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Occupational Wage Survey

GREEN BAY, WISCONSIN
AUGUST 1963

B u lle tin N o. 1 3 8 5 - 4




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
GREEN B A Y, WISCONSIN




AUGUST 1963

Bulletin No. 1385-4
November 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 2 0 cents




Contents

P refa ce

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed
to provide data on occupational earnings, and establishment
practices ,and supplementary wage provisions. It yields
detailed data by selected industry divisions for metropolitan
area labor markets, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (a) the movement of
wages by occupational category and skill level, and (b) the
structure and level of wages among labor markets and
industry divisions.

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied_________ _____________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods__________________
A: Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office ocrupations-men and women________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men _ _ ____________5
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women c o m b in e d-------------------------------------------A - 4 . Maintenance and power plant o c c u p a t io n s ___________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations___
Appendix: Occupational d e s c r ip t io n s , _____________ ____________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the program. Information on occupational earnings is
collected annually in each area. Information on estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is
obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Green Bay, W is., in August 1963. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111., by Marvin Glick,
under the direction of Kenneth Thorsten. The study was
under the general direction of Woodrow C. Linn, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
major areas. (See inside back cover.)

m

2
2
4
in vO r-

A preliminary report and an individual area
bulletin present survey results for each labor market
studied. After completion of all of the individual area
bulletins for a round of surveys, a two part summary
bulletin is issued. The first part brings data for each
of the labor markets studied into one bulletin. The second
part presents information which has been projected from
individual labor market data to relate to economic regions
and the United States.

Int r oduction-------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ---- -----------Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________

9




O ccu pation al W age S u rv ey—G reen Bay, W is.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor’ s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of
occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work schedules
(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time salaries
are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have been
rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed may be due to such
factors as (1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among in­
dustries and establishments; (2) differences in length of service or
merit review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis;
and (3) differences in specific duties performed, although the occu­
pations are appropriately classified within the same survey job de­
scription. Job descriptions used in classifying employees in these
surveys are usually more generalized than those used in individual
establishments. This allows for minor differences among establish­
ments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the-scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment
obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to
indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differ­
ences in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -series tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans are presented (in the B -series tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in G r e e n B a y , W i s . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 A u g u st 1 9 63
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s _________

Studied

W ith in sc o p e
o f s tu d y 4

S tu died

73

60

1 6 ,4 0 0

1 3 ,9 3 0

38
35

29
31

1 0 ,5 0 0
5, 90 0

8 , 270
5, 660

12
6
12
2
3

12
5
9
2
3

2 ,9 0 0
80 0
1 ,7 0 0
100
400

2 ,8 5 0
740
1, 54 0
130
400

W ith in sc o p e
o f stu d y 3

__ ________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g __________________________________________— ---------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 _ ______________ — ----------W h o le s a le tr a d e 6 ------------------- ----------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e 6 _ ___ __ _____________
_________ —
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6—------------------------------S e r v ic e s 6> 7 _______________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts

1 T h e G r e e n B a y S tan d ard M e tr o p o lit a n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f B ro w n C ou n ty .
T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f s t u d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in
th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not
in te n d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e
(1) plann in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s t a b lis h m e n t d ata c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d van ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2) s m a l l
e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d f r o m the sc o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f th e S tan d ard In d u s tr ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w as u se d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith t o ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n (5 0 e m p lo y e e s ) .
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in su c h in d u s tr ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at or ab ove the m in im u m lim ita t io n (5 0 e m p l o y e e s ) .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a tio n
o f d a ta fo r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e fo r one or m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a l l to p r o v id e en ou gh data
to m e r it s e p a r a te stu d y , (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d ivid u al e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n on p rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2 .

In d e x e s o f sta n d a r d w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s
f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r
s e le c te d p e r i o d s , G r e e n B a y , W i s .
,
In d ex
(A u g u st 1 9 6 0 -1 0 0 )

In d u str y and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e

A u g u st 1963

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )_________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )_____________________
U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) _______________________
M an u f a c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ____________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )_________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )_____________________
U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) _____________

D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

A u g u st 1962
to
A u g u st 1963

108. 9

3 .6

2. 2

( 1)
1 1 0 .7
111. 6

(l)
3. 5
3 .8

4. 5
6. 1

1 0 9 .4

2 .4
(*)
3. 1
2 .6

(>)

no. i
1 1 1 .5

A u g u st 1961
to
A u g u st 19 62

( l )

4. 2
(l)
5. 1
8. 1

A u g u st I 9 6 0
to
A u g u st 1961

2 .8
(* )
2. 3
1. 3

2 .6
(» )
1 .7
.6

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (196 1).
>
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

4

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Green Bay, W is ., August 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS 0 F -

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$45
Weekly
Weekly,
and
hours 1
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
$50

$50

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

$55

$60

$65

$70

$75

$80

$85

$90

$95

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

over

4
2
2

7
4
3

4
2
2

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
2

6
-

-

1

6

5
5

2
2

-

7
5

6
2

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

“

“

“

“

“

_

_

_

and

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

3
“

“

3
3

2

■

3
1

2

“

3
2

_

1

_

_

1

2

1

6

1

_

2

1

1

1

1

2

8

5

4

1

1

_

_

2

3

2

2

3

5

_

2

.

_

_

_

_

23
6
17

18
2
16

12
9
3

9
4
5

7
3
4

9
i

5
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

11
9

-

1
1

1
1

1

3

3

2

1

6
4

.

1

6
4

1

1

4
3

-

1

17
"2

12
4

26
11

10
6

3
3

2
1

3
2

_

_

_
-

6
1

2

5

6
6

2

-

3
1
2

10
8
2

14
12
2

13
l2
1

5
3
2

6

9
4

10
7
3

3
2
1

6
4
2

3

4

15
l2
3
1
1

-

1

1

-

1

1

4
3

5
2

4
4

4
2

13
12

1

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss Manufacturing..
Nonmanufacturing..

39
18
21

3 9 .5
38. 5
4 0 .0

$ 1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B „
Nonmanufacturing_____

31
15

3 9 .0
40. 0

8 9 . 50
92 . 3 b

_

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss B __________________________

20

3 9 .5

9 5 . 00

_

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss B____________________________

19

4 0 .0

5 8. 00

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ..

19

39. 5

8 3 .0 0

_

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B .
Manufacturing—
N onmanuf acturing—

88
32
56

3 9 .5
39. 5
4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 3 . 00
6 6 . 50

-

3
2

-

1

C le r k s, file , c la ss C .
Nonmanufacturing-.

17
15

3 9 .5
39. 5

52. 00
52. 00

4
4

C le r k s, p ayroll______
Manufacturing—

32
20

3 9 .5
39. 5

7 7 .0 0
7 6 . 50

_

Keypunch op erators, c la ss B—
Manufactu ring_________ _____

73
29

3 9 .5
39. 5

5 6 .0 0
5 9 . 50

1 02
70
32

3 9 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 9 . 00
7 7 . 50

Stenographers, g e n e r a lManufacturing_____
Nonmanufacturing—

59
38
21

3 9 .0
38. 5
4 0 .0

6 7 . 50
6 9 . 50
6 4 .5 0

l
l
-

6
2
4

Switchboard op erators__
Nonmanufacturing—

15
1$

42. 5

42. 5

5 6 . 50
5 6 . 50

4
4

4
4

4

-

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists .
Manufacturing_______________________

32
20

3 9 .0
39. 0

7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

_

3

“

1

3
2

"2

62
""4 3
19

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

5 9 . 50
6 0 .0 0
5 8 . 00

4

S ec retaries _
Manufacturing—
N onmanuf acturing—

T y p ists, c la ss B _
Manufacturing___
Nonmanufacturing—

-

“

4

13
6
7

-

2

4

11
7
4

-

5

-

4

20

l4

1

5

~

j

-

_

1

1

1

2

2
1

1

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

1
-

_

"2

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11

7
2

11

10
10

1
1

_
-

_
-

_

1

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

8
3

5

8
3

1
1

_

_

_

■

~

■

1

-

-

-

i

1
1

3
2

6

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees re c e iv e their regu lar stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly h ou rs.




!

"

_
~

_

_

_

_

■

“

5
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , G r e e n B a y , W is ., A u g u s t 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

S ta n d a rd

h ou rs

r e fle c t

th e w o rk w e e k f o r

w h ic h

$ 1 2 5 .0 0

4 0 .0

29

1

Weekly
earnings *
(Standard)

e m p lo y e e s

$ 95
and
under
$100

r e c e iv e

th e ir

r e g u la r

$100

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$105

$110

$115

$120

$125

$130

$135

$140

3

4

10

4

1

j

2

s t r a ig h t -t im e

3

s a la r ie s

and th e

e a r n in g s

corresp on d

to th e s e

w e e k ly h o u rs .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , G r e e n B a y , W i s ., A u g u s t 1 963)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
weekly j
earnings1
(Standard)

Average
weekly ^
earnings
(Standard)

$ 8 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 6
8 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

73
29

5 6 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

106
70
36
16

8 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

65
38
27
16

7 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

20

— n
>

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l s ----$ 5 8 .0 0
M a rm fa rt.n r i n g ... ..
” "5573 6'"
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

N n n m a n n fa e h ir in g

58
56
28

1 0 4 .5 0
9 6 .6 6
1 1 1 .0 0

M a n n fa r t n r in g
M n m n a m if a rh ir ir ig r

119
4$
71

7 3 .0 0
" 7 4 .3 6
7 2 .0 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c .la s s C
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

17
15

artnfa rfn rir

8 8 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

earnings1
(Standard)

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

16
16

$ 5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

_ ..

32
20

7 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

c la s s B

22

9 2 .5 0

62
43
19

5 9 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

29

1 2 5 .0 0

_

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s

5 2 .0 0

21
15

...

Number
of

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n t in u e d

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — C o n t in u e d

O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s

N n n m a r m fa r tn r in g

Number
of

45
26
19
18

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

C le r k s ,

a c c o u n tin g ,

c la s s

A .. ---- - - - ---------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g

....

................. .........

S e c r e ta r ie s
N n n m a n i if a c t n r in g
P u b lic u tilitie s 2

.

.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ------------ --------------- ------------------------M a n u fa c t u r in g .
___
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
_
—
P u b lic u tilitie s 2

E a r n i n g s r e l a t e t o r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_

_

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

T y p is t s , c la s s B
M a n u fa c t u r in g

..........

P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s
D r a fts m e n ,

s e n io r

6
Table -A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Green Bay, Wis. , August 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$ 1 .7 0
Average
hourly .
and
earnings U n d e r
$ 1 .7 0 u n d er
$ 1 .8 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

C a r p e n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ------------—---------------- — —

15

$ 2 . 50

E le c t r ic ia n s , m a in te n a n c e _
_ . . . ______ — _ —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------------------------------

47
32

2 .7 8
2 .7 4

39
2o

2 .8 0
2 .5 1

E n g i n e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y ____
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g — __ _

_____
__ -------

__
__

—
_

-

F i r e m e n , s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r ________________ _________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------

44
-------2 5

o

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2.90

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

$ 3 .2 0

$ 3 .3 0

$ 3 .4 0

$ 3 .5 0

$ 3 .6 0

1

-

-

2
2

2
2

1

_

_

"

“

“

4
4

_

■

“

2
..

1
'

1
------1------

!

3

_

■

1

3 '

“

2
2

_

_

_

_

"

1
1

M a c h i n i s t s , m a i n t e n a n c e _ ______________________- —
_
______ _____
______—
M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_

48
47

2 .9 0
2. 89

_

M e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ( m a i n t e n a n c e ) -----------------—
- — ----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 1 - — __ _
2
_
— -

67
60
41

2 .8 4
2 .8 8
3 .0 0

_

_

-

-

M e c h a n i c s , m a i n t e n a n c e ___________________ —-----------M a n u f a c t u r i n g __ _
__ ___
_ — —
---------

87
67

“

“

_

2

-

-

-

"

2 .6 9
2767

_

_

_

4
4

1
”

4
4

8
8

6
6

6
6

6
6

16

“

“

_

.

_

~

"

"

15
15

6
6

13
13

!

_

-

-

10
10

3
3
2

13
13
8

11
9
9

"

-

.

2
2

1
1

11

.

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

~

“

P a i n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
__ ------------- _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------------

21
20

2 . 53
2 . 56'

22
------ Z2-----

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

2

1
1

2—

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

~

"

"

”

“

_

_

_

_

1
_

1 Excludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late sh ifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_
-

2
2

"

____ —
__ ------

_
“

9
9

.

_
------

5
5

3
3

2 .4 7
2750

_
—

1
1

1
1

30
------- Z2------

_
—

10
10

9
3

"

■

O ile r s
_________ _
_ ___ ____
— —
- ------- —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------------------

P i p e f i t t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
__

3

”

_

4
2

1

j
1

9
2

“

“

2
2

“

12

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

1

_

4

“

“

“

"

_

_

_

_

_

”

“

*

“

4
4

3
3

1

_

22
22
22

-

'

“

-

2
2

_

_

“

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

_

'

"

.

--------------- --------- --------__ —
_ ---------- -------

5

■

_

2 . 92
2792

—
------— ___ _

3
3

_

2
2

55
55

M i l l w r i g h t s ---------M a n u fa c tu r in g

1

6

1

2 .4 5
l A

$ 1 .8 0

_

l
l

6
6

”

11

_

3

*

1
1

6

2

6

2

_

_

_

15
13

1
1

15
14

11
10

15
10

_

_

_

~

”

“

1
1

1
1

19
19

25
25

3
3

6
6

_

6
6

4
4

_

_

_

_

"

"

■

_

>

1

"

“

1

.9
9

4
4

_

6
6

10
10

_
"
_

_

_

_

“

"

■

_

_

_

“

■

"

■

_

_

_

_

”
l
l

1
1

"

-

_

_

7
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Green Bay, Wis., August 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
at

workers

G u ard s and w a tch m eru —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ...............
W a t c h m e n ...
. _

_

-

.

and c le a n e r s
._
_
.

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d l i n g --------------- ---------- ---------M a n u fa c t u r in g
-........... .
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3.

O rd er fille r s
...
M a n u fa c tu r in g _

R e c e iv in g c le r k s

T r n e .k d r i v e r s 4

...

_

.... ....

............

_
...

. ._ ......

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 1 .2 0

$ 1 .3 0

$ 1 .4 0

$ 1 .5 0

$ 1 .6 0

$ 1 .7 0

$ 1 .8 0

$ 1 .9 0

$ 2 .0 0

$ 2 .1 0

$ 2 .2 0

$ 2 .3 0

$ 2 .4 0

$ 2 .5 0

$ 2 .6 0

$ 2 .7 0

$ 2 .8 0

$ 2 .9 0

$ 3 .0 0

$ 3 .1 0

2
2
2

1
1
1

-

1
1
-

$ 1 .9 0
1 .9 5
1 .9 5

190
l4 6
44
25

2 .1 3
2 .1 7
1 .9 8
2 .1 0

1 .6 6
1 .8 3

438
263
175
45

2 .3 9
2 .2 5
2 .6 0
2 .6 4

-

2
-

4
4

"

“

-

_

_

_

!

-

-

-

"

-

"

1
1

2

1

2
2

6

~

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) . ..
.............
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
..
.

_

............. ..

_

_

-

-

-

~

"

13
11
7

2
2
2

5
2
3
2

14
12
2
2

25
22
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

18
18
10

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

13
6
7
3

67,
63
2
2

41
32
9
8

3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

“

8
6
2
2

-

“

-

-

-

"

2
2

7
7

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

120
100
20

19
19
_

1

-

82
6l
21
21

31
28
3
3

9
_
9

3
2

1

3
3

_

1
1

_

_
-

8
8
-

8
7
1

_

-

-

6
6
-

29
29
-

-

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

"

-

2 .4 4

287
59
228
170

2 .7 7
2 .2 2
2 .9 1
3 .0 1

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

“

-

1 25
41

2 .6 8

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

"

-

2 .8 5
2 .9 5

-

272
237

2 .3 9
2 .3 6

1

_

"

8
8
8

_

3
-

2 .3 4
2 .2 1

4
'4

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

_

.

.

-

4
25
------2 F " ------ 4 “

2

.

and late shifts.

26
_

164
1
163
1 63

_

2
2

-

-

2

2

3
2

_

i

2
2

2
2

11

-

13
13

_

—

T T

_

~
10

io

“

_

_

6

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

-

" --- 1

8

21

16

56
56

2l

"

2

-

$

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

---- T ~

-

24
— ^ r~

-

-

2
2

-

2
2
_

-

.

-

19
19

_
1

17
12
5

-

_
_

4
2
2

11
8
3

-

4
_

20
To
10

2
2
_

16

138
118

1

-

4

2

_

-

“

_

-

105
1

2

3
2
1

-

27

— nr

_

"

105
_

3

2
1
1

6

-

_
-

3

2
2
_

'

3
_

13

.

-

_
-

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays,
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s r eg a r d le ss of size and type of truck operated.




4
3
3

■

_

.

-

3
1

95
85

_

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m ( l 1^ t o a n d
in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g .............................
................. .

1
2
3
4

$ 1 .3 0

55
49
33

89
59

...... .

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) .....
M a n u fa c t u r in g
.
_

$ 1 .2 0

19

_

............

_

$ 1 .1 0

31
21

...

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , an d c l e a n e r s (m e n )
M a n u f a c t u r i n g .... „ ......... . . .
_ ................
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 ------------------_.

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s ,
(w o m e n )
.
M a n u fa c t u r in g

$ 1 .0 0
Average
hourly ,
and
Armings
under
$ 1 .1 0

Number

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

19
_

_
_
-

6

_

9
_
9

11
—

~T~

7
7

26

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

17
2

_
12
12

26

76
1

49
49




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bu­
reau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssifie d by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).U ses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and
credit slip s.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

9

10
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting, and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co s t accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in office s in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter file s, cla ssifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class BmSorts, cod es, and files u nclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssifie d material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s.

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives custom ers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n eces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C 9 Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
cla ssifica tion system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

11
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C lass A , Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application o f
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C lass B# Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerica l tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
D oes not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. D oes not include transcribing-machine work.

12
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
ca lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision o f the work and production
of a group o f tabulating-machine operators.
Class B# Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation o f the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little specia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

Class BmPerforms one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

13
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN —
Continued

Leader. Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen
in preparation o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or
preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Inter­
preting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; deter­
mining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and in­
specting their work; and performing more difficult problems. May
a ssist subordinates during emergencies or as a regular assignment,
or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature.

Senior. Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes,
rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manu­
facturing purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cr o s s-s e ctio n s ,
etc., to s ca le by use of drafting instruments; making engineering
computations such as those involved in strength o f materials,
beams, and trusses; verifying completed work, checking dimensions,
materials to be used, and quantities; writing specification s; and
making adjustments or changes in drawings or specification s. May
ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units o f
com plete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a spe­
cia lized field such as architectural, electrical, mechanical, or
structural drafting.

Junior (assistant). Draws to scale units or parts of drawings
prepared by draftsman or others for engineering, construction, or
manufacturing purposes. Uses various types o f drafting tools as
required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or
perform other duties under direction of a draftsman.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general
medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who be­
come ill or suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other estab­
lishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Givingfirst aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* in­
juries; keeping records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for
compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and
health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carry­
ing out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evalu­
ation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, wel­
fare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPEN TER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter*s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




14
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any o f a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
outs, or other sp ecification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that, are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or o il burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds, and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

15
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty .or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

16
PIPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and s iz e of pipe required; and making standard

types o f sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general,
the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and lay­
ing out all types o f sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building,
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those o f starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.




17
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PO RTE R, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ices; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the sp e cific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size , and number of units to be packed, the
type o f container employed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the
placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f
the following: Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the follow •
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

sible for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
ping work involves:
routes,

Ship-

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing

records o f the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records.
direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work involves:

May

R eceiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders,
requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

18
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places o f business. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are cla ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f s iz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available Upon Request—
The fourth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1387, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1963» 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins
is available upon request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402,
or from any of the BL»S regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin
number

Price

20
25
25
20
25
20
25
40

1345-75
1385-2

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa____________________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J_________________
Philadelphia, Pa. — J 1
N.
________________________
Phoenix, A r iz __________________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa 1________________________________
Portland, Maine________________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash_________________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I. —
Mass 1___________
Raleigh, N. C___________________________________
Richmond, V a __________________________________

1345-12
1345-7 6
1345-31
1345-57
1345-40
1345-24
1345-73
1345-70
1345- 1
1345- 19

20
20
30
20
25
20
25
25
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111___________________________________
St. Louis , Mo. — ll1____________________________
I
Salt Lake City, Utah 1
___________________________
San Antonio, Tex 1______________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif______
San Diego, Calif 1----------------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland,Calif 1__________________
Savannah, Ga ___________________________________
Scranton, P a___________________________________
Seattle, Wash 1
__________________________________

1345-55
1345- 17
1345-25
1345-78
1345-9
1345-10
1345-34
1345-60
1345-5
1345-4

20
25
25
25
20
25
25
20
15
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls , S. Dak____________________________ 1345-13
South Bend, Ind________________________________ 1345-52
Spokane, Wash 1________________________________ 1345-66
Toledo, Ohio 1
___________________________________ 1345-51
Trenton, N. J 1__________________________________ 1345-29
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — 1
Va ____________________ 1345-16
Waterbury, Conn_______________________________ 1345-49
Waterloo, Iowa 1
________________________________ 1345-20
Wichita, Kans 1_________________________________ 1345- 11
Worcester, M ass_______________________________ 1345-80
York, P a_______________________________________ 1345-41

20
20
20
20
25
25
20
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y 1
-.____________________________

1345-30
1345-50
1345-64
1345-61
1345-58
1345-8
1345-65
1345-54
1345-14
1345-28

25
25
20
20
20
25
30
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Des Moines, Iowa________________________
Detroit, Mich 1
_________________. __________
Fort Worth, Tex 1
_________________________
Green Bay, W is__________________________
Greenville, S. C __________________________
Houston, T e x _____ . ______________________

1345-21
1345-18
1345-35
1345-32
1345-42
1345-47
1345-27
1385-4
1345-68
1345-82

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
20
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind_________________________
Jackson, M iss___________________ -________
Jacksonville, Fla 1
________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans__________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass. — H ----------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark--------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif 1
_________
Louisville, Ky. — 1
Ind _____________________
Lubbock, Tex_____________________________
Manchester, N. H ---- ------ . ----------------------Memphis, Tenn________________________ —

1345-26
1345-43
1345-39
1345-22
1345-77
1385-3
1345-62
1345-48
1345-72
1385-1
1345-36

25
20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Price

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1345-69
1345-46
1345-37
1345-44
1345-79

1345-81
1345-53
1345-63
1345-45
1345-71
1345-23
1345-67
1345-56
1345-74
1345-15

Dallas, T ex1______________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
1111.

Bulletin
number

Miami, F la___-_________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis 1
_______________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn 1
___________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich____________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J __________________
New Haven, Conn_________________________ _____
New Orleans , La 1______________________________
New York, N . Y 1_______________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va 1
________________ ______________ _—
Oklahoma City, Okla ________________________ —

Akron, Ohio_______________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ---------------Albuquerque, N. M e x _____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J___
N.
Atlanta, Ga.
Baltimore, Md 1__________________ ______
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ___________
Birmingham, A la____ -____________ _____
Boise, Idaho_________-__________________
Boston, Mass 1
_____ „____________________

Canton, Ohio______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ________________________
Charlotte, N. C .
Chattanooga, Tenn. — 1
Ga --------------------------Chicago, 1111.
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky___________
Cleveland, Ohio 1
____________ _
Columbus, Ohio 1
_________ _____

Area

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
2-0 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102