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Occupational Wage Survey
NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT
JANUARY 1964

B u l l e t i n No. 1 3 8 5 - 3 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commitsioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT




JA N U A R Y 19 64

B u lle t in N o. 1 3 8 5 -3 7
April 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States. A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.
A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each of
the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

Introduction---------------------------------------- ------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups----------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied-----------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods__________________

3
3

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women----------------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women----------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined------------------A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___ -________

8
9
10

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for womenoffice workers____
B -2 . Shift differentials----------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours------------------------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays----------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations---------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________
B -7 .
Paid sick leave---------------------------------------------------------------------

11
12
13
14
15
17
18

Appendix: Occupational descriptions-------------------------------------------------------

19

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
New Haven, Conn. , in January 1964. It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in Boston, Mass. , by Leo
Epstein, under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1
4

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the New Haven area, are also available for building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

ill

5
7




O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rv ey—New H aven, C onn.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings aiid related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
riieet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions,
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
I

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other” was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu died in N ew H aven, C on n ., 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 J an u ary 1964

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T o ta l 4

Plant

T otal 4

...

_

262

96

60, 700

12, 200

3 7 ,1 0 0

4 1 ,4 7 0

M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __
_ __
. . .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5. .
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e . _
R e ta il tr a d e
_
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate_„___________________
S e r v i c e s 8--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50
-

146
116

46
50

3 7 ,0 0 0
2 3 ,7 0 0

4, 500
7, 700

2 6 ,5 0 0
1 0 ,6 0 0

2 4 ,2 6 0
17 ,2 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

16
23
34
24
19

12
8
10
11
9

10,
2,
4,
4,
2,

3, 200

A ll d i v i s i o n s .

__ . . .

__

.

.

.

. . .

200
300
300
600
300

4, 700
(*)
(6 )

0
(?)
0
( 6)

0)
(6

9, 880
860
2, 160
2 ,9 9 0
1 ,3 2 0

1 T he N ew H aven S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f the c it y o f New H aven; and the tow n s o f B r a n fo r d , E a st H aven, G u ilfo rd , H am den, N orth H aven, O ra n g e, W est H aven,
and W o o d b r id g e , in N ew H aven County.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls
s in c e (1) plan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed fr o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at or a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S ep a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
of data f o r th is d iv is io n is n ot m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as
not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e of in divid u al e s t a b lis h ­
m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e in d u stry d iv is io n a r e re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S eparate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ade f o r on e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o tn o te 6 a b ov e.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2. In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , N ew H aven, Conn.
Index
(F e b r u a r y 1961*100)
In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
J an u ary 1964

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
J a n u a ry 1963
to
J an u ary 1964

Ja n u a ry 1962
to
J a n u a ry 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
J a n u a ry 1962

F e b r u a r y I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ____ __
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )_____ __
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m e n )__ ___ __ ___________
U n sk ille d plant (m e n ).. ____ _
________

106.5
108.4
108.3
109.4

3.3
1.0
3.2
4.6

2.4
3.5
2.4
3.8

0.7
3.7
2.5
.8

3.4
3.8
4.4
.8

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )_____ __
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )_______
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m e n )___________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en )---------------------------------------

108.8
107.0
107.8
112.7

5.3
1.5
3.4
7.4

1.3
1.5
2.2
2.3

2.0
3.7
1.9
2.6

3.4
3.3
4.1
2.2

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1964)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

C lerks, accounting, cla ss .
Manufacturing---------------C lerks, accounting, cla ss B _
C lerks, ord er..
Manufacturing----------O ffice boys—
Manufacturing—
Nonmanufacturing—

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$45
Weekly
earnings 1 a n d
(Standard) u n d e r
$50

12 1
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0

72

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

6 5 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

59
-------- 5 T ~
72
23
49

-

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

over

-

-

“

1
1

1

-

“

3
2

-

6
4

6
2

17
2

6
6

2
2

-

2
2

_

_

4

1

4

6

5

40

_

.

.

.

2
2

and

38
24

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

41
32

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

30

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

30

_

2

6

4

_ _

12
8

5
5

2
2

.

3
1

_

.

.

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

6
6

4
4

2
2

7
2
5

11
2

3
1
2

10
2
8

4
2
2

.

8

2

2

8

2

2

4
2

-

4
2

2
2

1
1

8
6

6
4

5
4

6
4

15
15

-

1
1

4

%

2
2

2

2

5

-

1

.

-

1

4

_
-

9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
cla ss C Nonmanufacturing—

2
2

_

24
14
10

9

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss B------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing—

7
6

_

Tabulating-m achine operators,
Nonmanufacturing-----------------

1
1

_
-

_

13
4

54
2

2
2

6 7 .5 0
— 6 7.5T T
'

8
8

7

8

2

2
2

1
1

.

1

7

2

2
2

3

-

4

7

12
12

5
1

4
2

1
1

.

.

2
“ T ~

l
1

-

.

.

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

"

.

.

_

.

'

2

-

6
b

-

11
11

-

_

Women
B illers, m achine (billing m ach in e)--------

38

3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0

B illers, machine (bookkeeping
m achine)------------------------------------------------

23

3 8 .5

7 0 .0 0

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
clas s A---------------------------------------------------

30

3 7 .5

8 0 .0 0

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
cla ss B--------------------------------------------------Manufacturing—

98
37

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
S O o

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A—
Manufacturing-------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------

209
62
147

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B------------------ManufacturingNonmanufacturing.
Public utilities 2 -

257
87
170
41

C lerks, file, cla ss B_
Nonmanufacturing--------------C lerks, file, cla ss C .
Nonmanufacturing—
C lerks, o r d e r Manufacturing—

See footnotes at end o f table.




6

12

5
5

7

3
3

1
1

-

-

7
2
5

9
2
7

40
-

47
2
45
5

38
13
25

31
25
6

9

-

29

2
1

8
2

12
12

3
2

11
8

13
13

2
2

3
3

8
4

23
3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

_
_

11
4
7

12
1
11
1

40
7

85
67

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

7
5

23

34

19

124
115

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

6
6

38
33

41
41

76
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .b

8 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 b

3

1

-

_

4

11
11

9

9 6 .0 0
8 b .00
9 9 .5 0

_

2

11

11

13

6

30
1

-

6

-

26

-

_

10

3

3

4

_

4

4
4

1
1

23
1$
8

33
14

19
11
8

10
-

19

22
10
12
3

8
5
3
3

11
7
4
2

18
12
6
2

9
9
7

4
2
2
2

7
6

_

_

9
9

6
3

4
4

“

10

2?
5
24

44
8
36

30
-

1
1

30
2
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

_

.

_

4
4

6
6

_

.

-

_

_

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn. , January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly
hours *
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$45 $50
and
under
$50
$55

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

26
16
10

23
20
3

29

29.
24
5
5

37____y_
17
11

5____ 12.
5
12

2____ 3

$85

$90

$95 $1 0 0

120_ J& _ $ 1 0 0
5

$105 $1 1 0

$105 $11 0

$115 $120

$115 $ 1 2 0

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160
and

$125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160

Women— C ontinued
—
C lerks, p a y r o ll_________________
Manufacturing________________
Nonmanufacturing-----------------Public utilities 2----------------

176
117
59
31

39.
39.
38.
38.

0
5
0
0

$81.00
80. 50
81. 50
86. 50

______3
1
1

Com ptom eter operators______
Manufacturing_____________
Nonmanufacturing---------------

89
30
59

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5

85. 00
81.50
86.50

Keypunch op erators, class A .
Manufacturing--------------------Nonmanufacturing---------------

112

42
70

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

83. 00
78. 50
85. 50

Keypunch op erators, class B.
Manufacturing_____________
Nonmanufacturing_________

149
43
106

38.0
40.0
37. 5

72.00
73.00
71.50

2

11

2

11

50
36

39.5
39.5

63. 00
64.00

6
2

S e c r e ta r ie s ---------------Manufacturing-------Nonmanufacturing—
Public utilities 2

604
346
258
80

39.0
40. 0
38. 0
39. 0

94. 00
93. 50
94. 50

Stenographers, ge n e ra l_____
Manufacturing------------- ——
Nonmanufacturing------------Public utilities 2-----------

323
138
185
99

38. 5
39. 5
38.0
39. 0

80.00
81. 50
79.00

Stenographers, senior.
Manufacturing--------Nonmanufactur ing—

124
70
54

39. 0
40. 0
37. 5

82. 50
81. 50
84. 00

73
57

39.0
38. 5

78.00
77.50

128
84
44

39.5
39. 5
39. 0

75. 50
75. 50
75. 50

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss B----------------------------------------

28

39.5

115
45
70

38. 5
39. 5
38. 5

72.00
73. 50
71.00

T ypists, class A ----------Manufacturing----------Nonmanufacturing-----

238
117
121

38. 5
39.5
38.0

75. 50
76. 50
74. 50

Typists, cla ss B ______
Manufacturing---------Nonmanufacturing----

454
164
290

38. 5
40.0
37. 5

65.00
69.00
62. 50

1

O ffice g i r ls _________
Nonmanufacturing.

Switchboard op erators—
Nonmanufacturing----Switchboard op erator-receptionists
Manufacturing----------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------

___ 1
_
-

6

1

6

20

9

1

97.00

T ran scribing-m achine operators,
g e n e r a l--------------------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------

3

6

18 ____3.
4
1
14
2

j4___n_

6
_29___ 22

28____29.

5

10

8

10

8

19

14

18

21

26 ____4 _ ___2
24
l_____6

23

1

13

10

6

112.00

_9_
9
2

8 6 . 00

32
8
24
9
2_
2

_5_
5

5_
5
_8
4
4

45
13
32
11
5
1
4

13

2

20

-

_____ 2
.9____ L1
5
7
2
6
2

33
33

4_

2
2

16
2
14

56
30
26
11

22
16
6
4

23
14
9

31
24
7

24
21

3

14 ___ 7_
8
3
15____30.
9
21
6
9

1 0 ___ 24.
12
16
18
8
11

8

11_____ 22 .

7
4
4

_30___ 36.
9
9
21
27

12____47.
21
29
18
18

33
25

44
25
19

30
25
5

29
76

23
46

43
23
20

5
17
15

1 ____ 4
1
3
3
6 ____ 12 .
6
11

18

27
15

26

12

20

5

14

6

21

4
17
17
1 ____ l
3

2_
2

1

7_
5

4_____l
4
1

10

3
_
2
1
18

2___ 17.
2
9

23____21_
14
6
9
15

21

2
4

6

7

106

28
19
9
9

__ 6_

1
3

1

10

14

1

33
18
15

2

12

-

3

_5_
5

10

A3.

-

63
45
18

20
12
8

2

___3____ l

26____60.
5
25
21
35
6
47
23
24
7

2
1

l
1
-

12____17_

26

15
15

15
4
7

1

5

15

11

3_

1
1

15

2

2_____4 _ ___ _____ 2____ 2
_4
2
2

3_____2 ___ 2
3
1

1

_5_
4

7____ 3 _ ___ 6
6
3
4
10___ 15.
7
7
3
8

7_
3
4

2
_29_
22
7

4

20

8

8

20

_8

13
7

6

2

1 ___ 6_
1
2

6

_5
_
5

_

8_____2

4
4

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities.




_6_
4
2

1

1
10
10

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W omen
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1964)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number

of

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly f
(Standard)

$65
$60
and
under
$65
$70

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF $95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180

and
$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180

over

Men
D raftsm en, le a d e r ________________________
M a n u fa rt n r in g

69
63

40.0
40.0

$155.00
160.00

D raftsm en, s e n io r ------------------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------

140
127

40.0
40.0

124.50
126.00

-

D raftsm en, ju n io r _______

_ — _______

116

40.0

92.50

4

N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d )__ ____

53
41

39.5
40.0

102.50
99.00

3

1

3

3

.

"

“

3

4

3

1
1

7
7

13
13

7
7

35
34

15

6

59

2

9

5

1

6

1
1

6
5

10
7

11
11

9
9

3
3

1
1

1

6
4

24
24

8
8

1
19
17

15
14

1

13
13

2
1

-

2
2

1

W om en

M a n n fa r t n r in g

1

8
2

1
1

1

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.




1

13
13
1
1

8
8

5
5

7
7

2
2

!

6
6

j
1

-

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
-Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , New Haven, Conn. , January 1964)

T
O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

earnings *
(Standard)

Number
of

earnings1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A --------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

44
25

$115.50
120.00

82.50
78.50
84.50

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B -----_ _
N onm anufacturing__________________________________

69
56

94.50
96.00

154
45
109

72.50
74.50
72.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C --------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

126
123

77.50
77.50

O ffice boys and g irls.
M anufacturing-----Nonmanufacturing.

122
37
85

64.50
57.50
67.00

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs , g e n e r a l------ ---Manufac tur i ng----- ------------- ------------ ------———-----------Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

115
45
70

72.00
73.50
71.00

T yp ists, cla ss A —
—
—
—
. __
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------ — --------------------------- — —

246
120
126

76.50
77.00
76.00

T ypists, c la s s B
M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

454
164
290

65.00
69.00
62.50

D raftsm en, le a d e r --------------- -------- -------------------------- -—
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------

69
------ 63

155.00
160.00

D raftsm en, s en ior___—
. — ------- ------- ------ . —
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------

140
127

124.50
126.00

D raftsm en, junior —______---- --------- ----- ---------- —__ —

116

92.50

N urses, industrial (r e g is te r e d )___ ____ ___ — ___
M anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------------

55
43

103.50
100.00

C om ptom eter o p e r a to r s --------M anufacturing-------------------Nonm anufacturing--------------

89
30
59

$85.00
81.50
86.50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A.
M anufacturing-------------------Nonm anufacturing--------------

116
42
74

Keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s B.
M anufacturing-------------------N onm anufacturing--------------

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )-----------

43

$77.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)—

24

71.00 I

Bookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs, c la s s A.

32

80.50 1

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, cla s s B.
M anufacturing.—--------—
—------------------------

98
37

62.50
68.50

330

C le rk s , accounting, cla s s A—
M anufacturing---------------------N onm anufacturing— ----——
.

~98
232

102.50
99.50
103.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B.
M anufacturing------------------N onm anufacturing------------Pu blic u tilities 2----------

329
123
206
42

82.00
91.50
76.50
81.00

S e cre ta rie s ------------ -—
M anufacturing-------Nonm anufacturing—
Public u tilities 2

612
346
266
88

94.50
93.50
95.50
113.50

C lerk s, file , c la s s B
N onm anufacturing.

85
T7

63.50
63.50

Stenographers, g e n e ra l-.
M anufacturing------------Nonm anufacturing-----Pu blic u tilities 2_
_

327
142
185
99

80.50
62.50
79.00
86.00

C le rk s , file , c la s s C
N onm anufacturing.

126
117

59.00
59.00

Stenographers, senior.
M anufacturing--------Nonm anufacturing—

126
72
54

83.00
82.50
84.00

Sw itchboard operators.
Nonm anufacturing—

73
57

78.00
77.50

128
84
44

75.50
75.50
75.50

C lerk s , o r d e r ----M anufacturing.
C le r k s , p a y roll--------M anufacturing------N onm anufacturing.
Pu blic u tilities

98

107.50

182
122
60
32

81.50
81.50
82.00
87.00

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing------------------------------Nonm anufacturing------------------------

Earnings rela te to regu lar stra igh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




P rofes s ion a l and tech n ica l occupations

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, New Haven, Conn., January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

of
worked

O ccupation and industry d ivision

hourly .
earning*1

$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $ 2 .3 (f $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10
and
_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_
-

$3.20 $3.30 $3,40 $3.50

$2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20

$3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60

$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

6
6

1
1

7
7

1
1

16
3

4
4

1
1

10
10

5
4

12
12

2
-

4
4

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

23
22

17
16

40
39

18
18

_

-

28
28

_

*

10
10

_

-

12
12

1

-

2
2

-

-

~

2.78
2.81
2.69

_
-

_

3
3

.
-

-

_
-

7
7
-

8
8
-

3
2

21
21
-

14
3
11

13
1
12

40
38
2

-

-

-

-

1

9
8
1

3
3
-

10
10
-

2.37
2.37

2
2

_

8
8

7
6

9
9

5
5

8
8

20
17

"

2
-

_

-

8
8

_

Manuf actur ing______________ _— -----------. . . -------

88
82

-

5
5

9
9

1
1

4
4

H elpers, m aintenance tr a d e s___________________
Nonm anufacturing

75
21

2.43
2.63

2
-

4
-

2
-

3
-

5
-

2
-

19
3

21
3

12
11

3
2

_

2
2

.

.

-

M a ch in e-tool o p e ra to rs , to o lr o o m
M anufacturing
_

66
66

2.61
2.61

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

_

-

44
44

_

-

12
12

M achinists, m a in ten an ce---------------— —----------- —
Manuf actur ing-------- . -------------------— ------— ------Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 .

240
180
60
60

2.78
2.74
2.90
2.90

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance)
——
Nonmanuf actur ing_________________ ___ ___ — —
P u blic u tilities 2 ------—--- -------- ----------------- —

170
157
133

2.94
2.93
2.94

M echanics, m aintenance.
M anufacturing_____________________ __________ -

223
200

2.93
2.94

-

74
74

2.79
2.79

65
65

2.27
2.27

P a in ters, m aintenance -------------------------------. . . . . . .
M anufacturing - —

31
22

P ip e fitte rs , m ain ten an ce__________________ _____
M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance—

83
67

E n gin eers, stationary
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

-

_ -

M illw rights
M anufacturing
O ile r s
.
.
M anufacturing

.

T o o l and die m akers
M anufacturing . ._

.

_.

— _
_. . . —

. . .

2.90
2.90

131
101
30

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in ten a n ce.
M anufacturing

$2.60
2.58

158
154

C a rp enters, m aintenance
M anufacturing . —

_
-

-

1
1

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

-

-

~

-

-

-

7
7

4
4

4
4

2.64
2.55

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

94
94

2.90
2.90

_

_

_

_

"

23

2.89

_

_

192
192

-

-

9
9
-

36
36
-

8
8
-

18
18
-

51
20
31
31

20
13
7
7

38
26
12
12

12
12
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

4
-

15
15
6

24
24
22

26
25
25

39
39
39

3
3

"

_

_

10
10

18
18

22
22

31
18

15
14

_

-

5
5

2
2

8
8

5
5
6
5

2.98
2.98

_

5
5

-

13
13

13
13

10
10

3
3

24
24

2
2

6
6

l
1

1
1

_

3

5

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-




2

_

1

and late shifts.

“

.

~

"

_

5
5

1
1

-

-

6
6
6

28
26
2
2

-

16
16
14

24
20
10

14
10
10

7
7
7

_
-

_
-

61
61

35
26

10
10

4
4

_

“

14
14

3
3

1
1

14
14

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

7
4

1

_

1

_

-

23

31
31

2
2

8
8

_

23

7
7

2

_

-

3

-

3
3

13
13

7
7

_

2

_

_

4

6

2

2

4

3
3

_

_

2
2

3

J_ _ _ _ _ _
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays,
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.

_

_
-

-

_
-

_

~

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

11

19
19

12
12

17
17

46
46

47
47

7
7

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

20
20

10
10

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry div isio n , New Haven, Conn. , January 1964)

|Invnh|f
of
workers

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision
*

hourly ,
earnings

Guards and w a tch m e n __________________________
M anufacturing.
___
__ __ . __ ______
G u a rd s____________________________________
W atchm en-------------------------------------------------

255
119
79
40

J an itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs (m e n )________
M anufacturing _ ___________________________
N onm anufacturing______
______ ______ __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3___
__
______
. __

769
299
470
77

1.77
2. 06
1. 60
2. 14

Ja n itors, p o r t e r s , and cle a n e rs (wom en)_____
N onm anufacturing.. . ________
_ . . ____

44
26

1. 82
1. 74

L a b o r e r s , m aterial handling ._ ___ __ ____
M anufacturing.. __
. __________
. . . .
Nonm anufacturing____ ______________ _. __
P u blic u tilities 3.................................

739
474

O rd er fille r s ._ ._
_____________ ____
M anufacturing- ___ _ _______ _____________
Nonm anufacturing..__ ____________ _____

162
72
90

P a c k e r s , shipping (mfcn)------------- -------------------M anufacturing____ -_____ _____ ________ P a c k e r s , shipping (wom en) _ __ ____

____

$1.
2.
2.
2.

2.
2.
2.
2.

265
160

78
21
27
09

18
17
20
61

2. 31
“ 2. 42“
2. 23
2. 20
2.23

177
— rn —
84

1.69

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$1. 10 $1. 20 $1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $1. 60 $1. 70 $1. 80 $ 1.90 $2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20
under
$1. 20 $1. 30 $1. 40 $1. 50 $1. 60 $1. 70 $1. 80 $1. 90 $ 2.00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2. 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $3. 20
_
4
4
_
_
.
_
_
_

2. 27
T . W~

114
-

_
-

1,
-

2
-

4
-

2
2
2

23
23
15
8

11
11

25
6
19
-

147
7
140
4
4

53
1
52
-

90
18
72
1

60
12
48
4

75
48
27
6

25
14
11
-

1
-

2
-

-

11
9

3
3
.
1
1

29
7
22
_
-

37
37
-

38
22
16
_
_
4

5
5
5
.
5
_
3
4

3

2
22

.

8
8

11
5

19
19

7
7

2

1
1
15
12
3
1

28
28

24
24

30

2

7

9

21
21
-

2

2
2

10
4

5
5

_

4
4

_

2
2

_
"

_
"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4____ __ _ ____ _
_ _____ —
M anufacturing
.
____ _— --------—
_
Nonm anufacturing ______ ______________
P u blic u tilities 3 . . . _______________________

943
246
697
371

2. 65
2.41
2. 74
2.95

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under IV 2 tons)_______
N onm anufacturing..___________
___ ___

133
109

2. 07
2. 08

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 to n s,
tr a ile r ty p e )___ __________________________
M anufacturing.. —-------- --------------- - N onm anufacturing... _____
______

343
65
278

2. 83
“ 2762“
2. 88

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s, other
than tr a ile r type)— > _ ---- — _
.... M anufacturing— _ j ____________ — . . . .
N onm anufacturing.____________
P u blic u tilities 3____________ __ ------

220
116
104
29

2. 57
2. 44
2. 71
2.45

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

246
-----2T3

_

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift) _ . — ----------------M anufacturing ______ _______ — ___
- ...

"

.
"

-

-

-

.
"

T ru ck e rs , pow er (other than fo rk lift)--------------M anufacturing.
____ . ________— ----------

87
84

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

~

■

"

"

_

7
7

-

11

-

53
21
32
32

3
1
1
44
24
20
20

1
-

5
5

93
93
15
15
21
21

31
29
2
2
11
9
2

1
-

5
5
5
5

28
28
-

20
12
12
■
43
2
41
41
12
12
6
6

_
28
28
24
2
22
22
.
2
2

_
3
3
-

-

-

-

2
2

.

_

-

3
-

1
1

2
2

6
6

.
-

23
21

3
2

13
13

4
4

62
42
20
16

73
12
61
58

107
59
48
9

1
-

51
45

_
.
8
8
26
— IE ~
26
26
-

_
.
"
-

_
-

_

-

3
2

_

-

-

-

-

"

2
-

8
4

2
2

2
2

-

2
-

-

2
"

2
"

76
76
2
“

343
343
242

2
2

3
3

-

4
4
-

50
50
-

36
36
36

1
-

3
3
-

_
-

_

17
7
10
-

12
12
2

21
6
15
1

25
7
18
2

31
8
23
1

64
12
52
3

2
2
-

15
8

10
10

15
15

24
18

11
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

12
12

1
1
-

9
8
1

"

44
44

247
247

_

"

30
30

■

-

-

7
----- 5
1
1

3
3
3

-

-

6
6
6
6

-

-

1
1
1

42
26
16
16

19
19

80
64

11
8

30
30
12
12

19
19
8

14
14

86
48
38
"
14
2

-

19
19

“
21
11

3
3

2
2
“
1
1

4
4
'
1
1

20
20
■
“

“
“

1
1

7
7

27
27

15
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

‘

32
32

-

“

"

'

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem iuzh pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




2
2

7
7

_

1
z
3
4

-

21
21

11
10
1

-

2. 40
2. 40

-

4
4

38
38

2. 46
2739

_

12
8
4
4
_
1
1

4
4

61
50

2. 29
1726“

168
87
81
79

2

26
19
7
5
_
5
5
-

27
27
_
-

__ _______
------- — ---- -

”

10
10
10
10
24
24

74
68
6
-

Shipping and receiv in g cle rk s
M anufacturing- ----- 1------------

-

-

42
30
12
-

2. 37
2. 31

_

2
-

3
1

2
2
1
1

_

1
1

2
-

72
60

_

5
2

66
59
7
7

5
-

Shipping c le r k s _______ __________________________
M anufacturing
. ____ _ . . ___

_

16
12
4
4

64
58
6
3

57
------ 43

-

6
6
6

43
42
29
13

_ _. . . —
__ ____

R eceivin g c le r k s _____ _ _________
M anufacturing. . .
. _______

17
17
17
-

12
9
3
3

5
$
4
31
29
2
2

3
42
12
30
2

.

and
over

-

13
iy
5
5

.

32
30
"

-

-

'

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts stu died in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , New H aven, G o n n ., Jan uary 1964)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—

All
in d u strie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

37Vz

A ll
in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

N onm anufacturing

B a s e d on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

37Vz

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied.

96

46

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

96

46

XXX

50

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m —

8

8

42

18

15

24

9

7

_

_

2
2
1
1
1
1

2
2

2
16
3
6
2
3
2

_
7

_
5

-

-

3
1
2
1

3
1
1
1

2
9
3
3
1
1
1

_
3
1
1
1
1
1

_
2
1
1

_

l

1

_

_

_

-

-

2

1

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

47

22

19

25

u n d er $ 5 0 .0 0 --------------------------------u n d er $52 . 50--------------------------------u n d er $ 5 5 .0 0 --------------------------------u n d er $57. 50--------------------------------u n d er $60. 00--------------------------------u n d er $ 6 2 .5 0 --------------------------------u n d er $65. 0 0 --------------------------------u n d er $67. 50--------------------------------u n d er $ 7 0 .0 0 --------------------------------u n d er $ 7 2 .5 0 --------------------------------u n d er $75. 00--------------------------------u n d er $77. 50--------------------------------o v e r -----------------------------------------------

2
14
6
6
2
7
1

_

_

6
>
4
1
5

6
_
2
1
5

-

-

2
8
6
2
1
2
1

3
1
1
1
3

3

2

_

_

_

-

1

-

1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g no s p e c ifie d m in im u m .

12

6

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ------ ---------------------------------------------

37

18

$ 4 7 .5 0
$50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$55. 00
$57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$62 . 50
$65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$70. 00
$72. 50
$75. 00
$77. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

2

1
2
1
1
3

XXX

6

XXX

XXX

19

9

XXX

10

XXX

XXX

XXX

19

XXX

XXX

35

19

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

1 T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r stan d ard w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll stan d ard w o rk w eek s com b in ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




-




12
T able B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plan t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l,
N ew H aven, C on n . , J a n u a ry 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e co n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

7 9 .3

7 5 .0

13. 0

7. 1

77. 9

75. 0

13. 0

7. 1

—

67. 1

50. 7

11. 8

3. 4

3 c e n t s -----_ -----_
— - _
5 c e n t s --------- -----_
—
—
_ —
--------6 c e n t s --------- 7 c e n t s ____________________ ____ ____ ________
8 c e n t s _______________________,____ __ ________
10 c e n t s -------- ----12 c e n t s — —
-------- _ - —
137 j c e n t s --------- ------------- —
14 c e n t s -------- ---------------------------- — —
15 c e n t s -------------------------- ------------17 c e n t s ---------_
- ------

3. 1
7 .4
4 .7
7. 2
2 .6
2 1 .7
2 .8
1 .3
16. 5
-

_
2. 2
4. 6
12. 5
8 .4
1. 3
9. 5
1 0 .4
1 .7

1. 0
1 .6
1. 2
.6
.7
1. 5
.2
.3
4. 8
-

.9
.9
.9
( 2)
.6
. 1
. 1

9 .0

1. 2

.8

T o t a l -----

------

—

—

—

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l — ---------

U n ifo r m c e n t s (p e r h o u r )

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -----

„

—

-

—

--------

_ ----------

-

-

—

5 p e r c e n t -----—
— -------- — —
772 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ------------- _
----------------15 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------- ---------------W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------

10. 7
3 .9
6 .9
*

2.
1.
2.
3.

-

15. 3

.6
.6
-

-

.2
.2
. 1
.3

2 .8

. 1

1 .4
'

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g late s h ift s ,
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

7
1
2
0

'

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g la t e s h ifts

13
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , New H aven, Con n., Jan uary 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
All induatrie*1

A ll w o r k e r s _—

-

. . .

— ..

----— —
U nder 35 h o u r s —
35 h o u r s __
_ __
------ —
_ __
O v e r 35 and u n d er 37 V2 h o u rs
_
37V2 h o u r s _
—
___ —
____ __ - - O v er 37 V2 and under 40 h o u r s
—
-----------40 h o u rs ___ __
_
_ O v er 40 and u nd er 45 h o u r s —------------------------------45 h ou rs ___ —
—
O ver 45 and u nd er 50 h o u r s — --------------------------—
5 0 h ou rs
. . . . . .
—
—
— —
5 5 h ou rs
___
. . . .
—
. . .

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All induatrica 3

Manufacturing

Public utiUtiM2

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
3
4
75
4
5
2
3
2

-

-

4
79
3
4
4
2

86
12
-

2
4
4
31
8
51
(4)
-

1
(4 )
3
4
92
(4 )
-

-

-

(4)
55
45
-

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s.
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




3

-

-

2

14
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv isio n s by n u m ber o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, N ew H aven, Conn. , Jan u ary 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------- — ----------------- ----------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid h o lid a y s -------------- ------- ----------------- ----W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o l id a y s ----------— — ----------- —

All industrial1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

“

"

“

2

.

_

5
1

3

Manufacturing

“

Publio utilities 2

-

N u m ber o f days

h o l id a y s ____ _____ __ __ --------------------------h o l id a y s -----_ — __ ___ ____
— - ----h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day— — ---------------------h o lid a y s plu s 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l id a y s -----— ------- — ------------------ — —
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day--------- ------- ------- --7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------8 h o lid a y s
— — _ ------- — — _ --------8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day— ------ — -------------8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------9 h o lid a y s _ — --------------- — __
—
- ---------9 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day-----------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s ------ --------------------- 10 h o lid a y s
— ----— — — - ------ ----------10 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ..
------- ---------11 h o lid a y s _____ ________ — -------------- —
12 h o lid a y s ----------- ------- - — ---------12 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day . . . . — -------------2
6
6
6

(4 )
3

0
(4 )
8
3

2
26

(4 )

1
31
5
1
4
1
14

(4 )
(4 )

(4 )

_

49

7

-

1

5
58

-

1

2

82
6
4

10

9

-

1
-

-

2

3

3
1

3

-

-

-

1

1

-

_

_

1
1
1
4

-

7
8
5
52
1
3
18

'

-

_

3
3
10

4
2
1
20
5
4
44

31
8

2
4

5

(4 )

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5

121 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------/*
__________ ___ 12 days o r m o r e ___________
11 days o r m o r e ------ — — -----------------------------10V2 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------10 days o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------9V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------9 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------8V2 days o r m o r e — — — — ------------- --------8 days o r m o r e — - — —
------------- — —
7V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------2 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------

(!)
(4 )
15
16
20
25

57
58
86

89
97
97
99
100

.
-

2

2
22
23

(4 )

2
4
9
9
14
96
96

5
17
17

3
3
14
14

80
88

97
97

65

77

72

95
95
100
100

100
100
100
100

92
94

84
94

97

97
100

98

100

_
5
10
10
11
19
51
51
51
51
100
100
100
100

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , New H aven, Conn. , January 1964)
PLANT W0RKER8

OFFICE WORKER8
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All Industrie. 2

A ll w o r k e r s - -----------------------

— ------------- — __

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
98
2
-

100
100
-

100
67
31
2
-

100
54
43
3
-

100
98
2
-

M ethod o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid var.at.inns ______
.
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t ------— - __
P e r c e n t a g e p aym en t---------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t___
_____ — — —
Othe r __ ___________ _____ ______ __ ______________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a t io n s __________________________ - ____

-

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek — _____ ___ - ----------. _
1 w e e k - - __ __ __ _ _ _________ __
______
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s --------------------------- ------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------

_

7
50
15
2

3
58
21
2

59
3
-

37
17
2
-

48
14
1
-

39
4
-

19
( 6)
80
( 6)

8
1
90
1

33
67
-

75
7
18
-

79
10
11
-

43
-

2
9
88
1

5
1
93
1

( 6)
31
68
-

49
10
41

55
15
31
~

46
54
-

3
( 6)
96
1

( 6)

(‘ )
97
1

20
9
66
5

22
13
58
7

8
92
-

1
_
98
1
-

3
96
1
-

18
8
69
5
( 6)

22
11
60
7
-

3
95
2

( 6)
96
3
1

( 6)
95
3
2

3
86
7
5

3
83
10
3

97
3

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------- — - ----- -------------— —
O ver 1 and un d er 2 w eek s
__________ —
2 w e e k s ------------- _
— „ - _______
___
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s --- -------------

57
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----- —
— ----------O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s
—
_ __ —
2 w e e k s _____ _____
___ ___
— _____ __
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s — — ----------- — —
A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ----------------------------------— —
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------.---------2 w e e k s _____ — —
_____
___ — __
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------

100
"

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek — ____ ___ __
____
__ „ __ __
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s — — — ------- — __
2 w e e k s __ _______ _______ _________ __________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----- ---------- — --------3 w e e k s ____ __________ _ __ _____ _____
__

( 6)
100
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----- — ___________ ________ __________ ____
2 w eek s — ----------- __ __ __
___
__ __ __
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------- ----- ----3 w e e k s ------------------------------ __ _ __ __

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




_

100
-

_

16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , N ew H aven, C on n. , Jan u ary 1964)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All Industrie* 1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Publie utilities 3

( 6)
55
3
42
( 6)

( 6)
54
4
41
1
-

_
37
63
-

3
57
3
32
5
( 6)

3
59
4
26
7
-

46
52
2

( 6)
45
7
47
( 6)

( 6)
42
4
53
1
"

_
32
68
-

3
43
5
45
5
( 6)

3
43
5
41
7
“

36
62
2

( 6)
5
2
91
2
( 6)

( 6)
5
1
89
3
1

_

3
13
1
77
6
1

3
11
2
76
8
"

98
2

( 6)

( 6)

5

5

84
16
-

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5— C ontinued

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
—
——
_ __ ------------_
2 w eeks
_
__ — ______ _
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w ee k s
— _ — ------ ----3 w e e k s _________ __ ________________ _______ _____
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ------- — ---------------------------4 w eek s _
~
—
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s _
—
— O v er 2 and und er 3 w ee k s —
------- _ -----3 w eek s __
—
-----— ......................—
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w eek s - — —
--------- — -------- ------A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
—
------- -----2 w eek s
_
__
—
_ _ _ _ _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __
------3 w eek s __ _
_
—
—
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ----- ----4 w eek8 _
__
__ _

—
_
__ _
----------------------

( 6)
100
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------2 w eek s __
_
__
__
_ —
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----------- ------ ----3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
__ ------— ----4 w eek s __
— _
----— -----------------O v e r 4 w eek s
__ __
_
_ _

( 6)
76
1
17
( 6)

1
58
34
1

( 6)
3

( 6)
4
1
42
3
40
10

_

3

3

( 6)

11
2
59

3

13
1
61
2
17

-

3

5

97
-

3

17

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
_
_
_
_
2 w eek s _ __ __
— — _ __
— --------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s
------------- —
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w eek s

(6)

36
2
54
4

_

( 6)
38
62

3

3

10
1
44
3
32
7

9
2
48
4
25
9

37
63

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans o n ly . E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th o s e plans w h ich o f fe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a tic a l" b en efits beyon d b a s ic plan s to w o r k e r s w ith qu a lify in g lengths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e plans r e c e n t ly n egotia ted in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 In clu d es paym ents o th e r than "len gth o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, co n v e rte d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n ges
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s a re cu m u la tive. T h us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
a fte r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




17
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 New H aven, C onn., Jan uary 1964)
2
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

T yp e of b e n e fit
All Industrie* 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All induatriM4

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e
~
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e
.. —
_ - —
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5- - - — —
- _

98

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d )- ----- _ — — _ — —
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r i o d )- —
_ - —

A ll w o r k e r s

_

— _

____

__

_

Pubiio utilitiea3

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e —_________ ______________ ___
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n .
- N o h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n -~ ------

99

99

98

100

97

63

79

54

62

66

41

81

88

97

91

98

64

48

83

5

76

92

20

71

76

97

14

4

43

( 6)

-

96
90
73
51
85
( 6)

96
99
76
37
90
(6)

"

6

7

-

100
99
94
41
67

91
90
66
36
75
1

95
96
68
34
84

100
100
89
54
54

1 In clu d es th os e p lan s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p en sa tion , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d retirem en t.
2 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 U n du p lica ted tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly esta b lish at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y that can b e e x p e c te d b y each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te rm in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a re ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




18
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by fo r m a l s ic k le a v e
p r o v is io n s , New H aven, C o n n ., Jan uary 1964)
OFFICE WORKER8

PLANT WORKERS

S ick le a v e p r o v is io n
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100. 0

100. 0

io d . o

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

7 1 .4

76. 0

96.8

19. 5

10. 7

4 3 .4

2 8 .6

24. 0

3. 2

80. 5

89. 3

5 6 .6

U n iform plan :4
No w aitin g p e r i o d ----------------- ------------------------F u ll pay 5 -------------------------------------------------5 days
_
____ , „
6 d a y s -------------------------- ------------------------7 day**
_______
1 d a y s ------------------------------------------------ 0
1 d a y s __________________________________
2
W aiting p e r i o d --------------------------------------------------

30. 5
30. 5
6 .7
2. 1
1 .4
16. 3
2. 7
-

50. 2
50. 2
12. 0
2 .4
2. 7
3 1 .0
-

.8
.8
.4
.4
-

6 .9
6 .9
5. 2

3. 7
3. 7
1. 3

.9
1 .9

1. 2
2. 6

G ra duated p la n 4 — A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay 5_________________ ____________ —
5 d a y s ----- — -------------------------- ----------6 days _ ----------------- — ---------------------1 d a y s _____
2
_____ —
--------------15 d a y s ------------------- --------------------- -----75 d a y s _____ — — — - --------- --------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 5------------------------5 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------1 d a y s ________________ ____ __________
0
W aiting p e r i o d ------ ------------- ------------- --------P a r tia l pay o n l y ___________________________

39. 2
24. 9
1 0 .9
2. 5
1. 3
5 .9
3. 0
14. 2
13. 3
.9
. 1
.1

2 5 .8
23. 2

G raduated p la n 4 — A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aitin g p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 5_____
__ __ __ _ —
----- 8 d a y s ______ ________ _____ ___
1 d a y s --------- ------- — ------- ----- —
0
14 d a y s ___ ___ __ ____ __ ____ ____ ___ ____
50 d a y s -----— — — ------- - — ----55 days
—
- — — ---------- 260 d a y s ----------- — — -------- -------------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay 5-----------------------30 d a y s _____ _____ — ------------------------40 d a y s -______ _________ ___________ ____ _
65 day s _________ ____ ____ ___ __ ___ ___
7 5 d a y s ------------------- ----------------- — —
P a r t ia l pay o n l y __ ______________ —
W aiting p e r i o d ---------------- — —
---------------

4 0 .7
2 4 .4
2. 5
9 .9
.9
1. 1
4. 5
3. 0
16. 3
.9
1. 5
13. 3
. 1

2 5 .8
21. 7
2. 5
1. 2
12. 2
4. 1

3. 2

8.6

A 1 w o r k e r s _______________________________________
1
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e --------- --------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no f o r m a l paid s ic k le a v e ----------------------------------

Msnufsoturinc

Public Utilities2

Type and amount of paid aick leave
provided annually

2.8

2. 5
14. 1
2. 6
2. 6
-

2.6
-

90. 1
39. 3
35. 5
1. 3
2. 5
50. 8
50. 8
"

96.0
3 9 .3
35. 5
2. 5
5 6 .7
5 .9
50. 8
-

.8

5. 8

2. 0
1 .4
. 1

.6

3 .7
3. 1

.6

3 .9
3 .9

8.8
2. 0
1 .4
-

.6

4. 7
.6

1.0
3. 1
2. 0
1 .9

1.2
-

"

4 .4
4 .4

3 5 .4
5 .4
.9
4. 5
30. 0
24. 9
5. 2
-

2.8

4 3 .4
5 .4
4. 5
38. 0
5. 2
8. 0
24. 9
-

2. 8
1. 6

Provisions for uccumulution
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r a ccu m u la tio n o f
unused s ic k l e a v e ------- — — --------------------- -

"

.6

5. 2

1 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o s e f o r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sam e num ber o f d a y s ' p aid s i c k le a v e e a c h
y e a r . '.'G raduated p la n s "
a re
d efin ed as th ose fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n . E s tim a te s r e fle c t
p r o v is io n s a p p lic a b le at
the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e th is am ount a fte r g r e a t e r
o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly . N u m bers o f days show n under " F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y " a re days fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a r e en titled to a dd ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in office s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class
Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C. Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under close supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations find day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established.* May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct Spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN-Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
e tc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

25
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipecutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver•salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—

The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.< ;., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Akron, Ohio____________________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________________
Albuquerque, N. M e x ___________ ______________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J________
N.
Atlanta, Ga_____________________________________
Baltimore, Md__________________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________
Birmingham, A la______________________________
Boise, Idaho_____________________,______________
Boston, Mass 1
__________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y.___________________________________
Burlington, V t 1
_________________________________
Canton, Ohio___________________________________
Charleston, W. V a _____________________________
Charlotte, N. C ______ _________________________
Chattanooga T enn. -G a ________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio________________________________
Columbus, Ohio________________________________

1385-33
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex_____________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa— 1 _______
11
Dayton, Ohio___________________________________
Denver, Colo1__________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa______________________________
Detroit, Mich1
_____________________ ____________
Fort Worth, Tex_______________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S .C ________________________________
Houston, T e x __________________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1385-34
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapo li s , Ind1______________________________

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1385-35

Jacksonville, Fla_______________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans1
_______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______________
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind ___________________________
Manchester, N. H ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn1_______________________________

Price

Bulletin
number

Miami, Fla1____________________________________ 1385-29
Milwaukee, W is 1
_______________________________ 1345-59
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn1
___________________ 1345-38
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights , Mich_________
1345-69
Newark and Jersey City, N. J __________________ 1345-46
New Haven, Conn1_________________________ —
— 1385-37
New Orleans, L a 1______________________________ 1345-44
New York, N. Y 1________________________
1345-79
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a 1
.
—
_______________________ -— 1345-75
Oklahoma City, Okla____________________ ._____ — 1385-2

Price
25 cents

25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents

25 cents
40 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa1_______
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J________________
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J 1 ______________________
-^
Phoenix, A r iz _________________ . ___—
---------------Pittsburgh, Pa 1_____
Portland, Maine1______________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash_________________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.— ass1__________—
M
Raleigh, N. C 1-------------------- -----------------------------Richmond, V a1_________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1385-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111____
St. Louis, M o .-I ll_____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah____________________________
San Antonio, T ex1_________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C alif1____
San Diego, C alif--------------San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif1_____ _________
Savannah, Ga __________________________________
Scranton, Pa1__________________________________
Seattle, Wash1
__________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1385-36
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1___________________________
South Bend, Ind________________________________
Spokane, Wash1________________________________
__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio1
Trenton, N. J __________________________________
Washington, D. C. -Md. -V a ____________________
Waterbury, Conn______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa_________________________________
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, M ass______________________________
York, Pa_______________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

20 cents

25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102