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Occupational Wage Survey
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH
DECEMBER 1963

Itiillctin No. 1385-28




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTICS
Ewao C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH




DECEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-28
M arch 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupational earnings, and establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor m arkets, for economic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (a) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (b) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

Introduction_____________________________________________________________— __
Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A:

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods__________________ 2

Appendix: Occupational descriptions_____________________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program .
Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in m ost of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Salt Lake City, Utah, in December 1963. It was prepared
in the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, C alif., by
Robert L. O rr, under the direction of William P. O'Connor.
The study was under the general direction of John L. Dana,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Salt Lake City area, are also available for building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

Hi

4
6

c
o

Occupational earnings:*
A - l . Office occupations—
men and women___ _________________
A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations— en _____________
m
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations
-_
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations___

2

so

A prelim inary r e p o rt and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied.
After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two part summary
bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each
of the labor m arkets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

1
3

9




O ccupational Wage Survey—Salt Lake City, Utah
Introduction
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e w orkers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-tim e salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. D e­
partment of Labor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each a rea, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
m erit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material m ove­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -se r ie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -se r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1




2

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Salt L<ake City, U ta h ,1
by m ajor industry division, 2 D ecem ber 1963
Number of establishments

Industry division

Within scope
of study3

Studied

A ll divisions--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

291

Manufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ------------------------------------------------------W holesale trade 6 ----------------------------------------------------------------Retail trade 6------------------------------ —---------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate 6 ----------------------------S e r v ic e s 6* 7 - -

95
196
35
45
59
26
31

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope
of study *

Studied

103

59. 500

39. 050

34
69

24, 500
35, 000

1 7 ,5 2 0
21, 530

16
14
19
10
10

10,
5,
12,
3,
3,

8,
2,
b,
1,
1,

500
300
200
500
500

930
260
850
850
640

1 The Salt Lake City Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Salt Lake County.
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates
shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates
are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easu re em ployment trends or levels
since (l) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and
(2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation (50 em ployees).
A ll outlets (within the area) of
companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation (50 em ployees).
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal serv ice s; business service s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering
and architectural se rv ic e s.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods, Salt Lake City, Utah
Index
(Decem ber 1960*100)

Industry and occupational group
D ecem ber 1963

A ll industries:
Office clerica l (m en and w om en)____________
Industrial nurses (m en and w om en)-. —
Skilled maintenance (men)-----_ _____ _
Unskilled plant (men)
— _
_____

113. 2
( X)
112. 3
108. 2

Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (m en and w om en)____________
Industrial nurses (men and women)
. ___
Skilled maintenance (m en)____________________
Unskilled plant (m en )_________________________

1 1 1 .7
109. 2

Data do not m eet publication criteria.

Percents of increase
Decem ber 1962
to
D ecem ber 1963

D ecem ber 1961
to
D ecem ber 1962

D ecem ber I960
to
D ecem ber 1961

2 .8

4 .6

( M

( M

3. 5
2. 8

3 .4
.8

5 .3
(l)
4. 9
4. 3

(l )

4. 2

(*)
3. 1
3. 8

3. 1
2 .7

112. 2
(M

(l)

( M

5. 1
2 .4

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerica l workers and industrial nu rses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of w ork, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerk s, accounting,
class A and B; clerk s, file, class A , B , and C; clerk s, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and g irls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulatingrmachine operators,
class B; and typ ists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Salt L a k e C it y , U tah, D e c e m b e r 1963)
N UM BER OP W O RK ERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A R N IN G S OF

A n u si
Number
of

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$40
Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$11 0

$115

$12 0

$125

$13 0

$135

$14 0

$145

and
u n d er
$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$13 0

$ 135

$140

$145

over

_

1
1

8
1
7

17
4
13

14
11
3

17
12
5

8
4
4

8
-

4

7
------ 7~~

_

-

-

2
------ 2

11
11

14
T2

15
— rr~

18
rr~

and

M en
144
70
74

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 1 3 .0 0
112.50
114 .00

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
44

40. 0
46. 6

9 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

94
75

40. 0
4 6 .0

9 6 .5 0
— TOJU

-

_____

55

40. 0

6 4.5 0

-

_____

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
------ -----M a n u fa ctu r in g —
_
—
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
. . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----C le rk s , o r d e r ..
.
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g —
O ffic e b o y s —

-

-

.

.
.

. . .

___

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A
. . . . .

__

-

_

"

13
7
6

12
8
4

12
4
8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
— 2—

.

_

_

.

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

7

2

4

_

_

2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

1
1

-

20

4

8

4

7

3

5

-

4

.

.

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

2

2

5

5

-

1

4
4

1
-

11
11

1
1

7
6

4
4

3
3

2
2

2
2

7

2
1

.

1
1

2
2

-

_

2
2

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

7

30

3 9. 5

121.50

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B_
_
.
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g - _ _ _ _ _

36
33

40. 0
40. 0

9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s C .
-----. . . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

34
26

40. 0
40. 0

7 8 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

-

6
6

8
8

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
. . .

46
31

40. 0
40. 0

6 7.5 0
6 9.0 0

14

6
3

3

-

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ).
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

42
33

40. 0
40. 0

6 6.0 0
6 4.0 0

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
cla s s A
.
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _.

70
62

40. 5
40. 5

8 0.5 0
8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

228
220

40. 0
40. 0

63.0 0
6 3.0 0

-

3
3

84
29
55

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

9 1 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

_
-

237
56
181

3 9. 5
40. 0
3 9. 5

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _ .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —

243
169

C le rk s , o r d e r .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g - —

49
35

-

8

r ~ ----- g—

-

-

-

-

-

6
— 6

1
1

7
4

2
1

9
5

-

-

-

-

4
4

7
7

10
10

1
-

13
12

7
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

15
13

6
6

36
36

37
37

71
66

36
36

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

6 8 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

_
-

3
3

17
17

40. 0
40. 0

59.5 0
5 5.0 0

_
-

3
3

4 0. 0
4 0. 0

63.0 0
62.5 0

4
4

5
5

-

-

2
11
------ 1 ~ — 5—

3

-------- 3—

-

-

-

;—

6
6

_

_

2
9
-----5— ------ T ~

3
3

-

_

12
10
n r - “ TO- -

7
1
6

2

_

-

8
8

7
6
1

-

_

-

-

19
12
7

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

W om en
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4

19
15

9
9

21
20

12
12

12
10

-

1
1

1
1
-

4
4

34
5
29

51
6
45

48
14
34

44
16
28

11
2
9

105
105

25
25

23
13

45
17

26
3

5
2

5
2

11

10

6
4

6
2

it

1

1
1

_

_

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _
-----M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
. . .

S ee fo o t n o t e at en d o f ta b le .




_
. . .

.

-

16
— —
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

.

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
6
17

27
4
23

5
1
4

2
2

2
2

8
7
1

2
2

8
8

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

“

-

-

-

3
2
1

4
4

15
11
4

2
2

3
3

.
-

_
-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

'

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B . ____
.
.
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g - — _

_

-

-

'

2
2

_

4
4

_

_

1

1

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

'

'

'

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , Salt L a k e C ity , U tah, D e c e m b e r 1963)
A nuoi

NU M B ER OP W O RK ER S R E CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EA RN IN G S OP-

$40
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

of

workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earning* 1
(Standard)

$45

$50

u n d er
$45

“

"

$50

$55

-

-

-

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$ 130

$ 13 5 “ $140

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$ 135

$140

u
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

$145 "
and

$145

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

C le r k s , p a y r o ll — —
— — — __ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —.,--------------- ----------------

106
28
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

$ 8 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 9.5 0

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s —
— —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------

145
135

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

69.5 0
7 0.0 0

"

58
47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4.5 0
83.5 0

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

208
55
153

4 0. 0
4 0. 0
4 0 .0

6 7.5 0
7 2.0 0
66.0 0

O ffic e g i r l s . _
— —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________

37
32

4 0. 0
3 9 .5

58.50
5 7.5 0

S e c r e t a r i e s ___ _____ _—
_____ — __ __ _
_
—
-------— __
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
- - —
—
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2
-------- —

395
129
266
80

4 0.
4 0.
40.
4 0.

0
0
0
0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l . — ----M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------- — --------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----- P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 —
---------- —

420
177
243
69

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —
—
__
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s —
- - __ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____ ___ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------

-

1
1

10
2
8

15
1
14

12
3
9

16
5
11

7
2
5

18
4
14

5
3
2

7
1
6

4
4

3
3

3
3

26
20

16
12

33
33

23
23

18
18

7
7

9
9

3
3

_
-

_

_

.

_

-

“

-

2
2

1
1

11
11

5
5

11
6

9
6

10
9

5
5

_

_
-

34
1
33

48
10
38

29
4
25

30
14
16

31
14
17

14
5
9

8
4
4

1

-

13
3
10

_

_

8
4

3
2

2
2

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

3
3

_

-

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

15
3
12
10

22
8
14
5

61
9
52
1

38
13
25
-

33
13
20
7

73
21
52
12

41
18
23
10

33
14
19
5

28
10
18
7

17
6
ll
9

9
3
6
2

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

_
-

_
-

42
42
2

52
5
47
9

57
25
32
4

70
41
29
6

94
66
28
9

48
35
13
7

10
10
5

10
10
4

8
8
8

8
8
8

7
7
6

_
_

-

8
8
-

196
91

40. 0
4 0 .0

8 4.5 0
8 1.5 0

_

_

.

-

-

-

11
11

21
21

60
23

49
9

24
4

10
2

9
9

_

-

8
8

_

-

3
3

-

147
27
120

4 1 .5
40. 0
42. 0

6 6 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

_

3

43

20
1
19

23
— g—
17

12
8
4

5
4
1

6
4
2

6

43

15
2
13

3

3

11
2
9

3

6

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------—
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------

89
27
62

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

6 7 .5 0
67.5 0
67.0 0

_
-

-

25
15
10

12
12

9
3
6

_
-

_
-

-

8
1
7

14
6
8

_
-

-

14
14

-

-

-

4
2
2

3
3

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l. — ___
— — _
____ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----------------------------------

54
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

69.0 0
6 6.5 0

4
-

_
-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _________ . . .
_____ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------- „ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
- ------------ --------P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------

276
145
131
36

4 0. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
40. 0

76.0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7.5 0

_
_
_
-

T y p is t s , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n n fa r tiir in g
. ..

241
101
140

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5

64.5 0
7 2 .5 0
59.0 0

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g —

__ __

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B —

7
4

_

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
4
9
8

5
_
5
4

1
1
_

.
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

4
3
1
1

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

.

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

.
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

_

.
_

_

-

1

-

-

12
9

2
2

9
8

6
6

7
3

8
4

3
3

2
2

_

_
-

12
5
7
-

15
9
6

23
3
20
6

30
5
25
-

80
60
20
6

51
29
22
15

22
19
3
2

19
9
10
-

_
_

-

18
2
16
6

4
4
-

-

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

44
1
43

40
40

34
6
28

41
19
22

47
43
4

28
28

6
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_

-

1
_
1
1

_
-

_

-

_

_

_
■ _

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h ou rs,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




'

.

_

_

.

_

'

.
_
_
-

.

_
_

.

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December 1963)
NUM
BKB 09 W
OBKEB8 UCKTVINO 8TBAIGHT-HICK WBSKLT SABNING8 O —
F

Anuu
N m er
u b
of
w rk rs
o e

Occupation and industry division

$85
and
under
$90

W
sekly
W y t Under
eeM
hu 1
o rs
(S n a ) (S n a ) $85
ta d rd
ta d rd

$90

$95

$100

.
-

4
4

5
5

100.50
4
3
l o B . o f f — 1— ----- 5

8
3

113
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .6

$121.00
l2 o .6 o

Draftsmen, junior----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing----- ------------------- -------- -------- ■ ,—
—-

71
43

4 0 .0
16.-6

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$100

12
n

Draftsmen, senior----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing— ----- — — -----------. . . — -------------------- -----

$105

$105 J U lf l

$95

—

2
Z“ ~

15
10™

5
5
26
— n

10
To

34
3
25
9
----- — 9
‘ “ 31 “ I T " -----1

2
------ I ~

_

1
■

“

_

6
----- T ~

.
“

"

3
3

6
-------- 5~“ ------1

-

_

_
“

_

_

■

“

“

“

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Salt Lake City, Utah, December 1963)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

i

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(Standard)

49
34

N o n m a n u fa ctu in g

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
----- .
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___________

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------P.lArVflj sirrrtiinHngr rla a a R
M itn n fa rtn rin g .
. . .....
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------------------

. .......

_.

r ip r lr a , n r d p r
X fa n n fa rh irin g

.

............. .
—

..

...

------

_

_

_______ . . .

$87.00
95. 50
83. 00

43

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________________________

89
27
62

$67. 50
67. 50
67. 00

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
__ __
___

32
25

119 .0 0
126760“

....
—

. ......................

47
34

69.50
65. 00

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s -------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
_
_ _

145
135

69. 50
70. 00

80.00
80. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu r in g -------------- ----------------------------------------

58
47

84. 50
83. 50

T&bulcLting~Tn3,chine o p e r a t o r s * cl^tss B

------- 43

9 1.00
92. 50

229
221

63.00
63. 00

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g
. . .
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
.

210
55
155

68.00
72.00
66. 50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _______________
Mnnrvi a nnfarf-nring

53
45

75. 00
72. 50

228
99
129
31

105.00
109.00
102.50
117.00

92
38
54

62. 00
60. 50
63. 00

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l ----------------__ . . . _
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g

54
38

69.00
66. 50

301
76
225
26

72. 50
79.00
70.00
95.00

402
130
272

9 2 .0 0
92.50

28

84. 00

246
171

60.00
55. 50

143
33
no

85.00
86. 00
84. 50

_

_

. . . . .
_. . . .
. . . .
------

O ffi c e b o y s and g i r l s ------------------------------------------------------M a n n fa rh irin g ..
N n n m a rm fa rtiin n g
............
_
.
M a n u fa ctu r in g
.
. . .
—
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
— ..
----- _. —
—
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----- — — —----------------------------- -----M a n u fa ctu rin g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
■p,,KHi~ u t i l i t i e s 2
S ten og ra p h ers, s e n io r
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
M a m ifa rtu rin g

_

_

_

____
..

_. ______
...

_
. . ..
_____
---------------------- --------

.
_

_ -----

Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




132
89

C le r k s , p a y ro ll
M a n u fa rtn r in g
rt n r in g

weekly .
earnings
(Standard)

71
------- 83

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )------ —------ —
N n n m a m ifa rtu rin g
..
.
. . .

f.lA rlrs, fU*»r r b a a A

$70.00
72. 50

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s

C le rk s , file , c la s s B
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

earningi *
(Standard)

..

__

8
6

92.00
100.00

431
181
250
76

74. 50
77.00
73.00
86. 50

196
91

84. 50
81.50

147
27

66.00

12
0

75. 50
63.50

T y p is t s , c l a s s A
_
M a n u fa ctu rin g
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
.
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

-----

-------. . .
_ —

—
.

50

.

.

T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________ ______

281
150
131
36

76.
86 .
73.
77.

50
06
00
50

242
ToZ
140

65. 00
73. 00
59.00

P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s
D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r
M apiifa^tur^ng

—

_ _ —

-----

__ — _

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r -------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
_ __ __ ___

119
99
73
45

121.00
120. 00
100.00
99. 50

7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e str a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in gs fo r m en in s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , Salt L ake C ity, Utah, D e ce m b e r 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
worker*

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

Average
eamtajp1

$1.8 0 $ 1.90 $ 2.00 $ 2.10
and
under
$1.90 $ 2.00 $ 2.10 $ 2.20

68
60

3.12
— 3"TT ~

34

E l e c t r ic ia n s , m a in ten a n ce

$3.0 9
3.11

88
79

M a n u fa ctu rin g

2.50

194
T53----31
27

H e lp e r s , m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s
M an u fa ctu rin g
P iiKIip n H liti p e ^

92
90
E
M e c h a n ics , a u tom otiv e (m a in ten a n ce)
M an u fa ctu rin g
N on m a n u factu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

Manuf a ctu r ing

_

304
------55—
258
205
131
rn —

2.61
2 .64“ 1
2.50
2.48

$ 2.20 $2.3 0 $ 2.4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .3 0 $ 2.4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $2.6 0

$ 2.8 0 $ 2 .9 0

~

-

-

3
2

-

-

1
i

.

_

.

.

.

_

_

.

-

4

9
9

—

2
r~

-

1

3

6

5

21
----- 4
17
16

-

-

6
5

4

$2.7 0

3.13
37TT-

.

-

-

-

.

.

~

■

"

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

"

7
7
■

30

_

1
1
"

.

_

-

4

.

-

-

-

30
16

2
2

6
— 1—

8
7

2
---- 1 -----

3
3

43
Ai

23
19

-

-

-

-

1
1

37
37

4

7
5
2

194
194
180

8
1
7

.
"

35
35

1

-

-

1
1

.

_

-

-

_

_
"

_
-

_

-

.

1

2
-

2
2

8
$

10
36
"ITT" , 25
H
11
7
“

-

4

6
2

12
9

24
24

21
21

5

1

14

P ip e fit t e r s , m a in ten a n ce

58

3.16

4

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g

38
38

3.28
3 .2'8




1
-

35

-

1

40
40

10
"

1
1

.
"

-

-

15
15

2
2

“

19
24

1

and la te sh ifts.

over

9

3.11

h o lid a y s,

-

22
20

$ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0

44
44

7

■
4
3

$ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0

2
2

2
118
~ 2— “ n r 6
6

5
5
-

$ 3 .0 0 $ 3.1 0

-

40

E x clu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s,
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s.
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3 .9 0 to $ 4 .

$ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0

-

2

_

$ 3 .1 0

-

3.18
3 .1 9 ""'
3.05
2.88
3.08
3.17

$ 3 .0 0

and

“

1

$ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0

30

11
ll

4
4

4
— 5—

.
"
14
*14




Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , Salt L a k e C it y , U tah, D e c e m b e r 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
2

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w om en )
_
----------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
______ ____

Average $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $1.2 0 $1.3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $1.7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $1.90 $2.0 0 $2.1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2.3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0
hourly ,
and
earning*
u n d er
$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1.4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1.7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1.9 0 $2.00 $2.1 0 $2.2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $2.4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
11
7

5
5
-

5
-

2
1
1

20
16
14

19
19
17

3
3
3

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

14
13
-

24
24
22

13
13
10

2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

7
7
-

2
2
-

36
36
-

29
29
-

62
22
40
1

76
6
70
4

15
5
12
1

43
8
35
6

43
16
27
1

25
14
11
3

28
10
18
5

12
3
9
8

13
11
8

26
13
13
11

4
1
3
3

22
21
1
1

_
-

' -

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

4

60

7

10
2

8
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

6
£

1
1

103
100
3

61
61

26
2
24

33
33

49
49

38
8
30
28

24
16
8
1

41
41
-

7
1
6

18
18
-

_
-

182
182
1 ft?

_
-

_
-

_
-

20
16

12
8

5
2

12
12

70
70

26
21

7
7

_

[

1

1

4
1

3
2

2
2

i
-

_
-

5
3

1
-

_

i
-

5
1
4

1
1
-

7
2
5

1
-

33
33

$ 1 .0 9
1. 09

25
25

3
3

G u ard s and w a tch m en
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
W a tch m e n
___ ___ ___ __

133
110
74

2 .0 7
2. 16
2. 17

4
-

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s (m e n )—
_____ ________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _ __
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _ _
___ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 _ _ _
_ _____

4 43
119
324
52

1 .7 2
1 .9 9
1 .6 3
2. 07

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w om en )
_
------ __ „ _________

98

1 .3 8
l 36

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________

734
T85"
548

2. 22
2. 15
2. 25

O rd e r fille r s
„
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

_ ______________
___
________

181
163

2. 09
2. 08

P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g ___
__ ___ ________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

44
35

1 .7 4
1 .7 5

109
94

2. 22
2 .2 1

S hipping c l e r k s
_ ____________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

36
25

S hipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________
X^annfa rtn n 'n g
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g_ __
__ __
__

82
41
41

2. 28
2 .4 7
2. 10

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
__ _________ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __ ______ ___ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____
_ — ___
P nK lir n tilitipfl ®

1 ,0 2 5
220
805
408

2 .4 9
2 .4 6
2. 50
2 .7 3

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
1 i/z t o n s)
_ __ _____ __________ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_ _ ______ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________ ___

180
74
106

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m (1 V2 to and
in clu d in g 4 t o n s )_____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ________________

-

2. 26
2. 19

—

_

2

12

6

32

88

12

-

-

2

12

6

32

88

12

_

2
2

4
4

5
5

_

4
4

_

7
6

6
4

4
4
_

8
8
_

3
2

6
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

21
17

5
3

-

22
21

5
5

6
2

8
6

9
9

12
9
_

16
16
_

12
12
_

-

-

-

-

-

2

9
9

4
4

l

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s —
_______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _____

_ —
____

„

1

-

_
-

-

-

7

2
2

2
2

5
5

—

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

3

-

_
-

_
-

3
_
-

-

8

1

-

1

-

-

-

2

18
2
16

-

21
21
-

-

-

8
8

4
4

3
3

56
56

6
6
-

10
3
7

44
30
14

9
9

19
19

100
100

50
18
32
5

204
27
177
146

130
99
31

69
2
67
67

87
13
74
1

8
7
1

182
15
167
167

34
_
34
20

2. 27
2 .4 4
2. 15

-

-

-

8

4

-

-

-

-

-

8

4

-

-

-

3
3
-

28
20
8

2
_
2

9
_
9

55
_
55

11
10
1

16
2
14

13
13
-

6
2
4

8
8
-

2
1
1

15
15
-

_

-

-

_
-

456
30
426
312

2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

56
56

6
6
-

7
7

11
8
3

-

10
10

6
6

11
4
7
4

143
143
120

4
1
3
-

21
21
21

5
5

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

167
167
167

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s ,
t r a il e r t y p e ) _________________________
_______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — ____
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 __ _ __

257
237
41

2. 59
2. 60
2. 86

7
7

-

39
39

24
24

8
8

46
28

18
18
18

74
74
1

-

-

-

5
3

-

-

34
34
20

-

2
2
2

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s ,
o t h e r than t r a il e r t y p e )_____________

120

2. 56

4

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

109
76

2. 33
2. 27

_

_

“

32
28

2
2

11

“

1
1

67
_

24

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ______________
M a n u fa ctu rin g — _ — — „ ______

1
2
3
4

52
28
53
75

-

~

-

”

-

"

-

"

8

-

1

-

"

-

-

’

"

-

"

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .

1

-

"

-

20
20

-

14
14

22

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-

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rr

1

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"

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class .4, Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

9

10
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in office s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerics.
Class B. Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages o f company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

11
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of .some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class 6 . Under close supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched, Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

12
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B, Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
s p ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B# Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

13
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s,
etc., to sca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




14
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
o f operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

15
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

16
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




17
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one'or more o f the follow­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.



For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

18
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----The fourch annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech*
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Akron, Ohio______________________________________
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y _________________
Albany—
Albuquerque, N. M e x ___________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J________
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________________
Baltimore, Md_____ ________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex ____________________
Birmingham, A la ________________________________
Boise, Idaho__ ___________________________________
Boston, M a s s 1
________________-_________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

Price

Area

Bulletin
number

Price

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y l_______ -____________________________
Burlington, V t 1
____________________________-______
Canton, Ohio_____________________________________
Charleston, W. V a _______________________________
Charlotte, N. C ___________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________________
G
Chicago, 1111_____________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky_____________
Cleveland, Ohio__________________________________
Columbus, Ohio__________________________________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1385-25

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

Dallas, Tex__ ____________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111_______
Dayton, Ohio_____________________________________
Denver, C o lo _____________________________________
Des Moines, Iow a_______ -_______________________
Detroit, M ich 1
_____________ . . . __ -_________________
Fort Worth, T ex_________________________________
Green Bay, W is _____ ___ —________ *______________
Greenville, S. C _____________________________
Houston, T e x ______________________ _____ ..________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind_______ ___ -______________________
Jackson, M is s _______________________________ - ___
Jacksonville, F la 1
-._______________________________
Kansas City, M o .—
Kans1 _______ ________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— H ______________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk____________
Long Beach, C a lif1
________________
Los Angeles—
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind 1
___________ __________________
Lubbock, T e x ___________________ -________________
Manchester, N. H ________________________________
Memphis, T en n _________________________ -________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1385-26
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D ata on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and supplem entary w age provisions are also presented.




1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

Oklahoma City, Okla_____________________________

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa1 ____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J_____________ P
Philadelphia, Pa. -N . J 1
__________________________
Phoenix, A r i z ____________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine1 ________________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash___________________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I. —
Mass 1____________
Raleigh, N. C 1 ____________________________________
Richmond, V a 1 ___________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111_____________________________________
St. Louis, M o .—
Ill________________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah_____________________________
San Antonio, Tex 1________________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif1_____
San Diego, Calif---------------------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif1__________________
Savannah, Ga _____________________________________
Scranton, P a1_____________________________________
Seattle, W ash 1
____________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1385-28
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
20
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak1_____________________________
South Bend, In d __________________________________
Spokane, W ash 1__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio 1
_____________________________________
Trenton, N. J_____________________________________
Washington, D .C .— d.— a ______________________
M
V
Waterbury, Conn________________________________
Waterloo, Iowa___________________________________
Wichita, Kans____________________________________
Worcester, M a ss _____________ - __________________
York, P a __________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1385-27
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Miam i, F la _______________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis 1
_________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn1
____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich_____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J ___________________
New Haven, Conn_____________ -__________________
New Orleans , La 1________________________________
New York, N. Y 1_________________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102