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Occupational Wage Survey

BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
NOVEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-24




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew an C la g u e , Com m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND




NOVEMBER 1963

Bulletin No. 1385>24
February 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o ccu p a tio n a l w age su rv e y s in m etrop olita n a re a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on occu p a tion a l ea rn in g s, and e s ­
ta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su pplem en tary w age p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in du stry d iv ision s fo r
m e tro p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a rk e ts , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s,
and fo r the U nited S tates.
A m a jo r co n s id e r a tio n in the
p r o g r a m is the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (a) the m o v e ­
m ent o f w ag es b y o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l,
and (b) the stru c tu re and le v e l o f w ages am ong la b o r
m a rk e ts and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

In trodu ction _________________________________________________________________
W age tren ds fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l g ro u p s-----------------------------------------T a b les:
1.

E sta blish m en ts and w o rk e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su rv ey

2.

Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion a l g rou p s,
and p e rce n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ----------------------------

A:

O ccu p ation al e a rn in g s:*
A - 1. O ffice occu p a tion s— en and w o m e n ------------------------------------m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu p a tion s— en
m
and w om en ----------------------------------------------------------------------------A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s—
m en and w om en co m b in e d --------------------------------------------------A -4 . M aintenance and p ow er plant o c c u p a t io n s ---------------------------A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m ov em en t occu p a tio n s-------------------

Appendix:

O ccu p ation a l d e s c r ip t io n s _____________________________________

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk ets cu r re n tly a re in clu ded
in the p r o g r a m . In form a tion on occu p ation al earn ings is
c o lle c t e d annually in ea ch a r e a . In form ation on e s ta b lis h ­
m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is o b ­
tain ed b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lletin p r e se n ts re su lts o f the su rvey in
B a ltim o r e , M d. , in N o v em b er 1963. It w as p rep a red in
the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in New Y ork , N. Y . , by
J e s s e B en ja m in , u nder the d ir e c tio n o f H arold A . B arletta.
The study w as u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W.
M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In­
d u stria l R e la tio n s .




* N O TE: S im ila r tabulations a re av ailab le fo r oth er
areas.
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
C u rren t r e p o rts on occu p a tion a l earn ings and su p p le­
m en ta ry w age p r a c tic e s in the B a ltim ore a r e a , a r e a ls o
a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in ery in d u stries (M ay 1963), and
w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' c o a ts and su its (August 1962). Union
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p rev a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re ava ila b le
fo r bu ildin g co n s tr u c tio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it operatin g
e m p lo y e e s , and m o to rtru ck d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

Hi

2
4
7
0 O' o
0

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an individu al a rea b u l­
le tin p re se n t su r v e y r e s u lts fo r ea ch la b or m a rk et studied.
A fte r c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in dividu al a r e a bulletins fo r
a roun d o f s u r v e y s , a two pa rt su m m ary bu lletin is is su e d .
The fir ^ t pa rt b r in g s data fo r each o f the la b o r m a rk ets
stud ied into one b u lletin .
The secon d part p resen ts in ­
fo r m a tio n w h ich has b een p r o je c te d fr o m individual la b o r
m a rk e t data to re la te to e c o n o m ic re g io n s and the United
States.

1
3

1

13




Occupational Wage Survey—Baltimore, Md.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b or m a rk ets in w hich the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b or*s B u reau o f L ab or S ta tistics condu cts su rv ey s o f
o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and re la te d w age b en efits on an a reaw id e b a s is .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t and earn ings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly sch edule
in the given occu p a tion a l c la s s ific a tio n .
E arnings data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and late
sh ifts. N on produ ction bon u ses a r e ex clu d e d , but c o s t -o f-li v i n g bon u ses
and in cen tive ea rn in gs a r e in clu ded . W h ere w eek ly h ours a r e r e p o rte d ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk sch ed u les
(roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r w hich stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s
a r e paid; a v e ra g e w eek ly earn in g s fo r th ese occu p a tion s have been
rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts cu rren t occu p a tion a l em p loym en t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the estab lish m en ts
v is it e d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts in the la st p rev iou s su rv ey fo r
occu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose respon den ts rep ortin g unusual changes
s in c e the p r e v io u s su rv e y .
In e a c h a r e a , data a r e obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m en ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tr a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le trad e;
r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese studies a r e govern m en t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries. E sta blish m en ts
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s are om itted b eca u se
th ey tend to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occu p a tion s studied
to w a rra n t in clu s io n . S ep arate tabulations a r e p rov id ed fo r each o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u blica tion c r it e r ia .

D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le cte d occu p a tion s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e co m m o n ly em p loy ed m a y be due to such
fa c to r s as (1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d istrib u tion o f the se x e s am ong in ­
d u strie s and esta b lish m en ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e or
m e r it re v ie w when individu al s a la r ie s a re ad ju sted on this b a sis;
and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , although the o c c u ­
pations a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e su rvey jo b d e ­
s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in these
su rv ey s a re u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those u sed in individual
esta b lish m en ts. T h is a llow s fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .

T h ese su rv e y s a r e con du cted on a sam ple b a s is b eca u se o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll e sta b lish m en ts. T o
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o rtio n o f
la rg e than o f s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied. In com binin g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e sta b lish m en ts a r e given th eir a p p rop ria te w eight. E s ­
tim a tes b a sed on the e sta b lish m en ts studied a re p re se n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m en ts in the in du stry grouping and a r e a ,
e x ce p t fo r th ose below the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p ation a l em p loym en t e stim a te s r e p re s e n t the total in
a ll esta b lish m en ts w ithin the sc o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su rv ey ed . B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l stru ctu re
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts, the estim a te s o f occu p a tion a l em ploym ent
obtained fr o m the sa m p le o f esta b lish m en ts studied se r v e only to
in dicate the re la tiv e im p orta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T h ese d if f e r ­
en ces in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y
o f the earn in gs data.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m an u factu rin g and n onm anufacturing in d u strie s , and a re o f the
fo llo w in g ty pes: (a) O ffice c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l;
(c) m ain ten an ce and p ow erp lan t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t. O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n is ba sed on a u n iform set o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take accou n t o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tion
in d u ties w ithin the sa m e jo b . The occu p ation s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r som e o f
the o ccu p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u se eith e r (1) em p loym en t in the occu p ation is too sm a ll
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al estab lish m en t data.




E sta blish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Su pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
T abu lation s on s e le c te d estab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p le­
m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r ie s ta bles) a r e not p resen ted in this
bu lletin . In form ation fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d b ien n ia lly in
this a re a .
T h e se tabulations on m inim um en tran ce s a la r ie s for
in ex p e rie n ce d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch eduled
w eek ly h ou rs; paid h olid a ys; paid v a ca tio n s ; and health, in su ra n ce,
and pen sion plans a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s ta bles) in p rev iou s
bu lletin s fo r th is a r e a .
1




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er s tu d ie d in B a lt im o r e , M d .,
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1963
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 4

S tudied

S tudied

_

659

199

270 , 200

183, 320

__ -----— __ —

100
-

286
373

75
124

161, 100
109, 100

107, 680
75, 640

----—
-------—
—
—— -------__ — -----

100
50
100
50
50

33
100
65
78
97

19
28
24
28
25

A ll d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g — — ------- -------- — _____ — —
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g — _ __ __ __ — __ __ __ —
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5 --------- -------- — __ — __ —
W h o le s a le t r a d e - — — — — — __ -------- —
R e t a il t r a d e ______ —
— _ — -------—
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te — — —
S e r v i c e s 6» 7 _
— -------__ __ -------- --------

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

30,
12,
36,
18,
12,

2 7 ,2 1 0
4, 260
27, 430
1 1 ,7 0 0
5, 040

300
200
300
300
000

1 T h e B a lt im o r e S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta t is tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f B a lt im o r e C ity ; and Anne A r u n d e l, B a lt im o r e , C a r r o l l , and H ow a rd C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the
a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
a d v a n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the S tand ard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s i f y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 R a ilr o a d s h ave b e e n in c lu d e d f o r the f i r s t t im e th is y e a r .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f da ta f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the f o llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e enou gh d a ta
to m e r it s e p a r a t e study, (2) the s a m p le w as n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to
p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e i s p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ,
and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s , B a lt im o r e , M d.
Index
( D e c e m b e r 196 0-1 00)

P e r c e n ts o f in c re a s e

N o v e m b e r 1963

N o v e m b e r 1962
to
N o v e m b e r 1963

N o v e m b e r 1961
to
N o v e m b e r 1962

D e c e m b e r I960
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

A l l in d u s t r ie s
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) — „ __ _
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )-------------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) ------- -------- — _
U n s k ille d p lan t (m en ) — — ------- ~ -------- -

1 0 9 .7
1 1 2 .4
1 0 8 .3
1 0 9 .6

3 .5
1 .4
2 .5
4 .3

2. 8
3 .9
1 .8
.9

3. 1
6 .7
3 .8
4. 2

3 .5
3 .2
3 .4
4 .2

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -----------------In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )—-----------S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n ) __
— -------- _
U n s k ille d p lan t (m e n ) — — __ — — — — -

1 0 8 .4
1 1 1 .5
1 0 7 .2
1 1 0 .2

3 .5
1 .8
2 .2
4. 1

3.
3.
1.
2.

1 .6
6 .0
3. 8
3 .6

4. 1
5. 3
3 .2
5 .9

In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

D ata f o r r a ilr o a d s ,

in c lu d e d

in the

o c c u p a tio n a l

e a rn in g s

ta b le s

fo r

the f i r s t

1
3
1
2

t im e

th is y e a r ,

S e p t e m b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I9 6 0

a r e n ot in c lu d e d in th is t a b le .

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in dexes and p e rce n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o rk e r g rou p s.
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in du stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e ra g e w eek ly sa la rie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o rk sch edu le fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id . F o r plant w o rk e r g ro u p s, they m e a su re changes
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s, excluding p re m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w eek en d s, h olid a y s , and la te sh ifts. The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le cte d key occu p a tion s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im portan t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p .
T h e o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on m en and w om en in the follow in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a ccou n tin g ,
c la s s A and B ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keypunch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f ic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; sten og ra p h ers, g e n e r a l; s te n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a to r s ; ta bu la tin g-m ach in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u rse data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u r se s .
M en in the follow in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te rs ; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , au tom otiv e; p a in ters; p ip e fitte rs; and to o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v era g e h ou rly ea rn in gs w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d occu p a tion s. The a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u ltip lied b y em p loym en t in ea ch o f
the jo b s du ring the p e r io d su rv ey ed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earn in gs




fo r in dividu al o ccu p a tion s w e r e then tota led to obtain an a g g reg a te fo r
ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p ercen ta g e)
o f the grou p a g g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g reg a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er. The
in d ex es w e r e com pu ted by m u ltiplyin g the r a tio s fo r ea ch group
a g g reg a te fo r ea ch p e r io d a fte r the b a se y e a r (1961).
The in d ex es and p e r ce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in cip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la ry and w ag e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r other
in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in dividu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n ges in a v e ra g e w a g es due to changes in the la b o r fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e ex p a n sio n s, f o r c e re d u ctio n s ,
and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p loy ed b y estab lish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b o r fo r c e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al
w ag e ch a n g es.
F o r ex a m p le, a f o r c e exp an sion m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific occu p a tion and low er
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a red u ction in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the op p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m ov em en t o f
a h igh -pa yin g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a cou ld ca u se the a v era g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in other
esta b lish m en ts in the a r e a .
The u se o f constant em p loym en t w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe ct
o f changes in the p r o p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e p re s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r ce n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v era g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
changes in standard w o rk sc h e d u le s, as su ch, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

The a b ove tex t r e p re s e n ts the m eth od u se d in com puting a new index
(1961 b a se) and trend s e r ie s . T h is s e r i e s , in itiated w ith the expan sion o f the
la b or m a rk et w age su rv e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s ,
r e p la c e s the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a s e ).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou pin gs a s the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the follow in g ex cep tion s: The c le r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s , fo r m e r ly
r e s tr ic te d to w om en , now in clude both m en and w om en . Changes w e re a ls o m ade
in the jo b s included w ithin jo b grou p in gs in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t cou ld be
em p loyed in a ll a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d ivision , B a ltim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$35
Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

$40

$45

$50

~J55~

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105

$110 $115

$120

$125 $130

$135

$140

$145 $150 $155

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110

$115 $120

$125

$130 $135

$140

$145

$150 $155 ov er

1
1

-

12
6
6
4

17
9
8
7

20
9
11
8

12
5
7
1

31
14
17
11

23
16
7
5

16
11
5
4

31
10
21
16

10

-

-

19
16
3

43
43
-

“

-

21
14
7
4

-

10
1

8
5

6

3

Weekly .
and
earnings 1
(Standard) under

$40

and

Men
_

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2

2

1

-

_
-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A _____________
M anufacturing__________ ____________ _
N onm anufacturing___________________
F in a n ce3 __________________________

350
203
147
65

39.0
39.5
38.5
37.0

$123.00
123.00
123.50
101.50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing___________________ _ „

225
73

40.0
40.0

101.50
97.50

C lerk s, o r d e r ____________________________
Nonm anufacturing_____________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________

93
76
59

40.5
40.0
40.0

106.00
107.50
107.50

_

C lerk s, p a y r o l l __________________________
M anufacturing_________________________

154
148

40.0
40.0

119.50
120.00

_

245
O ffice b o y s _______________________________
M anufacturing_________________________
86
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________ 159
Public u t ilitie s 4 __________________________ 45
Finance 3 _____________________________________ 98

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.5
37.5

61.50
64.50
59.50
66.50
55.50

_

_

17

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s A ______________________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________________

112
68

38.5
39.0

112.50
116.50

-

295
109
186
101

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.0

94.00
101.50
90.00
83.00

171
Ma nnfarfnring
82
N onm anufacturing _____________________________ 89

39.5
40.0
39.0

126
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a ch in e ) _______
N onm anufacturing _____________________________ 94
R etail trade _________________________________ 58
.

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B _________________________ ____________________
M anufacturing ____________________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing_-___________________

_

"

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
-

-

12
7
5
5

-

4
1

5
1

19
8

8
7

39
13

20
3

25
12

12
2

9
3

18
12

16
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
12
12

4
-

8
7
6

10
-

2
2
1

7
7
4

9
9
9

3
3

-

-

3
3
3

_
-

-

6
6
6

_
-

-

4
3
3

_
-

-

24
24
15

1
-

"

9
9

2
2

4
3

16
16

10
10

20
17

5
5

14
13

3
3

6
6

9
9

3
3

47
47

2

1

_

1

"

_

1

2

-

6
1
5
4

-

-

1
1

1
-

2
2

6
5
1
1

5
5

4
2

9
4

16
5

18
11

6
2

3
-

18
11

5
3

4
4

7
4

2
2

14
14

18
6
12

3
-

2
2

2
2

3

-

9
3
6

3

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

_

1

_

_

_

“

-

-

"

"

-

-

63
35
28
13

-

17

42

40
16
24
14
8

41
14
27
10
16

8
2
6
1
4

3
3

17

57
9
48

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

85.50
91.00
81.00

-

-

39.5
40.0
40.0

70.50
69.50
63.50

_

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ___________________________________________ 70

39.0

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ___________________________________________ 125
70
™ a «,1 ( a f t t t r i r,
a
55

38.0
39.0
37.0

irinarirp ^

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C _________________________________

_

-

-

-

20
5
15
8

8
1
7
7

36
3
33
26

29
8
21
18

27
6
21
7

41
11
30
15

28
8
20
15

12
3
9
4

52
51
1

24
3
21

25
18
7

26
20
6

3
2

6
6

_
-

2
2

2
2

10
10

2

-

10
4
6

-

-

-

9

9

_

_

-

-

13
10
3

-

-

-

1

49
10
2 39
-

1
1

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

-

_

_

1
1

11
5

8

-

1

8

7

1

7

6

14
3
11

22
8
14

14
5
9

8
5
3

15
15

-

5
5
5

1
1
1

7
7
7

35
29
20

9
9
9

21
9
9

11
9

15
3
3

13
13

-

2
2
2

68.00

-

-

2

14

10

5

1

8

7

16

7

79.50
82.50
75.50

-

-

-

1

3
3

4
2
2

8
3
5

12

1

24
g
16

28
27
1

30
21
9

4

1

3

1

-

3

-

-

-

Women

-

12

1

1

8

8

See footn otes at end of table.




NOTE:

E stim ates fo r a ll industries, nonm anufacturing, and public u tilities include data fo r ra ilroa d s (SIC 40), p rev iou s ly excluded
fro m this labor m arket wage survey. W here significant, the e ffe c t o f the inclusion o f railroad s is grea test on the data shown
separately fo r the public utilities division .

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , B a ltim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF -

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry divisio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$35 $40
and
under
$40 $45

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
and

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155 over

26
26

115
114
8

74
74

45
40

13
12

13
3

6
-

-

50

24

39
27
6
8
11

20
14
9

79

37
37
- 14
8
15

3

3

1

-

3
3
3

14
14
4
10

44
3
41
15
15

42
42
19
8

54
2
52
17
21

31
3
28
9
13

59
18
41
4
8

86
6
80

44
23
21

1

189
21
168
14

33
20
13
13

2
2

W om en— Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p era tors,
c la s s B
. . .
_
N onm anufacturing
__

Retail tra<ie
Finanrp®
C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________________
N onm anufacturing
Finan/<e ^

C le r k s ,

ord er

----

_

M anufacturing
------------------------ ---Nonm anufacturing
R e fa il tr a d e

M a n u fa c tu r in g

~ -

_

_

N onm anufacturing

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N onm anufacturing
R etail trade
Keypunch op e r a to r s , c la s s A ___________
M a n n fa r tn r in g
P n K l i r hH I i H p s ^
F in a n r e ^

See footn otes at end of table.




91.00
108.00
84.50
75 50
82 50

38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

74.50
86.00
72.00
95.50
62.50
61.00

38.5
38.5
37.5

77.00
77.50
67.00

-

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0
39.0

59.00
69.00
57.00
52.50
55.50

_

38.0
""S'TTS""
37.5

55.00
52.50
52.00

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5

66.00
79.00
62.00
57.50

-

462
267
195
96

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.5

79.00
82.50
74.50
70.00

.
-

322
93
229
139

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.0

81.00
9b.50
77.50
72.00

560
230
330
105

38.5
39.5
38.0
38.5
38.5

77.00
80.00
75.00
71.50
72.00

•
-

87 50

38.0
39.5
38.0
40 0
37.0

_

1,205
199“
1, 006
152
232
234
158
125
66
382
------- F T
319
68
176

C lerk s, file , c la s s B
Mannfa rhiring
NnnmannfartiiriT»g
Rpfail fra do
anrp^
C le rk s , file , c la s s C
Nnnmaniifartnring
Finanre®

38 5

515
145
370
81
107

290
68
222
151

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

39.0
39.0
39 5

462
368
282

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A________ ____
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

112

$61.50
59.50
66 00

•
-

391
347
61
70
203

8
17
-

-

-

22
22
_
7
12

69
69
3
23
41

146
146
12
47
59

205
17
188
3
71
45

143
26
117
3
34
37

121
13
108
10
41
31

76
24
52
18
9
4

73
20
53
11

2
2
2

3
3

12
12
11

21
19
12

37
23
19

10
9
9

6
5
4

11
11

8

14

8
8

14
11
3

133
7
126
24
89

33
12
21

24
12
12
3
1

9
7
2

91
91
82

_

1
_

1
-

1
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
5
3
1

31
13
18

7
7
-

17
16
1

1
1
-

8
6
2

2
2
-

8
8
-

8
8
-

-

-

15

48
24
24
3
7

23
19
4
_

20
14
6
5

13
6
7
7

8
5
3
3

6
1
5
5

27
9
18
18

12
12
12

16
4
12
12

3
3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

13
13

6
6

7
6

1
1

3
3

j
1

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

.

_

j

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

4
6
4 — r
_
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_ _
_ _

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

8

157
155
122

101
89
62

81
27
15

25
5

3

32

7
3
4
1

3

11
4

3
3

15
8
7
4

9

4

23

8

_

-

12

65
79
1 —nr
50
78
8
14
57
15

11

5
23
9
8

7
6
2 ----- 4~
2
5

j

3
3
_

1

11
4
7

10
7
3

2
2
_

_

-

-

12
12

23
23

45
6
39
36

28
1
27
21

48
2
46
22

44
7
37
25

6

3

10

_

_

_

-

6
6

3
3

10
8

41
22
19
13

44
19
25
12

40
16
24
7

27
4
23
8

68
55
13
6

65
50
15
7

41
24
17
13

34
16
18
7

21
14
7
4

21
18
3
-

13
6
7
-

14
13
1
-

3
1
2
2

_

1

5

13

9

4

5
5

13
13

9
9

4
4

44
11
33
10

26
5
21
13

21
5
16
12

14
7
7
4

27
5
22
7

11
10
1
1

8
5
3

13
12

1
1

60
19
41
21

17

_

47
8
39
35

_

3

37

41

37
31

35

62
31
31

6

7

56
29
27
9

23
14
9

22

6

13

30

16

87
35
52
14
26

20
8

3

104
58
46

40

_

85
29
56

-

_

_

6

3

M

-

3
12

20
20
4
3

3
3

12
8

8

11
1

_
_

3

7
7

-

_
_

1

1
_

2
2

3

2

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , B a ltim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$35
Weekly
and
earnings1
(Standard) u n d e r
$40

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

over

10
5
5

11
7
4

7
4
3

10
8
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

1

3

$40

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

21

47

67

88
2

42

47

67
24
42

86
16

8
34
12

39
15
24

33
31
2

69

16

10
10

22
5
17
2

43

21

16
15

30
13

2
2

2
2

11
10

_

137
6
131

171
25

200
51

146
19
20

149
9
36
22

81

69

86

152
103

131
74

49
9
3
31

57

67
35
32

26

15
11
5

-

-

-

-

18
5
13
7

40
21

37
17
20
3

88
56
32
8

45

19
7

40
14
26
16

39
6

32
31
1

11
10
1

-

-

-

33

42

34

29

18

13

9
24
5
4
15

24

22
12

9
20
20

9

13

7
3

8
5

4

3

19
6
13

47

9
9

-

9

9
6
3
3

26
26

1 W

and

W om en— Continue d
Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B— ____Manuf actur ing------------------ -----------N onm anufacturing________________
R etail trade----------------------------Finance 3 ------------------ -------- ------

443
127

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

316
74

3 8 .5

$ 6 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

6 2 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

21

39

85
65

3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0

_

_

_

19

3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0

-

-

-

19

S e c r e ta r ie s — — — — ——— —
Manuf actur ing— — — — — ——
Nonmanuf actur ing————— —
P u blic u tilities 4______________
W holesale trade -__———— ——
R etail trad e_________ ______ ___
Finance 3 ---------------------------------

2 ,5 0 8
1, 07 4
1 ,4 3 4
242

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

Stenographers, general —
—— ——
—
Manuf actur ing—
———— — — —
Nonm anufacturing——— ——— __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4____ _____ ____
W holesale trade ______________
Finance 3 _____________________

1, 287
487

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

7 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

_
.

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

7

29

3

7

29

_
_

39

3

39

O ffice g i r l s _________________________
Nonmanuf actur in g.—_____________

208

185
149
640

800
199
81
488

Stenographers, s en io r— — —— ___
Manuf actur ing____________________
Nonm anufacturing________________
F inance 3 — . . . —_______________

370
205

Sw itchboard oper ator s — — ____ —
Manuf actur ing____________________
Nonm anufacturing------------— -------P u blic u t ilit ie s 4______________
R etail trad e— ............................
Finance 3 ___________ _____ _____

412

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing____________________
Nonm anufacturing________________
W holesale trade — __— — ——
—

373

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B-------------------------------------------Nonmanuf actur in g.—— —— ———
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s C-------------------------------------------Nonmanuf actur ing— — — —— ——
T ran acribin g-m ach in e op e ra to rs,
gene r a l_____________________________
M anufacturing____________________
N onmanuf actur ing—— —— —
__
W holesale tr a d e ______________
Finance 3 ---------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.




165
62

119
293
65
87
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 7 .5

8 5 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

190
183
73

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

139
124

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

291
73

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

218
52
143

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

_
_
_

-

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_

_

8

-

11
8
3

20

63

98

6
14

18
45

9
89
2

3

4

-

1
2

5
76

1

131

135
6

_
_

_
-

_
_

39

n

_

_
_
_

.
_
_

1

73
_

131
_

129
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

72

8
122

18
106

81

_

_

_

_
_

5

_

20

15

5

-

-

20
5

15
12

38
1

43

32
12

37

38
4

36
6
30
4
10
10

72
44
28
7

_
_
.

_
_

_

_
_

_

_

_

5

182

3
15
14
90

73

8 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

75
61

_
_

61
121
15
17

_

167
95
72
20
2
44

20
2
3

39
4
2

8

14
13

18
16

1

_

-

-

272

316
115
201
12
21

101
171
9
11
32

5

35
34

-

17
7

18
11

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
.
_

28
14
14

13

74

13

-

-

-

-

7

50
24
21

75
15
60
23

-

-

3
3

1
1

12
12

8
8

14
14

21
21

!

10

-

-

1

10

6
5

6
6

19

-

14
10

3
3

9
7

_
_

_
_
_
_

l
„
1

3

_

38
4
34

44
1

27
14
13

_

38
15

18
6
12

11
4
7

12
2

43

59
19
40

53
15

3

5

3

34

41

33

4

18

6
1

9
1

1

_

_

_

7

26
24

14
23
10
25

9
9

23
4

-

9
12
4

69
34

-

15
8
7

208
125
83

52
43

3

19

_

_

_

_

-

9
9

63
28
35
29
6

_
1
1

-

10

-

-

5
5

7
7

!

-

_

3

218
101
117

39

-

29
18

1

30
86

9

.

_

11

-

15

_

190
124

282
213

66
23

69
50
3

19
1
15

_

16
8
8
8

99
76
23

22
11

16

-

_

52
36
16
10
5

1

_

-

6

9

5

42
3

16
5

2

3

39
36
3

11
10

2
1

3
3

_
_
-

-

-

"

-

4
2
2

15
10
5
4

_

1

.

_
-

3

.
_
_
.

65
22
43

1

1
2

"

6
1

1
1

_

8
8

_
!
■

52
22

12
5

30
24
4
2

7

-

12
8
4

_
_

2
2

1

10
2

7

8

7
7

-

6

_

4
4

_

_
_

13
1
12
12

_

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

_

1

_
_

_

_

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_
_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
*

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

2

-

2

2

_

_

_

_
_

2
2

5

-

.
-

-

“

-

-

-

.
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

.
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

2

3

3

3

3
3

3
3

3
3

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , B a ltim ore, M d ., N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

Weekly
(Standard)

$35
$40
and
under
$40
$45

$45

$50

$55

$60 ~$65~

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90 ~ J 95 $100 $105 $110 ~$rnr $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 $155
and

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

6
6
-

10
10
9

82
82
38
25

66
30
36
6
26

94
50
44
2
3
29

141
78
63
6
14
34

99
72
27
9
10
6

60
46
14
5
5
-

66
55
11
6
2

31
tz
9
1
4
-

33
33
-

310

229
35
194
5
30
15
139

262
97
165

219
90
129

112

52

69

72

61
51

22

64

66

10
10

6

10
12

1
6

10

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $.1,50 L $ 15! over

W om en— Continued
T y p ists, c la s s A -----—
— ----M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing-------------------------------P u blic u tilities 4-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------Finan ce 3-------------------------------------------

766
438
328
84
51
131

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 8.5
38.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

$77.00
81.50
70.00
72.50
84.00
65.00

T yp ists, c la s s B ________________ ___ —-----M anufacturing--------------------------------------N onm anufacturing---------------------- ---------P u blic u t ilit ie s 4-----------------------------W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trade___ —----------------- — -------Finan ce 3-------------------------------------------

1,371
456
915
33
92
80
697

38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8.0

63.00
72.00
59.00
6 8 .0 0

64.00
59.50
57.50

_
-

-

.
-

_

“

-

1

32

9

301
3
29
269

24

10

21

19
7
12
12
-

2
2

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
7
6
6
-

6
4
2
2
-

-

"
-

'
-

“
-

-

“

-

_

-

■
"
-

-

2

6

2

6

-

15

97

5

9

2

11

8

127

30

63
57
6
3
3
3

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s ! 12 at $155 to $160; 3 at $160 to $165; 9 at $165 to $170; 6 at $170 to $175; 6 at $175 to $180; and 3 at $180 to $185.
F inan ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry d ivision , B a ltim ore, M d ., N ovem ber 1963)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

D ra ftsm en, le a d e r —
M anufacturing----

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$T 5T

$160

$170

$180

$190

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$170

$180

$190

$200

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
3

6
6

3
3

4
4

7
7

10
10

.
-

_

-

.
-

7
7

8
8

83

67
62

4

5

50
47
3

23
23

9

50
45
5

58
58

8

49
34

56
52

-

58
24

65
56

-

123
72
51

136

-

25
10
15

82

-

19
8
11

33
25

-

5
3
2

_

-

-

-

-

14
3

12

38
23
15

\t

27
Zl

15
15

21
21

8
8

7
7

1
1

.
_

1
1

14

28
to
8

12

8
4

44
30

11

2
1

7
4

16
8

11

15
12

16
14

10
8

26
21

10
10

10
10

1

“

7
7

3
3

“

“

~

■

$55
Weekly
and
earnings 1
(Standard) u n d e r
$60

68
68

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 1 6 7 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0

D raftsm en, s e n io r —
M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing-

898
720
178

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

D ra ftsm en, ju n ior M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing—

245
177
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

4
-

8
-

4

8

5
1
4

N u rses, in du stria l (r e g is t e r e d )M anufacturing_________—____
_

139
111

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

"

“

“

1 3 2 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

1

j

-

14

129
7

1

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
NOTE: See note on p. 4, re la tiv e to the inclusion o f railroads,




6
------- g -

21
21

6
6

7
7

1
1

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

.

!

1

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , B a ltim ore, Md. , N ovem ber 1963)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

130

$ 7 1 .0 0

58

63i 50

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine).

70

6 8.00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss A,
M anufacturing__________________________
N onm anufacturing----------------------------------

125
70
55

79. 50
82. 50
75. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B
Nonmanufacturing______________________
W holesale t r a d e _____________________
R etail trade__________________________
Finance 2 -------------------------------------------

393
348
61
70
204

62 .0 0 Keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A M anufacturing—
59. 50
Nonmanufacturing—
66 .0 0
P u blic utilities 3 57. 50
57. 50
F inance 2

C lerk s , accounting, cla ss A
M anufacturing____________
Nonmanufacturing________
W holesale t r a d e _______
R etail trade___________
Finance 2 ______________

865
348
517
89
82
172

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B.
M anufacturing____ —______
Nonmanufacturing________
W holesale t r a d e ______
R etail trade___________
Finance 2 ______________

1,430
272
1,158
266
232
249

C le rk s, p a y r o l l __
M anufacturing—
N onmanufac tur ing—
Pu blic utilities 3
R etail trade--------

160
1 27 "
66

C le r k s , file , cla s s B ____
M anufacturing_________
Nonm anufacturing—
W holesale tr a d e -_
_
R etail trade________
Finance 2 ___________

395
64
331
51
68
179

59.00
69. 00
57.00
6 2 .0 0
52.50
55. 50

C lerk s, file , cla s s C N onm anufacturing—
Finance 2

493
390
304

55.00
52. 50
52.00

C lerk s, o r d e r ____ __ _
Manufactur ing_____
N onm anufacturing—
W holesale trade
R etail trade____

383
85
298
94
168

75. 50
82. 50
73. 50
97. 50
63.0 0

89.00

96. 00

325
96
229
139

81.00
89. 50
77. 50
72.00

569
ZW ~
333
108
112

77.00
79. 50
75.00
72. 50
72.00

488
127
361
74
208

72.00
85.00
67. 50
62.00
59. 50

330
106
224
69
123

62.00
64. 50
60. 50
66. 50
55. 50

2,516
1,075
1,441
245
185
149
640

95. 50
102. 00
91.00
114.50
94. 50
84. 50
82.00

M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing__
Pu blic utilities 3 _
W holesale t r a d e Finance 2 -

1,296
489
807
206
81
488

75. 50
81.00
72. 50
93.00
74. 50
63. 50

Stenographers, s e n io r M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing—
Finance 2 _______

370
205
165
62

88. 00
94.00
80. 50
79. 50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r s M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing—
Pu blic utilities 3----R etail t r a d e Finance 2 -----

119
293
65
87
62

72.00
86. 50
66.00
85. 00
57. 50
68.00

1 Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
2 F inan ce, insurance, and real estate.
3 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.
NOTE: See note on p. 4, relative to the inclu sion o f r a ilro a d s.

~4TT

$

75. 00
85.00
70.00

Keypunch o p e ra to rs ,
M anufacturing—
104.00
Nonmanuf ac tur ing—
117.00
R etail trade____
95. 50
F in a n ce 2 .
133. 50
75. 50 O ffice boys and g ir ls —
M anufacturin g8 9 .5 0 |
N onm anufacturing—.
Pu blic u tilities 3 78. 50
F in a n ce 2 -----------89. 00
7 6 .0 0
102.00 S e cre ta rie s M anufacturing—
62. 50
N onmanufac tur ing__
61. 50
Pu blic utilities 3 _
W holesale trade R etail trade_____
77. 00
Finance 2 ___
77. 50
6 7 .0 0 Stenographers, g e n e r a l-

C lerk s, file , cla s s A _
Nonm anufacturing—,
Finance 2 -

616

201
26
96

I Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs —
M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing—
R etail trade____

O ccupation and industry div ision

Number
of

Average
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )_____
N onm anufacturing_____________________
R etail trade________________________




Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts _
M anufacturing—
Nonmanuf actur in g W holesale t r a d e .

377
T9G
187
73

$ 7 2 .0 0
74. 00
7 0.00
70. 00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing—

130
76
54

110.50
115. 50
104.00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing—
Nonmanufacturing—
Public u tilities 3 .
Finance 2 ________

434
124
310
90
141

90. 50
103.00
86.0 0
86. 00
82. 00

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing---------Finance 2 ________

246
96
150
72

82. 50
91. 00
77.0 0
68.0 0

___291

73.0 0

218
52
143

72! 00
91. 50
65. 00

T yp ists, cla s s A —
Manufactu r ing—
Nonm anufacturing—
Public u tilities 3 _
W holesale trade .
Finance 2 ________

828
440
388
144
51
131

78. 50
82. 00
75. 00
8 5 .0 0
84.0 0
65. 00

T yp ists, c la s s B —
M anufacturing—
N onm anufacturing—
P ublic u tilities 3 _
W holesale trade R etail t r a d e Finance 2 -----

1,378
458
920
34
92
80
697

63. 50
72.0 0
59.00
69.0 0
64.0 0
59. 50
57. 50

68
68

167.50
167.50

D raftsm en, s e n i o r M anufacturing—
Nonm anufacturing—

909
727
182

129. 00
132. 00
118. 50

D raftsm en, junior M anufacturingNonmanufactur ing—

249
181
68

91. 50
97. 00
7 8 .0 0

N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d )..
M anufacturing-------------------------

161
133

108.50
1 1 1 .50

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g e n e r a l.
M anufacturing..
N onmanuf actur in g W holesale trade Finance 2 ------------

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
D raftsm en, le a d e r —
M anufacturing----

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , B a ltim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry div isio n

Number
of
worker*

$1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70
Average
hourly i Under and
earning* $1.50 under

$3^ 0
and

$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2t 10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.<?0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 over
C a rp en ters, m aintenance_________ __ —
M anufacturing________________________
Nonmanufac tur ing ____________________
Pu blic u tilities 1
2__________________

431
333
98
46

$2.91
2.99
2.65
2.85

1
1

.
-

.
-

_
-

7
4
3

3
3
-

1
1

6
2
4

9
9

3
2
1

20
6
14
4

78
6o
18

49
30
19
19

28
27
1
1

23
21
2
2

50
48
2
2

7
6
1
1

40
23
17
17

5
5
-

13
13
-

_
-

40
40
-

45
— r
4

E le c tr ic ia n s , m a in ten an ce_____________
M anufacturing________________________
N onm anufacturing— ________ _____
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2__________________

683
E IT
57
36

2.99
3.00
2.80
2.92

1
1

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

_
-

_
-

5
5

16
15
1

20
19
1

74
68
6

96
83
13
6

28
13
15
13

19
13
6
4

64
63
1
1

40
37
3
2

149
149
-

47
46
1
1

24
15
9
9

26
26
-

56
56
-

E n gin eers, s ta tio n a ry _______________
M anufacturing_______ ______________
N onm anufacturing— ________________

483
388
95

2.87
2^ 5 “
2.48

3
3

15
15

-

-

-

-

F irem en , station ary b o i l e r ____________
M anufacturing— ______________ ___

194
158

2.55
2.62

5
"

_

.

"

2
2

17
17

H elp ers, m aintenance tra d es__________
M anufacturing______________ _________
N onm anufacturing___________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2—-------------------------

692
587
105
81

2.52
2.53
2.43
2.47

1
1
-

2
2
-

9
9
-

41
34
7
3

M a ch in e-tool op erator's, t o o lr o o m ____
M anufacturing._______________________

153
153

3.04
3.04

M achini s t s , m aintenanc e ______________
M anufacturing_____ _________ ____
Nonm anufacturing___________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2__________________

1, 064
992
72
69

3.21
3.23
2.87
2.87

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

M ech an ics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ________________________
M anufacturing_______ ______________
N onm anufacturing___________________
P u blic u tilities 2__________________

649
148
501
394

2.92
2.92
2.92
2.93

_
-

-

-

-

M ech an ics, m aintenance_______________
M anufacturing_____________________ __
N onm anufacturing—__________________

1, 345
1, 170
175

3.14
3.13
3.15

1

-

-

130
130

3.19
3.19

_
_

.

M illw rights __________ ____ _________
M anufacturing________________________

_
_

-

1
-

O ile rs _______________________________ _
M anufacturing __ ________ ________

315
308

2.75
2.76

P a in ters, m ain ten an ce_________________
M anufacturing____________________ ___
N onm anufacturing___________________

204
140
64

2.75
2.89
2.44

P ip e fitte r s , m ain ten an ce______________
M anufacturing.__________ — -------

541
505~

2.96
2.95

S h eet-m etal w o rk e rs , m aintenance____
M anufacturing________________________

145
136

T o o l and die m ak ers —__________________
M anufacturing__________ ________ __

415
408-1

_

_

-

-

2
-

_

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

11
11
-

18
12
6

17
5
12

40
35
5

15
6
9

22
19
3

51
50
1

69
69
-

17
17
“

30
30
-

26
26
-

49
47
2

25
25
-

34
15
19

26
20

9
6

_

_

_

18
12

8
-

22
22

11
11

19
19

6
6

8
-

19
19

20
20

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
16
1
1

13
7
6
5

56
56
-

28
23
5
-

111
68
43
43

186
174
12
1

42
13
29
29

26
26

63
63

68
68

3
3

14
14

3
3

_
_

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
_

_
-

-

10
10

14
14

22
22

27
27

2
2

47
47

7
7

5
5

14
14

1
1

2
2

1

_

79
79
-

57
9
48
48

34
30
4
4

69
66
3
-

89
87
2
2

128
126
2
2

352
349
3
3

23
14
9
9

72
72
-

17
17
-

32
32
-

4
4
_
-

_
_
-

87
87
-

45
12
33
11
11
_

1
1

89
13
76
76

118
23
95
78

87
27
60
21

9
5
4

19
19
-

5
5
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

-

232
11
221
217

47
32
15

5
2
3

177
177
-

73
71
2

202
177
25

177
163
14

56
42
14

2
2

20
20

1

36
36

34
34

35
35

122
52
70
_

35
34
1
_

51
50
1

2
2

151
151
_

_

,
_
_

33
33
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

49
49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
-

11
11
-

2
2
-

6
2
4

16
15 •
1

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

75
74

38
36

46
27

7
7

12
12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8

5
5

2
2

2
2

15
15

_

.

_

-

-

78
78

35
35

94
94

84
84

7
7

1
1

5
5

-

_
-

8
7
1
-

_
-

3
3
-

15
15

-

_
-

2
2

4
4
-

17
10
7

6
5
1
1

13
9
4
1

23
20
3
_

20
18
2
_

16
9
7
_

139
128
11
_

2
2
-

1
1
1

2
2
-

_
_
-

-

_
_

1
1
_

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

8
8

4
4

10
10

12
12

39
32

20
20

23
23

51
51

36
36

17
17

39
39

3

1

5

_

-

-

-

2

3

1

5

5
3
2

10
3
7

8
1
7

31
24
7

14
11
3

17
16
1

21
16
11

14
13
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2
2

8
4
4

4

-

7
6

22
18

99
99

64
58

17
16

94
94

8
7
1
58
57

3.02
3.02

1
1

12
12

16
15

19
18

9
9

18
18

-

38
31

3.31
3.31

6
6

12
12

1

>

"

~

12
12

6
5

19
16

53
51

1 E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




2
2
_
_

25
20
5

4
4

NOTE: See note on p. 4, rela tive to the inclusion of ra ilro a d s.

3
3
_
-

3
2
1

"

2
2

1
1

-

22
8
14

1

-

_
_

-

4
-

_

_
-

1

2
2

5
4
1

_

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , B a ltim o re , Md. , N ovem ber 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

E levator o p e ra to rs , p assenger
(men)
E levator o p e r a to r s , passen ger
(wom en)______ — __ — . ----------- --- --Nonmanufacturing----------------------- -----

Nnmbar
of
workera

$0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30
Arwraco
hourly ,
and
osmlngi c Under and
$ 0 .9 0 under
$1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 over

53

$1.4 8

-

21

-

-

8

3

.

-

1

.

1

1

7

-

11

108
108

1. 20
1. 20

10
10

-

23
23

26
26

15
15

18
16

1
1

6
6
5

4
4

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
.
3

6
6

8
_
8

458
97
97
361

123
18
10
8
105

46
_
46

39
15
15
_
24

14
8
8
_
6

25
19
3
16
6

51
9
9
_
42

15
14
14
_

142
52
44
8
90

63
56
34
16
13

15
6
6
_
9

33
26
16
10
7

67
67
67
_
"

130
164
100
4
26

65
40
40
_
25

100
98
98
_
2

11
ll
11
_

50
56..
50
-

1

44
26
12
8
24

*

189
189
.
164
-

152
152
130
1

1065
126
939
6
8
90
152

201
45
156
6
5
76
69

122
82
40
3
13
24

168
85
83
14
16
37
11

101
61
40
5
5
11
9

126
66
60
46
9
3

23
15
8
4
2
-

107
27
80
72
4
3

102
97
5
5
_
-

177
175
2
2

346
311
35
28
6
1

35
1
34
11
2
21

198
189
9
1
7
1

49
38
11
7
3
1

137
113
24
15
9

66
60
6
6

-

41
32
40
130
- — r — 50 ------T
40
100
26
35
1
6
11
28
23
20
88
-

30
13
17
4
7

122
17
10 — r r
112
5
105
2
4
5

21
21
-

5
5
-

12
9
3
-

16
16
-

6
6
-

25
20
5
5

2
2
2

7
7

11
11

3
3

-

221
46
181
76
90
15

324
72
252
224
22
6

366
361
5
5
-

97
67
30
30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

905
681
224
184
3
37

240
152
88
30
58

37
37
-

2
1
-

33
33
-

3
3
-

39
39
-

Guards and w a tch m e n -------- -----------------M anufacturing
G u a rd s___________________________
W atchmen _______ _________________
Nonmanufacturing
...
_ _

1,508
704“
537
167
804

1.91
2. 29
2. 52
1. 57
1. 57

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(m e n )__________________________________
M anufacturing_______ _____ __________
Nonmanufacturing . . _
P u blic u tilities 3
W holesale trade _
R etail trade
_
_ __
_ _ __
__ _
F in a n ce4 _

3,450
1,495
1,955
223
67
576
269

1.66
2 .0 6
1. 35
1.96
1. 78
1.29
1. 32

71
71
-

11
11
11
-

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(wom en)
_
__ __
M anufacturing. . . . .
. ____
Nonmanufactur ing___________________
P u blic u tilities 3_________________
R etail t r a d e _____________________
Finance 4 --------------------------------------

532
175
357
112
52
147

1. 49
1. 80
1. 34
1. 62
1. 16
1. 26

9
_
9
_

3
3
-

-

-

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling__________
M anufacturing. _
. . . . .
___
. ____ __ .
Nonmanufacturing__
P u blic u tilities 3
W holesale trade ...
R etail trade . . . . . .
..

3,812
2"; 451
1,349
496
268
564

2. 32
2. 40
2. 18
2. 54
2. 18
1. 90

_
.
-

_
-

4
4

11
11

99
14
85

71
59
32

145
62
83

104
57
47

157
115
42

148
70
78

119
62
57

102
36
66

261
258
3

203
163
40

.
-

-

4

11

8
56

11
21

9
74

7
40

42

16
62

24
33

12
54

3

28
12

121
100
21
12
3
6

O rder f i l l e r s ___________________________
M anufacturing_______________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________
W holesale trade
. __________
R etail trade .
. ..
____ ._

1,386
287
1,099
431
651

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

23
08
27
11
39

_
.
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

57
U
33
27
5

39
14
25
13
10

81
56
45
14
24

59
12
47
24
22

69
15
54
9
41

54
5
51
19
32

97
40
57
35
21

45
9
36
34
2

42
19
23
8
14

30
2
28
4
24

60
2
58
18
40

16
4
12
12

168
11
157
150
7

70
1
69
50
19

148
4
144
17
127

218
61
157
157

73
73
73

21
2
19
19

11
11
9
2

28
28
-

-

_
-

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) -------- ------------------M anufacturing_____ _________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________
R etail trade _
____

472
257
215
55

2.01
1. 80
2. 25
1.66

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

105
93
12
8

13
13
11

11
11
6

20
18
2
1

15
12
3
3

45
36
9
6

10
5
5
1

5
3
2
1

12
9
3

3
3
-

24
23
1
-

68
10
58
14

8
2
6
-

25
25
-

14
8
6
"

80
80
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
"

_
-

P a ck ers , shipping (w om en )____________
N onm anufacturing. _.
.
____

124
93

1. 57
1. 64

_

_

_

2
2

35
7

23
23

10
10

2
2

12
12

_
-

8
8

20
20

_

1
-

2

-

9
9

Receiving c le r k s __ __
__
__
___
M anufactur ing_______________________
N onm anufacturing
___
______
R etail t r a d e _________
___

257
124
133
94

2. 41
2.47
2. 36
2. 37

9
3

19
7
12
12

18
14

18
13
5
5

8
8
8

27
23

23
20
3
3

26
26

8
8
-

12
3
9
5

25

35
23
12
10

7
7
-

3
1

_
-

-

See footnotes at end o f table.




-

_

_

_

.

_

2

4

4

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

4

7

2
2

3

6
3

"

4
4

4
4

4

2

23
23

2
2

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straight«tim e h ourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , B a ltim ore, M d., N ovem ber 1963)

at

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F—
$0.90 $1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1750 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1790 $2700 $zrnr $2720 $ 2 3 0 $2740 $2750 $ 2 3 0 $2770 $2780 $2790 $3.00 $ r r o $3.20 $ 3 3 0
hmu5 2 Undei and
ewntnge
and
$0.90 under
$1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $ 3 .2 0 $3.30 over

Shipping c le r k s --------------------------------------M anufactur ing
N onm anufacturing_______________ ____
R eta il trade

246
157
89
75

$2.53
2.68
2.27
2.22

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

3
_
3
3

9
7
2
2

3
_
3
3

3
_
3
3

12
12
12

21
15
6
6

31
11
20
20

21
21
_
-

10
10
_
-

9
4
5
5

33
15
18
4

3
1
2
2

17
13
4
4

10
4
6
6

4
_
4
4

21
20
1

3
3
_
-

_
_
-

5 33
33
_
-

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s --------------M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
R eta il trade

204
82
122
53

2.53
2.68
2.42
2.36

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
.
-

_
.
-

6
6
-

1
1

7
7
-

9
_
9
3

18
7
11
9

28
_
28
21

6
_
6

4
4
_

6
6
_

_
_
_
-

25
1
24
16

.
_
_

-

48
44
4
-

10
8
2

-

2
_
2
2

_
_
_

1

3
_
3
-

24
6
18

1

7
6
1
"

2,8 5 6
902
1,954
890
767
248

2.60
2.53
2.63
2.85
2.56
2.26

.
-

.
-

.
-

21
21

20
5
15

21
21

92
2
90

68
7
61

14
9
5

49
37
12

34
11
23

21
18
3

81
42
39

50
19
31

40
14
26

124
13
111

320
17
303

107
79
28

334
288
46

48
25
23

828
42
786

375
77
298

14
14
_

11
U
_

_
_

-

-

-

21

6

17

72
14

39
5

3
2

9
3

8
3

2

36
1

_
24

184
172
12
£
_
6

24
1

27
51

148
-

23
1

25
-

23
-

32
91

298
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

272
160
112

2.28
2.64
1.78

-

-

-

6
_
6

17
5
12

_
-

10
_
10

25
7
18

5
_
5

6
6

18
3
15

_
_
-

26
26

7
_
7

_
-

7
7
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

128
128
-

3
3
-

14
7
7

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV2 to and
including 4 ton a)-------M anufactur ing
Nonmanuf actur ing
P u blic u tilities 1 ______________
35
24
W holesale trade
R etail tnarU--------------- - ---------

904
310
594
256
188
120

2.39
2.28
2.45
2.93
2.27
1.93

-

-

-

15
15

3
3

21
21

16
2
14

43
43

9
9
_

41
37
4

13
7
6

17
16
1

41
28
13

32
8
24

_
_
_
_

12
12
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

6
4

245
_
245
245

_
_
_

_
17

78
76
2
2

-

24
3

-

1

-

12
1

24

6

52
2
50
2
3
45

1
1
_
_

_
3

25
.
25
1
24

122
6
116

_
15

118
106
12
6

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type)
M anufactur ing —
. -----Nonmanuf actur ing
W holesale t r a d e ______________

1. 110
191
919
443

2.84
2.57
2.90
2.87

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

-

_

2

-

-

_

-

.
-

24
24

_
-

_
-

2
-

3
1
2
-

4
2
2
-

3
3
_
-

.
_
-

64
64
_
-

8
7
1
-

22
10
12
6

41
11
30
30

27
3
24
23

58
35
23
23

30
7
23
23

512
34
478
16

312
14
298
298

_

-

_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
_
-

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than t r a ile r type)_________ __
M anufactur ing

286
166

2.52
2.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

42

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

11
11

2
2

-

18
-

2
-

60
60

50
48

-

56
-

23
23

-

11
11

_
-

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift)
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing-.
R eta il tra d e_______________________

1, 643
1, 493
150
87

2.62
2.62
2.54
2.70

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

5
5
_

5
5
1

16
8
8
-

15
14
1
1

_
-

79
79
_
-

53
51
2
2

23
23
-

26
26

58
58

29
29

257
209
48
48

297
262
35
29

28
28

_

-

311
311
_
-

167
167

-

120
108
12
6

16
16

-

72
47
25
-

52
42
10

-

14
10
4
-

-

-

-

-

322
261

2.65
2.71

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

-

-

4
2

-

5
5

56
56

5
5

11
10

54

24
24

28
28

9
9

9
9

18
18

14
14

20
20

61
61

A_ |T
_ (J

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

T r u ck d riv e rs 6
Mannfartiirinjr
Nonmanuf actur ir>g-------------

—

W holesale t r a d e __________________
R etail trade

worken

-

-

T ru ck d rivers', light (under
M anufactur ing
Nonmanuf actur ing

T r u c k e r s , pow er (other than
fork lift)
M anufacturing

3

_

-

116

_

_
'

1
2
3
4
5
6

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs excep t w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 8 at $3.30 to $3.40; 8 at $3.40 to $3.50; 8 at $3.50 to $3.60; and 9 at $3.70 to $3.80.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type of truck operated.

NOTE: See note on p. 4, rela tive to the inclusion of railroad s.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v o ices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, E lliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B, Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A # In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ss ifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B, Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker9 name, work­
s
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or odier type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C, Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, loca tes readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple cop ies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s A .

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C l a s s 6 . Under c lo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or cod es,
missing information, e tc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a n s c r i b e g - m a c h i n e w o r k . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the specific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, file s, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D o e s n o t i n c l u d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

16

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-M ACHINE O P E R A T O R -C on tin u ed

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B9 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, e tc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B# Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN-Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
e tc., to sca le by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following;
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

E L E C TR IC IA N , MAINTENANCE

H E LP E R , MAINTENANCE TRAD ES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of ele ctricia n s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
o f operation o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in es ta b lis h
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

19

MACHINIST, M AIN TE N AN C E-C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all n ecessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

20

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE—Continued

SH EET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN TE N A N C E -C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p o lice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




21

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow •
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting devices;unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills o f lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and refecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

22

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver*salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline** or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)




Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request----The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Survey!
A lis t o f the la te st a v a ila b le bu lletin s is p resen ted b elow .
A d ir e c t o r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins
20402,
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e st. B u lletin s m ay be pu rch ased fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U .S . G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D.<
o r fr o m any o f the BLS r e g io n a l sa le s o ffic e s shown on the in side fron t c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P r ic e

A k ro n , O h io -----------------------------------------------A lbany— ch en ecta d y — r o y , N. Y _________
S
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ____________________
A llentow n — eth leh em — a ston , P a . — J-.
B
E
N.
A tlanta, G a ---------- ------------------------------. -------B a ltim o r e , M d_______________ - ___________...
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ____________
P
B irm in g h a m , A l a __________ _______________
B o is e , I d a h o _______________________________
B o s to n , M ass 1
_____ . . . . ___________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1385-24
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

B u ffa lo , N. Y 1
_______________________________
B u rlin gton , V t 1
______________________ ____ ___
C anton, O h io ___ _______. ______ ____________ ..
C h a rle s to n , W. V a _________________________
C h a rlo tte , N. C _____________________________
Chattanooga ^ Tenn. — a ___________________
G
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y__ _____________________
K
C lev ela n d , O h io ____________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio 1
___________________________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents

D a lla s, T e x _________________________________
D aven port— o c k Island— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111..
D ayton, O h io .___________________ ___________
D en v er, C o l o ___________________ ___________
D es M o in e s , I o w a _________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h 1
______________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ___________________________
G reen B a y, W i s ____________________________
G re e n v ille , S. C ____________________________
H ouston, T e x _______________________________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents

In d ia n a p olis, In d ___________________________
J a ck s o n , M i s s ______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a 1
_________________________
K ansas C ity , M o .— an s___ ________________
K
L a w re n ce — a v e rh ill, M a s s .— H _______
H
N.
L ittle R ock — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ______
N
L o s A n g e le s—
Long B e a ch , C a l i f 1
_________
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind 1
_______________________
L u b b ock , T e x ______________________________
M a n ch e ste r, N. H ___ ______________________
M e m p h is, T e n n ____________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a

B u lletin
num ber

P r ic e

M ia m i, F l a ________ - _________________ _____________ 1345-33
M ilw au kee, W i s 1
__________________________________ 1345-59
St. P a u l, M in n 1
_____________________ 1345-38
M in n eap olis—
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ic h _____________ 1345-69
M
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N. J ____________________ 1345-46
1345-37
New H aven, C on n _____________________________ —
New O rle a n s , L a 1_________________________________ 1345-44
New Y o r k , N. Y 1__________________________________ 1345-79
N orfolk — ortsm ou th and N ew port N ew s—
P
H am pton, V a 1
_______________________________ 1345-75
O klahom a C ity , O kla______________________________ 1385-2

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

O m aha, N e b r . —
Iowa 1_________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N. J__________________
C
P
P h ila d elp h ia , P a .- N . J 1
___________________________
P h oen ix , A r i z _____________________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a 1___________________________________
P o rtla n d , M a in e 1_________________________________
P o rtla n d , O reg . — a sh ___________________________
W
P
M
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R. I . — a s s 1____________
R a leig h , N. C 1_____________________________________
R ich m on d , V a 1____________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1385-22
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1385-23

25
20
30
20
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o c k fo r d , 111_______________________________________
St. L o u is , M o . - I l l _________________________________
Salt Lake C ity , U ta h 1
_____________________________
San A n ton io, T e x 1_________________________________
San B ern a rd in o— iv e r s id e — n ta r io , C a l i f 1____
R
O
San D ie g o , C a lif___________________________________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a l i f 1__________________
O
Savannah, G a ______________________________________
S cran ton , P a 1. . ____________________________________
S ea ttle, W a s h 1
_____________________________________

1345-55
1385-21
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k 1______________________________
South B end, I n d ___________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1___________________________________
T o le d o , O h i o 1
______________________________________
T ren ton , N. J 1_____________________________________
W ashington, D. C . - M d . - V a ______________________
W a terb u ry , C o n n __________________________________
W a te rlo o , Io w a ____________________________________
W ich ita, K an s______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s _________________________________
Y ork , P a ___________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102