View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

SCRANTON,PENNSYLVANIA
AUGUST 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-8




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SCRANTON, PENNSYLVANIA
AUGUST 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-8
December 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents







P refa ce

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labpr Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupatibnal earnings, and establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor markets, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (a) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (b) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_______________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods__________________
A: Occupational earnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women.___________________ _ __
A -2. Professional and technical occupations—
men______________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_________________________________
A -4. Maintenance and power plant occupations_______ ________ . . .
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations_____________

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each
of the labor- markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.




3
3
5
6
7
8
9

B: Establishment practices and supplementary wage
provisions: *
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Scranton, Pa., in August 1963. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in New York, N .Y., by John J.
Brennan, under the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The
study was under the general direction of Frederick W.
Mueller, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and
Industrial Relations.

1
4

B -2.
B -3.
B -4.
B -5.
B -6.
B -7.

Shift differentials______ ___________________ __________ __. . . . . .
Scheduled weekly hours_____________________________________
Paid holidays___________ ___ __________ __________ _______ ____
Paid vacations__________________________________________
Health, insurance, and pension p la n s...________ __________
Paid sick leave_______________________________________ _ _____

Appendix: Occupational descriptions__________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in the
Scranton area, are also available for building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.

Hi

11
12
13
14
16
17
19




O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y —S cra n to n , P a.
Introduction

as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field
economists to representative establishments within six broad industry
divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other
public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services. Major industry groups excluded from these
studies are government operations and the construction and extractive
industries. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of
workers are omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employ­
ment in the occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided for each of the broad industry divisions which
meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working foremen
and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) en­
gaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers* i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries. This information is presented both in
terms of (a) establishment p olicy,1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other” was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed. Sums
of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
A n establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) bad formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during die 12 months prior to die survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly
by the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set
aside for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period. In addition to
the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies qr nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days o f sick leave that could be expected by each em ployee. Such a plan
need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were
excluded.

3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope o f survey and number studied in Scranton, Pa. , 1 by m ajor industry d iv is io n ,2 August 1963
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

S tu d ie d

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

234

99

3 6 ,6 0 0

4 ,7 0 0

2 7 ,6 0 0

2 2 ,5 9 0

50
-

163
71

57
42

2 6 ,3 0 0
1 0 ,3 0 0

2 ,2 0 0
2 ,5 0 0

2 1 ,6 0 0
6 ,0 0 0

1 4 ,3 0 0
8 ,2 9 0

50
50
50
50
50

22
11
23
5
10

15
3
12
4
8

4 ,4 0 0
600
3 ,5 0 0
800
1 ,0 0 0

900

2 ,5 0 0

3 ,9 2 0
320
2 ,5 8 0
680
790

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________ — ------ -------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g —_ —------------------- --------------------— --------------------------_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________ —----------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e . .
---------------------------- ------------------- -----------R e t a il tr a d e —
------.—
--------- -----------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e --------- ----------------------___
__________
___
— ~
----S e r v ic e s 8

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

O ffice

T o ta l4

P la n t

(? )
(? )
(J)
( 6)

(? )
(? )
(? )
( 6)

T o ta l4

1 The Scranton Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea consists o f Lackawanna County.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
d escrip tion of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a basis o f com parison with other employment indexes
f o r the area to m easure em ploym ent trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use o f establishment data com piled considerably in advance of the pa yroll period studied,
a n d (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded from the scope o f the survey.
2 The 1957 rev ised edition o f the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) o f com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rv ice ,
a n d m otion picture theaters a re con sidered as 1 establishment.
>
4 Includes executive, p rofession a l, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant ca tegories.
5 Taxicabs and s erv ices incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry d ivision is represented in estim ates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
o f data for this division is not m ade for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not
designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possib ility of d isclo su re o f individual establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the S eries A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation o f data for this division is not made for one o r m ore o f the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; p ersonal s e rv ice s ; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations; and engineering and arch itectural s e rv ice s .




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly sala ries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational
groups, and percents o f increase for selected p e rio d s, Scranton, Pa.
Index
August 1960*100

Industry and occupational group

P ercen ts of increase

August 1963

August 1962
to
August 1963

A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (men and w om en)_______. . . .
Industrial nurses (men and women) . . . . . . . . .
Skilled maintenance (men)______ _______ ___
Unskilled plant (men) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

111.0
(*)
110.4
115.8

3.4
(M
3.6
6. 7

3. 3
2.6
2.7
2. 1

3.9
3. 3
3.7
6. 3

Manufactur ing:
O ffice cle rica l (men and w om en)__________
Industrial nurses (men and w om en)..._____
Skilled maintenance (m e n )................ . . .
Unskilled plant (men) ____ «..._____________

113. 2
<M
109.6
112.4

5. 3

1.6
2 .6
2.8
2 .8

5.7
3. 3
3.5
6. 8

Data do not meet publication crite ria .

{')

3.0
2 .4

August 1961
to
August 1962

August i960
to
August 1961

4
Wagt Tren ds for Salaetad O ccupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women.
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Scranton, P a ., August 1963)
Avshaos
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING 8TRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$40
Weekly,
Weekly
and
hours 1
earnings
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
$ 45

$ 45

$50

$ 55

$ 60

$ 65

$70

$ 75

$80

$85

$90

$ 95

$10 0

$ 10 5

$ 11 0

$115

$120

$50

$ 55

$60

$ 65

$70

$ 75

$80

$85

$ 90

$95

$100

$105

$11 0

$115

$120

over

>

2

2

7

3

11

4

and

M en
49

3 9 .5

$ 1 0 8 .5 0

-

.

_

_

_

23

3 9 .0

6 4 . 00

_

8

4

1

_

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s R_
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

36
32

3 9 .5
39. 5

9 2. 50
9 3756

_

T a h u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ______

19

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

32

3 8 .0

6 1 .0 0

_

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A —
O ffi c e h o y s

—

___ ___

_

_

_

2

7

8

12

2

.3
------ 5

_

!

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

1
-

8
7

3
3

1
-

1
1

13
13

-

"

-

-

2

4

1

1

-

-

-

-

11

_

6

2

5

4

2

.

2

_

_

_

9

1

3

_

4

_

_

1

_

16
4
12

25
4
21

27
11
16

16
11
5

5
1
4

1
-

3
3

2
2

2
2,

-

-

4
4
-

3
' i
2

5
5
“

3
— 3-----

4
3
i

n
2
9

10
- .
10

3
------2—

------ 2 ~

-

_

W om en

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b il li n g m a c h i n e ) ___

u

18

3 8 .0

7 5 .0 0

_

114
31
83

3 8 .5
38. 5
3 8 .5

6 0. 50
6 27 55
59. 50

4
4

12
12.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __
_

59
19
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .$
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
7 87 55
9 8 . 00

_
-

-

_
-

-

1
1
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s R
M a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_ ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________ ;___________ , ______
_

93
*9
64

3 9 .5
3 6 .$
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
6 4 . 50
8 4 .5 0

_
-

4
4
-

2
2
-

6
2
4

17
4
13

12
7
5

8
6
2

5
4
1

2
2

_
-

14
14

C le rk s , f ile , c la s s B

20

3 8 .5

5 4 .0 0

3

5

4

2

5

_

_

_

_

_

95
33
62

3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

5 3 .5 0
4 8 . 50
5 6 .5 0

38
12
26

25
8
17

3
3
“

.
_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

18

10
1

-

-

18

.
.

36
23

38. 5
38. 5

6 3 .5 0
6 4 . 00

-

3
$

2

9
6

3
3

9
7

1

1

1

8
2

1

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .6
38. 5

6 2 .0 0
6 2 . 60
6 2 . 50

2

6
4
2

31
31
“

14
12
2

17
14
3

14
11
3

9
6

.

113
97
16

1

8
8
~

45

3 7 .0

8 0 . 00

_

_

_

8

1

11

132
27
105

3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 8 . 50
59755
8 3 .0 0

5
5

11
8
3

10
5
5

13
8
5

15
4

140
90
50
15

38.
38.
38.
38.

8 2 .5 0
8 5 . 00
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

_
-

l
_
1
1

5
5
2

8
5
3

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A -----------B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u f a c t u r in g .
_
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_

C le r k s , f ile , c la s s C
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _

—
____

_

C l e r k s , o r d e r __ __________ __________...
M a n u fa ctu r in g
_____ _______
C le r k s , p a y r o ll __
M a n u fa c t u r in g . ______ „
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g .
__
C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s .

_ ir-_
_

.

_

____
__
.

.
.

See footnotes at end of table.




_

___

.
. .
...
__ _

, __
_

________

__ __

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s R
M a n u fa c tu r in g
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ..
. .
S e c r e ta r ie s
.
.
.
M a n u fa c tu r in g
.
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

_______________
__
. . . . . __

. . .
. . .
.
_____________
____

5
5
5
5

-

2

-

-

n

i

_

_

.

.

-

-

-

2
_
2

1
_

9

5
_
5

1
.
1

10
10

7
_
7

3
_
3

1
.
1

2
_
2

_
_

1

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

8
6
2

3
2
1

1
1
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2

6

_

14

2

1

_

_

.

_

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

58
58

_

11

6
2
4

-

-

“

-

-

18
13
5
1

15
8
7
3

22
9
13
3

22
17
5
1

11
10
1
1

12
10
2

6
3
3
2

5
4
1

3
2
1
1

4
3
1

7
5
2

>

-

-

-

l
„
l

-

1

9

-

1

-

1

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g u st 1963)
Avkbaox
Number
of
workers

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

; NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$ 40
and
under
$ 45

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$ 90

$95

$100

$105

$11 0

$ 11 5

$120

$50

$ 55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$ 11 5

$ 12 0

over

2
2

10
10
■

8
4
4
1

12
7
5
“

10
9
1
"

13
12
1
"

5
1
4
1

7
4
3
“

3
3
2

_
“

12
12
12

7
7
7

3
1
2
2

3
2
1
1

1
1
-

“

_
“
■

-

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$45

_

21
12

18
16

8
8

9
$

6
6

-

1
1

1
1

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

2
1

1

5 .
“

4
3

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

“

1
1
“

1
1
“

■

1
-

"

“

"

■

”

“

“

1

-

-

1

_

and

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
96
41
55
26

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l . __
— -------- — ------------—
M a n u fa ctu r in g __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
. _
__ ----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ________________‘-------------- ---------------- -—
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 --------------------- --------- —
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r __ —
____—
...
— ...
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------------------------- -------

$ 7 1 .0 0
6 8. 50
7 3 .0 0
9 1. 50

39. 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

80
------5 F ~

7 3 .0 0
3 8 .0
TS7<3~ “ T37T5TT

2
------ 2—

1
-

11
— T —

38
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

6 3 .0 0
56. 50

5
5

4
4

5
5

3
3

3

53
W ~
15

3 9 .5
3 9. 5
3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0
57. 50
55. 50

"

8
1
7

17
15
2

11
11
“

4

7
6
1

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C _____ — ____ _____

18

3 8 .0

6 6 .0 0

-

_

_

3

3

11

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ___ __

— -----

35

3 8 .0

7 9. 50

.

.

6

9

!

_

51
28
23

24

25

3
3

--------

142
76
66

6
5
1

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

__ _ _
. . .

— _
__
---------— ----- -

------ .
.. ..

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s --------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------------------- ----- —

T y p is t s , c l a s s B
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g —. . _
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g

_

_

--------------

----

—

. . .

. . . .

_

..

4
-

55. 50
3 8 .5
5 8 .5 “ — 5 s : w
5 5 .0 0
38. 5

25
10
15

4

5

7
3

T5

T3

8

12

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

3

2

_

_

_

1
-

.

1
1

1

-

8

1
1

_

.

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and th e e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g u st 1963)
Avkbaqk
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ____________________________
___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g - __ __
— ___ ___ ____ ____ —
_
D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r __ — _______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g

„

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$ 55
Weekly.
Weekly l
and
hours
(Standard) (s£5d«d) u n d e r
$60

120
165

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

80
60

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 6 . 00

$60

$ 65

$70

$ 75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$ 10 5

$ 11 0

$115

$120

$125

$13 0

$135

$ 14 0

$65

$70

$75

$ 80

$ 85

$90

$95

$10 0

$10 5

$ 11 0

$115

$ 12 0

$125

$130

$13 5

$140

$145

-

-

-

-

3
2

2
2

11
5

14
12

11
9

22
22

12
10

13
13

14
12

8
8

4
----- 4-----

1
1

5
5

1

4

5
1

3
2

13
8
----- 5— ------ 8

27
Z7

12
11

—

4
r ~

3
1

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .




_

_

-

_

_

_ . _

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , S cr a n to n , P a . , A u g u st 1963)

_
Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Average
weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Average |
weekly .
earnings1 [
(Standard) 1

32

$ 6 3 . 50
63. 50
6 4. 00

46

80. 50

K e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___ — ________——- — __ —

146
27
119

8 0 .0 0
59. 50
84. 50

37
20
17

61. 00
4 9 . 00
75. 00

$ 6 1 . 00
M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------- :-------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------------------------------

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a r m f a Y 't i i T i n g _ .
N r in m a r in fa r tn r in g

_

....

----------------------

----------------------

..

.„ „ T

18

75. 00

116
31
85

60. 00
62. 50
59. 50

108
31
77

99. 50
8 5 .0 0
105. 00

190
36
154

89. 50
6 7. 50
9 4. 50

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------—
C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ---------------------------------------- — --------------------------N r‘ T m a rU lffH 'tV IT‘iT lg
V

__

O ffi c e b o y s and g i r l s - ___ - ___ - ------------------------- — — _ —_____
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------------ '—
N 'm m a r m f a r t u r in g

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a rm f a r tii r i n g

C. 1p r k s ,

_

rlft.B R R

___

--------------------------------------------------____________________________ _

____________

_

___ _____ _________

__

__

____

M a n u fa ctu r in g — — — __ ---------- ------------------------ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------

142
90
52
17

24

60. 50

95
33
62

53. 50
4 8 . 50
56. 50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _________________________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------------------------------------------

97
41
56
27

6 5. 50
6 7 .0 0

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r ----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

80
.63

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -----------------------------------------------------------------------

38
25

$ 6 3 .0 0
5 6. 50

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s -------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------

53
38
15

5 7 .0 0
57. 50
5 5 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B --------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------

41
35
23

9 1 .0 0
93. 00
1 0 0 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C --------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g —----------------------------------------------------------------------------

118
101
17

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s --------------------------------------------------------------

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b il li n g m a c h i n e ) -------------------------------------

Average
weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)'

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffi c e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffi c e o c c u p a t io n s

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

37
15

7 8 . 50
66. 00

I T y p is t s ,

c l a s s A ___

______

—

_________________

_______

T y p is t s , c l a s s B — -------------------------------------------- ----------------- M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------------------------------------------------------------------------82. 50 1
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ------------------------ ------------------------------------------85. 00
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------------*
7 7. 50
76. 50

37

80. 50

152
76
76
22

5 7 .0 0
56. 50
57. 50
68. 50

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s
C-1 A -r k R ,

file ,

r lg s p

f. .

Nonm a.nufa.ctu.ring

C le rk s o r d e r
M a n u fa ctu r in g

___ „

_

__■ ■■
»■

__

■t -

42
29

•

E a r n in g s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r i e s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




71. 50
6 8 . 50

7 4. 00
9 2. 50

D r a ft s m e n , s e n i o r ---------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g — ----------------- — -------------------------------------------

122
107

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

73. 00
7 3. 50

D r a ft s m e n , j u n i o r ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

83
63

8 3 .0 0
86. 00

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , S c r a n to n , P a . , A u g u st 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average $ 1.20 $ 1.3 0 $ 1.40 $ 1.50 $ 1.60 $ 1.70 $ 1.8 0 $ 1.9 0 $ 2.0 0 $ 2.10 $ 2 .2 0 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $ 2.70 $ 2.8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3.0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3.2 0 $ 3 .3 0 $3.4 0 $ 3.5 0
hourly . and
earning*
u n d er
$1.3 0 $1.4 0 $ 1.50 $ 1.60 $ 1.70 $ 1.80 $ 1.90 $2.0 0 $ 2.10 $2.20 $2.3 0 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.7 0 $2.80 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3.0 0 $ 3.1 0 $ 3.20 $ 3 .3 0 $ 3.4 0 $3.5 0 $ 3 .6 0

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e __ _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g „
_______

19
16

$ 2 .6 4
2 .5 6

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in t e n a n c e .
M a n u fa c t u r in g ____________ _____________

65

2 .9 3
2 .8 5

F ir e m e n , s ta t io n a r y b o i l e r

.

_

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s -----------------

M a c h in is t s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa c t u r in g ------------- .-------------------------

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n c e ) . . . .
M nrim aniifartiiring

-—

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce
M a n u fa ctu r in g

------

____
. . . .

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ..
M a n u fa ctu r in g _ __ _ _

__ _____

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ..

_

.

---------

64

1.73
15
------- 13— — r 1 T ~

34
21

2 .0 4

65
62

_

"
_

6

_

.

_

.

"

_

1 .8 2

85
-------75

Z77'4—

15
------- F5

2
1

_

“

4

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

~

2
2

"

"

1

12
T2

3
3

3
3

5
5

6
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

_

_

_

13
13

18
16

10
10

20
20

7

-

1
1

2
2

3
3

_

6

*

“

6

j

_

_

4

_

3
3

_

6

5

"

"

”

-

“

1

11

-

_

1
1

2
2

2
2

“

2

2
2
2

-

4

l

-

-

-

2
-----1
—
1

28
28

4
2

12
~Ti

7
7

2

1

2

3 .0 2
— 3.'6 2 "

— T~

h o lid a y s ,

and la te s h ift s .

1

2
“

-

-

3
3

■

4
4

16
7

.

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

“

"

~

4

j

■

"1 1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic, u t ilit ie s .

-

-

9
l~ T ~

"

2
5
2 ' 1 15 "

5
5

’

1

4

3
3

2
1

1

“

.

“

2.81
2.81

—

2
2

"

2 .7 2

110

2
2

" •

.
"

“

-

2 .8 2
2 .83
2 .83

— m




-

“

“

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

105
95
95

-

14
14
14

1

-

_

-

-

63
63
63

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

3
H T “

9
9

-

-

-

13
13

7
5

-

2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

25
25

9
9

39
39

1 23

4

f - r -

5
5

!

23

1
1
.

2
2

_

7
7

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Scranton, P a ., August 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF
f o l o $ 0 .9 0 $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ 1 .5 0 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 .8 0 $ 1 .9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 .5 0 $ T 6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0
and
un d er
$ 0 .9 0 $ 1 .0 0 $ 1 .1 0 $ 1 .2 0 $ 1 .3 0 $ 1 .4 0 $ l f 50 $ 1 .6 0 $ 1 .7 0 $ 1 ,8 0 $ 1 ,9 0 $ 2 .0 0 $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 $ 2 ,5 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ 2 .8 0 $ 2 .9 0 $ 3 .0 0 $ 3 .1 0 $ 3 .2 0

Number
of ^

E le v a to r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) _ _____
_
__
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g _________ ___________
fS na rd s and w a tc h m a n

W a tc h m e n
J a n ito rs , p o r t e r s , and cle a n e r s
(m e n ) _
„
__
_
M a n u fa c t u r in g ___ ___ ___ ______________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3 ----------------------------J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n )
__
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N n nm annfa rtn r i ng

—

24
—

$ 1 .0 7
T7W -

2
2

142
120
54
66

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
2

hourly 2

1 .6 7
1. 69
1 .9 7
1 .4 5

_

274
171
103
30

1 .7 1
1 .8 3
1. 50
1 .9 4

78
33
45

1. 19
— 1743“
1. 01

9
9

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

9
9

3
2

11
9

_

"

-

-

9

29
“ 26
6
20

12
4

_

21
21
3
18

9
9

6
6

6
6

17
6
LI
6

12

6

18

5
5

12

6

18

11
5
6
31
15
16
-

28
25
3
-

8
8

.537
235
302
208

2. 16
1. ‘77
2 .4 5
2 .6 9

-

-

2
2
-

__

150

2 .0 1

.

.

_

182
176

1 .7 9
1 .7 9

_

_

_

_ _

-

-

42
24
18

2. 10
1. 98
2 .2 6

_

.

-

1 .8 8
1 .8 6

-

--------

28
25

-

S h ip p in g an d r e c e iv in g c l e r k s
__
M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------- -----------

57
32

2 . 12
1 .6 7

T r u c k d r iv e r s 4
_
_
M a n u fa c tu r in g
—
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ---------- ---------- ------■Pnhlic u t ilit ie s ®

589
42
547
482

„ ,

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m (I V 2 t o and
in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )____ _________________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ..
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g __________________
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3__________ __ __

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ___________
M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________ - __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
__
P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3
O rd er fille r s
P a c k e r s , s h ip p in g
M a n u fa c tu r in g

__

_

R e c e iv in g r l a r k s - . . .
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

. .................-. . ..

S h ip p in g d a r k s
M a n u fa ctu rin g ....

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
l l h to n s )
_
M a n u fa ctu r in g

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

13

9
— 5—
6
-

2
2
2
-

8
8
45
— j - ----- T “ ~ ~ T T
4
5
8
1

9
5
4

7
5
2

6
6

2
2

11
11

3

_

1
1

3
3

16
14
2
-

9
6
3
-

20
26
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

3
3
-

2

6

3

_

9

4

17
8
9

19
T

“

_

2

9

17
16

18
16

8

-

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

4
2
2

-

-

-

_

4

_

_

-

-

-

.

.

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3

6
6

2 .6 4
2. 28
2 .6 7
2 .7 7

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

1
1

6
4
2

48
28

2 .3 1
1. 94

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
2

228
17
211
201

2 .6 6
1. 78
2 .7 3
2 .7 6

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

89
72

2 .2 6

"

-

-

—

-

4
4
-

-

-

Z .Z l

-

19
18
18
-

26
18
8
8

6
5

114
109
5
5

28
28
-

42
4
38
-

_

70

8

5
5

65
65

1

-

“

-

4
-----5 -

11
11
11
-

-

2
1

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




2

_

_

20

5
5

1
4
— 5“

3
3

-

2
— T~

1
_
61
1

7
4
4

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

11
11
11

_
_

14
14

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

16
16
-

17
6
11
-

13
13
13

6
6
_

_
_
_

>
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

190
_
190
190

-

-

-

-

48

4

21
5
~ T T ----- 5

14
14

1
-

1
-

"

1
1

-

"

-

-

-

4
4

7
7

4
J

3

5

_

_

_

1

_

3

_

_

4
6
1~ ~ T ~

5
_

_

5
5

6
2
4
_

_

_

18
2

5
2

-

1
-

3
3
_

8
_
8
1

1
_
1

115
_
115

-

-

_

8
8
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

10
10

29
1
28

7
5
2

3
2
1
1

19
1
18

14
14

-

-

10

-

3

_

1

_

lG

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

7
5
2

3
2

9
1
8

1

-

57

-

-

57
57

-

~

"
-

'

-

2
2
-

-

-

1

2
2

4

13
l3

4

3
2
— T~
_

-

1

-

i

.

1

-

12
12

-

42
34

4

_

_

“

"

~

7
7

9
9
9

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
9
— T~ ~ ~ T ~
7

2
5
5 . — T~

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

333
_
333

26
4
22

_
_
_

11
11

4

_

11

-

-

-

132

10

-

-

132
132

10
10

-

-

-

_

5

_

_

.

“

“

"

■

-

B:

10

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
.Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(Distribution of. establishm ents studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected ca tegories
of inexperienced wom en office w ork ers, Scranton, P a., August 1963)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly straight-tim e salary 1

Manufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h o u rs3 of—

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

Establishments studied-.

Other inexperienced c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 1
2
Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

37l/2

A ll
schedules

99

99

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

3
5
17
6
9

under $42.50under $45 .00 under $47.50under $50 .00 under $52.50—
under $55 .00 under $57 .50 under $ 60 .00 under $62.50—
o v er_____

Data not available-

57

1

16
3

1
10

7

5
6

3

4

71

XXX

XX X

1

XXX

XXX

30

1

3

3

10

4

XXX

XXX

XX X

41

XXX

XXX

14

XXX

XXX

XXX

XX X

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

1 These salaries relate to form a lly established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in sub clerica l jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks com bined, and for the m ost com m on standard workweeks reported.




37V2

1

Establishments having no specified minimum .
Establishments which did not em ploy w orkers
in this ca te g o ry -

A ll
schedules

37V2

24

Establishments having a specified minimum —
$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52,50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62,50

B ased on standard w eekly hours 3 of—

A ll
industries

37Vz

Nonmanufacturing




11
Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift differen tials o f m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount o f d ifferen tial,
Scranton, Pa. , August 1963)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

Shift d ifferential

In establishm ents having fo rm a l
p ro v isio n s 1 fo r—

A ctually working on—

Second shift
w ork

T o t a l ...............................................................................

T hird o r other
shift w ork

Second shift

Third o r other
shift

69. 2

3 9.2

11.8

2. 5

With shift pay d ifferential — ----------------- — —

3 9.0

3 9.2

6 .9

2. 5

U niform cents (p er h o u r)-----------------------------

3 0.2

2 6 .6

5 .9

2 .0

5 c e n ts -------- — — — ------------ ------- —
------------ —
7 cents — ------------ ------l llz c e n t s -------- ------- — ----------------------10 cents - — — — — ---- ------- ------- —
10z/3 cents — ------------ ---------------------------12 c e n t s ___ — --------- ------- ------- -— —
14 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------15 cents — -----------------------------------------------16 c e n t s _________________________________
18 c e n t s ------------- — ~ — --------------- — —
28 cents —--------------------------- --------------—----------

1. 5
4. 1
1.9
11. 1
.6
5. 1

.8

(2 )

_

-

.6
.3
.3

-

.8
.6
1.9
.3
.5
. 1
1.7

-

5 .3

-

.7

U niform p e rcen ta g e ------------------------------------ --------

8 .7

8. 0

1 .0

.

3 .9
4 .8

_

8 .0

(2)
1 .0

.

3

-

4 .6

-

.

2

10 p ercen t --------------------------------------------------------Other form a l pay differential — --------------------With no shift pay d iffe re n tia l ---------------------------------

-

.8
5. 3

7 .8
-

1.0
11.7
-

30. 3

-

-

3

4 .9
'

1 Includes establishm ents cu rrently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l p ro v isio n s co v erin g late shifts
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0 .0 5 percen t.

12
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y sch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , S cran ton , P a ., A u gust 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Weekly hours
All industries1

100

Under 35 hours__.
___
. _ — __ _ . ---35 hours. . . . . . . .
_ __ ____
Over 3 5 and under 3 7 l /z hou rs. . . .
.. .
.
3 7 l /z h o u rs.
. . __
. ——
___
. . .
40 hours _____ ______ . . .
.
____ —
_______ __
Over 4 0 and under 4 8 hours _
48 hours____ .
. ____ ________ ______ ___ _

1
2
3
4

Manufacturing

Public utilities23

100

100

(4 )
9
4
25
62

13
4
26
58

22
77

(4)

-

-

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

1

1
16

21

-

-

-

6
75
2
1

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d rea d e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




-

7
71
1

sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

-

89
6
5

13
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f pa id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d annually# S cra n to n , P a ., A u gust 1963)
OFFICE WORKER8

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ____ ______ _____________:_____________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o lid a y s
_

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

95

96

95

-

5

4

5

_

(4 )

~

N u m ber of days

2 h o lid a y s
__ __
_ ______
5 h o lid a y s
...
_
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
6 h o lid a y s
_
.... . 6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________ _____ ____
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ____________ _ __________
_
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 3 h a lf d a y s _________________________
7 h o lid a y s
_
_
_
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s .
________ __
__ _
_ . __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
8 h o l i d a y s _ __
8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s _________ __________ , _______ ___ ____ _________
_
_______
__ _
12 h o l i d a y s _ __

1
2
9
11
4
6
25
8
1
2
12
15
3
1

2
4
6
3
7
9
24
16
2
3
11
10
3

_
-

3
-

5
(4 )
59
-

22
-

11
“

!

!

9
18
14
5
1
24

12
15
18
7
26

(4 )
1
13
5
3

(4 )
1

"

-

-

2
-

22
-

-

-

8
6
3

62
-

9
-

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5

12 d a y s __________________________________________________
9 days or
8Vz d a y s
8 days or
7 1/ 2 d a y s
7 days or
6V 2 d a y s
6 days or
5 days or
2 days or

1
2
3
4
5
no half

m ore
_ __ _
o r m o r e ____________________________________
m o r e ________________________________________
or m ore
m ore
o r m o r e _ ___________ _____ _ _ ;_____ ____
_
_ _
_
m o r e _ ________ ________ ____ ___ _________ _
m ore. _ . . . .
_ __ _ _ _ _ _
m o r e -----------------, --------------------------------- --------

1
19
21
33
47
77
88
97
99
99

_

_

_

_

.

13
16
30
55
86
89
94
98
100

11
11
33
33
97
97
100
100
100

8
8
22
23
52
66
85
94
95

9
9
18
18
51
68
83
95
96

9
9
71
71
93
93
95
95
95

Includes data fo r w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rvice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
A ll com binations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r exam ple, the proportion of w ork ers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. P roportions were then cumulated.




14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s b y v a ca tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , S cra n to n , P a ., A u gu st 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All industrial2

A ll w orkers

_

__

.

----

-----------------

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Publio utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

1
.

1
-

100
100
-

100

99

70
29

62
37

100
100
-

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid v a c a t i o n a_____________________________
L ength -of-tim e payment
Percentage payment
- F la t-su m paym ent------------- -------------------— ----Other
..
___
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations

-

-

Amount of vacation pay 5
A fter 6 months of service
Under 1 week
1 week------— -------------------------------- ------- ------------—
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---- -----------------------------

13

_

42

24
40

3
36.

43
26

53
24

26

8

11

2

4

-

1
-

1
-

.
-

29

19
1
80
1

78
18
4
-

51
21
28
-

44

89
'5

-

-

9

13
55
33
-

36
27
37

31

1

1

58
5
38
-

25
36

After 1 year of service
1 week
« ...
.
--------Over 1 and under 2 weeks
— .
2 w e e k s ________—. . . . . . . . . . . .
3 weeks — --------------- ------------------------ ---- --------- —

4
66

1

26
30

6

A fter 2 years of serv ice
1
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------- ----------------2 weeks — ----------------------------— ------------- ---- --------3 w e e k s -------------------- -------- --------- -----------------

9
14
77
1

6

84
1

34
34

A fter 3 years of service
1 week----------------------------------------------- ---- . . . -------- Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---------- —
-------— . . . __
__
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------- -— . . —
—
3 weeks _ _ ----------------------------- --------— — ----------------------

8
3
88
2

9

7

23

6

.

82

93
-

29
47
2

4

38
2

.
5
95
-

A fter 4 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ------------ .
----2 w e e k s ________________________________ „„T m T
-,^.r .nt
—
3 w e e k s --------------------- —
----- ----—

7
4

88
2

7
8
82

7

17

-

33

93

4

-

48
2

.

11
17

100

63

.

1
8

_

18
41
39
1

5
95

12
21
58
2
7

5
95

-

After 5 years of service
1 week -----

-------- --------

— ~

—

2 weeks . . . . ____ . . . ______ . . . __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks
_____ ___ ___. . . .
......

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




-------------

__
_____________

2
(6)
87
1
9

4

1
83
.

12

_
_

15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , S cran ton , P a ., A u gu st 1963)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

V acation p olicy
Publio utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries2

Manufacturing

2
49
4
45

4
_
44
4
49

_
85
11
4

11
13
50
5
20

12
17
50
5
15

_
79
10
12

2
.
40
10
47

4
26
21
49

83
17

11
13
41
10
24

12
17
43
13
15

45
55

_

11
13
34
1
40
1

12
17
38
2
30
1

11
13

12
17
38
2
29

Amount of vacation pay 5— Continued
A fter 10 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 w eek________________________________ __________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -----------------— -----------3 weeks
.
—
A fter 12 yea rs of se rv ice
1 w eek________ _____ -____ _— __________ —---- ------Over 1 and under 2 weeks -------—
----------------------2 w e e k s _________ ________________-— -----------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------ -------- ---- -----------------A fter 15 yea rs of s e rv ice
1 week_
_
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 weeks
_------------------------- ,r------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w eek8 ___ ____ ___----------------------„-------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 weeks — --------------- —----------------------- -----------------

2

4

-

-

17
_
79
1
1

19
.
75
-

2
_
17
.
73

4

-

10
-

90
-

3

_
-

5

95
-

A fter 20 yea rs of se rv ice
1
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ---- —
------- ---- ------------------- -------------- -------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------- ------------ ---------3 w e e k s -------------------- ----------------------------- -------- —
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w eeks
—
__
-

2
6

_
19
_
73
_
4

_
_
10
-

33

_
-

11

2
31
1

3

8

2

10
42

_
10
-

11
13

12
17
38

.
-

77

-

5
44

A fter 25 yea rs of se rv ice
1 w eek----------------—----------------------- — — --------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ------------------------------ —
2 w e e k s -------------- -----------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------- ---- ------------------------ -----------------4 w e e k s _____r
_______________ -----------------------------Over 4 w eeks------------------------------ -------- --------------

2

4

_
17
50
30
1

_
19
47
30

63

27

33
2

27
13

2

5

27

31

4

65

1 Includes b a sic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sa b ba tica l" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of se rv ice . Typical of such exclusions are plans recently negotiated in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for w holesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s ervices in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Includes payments other than "length of tim e," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time b asis; for exam ple, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was con sid ered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service w ere arb itra rily chosen and do not n e ce ssa rily re fle ct the individual p rovisions for p rog ression s. F or exam ple, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 y ea rs ' service include changes in provisions occu rrin g between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are cumulative. Thus, the p roportion receiving 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after
5 years includes those who re c e iv e 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of se rvice .
6 L ess than 0.5 percent.




16
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension b en efits, 1 Scranton, Pa. , August 1963)1
6
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKER8

T y p e o f b e n e f it
All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ____________________ _____________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _________ __ ____ _
_ ____ _____ .___
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5_______ ___________________

96

95

58

59

83

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a i t in g p e r i o d ) ___ ______________ _ _______
_
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ___ _ _
_ _ ___________________
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____ ______ _______ —_____
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e __________________ ______ —
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________________
_____ _______________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n
_
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n --------

93
91
62
47
51
4

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

99

87

86

100

30

35

33

68

89

63

81

82

82

61

76

31

75

81

47

57

50

46

8

2

16

-

4

3

-

22

96
93
54
35
59
3

82
82
56
78
39
(6)

90
86
57
12
61
7

93
89
61
8
64
7

73
73
34
38
73

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :

3

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as w orkm en's com pensation, s o cia l secu rity, and ra ilroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and se rvice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are lim ited to those which definitely establish at leastth e
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each em ployee. Inform al sick leave allowances determ ined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 L ess than 0. 5 percent.




17
Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and i n in d u stry d iv is io n s b y s ic k le a v e p r o v is io n s ,
S cran ton , P a . , A u gust 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
S ic k le a v e p r o v is io n

All industries1

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Public utilities2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

5 9 .5

5 0 .3

5 0 .8

1 1 .5

1.. 7

3 7 .7

__

4 0 .5

49. 7

4 9 .2

8 8 .5

98. 3

6 2 .3

U n ifo r m p l a n 4
N o w a it in g p e r i o d
_ _
_ _____ _
F u l l p a y 5 ______________________________________
4 d a y s __ _
_ _ _ _ _
5 d a y s ..........................— ___ ___ _____ ,________,
10 d a y s
130 d a y s
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y
W a it in g p e r i o d ...

1 9 .3
1 8 .8
3. 2
4 .8
3 .7
3 .5
.5
-

2 1 .5
2 0 .4
.5
6 .8
7 .3
1. 1
“

2 1 .9
2 1 .9
18. 3
-

5 .8
5. 8
1. 3
2 .6
1 .0
. 1
-

1 .7
1 .7
1 .6
.
. l
-

4. 1
4. 1
. 1
_
_
-

-

-

-

-

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 4— A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a i t in g p e r i o d
_
F u ll p a y 5
5 days
__
....
_ __
10 d a y s
_ . ..................... ......
F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t ia l p a y 6
10 d a y s
14 d a y s
17 d a y s
W a it in g p e r i o d
F u ll p a y
F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y _________ _________

3 7 .4
27. 2
1 1 .5
1 4 .8
1 0 .2
5 .5
2. 1
2 .7
2 .8
2 .5
. 3

2 8 .8
23. 7
3 .6
1 8 .4
5. 1
5. 1
-

2 4 .5
.2
.2
2 4 .3
1 0 .6
1 3 .7
4 .4
4 .4

2 .3
.6
.2
1 .7
.9
.9
2. 1
1 .9
.2

_
-

1 1 .5
2 .1
2 .1
9 .5
9 .5
_
8 .4
8 .4

-

-

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 4— A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a i t in g p e r i o d
.......
F u ll p a y 5
15 d a y s .
_ ....... .
.........
_ _ .....
25 d a y s ______________________ —. _ ______
_
40 d a y s
_ _____
____
__ _ _
F u l l p a y p l u s p a r t i a l p a y 6 _________________
30 d a y s
_...........- ....
35 d a y s
............
65 d a y s
___ _________ _________________
_
72 d a y s
85 d a y s
.
................. .
W a it in g p e r i o d

3 9 .3
2 0 .3
1 2 .9
4 .0
3. 3
1 9 .0
2 .5
2. 1
6. 1
2 .7
2. 1
.9

2 8 .8
2 1 .9
6 .6
8 .4
7 .0
6 .9
5. 1

4 .9
.6

-

( 7)

-

2 5 .1
2. 1
_

-

_
.
.

-

2 4 .3
1 3 .7
1 0 .6
4 .4

6 .6

4 .4

2 2 .9

A ll w o rk e rs

__

_ __

_ __

_ _

__ _____

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id s ic k le a v e
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id s i c k le a v e _
_ _ ___ 1 ____

___

_
_

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually

-

-

-

"

2 4 .5
.2
-

_
-

4 .3
-

.9
1 .2
.9
.8

-

-

-

_
2 3 .1
-

1 3 .6
9 .5
8 .4

Provisions for accumulation
W o r k e r s i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r a cc u m u la tio n o f
u n u se d s ic k le a v e
. ... _............. .............

1 .0

1 0 .6

1 Includes data fo r wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data fo r w holesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "U n iform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee, after 1 year of se rv ice , is entitled to the same number of days* paid sick leave each year. "Graduated plans"
are defined as those form a l plans under which an em ployee's leave va ries accordin g to length of se rv ice .
5 May include provision s other than those presented separately.
6 May include p rov ision s other than those presented separately. Numbers of days shown are days for which w orkers re ce iv e sick leave at full pay. W orkers are entitled to additional days
of sick leave at partial pay.
7 L ess than 0.05 percent.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssifie d by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v o ices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon cop ies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine). U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A .Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffice s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A 9 In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B# Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers9orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers9
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class CmPerforms routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, loca tes readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass B. Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
—
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information o f superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE O PERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single p o si­
tion or riionitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerica l work may take the major part o f this w ork ers time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety o f long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
o f a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation o f the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A* Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct Spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.
Class B# Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
icie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cro ss-se ctio n s,
e tc., to sca le by use o f drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength of materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of
complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation o f plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b asis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma^
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

25
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efectiv e parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
va lves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls , gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp ecifica tion s;
using a variety o f tool and die maker’ s handtools and p recision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




27
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number o f units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship­

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up b ills o f lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work. involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and refecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled ga solin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ss ifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by siz e
and type o f equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, porter (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Available On Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical. and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963*

40 cents a copy.

Occupational W age Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Akron, Ohio____________________________________ 1345-81
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ________________ 1345-53
Albuquerque, N. M e x __________________________ 1345-63
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J________ 1345-45
N.
1345-71
Baltimore, Md 1________________________________ 1345-23
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________________ 1345-67
B irming ham, Ala ____ „___ „_______ „___ ______ 1345-56
Boise, Idaho___________________________________ 1345-74
Boston, Mass 1
__________________________________ 1345-15

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

__________________________________ 1345-30
Buffalo, N. Y 1
Burlington, V t 1
_________________________________ 1345-50
Canton, Ohio___________________________________ 1345-64
Charleston, W. V a _____________________________ 1345-61
Charlotte, N. C _________________________________ 1345-58
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a------------------------------------- 1385-5
G
Chicago, 1111___________________________________ 1345-65
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky____________________________ 1345-54
Cleveland, Ohio 1
_______________________________ 1345-14
Columbus , Ohio 1
_______________________________ 1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
20
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T ex1___________________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
1111______
Dayton, Ohio___________________________________
Denver, C o lo __________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa______________________________
Detroit, M ich1
__________________________________
Fort Worth, Tex 1
______________________________
Green Bay, W is________________________________
Greenville, S. C ________________________________

1345-21
1345-18
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1345-27
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
20
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind_______________________________
Jackson, M iss.____ _________ _______ __________
Jacksonville, F la 1
______________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans_____________________ „
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H _____________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark____________
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif1
_______________
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind ______ ____________________
Lubbock, Tex__________________________________
Manchester, N. H ______________________________
Memphis, Tenn________________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-40
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

D ata on e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and supplem entary w age provisions are a lso presented.




Area

Bulletin
number

Price

Miami, F la_____________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis 1
_______________________________
St. Paul, Minn1
___________________
Minneapolis—
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J __________________
New Haven, Conn_______________________________
New Orleans , L a 1_________
New York, N. Y 1__________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a 1
______________________________ -__
Oklahoma City, Okla____________________________

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Iowa____________________________
Omaha, Nebr. —
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J_________________
Philadelphia, Pa. — J 1
N. ________________________
Phoenix, A r iz __________________________________
Pittsburgh, P a 1________________________________
Portland, Maine_______________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash_________________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— ass1___________
M
___________________________________
Raleigh, N. C 1
Richmond, V a __________________________________

1345-12
1345-76
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1345-24
1345-73
1345-70
1385-7
1345-19

20
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________
St. Louis, M o .-I ll1____________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah1
___________________________
San Antonio, T ex1______________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif______
San Diego, Calif 1_______________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif1_________________
Savannah, Ga ___________________________________
Scranton, P a 1
___________________________________
Seattle, Wash1
__________________________________

1345-55
1345-17
1345-25
1345-78
1345-9
1345-10
1345-34
1345-60
1385-8
1345-4

20
25
25
25
20
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak____________________________
South Bend, Ind________________________________
Spokane, Wash1_________________________
__________________________________
Toledo, Ohio1
Trenton, N. J 1__________________________________
Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a 1
V ____________________
Waterbury, Conn_______________________________
Waterloo, Iowa1
________________________________
Wichita, Kans__________________________________
Worcester, M ass_______________________________
York, P a_______________________________________

1345-13
1345-52
1345-66
1345-51
1345-29
1345-16
1345-49
1345-20
1385-6
1345-80
1345-41

20
20
25
25
25
25
20
25
20
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102