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Occupational Wage Survey

MIAMI, FLORIDA
DECEMBER 1963

K ill I d in N o.

13 8 5 -2 9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MIAMI, FLORIDA




DECEMBER 1963

B u lle t in N o . 1 3 8 5 -2 9
March 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
U
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price t5 cents

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1




Contents

P reface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States,
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups--------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
State s .

B:

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions is ob­
tained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Miami, Fla. , in December 1963. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga. , by James D.
Garland, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
Wage Analyst.




1
4

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_____________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods_________________

3

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations—
men and women______________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women________________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_______________________________
A - 4.
Maintenance and powerplant occupations________________
A - 5.
Custodial and material movement occupations__________

8
9
10

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
w orkers__________________________________________________
B -2 .
Shift differentials_________________________________________
B - 3.
Scheduled weekly hours----------------------------------------------------B -4 .
Paid holidays--------------------------------------------------------------------B - 5.
Paid vacations_____________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans----------------------------B -7 .
Paid sick leave____________________________________________

12
13
14
15
16
18
19

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions-----------------------------------------------------

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Miami area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

HI

3

5
7

21




O ccupational Wage Survey—Miami, Fla.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification ’’other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
1
An establishment was considered
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time
late shifts. An establidiment was considered as
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey,
late diifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen’ s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors’ fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
as having a policy if it m et either o f the following contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
minimum number o f days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
excluded.

3

T a b le 1

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in M ia m i, F la . , 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d i v i s i o n ,2 D e c e m b e r 1963

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4

----------------- --------------

_

732

193

1 2 0 ,4 0 0

1 9 ,4 0 0

8 2 ,2 0 0

68,0 7 0

M a n u fa ctu rin g . -----------------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g-------------- ------------------ ------------------- -----T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 _ ______ ______________ _______
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______ — ---------------------- --- ------- ----R e ta il t r a d e ________________ _______ ____ ___ __ _____ _______
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ------------------------------S e r v ic e s 8
-------------- _
_
----- -------

50
”

208
524

56
137

2 7 ,6 0 0
9 2 ,8 0 0

2 ,6 0 0
1 6 ,8 0 0

2 0 ,9 0 0
6 1 ,3 0 0

1 2 ,460
55 ,6 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

55
68
181
81
139

25
15
42
19
36

2 6 ,4 0 0
5 ,1 0 0
3 3 ,1 0 0
9, 100
1 9 ,1 0 0

15, 500
(6)
2 6 ,6 0 0

2 3 ,1 0 0
1 ,3 2 0
19 ,7 9 0
3 ,6 0 0
7 ,8 0 0

A ll d iv is io n s

----------

— — — —

—

4, 800
(6)
3, 300
<*)
( 6)

(6)

1 T h e M ia m i Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f D ade County. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n
o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t in d exes fo r the a rea
to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva nce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d . M ia m i’ s tra n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e ra te d and is e x clu d e d by d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e stim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S eparate presen ta tion
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a re r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n only in
e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Sepa ra te p re se n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en gin e erin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a ble 2.

In d exes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n ts o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , M ia m i, F la .
in d e x
(D e c e m b e r 1960=100)

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e

D e ce m b e r 1963

D e c e m b e r 1962
to
D e ce m b e r 1963

D e c e m b e r 1961
to
D e c e m b e r 1962

D e ce m b e r I960
to
D e ce m b e r 1961

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
D e ce m b e r I960

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )____________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n ) _________
S k ille d m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ___________________
U n sk ille d plant (m e n )___________ ________ __

109. 1
1 1 1 .4
1 10 .0
106. 5

3 .6
6. 3
5. 1
1 .6

2 .5
1 .7
1 .8
1 .7

2 .8
3 .0
2 .8
3. 0

2 .9
5 .0
1 .8
3. 5

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )____________
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) _____ __
S k ille d m ain ten an ce ( m e n ) ___________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en) __ __ __ __ _____ _____

106. 1
(*)
1 0 7 .4
103 .8

3. 5
(M
3 .9
2 .2

1. 1
( )
1 .3
1. 1

1 .4
(l)
2 .0
.4

4. 1
(*)
3. 6
5 .6

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p




1 Data do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .

1

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups r they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled-— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M iam i, F la ., D ecem ber 1963)
A y si L G
AS

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R 8 R E C E IV IN G S T R A I G H T -T IM E W E E K L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

$40
Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

over

47
6
41
13

16
6
10
3

18

and

(SUndauxl)

$45

und er

$45

and

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A_,
Manuf acturing _
Nonm anufacturing „
R etail tr a d e ____

190
39
151
29

38.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

$94.00
86.00
96.00
92.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B_
Nonmanuf acturing _
P u blic utilities 2

94
7l
32

40.0
39.5
38.5

84.50
87.50
94.50

C lerk s, o r d e r .
M anufacturing «
Nonmanuf acturing _

130
37
93

40.0
40.0
40.0

80.50
84.50
79.50

-

-

-

C lerk s, p a y r o ll______

27

41.5

89.00

-

-

O ffice b o y s ________
N onmanuf acturii

70
63

38.5
38.5

56.50
57.00

_

_

“

“

T a bulating-m achine o p era tors
cla s s B _______________________
Nonm anufacturing _

62
58

39.0
38.5

86.50
87.00

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
4
1

_

11
l6
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
6
22
1

11
3
2

9
7
2

5
3
2

7
7
2

16
15
2

2
-

-

-

20
6
14

34
12
22

20
5
15

24
10
14

3
3
-

_
_

1

3

2

1

3
3
18
17

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

6

3

_

.

_

.

_

-

"

-

~

"

-

4
4

4
4

6
6

4
4

1
1

10
3
7

1
1

2

3

_

_

_

1

2

3

-

1
1
1

16
16

1
1

_

_

_

_

40
13
27

28
2
26

17
5
12

14
1
13

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

8
1
7
7

39
17
22
10

12
10
2

8

.

.

1

_

3
3

_

_

_
_

_

8
8

_

_

-

-

1
-

_

-

-

-

-

39
13
26

42
12
30
8

14

48

24

4

2

_

24
22
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

-

_

3

_

3

33
28

26
26

5
4

3
2

.

.

-

-

_

_

.

_

2
2

!
1

17
14

"
3
2
1

12
2
10

12
4
8

21
9
12

6
4
2

11

-

11

1

2
2
2

2
2
2

24
24
13

8
8
7

16
7
3

7
7
7

.
-

27
_

27

13
4
9

23
11
12

53
8
45
7

37
2
35
11
9

_

-

83
25
58

41.0
40.0
41.0

70.50
67.50
71.50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _
Nonmanuf acturing _
R etail tr a d e ____

77
68
35

41.5
42.0
41.0

70.50
76.50
65.50

_

_

-

-

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A __________________________
M anufacturing____
Nonm anufacturing .

166
36
130

40.0
39.5
40.0

76.50
75.00
77.00

_
-

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p era to rs ,
c la s s B __________________________
M anufacturing_____
Nonm anufacturing .
R etail tr a d e ____

229
41
188
53

39.5
39.0
39.5
41.0

66.00
74.50
64.00
68.50

_

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A_.
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail t r a d e .

317
59
258
99
71

39.5
40.0
39.0
36.5
40.5

90.00
84.00
91.50
102.00
81.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

2

9

18

41
15
26
6
16

-

59
10
49
18
8

C lerk s, accounting, c
M anufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2
R etail tr a d e ____

703
115
588
213
182

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.0
40.0

71.50
68.00
72.00
76.00
70.50

-

-

39
3
36
14

61
7
54
41
9

98
24
74
23
21

114
33
81
20
21

125
20
105
14
49

95
17
78
13
32

79
9
70
56
9

45
1
44
32
9

21
1
20
2
18

C lerk s, file , c la s s A .
Nonmanufacturing _

38
31

39.5
40.0

73.50
75.50

"

_

_

2
2

2
2

12
5

13
13

1

2
2

1
1

-

_
-

-

-

-

“

4
1

64
9

-

1
1

_
-

7
-

-

-

_

7

9

15
1
14

-

_

-

_

_

_

i

"

_
"

j

_

7

14
8
1

41
27
3

14

_
_

_

~

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

5

_

7

.

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

5
1
4

_

7

_

_

7

-

-

-

_

_
_
_

_

_

3

-

_
_

12

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

5
5

_

14

"

_

12
12
-

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

-

-

-

.

.

_
-

_

-

4

_

_

_

3
3

'

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)..
M anufacturing _
Nonm anufacturing .




_

_
_

_

-

1
1
-

"

See footn otes at end of table.

-

-

28

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

64

-

_
_

-

-

-

8
_
8

-

-

-

"

_
_

_

_
_

-

-

4

_

_

-

-

25
19
8

.

4
---- 3

-

8
5
3

_
_

-

-

19

_

_
_

-

-

5
5
4

_

_

-

-

19

11
11
11

-

-

25
2
23
2

3
3
3

-

1

_

18
6

_

.

-

"

-

_
_

-

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en^Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M iam i, F l a ., D ecem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A & oa
vB A
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

$40
Weekly! W
eekly i and
earnings
hours
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

over

12
4

and

W om en— Continued
C le rk s , file , cla ss B _ _
_____
___
Nonmanufacturing________
_ _ _____

99
83

39. 5
39. 5

$58.50
58. 00

_

_

-

-

27
26

22
15

38
38

C lerk s, file , cla ss C -------------------------------N onm anufacturing- ___ —
-

133
122

40. 0
4 0 .0

54. 00
54. 50

_
"

9
9

56
51

53
47

15
15

66
47

39. 5
40. 0

66.00
63. 50

_

_
-

7
7

8
8

15
9

15
15

12
8

9

“

C lerk s, p a y r o l l ______ —
M anufacturing—
_
_______
Nonm anufacturing____ _
Public u t ilit ie s 2 __ „ ___________
R etail trade____
__ __
- _ —

194
56
138
42
44

40. 5
40. 0
4 1 .0
39. 0
41. 5

76. 50
74. 50
77. 50
85. 00
71.00

"

_
-

_
-

11
11
5
1

13
6
7
2
5

46
13
33
2
24

19
10
9
2
2

23
7
16
2
3

23
7
16
5
1

29
10
19
7
6

11
1
10
1
1

12
1
11
10
1

2
1
1
1
-

5
5
5

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
"

_
-

_
-

Com ptom eter op erators - - _ — ____
Manufacturing __ ___
__ _ __ __ Nonmanufacturing— ----------------— ___
R etail trade __

189
60
129
112

40.
40.
40.
40.

64.
65.
64.
62.

50
50
00
50

_
-

_
"

5
5
5

30
30
30

67
25
42
37

44
17
27
24

30
18
12
12

7

5

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

7
3

5
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph o r D itto). ____ __ _____
Nonmanufacturing _________ ________

36
30

39. 5
39. 0

62. 00
62. 50

3
3

17
17

5
2

1
1

4
1

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

"

“

-

-

"

-

-

-

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s A ___ _____
N onmanufacturing- ___ — _ __
Public utilities 2------ — _
_____

73
64
29

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

81.00
83. 00
89. 50

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
2
2

3
3
"

7
6
-

18
17
3

6
6
-

10
10
7

5
5
5

9
9
6

6
6
6

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
“

_
-

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla s s B ___________
Nonmanufacturing------- — -------- -----Retail trade__
__
— ____ __

249
239
43

38. 5
38. 5
4 1 .0

70. 50
70. 50
62. 50

_
-

_
-

7
7
5

6
6
2

52
51
18

62
57
11

50
50
5

18
16
2

39
39

14
13

-

1

»

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

O ffice g irls _____ ___ __ ------------ ------Nonm anufacturing----------------- -------

37
29

39. 0
39. 5

56. 00
57. 50

3
3

_
-

15
7

8
8

2
2

5
5

3
3

1
1

S ecre ta rie s — ------ ---------------------- - —
Manufacturing „ — — _ -----------------N onmanufacturing- ______ — ----------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ — - — —
Retail trade-------- ------- — - -------

910
136
774
171
157

40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0
38. 5
40. 0

88.
87.
88.
96.
82.

50
00
50
50
50

_
-

-

_
-

9
9
-

17
2
15
3
2

47
2
45
6
21

39
9
30
14
5

147
13
134
12
42

164
38
126
18
18

117
22
95
13
28

96
15
81
8
21

73
18
55
19
4

73
9
64
34
12

40
1
39
14
~

24
24
1
-

18
1
17
5
"

6
1
5
2
1

13
2
11
4
-

19
3
16
16
-

8
8
2
3

Stenographers, g e n e r a l------------ — M anufacturing-------------- — — - ------Nonmanufacturing------------- ----------- Public u tilit ie s 2------ -------------- _ Retail trade___ — — _____ _______

493
76
417
142
42

39. 0
39.5
39. 0
37. 5
40. 5

72.
69.
73.
85.
70.

50
50
00
00
00

_
-

_
-

20
3
17
2

37
1
36
4
1

58
1
57
3
8

153
37
116
26
5

66
14
52
8
13

41
13
28
10
4

44
3
41
35
6

18
4
14
5
3

6
6
1

9
9
9

32
32
32

9
9
9

Stenographers, s e n io r_____ _______ ____
Manufacturing _ ------------------- __ -----Nonmanufacturing------------- ----------------Public utilities 2 _ --------------- --------

248
28
220
136

38.
40.
38.
37.

84. 50
75. 50
86. 00
91.00

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3
"

10
6
4
-

39
1
38
18

48
18
30
9

48
1
47
25

29
2
27
16

36
36
35

-

6
6
4

Switchboard o p e ra to rs____________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________
Public utilities 2____________________
Retail trade_______ ________________

550
535
60
43

44. 0
44. 5
39. 0
4 1 .0

3
3
1

113
113
3
7

168
167
3
4

I ll
104
6
19

70
66
3
5

12
12
1
5

16
14
5
2

13
13
12

12
12
5

5
4
4

9
9
9

15
15
6

C lerk s, ord e r ____ _
N onmanufacturing-




-------- _

See footnotes at end of table.

-----

0
0
0
0

5
0
0
5

62.
62.
83.
61.

50
50
00
50

-

“

_

,

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

1
1
1

3
3
3

-

_
-

7
7
7

13
13
13

2
2
2

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
~

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en — Continued

(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
Avkkaok
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F —

$40
W e e k ly ,
W eek ly j
and
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45

Number
of
workers

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

over

and

W om en — C on tinued
0
5
5
0

$ 6 6 .5 0
6 6 . 00
67. 00
65. 00

-

-

6
6
-

35
17
18
15

46
24
22
6

74
40
34
6

40
13
27
11

22
7
15
6

11
6
5
1

2
1
1
-

6
1
5
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

30
30

3 9 .0
39. 0

79. 00
79. 00

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

3
3

-

10
10

4
4

-

1
1

-

-

-

"

-

-

4
4

-

-

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s C _______________________ ___________
N onm anu f a ctu r in g______________________

26
26

40. 5
40. 5

6 8 . 50
6 8 . 50

6
6

1
1

14
14

3
3

12
10
5

25
23
16

22
16
10

34
32
13

41
41
34

8
8
8

-

-

-

569
52
517
43
206

40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
4 0 .0

60.
57.
60.
79.
55.

2

194
17
177
1
141

114
12
102
4
13

106
13
93
3
16

63
9
54
4
14

24
1
23
9
4

20
20
3
”

32
32
5
18

“

"

8
8
8
”

6
6
6
“

"
“

-

T y p is t s , c la s s B ____________________ ____
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___ _____ ______________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____ ______ ______
P u b lic u t ilitie s 2 ------------------- --------R e ta il t r a d e _____________ ___________

“

1
1

3
3
-

43
43
43

1
1

78. 50
79. 00
82. 50

11
11
11

-

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

34
32
21

"

234
220
162

-

-

T y p is t s , c la s s A _____ ___ ______________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g . ______ ______ __
P u b lic u t ilitie s 2 -------------------------------

"

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

“

S w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________ _____
R e ta il t r a d e _________________ ______

242
109
133
45

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ______ ____________________ ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_______ ____________

40.
39.
40.
42.

00
50
50
50
50

-

2
"

1
1
1

“

1 Standard h o u rs r e fl e c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u t ilit ie s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
A v sbao k

N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S O F

W e e k ly .

hours
(Standard)

W eek ly j

earnings
(Standard)

$55
and
under

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$60

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

16
16
-

6

4

28
7
21
5

17
10
7
-

5
5
-

_

_

18

2

50
37
13
3

1

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
-

-

_

_

_

M en
D ra fts m e n , s e n io r ______________ ___ __
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u t ilitie s 2 __________________ __
D ra fts m e n , j u n i o r ____________________ ___
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________________

5
0
0
5

$121.50
119.50
123.50
137.00

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
3

75
51

39. 5
39. 5

89.00
85.00

1

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

5
5

_

28
27

40. 0
40. 0

91.50
91.00

-

2
2

3
3

“

2
2

157
67
90
34

39.
40.
39.
38.

_

-

5
5

13
11

6
6

7
6

5
2

19
7

-

-

1
1

2
2

7
7

7
7

2
2

2
1

6
3

2

1

1
-

-

3
2
1
1
_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

-

-

3
-

2
-

_

-

-

-

-

”

“

-

18
18

W om en
N u r s e s , in d u s tr ia l ( r e g is t e r e d ) __ ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________

“

*
*

"

-

Standard h o u r s r e fl e c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w eek ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .




-

"
"







10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , M iam i, F l a ., D ecem ber 1963)
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation 1 and industry division

E levator o p era tors, passenger
(women) __
___
__ ________ _
N onm anufacturing___________________

Average
hourly ,
earnings 6

66

$0.93
.9 3

285
70
35
35
215

1.67
1.3 8
1.43
1.32
1.77

1,597
317
1,280
217
275

1.40
1.49
1. 38
2. 10
1.27

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(women) __ _ __
_ __
—
__ N onm anufacturing- _ _ _ _ _ —
P ublic u tilitie s 3_________________

182
163
36

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling__________
M anufacturing
_ — __ _ __ —
Nonm anufacturing- ___
Pu blic u tilitie s 3
------------ __ _
R etail trade

1,140
575
565
198
173

2.40
1.64

351
329
150

1.76
1.77
1.93

197
145
52

1.60
1.61
1.56

Guards and w a tch m e n _______________ G u a rd s__________ __ ______________
W atchm en ___ __
___
____
Nonmanufacturing
____ __ — _
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(m e n )-------- ----------- __ __
------- ,
Nonm anufacturing- _______ ___
Pu blic u tilitie s 3. ___ ________ -

O rder fille r s ___ __
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade _

_ ____ ____
__ __ __ __ _
__ _

P a ck e rs , shipping___
Manufacturing __
Nonmanufacturing

__

_ _______
___
________

R eceiving cle rk s
__
Nonmanufacturing
R etail trade _ _

__

_

Shipping c le r k s __

—

_____

—

______

—

-

_____

_

_

_

__
_______

See footnotes at end o f table.




-

—

8
Shipping and receivin g cle rk s
M anufacturing-- „ _______

-

-

6o

"

_

-

6

■

6

~

~

60

7
4
4
3

1
1

33
4
4
29

22
7
7
15

21

4
2
1

45
30
1
29
15

7
14

12
3
3
9

205
51
154
4
28

174
91
83
3
4Q
*ty

114
18
96
35

134
45
89
30
34

96
60
36
7
18

22

7
3
-

_
-

7

12

18

8

2

157

12
-

18
18

8
-

2
-

157
61

396
A
390
23

1.26
1.24
1.94

4
4
-

7

26
26
“

1
1

46
46

2

1.73

_
-

.
-

1 . 6o
1 .8 6

7
"

-

-

-

“

_
-

-

.
-

.
-

2

.
-

1
1

44
36 h
2

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

"

_

-

64
64

-

-

-

“

"

-

1
1

2
2

”

-

.
-

-

16
12

139
60
79
30

171
79
92
25
13

102

-

45
43

46
46

10

10

22
22

26

“

4
4

50
52
32

-

26
_

_

_

_

.

147
130
83

2. 03

_

2 .0 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.84

“

”

“

"

■

"

46
32

—

_
_

66

$0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $ 1.00 $ 1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10
Under and
$0.70 under
$0.80 $0.90 $ 1.00 $ 1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20

2. 38
2.41

1
1
14

8

21

4
16

10

14

8

21

44
7
37
22
2

5
3
2
2

7
6
1
1

19
19
19

38
6
32
32

57
1
56
56

-

-

_
-

2

8

2
2

8
8

-

-

91
64
27
-

33
29
4
4

54
17
37

123
55

12
1
11

6
-

-

6

13

6
6

31

22

85
48
37
34
3

14
14

5
5
5

31
31
3

51
51
37

29
29
29

8

8

7

7
7

■

20
4

71
23
48
5

1
-

61
45
16
_
16

85
55
30

32
32
14

35
35

36
24

57
50
7

12

10
10
10

1
1

1
1
"

32
29
27

5
5
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

"

“

“

■

5

7
1

33
5
5
28

1
12

_

10

17
17

6

53
33
28
24
24

4

10
10
10

7
7
2

68

5

1

2.46
2. 30

64
59

-

7
4

21
11
11

6
6

6
6

“

2

4

5
5

1
1

10
10

6
6

13
9

11
10

5
5

9

36

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
36

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

5
5
-

.
-

.
-

106

2

1

2

1
1

105
105

-

.
-

.
-

4
4
4

2
2
2

3
3
3

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

"

■

■

~

■

"

-

“

"

"

“

.

7

4

-

6

16
16

“

2

1
1

1
1
1

5
5
5

12
12

2
2

9

12
12

1

7
7

2
2

— r

2

2

"

5
5

7
4

9
9

3

2
2

2

9

3
3

2
2

_

6
6

"

3
3

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M iam i, F la. , D ecem b er 1963)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

__ __
___ __ __ _
T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 M anufacturing
____ __ ______
N onm anufacturing- __ _______ __
R etail trade _

_

_ _

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

$0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10
Avenge
hourly earning* Undei and
$0.70 under
$0.80 $0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20

2, 297
574
1,723

$2. 17
1.85
2. 28

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

ll9 2

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , light (under
IV2 ton s)___
_____ „ _______ _
________ __ _ _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing- __ ____ __ _
R etail tra d e___________________

340
36
304
157

1.77
1.85
1.76
1.77

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

■

"

"

"

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 ton s ). ____ __ __
M anufacturing ___
__ __ ____
Nonm anuf actur ing________________
P u blic u tilities 1 _ __
3
2
„ ____
R etail tra d e___________________

962
221
741
315
162

2.08
1.60
2.22
2.71
1.82

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
__ __ ____
___ _
M anufacturing____________________
N onm anufacturing- ________ — _
P u blic u tilities 3______________
R etail trade___________________

601
108
493
311
156

2. 52
1.78
2.68
2. 96
2. 17

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) — ____
M anufacturing ___________________
N onm anufacturing_______ —
P u blic u tilities 3______________

302
199
103
76

2. 32
2. 17
2. 59
2.86

-

-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fo r k lift )__ ______ _
M anufacturing ___ _ ______
— _
Nonm anufacturing _
__ __ __ _
R etail trade

232
142
90
48

1.75
1.64
1.93
1.98

_
-

140
27
113

129
48
81

2

119
46
73

121

12

237
172
65
4
13

156
25
131

37
5
32

20
16
4

111
I ll

7

44
20
24
1
12

128

28

-

41
41
20

21
4
17
6

7
7
7

12
12
9

12
1
11
11

17
1
16
16

35
17
18

32

85
18
67
5
29

28
10
18
-

19
9
10
3

2U

95

47
47

212
212

334
334

_

7

64
64
cf.
30
5

-

12

1

:

3
2
1
"

15
15
-

"

-

-

"

"

5
3
-

79
79
79
-

21
21
13
5

31
31
-

81
81
70
11

I ll
I ll
no
1

"

64

26

33

56

26
12

33
11

56
42

18
18

30
7
23
2

83
51
32

69
36
33

67
22
45

2

19

9

17

75
25
50
29
7

65
13
52
1
26

76
25
51
5
12

63
6
57
1
26

15
9
6
6

1
1
1

29
12
17
1
5

50
50
1
1

20
16
4
2
2

19
4
15
3
12

-

-

8
8
-

17
1
16

9
5
4

27
21
6

19
19
-

11
11
-

20
9
11

1
1
-

-

24
21
3

123
8
115

-

-

16

-

16

105

193

-

-

-

"

“

16

4

6

1

-

3

115

-

16
9
7

-

16
-

105
104
1

193
193
-

-

-

12
4
8
5
3

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

1
1

•-

-

4
4

12
2
10

17
5
12

12
12
-

8
8
-

151
151
-

1
1
1

1
12
- '' 12
1
1
■

1
1
1

43
43
43

■

"

30
30
30

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

19
15
4
2

19
13
6
6

56
36
20
4

9
7
2
2

14
5
9
9

6
5
1

15
1
14
14

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

3
3

.
-

-

14
13
1
1

2
2

-

44
33
11
1

2
2

-

10
5
5
1

4
4

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

31

131
49
82
j
28

36

-

31

20
—

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.




156
46
110

£■7

478

1
2
3
4

117
59
58

r

-

-

5
5
5

2

_

-







Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

35 h o u r s --------------------------------- ----------------------------36 h o u rs _ ____________ __________________________
37V2 h o u r s ________________________________________
O v er 37V2 and u nd er 40 h o u r s ---------------------------40 h o u r s ___________________ __ _________________
O v e r 40 and u n d er 44 h o u rs ______________ ___
44 h o u rs _ ________________________________________
O v e r 44 and un d er 48 h o u r s ------------------ ---------48 h o u r s ___________________________________________
50 h o u r s ________________________ _______ — —
54 h o u rs and o v e r ---------------------------------- ------------




1
2
3
4

All
,
industries

100

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

100

100

11

Retail trade

All 3
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities ‘

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

-

2
2

6
1

-

(4 )
60
2
5
3
21
1
3

-

5
50
1
13
2
21
2
6

40

-

-

9
8
61
2
4
(4 )
5
1

9
1
85
1
1
2
-

-

11
1
49
-

10
-

74
4
11
1
-

0

83

1
97

-

-

1
8
1

2
-

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by n u m b e r o f pa id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally, M ia m i, F la . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
Ite m

A ll w o r k e r s

_____

_____

All
industries 1

______

_ ________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
pa id h o lid a y s _________ ___
______ __ _____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s _ _ ________ ___ __________

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

All ,
industries3

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

86

93

100

76

"

4

14

7

-

24

1
2
4
2
19
47
4
2
5

.
2
12
1

4
3
8
49
3
2
7

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

100

100

98

99

2

1

1
1
3
11
45
1
2
29

11
65
5
1
11

N u m b er o f days

1
2
3
4
5
6
6
6
7
7
8
8
9

h o lid a y _______________ _________ ______________
h o l id a y s _________ _______ __________ ________
h o l id a y s ____ _____________________ __ ________
h o l id a y s _________________________________________
h o lid a y s
___
__
h o l id a y s ______
________ __
____ __ ___
__
___
h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day
h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a ys
h o lid a y s _
_
_
__
.. _ _ ____
h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
h o l id a y s __ ____ _____________ _____ ________
h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _______ _ __________
_
__ _____
___
h o lid a y s _

-

-

2
1
1

5

_
1
7
(4 )
92
(4 )

0

(4 )

9
57
3
9
16
-

2
3
8
(4 )
11
34
2
1
20
(4 )
3

-

84

-

-

■

-

-

8

2

1

-

-

-

~

(4 )

-

■

“

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 1
5
4
3
2

9 days
__________ ____________
_ _________ _
8 V2 d a ys o r m o r e _ _____ _ ________ ________
8 d ays o r m o r e -------- ---- „ ____ ___ ______
7 days or m o re
__
__ __ ____
6 V2 d ays o r m o r e — _______ __ __
___ _
6 d ays o r m o r e __________________ _____________
5 d ays o r m o r e —
____________ ____________
4 d a y s o r m o r e — _ __________
____ ______
3 days o r m o re
_ ___________________
__ ___
2 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ____ ____________________
1 day o r m o r e
_ — _____ _________________

1
2
5
36
37
82
93
93
96
97
98

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
18
23
88
99
99
99
99
99

(4 )
92
92
100
100
100
100
100
100

(4 )
26
29
86
96
96
96
96
96

1 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d ition to
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le ,
7 fu ll d a y s and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d ays and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on. P r o p o r t io n s




3
24
26
61
72
72
81
84
86

8
15
18
66
85
87
91
92
93

2
85
87
98
100
100
100
100
100

1
9
12
61
69
69
72
72
76

th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
show n s e p a r a t e ly .
the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a t o ta l o f 7 days in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith
w e r e then cu m u la te d .







Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
PLA N T W ORKERS

O FF IC E W O R KE R S

T yp e o f b e n e fit
A ll
2
in dustries

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

100

M an ufacturin g

100

P u b lic ,
utilities

R e ta il trade

A ll
.
in dustries

100

100

100

P u b lic 3
u tilities

R e ta il trad e

100

100

100

M an ufacturin g

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ____________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 1
5--------------------------------------4
3
2

80

88

60

83

84

78

78

85

61

64

47

46

54

46

55

48

63

63

94

75

56

41

90

70

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ------------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d ) ___________________________

33

50

65

28

38

33

61

44

42

24

74

31

22

11

52

19

10

7

18

27

14

10

29

17

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e _______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n __________________________
No h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ------

82
82
54
69
58
4

85
84
58
63
37
8

60
60
23
95
91

94
91
66
49
51
4

86
85
55
46
38
7

83
79
56
49
27
13

76
76
42
84
86
2

91
88
66
38
41
5

1 In clu d e s th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e p lan s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a c h e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .




T able B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s by f o r m a l s ic k le a v e p r o v i s io n s ,
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c e m b e r 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLA N T W ORKERS

S ic k le a v e p r o v i s io n
R e ta il trade

A ll
,
industries3

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic .
u tilities 2

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

100. 0

36. 1

2 1 .3

81. 2

36. 0

6 3 .9

78. 7

18. 8

6 4 .0

9 .6
9 .6
3. 5
5. 1
-

47. 2
47. 2

13. 7
1 2 .4
1. 1
6. 4

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities 1
2

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

52. 7

3 1 .0

92. 7

58. 2

47. 3

6 9 .0

7. 3

4 1 .8

4 1 .0
4 0 .5
6 .4
8 .0
1 .7
1 .9
3. 7
1 2.9
.4
3 .9
.4
2 .6
2 .6

2 1 .9
2 1 .9
6. 8
12. 1
-

74. 3
74. 3
. 3
3. 7

19. 4
18. 7
1 .2
6 .0

-

-

3. 0
3. 4
3. 4

.7
52. 3
1 .6
15. 7
7. 5
7. 5

25. 7
2 5 .7
1 5 .5
6 .8
1 .6
1 .9
1 .5
1 .5

G ra d u a ted p la n 4— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w a itin g p e r io d
F u ll p a y 5
. ....
_
........
5 d ays
10 d a y s _.
.
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l pay 5
__ _
_____ _
____
22 d a y s
P a r t ia l p a y o n ly
.. .
W aiting p e r i o d
............................................... ...
F u ll p a y
P a r t ia l p a y on ly

3. 2
.8
.6
.9
. 5
1 .6
5 .9
3. 3
2 .6

2. 0
2. 0
2. 0
3. 7
3. 7

. 1
. 1
. 1
10. 6

1 5 .0
2. 7
1 .8
2 .9
2 .9
9 .4
1 6 .0
1 6 .0

-

1 0 .6

G ra d u a ted p la n 4 — A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w a itin g p e r io d .................................................................
F u ll p a y 5 ....
_
........
10 d a y s ____________________________________
15 d a y s
40 d a ys
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l pay 5 ______________
50 d a y s
. .........
65 d a y s
P a r t ia l p a y o n ly
W aiting p e r i o d ___
F u ll p a y _____________________________________
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l p a y
.............

8 .6
.8
. 3
.3
6. 2
2. 8
3. 1
1 .6
.5
.5
( 6)

2. 0
2. 0

10. 7
. 1

-

-

2 .0
3. 7
3. 7
-

1 8 .4

11. 7

A ll
industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s ................ .

100 .0

.........

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
fo r m a l p a id s i c k le a v e
.......
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no fo r m a l p a id s i c k le a v e ........

R e ta il trad e

1 0 0 .0

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually
U n ifo r m p la n :4
No w a itin g p e r i o d
..............
_
F u ll p a y 5
5 days
...
...
6 days
..
7 days
8 d a y s ....
10 d a y s
...
.
_
12 d a y s
30 d a y s
40 d a y s
_
.
P a r t ia l p a y o n ly
W aitin g p e r io d
F u ll p a y
.......

_

................. .

_

.....

._

........

...............

-

-

_

1 .5
-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .9
7 .4
.2
.6
5. 2
5. 2

1. 1
10. 5
10. 5

5. 5
39. 3
.9
8. 0
8. 0

4 .9
1 .3
3. 3
3. 3

5. 5
2. 3
1 .0
1 .0
1 .2
1. 1
1 .9
5 .8
2. 6
3. 2

1. 3
1 .3
1 .3
-

5. 2
5. 2
5. 2

-

-

12. 5
3. 2
2. 0
3. 4
3. 4
5 .9
6. 5
6. 5

1 0 .8
2. 3
. 7
.3
1 .0
6. 5
2. 1
4. 3
1 .9
. 7
.5
.2

1. 3
1 .3

10. 6
1 0 .6
. 2
. 2

3 1 .0
2. 7
1 .8
1 8 .9
16. 0
2 .9
9 .4
-

6 1 .4

"

1 3 .8

12. 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19. 7
2. 8
16. 9

-

-

1. 3
-

-

22. 1
5. 2
5. 2
16. 9
1 6 .9
4. 0
2. 8
1 .2

1 9 .0
3. 2
2. 0
9 .9
6. 5
3 .4
5. 9
-

5 3 .4

“

Provisions for accumulation
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s havin g
p r o v i s io n s f o r a c c u m u la t io n o f
u n u sed s i c k le a v e

1 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a dd ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 I n c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 " U n if o r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o s e fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is e n title d to the s a m e n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a id s ic k le a v e ea ch y e a r .
"G r a d u a te d p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o s e fo r m a l plans u n d er w h ich an e m p l o y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to le n gth o f s e r v i c e .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n .
E s t im a t e s r e f l e c t p r o v is io n s a p p lic a b le at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fl e c t p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e a fte r
10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a ft e r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r le n g th s o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in c lu d e p r o v i s io n s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .
N u m b e rs o f days show n un d er " F u ll pay p lu s p a r t ia l p a y " a r e d ays f o r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e
at fu ll p a y ; w o r k e r s a r e e n title d to a dd ition al days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l p a y.
6 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .










22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B%Under close supervision or following sp ecific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine u/ork. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the specific business operations,
organization, p o licies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C, Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p osi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B, Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN-Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro s s-s e ctio n s ,
e tc,, to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more o f the follow ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

so
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver •salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy {over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request------The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963* 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. <;., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Bulletin
number

Price

____________________________________
Miami, F la 1
Milwaukee, W is1
_______________________________
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn1
___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J _________________
New Haven, Conn______________________________
New Orleans , L a 1___________________________
New York, N. Y 1_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
______________________________-__
Oklahoma City, Okla___________________________

1385-29
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

25
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa 1___________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J________________
Philadelphia, P a.-N . J 1
________________________
Phoenix, A r iz __________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a 1________________________________
Portland, Maine1______________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash_________________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I.— ass1___________
M
Raleigh, N. C 1_________________________________
Richmond, V a 1_________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________ 1345-55
St. Louis, M o.-Ill______________________________ 1385-21
Salt Lake City, Utah___________________________ 1385-28
San Antonio, T ex1______________________________ 1345-78
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif1
_____ 1385-9
San Diego, Calif________________________________ 1385-13
Oakland, Calif1________________ 1345-34
San Francisco—
Savannah, G a __________________________________ 1345-60
Scranton, P a 1
__________________________________ 1385-8
Seattle, Wash1
_________________________________ 1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1
___________________________
South Bend, Ind________________________________
Spokane, Wash1________________________________
Toledo, Ohio1
__________________________________
Trenton, N.J___________________________________
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a ____________________
Waterbury, Conn______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa_________________________________
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, M ass______________________________
York, Pa-----------------------------------------------------------

25
20
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Akron, Ohio____________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y _______
Albuquerque, N. M e x _________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J
N.
Atlanta, Ga____________________________
Baltimore, Md_________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x __________
Birmingham, A la______________________
Boise, Idaho___________________________
Boston, Mass 1
_____ -________ __________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y 1
________
Burlington, Vt*______
Canton, Ohio________
Charleston, W. V a __
Charlotte, N. C ________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga________
Chicago, 1111___________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky_______ ____
Cleveland, Ohio__________-____
Columbus , Ohio______ ____ ____

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex______________ _______________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—11.
1
Dayton, Ohio___________ _____ . _________
Denver, C olo______________________ —
___
Des Moines, Iowa______________ ________
Detroit, Mich1
____ _________ ____ ________
Fort Worth, Tex________________________
Green Bay, W is_________________________
Greenville, S. C _________________________
Houston, T e x ___________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind_______________________________
Jackson, M iss_________________ ____________ ____
Jacksonville, F la 1
______________________________
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans 1______________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______________
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind _____________ _____________
Lubbock, Tex__________________________________
Manchester, N. H ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn________________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102