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Occupational Wage Survey

SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA
OCTOBER 1963

I 385-20

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commustoner




Occupational Wage Survey
SIOUX FALLS, SOUTH DAKOTA




O CTO BER 1963

B u lle tin N o. 1 3 8 5 * 2 0
February 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on establish­
ment practices and supplementary wage provisions is ob­
tained biennially in most of the areas.

Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied---------------------------------------------------------------------

3

A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women----------------------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women-------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and power plant occupations--------------------------A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations____________
B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers___
B -2 . Shift differentials-------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours---------------------------------------B -4 . Paid holidays-------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations---------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans-------------------------------B -7 . Paid sick leave___________________________ - _________________

10
12
13

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions____________________________________

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., in October 1963.
It was prepared
in the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, H I., by
Kenneth Thorsten, under the direction of Woodrow C. Linn,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.




1

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Sioux Falls area, are available for seven selected
building trades.

m

4
5

oo oo o

A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
State s.

Introduction.

in vd so

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the move­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor
markets and industry divisions.

15




O ccu p ation al W age S urvey—Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Introduction
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings aiid related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six brpad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification ’'other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late drifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber stu d ied in Sioux F a ll s , S. D a k .,1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d i v i s i o n ,2 O cto b e r 1963
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
of study

In du stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

__

____

_

--------

_ -------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
s tu d y 1
3
2

54

50
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

_ ___ — ___

M a n u fa ctu rin g ------ _ --------------- _ _ —
-------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g---------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s 5_________________________
______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------- -----------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e ____________________________________________ —
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ----- ------------------- S e r v i c e s 8________ _____________________________ _____ ___

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

T o t a l4

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4

54

9, 300

1 ,2 0 0

6 ,4 0 0

9, 300

16
38

16
38

4 ,7 0 0
4 ,6 0 0

400
800

3, 700
2 ,7 0 0

4 ,7 0 0
4 ,6 0 0

12
7
14
4
1

12
7
14
4

1 ,9 0 0
500
1 ,7 0 0
400
100

400
( !)
( !)
(!)
(6)

900
(!)
(6)
( 7)

6

1 ,9 0 0
500
1,7 0 0
400
100

1 T h e S iou x F a lls Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M innehaha Cou nty. T h e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . T he e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t indexes
f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p loym en t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th er w o r k e r s ex clu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a ter tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S epa ra te presen ta tion
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te stu d y, (2) the sam ple w as
not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e i s p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h ­
m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m th is e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n on ly in
e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Sepa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in foo tn o te 6 ab ove.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly h ou rs and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is
by industry d iv isio n , Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O ctober 1963)
A v n u os

Sex, occu pation , and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$45
Weekly
Weekly x and
hours
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
$50

$70

$75

$80

$75

$80

$85

$90

1
1

3

-

$50

$55

$60

$65

$55

$60

$65

$70

_

_

_

!

"

"

1

1

$85

$90

$95

$95

$100

$100

$105

$105

$110

$110

$115

$115

$120

$120

$125

$130

$135

$135

$140

$140
and

$125

$130

over

Men
.

_

2
2

!

-

5
3

“

-

~

-

-

"

4
4
1

3
1
1

1
-

2
-

2
1

_
-

_

_

.

.

.

_

_

“

■

"

"

■

~

"

3

2

3

3

2

.

.

5

3

1

2

j

2

6
5
4

4
2
■

7
2
1

6
3
2

8
1

7
1

1

1

4
3

2
1

6
4

1
1

3
2

~

25
17

40.0
40.0

$106.00
107.00

-

B ook keepin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B ______________________________
N onm anufacturing---------------------------------

29
24

40.0
40.0

56.00
55.00

-

16
15

4
2

7
6

1
1

“

1
-

"

C le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s B ____________
N onm anufacturing_____________________
P u blic u tilitie s 1
2___________________

60
46
16

40.0
40.0
40.0

64.00

2
2

22
19
5

7
6

6
4
-

8
6
5

2
2
2

1
1
1

40.0
40.0

51.00
51.00

18
18

l
l

!
1

.

.
■

2

2

.

2

2

16
13
10

4
2

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ____________
N onm anufacturing_____________________

“•

.

3
3

2
2

1

2
2

.

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

*

“

-

"

~

■

~

~

.
■

.
"

_
■

_
-

_
"

.
-

_
"

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

■

“

~

.

_

.

.

1
1

W om en

C le r k s , file , c la s s C ____________________
N onm anufacturing_____________________

22
-----22—

61 .0 0

65.00
2
2

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B _________ _

22

40.0

74.00

5

S e c r e t a r ie s ------------------------------------------------

23

40.0

81.50

1

Sten ograp h ers, g e n e r a l------------------------N onm anufacturing____________________
Pu blic u tilitie s 2 ___________________

94
6o
32

40.0
40.0
40.0

70.00
62.50
64.50

■

S ten ograp h ers, se n io r ___________________
N onm anufacturing_____ -_______________

22

40.0
40.0

86.00
89.50

•

T y p ists, c la s s B _________________________

16

34

40.0

57.00

.

1

j

19
18
7

15
13
5

_

!

_

_

"

“

"

20

4

2

1

4

.

2

!

.

~

j

.

_

.

2
“
4
4
_

-

"

■

.

1

“

“

-

-

■

■

_

.

_

_

■

~

“

.

.

.

_

_

_

l

■

•
“

“

1

_

_

_

_

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings c o rre s p o n d to th ese w eek ly h ou rs.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.




.

_

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

S alaries o f p ro fe s sio n a l and tech n ica l w o rk e rs are om itted
fro m this rep ort. Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1 Men and Women Combined
—
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ctober 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average 1
weekly , 1
earnings4 1
(Standard) 1

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ________________________
N onm anufacturing_________________________________
ClArlfR j arrm^n^ngT r la cs R
.
.............
N o n m a n iifa rt.n r i n g
_
_
_. .

29
24

$ 5 6 .0 0
55. 00

39
28

9 5 . 50
9 4 . 50

73
57
18

C le rk s, file , c la s s C ________________________________
N o n m a n n f a r t i i r i n g ...

Average
earnings 3
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

6 8 . 00
6 6 . 50
6 5 . 50

Keypunch op e ra to rs, c la s s B________________________

Number
of

earnings3
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued
22
22

$ 5 1 .0 0
5 1 .0 0

Stenographers, g e n e r a l. -------------Public utilities 3 __

S alaries o f p r o fe s sio n a l and tech n ica l w ork ers are om itted from this rep ort. Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .
Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sala rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.




Number
of

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ---------------’Nrmmap^farhiring

O ccupation and industry d ivision

—

------- - --------

— ---------------------- -------------

94
60
32

$ 7 0 .0 0
6 2 50
6 4 . 50

22

7 4 . 00

Stenographers, sen ior
___
N onm anufacturing________________ ________________

22
16

86 . 00
8 9 . 50

23

8 1 . 50

T yp ists, cla ss B ____ ____ ____ —

34

5 7 . 00

----------------- __ _

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A vera ge s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a s is
by industry d iv isio n , Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., O ctober 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

M ech an ics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)_____ __
N onm anufacturing____________________________
P u blic u tilitie s 2 _________________________

Number
of
workers

36
24
22

Average
hourly |
earnings

$1.70
and
under
$1.80

$1.80

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50

$2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

$3.20

$3.30

1
1

-

-

5
5
5

12
11
11

1

$2.60
2.52
2.52

1
-

3
3
3

-

4
1
1

-

-

2
2
2

1
1

-

6
-

-

1 E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts.
2 T ran sp ortation, com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A vera ge s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O ctober 1963)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F -

O ccupation 1 and industry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

A v e ra g e
h o u r ly 2
e a rn in g s

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s _____________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________________

63
27
36

$1.84
2.12
1.64

L a b o r e rs , m a te ria l han dling___________________
M an u factu rin g____________________ -__________

189
103

2.30
2.22

O rd er f i l l e r s ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g-----------------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________________

54
25
29

2.00
2.25
1.79

T ru c k d riv e r s 3 __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g_______________________________
N onm an u factu rin g________________________

71
24
47

2.35
2.38
2.33

T r u c k d riv e r s , m edium (1 V2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) ___________________________
N onm an u factu rin g________________________

50
34

2.51
2.51




$1.20 $1.30
and
under
$1.30 $1.40
9
1
8

7
1
6

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

$1.40
_

$1.50

$1.60
_

$1.70 $1.80
_

$1.90
_

$2.00
_

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40 $2.50
_

$2.60
_

$2.70

$2.80
_

$2.90
_

$3.00

$1.50

$1.60

$1.70

$1.80 $1.90

$2.00

$2.10

$2.20

$2.30

$2.40

$2.50 $2.60

$2.70

$2.80

$2.90

$3.00

$3.10

_

_

2
1
1

3
2
1

4
1
3

6
1
5

1
1
-

-

2
-

7
6

6
6

5
3

2
2

2
2

7
1
6

3
1
2

-

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

12
12

4
1
3

-

1
1

1

13
5
8

"

“

-

10
2

10
10

12
6

12
12

2
1

10
9

9
“

104
48

3
1
2

14
6
8

3
3

6
6

5
5
~

4
4
“

~

8
8
“

4
3
1

4
3

10
10

1
1

1
-

21
21

1
1
-

6
6
-

2

-

21
21

-

6

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs .
E xclu des prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late shifts.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s re g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type of truck op erated .

1

1
1

1

-

1
-

_

_

-

-

2
2
"

1
1
"

5
1
4

2

-

4
4

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

"

10
5
5

2
1
I

10
5

1
1

_
-

_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

7

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f es ta b lis h m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O cto b e r 1963)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 1 o f—
3
2

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$*>0.00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0

A ll
s ch e d u le s

B a sed on stan dard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s ch e d u le s

40

40

........... ...... . ...

40

XXX

38

X XX

54

16

XXX

38

XXX

26

6

6

20

20

29

6

6

23

23

2

1
3

1
3

1
3

14
2

14
2

1

1

. ........

_
_
4

_
_
4

_
_

1
1

_
_
_
1
1

5

2

23

8

_ ....... ....
_..........
___

....
...... ....
...

.. ...
................

Efit^bli flhmAnts Viavipg nr> s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______
E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is r.a teg ory .
.........
. ....

..

18
2
1
_
1
1

_

2
_
14
2
1
1

14
2
1

18
2

_
4

_
_
4

_
_

_
_
_

1
2

_
_
_
1
1

1

1

XXX

3

X XX

5

2

XXX

3

XXX

XXX

15

X XX

20

8

X XX

12

XXX

1

1 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m sta rtin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll standard w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t co m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




A ll
s ch e d u le s

16

2
.*1547..50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0

40

2

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

54

E sta b lish m erits stu died

$ 4 2 . 50 and under- .^4^.00

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s
N on m anufacturing

_
_
1
1

_

8
Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Sioux F a lls, S. D a k ., October 1963)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second-shift
work

Total

—

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
Second shift

Third or other
shift

9 3 .9

4 cents
—
5 cents .
__
_
7 ce n ts----------- ---------- ,---------------- .---------------10 c e n t s ___
12 cents
—

5 .5

(2)

7 8 .0

5 .5

(2)

9 1 .9

Uniform cents (per hour)

7 8 .0

9 1 .9

With shift pay differential----------------------- ----------

7 5 .2

5 .5

(2)

_

_

.9
8 .9
.9
9 .2
72. 1

_
_
3 .1
72. 1

(2)
.6
_
1 .5
3 .4

-

2 .8

-

-

1 .9

-

-

-

Other form al pay differential.
With no shift pay differential

_
_

(2)

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.

Tabic B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of firs t-s h ift w orkers, Sioux F a lls, S. D ak ., October 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKEB8
W e e k ly h o u rs
All industrial1

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------. . . — . —

38 h ou rs
40 h o u r s
--------O ver 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s -------------- — ------ . . . . . .
44 h o u r s ------------------------------------- ----------------------- —
45 h ou rs — . . . ------------------- -------------- — -----— ------ —
46 h o u r s ------- ------- ------------------------------------------------48 h o u r s ------ — —------ --------------- ---------- ----------- ------ O v er 48 h o u r s ------- . . . . . . . . . — . . . -----------. . . . ------ -—

Manufacturing

Manufacturing

All industrial3

100

100

100

2
76
2
2
11
1
3
4

88
1
4
1
6

66
7
3
15
3
6

100

100

100

94
1
2
2

94

98

-

-

3

2
-

.

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.




Public utilities2

Public utilities2

9
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d ann ually, S ioux F a ll s , S. D a k ., O c t o b e r 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Public utilities1
2

ARindurtriw3

100

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays — - — -------- -------- _ _ ----W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays--------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

98

100

“

2

2

_

_

31
18
3
48
“

28
46
7
19
"

2
25
1
22
1
1
45
1

10
12
1
73
1

1
47
48
71
96
98

1
74
76
88
98
98

"

Number of days

L e ss than 6 holidays. — — — . . . .
6 h o lidays__ ___________________________ ____________
6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s______________________
7 holidays_________________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 half day__ __
7 holidays plus 2 half days
—
- _
8 holid a ys__ ____ _________ _________________________
12 holidays--------------------------------------------------------------

_
41
3
26
7
2
21
“

-

-

17
57
9
16

_

Total holiday tim e 4

1 d y8
2 a ________________________
8 days or m o r e ___________________________________
7 l/z days or m ore __
— — _ _ __
— 7 days or m ore — — _ ------- _ 6 days or m o r e ___________________________________
2 days or m ore ----— _
-------

_
23
30
59
100
100

-

_

48
51
69
100
100

26
26
72
100
100

_

26
26
83
100
100

1 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Transportation* communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




10
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Sioux F a lls , S. O ak. , O cto b e r 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries2

A ll w o r k e r s —

______

—

_

_

--------------

-------

_

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public Utilities3

100

100

160

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

-

2

2

-

-

96
4
-

98

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent _ _ ------------------ __ —
P e r c e n ta g e p aym en t -------------------------------------------------------F la t -s u m p a y m e n t____________________________
O th er _ _ _ _ _
_ -------------------- ----------- __ _ ------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a t io n s ___________________________________________

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n pay

A ft e r

6

5

m onths o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek _ ___ ____ _______ ____________________ ____
1 w e e k _____
____
________
________ ________ ________
O ver 1 and u nd er 2 w ee k s — __ _ ---------------- ---------

-

1

_

_

2

34
5

19
3

42

9

3

1

-

2

“

39
'

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
w e e k ______________________ — — __ ---------------------2 w eek s _ --------------------- ------------------ _ _
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ----- --------------- _
1

51
48
1

24
73
3

93
7
■

95
5

95
5

”

'

13
3
81
3

18
2
79

63
2
35

89

"

"

96
4

“

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and un d er 2 w ee k s
__ — -------- —
2 w e e k s ____ __ _ _________ —
-----------------------O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s -------- --------------------------1

14
2
84
1

29

1

6

10

65

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
w e e k _________ __ ------- --------------------------- -------O ver 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________ _____ ___ ______ ___
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ------- ------- -------1

2
1

96
1

3
3
91
3

1
-

99
-

8

2
90

6
1

7

93

87

6

‘

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --- ------------------ — — — ------ —
----- _
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------2 w e e k s ------- ------------------ ------- --------------- __ _
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w ee k s __
— -------------- _

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




1
1

97

2
3
92
3

-

4

3

-

-

1

1

-

100

95

96

100

11
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Sioux F a ll s , S. D a k ., O cto b e r 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 4

Manufacturing

Putolio utilities 3

_
100
"

1
99
1

1
99
"

_
100
■

26
71
3

35
65

29
1
71
“

18
82
"

39
_
61
*

35
1
63
1

23
73
3

17
83
“

22
1
77
“

12
88
■

16
_
84
"

22
77
1

18
79
3

15
85
“

17
83
“

10
90
■

10
90
~

21
51
1
27

18
31
3
47

15
50

16
34
49

10
18
72

10
57
33

21
28
1
51

18
31
3
48

16
17
66

10
17

10
5

All industries1
2

Manufacturing

1
98
1
”

3
94
3
-

41
1
57
1

Public utilities3

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5— C on tin u ed

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ — __ __ __
___
2 w e e k s _________ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___
________ __
3 w e e k s --------- ------------------------------ ----- _

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks
__
__
______
______ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____ __ __ _____ _
3 w e e k s ----- _ _
----- _
------— ----- __
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________ _____
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____ __________________
3 w e e k s ____ _____ __
__ ______
__ __ _
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks _
__ __ __ _ __ __ __ __ __
3 w e e k s —,...____ _____ - ________ ,______ _,, ______
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s
__
_ __
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s __ ____
__
__ __
__
___
3 w e e k s ________
_ _ ___
_____________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
______
__ __ __
4 w eeks
__
__
_______ __ __ ____

-

36

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s __ __
__'
__ _ ______ _____ __ __ _
3 w eeks
..................................
_
______
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w eeks
__
__ _______
_ _ ___

15
6
-

79

-

-

73

84

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabba tical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths of
service . Typical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes in
proportions indicated at 10 y e a r s ' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 w eeks' pay or more after
5 yea rs includes those who receive 3 w eek s' pay or more after fewer years of service.




12
Table. B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., October 1963)
2
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of benefit
2

A ll w orkers

_

Manufacturing

100

100

Public utilitiea3

Alliadwtrica4

McauCaetnriag

Public uttfitics3

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
93

100

96

98

100

99

47

21

63

36

19

69

84

94

96

95

95

92

31

27

33

30

20

41

51

74

52

19

5

18

15

1

35

53

74

42

98
98
95
61
69

97
97
97
42
80

100
100
92
69
75

92
92
88
35
76

98
98
98
17
84

100
100
91
75
71

Accidental death and dism em berm ent
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5 ------------------ ------------ —

Sick leave (full pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d )

Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _

------ ---------

Surgical in s u r a n c e --------------------------------Medical i n s u r a n c e -------------- _ ------

No health, insurance, or pension plan______

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




13
Table B-7.

Paid Sick ie a v e

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s
by fo r m a l s ic k le a v e p r o v is io n s , S iou x F a ll s , S. D ak ., O cto b e r 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Sick leave provision
All induatriM1

A ll w orkers------------- ----------- ------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
form al paid sick leave------------ ----------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
no form al paid sick leave______ _____ ___________

Uniform plan:4*
No waiting period
Full p ay9
7 days

Partial pay only
Waiting p
e r i

o

d

— ——— — ————

pnbfie attttiss1
2

AUinduBtriM3

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

65.6

74.8

87.1

72.4

78.6

60.3

34.4

25.2

12.9

27.6

21.4

39.7

35.1
34.9
3.3
16.2
1.2
12.8
1.4
.5
2. 1

27.5
26.6
5.4
2.0
_
19.2

52.1
52.1

18.6
17.5
2.9
6.3
2.3
5.7
.3
1.1
2. 6

6.5
4.6
1.8
.

18.1
18.1
.
.
.
16.2
1.8

16.0
16.0
14.2
1.7
1.7
-

47.3
47.3
47.3

1.9
1.9
44.3
2.3
42.0

-

17.7
17.7
15.9
10.7
10.7

47.3
47.3
47.3
-

100.0

-

.9
-

-

28.0
.
19.6
4.5
-

Murafaetaiiac

PubUe utilHfcs2

Ifenuffteturing

-

2.8
-

1.9
-

-

7. 3

Graduated plan4— A fter 1 year of service :
5 days

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72.1
72.1

-

Graduated plan 4—rAfter 10 years of service :
50 days
... __ -----Partial pay only-------------- -----------------------------Waiting p e rio d ----------- ------------------- ------------------Full pay plus partial pay------- —------------——

35.0
35.0

4.2
4.2
2.3
42.0
47.1
5.1

72.1
72.1

34.9
34.9

39.2

11.9

5.6

16.2

‘
W orkers in establishm ents having
provisions for accumulation of
20.4

22.5

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "U n iform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each year. "Graduated
plan s" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee's leave varies according to length of service. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen. E stim ates reflect provisions applicable
at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service m ay also receive this amount after
greater or le sse r lengths of service.
9 M ay include provisions other than those presented separately. Numbers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which workers receive sick leave at full pay; workers
are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
15

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A, In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C9 Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




C LE R K , ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class BmUnder close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY — Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine u/ork. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B9 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B# Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helperis permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish•
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

21

MACHINIST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TE N A N C E -C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and
other persons entering.




23

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and refecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

24

TRU CK DRIVER

T RU CK ER , POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under Vfa tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request---The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
20402,
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.<
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Area

Bulletin
number

Price

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky____ _____________ *
Cleveland, Ohio_________________________
Columbus , Ohio 1
-------------------------------------

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex____ __
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.
Dayton, Ohio.
Denver, C o lo ______________________
Des Moines, Iowa_________________
Detroit, Mich.1
_________ ____________
Fort Worth, Tex__________________
Green Bay, W is_____________
Greenville, S. C _____________
Houston, T e x _______________

1385-15
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1385-19
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind_________________________
Jackson, M iss.
_________________ -____
Jacksonville, Fla.1
Kansas City, M o.—
Kans__________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H ___ ...
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark_____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.1
________
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind,1
_____________________
Lubbock, Tex_________ —
_________________
Manchester, N. H ___________ -___________
Memphis, Tenn_________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y.1
___________________________
Burlington, Vt.1
___ ____ _________________
Canton, Ohio---- ----------------— —
--------------Charleston, W. V a _____________________
Charlotte, N .C .
Chattanooga,^ Term. — a_________________
G

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

Oklahoma City, Okla____________________ ____ __

Akron, O hio...---------------------------------------Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________
Albuquerque, N. M e x __. _______________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J.
N.
Atlanta, Ga-------------------------------------------Baltimore, Md,1------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________
Birmingham, A la_______________________
Boise, Idaho____________________________
Bos ton, Ma s s.1
________. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa1 ____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J____ —___________
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J.1
__________________________
Phoenix, A r i z _______________________
Pittsburgh, Pa.1__________________________________
Portland, M ain e_________________________________
Portland, Oreg. — ash___________________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— ass.1____________
M
Raleigh, N .C, ____________________________________
Richmond, V a ____________________________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1345-24
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1345-19

25
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111______________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.-111.1______________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah1
____________________________
San Antonio, Tex.1________________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.1_____
San Diego, Calif__________________________________
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif.1__________________
Savannah, Ga _____________________________________
Scranton, Pa*_____________________________________
Seattle, W ash 1
____________________________________

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak.1_____________________________
South Bend, Ind__________________________________
Spokane, Wash,1__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio1
_____________________________________
Trenton, N. J-1____________________________________
Washington, D .C .- M d .- V a ______________________
Waterbury, Conn________________________________
Waterloo, Iowa___________________________________
Wichita, Kans_____________________________________
Worcester, M a ss________________________________
York, P a __________________________________________

1385-20
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1385-17
1345-49
1385-18
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

25
20
25
25
25
25
20
20
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Miami, F la_____________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis.1
_______________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.1
___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J __________________
New Haven, Conn___________________ ______ _____
New Orleans, La.1______________________________
New York, N. Y.1_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102