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Occupational Wage Survey

CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1963

Bul l et i ii No. 1385-1 1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
CLEVELAND, OHIO
SEPTEMBER 1963




Bulletin No. 1385-11
January 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . W illard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B ureau o f L abor Statistics program of annual
occu pation al wage su rveys in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to p rov id e data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishm ent p r a c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s.
It yield s d etailed data b y se le cte d industry division s fo r
m etrop olita n a rea lab or m a rk ets, fo r econ om ic re g io n s,
and fo r the United States. A m a jor con sideration in the
p rog ra m is the need fo r g rea ter insight into (a) the m o v e ­
m ent of w ages by occu pation al ca tegory and skill le v e l,
and (b) the stru ctu re and le v e l of wages among labor m a r ­
kets and industry d ivision .

Int r odu c t i on____________________________________________________ ..___________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occupational g rou p s----------------------------------------T a b les:
1.
2.

A:
A p re lim in a r y re p o r t and an individual a rea b u l­
letin p resen t su rv ey re su lts fo r each labor m arket studied.
A fter com p letion o f a ll o f the individual area bulletins fo r
a round of su rv ey s, a two part sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The fir s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the labor m arkets
studied into one bulletin. The second part presen ts in fo r ­
m ation w hich has been p r o je c te d fro m individual labor
m ark et data to relate to e co n o m ic region s and the United
States.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e of su rvey
and number studied_______________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e
h ourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational grou ps,
and p ercen ts of in cre a se fo r se le cte d p e r io d s — —
—------------------O ccupational earn in gs:*
A - l . O ffice occu pation s— en and w om en----------- ---- ---- ------------- —
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occu pation s— en
m

2
2
4

A -3 .

O ffice, p ro fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occu pation s—
m en and w om en co m b in e d ________ ______ —________________8
A -4 . Maintenance and pow erplant occu p ation s—___—_______ _____ 10
A - 5. Custodial and m a teria l m ovem ent o ccu p a tio n s— ____ __ —
11
Appendix: O ccupational d e scrip tion s -_____________ __ ___________________

E igh ty-tw o la b or m arkets cu rren tly are included
in the p rog ra m . In form ation on occupational earnings is
c o lle c te d annually in ea ch area. Inform ation on e sta b lish ­
m ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s is o b ­
tained bien n ially in m o st of the areas.
This bu lletin p resen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
C leveland, Ohio, in S eptem ber 1963. It was p rep a red in
the B ureau 1s reg ion a l o ffic e in C leveland, Ohio, by R obert G .
B ryan , under the d ire ctio n o f E lliott A . B row a r, A s s is t ­
ant R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




1
3

a rea s.

*N O T E : S im ilar tabulations are available fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r.)

Current re p o rts on occu pation al earnings and sup­
plem entary wage p r a c tic e s in the C leveland area are a lso
available fo r m ach in ery in du stries (May 1963), hospitals
(June 1963), m otor v eh icle parts (M arch 1963), and w om en 's
and m is s e s 1 d r e s s e s (M arch 1963). Union s c a le s , in d ica ­
tive o f prevailin g pay le v e ls , are available fo r building
con stru ction , printing, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p loyees,
and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

ill

13




Occupational Wage Survey—Cleveland, Ohio
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h olidays, and late
shifts. N onproduction bonuses are exclu ded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses
and incentive earnings a re included. W here w eekly hours are rep orted ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p a tion s, re fe re n ce is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r w hich straigh t-tim e salaries
are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n ea rest half d o lla r.

This a rea is 1 o f 82 labor m arkets in w hich the U. S. D e ­
partm ent o f L a b o r ’ s B ureau o f Labor Statistics conducts su rveys o f
occu p ation al earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis.
This bu lletin p resen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earnings in form ation obtained la rg ely by m ail from the establishm ents
v isite d by B ureau fie ld econ om ists in the last previou s survey fo r
occu p ation s re p o rte d in that e a rlie r study. P e rso n a l v isits w ere made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p rev iou s su rvey.
In each a r e a , data are obtained from represen tative e sta b ­
lish m en ts within six b roa d industry d ivision s: M anufacturing; tr a n s ­
p ortation , com m u n ica tion , and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade;
re ta il trade; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
industry grou ps exclu ded fro m these studies are governm ent o p e r a ­
tions and the con stru ctio n and extractive in du stries. E stablishm ents
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d number o f w ork ers are om itted becau se
they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided fo r each o f the
broad industry d iv isio n s w hich m eet publication c rite r ia .

D iffe re n ce s in pay lev els fo r selected occupations in which
both m en and w om en are com m only em ployed m ay be due to such
fa cto rs as (1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribution o f the sexes among in­
du stries and establishm ents; (2) d iffe re n ce s in length o f s e rv ice or
m e rit review when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) d iffe re n ce s in sp e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d , although the o c c u ­
pations are a p p rop riately c la s s ifie d within the sam e survey job d e ­
scrip tio n . Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these
surveys are usually m ore gen eralized than those used in individual
establish m en ts. This allow s fo r m inor d iffe re n ce s among establish ­
ments in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm ed .

T hese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se o f
the u n n ecessa ry co s t involved in surveying a ll establish m en ts. To
obtain optim um a c cu r a c y at minimum c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion o f
la rg e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, a ll establish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as relating to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a re a ,
excep t fo r th ose below the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in
a ll establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number
actually su rveyed. B ecause o f d ifferen ces in occu pation al structure
among establish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent
obtained fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serv e only to
indicate the rela tive im portance o f the job s studied. These d iffe r ­
en ces in occupational structure do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy
o f the earnings data.

O ccupations and Earnings
The occu p ation s se le cte d for study are com m on to a v a riety
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and are o f the
follow in g types: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(c) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) cu stodial and m a teria l m o v e ­
m ent. O ccupational c la s s ifica tio n is based on a u niform set o f job
d escrip tion s d esign ed to take account o f inter establishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e job . The occupations se le cte d fo r study
a re listed and d e s crib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r som e o f
the occu pation s listed and d e scrib e d are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables beca u se either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm a ll
to p rovid e enough data to m erit presentation, o r (2) there is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual establishm ent data.




Establishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Tabulations on selected establishm ent p ra ctices and supple­
m entary wage p rov ision s (B -s e r ie s tables) a re not presented in this
bulletin. Inform ation fo r these tabulations is co lle cte d biennially in
this area .
T hese tabulations on m inim um entrance salaries for
in exp erien ced wom en o ffice w ork e rs; shift d ifferen tia ls; scheduled
w eekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

I




2
Table 1. Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e of survey and number studied in Cleveland, Ohio,
Minimum
em ploym ent
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

Industry division

A ll d iv is io n s ....

.

.

.

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5
. . . .
W holesale trade
Retail trade

b y m a jo r industry division , 2 S eptem ber 1963
W orkers in establishm ents

Number o f establishm ents
Within scope
o f study3

Studied

Within scop e
o f stu dy4

Studied

882

296

338,400

236,600

100
-

396
486

145
151

218,300
120, 100

158,260
78,3 40

100
50
100
50
50

54
162
61
100
109

26
39
30
28
28

32, 200
20, 500
35, 900
17, 300
14,200

25,9 10
7 ,9 4 0
30, 130
8 ,5 1 0
5,850

----

.

.

___

P in an rftr in «n r a n p «. and r e a l e sta te

S e r v ic e s 6*7

1 The Cleveland Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea con sists of Cuyahoga and Lake Counties. The ’ ’w o rk e rs within scop e of study" estim ates
shown in this table p rovide a reasonably a ccu rate d escrip tion o f the size and com position o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates
are not intended, how ever, to se rv e as a b a sis o f com p a rison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le ve ls
since (1) planning o f wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled con sid erably in advance of the p a y ro ll p eriod studied, and
(2) sm all establishm ents are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 re v ise d edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssification Manual was used in cla ssify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m otion p icture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and s e r v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. C leveland's transit system is m un icip a lly operated and is excluded
by definition fro m the scop e of the study.
6 This industry d ivision is rep resented in estim ates fo r " a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les. Separate presentation
of data fo r this division is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the follow ing reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm a ll to p rovid e enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels; p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep a ir shops; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organ ization s; and engineering
and a rch itectural s e rv ice s .

Table 2. Indexes o f standard w eekly sala ries and straight-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational group s,
and p ercen ts o f in cre a se fo r selected p eriod s, Cleveland, Ohio
Index
(Septem ber 1960*100)
Industry and occupational group
Septem ber 1963

A ll industries:
O ffice cle r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )______
Industrial n u rses (m en and w o m e n ) .
U n sk illed p lant (m e n )

----- .

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )---------Industrial n u rses (m en and w o m e n ) .
Skilled m aintenance (m en )-----------------___,
Unskilled plant (m e n )—

P ercen ts o f in cre a s e
September 1962
to
Septem ber 1963

Septem ber 1961 S eptem ber I960 Septem ber 1959
to
to
to
Septem ber 1962 Septem ber 1961 Septem ber I960

107.9
109.6
109.3
108.5

2.5
3.3
3.1
2.9

2.7
2.9
3.4
3.1

2.6
3.0
2.5
2.3

4.0
3.1
3.2
2.9

107.5
109.6
109.4
108.4

2.6
3.3
3.0
3.4

2.4
2.9
3.4
2.6

2.4
3.0
2.8
2.2

3.0
3.1
3.1
4.2

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re se n te d in table 2 are indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in averag e sa la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rse s,
and in av era g e earnings o f selected plant w ork er grou p s.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rs e s, the p e r ­
cen tages o f change rela te to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm a l hours
o f w o rk , that i s , the standard w ork schedule for w hich stra igh t-tim e
sa la rie s a re paid. F o r plant w ork er grou p s, they m easu re changes
in averag e stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings, excluding prem ium pay fo r
o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. The
p ercen ta g es a re based on data for selected key occupations and in ­
clu de m ost o f the n u m e rica lly im portant job s within each group.
The o ffic e c le r i c a l data a re based on m en and wom en in the follow ing
19 jo b s: B ookk eep in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs, c la ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, gen eral; sten og ra ­
p h e rs , sen ior; sw itch board o p era tors; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts, c la s s A and B. The industrial nurse data a re
b a sed on m en and w om en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled job s a re included in the
plant w ork er data: S k illed — ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m e ch a n ics , autom otive; painters; p ip efitters; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te ria l handling.
A verag e w eek ly sa la ries or average hourly earnings w e re
com puted fo r each o f the selected occu pation s. The average sa la rie s
o r h ourly earn in gs w e re then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each o f
the jo b s during the p e r io d surveyed in 1961. These w eighted earnings




fo r individual occu pation s w e re then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occu pation al group. F in a lly, the ratio (e x p re sse d as a percentage)
o f the group aggregate fo r the one year to the aggregate fo r the other
yea r was com puted and the d ifferen ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen tage o f change fr o m the one p eriod to the other. The
indexes w e re com puted by m ultiplying the ratios fo r each group
aggregate fo r each p eriod after the base year (1961).
The indexes and p ercen tages o f change m ea su re, p rin cip ally,
the e ffe cts o f (1) g en era l sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other
in cre a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs while in the sam e
job ; and (3) changes in average w ages due to changes in the labor fo r c e
resulting fro m labor tu rn over, fo r c e expan sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause
in cre a se s or d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al averages without actual
wage changes.
F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p rop ortion o f lower* paid w o rk e rs in a s p e cific occupation and low er
the a v e ra g e , w h ereas a redu ction in the p rop ortion o f low er paid
w o rk e rs would have the op posite effect. S im ila rly , the m ovem ent o f
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an area could cause the average
earnings to d ro p , even though no change in rates o c cu rre d in other
establishm ents in the area .
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim inates the effect
of changes in the p rop ortion o f w ork ers rep resen ted in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data. The p ercen tages of change re fle ct only changes in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sch ed u les, as such, or by prem ium pay
fo r ov ertim e.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod u sed in com puting a new index
(1961 base) and trend s e r ie s . This s e r ie s , initiated with the expansion o f the
labor m arket wage su rvey p rog ra m to 80 Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A r e a s ,
re p la ce s the old s e r ie s (1953 b a se).
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sam e jo b groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
with the follow ing excep tion s: The c le r ic a l and industrial nurse g rou p s, fo r m e r ly
re stricte d to w om en, now include both m en and w om en. Changes w ere a lso m ade
in the jo b s included within job groupings in o r d e r that an iden tical lis t cou ld be
em ployed in a ll a re a s.

4

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Average
$40
$45
W
eekly
W
eekly
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

NUM
BEROFW
ORKERSRECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIM W
G
E EEKLY EARNINGSOF_
$70
$80
$85 $90
$75
$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150
and

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 ov er

Men
_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

8
3
5

5
5

-

34
16
18
3

53
29
24
1

47
35
24 ~rr~
23
18
10
13

92.00
94.00
90. 00
98. 50
91.00

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

19
8
11

21
8
13
12

16
13
3
1
-

37
14
23
6
17

26
11
15
1
11

34
4
30
1
22

16
4
12
6
1

24
9
15
2
11

28
8
20
9
10

4 0 .0
■ 4 o :o
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

110.00
117.00
106.50
106. 50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

"

1
1
1

7
7
7

12
1
11
11

23
11
12
12

38
40
59
n r — Z“ ~ n r
57
24
26
57
24
26

111
88

4 0 .0
40. 0

111.00
113:0 6

_

_
-

_

_
"

_
"

_

3
3

3
1

9
S

O ffice boys
_____
_
___
Manufacturing __ __ _ __ _ _
N onmanufactur ing___ _________ _____ _
Pu blic utilities 2____ ______________
Finance 3__
_
_ _ _ _ _

319
151
168
33
81

39 .0
3 9.5
39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

70.00
7 1.50
68. 50
82. 50
66.00

_

8
4
4

45
5
40
2
30

57
30
27
6
6

30
14
16
4
8

20
8
12
1
5

22
15
7
2
2

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
c la s s A __
__ ____
_ ___ —
M anufacturing
_ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing

186
125
61

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

-

-

-

-

-

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s R
_ __ __ _
Manufacturing _
_ _ _ _ _
Nonmanufacturing
. .. PiiKlir iitiliH aa ^

295
173
122
52

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s C
_
__
M anufacturing
__
N onm anufactur ing

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A -----------------M anufacturing-------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _ _______
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 „
__
.
___

570
395
175
75

39. 5 $118.00
l 2 l .0 0
3 9.5
3 9.5
1 1 1 .50
118.00
40. 5

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
___
M anufacturing
.
. . . .
N onm anufactur ing___ ______________ __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2___________________
W holesale t r a d e .
_
__ . -

300
124
176
37
107

39. 5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
39 .5
4 0 .0

C lerk s, o r d e r ____ _ _
_ __
Manufacturing
_ __
__ _
Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------W holesale tr a d e -----------------------------

627
196
431
428

C lerk s, p a y r o l l __________________________
M anufacturing
_ — —

-

-

55
~34~
21
11

-

-

-

4

25
13
12
4

121.50
123.50
117.50

-

-

-

3 9 .5
3 9.5
39.0
4 0 .0

103.00
104.00
101. 00
106.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

11
7
4

25
16
9
3

108
56
52

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

86. 50
93. 50
79. 50

-

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

11
11

8
3
5

20
8
12

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a ch in e )_____
Manufacturing
N onmanufactur ing-------------------------------W holesale tr a d e ___________________

250
TO?
144
75

3 9 .5
3$. §
3 9.5
4 0 .0

75. 00
ST. 00
70. 50
66.0 0

-

1
1
-

36
36
24

7
7
2

28
26
8
8

22
6
16
13

22
16
12
5

30
15
15
12

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)
-------- __
Manufacturing
N onmanufactur ing

131
56
75

3 9 .5
3 9.6
4 0 .0

7 3.50
SO. $6
68.0 0

1
1

7
7

27
27

32
13
19

27
14
13

9
7
2

-

-

6
5

6
5

14
17
8 — V
8
9
4
6
4
3

104
45
13 ~TZ~
33
91
90
33

49
41
8
7

80
65
15
11

97
68
29
16

54
43
11
3

32
27
5
2

13
7
6
6

10
10
-

15
15
-

27
6
21
6
15

15
7
8
8

10
10
-

3
1
2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
"

2
2
-

1
1
-

"

51
23
28
28

50
11
39
39

67
18
49
49

42
l3
29
29

35
27
8
8

25
14
11
11

9
9
-

8
6
2
2

11
8
3
1

15
12

8
8

9
9

6
5

9
9

1
1

1
1

3
3

8
1

14
13

8
2

3
19
8 ----- T
11
l
7
l
4

3
3

1
1

8
2

-

2
2

18
15
3
3
~

36
25
11
3

5
5

ll
10
1

13
8
5

22
14
8

21
12
9

26
17
9

36
32
4

17
16
1

13
8
5

6
4
2

2
2
-

6
2"
4

27
TT~
14
1

26
17
9
3

42
23
19
5

24
12
12
6

14
14
-

60
22
38
34

29
17
12

22
19
3

7
7
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
5
5

7
7
-

11
8
3

6
6
-

8
1
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44
l8
26
-

17
16
7
5

16
9
7
6

11
9
2

7
6
1

_
-

6
6

-

-

3
3

-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

8

5
15
5 ~n~
2
-

W om en




See footnotes at fend of table,

-

4
10
2
16 — T~— T

-

2
— T~

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women—Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, C leveland, Ohio, September 1963)

NU BEROFW
M
ORKERS RECEIVINGSTRAIGHT-TIMEW
EEKLY EARNINGSOF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry div isio n

N ber
um
of

$40 $45
Weekly
W
eekly ,
hours 1 earnings and
(Standard) (Standard) under
$45 $50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95 $100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150
and

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100 $105 $110 $115 $120 $125 $130 $135 $140 $145 $150 over

17

24

45

12

W om en — Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A _
_
___
M anufacturing _
_ __ __
N onmanuf ac tur ing ________ ___ _________________
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e r a to r s ,
cla s s B ____ ______ ________________________ ____ _______

215
108
107

39.0
39.0
39.5

491
151
540
31

$90.00
94. 50
85.00

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

45
45
5
30
1

36
1
35
5

65
2_l
44
6

128

71. 50

-

-

21

17

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A _ _
M anufacturing
_ __ __ __ ___
N onm anufacturing _____________________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __
__ ____
W holesale trade _ ___ __ _____
F in a n ce 3------------------------------------------

777
406
371
138
64
87

39.0
39.0
39.0
39. 5
3 9.5
37. 5

100.00
102.00
97. 50
94. 50
98. 50
100.50

_

3

_

_

-

-

-

3

-

-

1
1
-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s B ____ __ __
___
__ ____ _
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
— ~
- —
P u blic u tilities 2
_
_ __ _
W a1noaln trade
V»
R etail trade _
__ __ __
TTinanre ^

1,424
58CT
844
126
291
161
156

39.0
39 .5
39.0
39 .5
39. 5
39 .5
37. 0

79. 50
83.00
77.00
83.00
80. 50
65.00
74. 50

C le rk s , file , c la s s A ____ __ ______ _
M anufacturing_________________________
N onm anufactur ing________________ ____

138
64
74

39.0
39.5
39.0

82. 50
85.00
80.00

C le r k s , file , c la s s B
. . . . .
M anufacturing_________________________

539
171
368
126

39.5
*9. 5
39.0
40. 0
38! 0

67.00
71.(50
65.00
64. 50
64! 00

430
137
293
43
52
69
113

39.5
40. 0
39.5
4 0 .0
40. 0

6
-

-

-

-

4

11

17

35
18

11

32

37

506
270
236
150
54

3 9.5
39. S
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

78.00
83. 00
72. 50
81.00
51.00

.

18

40

-

-

17
14
3

45
35

—

r — 3“

TT —

V

38
25
22 ~ J T
2
16

17
lT”
6

21
10
11

4
—

4

T ~ -------4 ~

2

3
3

1

15

20

24

6

90
37
53
5
22
16

53
7
46
4
6
32

80
41
39
1
24
12

57
15
42
1
26
13

26
g
18
2
g
8

17

2

-

-

1

6
3
3
1
2
"

21
16
5
4

63
29
34
11
9
10

151
41
110
84
3
21

79
54
25

1

82
42
40
8
8
4

13
11

103
70
33
7
9
5

66
25
41
6
6
16

49
*4
15
5
7
3

59
23
36
5
4
13

20
6
14
9
5

12
13
9 — r
4
4

~

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

!

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

6
-

18
23

38. 5

61.00
69! 56
57. 50
68. 50
56. 50
4 9 ! 00
59.00

Wlinl Doalo trade

120
C le r k s , file , c la s s C

Mannfa ctnrin^r
N onm anufacturing
P u blic u tilities 2___________________
UTVfvlocale trade
R etail trade
_ ..
F inance 3_
_
C lerk s , o r d e r ..... ................................... ..........
..................
N onm anufactu rin g ---------------------------------------M anufacturing

W holesale trade

_

_

R eta il tra d e

See footnotes at end of table.




4

o! 0

00
50
50
00

-

-

39 .0
39.0
39,0
40 0
40 0
38! 0

F inance 3

72.
76
69
6ft

-

11
2
5

17
12
5
1

2
1
1
1

2
2

1

-

-

8
4
4
1

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

33
13
20
-

161
61
100
17
25
17
24

179
83
96
16
40
17
22

225
92
133
18
50
24
30

138
48
90
16
44
8
14

102
29
73
22
19
5
16

125
67
58
1
15
5
11

85
44
41
3
22
2
4

74
38
36
2
25
3
3

36
22
14
8
6

16
3

141
46
95
5
33
13
21
14
3
11

7
6
1

10
2
8

16
10
6

34
16
18

18
10
8

7
1
6

10
7
3

5
4
1

4
3
1

4

28

-

-

4
-

28
-

4

23
5

41
3
3S
5
6
24
3

“

"

6
6

-

42
42
U
19

81
19
62
25
28

73
15
58

83
25
58

_
-

12

-

6
g
4

-

6

-

57
57

18
-

18

.

-

40
9
28

156
83
44 — r r
56
42
15

112
22

93

—W
64

2

10

-

-

2

3

22

-

51
38
30
20
24“ ~ ~ W ----- T — r
27
20
14
28
9
g
12
12
6
11

8

7

-

1

-

-

7
10
31
2l T 5 “ — 5~~ 9
15
l
1
5
1
l
1
3
3
3
36

l

3
3
_

l
-

3
3
-

-

1
1
.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
1
2

2
1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

18

“ rr

53

9

n

8

33
23

6
3

10
1
1

8

3
7

3

-

3

2

62
34
17 ' 23
17
39
30
8
3

63
42

55
42
13

75

25

16

12

12

11

11

12

49
49

14
9

5
5

9
3
3

11
11"”

13

26

-

-

4
4

20 ------5"

21
21

8

----- 5-

2
27
27 — 2“

2

5

12

9

-

1

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations— and Women—Continued
Men
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, C leveland, Ohio, September 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Weekly,
hour* 4
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings *
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
and
under
$4 5

$45

$50

$55

$60

S>65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$1 10

$1 15

$120

$125

$130

$135

$1 40

$1 45

$150

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$1 15

$1 20

$ 1 25

$1 30

$ 1 35

$140

$1 45

$1 50

over

6
6
6

14
1
13
13

5
2
3
2

27
7
20
2
12

47
17
30
9
8
8

40
26
14
5
2

93
6$
24
7
11
3

74
35
39
18
7
6

51
33
18
8
7
2

73
39
34
14
14
1

54
42
12
5
5

46
2l
25
23
2
“

29
19
10
2
-

1

86
53
33
15
10
4

17
17
17

35
35
35

9
9
i
6

52
l3
39
3
17
17

69
63
36
2
18
16

73
36
37
1
18
14

95
61
34
1
9
18

61
27
34
5
12
15

56
25
31
4
10
9

38
29
9
6
3

65
35
30
26
2
2

73
29
44
44

17
14
3
3

1
1

■

19
18

13
11

20
12

13
3

7

3

10
3

11

-

-

1
1

4
2
2
2

33
8
25
7
12

26
i4
12
2
8

72
49
23
1
20

99
63
36
11
17

66
47
19
3
4

49
' 3'1
18
9
4

75
67
8
7

119
36
83
25
28
22

154
78
76
12
21
35

86
41
45
14
12
16

70
27
43
11
16
14

54
29
25
13
10

42
33
9

and

W omen— Continued

C lerk s, p ayroll ___ _______________ _________
Manufacturing
N onmanufacturing----------------------------------_
Public u tilities 2__
W h olesale t r a d e -------------------------------R etail trade
.
_
_ _

709
------4 T T
291
105
71
64

C om ptom eter op erators----------------------------Manufacturing.
_______
. . .
Nonmanufacturing
_
Public utilities 2_____________________
W h olesale trade Retail trade
,
_______

692
326
366
96
93
152

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto)— —------- -------------N onmanufacturing_______________________

98
-------- 5T

3 9 .5
"3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$ 8 9 .0 0
92. 50
8 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
87. 50
6 8 .0 0

_
-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

81. 50
8 6 . 00
7 7 .0 0
97. 50
7 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

_
-

3 9 .0
38. 6 -

71. 50
64. 50

-

-




See footnotes at end of table,

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

47
40
7
6

15
11
4
1

15
If
4
4

4
4

2
"2

!
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

51
42
9
2
7

125
22
103
100
3

10
9
1
1

14
12
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

253
171
82
25
22
8
n

196
139
57
31
7
2
10

117
103
14
2
3

75
56
19
11
1
4

69
37
32
12
5
-

48
27
21
3
15
3

12
9
3
3
-

23
22
1
-

-

-

4
1
3

_

_

-

-

45
16
27

29
14
15

19
18

11
r
9

15
7
8

15
3
12

2
2
-

5
5
“

-

1
1

1
1

-

3
3
1

7
7
1

14
14
4

-

208
60
148
7
34
15
75

348
l6l
187
10
39
8
109

315
147
16 8
15
45
14
77

332
2o2
130
24
40
9
47

268
193
75
11
15
9
26

237
166
69
22

-

128
38
90
1
12
10
29

218
82
136

-

43
35
10 — r
33
34
1
13
8
10
13
15

_
-

2
2

267
158
109
24
32

202
138
64
34
17

151

144
94
50
34
14

204
124
80
79

90
32
58
50

4

_

3 8 .0

-

-

-

14

-

-

2

-

26
-

26
6

-

-

6

39
4
35
-

2

-

36
37

9

142
2o
122
12

Q
7

13

26
1u
1n

21

69

1

—

6

215
79
136
26
29

209
92
117
31

249
115
134
20
45

Q
7

7

A

7

63

39

45

32

33

6

38
19
50

3

-

1

58
10
48

-

oy* o
^7* 3

-

4

_

W V ir t le f ia lo t r a r f s
P o f n i 1 f r»ad o

-

98
18
80

-

8 2 .0 0
6 6 .6 6
79 . 00
90. 50
78 . 00
67. 00
69! 00

-

-

14

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

-

23
6
15
1
8
3

-

1 ,9 4 8
956
993
324
241
58
291

-

-

12
12

-

Stenographers, g e n e r a l---------------------- ——.
Manufacturing------------- —------ ------------—. . .
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

-

4
4

6 2 .0 0
6 6 .6 6
59. 50
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
97. 50
8 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

-

_
-

3 9 .5
39. 5 "
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

13
12
1

“

215
66
135
2 ,9 4 9
1 ,6 2 6
1 ,3 2 3
182
301
122
520

19
12
7
7

1

1

-

80 . 00
82. 56
7 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
73. 50
70. 00

.

-

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38. 0

_ _ _

_

-

_

862
355
507
181
147
135

Manufacturing
---N <*>«marnrfactu r in g----------Public u tilities 2
___________
W h olesale trade _
_
R etail trade
.
______
F in a n c e3
_ _

!
1
-

_

-

-

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s R

S e c r e ta r ie s

2

-

87. 50
9 6 .6 6
82. 50
8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

Office g ir ls
Manufacturing
N onmanufactur ing

6
5
1
1
-

_

3 9 .5
40. 6
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

—

19
15
4
1
-

_

509
351
158
51
67

_

15
11
4
4

-

Keypunch op era to rs, c la ss A
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
W h olesale trade . . .

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 2
W h olesale trade

1

21
20
1
1

-

6
3

96

55
7

33

2
6

2

6

2

6

2
21

2
2
2

3

9

_
-

6

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

.
-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women--- Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF _

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

"$ 4 0 “
Weekly.
hours
(Standard)

Weekly,
earnings
(Standard)

$45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$$Q

$55

$60

$(> 5

$70

$75

$80

$95

$90

$95

$100

$ }< ? $

$U Q

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

over

_

1
-

69
38
31

151
73

1
1

26
15
11

136
87

_

4
1
3

92

-

153
121
32
12

and
under
$45

a d

W omen— Continue d
Stenographers, sen io r_____________________

957
599
358
165
57
112

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$ 9 5 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

_

M f f n i i f a iM -iiT in g ----------------------------------------------------,

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

514
177
337
50
74
81
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 9 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

580
303
277
122

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

-

_

3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0

-

-

151
135

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

-

-

*

-

490
257
233
95
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

2

36

•

2
2

1. 11 4

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

Nonmanufacturing---------------------------;-------P ublic u tilit ie s 2
Finance 3 —
Switchboard op erators
Manuf actur ing—--------------------------------------Nonmanuf actur ing
P ublic u tilit ie s 2 ----------------- --------——
R etail tra d e___________________________

Switchboard op era to r-rec ep tio n ists — —
Manuf actur ing
Nonmanufacturing
W V in ls a a lp t r a d e

T abulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss B
Nonmanuf actur ing _____________________________
P ublic u tilities 2
T abulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss C______________________________________
N onmanuf actur ing ------------- ------------------------------T ran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators,
general
__
M a n n fa r t iir in g
N n n m a n iifa r t n r i n g

W h olesale trade
lT in a n r e 3

. _ ....

........

T y p ists, c la s s A ____ __________________ ___________ Manuf actur ing ----------------,------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
P ublic u tilit ie s 2 _____________________
W t in le a a le t r a d e
F in a n re 3

T y p ists, c la s s B - ------------- --------------------------Manuf actur m g —— —- —— —— — — —
N o n m a m ifa r t n r in g
P n h lir iit ilitie a ^

W h olesale trade
R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n re 3

121
78
31

629
485
57
54
192
2, 292
925
1, 367
267
376
113
527

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

-

6 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

_

_

2

_
.
_

_
_
_
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

56

7
4
3

7
7
-

3
2
1

_

_

_

.

.

_

.

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
.

_
_

_
_

19
38

59
26
33

49
28
21

36
21
15

16
12

2

10
4

11

20

10

10

6

4

75

41
26
15
6

26
18
8
2

22
16
6

26
22

5
3

7
5

29
3

5

7

53

27

7

36

13

26
10
7
5

9

17
2

39
17
11
6

2
1

5
13

5

79
5$

80
53
27

29
46

68
35
33

14

19

26

53
10
43
17

63

_

3
3
3

5
5

2
2
2

23
15
5

17

5

24

29
29

3

22

1

30
25
5

29
16
13

10
10

_

6

_

_

143
117
26
8
12

46
37

33
33

14
13
1
1

30
33
2

26
20

11
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

26
26

13
12

25
21

37
12
25

92

69
54

103
43

32

44

4

19

15
8

60
34
14

16
-

1

4

3

4
94
57
37

124
75

7

136
90
46
3

1
1
_

2
2
_

-

.

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

11
2

11

6

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

4

19
16

2

-

32
11

2
2
_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

7

_
_

-

10

10

1

178
84
94

13
1
12

4

19

4
2
2
_

17
17

4

-

_

.

162

276

9

49
227

153

5

5

66
49
32

57
28
126

16
41

82
40
42

1
6

9
4

59
134
12
6

23

-

57

48

14

'3 1

60

567

398
168
230
68
65

332

7
89

166
401
76
83
17
180

193

48

"“ f i n

49

5

5
4

6

33

17

116
74
42
8

129
94
35

48

53
33
20
20

2

4

2

7
2
2

5
4

56

176
86
90
32
17

56

31

3

9

.

4

_

21

3
2

3

3
3

.

.

_

_
.

.

4

_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

10

180
152
35

26

7

21

53

16

5
5

2

_

1
1
1

Standard hours r e fle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
F in ance, insurance, and r e a l estate.




_

_
_
_

-

57

34
3
31

4

_

1

9

45
22
23

28
1

5
5

1

_

-

39
2
37

53
-

-

2
.
2

34

31

7
-

-

4
-

-

15
11
26

5
-

.

40
14

23

7
7
12

-

33
18
15

54

31
34

2

1
10

-

16
4
12
6

65

_
_

-

-

8
7
1

75
52
23

4
4

20
15
1

78
34
14
27

-

7
5

124
104

49
7
7

2

8 5 .0 0

37
55

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 4
(Standard)

$80
$85
Under and
$80
under
$85
$90

$90

$95

$100

$105 $110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$1 55

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$185

$190

$195

$95

$100

$105

$110 $115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$145

$150

$155

$160

$165

$170

$175

$180

$1 §5

$199

$ 19 5

over

1
1

1
1

15
9

5
5

8
7

12
12

44
24

35
28

42
21

27
23

26
26

12
12

28
28

17
17

3
3

2 35
34

14
14
"

11
11
“

7
7
“

5
5
■

and

Men
D raftsm en , le ad e r--------------------------------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------------

311
251

40. 0
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 6 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

D raftsm en , sen ior--------------------------------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------Public utilities 3 --------------------------------

1. 134
938
196
58

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0

D raftsm en , ju n io r --------------------------------------Manufacturing—--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-----------------------------------

754
678
76

-

-

-

10
5
5
-

3
3
-

22
18
4
*

29
26
3
3

50
31
19
13

87
73
14
4

88
76
12
6

101
94
7
2

161
108
53
12

120
77
43
5

98
71
27
4

57
55
2
2

80
78
2
2

63
63
"

54
52
2
2

34
33
1
1

21
19
2
2

19
19
"

71

60
60
"

60
54
6

77
75
2

68
48
20

48
36
12

70
55
15

21
21
-

11
11
"

5

13
12
1

10
2
8

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

13

16

14

2

_

36
36
-

4

2

77
77
“

1

14
10

23
21

16
14

26
25

49
46

19
17

21
18

9
8

12
9

-

-

1 3 8 .0 0
140. 00
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

109. 50
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

18
18
-

51
45
6

55
52
3

60

T ra c e r s

-

4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

3

4

245
218

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

108. 50
1 0 9 .0 0

2
"

6

69

-

-

1

-

Women
N u rses, industrial (reg istere d )---------------Manufacturing-----------------------------------------

4

48

46

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 30 at $ 195 to $ 2 0 0 ; 1 at $ 2 0 5 to $ 2 1 0 ; 1 at $ 2 1 0 to $ 2 1 5 ; 2 at $ 2 2 0 to $ 2 2 5 ; and 1 at $ 2 2 5 to $ 2 3 0 .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

Office occupations

Nonm a m i f a r fti rin g _ _
__ _____________ _
__
__ _
_
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 .
_____ ___________ __
W holesale trade
____
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)-------------------Nonmanufacturing_____ ____ _________ __ ______________
— —

Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




Number
of
workers

Average
weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

501
154
347
31
135
130

$ 7 2 .0 0
76. 50
7 0 .0 0
68. 00
7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

270
106
164
38
80

$76 . 50
81.00
7 4.00
93.00
67. 50

135
60
75

73. 50
79. 50
6 8.00

215
108
107

90.00
94. 50
85. 00

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la s s B
Manufacturing_____________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 ----------------------------------W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------F in an ce3 ______________________________ _
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A.
Manufacturing-------------------Nonm anufactu ring-------------Public u tilities 2 ----------W holesale tr a d e ----------F in an ce3 _______________

1, 347
801
546
213
111
125

107. 50
111. 50
10 2 .0 0
10 3 .0 0
10 4 .5 0
10 1 .5 0

Occupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

earnings *
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e)-----------------------------

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A —

Occupation and industry d ivision

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B - — -------------------- ------------- _
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------- _
Nonmanufacturing— — ---------- -------------------- ------------- Public u tilit ie s 2 ------------------------------------ ------------------------ _
W holesale t r a d e --------------------------------------------------------- — Retail trade -------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------Finance 3 ____ ____ ___________________ ____ ___ _____ _

1, 724
704
1, 020
163
398
174
175

$ 8 1 . 50
8 5 .0 0
79. 00
86. 50
83. 50
66 . 50
74. 50

C lerk s, file , c la ss A ----- ---------------------------------------------------- -----Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------- —
---------- ----------

149
65
84

84. 00
8 5 .0 0
83. 50

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations— and Women Combined— Continued
Men
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)

Number

Occupation and industry division

of

workers

. . . .

M a n u f a c t u r in g ..___ _____ ___

.

.

—

---------

------- ----

M anufacturing___ __ ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing _____
___ _ _
Whnlsaalp tradA
_ .
Retail traHp

XAarviifo rfiiringr
Mnnma -nn-fs
i
PiiKUr
^
W h olesale tra de__ Rot-ail tradA

—

..........

r.AmptmviAtAr npAratnra
-----------------XAannf a rtn fingf
N
^TITTI r) mi^a
PnV\1l/« Ilf lllfl AO ^
W h olesale trade ________ _________________ ____— -------------R etail tr a d e ________________________________________
D uplicating-m achine op erators
(MimAngraph or Ditto) ..............
M annfartnring
Nr\«nrtannfarfiii*injf

j

Occupation and industry division

........

547
172 "
375
126
122
443
139
304
43
52
70
123
1, 133
466”
667
578
54
820
506
314
122
77
64
696
329
367
97
93
152

120
58
62

510
Keypunch o p erators, c la ss a
. . ____ ____
------ 552“
Manufacturing
.
.
.
158
Nonmanufacturing
- - ------------------------------------------------------■PiiKlio iitiliHofi^
.
-- - 51
WVinlcaalp trada
67
IfAypiinrVi npAratnra, rlaaa R
.......
878
------ J 5 T
Manufacturing
. . .
519
N onm anufacturing ____________________________________________
P iiK lir lit i li t ia a 2 .........
.
.
.
192
W b rklAfldlA f A
147
TTinanr p ^
135

$67.50 O ffice boys and g i r ls ----------- ---------------------------------------------------7 1 .6 6 "
65 .50
64.50
W holesale tra d e ..
64.00
Finance 1
3_________________________________. . . -------------2
6 1 .00
6935"
57.50
68.50
Nonmanufacturing
56.50
4 9 .00
W holesale tra de ------------------------ ,----------------------59.00
Retail tra d e ----------------- - -______________ ________ _____
F in an ce3
.
_________
95.50
9 7 .5 6
94 .5 0
--------------- ---------------------99.50 Stenographers, g*nera.l__
M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------------51.00
Nonmanufacturing_________ ___________________________
Public utilities 2
- 92.00
96 .6 6
85 .50
91.50
8 9 .50
6 8 .00 Stenographers, sen ior___________________________________
Manufacturing___________________ — . . . ----------------------Nonm anufacturing ......... ...... - --------------------------------------------81 .50
Public u tilitie s 2 .
.
_
_
'8 6 3 6 "
W holesale tra d e ..
77.50
F in an c e3
97.50
75 .50
65.50
Switchboard o p e r a t o r s ....
. . .
|
M anufacturing___ _— -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing__________ __________________________
73.00
" 8 2766"
W holesale trade _
_ .
64 .00
Retail trade
87.50
' 96:66'
82 .50
. 89.00 Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___
77 .00
Nonmanufacturing
—
W holesale trade
.
_
80 .5 0
"62.56"
7 8 .50
Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss A ______________
92.50
M a n u fa ctu rin g
_
.
_
73 .5 0
No nm anuf ac tur in g -----------— -------------------------------70.00

1 Earnings relate to regu lar stra igh t-tim e weekly sa la rie s that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 Fin ance, insurance, and r e a l estate.




Number

of

|

weekly
earnings
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

earnings*
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

Nonm anufacturing .

Average
weekly
earnings
(Standard)

534
t i l

303
57
57
126

2 ,9 9 8
" i;< 3 o ”
1, 368
225
301
123
520

1, 956
------ 955”
1,0 0 1
332
241
58
291
981
------ 5 6 6 ”
381
188
57
112

$66.50
6 9 .50
6 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

104.00
108.50
98 .0 0
116.00
97 .50
90 .00
93 .00

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
Manufacturing _
Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2 ----F in a n c e3

416
216
200
83
68

$100.50
” 16336“
97.00
100.50
95.00

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public utilities 2

259
187
96

84.50
9 3 .6 6 "
8 1 .00
83 .50

Tran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general .
Manufacturing
Nonmanuf picturing —
W holesale tra d e..
F in ance3 __ ______

490
257
233
95
62

76.00
78 .00
74.00
73.00
6 8 .50

1 ,1 1 9
634
485
57
54
192

83.00
87.00
78 .00
82.00
82.00
77 .00

2,3 2 1
9i T
1 ,3 9 0
284
382
113
527

69.00
7 4 .0 0 “
6 5 .50
7 3 .00
64 .5 0
57.50
63 .5 0

T yp ists, c la ss A
8 2 .5 0
Manufacturing _
8 6 .6 6 ”
Nonmanufacturing —
79 .0 0
Public u tilities 2 .
9 0 .50
W holesale tra d e ..
78 .0 0
Finance 3__ ______
67 .0 0
6 9 .0 0 1
T yp ists, c la ss B _
Manufacturing
9 5 .50
Nonmanufacturing__
9 6 .00
Public utilities 2 .
94 .5 0
W h olesale tra d e ..
102.00
R etail trarift ------89 .0 0
Finance 3-------------8 5 .00

I t

P rofession al and technical occupations
514
177
337
50
74
81
54

79 .5 0
92 .0 0
73 .0 0
9 3 .00
82 .5 0
58 .00
8 0 .00

77 .00
580
-------563” T 0 6 "
7 6 .00
277
122
7 9 .50

312

166.00

D raftsm en , s e n io r .
Manufacturing .
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 .

944
196
58

i4o.oo“

D raftsm en , ju nior..
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing .

703
84

D raftsm en , le a d e r .
Manufacturing_
_

N u r se s, industrial ( r e g is t e r e d ).
Manufacturing______________ — .
212
146
66

121.00
122.56
118.00

169 . 00 "
138.00

130.50
129.50
109.00
108.00“
115.50
108.50

""220

169. 00“
88 .50

Manufacturing .

36

92 : 66“

10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on am area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
o
t
w
orker*

Occupation and industry division

Average
hourly,
earning*

$1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.0 0 $2.1 0 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $ 3 .70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10
and
and
under
$1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.1 0 $2.2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50 $3.60 $3 .70 $3.80 $3.90 $4.00 $4.10
.
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

3. 10
3. 32
2 .6 5

_

_

366
303
63

2 .8 7
2 .9 1
2 .7 1

.
-

823
758
65

2 .6 5
2 .6 7
2 .3 7

C arp en ters, maintenance________________
Manufacturing--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing-------------------------------Finance 1
3------------------------------------------*

403
116
60

$3. 18
3 .1 3
3 .3 2
2 .8 1

E le ctricia n s, m aintenance--------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing--------------------------------

1 .6 6 0
1 ,4 9 4
166

3 .3 0
3 . *2
3 . 16

E n gin eers, station ary___________________
Manufacturing—— -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing—
—
.
_

391
262
129

F ir e m e n , stationary b oiler
Manufacturing—— ——
—
Nonmanufacturing—————

— —
— —

H elp e rs, maintenance trades
Manufacturing—————————————__
Nrtnmannfartiiring

T 5T ~

M ach in e-tool op erators, toolroom — Manufacturing—— ———
—
—

1, 171
1, 171

3 .2 4
3 .2 4

M achin ists, m aintenance________________
Manufacturing——————
___________

1 ,0 1 3
1, 008

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

M ech anics, automotive
(m ain tenan ce)----------------------------------------Manufacturing___ ___ ———————
—
Nnnmannfa rhiring
Public u tilitie s 4 -----------------------------

722
265
457
297

-

1
1

"

*

-

3
3
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

1

-

15
2
13

14
$
6
6

24
11
12
12

35
33
12
4

4
3
1
1

58
49
9

50
33
17

28
28

-

7
7
"

1
1
_

-

9
3
6
6
20
13
7

_
-

-

36
32
4
4

22
23

15
l5

-

102
71
31
27

72
64
8

122
122
-

237
337
-

166
148
18

34
16
18

47
46
1

29
10
19

40
36
4

27
27
_

46
46
1

8
8
-

10
10
-

13
13
"

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2
-

1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

31

7

7

12

2

1
1

_
-

5
5
-

_
-

7
3
4

4
4

13
13
-

13
11
2

8
6
2

52
37
15

39
29
10

59
31
28

39
39
-

37
37
-

25
24
1

22
22
-

19
19
-

6
1
5

_
-

12
12

26
15
11

25

19
19

91
88
3

194
194

46
39
7

n
11

124
99
25

107
107

99
99

11
11

10
10

5
5

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

25
25

22

-

2
2

.

l l

41
41

43
43

70
70

124
124

77
77

122
123

107
107

67
67

134
134

163
163

92
92

37
37

20
20

7
7

7
7

9
9

_
-

10
10

35
33

55
53

23
23

58
36

118
118

102
102

186
183

98
98

101
101

31
31

173
173

5
5

2
2

3
3

4
4

7
7

7
7

6
5
1
~

16
3
13
7

19
13
6
6

48
34
14
12

115
63
52
20

187
55
132
46

211
12
199
199

37
3
34
2

31
31

35
35

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

175
173

118
106

114
103

120
48

220
220

273
273

50
49

3
3

_

1
1

-

15
15

77
77

38
38

432
432

2
2

61
— 5T“

14
14

3

-

4
4

14
14

-

37
r fr -

_
-

2
2

11
2

2
2

14
13
14
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
5
5

3
3

-

1
1
-

-

“

1 .6 7 7
1, 563

3 .2 0
3 . 19

.

_

2
2

1
1

3
3

1
1

57
57

32
29

29
29

22
22

160
155

27
21

159
158

110
109

1. 160
X T 5o

3 .2 8
3. 28

14
14

58
58

22
22

26
26

19
19

72
72

47
47

407
405

2 .7 8
2 .7 9

326
209
117
79

2 .9 8
3 .1 6
2 .6 7
2. 61

P ip efitte rs, m aintenance------ ——-----------Manufacturing---------------------------------------

689
688

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

S h e et-m e tal w ork ers, maintenance—
Manufacturing—
—

133
126

3 .3 0
3 .3 3

1 .8 5 0
1 ,8 5 0

3 .5 6
3 .5 6

_

-

j

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

.
-

_

_

_

9

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

4
4

-

-

5
T

"

'

260
1 W

~

-

1

7
7

_

1
1

7
7

50
50

33
33

53
53

15
15

86
86

94
94

35
35

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

15
10
5

16

1
1

24
3
21
21

2
1
1
1

33
$
25
25

30
30
_

17
17

59
59
-

17
11
6
2

9
9
_

38
35
3

18
18
_

3
1
2

6
6
_

_
_
_

6
.
6

_
_
_

-

3
3

10
10
2

12
12

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23
23
9
9

-

16
16

-

-

-

18
18

24
24

8
8

40
40

104
104

75
75

57
56

54
54

76
76

203
203

.

_

_

10
3

l

1

6
6

6
6

18
18

5
5

9
9

68
68

1
1

3
3

44

92
92

116
116

88
88

226
226

199
199

1
1

-

_
-

1

1

26
26

76
76

-

44

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $4.10 to $4.20; 3 at $4.20 to $4.30; 2 at $4.30 to $4.40; 3 at $4.40 to $4.50; 25 at $4.50 to $4.60; and 2 at $4.90 to $5.
F inance, insurance, and re a l estate.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




10
8
2

3
2
1

-

_

1
*
3
4

10
10
-

-

2

-

—

26
36
-

-

1

_

Tool and die m ak ers Manufacturing———— — — — —

18
1$
-

_
-

1

"

-

—

28
33
5

1
1

22
6
16

_

—

9
-

2

-

—
—

73
73
“

12

_

P ain ters, maintenance —
Manufacturing - —
Nonmanufacturing—
Ti
T
^
_

199
199
-

7

-

-

328
363
75

7

_

.

150
146
4

31

-

O ilers —
—
Manufacturing—

121
108
13

37
_
2 37

_

_

_

—

_

over

1
1

2

"

M illw rights
XXaniifo rtiiri ng

2
2

1

_

M ech anics, maintenance________________
Manufacturing -

2
2

1

-

3.
3.
3.
3.

39
39

26
26

1

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

104
104

_

-

-

-

-

705
705

159
159

-

10
10

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, C leveland, Ohio, September 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation

1

and industry d ivision

of
wwfcm

^ --hourly
earning!

$ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 . 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 . 1 0

2

and

$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 ,3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 ,5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 ,7 0 $ 1 , § 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 ,0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 . 3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ 2 ,6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 . 8 0 $ 2 , 9 0 $ 3 . 0 0 $ 3 , 1 0 $ 3 , 2 0

E levator o p era to rs, p assen ger
(w om en ).. . . .
_ _ _ _ _
N onmanufactur ing_____________________
R etail trade -------------------------------------------

202
1 99
77

Guards and w a tc h m e n ---------------------------------Manufactu ring______ ___

1 ,8 4 2
“ 1 ,6 4 1

W a tch m en ----------------- -----------------------

234
801

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

_

J an itors, p o r te r s , and c lean ers
(men)
__ __
___
__
Manufacturing _ __
Nonmanufacturing
_ _ _
Public u tilit ie s 3 ____________________
W h olesale t r a d e -----------------------------R etail trade
----F in an c e4---------------------------------------------------------J an itors, p o r te r s , and clean ers
(w o m e n )
........... - ...
- M a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------

N onmanufacturing__________________. . . .
P A t a ll
F in a n r o

^

L a b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling__________
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g

N onmanuf a c tu rin g ..

2 ,6 4 2
322
2 ,3 2 0
96
876

"2763"
1. 54
12
. 0

5 ,0 0 9
2 ,8 4 8

721
825
585

___
W h olesale trade
R etail tra d e____ ___ _________________

1 ,4 7 0
614
856
634

___

21
2

P a c k e r s, shipping (men)
Manufacturing
............. Nonmanufacturing___________ ___ ______
W h olesale trade
P a c k e r s, shipping (women)
M a n u fa c t u r in g

___

1 ,3 4 6
17073
273
2 51

_
_

572
429
1 43
55

.

MoTUTl/innfa rtnring
Retail trada
R eceiving c le r k s ------------------ -------------------M anufacturing------------ -------------- ----------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r i ng_
.
-------------------W h olesale t r a d e -------------- --------------R etail tra de
_ ... . ...

See footnotes at end of table.




13
56
68
14
58

2 . 11
2 .3 6
1 .7 3
2 . 17
1 .8 8
1. 50
1 .8 4

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

O rd er fille r s
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
W h olesale trade
Retail trade

2.
2.
?
2.
1.

3 ,2 9 4
1 ,9 8 0
1 ,3 1 4
166
1 19
351
289

2,161

_.

$ 1 .2 8
1726
1 .2 1

"

530
3 l2
218
131
80

1 .6 0

6
6

17
IT "
9

155
15$
59

1

7

-

-

— T ~

_

.

1

7

21

112

-

-

21

112

-

-

21

56

-

5 29

29
11

-

55
7
48
27

2
2
-

2

-

3 99
1

83
9

-

7
392

9
74

8

52
4
48

56
7~
49

17

.

58
2
56

-

-

-

6
23

5
32

18
34

-

6
6
4
62
42

80
15
65

16
49

-

! 67

451

_
-

_
.

.
-

4
1

-

.

.

-

.

1 03
1

51
39
g

55
48
4Q

38
44

1
1 02

31
12

9
7

67
57
36
21
10

49
26
21
5
23

79
63
55
8
16

1 30
1 14
46
68
16

50
45
?7
Cf
18
5

41
34
oo
i
7

236
197
1y o
i
4
39

351
41
310
13
16
31
54

348
141
207
7
2
3
1 95

147
T T T
32
1
13
2
14

1 84
96
88
31
4
3

1 26
1 14
12
1
7

323
261
62
31
15
2
4

229
l9 6
33
11
9
5
2

157
1 30
27
15
11
1

87

90
60
30

56
46

40
39

38

4

3
3

13
13

-

22
4

16

82
36

_

4
18

16

122
12
1 10
18
5
72

1 15
~ ~W
99
6
8
50

-

566

—r 1
1
448
555
2 2
1
1
2 283
2
36
23
2
2
14
2
2 23 2
2
.
6
7
1
6 13 15
-

67

6

10
01

— IT

“Tr

978

76

515

48

46
18
28

57
23
34

-

.

27
20
7

-

-

-

3

3

30
27
3

36
23
13

-

1

3

18

1
0
6
2

2
0

32

-

23

50

-

-

2o

23
23

-

30
18

-

2
0
8
1
2
1
2

18

-

1
2
18

8
1
0
4
3

-

5

5
5

8

3

3
5

-

-

3

5

2
2
2
7
1

6
6

-

54

-

3

-

89
9
80
80

15
4
11

1

1 39

63
14
49
47
1

-

-

132
lift
14

1
1
8

51
13
38
36
2

-

8

5
15

6

1
2

26
25

9

24
24

6
3

2
4
30
29

3

g

8
8

2
2

32
56

22

7
3
4

16
14

-

2

3

2
1
1
2
0
12
8

16
13
3

2

1

4

30
ZF"
5

1 19
108

44

3

4

\~ju~— r

14

1
1

8

-

368
296
72

628
44o
1 88
91
96

4

1

_

.

.

_

.

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33
32
\7

266
2b l
7

-

64
64
64

.
-

.
.

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1
1

.
-

.

.
-

-

.
-

10
3

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18
“ 73“ —
5
1

4
r
i
i

-

7

4

.

.

_

.

_

-

.

-

_

1

47

-

-

.

-

-

_

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300
105
195
47

422
358
64

635
305
330

535
481
54
4

195
4
191
14
94
83

581
60
521
506

14
7
7
4

3

106
1 06

-

_

15

3

42
39
3

34
33

31
31

-

-

-

3

1

8

14

1 “ TT

over

3

331
231

271
1 93
399
T s T 3 9 0 " “ Zw
11
22
9
8
15
7

$ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 ,5 0

1

166
5

-

1
1

2

-

g

9

6
3

30

217
44
173

1

2
2
44
14
30
24
6

15

2

1
0

1
0

1
0
1
6

3

2 .4 4
2 .3 4
2 .0 7

2 .4 3
2 . 50
2 . 34
2 .4 0
2 . 17

.

8

-

1
1

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1

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-

2 . 15
1. 5 6
1. 2 5

17

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2 .4 3
2 .6 1
2 .3 0
2 .2 3
2 .5 3

21
. 0
2. 0
0

17

.

3
3
3

1 .6 1
2 . 53
2 . 52
2 . 54
2 .9 1
2 .3 3
2 .4 2

$ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0

under

2

1
2
2

12
1
27
26

10
0
23
74

1 2 12
0 1
l2 14
8 98

2
2
37
1

93
51
42
42

98

-

6
2

-

-

1 30

39

136
110
26
26

72
10

11
11

11
11

26
17
9
9

38
l3
25
24

8
6

44
44
1 18
104
14

31
24
7
5

2

1
2
27
2
6
6
6
6
6
2
1
19

2
2

2
2

1

214
72
142
1 42
-

18
9
15
5
43
43

8
8
49

8
6
62
99
69
30
22
8
79

to
9

Q
7
71
71

35

l4

3
3

35
34

2
-

1

1

8
16
9
10 21
6 2
92
70
6 151
8
-

39
25

67
1
151
134
17
17

126

8
143
165
165

-

.
50
54
25
29
8

2
1

123
120
3

1
2

1
2

12

12

—r

39 .
18

40
27
13

3
3

2
1
2
1

7

6

5

57

24
7
17

---

-

4
4

56
52
4

3

1

2
1
.
_

1
6
6

_
.
_

j

1

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.
.

-

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1
1

6
.
.

.
.
_
27
27

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

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34

8

2

2
0

34“
-

S —

1
1

-

-

~

-

1
3

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
0
1
1

8

5

2

!

-

2
-

1

3
3

-

.
.

1
4
-

— z~

13

2
9

5
3

.

5
4

1

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation1 and industry division

Num
ber
woken

$ T 3 0 " $3 "4 0 $ T 5 0
$ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 f T s o $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $2 .10 $2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $2760" $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 f37To"
and
and
J sa t*
under
$ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $2 .2 0 $2 .3 0 $2 .4 0 $ 2 .50 $2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 $ 3 .5 0 over
Average

18
11
7
6

8
2
6
6

14
3
11
11

11
9
2
2

25
17
8
8

22
14
8
8

41
36
5
5

46
32
14
14

41
34
7
7

26
18
8
8

45
34
11
2

126
115
11
8

7
7
-

"

22
22
22

2
1
1
-

2
1
1
"

_
_

9
3
6

7
7

32
27
5

7
3
4

18
16
2

38
14
24

28
24
4

17
17
-

11
10
1

3
1
2

1
_

-

11
5
6

5
4

-

6
6
-

_
-

1

3
_
3

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

1
1
1

66
2
64
-

16
12
4
2

81
11
70
67

15
14
1
1
-

26
13
13
13
-

33
30
3
3
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

297
127
170
28
7
135

354
123
231
155
24
52

278
91
187
6
181

“

109
34
75
7
2
“

67
56
11
7
-

-

7
7
1
5
1

255
12
243
100
118
25

1583
190
1393
1162
154
77

_

-

6

-

64

-

-

-

64
-

5
5
-

1
1
-

8
7
1
-

4
2
2
'

82
12
70
2

23
22
1
"

7
7
-

60
11
49
1

34
28
6
6

-

-

6
5

108
108
108

_

-

1

1

-

-

1

1

2
2
-

8
6
2

11
8
3

7
7
-

13
8
5
5

20
17
3
3

30
24
6
2

20
17
3
3

129
75
54
6

14
10
4
4

-

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

48

215
17
198
153
6
39

-

3
3
-

5
5
-

8
8
-

-

45
39
6
-

51
38
13
13

246
65
181
-

63
61
22

16
-

2
2
-

-

4
4
4

_
-

1
-

Shipping clerk s ____ ______________________
M anufacturing.
—
Nonmanufacturing_____________________
W holesale trade

472
336
136
115

$2 .5 5
2.66
2.27
2.2 0

-

-

Shipping and receivin g c le r k s ---------------. . . . . ______ . .
M anufa ctur ing
- _____
Nonmanufacturing

216
137
79

2.58
2.67
2.41

_
.

_
_

T ru ck d rivers 6____________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanuf actur ing_____________ — -------Public utilities 3 _
W holesale tr a d e ----------------------------Retail trade--------------------------------------

3, 393
771
2 ,6 2 2
1 ,4 9 0
564
430

2.95
2.86
2.9 7
3.07
2.88
3.0 0

_
_
_
_

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
1V2 to n s )..
Manuf actur ing—. - ~ . —. . . . . . — — ----Nonmanufacturing--------- — . . . . . . . . . .
W holesale trade

493
127
366
178

2.68
2.7 4
2.65
2.99

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( 1V2 to and
including 4 to n s )..
Manuf actur ing--------------------------------Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 3________________
WV»nlacala fr
R etail trade--------------------------------

1 ,2 4 1
231
1, 010
778
110
114

2.97
2 .7 0
3.03
3.05
3.12

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type)
Manufacturing------------— . . . ----- -------Nonmanufacturing.
Public u tilities 3
Retail trade--------------------------------

1, 157
195
962
525
214

3.05
2.96
3.07
3.13
3.17

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler typ e ).— -------------Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilitie s 3 . ___ ____ — ------

413
248
156

2.95
2.87
3.0 7

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) . . . ----------------Manufactur
---------Nonmanufacturing
Retail trade------------- ------ ------ — ------

1, 714
1 ,6 0 6
108
65

2 .7 0
2.79
2.86
2.8 4

609
416
193
186

2.7 8
2.92
2.49
2.48

T ru ck ers, power (other than
fo r k lift)------------------------------------------------ -,T
~
N onmanufa ctur ing_____ ______ . . . . __ ___
Public utilities 3
. . .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

8
8
4

-

-

4
_
4

4
_
4

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
.
_

-

-

-

3
_
3
_
3

-

-

_

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

“

-

26

2
-

26
-

41
41

-

93
93
-

-

-

-

-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes 5 w ork ers at $ 0 .9 0 to $1.
Includes all d rivers reg a rd le ss of siz e and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 3 .5 0 to $ 3 .6 0 ; and 58 at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 3 .9 0 .




-

1

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

71
71
-

43
43
-

133
125
8
1

142
140
2
-

177
177
-

-

52
48
4
-

-

198
176
22
22

56
36
20
20

117
13
104
104

24
11
13
10

48
28
20
18

117
103
14
12

“

4
4

17
17
17

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

1
-

8
7

1

2
2

1

1

185
41
144
7
4
133

4
2
2
2

_
_

13
13
.

59
3
56
56

29
29
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

111
Ill
95
6
10

645
28
617
507
98
12

12
12
-

2
2
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

2

-

-

31
12
19
15

588
10
578
525
53

137
137
133

2
2
_

_
_

13
13
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

287
142
130

_
-

-

4
2
2

-

-

-

_
-

559
521
38
32

17
7
10
10

134
130
4
-

26
6
20
-

10
10
-

35
35
-

_

14
14
_

-

-

-

-

110
108
2
2

6
5
1
1

16
14
2
2

3
3
-

-

32
32
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

1

59
7

_

_

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la ss A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m achine (hilling m achine)• Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large num
ber of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B . Keeps a record of one or m
ore phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B ille r , m achine (h ook k eep in g m ach in e). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W
ork involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A .In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la s s

C la s s C 9 Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical)
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f th e fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. M sort, collate, and staple completed material.
ay

IS
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
C la s s A

B. Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.
C la s s

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. M prepare
ay
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D o e s not in clu de transcribing-m achine work . (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: W
ork requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters fromgeneral
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not in clu de transcribing-m achine work .

16
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C la ss C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
D o e s not in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la ss B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST

U ses a typewriter to make c o p ie s o f various m aterial or to
make out b ills after ca lcu lation s h ave been made by another person.
May include typing of ste n c ils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for u se in
duplicating p r o cesses. May do c le r ic a l work in volvin g little sp e c ia l
training, such a s keeping sim ple record s, filin g records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.
C la ss A # Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B# Performs one or more o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

DRAFTSMAN
L e a d e r . Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation of working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
assist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

S enior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections,
etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specifications; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. W
ork is frequently in a spe­
cialized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (a s s is ta n t).
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W
ork involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical s y s t e m or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or m
ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. W
ork involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f en g in eers in e s ta b lis h -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W
ork involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricatingoils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m en ts em p loyin g more than on e en g in eer are exclu d ed .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

19
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

M ECHANIC, A U TO M O TIV E (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
g ag es, d rills, or sp e c ia liz e d equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v a lv e s; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

M ECHANIC, M AIN T E N AN C E
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishm ent.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ic a l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling
m achines; and making a ll n ecessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience u sually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this cla ssifica tio n are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease,-the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

P A IN TE R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecifica tio n s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings

20
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,

types of sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installin g
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and
repairing building sa n ita tion or h eating s y s t e m s are e x c lu d e d .

TO O L AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

P LU M B E R , MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work in v o lv es: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh e lv e s, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
m odels, or other sp ecifica tio n s; setting up and operating a ll available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls, g a g e s, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling o f m achines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well a s o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; and se lectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p r o cesses.
In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishm ent.

Performs routine police du ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. In c lu d e s g a te -

Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

oth er p erso n s en terin g .




men who are sta tio n e d at g a te and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and

21
JA N ITO R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

P A C K E R , SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
C lean s and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent.

Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance se r v ic e s; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ec ia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e on e or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k ers who a ls o make
w ood en b o x e s or cra tes are ex clu d ed .

L A B O R E R , M A TE R IA L H ANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LERK

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve on e 'or more o f the fo llo w in g:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting dev ices; unpacking, sh elving,

or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g sh o r e m e n , who load and unload sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
ping work i n v o lv e s :

routes,

available

Ship -

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

means of transportation, and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s :

May

R ec e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
O RD ER F IL L E R

dise

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and file s.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sa le s slip s, cus­
tomers9 orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R e c e iv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

22
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places o f bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers

are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssifie d by size
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b a sis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




TR U CK E R , POWER
Operates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illeg a l entry.







Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1963.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b elow .
A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , a n d th e p r i c e s o f th e b u l l e t i n s
i s a v a i l a b l e u p o n r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . 2 0 4 0 2 ,
o r f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh o w n on th e i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin
num ber

P rice

A k r o n , O h i o -----------------------------------------A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y _________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x ____________________
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J.
B
E
N
A t l a n t a , G a -------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d 1-----------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r , T e x ____________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a __________________________
B o i s e , Id a h o . . . . __ ___ __________ __________
B o s t o n , M a s s 1_____________________________

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1345-15

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u f f a l o , N . Y 1______________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t 1____________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a ________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C ______ __________________ __
_
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a __________________
C h i c a g o , 1111_______________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y _______________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o ___________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o 1__________________________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1385-5
1345-65
1345-54
1385-11
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a l l a s , T e x 1_________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s la n d — o l i n e , Iow a—
R
M
1111
D a y t o n , O h i o _________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o ________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a ___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h 1_______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x 1____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s ______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C _____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x ____________________________ 1___

1345-21
1345-18
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1345-27
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cents

I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d ____________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s ______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a 1__________________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . — a n s ____________________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H _______________
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k _____________
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f 1_________________
L
L o u isv ille , Ky. —
Ind 1_______________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x _______________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H __________________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n _____________________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

B u lletin
num ber

P rice

M i a m i , F l a __________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s 1____________________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n 1______________________
S
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ______________
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J _____________________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n ___________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a 1__________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y 1____________________________________
N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u t h and N ew p ort N e w s—
P
H a m p t o n , V a 1__________________________________ _
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a ______________________________

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

I
O m a h a , N e b r . — o w a _______________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J ___________________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J 1____________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z _______________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a 1_____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e __________________________ -________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h _____________________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t ,R . I. — a s s 1______________
P
M
R a l e i g h , N . C 1______________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a ______________________________________

1345-12
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1345-24
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1 3 4 5 - 19

20
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o c k f o r d , 111________________________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . - I l l 1________________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h 1_______________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x 1__________________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f 1 _____
R
O
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f 1___________________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d ,C a l i f 1_____________________
O
S a v a n n a h , G a _______________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a 1_______________________________________
S e a t t l e , W a s h 1______________________________________

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1385-9
1345-10
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1385-10

20
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k ________________________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d _____________________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h 1_____________________________________
T o l e d o , O h io 1_______________________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J 1______________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . — d . — a 1______________________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ___________________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a 1_____________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s ______________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ___________________________________
Y o r k , P a -----------------------------------------------------------

1345-13
1345-52
1345-66
134 5 -5 1
1345-29
1345-16
1345-49
13 4 5-20
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

20
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102