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I Occupational Wage Survey
OMAHA, NEBRASKA—IOWA
OCTOBER 1963

B u l l e t i n No. 1 3 8 5 - 1 4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
OMAHA, NEBRASKA-IOWA




O CTO BER 1963

B u lle tin N o. 13 8 5 *1 4
January 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ctague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 25 cents




P r e fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for
metropolitan area labor markets, for economic regions,
and for the United States.
A major consideration in the
program is the need for greater insight into (a) the m ove­
ment of wages by occupational category and skill level,
and (b) the structure and level of wages among labor m ar­
kets and industry divisions.

1
Wage trends for selected occupational groups------------------Tables:
1.

2.

A:
A preliminary report and an individual area bul­
letin present survey results for each labor market studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for
a round of surveys, a two part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the labor markets
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in­
formation which has been projected from individual labor
market data to relate to economic regions and the United
States.

B:

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area.
Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in m ost of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, in October 1963.
It was prepared
in the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin
Glick, under the direction of Kenneth Thorsten. The study
was under the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.




4

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied------------------------------ -------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods________
Occupational earnings :*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women-----------------------A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women____________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations--------------A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___
Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women
office w ork ers----------------------------------------------------B -2 . Shift differentials--------------------------------------------------B -3 . Scheduled weekly hours---------------------------------------B -5 .
B -6 .
B -7 .

Appendix:

Paid vacations-------------------------------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension plans___________
Paid sick le a v e ------------------------------------------------------

Occupational descriptions---------------

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Omaha area, are also available for building construc­
tion, printing, local-transit operating employees, and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

m

3
3
5
7
8
9

10

12
13
14
15

16
18
19

21




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y —O m a h a , N e b r — Iow a
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy ,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "oth er" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of die following contributions.
9 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least die
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
minimum number of days of sick leave that could be expected by each employee. Such a plan
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
diifts during die 12 months prior to die survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
excluded.
late shifts.




3

Table 1. Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa,
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Transportation, com m unication, and
R etail trade----- ----------------------------------------- ---------------- ---F inance, insurance, and rea l estate
S ervices 8

Number o f establishments

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope o f study

Within
8cope o f
study3
377

50
*
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

A ll division s_______________________________________________
Manufactur ing-------------- --------------- --------- ---------- ------ ------------

by m ajor industry d iv isio n ,2 Ocotber 1963

T otal4

O ffice

Plant

128

77,600

17.200

46.100

52.150

118
259

48
80

30, 300
47, 300

3, 200
14, 000

22, 700
23,400

22, 090
30, 060

42
57
77
41
42

21
13
22
13
11

16,900
5,300
12,600
7,700
4 ,800

4, 700

7,800
(6)
(6)

0
0

(J)

<I>

(6)

(6)

T otal4

14,410
1,430
7,610
4,930
1,680

1 The Omaha Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Douglas and Sarpy Counties, N ebr.; and Pottawattamie County, Iowa. The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estim ates shown
in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of
com p a rison with other em ploym ent indexes for the area to measure em ploym ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably
in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and m otion p icture theaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, p rofession a l, and other w orkers excluded fro m the separate o ffice and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. Omaha's gas and e le ctric utilities are m unicipally operated and are excluded by definition fro m the scope of
the study.
4 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a il industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and fo r " a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this d ivision is not m ade fo r one or m ore of the following rea son s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not d e sig n ed . initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possib ility of d isclosu re of individual estab­
lishm ent data.
7 W orkers fro m this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but fro m the rea l estate portion only in
estim ates fo r "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation of data fo r this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 H otels; personal s e r v ic e s ; business serv ices; automobile repair shops; m otion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and architectural s e rv ice s.




Table 2. Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected p eriod s, Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa
Index
(October 1960*100)
Industry and occupational group
October 1963

P ercents of increase
October 1962
to
O ctober 1963

October 1961
to
October 1962

October I960
to
O ctober 1961

A ll industries:
Skilled maintenance (men)— — — — — — — — — — — — —
—
Unskilled plant (men)

108.8
107.0
110.3
111.8

2.2
3.6
2.9
4.1

3.6
1.6
2.6
2.0

2.7
(M
4.4
5.3

108.4
(*)
111.1
110.5

1.6
(‘ )
2.7
4.4

3.4
<M
3.7
2.1

3.2
(*)
4.3
3.7

Manuf actur ing:
Skilled maintenance (men)— — — — —— — — — —
—
Unskilled plant (men) — — — — — — — — — — —
— —
Data do not meet publication criteria .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B , and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

"$35“
and
s a .
(Standard) under
(Standard)
$40

“VBT " W ~

$55

$6o

$65

170“

$50

“
_
"

_
-

*
-

“
.
-

1
1

5
5

_

_

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140
and

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

over

7

$45

$75 “ $80

11
3
8
4
2

23

17
2
15
5
2

5

13

17
5
3

12
8
4

M en

40.0 $102.50
40.0
116.50
40.5
97.50
40.0
82.50
40.0
74.00

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B _______ ___ __
N on m anufacturing__ ___ _______________

128
50
78
55
37

C le r k s , o r d e r ____________________________
N onm anufacturing _______ __________ _

70
53

40.0
40.0

87.50
85.50

O ffic e b o y s _______________________________
N on m anufacturing----------------------- --------

44
37

40.0
40.0

64.00
64.00

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A __________________________________
N on m anufacturing__ _____ _____ ______

47

40.0
40.0

104.50
103.50

_

_
“

_

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A ____________
M an u factu rin g______ __ ___- _____ —-----N onm an u factu rin g----------------- -------------

S
o

Tabulating -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,

-

-

6
6

12
12

-

14

14
14

1
1

2

_

_

-

1

3
3

_'

U

_
“

_
”

12
12

87
64

40.0
40.0

92.50
90.00

B illers, machine (billing machine) -----Nonmanufacturing__________________

49
47

40.0
40.0

62.00
62.00

“

3
3

5
5

8
8

2
2

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class A _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________

64
44

-3 9 A ..
39.5

88.50
89.50

_
“

_
"

_
“

_
“

“

_
-

2
2

8
8

17
17

43
43

52
43

-

_
-

-

•

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

7
6
5

6

5
3

8
3
5
1

-

1
7
2

-

“
-

5
4

11

1

6

8
8

6
5

6
3

9
5

2
1

1

.
“

7
7

2
2

_

.

!

12
7

3
3

_

_
■

N onm an u factu rin g__ _____ _________ __

-

3

1

5
4

6
3

20
16

9

■

2
2

4
4

_

7
7

3
3

12
6

20
18

22
15
7

15
15

7
4

5
4

7
2

14
13

1

-

-

20
19

9
5

3

.

“

-

3
1

9
7

3
3

2

4
4

8
1
7
2

26
2
24

58
6
52
37

49
25
24
1
1

28
2
26
12
12
17
14

34
5
29
5
44
7
37
4
4
16
16

30
9
21
5
13
8
5

.
-

.
-

.
-

9
7
2
25
14
11
1

4

4
1
3
17
4
13
6

2
2
2
3

_

1
1

_
-

7
2
5
1

7
4
3
1

3
1
2
1

10
7
3
1

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

5

---- T “
_

13
12

3
1

4
3

2

-

7

!

6

2

2

2

1

“

~

2
2

-

4
4

-

2
2

2

_
_
-

2

2

m

1

■

4
2
2

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

■

"

“

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

1
1

14
2

ii

W om en

Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B _______________________
Nonmanufacturing___________
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A _____
M an u factu rin g_________________
Nonm anufacturing . . . __ _________
Pu blic u tilities 2 ____________

Clerks, accounting, class B ________
Manufacturing___________ ________
Nonmanufacturing_______________
Clerks, file, class A _______________
Nonmanufacturing_______________
C lerks, file, class B _______________
Nonmanufacturing_______________
Clerks, file, class C _______________
Nonmanufacturing_______________
Clerks, o r d e r __________________
Manufacturing_______________
Nonmanufacturing___________
Clerks, p a y ro ll_________________
Manufacturing_________ ______
Nonmanufacturing___________
Public utilities 2___________
See footnotes at end of table.




175
152

39.0
39.0

63.50
62.50

247
54
193
60
372
88
284
41
39
193
181
320
309
83
59
44
136
60
76
26

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

88.50
86.50
89.00
91.00
70.50
75.00
69.00
87.00
87.00
66.50
66.50
58.50
58.50
76.50
72.50
80.00
80.50
82.00
80.00
89.00

.

-

-

2
2

-

-

__
■

n

-

31

69

15

12
1
11

28

54

81
16
65

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
21
21

20
18
170
163

21
21

53
50

34
31

56
52

8
8

26
-

3

9
6
3
1

3
2
1
5

19
19
12

-

10
3
7

10
2
8
2

19
5
14
2

15
-

-

3

-

.

-

-

•
1

-

2

-

5

1

IS

lb

2
12
9
3

“

27

-

2

2
11
7
4
3

x

18
3
15
3
3
3
3

-

15
1
14
2

9
8

8
5
3
8
7

-

-

44
44
20
4
16
17
12
5

1

-

-

-

-

29
11
18
4
2
2

11

6

11
2

5
1

8
3
5
2

2

-

1

_
.
-

3
3

_
-

-

-

_

i

X

_
_
-

_
_

-

-

_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_
_
_
-

-

-

_

.

.
_
_
-

_
_

_
.
_
-

5
2
3
5

1
1

1
1

2
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

3

6
1
5

4
1
3

3
2
1

_
_

3

3

3

1

-

2

_

_
_

-

.

_
_

-

_
_
_
_

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

Atbsaos
$35
Weekly, W
eekly . and
hours 1 earnings
(Standard) (Standard) under
$40

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F$70
$75
$80
$85
$90
$95 $100 $105 $110 $115

$40

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$125

$130

$135

$140

ov er

and
$110 _$115

$100

$105

21
6
13

5
4
1

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

-

-

21
1
20
1
1

-

_
-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
2
4
-

20
7
13
-

7
1
6
1
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

$120

W om en— Continued
213
89
124

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$83. 00
83. 50
83. 00

_
-

.
-

1
1

2
2

4
4

22
6
16

23
6
17

17
9
8

17
13
4

34
2l
13

12
8
4

8
8
-

43
6
37

31
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

63. 50
64.0 0

-

-

3
3

6
6

3

13
10

1
-

-

_
-

-

-

3
3

2
2

158
32
126

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

80. 50
80. 50
80. 50

_
36
2
34

_
60
10
50

21
4
17

24
10
14

15
7
8

5
2
3

7
5
2

22
1
21

6 5.00
70. 00
63. 00

_
1
1

22
2
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_
“

21
21

259
57
202

_
-

58
11
47

42
11
31

30
10
20

13
3
10

4

t
2

3
1
2

6
1
5

4
4

84
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

61.00
6o7oo

16
14

20
20

30
25

5
3

-

2
2

1
~

4
4

_

-

4
4

_

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

565
131
434
106

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

95.
98.
95.
96.

_
-

2
.
2
-

l
-

32
7
25
1

48
7
41
6

66
16
50
12

74
16
58
15

47
4
43
20

48
17
31
9

84
23
61
24

29

1
-

15
1
14
-

17
3

34
7
27
4

39
9
30
10

4 0 .0
39. 5
4 o! 0
4 0 .0

74. 00
73. 00
74! 00
7 8.00

_
-

_
-

373
70
303
189

_
-

2

6

12

17
4
13
12

5
1
4
4

22
2
20
20

3
3

1
1

_
-

Stenographers, sen ior
M anufacturing
_
Nonmanufacturing_____________________

238
84
154

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

91. 50
87.50
94. 00

12
-

38
Q
7
29
20

2

6
_
-

77
11
66
44

-

2
-

71
18
53
40

1

_
-

69
13
56
23

3

_
-

48
12
36
20

12
2
10
1
-

3
3

8
7
1

7
4
3

21
9
12

27
9
18

20
8
12

55
34
21

15
5
10

62
6
56

18
2
16

2
2

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
-

Switchboard op era tors
Nonm anufacturing

137
118

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

65. 50
64. 00

12
12

19
18

10
5

3
3

12
10

14
12

8
2

6
4

12
12

7
6

2
2

_
-

166
55
111

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

66. 50
70. 00
64. 50

6
6
-

6
6

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ------M anufacturing
N onm anufaeturing----------------------

20
20
-

12
12

31
10
21

9
9

39
13
26

6
2
4

18
4
14

22
13
9

9
7
2

10
3
7

7
1
6

1
1
-

1
1

1
1
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

.
-

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s B
N onm anufacturing

35
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

85. 00
85.00

*

-

-

*

2
2

-

6
6

5
5

1
1

4
1

-

3
2

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C
N onm anufacturing.____ __ _________ ___

49
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3.00
7 2.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

11
11

4
4

8
8

1
1

1
-

6
6

2
1

2
1

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

229
46
183

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

75. 50
73. 50
76. 00

-

-

-

21

19
6
13

30
8
22

9
1
8

-

-

-

-

9

19
2
17

-

21

20
2
18

-

-

47
13
34

1
1

-

17
4
13

1
1

-

19
8
11

9

M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing...,,........... ... _________

17

Nonm anufacturing____ ________________

218
171

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7.50
78. 00

-

-

-

4
4

43
43

24
19

28
18

46
17

20
18

2
2

5
4

9
3

17
1
16

.

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Com ptom eter op erators
M anufacturing.
N onm anufacturing
D uplicating-m ach ine o p erators
(M im eograph o r Ditto)
N onmanuf actur ing
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing-------------------------------Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B
...
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing..________ __________
O ffice g ir ls _
Nonm anufacturing---------S e creta ries
_ ---M anufacturing
---Nonmanufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2

---------- _
_ _

_

Stenographers, general
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2

50
00
00
00

_
"

-

it

_

_

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs,

T y p is ts , cla s s B
M a n u fa c t u r in g

----------------------

427
39
388

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39. 5

59. 50
6 7.00
58. 50

.

_

-

-

1

17

-

-

-

17

156
1
155

73
10
63

88
12
76

49
5
44

14
4
10

&

-

-

24
24
1
1

17
-

22
22
1
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
A n u oi

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Weekly.
Weekly .
hours1 earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OP—

$70
$65
and
under
$75
$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

12
1

11
6

17
2

13
6

20

6
3

9

5

4

6

6

1

t

*

1

7
-

~

3
2

3

1

2

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

Men
Draftsmen, senior
_ _
Manufacturing __ ___
_

_

Draftsmen, junior
X ia n n fa r*4*m*4*ig

138
37

40.0
40.0

$123.00
117.50

44
29

40.0
40.0

40.0

100.00

_

.

_

_

"

"

■

"

11
10

8

2

93.00
90.50

27

_
~

_

.

4
4

■

21
5

6

10
7

4
j

3
-----2

6

4

3

1

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered)----------- —

_

_

_

4

5

_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage s tra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ctober 1963)

Number
of
worker.

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly .
earnings
(Standard)

N ber
um
of
w
orker*

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Average
w kly ,
ee
earning*
(Standard)

$66 .00
6 6.06

71
1 '51
175
152

63. 50
62. 50

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A — — --------- -----------------M anufacturing.._____ -___ —----------— -------------- --—

375
104
271
83

93.50
9 8 .0 0
91. 50
94. 50

427
166
321

72. 00
79. 50
69. 50

C lerk s, file , cla s s A _______________________________
Nnnmaniifartiiring-------------------------------------------------

42
40

8 8 .0 0
87. 50

C lerk s, file , c la s s B —_________ __________________ —
Nonm anufacturing________________________________

196
184

66. 50
--- AA D
ft
OO. K
U

rUvIra fila . rl,DO r.
M^nmannfartiiring

.... .

320
309

58. 50
58. 50

C le rk s , o r d e r _____ _________ _______________________
M anufacturing____________________________________

153
56
97

8 1.50
79. 00
83. 00

158
------64—
94
37

82. 00
84. 00
8 1.00
8 7.00

$83 .50
64. oo
83.00

it

64.50
63766

161
32
129
46

81.00
80.50
81. 00
92.50

263
57
206

65. 50
70. 00
64.00

128
109
30
594
131
463
123

PI avItOj payrnll
N AnTn9r il^a

n^

Nonmanufacturing
Keypunch nppratnrs, c la s s A
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing

----------

oypiyncli nparatnrs r c la s s R
M anufacturing
TMonmamifacturing

.........
....-

O ffice boys and g ir ls _
Nonmanufacturing
pu h lir
^

—
- —

Uamifartnri'n|i
N onm anufacturing...

Average
w
eekly .
earning* 1
(Standard)

95. 50
98.0 0
95.00
98.00

384
70
314
200

75.00
73. 00
75. 00
79.00

240
84
156

91.50
87. 50
94.00

137
116

166
Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s __________________
M anufacturing-------------------------------- -------------------- ----- -------55“
ill
N onm anufacturing
T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A --------------------

53
------ 55—

$65. 50
— 6 4 .6 6
66. 50
" 76."56
64. 50
105. 00
1044 56

122
T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B— — -----------—
M anufacturing.______ _______________________________ ------ 27
95
Nonm anufacturing____________ —— -------- ------------------

90. 00
96.5 0
O CA
Q
O e 3V
O

T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s C— — ------------Nonmanufacturing
_
-------- . . .

67
57

7 4 .5 0
73750

T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s , g en eral
M anufacturing------------------------------------------------------- —
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------

230
46
184

75. 50
73. 50
7 6 .0 0

21 Q
ttl'7
172

77 50
7 8 .5 0

431
43
388

59. 50
67 . 50
58. 50

M anufacturing___—
----------------------------------------------------

138
37

123.00
117. 50

D raftsm en, ju n io r ____________________________ . _______
_
M anufacturing
------

46
29

9 2 .0 0
90. 50

N u rses, industrial (r e g is te r e d )-----------------------------------

27

100.00

75. 50
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing...-----—---------------------- —------------- —
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations

Stenographers, general
— ---- .
----- —
M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------^nnmaniifar.tnring
_
P u blic utilities 2_
M anufacturing
..
Nnnmaniifartnring ...... .

_

Earnings relate to regu lar straigh t-tim e w eekly s a la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkweeks,
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public u tilitie s.




—
—

Switchboard o p e r a to r s ------------------------------- ------------- ----Nonm anufactur ing__________________________________

6 2 .0 0
/ 1 50
Ole SA

85. 50
56

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B — — ------Nonm anufacturing________ ________________ — - — -

C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs-------------- ------- -------- ------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing

217
92
125

32

57
55

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )-----------— ----------N onm anufacturing------------------ ------- —---------------------

Number
of
w
orker*

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

. .

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division. Omaha. Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Nnm
bar
ot
im k n

$1.70 $1.80 W 5 o $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 "$2750 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $ T ? 0 W s o $ 3 ^ 0 $3770 $5.80 $ 3 ^ r $ o ? r $4.16
•sreinsi

Under and
$1.70 under
$1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 *3.50 $3.60 $3.70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10 $4.20

Carpente r s, maintenanc e _____________

Electricians, iwainten»np.e-------------------

99

112

3.20
3.24

T tt
Engineer s t stationary
____
177
Manufacturing------- - ------------ ----- — — r r r ~

4

2

-

2

-

2.59

4

2

2

51

2.54
Z766

40

Machinists, maintenance______________
Manufacturing-------------------------

73
71

Mechanics, automotive
(maintenance)
__
327
------ 7T ~
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing______ ___________
256
Public utilities 2 _
249
211

Millwrights--------------------------------- ---------

Oilers
_
_
_
Manufacturing-------

2
1
1

-

3

3

3.01
5.62

86
&6

12
3

7

22
18
4

11
1
10

8

6

6

23
16
7

5
5
2

20

11

3

8

1

11

3

7
-

!
j

2

3.18
3.20

Y51

Manufacturing __

-

3

2.32

3.01
2.72
3.09
3.11

4
4

l

2.80

Manufacturing ______________________

1

60

1

65

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

"

-

"

-

j

3
}

$2.86
—X 2 3

3

-

-

6

-

6
6

34
6
28
28

6
6

3
-

-

28
25
3
3

_

_

"

“

1
”

10
16

6
6

4
4

16
16

'

-

-

2.75
2/79

Painters, maintenance.
a rfii fi n g

43
jo

2.94
J.15

Pipefitters,
Maniifartii ri n g

57
45
28
28

-

1
-

_

_ .

7

— 4“

-

6
6

_

1
I

l

1

l

l
I
11
5

T o o l an d d i e m a k e r s

M&mif Artni*ing

100
166 "

1 Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




40
46

27
1?
10

13
1 5 ''

_

15
1
8

9
4
5

6
6

5
5

4

7
1

5
5

_

12
~n

8
5

-

1
1

36
56

4
4

3
3

12

15

i r

“ TS

2

7
7 '

4
4

* .

3

_

-

_

_

_

_

"

"

“

-

-

-

4
12
12

2
1

8
8

5
5

21

1

-

4
4

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

.
_
-

-

70
70

_
-

_
_

4
-

88
4
84
84

_
_

1
1

26
9
17
17

1
1

10
10

30
4
26
26

4

.

70

ll

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
~

12
12

5
5

12
*

46
46

22

29
29

31
51

_

_

_

_

■

-

1
1

_

11

10
16

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

72
72

7
7

6
5
1

_

10
10

•

8
~ 8“
_

42
3
— T ~ ~TT~

“

13
15

2

1
1

_

4
4

4
4

12

3
3

7

5

-

_

30
30

1

2
2

23
25

i

3.17
5.17

15
15'

15
15

3.20
3.20

2

1
1

11
11

6

3.18

Sheet-metal w orkers, maintenance _____

1
1

5
5

3.20
3.20

___
---------83
-------------------- — v r ~

2
2

5

—“7— — 5— — 5—

1
1"

24
18
— - ir -

_

6

_

_

5
5

14
1" I T

12

~TT~

9
9

•

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)

Elevator o p e r a to r s , p assenger
(w om en ).. ____ ____ _____ ________
Nonmanufactur ing— —------- —------------------

97

—

w

$0.90
....... . 89

6
6

42
42

-

-

-

-

30
30

9
9

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guards and w a tch m e n ____________ _____
M anufacturing_____
.
______
G uards _ . __ __
_ —
___
W atchm en _____________________________
N onm anufacturing... _____________________

327
115
66
49
212

1.77
2. 21
2. 53
1.79
1. 52

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(men) _______________ _____________________
M anufacturing_______________________
N onmanufa ctur ing___________________
P u blic u tilities 3_________________

613
286
327
97

1. 85
2. 13
1. 60
2.01

Jan itors, p o r t e r s , and clea n ers
(wom en)___ _ _______ ____
..
_
M anufacturing_____ ___ . . . ___
Nonmanufacturing
.. ..
P u blic u tilities 3_________________

224
1.47
zr~ — t t t t
1. 42
196
1. 86
39

—

$0. 60 $0. 70 $0. 80 $0. 90 $ 1.00 $ 1. 10 $ 1. 20 $1. 30
and
under
$0. 70 $0. 80 $0. 90 $ 1. 00 $ 1. 10 $ 1. 20 $1. 30 $1. 40

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling---------------Manufacturing __ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing___________________
Pu blic u tilities 3
_ ____

1,204
594
610
396

2 .4 4
2. 28
2. 59
2. 83

O rder f i l l e r s . . . ___________________ _____
Manufactur ing_____________ _________
N onmanu fa c tu r ing______________ __ __

587
137
450

.

213
156
57

2. 29
2. 34
2. 15

P a ck e rs , shipping (w om en )____________
Manufactur ing.____ __________________

111
83

2 .0 5
2.21

-

.
-

. . . .
_ ...

R eceiving c le r k s ___
_
_ .....
Nonmanufa ctur ing______________ __ __
Shipping c lerk s
N onm anufacturing___________________
Shipping and rece ivin g c le r k s _______
Nnnmarmfarhirinjr

See footnotes at end o f table.




58
------- 45“

-

-

~

■

•

2
2

19
19

7

-

-

-

9

7

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

5
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

2. 28
2. 33
2. 27

P a c k e r s , shipping (m en)__
M anufacturing.
...
Nonmanufacturing

-

-

_

.

9

3
6
3 — 5“

4^
O

Average
hourly ,
earning* ‘

$1. 50 $ 1. 60 $1. 70 $ 1. 80 £5790 $2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $ 2 .4 0 $2750 $2750 $2770 $2785 $2793 $2753 $2715

(Ji
O

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worker*

O ccu p ation 1 and industry divisio n

$ 1. 60 $1. 70 $ 1. 80 $ 1.90 $2. 00 $2. 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2.40 $2. 50 $ 2. 60 $2. 70 $2. 80 $2 .9 0 $3. 00 $3. 10 ov er

and

_

1
-

12
67

3
64

2
28

5
1

3
3

2
4

10
4

-

-

-

8

7

7

67
9
58

45
3
42

11
5
6

61
14
47
9

41
24
17
5

20
6
14
8

24
12
12
7

31
24
7
6

60
31
29
20

20
9
11
7

53
19
34
31

52
49
3
2

42
6
36
9

7

8

4
2
2
-

1
1
-

-

20

-

-

20
20

67
3

106

16
-----2“
13
106
3
5
-

30
2

6
5

6
3

2. 57
2 .69
2 .4 5

89
62
27

2. 28
2. 27
2. 31

6
2

2
-

8
-

4
— T~
2
-

—

-

8
-

5
— 3“
2
2

10
3
3

9
2
2

8
5
5

22
17
17

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

10

-

3

5

7
7
-

74
74
-

4
4

-

6
6
2

1
-----1

5
5

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

-

■

"

1

3
3
3

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

27
18
9

16
14
2

30
23
7

42
39
3

15
i3
2

73
37
36

84
82
2

124
92
32
24

89
11
78
69

25
4
21
19

131
114
17
~

108
32
76
■

31
31
•

52
48
4
“

22
22
“

284
284
284

_
■

.

15

!

4

■

15

30
4
26

20
6
14

23
12
11

9
3
6

23
8
15

58
1
57

10
10
“

47
15
32

15
1
14

59
59

130
21
109

115
46
69

28
10
18

.
“

_
■

.
"

.
“

12
8
4

j
1
-

3
3

16
16
-

57
57
-

49
29
20

.
-

.
-

_
-

.
-

5
5

46
46

.

.
“

_

.

.
"

4

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

.
-

2
2

5
1
4

2
2
"

10
4
6

21
26

5
5
“

.
-

7
4
3

5
5

.
-

18
6
12

_

_

.

_

_

_

6

.

2
2

13
1*

37
15

.1
1

1
1

.

.
"

_

1

1

•

1
1
1 — r~
_

14
14
14

13
8
5

*

_

23
13
13

26
6
20

■

_

-

15
14
10
4

"

12
12

2. 40
2. 37

69
34
35

14
10

4
4
2
2
“

79
12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

.

.

1
1

.
7
1

2
2

7
8
— F~ T ~

_
12
l2

11
4
7
14
13
1

_

_

_

~

•

"

10
2
6
10 — T~ — T~
4
4
7
&

10
4
6

4

13
9
4

12
12

2
2

"
j

5
5

3
5
3 ----- T~

9
8

"

9
1
8

_

.

4

.

3
3

“

■

4

■

■

12
2
10

3
2
1

24
20
4
4
4

2
2

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry divisio n

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4 . . __
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing

_
------_

T r u c k d riv e r s , ligh t (under
lVz tons)
M anufacturing
_
N onm anufacturing
__

Number
of
worken

Average $0.60 $0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $ 1.00 $ 1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2^40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 1 ^ 9 0 $3.00 $3.10
hourly 2 and
earning*
and
under
$0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $ 1.00 $ 1.10 $ 1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 over

1,316
461
855
309

$2.44
2 .50"
2.40
2. 72

164
--------55“
129

5
5

23
23

14
5
9

31
1
30

6
5

73
14
59

13
7
6

-

5

17

5

17

7
5
2

1
1
“

11
6
5

17
17

-----7
—

”

30

-

30

-

53
14
39
-

-

-

-

-

-

2.03
"T. 64”
2 .03

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

7

"

-

-

-

■

-

-

-

-

6
-

7
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

• -

-

-

-

94
80
14

99
65
34
2

124
25
99
52

160
83
77
9

19
5
14
1

97
57
40
3

80
80

91
89
2

188
8
180
180

-

13
5
26
— z ~ — 3~ — T~
24
3
9

16
4
12

13
1
12

4
3
1

3
2
1

1
1
“

5
2
3

“

1
1
"

12
12

“

72
4
68
62

-

-

22
8
14
"

103
6
97
50

42
6
36
-

2
1
1
1

34
34
-

-

-

-

87
85
2
-

131
131
131

-

12
12

8
8

7
7
1

16
16

107
75
32

_
-

45
----- T
37
37

48

-

4
4

38
38

57
56

1

8

1

27
19

31
31
“

6
6

44
20
24

51
38
13

58
58

11
11

11
2
9

600
163
437
244

2.48
2 .68
2.40
2. 67

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
t r a ile r type)
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing________________
'PiiKlic u tilities 3

336
142
194
38

2 .60
2. 50
2.67
3.00

187

278
194
84

2.46
2 .44
2. 51

113
85
28

2. 50
2 .55
2. 37

6

2.32
2.40

T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (o v e r 4 ton s,
othar than tr a ile r typa)
------

T r u c k e r s , pow er (oth er than
fo rk lift)
M anufacturing
N rin m a n iifa p tiiriT ig

1
2
3
4

3
“

“

“

“

“

“

“

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




38
6
32

-

T r u c k d riv e r s , m ediu m ( l 1 to and
/*
including 4 tons)
M anufacturing------------------------------N onm anufacturing_____ __________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 1
3______________
2

T r u c k e r s , pow er (fork lift)
Marmfacttvring
N onm anufactur ing

145
8
137
62

"

“

3

3
3

6
“

6

5
5
-

6
-

6
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

40
” 35“
2

-

15
15
“

18
18
"

2
2

8
8

6

-

l

-

-

l

1

15

24

-

18
18
"

14

24

10
4

11
1
10

6

6
-

6

2
15
Z” — T~
13

80
80

-

16

20
20

_
-

_

3
3

26

-

_

_

■

~

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

12

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
e inexperienced women office workers, Omaha, Nebr.—
rf
Iowa, October 1963)
Inexperienced typists

Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 1

Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w orkers 2
Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 o f—

A ll
industries

A ll
schedules

40

40

A ll
schedules

40

128

48

XXX

80

XXX

128

48

XXX

80

XXX

45

17

15

28

23

65

22

20

43

35

1
1
2
15
4
5
4
5
2
3
2
.
1
“

.
-

1
•
1
2
13
2
1
2
3
1
1

1
1
1
10
1
1
2
3

2

_

-

-

6
2
21
5
8
5
6
2
3
2
2
1

-

4
2
4
2
4
2
2
1
•

.
4
2
4
2
4
1
1
1
-

2

2
2
4
2
2
2
2
1
.
.
-

.
.
2
2
4
2
2
1
1
1
-

-

-

Establishments having no specified minimum - - ------ —

16

Establishments which did not em ploy w ork ers
in this category

67

Establishm ents studied
Establishments having a specified minimum
$ 4 0 .0 0 a n d u u d a r $ 4 2 - 5 0

________________________________________________

$ 4 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 .5 0

$47.50 and under $50.00
$50.00 and under $52.50
$ 5 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 .0 0

$55.00 and under $57.50
$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0

_ _

$62.50 and under $65.00
$67.50 and under $70.00
$ 7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 .5 0

_______________________

___________

_

__

$72.50 and under $75.00
O v e r $ 7 5 .0 0

__

.

---------------

__

-------------------------

-

1
1

-

-

1
-

10

XXX

6

XXX

33

18

XXX

21

XXX

46

XXX

30

8

XXX

-

1

1

These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




1

2

-

-

6
2
17
3
4
3
2
1
1

3
1
15
2
3
3
2
.
1
l

2
“

2
-

15

XXX

22

XXX

-

13
T ab ic B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe re n tia ls o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount o f d iffe re n tia l,
Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ctob er 1963)
P e rce n t o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs—
Shift differential

In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

86.3

81.1

14.3

Third or other
shift

3.4

With shift pay differential----------------------------------

84.6

79.9

14.2

3.4

Uniform cents (per hour) -------- --------------------

66.1

61.4

9.4

2.5

9.3
1.2
4.8
2.4
20.1
26.7
.
1.6

3.2
.
.
1.5
1.1
17.7
29.2
1.6
5.4
1.6

1.4
.2
.3
.2
4.8
1.9
_
.6

.
.1
.7
1.3
.1
.2
-

18.4

16.7

4.8

.9

2.0
1.7
14.7

2.0
14.7

.5
.4
4.0

.
.9

5 cents
________ _____ _____ ________
6 c e n ts.------ -------------------_ — ------- —
7 l/j cents _____ ________________________ _
8 cents _______________ __ __ _________ ____
8 l /i cents , r- , .., ____ ____ rrr___ T
___r,_ T
_ l—
10 cents
______________ . . . . . . —
12 c e n ts ___ ___________ .
12 Vz cents ________ _____. . . ______
____. . . . . .
15 c e n t s ___ ____________ __
I 9 l h c e n t s ------------------------------------------------U niform p e r c e n t a g e ________________ ________
5 p ercen t
...................... ........... , ..... m
7 p e r c e n t ___________ __ ____________ __ ____
10 p ercen t _____
..
..
.. ..
,
Other fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l----------------- ----With no shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________ ____

-

-

1.7

-

-

1.7

1.2

.1

.1

1
Includes esta b lish m en ts cu rren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l p ro v is io n s co v e rin g late
even though they w e r e not c u rre n tly operating late shifts.




shifts

14
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P ercent distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled w eekly hours
o f firs t-s h ift w ork ers, Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
PLAN T W ORKERS

OFFICE W ORKER8

Weekly hours
A ll industrial1

37 V hours
2
383 hours
/*
40 hours
Over 40 and under 44 hours
44 hours
44 V hours
2
45 hours
48 hours
Over 48 hours

1
2
3
4

Public u tilities1
2

AllindurtriM 3

100

All workers

M anufacturing

100

100

100

(4 )
6
2

86
2
2

__

— ...... ...........

1
1
c>
n

1
2
2

93
1
(4 )

-

99
-

(4)

1

1

-

-

M anufacturing

1
1
74
3
5
<
4)
5
10
1

Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail .trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, rea l estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.




100

2
-

81
4
2

7
3
1

Public utilities 2

100

-

93
3
4
1

15
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P ercent distribution of office and plant w ork ers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
PLANT W ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
A ll industrial1

A ll w orkers

__

_____

Public utilities1
2

A ll industrial3

M anufacturing

Public Utilities2

W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays
W orkers in establishm ents providing
_

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

89

96

95

1

_

n o p aid h o lid a y s

M anufacturing

1

"

11

4

5

_

_

25
8
31
3
31
1

7
-

2
34
3
31
1
16
2

22
5
32
2
32
3

19

Number of days
Tinder 6 h o lid a y s
6 holidays
_
__
_
__ _
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days
7 h o lid a y s .
_
7 holidays plus 2 half days ------ ----- ---------- --- --------8 h o lid a y s
----10 h olid a ys --------------------------------------------------------------

(4 5
)
32
5
54
(4 )
6
(4 )

93
-

(4)
“

_
77

-

“

Total holiday tim e 5
10 days _ __ _
8 d ays o r m o r e
7 days or m o re
6 days or m o re
4 d a ys o r m o r e
3 d ays o r m o r e
1 day o r m o r e

1
2
3
4
5
no half

(4 )

-----

7

66
_ _
—

------ ---------- ----- - - -

98
98

99
99

1
34
74

99
99
99
99

_
(4)
93
100
100
100
100

2
18
52
86

88
88
89

3
37
74
96
96
96
96

-

77
95
95
95
95

Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s, in addition those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
A ll com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the proportion o f w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(Percent distribution o f o ffice and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
p rov ision s, Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ctober 1963)
O
FFIC W R
E O KERS

?
IIS

PLANT W
ORKERS

Vacation policy
A ia a a *
H d sttia

P b atfitiM3
u lic

A !adatfriM
H
4

M rafM riag
w tu

100

All

M rafM riac
u
tu
100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(*)

100
99
1
-

100
99
1
-

99
90
9
-

100
82
18
-

97
95
2
-

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations
Length-of-time paym ent.
Percentage payment
--------------------------Flat-sum payment
Other_____ _____________ ______________- ____
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations.

-

-

-

-

-

<5)

-

3

1
38
5
2

2
26
5
2

1
38
-

12
8
1

25
6
_
1

.
16
-

42
<5)
58

26
74

84
.
16

86
4
9

86
6
7

88
9

6
16
77
<5)

10
3
86
1

3
57
40
-

51
8
40
<5)

54
10
37
-

68
6
21
2

4
1
96
-

9
1
90
.
1

(*)
99
.
-

13
5
78
3
(’ )

11
5
78
6
-

5
5
85
2

5
1
93
.
1

<5)
99
.
-

12
5
79
3
<S)

10
5
79
6
-

5
5
85

7
2
85
3
3

3
84
6
6

6
1
59
1
28
3
2

2
55

Amount of vacation pay*
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
After 1 year of service
1 we«k —
Over 1 and tinder 2 weeks-----------------2 weeks--------------- ------ ----------------------

.—

After 2 years of service
1 week
.
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
3 weeks
After 3 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks

<5)

_

After 4 years of service
1 w eek--------.................
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks — - --------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks

-------------- - —

3
1
96
(5)

_

-

2

After 5 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
- -------- ----------------------------- ,—
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks

.
•
100
-

2
<*)
96
2

2
87

2
(*)
60
1
37
(*)

1

.

-

-

53
.
44
1

87
.
13
.
“

-

10

-

95
-

2

After 10 years of service
1 week
O v m r 1 and under 2 ureelca
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks
See footnotes at end of table.




-

32
6
4

•
79
5
13
..
“

17
Table B-5.

Paid V acations'— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provision s, Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ctober 1963)
PLANT WORKER8

OFFICE WORKERS
V acation p olicy

IfMufMturinc

2
(5)
49
5
44
.
(5)

1
.
29
4

_
.
84

-

-

16
.
-

6
1
49
2
36
3
2

41
2
44
6
4

71
5
22
-

.
1

2
(5)
12
3
83
.
(5)

1
.
4
.
93
.
2

.
.
4
.
96
.
-

6
1
20
.
67
3
3

2
9
.
78
6

.
.
1
.
95
.
2

2
(5)
10
78
1

1
.

.

2
-

4

4

6
1
20
51
1
16
5

f

AUiBdwteiM
4

i

!

ICsaofiM
tariiig

i

All induatriM 3
2
1

Amount o f vacation pay 6— Continued
A fter 12 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 w eek----------------------- ---------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks — _____ ____ __ -____—----------Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks
4 weeks ................................................. —.......

...

2

.

A fter 15 yea rs o f s e rv ice
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------------------ . -------2 weeks
Over 2 and.under 3 w eeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
_ __________________ T
_
3 w e e k s _______________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks
4 w e e k s ____________ _ _____________ ______ _______

4

A fter 20 years of s e rv ice
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks
3 weeks

9

Over 4 weeks

-

_

58
.
37
-

95
.
2
-

1
.

.
.

9

55
24
10

_

.
1
74
5
17
-

A fter 25 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 weeks
3 w eeks
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 W eeks----------------------------------------------------Over 4 weeks

2
(5)
10
43
1
42
2

4

4

36
.
49
10

58
.
39
-

1

.
.

6
1
20
38
•

27
8

2
.
9

36
.
37
16

.
.
1
60
.
37
-

A fter 30 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks
3 w eeks

2
<
5)
10
43
44

Over 4 weeks

2

.
4

4

36
49
10

58
39

6

1
20
38
27
8

2
9
36
37
16

_
.

1
60
37

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation*savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
4 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
or annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or more
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.




18
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions em ployed in establishm ents providing
health, insurance, o r pension benefits, 1 Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLAN T W ORKERS

Type o f benefit
A ll industries

100

2

Publio utilities 3

M anufacturing

Public utilities 3
2
1

All industries 4

100

100

100

100

100

95

M anufacturing

W orkers in establishm ents providing:
94

96

99

87

94

43

48

41

47

50

31

79

87

82

72

88

42

Sickness and accident i n s u r a n c e ------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _
___
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ___

25

55

4

51

66

27

59

44

79

12

2

17

9

17

1

26

43

8

Hospitalization insurance
____ __
Surgical insurance ___ _
M edical insurance
. .
Catastrophe insurance
_ - —
Retirem ent pension _
No health, insurance, or pension p la n ____

87
86
81
75
63
1

80
80
78
48
81
3

76
76
75
98
40
<
6)

76
76
70
41
54
7

77
77
73
27
76
5

85
85
71
82
37
3

A ccidental death and dism em berm ent
in s u ra n ce

Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave o r b oth 5_______________________
6

1 Includes those plans fo r which at least a part o f the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those lega lly required, such as workm en’ s com pensation, s o cia l secu rity, and ra ilroa d retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total o f w orkers receiving sick leave o r sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which d efinitely establish
at least the
minimum number of d a ys’ pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 L ess than 0. 5 p ercen t.




19
T able B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(Percent distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave provision s,
Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, October 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKER8

S ic k le a v e p r o v is io n
All Industrie* 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

67. 5

6 1 .7

79. 5

3 7 .3

44. 1

2 4 .9

3 2 .5

38. 3

20. 5

6 2 .7

5 5 .9

75. 1

U n ifo r m plan ;4
N o w a itin g p e r i o d
__
__ — _ _ _ _ _
F u ll p a y *
_____ __ ________ _ __
5 d a y s ___
__
__
____ _
__ _
6 d a y s ___________________________________
10 d a ys
----------_ . __ ____
12 days
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l p a y __________________
P a r t ia l p a y o n ly
_ __ ____ ______
W aitin g p e r i o d _______ ___
_ _ ___ ___

1 7 .0
15 .7
4 .9
3. 1
5 .8
. 1
1 .3
. 1
2. 1

7 .7
7 .7
4. 5
.9
.9
-

6 .8
5 .2
1. 1
.4
1 .6
-

8. 1
7 .2
.3
3 .8
.4
1. 1
.9
2. 1

.5
.5
.5
-

5 .8
5 .8
3 .6
5 .2

G ra d u ated p la n 4 — A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
N o w a itin g p e r io d
_ _ _ _ _ __ __
F u ll p a y 5_____________ ______________________
5 d a y s _______ _____ ,_____ ^______________
15 d a y s ------------------ ----------- ______________
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l p a y * _ _ _ _ _
5 d a y s __
___
_
____
65 days-^ ------- ,-----------------------------r -----P a r t ia l p a y o n l y ____ _________ ___ __ _______
W aitin g p e r io d
F u ll p a y _
_
______________ ,___________
P a r t ia l p a y o n l y ___________________________

4 1 .9
3 7 .6
2 3 .3
1 1 .6
4. 2
3 .3
.5
. 1
6. 5
3 .6
2 .9

3 6 .7
25. 1
20. 5
1 1 .6
8. 5
2 .5
1 7 .3
2 .0
1 5 .3

7 2 .4
7 1 .8
7 1 .8
.5
.4
.4
-

5 .3
3 .4
1 .9
1. 1
. 1
.7
2 1 .9
1. 5
2 0 .4

2.
1.
1.
41.
41.

5

1 2 .5
11.4
1 1 .4
1. 1
1 .4
1 .4
-

G ra d u ated p la n 4 — A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
N o w a itin g p e r i o d ___ _ __ _
_____
F u ll p a y 5_______ _________ ____ , . ____
1 5 d a y s ---------------------------------- -----------------50 d a y s
65 d a y s _
__
._ ___
F u ll p a y plu s p a r t ia l p a y 5__________ _
15 d a y s __________________________________
A5 d a y s ____. . .
P a rtial pay o n ly __ _______________________
Waiting p e r io d ________ _________________ —__
F ull pay __
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
F ull pay plus p artial pay ---------------------------

4 2 .6
3 2 .3
1 3 .0
1 4 .9
1 .6
1 0 .3
.5
7 .4
5 .8
2 .9
2 .9

3 6 .7
3 0 .9
1 7 .9
8. 5
5 .8
2 .7
3. 1
1 7 .3
2 .0
15. 3

7 2 .4
4 8 .2
4 8 .2

1 9 .7
1. 5

2 8 .9
1. 1

1 2 .5
-

-

-

2 2 .0

3. 1

4 9 .0

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________
W orkers
fo r m a l
W orkers
fo r m a l

in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id s i c k l e a v e __________________________
in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p a id s i c k le a v e ---------------------------------------Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided aaaaally

24. 1
24. 1
-

.4
.4
"

1
1

1
5

-

4. 5
3 .2
1 3 .7
7 .5
.2
7 .2

2 7 .8
1 4 .7
1 4 .7

1 2 .5
1 2 .5
1 .4
1 .4
■

2 .5

.5

5 .0

Provisions for seenmnlstlons

W orkers in establishm ents having
prov ision s fo r accum ulation of
u n u sed s ic k le a v e

1 Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data fo r w holesale trad e, retail trade, rea l estate, and s e rv ice s , in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "U niform plan s" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee, after 1 year o f s e rv ice , is entitled tQ the same number o f d a ys' paid sick leave each yea r. "Graduated plans"
a re defined as those form a l plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length o f s e rv ice . P eriod s o f s e rv ice w ere a rb itra rily chosen. Estim ates re fle ct provisions applicable at the
stated length o f s e rv ice but do not reflect provisions for p rogression . Thus, the proportion receiving 15 d a ys' sick leave after 10 years o f se rv ice m ay also re ceiv e this amount after greater or
le s s e r lengths o f s e rv ice .
5 May include p rov ision s other than those presented separately. Numbers o f days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which w orkers re ce iv e sick leave at full pay; w orkers
are entitled to additional days o f sick leave at partial pay.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability o f occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge o f
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v o ice s from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon cop ies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
b ills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
o f vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class .4. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase o f an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers suchas accounts receivable or accounts
21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class 5 , Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing die items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C 9 Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, loca tes readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass Am Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass B. Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc*

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, file s, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who ca ll in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C* Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p osi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part o f regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B0 Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation o f the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make co p ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A0 Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter*
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
e tc., to sca le by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength o f materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior ( assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction o f a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f employees’ in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation o f plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
o f electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician9s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
o f stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
o f operation o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricatingoils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

27

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s o f pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating system s are excluded.

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number of units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills o f lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and refecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform ether related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

80

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or p laces o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-tbe-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssified by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis o f trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified by type o f
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below.
A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U .S . Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C. 20402,
or fro m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin
number

A k ron , O h io---------------------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—T ro y , N. Y ---------------------- ___
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________ ___
Allentown—
Bethlehem — aston, P a .— J______ ___
E
N.
A tlan ta, G a ----------------------------------------------------------B altim o re , Md 1--------------------------------------------------- ___
Beaumont— ort A rth u r, T e x __________________
P
B irm ingham , A l a _________________ ______________ ___
B o is e , Id ah o _____________________________ ______
B oston, M a ss 1
-------- — ------——
-------------------------

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1345-15

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo. N. Y a------------------------------------------------------Burlington, V t 1
----------- ---------------------------Canton, O h io -------------------------------------------------------- . . . .
C harleston, W . V a --------------------------------------------- . . . .
C h arlotte, N. C __________________________________ ___
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a ________________________ __
G
C hicago, 1111_____________________________________ ___
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky_____________________________ ___
Cleveland, O h io _________________________________ . . . .
Columbus , Ohio 1
______________ __ . ___ _______ —

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s, T e x 1_________ — __ _______________ —
Davenport—
Rock Island— o lin e, Iowa—
M
111___
Dayton, O h io _____________________________________ ___
D en ver, C o l o ________________ ______ ________
Des M o in e s, Io w a __ ____________ __ _______ _____
D etroit, M i c h 1
___________________________________ . . . .
Fort W orth, Tex L . ____________________________
Green Bay, W is _______________________ ______
G re en v ille, S. C -2_______________________________
Houston, T e x _________________ . _________________ —

1345-21
1385-12
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1345-27
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
20
20
25
20
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind________________________________
Jackson, M i s s ___________________________________
Jacksonville, F l a 1
.
______________
Kansas C ity, M o .— ans_______ ______________
K
Lawrence— averh ill, M a s s .— H ____________ __
H
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k __________ ....
Los Angeles—
Long B each, C a l i f 1
_____________ .....
L o u isv ille, Ky. —
Ind 1____________________________
Lubbock, Tex _ _
___ _______
M anchester, N. H ______________________________ .....
M em ph is, T e n n _________________________________ —

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

P rice

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M iam i, F la ________________________________________ —
Milwaukee, W is 1
____________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M in n 1
______________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ic h ______________
Newark and Jersey C ity, N. J _____________________
New Haven, Conn_ _ ______________________. . . ______ —
New O rlean s, L a 1___________ . __ . ___________ ___ *__
New Y o rk , N. Y 1____________________________________
Norfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
___________________________________ - —
Oklahoma City, Okla_______________________________ -

Bulletin
number

Price

1345 -3 3
1345-59
13 45-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345 -4 4
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

13 45-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N eb r. —
Iowa 1_______________________________ 1385 -1 4
Paterson—
Clifton— a s s a ic , N. J___________________ 1345 -7 6
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J 1
____________________________ 1345-31
Phoenix, A riz _______________________________________ 1345-57
Pittsburgh, P a 1_____________________________________ 1345-40
Portland, M a in e ______________________________
1345 -2 4
Portland, O reg. — a sh _____________________________ 1345-7 3
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I . — a s s 1_____________ 1345-70
M
Raleigh, N. C 1______________________________________
1385-7
Richmond, V a ____________________________________ - — 1345-19

25
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ockfor^, 111________________________________________
St. L ou is, M o . - I l l 1________________________________
Salt Lake City, U ta h 1
_______________________________
San Antonio, T e x 1__________________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif1--------San Diego, C alif-------------------------------------------------------San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C a li f1___________________
Savannah, G a _______________________________________
Scranton, P a 1_______________________________________
Seattle, W a s h 1
_______________ - ______________*----------

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1385-13
1345 -3 4
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
20
20
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S . D ak ________________________________
South Bend, In d _____________________________________
Spokane, W a s h 1_____________________________________
Toledo, O h io 1
_______________________________________
Trenton, N. J 1______________________________________
Washington, D . C . — d. —
M
Va 1
_______________________
W aterbury, C o n n ___________________________________
W aterloo, Io w a 1
______________________________;______
W ichita, Kans_______________________________________
W o r ce ste r, M a s s ___________________________________
York, P a _____________________________________________

1345-13
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1345-16
1345-49
1345-20
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

20
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102