1

5

59
13

4

16

14

4

-

-

-

-

4

_

_

6

65
65

16

17
17

-

_ _

128

244

-

10

-

14

-

14

18

30

-

-

2 .6 6
2 .6 5

9

63

56

6
6

25
25

70
70

319
318

56
37

17
17

4

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

6
6

28

16

3

23

60
60

9

_

_

-

-

-

20

_

2

-

16

6
6

-

"

“

13
13

11
10

7

2 .59

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
In clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




-

2
2

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

12

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 964)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ----

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f---A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d i e d -----------------------------------------------------------------

116

58

XXX

58

XXX

116

58

XXX

58

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

48

30

26

18

18

53

31

27

22

20

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

2

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
4
6
1
7
2
1
4
5
2

6
3
3
1
2
1
1
1
5
2

5
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
4
2

5
1
3

5
1
3
-

5
1

-

-

3

3

-

-

7
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
4

5
3
4

5
1

8
2
3
1
2
2
1
2
5

-

-

14
5
7
1
6
3
1
3
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
4

1

-

-

4

4

-

-

2
4

21

9

XXX

12

XXX

47

19

XXX

28

XXX

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 4 7 . 5 0 __________________ ____ ____
$ 5 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 5 2 . 50--------------- -------- — - — -------$ 5 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------$ 5 7 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------- — ----------- —
$ 6 7 .5 0 —
$ 7 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 7 7 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------$ 8 2. 50—
_ —
------------------------------------------------$ 8 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------—
$ 8 7 . 5 0 -------------------- ----------- —

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

-----------------

---------

6
3
4
-

-

4

1

4
1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
4

1
4

1

1

23

9

XXX

14

XXX

40

18

XXX

22

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d i d n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




13
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T o t a l _________________________

— — __________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h i ft

97. 0

85. 1

1 1 .0

3. 7

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l --------------------------

----------

95. 8

84. 2

1 0. 8

3. 7

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ______________

______

37. 3

27. 4

7. 3

3. 1

5 c e n t s ---------- ---------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s — -------------------- -------------------------- —
7 c e n t s ___________________________________________
7 V 2 c e n t s ________________________________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
9 V 2 c e n t s ----------------- ---------------------------------------10 c e n t s _____ — — — ______________________
I I V 2 c e n t s -------- -------------- ---------------------------12 c e n t s -------- -------------- ---------------------------------13 c e n t s — — — --------------------------------------------15 c e n t s — — -------- ---------------------------------------18 c e n t s — _________ _______ ___ __ _____ ______
_
20 c e n t s __________________________________________
ZZliz c e n t s ______________________________________

2.
4.
2.
1.
.
14.
5.
3.
-

_

6
7
2
5
8

. 7
. 8
6 .0
5. 8
1. 0
5 .9
1 .0
1. 2
5. 0

2
0
3

1. 5
1 .0
. 7
-

.
1.
.
.
.
2.
1.
.
.
.
.

2
3
4
3
2
3
5
3
5
1
2

-

_
. 1
. 3
. 5
. 1
.6
(1 )
2
1. 5

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------------

56. 7

55. 6

3. 2

. 5

5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
7 Vz p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------8 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ----------------------------------------------------------15 p e r c e n t _______________________________________

36. 2
1. 1
1 .4
. 8
1 7. 2

. 9
. 8
52. 5
1. 4

. 8
. 4
(2 )
2. 0

(2 )
(2)
. 3
. 2

F o r m a l p a i d lu n c h p e r i o d _______________________

. 7

-

-

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________

1. 0

1. 2

. 3

. 1

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

1. 2

.9

. 2

"

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .




-

and

“

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

(2 )

c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ift s

14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 964)
OFFICE WORKERS

P LA N T W O R K ER S

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All indiatriv3

100

100

100

100

4
3
9
1
81

12
1
84

3

83
1
3
3
2
2

3
4 R hr»n

1
2
3
4

fa

(4 )

2
1

100

100

85

93

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Public utili W

6

97

Manufacturing

1

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 96 4)
P LA N T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s .

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ___________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

2
10
2

30

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 2

2

N u m ber o f days

L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______ __________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ______________________ __________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------- ---------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------6

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e

1
12
3

48
10
1
1
4
(4 )

68
9
1
1
4
1

(4 )
5
6

5
6

-

63

84

87

65

86

87

99

99

99
100

99
100

100

100

13
-

46
41
-

3
20
2
52
14
1

66
13
1
1

(4 )
5

6

31
39
"

(4 )

(4 )

(4 )
6
7

t4 )

86

100

73
75
95

100

96

100

97

100

100

100

98

100

100

1

7
7

_

~
70

88

70

98

100

98

100

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e t h e n c u m u l a t e d .




(4 )

5

9 d a y s --------------------------- ------------ ------------------------------------------------d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------7 !/ z d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------IV 2 days or m o re
--------------------------------------------------8

1
34
2

in c lu d e s

t h o s e w ith 7 fu ll d a y s and

16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries 2

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________

____________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries *

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(5)

100
100

100
99
1

99
97
3

100
98
2

100
93
7

M eth od o f p a ym en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------L ,e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t _________ ____________________
O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------- _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

“

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 6

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ____________ ___________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------- ------------------------------

8
62
7
4

4
75
5

46
8
-

16
8
-

14
6
-

38
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

14

82

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

20
80

-

-

86

18

90
1
9

98
(5 )
1

85
7
8

8
1
91

10
1
89

2
3
95

74
8
17

89
8
4

27
7
66

-

-

-

-

-

*

4
1
94
1

4
1
93
1

1

10
33
56

9
43
47

7
86
7

3
1
95
1

4
1
93
1

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------------------------- -------------------- -------------- ------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- 2 w e e k s - _______ ___ _ ________ _________ _____ ___ _
_ _
_
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------- A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s --------------------------------------

-

99
-

(5)

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------- ----------------- —
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ — -------------------- -

1
99

9
33
58

8
43
49

-

(5 )

-

_
100
-

1
91
1
6

92
1
7

7
86
7

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b l e .




_
91
1
8

_
86
1
12

_
93
7

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a y to n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 We e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __ _______ _ ___________ _ ____________ ____
_
_
_ ____ _
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ _____ _
3 w eeks
__
_
_ __________ ___ __________ _______

_

_

_

i

_

_

27
3
70

14
5
81

15
2
83

22
33
44

17
43
41

27
73

1
16
34
49

_
10
45
45

_
13
87

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 u/ppk
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

23
5
72

9
7
85

14
2
84

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 We e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w eeks
_ — _________
_
_ _
_
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

12
85
3

5
95
-

10
90
-

-

-

1
10
86

_

( 5)
3

4
95
1

1
9
73
2
16

4
85
2
9

_
(5 )
93
7
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek i. - r - i „ i
,i
...........
2 w eeks
_________________
_
_ ______
_____ _
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
_____________ __ _
_
4 w eeks _
____ _
_
_
_____

_

_

_

9
76
14

5
89
6

10
81
9

_

_
(5)
73
_
26

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______
.. . . . _._.
________ ____
2 w e e k s ___ _____ _ _ ______________ _ ___ __ ___ __
_ _
_
_
3 w e e k s ______ ____ _________________________ __________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s _____ _
_ _ _______
_ _
_ _____ ___ ____
O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

_
7
48
-

42
3

_

_

2
55
43

84

-

-

10
6
-

1
7
45
1
46
( 5)

_
3
54
i
43

84

-

-

3
54
1
43

(5)
15

(5)
15
_

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________
- _________
_
___ ______
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w eek s

_
7
48
42
3

_
2
55
43

_
10
6
84

1
7
45
1
46

_

84

(5 )
'

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w it h q u a lif y in g le n g t h s
of s e r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s r e c e n t l y n e g o t ia t e d in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r ie s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1964)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P LA N T W O R K ER 8

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All industries

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2
3
1

100

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5____________________________

97

99

98

74

80

93

90

97

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e __________
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _____________________ ______
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ----------------------------------------------

74

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------- ----------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e — ------------------------------ ----C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e __________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n — — -----------------------------N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n --------

A l l w o r k e r s ____________

__ __ __ _
_

_
_

____

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

95

98

100

76

82

88

92

94

97

94

96

17

87

97

36

58

70

8

4

6

6

-

75

4

( 6)

58

93

98

94

91

97

91

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :

93

98

94

91

97

79
56

84

90

73

84

91
70

23

70

73

81

89
88

23
75

82

87

2

2

1

56

( 6)

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f t h e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e
m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




19
Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e p r o v i s i o n s ,
D a y t o n , O h io , J a n u a r y 1 96 4)
PLANT WORKER8

OFFICE WORKERS
S ic k le a v e p r o v i s i o n
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

Ail industries ^

Manufacturing

Public utWtiM 2

100. 0

1 00 . 0

1 00 . 0

1 00 . 0

100. 0

100. 0

.

64. 1

7 0. 4

83. 4

8. 1

0. 2

63. 5

-

35. 9

2 9 .6

16. 6

99. 8

36. 5

U n ifo r m p l a n : 4
N o w a it in g p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll p a y 3 ______________________________________
5 d a y s _____ — _____ — _________ — 6 d a y s _____ _________ . . ________________
10 d a y s ____ _______________________________
12 d a y s - _____ _____ ___________________
20 d a y s - — — _____ — ________________
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y — — — — ____
W a itin g p e r i o d __ _________ ___________________
P a r t i a l p a y o n ly - -------- — — — — — _

15. 7
15. 3
5. 6
1. 3
3. 7
1. 1
1 .5
.4
. 1
. 1

8. 3
8. 0
1. 3
2. 3
.7
2. 2
. 2
-

8. 4
8. 4
8. 4
-

-

G ra d u a ted p la n 4— A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a it in g p e r i o d —. _____ ___________________
F u ll p a y 3 — — — -------- — — -------------- 5 d a y s _________ _________ ________________
10 d a y s ________________ — _____________ 15 d a y s . — — -------- ------------------------- 17 d a y s
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y -----------------------------W a it in g p e r i o d ---- -------------- — _____________ _
F u ll p a y ___ — _________ — _____ _____ F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y — _________ ____
P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ______________________________

42. 3
41. 5
2 .6
19. 9
1 2 .0
6. 0
. 8
6. 1
. 7
3. 3
2. 1

62. 1
60. 9
.9
30. 7
1 8 .6
9. 3
1. 2
-

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 4— A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a it in g p e r i o d — -------- — — -------------- F u ll p a y ’ — — — — — — — — — — 10 d a y s _______________ — — _________ 20 d a y s ------------ ---------------- -----------------------25 d a y s ------------ -------- -------------- -------- 30 d a y s ____ _________ — ------------------- _
6 5 d a y s ------------------------ ------------------------- 7 2 d a y s _____________________________________
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y 5 — -------------- 6 5 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------W a it in g p e r i o d --------------------- — — -----------------F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y — — — ------------

44. 4
4 1 .6
2. 0
1 7 .6
1 .9
12. 5
. 1
6. 0
2. 8
2. 5
4. 0
4. 0

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
f o r m a l p a id s i c k l e a v e ______ _____ _________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o f o r m a l p a id s i c k l e a v e ______ — --------------

9 1 .9

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually
-

5. 5
5. 5
5. 5
-

-

3. 3
3. 3
. 5
2. 4
. 3
. 2
. 2

-

-

-

1. 0
1 .0
1 .0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 6
. 5
1. 7
1 .4

. 2
. 2

-

75. 0
45. 6
29. 3

-

58. 0
30. 7
27. 3

62. 1
60. 9

29. 3
. 9

-

-

2. 4
1. 2
1 .0

-

27. 3
4. 3
-

27. 1
2 .9
19. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4. 3

4
4
6
6

.2
1 .2
1. 2
2. 2
2. 2

. 2
. 2

8. 4

1 .9

”

-

9. 3
1. 2
.7
-

-

-

. 9
-

28.
2 8.
45.
45.

-

-

-

23.
23.
30.
3 0.

0
0
7
7

P r o v i s io n s fo r a c c u m u la tio n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r a c c u m u la tio n o f
u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e - — — — — __________________

-

6 .4

.4

5. 5

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 " U n i f o r m p l a n s " a r e d e f in e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p l a n s u n d e r w h ic h a n e m p l o y e e , a f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , is e n t it le d t o th e s a m e n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a id s i c k le a v e e a c h y e a r .
"G ra d u a te d
p l a n s " a r e d e f in e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ic h sun e m p l o y e e 's le a v e v a r i e s a c c o r d i n g t o le n g t h o f s e r v i c e .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n .
E s tim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s
a p p l i c a b l e a t th e s t a t e d le n g t h o f s e r v i c e b u t d o n o t r e f l e c t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 15 d a y s ' s i c k l e a v e a f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a l s o r e c e i v e th is a m o u n t
a f t e r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
3 M a y in c lu d e p r o v i s i o n s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y . N u m b e r s o f d a y s s h o w n u n d e r " F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y " a r e d a y s f o r w h ic h w o r k e r s r e c e i v e s i c k le a v e a t f u l l p a y ; w o r k e r s
a r e e n t it l e d t o a d d i t io n a l d a y s o f s i c k le a v e at p a r t i a l p a y .







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifyin g into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles

and different work

arrangements

from establishment

to establishment and from area to area.

This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
of this

emphasis on interestablishment and interarea

Because

comparability of occupational content, the Bu­

reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O PERATOR

B IL L E R , MACHINE
Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with

cla ssified by type of machine, as follow s:

B iller, machine (billing machine). U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­

the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).Vises a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­

CLERK, ACCOUNTING

volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically

Class .4. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­

the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and

plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

credit slip s.




21

22
C L E R K , AC C O U N TIN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct c la ss B ac­
counting clerks.

C lass B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional ba sis among several
workers.

C L E R K , FILE

C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s , c la ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
junction with the file s .
clerks.

C LE R K , ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

C LE R K , P A Y R O L L
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

May keep records of various types in con­
May lead a small group of lower level file

C lass B. Sorts, co d es, and files u nclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly c la ssified material by finer
subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
A s requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required

COMPTOMETER OP E R A TO R
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

to maintain and service file s .
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPE R A TO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

C lass C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssifie d or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
A s requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

23
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

KEYPUNCH O P E R A TO R

level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of

making phone c a lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare

coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,

special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.

Performs same tasks as lower

locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.

STENOGRAPHER, G E N E R A L
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal

May train inexperienced operators.

routine

vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions,
punched cards.
bination

from source documents to

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­

keypunch

verify cards.

transcribes data

machine

to keypunch

tabulating

cards.

May

Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed

copy.

May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­

tively routine clerical tasks.

May operate from a stenographic pool.

Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STE N O G R A P H E R ,SE N IO R

in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical

data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,

or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific

missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
copy.

May also type from written

May also set up and maintain file s, keep

O FFIC E BOY OR GIRL

records, etc.

OR

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following:

Work requires high degree of stenographic

speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, p o licies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
SE C R E T A R Y

knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks

Performs
administrative

secretarial

and clerical duties for a superior in an

or executive position.

Duties include making appoint­

ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




such as,

maintaining followup file s; assembling material

for

reports, memorandums, letters, e tc .; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R

TABULATING-M ACH INE O P E R A T O R -C on tinu ed

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c a lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or o ccasion ally take telephone orders.
For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

C lass

C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­

ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TAB U LA TING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

C lass A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken.
A s a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production

operations

of a group of tabulating-machine operators.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R , GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

T Y P IS T
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils,
duplicating p ro cesses.
May do
training, such as keeping simple
sorting and distributing incoming

C lass A. Performs one or more o f the following:

counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­

Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources

C lass D, Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­

mats, or similar materials for use in
clerical work involving little special
records, filing records and reports, or
mail.

err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­

tuation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial;

and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical

tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.




C lass B, Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSM AN-Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes.

a combination o f the following:

Duties involve

Inter­

preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­

Junior (assistant).
prepared by

manufacturing purposes.
required.

Draws to scale units or parts of drawings

draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
U ses various types of drafting tools as

May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or

perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems.

May

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse

a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

who gives nursing service under general

medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve

a combination o f the following: Giving first aid

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,

to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees’ in­

rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­

juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reportsfor

facturing purposes.

Duties involve

a combination o f the following:

Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps,

compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and

c r o ss-se c tio n s,

health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­

e tc ., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering

ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­

computations

ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­

such

as

those

involved

in

strength of materials,

beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,

fare, and safety of all personnel.

materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications.

May

ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings.
cia lized

field

such

as

architectural,

Work is frequently in a spe­
electrical, mechanical, or

structural drafting.

TR AC E R
Copies
plans
and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , MAINTENANCE

C A R P E N T E R , M AINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable




power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work.

In general, the work of the maintenance car­

penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecifica tio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the ele c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In

A s s is ts one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

MACHINE-TOOL OP E R A TO R , TOOLROOM

ENGINEER, STATIO N ARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves:
Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in estab lish ­

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .

ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work

FIREMAN, STA TIO N A R Y BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam.

Feeds fuels to fire by hand or

operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and safety v alv es.
equipment.




and checks water

May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom

involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives an4 speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, b u ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v alv es; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, M AINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation.

In gen­

eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

P A IN TE R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecifica tio n s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28
P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTEN AN CE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, M AINTEN AN CE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually

the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­

Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

lent training and experience.

acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

P LU M B E R , MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work in volves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SH E E T -M E T A L W ORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh e lv e s, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay ­
ing out all types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
m odels, or other sp ecifica tio n s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop too ls, g ag es, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties of common
metals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qu alities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p ro cesses.
In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssification .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD

E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER
Transports
apartment house,

passengers

department

between floors of

store, hotel,

an office building,

or similar establishm ent.

W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.




Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate-

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

29
JANITOR, PO R TE R , OR CLE A N ER

P A CK ER , SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a combination of the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make

wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
LA B O R E R , M ATERIAL HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockSHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

man or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve

ing:

one or more o f the follow ­

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d ev ices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing,

or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.

ping work involves:
routes,

available

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

means

of transportation, and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER F IL L E R

dise

or materials

to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and file s.

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise

in accordance with specifications on sa le s

tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

slip s, cus­

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers’ houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l / tons)
l2
Truckdriver, medium ( ll2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




TR U CK E R , POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasolin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on s a la rie s for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job a n a ly s ts, directors of
personnel, managers of office serv ic e s, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of P rofession al, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and C lerical Pay, February—
March 1 9 6 3 « 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A lis t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y in dica tin g da te s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the bull etins is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . Bu lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Superin ten den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton, E'. C. , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in sid e f ro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin
num ber

p rice

A k r o n , O h i o ________________________________
A lb a n y— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y _________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x .....................................
A lle n to w n — e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — J.
B
N.
A tla n ta, G a _______________________ _______ _
B a l t i m o r e , Md _____________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x _____________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a __________________________
B o i s e , Idaho ________________________________
Boston, M ass 1
______________________________

1345-81
1 3 4 5 -5 3
1 3 4 5 -6 3
1 3 4 5 -4 5
1345-71
1 3 8 5 -2 4
134 5-6 7
1 3 4 5-5 6
1 3 4 5 -7 4
138 5-1 6

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

B u ff a lo , N. Y ................................ ......................... .
B u r lin g t o n , Vt 1
_____________________________
C anton, O h i o ________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a _________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N. C _____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a ___________________
C h i c a g o , 111 1________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio— y ________________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o ____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o ____________________________

1 3 8 5 -3 3
134 5-5 0
1 3 4 5 -6 4
1345-61
1 3 4 5-5 8
1 3 8 5-5
1 3 4 5-6 5
1 3 4 5 -5 4
1385-11
1 3 8 5-2 5

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

D a lla s , T e x _________________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111
D a yton , O h i o 1_______________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o 1______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa _________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h 1
______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x ___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C ____________________________
H o u s to n , T e x _______________________________

1 3 8 5-1 5
1 3 8 5-1 2
1 3 8 5 -4 0
1 3 8 5 -3 4
1 3 4 5 -4 2
134 5-4 7
1 385-19
1 3 8 5 -4
1 3 4 5-6 8
1 3 4 5 -8 2

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts

I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind 1
__________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s ______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a __________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . —
Kans 1__________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H _______
H
N.
L it tle R o c k — o rt h L ittle R o c k , A r k _____
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f 1_________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —
Ind 1_______________________
L u b b o c k , T e x _______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H ___________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n 1___________________________

13 8 5-3 0
1 3 4 5 -4 3
1 3 8 5 -3 2
1 385-26
13 4 5-7 7
1 3 8 5 -3
1 3 4 5-6 2
1 3 4 5-4 8
1 3 4 5-7 2
1385-1
13 8 5-3 5

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts

Area

Bu lletin
num ber

P r ic e

M i a m i , F l a 1___________________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s 1_____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , Minn________________________
M uske go n— u sk e go n Heights , M i c h ______________
M
N e w ark and J e r s e y C it y , N. J______________________
New Haven, C o n n 1______________________ _____________
New O r l e a n s , L a 1
____________________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y *................... .................................................
N o rfo lk — o r t s m o u t h and New po rt N e w s—
P
H ampt on , V a 1______ ____ ____________________________
O k laho ma C it y , O k l a _________________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1345-46
1 3 8 5 - 37
1345-44
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
25
25
40

1345-7 5
1385-2

25 ce n ts
20 ce nts

O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a 1_________________________________
P a t e r son— ifton—P a s sai c , N. J ___________________
Cl
P h il a d elp h ia , P a . - N . J 1_____________________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z _________________________________________
P i tts b u r g h , P a ________________________________________
P o r tl a n d , M a i n e 1
______________________________________
P o r tl a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ______________________________
P r o v id e n c e — aw tu ck e t, R. I . —M a s s 1
P
______________
R a le ig h , N. C 1
_________________________________________
R ic h m on d , V a 1
________________________________________

1 3 8 5 - 14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1 385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

ce nts
cents
ce n ts
ce nts
ce nts
ce nts
ce nts
ce n ts
ce nts
ce nts

R o c k f o r d , H I _____ ____ ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . — l l ____________________________________
I
Salt Lake C it y , U t a h _________________________________
San A nto n io , T e x 1
____________________________________
San B e rn a rd in o —R iv e r sid e—O n t a r i o , C a l i f 1_____
San D ie g o , C a l i f ______________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —Oakla nd, C a l i f 1
____________________
Savannah, G a __________________________________________
S cr a nto n, P a 1_________________________________________
S ea tt le , W a s h 1________________________________________

1 345-55
1 3 8 5 -2 1
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts

Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k 1_________________________________
South Bend , I n d _______________________________________
Spo kane, W a s h 1_______________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio 1_________________________________________
T r e n to n , N. J __________________________________________
W ashin g to n, D. C . —M d . — a ________________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n _____________________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa _______________________________________
W i c h ita , K a n s _________________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ______________________________________
Y o r k , P a ________ _______________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1 3 4 5 -5 1
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1 3 4 5 -4 1

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce nts
ce nts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce nts
ce nts
ce nts
ce nts
ce n ts
ce n ts





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102