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BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1963

ii No. I 3 H 5 - I f i




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
O CT O B ER 1963




B u l le t in No. 1 3 8 5 - 1 6
January 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

P re fa ce

Page
The B u reau o f L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occu pational w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n areas is d e ­
sign ed to p ro v id e data on occupational earn in gs, and e s ­
tab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro visio n s.
It y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c te d industry d ivision s fo r
m e tro p o lita n a r e a la b o r m a rk ets, fo r econ om ic re g io n s ,
and fo r the U n ited S tates.
A m a jo r con sid eration in the
p ro g ra m is the need fo r g r e a te r insight into (a) the m o v e ­
m ent o f w a ges by occu pational c a te g o ry and sk ill le v e l,
and (b) the stru ctu re and le v e l o f w ages among la b o r
m a rk ets and in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t and an individual a re a bu l­
le tin p resen t s u rv e y re s u lts fo r each la b o r m a rk et studied.
A ft e r c o m p letio n o f a ll o f the individual a re a bulletins fo r
a round o f s u rv e y s , a two p a rt sum m ary bu lletin is issu ed.
The fir s t p a rt b rin g s data fo r each o f the lab or m a rk ets
studied into one bu lletin .
The second p art p resen ts in ­
fo rm a tio n w h ich has been p ro je c te d fro m individual la b o r
m a rk e t data to r e la te to econ om ic regio n s and the U nited
States.

Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age trends fo r s e le c te d occupational grou p s-----------------------------------T able s:
1.
2.




E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope o f su rvey
and num ber studied--------------------------------------------------------------Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly earnings fo r s e le c te d occupational groups,
and percen ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s ------------------------

A*. Occupational e a rn in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e occupations— en and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w om en com bined-------------------------------------------A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplan t occu p a tio n s----------------------A - 5.
C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occu pations____________
B:

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk ets c u rre n tly a re included
in the p ro g ra m .
In fo rm a tio n on occupational earnings is
c o lle c te d annually in each a re a . In form ation on esta b lish ­
m ent p ra c tic e s and su pplem en tary w age p ro vision s is ob ­
tain ed b ie n n ia lly in m o st o f the a re a s .
T h is b u lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the s u rvey in
B oston, M a s s . , in O ctob er 1963. It was p rep ared in the
B u reau 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in Boston, M a s s ., by L eo Epstein,
under the d ir e c tio n o f P au l V. M ulkern, A ssista n t R eg io n a l
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u strial R elation s.

1
4

E stablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M inim um entrance s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s __
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls --------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled w e e k ly hours______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id va c a tio n s -------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
Health, in su ran ce, and pension p la n s _____________________

Appendix:

O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re a v a ila b le fo r other
a re a s .
(See in sid e back c o v e r .)
C u rren t re p o rts on occupational earnings and supple­
m en ta ry w age p ra c tic e s in the B oston a re a a re also a v a ila ­
ble fo r hospitals (June 1963), le a th e r tanning and fin ish in g
(M a rc h 1963), m a ch in ery in d u stries (M a rc h 1963), and
w om en 's and m is s e s ' d re s s e s (M a rc h 1963). Union sca le s ,
in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a va ila b le fo r
building constru ction,
prin tin g,
lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g
em p lo y ees, and m o to rtru ck d r iv e r s and h elp ers.

m

3

3

5
9
10
11
13

15
16
17
18
19
21
23




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u r v e y —B o sto n , M ass.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 labor m ark ets in w hich the U. S. D e ­
p artm en t o f L a b o r*s B ureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f
occu pation al earn in gs and re la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e b a sis.
In this a r e a , data w e r e obtained by p erson a l v is its o f Bureau fie ld
econ om ists 1 to r e p re s e n ta tiv e establishm ents within six broad industry
d iv is io n s : M anu factu ring; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and other
public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e ta il trade; finance, insu rance, and
r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these
studies a re g o vern m en t op eration s and the construction and e x tra c tiv e
in d u stries. E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d num ber o f
w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b ecau se they tend to furnish in su fficien t e m p lo y ­
m en t in the occupations studied to w a rra n t inclusion. Separate tabu­
lation s a r e p ro v id e d fo r each o f the broad industry d ivisio n s w hich
m e e t pu b lication c r it e r ia .

O ccupational em ploym en t and earn in gs data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ired to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iven occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a ys, and late
sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses a re exclu ded, but c o s t - o f- liv in g bonuses
and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a r e rep o rted ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk schedules
(rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s
a re paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n e a re s t h alf d o lla r.
D iffe re n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c te d occupations in which
both m en and w om en a re com m on ly em p loyed m ay be due to such
fa c to rs as (1) d iffe re n c e s in the d istrib u tion o f the sexes among in ­
d u stries and establish m en ts; (2) d iffe re n c e s in length o f s e r v ic e or
m e r it r e v ie w when individual s a la rie s a r e adjusted on this basis;
and (3) d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d , although the occu ­
pations a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e s u rvey job d e ­
scrip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y ees in these
su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in individual
establish m en ts. T h is a llow s fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s am ong esta b lish ­
m ents in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h e s e su rvey s a r e conducted on a sam ple b asis because o f
the u n n ecessa ry co st in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll establish m en ts. T o
obtain optim um a c c u ra c y at m inim um cost, a g re a te r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll estab lish m en ts a re given th eir ap propriate w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes b ased on the establish m en ts studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll estab lish m en ts in the industry grouping and a re a ,
excep t fo r those b elow the m inim um s ize studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in
a ll establishm ents within the scope o f the study and not the number
a ctu a lly su rveyed. B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occu pational structure
am ong estab lish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent
obtained fro m the sam ple of establish m en ts studied s e r v e only to
indicate the r e la tiv e im portan ce o f the jo b s studied. T h ese d if f e r ­
ences in occupational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the accu racy
o f the earnings data.

O ccupations and E arn in gs
The occupations se le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in du stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g types: (a) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(c ) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (d) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent. O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d e s c rip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in ter establishm ent v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e job. The occupations selected fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r som e o f
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not presented in the A - s e r ie s
tab les b ecau se e ith e r (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm a ll
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , or (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ilit y o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establishm ent data.

E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
In form ation is presen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b les) on selected
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s as they
r e la te to o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs . A d m in is tra tiv e , ex ecu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p lo y e e s , and fo rc e -a c c o u n t constru ction w o rk e rs who
a re u tilize d as a separate w o rk fo r c e a re excluded. ’’O ffic e w o r k e r s ”
include w orkin g s u p e rv is o rs and n o n su p erviso ry w o rk e rs p erform in g
c le r ic a l or rela ted functions. "P la n t w o r k e r s " include w ork in g forem en
and a ll n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in ees) en­
gaged in non office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
in d u stries.

* Data were obtained by m ail from some of the smaller establishments for which visits by
Bureau field economists in the last previous survey indicated employment in relatively few of the
occupations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.




1

2
M inim um entrance s a la rie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te only to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d . Th ey a r e p resen ted in te rm s o f establish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m inim u m entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (tab le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk e rs
in m anufacturing in d u stries. T h is in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s o f (a) establish m en t p o lic y , 2 p resen ted in te rm s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r em p loym en t, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s o f
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly em p loyed on the s p e c ifie d shift at the tim e o f the
s u rv e y .
In establish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity w as used o r , i f no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o th e r ” w as used. In establish m en ts in w hich som e
la te - s h ift hours a r e paid at n o rm a l ra te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as re c o rd e d
on ly i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the shift hours.

The scheduled w e e k ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establish m en t a r e tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that establish m en t. P a id holidays;
paid vacation s; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tab les B -4
through B -6 ) a r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the basis that these a re
ap p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo r ity o f such w o rk e rs
a re e lig ib le o r m ay even tu ally qu alify fo r the p ra c tic e s lis te d . Sums
o f in dividu al item s in tables B -2 through B -6 m ay not equal totals
becau se o f rounding.

Data on
paid holidays (tab le B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
h olid ays granted
annually on a fo r m a l b a sis; i. e. , (1) a re p ro vid ed
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays
o r d in a r ily gran ted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w o rk d a y , even i f the w o rk e r is not gran ted another day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid holidays table presen ts the num ber o f w h ole and h a lf
h olidays a ctu a lly
gran ted. The second p a rt com bines w h ole and h alf
h olid ays to show to ta l holiday tim e .

The su m m ary o f vacation plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arra n gem en ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is gran ted at the d is c re tio n o f the e m p lo y e r. Separate
e s tim a te s a r e p ro vid ed a cco rd in g to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting
va ca tio n paym en ts, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual ea rn in gs,

2 An
conditions:
late shifts.
shifts during

establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
(1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating

late shifts.




o r fla t-s u m amounts. H o w e v e r, in the tabulations o f v a ca tio n p ay,
paym ents not on a tim e b asis w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a sis; fo r
exa m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earn in gs w as co n s id e re d
as the equivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re presen ted fo r a ll health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans (table B -6) fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the co st is born e by
the e m p lo y e r, excepting only le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such as w o rk m en 's
com pensation, s o c ia l se c u rity , and r a ilr o a d r e tire m e n t.
Such plans
include those un derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany and
those p ro vid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by the e m p lo y e r
out o f cu rren t operatin g funds o r fr o m a fund set asid e fo r this
purpose.
Death ben efits a re included as a fo r m o f life insu ran ce.
Sickness and acciden t in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type o f
insurance under w hich p re d e te rm in e d cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w e e k ly or m onthly b a sis during illn e s s o r a ccid en t
d is a b ility .
In form ation is p re s e n te d fo r a ll such plans to w hich the
em p lo y er contributes. H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w hich
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility in su ran ce law s w hich re q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r contributions, 3 plans a r e included on ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) co n ­
trib u tes m o re than is le g a lly re q u ir e d , o r (2) p ro v id e s the e m p lo y ee
w ith ben efits w hich exceed the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law . Tabu lations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 4 w h ich p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p rop ortion o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fr o m w o rk
because o f illn e s s .
S eparate tabulations a r e p resen ted a cco rd in g to
(1) plans which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w a itin g p e rio d , and (2) plans
w hich p ro vid e eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w a itin g p e rio d .
In addition to
the presen tation o f the p ro p ortion s o f w o r k e r s who a r e p ro vid ed
sickn ess and accident insurance o r paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith er o r both types o f b en efits.
Catastrophe insu rance, so m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l insurance, includes those plans w hich a r e d esign ed to p ro te c t
em p loyees in case o f sickness and in ju ry in vo lvin g exp en ses beyond
the n o rm a l c o v e ra g e o f h o sp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plans.
M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans p ro v id in g fo r co m p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s . Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies o r n o n p rofit o rg a n iza tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f r e tir e m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that p ro vid e m onthly paym ents fo r the re m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

3 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
An establidiment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Boston, M ass.
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

by m ajor industry division, 2 October 1963

Num ber of establishments

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Office

T o ta l4

Plant

T otal4

1, 329

278

443, 300

99,800

251, 500

249,020

100
-

466
863

96
182

211, 100
232, 200

30,700
69,100

138, 000
113, 500

111, 010
138, 010

100
50
100
50
50

60
224
132
201
246

28
43
37
36
38

40, 800
25, 100
66,500
55, 300
44, 500

23,900
11, 300
53, 000
6 1, 800
23, 500

33, 580
7,610
47, 350
32,390
17, 080

A ll

Manufacturing---------------------- ------------------------------------ — —
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------------------------------Transportation, communication, and other
public u tilitie s5 -------------------- .
-------------------------------------Whole sale trade _____________ ___ _____________________
Retail trade------------------------- ~ --------------------- ------- —
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate ----------- ---------- S e rv ic e s’ ------------------------------------------------------------------------

8,
7,
7,
37,
8,

000
200
600
800
500

1 The Boston Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re a consists of Suffolk County, 15 communities in E ssex County, 29 in M iddlesex Covrnty, 19 in Norfolk County, and 9 in Plymouth County.
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates
are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the
use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir service,
and motion picture theaters a re considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, profession al, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and se rvices incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
Boston's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Estimate relates to re a l estate establishments only.
Workers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estim ates in the S eries B tables.
7 Hotels; personal se rv ic e s; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural services.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly sala rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods, Boston, M ass.
Index
(October 1960*100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase

October 1963

October 1962
to
October 1963

October 1961
to
October 1962

October I960
to
October 1961

October 1959
to
October I960

A ll ind u strie s:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en)___________
Industrial nurses (men and women)------------Skilled maintenance (m en)__ ____ ___________
Unskilled plant (m e n )----------------------------------

109. 5
111.4
109. 1
109. 2

2.9
2.6
3. 1
2. 8

2. 5
3. 8
3. 5
3.4

3.9
4. 5
2. 2
2. 8

4.9
4. 1
4. 7
4.6

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om en)--------------- Industrial nurses (men and women)------------Skilled maintenance (m en)--------- --------------Unskilled plant (m e n )----------------------------------

109.6
110.8
107. 8
105. 3

2.9
2. 1
3. 1
2.4

3.
4.
3.
2.

3. 3
4.0
1. 1
.7

4.0
4. 1
4. 8
4.6




1
4
5
2

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p e rcen ta g es o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earn in gs o f s e le c te d plant w o rk e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rses, the p e r ­
cen tages o f change re la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid. F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m ea su re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a ys, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r s e le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portant job s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeepin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , cla s s B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e ra to rs , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten o gra p h ers, g e n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen io r; sw itch board o p e ra to rs ; tabu latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u stria l nu rse data a r e
based on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled job s a re included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
or h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym en t in each o f
the jobs during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individual occupations w e r e then to ta led to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occupational group. F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e rc e n ta g e )
o f the group a g g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as computed and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p ercen tage o f change fro m the one p e rio d to the oth er.
The
indexes w e re computed by m u ltip lyin g the r a tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change m e a s u re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w a ge changes; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d ivid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w a ges due to changes in the la b o r fo r c e
resu ltin g fro m labor tu rn o ver, fo r c e exp an sion s, fo r c e red u ctio n s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o r k e r s em p lo y ed by estab lish m en ts
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b o r fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the occu p ation al a v e r a g e s without actu al
w age changes.
F o r exam p le, a fo r c e expansion m igh t in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e ra g e , w h ereas a redu ction in the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m o vem en t o f
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an a re a could cause the a v e r a g e
earn in gs to drop, even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in oth er
establishm ents in the a re a .
The use of constant em p loym en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re p re s e n te d in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta g es o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a re not in flu en ced by
changes in standard w o rk schedu les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

The above tex t re p re s e n ts the m ethod used in computing a new index
(1961 b a se) and tren d s e r ie s . T h is s e r ie s , in itiated w ith the expansion o f the
la b or m a rk et w a ge su rvey p ro g ra m to 80 Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s ,
re p la c e s the old s e r ie s (1953 b a se).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sam e job groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g excep tion s: The c le r ic a l and in du strial nurse grou ps, fo r m e r ly
r e s tr ic te d to w om en , now include both m en and w om en. Changes w e re a lso m ade
in the job s included w ith in jo b groupings in o r d e r that an id en tica l lis t could be
em ployed in a ll a re a s .

5

A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Boston, Mass., October 1963)
Avbkagi
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

of

(Standard)

Weekly J
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGHT-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$45
$50
Under and
$45 under
$50
$55

$55

$60

$65

$70 -$75

$60

$65

$70

$75

13

13
2
11

$80 “$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125

$130 $135 $140 $145 $150

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130

$135 $140 $145 $150 over

21
3
18

51
12
39

25
15
10

66
18
48
12
9
18

61
32

and

Men

F i n a n c e 2 .,
S e r v i c e s ...
C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s

Nonmanufacturing----- ------------------

--- ------

W h o le s a le tr a d e
C le r k s , o r d e r
.................. .
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________

Nonmanufacturing, „
Wholesale trade
Clerks, payroll

.......

Office hoys

__

M a n u fa c tu r in g _

_ _

_

__
.

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

36.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.0
39.5

79.00
82.00
77.50
75.50

39.5
39.6
39.5
39.5

97.00
93.50
99.00
99.00

39.0
56.5

93.00
90.bb

37.5

587
171
416
59
114
84

38.0
*8.$
38.0

343
86
257

894

.................

Tabulating-machine operators,
class A ..
_
_
Manufacturing
....... .
—
Nonmanufacturing _____ - ....... .........
Finance 2
__
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _______ ____ _____ ___ __ —
Wholesale trade____________________________
R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n c e 2

38 0

704
44
93
377
157

37.5
39.0
38.5
36.0
39.0

57.00
59.60
56.50
62.00
59.00
56.00
55.50

327
158
169
97

38.0
39.5
37.5
36.5

101.50
162.66
100.50
92.00

451
155

38.0
39.0
37.5
39.0
37.5
36.5

85.50

— l W

Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________
Wholesale trade
F in a n c e 2
S e r v ic e s _

_

-

90
52

R ____________

_

598
198
400
396

T......,

$101.50
102.ob
101.50
104 no
89^00
104.00

121

Clerks, accounting, class A
m ^
Manufacturing-----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing

296

47
60

150

" 3 0 “

8 8 .6 0

84.00
92.50
81.00
76.50

1

6
1

10
1

33
3

4
6

77
28
49
23
8
9

19

70

40

66

20

15

16

22

10

3

7
12
6

2
68

3

51

7

6

3

37
28

15

13

15

14

22

32

10

8

-

2

-

4
4

-

8

28

16

112
4i

94
28

28

8
8

26
2
2

46
25

63

-

21

47
47

71
70

66

7

12
ll

8

3

11
11

-

13

_

_

_

_

1

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

23

33
5

.

1

23

-

-

-

11

28
15

_

_

_

4

11

-

.
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

11
11

20
12
8
8

_

-

_

-

.

2

2
1

7

7

402

228

126

62

46

4l

7

_

340

188
13
26
90
46

85

_

1
-

_

_

12

35

6
10

46
19

10
8

32

13

10

2
11
1

10

1
1

4

13
19

4

-

-

-

-

.

73

-

-

209

-

-

-

-

-

1

16

_
_

-

2

2

1

14

31

-

1
3
10

-

4

_

5
11

5

_

1

25
4

5
5

4

21

2

15

63
16
53

63
23
40

53
26
33

8

1
8

11
7
21

76
36
46
4
13
29

5

-

33
-

5

3

6
4

-

-

-

1

23

40

-

-

3

6

21
3

29

51

l4

_

_

3

3b
21

3

18
14

15

71

6
6

25
16
15

9

18

12

20
12
8
6

53

38.5

69.00

_

3

3

17

9

5

2

11

B ille r 8, machine (billing machine)________
Manufacturing
... _
Nonmanufacturing —
Wholesale trade_________ __________

377
164
213
152

39.0
39 6
39.0
39.0

72.50
71.00
74.00
77.00

B illers, machine (bookkeeping
machine)
_
_ _
Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade ___________ ________________

216

38.5

— 178

'3875'

141

38.0

64.00
6 o.6 o
58.00

102

F in a n c e 2

Typists, class B________________________________

.

4

.

_

_

_

2

1

4

l

3

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

3

_

1

_

_

_

_

1

l

_

_

_

1

3
3

_

-

-

1

-

-

5
5
_

4
4
_

20
20

l

17
9

10
1

6
5

40
24
16
7

45

36

13
5

16
13

8
1

8
2

5
-

-

32
29
r r “ 22“
15
7
4
2

42

12

10

7

7

8

!

_

_

35
35

63

2

2
1

53
17
36
36

2
26

26
_

-

1

4
4

_

3
3
_

-

-

-

-

4
_
4
4

1

3

_

_

_

_

_

5

12
10
2

1

_

3
_
3
-

3
_
3
-

5
_
5

-

5
_
5
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

7
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
6

20

_

1

_
_

1
1

21

5

32"^ “ 7 6 "

10
37
29 — 2“

_

4

1
1

6

10

4

4

2

1
6
_

-

_

_

_

_

4
4

1

5
5

— 5"

I

12
lo
2

20
8
9

7
_
7

_

8

2

M a n u f a c t u r i n g .................

Nonmanufacturing ___ _ ____ ______ _____

2
4

43

45
45
14 “ 7 7 “
31
23
28
19

74.50
74.66
74.00
70.00

182
80

7
14

4

13
4
9

6

38.0
59.0
37.5
36.5

Tabulating-machine operators,
class C_

60

44
28
6 ~"2S“
22
18

5

73

2

-

29

39
6
33

_

41
4
37
37

1

“ 3 5 " ■"■"lb
22
38
1
6

60

2
5
4

68
19
49
2
13
10

_

_

3
1

Women

See footnotes at end of table.




_

_

4

22

57

18

44

11

-

4

35
13

8
10

-

4
4

95
59
36
31

10

_

78
26
50
31

27

_

22
22
18

_

_
_

65

41

6

25

20

-

-

39
39
39

---- 5“ " “ 5“
5
5

15
3

22

“ 41“

48

41

17
16

7
3
3

_

_

_

24

-

20
20

3

14

4

_

4

_
_

4

-

4
4

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

_

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass., October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Number
of
workers

~ J W ~J95 $ 1 0 0 $ 1 0 5 $ 1 1 0 $ 1 1 5

$50

$5 5

” $60“

$6 5

$70

$75

T80T

$85

$50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$55

$60

$65

$70

$7 5

$8 0

$85

$ ?0

$9 5

9
-

31
6
25
25

38
4
34
13

15
3
12
7

37
35
2
1

29
22
7

36
36

9
9

49
12
37
37

6
6

6
6

$4 5
Weekly
Weekly ,
earnings *
hours1
(Standard) (Standard)

$120

$ 1 25

$130

$135

$140

$145

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$ 1 § & . QV6E-.

-

1

-

.

.

Under and
$4 5 under

$150

and
$ 1 00

$105

$110 $115

Women—-Continued
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A -------- -----------------—
.
Manufacturing—
Nonmanufactur ing—
Finance2 _____
_

203
107
96
62

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

$ 8 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

7
7
7

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B ----- ------------------------------Manufacturing-.
Nonmanufacturing-.
Wholesale trade .
Retail trade-------Finance2 ________

1. 076
22 2
854
240
77
506

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

6 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

_
_

2
2
_

57
57
.
5
39

135
5
130
23
107

259
27
232
26
19
186

118
13
105
13
10
72

218
57
161
86
13
62

161
80
81
47
5
26

64
15
49
31
14

-

"

-

-

-

Clerks, accounting, class i
Manufacturing—
NonmanufacturingPublic utilities 3
Wholesale' trade Retail trade— ——
Finance 2 .
Services _

1, 504
525
979
107
97
193
383
199

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

_

8
8
_
1
7

36
_
36
4
32

107
46
61
.
9
18
30
4

174
60
114
_
5
12
82
15

185
78
107
6
18
33
48
2

261
85
176
4
21
47
41
63

265
109
156
44
21
43
48

143
48
95
17
4
18
35
21

112
48
64
8
26
5
13
12

79
17
62
17
1
22
9
13

28
4
24
5
-

Clerks, accounting, class B.
Manuf actur ing____________
Nonmanufacturing---- ---- —
Wholesale trade— — —
Retail trade___________
Finance 2 -------------------Service s ______ —————

2, 591
463
2, 128
356
469
558
246

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

16
16
2
4
-

31
7
24
2
-

_
-

2
2
2
-

438
84
354
261

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

Clerks, file, class B .
Manuf actur ing—
N onmanufa ctur ing—
Wholesale trade
Retail trade-----Finance 2 _______
Services________

1, 160
209
951
121
148
520
157

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

6 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

Clerks, file, class C .
Manufactur ing— ___
Nonmanufacturing—
Retail trade—
Finance2 _______

1. 359
136"
1 ,2 2 3
99
899

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

5 6 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
5 1 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

Clerks, file, class A
Manufacturing-----N onmanufa ctur ingFinance 2 — ___

Clerks, order__ ______
Manufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing—
Wholesale trade
Retail trade------




622
341
281
183
81

-

_

_

.
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

61
2
59
2
4
40
13

_

18
.
18
_

157
1-8
139
44
67
28

-

275
30
245
6
80
103
8

44 0
68
372
35
101
134
19

406
82
324
60
37
112
60

392
56
336
70
42
101
80

290
80
210
53
32
56
42

279
61
218
42
78
13
25

221
46
175
22
4
4
9

61
14
47
20
9
3

33
33
5

48
48
48

50
6
44
44

84
5
79
67

68
5
63
45

65
42
23
16

43
16
27
25

15
3
12
4

7
1
6

210
11

187
50
11
94
32

77
43
34
8
4
19
3

58
34
24
10
2
8
2

22
7
15
12
1

1
1
_

-

179
21
158
17
8
103
30

253

199
12
49
129
9

295
25
270
12
35
142
81

98
4
94
42
52

617
41
576
39
525

306
18
288
5
206

179
15
164
11
83

105
34
71
1
31

16
7
9
1
2

23
9
14

7

1

22

25

65
42
23
6
8

111
94
17
11
6

109
57
52
42
10

118
43
75
66
9

79
54
25
19
2

-

.

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

.

.

.

"

-

-

-

7
3
4
3
1
-

24
20
4
3
1
-

9
5
4
3
1

_

_

1
1
1
_

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
_
-

2
2
2
-

_
-

8
8

_
_
-

_

11
7

-

_

_

_

-

-

_
_
_
_
-

-

_
_
_

-

_
_
-

63
63
_

38
25

-

1
-

1
'

See footnotes at end of table.

2

-

-

-

-

22

25
2
23

-

22

66

-

9
2
8

-

_

_

4
4
1
3
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_

_

_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3
1

1

11

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

11

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

9
3
6.
6

1
1
_

_

1

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

4
4

15
15

5
5

22

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

12
1
11
11

2
2

_

-

22
22

-

_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

7

32
24
8
4

-

_

.

_
_

_

_

_

_

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass., October 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING S TRAIGHT-TIM E WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

T45- ~ W -T5S~ $60 ■ w
Under and
$45 under
$50 $55 $60 $65 $70

$70 “ $75“ $80 “ $85“ $90 -$95- $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150
and
$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

74
52
22
1
11
7
3

205
123
82
17
24
11
30

180
107
73

98
41
57
4
.
17
15
21

89
65
24
13
5
4
2

79
48
31
.
9
12
10

182
72
110
28
75
7

130
43
87
23
59
5

160
41
119
33
79
2

76
39
37
16
21

56
17
39
11
9

27
17
10
5
2

18
7

17
7

1
1
8

119
56
63

167
54
113
5
4
3
93
8

164
116
48
1
1
11
31
4

64
34
30
3
5

8
55
1

8
12
42
1

232
83
149
4
25
23
71
26

214
103
111
16
23
19
44
9

161
73
88
10
18
3
53
4

80
42
38
3
7
1
8
19

92
64
28
26

10
2
8
8

76
55
1

307
47
260
27
1
1
60
114
48

121
22
99
10
82

44
1
43
12
27

30
2
28

7
5
2

13
13

43

120
1
119
3
11
52
53

228
30
198
4
18
123
53

541
186
355
10
64
29
155
97

560
192
368
7
29
31
204
97

275
43
232
1
37
8
155
31

514
166
348
6
66
28
177
71

508
179
329
1
58
23
142
105

329
127
202
17
54
6
84
41

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 over

W omen— Continued
Clerks, payroll ----— — —
Manuf actur ing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing.____________________
Public utilities 3__
—.
---Wholesale trade---------------------------

Comptometer operators — ------ — —
Manufacturing- —.— — ---- ..
Nonmanufacturing —
— .. - —

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) — ----Manufacturing— —__ __ ____

1, 003
576
427
23
57
170
84
93

38.0
38.5
37.5
39.5
38.5
37.0
36.5
39.0

$77.00
76.50
77.50
101.50
82.50
71.50
75.50
80.50

_
-

7

-

7

_

16

-

-

892
285
607
122
343
54

37.5
38.5
37.5
38.5
36.5
37.5

73.00
74.50
72.50
76.00
68.50
60.50

-

.

-

4
1
3

29
7
22

136
86
50

-

-

-

-

.

.
3

_
L9
3

4
39
7

7
-

-

16
16

-

41
9
32

55
6
49

22
10

29
18

79
26
53
2
31
12

111
73

37.5
37.5

64.00
62.50

.

.

-

-

8
6

28
26

26
17

920
377
543
39
55
67
325
57

38.0
39.0
37.5
40.0
38.0
37.5
37.0
39.0

75.50
77.00
74.50
92.00
78.50
70.00
72.50
77.50

.
-

1

1

.

.

24
2
22

77
13
64

-

.

38.0
38.5
38.0
38.5
39.5
38.0
37.0
39.0

67.00
70.50
65.50
76.00
71.50
59.50
61.50
66.50

-

Wholesale trade________— -----------Retail trade— — — — — — — — —
Finanrp2 ..
....
Sp.rvi rps

1, 220
383
837
170
67
176
342
82

Office girls — _
. ------ ---_ —
Mannfartnring
____
N onmanuf a ctur ing_____________________
Rptail traHp
Finanrp2

413
78
335
50
253

37.5
38.0
37.5
38.0
37.0

56.50
59.50
55.50
54.00
56.00

.

19

-

19
11
8

Manufacturing______________— ___ _____
Nonmanuf actur ing----------------------------Public utilities 3---------------------------Wholesale trade
— ____
Retail trade. __ . . . .
Finance 2 ___________________________
Services---------------------------------------

7, 304
2,991
4, 313
348
588
294
1, 707
1, 376

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
38.0
37.5
36.5
38.0

92.00
93.50
91.00
106.00
93.00
88.50
87.50
91.00

2,462
1, 025
1,437
113
289
90
682
263

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.0
38.0
37.0
36.5
40.0

74.50
78.00
71.50
91.50
73.00
71.50
68.50
70.50

_____

Keypunch operators, class A ______
M anuf acturing— — — — — — — —
Nonmanufacturing-------------------- -----------Public utilities 3___________________
Wholesale trade
— — ---------R p t a il t-fad p
F in a n r p ^

............
.

....

Keypunch operators, class B _____ ________
Manuf actur ing___—_________ ___ ________
N n n m a n iifa r t u r in g . _ .
P u b lic u t ilitie s 3

............
. ...

Stenographers, general- ______
Manuf actur ing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ . __ _ — —
Public utilities 3_________—_________
Wholesale trade _
______ ____
R e t a i l tr a r le

Finance2

.....

..... ...

S e r v ic e s

See footnotes at end of table.




-

1

1

_

_

.

1

1

14
14

85
14
71

_
_
14

.
17
54

2
7
13

_
.

179
35
144
16
108

_
-

-

_
_
.
.

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
.
-

43
_
2
27
14

.
-

37
37

64
20
44

.

-

_

-

_
_
_

.

_

37
-

193
24
169
37

-

4
4
34
2

_

-

1
38
16
18

45
23
22
1
12
2

_

_

_
.

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

n

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

2
2

_

1
.
1
1

4
4
.

_
_
_

-

-

-

5

2

1

2
2

13
1
12
3

1
6
7
4
3

6
4
2
1

-

-

-

41
12
29
10
3
3

21
7
14
12
2

1
1

5
4
1

10
5
5
3
2

23
5
18
17
1

31
4
27
23
4

.

_

971
366
605
17
71
45
200
272

867 1070
329 551
538 519
33
19
84
128
38
19
268 200
115
153

831
470
361
52
28
35
119
127

648
313
335
30
41
18
131
115

230
120
110
13
43
20
23
1
1

369
313
56

51
31
20
14

37
25
12
12

.

24
1
23
22
1

-

-

_
_

3
6

52
3
49
2

_
_
_
_

_

38
19
19
12

.
-

2
2

18
4

7

2
1
1
1

2

2
2
-

_

1

.

1

13
_

_

1
.

.

28

9

17

3

27
2

525
266
259
37
49
7
94
72

255
86
169
21
21
7
70
50

221
72
149
35
10
8
35
61

18

4

2

164
44
120
65
16
16
7
16
_

18
15
3

4
2
2

2
1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

125
43
82
6
15
6
15
40
_

51
18
33
1
8
1
1
22
_

_

_

_

.

25
4
21
5
5
_
2
9
_

21
7
14
5
4
1
2
2
_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

9
3
6
.
6
_
_
_

29
10
19
5
2
2
2
8
.

_

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

_

3

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass. , October 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$45
Weekly
Weekly U n d e r an d
earnings 1
hours *
(Standard) (Standard) $45 u n d e r
$50

Number
of

$50

$55

$55

$60

$65

$110

$ 1 15 "$120

$125

$1 30

$ 1 35

$140

$ 1 45

$150

$1 15

$ 120

$ 1 25

$ 130

$135

$140

$145

$150

over

21
3
18
2
8
-

24
3
21
8
5
8

13
2
11
3
7
_

13
13
4
9
_

2
2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

13

3

.

_

_

_

-

.

-

13
11
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

4
4
4

_
-

3
3

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

.

.

7

.

_

.

_

.

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

75
9
66
7
53
4

286
93
193
_
12
114
52

303
105
198
_
24
124
40

342
102
240
16
23
116
80

179
82
97
-

171
96
75
12
8
17
36

60
lb
44
2
12
10
20

36
11
25
4
12
8

67
31
36
6
8
5
8
9

37
17
20
16
1

43
23
20
13
7
-

16
3
13
9
2

3

-

2

7
6
1
-

4
4
4

$6o

~ ^ 9 5 " $100) $ 1 05

an d
$105 $1 10

Women— Continued
Stenographers, senior..
Manufacturing_______
Nonmanufacturing_
_
Public utilities 3_.
Wholesale trade..
Finance 2
_________
Services------------Switchboard operators___________________
Manufactur ing_________________________
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Public utilities 3___________________
Wholesale trade___________________
Retail trade________________________
Services___________________________
Switchboard operator-receptionists____
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
Wholesale trade___________________
Retail trade---------------------------------Finance 2
___________________________

$ 8 2 .0 0
82. 00
81. 50
97. 50
91 . 50
77. 50
82. 00

_
_
_

_
_

4
4
_
4

3
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

39
8
31
_
_
24
4

_
_
_
_

32
32
_

-

49
1
48
_
2
25
5
16

104
5
99
6
2
17
68
6

157
19
138
3
13
11
81
30

95
28
67
-

11
12
2
7

69
3
66
_
_
3
5
58

15
11
22
19

93
38
55
16
1
20
10
8

3
3
3
_

11
3
8
8
_

5
3
2
1
1

96
38
58
15
18
9
16

122
49
73
19
2
27
21

178
66
112
55
6
2
44

225
94
131
66
8
36
15

114
55
59
23
3
7
24

43
28
15
3

4

3

2

2

16

13

4

6

58
2
56
33

43
5
38
20

93
19
74
26

15
4
11
5

15
14
1

19
9
10

10
7
3

-

-

1
1

-

-

2

-

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,5 7 1
532
1 ,0 3 9
51
138
526
275

38.
38.
37.
38.
38.
37.
39.

0
5
5
5
5
0
0

778
168
610
80
64
107
201
158

38.
39.
38.
39.
39.
38.
36.
38.

0
0
0
5
0
0
5
5

75.
83.
7 3.
91 .
77.
6971.
67.

50
50
00
50
00
50
50
00

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

816
346
470
189
49
82
132

38.
38.
37.
39.
37.
36.
37.

0
5
5
0
5
0
0

73.
74 .
72.
74.
63.
73.
73.

50
00
50
50
50
00
50

_
_
_

'

-

9
47
39

-

12

Tabulating-machine operators,
38. 5

Tabulating-machine operators,
class B _______________________
Manufactur ing_______________
Nonmanufacturing___________
Finance 2
_________________
Tabulating-machine operators,
class C ____ ___________________
Nonmanufa ctur ing_____....—
Transcribing-machine operators-,
g e n e ra l____________________ ____...
Manufacturing___________ ____«...
Nonmanufacturing_____________ _
Wholesale trade____________
Finance 2 ----- ---------------------Typists, class A ______
Manufactur ing_____
_
Nonmanufacturing_
_
Public utilities 3
Wholesale trade..
Retail trade— __Finance 2
____ ____
Services_________




See footnotes at end oftabla.

405
63
342
118

97 . 50

38.
39.
37.
36.

58

76.
88.
74 .
74.

0
0
5
5

50
00
50
50

192
161
44

37. 5
37. 0
35. 5

65. 00
63. 00
65. 00

977
325
652
66
437
134

37. 5
3 8 .0
37. 5
38. 5
3 7 .0
37. 5

70.
70.
70.
79.
67.
77.

37.
39.
37.
40 .
38.
38.
36.
37.

7 3 . 50
74. 00
7 3 .0 0
98 . 00
83. 00
63. 50
71. 00
74. 00

1 ,5 3 9
338
1 ,2 0 1
27
94
63
592
425

‘

5
5
0
0
0
0
0
5

50
50
50
50
00
00

2

78

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

.

.

-

-

1
1

“

"
.

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

40

76

-

-

-

-

91
8

_

_

36

_
_

36

180
14
166

_
_

_
_
_

97
20
77

_
_

_

-

-

21
6
9

10
53
14

78
22

65
2
63
11

2

-

-

T

-

46
46
6

20
14
12

6
6
4

12
9
9

9
8

5
4

10

_

.

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

81
72
13

_

51
11
40

95
19
76

169
70
99

154
42
112
13
53
42

192
71
121
25
71
25

142
51
91
12
59
20

92
32
60

39
27
12
5
7

14
2
12

6

7

5

4

_

_

_

6
-

5
5

4
4

-

-

-

7

-

7
2

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27 9
80

374
76
298

250
68
182

104
35
69

34
8
26
2
11
1
8
4

76
2
74
13
16

11
1
10
8
1
1

8

1

8

.

-

-

8
1

1

8

-

-

-

81
34
47
35
3
4
32

-

1

8

-

-

-

7

-

199

_

_

_

11
10
103
42

12
7
123
57

22
4
139
133

3
3
105
71

_

40
20

_

4
3
20
42

.

-

24
21

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$45

$50

$50

W

~5~ w
$5

$5
5

Weekly
earnings 1 Under and
(Standard) $45 under

Sex, occupation, and industry division

ffo

$0
7

$5
7

■$75“

W

w

p ir

W

JY05 |TT0

W
is

frzo'

\5
J Z J O J J | l4 f J4
T 5 IJ T 5

$115

$120

$125

$130

$150
and

$65

$80

$85

161
“ 73"
88
18
23
19
25
3

$105 $110

$135

$140

$145 $150 over

129
113
16
6
7

$100

$90

Women— Continued
38.0
39.6
37.5
39.0
38.5
38.5
37.0
39.5

3,728
915
2,813
77
285
199
1, 960
292

Typists, class B________________
Manufacturing_______________
Nonmanufacturing___________
Public utilities 3 _________
Wholesale trade_________ _
Retail tra d e _______________
Finance 2__________________
Services___________________

$63.00

"6'876o‘

21
586
26
553
7

61.00
76.00
66.50
62.00
59.00
63.50

97
724
27
70
581
30

16

25F
744
9
69
23
514
129

309

195
417

T IT

124
27
203
62

31
27
72
53

1

183

1

2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1963)
Average
Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$U0

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$1 65

$170

$175

$180

$185

$75

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$185

over

_

-

-

_

2
2
_

26
25
1
1

18
18
_

70
19
51
51

67
23
44
43

70
22
48
48

123
7
116
116

168
5
163
158

75
6
69
65

111
1

34
_

18
_

37
2 28

-

27
18
9
9

no
no

34
27

18
18

9
9

187
81
106
75

246
69
177
167

184
27
157
157

264
76
188
187

107
21
86
61

59
25
34
33

142
_

28
23
5

83
81

8
7
1

3
2
1

11
10
1

2

18
3
15
12

-

-

-

34

11
10
1

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
3
1

-

1

“

"

"

"

-

-

-

~

$70
Weekly .
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)
Weekly

Under and
$ 7 0 under

and

Draftsmen, le a d e r___
Manufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing _
Services_______

867
195
672
655

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 1 5 8 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0
1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

Draftsmen, sen ior___
Manufacturing____ _
Nonmanufacturing
Services___ __ _
_

2, 162
906
1, 256
1, 157

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

.

_

-

_
-

-

2

721
393
328
290

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .5 0
93750
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

27
20
7
4

51
45
6

63
42
21
16

37
35

5

45
41
4
4

2
2

94

4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0

379

13

_

_

277
190
87

3 9 .0
3 M
3 8 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

5
5

2

34

-

-

■

■

19
15

Draftsmen, junior .
Manufacturing____________ _
Nonmanufacturing___ __ ___
Services__________ ____ _

-

_
_

5
3
2

-

-

_

-

1
1
-

3
3
-

6
6
-

11
11
_

65
33
32
30

115
64
51
49

138
102
36
35

302

-

65
52
13
9

39
14
14

35
28
7
6

80
40
40
38

71
37
34
24

63
8
55
54

17
11
6
3

132
18
114
108

_

_

_

_

_

2

35
23
12

45
35
10

35
25
10

39
30
9

34
23
11

22

7

12

2

17

5
2

5
7

2

11
10
1
1

71
28
43
38

50
50
_

53

139
163
161

19
15
12

142
138

2
-

Women
N urses, industrial (re g iste re d ).
Manufacturing_____________ ___
Nonmanufacturing .

2

5

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings
W orkers were distributed as follows: 1 at $185 to $190; 3 at $190 to $195; 11 at $200 to $205; 1 at $205 to $210; 6 at
W orkers w ere distributed as follows: 63 at $60 to $65; and 16 at $65 to $70.




_

1

correspond to these weekly
hours.
$210 to $215; 4 at $215 to$220; and 2 at $220 to $225.

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Boston, Mass. , October 1963)

N ber
um
of
w rk
o ers

Occupation and industry division

A
verage
w ly
eek
earn gs1
in
(Stan
dard)

, ", ® .

377
164

$72.50
71.00

152
B illers, machine (bookkeeping machine)----------------Retail trade. . . .

.

—

------------------

Manufacturing______________________ ____ _________

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B -------------Manufacturing . ________ —
— -----

TPinanra ^
Clerks, accounting, class A ---------------------------------Manufacturing _ ____ __ ____— --------- . . . .
Nonmanufacturing.---------—---------——
—-----------------Public utilities3
___ ____
.
. --------WVtrtleaalo trarlp
. . . ..
.
Rotail trad**
....... ....
_
Finance2
—_____ ___
_
________ _____
Services
____

Nnnmaniifarhiring . .
___......
AS 91 f M JA
A Q
Retail trade- _
_____ ____ _
F inane e 2 -------------------------—------ —-------------- —

N onmanufacturinc__________________ _____________ —
Clerks, file, class B

__

—

__

_—

^AprY>anii^arti^ring
Urh/kl aa el a f
R e t a il tr a d e

_

_

_________

__ ______

Finance
Clerks, file, class C

_____

N onmanufactur ing_______—
P Atail f radfi
ITinanro ^

See footnotes at end of table,




_______

__

7 7 ] 00

216

82.
89.
75.
73.

Wholesale trade____

__ _____
___ __

___ ___ —

__ ________

58.00

215
107
108
67

__

64.00

141

Clerks, order ____

1, 105
... Z22
883
263
77
512
2,091
696
1,395
227
156
232
497
283
2,934
549
2,385
477
476
604
293
471
85
386
266
1, 185
211
974
121
148
525
174
1,397
136
1,261
99
919

50
50
50
00

68. 00
74.00
66. 50
74. 50
62. 50
6 3 ! 00

N ber
um
of

N ber
um
o
f

w e ly
ek
earn gs1
in
(S d )
tan ard

1,220
539
681
579
85

$85. 50 Secretaries _________________________________ _______ ____
Manufacturing________________________________ _ ___
81. 50
Nonmanufacturing. _ ----__
--------- _
89.00
Public utilities 3---------------------------------------------93. 50
Wholesale trade .
____
-_
62.50

Occupation and industry division

78. 00
77. 50

Finance2 ____ ____ __
______ __________
Services _ __ ______ _ __
__ __ __

Public utilities 3_______________________________
Wholesale trade_______________________________
Retail trade____________________________________
Financft^ _______________________________________
Services____________ ___________ __
____ _

1,093
(528
465
38
61
174
84
108

Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Wholesale trade _
__
________________
Potail traHp
Finance2 — ___ __________ __ _
-------------

892
285
607
122
343
54

73.00
_________ __ __ __
74. 50 Stenographers, senior ____
— _______ _
Manufacturing__ _ _ __ _ ___
72. 50
N onmanufactur ing__ _______________________ _
76.00
Public utilities3------------- _
_____________ __
68. 50
Wholesale trade ------------- ------- ----------60. 50
Finance2 ____
_
_____ ___ ______ _____
Services—_____ _________ _______ __ ------ —

131
82

64. 50
63.00

941
394
547
39
55
70
326
57

76.00
77. 50
74. 50
Finanrp^
92.00
.^prvirpfl
78. 50
70. 00 Switchboard operator-receptionists_________ __
Manufacturing___
__ __ __ _________ _____
72. 50
Nonmanufacturing __ _____ ____ __
_____ __
77. 50
Wholesale trade — ______
_
_ ___
- __
Retail trade— ________
_ _ _ __________ _ _
67.00
Services _ _ _ —
__
___ — ___
— _
70. 50
65. 50 Tabulating-machine operators, class A -----------------76. 00
M
®•
71. 50
59. 50
61. 50
66. 50 Tabulating-machine operators, class B—____________
Manufacturing
_
______
__ —
— _
Nonmanufacturing- ----- ---— — — „ ____
Wholesale trade---------------------------------------------57. 00
Retail trade ------ _ __ ___
__
____ _
5 9 .0 0
Finance 2
,
56. 50
62.00
58. 50 Tabulating-machine operators, class C _ __
Manufacturing ____ ___
____ __ _ ___ __ __
55.00
Nonmanufacturing—
_—___ —_________
56.00
Finance 2 ____________ __________ _— ________
55. 50

7 9 .0 0

104.00
84. 50
71. 50
75. 50
82.00

Stenographers, general-------------------------------------------__
__
_ _
___ _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing-_________________________________
Piiblir nfilitiPfi ^
Wholesale trade
Finance2

92.00
92. 50
91. 50
105. 50 Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto)--------------------------- -----------95.00
90. 50
83.00
95.00 Keypunch operators, class A ____ _____________ ____
Manufacturing _ ______ __
___ ______________
Nonmanufactur ing__
_ ---------- ----------- --------71. 50
Public utilities3 _
_
________________
74. 00
Wholesale trade_______________________________
71.00
Retail trade____________________________________
72. 50
66. 50
__
Services
_
66.00 I
73. 00
71. 50 Keypunch operators, class B __ _________ _ ____
,1 . ,,
1
.............. .
i _ | Ii
it
78. 50
NOn1Tlflmif9 Ct'nHT)g,J J J
J U ........... .......... .
70. 00
Public utilities3_______________ ____ ___
68.00
Wholesale trade —
__ _______________
Retail trade________________ _______________ _
61. 50
Finance2 — ____
_
____
— ___
67. 50
60.00
66. 50
54. 50
59. 50 Office boys and girls.___ __ __ ______ _________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
...... .
62.00
IM n n m a n u fa c tu r in g
.
__
Public utilities 3_______ _____ -_________________
56.00
W h o le s a le tr a d e
_
.61. 50
R e ta il tr a d e
55. 50
F in a n c e 2
_ ____ _
51.00
Services
_
_
___* ------ ____ — _
54.00

earn gs 1
in
(Stan
dard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations
B ille rs , machine (billing machine)------------------------..

Occupation and industry division

1,227
389
838
171
67
176
342
82
1,307
268
1,039
50
99
83
630
177

________

.....

Switchboard operators---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing__________________________________
Public utilities3- _
Wholesale trade _ __

7,339
2, 994
4,345
348
588
294
1,721
1,394

$92.00
$3. 50
91.00
106.00
93.00
88. 50
87. 50
91. 50

2,465
1,025
1,440
116
289
90
682
263

74. 50
78. 00
72. 00

1, 573
----- 53Z
1,041
51
138
526
277

82. 00
82.00
81. 50
97. 50
91. 50
77. 50
82.00

778
168
610
80
64
107
201
158

7 5. 50
83. 50
73.00
91. 50
77. 00
69. 50
71. 50
67.00

816
346
470
189
49
82
132

73. 50
74.00
72. 50
74. 50
63. 50
73.00
73. 50

385
170
215
138

101. 00
102.50
99. 50
92.00

856
218
638
107
66
268

81. 00
88.00
79.00
82.00
80. 50
75. 50

374
111
263
115

69.
75.
67.
68.

9 2 .0 0

73. 00
71. 50
68. 50
70. 50

50
00
50
00

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass. , October 1963)

N ber
um
of

Occupation and industry division

N ber
um
of

Occupation and industry division

earn gs*
in
(S d )
tan ard

w e ly
ek
earn gs1
in
(Stan
dard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued
Transcribing-machine operators, general---------- _
Nonmanufacturing.... __ _
----------- -----------------Wholesale trade _ __ __ ______________ ______
Finance2 ___ _____ __
______________ ______
Sprvirpfi .. ....
__
______ ______
Typists, class A _____________
— ----------------------Manufacturing----------------- -------- ----------------------Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Public utilities 3________________________________
Wholesale trade__________
___ ______ — —
Retail trade______ _______ _______ ___ ______ ____
Finance 2 _______ _______ ___ _____ _____ _________
__
___________
S ervices_____ __ _________

__________
$70. 50 Typists, class B ___
Manufacturing.__ _____________
__ ____
_ _
70. 50
Nonmanufacturing_____ ___________________________
70. 50
Public utilities 3_______________________________
79- 50
67.00
Wholesale trade_______________________________
Retail trade
77. 00

977
325
652
66
437
134

Sc tvie ©s
............ .
73.50
74. 00
73.00
Professional and technical occupations
98.00
83.00 Draftsmen, leader_______________________________ _
Manufacturing— ___ _____________ _______
____
63. 50
Nonmanufacturing__________ __ ___________________
71.00
74.00
Services--------------------------------------------------------

1,542
338
1,204
27
94
63
595
425

Number
of
workers

$131.00
128.00
133.50
133.50

744
416
328
290

100.50
93. 50
109.00
109.50

278
191
87

98.00
97. 50
99. 00

95

Professional and technical occupations —
Continued
$63.00
68.00 Draftsmen, senior______________
Manufacturing_______________
61. 00
76. 00
Nonmanufacturing___________
Services__________________
66. 50
62. 50
Draftsmen, junior______________
59. 00
Manufacturing_______________
63. 50
Nonmanufacturing___________
Services__________________

3,781
954
2,827
81
293
201
1,960
292

earnings 1
(Standard)

2, 169
913
1,256
1, 157

Occupation and industry division

64.00

Nurses, industrial (registered).
Manufacturing_______________
158.50
Nonmanufacturing___________
148. 50
161. 00
161.00 T racers_________________________

867
195
672
655

1 Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass. , October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
w
orker*

Average
hourly 1
earning* Under

$ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0

Carpenters, maintenance. ___
— _
Manufacturing.:_______________________
Nonmanufacturing
____ —
Public utilities2 _
_
. . .
Retail trade
___ _ __ __

558
318
240

Electricians, maintenance
_. Manufacturing_____ __________________
Nonmanufacturing

1 ,0 1 9
743

PiiKlir ntiliftae ^

Engineers, stationary__________________
Manufac tur ing________________________
Nonmanufacturing- __
_________
.
Finance 3 ____________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




38
130

$ 2 .9 6
2785
3 . 11
2 .8 0
3 .5 1

.
-

"

3 .0 5

_

276

3 .0 6
3 .0 2

-

i no

and
under

and

$ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 $ 3 .6 0 $ 3 .7 0 $ 3 .8 0 $ 3 .9 0 $ 4 .0 0

$ 1 .6 0

over

7

_
-

.
-

"

“

_
-

_
-

7

-

2

1 43

2 .9 3
3 . 01
2 .8 2

58

2 .7 7

-

-

2

5

96
47

1 14

34

28

44

49

97
17

17
17

10
1

1
17

7

25
24
1

-

-

2

1

"

3

-

39
11
28
14
8

_
-

_
-

_
-

11

3

12

35

47

35

72

10
1

-

11
1

33

3

30
17

25
10

17

21

i

3 . 12

326
1 83

51
48
3

75
33
42

25
22
3

8

2

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30

-

17
17

6
15

5

-

5
1

15
12

3

7
-

7
2

22

40
27
13
4
3

37
23
14

8

15
14
1

10

2

20

7
13
2

30
10
20
2

13
9

3
16
13

3
3

37

8
29
27

79
77
2
1

1
149
1 06
43
35
39
31

8

11
5
6
1
1

15
8
7
6

-

7

4
2
2

1
6

2

9
2

-

_
-

-

_

10
2

60

-

8

60

-

-

-

8

60

10

6

_
-

-

5
2

12
12

5

3

-

-

-

263

27

58

27

15

-

21

260

14
13

20

10
5

-

15

7
4
4

4
4

.

2

3

20
38
36

19
17
2
2

36
18

4
4

3

18

-

-

-

-

-

14
4
10

_

5

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass. , October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 11790 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00
Avenge
hourly . Under and
earnin
gs
and
$1.60 under
$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2,50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2 .9 0 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 over

Firemen, stationary b o ile r ____________
Manufacturing---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing____________________

460
253
207

$2. 57
2. 54
2.61

26
4 26

3
3
-

-

Helpers, maintenance trades__________
Manufacturing________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing--------------- ---------Public utilities 2__________________

543
334
209
128

2.48
2. 46
2. 51
2.65

-

1
1
-

Machine-tool operators, too lro o m ____
Manufacturing __________ __ _______

262
262

2.96
2. 96

"

3.02
3. 01
3. 15
3. 18

Machinists, maintenance_____ — ____
Manufacturing-------------------------- __ _
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Public utilities 2--------------------------

1,006
945”
60
49

8
8

1
1

38
21
17

31
31
-

14
6
8

29
1
1
18

67
51
16

25
23
2

33
32
1

27
10
1
7

26
25
1

24
9
15

29
23
6

3
1
2
-

2
1
1
-

29
18
11
-

42
31
1
1
-

63
57
6
-

92
40
52
36

30
18
12
-

22
16
6
4

60
43
17
16

21
2
19
12

15
2
13
12

28
6
22
12

111
99
12
12

_

24

-

"

_

-

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

17
17

24
24

69
69

53
53

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

5
5

45
45

41
41

44
42
2

45
41
4
3

60
49
11
10

105
105
-

-

30
30

-

-

-

24
24

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

66

17
17

11
11

_

_

U

131
126
5
4

54
50
4
3

98
91
7
6

60
59
1
-

251
250
1
“

49
35
14
12

49
8
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
9

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mechanics, automotive
(maintenance)___ _____________________
Manufacturing________________________
Nonmanufacturing______________ ____
Public utilities 2--------------- — —
Wholesale tra d e --------------------------

624
93
531
422
86

2.82
2.89
2.81
2. 77
3. 04

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

45
45
40
5

8
8
4
4

79
5
74
68
4

28
1
27
20
2

105
5
100
96
-

39
33
6
2
-

15
15
-

128
15
113
106
-

25
25
8
17

60
5
55
35
20

62
10
52
34
18

27
2
25
9
16

~

2
2
-

-

Mechanic s , maintenanc e_______________
Manufacturing---------------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Retail trade_______________________

1, 501
i72oi
298
132

2.81
2.75
3.04
3. 03

"

1
1
“

2
1
1
"

2
2
-

2
2
-

29
3
26
-

37
36
1
1

158
158
-

87
87
-

83
77
6

131
127

75
68
7
7

95
88
7
3

160
95
65
53

57
26
31
31

165
132
33
2

216
178
38
18

21
12
9

63
18
45
8

9
9
-

9
5
4
“

1
1

13
6
7
3

1
1
1

-

\

84
81
3
1

Millwrights ____________________ ___ _
Manuf actur ing________________________

278
267

2. 90
2.91

_

_

-

-

_

-

28
25

4
4

143
141

2
2

4
4

16
16

_

_

_

16

12
12

_

-

20
19

_

-

22
18

_

-

11
10

16

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

O ile rs ____________________________________
Manufacturing----------------------------------

207
191

2.33
2. 34

-

1
1

6
6

20
15

27
26

10
8

6
3

34
34

32
32

14
12

5
5

16

1

2
2

9
6

22
22

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

Painters, maintenance_________________
Manufac tur ing________________________
Nonmanufacturing____________________
Public utilities 2-------------------------Finance 3 ------------------------------------

362
180
182
42
62

2. 68
2. 90
2.45
3. 07
2. 19

_
-

14
14
“

_
-

8
8
-

17
17
17

31

3
3
2

26
------1
25
24

18
8
10
1

12
6
6
1
4

5
5
3

18
11
7
1
2

45
32
13
-

17
11
6
4

17
1
7
10

42
23
19
14

48
48
-

10
3
7
7

13
7
6
5

16
16
-

_
-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

Pipefitters, maintenance----- ------------Manufacturing----------------------------------

546
511

3. 04
3.04

-

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

5
4

16
15

30
20

68
68

67
56

9
9

147
145

97
97

30
27

11
7

22
19

2
2

_

-

23
23

_

-

9
9

_

-

7
7

-

-

-

2
2

Plum bers, maintenance-_______ ________
Manufactur ing________________________

79
54

2. 92
2.96

_

_

_

_

_

1

5
4

2
1

7
2

9
5

5
5

37
30

5
3

3
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

Sheet-metal workers , maintenance____
Manufacturing________________________

179
T58~

3.02
3. 02

1
1

7
7

1
1

2
2

13
8

20
19

32
31

5
4

78
75

11
11

6
6

2
2

“

_

_

_

_

-

"

~

”

1
1

Tool and die m akers---------------------------Manufacturing----------------------------------

893
889

3.23
3. 23

7
3

_

11
11

17
17

52
52

37
37

99
99

47
47

165
165

82
82

51
51

121
121

11
11

177
177

13
13

1
1

_

1
2
3
4

ll
19
8

-

-

-

"

“

"

_

_

_

2

-

1

_
“

"

-

“

■

_

_

_

_

_

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
W orkers were distributed as follows: 2 at $ 1.40 to $ 1. 50; and 24 at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60.




1
-

\

16

1

1

-

“

-

1

2
2

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, Mass., October 1963)
NU M BER OF WORKERS RECE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E HOUR LY EAR NINGS OF—
$ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 . 4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0

Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

earnings2

and

$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0

Elevator operators, passenger (men) __

404
395
55
254
80

$ 1 .4 9
1 .4 8
1 .3 3
1 .5 3

Elevator operators, passenger
(women)____________________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Retail trade______________________

216
203
99

1 .4 2
1 .4 2
1 .3 3

Guards and watchmen_________________
Manufacturing____________________
Guards______________________ ___
Watchmen_______________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________

3, 715
931
536
395
2, 784

1 .7 4
2 .1 6
2 .2 7
2 .0 1
1.6 1

Janitors, porters, and cleaners (men)..
Manufacturing______________________
Nonmanufacturing________________

4 , 530
2 , 071

Wholesale trade_________________
Retail tra d e _____________________
Finanrp3 _ .
. ......
Services_________________________

79
465
643
888

1 .8 4
1 .9 8
1 .7 1
2 .2 0
1 .8 8
1 .7 2
1 .6 6
1 .5 3

Retail trade___________________ __
Finance 3 ______ ______________ __
Services------------------------------------

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women)__________ _________________ _
Manufacturing____________________ _
Nonmanufacturing________________
Retail tra d e _____________________
Finance 3 ________________________

2 ,4 5 9
384

1 .3 9

149
1, 195
64
912

1 .5 4
1 .8 8
1 .5 0
1 .3 5
1 .4 6

Laborers, material handling_________
Manufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________
Public utilities4_________________
Wholesale trade______ ______ _
Retail tra d e _____________________

4, 645
2, 305
2, 340
773
660
846

2 .2 1
2 .0 6
2 .3 6
2 .6 5
2 .3 8
2 .1 2

Order fille r s _________________________ _
Manufacturing___________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Wholesale trade_________________
Retail tra d e _________________ ___

2, 0 06
713
1, 2 9 3
827
453

2 .2 4
2 .1 7

Packers, shipping (m e n )_______
Manufacturing______________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Wholesale trade _______________
Retail trade___________________

1, 2 8 8
807
481
372
77

2 .1 2
2 .1 4
2 .1 0
2 .2 2

Packers, shipping (women)___________
Manufacturing _______ ___________
Nonmanufacturing
___________ ___
Retail t r a d e __
_ _

674
547
127
1 17

1 .6 8
1 .7 0
1 .6 0

Receiving clerks _______ __________
Ma nufa ctur i n g ______________________
Nonmanufacturing__________________
Wholesale trade_________________
Retail tra d e _____________________

732
336
396
187
132

2 .2 2
2 .2 3
2 .2 1
2 .1 5
2 .2 2

1, 6 4 4

2 .2 9
2 .1 4
2 .5 6

1 .6 3

_




149
149
6
140

106
106

_

49
49
15
7

82

5

23

27

3

24

2
2
2

38
38
23

73
73
67

15
15
7

82
71

4

5 12
5

314
35

35

4

5
507

279

858
15
1
14
843

3 49
13

-

-

272
20
252

49
253

231
33
198

_
-

2
75

11
40
15
187

1 03

_
-

_
.

-

59
55
32

-

-

175

5

3

122
12
110
24
36

-

-

5

3

-

.

5

3

-

3
3

-

"

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
'

3
3

9
8

9
9

over

_

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

216
1 54
72
82
62

31

1 45
34
21
13
111

33
4
4

25
25
25

5
1

4

_

139
64
75
75

99
68
31
11

64
44
20

50

_

20

-

-

-

_

2
2

_

_

1

2 01
16
7

104
60
42

115
55
19
36
60

85
32
12

9
185

1 93
93
52
41
100

310
282
253

13
336

1 12
47
1
46
65

72
33

-

7 31
257
474
11

417
215
202
24

269
159
110
1

276
157

392
3 08
84
45

243
1 10
1 33
106

59
292
1 12

88
65
25

13
11
37
48

12
4
75
27

17
9

6
8
13

327
242
85
32
10
14
11

194

49
53
88

439
1 44
295
5
10
32
72
176

18

6

482

487
4
483

247
15
232

6
6

2

_

_

27
4
23

44
10
•34

_

_
3 37

52

-

9
2
7
3
1

60
56
4

2

29
1
1

17
11
6

373

2 41
1 02

368
233
1 35
21
87
27

356
114
242
2 01
34
7

302
97
205
162

63
5
58

8

30

33
39

18
44

119
1

72
33
39

230
118
112

141
86
55

1 80
135
45

292
247
45

227
183
44

263
208
55

.

4
23

10
98

19
26

8
36

10

83

29

29
14

29

21
5
16
16

53
16
37
37

41
31
10
4
4

58
34
24

65
24
41
8
32

77
21
56
44
11

106

-

1 12
71
41
22

60
27
33
31
2

19
4

-

-

21

61
36
25
11
14

15
5
10
6

19

91
46
45
37
4

88
69
19
19

36
15
21

60

236

7
7
-

_

_

109
26
83

2
2
2

_

-

29

44
44
-

4

3
1

-

8

4
4

_

9

482
4
448

-

1
1

2

8

-

9
12

3
3

_

3

1 03
32

1 .5 9
-

302

8
8

$ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0

3

-

'

See footnotes at end of table.

$ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0

and
under

19
-

3
'

13

29
28

1

20
53

116
78
62
4

_

_
_
_

31

_

29

_

_
_
_

_
-

1
4

4

84
84

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

161
96
65
55
7

3 49
86
263
258
4

111

-

58

-

-

303
9
294
4
290

38
20
18
16
2

82

70

129
1 22
7
5

184
1 35
49
45
2

84
50
34
34

73

43

48
34
23
7

70
36
34
16
8

69
4
4

39
4
4

119
3
116
1 16

24
20
4
4

9
9
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
15
7
3

57
52
5
5

16
5
11
11

25
25
_

44
43
1
1

12
12
-

15
15
_

-

-

•

63
40
23
16
6

71
28
43
4
34

67
12
55
34
18

61
50

51
45
6
2
2

67
35
32
28
1

80
20
60
12

29
20

219
17
15

26
17

30
11

50
21

43

9
2
6

19
2
12

29
24
1

37
35
2

6

4
5

-

11
8
3

_

-

156
130
26
20
5

59
11

_
_
_

_
_

6

161
65
96
87
9

_

50

9

1
1

98
22
76
60
14

16

1 39

_
_
_

_

_

1

269
104

_
_

_

_
_
_

62
74

19
41
41

_
_
_

.

_

_

_

38
52

19
14
5
3

27
27
27

_

50

361
235
1 26
4
1 06
16

19
87
71
15

_
_
_
_
_

_

59
52
52

_

43

9

136
37

485

3

89
3

410
57
353
1 16
64 .
173

1 19
366
260
1

3
2
_

105

1

24
20
4
4

100
20
80
80

6

99
7

9
4
5

16
1
15
8

_

6
_
_

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

18
10
8
8

1

22
3
19

47

24

47
_

24

12
7

47

24

-

33
33

1
1

_

_
_
-

-

_

3
3

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_

1

_
-

_
_
_
.
_
_
_
_

_
_
-

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

5
_

_

_

_

"

“

_

_

-

27
4
23
8
15

23
12
11

_

11

14
14

_
_

5

"

2

_
"

_
_

_
_

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1963)

Occupation1 and industry division

V nli*.
m
O
f
w rk
o er*

NUMBER OP W
ORKEB8 RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS O
F—
$1.00 $1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40
hu
o rly
and
•uninp 4
and
under
$1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2,80 $2,90 $3,00 $3.10 $3.20 $3,30 $3.40 over

Shipping clerks
, „ _
Manufacturing-------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----- — -----------Wholesale trade------------------ —
Retail trade------------------------------

563
336
227
146
65

$2.33
2.36
2.27
2.25
2.30

Shipping and receiving clerks------------~
___
Manufacturing___
Nonmanufacturing---------- -------------Wholesale trade------------------------

547
217
330
75

2.25
2.26
2.24
2.36

Truckdrivers 5_______ ______ ______
— _
Manufacturing— — __
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------Public utilities 4___ _______ ___
Wholesale trade— _______ — _
Retail trade------------------------- ----Services-----------------------------------

3, 628
824
2, 804
1, 229
975
460
127

2.66
2.62
2.67
2.82
2.59
2.61
2.10

Truckdrivers, light (under
1V2 tons) ----- ------- — Manufacturing--------------------------Nonmanufacturing—
----------- Wholesale trade------------------Services-------------------------------

570
276
294
171
66

2.13
2.47
1.80
1.64
2.04

-

Truckdrivers, medium (1V2 to
and including 4 tons)------------------___ ___
Manufacturing ______
NonmanufacturingWholesale trade__________-___
Retail trade--------------------------

901
277
624
283
211

2.51
2.68
2.44
2.46
2.32

-

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type)______________________
Manufacturing--------------------------Nonmanufac turing---------------------Public utilities 4
W
hr»1#»sal#» trad#* _
Retail trade-------- ----------

1. 348
122
1, 226
634
405
174

Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than trailer type)
- ___
_______________
Manufac turi ng— —
Nonmanufacturing---------------------Public utilities4___ - ____ Wholesale trade______________

534
75
459
324
108

2.74
2.45
2.79
2.88
2.59

Truckers, power (forklift)____________
Mamifactii ring
Nonmanufacturing------------ —
__
Whole* sal#* trad#*
Retail trade
__ — ___
___

731
479
252
89
109

2.49
2.45
2.58
2.53
2.75

Truckers, power (other than
forklift) — ___ ___
____ „
Manufacturing----------- — __

149
144

2.49
2.48




1
2
3
4
5

— _
— -

i-92...
2.64
2.95
2.87
3.07
2.98

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
1
1
1
1

-

-

21
19
2
1

4
4
4
-

51
1
1
40
20
20

14
1
1
3
_
3

38
32
6
4
1

21
14
7
4
2

34
15
19
16
2

30
16
14
1
1
3

65
30
35
31
-

98
53
45
38
6

53
39
14
14
-

8
4
4
4
-

29
18
1
1

23
5
18

5
5
_

4

18

-

-

3
3
-

1
1
-

_
-

22
1
1
1
1
-

20
16
4
-

19
19
7

33
ii
22
4

45
12
33
1
1

32
5
27
1
1

23
6
17
-

41
71
31 ~ r r
10
40
3
-

154
58
96
1
1

36
16
18
1
1

4
1
3
-

13
TT~
2
-

1
1
6
5
-

_
_
-

3
_
3
1

17
17
6
1
1
-

63
63
55
8

3
3
3

39
39
2
33
3

44
12
32
24
8

26
1
1
15
1
1
2

59
18
41
8
3
29

24
21
3
3
-

107
41
66
1
23
42

123
38
85
43
13
27

223
44
179
6
112
44
14

258
39
219
_
108
109
-

195
58
137
1
91
40
5

263
90
173
172
_
_
1

183
34
149
8
138
3

1102
9
1093
1006
7
80

83
77
6
5
_
1

26
5
21
20
1
_

-

138
119
19
8
9

432
45
387
_
275
112
_
_
_
_

14
14
_

1
1
_

4

-

-

-

12
_
12
12

4
_
4
4

_

_
_
_
-

169
112
57
_
57
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

5
1
51
_
_
_
_

50
50
.
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
-

.
_
_
_
.
_
_
_

55
55
55

-

36
36
.33

32
32
24

14
1
1
3
_

52
13
39
8
28

6
3
3
_
-

80
71
9
_
8

40
14
_
2

73
---67
40
25

29
21
8
_
-

13
12
1
_
-

19
16
3
_
3

15
12
3
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

39
35
4
_

_
_
_
_

-

8
8

3
3

3

12
12

7
5
2
-

18
18

3

_
-

35
25
10
_
8

6
1
9
52
1
1
1

20
2
18
3
13

148
22
126
88
36

210
1
9
191
81
109

107
10
97
77
17

5
4
1
.
-

52
19
33
22
3

61
1
60
_
-

25
25
_
_
-

8
_
8
.
-

-

-

1
1
1
1

-

1
1

21
_
21

5
5

8
6
2

73
73
_

89
9
80

717
_
717

17
17
_

1
_
1

351
_
351

54
_
54

_
_
_

-

80
-

76

-

-

261
90

54
-

-

-

17
5
12
12

7
1
6
_
6
8

3
_
3
_

_
_
_
_
_
.

_
_
_
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

3

-

12
12
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

19
15
4

17
17
1
1

-

-

-

23
23
_

-

-

26

-

2

62
44
44 — 52“
_
_
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

8

1
2
12

-

_
_

29
29

25
1
24
_
24

27
.
27
_
27

47
12
35
_
12

1
1
_
-

42
6
36
_
36

324
8
316
312

_
_
_
_

194
117
77
22
15

22
4
18
16

13
2
1
1

62
58
4

111
26
85

40

8

_

_

8

.

_

85

_

_

!

_

I

I

32
32

17
17

2
2

12
12

6
3

25
25

8
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

70
70

2

13
12
1

2
2

-

18
11
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
57
1
7
12

3

94
72
22
16
6

-

-

“

“

-

"

-

3
3

3
3

3
3

26
26

5
5

4
4

3
1

“

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.

-

3

15

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w o r k e r s , Boston, M a s s ., October 1963)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
M in im u m

w e e k ly

s t r a ig h t -t im e

s a la ry 1

A ll

B ased

Other inexperienced c le ric a l w orkers 1
2

N onmanufac tur ing

Manufacturing
A ll

on sta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

in d u s t r ie s

B ased

Nonmanufacturing

o n s t a n d ia r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f —

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V 2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

3 6 ’ /4
-

3 7 1/2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

37V2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

36V4

37V2

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________

278

96

XXX

X XX

182

XXX

XXX

XXX

278

96

XXX

XXX

182

X XX

XXX

X XX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

h a v in g a

18

39

162

61

15

38

10 1

11

22

42

_

2

_

_

_

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

1
-

2

-

-

_

-

________________

151

60

15

37

91

10

$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 4 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

$ 4 7 . 5 0 __

2

-

-

$ 4 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r

1

1

-

$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

s p e c ifie d m in im u m

_

-

$ 5 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________

4

1
1

-

-

3

-

1

-

7

1

1
-

$ 50. 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________

43

12

3

6

31

4

10

8

55

13

2

$ 5 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________________

15

4

3

1

11

2

2

3

16

4

3

35

18

17

7

24

15

3

2

3
-

2

3

6
-

8

5

1

1

7

18

1
-

5

9
16

2

6

1

4

9
2

_________________________________________

$ 55. 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 5 7 . 50 __

$ 57. 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 6 0 . 0 0 _____________

_________________________________________

$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 6 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________

___

__________________

$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________________
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 6 7 . 5 0 ___ _________________ _________________ ______

10

2

8

8

-

5

2

-

2

3

10

4

1

3

6

1
-

-

-

6

2

-

7
-

42

5

12

11

12

2

3

5

5

8
6

9
2

2
-

3
-

4

1

9
3

2

7

7

-

3

3

1

2

6

1
-

1
-

4

-

3

1

4

2
2

$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 7 0 . 0 0 ____

_________________________________

2

1

-

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 7 2 . 5 0 _____________________ _________________ ______

2

1

1

-

-

1

3

1

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

-

-

1
-

2

$ 7 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________________

1
-

-

$ 72 . 50 a n d u n d e r

2

-

-

2

$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 7 7 . 5 0 _________________________

$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 8 0 . 0 0 __________________________

2
-

1
-

___

__

______________

_________________

1

1

1

1

-

-

1

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

1
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

$ 8 7 . 5 0 ___ ___________ ______________________________

3

1

-

1

2

-

-

1

-

1

2

and over _____________________________________________________________

2

-

-

-

2

"

-

68

24

XXX

XX X

44

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

47

XX X

$ 8 2 . 5 0 ___ _______________ ____ ______________________

$ 8 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r

$ 8 5 . 0 0 ____

$ 85. 00 a n d u n d e r

__

_____________________

__________

Establishm ents having no specified m inim um _____________
Establishments which did not employ w orkers
in this category______ __ ________________ __________________

59

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

2

2

-

-

-

2

XX X

XXX

76

27

XXX

XXX

49

XX X

XXX

XX X

XXX

XXX

40

8

XXX

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

XXX

1 These sa la rie s relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regu lar straight-tim e sa laries that a re paid for standard w orkw eeks.
2 Excludes w ork ers in su bclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data a re presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.




2

-

-

$ 80 . 00 a n d u n d e r

$ 8 7 . 50

1

2
2

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differen tials of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount of differential,
Boston, M a ss ., October 1963)
P ercent of manufacturing plant w orkers—
In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift w ork

Actually working on—

Second shift

Th ird or other
shift

__

82.0

69.3

11.7

2.9

_____

79.4

69.3

11.3

2.9

Uniform cents (p er hour)_____________________

39.2

31.5

6.2

1.7

6.5
2.7
3.1
1.3
2.7
1.1
14.6
.7
2.2

1.3
.6
.5
.3
.3
.2
2.0
( 2)
.5

_
.1
.1
.1
(2 3
)
.7

2.6
1.6
-

_
1.2
4.3
1.0
.6
9.9
.5
.7
2.1
1.1
6.4
2.2
.8
.8

29.2

28.4

3.7

.9

2.4
1.2
.8
23.6
1.1
-

.9
1.8
21.0
.8
3.9

.3
.1
.1
2.9
.3
-

-

2.4

.8

.1

-

3 8.5

3 8.5

1.3

.4

T o ta l.

__

__ __ ________

_____

With shift pay differential _ .

________

__

5 cents__
_ „
__ __ ---------------------------- ------ -------- —
6 cents--7 cents
_ ------------------------------ _
7 V 2 cents __ _______ _____ __
____
8 r. fint.fi
____ _______ __________________
9 cents
10 c en ts_ ______________
ll V z cents__ ____ ______ ________
12 cents_ _ __ ________ __ _
____ . _______ 1 2 l /2 cents__
13 cents- _
__ — _____ ___
14 cen ts- __ _ __ ________________
15 ce n ts. __
__ _ _____ _____ _____
- ___
—
17 cents— __ _
19 c en ts- __
. — __ ________________
25 ce n ts. __ __
__ ____ ____ __ 27 cents— — — — —
____ ___ ____
Uniform percentage -

- — _

_______

— _ _
_ _ ______
5 percent___
7 percent
_ __
7 V 2 percent
____ ___
__ 10 p e rcen t___________________ __ — _______
I 2 V 2 percent
. - - — - - - - __
15 percent _ __ - _____ _____ —
F u ll day's pay fo r reduced h o u rs ___________
Other fo rm al pay differe n tia l-

_____

_ —

With no shift pay d iffe re n tia l___________________

-

-

.3
.2
-

(?)
(2)
.1
.1
.2
.2
(2)
"

( 2)
.6
(2)
.2

.4

2.7
'

'

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm al provisions coverin g late shifts
even though they w e re not curren tly operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 percent.
3 Includes cen ts-p e r-h o u r differen tials which v a ry by la b or grade, and a combination of percentage plus c e n ts-p e r-h o u r
differential.

17

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w o r k e r s , Boston, M a s s ., October 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

W eekly hours

A ll w o rk e rs _______

_______________________

All
industries

__ _____

Under 35 h o u rs__________________________ ________
35 hours .
____ _
_
Over 35 and under 36 V 4 hours___ _ _ __ _____
36V 4 hours
_ _
___________
____
O ver 3 6 V 4 and under 37V 2 hours ------------------------_
__ ______ ___________
37 V 2 hours
O ver 37V 2 and under 38 h ours. ------------ ---------38 hours ________ _ ___ _ ____
____ _________
O ver 38 and under 382/ hours ________ ____ «...____
3
382/ h o u rs _____________________________________________
3
383/ h o u rs _____________________________________________
4
O ver 383 4 and under 40 hours _____ _______ _____ _
/
40 hours _________ _____ __ ____
_________
O ver 40 and under 44 hours_______ . ____ ___
44 and under 48 h o u rs __ . . . __ ____ ____ . . . ________ _
48 hours
_ — ._
__
_ _
_
....... .
O ver 48 hours. _____ _____ __ ______ ________

1
2
3
4

100

1

Manufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

6
1
1

12

( 4)

13

12

1

2

-

-

7
4
27

(4)
24

1

-

4

1

1
1

-

5
( 4)
34

4

-

(4)

-

-

-

4
7

51

30

22

-

2

-

-

59

46

48

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

13
-

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
Includes data for r e a l estate, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e s s than 0. 5 percent.




PLANT WORKERS

Public .
utilities1

3
17
5
16
9
30

4

-

1

10
2

3
13
5
3
25

All
,
industries 3

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

.
-

1

10

16

3

4

-

-

-

1

-

6
10

5

7

1

-

3

-

-

5

7

1
2

-

-

5

58

(! )
(4)
78

-

-

2
1

( 4)

3
1

-

85

96

-

-

1
2
1

2
1

4

-

1

6

4

.
-

7

-

90
3
6

-

( 4)

3

.
2
11

-

1

2

-

46

85

8
1

-

7
3

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Boston, M a ss., October 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e rs— — ------------- —---------------------------------

W orkers in establishments providing
paid h olidays_____________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid h olid a ys---- ---------------------- ------------------

All
in stries
du

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

Finanoe1
2
3

S
ervices

All ,
in u
d stries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

100

99

96

97

100

100

93

91

-

2

-

(4)

4

3

“

7

9

(4)
14
(4)
25
11
1
42
6

3
4
1
6
1
19
2
1
15
2
1
25
4
1
10
1
(4)

1
3
1
7
1
18
3
3
18
3
1
18
7
1
9
2
"

1
2
22
3
8
43
2
21
“

3
3
1
7
4
3
43
31
5
“

6
9
32
9
38
-

14
7
7
•
20
19
6
3
13
(4)

(4)
(4)
1
12
16
41
43
59
61
80
81
88
88
93
93
93
94
95
96
96

2
11
18
38
41
62
66
84
85
93
93
96
96
96
97
97
97
97

21
23
65
65
73
73
75
75
97
97
99
99
99

5
36
36
79
79
82

38
38
47
47
79
79
79
79
88
88
88
88
90
92

(4)
£)
(4)
14
16
23
23
42
42
62
62
69
69
77
77
77
89
89
91
91

(4)

Number of days
L e ss than 6 h olidays-----------------------------------------6 holidays — -------------------------- ------- -------------- ------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s-------------------------------7 h olidays----------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day------------------—-------------8 holidays
_ ---- .. . -------------------- — — —
8 holidays plus 1 half day.___ - __ ——— ——---- —
8 holidays plus 2 half d a y s-------------------------------8 holidays plus 3 half d a y s-------------------------------9 h olidays----------------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half d a y s-------------------------------10 holidays------------------------------------------------ --------10 holidays plus 1 half d a y -------------------------------10 holidays plus 2 half days—----------- ------- ---- ---11 holidays---------------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half d a y -------------------------------11 holidays plus 2 half days—— --------- --------- -----11 holidays plus 3 half days. ----- — — —
12 holidays and o v e r ------------------- -----------------------

(4)
1
(4)
1
(4)
7
1
1
(4)
13
2
(4)
20
3
1
37
9
1
1
2

(!>
(4)
1
4
6
3
3
24
2
1
16
6
2
29
1
1

_
1
3
3
8
54
(4)
31
-

_
1
7
6
6
46
3
28
3
“

_
12
39
20
(4)
23
(4)
4
-

1
3
12
3
53
23
2
2
3

2
3
12
50
53
74
75
89
90
97
97
99
99
99
99
99

(4)
1
2
33
39
56
59
86
90
95
95
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
31
32
86
86
93
93
96
96
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
3
34
34
81
81
86
92
99

_
4
4
4
4
27
27
47
47

4
6
28
82
84
96
99
100

Total holiday time 5
I 2 V2 days or m ore---------------------------------------------12 days or m ore----- --------— ---- ---- ---- ---- -----------11 V2 days or m ore---------------------------------------------11 days or m ore____ —------— — -------- ------------------IOV2 days or m ore---------------------------------------------10 days or mor p,■■■■■■■..... .m l .................. lu ,..-m....
m
l
9 V2 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e ------— ----------------------------------------8 V2 days or m o r e ------— --------------------------- ---- ---8 days or m ore
n - r - - n . ___ r «-»
n
w
7 V2 days or m ore
1T,
IT
___ ■..■■■■--r_____________
7 days or m o r e ---------------- -----------------------------------------------------6 V2 days or m ore — ------ -------------------------------------- ---------------6 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------------------5 days or m ore ............. . , ■l| T „ B i.„,,,,rn,T ir -r, ,J
T
4 V2 days or m o r e ....... .
„
...... _________ ,M ___ n
________
4 days or m o r e _________________________________________________
3 days or m ore .
,
, „ T ______
1
2 days or m o r e ------------- ------ -------------------------------------------------1 day or m ore—— — —
— — — — — — — — --------------

1
2
3
4
5
no half

99
99
99
99

100

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

86
86

86
86

98
98
98
98
98
98
98

100
100
10 0

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
6
6
48
49
60
61
85
85
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

99
99

100
100

86

93
94
97
97
97
97
100
100
100
100
100

93

Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
Includes data for rea l estate, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0.5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions w ere then cumulated.




19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boston, M a s s ., October 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll w o rk e rs_____

____________

___

PLANT WORKERS

All
in stries
du
_____________

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

S
ervices

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

All
industries4

M
anufacturing

Public ,
U
tilities 2

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
91
9
-

100
86
14
-

100
97
3
_

100
100
_

100
100
_

96
85
10
_

Method of payment
W o rk e rs in establishments providing
paid vacations______________ -__ ___ ___ -___ -____ —
L.ength-of-time payment
P ercentage payment ——________ —_____——___
F la t-su m paym ent____________________________
Other __
____ — ___ _______ _
__ — _
W o rk e rs in establishments providing
no paid vacations— ______________ ____________

-

-

-

4

( 5)

Amount of vacation pay 6
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week — — . 1— .— .-.
1
1 w e e k _________ - ___ _____________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

4
45
9
30

5
66
2
15

23
10
45

5
38
26
11

8
61
2
-

5
29
11
50

( 5)
51
16
24

23
25
4
4

37
18
1
1

_
20
12
39

12
34
19
3

4
42
_

_
5
( 5)
90
1
5

_
3
<5)
94
2

_
13
1
87
-

_
5
94
1
-

_
21
79
_

_
90
10

_
7
81
7
6

( 5)
59
3
35
1
1

_
73
6
20
_

_
19
1
76
1

_
26
67
6
-

_
51
49
_

1
1
89
3
6

2
94
2
2

3
10
88
-

_
100
-

_
85
3
12

2
76
17
6

32
15
50
2

45
27
25
2

1

1

22
77
1

14
( 5)
80
6
-

11
89
_

-

2
97
1
-

-

22
4
61
8
( 5)

1
90
3
7

( 5)

3
96
-

2
97
1

_
100
-

85
3
12

2
66
17
15

8
14
74
2
1

10
24
63
2
1

10
86
4

3
3
87
6
-

2
98
-

15
4
68
8
( 5)

2
66
17
11
4

8
12
75
3
2
-

10
22
63
2
3

6
90

3
3
87
6

2
98

4
-

-

-

-

-

15
68
13
( 5)
-

( 5)
58
17
21
4

1
82
3
14

1
88
4
7

-

3
87
6
3

2
57
41

3
79
8
5

'

'

'

'

'

-

11
19
12
3

A fter 1 year of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________________
1 week
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks —___ -__ — — ___ ——
2 weeks — — — —— — — — — — — — —
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks — —___ —— ___ ——
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

1

-

4
55
28
8
( 5)

A fter 2 years of service
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___ _____ ______ _ _
2 w e e k s ______
___________________ __________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________ ____
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fter 3 ye a rs of service
1 week __ __ ____
__ ____________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 weeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____- ________ ________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

96
2
2

1

-

-

A fter 4 ye a rs of service
1 week __ ____ _______ __ ___________________ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________ __ —__
2 weeks __ _ __
__
__
______
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___ — — _______ _____
3 w e e k s ________________ _ __________ ______ _ _
Over 4 weeks
__ _____________

1
89
3
7
(5)

-

-

-

-

85
3
12
-

2
86
1
11

52
48

45
7
48

3
96
_
1
-

2
97
1

_
83
5
12

1
96

“

“

(5)
95
2
3
-

100
-

-

-

A fter 5 ye a rs of service
1 week _ - _________
________ ___ __
______
2 weeks
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s - _________________________ _
________
O ver 4 w eeks________________ _______ ______________

( 5)
65
6
28
(5)

-

3

“

'
See footnotes at end of table.




96
-

4

20

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1—Continued
(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Boston, M ass. , October 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

Vacation policy

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public •
>
utilities

Wholesale
trade

_
34
3
61

_
17

2
50
1
47
-

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

AU 4
industries

Manufacturing

(5)
23
1
63
5
3
4

1
33
6
51
(5)
8
“

1
39
9
49
2
“

_
18
10
72
“

(5)
23
1
63
5
3
4

1
23
10
57
(5)
8

1
26
16
55
2

"

'

_
3
95
2
(5)
■

(5)
6
1
80
5
3
4

1
13
(5)
72
1
12
“

1
15
82
1
2

(5)
6
1
62
5
21
4

1
13
(5)
48
1
36

1
14

(5)
5
1
53
5
31
4

1
12
(5)
32
2
52

Finance3

Services

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

74
1

3
46
9
41
-

2
11
56
31

3
49
3
35
5
-

"

"

"

'

-

3
25
10
62
-

2
11
56
31

3
44
3
40
5
-

3
11
"
85
“

2
10
■
39
■
50

3
24
3
61
5
-

-

3
11

2
10

-

-

58

71

16

-

-

-

42

14

73

3
24
3
56
5
4

3
11

2
8

~

~

Amount of vacation pay 6— Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week---------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s-------------------------------3 w e e k s____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s-------------------------------4 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks-----------------------------------------------------

(5)
26
5
65
(5)
4
(5)

-

2
"

-

83
-

_
17
-

46
-

38
■

-

18
10
72
-

-

24
-

After 12 years of service

2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s-------------------------------3 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s-------------------------------4 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks-----------------------------------------------------

(5)
21
7
68
(5)
4
( 5)

_
23
8
67

_
16
-

84

2
40
3
55

_
17
-

46

-

-

-

-

2
-

"

_

38

_
8
90
1
2
"

_
2
97
1
-

2
17
81
-

_
3
51
46
“

15
84
1

After 15 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s-------------------------------3 w e e k s----------------------------------------------- -------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s-------------------------------4 w e e k s-------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks-----------------------------------------------------

( 5)
6
(5)
88
1
4
(5)

-

98
2

'

After 20 years of service
1 week_____________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------

(5)
6
(5)
62
3
29
( 5)

_

_

8

2

2
17

_

_

3

3

-

-

-

-

62

69

52

40

_

-

-

-

30

29

29

57

66
7
24

*

-

“

“

■

6

2

2
16

3

-

-

-

-

-

23

45
1
36

-

-

75

77
2

-

-

55
1
29
"

"

After 25 years of service
1 we ek------- --------- ------ ----------------------- — —— —— —
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------

(5)
4
(5)
33
1
61
1

_
44
2
49
“

-

75

_

22

22

1
13

-

-

-

36
2
48

85

15
-

63
1
21

14
-

77

3
20
3
60
5
4

'

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths of
service. Typical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
4 Includes data for real estate, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0.5 percent.
,
f
,
6 Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time b a sis; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for p rog ressio n s. F o r example, the changes in
proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 y ears.
Estimates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or m ore
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Boston, M ass., October 1963)1
6
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll w o rk e rs________________________________________

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public »
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

94

96

100

98

86

97

80

95

56

62

83

51

50

47

50

75

88

97

68

92

55

82

All
4
industries

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

97

100

93

93

86

62

63

79

62

52

68

93

96

91

78

93

82

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W o rk ers in establishments providing:
Life in su ran ce_________________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 5__________________________
Sickness and accident in s u ra n c e ________
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting period) ___________________________
Sick leave (p artia l pay or
waiting p e r io d )________ __________________
Hospitalization in s u r a n c e ___ ________________
Surgical insurance ____________________________
M edical in su ran ce____________________________
Catastrophe in s u ra n c e _______________________
Retirement pension
______
No health, insurance, or pension p la n _____

38

60

24

27

48

22

43

74

88

33

51

69

63

64

75

82

57

39

55

70

20

7

31

45

32

38

4

2

6

6

35

-

-

12

7

41

13

15

3

88
88
79
70
84
( 6)

97
97
92
63
88
1

55
55
39
80
81

96
93
86
71
70

75
73
70
28
70

96
96
84
86
92
( 6)

59
54
43
46
71
1

87
85
76
33
74
1

96
96
86
37
81
( 6)

61
61
46
75
86

92
90
80
47
72
3

76
75
74
10
74
1

81
75
64
18
33
8

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workm en's compensation, social security, and railroad
retirem ent.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.
4 Includes data for r e a l estate, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans a re limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis a re excluded.
6 L ess than 0.5 percent.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

B ILLE R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records a s
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classifie d by type of machine, a s follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine). U ses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ss ist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills a s part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W involves posting and balancing
ork
subsidiary Ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct c la ss B ac ­
counting clerks.
C lass B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b a sis among several
workers.
CLERK, FILE
C lass A, In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, c la ssifie s and indexes file material
such a s correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly c lassified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical task s required
to maintain and service files.
C lass C, Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers 9
orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sh eets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C lass A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

O FFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such a s sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued

making phone c alls; handling personal and important pr confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. U ses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c alls. May record toll c alls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act a s receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts a s receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work a s part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines a s the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignm ents typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B 9 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such a s legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C lass A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistic al
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class BmPerforms one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
ic ies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

27

PR O FE SSIO N AL AND T E C H N IC A L

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a s s is t subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s,
etc., to sc a le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such a s those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and tru sses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistan t). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. U ses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assistin g in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. U ses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

M AIN T EN A N C E AND PO W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casin gs, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves, most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

E L E C T R IC IA N , M AINTENANCE

H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE T R A D E S

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of le sse r skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assistin g journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled task s as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such a s steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants andcutting and lubricating o ils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

M ACHINIST, M A IN TEN A N C E—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
in stalls machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stre sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools a s wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various siz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C ontinued

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tinu ed

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles a s required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, g ages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication a s well a s of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

C U ST O D IA L AN D M AT E R IA L MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER F IL L E R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

82

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver*salesmen and over-tbe-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classifie d by type of
truck, a s follows:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c lassified by size
and type of equipment, a s follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b a sis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1963»

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A d irecto ry indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402,
or fro m any of the BLS region al sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin
number

A rea

Bulletin
number

P r ic e

A rea

Akron, O hio_______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N. Y --------------------T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ____________________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a . — J________
N.
Atlanta, G a _______________________________________
B altim ore, Md 1__________________________________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T e x ____________________
P
Birm ingham , A l a ____ -__________-________________
B oise, Id a h o______________________________________
Boston, M a s s 1
____________________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1385-16

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

M iam i, F l a _______________________________________
Milwaukee, W is 1
_________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n 1
____________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ic h _____________
Newark and Jersey C ity, N. J ___________________
New Haven, Conn_________________________________
New Orleans , L a 1________________________________
New Y ork , N. Y 1_________________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a 1
___________________________________
Oklahoma City, O k la ____________________________

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

_____________________________________
Buffalo, N. Y 1
Burlington, V t 1
___________________________________
Canton, O h io______________________________________
Charleston, W. V a _______________________________
Charlotte, N. C ___________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a __________________________
G
Chicago, 1111______________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y______________________________
K
C leveland, Ohio _________________________________
Columbus, O h io 1
_________________________________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-1 1
1345-28

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N e b r. —
Iowa1
_____________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J__________________
P
Philadelphia, P a .- N . J 1
__________________________
Phoenix, A r i z ____________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine _________________________________
Portland, Oreg. — ash___________________________
W
Providen ce—
Paw tucket, R. I . — a s s 1____________
M
Raleigh, N. C1
_____________________________________
Richmond, V a ______________ ______________________

1385-14
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1345-24
1345-7 3
1345-70
1385-7
1345-19

D allas, T e x _______________________________________ 1385-15
Davenport—
Rock Island— o lin e, Iowa— 1 ________ 1385-12
M
11
Dayton, O h io______________________________________ 1345-35
D enver, C o lo _____________________________________ 1345-32
Des M oines, Io w a ________________________________ 1345-42
D etroit, M ic h 1
____________________________________ 1345-47
_________________________________ 1345-27
F o rt Worth, T e x 1
Green Bay, W is __________________________________ 1385-4
G reen ville, S. C __________________________________ 1345-68
Houston, T e x _____________________________________ 1345-82

25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Rockford, 111______________________________________
St. Louis, M o . - I l l 1______________________________
Salt Lake City, U tah 1
____________________________
San Antonio, T e x 1________________________________
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C a lif1
_____
San D iego, C a lif-------------------------------------------San Fran cisco—
Oakland, C a lif1__________________
Savannah, Ga _____________________________________
Scranton, P a 1
_____________________________________
Seattle, W a sh 1
____________________________________

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25

Indianapolis, Ind_________________________________
Jackson, M is s ____________________________________
Jacksonville, F l a 1
________________________________
Kansas City, M o .—
Kans__________________________
Law rence— averh ill, M a s s .— H ______________
H
N.
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A r k ______________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif 1
________________
L o u is v ille , K y .-In d 1
_____________________________
Lubbock, T e x _____________________________________
M anchester, N. H ________________________________
M em phis, T e n n __________________________________

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak______________________________
South Bend, In d __________________________________
Spokane, W ash 1__________________________________
_____________________________________
Toledo, O h io 1
Trenton, N. J 1____________________________________
Washington, D .C .— d .— a 1
M
V _____________________
W aterbury, C on n ________________________________
W aterloo, Io w a 1
__________________________________
Wichita, Kans_____________________________________
W o rcester, M a s s ________________________________
York, P a __________________________________________

1345-13
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1345-16
1345-49
1345-20
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

20
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
20
20

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




P ric e
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20
30
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
25 cents
20 cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
20 cents

25 cents
20 cents

25 cents

25 cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102