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Occupational Wage Survey

JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA
JANUARY 1964

Itu I let in No. 1385-32




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA




JANUARY 1964

Bulletin No. 1385>32
March 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan C lague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Contents

P refa ce

Page
The B ureau o f L a b or Statistics p rog ra m o f annual
occu p ation al wage su rv ey s in m etropolitan a reas is d e ­
sign ed to p rov id e data on occu pation al earn in gs, and e s ­
ta blish m en t p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s.
It yield s d etailed data by se le c te d industry d ivision s fo r
m etrop olita n a re a la b o r m a rk ets, fo r e con om ic reg io n s,
and fo r the United States.
A m a jo r con sid era tion in the
p ro g ra m is the need fo r g r e a te r insight into (a) the m o v e ­
m ent o f w ages by occu p a tion a l ca te g o ry and sk ill le v e l,
and (b) the stru ctu re and le v e l o f w ages among la b or
m ark ets and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occu pation al grou p s------------------------------------- —
T ables:
1.
2.

A:

O ccupational d e s c r ip t io n s _______ ____________________________

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available fo r oth er
a reas.
(See in side b a ck c o v e r .)
Union s c a le s , in dicative o f p revailin g pay le v e ls in
the Jack son ville a re a , a re a lso available fo r building co n stru ction , printing, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating e m p loyees, and
m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs.

This bu lletin p re se n ts resu lts o f the su rvey in
J a ck son v ille, F l a . , in January 1964. It was p rep ared in
the B u reau 's reg ion a l o ffic e in Atlanta, G a ., by G eorge G.
F a rish , under the d ire c tio n o f Donald M. C ru se, R egional
Wage A nalyst.

m

2
2
4

6

00

Occupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occu pation s—
men and w o m e n ------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical o ccu p a tio n s -m e n ---A - 3. O ffice, p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations
m en and w om en com bined--------------------------------A - 4. M aintenance and pow er plant o ccu p a tio n s _______
A - 5. C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent occu p ation s—

Appendix:

E igh ty-tw o la b o r m a rk ets cu rren tly are included
in the p ro g ra m . In form ation on occupational earnings is
c o lle c te d annually in ea ch a re a . Inform ation on esta b lish ­
m ent p ra c tic e s and supplem en tary wage p rov ision s is o b ­
tained bien n ially in m o s t o f the a re a s.




E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e o f su rvey
and num ber studied-------------- ---- ---------------—
-------------------------------Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la ries and stra igh t-tim e
h ourly earnings fo r se le cte d occu pation al grou p s,
and p ercen ts o f in cre a se fo r se le cte d p e rio d s _________ -______

vO

A p re lim in a ry r e p o r t and an individual a rea bu l­
le tin p resen t su rv ey resu lts fo r each la b o r m arket studied.
A fter co m p le tio n o f a ll o f the individual a rea bulletins fo r
a round o f su rv e y s, a two part sum m ary bulletin is issu ed .
The fir s t part b rin g s data fo r each o f the la b or m arkets
studied into one bu lletin .
The secon d part p resen ts in ­
fo rm a tion w h ich has been p r o je c te d fr o m individual la b or
m a rk et data to rela te to e co n o m ic region s and the United
States.

1
3

9




O ccu p ation al W age S u rvey—J a ck so n v ille , Fla.
Introduction

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eek ly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la s s ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h olid a ys, and late
sh ifts. N onproduction bonuses a re exclu d ed , but c o s t -o f-liv in g bonuses
and in cen tive earnings a re included. W here w eek ly hours a re rep orted ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p a tion s, r e fe re n ce is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n e a re st half hour) fo r w hich stra igh t-tim e sa la ries
a re paid; a v era g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occu pation s have been
rounded to the n ea rest half d o lla r.

T his a re a is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in w hich the U. S. D e ­
partm en t o f L a b o r ’ s B ureau o f L abor S tatistics conducts su rveys o f
o ccu p a tion a l earn in gs and rela ted wage b en efits on an areaw ide b a sis.
This bu lletin p re se n ts cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earn in gs in form a tion obtained la rg e ly by m ail from the establishm ents
v is ite d by B ureau fie ld eco n o m ists in the last p rev iou s su rvey fo r
occu p ation s re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n a l v is its w e re made
to nonrespon den ts and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p rev iou s su rv ey .
In ea ch a r e a , data a re obtained fro m represen tative e sta b ­
lish m en ts within six b ro a d industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; tr a n s ­
p orta tion , com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilities; w h olesa le trade;
r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jor
in du stry grou p s exclu d ed fr o m these studies are governm ent o p e r a ­
tions and the con stru ctio n and extractive in d u stries. E stablishm ents
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re om itted b ecau se
they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occu pation s studied
to w arran t in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provid ed fo r each o f the
b roa d in du stry d iv ision s w h ich m eet publication c r ite r ia .

D iffe re n ce s in pay le v els fo r selected occu p ation s in which
both m en and w om en a re com m on ly em p loyed m ay be due to such
fa c to r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d istribu tion o f the sex es among in ­
d u stries and esta blish m en ts; (2) d iffe re n ce s in length o f se r v ic e or
m e r it rev iew when individual sa la rie s a re adjusted on this b a sis;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d , although the o c c u ­
pations a re a p p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d within the sam e su rvey job d e ­
scrip tio n . Job d e scrip tio n s u sed in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these
su rveys a re u su ally m o re g en era lized than those used i n , individual
establish m en ts. This a llow s fo r m in or d iffe re n ce s am ong esta b lish ­
m ents in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T hese su rv ey s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b eca u se o f
the u n n e ce ssa ry c o s t in volved in surveying a ll establish m en ts. To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion o f
la rg e than o f sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll establish m en ts a re given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establish m en ts studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as relatin g to a ll establish m en ts in the industry grouping and a re a ,
ex cep t fo r th ose below the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in
a ll establish m en ts within the scop e o f the study and not the number
actu ally su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occu pation al structure
among esta b lish m en ts, the estim ates o f occu pation al em ploym ent
obtained fr o m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e rv e only to
indicate the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jo b s studied. T hese d iffe r ­
en ces in occu p ation al stru ctu re do not m a teria lly a ffect the a ccu ra cy
o f the earnings data.

O ccu pations and E arnings
The occu p ation s s e le cte d fo r study a re com m on to a v a riety
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are o f the
follow in g types: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(c) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) cu stodial and m a teria l m o v e ­
m ent. O ccu pational cla s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d e scrip tio n s d esig n ed to take account o f inter establishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e jo b . The occupations se le cte d fo r study
a re listed and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r som e o f
the occu p ation s listed and d e s c r ib e d are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables b eca u se either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm a ll
to p rov id e enough data to m e rit presen tation, or (2) there is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establishm ent data.




E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Tabulations on se le cte d establishm ent p ra ctice s and supple­
m entary wage p ro v isio n s (B -s e r ie s tables) a re not presen ted in this
bulletin. Inform ation fo r these tabulations is co lle cte d biennially in
this a rea .
T hese tabulations on m inim um entrance sa la ries for
in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs; shift d ifferen tia ls; scheduled
w eek ly hours; paid h olidays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are p resen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins fo r this area .

1




2

T able 1.

E stablishm ents and w ork ers w ithin'scope o f survey and number studied in J ack so n v ille , F l a . , 1
by m a jo r industry d iv is io n ,2 January 1964
Number o f establishm ents

Industry d ivision

W orkers in establishm ents

Within scope
o f study3

Studied

Within scop e
o f stu dy4

Studied

A ll d ivision s________________________________________________

306

127

57,400

37,110

Manufacturing
- Nonmanufacturing— —-----— -----------—---------------------- -------------Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u t ilit ie s 5 ____ _
__
-----------W holesale t r a d e 6 — - - — — - ---- —
R etail trade 6 - Finance, insurance, and re a l e s ta te 6 -----S e r v ic e s 6 7_ —

82
224

40
87

14,200
4 3 ,2 0 0

10,570
2 6,540

38
49
69
38
30

22
14
20
18
13

11,700
5,2 0 0
14,000
8 ,2 0 0
4 , 100

9 ,7 1 0
1,930
7 ,0 2 0
5 ,910
1,970

1 The J ackson ville Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a con sists o f Duval County. The "w o rk e rs within sco p e o f study" estim ates shown in
this table p rovid e a reasonably accu rate d e scrip tion o f the s iz e and com position o f the labor fo r c e included in the su rv ey. The estim ates a re not
intended, how ever, to se rve as a b asis o f com p a rison with other em ployment indexes fo r the a re a to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning o f wage surveys req u ires the use o f establishm ent data com piled con sid era b ly in advance o f the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied, and (2) sm a ll
establishm ents a re excluded fro m the scop e o f the survey.
2 The 1957 re v ise d edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ss ify in g establishm ents by industry d ivision .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inimum lim itation (50 em p lo y e e s). A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies
in such industries as tra d e, finance, auto rep a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters are co n sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes a ll w ork ers in a ll establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at o r above the m inim um lim itation (50 em p lo y e e s).
5 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. J a ck son ville's e le c t r ic utility is m unicipally op erated and is excluded
by definition fro m the scop e o f the study.
6 This industry d ivision is rep resen ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d ustries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A ta b le s. Separate p resentation
of data fo r this d ivision is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the follow ing reasons: (1) Employment in the d ivisio n is too sm a ll to p rov id e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient o r inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility o f d isclo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ iza tion s; and engineering
and a rch itectu ral s e r v ic e s .

Table 2.

Indexes o f standard w eekly sala ries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational group s,
and p ercen ts o f in cre a se fo r selected p e rio d s, Jackson ville, F la.
index
(D ecem b er 1960S100)

Occupational group
January 1964

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om e n )_______________
Industrial nu rses (m en and wom en)____________
Skilled maintenance (m en)______________________
Unskilled plant (m en)____________________________
Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

110.7
(*)
108.5
113.4

P e rce n ts o f in cr e a s e
January 1963
to
January 1964

N ovem ber 1961
to
January 1963

D ecem b er I960
to
N ovem ber 1961

D ecem b er 1959
to
D ecem b er I960

2 .6

5. 1
(*)
3. 1
4 .8

2 .6
(M
2 .9
5. 2

5. 2
(l)
4. 1
3. 3

(' )

2. 3
2 .9

3
Wage Tren ds for Selected O ccupational Groups

P re se n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in a v era g e sa la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rs e s,
and in av era g e earn in gs o f s e le cte d plant w o rk e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tag es o f change re la te to a vera ge w eekly sa la rie s fo r n orm a l hours
o f w o r k , that i s , the standard w ork schedule fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid. F o r plant w ork er g rou p s, they m ea su re changes
in a v era g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s, h olida ys, and late sh ifts. The
p ercen ta g es a re b a sed on data fo r se le cte d key occu p ation s and in ­
clu de m o st o f the n u m e rica lly im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffic e c le r i c a l data a re b a sed on m en and wom en in the follow ing
19 jo b s : B ook k eep in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , accou ntin g,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , f i le , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p e r a to r s ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;.
o ffic e b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, g en era l; ste n o g ra ­
p h e r s , se n io r; sw itch b oa rd o p e ra to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The industrial nurse data a re
b a se d on m en and w om en in du strial n u rses.
M en in the follow ing
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s a r e included in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch a n ics; m e c h a n ic s , autom otive; pain ters; p ip efitters; and to o l and
d ie m a k e rs; u n sk illed — ja n it o r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te ria l handling.
A v era g e w eek ly s a la rie s o r average hourly earnings w e re
com pu ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le cte d occu p ation s. The a v era g e sa la rie s
o r h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each o f
the jo b s during the p e r io d su rveyed in 1961. T hese w eighted earnings




fo r individual occu pation s w e re then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occu p a tion a l grou p. F in a lly , the ratio (e x p re sse d as a percentage)
o f the group a ggregate fo r the one y ea r to the aggregate fo r the other
y ea r was com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta ge o f change fr o m the one p eriod to the other. The
indexes w e re com puted by m ultiplying the ra tios fo r each group
aggregate fo r each p e rio d a fter the base year (1961).
The indexes and p ercen ta g es o f change m e a su re , p rin cip a lly ,
the e ffe cts o f (1) g en era l sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m e rit or other
in c r e a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e
jo b ; and (3) changes in a vera ge w ages due to changes in the labor fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu rn ov er, fo r c e exp an sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause
in c r e a se s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu p ation al a v era ges without actual
w age changes.
F o r exa m p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p ro p o rtio n o f low er paid w o r k e rs in a s p e c ific occu pation and low er
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a red u ction in the p rop ortion o f low er paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the op p osite e ffe ct. S im ila rly , the m ovem ent o f
a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could cau se the average
earnings to d ro p , even though no change in rates o c c u r r e d in other
establish m en ts in the a rea .
The use o f constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data. The p ercen ta g es o f change r e fle c t only changes in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs. T hey are .not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sch ed u les, as such, or by prem ium pay
fo r o v ertim e.

A: Occupational Earnings

4




Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1964)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Viimkw
O
f
workers

Araua
$45
W
eekly.
Weridy,
boon1 earnings Under and
(Standard) (Standard) $40 under
$50

$50

$55

$60

NUM
BER O WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
F
$65
$70
$75
$80
$85
$90
$95 $ 1 0 0 $105 $ 1 1 0

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$55

$60

$65

$70

$120

$125

$130

$135

over

_

_

_

_

and
$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

7

6
6

19
18

_

1

$100

$105

$110

$115

Men
79
64

40.0
40.0

$104.00
101.50

_

C lerks, order

36
35

41.0
41.0

82.50
82.00

_

_

O ffice boys
Nonmanufactur ing—— —— —— — — —
—

87
76

38.5
38.5

55.00
55.50

_
-

7
7

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss A
N onmanuf actur ing—.—
—— — — — — —
—

31
30

39.0
39.0

102.50
102.50

-

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss B
N onmanufactur ing____________________

54
54

39.5
39.5

91.50
91.50

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss C
Nmnnamifartiiring

27
27

39.5
39.5

B ille rs , m achine (billing m achine) —— —

30

B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping
m arhina)-----------------------------------------------Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
cla ss A
Wmmaniifa rfnring

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ____________

.

_

8

3

4
4

11
10

3

_

_

_

_

8

2

7

_

7
7

2
2

_

_

_

6
2

4
4

3

4

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

46
40

20

8
8

3
3

l

1

2
2

_
-

*

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

4
4

2
2

6
6

4
4

4
4

3

_
-

_
-

1

2

2
2

2
2

.
-

-

.
-

.
-

8
8

4
4

•
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

69.00
69.00

-

-

-

1

«

.

40.5

65.50

_

5

34

40.0

60.00

-

47
39

39.5
39.5

71.50
70.00

.

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
cla ss B
N onmanuf actur ing____________________

156
144

39.5
39.5

64.50
64.00

•
-

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ____________
Nonmanufacturing

146
128

39.0
38.5

84.50
84.00

_

9
9

3
3

5
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B
MAnufa r a r in g .
Nonmanufacturing—
——— —
—

564
57
507

39.0
40.0
39.0

67.00
67.50
67.00

3

_

_

1

_

.

_

_

-

-

1

28
26

38.5
38.5

71.00
71.00

123

38.5
38.5

61.50
61.50

196

38.0
38.0

52.00
52.00

42
35

40.0
40.0

66.50
65.50

15

5
5

21
21

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

13
13

5
5

7
7

9
9

4
4

8
8

11
11

2
2

1

j

_

_

•

1

2

_

9

3

2

2

5

2

5

6

4

8

4

-

6

1

_

•

.

10
10

12
12

15
10

1
1

4

52
48

19
19

17
15

10

20
20

6
6

7
7

11

92
16
76

63
14
49

40
3
37

4
4

8

5
5

-

11

7
7

_

_

-

-

.

_

_

Women

—

C lerks, file , cla ss A
Nonmanufactur ing------------------------------C lerks, file , cla ss B
Nonmanufactur ing
C lerks, file , cla ss C —---------------------------N onmanufactur ing

122

196

•
-

1

44
42

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

41

115
1

103
17

3

2

41

114

86

_

_

1

_

_

9

-

_
-

_

-

8

35
34

24
24

31
31

11

50
50

118
118

15
15

9
9

2
2

14

4
4

l

7

10

3
2

3
3

6
6

26
24

17
10

32
26

92

3

9

3

9

_

_

-

-

See footnote at end of table.

2
2

_

_

12

10

9

8
86

_

10
10

_

2
2

_
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

2
2

“

■

■

-

-

-

3

17
17

.

_

1

‘

C lerks, order
Nonmanufacturing

-

-

4
4

14

6

'

'

'

-

-

-

_

.

_

'

*

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Afen and Women— Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, F la ., January 1964)
A rn u a
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

of

worker*

Weekly,
boon 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$45
Under and
under
$40

$66

$55

$60

$55

$60

$65

11
10

'

7
5
5
8

NUMBER OF WORKER8 RECEIVING 8 TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP$65
$70
$75
$95 $ 1 0 0 $105
^55“ JW O

$110

$115

$115

$120

T

T

W

t h t

7130- 7135and

$50

$70

$75

$ Q0

$80

$85

22

$05

$100

$105

$110

$125

$1 50

$155

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, payroU
Nonmanufacturing__ __ ______ ___ ______
P ublic utilities 2
___

108
89
43

39.5
39.0
38.5

$78.00
80.00
84.00

_
“

_
-

C om ptom eter o p era tors____ __ — _______
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

106

39.0
39.0

6 8 .0 0

_

1

■ SOo
“

_
-

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A — .
Nonmanufacturing__________ __________

123

81.00

_
"

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

82
T22

39.0
3970 ”

8 1 .0 0

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B .
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Pu blic utilities 2 . .

254
251
30

39.0
39.0
39.0

63.50
63.50
76.00

_
-

O ffice g ir ls
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

52
50

38.5
38.5

56.00
56.00

_

712
73
639
146

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

89.50
91.50
89.00

_
-

1 0 1 .0 0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l------------- ------------Mannfartiiring
Nonmanufacturing______ __ ____________
P ublic u tilities 2 - .

445
39
406
143

38.5
39.5
38.5
38.5

71.50
73.00
71.50
80.00

Stenographers, se n io rNonmanufacturing_____ _______________

208
187

39.0
38.5

76.00
75.00

Sw itchboard op erators
Nnnmannfartiiring _

106

61.50 3 1 6
5T3TT — 15“
6 6 .0 0

S ecreta ries
Manufacturing
N onm anufacturing..
Pu blic utilities 2

____

—

6
1

1

62
■

SI
-

8
8
1

10
8

30
18

22

25
25

9
9

14
14"

}9
19

8

20

8

20

33
33

56
56

29
27
7

21
~21

2

24
23
4

22
22

1

4

10

_

_

4

5
5

6
6

4
3

4
4

3
3

_
-

7
7
"

2

33

2

14
14

31

42
— r
40

-

1

8

6

_

-

24

61

83

87

2

4

8

_
"

.
-

24
-

59
24

79
22

2
2

15
15

10
8

-

15
15

102

-----1----

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

36

8

_

-

39
3
36

-

_
-

'

-

-

-

39
----- r _

-

33

28

26
7

34
13

27
15

26
18

33
.
33
25

-

-

-

7 .
.
7

!
.

j
_

1

1

2

1

1

_

_

_

_

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

4

1

0

10

79
13

38
7

34
23

6

9

-

2

12
12

19
19

11
11

4
4

1
1

24
24

37
37

37
34

41
35

27
24

21

4
3

9
9

4

15

2

_
-

2
2

.
-

_
_
-

19
16

8
8

13

5
----- 3 —

4

14
14

2
2

15
13

11

4
3

4
4

-

1

. '
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_

8

19
14

-•

_
-

_
-

1
1

5
5

4
4

2
2

6
6

_

-

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
cla s s C
Nonmanufacturing__

60
59

39.0
3970"

73.50
73.50

-

-

-

194
188

39.0
39.0

65.50
65.00

.

5
5

14
14

43
43

155
142
27

38.0
38.0
38.5

64.00
” 64:00
73.00

_

10
10

20

58.00
60.50
58.00
67.00

.

13

.
“

10

2

10

4

6

9

—

r

r

s~

4
6

8

4

1
1

8
8

8
8

5

5

6

4

40
“ 40

33
33

37
36

31
28

12
12

24
24

39
34

26

16

14

2

4

20
5

4
4

12
12
4

133

123

84

35
2

13

127

114

76

33

14

1

1

“

2

11

10

“

■

"

4
4

1

4

8

2
1

1

9

20
6

10

7

6

6

1

3

5

-

2

-

-

.
-

16

2

■

2

_

I

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_ -

_
-

.
-

.
-

• -

.

2
2

.

.

_

_

.

_

-

~

-

-

-

4
4

_

T ~

1

_

—

1

16

5

2

------ T ~

—

_

4
—

T

~

_

4
2

“

-

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 15 at $30 to $35; and 1 at $40 to $45.




_

-

11

-

—

121

_
-

6

19

-

2

-

90

— 5

32
7 Z ~

12

-

s r

-

2
2

—

9

-

385
35

_
.
-

?

6

-

—

_

1

4
5
4 ----- 5 —

44

82.00
81.00

_

.
' -

-

47

38.5
38.5

..

_

_
-

37
£
31
5

43
40

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.5

1

.
-

11

Tabulating-m achine op era tors,
c la s s B—
Nonmanufacturing—
—

417

.
-

94

65.00

20

1
1

13

5
5

-

-

3

5

"

5

l

7
7
7

2
1

106

39.5
39.5

T yp ists, cla s s B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u tilities

8

16

84
4

-

W

P iih lir n t il it iA a 2

-

3
3
3

17

84
14
70
13

99
79

T yp ists, c la s s A
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

19

31
30

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op era tors,
general
—
—
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

3

2
2

41.5
4 0 “

—

3
18 — 5
16
-

11
8
2

•

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Jack so n v ille , F l a . , January 1964)
Avkkaqk
Number

of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$70
and
(Stam
ford) (Standard) under
$75
Weeklyj

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

_

_

_

_

7

-

-

-

3

6

8

Weekly.
earnings

_

D raftsm en, se n io r------------------------------------------ — ------------M anufacturing--------------------------------------------------------------

78
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$123.50
132.50

-

-

D ra ftsm en, junior — ------- —--------------------------------------------

45

4 0 .0

96.00

2

3

5

8

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

3
”

9
-

3
-

20

11

7

2
2

1

9

3
3

11

7

8
6

2

5

_

1

2

_

-

-

_

-

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to th ese w eekly h ou rs.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , Jack son v ille, F l a ., January 1964)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

C le rk s , p a y ro ll — — -------—— ------------ ------N onm anufacturing----------------------- ----------P u blic utilities 2 --------------------------------

116
94
48

$80.00
82. 0 0
87.00

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Average
weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

O ffic e oc cupations— C ontinued

O ffice o ccu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

36
26

$6 8 . 0 0
73. 50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)—

36

6 1.50

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A.
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------

52
41

74 .0 0
71 .0 0

Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs — -------------------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing----------------------------------

107
25
82

6 7.00
68.50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A -------------------N onm anufacturing------------------- — -------- —

123
122

255
251
30

63.50
63.50
76.00

O ffice boys and g ir ls ---------------------------------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------

139
126

55.50
55.50

739
73

70. 50
7 1.00

S e c r e t a r ie s ________________________________
M anufacturing---- —-------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 --------------------------------

173

90. 50
91.50
90.50
104.50

461
40
421
158

72. 50
73.00
72.50
82.00

99
79

$6 6 . 0 0
6 5 . 00

44
43

1 0 1 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B—.
Nonmanuf actur ing-----------------------------------------------------

97
94

8 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C ---------------------

87
86

7 2 .0 0
72. 00

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l— .
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

194
188

65. 50
65. 00

T y p is t s ,

155
142
27

64 .0 0
64. 00
7 3 .0 0

431
32
399
49

59. 50
60. 50
59.00
75. 50

80
35

123. 50
132. 50

47

95. 50

81.00
81.00

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B--------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------P u blic u t ilitie s 2 --------------------------------

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s -------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------------------------T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )----------N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B.
N onm anufacturing-----------------------------------

162
150

64 .5 0
64 .0 0

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A --------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------P u blic utilities 2 --------------------------------

225
192
34

91 .5 0
8 9.50
9 7.50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B
— —
M anufacturing--------------------------— ----------N onm anufacturing——— — — — —

594
61
533

6 8 .0 0

C le r k s , file , c la s s A ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing—— — — -----------------

29
27

68 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

666

6 8 .0 0

C le rk s , file , c la s s B --------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------- — _— ----------- —
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------------------

131
130
27

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

S tenographers, g e n e r a l—— ——-----------------M anufacturing----------------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------Pu blic utilities 2 --------------------------—
—

C le r k s , file , c la s s C --------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------

196
196

52.00
52.00

Stenographers, se n io r---- --------------------------N onmanufactur ing----------------------------------

208
187

7 6.00
7 5.00

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs -------------------------------N onm anufacturing----------------------------------

106
96

61. 50
61. 50

C le r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------

78
70

7 3 .5 0
74. 00

Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkweeks,
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




N a h t h f^ m if r ^

f 'l s ta a

i n^

A

Pu blic u tilities
T y p is t * ,

r la u s

R

— ----2

--------------------------------------------- -—
_

__

_

M anufacturing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufactur m g
—
Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------------------------------

101.50

P ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s
o .n in r

.........

Manufa cturing----------------------------------------------------------

7
Table A-4

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings f o r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , Jack son v ille, F la ., January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNING8 OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

C arp en ters, m aintenance

Number.
of
worker*

Average $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $1750 $2.70 $2.80 $2790 $3.00 pT T o $ 3 7 2 0 $3730 $3740 $3.50 $375o
Jtourty. t and
and
under
$1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $ 3 . 2 0 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 over

3

26
70
SB

2.89

62

2 .6 6

40

2.44

125
45
31

2.26
2.24
2.30
2.54

74
65

2.85

_

.

_

.

2 .8 8

“

"

-

~

2.46
2 .2 $
2.52
2.59

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

166
137
29

2.52
2.49
2.64

_
“

_
-

_
"

29
29

2.25
2.25

_

_

"

27

E n gin eers, station ary
N onm anufacturing

$2.67

2.42

6

28

3.09

60

Nonm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities

2

__

M achinist a. m aintenance
M anufacturing

.... - . ....

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance)
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities 2

M anufacturing
N onmanuf actur ing
O ile r s
M anufacturing

P ipefitte r s , m aintenanc e

233
54
179
121

1
4
— 3~

2 .9 1

“
_
-

-

_
_

4

-

“

_

6
2

6
6

_
_
-

.
-

2
2

_
_

_

_

2
2

“

-

4
4
-

3
3
-

_

_

.

~

-

-

“

2
2'

2
2

39

-

.
-

38
24

7
7
-

_
■
6
6

2

-

2
2

4

’
-

4

2

4

8

9

1

5

3

2

4

7

1

1

9
5

4
4

1

5
5

2
2

7
7

-

6
6

9
3

7
7
7

1

14

10

10
2

11

8
2

_
_

-

-

-

6
6

14
l4

!

-

-

“

21

7

6

7

i t

6
1
1

_

1

24
4

6
2

6

45
3
42
36

-

1

3
3

2
2

5
5
-

4
4

-

5
5
*

-

3
3

.
.

1
1

24
23
1

_

_

-

-

13
9
4

18
15
3

.

19
i9
-

_
-

4

5

12

E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




-

-

2
2

1

1

-

3
$

2

!

2

4

7
_
7
7

_
_

1

2

8

1

2

4
_
4
-

2
2
1

20

3

4

2
—

2
2

T ~

5
-

5

8
7

16
15

2

-

4
-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

2

4

1

4

4
-

4

4
4

_

_

_
_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

7
_
7
7

-

-

11
11

15
15

3
3

17
17

3

4
_
4
-

9

12

24
7
17
17

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

29
^9

_
_

2

.

16
.

7

12

16

6

12

16
5

15
15
-

_

_

12
12

22
22

7

2

_

_

_

-

7
4

!
_

-

2

-

1

3

-

7

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

6
6

11

2

2

12

5

2

20

-

-

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jackson v ille, F la ., January 1964)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Guards and w atchm en
Manuf actur ing
W atchm en--------- --------------------------Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(men)

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(women)
r......_____________________.
Nonmanuf actur ing -------------------------------------

$0.70 $0.80 $ 0 . 9 0 $ 1 . 0 0 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . 1 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10
Under and
and
under
$ 0 , 0 0 $ 9 , 9 0 $ 1 , 0 0 $ 1 . 1 0 $ 1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1 . 9 0 $ 2 . 0 0 $ 2 . ) 0 $ 2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 over

of

hourly 2
earning*

153
40
32
113

$1.46
1.56
1.47
1.43

679
176
503
52

1.38
1.65
1.29

294
289

1 .2 1

11

1 .2 0

11

O

worker*

-W
i
O

O ccu p ation 12 and industry division

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

88
12
12

7
5
5

76

-

2

18

6

21

18

-

-

214

83

12
202

20

11

27

63

17
3

47
19
28
13

6

-

41
41

8
8

207
206

14

-

11

2
2

_
-

9

4

244

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

9

4

105
80
25

82
63
19

1.69
1.57
1.75
2.18

-

-

-

-

-

-

O rd er fille r s
.
N onm anufacturing _______________________

485
471

1.80
1.81

_

.

-

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

53
49

P a ck e rs , shipping------------------ --------- -—

50
29

1.64
1.74

-

_

_

_

_

2
2

6
6

R eceivin g c le r k s ------------------ —--------- -—
Nonm anufacturing___________________

115
96

1.93
1.93

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-•

-

Shipping and rece iv in g cle r k s —
N onm anufacturing___________________

89
85

2.24
2.24

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d river s 4 ---------------------------------- ----Manuka rhiring
Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities 3

1. 039
199
840
327

2.04
1.70

_

_

_

_

1

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

I
-

254
3

134
26
108

1.49
1.55
1.48

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

-

53
53

652
84
568
261

2.07

T r u ck d riv ers , m edium ( 1 V2 to and
including 4 tons)----------------- — -------K annfa rfnring
A
Nonmanuf actur ing________________
P u blic u tilities 3
T r u c k d riv e r 8 , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
M anufacturing------------------------------Nonmanufacturing------------------------T ru c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift )-------------------

T ru c k e r s , pow er (other than
f o r k lift )..................................................
1
2
3
4

11

233
60

21

13

3

75

19

4

3

14

12
7

2

2

32
29

27

66
9

2

1

2

3
3

25
25

13

158
69
89

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

9

1

108

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

.
_

39

6

_
_

-

_
_

_
_

1

-

15

36
28

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

30
29

9

-

8

-

108
105

21

29
27
_

28
28

43
43

102
102

124
124

1

-

_

7

6
6

_

_

4
4
-

.

_

24
24

7
3

1

-

-

10
10

12

2

36

8

1

1

13

36
-

50
16
-

12

12
12

4
3

12

38

2

2

2

6

8

34
-

-

244
130
114

1.77
1.85

3
3

64

2.25

5

5
4

36

20
4

2
2

16
-

-

-

10

13

4

5

2
2

5

-

-

-

39

8

2

9
4

-

-

3

-

4
6

_

11

1

-

36
-

2
22
20
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
39

-

-

18
18
_

.

_

_

_

_

-

3
3
_

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

2
2

2

1

_

1

1

-

1

10

1

1

_

6

-

1

7
5

2
2

10
10

2
2

10

1

1

-

6

9

2

6

44

36

5

_

285

_

5
-

_
-

285
285

_
-

4

5
-

2

-

6
2

44
31

36
-

4
4

-

12

33
25

18
18

2

49
37

6

-

13
13

12

3
3
7
5

7
7
45

_

_

66

2.35
1.81
2.47

_

-

23
19
4
4

196
37
159

_

-

38

3

_

-

42

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

56
43
13
-

-

_

.

-

-

_

-

81
32
49
-

_
-

_

30

261

-

_
_

-

6

51

_

-

5
5

20

_
_

-

_

31
-

-

1

_

201

-

-

15
15

201

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

6
1

-

_

6

37
34

-

_

3

4
4

-

-

6

4
4

-

-

4

7
4

-

1 .6 8

3

6

-

_

2

9
7

-

_

3
-

4

_

_

5
4
-

4

-

_

-

5

1 .^ 0

_

-

6

16

26
24
_

2.14
2.94

_

-

-

19

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le s s o f s iz e and type o f truck operated.




7

-

-

7
4
4

6

2

33
33

7

1

-

4

4
4

27

903
304
599
249

T ru ck d riv e rs , light (under
IV2 tons)
M anufacturing-------------------------------

35
34

61

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling ____________
Manuf actur in g -------- ----------------- ------Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities 3

2.94

28

7
5
5

5

-

61

6

1 .8 6

2 .1 2

6

5

21

_
-

8

4
4

8
8

3
3
10
6

4
14
14

,

2

22
7

-

6

9

7

7

4

15
-

-

6

2
2

3
-

30
30

13
13
-

-

10

22

22
22

3
3
18
18

5

9
1
8

-

51
15
36

10

-

2

6

41

11

_

_

223

_

41
31

11

-

6
2

-

-

-

223
223

-

-

-

1

5
5

62

-

-

1

25
25

-

-

-

62

_
-

12

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

8

-

1
1

14

40

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude Working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ss ifie d by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v o ice s from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon cop ies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller , machine (bookkeeping machine).Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
b ills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
o f vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING

Class•A .Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
9

10

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.

Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE

Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B, Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)

Class C9 Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

11
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
loca tes on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B. Under clo s e supervision or following s p e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or cod es,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information o f superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s , procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

12
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls . May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE O PERATO R-Continued

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this w orkers time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the b asic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make co p ie s o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do cle rica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class BmPerforms one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

13

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader . Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
etc., to s ca le by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength o f materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lin es and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
com plete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction o f a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees9 in­
juries; keeping records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation o f plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety o f carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selectin g materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




14

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may a lso supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
o f operation o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish •
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to s e le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves* May clean, o il, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to c lo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

15

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efectiv e parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

16

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded .

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation .of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecifica tion s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gate -




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.

17

JANITOR, PO RTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance s erv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, siz e , and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow -

ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.

ping work involves:
routes,

Ship-

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills o f lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

18

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under Vfa tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963» 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list o f the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.( ;., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

P rice

Akron, Ohio.
Albany-Schenectady— roy, N. Y _____
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ___ „_____ ________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — JN.
Atlanta, G a .... . . . . . . . . _____. _________ .___
B altim ore, Md.,
Beaumont— ort Arthur, Tex .
P
Birmingham, A la ____
B oise, Idaho ,
Boston, Mass l-

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N . Y 1
Burlington, V t l.
Canton, O hio____ _____
Charleston, W. V a __
Charlotte, N. C .
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a .
Chicago, 1111____
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky________
Cleveland, O hio__
Columbus, O hio________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, Tex.,
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111-.
Dayton, Ohio.
Denver, C o l o __....
Des M oines, Iowa ,
Detroit, Mich l_
F ort Worth, T e x __
Green Bay, Wis .....
G reen ville, S. C .
Houston, Tex .

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind 1
......
Jackson, M is s ___
Jacksonville, F la .__________
Kansas City, M o .—
Kans 1___
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— H.
N.
Little Rock—
North Little R ock, A rk ____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif1
_______
L ou isv ille, Ky. — 1
Ind ______________ __....
Lubbock, T e x __.. .
M anchester, N. H
M emphis, Tenn .....

1385-30
1345-43
1385-32
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
20
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

Bulletin
number

P rice

M ia m i, F la
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ___. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1385-29
M ilw aukee, W i s 1
_______________ —________________ 1345-59
M inneapolis—
St. P au l, Minn 1
____________________ 1345-38
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ich . . . . . . . . . . . . . __ 1345-69
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J __________ __ ______ 1345-46
New Haven, C on n _________________________
1345-37
New O rle a n s, La 1________________________________ 1345-44
New Y ork , N. Y 1_________________________________ 1345-79
N orfolk— ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Hampton, V a 1
__________________________
1345-75
Oklahoma C ity, O kla.____. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______ . . . . 1385-2

25
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

Omaha, N ebr. —
Iowa 1____________________________ 1385-14
P aterson — lifton— a s s a ic , N. J__ _____________ __ 1345-76
C
P
Philadelph ia, P a .-N . J 1
__________________________ 1385-31
P h oenix, A r iz ___ 1345-57
Pittsbu rgh, P a 1__________________________________ 1345-40
P ortla n d, M a in e 1_____________________________ ___ 1385-22
P ortla n d, Or e g .— a sh ___________________________ 1345-7 3
W
P rov id en ce—
Paw tucket, R. I . — a s s 1_______ . . . . . 1345-70
M
R aleigh, N. C 1____________________________________ 1385-7
R ich m on d, V a 1_________ ___ ____ _____ —_________ 1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford , 111______________________________________
St. L o u is, M o .—
Ill________________________________
Salt Lake C ity, U tah____ . . . . . . ______ . . . ___________
San A ntonio, T ex 1____ ___________ _______________
San B ern ardin o— iv e rsid e — ntario, C a lif1_____
R
O
San D ie g o , C a lif______ _______ _________ _______ ___
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif 1__________
Savannah, Ga . . . . ____________ —___________________
Scranton, Pa 1
____ ________ ___ _______ _____________
Seattle, W a s h 1 ___________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F alls, S. D ak1
___________________________ 1385-20
South Bend, In d ________________________________ 1345-52
Spokane, W ash 1. _______________________________ 1345-66
__________________________________ 1345-51
T oled o, Ohio 1
Trenton, N .J ___________________________________ 1385-27
Washington, D .C .— d.— a .____________________ 1385-17
M
V
W aterbury, C on n ______________________________ 1345-49
W aterloo, Iow a .._______________________________ 1385-18
Wichita, Kans__________________________________ 1385-6
W o rce ste r, M a ss ___________ ____. . . _____________ 1345-80
York, P a _______________________________________ 1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102