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Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
JANUARY 1964

Bul l et i n No. 1385-39




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




JANUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385-39
April 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price tS cents




Preface

Contents
P age

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a r k e ts , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and fo r the U n ited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed f o r g r e a te r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the s t r u c tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am ong la b o r m a r ­
k ets and in d u str y d iv is io n s .

W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in dividu al a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r ea ch la b o r m a rk et studied.
A ft e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in div id u al a r e a b u lle tin s fo r
a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a tw o p a rt su m m a r y bu lletin is is s u e d .
T he f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the la b o r m a rk e ts
stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts in ­
fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in div idu al la b o r
m a r k e t data to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the U nited
S tates.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y
and n u m ber stu d ied _____________ __________ _____________ _— -____ —
In d exes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ___________________

2

2

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s ______________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

8
10
11

A p p en d ix: O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------

13

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n tly are in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo r m a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is
c o lle c t e d a n n u a lly in e a c h a rea .
In form a tion on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is
ob ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., in Janu ary 1964. It w a s p r e ­
p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in C h ica g o, 111., b y
L e o n a r d O ls o n , u n der the d ir e c tio n o f Kenneth T h o rs te n .
T h e study w a s u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f W o o d ro w C.
L in n , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In d u stria l
R e la tio n s .




3

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w ag e p r a c t ic e s in the M inneapolisH St. P au l
a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (M ay
1963).
U nion s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls ,
a r e a v a ila b le fo r bu ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l tr a n sit o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and
h e lp e r s .

HI

4
8




Occupational Wage Survey—M inneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le
in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h ifts. N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g bon u ses
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r te d ,
as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k sch ed u les
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have been
rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts su r v e y s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r re n t occu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in fo r m a t io n ob ta in ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the esta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st p r e v io u s su r v e y fo r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n o n r e sp o n d e n ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g u nu su al ch a n ges
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u str y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a re g ov ern m en t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u str ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th ey tend to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s studied
to w a r ra n t in c lu s io n . S e p a ra te tabu lation s a r e p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c t o r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s tr ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d , alth ough the o c c u ­
p a tion s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ith in the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in dividu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s p e c ifi c du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . T o
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stud ied s e r v e on ly to
in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h e se d i f f e r ­
e n ce s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the e a rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te re sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p loy m en t in the occu p a tion is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al esta b lish m en t data.




E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le ­
m en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this
b u lletin . In form a tion fo r th ese ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
th is a r e a .
T h e se ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su r a n ce ,
and p e n sio n plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s
b u lletin s fo r th is a r e a .

1




2
T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber stu d ied in M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., 1
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv isio n , 2 Jan u ary 1964
N um ber o f esta b lis h m en ts

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y*

Studied

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

Studied

1, 126

279

2 8 1 ,0 0 0

173, 760

436
690

106
173

130, 300
150, 700

84, 470
89, 290

92
165
214
110
109

36
41
41
32
23

A ll d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ___

-

— ----- ---------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

------

— — —

T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5------------------------------------------------------- —
W h o le s a le t r a d e --- ----------------------------- ---------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------- ----------------------------------------------- — — —
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te -----------------------S e r v i c e s 6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

42,
25,
45,
23,
14,

800
000
600
100
200

32,
11,
27,
14,
4,

790
010
320
050
120

1 T he M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A noka, D akota, H ennepin, R a m s e y , and W a sh in gton C o u n tie s .
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f study" e s t im a t e s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the
la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the S tand ard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) of
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s all w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a rea ) at or a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enou gh data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s i b il i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e of in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , M in n e a p olis—
St. P a u l, M inn.
Index
(Jan u a ry 1961 = 100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e

J an u ary 1964

Jan uary 1963
t,o
Jan uary 1964

Jan u ary 1962
to
Jan u ary 1963

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____ ______
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )---------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )_____________________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) __________________________

108.9
108.6
111.6
110.9

2.4
2.0
3.6
3.9

2.9
3.7
4 .0
2.7

3.3
2.7
3.5
4 .0

3.4
5.1
3.7
4.5

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ___________
In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )__________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )__________ - _________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) __________________________

108.7
107.0
111.0
110.3

1.8
2.1
3.5
4 .0

2.5
3.2
3.3
2.0

4.2
1.6
3.8
4.0

3.1
5.1
3.8
3.6

J a n u a ry 1961
to
J a n u a ry 1962

J a n u a ry I9 6 0
to
J a n u a ry 1961

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the sta n d a rd w o r k sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d key o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in ea ch g ro u p .
T h e o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c l a s s A and B ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ; and t y p is t s , c l a s s A and B . The in d u stria l n u r se data a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in te n a n ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plan t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l h an dlin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
co m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a ch o f
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961. T h ese w eig h ted ea rn in g s




fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e rce n ta g e )
o f the g ro u p a g g r e g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te f o r the oth er
y e a r w a s com p u te d and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth e r.
The
in d e x e s w e r e c o m p u te d b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r ea ch grou p
a g g re g a te fo r e a c h p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (19 61 ).
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
re s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l
w a g e c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ifi c o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n ce d by
ch a n g es in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as su ch , or b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

The a b ove tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u s e d in com p u tin g a new in dex
(1961 b a se ) and tren d s e r i e s . T h is s e r i e s , in itia ted w ith the ex p a n sion o f the
la b o r m a rk e t w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a s ,
r e p la c e s the o ld s e r ie s (19 53 b a s e ).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g ro u p in g s a s the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the follow in g e x c e p t io n s : The c l e r i c a l and in d u s tr ia l n u r se g r o u p s , fo r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w o m e n , now in clu d e both m en and w o m e n . C h an ges w e r e a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ith in jo b g ro u p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tic a l lis t c o u ld be
e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
W
eekly
Weekly
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130 $135

_
-

_
-

2

-

10
1

1

2

9

28
5
23

29

-

72
37
35

21

1

2

2

-

1

2

9

20

13

26

89
13
76

58
22

30
14
16

38
26

1

7

$130

$135 $140 $145 $150
$140 $145 $150

$155

Men
C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A -----------------Manuf ac tur ing-------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 --- ----------------W holesale t r a d e ___________________

658
217
441
207
184

40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$108.50
104.00
110.50
121.50
99.50 -

_
-

_
-

_
■
-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B_____________
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------Public utilities 2 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------

352
94
258
91
124

40. 0
4 0 .0
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

87.50
85.50
98.00
84.00

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, o r d e r ------------------------------------------M anufacturing------- -------------- ----------Nonm anufacturing------ ----------------------W holesale t r a d e _____ ____________

638
143
495
444

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

103.50
106.00
102.50
102.50

_
"

_
-

_
-

C lerk s, p a y r o l l ---------------------------------------

57

40. 0

101.50

_

_

O ffice b o y s------------ — ------------------------ M anufacturing------------ ------- -----------Nonm anufacturing---------------------- ------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------

253
79
174
48

39.
40.
39.
40.

5
0
5
0

63.50
59.50
65.00
80.00

"

5
5
3

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c las s A -_____ _____ _______ _____________
M anufacturing---------------------- ------------N onm anufacturing--------------------------------

137
63
74

39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

105.00

“

-

T abulating - m ac hine ope r ato r s ,
cla s s B_________________ ___________ M anufacturing----------------- — ----------N onm anufacturing_______ __ — ------Pu blic utilities 2— __ ------- _
W holesale t r a d e ----------- —
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

273
85
188
45
54
57

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
38.

5
0
5
0
0
5

93.00
92.50
93.00
102.50
89.50
92.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss C ----------- -------------------- -------Nonm anufacturing--------------------------------

74
53

39. 5
39. 0

77.50
76.50

"

-

B illers , m achine (billing m a ch in e )-------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------

169
140
65

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

69.50
69.50
70.50

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---- -----

133

41. 0
41. 5

70.50
70.50

-

-

110

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ____ — ----------------------- ---- —
M anufacturing---------------------- --------- _
Nonm anufacturing- — — ------ —
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------

184
50
134
65

39.
40.
39.
40.

84.00
83.50
84.00
88.50

"

-

8 8 .0 0

1

6

1

13

13

-

-

-

6

1

-

-

-

2
11
11

6

1

1

-

_
“

_
-

4

8

2
2
2

8

_

1

_

_

74
32
42
"

35
18
17
-

46
3
43
3

1

19

79
31
48
16

42

80
36
44
18
17

22

73
26
47
38
3

30

18

21

19

15

_

10
20
10

17

21

15

11

4

17
4

-

9

19
16
3

61
5
56
56

62
24
38
38

30

39

76
30
46

35
14
16
4

48
19
29
25
1

35

35
4
31
30

45

1

_
-

7

2

1
1

1

1

-

44
40

6

2

2

4
-

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
7

22

2

37
25

8
2

15
7
7

5
5
5

_
-

_
-

1

34
15
19

-

-

1

58

36
4
25
60
3
57
37

54
9
45
45

25
13

30

12

29

8

34
18
16
16

12

22

153
23
130
130

16

36
13
23
23

2

4

4

1

16

4

_

4

_

13

3

2

2

1

_

_

_

21

22

25

2

11
11

19
7

4

8

12

25
23

2
2

5

1

7

10

14

21

4

8

11

16

4

4

9
4
5

10

8

10
6

15

13

15
4

24

6
8

46
18
28

23

18
7

6

8

4

15

11

2

1

2

1

-

8

9

5

8

4
4

1

8
2

-

-

“

4

6

-

3

19
3
16

24
7
17

31
16
15

27

1
2

"

-

1

9

3

6

6

9
5

17
5
5

1
1

15
7

7
7

16
16

7
6

7
3

24

18
15
3

29
18

6
6

11

13

107.00
109.00

“

1

1

31
3
28
7

6
10

11
10

41
7
34
28
4

5
5

6
2

3
3

5
3

4
4
4

1
1
1

3
3
3

12

3

8
22

11

5
5

2
2

2
1
1

"

-

“

1

3

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

8
8

5

1

-

12

10

5
4

-

1

2

-

2

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4
7

2

W omen

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




5
0
5
0

_

-

~

15
15

21

24
19

36
29

10

1
1

"

8

20

3
3

21

18
17

47
34

7

13
7

15
15

-

-

6

1
1

-

"

"

1

5

18

46

29

28

27

15

9

2

4

-

3

7

5

10

10

7

11

41
9

8
21

18
12

17
17

8

9

2

4

8

"

4
4

19

1

“

2
2

4

5

5
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry divisio n

Number

of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly

Weekly
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

$40

and
under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

150
1
149

150
18
1 32
11
63
35

115
45
70
8
20
26

124
38
86
6
18
39

54
9
45
10
15
11

38
28
10
2
6

22
6
16
5
11

-

-

-

-

-

51
4
47
2
3
22
2

63
6
57
7
16
25
6

1 64
43
121
11
22
46
25

128
51
77
6
24
17
19

W om en— Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B----------------------------------------M anufacturing_________________
N onm anufacturing-------------------P u blic u tilities 2 -----------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------R etail tra d e________________

866

$64.
72.
63.
74.
69.
65.

50
00
00
50
00
00

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0
0
0

129
158
119

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

5
5
5
0
0
0
5

8 7 . 50
8 8 . 50
8 7 . 50
9 9 . 00
8 7 . 50
7 9 . 00
9 1 .0 0

1 ,9 7 1
325
1 ,6 4 6
336
258
396
605

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.
38.

0
5
0
0
0
5
0

7 0 . 50
7 0 . 50
7 0 . 50
77 . 00
7 3 .0 0
6 4 . 00
7 0 . 00

C le r k s , file , c la s s A __
Manuf ac tur ing---------N onmanuf ac tur ing_
_
F inance 3 ________

211

39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0
5

76.
76.
75.
73.

C le r k s , file , c la s s B ------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trad e________________________
F inance 3 -----------------------------------------

994
193
801
114
138

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trad e________________________
F inance 3 ___________________________
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B.
M anufacturing------------------Nonm anufacturing------------Pu blic u tilities 2 ______
W holesale t r a d e ______
R etail trad e___________
F inance 3 ______________

C le r k s , file , c la s s C --------------M anufacturing_______________
N onm anufacturing----------------P u blic u tilities 2 -------------W holesale t r a d e -------------F in a n ce 3 -------------------------

148
718
55
181
147
828
229
599

120

93
1 18
61

112
407
491
~

86~

405
75
61
238

C le r k s , o r d e r --------------------------------M anufacturing__________________
N o nmanuf ac tu r ing______________
W h olesale t r a d e ____________
R etail trad e_________________

284
115
1 69
52

C le r k s , p a y r o l l _________
M anufacturing________
N onm anufacturing------_
Pu blic utilities 2 _
W holesale t r a d e ---R etail tra d e_______
F inane e 3 __________

570
213
357
105
75

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,




68

100
57

00
50
50
00

--

-

-

-

-

3

5

190
3
187
6
35
28

.

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

3

9

3
3
-

-

9

6

8

-

-

-

6
6

6
4
2

8
3
5

83
35
48
12
11
3
19

87
32
55
6
21
16
6

82
18
64
3
15
18
13
53
5
48
17
21

-

-

-

-

-

-

46
15
31
22
1
2
6

38
12
26
15
8

40
9
31
22

18

6
1
5
5

10
3
7
2

-

18
6
6

-

3

9

6

-

21
3
18
11
6

33

3

3

33
29
4

3
3

1

2

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

5

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

.

-

388
63
325
64
53
1 32
58

342
60
282
47
25
63
139

288
41
247
38
44
48
1 15

247
62
185
44
12
33
96

129
27
102
34
26
4
28

53
13
40
8
5
5
22

62
7
55
15
15

9

13
47
33

237
37
200
26
31
52
88

17

8

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

"

50
26
24
4

67
33
34
15

14
9
5
2

9
7
2
1

15
5
10
6

2
1
1

-

37
10
27
23

256
29
227
44
26
48
103

317
34
283
5
20
39
203

1 90
46
144
30
34
10
62

77
27
50
3
16
6
25

56
36
20
2
16

29
12
17
5
10

24
4
20
4
16

12
4
8
8

4
1
3
3

6

1

3

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87
22
65
42
16
7

13
4
9
1
8

2

22

38
12
26
4
13

51
16
35
5
16

1

_

3
3

5

_

1

-

5
5

-

-

-

18
12
6
1
2
1
2

65
23
42
4
6
15
13

33
3
30
24
6

"

_

8
1
7
7

38

342
56
286
25
37
193

-

3
3

-

-

5

-

9
2
7
7

-

1

_

-

-

3

9

-

-

3

-

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0
38. 5

6 0 . 50
6 4 . 00
5 9 . 50
6 6 .0 0
6 5 . 00
5 5 . 00
5 7 .0 0

3

16

-

-

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
4 0 .0
39. 0

5 3 . 00
5 3 . 50
5 2 . 50
5 6 . 00
5 4 . 50
5 1 .0 0

_

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

73.
77.
70.
83.
59.

00
50
00
50
00

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.
38.

80.
76.
83.
96.
87.
72.
74.

50
50
00
50
00
50
00

5
5
5
0
0
5
5

-

-

6

3

16

-

-

-

-

3

6
10

-

-

_

41
3
38
-

1 00
7
93
-

3
3

-

-

2

22

-

-

-

-

2

22

_

_

_
-

-

"

“

-

8
1
7
-

5
2

-

-

2

2

13
5
8
1
3

34
9
25
8
11

20
14
6
4
1

24
9
15
15

61
46
15
2

7
1
6
4

67
40
27
1
6
12
5

83
26
57
9
1
25
17

74
19
55
6
8
32
5

49
41
8
3
1
3
1

58
18
40
9
22
7
2

57
23
34
12
12

18
7
11
6
1

7

3

5

-

1
1

-

16
-

16
11
5

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

12

7

4

1

_

_

12
8
4

7
7

4
4

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

■

■

■

■

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

"

■

■

6
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tio n s— en and W o m e n — C on tin ued
-M

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n ea p olisH S t. P a u l, M in n ., J an u a ry 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
$45
W
eekly,
W
eekly .
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$50
$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

85
23
62

83
23
60

119
18

94

101

72

45
17
28

63
19
44
4
9

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130

$135 $140

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130 $135

$140 $145 $150

26

49

1

2

6

12

1

2

_
_

.
_

_
_

14
3

43
36
7

3
_
3
3

16

12

37
5
32
4
14
_

10
1

9
1

9
2

8
6

5
_

_
_

2

_

_
_

8

2

2

-

2

1

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

$145 $150
$155

W omen— Continued
C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s _____ — _______
M anufacturing — — ------- — -------.
Nonm anufacturing_____________________
R etail trade________________________

629
163
466
50
218
128

D uplicating-m ach ine op erators
(M im eograph o r D itto)---------------------------

63

Keypunch o p era tors, c la s s A -----------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 -----------------------------

337
140
197
42
h3
68

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s B — __ — _
M anufacturing------------------- —---------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------PiiKlir iiHUHp # ^
W holesale trarie
R etail trade--------------- ---------------------Finance 3 ------------------ ----------------------

1, 224
372
852
276
188
71
311

O ffice g i r l s ________________________ ______
M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing— __ __ — __ -----WVinlpoalfl traHp
Retail tradp
Finanrp V
._
.

442
64
378
56
77

S e c r e t a r ie s ________ __ ____ __
M anufacturing______ ____ —
Nonmanufacturing__ ____ __
Public u t ilit ie s 2 . _ —
W holesale trade - — . . —
R etail trad e__ — . . __
F in a n ce 3 ____ ___________

221

5
5
5
0
0
0

$76.00
78.50
75.00
95. 00
74. 50
68.50

_
_
-

39.5

63.00

0

77. 50
78. 00
7 6 . 50
75.00
83 00
74. 00

3 9.5
39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

69.50
6 8 . 50
70. 50
83. 50
6 6 . 00
61. 0 0
63. 50

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
38.

0
0
5

54. 50
54.00
54. 50
59. 0 0
55. 00
52. 50

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.

39.
40.
39.
40.
39
39.

5
0
5
0
5

0

5
0

1

11

31

-

-

8

1

11

23

2

35
25

24
18

56
39

46
16

20
8

-

1

4

23

19

7

2

2

1

.

!

7

20

52
24
28
4

13

18
3

11
11

14

13

293
89
204
27
76
26
75

213
105
108
23
23

155
67

111

34
23

16

11

9

11
6

18
4
14

10

44
67
15
34

1

5

3

8

5
56

18

2

4
_
4
_
4
_
-

.
_
_
_

.
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

1

42
3
39
13
16
3

9
9
7

1

9

5

_

_

1

5
4

-

-

1

25
3

70
18
52

412
189
223
36
75
34

452

497
227
270

-

-

-

-

1

7

_
-

_

63
5
58

_

_

1

180
30
150
30
23
31

-

-

44

66

_
-

39
39

66

3
36

270
46
224
26
37
156

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

13

13
53
6
21
21

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

_
4
3
7

Stenographers, g e n e r a l__ __ ____ ____
M anufacturing---- „ ____ __ __ ____
Nonm anufacturing__ ____ — __ ____
Public utilitie s 2 -------- --------------------WVinlpaalp trade
Retail trad ft
Finanrp^

2, 098

39. 5
39. 5
39.5
40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
38. 5

75.00
72. 50
76.00
90.00
77. 00
6 6 . 00
65. 50

_
_

_
_
_
_

31
9
22

164
28
136

297
94
203

_

11

12

4
17

14
18
93

38
35
108

Stenographers, se n io r _______
____ .
M anufacturing — — ------__ __ .
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 - __
__ __ _
W holesale trade
R pfa i 1
F in a n ce 3 — ------- — ~ ------_

1, 328
707
621
141
94
105
153

39. 5
40. 0
39.0
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

82.00
80.00
84.50

_

17
17
_




6
2

4

2

10

5
7

-

5
15
3
4
5

. 00
91.00
96. 50
93.00
8 6 . 50
90.00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.

14
4
10
2

_

2

6

58
19
39
5
25
9

21

7
-

67
26
41
13

41
19

1

55
27
28
7
9

5
5
5
0
0
0
5

39! 0

_

4

.

6

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

84. 50
75. 00
8 o! 0 0

_

4

11

9 1 .0 0

100.00

.
_

4

9~~

2, 831
1, 236
1, 595
241
451
183
576
700
1, 398
422
398
115
414

2

1

-

__ ____
__ __ _
__ __ .
__ ____
____ .
__ __ _
__ ____

91

22

1

_

-

_
_
-

51

88

14

-

7

112

295

52
60
4
18
7
28

12 1

73

66

423
174
249
42
64
28
87

321
152
169
43
60

305
137
168
38
67

168
45
123
23
89

20

2

42

56

8
2

17

101

12

64
37

170
119
51

344
178
166
25

22

5
-

8

4
8
20

-

-

-

3

5

1
2

11

127

13

1

127
127

13
13

1
1

331
177
154
25
64
13
45

292

167
89
78
25

86

90
7
83
78
4

76

4

1

2

17

10

2

2

2

1

22

11

1

13

3
3

3

8

8

10

37

174
22

41
12

6

38
27

277
137
140
13
28
16
37

200

252
34
53
59
80
55
20

35
14
17

12

85
27
122

73
23
50
24
21

43

54

10

21

33
13

30

33
19
9
_
5

74
64

44
7
37
26

38
_
38
36

10

11

2

19
_
19
17
2

116
176
26
33
19

2

20
1

3

5

27
18

25
4

9

21

1

17

34
9
25
18

3

6

2

93
57
36
4
7
13

25

12

3

1

1

9
2

_

_

_

7
7

2
2

1
1

1

13

12

1

2

1
1

_
_
_
_
_

1

168

20

1

_

106

62
7
19

5

1

_

10
2

_

12
12

12
12

8
8

1
1

1

_

_

_
_
_

T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
$45
and
under
$45 .$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

10

61

126

61

32

11

11

6

5

115

55

15

10

-

21

26

12

1
8
11

8

36

2
12

34
24

6

2

11
21
_

23
13

40

6

61

43
19
24

26

11

10

4

2

1

2

165
50"
115
14
29
49
5

98
34
64

87

112

46
17
29
5
23

33
15
18

11

10
8
2

9

_

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150

W om en— Continued
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s -----------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------R etail trad e-------------------------------------Finance 3____________________________

446
85
361
50
84
79

40.5
39.5
40.5
40.0
39.5
38.5

$71.50
79.50
69.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s -------

654
T5F ‘
398
78
148
85
55

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
37.5

70.50
72.00

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s B-------------------------------------

62

40.0

84.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C — .---------------------—--------N onm anufacturing-----------------

108
100

39.5
39.5

6 6 .0 0

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs ,
g en eral---------------------------------------- M anufacturing---------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------W holesale t r a d e ------------------Finance 3 _____________________

594
155
439
158
192

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
38.5

69.50
74.00

N onm anufacturing-------------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 -----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail tra d e------------------------------------Finance 3-------------------------------------------

T yp ists, c la s s A _____
M anufacturing--------N onm anufacturing—
P ublic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
Retail trade_____
Finance 3________
T yp ists, c la s s B -----------------M anufacturing-----------------N onm anufacturing-----------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------W holesale t r a d e --------R etail trad e----------------Finance 3----------------------

91 .0 0

63.00
70.50

6 9 .0 0

72.00
72.50
62.00
71.50

_
-

-

.
-

.
_
_
_
-

"

■

70.00
65.50

707
273
434
93
71
71
175

39.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

72.00
70.50
72.50
83.00
74.50
67.00
67.50

2, 306
787
1, 519
154
318
89
852

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

62.50
64.00
62.00
78.50
62.00
56.50
59.50

-

-

-

13
-

41
15
26
3

39
14
25
9

10

-

5

”

10

7

_

_

4
12

16

12

5

17
14

5
5

6

2
1

66

22

7

14
8

7

6

8

4

2

10

-

124
47
77
7
14
23
24

47
13
34
19

44

27

8

6
21

90
46
44
3
15

53

6

4

7
7
51

7
5

-

.
-

!
_
_
-

6

37

163

8

66

6

29

_
-

103

7

29
42

_
1

5
475
9i
383
1

95
41
230

22

480
131
349
5
29
26
249

12
20

609
250
359
17
94
7
226

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

11

306
145
16 1
20

30
9
81

24
64
26
12

20

222

99
123
50
30

11

5

1

2

36
19
17

7
5

17
3

_

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

3
2
1

6

_

2

3

1

5

2

2

_

1

4

4

-

4

3

5

7

1

3
3

5

7

4

1

1
1

.

4

1
1
8

9

19

17

2

22

1

31
7
24

7
5

1
8
8

19
19

17
17

2
2

1

1

29

26

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




_

_

1

5

114
78
36

-

4
47

-

6

33
33

9

2

2

87
38
49
14
28

7
7

3

5

128
52
76

6

11

9

88

28

5

3

9

1
2
2

2

96
14
82
43
27

106
23
83
43
35

_
_

7

39

66

16

1

13

73
7

16

6

3

1

6

1
16

6

28
28

2

.
_
-

23

30
30

37

1

89

4
4

_
_

-

8

79
17
43

23
23

4

3

7

65.00

6 8 .0 0

_
-

T a b le A -2.

P rofession a l and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M i n n e a p o l i s - ^ . P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

Weekly,
hours *
(Standard)

$55
and
under
$60

$125 $130 $135

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125 $130 $135 $140

$140 $145 $150

$155

$160 $165 $170

$175

$145 $150

$160 $165 $170 $175 over

and
$155

Men
D raftsm en, le a d e r--------M anufacturing------------

146
131

39. 5
39. 5

D raftsm en, s e n io r --------M anufacturing-----------N onm anufacturing----Public utilities 2 —

882
696
186
‘ 71

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

D raftsm en, ju n io r --------M anufacturing----------N onm anufacturing----Pu blic utilities 2 —

584
465
119
39

40.
39.
40.
40.

T r a c e r s ..
M anufacturing-

N u rses, industrial (r e g is t e r e d )M anufacturing-------------------------

1
2

5
5

4
4

10
10

18
18

23
23

19
16

17
17

4
3

16
13

8

11

11

7

11

4

84
71
13
7

113
98
15

83
63

129
96
33

112

43
24
19

30

3

_

_

_

21

-

-

10

10

1
2
1

-

8

9
3

1
1
-

6

39
34
5
4

~

"

“

"

13
12

17
7

12
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

"

"

'

"

$150.50
148.50
123.50

_

_

_

122.00

_

_

-

2
2

2
2

3
3

13
13

12
12

130.00
133.00

1

_

9
3

41
41

114.00

"

6
2

-

12
12

"

-

57
54

39. 5
39. 5

80.00
78.50

1
1

3
3

119
80

39. 5
39. 5

100.50
99.00

"

"

100.00

_
_

9

6

6

3
3

3

12

130
105
25

“

2

74
65
9
3

9
9

6

6

6

22

4

4

14

58
43
15

65
59

47
39

42
32

26

8

10

4

28
19
9

1

10

10

"

4

1

6

1

7

10

2

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

12

10

1
1

”

"

_

69
57

-

2
2

7
7

14
14

“

'

61
52
9
3

1

0
5
0
0

95.50
94.50

24
23

“

5

6
1

66

63
3
3
22

20

67
45
18

-

1

35
32

17
9

9

6

5

1

2

1

“

”

1

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly h ours.
T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1964)

Number
of

Number
of
workers

weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )_________________
N onm anufacturing------ __ ------- ------------ -----------YT r 1 p p^\o tirar\ f*
| }-|k

185
156
65

$72 . 00
72. 00
70. 50

B ille r s j m achine (hrw
"fk"lreeping m a< in **) .... .............
~h
N onm anufacturing------ ------------ ------------ ---------

141
118

70. 00
70. 00

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B ---------------M anufacturing— - -----------------------------------------------N nnm arm fafturing__
Public u t ilit ie s 2W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------------Retail trade
- ... - ...

871
148
723
60
181
147

$64. 50
72. 00
63. 00
75.00
69. 00
65. 00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B---------------------------------------Manufacturing______________________________________
N<"»nrnanufarturing
... ..
Public iiti 1itie « 2
W holesale t r a d e — -------------------------------------------Retail trade_________________ __________________

C le rk s , accounting, cla ss A ------------------------------------Manuf actur ing--------------------------------------------------------N onmanuf actur ing-------------------------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade
_ Retail trade
_
______
Finanre®
_
_

1,486
446
1,040
327
313
167
150

97. 00
96. 00
97.00
113.00
94. 50
80. 0 0
93. 00

C lerk s, file, c la s s A _________________________________
Manufacturing _
_______________________
______
N^nmenuff’ c tuning
F in an ce 3
-

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs,
r la s s A
ani^arti^ring

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




earnings 1
(Standard)

193
57
136
65

85. 00
87. 00
84. 00
8 8 . 50

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

weekly ,
earnings *
(Standard)

2,323
419
1.904
427
382
397
639

$ 7 3 .0 0
74. 00
73. 00
81. 50
76. 50
64. 00
70. 50

O ffice occupations— Continued

220

93
127
61

76.
76.
76.
73.

50
50
50
00

9
T a b le A -3.

O ffice , P rofessional, and T e ch n ica l O ccu p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n C o m b in e d — C on tin ued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1964)

N ber
um
of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly
earnings *
(Standard)

N onm anufacturing--------------------------------------------------

1,003
193
810
116
139
112

413
501
M anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------

86

415
75
61
246
922

. .. .

_....

258
664
496
119

.

C] a r]r ^ payroll
O,«Vl n/' ulilltlCb
k
JrUDIlC n filifioo ^
hy ari o
*
—
F inane e ^ — —- — ---------------------— -----— -—_—
M anuiactunng-------------------------------------------------------N onm anuf ac tu r ing----------------- ^------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 ----------------------------------------------W holes?4!**
Rpfail traHp
_
_
D uplicating-m a ch ine op era tors
( M im e‘-'g Trip!"1 nr TliHnJ
„

r , n^h „ avatnro

..

...

„ 1 3CC A

xx
£ ±
•
9
M anufacturing----------------------------------—

W hole s ale t r a h e ------ —-------— ---------- -——
—
-------------------------F inane e ------------------------------- — -------------------------------------- -----jr

v
TT
V

1
(

-n

. ® .

JNonmanutactunng --------------------------------------------------------------------P ublic utilitie s 2 -------------------------------------------------- ----------- .
Whr0 45S S ! e trsd**
. .................
R etail tra d e----------------- ------------------ —
----------------F inance — —-------- -— -—----------------------------------

627
235
392
125
89
10 1

57

$60. 50
64. 00
59. 50

53.
53.
52.
56
54
51.

00
50
50

82.
79.
84.
98.
87.
72.
74.

50
00
50
50
50
50
00

470
51

75.
95.
74.
.

69
338
140
1 98
43
63

68

1 ,2 3 0
372
858
282
188
71
311

68

50
00
50
50

6 4 . 50
77.
78.
77.
76.
83.
74.

50
00
00
00
00
00

7 0 . 00

68. 50
70.
84.
.
61.
63.

66

50
00
00
00
50

N ber
um
of

earnings 3
(Standard)

91
269
M anufacturing ________ ______________________

-

Stenographers, gen eral
^\ am if a c t n r i n g
l^nnmannfarhiring
P nblir iitilifipfl ^
W holesale trade
Retail trarlp
F in a n re 3 ....
SfpnngrapViers, sen ior
M anufacturing _
^rm m pnnfarbiring.

________________________

...

_
_
_

_ ___

2

,

098

700
1,398
422
398
115
414

__

_ _____ _
___
_

...

2, 841
1,236
1,605
249
453
183
576

W holesale trade
Retail trade
____
_
___ ___ __
Finance 3 ____________________________________ -

1,332
710
622
142
94
105

$58 .
57.
58.
76.
61.
55.
53.

00

00
00
00
50
50
00

91. 0 0
9 1 .0 0
91. 50
96. 50
93. 00
8 6 . 50
9 0 . 00
75. 00
72. 50
76. 00
90. 0 0
77. 00
6 6 . 00
65. 50
82. 0 0
80. 0 0
84. 50
10 0.00

84. 50
75. 00

153

71.
79.
70.
.
63.
70.

335
106
229
52
77
61

$91. 50
9 2 . 00
91.00
99. 50
8 8 . 50
92. 50

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , cla s s C--------------------Nonm anufacturing__________________________________

182
153

70. 50
69. 0 0

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l---------------________ ____
M anufacturing_________ — ____
N onm anufacturing____ ____
_______ __________
W holesale t r a d e _____ ___ ____________________
Finance 3 ....

594
155
439
158
192

69.
74.
68.
70.
65.

00

T yp ists, c la s s A _________________ __________________
Manuf actur ing______________________________________
N onm anufacturing____________________________ ____
Pu blic utilities 2 ______________________________ W holesale t r a d e ________________________________
R etail tra d e___________________________ ________
Finance 3 -------------------------------------------------------------

718
281
437
93
74
71
175

72.
71.
73.
83.
76.
67.
67.

00
00
00
00
00
00
50

T yp ists, cla ss B ____ ______ _______________________
M anufacturing------ ------------- --------------------------------Nonm anufacturing_______
— __________________
Public u tilities 2 ________ — ---------------------W holesale trade
R etail trade- __ ____ — „ — ---------- ----------F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------------

2, 310
787
1,523
155
321
89

62. 50
64. 00
62. 0 0
79. 0 0
62. 0 0
56. 50

852

5 9 . 50

D raftsm en, le a d e r _______________ ___________________
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------

146
131

1 5 0 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

D raftsm en, se n io r ------------------- ------------------------------M anufacturing---------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing---------------- ----------------- --------- P ublic utilities 2 ---------------------------- ------------------

887
701
186
71

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0

D raftsm en, ju n io r -----------------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------—
-------------------------------------- —
Nonm anufacturing _______________________________________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2- -------------------------------------------------------------------

586
467
119
39

120

T r a c e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing----------------- — ---------------------------------

86

50
00
00
50

8 0 . 00

449
85
364
53
84
79

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B--------------------M anufacturing___ ____ __ -______________________
N onm anufacturing___ ___________ _________ ____
Pnhlic utilities 2
.... ...
. _
W holesale trade
F in a n ce 3 ____- ____ ____ ______________________

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing______________________________________

68
102

50
00

76. 00
78. 50

128

695
143
552

— -------

00

94. 00
93. 50
94. 50
100.50
78. 00

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice occupations— Continued

65. 00
55. 00
57. 50

633
163

221

--------------- —

Nonm anufacturing---------

P r o fe s s io n a l and technica l occupations
Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s -------- -----------------------------------^api^farfi^ring
Nonmanufacturing________________________________
P ublic utilities 2 ----------------------------------------------Retail
......... ....
Finance 3 ___________ _________________________
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ________________
M am 'iarhiring
_
_____
ISfnnmannfarfnring
Pu blic utilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale t r a d e ------------- --------------------------------------------------Retail trade
F in a n c e 3

_____

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A
refining
... .
]^rmrr)am,|fart'i)ring ...........

E a r n in g s r e la t e to r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




'weekly'
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

rpi fa r’t'nTin g
Y7"h^l ocalo
R etail

Num
ber
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

_____

-----------------------

654
256
398
78
148
85
55

157
75
82

92

70.
72.
69.
72.
72.
62.
71.

50
50
00
00
00
50
50
00
00
00
50
00
50

1 0 5 . 50
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

81

63

1 2 3 .5 0

122.00

9 5 . 50
9 4 . 50

100.00
1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
9 9 . 50
7 7 . 50
7 7 . 50

10
T a b le A -4.

M ain ten an ce and P o w erp la n t O ccu p a tion s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn. , Jan u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry division

Avenge $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $37To f O o W A 0 W J o
hourly . and
earning* 1
and
under
$1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $ 2 . 6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 o v e r

C a rp en ters, m aintenance---------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ----- _ _

225
113
59

$3.10
3.11
3.08
2.62

E le c tr ic ia n s , m ain ten an ce—
— —
M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------P ublic u tilities 2 ---------------------------

401
308
93
64

3.42
3.41
3.45
3.30

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a ry --------------------------M anufacturing---------- — __
— —
N onm anufacturing— ---------P ublic u tilities 2 _
- -------------

534
265
269
50

3.07
3.12
3.02
2.71

2 ___

—

— -------

H elp ers, m aintenance tra d e s ---------N onm anufacturing__ _

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

—

M a ch in e-tool o p e ra to rs , to o lr o o m ------M anufacturing------------------------------------

_
.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) —
_
M anufacturing-----------------------------------N onm anufacturing— _
_ _ _ _ _

38
38
38

13
13
-

18
9
9
9

9

35
3
32
32

6

_
-

24
24
-

-

-

-

11

41
41
17

5

11
11

3

35
18
17

1
2

6
2

2

10
10

27
27

_
-

’
-

-

-

-

-

"

'

-

13
13

1
1

41
35

18

-

3
3
-

2

2

9

30
28

2

73
72

2

2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

76
69
7.
-

31
16
15

65
54

88

26

18
6
12

10
10

5
4

2

-

1

-

8

14
74
45

12

10
2

118
53
65
3

36
30

41
25
16
-

39
27

9
9

-

_
-

5
5

-

-

-

15
15
-

13
13
-

24
3

11

14
-

6

5
1

-

1

3

-

_
-

23

3

3

-

21

1
2

6

-

1

1

10

1

13
_
-

2

!
-

’
-

"
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

_
-

36
36

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
24
-

_
-

.

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

_

_

1

-

1

1

10
11

-

-

9

15

-

3
18
9

9
9

6
6

2
2

16

16

26

15

8

-

-

16

1

18

73
49
24

2
2

-

45
36
9

“

3

_

_

_
-

3
3

12
12

54
54

37
37

39
39

12
12

7
7

_

-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

12

8
8

12
12

29
29

25
25

37
37

283
283

71
71

_

_

_

-

21

8
8

458
11

-

21

-

31
18

447
415

283
14
269
265

6

2

-

149
33
116
115

33

-

57
15
42
42

14

-

3
3
-

10

8

9

7

27
17

1

1

39
34
5

1

1

4

7

62
31
31
5

97
74
23

-

52
52
-

4
4
4

76
50
26
25

31
31
29

1

2

2
2

2

3

1

-

18
18

7
7

_

22

_

_

-

14
14

-

"

2
2

35
35

34
34

1

_

1
-

-

2
2

-

_

-

26

10

-

-

-

-

-

7

10

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

9

8

1

-

165
165

2.85
2.85

_

_

_

-

-

"

3.37
3.38

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3.13
3.09
3.13
3.13

-

_

_

-

-

-

8

-

_
-

11
11

21

! !

-

2.82
2.82

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

36
36

P a in ters, m aintenance ___
M anufacturing-----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing __ __
_ __
DnKlir iitilifi oo ^
F inance 3__
__
_

187
57
130
25
52

3.33
3.15
3.41
2.96

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

5

1
1

10

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

5

-

3 .5 2

-

P ip e fitte r s , m aintenance
M anufacturing-------

176
160

3.36
3.36

694
594“

3.47
3.47

-

-

-

-

29
29
-

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

10

64
48
16
2

_

1

3
1
1

6
6

22

13

21

11
10

110
110

17
17

_

_

21

1

12

.

6

4
4
2

20

15

7

10

22

8

4

1

2

17
l6

6

-

6
8

14

5

1

4

22
-

_
-

8

-

19
4
15

-

8

-

29
29

59
59

33
33

"

-

-

6

3

1

1
1

3
3

4
4

36
35

8
8

68
68

15
15

98
98

67
67

36
36

7
7

-

10
10

-

_

4

2

3

6

_

-

16

— TT

_

1

-

10

4

5
5

-

12
12

1

13

-

12

3
3

8

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




15
15
-

-

16
4
-

91
89

_ _ _
__
___ __

-

2

1

5
4

22
21

1

3.22
3.22

T ool and die m akers
M anufacturing

15
15
-

6

80
80
-

11
12

11

53

-

5
-

6
6

1
1

-

8

11 -

200
196

___ _

22

2

-

12
12

15
-

1

M illw rights _
M anufacturing-----------------------------------_

27

11

30
5
25
25

46
46
-

1

1

3.06
3.01
3.16
3.32
3.07

__
__

-

17
15

_
_
-

7
7
-

1

21

11

537
385
152

_

6

4
3

21

11

M ech an ics, m aintenance----------------------M anufacturing_
___
N onm anufacturing-------------------- --------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _
--------

_
O ile r s ____
M anufacturing __

-

18
13
5
-

20

9

66

1
8

43

2.67
2.65
2.72

892

8
8

23

2.60

1, 055
104
951

10
2

23

2.92
2.73

582
M achinists, m ain ten an ce----------------- —
— - — ------ 554“
M anufacturing -------

_
-

2

342
227
115
33

2.86

_
-

2

235
161
74

F irem en , stationary b o ile r __ __
M anufacturing
— ---Pu blic u tilities

112

22
22

_

_

9

60
6o

279
279

11
T a b le A - 5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tion s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lie -S t . P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry div isio n

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen g er
(m en)__
__
__

Num
ber
of
workers

$1.67
L67

177
177

1.60
1.60

-

-

982

66

2.14
2.46
2.51
2.18

_
_

_
-

536

1.88

2, 917
1, 399
1,518
229
98
494
389

2.06

_ _

Guards and w a tch m en . _ _ _ _ _
M an ufacturin g.
_
__ __
G uards.
_
___
W atchm en
_ _ _ _ _
N onm anufacturing__
Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(m en)__
M anufacturing __
___
N onm anufacturing __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3
_ _
W holesale tr a d e .
_

-

71
71

_ __

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a ssen g er
(w om en )_____ _ __
N onm anufacturing _
__ _

Arerege $ 1 . 0 0 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly 2 and
earnings
under
$ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60

446
380

-

-

_
_
-

24

-

24
24

12
12

-

35
35

43
43

132
132

91
_
91

9
9

147

79

-

10

-

_
-

-

1
1

4
4

-

23
23

71
71

-

-

-

5
3
_
3

27
7

1
1

2

_

1
1

5

1

-

8
6

2

20

-

8

3

135

197

12

8

69

80
48
32

_

2
2

189
9

84
9
75

194
73

123

-

4
4

“

31
9
9
_

108
89
64
25
19

143
95
83

66

12

1

22

48

59

441
378
63
7

2
11

_

3

362
278
84
60

144
95
49
14

157
124
33

20
2

501
90
411
28

1

6

11

54

9

3
3

_
-

-

‘

-

12
12

10
20

11

5
5 —

22
22

17
14

66

7
3
4
59

1

r~

2.24
1.90
2.29
2.27
1.75
1.99

-

1.71

-

-

1.64
1.85
1.52
1.63

_
_

_
_

765
702
063
307
250
498

2.59
2.43

16
16

2.28

16

-

34

27

8

16

6

13

12

2

13

10

O rd er f ille r s
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
_
_ _
_
Pnbli'r nti* 11ti * e ^
*
W bnlpealp traHp
R etail t r a d e ____________________ __

2, 547
485
2 , 062
135
1,380
547

2.60
2.40
2.64
2.82
2.70
2.47

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

5

84
42
42

79
4
75

77
17
60

23

-

3
3
-

13

-

_
-

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en )____
M anufacturin g__
_
_

1,097
511
586
478
108
375
rs"2
144

1.94
1.65
1.59

511
253
258
113
119

2.60

F inan ce 4 __

_

___

__

___

-

24
-

24

147
9
-

67

15

-

_

121

91
32

57

18

1

10

41
64

97
248

419

5

10

52

1

2
2

2

10

418
18

_

_

_

_

8
2

21

13

99
27
72

93
91

6

187
174
13

7
6

22

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

100

48
29
29
_
19

_
_
_

25
9
9
_
16

50
54
37 r - T T
28
46
_
9
13
8

92
92
_
8

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

653
186
467
84
287
96

362

383
67
316

214

1032

61
l

12
12

34
34

_

_

_

_
_

177
139

213
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

334
85
249
q
7
178

442
27
415

712
33
679
65
422
192

56
5
51
37

8

_
_
_

15

.

15

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

15
-

-

-

-

103
5
98

8

7

1

6

1

_

_

_

_

_
_

8

88
10

8

7
7
-

1
1

6
6

_

1

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

13

2

3

3

12
1
1

_

_

1

2

_
_

■_
_

2

2

■

"

3
3
■

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

3
3

_

_
_
_

_

-

37
31
30 — n r
7
16
7
15

-

_ '

46
33
13
9
4

-

_

-

_
_
_
_

36
19
17

-

_

-

_

_
_
_
_

_

1

137

5

_
-

_

188
140
48
45
3

14

_

10 1

1

_

6

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(w o m e n ) _
M a n n fa r t n r i n g

. _

N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities

.

3

678
136
542
57

_ _ _ _ _

_
__

_
_ __

_

R e t a il t r a d e
F in a n r p ^

68

388

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling___________
M anufacturing _
_
__ __
’Pn’hlir* ntnlitioQ ^
WVinl^aalp fradp
R etail t r a d e .

_

_

______

N o n m a n n fa r t n r in g
W h o le sa le tra d e

R etail t r a d e _______________________
P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en)_____________
N o n m a n n fa r t n r in g
R e t a il t r a d e
R e c e iv in g c le r ic s

M anufacturin gN o n m a n n fa c to r in g

-----

----

W holesale trade___________________
R etail t r a d e .
_
_____ __

5,
1,
4,
2,
1,

2.66

_

43

6

43

57
18
39

_

10

2

1

2.00

6

4

28
4

14
17

34
34

35
35

8

21

-

5
16

7
3
4
3




“

18

4

1

_

4
_
_

2

593
173
420
374
36

1137
314
823
584
227

10

12

2

21

367
8

2

2.73
2.69

45

171
14
36

107
90
17

129
37
92

172
93
79

291
33
258

1

2

11

g

110
100
10

439
218

1

8

213
162
51
8

-

82
9

64
13

233
14

74
74

73
53

-

20
20

85
33
52.
52
-

60

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

42

75

4
56

2.54
2.41

_

-

1

2

12

2

20

-

-

9

2

2

2

11

8
1

11

1

10
2

-

-

-

9

15

-

15
13

2.66
2.68

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

_

2.57

-

-

1

2

2

4
4
-

2

2

1

1

19
19
19

31
31
31

35
32
32

12

1

2

4

-

-

1

2

4

10
10
10

2.61
2.62

12
12

8
8
8

11
11
1

-

4
4
-

23

10

21

16
3
13

17

8

51
34
17

55
55
_
-

12

5
182

_
_

_

9

-

2.76
2.44

1
'

'

'

2

4

6

6

13

20

25

18

1

2

24

2

21

20

4

61
31
30

7
7

10

-

62

373
182
191
127
64

68

294
56
236
2

7

354
54
180
20

160
142
18

_

_

214

1032
1032

12

_

4
4

1

_

82
56

39
15
24
13

24
42
26

93
47
46
25

10

13

20

_
8

_
_

”

6

_

_

_
1

_
_

10

14

6

17

221

10

21

------ 8 " 1
-

■

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

3

_

20

_

60
30
30
24
”

26

7
7

66

2

_

_
_

_

12
T a b le A -5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tion s— C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation

1 and
2

industry d ivision

Number
at
workers

Average $ 1 . 0 0 $ 1 .
hourly , and
earning*
under
$ 1. 10 $ 1 .

$1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $ 1 . 60 $1. 70 $ 1 . 80 $1. 90 $ 2 .

10

$ 1.

20

$1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $ 1 . 60 $1. 70 $ 1 . 80 $1. 90 $ 2 .

20

Shipping c l e r k s _________________________
M anufacturing_______________ ______
N onm anufacturing___________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________

350
174
176
146

$2. 71
2 . 69
2. 73
2. 72

Shipping and receiv in g c le r k s _________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing- _________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________

288
163
125
72

2. 58
2. 52
2 . 66
2. 83

_
-

T ru ck d riv e rs 5 ---------------------------------------M anufacturing------- — ---------------------N onm anufacturing___________________
P u blic u tilities 3 __________________
4
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail t r a d e ______________________

4 ,0 7 3
548
3, 525
2 , 221
674
537

2.9 3
2. 86
2. 94
2 . 98
2 .93
2 . 82

_
-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , light (under
IV 2 ton s)____ _______________________
M anufactur ing____________________
Nonm anufacturing________________
W holesale t r a d e ______________
Potail traHp

460
149
311
64
170

2. 74
2. 67
2. 85
2. 67

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m edium (lV z to and
including 4 ton s)___________________
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing___ ___________
P u blic u tilities 3 ___ _________
W holesale t r a d e ______________
R etail t r a d e __________________

2, 154
217
1,937
1,503
255
179

2. 94
2.91
2 .95
2.97
2. 87
2 . 81

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r ty p e )_______________________
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing________________
P u blic u tilities 3 ______________
W holesale t r a d e ______________

1, 241
90
1, 151
698
307

T r u c k d r iv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type)_________ .__
M anufacturing____________________

137
69

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift )_____________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing------- --- --------P u blic u tilities 3 _ _______________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade ______________________
T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
f o r k lift )_________ _________ _________
M anufacturing_______________________

1
2
3
4
5

1,00 0

549
451
213
129
109
537
381

2 . 90

$2 .

10

$2 .

$2 .

10

$2 .

20

$2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30 $3.4 0 $3. 50 $3. 60

.
-

20

$2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30 $3. 40 $3. 50

12

8

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

4

6
6

2

-

1
1

6

-

23
16
7

27
4
23
3

14
_
14

27
16

40
28

28
7

11
10

12

21

11

57
32
25

9

20

11

20

43
33

29
12

38
26

10

17

12

33
17
16

12

11
11

12

12

11

45
5
40

136

125

26
11 0

117

177
85
92

10

107
3

12

7

6

2

16
15

6

5

1

-

2

-

-

2
1
1

-

1

2

1

1
1

-

2

2
1
1

-

-

-

2

-

1

1

17

2

1

81
47
34
23

12

-

16

10

26
3
23
-

14
14
-

10

24

1

-

11

4
-

10

12

1

-

-

_
2

1

20

-

-

4
4

20

2
2

-

5

5

18

30
4
4
-

8

4
4
3

-

13
-

9

10

-

8
1

23

-

7
-

21
21

-

7

-

30
-

3. 00
89
3. 01
3. 03
2. 97

2
2

1
1

2. 74
2. 57

32
32

-

12

43
43

53
44
9

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
40
10

116

8
10
21
10

54
3
51
11

1

55
17
38
36

44

29
4
25
13

7
7
7

15
15

465

505
76
429
13
147
269

2312
9
2303
2028
275
-

114
114
4
105

13
13
13

68
68

119
28
91
5

1406
1406
1346
60
-

34
33
-

-

14
14
14
-

160

305
'

75
4

112

27

84
40
44
34

12

15
2
1

193

10

-

34
4
30

63
49
14

10
10

1
10

10

10

106
106
-

3

291
73
218
77
141

-

83

20

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

3
3

_
-

28
28

64
64

12

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

4
4

119
64
55
51
4
"

-

-

-

23
23

33
26

138
3

2
2

6
6

1

-

1
1

6
6

-

■

2

11
10

28

8

21

8

7
-

1
1

4
4
-

8
8

-

2
2

116

13
13
13
-

14
14
_

_

9
3
3
_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

12

68

18

17
2

242
40

860

19
1

202

860

1

1
1

4

52

2

73
72

-

3
53

682
178

10

8
8

28
4

233
37

116
5

196

111

116
34
46

54
57

46
46
45
-

1

186
153
33
33
-

238
238

69
65

24
14

10

-

10

-

-

.
-

9

22

1

-

25
17

16

61

2.69
2. 57
2. 84
2 . 82
2. 83
2 . 89
59
2. 63

2

29
18

61

2.

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f truck operated.




00

.

00

101

15
1

14
-

-

1
1

-

-

1

-

2

2
2
2

-

2

-

6

1
1

12

9
3
3
-

6

1

-

-

13
13
13
-

6
6

-

"

~

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

2
2

- .
-

-

-

"

■

20
20

~

■

-

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machinC^other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la s s A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, m achine (billing m achine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B . Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers'accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m achine (b ook k eep in g m ach in e). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers'
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B . Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vbuchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B# Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s

C la s s C 9 Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.



CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f th e fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s A

. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C l a s s B . Under close supervision or* following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o e s not in clu de transcribing-m achine w ork . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s not in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e work.

16
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—
Continued
C la s s C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCH BOARD OPERA TOR-RE CE PTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s not in clu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la s s B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la s s A. Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la s s B. Performs one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

L e a d e r . Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

S en ior . Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve o com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (a s s is ta n t).
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f e n g in eers in e s ta b lis h m en ts em p loyin g more than one en g in eer are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

19
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

20
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In c lu d e s g a te -




men who are sta tio n ed at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

21
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a ck ers who a lso make
w ood en b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'o r more o f the fo llo w in g:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work in v o lv e s :

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work i n v o lv e s :

May

R ec eiv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk

requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and

Shipping clerk

perform Other related duties.

Shipping and re ce iv in g clerk




22
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D riv er -sa le sm e n and o v er -th e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, p ow er (forklift)
Trucker , p ow er (other than fork lift)

T ru ckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, ligh t (under 1% ton s)

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 to n s)
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 ton s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h ea v y (o v er 4 to n s, other than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
T h e fo u r th a n n u a l r e p o r t o n s a l a r i e s fo r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g in e e r s ,

e n g in e e rin g

p e r s o n n e l,

m an agers o f o f fic e

te c h n ic ia n s ,

d r a ft s m e n ,

s e r v ic e s ,

t r a c e r s , jo b

and c le r ic a l

a n a ly s ts , d ir e c to r s o f

e m p lo y e e s .

O r d e r a s B L S B u ll e t in 1 3 8 7 , N a t io n a l S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h ­
n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , F e b r u a r y —M a rch 1 9 6 3 »

40 c e n t s a c o p y .

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m ay be pu rchased from the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overnm ent P rinting O ffice , W ashington, E'. C. , 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
Bulletin
num ber

A rea

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

A k ro n , O h io _______________________________
A lban y—
Sch en ectady— r o y , N. Y _________
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ____________________
A llentow n — ethlehem — aston , P a .— J_.
B
E
N.
A tlan ta, Ga —........................................................
B a ltim o r e , M d ____________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________
P
B irm in g h a m , A l a _________________________
B o is e , I d a h o ______________________________
B oston , M ass 1
____________________________
B u ffa lo, N. Y ______________________________
B u rlin gton , Vt 1
____________________________
Canton, O h io ______________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a _______________________
C h a rlotte, N. C ____________________________
C hattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________
G
C h ica g o, 1111______________________________
Cine in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky______________________
C levela n d , O h io ___________________________
C olu m bu s, O h io ___________________________

...

D a lla s, T e x _______________________________
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e, Iowa—
R
M
111
D ayton , O h io ______________________________
D en v er, C o l o 1____________________________
D es M o in e s , I o w a ________________________
D etroit, M ic h 1
____________________________
F o rt W orth, T e x __________________________
G reen B a y, W i s ___________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C ___________________________
Houston, T e x _____________________________

..

In dianapolis, Ind 1
_________________________
Ja ck son , M i s s _______ . __________-_______ ...
J a ck s o n v ille , F l a _________________________
Kansas C ity , M o. —
Kans 1------------------------L aw ren ce— a v erh ill, M a s s .— H ______
H
N.
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k _____
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1________
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind 1
______________________
L u bbock, T e x --------------------------------------------M an ch ester, N. H _________________________
M em ph is, T e n n 1---------------------------------------l

P r ic e

...
...

...

...

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

M iam i, F l a 1_________________________________
M ilw aukee, W i s 1_________________________________
M inn eapolis—
St. P a u l, Minn_____________________
M
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M i c h ____________
New ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J___________________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
........ ..........................
New O rlea n s, L a 1
New Y ork , N. Y 1
__________________________________
N orfolk — ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Ham pton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la _____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1385-39
1345-69
1345-46
1385-37
1345-44
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N e b r. —
Iowa 1
_____________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton— a s s a ic , N. J _________________
C
P
P h ila delph ia, P a. — J 1_________________________
N.
P h oen ix, A r i z ____________________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d , M a in e 1
_________________________________
P ortla n d , Or eg. — a s h __________________________
W
P r o v id e n c e — aw tucket, R. I . — a s s 1
P
M
____________
R aleigh , N. C 1
____________________________________
___________________________________
R ich m on d, Va 1

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o c k fo rd , H I _____________________________________
St. L o u is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h _____________________________
San A ntonio, T e x 1
________________________________
R
O
San B ern ardin o— iv e r sid e — n tario, C a l i f 1____
San D ieg o, C a lif__________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif 1
__________________
Savannah, G a _______________
Scran ton , P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a s h 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1_____________________________
South Bend, In d___________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1 __________________________________
.
T o le d o , O h io 1____________________________________
T ren ton , N. J _____________________________________
W ashington, D . C . - M d . - V a _____________________
W aterbu ry, C on n _________________________________
W a terloo, I o w a .__________________________________
W ich ita, K a n s____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss_________________________________
Y ork , P a _________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102