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Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK
DECEMBER 1963

B u l l e t in No. 1 3 8 5 - 3 3




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan Clo gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK
DECEMBER 1963




Bulletin No. 1385-33
March 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 040 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupational earnings* and establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor markets* for economic regions* and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into {a) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level* and (b) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

-----------

-------------------------------------------

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied------- ----------------------------------------------------2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups*
and percents of increase for selected
----------------A: Occupational earnings:*
A -l. Office occupations—
men and women ............„ ....... ..............
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women
— — .....— —
..............................—
—
A-3. Office* professional* and technical occupations—
men and women com bined........ ------------- -------------------A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations________________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations___________
Appendix: Occupational

--------------------------------------- ---------

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Buffalo* N.Y.* in December 1963. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in New York* N.Y., by Anthony J.
Ferrara* under the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The
study was under the general direction of Frederick W.
Mueller* Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Indus­
trial Relations.




1
3

* NOTE; Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
A current report on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Buffalo area is also availa­
ble for the machinery industries (April 1963). Union scales*
indicative of prevailing pay levels* are available for building
construction* printing* local-transit operating employees*
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

2
2
4
7
O O ^ H

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys* a two part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each
of the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

----

Wage trends for selected occupational groups-------

1

13




O c c u p a t i o n a l W a g e S u r v e y —B u f f a l o , N .Y .
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fullrtime workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays* and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance., and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution o f ‘ the sexes among in*dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Es­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of -the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A-serieS
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1




Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Buffalo (E rie and Niagara Counties), N. Y . ,
by m ajor industry division,2 December 1963
Number of establishments
Industry division

Workers in establishments

Within scope
of study9

Studied

Within scope
of study4

All

684

206

227,600

156,880

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 9
Wholesale trade4
Retail trade 4
Finance, insurance* and real estate 4 --------------------—
S ervices4 7
— -----------------

361
323

110
96

151,400
76,200

111,160
45,720

57
62
104
37
63

26
15
26
13
16

23,600
5,400
28,800
8,500
9.900

19,520
1,540
16,610
4, 540
3, 510

Studied

1 The Buffalo Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Erie and Niagara Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates
shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates
are not intended, however, to serve as a basis.of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels
since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2)
sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1.957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
9 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation (50 em ployees). A ll outlets (within the area) of companies
in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation (50 em ployees).
9 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
4 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
o f data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering
and architectural services.

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y.
Index
(December, 1960=100)

Percents of increase

December 1963

December 1962
to
December 1963

December 1961
to
December 1962

December I960
to
December 1961

October 1959
to
December 1960

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women) — .........-__
Industrial nurses (men and women)..............
Skilled maintenance (men)------------------------Unskilled plant (men)

107.7
105.9
106.3
108.4

2.2
1.9
1.7
2.3

3.1
1.9
1.9
3.6

2.2
2.0
2. 5
2.3

3.6
5.8
4 .3
4 .5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and wom en)--------------Industrial nurses (men and women)________
Skilled maintenance (men)
Unskilled plant (men) —

106.8
105.4
105.9
107.7

1.6
1.9
1.5
2.6

2.9
1.9
2.0
3.0

2. 1
1.5
2.3
1.9

3.6
6.2
4 .3
4.1

Industry and occupational group

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled—carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new index
(1961 base) and trend series. This series, initiated with the expansion of the
labor market wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas,
replaces the old series (1953 base).
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., December 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um

Average
$40
$45
W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45
$50

NU BEROFW
M
ORKERSRECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIMEW
G
EEKLYEARNINGSOF—
$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

4
3
3

3
2
2

6
3
3
3

24
19
13
6
5

22
15
14

1

6
4
2
2
2

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
and
$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155

over

Men
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

10
3
1
2
7

99.50
108.00
103.00

-

-

_
-

_
-

9
1
1

6
2
-

3
-

1
1
1

2
1
1

3
3
2

9
9
9

14
4
2

104.50

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

16

7

1
1
“

1
1
1

14
10

N iagara C o u n ty ..
---Nonmanufacturing---- --------- ----------------Pu blic utilities 2------- ----------------------

353
250
180
70
103
58

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

$118.00
121.00
120.00
123.50
109.50
115.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B------------------ M anufacturing-------------------------------------E rie County-------------------------------------

86
55
38

39.5
39.5
40.0

C lerk s, o r d e r — -

71

40.0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A --..M anufacturing. —
—

—

54
23
19
4
31
27

15
7
4
3
8
7

31
26
20
6
5
2

4
4
2

2
2
2

9
9
7

15
11
11

7

10

6

2

-

10
8
6

3
3
2

-

9
3
2

9
9

1
1

123.00
125.50
128.50

-

-

-

"

-

"

3 9 .0 .
39.0

68.50
69.50

1
1

5
5

15
11

10
2

17
9

6
-

1
-

4
-

5
-

53

39.5

119.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

7

3

6

7

111
5b
43
55

39.5
40.TT
40.0
39.0

108.50
116.50
115.50
101.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

1
1

2
2
2

4
3
2

-

-

-

8
2
2
6

7
3
3
4

27
5
5
22

14
4
4
10

12
9
5
3

79

82.00
87.50
88.50

_

6

-

-

9
7
7

75
------5 !
47

O ffice b oy s_______________________________
N onm anufacturing------------------ -------------

90
So

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A . . .
_
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s B
. . . .
M anufacturing-------------------------------------R ri« Clrmrity _
N onm anufacturing— --------- ------- -----------

40.0
40.0
40.0

-

_
-

4
4

-

4
-

1
1

3
-

2
2

2
2

l

l

_

_

_

3
3
1

2
2
2

24
24
24

1
1
1

-

-

2
2

7

l
1
1

C lerk s, pa y ro ll----------------------------------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------E rie County-------------------------------------

4
4

43
26
19
7
17
9
1
-

45
34
13
21
11
8
1
1

30
30
25
5
-

21
16
13
3
5
5

31
31
28
3
-

2
2

10

1

8

2

5
3
2

14
10
5

1
1
“

4
9
-----3~

-

-

3

-

5
3
2

3
3
3

4
3
3

5
5
5

_

-

9
3
1

-

9
9
2

9
3
3

2
2
2

14
14
14

2
2
2

3

3

-

4

5

1

3

3

4
4
2

6
6
4

4
4
2

2

-

-

-

2

8
-----8“
8

L

2
2
2

6

W om en
_

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )-------ManiifArtiiri ng
E rie County-------------------------------------

46

39.0
39.5
40.0

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m a ch in e)...
—
. .

68

38.5

61.00

.

7

14

18

4

5

18

_

-

_

-

_

-

_

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

90
55
42

39.5
40.0
40.0

84.50
94.00
94.50

-

-

-

-

7

16

4

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

21
19
15

16
16
16

1
1
1

6
3
1

4
4
4

4
4
4

2
2
-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

288
70
49

38.5
40.0
40.0

64.00
71.50
72.50

1

4
1

61
6

56

42
9
3

26
12

63
21
17

12
12
12

16
2

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2

1

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____
M anufacturing
.
—_
E rie boun ty------------------------------------Niagara County
—
. — .. ..
Nonmanufacturing

280
178
142
36
102

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

99.00
102.00
101.00
106.50
94.00

-

-

39
23
18
5
16

42
36
32
4
6

42
29
25
4
13

28
27
27
1

18
14
8
6
4

22
15
8
7
7

13
7
6
1
6

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5

75.50
82.50
81.00
88.00
68.00

56
24
20
4
32

63
25
22
3
38

87
30
26
4
57

39
21
15
6
18

30
24
19
5
6

27
24
21
3
3

22
22
19
3
“

23
22
19
3

20
17
5

14
11
9

11
10
2
8

_
_
_
_

3

4
1
1
3

5
2
2
3
_
_
-

3

9
6
6
3

1
1
1
1
1
1
"

_
_
_
_
"

_
_
_
_
_
_
■

_
_
_
-

492
258
200
58
234

7
3
1
2
4
-

-

7

24
12
9
3
12

-

6

13
5
3
2
8

-

51
10
10
41

5
2
2
3

9
2
2

-

6
6

-

-

35
10
5
5
25

6
-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ..
. . . .
Manufacture ng,---------- ----------------------- ,—
E rie County..
. . . . -.
Niagara County ---~ ~
Nonmanufac turing---------------------------- ---

-

.

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A------------------- ..------------------------------M anufacturi ng-------------------------------------E rie County------------------------------------B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B---------------------------------------------------nnfartii i*i ng
a

See footnotes at end of table,




56

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

1

1
2

2

1

-

"

_

_
_
-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y., December 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
$40 $45
W
eekly,
W
eekly .
hours 1 earn gs and
in
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45 $50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

NU BEROFW
M
ORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIM W
G
E EEKLYEARNIN OF—
GS
$80 $85
$90
$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
$75

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

19
11
10
8

12
10
10
2

11
10
9

11
11

7
7
7

10
10
3

6
2
2
4

4

and
$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $ 14.0 $145 $150 $155

W omen— Continued
C lerks, file , c la s s B
Manuf actur ing--------------------------------------

209
73
55
136

38.0
39.5
.39.5
37.5

$59.50
72.00
72.50
52.50

15
-

51
3

41
3

15

48

38

22
4
2
18

157
141

38.5
38.5

55.00
54.00

_

2
2

89
88

22
19

21
21

21
LI

1

1

141
96
89

39.5
39.0
39.0

76.00
78.50
77.50

.
-

4
"

5
2
2

9
7
7

20
17
17

5
4
3

28
3
3

39
39
38

16
9
9

2
2
1

2
2
2

2
2
-

.
-

1
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

2
2
1

6
_ — r~
6
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

316
231
187
44
85

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

82.00
86.00
84.00
94.50
70.00

1
.
1

2
_
.
2

10
.
10

22
9
6
3
13

38
31
25
6
7

22
13
13
.
9

32
30
29
1
2

30
14
13
1
16

31
23
22
1
8

35
27
21
6
8

20
16
16
.
4

17
12
8
4
5

14
14
6
8

3
3
1
2

10
10
8
2

5
5
2
3

12
12
6
6

3
3
2
1

3
3
3

2
2
2

4
4
4

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

75.00
76.50
74.00
73.50

-

2
-

24
9
9
15

37
22
22
15

28
17
17
11

30
5
5
25

72
47
47
25

41
28
28
13

30
26
26
4

32
14
12
18

11
4
4
7

11
6
5
5

13
3
3
10

4
1
1
3

10
10
1

2
2
2

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

___________ — —.

347
194
182
153

Keypunch op era tors, cla ss A -----------------Manuf actur ing
E rie County
Nnnmannfa rtnr ing

252
131
117
121

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

87.00
88.50
86.50
86.00

6
4
3
2

4
4
4

6
5
2

2
2

_

1
1
1

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

Keypunch op era tors, cla ss B
Manuf actur ing_______ __________________

299
140
115
25
159
26

39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

71.50
81.50
79.50
89.00
63.50
73.50

89
56
38

39.0
39.0
39.5

60.50
61.50
60.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

17
15
8
7
2
2

19
19
15
4

8
8
5
3

8
8
5
3

5
5
4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

N onm anufacturing-..—. . —___ _________

Manufacturing
E rie County
Manuf actur ing-------------------------------------E rie County

C om ptom eter op erators
Manuf actur ing
Nonmanuf actur ing—

N onmanuf actur ing-------------------------------■Pnhlir u t ilit ie s 2
Manuf actur ing

S e creta ries
Manufactur ing.
E rie County
N iagara County
N onmanuf actur ing-------------------------------P u blic u tilit ie s 2

1, 150
865
638
227
285
64 '

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

99.50
101.00
97.50
109.50
95.50
114.00

Stenographers, general
Manufactur ing-----------------------------------

1. 008
682
493
189
326
79

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

79.50
81.50
80.50
83.50
75.00
98.50

Niagara County ——
Nonmanuf actur ing
P u blic u t ilitie s 2

—————

See footnotes at end of table.




__—

2

_

-

2
2

j

-

_
.

7
1
1
6

8
.
8

5
2
2
3

5
3
3
2

39
18
18
21

15
6
6
9

30
29
28
1

22
15
14
7

30
25
20
5

43
10
10
33

29
6
5
23

-

8
-

_
_

30
5
5

25
5
5

46
5
5

20
1

41
6

33
31
29
2
2

16
14
9
5
2

15
11
8
3
4
4

17
17
15
2

25

32
13
10
3
19

14
13
13

8

48
14
11
3
34

13
10
4
6
3
3

5
-

1
1

22
11
10

22
19
14

13
8
5

9
7
3

6
6
3

5
_

4
3
3

_

2
1

-

-

2
2

9
9
9
-

18
13
13
5

13
9
9
4

72
38
33
5
34

88
63
59
4
25

85
64
60
4
21

-

*

-

1

1

94
64
53

84
47
36

88
49
31
18
39

144
120

139
102
84
18
37
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

15
3

30

.
.

3
12

3
23

_

_

7
4

_

61
24
24

11

37

_

30

37

_

_

1

1

77
43
24

j

_

105
68
58
10
37
2

85
59
46
13
26

106
82
56
26
24

-

11

80
67
49
18
13

82
75
52
23

80
60

4

5

7

44
16
20
20

1

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

j

_

_
97
85
65
20
12
1

159
142
83
59
17
5

84
61
44
17
23
17

56
30
19
11
26
6

46
39
28
11

80
34
25
9
46
46

17

17
H

9
9
2

3
2

2
2

_

_

6

7

2

_

_

_

7
1

1
1

_

35
22
8
14
13

33
26
11
15

11

6

.

.

_

7

_

_

_

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y., December 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

Avbragb
$40 $45
W
eeklv
W
eekly j and
hour,"
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45 $50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

NM
U BEROFW
ORKERSRECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIM W
G
E EEKLYEARNIN OF—
GS
$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
$75 $80 $85 $90
and

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 ov er

Women— Continued
2
2
2

6
6
6

3
6
3

18
2
2
16

32
8
6
24

32
16
7
16

56
43
7
13

46
46
19
6

89
74
27
15

32
26
17
6

26
14
8
12

26
25
13

30
60
30

!
i
1

!
1
1

.

_

-

-

-

-

14
14

28
2
26

13
6
4
8

42
23
21
19
3

16
9
9
7

8
6
6
2

14
10
5
4
2

29
26
18
3
3

35
16
14
19
19

4
4
3

6
3
3
3

5
5
3

.

2
6
2

_
-

_
-

.

_

-

-

-

20
14
11
3
6

14
16
10

15
1
1

23
16
13

46
14
14

54
43
39
4

49
35
35

14
14
13
1

3
3
3

4
2

14

10

32

14

19
16
10
6
3

10
16
3
7

4

25
7
3
4
18

-

-

-

-

7

6

1

-

8

8

18

2

33
3

28
28

37
22
21
15

13
3
3
10

15
9
8
6

28
15
24 — i r ­
23
is
4

1

30

7
5
5
2

9
9
9

2

27
5
5
22

27
16
10
3
14

38
61
20
ll

41
36
26

45
37
8

7

8

45
35
27
8
10

46
37
28
9
9

23
..26'
19

10

45
16
5
5
35

159
40
31
q
119
5

190
82
72
10
108
20

123
97
80
17
26
6

57
38
23
15
19

62
43
27
16
19

42
24
21

36
30
30

17
11
11

23
2
2

9

18
8

6
2

6
6

21
21

9
9

401
29*
150
109

39.5
46.0
40.0
39.0

$94.50
97.50
99.50
87.00

254
89
142
28

39.5
46.0
40.0
39 0
39 5

76.50
8 ? /Go86.50
68.50
92 50

300
162
155
27
118

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

76.50
79.50
78.00
88.50
72.50

-

4

57

39.5

95.00

-

-

215
39.5
94 "T 9 .S
87
39.5
121
39.0

71.00
61.66
82.00
62.50

-

336
242
185
57
94

29.0
J9.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

80.00
64.60
85.00
81.50
70.50

1.056
416
342
74
640
101

38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

63.00
68.00
67.50
68.00
60.00
75.50

Manufacturing —
__——--- -------—
__—
-------

—

Switchboard o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _ _

Nonm anufacturing_______ _____ ____ —
Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss B

n r

Tran scribing-m achine operators,
I T a rniinfy

-

-

4

6
6

28
— T~

4

-

4

-

1

27

Mntimaniifa rfiiring

X/onnfa rturing
F rio P.Aii«ty
N onm anufacturing---- ----------------------- —




3 8 .0

39.5

10

57

_

281
49
45

57

232
17

4

3

7

4

3

1
1
1

-

-

.
-

_
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

g
a Afiirinjt
r Aiinfy

_

4

5
6
5
5 -----§T — 5“
3
5
5
2
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

7
Tabic A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., December 1963)
Aea e
vrg
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

NUMBER O F W O RKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EE KLY EARNINGS OF

$75
$80

Draftsmen, lea derDraftsmen, senior—
Manufacturing—
Erie County..
Niagara County Nonmanufacturing—
.

50

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

139.00
140.00
141.50
129.00
130.00

$85

$90

$85

$90

$95

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 $190

and
$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 $160 $165 $170 $175 $180 $185 $ion

$165.50

636
558
488
70
78

$80

Under and
$75 under

2

1

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

1
1
1

8
8
8

-

12
12
9
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

58
49
43
6
9

41
40
37
3

1

40
35
26
9
5

45
29
16
13
16

82
48
36
12
34

4

5

57
53
32
21
4

43
40
39
1
3

48
46
46

Draftsmen, ju n io r.
Manufacturing__
Erie County—
Niagara County.

307
2&T~
226
40

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

105.50
108.00
106.00
118.00

6

_

36
21
19
2

13
11
9
2

16
15
13
2

22
19
16
3

37
36
33
3

34
30
28
2

19
16
16

39
38
37
1

12
8
6
2

19
18
13
5

5
5
3
2

11
11
6
5

18
18
14
4

Nurses, industrial (registered)..
Manufacturing—
Erie County—
Niagara County.

182
167
116
51

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

107.00
108.50
107.00
111.50

6
1

-

5
5
5

5
5
5

19
16
12
4

19
19
16
3

19
19
18
1

31
31
19
12

13
12
7
5

30
25
8
17

14
14
8
6

10
10
8
2

8
8
8

1
1

-

,

_

2

78
77
77

_
1

3

3

14

1

4
4
4

5
5
5

18
18
18

-

-

-

_
_

_

41
41
41

21
18
18

_

22
22
20
2

-

3

-

. .
- _ _

_
_

.
_
_

-

-

-

.

9
9
5
4

3
3
2

3
3
1
2

4
4
4

1
1
1

_
_

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




5

12
12
12

_
_ _

-

_

.

_

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., December 1963)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

B illers, machine (billing m achine)-------Manufacturing----------------—----- ---------Erie County-----------------------------------

98
59
48

$86.50
88.50
89.50

B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine).

68

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A.
Manufacturing__________________ — ___
Erie County------------- ---- ...---------------

90
55
42

84.50
94.00
94.50

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B.
Manufacturing------------ —
.--------- ------------Erie County—. ------------- ------------------

299
71
49

65.00
71.50
72.50

Clerks, accounting, class A— ----------------Manufacturing____ __________________—
Erie County------------------------------------Niagara County------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------- . --------Public utilities *------------------------------

633
428
322

109.50
113.00
111.50
118.00

205
76

1 0 2 .0 0

Clerks, accounting, class B--------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Erie County------------------------------------Niagara County----------------- —.--------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

578
313
238
75
265

79.00
87.00
84.50
95.00
69.50

Clerks, file, class B ------------------------------Manufacturing------ ------ -----------------------Erie County-----------------------Nonmanufacturing------------- —---------------

211

75
56
136

60.00
72.50
72.50
52.50

Clerks, file, class C ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------- ---- --------

158
142

55.00
54.00

256
131
117
125

$87.00
88.50
86.50
85.50

61.00

106

117.50

Clerks, nrda.r------------------------------------------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Erie County-------------------------------------

212

139
129

85.50
87.00
85.50

Clerks, payroll__________________________
Manufacturing-------------------------------------Erie County------------- — —
---- -------------Niagara County------------------------- ----Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

391

9 0 .0 0

l9 l

“ 94.S0
93.00
99.50
76.00

Comptometer operators— — — — — ---------Manufacturing-------------------------------------Erie County------------------------------------Nonmanufac turing—

234
58
99
348
m

182
154

75.00
76.50
74.00
73.50

Keypunch operators, class A.
Manufacturing---- -------------Erie County___________
Nonmanufacturing------------Keypunch operators, class B-----Manufacturing-------------- ---------Erie County----------------------Niagara County-----------------Nonmanufacturing----- ------------Public utilities 2 ----------------Office boys and girls.
Manufacturing-----Erie County----Nonmanufacturing.
Secretaries---------------Manufacturing-------Erie County------Niagara County.
Nonmanufacturing—
.
Public utilities 2




144

118
26
165
26
179
I * "

68

83

71.50
81.50
79.50
89.50
63.00
73.50
64.50
”5?7o5"
63.00
65.50

161

99.50

871
644
227

1 0 1.00

290

69

Stenographers, general
Manufacturing---------Erie County--------Niagara County —
Nonmanufacturing---Public utilities 2 —

1,010

Stenographers, senior—
Manufacturing---------Erie County______
Nonmanufacturing.—

403
293
151

682
493
189
328
81

110

Switchboard operators.
Manufacturing-------Erie County— .
Nonmanufacturing.-.
Public utilities2.

257
IT T
89
145
31

Switchboard operator-receptionists
Manufacturing---------------------------Erie County--------------------------Niagara County--------------------Nonmanufacturing______________

300
T§T
155
27
118

Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

^w
eSly*
earn gs 2
in
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations*-—
* Continued

Office occupations

N ber
um
of

Occupation and industry division

98.00
109.50
95.50
112.50
79.50
81.50
80.50
83.50
75.00
98.50
94.50
97.50
99.50
87.00

75

$117.50

168
102
66

104.00
167766
107.00
98.50

94

8 8 .0 0

215
------ §4
87

71.00
"51.56
82.00
62.50

Tabulating-machine operators, class B------------ ------Mamifartiiring . ____
lTvio rnnnty
Nonmaniifarhiring

70

T^hiilflting.marWnB npAvatnrSj rla aa C.
Transcribing-machine operators, general —
Nonman’1 ctn ring
^

121

346

'Manufacturing
........ P.ri a r.nnnty ..... . .

—
188
57

Nonmannfartiiring........

101

F.ri# r.niinty ......... t
Niagara P.cunty
......

....... .

1,079
419
345
74
660
121

■PnKlic ntilitiaa*

81.00
647§o
85.00
81.50
72.50
63.50
6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

79.00

Professional and technical occupations
Draftsmen, leaderDraftsmen, senior—
Manufacturing

.
.

.. _

Niagara Prmnty ........
Nnnrri^nnfacturing ....
77.00
"sTToo"
86.50 Draftsmen, ju n ior---Manufacturing
...69.00
TTria P.rvnnty
.. ...
93.00
Niagara P.onnty
76.50
79.50
Ma nufa ctn ri ng
78.00
88.50
Niagara flrvnnty ......... ......
72.50

50

165.50

638

-

138.50
140.00
141.50

— m r

...

-

_ _

- ............
.... .

490
70
78
309
----- 258“
228
40
189
174
121

53

1 2 9 .0 0

130.00
105.50
108.00
106.00
118.00
107.00
108.00
107.00
111.50

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y., December 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

O
f
w
orkon

$1.90 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2760 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $ 7 3 9 $3710 $7729 $3.30 $3^f9
$ 3 3 9 $3779 $ 3 3 9 $ 7 3 9 $ 7 3 9 $ 7 3 9 $ 7 3 9
hourly , Under
*
.
•sninCi $1.90
and
under
$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20 over

28

$ 2 .9 6
3.00
2.97
3.10
2.80
2.91

1,040
1,015
721
294

3.24
3.24
3.26
3.19

_
- •
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

2.91
2.95
2.93

2

2 .9 8

-

_
-

2.74

2

_
-

12

Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________

563
460
343
117
103
328
319
155
164

2.64

Manufacturing
Erie r.nnnty
Niagara County

13
9
9

Manufacturing
Erie Cnnnty.
Niagara flnimfy
Nonmanufactnring ,
Public utilities 2

..
_ ..........

493
404
288
116
89
56

2.52
2.53
2.53
2.55
2.45
2.57

Machine-tool operators, t o o l r o o m ^ .

666

3.31
3.34

307
245
199
46
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

62

_

Electricians, waintenanra --------Manufacturing
Erie County.------ ----- ----------- ---Niagara County
Engineers,, stationary-,,,^
Manufacturing
_

_

.

Erie r.minty
Machinists, maintenance
Marmfarfn ring
Erie County__________ ____ -___...
Niagara County
Mechanics, automotive
(maintenance)
Manufacturing
................
Niagara bounty .
Nonmannfartnring ....... ... _
Public utilities 2
Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing.
Erie County
Niagara r.nnnty
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities2

See footnotes at end of table.




642
605

2 .6 6

2.70
2.62

5

6

2

21
2l
21

16

-

_
-

4
4

_
-

1
1
1

28
28
26

13

-

2

9
5
5
-

16
16
16
-

-

26
*5
25
-

24

20

16
-

_
_
-

41
33
25

12

1

8

20

-

29
29

9

10

8

9
9
-

-

_
7
7
7
-

1

1

-

-

19
19
3
16

53
23
38
15

11

5

7

6

ll

2

3

2
1
2

4

11

4

2

4

2

3 10

_

22

_

8

_

7
5
5

19
19
19

_
-

5
-

19
9
9

7
7
7

8

_

2

16

8
21

39
37
16
21
2
2

1 ,0 2 2

_

12

12
10
2

33
33
12
21

177
176
129

47

642
278
246
32
364
338

2.95
2.93
2.91
3.13

2

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

2

3.21
3.36

3.13
3.12
3.16
3.05
3.01
3.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

2

.

-

-

-

.

.

8
8
8

18
18
3

8
8

47
47
34
13

-

6

-

-

43
43
41

84
83
67

173
I'M

66

2

16

90
89
34
55

79
74
70
4
5

68
66

88

20
2

64
60
37
23
4
22
22

11

3
4
-

30
~3o~
28
2

46

58
29
29
30

„
-

-

169
169
84
85

10
10
10

18
18
17

14
13
13
-

18
ll
4
7
7

1

1

_
.

_
.

.

.

4

24

11

30

106

55
24

7
7
4
3

13
13
13

15
IT"
ll
4

6

-

_
_
_
.

_
-

6
6

_

-

81
21
219
*19 -5 9 “ - £1
205
13
69
14
8
-

-

_
_
_
-

_
.
_
-

.
_
_
-

_
.
_
-

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

1
1
J

“

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

.

44
44

28
28
10

138
li8
135

187
187
186

64
64
54

9
9

J7

40

47

33

41

47

114
ll4
109
5

57
55
23
32

149
149
96
53

48
48
43
5

129
1*9
56
73

39
59
39
-

284
204

33

13
7
7
-

41
41
14
27

12

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

11

93
93
93

40
4o
40

34

4
1

31
l3
14

135
15
3

90
62
46

95
93
21
20
16

32
12
3 — T
5
7
27
27

5

1
16
16

12
120
1 20

28
28

44
4
4
_
40
29

102

49
43
43

12
8

66

56

94
83
40
43

212
212

5

129
83

93
95

1

56

3

7
7

6
8

4

10

11
8

16

-

210

74

4
4
_

3
68
48 — r
3
45
_
3

8
4

114
"n o

66

110

12
12
12

92
19
19

4

5
” 5”
5
_
_

6

"3 “
5
1

_ •
_
_

20
20

177
158

4
4

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

_
_
.
-

8
8
8

25
25
25

27
27

10

_
-

_
.
_
-

1

2

4
4
4

122

.

lo

_
.
„
-

~T "

22
22
22

82
81
81

10

_

5
5

98
98
98

7
7
7

_
_
_
-

-

_
_
_

2

24
17
17

4
4

_
_
-

5
-

2
2

6

18
5
5
4

_
-

1

_
_
_
_

17
17
17
_

13
31
27

3
3

5

1

1

62
37
25

_
-

22

3

45
45

16
lfe
15

22

25
25
14

53
52

22

11

85

27
27
27

_
_
-

46
76

20

98
75
23

86

24
22
10
12
2

“
_ .
.
-

24
24

49
49
49

2

20
20
20

21

38
29
14
15
9

18
l4

8

4

3.25
y .w

1,058
799
259
62
41

8

48
19
16
3
29
27

i

3 .3 3

1,007
738
269

1 , 120

-

6

41
41
41

_

_

2
2
2

_

.

_

_
5
5
5

_

7
” 3”
7

_
_
_
_

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y., December 1963)1
3
2

Occupation and industry division

Number

at

worker*

Avenge
hourly .
eeminge

■NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 f O o f 2 ^ 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 . 1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 l 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 . 2 0

Under and
$ 1 .9 0 under

and

$ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 . 2 0 $ 3 . 3 0 $ 3 . 4 0 $ 3 . 5 0 $ 3 . 6 0 $ 3 . 7 0 $ 3 . 8 0 $ 3 . 9 0 $ 4 . 0 0 $ 4 . 1 0 $ 4 . 2 0

Millwrights
Manufactur ing
Erie County-------------------------------K
y

$ 3 .2 4
3 .2 4
3 .2 9
3 .1 5

_
-

Oilers
~
Manufactur ing
Erie County
Niagara rirumfy

514
503
397
106

2 .7 4
2 .7 5
2 .7 9
2 .6 1

11
7
1
6

Painters, maintenance
Mamifartiiring
Erie C.nunty_______ •
,____________

295
248
125
123

2 .9 3
3 .0 1
2 .9 7
3 .0 4

_

672
6 6 5 ““
4 11
254

3 .1 4
3 .1 4
3 .1 5
3 .1 4

-

8
Pipefitters, maintenance_____________
Manufactur ing...--,—
------- ----------Erie Covmty....,------- ....—
Niagara County_ ___________ —
_
—
Sheet-metal workers, maintenance____
Manufactur ing----- ---------------- ------------------- ---- ---------Niagara County —

332
3 21
213
108

3 .2 3
3 .2 5
3 .2 6
3 .2 4

Tool and die makers
Manufactur ing--------------------------------Erie County _ —
_

771
771
650

14
14
14

8

1. 0 88
1, 0 88
669
419

_
-

_
-

_
_

!
-

1
1

_

-

_

_
-

_
-

.
_
-

-

_
-




25
25
21
4

100
100
59
41

166
166
66
100

147
1 47
46
101

134
1 34
37
97

144
144
121
23

234
234
188
46

-

2
2
2

27
27
27

13
13
13

.

28
28
15
13

44
44
35
9

78
71
51
20

40
40
26
14

42
42
23
19

133
133
109
24

75
75
75

8
8
7

26
8
8

4
4
4

2
1

_

1

33
29
29

6
6
6

22
22
6
16

49
49
2
47

21
15
15

77
72
23
49

9
9
1
8

30
27
24
3

7
7

7
7

5
5

5
5

8
4

7

7

-

4

4

21
20
20

1

"

■

103
103
86
17

108
108
29
79

1 16
116
64
52

84
82
13
69

15
15
15

5

23
23
21
2

1 59
159
130
29

11
2
2

4

2
2
1
1

34
34
34

10
10
10

68
68
8
60

44
44

-

50
50
35
15

27
27
25

51
51
50

30
30
30

63
63
52

58
58
58

-

"

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

64
64
64

_
_

.

1
1

6
6
6

8
8
8

6
6
6

3
3
3

_
_

7
7
7

-

_
_

2
2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

_

_
_

_

1
1
1

_
_

252
252
171

8
8
8

2
2
2

6

_

_

!

6
6
6

_

3 .4 8
3 .4 8
3 .4 6

1
2
3

24
24
23
1

6
6

9
9
9

_ _
-

_
-

2

-

8

"

_
-

over

-

-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public, utilities.
Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $1.70 to $1.80; and 2 at $1.80 to $1.90.

7
7
7

_
-

2
2

-

n
11
11

-

13
13
13

-

-

88
88
66
22

40
40
19

46
46
41

54
54
54

-

44

134

~ n r
134

_
-

.

i>
6

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y ., December 1963)

Occupation 1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger
(women)—
— -------Nonmanufacturing------------------------—
.
Guards and watchmen--------------- --------- -Manufacturing---------------------------------Erie County
Niagara County-------—
________
Guards
— — —
Erie County
Niagara County______________

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

NUM
BER O W
F ORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM H
E OURLY EARNINGS O —
F
$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
A
verage
hourly i Under and
and
$ 1 .1 0 under
$ 1 .2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $ 1 .6 0 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2 .6 0 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

90
85

$1.32
1.31

_
-

11
11

32
32

34
34

T

1, 173
881

2.27
2.51
2.51
2.51

-

10

19
7
7

209

6

608

273
629
440
189
252
168
84

2 .6 8

2.70
2.62
2 .0 9
2 .o i

6

5

2
2

25
18
18
_
_
_
18
IS

15
9
_
9
-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

22
22

10

12

187

6

7

79
-

155
-

65

27
-

29
-

-

.

-

9

20
16

8
1

14
-

22
2

13

51

48
4

2
1
1

_
79
-

_
155
-

54
-

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women)—
__
Manufacturing---------------------------------Erie f^rmn+y-------------------------------Niagara County--------------------------Nonmanufacturing—
-------------------------

958
328
274
54
630

1 .6 0

16

2 .0 1

16

117
_
_
117

59
59

Laborers, m aterial handling— ____ ___
Manufacturing—
------------------------Erie County
Niagara Comity_________________
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------Public utilities 3 —

3, 119
2, 199
1,738
461
920
324

2.50
2.51
2.51
2.49
2.48
2.80

19
-

27
-

27
-

Order fillers
— ___
Manufacturing----------------- ---------------Erie County— — — — -------------— — —
Nonmanufacturing
—

704
237
235
467

2.51
2.51
2.73

Packers, shipping (men)—
—
Manufac turing----------------- ----- ---------Erie County
—
_________
Niagara County----- ---- —

535
511
379
132

2.47
2.50
2.44
2.67

-

_

2

-

-

-

Packers, shipping (wom en)___________
Manufacturing
—

180
96
72
84

2 .1 1

-

2

14

-

-

-

-

2.25
2.08

-

-

11
11

-

-

-

-

282
159
142
123

2.55
2.63
2.64
2.43

Nnnmaniifarhi ri «g_
Receiving clerks
_
—
Manufacturing--------------------------------Erie County
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




2 .6 6

19
_
-

27
-

_

_
-

2

1 .9 6

.

27
-

9
6

2

61

18

93
14
14
79

51
32
32
19

29

44

1

13
-

19
4
4

10

17
-

16
1
1

55
30
30

58
37
37

15
"

13
-

_

_

-

11
11
11

-

_
10

-

_

2
2

-

25
-

21

1
1

4
3
3

4
3
3

1

1

4
4
4
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

21
20
20

1
-

9
.

22
22

6

15
-

-

2

2

-

_

-

-

4

17
-

7
7
7

5

6

3
2

74
6l

270
17
17
253

-

2

2

1

1

27
25
15
10
11
1
10

2

2

30
5
5
25

11

2

6
-

11

31
31
20
11

108
105
85
20

17
17

14
14

3
3
28
17

36
28

12

2

_
29
3

12

1
1

14

.
27
"

6
6

18
18
18
_

11

10
10

42

_
13
-

2.27
1.37

-

12

11
11

Niagara County— —
—
Nonmanufacturing---------------------------Public utilities 3 --------- —
-------------

-

-

15
15
15
5
5
-

25

13
-

2.05

2
2

2
12
2
2

24
T6
13
3

2.13
2.37
2.36
2.42
1.57
2.18

11
11

-

28
14

12

1,869
1,319
1, 020
299
550
123

Janitors, p orters, and cleaners
(men)
—
___ ___ _________
Manufacturing----- —

5
2
2

_
3

2.26
1.56

_

292

Niagara County___ __________

_

-

22
22

"

2

126
98
85
13
28
27

107
84
74

2 21

8

69
57
3

184
134

110

61

155

103
40
63
78
40
38
25

60
39

121

21

51
39
12
9

9
1

200

153
150
71
79
3
3

218
218
188
30
_
-

22

26

71
71
71
-

38
38
35
3
"

30
30
9

46
45

14
14

20

21

25

12
2

-

1

-

~

170

51
28
24
4
23

395
373
251

161

156
5
9
“

-

48
50
29

198
108
90
2
2

_
_

_
_ ~

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

6
2

6

25

6

3

124

_
_

2
2

_

26
25”
25

122
122

2
1

3

2
2
2

_

2
2

_

8
8
8

_

_

-

_

_

'

-

-

-

-

"

-

428
346
346

441
313
313

55
16
26

74
_
_

42
_

15
.
_

_
_

«
_

_
_

82

128
87

29

1

74
74

42
42

15
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

91

81

2

24

1

55

65
83
79

122
22

13

405
206
55
151
199
13

9
9
9

34
34
34
-

70
43
43
27

87
59
59
28

220

217
217
159
58

63
63
34
29

16
16
16

6
6

2
2

17
17

72
35
30
37

36
32
27
4

35
18
14
17

18

37

12
12
6

21
21

5

4

3
3

2
2

370
287

11

6
6
2

6

222

16

11
8
8

40

-

3

46
45
45

11
11
1
10

19
19
15
4

23
23
23
-

20

9
9

3
3
3

11
11
11

_

8
2
1
6

10
6

9

_
_

16

168

16

9

_
_

3
19

-

234
223

6
6

57
9

_
-

6
6

106

6

159
153

178
164
105
59
14
5

46

16

1
1

16

19
19

34

23

10

4

2
1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

6
6

12
6

25
7

193
174
19
28

86

39
82
109
33
76

5
5
5
.
5
5
_

131
131
106
25
131

159
159
153

62
13 ~ ~ z r
4
62
9
-

28
28
192 •

1
1

~^0~ — T~

_

_
_

90

20
61

1
1
1

!

21

_

1

_

TT~

_

-

1

21

-

_

_

_

_

24

.

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
-

.

.

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

_

_

1
1
1

1
1
1

_

_
_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1

•

48
13
4
4
9

3

21

2
2
1

18
18
3

4
4

16

6

~ r ~
6

_

~

1
1

_
_
“

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N.Y., December 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2790 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3:40 $3.50
hourly , Under and
and
M .10 under
$1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 over

. __
Occupation1 and industry division
2

Shipping cle rk s ------------ ----- ------------- —

of
workon

Erie County--------------------------------

258
245
232

Shipping and receiving cle rk s --------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------Erie County—— — — —— — — ——
Niagara County---------------------------Nonmanufactur ing_________________

183
108
83
25
75

2.60
2.53
2.53
2.54
2.70

Truckdriver s 45
--------------------------------- -----Manufactur ing— ------------ ---- ------------ —
Erie County----------------- ----------------Niagara County_________________
Nonmanufacturing_____ ____________
Public utilities 3____________ ___

2.623
780
661
119
1,843
1, 069

Truckdrivers, light (under
IV2 fr>r“=
‘)
_________
Manufactur ing---- -------- ----------------Erie County
- Nonmanufactur ing--------- --------------Public utilities 3
. . .
Truckdrivers, medium (lVz to and
including 4 tons)-------------- --------------Manufacturing
Erie County----------------------------Nonmanufactur ing------------------------Public utilities 3_____________

2
2
2

$2.82
2.83
2.82

Mawiifartnyitig

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2.83
2.74
2.75
2.68
2.87
2.98

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

2
_
2

_

_

_
-

314
174
158
140
87

2.62
2.64
2.66
2.59
2.85

_
-

_
-

-

473
144
122
329
220

2.60
2.51
2.48
2.64
2.81

_

_
-

969
849

Erie County---------------------------

2.78
2.91
2.91

Truckers, power (forklift)-----------------Manufactur jp g
_____ _Erie County
—
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing--------------------------P 11KI1r
3

1.693
1,435
1, 141
294
258
125

2.64
2.61
2.62
2.54
2.84
2.94

573
361
304
57

2.62
2.73
276
2.58

14
14
14

12
7
4

22
22
22

16
16
16

8
6
6

21
21
16

20
14
14

98
98
98

13
13
13

1
1
1

12
12
12

2
2
2

2
2
1

12
12
8

_

.
-

„
"

-

_

3.05
3.09

674
256
247

3
3
3

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) _
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)---- ------ -----

Truckers, power (other than
forklift)
Manufacturing-------------------- ---------- —
Erie
Niagara County_______________—

1
2
3
4
5

-

2
-

2

l

_

-

-

2
2

-

25
18
15
3
7

-

2
2

19
11
8
3
8

18
18
12
6
~

18
8
2
6
10

27
27
27
~

7
4
4
3

11
6
3
3
5

29
11
11
18

5
5
1
4
“

19
19

-

_
"

10
7
4
3
3

34
2
2
32

23
7
7
16

15
10
4
6
5

35
8
8
27

14
12
12
2

23
22
19
3
1

49
14
12
2
35
20

215
118
108
10
97
89

420
71
57
14
349
17

326
232
193
39
94
59

116
96
60
36
20
18

298
46
40
6
252
106

807
88
88
719
719

2
2
2
-

172
15
15
157
41

28
28
-

-

30
30
30
-

11
11
-

7
7
7
-

2
2

4
2

4
4
1
-

15
1
1
14
1

70
66
62
4
-

19
19
19
-

81
30
25
51
51

3
1
-

”

20
20
-

25
25
25
-

35
35
35

-

13
13
13
-

"

*

-

16
16

7

14

17
13
11
4

85
41
38
44
16

18
10
8
8
8

14
14
5

11
11

109
109
109

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

116
27
21
89
85

6

7
7
7

10
10
10
-

-

2
2

10
10

3
3

5

86

10
3

86
85

4
4
4

-

26
25
25

310

117
82
79

31
31
31

158
158
121
37

53
41

148
98
80
18
50

351
315
216

8
12
12

176
161
103
58
15
15

99

232
25
6
19

42
42
29
13

43
43
40
3

-

1
l

-

-

3
3

1

"

•
“

1
1
-

-

4
4
1
-

-

-

2

1
1

6

23

3
3
3

2
2

-

-

-

2

5

15
14
14
1

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
-

_

_
_
-

.

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

.

-

-

_
_
-

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

6
6
6
-

6
6
6
-

-

-

.

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
A ll workers were at $3.60 to $3.70.




21

2

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

70
70
58
12

85
79
41
38

61
61
61

-

6

28
28
28

1
1
1

-

10
10

7
3

-

32
29
29

’

33

2
-

36

20
20
11
9

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

589
569

_

157
157

22
22

_

_

79
7
7

74
68
68

1
1

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

30
30
5 30

329
329
324

86
36
36

5
5

50

-

-

-

3
3

5
-

118
29
28
1
89
89

22
22

3
-

5
-

9

6

-

_

12
10
10

22
22
22

8
8
8

21
21
21

8
8
8

16
16
16

11
11
11

-

67
67
57
10

-

10
12

15
15
15

_

Appendix: Occupational Description!
T h e prim ary p u rp o se o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s for the B u re a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s
f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a tio n s w o rk ers who a re em p lo y ed under a v a rie ty o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s an d d iffe re n t work a rra n g e m e n ts from e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t a n d from a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e rm its the gro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e se n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b c o n te n t. B e c a u s e
o f t h is e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lish m e n t an d in te r a r e a

c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a t io n a l co n te n t, th e B u ­

r e a u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s may d iffe r s ig n if ic a n t ly from t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s or t h o s e
p re p a re d for oth er p u r p o s e s . In a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r ip t io n s , the B u re a u ’ s f ie ld e c o n o m ists a re in ­
s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w orking s u p e r v is o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d , p art-tim e,
tem p orary , an d p ro b atio n ary w o rk e rs.

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o ic e s on a m ac h in e^ o th er
than an o rd in a ry o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w riter. May a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b i ll i n g s or sh ip p in g c h a r g e s or perform other c l e r ic a l w ork in c id e n ta l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s, b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re
c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :

O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e (R em in gton R a n d , E llio t t
F is h e r , S u n d stra n d , B u rro u g h s, N a tio n a l C a s h R e g is t e r , w ith or w ithout
a ty p ew riter k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a re c o rd o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .
C la s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n o w led ge o f
an d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s an d fa m ilia rity with
the stru c tu re o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g sy s te m u s e d . D eterm in es
p rop er r e c o r d s a n d d istr ib u tio n o f d e b it an d c r e d it ite m s to be u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f the w ork. May p rep a re c o n s o lid a te d re p o r ts, b a l­
a n c e s h e e t s , and oth er r e c o r d s by h an d.

B ille r , m achine (hilling m achine ). U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a­
c h in e (Moon H o p k in s, E l l i o t t F is h e r , B u rro u gh s, e t c . , w h ich a r e
co m b in a tio n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s) to p re p a re b i l l s an d in ­
v o i c e s from c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a se o r d e r s, in te rn a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s,
sh ip p in g m em o ran d u m s, e t c . U su a lly ^ in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p re d e ­
term in ed d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a rg e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m ay o r m ay n ot be com pu ted on th e b illin g m a­
c h in e , a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e ra tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s a la r g e number o f ca rb o n c o p i e s o f
th e b i ll b e in g p re p a re d an d i s often done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

C la ss B . K e e p s a re co rd o f on e or more p h a s e s or s e c t i o n s o f
a s e t o f re c o r d s u s u a lly re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led ge o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s or s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u sto m e r s’ a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a sim p le ty p e o f b illin g d e sc r ib e d
under b ille r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d istr ib u tio n , in ­
ventory co n tro l, e t c . May c h e c k or a s s i s t in p re p a ra tio n o f tria l
b a la n c e s an d p re p a re co n tro l s h e e t s for the a c c o u n tin g departm en t.

B ille r , m achine (b o ok k eep in g m ach in e). U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d stra n d , E ll i o t t F is h e r , R em ington R a n d , e t c . , w h ich
m ay or m ay n o t h a v e ty p e w rite r k ey b o ard ) to p re p a re c u s t o m e r s ’
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n . G e n e r a lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
ord . T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s f ig u r e s on a num ber
o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s an d u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a l a n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
W orks from uniform an d sta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a l e s an d
c r e d it s l i p s .




C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la ss A .U n d e r g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r or a c c o u n t­
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y for k e e p in g on e or m ore s e c t i o n s o f a com ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s or re c o r d s re la tin g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent’ s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g in v o ic e s or v o u c h e rs w ith p ro p e r a c ­
c o u n tin g d is tr ib u t io n ; a n d r e q u ir e s ju dgm en t an d e x p e r ie n c e in
m ak in g p ro p er a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l lo c a t io n s . May a s s i s t in p re p a rin g ,
a d ju s tin g , a n d c l o s in g jo u rn a l e n t r ie s ; a n d m ay d ir e c t c l a s s B a c ­
co u n tin g c l e r k s .
C la s s B . U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p erfo rm s o n e or m ore ro u tin e a c ­
co u n tin g o p e r a t io n s su c h a s p o s t in g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs or a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te rin g v o u c h e rs in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n ­
tr o lle d b y g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g sim p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a .
T h is jo b d o e s n o t re q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g a n d b ook ­
k e e p in g p r in c ip le s b u t i s fou n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m ore ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w ork i s s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s am on g s e v e r a l
w o rk e rs.

C L E R K , F IL E
C la s s A , In an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a num ber
o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e m a te r ia l
su c h a s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c . May
a l s o f il e t h is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ­
ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s . M ay l e a d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile
c le rk s.

C la s s 5 . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l by sim ­

p le ( s u b j e c t m a tte r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r tly c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l b y fin e r
s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x a n d c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s.
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c le a r ly id e n t ifie d m a te r ia l in f i l e s
a n d fo rw a rd s m a t e r ia l. M ay p erform r e la t e d c l e r ic a l t a s k s re q u ire d
to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il,
ph on e, or p e r s o n a lly . D u tie s in v o lv e an y com bin ation o f th e fo llo w in g :
Q u otin g p r ic e s to c u sto m e r s ; m ak in g o u t an order s h e e t l i s t i n g th e ite m s
to m ak e up the order; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f ite m s on ord er
s h e e t ; a n d d istrib u tin g o rd er s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e
f ille d . May ch eck w ith c r e d it d e p artm en t to d eterm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f
cu sto m e r, a c k n o w led g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s from c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w u p o r d e r s
to s e e th a t they h a v e b een f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k
sh ip p in g in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s.

C LER K , PAYROLL
C o m p u tes w a g e s o f co m pan y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a t a on the p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s’
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e or p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; an d p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d
d a t a on p a y ro ll s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo rm atio n su c h a s w o rk er’ s n am e , w ork­
in g d a y s , tim e, r a te , d e d u c tio n s for in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
May m ak e ou t p a y c h e c k s a n d a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up a n d d i s ­
trib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s. M ay u s e a c a lc u la t in g m a c h in e .

COM PTOM ETER O PE R A TO R
P rim ary duty i s to o p e ra te a C om p to m eter to perform m ath em a­
t ic a l co m p u ta tio n s. T h is jo b i s n o t to b e c o n fu se d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s ­
t ic a l or oth er ty pe o f c le r k , w hich m ay in v o lv e fre q u e n t u s e o f a C om p­
tom eter b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f th is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p erfo rm a n c e
o f o th e r d u t ie s .

D U P LIC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R A PH O R D IT T O )
C la s s C mP e rfo rm s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a te r ia l th a t h a s a lr e a d y

b ee n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r num er­
ic a l).
A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d ily a v a i la b l e m a te r ia l in f i l e s
and fo rw a rd s m a t e r ia l; a n d m ay f i l l o u t w ith d raw al c h a r g e . P e r ­
fo rm s sim p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s re q u ire d to m a in ta in a n d
se r v ic e f ile s .




U nder g e n e ra l su p e r v is io n a n d w ith no su p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , re p ro d u c e s m u ltip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w ritten or h an d w ritten m a tte r,
u s in g a M im eograph or D itto m a c h in e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t su c h
a s for in k a n d p a p e r fe e d co u n ter a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t re q u ir e d to
p re p a re s t e n c il or D itto m a s te r . M ay k e e p f il e o f u s e d s t e n c i l s or D itto
m a s t e r s . May so rt, c o ll a t e , an d s t a p le c o m p le te d m a t e r ia l.

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY — Continued

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e rica l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or c o m b in a ­

tio n k ey p u n ch m a c h in e to tra n s c r ib e d a ta from v a r io u s so u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts to k ey p u n ch ta b u la tin g c a r d s .

P e rfo rm s sa m e t a s k s a s low er

l e v e l k ey p u n ch o p e ra to r b u t, in a d d itio n , work r e q u ir e s a p p lic a t io n o f
c o d in g s k i l l s a n d th e m aking o f so m e d e te rm in a tio n s, for e x a m p le ,

m ak in g phon e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l an d im portant or c o n fid e n tia l
m a il, an d w ritin g ro u tin e c o rre sp o n d e n c e on own i n it ia t iv e ; and ta k in g
d ic ta tio n (w here t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s n ot u s e d ) e ith e r in sh orth an d
or by S te n o ty p e or sim ila r m a c h in e , an d tra n sc rib in g d ic ta tio n or the
re co rd e d in form ation re p ro d u c e d on a tra n sc rib in g m a c h in e . May p re p a re
s p e c i a l re p o rts or m em oran dum s for in form ation o f su p e rio r.

l o c a t e s on the s o u r c e d ocu m en t the ite m s to b e p u n ch e d ; e x t r a c t s
in fo rm a tio n from s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts; an d s e a r c h e s for an d in te r p r e ts
in fo rm a tio n on the do cu m en t to determ in e in form ation to b e p u n ch ed .

STEN O G R A PH ER , G E N E R A L
P rim ary duty i s to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a norm al ro utin e

May tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r s.

v o c a b u la ry from on e or m ore p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh o rth an d or by S ten o ty p e
or s im ila r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . May a l s o ty p e from w ritten
C la s s B . U n d er c l o s e

d u r e s or in s t r u c t io n s ,
punched c a r d s.
b in a tio n

from so u r c e d o c u m e n ts to

O p e r a t e s a n u m e rica l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or com ­

k ey p u n ch

v e r ify c a r d s .

su p e r v is io n or fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p ro c e ­

t r a n s c r ib e s d a ta

m ach in e

to k ey p un ch

ta b u la tin g

card s.

May

W orking from v a r io u s sta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts,

f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w hich h a v e b e e n c o d e d or p r e s c r ib e d
in d e t a il an d re q u ir e l it t l e or no s e le c t in g , c o d in g , or in te rp re tin g o f
d a t a to be p u n c h e d . P r o b le m s a r is in g from e rro n e o u s ite m s or c o d e s ,
m i s s in g in fo rm a tio n , e t c ., a re re fe rre d to s u p e r v iso r .

c o p y . May m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , or perform oth er r e la ­
tiv e ly ro u tin e c l e r ic a l t a s k s . M ay o p e r a te from a ste n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D o e s not in clu d e transcribing-m achine w ork . (S e e tra n scrib in g -m a c h in e
o p e ra to r .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R ,S E N I O R
P rim ary duty i s to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a rie d te c h n ic a l
or s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la ry su c h a s in l e g a l b r ie fs or re p o r ts on s c ie n t i f ic
r e se a r c h from on e or m ore p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh orth an d or by S ten o ty p e or
sim ila r m a c h in e ; an d tr a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a l s o ty p e from w ritten
co p y . May a l s o s e t up a n d m ain tain f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

O F F IC E BO Y O R G IR L

OR

P e rfo rm s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u t ie s su ch a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s, o p e ra ­
tin g m inor o f f ic e m a c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s or m a ile r s , o p e n in g an d d i s ­
trib u tin g m a il, a n d o th e r m inor c l e r ic a l work.

SEC R ETA R Y
P e rfo rm s
a d m in is t r a t iv e

s e c r e t a r ia l

an d c l e r ic a l d u t ie s for a su p e rio r in an

or e x e c u t iv e p o s it io n .

D u tie s in c lu d e m ak in g a p p o in t­

m e n ts fo r su p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le co m in g in to o f f ic e ; a n sw e rin g a n d




P e rfo rm s s te n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s re q u irin g s ig n if ic a n tly g re a te r
in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s ib ilit y than ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e ra l a s e v i­
d e n c e d b y d ie fo llo w in g : Work r e q u ir e s h igh d e g re e o f ste n o g ra p h ic
s p e e d an d a c c u r a c y ; an d a thorough w ork in g k n o w led ge o f g e n e ra l b u s i­
n e s s a n d o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c if i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a tio n s,
o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w orkflow , e t c .
U s e s th is
k n o w led ge in p erform in g ste n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d r e s p o n s ib le c l e r ic a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te ria l for
re p o r ts, m em oran dum s, l e t t e r s , e t c .; c o m p o sin g sim p le l e t t e r s from g e n e ra l
in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g an d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; an d a n sw e rin g ro u tin e
q u e s t io n s , e t c . D o e s not in clu de tran scribing-m ach in e w ork .

16
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t o r o f f ic e
c a l l s . M ay re co rd to ll c a l l s a n d ta k e m e s s a g e s . M ay g iv e in fo rm atio n
to p e r s o n s who c a l l in , o r o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s .
For
w o rk e rs w ho a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t io n i s t s s e e sw itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rr e c e p t io n is t .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d
C la s s C* O p e r a te s sim p le t a b u la t in g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e so r t e r , re p ro d u c in g p u n c h , c o lla t o r , e t c .,
w ith s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s . May in c lu d e sim p le w irin g from d ia g r a m s
and so m e filin g w ork. T h e w ork t y p ic a lly i n v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a
work u n it, for e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g or c o ll a t in g ru n s or r e ­
p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s .

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p erfo rm in g d u t ie s o f o p e r a to r on a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tio n o r m o n itor-typ e s w itc h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t a n d m ay a l s o ty p e
or perform ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w ork a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s . T h is ty p in g
or c l e r i c a l work m ay t a k e th e m a jo r p a rt o f t h is w o rk e r’ s tim e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r ie t y o f t a b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r , c a l c u la t o r , in te r p re te r, c o lla t o r , a n d o t h e r s . P e rfo rm s com ­
p le t e re p o rtin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , a n d p erfo rm s
d if f ic u lt w irin g a s re q u ir e d . T h e c o m p le te re p o rtin g a n d t a b u la tin g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a rie ty o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x re ­
p o r ts w hich o fte n a re o f ir r e g u la r or n o n recu rrin g ty p e re q u irin g
so m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to be ta k e n . A s a m ore
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r , i s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a ­
to rs in m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r tia lly tra in e d o p e r a t o r s in w iring
from d ia g r a m s a n d o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x re p o r ts.
D o e s not in clu de w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s p erform in g ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e
o p e r a tio n s and d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w ork a n d p ro d u ctio n
o f a gro u p o f ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B , O p e r a t e s m ore d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e ta b u la to r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n
to th e so r t e r , re p ro d u c e r, an d c o lla t o r . T h is w ork i s p erfo rm ed under
s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s an d m ay in c lu d e the p e rfo rm a n c e o f so m e w ir­
in g from d ia g r a m s . T h e w ork t y p ic a lly i n v o lv e s , for e x a m p le , ta b u ­
la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e tit iv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but
s m a ll t a b u la tin g st u d y , or p a r ts o f a lo n g e r an d m ore c o m p le x re p o rt.
Su ch re p o rts a n d s t u d i e s a re u s u a lly o f a re cu rrin g n a tu re w here
the p ro c e d u re s a re w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d . May a l s o in c lu d e th e tra in in g
o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s i c o p e ra tio n o f th e m a c h in e .




T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P rim ary duty i s to t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o rm al rou ­
tin e v o c a b u la ry from tra n sc rib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a l s o ty p e from
w ritten co p y an d do sim p le c l e r ic a l w o rk . W orkers tr a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n
in v o lv in g a v a rie d t e c h n ic a l or s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r ie fs or re p o rts on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o rk er w ho
t a k e s d ic ta tio n in sh o rth an d or by S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e i s
c l a s s i f i e d a s a ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p ew riter to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a te r ia l o r to
m ak e o u t b i l l s a fte r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m ad e by a n o th e r p e r s o n .
May in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , or s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r u s e in
d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . May do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g l it t l e s p e c i a l
tra in in g , su c h a s k e e p in g sim p le re co rd s., f ilin g r e c o r d s an d r e p o r t s , or
so r tin g an d d istr ib u tin g in com in g m a il.

C la s s A. P e rfo rm s on e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a­
te r ia l in fin a l form when it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a te r ia l from s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y for c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b ic a t i o n , p u n c ­
tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l or u n u s u a l w o rd s o r fo re ig n la n g u a g e m a­
t e r ia l; a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l
t a b le s to m ain tain uniform ity a n d b a la n c e in s p a c i n g . May ty p e
ro u tin e form le t t e r s v a ry in g d e t a i l s to s u i t c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B9 P e rfo rm s on e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g
from rough or c le a r d r a ft s ; ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo rm s, in s u r a n c e p o l­
i c i e s , e t c .; an d s e t tin g up sim p le sta n d a r d t a b u la t io n s , or c o p y in g
m ore co m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t up a n d s p a c e d p ro p e rly .

17

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — o n tin u ed
C

D R A FTSM A N
L ea d er.

P l a n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f on e or m ore d ra ftsm en

in p re p a ra tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s and d e t a il d ra w in g s from rough or
p re lim in a ry s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or m an u factu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : In ter­
p r e tin g b lu e p r in t s , s k e t c h e s , an d w ritten or v e r b a l o r d e r s; d e te r­
m in in g w ork p r o c e d u r e s ; a s s ig n i n g d u tie s to su b o r d in a t e s an d in ­
s p e c t in g th e ir w ork ; a n d p erform ing more d if f ic u lt p ro b le m s. May
a s s i s t s u b o r d in a t e s du rin g e m e r g e n c ie s or a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t ,
o r perform r e la t e d d u t ie s o f a su p e rv iso ry or a d m in is tr a tiv e n a tu re .

Junior ( a s s is ta n t).
D ra w s to s c a l e u n its o r p a r ts o f d raw in gs
p re p a re d by d ra ftsm a n or o th e rs for e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or

m an u factu rin g p u r p o s e s .
re q u ire d .

U s e s v a r io u s ty p e s o f d ra ftin g t o o ls a s

May p re p a re d ra w in g s from sim p le p la n s or s k e t c h e s , or

perform oth er d u t ie s under d ire c tio n o f a d ra ftsm a n .
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G I S T E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u rse who g i v e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e u nder g e n e ra l
m e d ic a l d ire c tio n to i l l or in ju re d e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s who be­
com e i l l or su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c to ry or oth er e s t a b ­
lish m e n t. D u t ie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f ir s t a id

S en ior . P r e p a r e s w ork in g p la n s a n d d e t a il d r a w in g s from n o t e s ,
ro u gh or d e t a il e d s k e t c h e s for e n g in e e rin g , c o n s tr u c tio n , or m anu­
fa c tu r in g p u r p o s e s . D u tie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
P r e p a r in g w o rk in g p la n s , d e t a il d ra w in g s, m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s ,
e t c ., to s c a l e by u s e o f d ra ftin g in stru m e n ts; m ak in g e n g in e e rin g

c o m p u ta tio n s s u c h a s th o se in v o lv e d in stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls ,
b e a m s , a n d t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g c o m p le te d w ork, c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s ,
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , an d q u a n t it ie s ; w ritin g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; an d
m a k in g a d ju s tm e n ts or c h a n g e s in d ra w in g s or s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . May
in k in l i n e s a n d l e t t e r s on p e n c il d ra w in g s, p re p a re d e t a il u n its o f
c o m p le te d r a w in g s , or tr a c e d ra w in g s. Work i s fre q u e n tly in a s p e ­
c i a l i z e d f i e l d su c h a s a r c h ite c tu r a l, e l e c t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, or
s t r u c t u r a l d r a ft in g .

to the i l l or in ju re d ; a tte n d in g to s u b se q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p lo y e e s’ in ­
ju r ie s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t re p o rts for
co m p e n sa tio n or oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and
h e alth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g and carry ­
in g out p ro gram s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p rev e n tio n , e v a lu ­
a tio n o f p la n t en viron m en t, or oth er a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g the h e a lth , w el­
fa re , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e rso n n e l.
TRACER
C o p ie s
p la n s
an d d r a w in g s p re p a re d by o th e rs , by p la c in g
tra c in g c lo th or p a p e r o v e r d raw in g an d tra c in g w ith pen or p e n c il. U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d ra ftin g t o o l s . May p rep a re sim p le draw ­
in g s an d do sim p le le tte r in g .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

P e rfo rm s the carp en try d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t an d m ain ­
ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w oodw ork and equipm en t su c h a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r tit io n s , d o o rs, flo o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , an d trim
m ad e o f w ood in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s, m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f work from b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, m o d e ls , or
v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a rie ty o f c a rp e n te r’ s h a n d to o ls , p o rta b le

pow er t o o l s , and sta n d a rd m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; m ak ing sta n d a rd sh op
co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork; and s e l e c t i n g m a te r ia ls
n e c e s s a r y for the w ork. In g e n e r a l, the work o f the m ain te n an ce c a r ­
p en ter r e q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through
a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .




18
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e rfo rm s a v a rie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s the
i n s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e , or re p a ir o f eq uip m en t for the g e n e ra tio n , d i s ­
trib u tio n , or u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r ic en e rg y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : I n s t a llin g or re p a irin g an y o f a v a r ie ty
o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tra n sfo rm e rs, s w itc h b o a r d s,
c o n t r o lle r s , c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to rs, h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s ,
or oth er tr a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g from b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, l a y ­
o u t s , or o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g an d d ia g n o s in g tro u b le in th e e l e c ­
t r ic a l s y s t e m or eq u ip m en t; w ork in g sta n d a r d co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g or e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; an d u s in g a v a r ie ty
o f e l e c t r i c i a n ’ s h a n d to o ls an d m e a su rin g an d t e s t in g in stru m e n ts. In
g e n e r a l, the work o f the m a in te n a n ce e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s roun ded tra in ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s i s t s one or more w o rk ers in the s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ,
by p erform ing s p e c if i c or g e n e ra l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g
a w orker su p p lie d with m a te r ia ls an d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a­
ch in e , a n d eq u ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g jou rn ey m an by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ;
and p erform ing oth er u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u rn ey m an . T h e
k in d o f work the h e lp e r i s p erm itted to perform v a r i e s from tra d e to tr a d e :
In so m e tr a d e s the h elp er i s co n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , a n d h o ld in g
m a t e r ia ls an d to o ls and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; a n d in o th e rs he i s p e r ­
m itted to perform s p e c ia l i z e d m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r ts o f a tra d e
th at a re a l s o perform ed by w o rk ers on a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s a n d m ay a l s o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s a n d eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly th e e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith p ow er, h e a t, r e fr ig e r a ­
tio n , or a ir -c o n d itio n in g . Work in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g an d m a in ta in in g
eq u ip m en t su c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s, m o to rs,
t u r b in e s , v e n tila tin g a n d re fr ig e r a tin g eq u ip m en t, ste a m b o ile r s a n d
b o ile r- fe d w a te r p u m p s; m ak in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; a n d k e e p in g a re c o rd
o f o p e ra tio n o f m ach in ery , tem p e ra tu re , an d fu e l c o n su m p tio n . May
a ls o s u p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s . H ea d or c h i e f e n g in eers in e s ta b lis h -

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M
S p e c i a l iz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f o n e or m ore t y p e s o f m ac h in e
t o o l s , su c h a s ji g b o re rs' c y lin d r ic a l or s u r f a c e g r in d e r s, e n g in e l a t h e s ,
or m illin g m a c h in es, in the c o n str u c tio n o f m a c h in e -sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s ,
j i g s , f ix tu r e s , or d i e s . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d p erform in g d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g
c o m p lic a te d s e t u p s or a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a rie ty o f p re ­
c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , a n d
o p e ra tio n s e q u e n c e ; and m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is ite to le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . May b e re q u ire d to r e c ­
o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , an d to s e l e c t p rop er
c o o la n t s an d cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y
p u r p o s e s , m ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s, to o lro o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a re e x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

m en ts em p loyin g more than on e e n g in eer are e x clu d ed .

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w er, or st e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to fire by h an d or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , or g a s or o i l b u rn er; a n d c h e c k s w a te r
a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s * M ay c le a n , o i l , or a s s i s t in re p a irin g b o ilerro o m
e q u ip m en t.




P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r ts a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e tal p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e ra te d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritten in s tr u c tio n s a n d
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p lan n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w ork; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f m a­
c h in is t ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t i n g u p a n d
o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m ach in e t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e ta l p a r t s to c l o s e t o le r ­
a n c e s ; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f
w ork, to o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g

19
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

p r o p e r t ie s o f th e com m on m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia l s , p a r t s ,
a n d e q u ip m en t re q u ir e d fo r h is w ork; a n d fittin g an d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s
in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in ist’ s w ork n o rm a lly
r e q u ir e s a ro u n d e d tra in in g in m a c h in e -sh o p p r a c t ic e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d
through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s or h e a v y eq u ip m en t, a n d d is m a n t le s an d
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t w hen c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t
a r e re q u ire d . Work i n v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t o f th e w ork; in te rp re tin g b lu e p r in ts or o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r ie ty o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m ak in g sta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re ­
la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g
an d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m en t; s e l e c t i n g s ta n d a r d t o o l s , eq u ip m en t, an d
p a r ts to b e u s e d ; an d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o rd er pow er
tr a n s m iss io n eq u ip m en t su c h a s d r iv e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l,
th e m illw rig h t’ s w ork n o rm ally r e q u ir e s a ro u n ded tra in in g a n d e x p e r i­
e n c e in d ie tra d e a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to rtru ck s, an d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work i n v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
eq u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l in g eq u ip m e n t a n d
p erfo rm in g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d eq u ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l in g o r f it t in g p a r t s ;
r e p la c in g b ro k e n or d e f e c t i v e p a r ts from s t o c k ; g rin d in g a n d a d ju s t in g
v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l in g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le
a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e a u to ­
m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c ­
q u ire d th ro u gh a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
Work i n v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e ch a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g or p a r tly d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s a n d p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s th a t m ain ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f
h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n or d e f e c t iv e
p a r t s w ith it e m s o b t a in e d from s t o c k ; o rd erin g th e p ro d u ctio n o f a r e ­
p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p or se n d in g o f th e m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e
s h o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p re p a rin g w ritten s p e c if i c a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r for d ie p ro d u c tio n o f p a r t s o rd e re d from m a c h in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g
m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts for o p e r a tio n . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w ork o f a m a in te n a n c e m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d from t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e
w o rk e rs w h o se prim ary d u tie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .




O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il or g r e a s e , th e m o vin g p a r ts o r w e a rin g su r ­
f a c e s o f. m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w oodw ork, a n d f ix t u r e s o f an e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u ­
l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t re q u ire d for d iffe r e n t a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p re p a rin g
s u r f a c e for p a in tin g by rem ov in g o ld fin ish o r by p la c in g p u tty or f ille r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n or b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o lo r s , o i l s , w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in
p ro p er c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, d ie w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through
a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e *

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e an d
p ip e f itt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g ou t o f w ork a n d m e a su rin g to lo c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e from draw ­
i n g s o r oth er w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l a n d ham m er o r o x y a c e t y le n e torch o r p ip e c u ttin g m a c h in e ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e by
h an d -d riv en or p o w e r-d riv en m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s

20
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E —C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K ER , M A I N T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g sta n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e re q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d
t e s t s to d e te rm in e w h eth e r f in is h e d p ip e s m e et s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l,
th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . W orkers prim arily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or b ea tin g s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

t y p e s o f sh e e t-m e ta l-w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in
c u ttin g , b e n d in g , form in g, s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g
s h e e t- m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s re q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, d ie w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e
sh e e t- m e ta l w orker r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m ak er; j i g m a k er; to o l m a k e r; fix tu r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r)

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o rd e r.
Work in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s re g a rd in g i n s t a l l a t io n o f
v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l l in g or r e p a ir in g p ip e s a n d
f ix t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b e r’ s s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b er r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in ­
in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e tm e ta l eq u ip m en t a n d f ix tu r e s (s u c h a s m ach in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f a n
e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d l a y ­
in g o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w ork from b lu e p r in t s ,
m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a tin g a l l . a v a i l a b l e

C o n s tr u c ts a n d r e p a ir s m a c h in e - sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix ­
tu r e s or d i e s for f o r g in g s , p u n ch in g , a n d o th e r m e tal-fo rm in g w ork . Work
in v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w ork from
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a rie ty o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r’ s h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s ­
u rin g in stru m e n ts, u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m on
m e t a ls a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g o f m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d
e q u ip m en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w ork, s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t t r e a t in g o f m e ta l
p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e
re q u ire d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g
o f p a r t s to p r e s c r ib e d t o le r a n c e s a n d a l lo w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p ro ­
p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , an d p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l a n d d i e
m a k er’ s w ork r e q u ir e s a ro u n ded tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d to o lro o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d from t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEV A TO R O PER A TO R , PA SSEN G ER

GUARD

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een flo o r s o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g ,
a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , d e p a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l, o r s im ila r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W orkers w ho o p e r a te e l e v a t o r s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith o th e r d u t ie s su c h a s
t h o s e o f s t a r t e r s a n d ja n it o r s a re e x c lu d e d .

P e rfo rm s ro u tin e p o lic e d u t i e s , e ith e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on to u r,
m a in ta in in g o rd er, u s in g arm s or fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In c lu d e s g a te -




men w ho are s ta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g.

21
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

(S w e e p e r ; ch arw om en ; ja n it r e s s )
C le a n s an d k e e p s in an o rd erly co n d itio n fa c to ry w orkin g a r e a s
a n d w a s h r o o m s, or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , apartm en t h o u s e , or co m m e rcia l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

D u tie s in v o lv e a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r sc ru b b in g , an d p o lis h in g f lo o r s ; rem ov in g c h ip s ,
t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g eq u ip m en t, fu rn itu re, o r f ix tu r e s ; p o lis h ­
in g m e ta l f ix t u r e s o r trim m in gs; p ro v id in g s u p p l ie s a n d m inor m a in te ­
n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g la v a t o r i e s , sh o w e r s, a n d re stro o m s. Work­
e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in dow w a sh in g a re e x c lu d e d .

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p ro d u c ts fo r sh ip m e n t or s t o r a g e by p la c in g
them in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p erform ed b e in g
d e p e n d en t upon th e ty p e , s i z e , an d num ber o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m ethod o f sh ip m e n t. Work r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s a n d may in v o lv e o n e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o rd e r to v e rify
c o n ten t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e a n d s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r or o th e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l in g c o n ta in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s
or e n te rin g id e n tify in g d a t a on c o n ta in e r .
P a ck ers w ho a ls o make
w ood en b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r; h a n d ler a n d s t a c k e r ; s b e l v e r ; tru c k e r; sto c k S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

m an o r s t o c k h e lp e r ; w areh o u sem an or w a re h o u se h e lp e r)

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d ise fo r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s re sp o n ­

A w o rk er e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u se , m an u factu rin g p la n t, s to r e ,
or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e on e 'or more o f the fo llo w in g :

L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a rio u s m a te r ia ls an d m e rc h a n d ise on or

from fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r oth er tra n sp o rtin g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , sh e lv in g , o r p la c i n g m a t e r ia ls or m e rc h a n d ise in p ro p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ;
a n d tr a n s p o r tin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d ise by hand tru c k , c a r , or w h e e l­
b arro w .

L o n g sh o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

s i b l e for in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts o f m e rc h a n d ise o r oth er m a t e r ia ls .
ping work i n v o l v e s :

r o u te s ,

a v a i la b l e

Ship­

A k n o w led ge o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s ,

m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r ta tio n , a n d r a t e s ;

a n d p rep arin g

r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m ak in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w eig h t
an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s.
d ir e c t or a s s i s t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d ise fo r sh ip m e n t.
work i n v o l v e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

V e rify in g or d ire ctin g * o th e r s in v e rify in g the c o rre c t­

n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , in v o ic e s , or oth er r e c o r d s;
c h e c k in g for s h o r t a g e s a n d r e fe c tin g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m erch an ­
O RD ER F IL L E R

d ise

or m a t e r ia ls to p rop er d e p a r tm e n ts; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y

r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

(O rd e r p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u se sto c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r tra n sfe r o rd e rs for fin is h e d g o o d s from sto r e d
m e r c h a n d is e

in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a l e s

to m e r s9 o r d e r s , or o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .

slip s , c u s­

M ay, in a d d itio n to f il l i n g o rd e rs

a n d i n d ic a t in g ite m s f i l l e d or o m itted , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk ers a re c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
R e c e iv in g clerk

r e q u is it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r re p o rt sh o rt s u p p l ie s to s u p e r v is o r , an d

Shipping clerk

p erform o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .

Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk




22
T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c it y o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tr a n s p o r t m a­
t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, or m en b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p l a n t s , fre ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b li s h m e n t s , or b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s
a n d c u sto m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s * M ay a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d
tru ck w ith o r w ith ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m inor m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p
tru ck in g o o d w o rk in g o rd er* D r iv e r -s a le s m e n and o v e r -tb e -r o a d d rivers
are e x c lu d e d .

O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o li n e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s a n d m a t e r ia ls o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a
w a re h o u se , m an u factu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , tru c k d riv e rs a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e
an d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o llo w s : (T r a c t o r - t r a ile r s h o u ld b e r a te d on
th e b a s i s o f t r a ile r c a p a c i t y .)

F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs a r e c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f
tru c k , a s fo llo w s :

Trucker, p o w er (fork lift)
Trucker, p o w er (oth er than fo rk lift)

Tru ckdriver (com bin a tion o f s i z e s l i s t e d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver, lig h t ( under Vfa to n s)

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and inclu din g 4 to n s)
T ru ckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , oth er than trailer ty p e )




M a k e s ro u n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p ro p e rty
a g a i n s t fir e , th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l en try .







Available On Request------The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.< 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Akron, Ohio.
Albany^-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y.
Albuquerque, N. Mex ,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J...
N.
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md....
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ____
Birmingham, Ala.
Boise, Idaho
Boston, Mass L

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y...
Burlington, Vt l_
Canton, Ohio.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charlotte, N. C .
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga.
Chicago, HI1.
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.
Cleveland, Ohio —
,
Columbus, Ohio....

1385-33
1345-*>0
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Dallas, Tex____
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.
Dayton, Ohio____________________ __ __
Denver, Colo ,
Des Moines, Iowa
Detroit, Mich1
.
Fort Worth, T ex ...
Green Bay, Wis___
Greenville, S. C .
Houston, Tex

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind1
.
Jackson, M iss..
Jacksonville, Fla__
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans 1.
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.-*J. H.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
..
Louisville, Ky. — J
Ind ...
Lubbock, Tex_____
Manchester, N. H ____ _
Memphis, Tenn

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin
number

Price

1385-29
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa1 ___ ___ __...... . . . . ___ 1385-14
Pater son—
Clifton— saic, N. J_______________ 1345 - 76
Pas
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J 1
_________
1385-31
Phoenix, Ariz
1345-57
Pittsburgh, P a 1_____________________________ 1345-40
Portland, Maine1___________________________ 1385-22
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash__________
1345-73
Providence—
Pawtucket,R. I.—
Mass1_________
1345-70
Raleigh, N.C1______________________________ 1385-7
1385-23
Richmond, Va1__________
Rockford, 111______________________-_________ 1345-55
St. Louis, M o.-Ill__________________________ 1385-21
Salt Lake City, Utah________________________ 1385-28
San Antonio, T ex 1____
1345-78
San Bernardino—
Rivers ide-Ontario, Calif1
____ 1385-9
San Diego, Calif-------------------------------------------- 1385-13
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif1________ —
_____ 1345-34
Savannah, Ga ......__
1345-60
Scranton, Pa1______________ —
_______________ 1385-8
Seattle, Wash1
______________________ ;_______ 1385-10
Sioux Falls, S. Dak1________________________ 1385-20
South Bend, Ind__________
1345-52
Spokane, Wash1......__..............__...........__— 1345-66
Toledo, Ohio 1
______________________________ 1345-51
Trenton, N. J__ _____________________________ 1385-27
Washington, D. C .-M d.-V a__________________ 1385-17
Waterbury, Conn ...____ *___ *________________ 1345-49
Waterloo, Iowa_____________________ ________ 1385-18
Wichita, Kans —
...^______ ....._______ ________ 1385-6
Worcester, Mass______________________ ....__ 1345-80
York, Pa----------------------------------------------------- 1345-41

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Area
Miami, Fla1_____________.__._______________
Milwaukee, Wis 1
____________________________
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn1
St.
.*.__ ________ ■__
_
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich_______ ____
Newark and Jersey City, N. J ______ — ___ __
__
New Haven, Conn_______________ *______ _____
New Orleans, La 1__________ ________________
New York, N. Y 1____*__ .____________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
_____________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla____ ___ __ _____________

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102