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Occupational Wage Survey

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
JANUARY 1964

It it 11 t i n No. 1385-38
e




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA B O R STATISTICS
Ewan C lague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA




JANUARY 1964

B u lle t in

No. 1385-38
A pril 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claguo, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price

25 cents

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Preface

Contents
P age

The B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a re a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a rk e ts , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s ,
and f o r the U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed f o r g r e a t e r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m en t o f w a g es by o c c u p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l,
and (b) the s t r u c tu r e and le v e l o f w ages am ong la b o r
m a r k e ts and in d u str y d iv is io n s .

In tro d u ctio n ____________________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s --------------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.
2.

A:
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an in d iv id u al a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n t s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch la b o r m a rk e t
stu d ied .
A ft e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in div idu al a r e a
b u lle tin s f o r a rou n d o f su r v e y s , a two p a rt su m m a ry
b u lle tin is is s u e d . The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f
the la b o r m a r k e t s stu d ied in to one b u lletin .
The se c o n d
p a r t p r e s e n ts in fo r m a t io n w h ich has b een p r o je c te d fr o m
in d iv id u a l la b o r m a r k e t da ta to r e la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s
and the U nited S ta tes.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y
and n u m ber s t u d ie d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------In d exes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s,
and p e r c e n ts o f change f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _____________________
O ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w o m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s -----------------------------A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

A p p en d ix :

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n tly a re in clu d ed
in the p r o g r a m .
In fo rm a tio n on occu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is
c o lle c t e d an n ually in e a c h a r e a .
In form a tion on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is
ob ta in ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su r v e y in
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., in Ja n u a ry 1964. It w as p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e in New Y ork , N .Y ., by R o b e r t M.
F in d la y , u n der the d ir e c t io n o f H arold A. B a rle tta . The
study w as u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r ic k W.
M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In­
d u s t r ia l R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r a c t ic e s in the P ittsb u rg h a r e a is a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u s tr ie s (A p r il 1963). U nion
s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le
fo r b u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

H
i

2

2

4
8
9
10
12
15




O c c u p a t i o n a l W a g e S u r v e y —P i t t s b u r g h , P a.
Introduction

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv en o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h ifts. N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b on u ses
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e r e p o r t e d ,
as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k sch ed u les
(rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s
a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e se o c cu p a tio n s have been
rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r ! s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r re n t o ccu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and
e a rn in g s in fo r m a t io n ob ta in ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the esta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n o n r e sp o n d e n ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr o m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
h aving fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n um ber o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b e c a u s e
th ey tend to fu rn is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s studied
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p r o v id e d fo r e a ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich
both m en and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d m a y be due to such
fa c t o r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in ­
d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e o r
m e r it r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is ;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d , alth ough the o c c u ­
p a tion s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ith in the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e ­
s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese
s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u se d in in dividu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts . T h is a llo w s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s p e c ifi c d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts . To
obtain o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stud ied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied are p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n t s , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t
obtain ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to
in d ica te the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied. T h e se d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the ea rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b . The o ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) em p loym en t in the o ccu p a tio n is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al esta b lish m en t data.




E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this
bu lletin . In fo rm a tio n fo r th ese tabu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
th is a r e a .
T h e se ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ealth , in su r a n ce ,
and p e n sio n plans a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s
b u lletin s fo r th is a r e a .

1




2

T a b le 1.

E sta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber s tu d ied in P itts b u r g h , P a .
by m a jo r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n ,2 J an u ary 1964
M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s --------------------------------------------------------

-

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

Studied

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 4

Studied

802

208

3 6 8 ,4 0 0

2 2 5 ,9 2 0

100
-

324
478

75
133

2 3 4 ,6 0 0
1 3 3 ,8 0 0

140, 740
8 5 ,1 8 0

100
50
100
50
50

53
140
71
84
130

26
31
26
23
27

4 0 ,1 0 0
1 6 ,5 0 0
4 0 ,6 0 0
1 7 ,1 0 0
1 9 ,5 0 0

3 3 ,7 3 0
5, 230
2 7 ,6 0 0
1 0 ,5 1 0
8, 110

-----------------

M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n ,
and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5-----------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ------------------ -------------------------- ----------------R e t a i l fra r\t*
. ....
_
_
... ..
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------------------------S e r v ic e s * 7 --------------------- _ _______________________________

1 T h e P itts b u r g h Standard M e tro p o lita n S t a tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A lle g h e n y , B e a v e r , W a sh in gton , and W e s t m o r e la n d C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s
w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll
p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s i f y in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch
in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a re a ) at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
^ T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loy m en t in the d iv is io n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh data
to m e r it s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to p e r m it
s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f ch an ge 1 f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , P ittsb u rgh , Pa.
Index
(J a n u a ry 1961 = 100)

In d u s try and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n t s o f ch an ge 1

J an u ary 1964

Jan uary 1963
to
Jan uary 1964

Jan u ary 1962
to
Jan uary 1963

J a n u a ry 1961
to
J a n u a ry 1962

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
J an u ary 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )_________
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )____________________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) ---------------------------- -------

105. 5
106. 9
103. 8
1 0 7 .4

1. 1
.9
.2
1 .6

1 .4
2 .4
.7
2. 3

2. 9
3 .4
2 .9
3. 3

4 .4
2. 5
4. 2
3. 1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )____________________
U n s k ille d plant (m en ) _______________________

105. 6
1 0 6 .9
103. 3
107. 9

.6
.5
-. 1
.7

1 .8
2 .4
.5
3 .4

3. 1
3 .9
3. 0
3. 6

5.
2.
3.
4.

A ll ch a n g e s a r e in c r e a s e s u n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .

6
0
8
0

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the sta n d a rd w o r k sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in e a ch g rou p .
T h e o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on m en and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keypun ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f ic e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u r s e data a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in d u stria l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l h an dlin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e
c o m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s. The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m e n t in e a ch o f
the jo b s du rin g the p e r io d su rv e y e d in 1961. T h e se w e ig h te d e a rn in g s




fo r in d iv id u a l o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to ob ta in an a g g re g a te fo r
each o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each grou p
a g g re g a te fo r e a ch p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
re su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y esta b lish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l
w ag e c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sio n m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m ov em en t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se of con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
ch a n g es in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r by p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

A:

4

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a. , J anuary 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$40
$45
and
under
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

_
-

_
-

22
8
14
4
10

8
8
5
3

10
6
4
4

36
10
26
_
10
9

27
12
15
_
6
9

58
16
42
17
18

34
17
17
_
7
4

47
20
27
14
10
3

41
30
11
3
4
4

78
51
27
23
2
2

87
72
15
2
11
2

90
77
13
4
1
-

76
66
10
2
1
2

34
26
8
8
_

3
_
3
_

13
5
8
2
5

11
2
9
_
4

30
19
11
2
2

10
4
6
_
5

37
24
13
2
10

31
18
13
2
5

52
16
36
12
24

27
11
16
16

53
37
16
16

28
21
7
7

52
43
9
9

52
19
33
33

21
14
7
7

11
6
5
5

17
12
5
5

22
22
_
-

10
5
5
5

37
35
2
2

18
18
_

3
3
_

$115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130

$155
and

$135 $140 $145 $150 $155 over

Men
5 $122. 00
0
127.50
112.00
0
128. 50
0
0
107.00
0
99. 00

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A __
M anufacturing______________
Nonmanufacturing--------------Public utilities 2 ------------W holesale t r a d e ________
F in an ce3 _______________

728
476
252
65
80
70

39.
40.
39.
39.
40.
37.

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B—
M anufacturing--------------------Nonmanufacturing__________
Public utilities 2 ________
W holesale tr a d e -------------

451
252
199
117
55

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
39.5
39. 5

C lerks, o r d e r -------------------------M anufacturing--------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------W holesale tr a d e ________

213
150
63
62

40.
40.
40.
40.

C lerks, p a yroll—
Manufacturing.
Nonmanufacturing--------------Public u tilitie s 2-------------

314
249
65
28

O ffice b oy s------------------------------Manufacturing______________
Nonmanufacturing--------------Public u tilitie s 2________
F in an ce3 ________________

1
1
-

22
18
4
3
1
-

32
26
6
3
1
-

25
20
5
3

2
_
2
2

1
_

_

1
1

_
_
_

1
_
1
1

1
1
_

4
4

4
4
-

4
4
_
-

6
6
_
-

8
5
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

106.50
107.00
106. 00
117.50
94. 00

_
_
_

2
_
2
_

3
3
_
_

4
3
1
_

7
7
_
_

0
0
0
0

110.00
119.00
89. 00
89. 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

7
7
7

6
6
6

9
9
9

17
10
7
7

10
4
6
6

12
4
8
8

11
4
7
7

4
3
1
-

17
17
_

-

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

115. 00
116. 50
111. 00
126.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

5
5
-

4
2
2

5
3
2

5
5
-

16
11
5

19
9
10

5
3
2

5
5
-

37
37
-

35
19
16
7

55
44
11
9

35
34
1
1

30
28
2
2

17
11
6
2

13
12
1
1

5
4
1
1

8
6
2
2

353
116
237
44
91

39.
40.
38.
39.
37.

0
0
5
0
5

00
00
00
00
00

_
_
_

49
14
35
_
16

46
10
36
_
24

56
30
26
13
2

50
9
41
5
24

16
8
8
_
2

22
20
2
1

16
13
3
2

9
_
9
8

6
6
_
_

25
4
21
14

3
2
1
1

-

55
_
55
_
23

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss A-----------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------Nonmanufacturing__________
Public u tilitie s 2

212
140
72
32

39.
40.
38.
39.

5
0
5
0

118.50
122.50
111. 00
119.50

.

.

.

.

.

2

3

10
10
-

47
39
8
1

30
26
4
~

25
3
22
18

16
10
6
6

19
15
4
4

17
16
1
1

7
6
1
1

9
8
1
“

1
_

11
11
_

1
1
_

-

3
-

14
4
10
1

1

2
-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss B----------------------------------M anufacturing______________
Nonmanufacturing--------------Public u tilitie s 2________
Financ e 3

263
128
135
37
70

5
0
5
5
5

100. 50
108. 00
93. 50
107.00
86. 00

_
-

14
6
8
1
2

13
4
9
3
5

23
5
18
10

24
16
8
1
7

37
17
20
4
9

66
47
19
13
6

6
2
4
3
-

20
8
12
9
-

11
10
1
1
-

5
4
1
_

8
6
2
1
1

3
3

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

17

6

9

12

6

12

5

2

.

20

2
2

-

26
26

27
22

18
18

2
1

6
-

4
-

11
5

15
11

-

-

1
-

5
5

24
21
21

7
7
3

11
11
3

14
5
5

63
63
63

15
15
12

.
-

10
-

1
1
1

10

39.
40.
38.
39.
38.

65.
70.
62.
81.
57.

Tabulating-m achine operators,

-

-

"

-

-

-

4

_
-

93

39. 0

82. 00

.

B illers , m achine (billing m achine) —
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------

117
90

39. 0
39. 0

77. 00
74. 00

"

-

B illers , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)____________________________
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Retail trade____________________

157
129
108

40. 0
4 0.0
40. 0

70. 50
68. 50
67. 50

.
-

.
-

"

_
_
“

5

15

9

4
- '•
4

5
5

15
14

9
1
7

-

Women

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble.




4

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

-

5
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P itts b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F -

$80

$85

$90

$95 $ 100 $105 J n o J U 5 JTZ0 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
and

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $ 155 over

17
17

7
5
2

8
4
4

11
5
6

59
10
49
14

44
19
25
10

27
14
13
8

47
32
15
2

12

5

11

12

5

11

$45

$50

$55

$6b T 6 5 ~ ~J70~ $75

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

-

-

11
11
-

22
22
-

7
2
5

72
25
47

82
4
78
14

92
12
80
18

2

$40
W
eekly,
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

6
6

W omen— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine op era to rs,
cla s s A __________________________________

123
63
60

39.0
39.0
39.5

$86.00
79.00
93.50

-

505
141
364
80

38.0
39.5
37.5
38 0

70.50
77.50
67.50
74 00

-

1

-

1

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A ------------------M anufacturing __ __ _ __ ____ ____
N onm anufacturing__ __ __ ____
W holesale trade____________________
Retail tr a d e _____ __ ____ _______

313
94
219
58
70

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.0
38.5

99.00
116.00
92.00
93.00
95.50

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B _______ __ _
M anufacturing________________________
N onm anufacturing_____ __ __
Pu blic utilities 2 _______ __________
W holesale trade____________________
Retail tr a d e ________________________
Finance ------------------------------------------

1,043
395
648
43
123
275
115

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.0
38.0

C lerks, file , cla ss A ______________ __ _
M anufacturing_____________
______
N onm anufacturing_____________________

125
58
67

C lerks, file , c la s s B ____________________
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade____________________
t'inanrp ^

N onm anufacturing_____________________
Bookkeeping-m ach ine op era to rs,
cla ss B ______________________
__ ___
Nonmanufacturing

_ __ ______

_ __

-

7
1
6

26
...' l l "
15
12

5
2
3

1

1
6
1 — 5~
-

50
4
46
11
6

44
3
41
12
15

38
2
36
25
5

30
13
17
4
3

19
14
5

1

6
2
4

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
1

14
14
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

1
_
1
_

_
_
_

_

1

_

-

3

8

3

8

-

-

-

-

27
20
7

18
10
8

9
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

6

14
1
13
6
3

2

7

7

7

-

-

-

-

24
24
11
11

83
83
22
28

49
10
39
9
12
18

132
42
90
2
9
39
14

166
19
147
7
21
94
22

64
14
50
4
32
9

89
39
50
19
16
4

83
35
48
2
14
21
6

64
27
37
6
17
6
2

68
54
14
2
7
4
1

40
21
19
4
10
4

52
45
7
2
2
3

57
49
8
5
3

28
18
10
4
6
_

24
15
9
4
5
_

10
7
3
3

2
2
-

3
3
2

1
_
1
_

3
_
3
_

_

2

1

1

3

-

“

5
5

2
2

14
14

6
6

13
2
11

23
14
9

11
8
3

14
11
3

8
7
1

16
9
7

5
3
2

1
1
-

2
2

5
3
2

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

_
-

12
12
2
9

70
70
10
31

66
1
65
16
19

84
17
67
2
37

64
21
43
4
34

51
24
27
20

37
10
27
8
10

23
8
15
8
6

23
13
10
8
1

24
22
2
1

7
4
3
3

3
3

5
5

42
42
37

28
28
10

31
31
17

63
57
29

18
12

12
-

12
2

4

16
2
14
9

10
6
4
"

8
4
4
-

103
8
95
95

29
13
16
3

28
17
11
3

31
12
19
-

36
6
30
2

9
2
7
"

3
3
-

23
21
2
2

34
34
-

4
2
2
2

1
1
1

13
13
~

3
2
1
1

4
2
2
-

1
1
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

31
31
_
9

9
9
_
_
5

17
10
7
2
1

31
13
18
8
5

71
31
40
8
29

41
17
24
1
_
10

48
23
25
4
2
6

52
37
15
4
4
2

46
29
17
7
5
2

39
17
22
1
14
4

38
15
23
9
_
11

33
22
11
_
6
3

32
22
10
3
2
5

21
13
8
7
1

9
5
4
2

11
11
_

5
4
1

1
_
1

1
_
1

3
2
1

-

78.50
89.50
72.00
96.50
81.00
71.00
62.00

_
_

39.0
40.0
38.0

87.00
93.50
81.50

.
-

464
123
341
62
167

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
37.5

67.00
77.50
63.50
69.50
63.00

C lerks, file , cla s s C___________________
N onm anufacturing________________ —___
Finanrp^

215
177
93

39.0
39.0
38.5

59.50
56.50
55.00

C lerks, o r d e r ___ _
___ _____________
Manufacturing
_
_
N onm anufacturing___ ________________
Retail trade —
_ __ ____ ____

356
148
208
118

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

82.00
93.50
74.00
70.00

C lerks, p a y r o ll—
____
M anufacturing____
_______________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2
W holesale trad e. _ _ _ _ _
Retail trade

551
271
280
38
54
96

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0

87.00
93.00
81.50
100.50
90.50
81.00




42
5
37
2

5
5
-

2

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,

~

11
6
5

-

-

-

-

_
_

12
12
-

9
2
7

_

2

_
_

~

_
1

_
_

_
_

1

1

_

_
1

_
_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

6
T a b le A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a. , Jan u a ry 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly,
hours 1
(S tan d a rd )

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F -

W eekly .
e arnings1
(S tan d a rd )

$40
$45
and
under
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

16

19

20

42

83

33
6
27

16
8
8

34
12
22
6
5

11
3
8
2
4

3
1
2

3

2

1

1

4

6

3

2

1

1

4

5

33
21
12
3
7

12
10
2

25

49
26
23
12
11

“

6

2

3

2

1

1

4

74
50
24
17
2
1
4

87
69
18
9
9

47
21
26
22
2

33
25
8
3

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130

$135 $140

$145 $150

$155
and

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 over

W omen— Continued
C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs_________________
Manufac tur ing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_____________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
Retail trade-------------------------------------

389
87
302
86
166

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph o r D itto)-------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------

56
52

Keypunch op erators, cla s s A -----------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------Public u tilitie s 2___________________

39.
40.
39.
40.
39.

5
0
5
0
5

$80.
90.
77.
73.
79.

50
50
50
50
50

40. 0
40. 0

74. 00
76.00

341
171
170
70

39.
40.
39.
39.

5
0
0
5

91.
92.
89.
97.

00
50
00
00

Keypunch op erators, cla ss B.
M anufacturing-------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------Public u tilitie s 2 ----------W holesale tr a d e ----------F in an ce3 ----------------------

768
318
450

39.
40.
39.
38.
39.
38.

5
0
0
5
5
5

74.
84.
68.
76.
66.
66.

50
00
00
00
00
00

O ffice g i r l s --------------M anufacturing-----Nonmanufacturing.

238

102

148
143
101

137

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0

63. 00
68. 50
59.00
100.00
107.00
93. 50
110. 00
93. 50
85. 00
90. 00

S ecreta ries ----------------M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing—
Public utilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade------F in a n ce 3 ----------

3, 147
1, 580
1, 567
266
358
93
521

39.
40.
38.
39.
39.
40.
37.

5
0
5
5
0
0
5

Stenographers, g e n e r a l-----M anufacturing___________
Nonmanufacturing.
Public u tilitie s 2---------W holesale t r a d e ______
Retail trade-----------------Financ e 3 ______________

2, 432
1, 236
1, 196
330
214
71
379

39.
40.
38.
39.
39.
39.
37.

0
0
5
0
0
0
5

81.
88.
75.
87.
73.
77.
71.

50
00
00
00
50
00
50

Stenographers, senior
M anufacturing-------Nonmanufacturing—
Public utilities 2
W holesale trade

620
303
317
84
105

39.
40.
39.
38.
40.

5
6
5
5
0

91.
92.
90.
102.
94.

50
50
50
00
50

Switchboard o p e ra to rs ----M anufacturing_________
Nonm anufacturing-------Public utilities 2 ----Retail trade------------F in a n ce3 -----------------

489
140
349
63
62
74

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
37.

0
5
0
5
0
5

79.
90.
75.
91.
66.
76.

50
00
00
50
50
50

1
-

-

_

_

_

-

1

16
15

19
4
3

20
17
1

42
14
16

83
28
55

-

4
-

“

17
17

6
6

5
5

9
9

4
4

3
3

-

5
5

2
2

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

_

-

-




_

-

-

-

_

11

64
12
52

_
_

-

_

-

11
_
_

11

_

20
17

_

_

-

-

-

3
-

6
-

22
2
20
-

10
2
8
-

29
11
18
3

28
20
8
4

32
23
9
2

48
31
17
11

77
55
22
20

68
17
51
23

12
7
5
4

48
1
47
10
26
6

94
40
54
4
18
28

114
24
90
19
30
36

74
12
62
11
16
20

93
23
70
21
28
13

57
20
37
16
8
11

53
32
21
16
2
1

53
53

90
89
1
1

9
5
4
3

6
5
1
1

_
_
_
_
_

6
5
1

59
59

30
19
11

81
30
51

14
10
4

19
14
5

7
5
2

3
1
2

3
3
-

12
12
-

3
2
1

10

12

93
10
83
11
19
4
32

189
56
133
4
20
13
53

295
86
209
11
60
19
88

192
46
146
9
47
14
53

372
182
190
24
60
7
55

276
133
143
21
44
7
38

277
160
117
22
23
6
42

401
276
125
37
31
3
38

169
83
86
24
7
2
41

279
212
67
20
13
13

188
150
38
12
8
3
10

130
90
40
36

34
21
13
13

34
33
1

31
30
1

-

-

1
-

-

10
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

2

13

68
2
66

90
37
53

260
76
184
20
62
2
65

304
105
199
55
55
15
74

323
125
198
45
32
27
57

175
85
90
36
23
3
28

197
127
70
40
9
2
15

160
114
46
16
2
2
23

149
102
47
30
7
2
4

212
177
35
33
2
“

2
2

26
15
11

26
1
25

61
20
41
4
14

86
54
32
6
-

60
30
30
7
8

83
39
44
12
10

47
25
22
14
2

47
31
16
9
3

75
22
53
5
48

39
28
11
10
1

24
17
7
7
-

39
14
25
1
8
8

61
25
36
12

48
27
21
6

42
7
35
27

30
12
18
12

41
31
10
4

6
4
2
1

4
4

2
2

10

9

4

5

1

_

_

10

12

37
6
31

_
_

_
_
_

_

24

_
_

24

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

-

1

8
2
11

2
30

226
98
128
6
14
9
69

_

1

3

8
5
3

_
_
_

_

-

_

_

_

1

_

3

17
10
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

16

4

3

19

53

60
3
57

77
11
66

_

_

_

_

4

3

19

53

-

-

_

3

4

10
19

_

-

4
'

1

80
4
76
5
12
3
24

_

9

9

-

_

1

-

_
_
_

_

2
2

_

_

6
3
3
3

3

9

-

-

'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

6

1
1

_
_

-

5
2

-

28
16

-

-

12
7
5
5

4
2
2
2

-

-

1
4

-

-

-

"

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
2
9
8
1

-

-

-

2

6
5
1

6
6

_

-

-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
3
2
1

8

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

8
8
-

-

-

“
_

T able A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a . , J an u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours *
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$40 $45
and
under
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 over

6

19
12
7
5

40
21
19
16

74
38
36
18

30
13
17
8

23
6
17
9

39
5
34
13

31
l6
15
13

31
27
4
4

24
17
7
2

16
1
15
7

8
8

.

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

5
5

31
31

4
4

2
2

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

16
13'
3

4
3

4

8
4
4

6
4
2

3
3
“

-

-

-

-

"

■

_

-

1

24
17
7

-

4

40
7
33
24
9

2
1
1

3
2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

and

W om en— Continued
346
164
182
95

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

$77.50
79.00
76.50
76.50

52
50

40.0
40.0

108.00
109.00

139
72
67

39.5
40.0
39.5

92.00
” 97'. W
86.00

58
51
33

38.0
38.0
37.5

271
58
213
115

T yp ists, cla s s A _________________________
M anufacturing------- —
-----Nonm anufacturing --------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ___________________________
W holesale t r a d e ______________ ____________
F in a n ce3- - _ __ —
— __ —
T yp ists, cla s s B _________________________________ M anufacturing__
Nonm anufacturing-----Public utilities 2-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------—----------R etail trade
_ _ _ _ _
F in a n ce 3------ ------------ -

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ------Manufac tu r i ng____- ______ _____ _______
Nonm anufacturing--- ---- ---- ----------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s A_______ _________________ _______

B
Tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s B ________________ ________ ________ ______ __
M anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _____ _ ------ ---------- __
Tabulating-m achine o p era tors,
c la s s C _____ ______

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p era to rs,
gene r al—______________ ______ ___ ____ ________
M anufacturing— __
W holesale t r a d e -------

2

1

-

-

-

2

1
"

6
“

~

2

-

-

-

"

■

'■

70.00
68.50 ~
64.50

-

1
1

2
2

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

73.50
77.50
72.50
76.50

-

10

9
4
5

650
234
416
49
96
225

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

78.00
84.50
74.50
95.50
87.50
66.00

.

8

-

-

1, 241
404
837
37
274
102
267

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.0
39.5
39.5
37.5

67.50
77.00
63.00
77.00
65.50
65.50
58.00

"

-

10
■

8
-

2

-

72
11
61
-

11
33

"

-

20

"

20

20
12
8

11

-

7

21
1i
9

10
10
10

8

11
11
11

6
2
1

9
9
2

3
3

2
2

4
3

2

g
g

20
6
14
“

36
3
33
19

40
4
36
23

25
8
17
5

38
5
33
24

49
9
40
28

13
5

14
5
9
4

16
9
7
7

1

40

89
11
78
2
10
56

54
20
34
3
10
15

69
49
20
3
2
14

38
30
8
2
2
4

96
67
29
4
2
19

26
16
10
3
6

17
10
7
6
1

59
17
42

238
63
175
13
53
27
41

174
100
74
9
31
19
7

42
18
24
2
8
6
2

57
38
19
5
4

30
19
IT
4

22
15
7
2
2

77
'56
21
20
1

22
16
6
2
4

6
6
-

2
1
1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

10
25

33

66
2
64
1
4
56

192
43
149
59
13
51

148
18
130
44
13
56

158
-

158
49
7
73

-

-

-

4

-

g

4

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

1
1

-

38

1

3

4

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ceive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.




1

2

-

_

40
1

43
2
41

.

8
T a b le A -2.

P rofession a l and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

\Veeklyj
(Standard)

D raftsm en, lea d er—
M anufacturing---D raftsm en, se n io r ____
M anufacturing______
N onmanuf a ctur ing__
Pu blic utilities 2 _
D raftsm en, ju n io r _____
M anufacturing_______
Nonm anufacturing_
_
Pu blic utilities 2 —
T r a c e r s ________________

N urses, industrial (reg istered) —
M anufacturing________________

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$75
$80
Under and
$75 under
$85
$80

363
337

40.0
40.0

$175.00
176.00

1, 428
1, 208
220
51

40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

142.50
144.00
133.50
136.00

662
487
175
45

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

110.00
113.00
102.50

_

53

297
265

-

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $190 $200

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $190 $200 over

-

-

-

-

6
6

2

_

2
2

20
10
10
2

51
22
29
3

50
43
7
2

43
23
20
3

58
53
5
5

62
59

and

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

15
13
2
2

73
50
23

29
12
17

59
38
21

111.00

1
1

1

1

1

80
49
31
5

40.0

81.00

2

28

10

6

5

108.00
108.50

1

2

32
29

25
22

27
24

47
39

5
4

7
3

41
41

8
8

26
24

24
24

14
12

66
57

87
87

21
21

185
168
17
1

88
64
24
"

102
81
21
6

163
145
18
5

105
89
16
3

50
37
13
1

149
135
14
5

112
111
1
1

70
69
1
1

7
4
3
3

14
14

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

48
36
12
7

30
28
2

37
35
2

23
23

6
6

1
1

3
3

_

_

2
2

_

_

1

15
12
3
2

7
3

4
4

4
4

1

2

40.0
40.0

17
17

.

1

16
12

-

-

"

78
64
14
6

91
78
13
5

81
64
17
5

22
20
2
2

39
21
18
12

78
62
16
2

25
25

47
41

44
41

"

"

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




-

9
T a b le A -3.

O ffice, P rofessional, and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n C om bin ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1964)

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

w
eekly 1
earnings1
(Standard)

......
Mnnmannfa rturinn
W holesale t r a d e _-_—__ — __ — — —— — ———
Rpfail f-rarlp

$80.50
90.00
77.50
73.50
79.50

D uplicating-m achine op erators
(M im eograph or D itto)______________________________
__
___________
Maniif^ rturing

81
65

74.00
78.50

Keypunch operators, cla ss A ------------------------------------Manuf actur ing— — — — _— —— — —— —
—
I'injim atuifri rfur in g.

389
203
186
86

91.50
92.50
90.00
98.00

Keypunch operators, cla ss B ____________ ___________
M anufacturing____________ -_______ - ____ — ------Nonmanufacturing_______ _—
— ___ —
—
Pu blic utilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------

798
348
450
102
148
143

75.50
85.00
68.00
76.00
66.00
66.00

O ffice boys and g ir ls -

591
217
374
74
128

64.00
69.50
61.00
74.00
57.00

3, 175
1, 595
1, 580
270
361
93
521

100.00
107.00
93.50
110.00
93.50
85.00
90.00

2, 446
1, 240
1, 206
340
214
71
379

82.00
88.00
75.50
87.50
73.50
77.00
71.50

Stenographers, se n io r-----------------------------------------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------N onmanuf actur ing — — — — ———
———
—— — ——
Pu blic utilities 2 — — — ——— ——— — — —

621

91.50

317
84
105

90.50
102.00
94.50

97.50 Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs-----------------------------------------------104.00
N on m ariu fa d u rin g
„
_________ ___
87.00
111.50
Pu blic utilities 2----- -----------------------------------------92.50
F in a n ce 3 - — _______
81.00 I

489
140
349
63
62
74

79.50
90.00
75.00
91.50
66.50
76.50

$77.50
74.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m ach in e)------------------

161
133
108

70.00
68.50
67.50

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p era to rs , c la s s A ---------------

130
63
67

86.00
79.00
93.00

512
141
371
80

70.5 0
77.50
67.50
74.00

1, 041
570
471
84
138
76
99

115.50
125.50
102.50
122.50
101.00
98.50
92.50

1, 494
647
847
160
178
282
123

87.00
96.50
80.00
112.00
85.00
71.00
63.00

155
67
88

89.00
95.00
84.50

483
136
347
62
167

68.00
78.50
64.00
69.50
63.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s C --------------------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------------..
__

231
181
97

60.00
56.50
55.00

C lerks, o r d e r ____________________ - ____________________ ________ _____
M anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing—______________ -— -------------- ----W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------------------------R etail trade ---------------------------------------------------

569
298
271
133
119

92.50
106.50
77.50
86.00
70.00

C lerk s, payroll

865
520
345
66
64
96

8

N "nm an” f a,'t irr’ Tg
’
r.](>TVp a nrmiyiH ng rlaBR A............
A TTnf r 'tiy r i n g
N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------P u blic u tilities 2 ------------------------------------------------------------------W h r\1 p q ^ I p trarlp
. .
^

..

.

_

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B ----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing
.....
_
..
... . .

p <»ta i 1 fra df»
Finance 3 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------C lerk s, file , c la s s A

-----------------------------------------------------------------

N onm anufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------C lerks

file

"N ^ TVil f R
/T

c la s s B
i" i ri g

___ ____ — — ________
.
.
.
.

__
_

W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_____

/'t’fring
Retail

.

..

Com ptom eter o p e r a t o r s _-__________________________

—

__— — __—

——— —

___— — —

— — __— __- __- __—

— __—

——

—

Nonmanufacturing — ----------------------------------------------------------- -—
Pu blic u t ilitie s 2 -----------------------------------------------------------------w noiesale trade —
Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Stenographers, g e n e r a l______________ —

____ - ______

—

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2— ———__- __—__— __— —
W holesale tr a d e ------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 -------------------- — —

-------------------------------------------------- -

Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly salaries that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.




—

Pu blic u t ilitie s 2_______________________________
Finance ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Se cr etar ie s

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occu pation s— Continued
409
103
306
86
167

121
91

■pi nclT"1

Average
w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

ai

N ber
um
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ----------M anufacturing------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-.
W holesale tr a d e .

346
164
182
95

$77.50
79.00
76.50
76.50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla ss A ----Manufacturing-.
Nonmanufacturing-.
P ublic utilities 2-------------------------------

264
190
74
32

116.50
119.00
110.00
119.50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla ss B—
M anufacturing—
N onmanuf actur ing—
Pu blic utilities 2 _
Finance 3 ------------

402
200
202
42
86

97.50
104.00
91.00
106.50
86.50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
Nonmanufactur ing_.
Pu blic utilities 2--------------------------------------------------

151
95
33

77.50
69.00
64.50

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e op era tors, g e n e r a lM anufacturing—
Nonmanuf actur ing—
W holesale trade -

271
58
213
115

73.50
77.50
72.50
76.50

T yp ists, cla ss A _____
M anufacturing—----N onm anufacturing—
Pu blic utilities 2 _
W holesale t r a d e Finance 3 ________

676
243
433
66
96
225

79.00
85.00
75.50
97.00
87.50
66.00

1, 258
414
844
37
274
103
267

68. Q0
77.50
63.50
77.00
65.50
66.00
58.00

363
337

175.00
176.00

D raftsm en, s e n io r M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing—
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2

1, 441
1, 217
224
55

142.50
144.00
133.50
135.00

Draftsm en, junior M anufacturing—
Nonmanufacturing-.
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2

677
499
178
47

110.00
113.00
102.50
110.50

304
272

108.50
108.50

111

77.00

T ypists, cla ss B —
M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing—_____________
Pu blic utilities 2-------------------W holesale t r a d e -------------------Retail trade__________________
Finance 3 ____________________
P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations
Draftsm en, le a d e r M anufacturing—

a rse s, industrial (reg istered )-.
M anufacturing-------------------------

10
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten an ce and P o w erp la n t O ccu p a tion s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and industry d ivision

$2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $ 3 3 0 $3.70 $ O o
Avenge
hourly .
earning* * Under and
$2.20 under

w

WTZU $4.40

T O

and

$2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $ 3 . 9 0 $4.00 $4.10 $ 4 . 2 0 $4.30 $4.40 $4.50 $4.60 ov er

N onm anufacturing-----------------------------P u blic u tilities 2---------------------------

~

759
600
159
97

$3.11
3 09
3^16
2.79

-

----------E le c tr ic ia n s , m ain ten an ce—
M anufacturing — ____
___ __
N onm anufacturing____ _
______ —
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2---------------------------

2, 174
1, 902
272
194

3.25
3.26
3.19
3.10

E n gin eers, s ta tion a ry --------------------------M anufacturing-----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------------

707
461
246

R etail trade _ __ ~ _______ _ —
F inance 3----------------------------------------

63
70

C a rp en ters, m aintenance------

—

11
2
Q
7

8
8

690
684

3.33
3.33

-

-

2, 199
2, 088
111

3.32
3.34
3.02

“

-

654
340
314
253

3.20
3.31
3.09
3.07

_
“

M echanics, m aintenance
_
~
M anufacturing __
— _
Nonm anufacturing------------------------------

2,882
2, 811
71

3.12
3.12
3.30

-

M illw rig h ts-------. ___
M anufacturing—
-

3.32
1, 013
r t o f FT" — 3737“

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




_

_
2

1

15

2.66
2.70
2.51
2.51

— — —

_
4

1, 975
1, 601
374
336

_

53
28
25

42

14
2

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance)
_ M anufacturing _
Nonm anufacturing---- ------P u blic u tilities 2---------------------------

22
20
2

_
6

414
2.79
------373“ ---- ZTFI

— —

4
4
-

_

_

M achinists, m ain ten an ce— ---M anufacturing
— —
N onm anufacturing--------

159
54
105
100

43
8
35

3.58
3.05

M ach in e-tool o p era tors ,
to o lr o o m _____ ______ ___ __________ ___
Manuf ac tur ing------------------------------------

8
8
-

10
10

.
-

O11K i o ii ti 1i q o ^
I

28
20
8
“

4
4

3.10
3.13
3.05

H elp ers, m aintenance tra d e s----------------

75

17
17
“

.
"

—

53
42
11
2

12
11
1

.
"

~

64
59
5
4

.
■

-

F irem en , station ary b o ile r _ _

86
15
71
71

7
2
5
"

"

-

— T T ----- 7T ----- T

■

248
244
4
1

47
38
9
4

13
12
1
■

33
24
9
8

2
■

26
19
7
7

49
48
1
'

19
16
3
_

33
29
4
“

178
177
1
~

171
167
4
4

421
394
27
3

514
494
20
12

108
73
35
32

125
123
2
~

157
142
15
15

41
41
_

3
3
3

25
25

87
80
7
1

81
51
30

75
41
34
12

36
35
1

68
48
20
13

43
25
18

103
65
38

9
9
-

31
30
1

24
13
11

38

_

1

“

76
63
13

4

184
143
41
35

4
4

-

11
11

2
2

'

“

4
4
~

24
24
■

_
-

_
“

10
5
5
~

24
24
24

-

99
99

2
2

47
47

_

576
570
g

-

.

1

1
24

17

32
63
63
73
36
73“ r~5T“ — r r ~ W T ? 131
125
g
g

519
228
291
288

90
90

74

1
-

3

_
18

59
$3“

“

9
7

1
.

6

6

17

6
-

6
■

17
“

-

-

5
5

-

4
4

-

.
-

4
4

.
-

_

_

_

4

_

.
_

1
~

.

_

■

"

60
60
-

34
34
-

~ 46"
11

10
8
2

3
3

1
1

5
4
1

1
1

.
-

11

3

1

1

1

■
29
4

57

-

_
-

_

13
“ TT

122
114
g

143
143

34
34

80
80

36
36

79
79

26
22

50
50

98
96

87
87

126
126

45
45

66
66

43
43

■

“

“

6
6

2
2

"

■

~

9
9

75
10
65

100
100
~

84
84
~

200
197
3

127
125
2

796
770
26

126
125
1

191
191

120
120
~

17
l6
1

235
222
13

-

90
90

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

~

10
10
"

1
1
1

24
18
6
1

86
29
57
44

33
14
19
6

51
14
37
37

117
94
23
19

108
27
81
81

74
34
40
40

6
5
1

7
6
1

2
2

7
7

103
94
9

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

95
95

80
80

68
68

392
382
10

319
315
4

906
876
30

263
263

113
108
5

247
244
3

133
124
9

22
22

20
20

23
18
5

2
2

47
44
3

.
-

.
-

.
-

"

■

9
9

61
61

402
402

28

53
53

1
1

39
39

208
204

_

_

_

_

25
19
— r r — Z3~

3

28
znr

~

_

140
140

.
-

_

-

.
"

_

4
4
“

.

_

11
T a b le A -4 .

M ain ten an ce and P ow erp la n t O c cu p a tio n s— C on tin u ed

(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Pittsburgh, P a . , January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Avenge
hourly .
earnings1

603
«i*;6

$2.67

P a in ters, m a in ten a n ce— — — ------- _
'Ma nnfa rtn rin g
N onm anufacturing____
______ ____
11+ l i ^
j

407
98
41

2.98
2.96
3.03
3.16

P ip e fitte r s , m a in ten a n ce_______________
M anufacturing— ____
____
N onm anufacturing_____

1, 220
1, 153
67

P lu m b ers, m aintenance— ____
N onm anufacturing- _
_ _ —
_ _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ____ ____ -

$2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 $4.30 $4.40 $4.50 $4.60
Under and
and
$2.20 under
$2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 $4.30 $4.40 $4.50 $4.60 over

14
14

6

1

4
2
2

6

1

6

-

3

3.11
3.11
3.08

"

-

-

-

42
42
“

100
53
27

3.10
2.94
2.91

"

4
4
“

"

5
5
■

Sh eet-m etal w o r k e r s , m aintenance____
M anufacturing— _

168
146

3.24
3.24

.

.

'

•

T o o l and die m a k ers — —
----M anufacturing_
— —

872
813

3.37
3.41

O il e r s ------------------- --------------- ~

- ------

— -

.

11

97
85

212

53

31

85
61

47
38
9

48
42
6
1

152
n>Tr
2

-

89
78
11

28
28
“

2
2
"

■

17
l6
16

7
6
5

.

.

.

-

"

15
9

.

-

62
4

2
2

12

13
2
ii
10

6
— T*

E x clu d es prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate.




36

—W

58
58
22
17
5

17
5
12
3

23
6
14
6

20
$
15
15

7
b
i

30
24
6
6

132
127
5

588
556
32

90
82
8

49
49
-

34
32
2

5
5

12
-

-

5
~

11
“

6
5
"

5
6
5 — V
4
~

5
5

23
20

41
39

42
42

11
9

9
9

184
183

22
22

151
151

32
32

4

1

4

_

_

_

1

_

_

-

_

_

_

66
65
1

"

84
84
“

3
3

-

10
10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
2

-

-

10
■

1
1
~

■

“

■

“

-

'

-

5
4

14
6

"

6
6

2
2

2
2

1
1

_

-

"

1
1

~

-

-

82
82

50
50

21
21

240
240

.

2
2

.

.

.

.

4
4

.

5
5

.

12
T a b le A - 5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu pation s

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and industry d ivision

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n ge r
(m e n )__________________________________
E levator o p e r a to r s , p assen ger
(wom en)
G uards and w a tch m e n ____________ _____
M anufacturing_______________________
G u a r d s ____________________________

Number
of
worker*

$ 1 . 2 0 $1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $ 1 . 60 $1. 70 $ 1 . 80 $1. 90 $ 2 .
Average
hourly
and
earnings . Under
$ 1 . 2 0 under
$1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $ 1 . 60 $1. 70 $ 1 . 80 $1. 90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 .

136
130

$1. 95
1. 92

-

134
97

1. 76
1.70

2, 199
1,554
1,422
1 32
645

2.
2.
2.
?
1.

2 . 10
2 . 28

R etail trade ______________________
F inance 4 __________________________

3, 858
2,057
1,801
237
117
410
544

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(w om en)________________________________
M anufactur ing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
R etail t r a d e ______________________
F inance 4 __________________________

1,413
1, 123
146
145
505

L a b o r e r s , m a teria l han dling__________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufactur ing___________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
W holesale trade
R etail t r a d e ______________________

4 ,0 5 8
2,479
1,579
356
830
358

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

50
52
47
81
45
28

O rder f ille r s
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
W h olesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade ______________________

1,366
419
947
438
509

2.
2.
2.
2.
3.

76
50

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en )_______________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing.. ________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail t r a d e ______________________

1,214
1,030
184
108
76

2.

N onm anufacturing___________________
J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs
(m e n )__________________________________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
1A inl
/V

290

37
63
65
43
74

5
5

9
9

3
3

1
1

1
1

22
22

18
-

258
-

54
-

14
-

7
-

25
-

20

73
28
- — r
28
67

70
9

267
267

62

55

1. 88

2.
1.
1.
1.

10

10

28
-

47
5

38

14
36

13

2

2

11

1. 68
2. 02

20
20

85
13
72
-

230

1.

60
1 . 82
1. 54
1. 67

88

59
13

18

61

$2 .

20

$2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 . 60 $2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00 over

2

2

60
4

53

2

8

7
7

_

_

.

59

20

82
30
24

235
216
177
39
19

129

-

4
-

68

20
20

80
40
9

170
138
129
Q
32

198
190
173
17

478
472
472

8

6

37

430
351
79

30 3
240
63
62

93
62
31
31

65

4
4

34
34

4
-

39

320
106
T5~
28
292
90
1
7
9

205
47

9

294

456
59
397
83
4
305

55
51
4

12

20

136
30"
106
4
19
51

4

52

507
90
417
29

230
146
84
39
18

361

16

11

10

-

.

41
41

128
74
54

52
52

456
198
258

75
46
29

435
328
107
67

.
54

14
35

224
34

29

22

2

.
41

456
339
117
16
92

17

8

2

no

87

8
10

54
4
50

51
36
15

242
205
37

-

2

10

21

14
14

30
30

32
13
19

35
30
5

4

_
14

.
15

_
9

5

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
5
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

18

10

48

_
-

_
-

10

75
55

10

20

10

10

48
48
-

492
482

-

.
"

6

6

_

10

-

8

85
17

79
29
50

17
3

63
63
7
56

70
14
56
52
4

_

_

_

_

487

_

24

_

7

_

2
2

5

.

19

-

-

2
-

5

-

34
9
25

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

12
-

-

5

-

-

7

12

5

-

8
102

7

25

2

17
9
7

.
.

4
4
4

3
.
-

.
.

14

1

5

2

-

-

3

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

2

-

-

1

_
-

1

-

1

2

_

5
-

1

2

_

-

-

-

6

1

.
-

_

1

_

-

-

-

7

1

6
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

460
325
135
7
128
-

93
51
42
17
23

75
43
32
23
9

64
9
55
55
-

319

136

10

68
68

8
2

38
38
38

109
90
19
19

29

100

34
34
-

21

-

99
46
53
48
5

35

33
3
30
28

10

85

172
172
172

65
65
65

.
-

65
58
7
7

8
8

.
-

_
-

_
-

34
33

52
27
25
25

552
411
141
24
117
“

2

-

-

375
304
71
4
64

.

2

3

_

49
46
3
3
.

_

10

104
159

5
-

2

2
2

1

16
4
4
-

20

255
241
235

3

-

10

104
67
67

-

“

70
60

4
4

_

1

29
25
4

_
5

3

-

5

12 0

6

5

6

1
1

9

2

_

22
11

9
9

23
3

6

_

1
1

20

8

-

1100

2

12
2

16

_
-

54
39
15
14

1039
61
17
14
9

6

_
-

-

40
17
23
19
_

2

$2. 70 $ 2 . 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 40 $3. 60 $3. 80 $4. 00

37

14
14

21

2 92

60

-

12

1

$2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $ 2 .

67
67

14
14

4

20

and

16

-

-

2.
2.
2.
2.

10

5 20

_
-

60
64
56
58
61

$2 .

7
7
3
4

10
220

-

1. 98

10

47
47
4

-

26
2. 27
2 . 20
2. 27
2 . 10

2.

$2 .

6

25

32
87
70
99

-

20

7

539




-

14

452
230

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

-

54

R eceiving c l e r k s _______________________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onm anufacturing___________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade ______________________

99
104

-

258

P a c k e r s , shipping (w o m e n )____________

222

7
7

00

1

226

5

16

77
149
104
45

85
82
3
3

99
99
-

30
23
7
7

11

12

2
-

53
29
24

72
53
19
19

2

11

11

24
24
“

-

-

2

68

-

-

-

-

2

72
72
72
5
5
-

2

-

1

_
-

50
50
-

13
5

82
82
-

9
9
-

67
61

2

7
4
3

4
4
-

2

-

-

1

10
10

-

8
8

1

12

73
73
10
10

-

.

5

33
7
26
15

2

219
219
.

8
21

21
1

1
1

6
-

6

1
1
-

10

10

1
1

8

1

-

5
-

5

25

1

-

-

25

1

-

-

-

5

25

1

13
T a b le A - 5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tio n s— C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O cc u p a tio n 1 and industry division

Number
of

Shipping c l e r k s _________________________
M anufacturing_____________________ - _
N onm anuf a c tu r ing____________________
W h olesale t r a d e __________________

374
254

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s _________
N onmanuf actur ing____________________
R etail tra d e----------------------------------T r u c k d riv e r s 6 __________________________
Manuf actur ing_______________________
N onm anufacturing____________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
W h olesale t r a d e __________________
R etail tra d e----------------------------------T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
IV2 to n s )-___________________________
Manuf actur ing____________________
N onm anuf a c tu r ing________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium ( 1 V2 to
and including 4 t o n s )_______________
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing________________
P u b lic u tilities 3 ______________
WVirtlpcale tr arlp
R etail tra d e— ________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e )_______________________
M a nn fa rh irin g
N onm anuf a ctur ing ___ -___________
P u b lic u tilities 3 _______________
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r typ e)____________

$ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $ 2 . 9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00
Average
hourly , Under and
earnings
and
$ 1 . 2 0 under
$1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.40 $3.60 $3.80 $4.00 over

80

$2.71
2.79
2.53
2.54

-

176
143
51

2.58
2.55
2.34

-

104
321
783
442
621
679

3.03
3.07
3.01
2.97
2.91
3.21

-

6

352
112

2.75
2.90

-

-

240

2.68

2, 157
749
1, 408
824
358

2.99
3.22
2.87
2.91
2.83
2.76

120

4,
1,
2,
1,

201

1, 017
177
840
491

3.25
2 8Q
3.32
3.12

268
196
1, 906
1, 706
200
62
87

2.70
2.63
3.27
3.12
3.60

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
f o r k lif t ) _______________________________
M anufacturing________________________

1, 098
1 , 062

2.91
2.92

_
-

“

_

_

-

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

2

17

17
15

25

27

2

-

12

10

11

17

2

2

-

2
2

12

-

-

13
9

17
15

6
6

3
3

3
-

6

1

_

_

-

-

_
-

5

-

9

6

16

5

9

6

16

4

8
8

_
-

6

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

5
5

6

-

-

10

6

6

9
9

-

10

-

10

-

-

-

6

_
8

-

10
2

-

8

8

1
2
3
4
5
6

44
35
9

51
38
13

12

-

8

43
43
9

11

20

4
4

“

6
1

37
9
28
60
60

7

12 1
21
100

23
60
16

2

_
_

-

50
50

164

-

-

150
75
75
19
56

192
27
165
25
40

39
15
24
-

100

-

560
_
560
515
30
15

6

11
11

-

6

-

17
17
-

7
7
-

-

48

388
27
361
265
84

-

6

-

-

-

-

6

6

-

6

-

-

-

-

12

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40

46
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and late shifts.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

216
216
-

28
26
2

-

1

-

~

52
52

-

14
14

-

48
47

_
_

_
_

-

-

_
_
_
-

12

166

-

16
16
-

_

90
67
23
-

33
33
-

6

-

_
-

247
124
123
118
5

9
4
5

6

_

_
_
-

-

30
15

6

_

126
_
126
48
_
78

_

_

-

6

-

23

471
256
215
215

_

7

12

-

_
-

-

8

12

-

-

_

_

9
9

432
256
176
3
148
24

-

_

_

-

32
13

1049
18
1031

-

_
-

_

2

107
23
84
48

-

_

-

-

“

519
182
337
32
54
251

-

-

6

~

8
8

344
269
75
19
56
-

-

-

2
2

12

470
59
411
266
133

-

_

9
3

2

18

14

6

6
2

1

20

1

16
16
-

_
-

10

6

7

3
2

35
34

4

-

3

1
1

-

15
7

11

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E x clu des prem iu m pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
F in an ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
A ll w o rk e rs w ere at $1.10 to $1.20.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s of size and type of truck operated.




1

_
4

17
4

-

32
31

14
9
5
_
4

21

6

43
29
14

24
7
17
17
-

21
8

19
15
10

13

6

-

11
11

8

2.93
2.90

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift ) _____________
M anufacturin g-____________ _______ ___
N onm anufacturing— ----------- ----------P u b lic u tilities 3 __________________
R etail trade _____________________

11

-

26
26
-

986

309
200

109
84
24

75
67

246
245

8

1

_
16
5

_

-

_
_

8

1

-

-

11

217

126

_

11

214
-

126
48

-

4

60
60

4

8
8

-

-

23
19
2

48

29

79
58
21

-

6

-

441
18
423
423

9

112

112

6
6

_

3

6

3
1

“

18
18

85
85

26
18

2
25
6
19
1
-

56
48
8
8
-

67
28
39
39
-

42
18
24
12
-

98
94
4
_
4

23
23
_
23

40
40
_
40

6
6
_
6

2

64
64

86
84

148
148

72
72

57
56

6

15
15

237
236
1
1
-

257
242
15
1
13

332
315
17
-

170
169
1
_
-

245
245
-

93
81

44
30

88
88

295
294

62
62

2




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T he primary pu rpose o f preparin g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s for the B ureau ’ s w age s u rv e y s is to a s s i s t its
fie ld s t a ff in c la s s ify in g into a p p ropriate o c c u p a tio n s w ork ers who are em p loyed under a va riety o f p a y r o ll
t it le s

and d iffe re n t

work

arrangem ents

T h is perm its the grou pin g o f
o f th is

em p h a sis on

from

e s ta b lis h m e n t

to

e s ta b lis h m e n t and from

area to area .

o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e ra tes re p re se n tin g com p a ra b le jo b c o n te n t.

in te resta b lis h m en t

and in terarea

co m p a ra b ility o f

B ecau se

o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the Bu­

rea u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s may d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly from th o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts or th o s e
p rep ared for oth er p u rp o se s. In a p p ly in g th ese jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B ureau ’ s fie ld e c o n o m is t s are in ­
stru cte d to e x c lu d e w orking s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n tic e s , le a rn e rs, b e g in n e rs, tra in e e s, h a n d ica p p e d , part-tim e,
tem porary, and p robation ary w ork ers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R , M ACH IN E

B O O K K E EPIN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P re p a re s s ta te m e n ts , b il ls , and in v o ic e s on a m ach in e oth er
than an ord in ary or e le c t r o m a tic ty pew riter. May a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b illin g s or sh ip p in g c h a r g e s or perform other c le r ic a l work in c id e n ta l
to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F or w a ge study p u rp oses, b ille r s , m a ch in e, are
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :

O perates a b o o k k e e p in g m achine (R em ington R and, E llio tt
F is h e r, Sundstrand, B urroughs, N a tion a l C ash R e g is te r , with or w ithout
a typew riter k ey b oa rd ) to k e e p a re co rd o f b u s in e s s tra n sa ctio n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e co rd s requiring a k n ow led g e o f
and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s and fam iliarity with
the structure o f the p a rticu la r a cco u n tin g sy stem u s e d . D eterm ines
proper re co rd s and d istrib u tion o f d e b it and cred it item s to be u sed
in e a ch ph a se o f the w ork. May prepare c o n s o lid a t e d rep orts, b a l­
a n ce s h e e ts , and oth er re c o r d s by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )• U ses a s p e c ia l b illin g ma­
ch in e (M oon H o p k in s , E llio tt F ish e r, B urroughs, e t c . , w h ich are
co m b in a tio n ty p in g and a ddin g m a ch in es) to prepare b ills and in ­

v o i c e s from c u s t o m e r s ’ p u rch a se ord ers, in tern ally p repared ord e rs,
sh ip p in g m em orandum s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p re d e ­
term in ed d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g ch a rg es and entry o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ich may or may not be com puted on the b illin g ma­
c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich are a u tom a tica lly a ccu m u la ted b y m a ch in e.
T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la rg e number o f ca rb on c o p ie s o f
the b il l b e in g p rep a red and is often done on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e.

C l a s s B . K e e p s a re cord o f on e or more p h a se s or s e c tio n s o f
a s e t o f re c o r d s u s u a lly requ iring little k n ow led g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k eep in g .
P h a s e s or s e c t io n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y roll,
cu s to m e rs ’ a c c o u n ts (n ot in clu d in g a sim p le type o f b illin g d e s crib e d

under b ille r , m a ch in e), c o s t d istrib u tio n , e x p e n s e d istrib u tion , in­
ventory co n tro l, e t c . May c h e c k or a s s i s t in preparation o f trial
b a la n c e s and prepare co n tro l s h e e ts for the a cco u n tin g departm ent.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e (S u n dstrand, E llio tt F ish e r, R em ington R and, e t c . , w h ich
may or may n ot h a v e ty p ew riter keyboard) to prepare c u s to m e r s 9
b il ls a s part o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le op era tion . G e n e ra lly in ­
v o lv e s the s im u lta n e o u s entry o f fig u res on c u s to m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
ord. T h e m a ch in e a u to m a tica lly a ccu m u la tes fig u r e s on a number
o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s and com p u tes and u su a lly p rin ts a u to m a tica lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a la n c e s . D o e s not in v olv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W orks from uniform and standard ty p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d it s l i p s .




C L E R K , A CC O U N TIN G
C l a s s A . Under g en era l d ire ctio n o f a b ook k eep er or a c c o u n t­
ant, has r e s p o n s ib ilit y for k eep in g on e or more s e c t io n s o f a com ­
p le te se t o f b o o k s or re co rd s relatin g to on e ph a se o f an e s ta b lis h ­
m ent’ s b u s in e s s tra n s a c tio n s . Work in v o lv e s p o stin g and balan cin g
su b sid iary le d g e r or le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a ccou n ts

15

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s or v o u ch e rs w ith proper a c ­
cou n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; and req u ires judgm ent and e x p e r ie n c e in
m aking proper a s s ig n a t io n s and a llo c a t io n s . May a s s i s t in p reparin g,
a d ju stin g , and c lo s i n g
cou n tin g c le r k s .

jou rn a l e n tr ie s ; and may d ir e c t c la s s B a c ­

C l a s s B . U nder s u p e r v is io n , perform s on e or m ore rou tin e a c ­
co u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o s tin g sim p le jou rn a l v o u c h e r s or a c ­
co u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , en terin g v o u ch e rs in v o u c h e r r e g is t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g bank a c c o u n t s ; and p o s tin g su b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n ­
tro lle d by g e n e ra l le d g e r s , or p o s tin g sim p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g data.
T h is jo b d o e s n ot req u ire a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g and b o o k ­
k e e p in g p r in c ip le s but i s fou n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich the m ore rou tin e
a c c o u n tin g w ork is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n ctio n a l b a s is am ong s e v e r a l
w ork ers.

C L E R K , F IL E
C l a s s A , In an e s t a b lis h e d filin g sy stem c o n ta in in g a number
o f v a ried s u b je c t m atter f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s file m aterial
su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , re p o rts , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c . May
a ls o file th is m a teria l. May k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a rio u s ty p es in c o n ­
ju n ctio n w ith the f i l e s . May le a d a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file
c le r k s .

C l a s s B # S o rts, c o d e s , and f i le s u n c la s s if ie d m a teria l by sim ­

p le (s u b je c t m atter) h e a d in g s or partly c l a s s i f i e d m aterial b y fin er
su b h e a d in g s .
P re p a re s s im p le re la te d in d e x and c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e
a id s .
A s r e q u e s te d , l o c a t e s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m aterial in fi le s
and forw ards m a teria l. May perform re la te d c le r ic a l ta s k s requ ired
to m aintain and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

C L E R K , ORDER

R e c e iv e s c u s to m e r s 'o r d e r s for m aterial o r m e rch a n d ise by m ail,
p h on e, or p e rso n a lly . D u ties in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Q uoting p r ic e s to cu stom ers; m aking ou t an order s h e e t lis t in g the item s
to make up the order; c h e ck in g p r ic e s and q u a n titie s o f item s on order
sh e e t; and distribu tin g order s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e departm en ts to be
fille d . May ch eck with cre d it departm ent to determ in e c r e d it ratin g o f
cu stom er, a ck n ow led g e r e c e ip t o f o rd ers from cu s to m e r s , fo llo w u p o r d e r s
to s e e that they h ave been fille d , k e e p f i le o f o rd ers r e c e iv e d , and c h e c k
sh ip p in g in v o ic e s with o rig in a l ord e rs.

CLERK, PAYROLL
C om putes w a g e s o f com pan y e m p lo y e e s and en ters th e n e c e s ­
sary data on the p a y ro ll s h e e ts . D u ties in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s '
earn in gs b a sed on tim e or p rod u ction r e c o r d s ; and p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d
data on p a y roll s h e e t, sh ow in g in form ation su ch a s w o r k e r 's n am e, w ork­
ing d a y s , time, rate, d e d u c tio n s for in s u ra n ce , and tota l w a g e s du e.
May make ou t p a y c h e c k s and a s s i s t paym a ster in m aking up and d is ­
tributing pay e n v e lo p e s . May u s e a c a lc u la tin g m a ch in e.

C O M P TO M E T E R O P E R A T O R
Primary duty is to op era te a C om ptom eter to perform m athem a­
tic a l com p u ta tion s. T h is jo b is n ot to b e c o n fu s e d w ith that o f s t a t is ­
tic a l or other type o f cle r k , w h ich may in v o lv e freq u en t u s e o f a C om p­
tom eter but, in w h ich , u s e o f th is m ach in e i s in c id e n ta l to p erform a n ce
o f oth er d u tie s .

D U PLIC A TIN G -M AC H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EOG RAPH O R D IT T O )
C . P erform s rou tin e filin g o f m aterial that h a s a lrea d y
b een c l a s s i f i e d or w h ich is e a s ily c la s s if i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l
c la s s if i c a t io n s y ste m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, or numer­
ic a l ) .
A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s re a d ily a v a ila b le m aterial in f i l e s
and forw ards m a teria l; and m ay fill ou t w ithdraw al ch a rg e . P e r ­
form s s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual ta s k s requ ired to m aintain and
s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C la ss




Under gen era l s u p e rv is io n and with n o su p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i­
b ilit ie s , rep rod u ces m u ltiple c o p ie s o f typew ritten or h andw ritten m atter,
u sin g a Mimeograph or D itto m ach in e. M akes n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en t su ch
a s for ink and paper fe e d cou n ter and c y lin d e r s p e e d . Is n ot req u ired to
prepare s te n c il or D itto m aster. May k e e p file o f u s e d s t e n c il s or D itto
m a sters. May sort, c o ll a t e , and s ta p le co m p le te d m a teria l.

17
KEYPU NCH O P E R A T O R

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

C l a s s A . O p e ra te s a n u m erical a n d /o r a lp h a b e tic a l or co m b in a ­

tion k ey p u n ch m a ch in e to tra n scrib e data from v a riou s s o u r c e d o c u ­
m ents to k ey p u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s .

P erform s sam e ta sk s a s low er

l e v e l k ey p u n ch o p e ra to r but, in a d d ition , work re q u ire s a p p lic a tio n o f
c o d in g s k il ls and the m aking o f som e d eterm in a tion s, for e x a m p le ,

m aking ph one c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l and im portant or c o n fid e n tia l
m a il, and w riting rou tin e c o r r e s p o n d e n c e on own in itia tiv e ; and taking
d icta tio n (w here tra n scrib in g m a ch in e is not u s e d ) eith er in shorthand
or by S ten oty p e or sim ila r m a ch in e, and tra n scrib in g d icta tio n or the
re co rd e d in form ation re p ro d u ce d on a tra n scrib in g m a ch in e. May prepare
s p e c ia l reports or m em orandum s for in form ation o f su p e rio r.

l o c a t e s on the s o u r c e docu m en t the item s to be pu n ch ed ; e x tr a c ts
in form a tion from s e v e r a l d ocu m en ts; and s e a r c h e s for and in terp rets
in form a tion on the d ocu m en t to determ ine in form ation to be p u n ch ed .

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Prim ary duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a normal

May train in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e ra to rs.

routine

v o ca b u la ry from on e or m ore p e rso n s eith er in shorthand or by S ten otype
or sim ilar m a ch in e; and tra n scrib e d ic t a tio n . May a ls o typ e from written
C l a s s B . U nder c l o s e

du res or in s tr u c tio n s ,
p u n ch ed c a r d s .
b in a tio n

tra n s crib e s data

from s o u r c e d ocu m en ts to

O p e ra te s a num erical a n d /o r a lp h a b e tic a l or co m ­

k ey p u n ch

v e r ify c a r d s .

s u p e r v is io n or fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e ­

m ach in e

to

keypun ch

ta b u la tin g

card s.

May

copy.

May m aintain f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , or perform other re la ­

t iv e ly rou tin e c le r i c a l ta s k s .

May o p e ra te from a

D o e s n ot in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

s te n o g ra p h ic p o o l.

(S ee tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e

o p e ra to r.)

W orking from v a rio u s sta n d a rd ized s o u r c e d o cu m e n ts,

fo l lo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h ave b een c o d e d or p r e s c r ib e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R ,S E N IO R

in d e t a il and re q u ire lit t le or no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , or in terp retin g o f

Prim ary duty is to take d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a ried te c h n ic a l

data to be p u n ch e d . P ro b le m s a risin g from e rron eou s item s or c o d e s ,

or s p e c ia l iz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie fs or rep orts on s c ie n t ific

m is s in g in form a tion , e t c . , are referred to s u p e rv is o r.

resea rch from on e or more p e rs o n s eith er in sh orth an d or by S ten otype or
sim ilar m a ch in e; and tra n scrib e d ic ta tio n .
copy.

O F F IC E B O Y O R G IR L

May a ls o ty p e from w ritten

May a ls o s e t up and m aintain f i l e s , k e e p

record s, etc.

OR

P erform s v a r io u s rou tin e d u tie s su ch as running erra n d s, o p e ra ­
ting m inor o f f i c e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a le r s or m a ile rs, op en in g and d is ­
trib u tin g m a il, and oth er m inor c le r i c a l w ork.

SECRETARY
P erform s
a d m in istra tiv e

or

s e c r e ta r ia l

and c le r ic a l d u tie s for a su p erior in an

e x e c u t iv e p o s it io n .

D u ties in c lu d e m aking a p p o in t­

m ents for s u p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le com in g into o f f i c e ; a n sw erin g and




P erform s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s requ irin g s ig n ific a n tly greater
in d e p e n d e n ce and r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g ra p h e rs, g en era l as e v i ­
d e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g :
Work re q u ire s high d eg ree o f sten og ra p h ic
s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th orou gh w ork in g k n ow led g e o f gen era l b u s i­
n e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e s and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s ,
o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w ork flow , e t c .
U se s th is
k n ow led g e in perform in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l
ta sk s su ch a s , m ain tain in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m aterial for
rep orts, m em orandum s, le t te r s , e t c . ; c o m p o s in g sim p le le tte rs from g en eral
in s tr u c tio n s ; rea d in g and rou tin g in co m in g m a il; and a n sw erin g rou tin e
q u e s tio n s , e t c . D o e s n o t in c lu d e tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

18

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a s in g le - or m u lt ip le -p o s itio n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in tra p la n t or o f f i c e
c a l l s . May re co rd t o ll c a l l s and take m e s s a g e s . May g iv e in form a tion
to p e r s o n s w h o c a ll in , or o c c a s i o n a l l y take te le p h o n e o r d e r s .
F or
w ork ers w h o a ls o a c t a s r e c e p t io n is t s s e e s w itc h b o a r d o p e ra to rr e c e p t io n is t .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R -C o n t in u e d
C l a s s C. O p era tes sim p le ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c c o u n t ­
ing m a ch in es su ch as the s o rte r, rep ro d u cin g p u n ch , c o lla t o r , e t c . ,
with s p e c if ic in s tr u c tio n s . May in c lu d e s im p le w irin g from d iagram s
and som e filin g w ork. T he w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o rtio n s o f a
work unit, for e x a m p le, in d iv id u a l s o r tin g or c o lla t in g runs or re­

p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p erform in g d u tie s o f op e ra to r on a s in g le p o s i ­
tion or m on itor-ty p e s w itc h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t and m ay a ls o ty p e
or perform rou tin e c l e r i c a l w ork a s part o f regu lar d u tie s . T h is ty p in g
or c le r i c a l work may tak e th e m a jor part o f th is w o rk e r’ s tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e ra te s a v a rie ty o f ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g su ch m a ch in e s a s the tabu­
la to r, c a lc u la t o r , in terp reter, c o lla t o r , and o th e r s . P erform s c o m ­

p le t e rep ortin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith ou t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , and perform s
d iffic u lt w irin g a s req u ired . T h e c o m p le te rep ortin g and ta b u la tin g
a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a riety o f lon g and c o m p le x re ­
p orts w h ich o fte n are o f irreg u la r or n on recu rrin g type req u irin g
som e p la n n in g and s e q u e n c in g o f s te p s to be ta k en .
A s a m ore
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r , is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g n ew o p e r a ­
tors in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , or p a rtia lly trained o p e r a to r s in w irin g
from diagram s and o p e ra tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g and c o m p le x rep orts.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s perform in g ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e
o p e r a tio n s a n d d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w ork and p ro d u ctio n
o f a grou p o f ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e ra to rs .
C l a s s B # O p e ra te s m ore d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g or e le c t r ic a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a ch in e s su ch a s the tabu lator and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d ition
to the s o rte r, re p ro d u ce r, and c o lla t o r . T h is w ork is perform ed under
s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s and m ay in c lu d e the p erform a n ce o f som e w ir­
in g from d ia g ra m s. T h e w ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , for e x a m p le , tabu ­
la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e titiv e a-c cou n tin g e x e r c is e , a c o m p le te but
sm a ll ta b u la tin g s tu d y , or parts o f a lo n g e r and m ore c o m p le x rep ort.
Such reports and s tu d ie s are u s u a lly o f a recu rrin g nature w here
the p ro ce d u re s are w e ll e s t a b lis h e d . May a ls o in c lu d e the trainin g
o f n ew e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic o p era tion o f the m a ch in e.




T R A N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
Primary duty is to tra n s crib e d ic t a tio n in v o lv in g a n orm al rou­
tine v oca b u la ry from tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e r e c o r d s . May a ls o ty p e from
w ritten c o p y and do s im p le c le r ic a l w ork . W orkers tra n scrib in g d ic t a tio n
in v o lv in g a v aried te c h n ic a l or s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l
b r ie fs or reports on s c ie n t i f i c r e s e a r c h are n ot in c lu d e d . A w ork er w h o
tak es d icta tio n in shorthand or by S ten oty p e or s im ila r m a ch in e is
c l a s s i f i e d a s a sten og ra p h er, g e n e ra l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a typew riter to m ake c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m aterial or to
m ake ou t b ills after c a lc u la tio n s h a v e b e e n m ade by an oth er p e r s o n .
May in c lu d e typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts, or s im ila r m a teria ls for u se in
d u p lica tin g p r o c e s s e s .
May do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l
trainin g, su ch as k eep in g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r ts , or
sortin g and d istribu tin g in com in g m a il.

C l a s s A. P erform s o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
T y p in g m a­
teria l in fin a l form when it in v o lv e s co m b in in g m aterial from s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s err r e s p o n s ib ilit y for c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n c ­
tu ation , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l or u n u su a l w ord s o r fo re ig n la n g u a g e ma­
te ria l; and planning la y ou t and ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t i c a l

ta b le s to m aintain uniform ity and b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
May typ e
routine form letters varyin g d e t a ils to s u it c ir c u m s ta n c e s .

C l a s s B. P erform s o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : C o p y ty p in g
from rough or c le a r d ra fts; rou tin e ty p in g o f form s, in su ra n ce p o l­
i c i e s , e t c .; and settin g up s im p le stan dard ta b u la tio n s , or c o p y in g
m ore co m p le x ta b le s a lrea d y s e t up and s p a c e d p ro p e rly .

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued
P la n s and d ir e c t s a c t iv it ie s o f on e or m ore draftsm en

L ea d er.

J u n io r

in p rep a ra tion o f w ork in g p la n s and d e ta il d raw in gs from rough or
p relim in a ry s k e t c h e s for en g in eerin g , co n s tr u c tio n , or m anufacturing

m anufacturing p u r p o s e s .

p u rposes.

requ ired.

D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Inter­

p retin g b lu e p r in ts , s k e t c h e s , and w ritten or v e rb a l o rd e rs; d eter­

by

(a ssista n t).

prepared

D raw s to s c a le units or parts o f draw ings

draftsm an or oth ers for e n g in eerin g , co n s tr u c tio n , or
U s e s v a rio u s ty p e s o f

d raftin g to o ls as

May prepare draw in gs from sim ple p la n s or s k e t c h e s , or

perform oth er d u tie s under d ir e c tio n o f a draftsm an.

m inin g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n in g d u tie s to su b o rd in a te s and in ­
s p e c t in g th eir w ork ; and perform ing more d iffic u lt p rob lem s.

May

a s s i s t s u b o r d in a te s during e m e r g e n c ie s or as a reg u la r a ssig n m en t,
or perform r e la te d d u tie s o f a su p erv isory or a d m in istra tiv e n atu re.

N U RSE , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d nurse

who g iv e s nursin g s e r v ic e under gen era l

m ed ica l d ir e c tio n to i l l or in ju red e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s who b e ­
com e i l l or su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p rem ises o f a fa cto ry or oth er e s ta b ­
lish m en t. D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g fir s t aid

P r e p a r e s w ork in g p la n s and d e ta il d raw in gs from n o te s ,

to the i l l or in ju red ; a tten d in g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ­

rou gh or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s for en g in eerin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , or manu­

ju rie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a tie n ts trea ted; preparin g a c c id e n t rep orts for

S e n io r .

fa ctu rin g p u r p o s e s .

D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

P rep a rin g w ork in g p la n s , d e ta il dra w in g s, m aps,

com p en sa tion or oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s is t in g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and

c r o s s -s e c tio n s ,

health e v a lu a tio n s o f a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and pla n n in g and carry­

e t c . , to s c a l e by u s e o f drafting in stru m en ts; m aking e n g in eerin g

in g out program s in v o lv in g h ealth e d u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p rev en tion , ev a lu ­

c o m p u ta tio n s

ation o f plan t en viron m en t, or oth er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e l­

su ch

as

th o se

in v o lv e d

in

stren gth o f m a teria ls,

b e a m s , and t r u s s e s ; v e r ify in g co m p le te d w ork, c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s ,

fare, and s a fe ty o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.

m a te ria ls to be u s e d , and q u a n titie s ; w riting s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; and
m akin g a d ju stm e n ts or ch a n g e s in draw ings or s p e c if ic a t i o n s .

May

ink in lin e s and le tte r s on p e n c il d raw in gs, prepare d e ta il units o f
c o m p le te d ra w in g s , or tra ce d ra w in gs.
c ia liz e d
stru ctu ra l

f i e ld

su ch

as

a rch itectu ra l,

Work is freq u en tly in a s p e ­
e le c t r ic a l, m e c h a n ic a l, or

d r a ftin g .

TRACER
C o p ie s
p la n s
and d raw in gs prepared by oth e rs, by p la c in g
tracing c lo th or paper o v e r draw ing and tra cin g w ith pen or p e n c il. U s e s
T -s q u a re , c o m p a s s , and oth er draftin g t o o l s . May prepare sim p le draw­
in g s and d o sim p le le tte rin g .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s the carpentry d u ties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t and m ain­
tain in g o o d rep a ir b u ild in g w oodw ork and equipm ent su ch a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d o o r s , flo o r s , s ta irs , c a s in g s , and trim
m ade o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f work from b lu ep rin ts, dra w in g s, m o d e ls , or
v e rb a l in s tr u c tio n s ; u sin g a variety o f ca rp e n te r's h a n d to o ls , p orta b le




C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tin u ed

pow er t o o ls , and standard m easuring instru m en ts; m aking standard sh op
com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n sio n s o f work; and s e le c t in g m aterials
n e c e s s a r y for the w ork. In g e n e ra l, the work o f the m aintenance c a r ­
penter req u ires rounded training and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ired through
a form al a p p re n tice sh ip or e q u iv a le n t training and e x p e r ie n c e .

20

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TEN AN CE

H E L P E R , M AIN TEN AN CE T R A D E S

P erform s a v a riety o f e le c t r ic a l trade fu n ctio n s su ch a s the
in s ta lla tio n , m ain ten a n ce, or repair o f equipm ent for the g e n e ra tio n , d i s ­
trib u tion , or u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c en erg y in an e sta b lish m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta llin g or rep airin g any o f a v a riety
o f e le c t r ic a l equipm ent su ch as g e n e ra to rs , tran sform ers, s w itc h b o a r d s ,
c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b rea k ers, m otors, h ea tin g u n its, con d u it s y s te m s ,
or oth er tra n sm ission equ ipm en t; w ork in g from b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, la y ­
o u ts , or oth er s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g trou b le in the e l e c ­
tr ic a l sy ste m or equipm ent; w orkin g stan dard com p u ta tion s rela tin g to
lo a d requ irem en ts o f w iring or e le c t r ic a l equ ipm en t; and u sin g a va riety
o f e le c t r ic ia n ’ s h a n d tools and m easu rin g and te s tin g in stru m en ts. In
g e n e r a l, the work o f the m ain ten an ce e le c t r ic ia n req u ires rounded train­
in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a cq u ire d through a form al a p p re n tice s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t training and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p era tes and m aintain s and may a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p era tion
o f sta tion a ry e n g in e s and equ ipm en t (m e ch a n ica l or e le c t r ic a l) to su p ­
p ly the e sta b lish m e n t in w h ich e m p loy ed with p ow er, h ea t, r e frig e ra ­
tio n , or a ir -c o n d itio n in g .
Work in v o lv e s :
O peratin g and m aintain in g
equipm ent su ch a s steam e n g in e s , air c o m p r e s s o r s , g en era tors, m otors,
tu rb in es, v en tila tin g and refrig era tin g equ ipm en t, steam b o ile r s and
b o ile r -fe d w ater pum ps; m aking equ ipm en t re p a irs; and k e e p in g a record
o f o p e ra tio n o f m ach in ery, tem perature, and fu el con su m p tion .
May
a l s o s u p e r v is e th ese o p e r a tio n s . H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

A s s is t s one or more w orkers in the s k ille d m a in ten an ce tra d e s,
by perform ing s p e c if ic or gen eral d u tie s o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch as k e e p in g
a w orker su p p lied with m aterials and t o o l s ; c l e a n in g w ork in g a rea , ma­
c h in e , and equ ipm en t; a s s is t in g journeym an by h o ld in g m a te ria ls or t o o l s ;
and perform ing other u n s k ille d ta sk s as d ir e c t e d by jou rn eym an . T h e
kind o f work the h elper is perm itted to perform v a r ie s from trade to trade:
In som e trades the helper is c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , liftin g , and h o ld in g
m aterials and to o ls and c le a n in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in oth ers he is p e r­
m itted to perform s p e c ia liz e d m ach in e o p e r a tio n s , or p arts o f a trade
that are a ls o perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

M A C H IN E -TO O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c ia liz e s in the op era tion o f on e or more ty p e s o f m ach in e
t o o ls , su ch a s jig borers, c y lin d r ic a l or s u r fa c e g rin d e rs, en g in e la t h e s ,
or m illin g m ach in es, in the co n s tr u c tio n o f m a ch in e -s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s ,
ji g s , fix tu re s , or d ie s . Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g
and perform ing d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g item s req u irin g
c o m p lic a te d setu p s or a high d eg ree o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a variety o f p re ­
c is io n m easuring instrum ents; s e le c t in g fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and
op era tion s e q u e n c e ; and making n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts during op e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e req u isite to le ra n ce s or d im e n s io n s . May be requ ired to r e c ­
o g n iz e when to o ls need d re s s in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e l e c t proper
c o o la n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o i l s . F or c r o s s -in d u s tr y w age stu dy
p u rp o se s, m a ch in e-tool op era tors, to o lro o m , in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s are e x clu d e d from this c la s s if i c a t io n .

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

M ACHINIST, M AIN TEN AN CE

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s sta tion a ry b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e sta b lish m e n t in w hich
e m p lo y e d with h eat, p ow er, or stea m .

F e e d s fu e ls to fire by hand or

o p e r a te s a m e ch a n ica l s to k e r, or g a s or o i l burner;
and c h e c k s w ater
and s a fe t y v a lv e s .
May cle a n , o i l , or a s s i s t in rep a irin g b oilerroom
equ ip m en t.




P rod u ces rep la cem en t parts and n ew parts in m aking rep a irs o f
m etal parts o f m ech a n ica l equ ipm en t op era ted in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In terpreting w ritten in s tr u c tio n s and
s p e c if ic a t io n s ; planning and la y in g ou t o f w ork; u sin g a v a riety o f m a­
c h in is t ’ s h a n d tools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g in stru m en ts; s e ttin g up and
op era tin g standard m ach in e to o ls ; sh a p in g o f m etal p a rts to c l o s e t o le r ­
a n c e s ; m aking standard sh op com p u ta tion s rela tin g to d im e n s io n s o f
w ork, to o lin g , fe e d s , and s p e e d s o f m a ch in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w orking

21

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW R IG H T

p ro p e rtie s o f the com m on m e ta ls ; s e le c t in g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts,
and equ ipm en t req u ired for h is w ork; and fitting and a s s e m b lin g parts
in to m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e ra l, the m a ch in ist’ s w ork n orm ally

In s ta lls new m a ch in e s or h ea v y equ ipm en t, and d ism a n tle s and
in s ta lls m ach in es or h e a v y equ ipm en t when ch a n g e s in the p lan t la y ou t
are requ ired. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g
out o f the w ork; in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts or oth er s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; u sin g a
variety o f h a n d tools and rig g in g ; m aking standard sh op com p u ta tion s re­
latin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth o f m a te ria ls , and ce n te rs o f g ra v ity ; a lin in g
and b a la n cin g o f equ ipm en t; s e le c t in g standard t o o ls , equipm ent, and
parts to be u s e d ; and in s ta llin g and m aintain in g in g o o d order pow er
tra n sm ission equipm ent su ch a s d r iv e s and s p e e d re d u c e r s . In gen era l,
the m illw righ t’ s work n orm ally req u ires a rounded trainin g and e x p e ri­
e n ce in the trade a cq u ire d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a len t
training and e x p e r ie n c e .

re q u ires a rou nded tra in in g in m a ch in e-sh op p r a c tic e u s u a lly a cq u ire d
through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a len t training and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s , b u s e s , m otortrucks, and tra cto rs o f an e s ­
ta b lish m en t. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g : E xam in in g a u tom otiv e
equ ipm en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f trou b le; d is a s s e m b lin g equ ip m en t and
p erform in g re p a irs that in v o lv e the u se o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r ills , or s p e c i a l i z e d equ ipm en t in d is a s s e m b lin g or fittin g p a rts;
r e p la c in g broken or d e f e c t i v e parts from s to c k ; grin din g and a d ju stin g
v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g and in s ta llin g the va riou s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h ic le
and m aking n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts; and a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s tin g b ra k es
and lig h t s , or tig h ten in g b o d y b o lt s . In gen era l, the work o f the a u to­
m otiv e m e ch a n ic req u ires rou nded training and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c ­
qu ired through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a ch in ery or m e ch a n ica l equipm ent o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Exam ining m a ch in e s and m ech a n ­
ic a l equ ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f trou b le; dism a n tlin g or p artly d i s ­
m an tlin g m a c h in e s and perform in g repairs that m ainly in v o lv e the u s e o f
h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a rts; re p la cin g b rok en or d e fe c t iv e
parts w ith ite m s o b ta in e d from s t o c k ; ordering the p rod u ction o f a re ­
p la c e m e n t part by a m a ch in e sh op or sen d in g o f the m a ch in e to a m a ch in e
s h o p for m ajor r e p a ir s ; preparin g w ritten s p e c ific a t io n s for m ajor rep a irs
or for the p ro d u ctio n o f parts ord ered from m achine s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g
m a c h in e s ; and m aking a ll n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents for o p e r a tio n . In g e n ­
e r a l, the w ork o f a m a in ten a n ce m ech a n ic requ ires rounded train in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d from th is c la s s i f i c a t i o n are
w ork ers w h o s e p rim a ry d u t i e s in v o lv e s e ttin g up or a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .




O IL E R
L u b r ic a te s , with o il or g r e a s e , the m oving parts or w earin g sur­
fa c e s o f m ech a n ica l equ ipm en t o f an e sta b lish m e n t.

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a te s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu re s o f an e s ­
tablish m en t. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n ow led g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u ­
lia r itie s and ty p e s o f p a in t requ ired for d iffe re n t a p p lic a t io n s ; preparing
su rfa ce for p a in tin g by rem ovin g o ld fin ish or by p la c in g putty or fille r
in n a il h o le s and in t e r s t ic e s ; and a p p ly in g pain t with sp ra y gun or brush.
May mix c o lo r s , o i l s , w h ite le a d , and oth er paint in g r e d ie n ts to obta in
proper c o lo r or c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m aintenan ce
pain ter req u ires rou nded train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a cq u ire d through
a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t training and e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls or rep a irs w ater, steam , g a s , or oth er ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fittin g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w in g :
L a y in g out o f work and m easu rin g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e from draw­
in g s or other w ritten s p e c if ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a riou s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t len gth s with c h is e l and hammer or o x y a c e t y le n e torch or p ip e ­
cu ttin g m a ch in e; th readin g p ip e with s to c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e by
hand-driven or p ow er-d riv en m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith co u p lin g s

22

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fa s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e rs ; m aking stan dard sh op co m p u ta tio n s r e la t­
in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e o f p ip e req u ired ; and m aking stan dard
t e s t s to d eterm in e w h eth er fin is h e d p ip e s m eet s p e c if ic a t i o n s . In g e n e ra l,

ty p es o f sh eet-m eta l-w ork in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a rie ty o f h a n d t o o ls in
cu ttin g , ben din g, form ing, sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g
sh eet-m eta l a r tic le s a s req u ired . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce
sh eet-m eta l worker req u ires rou nded trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a cq u ired through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the w ork o f the m a in ten a n ce p ip e fitte r req u ires rou nded trainin g and
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a cq u ire d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a ­
le n t trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o rk ers p rim a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d
r ep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or b e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

T O O L AND DIE M AKER
(D ie maker; jig m aker; to o l m aker; fix tu re m aker; g a g e m aker)

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r ic a te s , in s t a lls , and m aintain s in g o o d rep air the s h e e tm etal equ ipm en t and fix tu re s (s u c h as m achine gu ard s, g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n tila to r s , c h u te s , d u c ts , m etal r o o fin g ) o f an

C on stru cts and repairs m a c h in e -s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , fix ­
tures or d ie s for fo rg in g s , pu nch in g, and o th er m eta l-form in g w ork. Work
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y in g ou t o f w ork from
m o d e ls , b lu ep rin ts, d ra w in g s, or oth er ora l and w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u sin g a variety o f to o l and d ie m aker’ s h a n d to o ls an d p r e c is io n m e a s ­
uring instrum ents, u n derstan din g o f th e w ork in g p r o p e r tie s o f com m on
m etals and a llo y s ; se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g o f m a ch in e t o o ls and r e la te d
equ ipm en t; making n e c e s s a r y sh o p com p u ta tion s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s
o f w ork, s p e e d s , fe e d s , and to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a ttre a tin g o f m etal
parts during fa b rica tio n a s w e ll a s o f fin is h e d to o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e
requ ired q u a lit ie s ; w orking to c l o s e t o le r a n c e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g
o f parts to p re scrib e d to le r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t in g ap p ro­
priate m a teria ls, t o o ls , and p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and d ie
m aker’ s work requ ires a rounded tra in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and to o lro o m
p r a c tic e u su a lly a cq u ired through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
training and e x p e r ie n c e .

e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and la y ­
in g ou t a ll ty p e s o f sh e e t-m e ta l m ain ten a n ce work from b lu e p rin ts ,
m o d e ls , or oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e ttin g up and op era tin g a ll a v a ila b le

For c r o s s -in d u s tr y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l an d d ie m akers
in to o l and die jo b b in g s h o p s are e x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

K e e p s the plu m bing sy stem o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d ord er.
Work in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e o f sa n ita ry c o d e s regardin g in s ta lla tio n o f
v e n ts and traps in plu m bing s y s te m ; in s ta llin g or rep a irin g p ip e s and
fix tu r e s ; and o p e n in g c lo g g e d d rain s w ith a plu n ger or p lu m b er’ s sn a k e.
In g e n e ra l, the work o f the m a in ten a n ce plum ber req u ires rou n ded train­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t trainin g and e x p e r ie n c e .

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSEN GER

G U AR D

T ra n sp orts p a s s e n g e r s betw een flo o r s o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g ,
apartm ent h o u s e , departm ent s to r e , h o te l, or s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W orkers w ho op era te e le v a t o r s in co n ju n c tio n with oth er d u tie s su ch a s
th o s e o f sta rters and ja n ito r s are e x c lu d e d .

P erform s rou tin e p o li c e d u t ie s , e ith er at fix e d p o s t or on tour,
m aintaining order, u sin g arms or fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

23

J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

P A C K E R , S H IPPIN G

(S w e e p e r ; ch arw om en ; ja n itr e s s )
C le a n s and k e e p s in an ord erly co n d itio n fa cto ry w orking areas
and w a s h ro o m s , or p re m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartment h o u s e , or com m ercia l
or oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.

D u ties in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

S w e e p in g , m oppin g or scru b b in g , and p o lis h in g flo o r s ; rem oving c h ip s ,
tra sh , and oth er r e fu s e ; d u stin g equipm ent, furniture, or fix tu re s; p o lis h ­
in g m eta l fix tu re s or trim m ings; p rov id in g s u p p lie s and minor m ainte­
n a n ce s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g la v a t o r ie s , sh o w e rs, and restroom s. Work­
ers w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in dow w a sh in g are e x c lu d e d .

P rep a res fin is h e d p rod u cts for sh ipm en t or sto ra g e by p la c in g
them in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e ra tio n s perform ed b ein g
d ep en d en t upon the ty p e, s i z e , and number o f u n its to be p a ck e d , the
type o f con ta in er e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f sh ipm en t. Work req u ires the
p la c in g o f item s in sh ip p in g co n ta in e rs and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : K n ow led g e o f v a riou s item s o f s to c k in ord er to v erify
con ten t; s e le c t io n o f a ppropriate type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r ; in sertin g
e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls i o r or oth er m aterial to preven t
breakage or dam age; c lo s in g and s e a lin g co n ta in e r; and a p p ly in g la b e ls
or en terin g id e n tify in g data on co n ta in e r.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G

(L o a d e r and u n loa d er; handler and s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tru cker; s t o c k S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

man or s t o c k h e lp e r ; w arehousem an or w a reh ou se h e lp e r)

P rep a res m erch an d ise for sh ipm en t, or r e c e iv e s and is resp on ­

A w ork er e m p lo y e d in a w a reh ou se, m anufacturing pla n t, sto re ,
or oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u ties in v o lv e o n e or m ore o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g :

L o a d in g and u n loa d in g v ariou s m aterials and m erch a n d ise on or

from fr e ig h t c a r s , tru ck s, or other transporting d e v ic e s ; u n p a ck in g , s h e lv ­
in g ,

o r p la c in g m a teria ls or m erch an dise in proper s to r a g e lo c a t io n ;

and tra n sp ortin g m a teria ls or m erch an dise by hand tru ck, ca r, or w h e e l­
barrow .

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

s ib le for in com in g shipm ents o f m erch a n d ise or oth er m a teria ls.
p in g

w ork

ro u te s,

in v o lv e s:

a v a ila b le

S h ip ­

A k n ow led g e o f sh ip p in g p ro ce d u re s , p r a c tic e s ,

m eans

o f tra n sp orta tion , and

ra te s;

and preparing

re co rd s o f the g o o d s sh ip p ed , m aking up b ills o f la d in g , p o s tin g w eigh t
and

sh ip p in g c h a rg e s , and k eep in g a file o f sh ip p in g r e co rd s.

d ir e c t or a s s i s t in preparing the m erch a n d ise for sh ipm en t.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

V e rify in g or d ire ctin g oth ers in v e rify in g the c o r r e c t­

n e s s o f sh ip m en ts a g a in st b ills o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , or oth er re co rd s;
c h e c k in g for s h o rta g e s and r e je c tin g dam aged g o o d s ; rou tin g m erchan­
O R D E R F IL L E R

d is e

or m a teria ls

to proper departm en ts;

and m aintain in g n e c e s s a r y

re co rd s and f i le s .

(O rd er p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e le c t o r ; w a reh ou se stockm an )
F i l l s s h ip p in g or tran sfer orders for fin is h e d g o o d s from stored
m e rch a n d ise

in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a t io n s

to m e rs’ o r d e r s , or oth er in s tru ctio n s .
and in d ic a t in g item s fi lle d

on s a le s

s li p s , c u s ­

May, in a d d ition to fillin g orders

or om itted, k eep re co rd s o f o u tg o in g ord e rs,

F or w age study p u r p o s e s , w orkers are c l a s s i f i e d as fo llo w s :
R e c e i v i n g c le r k

r e q u is itio n a d d itio n a l s t o c k or report sh ort s u p p lie s to su p e r v is o r , and

S h ip p in g c le r k

perform Other r e la te d d u tie s .

Sh ippin g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k




24
T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , POW ER

D riv e s a truck w ith in a c it y or in d u stria l area to tran sp ort ma­
t e r ia ls , m e rch a n d ise , equ ip m en t, or men b etw een v a rio u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lish m en ts su ch a s : M anufacturing p la n ts , freig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le and re ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , or b etw een re ta il e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and c u s to m e r s ’ h o u s e s or p la c e s o f b u s in e s s . May a ls o lo a d or u n loa d
truck w ith or w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ake minor m e c h a n ic a l re p a ir s , and k eep
truck in g o o d w ork in g ord er. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s
are e x c l u d e d .

F or w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , tru ck d rivers are c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e
and type o f eq u ip m en t, a s fo llo w s : (T ra cto r-tra ile r s h o u ld be rated on
the b a s is o f tra iler c a p a c it y .)

O perates a m anually c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d
truck or tractor to transport g o o d s and m a teria ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a
w a reh ou se, m anufacturing p lan t, or oth er e s ta b lis h m e n t.

F or w age study p u r p o s e s , w ork ers are c l a s s i f i e d by type o f
tru ck, a s fo llo w s :

T ru ck er, p o w e r (fo r k lift )
T ru ck er, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er 1% t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m

(iy2 to

a n d in c lu d in g

4

WATCHMAN
to n s)

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




M akes rounds o f p re m ise s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p roperty
a g a in s t fire , th eft, and ille g a l entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to ry indicating dates o f e a r lie r stud ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
availab le on req u est. B ulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, E». C. , 20402,
or fro m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
number

P r ic e

A k ron , O h io _______________________________
A lbany—
Sch enectady— r o y , N. Y _________
T
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ____________________
Allentow n— ethlehem — aston, P a .— J-.
B
E
N.
Atlanta, Ga ..........................................................
B a ltim o re , M d ___________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________
P
B irm in gh am , A l a _________________________
B o is e , Id a h o __________ ___________________
B oston , M ass 1
____________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N. Y ...................................................... .
B urlin gton, Vt 1
___________________________
Canton, O h io ______________________________
C h arleston , W. V a _______________________
C h arlotte, N. C ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________
G
C h icag o, 1111______________________________
C incinnati, Ohio—
Ky______________________
C leveland , O h io ___________________________
C olum bu s, O h io ___________________________

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T ex ........................................................
D avenport— ock Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111
Dayton, O h io ______________________________
D e n v e r , C olo 1____________________________
D es M oin es, Iowa ________________________
D etroit, M ich 1
____________________________
F ort W orth, T e x __________________________
G reen B ay, W is ___________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C __________________________
H ouston, T e x _____________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

In dianapolis, Ind 1
_________________________
Ja ck son , M i s s ____________________________
J a ck s o n v ille , F l a _________________________
K ansas C ity, M o .—
Kans 1________________
L a w ren ce— a v e r h ill, M a s s .— H ______
H
N.
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o ck , A r k _____
N
L os A n g eles—
Long B ea ch , C a lif 1
________
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind 1
_____________________
L u bbock, T e x _____________________________
M a n ch ester, N. H _________________________
M em ph is, Tenn 1__________________________

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

M iam i, F l a 1__________________
M ilw aukee, W i s 1_________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, M in n 1___________________
M uskegon— uskegon Heights , M i c h ____________
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J_________
New Haven, C o n n 1_______________________________
New O rlea n s, L a 1
________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1
_________________________________
P
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and New port News—
Hampton, Va 1__________________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ____________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1385-37
1345-44
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N eb r. —
Iowa 1
____________________________
P a terson — lifton— a s s a ic ,N. J __________________
C
P
P h iladelph ia, P a .-N . J 1_________________________
P h oen ix, A r i z ____________________________________
P ittsb u rgh , P a ___________________________________
P ortla n d , M a in e 1
_________________________________
P ortla n d , Or eg. — a s h __________________________
W
P ro v id e n ce — aw tucket, R.I . — a s s 1
P
M
_____________
R aleigh, N. C 1
____________________________________
R ichm ond, Va 1
___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1385-38
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o ck fo rd , H I _____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o . - I l l _______________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U ta h ____________________________
San A ntonio, T e x 1
________________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — ntario, C a lif 1____
R
O
San D iego, C a lif_________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif 1
___________________
Savannah, G a _____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1____________________________________
Seattle, W a sh 1___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1 _________________________________
,
T o le d o , O h io 1____________________________________
T renton, N. J _____________________________________
W ashington, D . C . — d .— a _____________________
M
V
W aterbu ry, C on n _________________________________
W a terloo, I o w a __________________________________
W ichita, K a n s____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss_________________________________
Y ork , P a _________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
20
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102