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Occupational Wage Survey
ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1963

B u lle ti n No. 1345-71




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey




ATLANTA, GEORGIA
MAY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-71
July 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Survey P ro g ra m
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m arkets cu rren tly are included
in the B ureau o f L a b or S tatistics p rog ra m of annual o c ­
cupational wage su rv ey s in m a jor labor m arkets. T hese
studies p rov id e data on occupational earnings and related
su pplem en tary b en efits. Inform ation on related supple­
m en tary ben efits is obtained biennially in m ost of the labor
m a rk ets.
A p r e lim in a r y re p o rt w hich p resen ts earnings
tren ds fo r s e le c te d occu pation al groups and average ea rn ­
ings in s e le cte d jo b s is re le a s e d within a month after the
com p letion o f the study in each area. This bulletin p r o ­
v id es additional data not included in the p relim in a ry re p ort.
A tw o -p a rt su m m ary bulletin is issued after the
com p letion o f a ll of the a re a bulletins fo r a round of su r ­
v ey s (for the cu rren t round of su rveys, the fir s t part of
this bu lletin w ill be available late in 1963 and the secon d
part e a r ly in 1964). The fir s t part presen ts individual
la b or m ark et data. The secon d part p resen ts data relating
to a ll m etrop o lita n a re a s in the United States.
This bu lletin w as prep ared in the Bureau*s r e ­
gional o ffic e in Atlanta, G a ., by Jam es D. Garland, under
the d ire ctio n o f Donald M. C ruse. The study was under the
g en era l d ire ctio n of L ouis B. W oytych, A ssistan t R egional
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial R elations.




Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occu pation al groups _________________________

1
3

T a b les:
1. E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scop e of s u r v e y __ _________
2. P e rce n ts of in c r e a se in standard w eek ly sa la rie s and
stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d
occu pation al grou p s, fo r se le cte d p eriod s -_______ ______ ____ _
3. Indexes of standard w eek ly sa la rie s and straig h t-tim e
h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupational groups _____________
A:

O ccupational ea rn in gs:*
A - l . O ffice occu pation s^m en and w om en _______________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations^m en
A -3 .
A -4 .
A -5 .

Appendix:

2
4
4
5

O ffice , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occu pation s—
m en and w om en com bined ________________________________
M aintenance and pow erplant occu pation s _______ -_________
C ustodial and m a teria l m ovem ent occupations ___________

10
12
13

O ccupational d e s c r i p t i o n s __ _«_____________ ___ _____ ________ _

15

* NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available fo r other
m a jo r a r e a s .
(See in side back c o v e r .)
Union s c a le s , in dicative o f prevailin g pay le v e ls in
the Atlanta a re a , a re a lso available fo r the follow in g trades
o r in d u stries: Building con stru ction , printing, lo ca l-tra n s it
operating e m p lo y e e s, and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.




Occupational Wage Survey—Atlanta, Ga.
Introduction

T his a rea is 1 of 82 labor m arkets in w hich the U.S. D e ­
partm ent of L a b o r 's Bureau of L abor Statistics conducts su rveys of
occu p ation al earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s, i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule
in the given occu pation al cla ss ifica tio n . E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o fliving bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly
hours are rep orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occu pation s, referen ce is
to the w ork schedules (rounded to the n earest half hour) for which
stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s are paid; average w eekly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n earest half d ollar.

This bulletin p resen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earnings in form a tion obtained la rg e ly by m ail fro m the establishm ents
v isited by B ureau fie ld e con om ists in the last p rev iou s su rvey fo r
occu p ation s re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P erson a l v isits w e re made
to n onrespondents and to those respondents rep orting unusual changes
sin ce the p rev io u s su rvey.
In ea ch a rea , data are obtained fr o m rep resen ta tiv e e sta b ­
lish m en ts within s ix b roa d industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; tr a n s ­
p ortation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities; w h olesa le trade;
re ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
in du stry grou ps exclu d ed fr o m these studies are governm ent o p e ra ­
tions and the co n stru ctio n and extractive in du stries. E stablishm ents
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re om itted
becau se they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the o ccu p a ­
tions studied to w arran t in clusion. Separate tabulations are p rovid ed
fo r each of the b roa d industry division s which m eet publication
c r ite r ia .

D iffe re n ce s in pay le v e ls fo r selected occupations in which
both m en and w om en are com m on ly em ployed are largely due to
(1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribu tion of the sexes among industries and
establish m en ts; (2) d iffe re n ce s in s p e cific duties p erform ed , although
the occupations are a p p rop riately cla s s ifie d within the same survey
jo b d e scrip tio n ; and (3) d iffe re n ce s in length of se rv ice or m erit
rev iew when individual sa la rie s are adjusted on this basis. Longer
average s e r v ic e of m en would resu lt in higher average pay when
both sexes are em ployed within the sam e rate range. Job d e s c r ip ­
tions used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these su rveys are usually
m o re g e n era lized than those used in individual establishm ents to
allow fo r m inor d iffe re n ce s among establishm ents in sp ecific duties
p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rv ey s are conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of
the u n n e ce ssa ry co s t in volved in surveying all establish m en ts. To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m inim um co st, a g re a te r p ro p o rtio n of
la rg e than of sm a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, all esta b lish m en ts are given their appropriate weight. E s ti­
m ates b a sed on the establish m en ts studied are p resen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relatin g to a ll establish m en ts in the industry grouping and area,
ex cep t fo r those b elow the m inim um size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in all
establish m en ts within the scop e of the study and not the number actu­
a lly su rveyed. B ecause of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure among
establish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam ple of establish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
rela tiv e im p orta n ce of the jo b s studied. These d ifferen ces in o c c u ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a te ria lly affect the a ccu ra cy of the earn ­
ings data.

O ccu pations and E arnings
The occu p a tion s s e le cte d fo r study are com m on to a v a rie ty
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in du stries, and are of the
follow in g ty p e s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l;
(c) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent. O ccu pational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set of job
d e scrip tio n s d esign ed to take account of inter establishm ent va ria tion
in duties within the sam e jo b . The occupations se le cte d fo r study are
liste d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r som e of the
occu p ation s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d are not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables b eca u se eith er (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is to o sm all
to p rov id e enough data to m e r it presen tation, or (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual establishm ent data.




E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P rov ision s
T abulations on s e le cte d establishm ent p ra ctice s and supple­
m en tary wage p ro v isio n s (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presen ted in this
bulletin. In form ation fo r these tabulations is co lle cte d biennially in
this area. T hese tabulations on m inim um entrance sa la ries for in ­
ex p e rie n ce d w om en o ffice w o rk e rs ; shift d ifferen tia ls; scheduled
w eek ly h ou rs; paid h olidays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance,
and p en sion plans are p resen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previou s
bulletins fo r this area.

i

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber stu died in A tlanta, G a . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 M a y 1963
N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
In du stry d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

A ll d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

832

224

1 8 7 ,4 0 0

1 1 3 ,5 6 0

M a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------- ----------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er
p u b lic u t ilit ie s 16 ____
5
4
3
27
.. . . . .
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____
R e ta il tra d e
—
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te
S e r v ic e s » -----—“

278
554

68
156

7 7 ,6 0 0
1 0 9 ,8 0 0

4 8 ,0 0 0
6 5 ,5 6 0

83
138
156
92
85

31
34
35
30
26

32, 700
1 6 ,6 0 0
3 3 ,3 0 0
17, 300
9 ,9 0 0

25, 330
6 ,4 0 0
19, 260
10, 210
4, 360

Studied

1 T he A tlan ta Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f C layton , C ob b, D eK alb, F u lton , and Gwinnett C ou n ties . T he " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in
the su r v e y .
T h e e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n with oth er em p lo ym e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e
e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n ce, o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the survey.
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ). A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th ea ters a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a rea) at o r above the m in im u m lim it a t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u al e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P rese n te d in table 2 are p ercen tages o f change in average
sa la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rses, and in a v ­
erag e earnings o f se le c te d plant w ork er groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rs e s, the p e r ­
centages o f change rela te to average weekly sa la ries fo r n orm a l hours
o f w ork , that is , the standard w ork schedule for w hich stra ig h t-tim e
sa la rie s are paid. F o r plant w ork er grou ps, they m ea su re changes
in average stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings, excluding prem iu m pay fo r
o v ertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts. The
p ercen ta g es a re b a sed on data fo r se le cte d key occu pation s and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e rica lly im portant job s within each group. The
o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and wom en in the follow in g 19 jo b s :
B ookk eep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting, c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B, and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y­
r o ll; C om p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la ss A and B;
o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; stenographers, gen eral; ste n o g ra ­
p h e rs, se n io r; sw itch board o p e ra to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s B; and ty p is ts, c la s s A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on m en and w om en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow in g
8 sk illed m aintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant w ork er data: S k illed — ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
ch a n ics; m e ch a n ics , autom otive; painters; p ip efitters; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m a teria l handling.
A vera g e w eek ly s a la rie s or average h ourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each o f the se le cte d occupations.
The average s a l­




a ries o r hourly earnings w ere then m u ltiplied by em ploym ent in each
o f the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T hese weighted ea rn ­
ings fo r individual occu pation s w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate
fo r each occu pation al group. F in ally, the ratio (e x p re sse d as a p e r ­
centage) o f the group aggregate fo r the one y ea r to the aggregate for
the oth er y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the result and
100 is the p ercen ta ge o f change fro m the one p e rio d to the other.
The p ercen ta ges of change m e a su re , p rin cip a lly , the effects
o f (1) gen eral sa la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in crea ses
in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w ork ers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor fo rce
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu rn over, fo r c e expan sion s, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w ork e rs em ployed by establishm ents
with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c r e a se s or d e c r e a s e s in the occu pation al a verages without actual
wage changes.
F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p rop ortion of low er paid w ork ers in a sp e c ific occupation and low er
the a v era g e, w hereas a red u ction in the p rop ortion of low er paid
w ork ers would have the opposite e ffe ct. S im ila rly , the m ovem ent of
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an area cou ld cause the average
earnings to d ro p , even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
establishm ents in the area.
The use o f constant em ploym ent w eights elim inates the e f­
fe ct o f changes in the p rop ortion of w o rk ers rep resen ted in each
job included in the data.
The p ercen tages o f change are not in flu ­
enced by changes in standard w ork schedules or in prem ium pay
fo r o v e rtim e , sin ce they are based on pay fo r straigh t-tim e hours.

The above text rep resen ts the m ethod used in com puting a new trend
s e r ie s (table 2).
This s e rie s , initiated with the expansion o f the labor m arket
wage su rvey p rog ra m to 80 Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A r e a s , w ill rep la ce
the old s e r ie s (1953 base) shown in table 3. Changes in the jo b s su rveyed and
job d escrip tion s sin ce the start o f the old s e r ie s ca lle d fo r a reexam ination of
the job s and jo b groupings fo r which trends w ere to be com puted.
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sam e jo b groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
with the follow ing excep tion s: The c le r ic a l and in du strial nurse grou p s, fo r m e r ly
re s tricte d to wom en, now include both m en and w om en. Changes w ere a lso made
in the jobs included within jo b groupings in o rd e r that an id en tical lis t could
be em ployed in all a re a s.

4




T able 2.

P e rce n ts o f in cre a s e in standard w eekly s a la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings
fo r s e le cte d occupational groups in Atlanta, G a . , fo r se le cte d periods
May 1962
to
May 1963

May 1961
to
May 1962

June I960
to
May 1961

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w omen)
Industrial n u rses (m en and w o m e n )_______ __
Skilled m aintenance (m e n )__ „ __ __ __ __
U nskilled plant (men)
__
_ ______ __ __

4 .2
3 .0
3 .0
2 .3

3. 1
4 .7
4. 1
6 .4

3 .7
1. 1
3 .6
2 .7

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and wom en) _______ ___
Industrial n urses (m en and w o m e n )_________
S killed m aintenance (m e n )___________________
U nskilled plant (men) _ __ ____ __ __ ____

3. 1
2 .8
3 .3
.3

4 .4
6 .0
3 .5
7 .6

2 .9
1.5
3 .3
4. 1

Industry and occupational group

T able 3. Indexes o f standard w eekly sa la rie s and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings
fo r s e le cte d occupational groups in Atlanta, G a . , M ay 1963 and May 1962
(M arch 1953 - 100)
Industry and occupational group

May 1963

May 1962

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r ic a l (wom en) n
Industrial n urses (wom en) _ _ _
S killed m aintenance (m e n )_______________ ________________
U nskilled plant (men) _
_ _
_
____

147.0
156.5
151 .4
154 .4

140.9
151.9
146.8
150.8

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (women)
Industrial n urses (wom en)
Skilled m aintenance (men)
U nskilled plant (men)

150.3
161.4
148.6
154.0

145.6
157.0
143.8
153.5

____
__ _

_

5

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, G a ., M ay 1963)
NUM
BEROFWORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIMEW
EEKLY EARNINGSOF-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

N ber
um
of

1 50

1 55

1 60

* 65

* 70

*75

* 80

* 85

* 90

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

_
-

12
1
11
4
6
1

27
18
9
2
1
5

24
9
15
9
4
2

24
10
14
6
2
3

36
3
33
12
15
5

45
17
28
3
18
3

41
8
33
15
14
3

30
7
23
2
21
-

22
12
10
3
7
-

41
21
20
4
15
1

16
Z
14
4
10
"

6
2
4
2
2
-

2
2
1
1

6
1
5
1
3
1

10
2
8
7
_
1

2
_
2
2
_

-

_
_
-

_

_

3

1

69
19
50
50

73
~
A
69
1
46
4

59
2
57
5
34

37
5
32
3
29

29
3
26
5
21

2

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

41
\
38
5
15
(y

8

3
1

26
g
20
5
4
8

6

_
_

43
l6
27
6
4
10

14

_
_

22
1
21
6
4
6

14
4
8

6
2
4

7
3
4

2
2

_
_

4
4

_
_

_
_

_ .
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

7

20

2
2

13
5

2
-----j—

_
-

7
7
7

17
— T~
15
15

5
5
5

12
12
12

34
11
23
23

6
30
— 5“ ---- T~
4
25
4
25

24
11
13
13

23
~U~
11
11

8
1
7
7

4
4
4

3
3
3

7
1
6
6

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
"

l
1
_
-

1
_
1
1

_
-

1
1
_
-

6
5
1

20
15
5

10
2
8

5
4
1

7
3
4

1
1

4
1
2

-

5
5
-

1
1

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_

W
eekly
W
eekly 1 40 * 45
hours * earning!1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

* 95 * 100 * 105 *110 *115 * 120 *125 * 130 * 135 *140

5 145 *150 *155

*160
and
160 over

Men
C le r k s , accounting, c la s s A _ _
M anufacturing
—
—
N onm anufacturing
_
. .
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e -----------------------------F in a n ce 3 __ _ ___

352
113
239
78
124
27

39 .5
4 6 .0
3 9 .5
39 .0
4 0 .0
39 .0

$107.50
164.50
109.00
110.00
111.50
99.50

C le r k s , accounting, c la s s B .

437
6l
376
49
226

4 0 .0
40 0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
39 .5

85. 50
80 on
86.50
90. 50
89.50

N onm anufacturing __
___
Pu blic u tilitie s 2 ____________ —_____
W h olesale t r a d e ___________________
C le r k s , file , c la s s B

70
62

_
-

39 .5
64. 00
■ 3 ? . r ” Tl.T<y

..

4

13
9
TT3 " — i f -

C le r k s , o r d e r
_
_ _ —
192
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________ ------51
N onm anufacturing
139
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
139

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

90.00
“ 9 Z 50
89.50
89. 50

_
-

_
-

C le r k s , p a y ro ll ---------------------------------------M anufacturing _____ __ ________________
N onm anufacturing ____________ ___ ____

4 0 .0
4 6 .0
39 .5

100.50
97. 00
105.50

.
-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

"

6
5
1

8
7
1

3 9 .0
" l l . 'S 39 .0
38 .5
39 .0
38 .5

60.00
" 63. 66
59.50
70. 00
57.50
56. 50

_

19

54
6
46
8
10
14

65
6
59
9
24
25

20
3
17
6
6

21
21
8
7
6

3
3
3

7
5
2
2

149
ll8
40
52
32

39 .0
3 6 .0
3 8 .5
39 .5
3 8 .5

105.00
163.50
104.00
108.00
101.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

4
4
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

188
52
136
27
52
48

39 .0
46. 0
3 9.0
3 9 .0
39. 0
3 8 .5

88.00
164. 66
82.00
83.00
87. 00
75.00

-

-

_

4
4
2

7
7
-

10
10
2

-

-

-

2

7

8

71
63
27

3 9 .0
36 .0
3 9 .0

77.00
75. $0
73.50

-

-

2
2

-

“

1

6
g
4

7
6
3

4 0 .0
.. 46. C"
4 0 .0

87.00
89.66
89.00

_
-

-

_
-

2
-

_
"

'

'

'

90
54
36

O ffice boys _
__
_ _
207
M anufacturing __ __ _____________ ___ ___ ------25
N onm anufacturing _____ ____ ______ ___
182
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
42
W holesale trad e ______ _____________
56
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------58
Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s A
_ _
. . . . .
—
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------------ -----------------P u blic u tilitie s 2 _
W h olesale t r a d e _________ _________
F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------T abulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B __ ________ ___ ______ . . ___
M anufacturing
Nonmanufac tur ing ____________________
Pu blic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
WVinlnaalA traHp

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s C
___
Nmrma.rmfar.tn ti ng
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ . .

T yp ists, c la s s B
92
N onm anufacturing ___________ __ ______ ----- 71
P u blic u tilitie s 2 ___________________
78

See footnotes at end of table.




_

-

4
---- T~
-

19
6
7

_

.

3
— 1“
1
1

-

2
2
2
*

5
_
5
2
3
-

8
5
3

"

9
— T~
7
7

5
5
5

2
2
2

1
— r~
-

1
1
1

3

12
12
3
6
2

6
6
5
_
1

18
18
5
1
7

18
17
1
3
6

12
9
4
3
1

13
T~
5
4
4

26
25
24
1

20
19
8
9
2

10
10
6
1
3

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
-

4
1
_
1

2
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

-

_
_
_
_
-

9
9
4
l
3

29
1
28
5
0
10

32
4
28
2
18
7

20
3
17
4
(f
7

9
2
7
2

23
7
16
2
14

18
6
9
4
4

10
6
1

12
12

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

12
“T Z
6

6
g

6
> 5
4

8
8
2

5
4
3

14
11
"

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

3
3
3

-

1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
— Z
2

21

2

6

23
18
18

7
7
7

.
-

—
14

T ~

2

6

7
7

_
-

4

29
-Z 9 ~
29

6
Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w ee k ly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
b y industry division , Atlanta, G a., M ay 1963)
NU BEROF WORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIMEW
M
G
EEKLY EARNINGSO
F

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

W
eekly
W
eekly * 40 * 45
hours1
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50
45

*105 *110

*115

*120

*125

*130

*135

*140

*145

*150

*155

*160
and

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

ov er

* 50

1 55

* 60

* 65

* 70

* 75

* 80

* 85

* 90

* 95

$100

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

!
1
-

15
15
"

22
19
15

21
21
7

14
10
8

7
7
3

9
4
1

-

14
12
12

3
1

!
-

-

-

-

-

11
1
10

23
20
3

21
21

10
9
1

9
6
3

115

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine)
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ _ __ ___
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine)
_ __ ____
M anufacturing
. __
__ _
Nonmanufacturing __ ____ _

__
_
_ _

108
90
46

39.5
39.5
40.0

$72.00
70.50
74.50

-

"

81
36
45

40.0
40.0
39.5

65.00
67.50
63.00

_
"

1
1

6
6
-

4
4
3

35
5
30
16
8

33
10
23
15
8

24
12
12
1

29
5
24
9
13

8
7
1
-

14
1
13
8
5

20
14
6
6

-

-

i

-

-

3

"

-

i

-

-

10
1
9
6

19
2
17
17

5
5
3

2
2
-

l
-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
1
10
10

8
7
1
1

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

3
3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs,
c la s s A __ __ _ _______ _ ____ _
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ ____
W holesale trade __ __ ___________
F in a n ce 3 __ _ _ __ _______

171
5?
117
51
45

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

74.50
77.00
73.00
74.00
74.50

.
-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p era to rs,
c la s s B __________ ________ __ ________ __
M anufacturing
_ __ __ __ _ __
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

384
84
300
126
41
117

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

70.00
75.00
68.50
72.00
67.50
64.00

-

3
3
3
-

30
30
19
11

52
3
49
9
1
34

42
2
40
12
2
24

70
30
40
16
8
16

64
11
53
12
26
15

53
11
42
24
1
14

31
20
11
8

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A ____________
M anufacturing
________ _ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________ _________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
Retail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

412
89
323
124
88
93

39.5
40.0
39.5
38.5
41.0
38.5

91.00
100.50
88.50
99.50
79.50
81.00

_

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

10
1
9
1
8

49
2
47
3
20
23

60
9
51
14
11
22

61
21
40
18
7
13

55
55
43
2
6

30
15
15
9
4
2

20
1
19
8
4
7

17
8
9
5
-

13
3
10
1
7

21
18
3
2

5
2
3
3

-

4
3
1

41
1
40
29
11

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ___________
Matinfartnring
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

1,325
228
1, 097
352
310
129
261

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.0
40.0
40.5
38.5

73.50
75.50
73.50
73.50
83.50
66.50
64.00

_

4

-

4
2
2

I ll
11
100
36
8
18
35

127
7
120
50
18
6
45

198
23
175
56
21
37
55

170
54
116
13
22
23
52

143
29
114
26
14
12
49

137
32
105
34
20
23
20

123
17
106
88
10
3
3

83
16
65
6
52
3

109
12
97
4
93
-

64
2
62
20
42

11
7
4
1
3

5
2
3
1
2

19
7
12
12

5
5

-

16
7
9
5
2

C lerks, file , c la s s A ____________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________ _
Finance 3 ___________________________

124
107
63

39.0
39.0
39.0

77.00
75.00
70.50

_
-

-

1
1
-

13
13
7

24
24
21

14
13
5

9
8
6

17
15
12

9
7
5

9
9
4

1
1
1

12
1
1

14
14
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

C lerks, file , c la s s B __ _____ _____ ______
M anufacturing ________________________
Nftnm a
ar hi ri ng
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________ ________
R etail trade _____ _________________
F in a n ce 3 -----------------------------------------

419
32
387
43
65
55
209

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

61.00
71.00
60.00
74.00
65.00
54.50
56.50

3
3
-

24
24
-

33
5
28
7
9
5
3

14
1
13
5
4

17
7
10
4
6

_

1

4
4

-

1

44

53
5
48
15
14
5
10

4

-

61
1
60
3
11

5
4
1
1

-

93
8
85
2
14
16
51

C lerk s, file , c la s s C ____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ______________
F in a n ce 3 __ ____

435
428
244

39.0
54.00
39.0
54.00
38.5 \ 52.50

112
110
50

38
36
9

7
7
2

2
2
2

1
1

2
2

See footnotes at end of table.




-

_
-

3
-

15
9

I ll
1
no
i
7
11
90

_

82
82
69

191
188
111

-

-

i

i

3
-

5

2

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry division , Atlanta, G a., M ay 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

N ber
um
of

NU BEROFWORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME W
M
EEKLY EARNIN OFGS
*50

‘ 55

‘ 60

‘ 65

‘ 70

*75

*80

*85

*90

55

W
eekly
W
eekly *40 * 45
hours1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

* 95 * 100 *105
100

105

no

‘ no

*115 * 120 * 125 *130 *135

115

120

125

1
1

_
-

_
-

12
12
-

2
1
1
1
-

130

*140

*145

*150 *155

*160
and
160 over

135

140

145

150

155

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

3
3
3

3
3
-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

W om en— C ontinue d
C lerk s, o rd er
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing

279
57
222
155
63

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40,0

$70.00
68.50
70.00
73.50
62.00

C lerk s, p a y r o ll
—
M anufactur ing ________________________
________ _________
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u tilities 2 ___ _______________

338
119
219
57
59
5.1
32

39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39t5
39. «i
38.5

80.50
78.00
82.00
90.50
87.00
73.50
77.00

420
" 54
366
207
136

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

D u plicatin g-m a ch in e o p e ra to rs
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________

26

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A _
Nnnmannfa rtiiring
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
WVinlssalp t-rarle
Finanrp^

448
372
125
145
68

Keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s B ---------------Manilla rtiifin g
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail t r a d e ----------------------------------Finanro®

_
-

5
_
5

57
21
36
14
18

35
1
34
17
17

78
18
60
52
8

33
3
30
29
1

9
4
5
3
2

5
2
3
3

2
2
-

7
_
7
7

1
1
1

28
20
8
1

31
6
25
2
8
4
11

55
23
32
6
16
6
2

31
5
26
17
8

17
2
15
10
2
2

18
1
17
10
4
3

24
4
20
7
7
2
4

73
13
60
33
21

51
51
31
14

25
2
23
15
4

6
2
4
2
2

5

6

30
3
27
21
6

-

5
5
_

6
2
4
1

20
3
17
4

36
18
18
3

-

1
1

8

-

12
2

1

36
13
23
3
3
5
9

77.00
89.00
75.00
76.50
71.00

_
-

_
.

7
7
7

27
5
22
5
17

24
24
16
8

72
2
70
42
28

79
4
75
45
28

39.0

62.00

-

4

5

6

2

2

2

-

5

39.5
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.0

86.00
84.50
95.50
84.00
71.50

11
11

_

_

3
3
3

14
14

36
33
1
11
19

77
69
5
47
10

37
35
6
19
6

17
16
4
4
2

64
54
4
49
1

111
87
83
3

32
4
4

502
49
453
86
81
125
140

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
38.5

68.00
8^.00
66.00
68.00
75.50
60.00
65.00

58
2
56
12
25
7
12

50
2
48
7
26
6
9

41
3
38
15
18
3
2

8
4
4
1
3

8
8
_

4
4

2
2

6
6

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

O ffice g ir ls
-------- .
. M anufacturing ------------------------------- -- tMntimannfa rtiii-ing

122
25
97
54

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

57.50
55.50
58.00
57.50

S e c r e ta r ie s
— —
M anufacturing
_
__
N onm anufacturing
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
W h olesale trade
__
R etail t r a d e _______________________
Finan ce 3

1,892
564
1, 328
308
322
168
476

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
38.5

93.50
97.00
92.00
108.50
93.50
85.50
83.50

Stenographers, general

1,467
233
1, 234
442
299
104
351

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

75.00
77.00
74.50
83.00
75.00
67.00
66.50

C om ptom eter o p era to rs
M a n u fa c t u r in g ________________________
N onm anufacturing --------- - ------------W holesale trade ___________________
Retail traHe

Nnnm anil fa r tii ring
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
R etail t r a d e _______________________
F inan ce
----------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




8
2
6

4

8

29
29
2
8
18

25
7
7 — 51
l
18
9
7

8
1
7
7
n
1
10
6
2
-

-

4
3
1
1

7
8
4 — 5"
3
2
1
2

5
5

5
5

2
2
2

9
9
9

1

-

-

_

6
5
1
1

_

_

.

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

50
13
37
19
15
1
2

33
21
12
6
5
1
-

18
4
14
11
2
_
1

26
15
11
9
1
1
-

11
1
10
10
_
_
-

2
1
1
1
_
_
-

5
3
2
2
_
_
-

1

14

1
_
1

14
10
4

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

23

43

23
.
15
7

43
7
_
21
12

43
5
38
13
_
18
7

93
3
90
17
4
35
33

117
5
112
13
5
20
58

-

14
5
9
7

36
5
31
21

34
11
23
9

20
20
9

12
4
8
4

"

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
.
-

_
-

20
5
15
.
9
4

43
43
4
10
29

95
21
74
31
4
36

124
30
94
4
17
12
49

167
43
124
11
25
30
58

251
70
181
17
37
14
97

160
52
108
13
34
16
42

221
39
182
34
29
30
82

144
36
108
15
34
13
41

158
42
116
58
24
12
22

231
144
87
42
25
10
8

67
11
56
18
27
4
3

51
13
38
28
7
1
2

_

2

31

150

155
. 55
100
25
44
4
23

189
34
155
84
27
4
33

101
24
77
45
26
4

57
4
53
24
20
1

67
19
48
41
7

19

2

139
41
10
10
76

224
47
177
34
77
10
54

19

31
18
2
2
9

209
28
181
9
48
37
85

54

2

188
11
177
31
34
32
69

54
54
_

19
17
2

19
19
_

1

6
4

_
-

5

2

-

_
-

.
*
*

_
_
2

6

2

_

8
Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, Ga., M ay 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NU BEROFW
M
ORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIME W
G
EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly * 40 * 45
W
eekly
earnings* and
hours*
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

* 50

*55

* 60

1 65

9 70

* 75

1 80

*85

* 90

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

8
8
2
6

42
21
21
8
8
3

28
18
10
3
2
5

42
16
26
4
1
10

63
11
52
4
3
30

54
4
50
20
12
15

83
40
43
3
31
7

84
58
26
9
17
"

• 95 * 100 * 105 * n o
105

S 115 1 120 * 125 *130

no

115

120

125

14
6
8
7

6
4
2
2
-

17
17
-

130

5
1
4
2
2
"

135

* 150 * 155

*160
and
over

* 135

* 140

* 145

140

145

150

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

"

-

155

160

W om en— Continued
Stenographers, sen ior _ . . . . .
—
____ _ __
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing . . . _________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 1 .
2
. . .
W holesale t r a d e ___________________
__
F in a n ce 34 __

__

_

-

-

-

8
8

12
12

19
19

22
2
20

20
1
19

1

u

lb
3

12
8

>

_

17

25

-

-

10

39.5
40.0
39^5
40.0
39.5
38.5

71.50
70.00
72.00
88.50
73.50
61.00

118
107

38.5
38.5

77.00
74.50

-

_

456
28
428
132
226

39.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

67.00
6S[50
67.00
69.00
63.50

•
-

538
68
470
53
83
31
301

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5
39.5
42.0
38.5

70.00
79.00
68.50
89.00
71.50
58.00
65.00

1, 060
142
918
117
91
66
625

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0
'2Q C
J7.3
38.5

61.00
64.50
60.50
79.00
62.00
58.00
57! oO

Nonmanufacturing ________ ____— -------WV»nlpeale

_

. ..

N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale t r a d e ______ ___. . . . ______
Pdfail fi*ado
TTirtan^P ^

1
2
3
4

_

-

. .

T ra n scribin g-m ach in e op era to rs,
general . . .
__
_ __

Nonmanufacturing ._
*PnK1i n nfiliti Ac ^
U U IdgoI o fra do
Ta
P Af oil fi*odA
lTirtanr a ^

_

"

42

8

______

_

-

349
99
250
43
111
64

_

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss B
.
. . . .

.

_

4 48
48

Nonmanufacturing --------- ------------------P u blic utilities 2 ---- ----------------------W holesale trade . . .
TTi«anrp ^

Typists, c la s s B _

$92.50
95.50
87.50
84.50
95.50
81.00
69.50
91.50
65.50
91 50
63.00
71.00

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s -------

Typists, c la s s A ___

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
40.0
38.5
41.0
40.0
41.0
39 5
40
39.0

Switchboard op era tors _ . .
-----M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
Nonmanufacturing
____
______
F in a n ce 3 __

676
387
289
57
122
77

_

._

266
40
226
45

12
3
9
7

24
13
11
11

"

4
4
4

_
-

-

j
1

-

-r

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

7
5

5
1

-

•

- .

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1
-

-

1

11

_

27
4
23
12

11
8

3

1

1

-

83
32
51
3
27
6

49
26
23
15
8

45
13
32
10
22

9
1
8
5
3

14

25
8
16

65
14
51
18
26

14
2
7

15
5
10
4
5

13
1
12
8
4

11
11
-

8
8

10
10

14
14

6
— T~

14
14

16
“ 75“

25
24

3
— T~

5
3

1

4
4

7

15

no
48
-----—
12
98
45
4
21
67
37

46
3
43
12
19

34
2
32
12
8

3

-

3

15
6
9

116
5
111
32
71

42

7
7

26
10
1

3
3

-

3
2

72
19
53
6
8

24

13
8
5
2
2

6
5

24
3
21

1
1

24
6
8

26

7

22

-

7
-

22
7
15

72
2
70
2
1
10
57

111
6
105
3
9
11
82

105
8
99
5
35
3
56

63
10
53
1
16
34

39

10

37
37
4
33

224
3f>
189
13
40
22
114

119
32
87
16
10
8
44

42
18
24
12
3
2
7

42
14
28
15
1

14
3
11
10

2

307
32
275
5
34
1Q
217

!
1

2

233
7
226
7
3
10
206

7

12
6
2
4

1

2
1

11

7
7
7

21
21

1
1

1
1
1

-

_

_

-

21

11
11

-

4
2
2
2

-

j

2

6
-----3“
3
2
1

-

1

4

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly hou rs.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Finan ce, insurance, and re a l estate.
Includes 21 w ork ers at $30 to $35; and 8 at $35 to $40.




_

1
1
-

4
3
1

15
15
1
6
6

42
21
13

12
3
9
8

1

29
5
24
2
12
10

-

10
4
6
4

226
19l
35
2
33
-

_

_

9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry division , Atlanta, G a ., M ay 1963)
A verage

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly,
Weekly. * 60
hours 1 earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under

* 65

1 70

70

75

65

* 80
85

ID 1 O
00
O'

Number

ID 1 O
D
00

Sex, occupation, and industry d iv isio n

* 90

* 95 * 100 * 105 *110 *115 1 120 *125 * 130 * 135 * 140 * 145 * 150 # 155 $ 160 * 170 *180 * 190 *200
100

no

115

125

130

135

140

1

1
1

“

•

24
14
10
2

25
17
8

27
7
20
10

15
7
8
-

22
8
14
13

6
5

-

1

105

120

9
9

95

1

145

150

155

-

”

10
10

15
10
5
"

160

170

180

190

200

210

6
5

2
2

2
2

15
-

5
5

6
5
1
-

13
5
8
2

2

_

_

2
-

-

M en
D raftsm en, lea d er —
N onm anufacturing

48
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

!>164. 00
154.00

D raftsm en, s en ior —
M anufacturing -----Nonm anufac taring
W holesale trade

311
145
166
53

4 0 .0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

126.50
134.50
120.00
126.00

D raftsm en, ju n ior —
M anufacturing —
N onm anufacturing

270
136
134

39.5
40. 0
3 9.5

92.00
30
86.00

_

_

_

- •

-

-

"

-

8

-

8

5

-

4

-

4

“

5
"

4
1

4
"

4
-

19
10
9

22
6
16

26

30
6
24

28
10
18

-

-

16
8
8

6

20

-

4

27

-

23
“
33
z t

11

19
19
11

19
9
10
6

14
6
8

25
15
10

43
37
6

3
1
2

1

!

6

10
10

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ------M a n u fa c t u r in g ______ _____ _______

71
4>

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

102.50
109.00

1

2

4
1

5
3

10
5

6
2

4
2

4
2

1
1

4
4

21
18

4
4

5
5

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co r re s p o n d to these w eekly hours.




1
43
36
7
2

_
-

13
1

6
5

-

_

_
_

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, G a., M ay 1963)

Number
of
worker*

O ccupation and industry division

Average
weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

114
96
28
46

— ------------

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s A --------------M anufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . ------Nonmanufacturing
, ,
. ___________
W holesale trade
.
„. , ■ ---- -----------------

81

178
56
122
51
45

75.00
76.00
74.50
74.00
74.50

—

C lerks, accounting, c la s s A ~
^ am ifarturin g
Mnninaniifarhiring
P u blic u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade
RGt&il tfcldC m m m i
mmm
jm■
1 1 ■■ m
■
_
,.
FinonrA^

764
202
562
202
142
95
120

98.50
103.00
97.00
103.50
109.50
80.50
85.50

1, 762
289
1,473
401
536
178
295

76.50
76.50
76.50
75.50
86.00
71.50
65.00

128
111
63

78.00
76.00
70.50

_ ....
—

n p r jfa fi1e# rla sa A
Nrmmannfa rfnr ing
lTinanro ^

. -

See footnotes at end of table.




^
......

..

------.

$59.00
59.50
59.00
68.00
58.50
56.00
57.00

Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2
---- ----. . . . . . .
W holesale trade
.
___ . . .
R etail trade _
------- . . . . . .
F in a n ce3 --------------------------------------------------------------

1, 912
1 377”
1,335
315
322
168
476

93.50
97.50
92.00
108.50
93.50
85.50
83.50

Stenographers, gen eral —--------------------------------------------Manuf actur ing _______________ — -----------------------------Nonm&nuf&ctur ing , , ^
m» ■
■
j ..„ L
es,
Pu blic u tilities 2 -------------------------------------------------I
W holesale t r a d e -------------------------------------------------1
R etail trade ------------------------------------------------- ------..
.....
..
___
F in a n ce3
. ___ ___

1, 478
233
1,245
453
299
104
351

75.50
77.00
75.00
83.50
75.00
67.00
66.50

Stenographers, sen ior ---------------------------------- ------------I
M anufacturing ________________________ ____________ _
I Nonmanufacturing ____________ ___ __________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ----------------- ------------------------------—
76.50 1
87.00
W holesale trade
-------— ----- . . .
.. — —
75.00
Finance 3 _________________ ^ ------------------------------76.50
71.00 [Switchboard o p e r a t o r s ------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------- --------------------— -----— ------- —
1 Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
64.50 1
1
Public u tilities 2 n ___
63.00 |
R etail trade _
_
- ____ . . . . . _ . -------- Finance 3 ..........
...........................

678
387
291
59
122
77

92.50
95.50
88.00
85.00
95.50
81.00

270
41
229
45
69
45

70.00
92.00
66.00
91.50
63.00
71.00

354
104
250
43
64

72.00
71.00
72.00
88.50
73.50
61.00

162
148
41
53
37

104.50
103.00
104.00
108.00
99.00

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g --------- — — ------------------------------W holesale trade
—
_
—
R etail trade , ....j a . - , , ____ . ,, „ ., ,...r „ r
_

471
110
361
294
63

78.00
80.00
77.50
81.00
62.00

N onm anufacturing ------------ --------------------------------- —
P u blic utilities 2 _-------- — --------------------------~
\y)l< !opals traHp
->
_
P e f a i l trade
__
-----_________ ___ __
__
F inance 3 _

428
173
255
74
78
51
32

84.50
84.00
85.00
93.00

Retail trade

_ ..

D uplicating-m achine o p erators
(M im eograph or Ditto)
_rm - ntm - vmr— _nr-rwn-r-wm m
rirr

P u blic utilities 2 ----------------- ----------— ------— -----W holesale trade

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

329
50
279
49
72
29
112

54.00
54.00
52.50

C om ptom eter o p e r a t o r s ------- -----—
----------- ---------------—
M anufacturing
— r r— o
Nnnmanufa
ring -a M m -T -M
w -n -im -in _____ B,Ljai_fiiTTT__

Number
of

O ccupation and industry div ision

O ffice occupations— Continued

450
443
258

65.00
67.50
63.00

74.50

70.00
75.00
68.50
72.00
67.50
64.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B
^ fl^ ifa rh irin g
,
__ _____ ____
Nonmanufacturing
T3iiK r* n+41-i+ieo 2
M
WVinleaalo tra^o
Pptail fradp
F i n a n c e 3 __T , ____ ,

Average
weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

$61.50
73.50
60.00
73.50
66.50
54.50
56.00

7 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

398
89
309
129
41
123

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s B
M anufacturing
. . . . .
.
—
...
__

of

489
40
449
51
72
55
228

$73.50

45

yThnl«aale t-raHo
Rptail
F in a n ce3
. . __

Number

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

425
59
366
207
136
50
39
478
400
153
145
68

516
Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------— -— ------------------------------ —
461
TD«hli o u tilities 2
^
.
94
81
Retail trade
_ ...
125
140

9 2 .0 0

O ffice boys and g ir ls --------------------------------------------------__ . . . .
----- -----M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
_ ----.
Public u t ilit ie s 2
—
_
__ —

S e c r e t a r ie s _______ — . — -------- -------------------— __-------- -—

73.50
77.00

87.00 |Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts
{
— ------ — ----Msmuf5icturillg
r-n m ^ M--I__, „ - 1|irlrir, _m _,_j_I
-n i-wi_- T 1
-I
j_u
_
8 5 .W ]I
96.00 9
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ___ _____ ________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 __
______
.
.
84.00
71.50
1
F in a n ce3 . . __ _
.....
_____
68.00 |
84.00
66.00 [Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A _____________
68.00
75.50
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 ____
___ ________
______
60.00
65.00
F i n a n c e 3 ____ __ ___________________________________________

.

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Atlanta, G a., May 1963)

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B —---- --------M a m ifa r h ir in g

tra d p

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ------- ----------------------------------------P n W ir u t ilit ie s 2

306
------53—
243
90
80
58
94
79
27

$83.50
103.50
78.50
75.00
84.00
75.50

Nonm anufacturing
Whr* R S trad «
1« S,1<!

o p p ra to rn ,

gA tw > ra l

~

—

456
28
428
132
226

—

P u b l i c iiHI i Has 2
W b n l p s a l p t .r a d f i
R e t a i l tr a H fl
F i n a n r a 13
2

...........

P u blic u tilities 2 —
W holesale t r a d e ----------------------------------------------R p ta .il t r a d f t

1 E arn ings rela te to regu lar straigh t-tim e w eekly sa laries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
3 F in an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.




. . .

M a m ifa r t u r in g

76.50
75.50
73.50
67.00
65750"
67.00
69.00
63.50

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

of

workers

earnings 1
(Standard)

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations
544
74
470
53
83
31
301

$70.00
79.00
68.50
89.00
71.50
58.00
65.00

1, 152

T yp ists, cla s s A - -

M a n n fa r t iir in g
T r a n « ^ r ih ip g -m a r > iir > A

Average
weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

'W n l paa1p
Vt

Number
of

O ccupation and industry d ivision

63.00
55.50
63.00
83.00
62.00
58.00
57.00

l5 6 ~

996
195
91
66
625

D raftsm en, l e a d e r ______ _____ — ------------------ --- --------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_
__ _________ _
____
D raftsm en, senior

__ ____ _
__ __
______ ___ _
___ _ _ ___
____
_ __
_
____
________
P iih lir u t ili t ie s 2
_
W holesale trade
— — - —
______ _ __

M a n u fa c t u r in g
_
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

D raftsm en, junior

_

__

__ __ __ ___ ________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

Nonmanufacturing _ ___
N u rses, industrial (reg istered )
M a n u fa c t u r in g
_

___ ___ __ ________
___

_ __

48
26

$164.00
154.00

322
151
171
54
53

126.00
134.00
119.50
107.50
126.00

278
142
136:

92.00
97.50
86.00

71
47

102.50
109.00

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , Atlanta, G a ., M ay 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
worker*

a
Avenge Under *1.30 *1.40 *1.30 $1 . 6 0 *1.70 $1.80 $1. 90 *2 . 0 0 *2 . 10 $2 . 2 0 $2.30 *2.40 *2. 50 $2 . 6 0 $2. 70 *2.80 $2. 90 *3.00 *3. 10 $3. 20 $3. 30 *3.40 *3. 50 *3 . 60 *3. 70
hourly .
earning*1 $
and
and
1.30 under
1.40 1. 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 . 6 0 2 .70 2 .80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3, 6 Q 3 .7 0 ov er

C a rp enters, m aintenance ---------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing --------- ----------- —
-----R etail trade ---- — --------

133
62
71
35

$ 2 .5 9
” 2751
2.6 3

E lectricia n s, m aintenance --------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

2 .8 6

-

-

-

-

-

304
253
51

3 .0 8
3.11

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

En gin eers, s t a t io n a r y ---- . . . . . . .
M anufacturing
------------ . . ------ —
Nonmanufacturing -----. . -------- -

113
61
52

2 .7 9
3 .6 6
2 .4 4

"

F irem en, station ary b o ile r --------------- _.
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

58

1.89
1.92

1

1

"

"

5Z

_

2 . 11
2 . 20
2 .0 1

18
z15
3

2
1

M achinists, m aintenance . . . . __. . . __
M anufacturing ------------- ----------------------

326
3o8

2 .8 9

_

_

2 .8 8

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance) -------- ---------------------- . . .
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------P ublic u tilities 3 --------------------------R etail trade -----------------------------------

800
118
682
570
36

2 .7 8
2 .4 6
2 .83
2 .9 0
2 .4 6

M echanics, m aintenance -------------- -------M anufacturing -------------------------------- --N onm anufacturing--------------------------- . . .
R etail trade ------------- —------------------

547
423
124
30

2 .59
2. 64
2 .7 6
2.7 2

M anufacturing ------------------------------------

77
77

P ainters, m aintenance --------------------------M anufacturing ------------------ —--------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------P ip efitters, m aintenance ------------------- --M anufacturing --------— ----- . . . .
. . . .

_____

_

4
3

16

1

1

-

_
-

6
6

4
4

4
3

7
5
2
1

7
5

1

6

7

-

5

2

1

6
1

11

4

3

-

“

8
2
6

2
2

3

14
13

_

8

-

2

”

8

6
6

7

1

1

_

_

6

“

"

“

!
-

2

"

3

j

16

_

16

■

10
10

1

15

-

10

-

1

“

5
4

17
17
"

30
28

5
3

38

2

2

15

7

12

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

82
6Z

24
14

15
15

30
30

1

3
3

.

99

151
5
146
146
*

42
14
28
27
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
55
"

39
3
36

2
1
1
1

_
“

_
~

_
"

11
8

_
-

4
4
-

2
2

1

7
7
“

12
12

7
7

23
23

8
6

16

7
7

7
7

20
~ Z 0 ~

15
~T5

7
7

39
19

_
-

63
63
35
36

28
28

19
19

11
6

3

-

16

35

8

14

42

122

43

29

6

8

1

34
33
-

9
113

29
29
23
-

82

7

44
14
30
26

132
64
78

2 .43
2 .9 6
2. 05

.
-

94
92

3. 14
3. 13

_

4
4

22
22

.
-

.
-

_

_

"

"

40

6

1
1

30
30
-

2
1
1

22

1

-

3

lS

18
13

-

1

9
5
-

6
6

11

39
37

46
40

29
27

-

6

2

“

1

1

1
1

2

■

■

10
1

29
28

-

53
38
15

31

6

6
6

■

“

15
4

5
5

_

_

_

“

"

2
2

6
6

16

40
40

8

_
“

1
1”.

2

I
7

"

2

_
-

_

_

“

"

3
3

“

1
1

_

_
1

■

.
-

19
19

6
6

_

3
3

.

~

_

1 62
3 .2 9
----- T E T ~ “ 372 9—

-

-

_
"

-

■

_
"

31
28

5

_

_
-

3
3

_

_
~

~

1
1

2 . 10
2 . 10

_
“

2
2

-

1

3
3

_
“

5
5

■

■

“

-

~

4
4
“

_

9
9

■

1
1

"

9
9

~

3
3

1

_

6
6

-

4
3

"

11
11

-

27
' 21

_

_
-

6

7
7
-

"

-

-

_
-

11

_

_

-

14
14
-

-

1

-

-

39
39
“

5
5

3

_

5

27

72
72
~

1

4
4

_

-

2
2

3
3

6

6
6

1

11

5
5

16

49
49

-

-

' '

1
2

_
-

20

-

-

22

_
-

2
2

2

1

2
2

11

1

-

17
14
3

25
7
18

-

12
2
10

3
3
-

21

_
-

-

1

-

21

>
-

_

1

12
2
10

5

~

-

5
5
-

-

.
-

11

1

3
3
-

13
3

16

-

6

-

1

-

7
3

”

3

1

10

2

-

_

-

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
2 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ i. 20 to $ 1. 30.
3 Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.




5
5
-

11
11

5
5

"

“

l35
125

Tool and die m akers

23
7

1
1

1

_

260

r__________________________________

4
3

4
-

2 .9 6

H elpers, m aintenance trades ---------------. ----M anufacturing ------- . .
N onm anufacturing ------ --------------- __

Q ilers

10
6

61

6

38
31
7

-

6

82

23

66

22

1

13

-

1

61

26
24

5

10
2
8
8

_

10
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

“

” .

_

_

1

1

1

6
6

4
4

-

99
99
-

11

16

16

75
61
14
• 1

■
9
9

19
3
16

3
— 3

56
5
5

20
20

2
1

4
3

1

3
16

19
19

-

.
-

_
■

_
-

-

4
2
2

_
■

67
22
5
“ 5 7 “ f i z - — 5—

“

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
b y industry division , Atlanta, Ga., M ay 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry div isio n

138
.. 138~
E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n g e r
(wom en)

107
107
841
310
181
129
531

G uards and w a t c h m e n ------- -------- -----------M anufacturing ________ ______________
Guards
W a tc h m e n ___________l
______________
N on m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________
J an itors, p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
(men)
M anufacturing
. . .
. ..
N onm anufacturing _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 _
W holesale trade
fra Ho
T iti ar>rp®
T

2 ,8 8 6

__

1,032
1,854
248

$ 1 .0 2
1762 ■

2

-

x

1 .6 0

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

19
15
15
4

10

10

10

-

-

20

_

4
_

5

5
_
5

10

10

7

20

1

36

26

11

50

2

26
14

4
7

13
13
-

107
94
13

160

9

-

.

65
65

1
1

11
11

.

-

17
17

8
8

-

1
1

•

43
32
32

33
23
23

39
14
4
10

3
3

11

10

25

8

223
117

119
84
35
23

1 20

_
-

29
29

14
14

356
4
4
352

40

83
.
83
_

74
74
27
25

187
_
187
-

10

736
56
680
-

120

87
73
14
15

67
53
7

10

321
136
185
9
15
49
41

1 60

20

175
175
117

68

42
8

-

34
24

11
6

11

52
16
5

12

10

474
266
208
185
23

281
133
148

320
246
74
6

115
31

22

67
67
67
-

71
57
14
14
-

30
16
14
14

16

1

12
5
7

2 .1 0

4
4

2 .2 0

2.30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

30
23
3

26
6
6

5
4

9
9
9
_
-

74
74
74
_
-

65
6S
65
_
-

138
134
4
4
-

17
15

2.90

3.00

3.10 over

1

9

1.43
1.85
1 .2 0

1.73

1 22

1 .6 1

1.14
l !0 2

597
81
516
66
66
257

1.05 682
1.39 - • 82
.99
1.70
1.13
.76
80

181
181
-

-

145

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
10

_

-

1,

160
15
15
5
_
_

43
43
33

1 .8 8

116
261
855
579
258

1.91
1.87
1.82
1.99

“

-

P a c k e r s , shipping ( m e n ) _______________
M anufacturing ______ __ _____ ______ __
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------W holesale trade

436
169
267
233

1.69
1.80
1.62
1.63

„
-

_
-

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en)
M anufacturing

162
78
84
37

1.55
1.57
1.52
1.49

313
117
196
76
119

2.03
2.18
1.95
2.05
1.88




1.50

_
-

O rd er f il l e r s
_ _
M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
W holesale trade
R etail trade

See footnotes at end of table.

1.40

_
-

1 .6 2

2.19
2.65
1.55
1.29

1.77
1.61
1.94
2.64
1.47
1.63

R eceivin g c le r k s
M anufacturing
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________________
W holesale trade
Retail trade

1.30

-

3,259
1,707
1, 552
577
646
329

Nnrnna rmfarfnringr
fraHp

1 .2 0

.70 3 75
" T o " 75

L a b o r e rs , m a te r ia l handling
M anufacturing
Nonm anufacturing
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4
W h olesale trad e __
Ppfail fraHp

_

*1 .1 0 *1 .2 0 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1 .6 0 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2 .0 0 *2 .1 0 *2 .2 0 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10
and

-

50
56

421
306

Ja n itors, porters* and c le a n e r s
(wom en)
M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________ __ ________
N onm anufacturing __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 .
_
Ppfail fradp

o

E levator o p e r a to r s , p a sse n g e r

—
1

Average Jnder *0.70 *0.80 *0.90
hourly
and
earnings2 $
3.70 under
.80
.90 1 .0 0

o
O

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

_
-

_
-

-

20
20

_
_

"

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

123
33
83
5
78
-

-

1
1
4
-

”

-

-

20

20
20

20

24

1 06

70
24
5
7

16
20
10
11

19
6

13
-

4

_
71

374
269
105
_
85

46

29

20

59
38
22
16

95
3
92
92
-

7

18
5
13
7

74
12
62
60

14
9
5
5

17
3
14
g

48
33
15
4

17
7
10

22
5
17

53
67
35

2

11

7
3

18
3

4
4
-

3
3
-

324

79
58

5
3
2

34
26
5
3

22

22
22

10
2

T ~

6
1

10

40
39
1

-

2
2

12

-

12
12

12

52

6
6
-

51

85
3
82
30

-

8
1
1

1
12

160
_

1

1
1

-

_
_
-

_

_

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

_
_
_

344
344
344
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

-

-

1
1
1

12
12
12

_
-

-

2

_

_
_

-

-

-

71
71
_
_

24
7
17
16

2

-

_
_

8

261
161

11

2

—

2

8
8

21

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

4

7

10

17

21

9

130
23
107
65
42

67
30
37

172
172
127
45

17
17
5
12

40 .
40
31
9

7
7
6

17

118
41
77
26
33

105
43
62
50

41
22
19
12

18
15
3
3

39
1
38
33

43
43
42

3
3
3

38
17
21
8
■

113
33
28
52

37
14
23
17
6

100

17

6
4
2
2

6
2

4
1
3
3

15
1
14
10
4

18
9
9

20
7
13
9
4

39
5
34
18
16

17
5
12
7
5

2 11

20

-

17
4

-

9

_
12

8

2

4

1
20
8

23

_
-

22
11
11
6
5

34
28
6
6

179
26
153
111

135
118
17
15

42

2

60
60
_

136
136
91
45

23
18
5
2
3

39
39
39
"

23
14
9
9
-

60
58
2
2
-

-

1

80
80
9
71

-

-

_
-

4
4

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

39
38
1
1

_
-

-

1
1
1

1
1

1
1

9
9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8

18
10
8
3
5

12

21
10
11
6
5

9
6
3

27
17
10

2

1

50

-

8
3
5

_
-

5
1
4
1
3

-

-

12
6
5

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

1

-

-

3

10

26
18
8
7
1

1
1

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Atlanta, Ga., May 1963)

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Average Under *0.70 *0.80 *0.90 *1.00 *1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 $2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 $2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10
hourly
and
earnings13$
2
and
D.70 under
1.40
-LJLQ-L.9JL JLSIQ-2.jyL JLASL -JL.J5IL
__s_80_ __t20_ J^OSL 1.10
JL1SL

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

4
4
4

-

6
4
2
2

11
2
9
9

13
5
8
8

12
5
7
7

12
2
10
10

5
1
4
3

20
17
3
2

10
10
-

30
p n r-

15
8
7
7

13
13
_
"

8
1
7
7

14
2
12
12

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

9
9

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

16
5
11
11

11
11
4

17
17
17

14
10
4
4

19
5
14
13

18
8
10
10

16
1
15
5

36
36
_

1
1
-

12
10
2
2

6
5
1
1

2.40
1.74
2.54
2.89
1.89
1.89

_
_
_
_
"

-

-

22
22
15

43
43
6
30

177
39
138
102
35

129
49
80
72
8

122
107
15
8
4

59
41
18
18

56
33
23
7
16

93
27
66
1
51
14

150
75
75
13
23
39

165
78
87
7
74
3

87
7
80
17
58

48
21
27
8
10
5

45
5
40
27
7
4

22
5
17
1
1
12

74
2
72
13
2
8

230
251
8
“H r i
243
225
82'
220
3
118
2
43

119
65
54
_
53
1

74
10
64
6
14
44

32
9
23
_
2
21

77
77
72
4
1

1430
1430
1419
11
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
_
-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

43
43
40
2
1

727
_
727
727
_

_
_

-

-

Shipping c l e r k s __ __ __
__ — _ _
M anufacturing ___
__ __ — — _
Nonm anufacturing __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _
__
W holesale trade _
__

178
105
73
71

$2.34
2.37
2.29
2.29

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s __________
M anufacturing
__ __ _ __ _ __ _
Nonmanufactur ing __ __ __ __ __

203
103
100
82

2.47
2.53
2.40
2.40

3, 505
58T “
2,919
1, 869
585
381

T r u c k d r iv e r s 8 __ __ __
M anufacturing
__ _ _
Nonmanuf ac tur ing __
P u blic u t ilit ie s 45
7
6
W holesale trade _
R etail trade __ __

__
____
___
__ _ _ _ _ _
__ __ __ __
_ _ _
_
__ __
_

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
lV 2 t o n s ) ______
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________
W holesale t r a d e _______________
R etail trade ___________ ________

620
181
439
247
141

1.52
1.47
1.54
1.62
1.31

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( lV 2 to and
including 4 tons) __
__ __ __ _
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __
Nonmanuf actur ing __ __ __
Pu blic utilities 4 ______________
W holesale t r a d e _______ ________
R etail trade _
__ __ __ __

1,794
283
1, 511
1, 057
279
105

2.47
1.77
2.60
2.85
1.95
2.09

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _ _ _
__
_
Nonmanuf actu r i ng
P u blic u tilit ie s 4 _
R etail t r a d e ___________________

1, 039
95T
775
135

2.80
2.88
2.99
2.32

695
477
218
39
106
73

2.20
2.19
2.22
2.90
2.03
2.14

52
33

2.40
2.34

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift)
__ _ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________ ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic utilities 4 __________________
W holesale t r a d e __________________
Retail trade
T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
f o r k l i f t ) ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________ __ _____

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

22
22
_
15

43
43
6
30

50
6
44
9
35

93
25
68
60
8

74
62
12
8
4

25
17
8
8

47
27
20
7
13

62
12
50
42
8

24
14
10
7
3

80
7
73
72
-

18
2
16
14
2

25
7
18
9
1

36
36
7
2

8
8
7

4
4
4

4
2
2
2
-

5
5
4
1

_
-

126
61
65
13
16
36

25
11
14
6
2
3

25
5
20

9
5
4

3
12

12
4
8
_
4

2

10
5
5
_
2

70
2
68
13
2
4

224
2
222
220
_
2

136
7
129
37
88
4

91
40
51
50
1

2
2
_
2

32
9
23
2
21

11
1

-

4
4

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

"

62
62
6
42

-

-

-

34
34
32
-

112
112

54
54

3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

127
33
94

36
24
12

33
30
3

34
24
10

7
6
1

-

-

-

_

-

93

12

_

10

-

1

25
15
10
1
9
-

-

-

6 7 21
8
5
1 13
1 13
_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

15

-

2
2

6
6

_
-

45
-

44
44

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

2

6

-

44

-

"

3

-

-

109
109
45
38

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

_
-

2

_

54
43
11

50
18
32

9
5
4

11
10
1

17
10
7

22
5
17

40
39
1

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

2

"

-

4

1

25

26
1

15
2

1
-

_

"

9
2

_

-

7
-

_

-

21
"

_

37
7
30
6
3
21

37
10
27

-

-

14
7
7

86
86

-

54
33
21

25

-

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

14
6

4
3

21
21

-

-

10

-

-

_

_

_

Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 61 at $0.40 to $0.50; and 14 at $0.60 to $0.70.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finan ce, insurance, and rea l estate.
W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 2 at $0.40 to $ 0.50; and 80 at $0.50 to $0.60.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 10 at $3.10 to $3.20; 3 at $3.20 to $3.3 0 ; and 8 at $3.30 to $3.40.
Includes all d riv e r s r e g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

-

_

-

-

18
14

.

3
3

6
1

-

-

25
_
_

_

_

703
703
692
-

_
_
-

-

1
39
6 — r~
_
33
_
33

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
T h e prim ary p u rp o se o f p re p a rin g jo b d e s c r ip t io n s for th e B u r e a u ’ s w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s
f ie l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a tio n s w o rk e rs who a re em p lo y e d u nder a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll
t i t l e s an d d iffe re n t work a rra n g e m e n ts from e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t an d from a r e a to a r e a . T h is i s
e s s e n t i a l in order to p erm it the gro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s re p r e se n tin g c o m p a ra b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s ta b lish m e n t an d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, the
B u r e a u ’ s jo b d e s c r ip t io n s may d iffe r s ig n if ic a n t ly from t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s or th o s e
p re p a re d for oth er p u r p o s e s . In a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r i p t io n s , the B u r e a u ’ s f ie ld e c o n o m is ts a re in ­
s t r u c t e d to e x c lu d e w orkin g s u p e r v i s o r s , a p p r e n t ic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d , p art-tim e ,
tem p o rary , an d p ro b a tio n a ry w o rk e rs.

OFFICE
B I L L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , an d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th er
than a n o rd in a ry o r e le c t r o m a t ic ty p e w riter. May a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s
to b i ll i n g s or sh ip p in g c h a r g e s or perform oth er c l e r ic a l work in c id e n ta l
to b illin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s, b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a re
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o llo w s :

O p e r a te s a b o o k k e e p in g m ach in e (R em in gton R a n d , E llio t t
F is h e r , S u n d stra n d , B u rro u g h s, N a tio n a l C a s h R e g is t e r , with or w ith ou t
a ty p e w riter k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a re c o rd o f b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

C lass A —K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s re q u irin g a k n o w led ge o f
an d e x p e r ie n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s an d fa m ilia rity with
the stru c tu re o f th e p a r tic u la r a c c o u n tin g s y s te m u s e d . D ete rm in e s
p ro p er r e c o r d s a n d d istr ib u tio n o f d e b it a n d c r e d it ite m s to b e u s e d
in e a c h p h a s e o f the w ork. May p rep a re c o n s o lid a te d re p o r ts, b a l­
a n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s by h an d.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a s p e c i a l b illin g m a­
ch in e (M oon H o p k in s, E l l i o t t F is h e r , B u rro u g h s, e t c . , w h ich a re
c o m b in a tio n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s) to p re p a re b i l l s a n d in ­
v o i c e s from c u s t o m e r s ’ p u r c h a se o r d e r s, in te rn a lly p re p a re d o r d e r s,
sh ip p in g m e m o ran d u m s, e t c . U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p re d e ­
term in ed d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s and en try o f n e c e s s a r y
e x t e n s io n s , w h ich m ay or m ay n ot b e com pu ted on th e b illin g m a­
c h in e , a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e .
T h e o p e ra tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s a la r g e number o f ca rb o n c o p i e s o f
the b ill b e in g p r e p a r e d an d i s o ften done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

C lass B — e e p s a re c o rd o f on e or more p h a s e s or s e c t i o n s o f
K
a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly re q u irin g lit t le k n o w led g e o f b a s i c b o o k ­
k e e p in g .
P h a s e s or s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le , p a y r o ll,
c u s t o m e r s ’ a c c o u n t s (n ot in c lu d in g a sim p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r ib e d
under b ille r , m a c h in e ), c o s t d istr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d istr ib u tio n , in ­
ven tory c o n tro l, e t c . M ay c h e c k or a s s i s t in p re p a ra tio n o f tr ia l
b a la n c e s an d p re p a re c o n tro l s h e e t s for the a c c o u n tin g d epartm en t.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a b o o k k e e p in g
U
m a c h in e (S u n d stra n d , E l l i o t t F is h e r , R em ington R a n d , e t c ., w h ich
m ay or m ay n o t h a v e ty p e w rite r k ey b o ard ) to p re p a re c u s t o m e r s ’
b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n . G e n e ra lly in ­
v o lv e s th e s im u lt a n e o u s en try o f fig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ’ le d g e r r e c ­
ord. T h e m a c h in e a u to m a tic a lly a c c u m u la te s fig u r e s on a num ber
o f v e r t ic a l co lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s an d u s u a lly p rin ts a u to m a tic a lly
th e d e b it or c r e d it b a l a n c e s . D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w led g e o f b ook ­
k e e p in g .
W orks from uniform an d sta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a l e s an d
c r e d it s l i p s .



C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

C lass .4— nder g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r or a c c o u n t­
U
a n t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y for k e e p in g one or more s e c t i o n s o f a com ­
p le te s e t o f b o o k s or r e c o r d s re la tin g to on e p h a s e o f an e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t’ s b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . Work in v o lv e s p o stin g and b a la n c in g
s u b s id ia r y le d g e r or le d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts
15

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g an d c o d in g in v o ic e s or v o u c h e rs w ith p ro p er a c ­
c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; a n d r e q u ir e s ju d gm en t an d e x p e r ie n c e in
m ak in g p ro p er a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l lo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p re p a rin g ,
a d ju s t in g an d c l o s in g jo u rn a l e n t r ie s ; a n d m ay d ir e c t c l a s s B a c ­
co u n tin g c le r k s .

C lass B —U n d er s u p e r v is io n , p erfo rm s on e or m ore ro u tin e a c ­
co u n tin g o p e r a t io n s su c h a s p o s t in g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs or a c ­
c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te rin g v o u c h e rs in v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ;
r e c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n ­
tro lle d by g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , or p o s t in g sim p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a t a .
T h is jo b d o e s n o t re q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g a n d b o o k ­
k e e p in g p r in c ip le s b u t i s fou n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m ore ro u tin e
a c c o u n tin g w ork i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s am on g s e v e r a l
w o rk e rs.
C L E R K , F IL E

C lass A —In an e s t a b l i s h e d f ilin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a num ber
o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tte r f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f ile m a te r ia l
su c h a s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c . May
a l s o f il e t h is m a te r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in co n ­
ju n c tio n w ith the f i l e s . M ay l e a d a s m a ll gro u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile
c le rk s.
C lass B —S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l b y sim ­
p le ( s u b je c t m a tte r) h e a d in g s o r p a r tly c l a s s i f i e d m a te r ia l b y fin e r
s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la t e d in d e x a n d c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e
a id s.
A s r e q u e s te d l o c a t e s c le a r ly id e n t ifie d m a te r ia l in f i l e s
an d fo rw a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay perform r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s re q u ire d
to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C lass C —P e rfo rm s ro u tin e filin g o f m a te r ia l th a t h a s a lr e a d y
b ee n c l a s s i f i e d or w h ich i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r num er­
ic a l).
A s r e q u e s te d , l o c a t e s r e a d ily a v a i la b l e m a te r ia l in f i l e s
and fo rw a rd s m a t e r ia l; a n d m ay f i l l o u t w ith d raw al c h a r g e . P e r ­
fo rm s sim p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s re q u ire d to m a in ta in a n d
se r v ic e f ile s .




CLERK, ORDER
R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ’ o r d e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e by m a il,
p h on e, or p e r s o n a lly . D u tie s in v o lv e any combination of the following:
Q u otin g p r ic e s to c u sto m e r s ; m a k in g o u t an o rd er s h e e t l i s t i n g th e ite m s
to m ak e up the ord er; c h e c k in g p r ic e s a n d q u a n t it ie s o f ite m s on o rd er
s h e e t; an d d istr ib u tin g ord er s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r tm e n ts to b e
fille d . May ch eck with c r e d it d e p a rtm en t to d e term in e c r e d it r a tin g o f
c u sto m e r, a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o r d e r s from c u s t o m e r s , fo llo w u p o r d e r s
to s e e th a t they h a v e b ee n f ille d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , a n d c h e c k
sh ip p in g in v o ic e s with o r ig in a l o r d e r s.

C LER K , PAYRO LL
C o m p u tes w a g e s o f co m p an y e m p lo y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s ­
s a r y d a t a on the p a y r o ll s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t in g w o r k e r s’
e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e or p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; a n d p o s t in g c a l c u l a t e d
d a ta on p a y ro ll s h e e t, sh o w in g in fo rm atio n su c h a s w o rk e r’ s n am e , w ork­
in g d a y s , tim e, r a te , d e d u c tio n s for in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e .
May m ake out p a y c h e c k s a n d a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m ak in g up a n d d i s ­
trib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s . M ay u s e a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .

COM PTO M ETER O PE R A T O R
P rim ary duty i s to o p e r a te a C om p to m eter to p erform m ath e m a­
t ic a l co m p u ta tio n s. T h is jo b i s n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s ­
t i c a l or other ty p e o f c le r k , w h ich m ay in v o lv e fre q u e n t u s e o f a C om p ­
tom eter b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e rfo rm a n c e
o f o th e r d u t ie s .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R A PH O R D IT T O )
U nder g e n e r a l su p e r v is io n a n d w ith no s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t i e s , re p ro d u c e s m u ltip le c o p i e s o f ty p e w ritten or h a n d w ritten m a tte r,
u s in g a M im eograph o r D itto m a c h in e . M a k e s n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t su c h
a s for in k a n d p a p e r fe e d co u n ter a n d c y lin d e r s p e e d . I s n o t re q u ir e d to
p re p a re s t e n c il or D itto m a s te r . M ay k e e p f il e o f u s e d s t e n c i l s o r D itto
m a s t e r s . May s o r t, c o l l a t e , an d s t a p l e c o m p le te d m a te r ia l.

17

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

KEYPUN CH O PERA TO R

C lass A —O p e r a t e s a n u m e rica l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or c o m b in a ­
tio n k ey p u n ch m a c h in e to t r a n s c r ib e d a ta from v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u ­
m e n ts to k ey p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s .

P e rfo rm s sa m e t a s k s a s lo w er

l e v e l k e y p u n ch o p e ra to r bu t in a d d itio n , work r e q u ir e s a p p lic a t io n o f
c o d in g s k i l l s a n d th e m ak in g o f so m e d e te rm in a tio n s, for e x a m p le ,

m ak in g p h on e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r s o n a l a n d im p o rtan t or c o n fid e n tia l
m a il, a n d w ritin g ro u tin e c o r r e sp o n d e n c e on own i n it ia t iv e ; a n d ta k in g
d ic ta tio n (w here t r a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e i s n o t u s e d ) e ith e r in sh o rth an d
or by S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , a n d tra n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n or the
re c o r d e d in fo rm atio n re p ro d u c e d on a tr a n s c r ib in g m a c h in e . May p re p a re
s p e c i a l re p o r ts o r m em oran du m s fo r in fo rm atio n o f su p e r io r .

l o c a t e s on the s o u r c e do cu m en t th e ite m s to b e p u n ch e d ; e x t r a c t s
in fo rm atio n from s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts; an d s e a r c h e s for an d in te r p r e ts
in fo rm atio n on th e d o cu m en t to d eterm in e in form ation to be p u n ch e d .
May tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C lass B —U n d er c l o s e su p e r v is io n or fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e ­
d u re s or in s t r u c t io n s ,
p u n ch e d c a r d s .
b in a tio n

k e y p u n ch

v e r ify c a r d s .

t r a n s c r ib e s d a ta

from s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to

O p e r a t e s a n u m e rica l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l or com ­
m a c h in e to k ey p u n ch

ta b u la tin g

c a rd s.

STEN O G R A PH ER , G E N E R A L
P rim ary du ty i s to t a k e d ic ta tio n from one or more p e r s o n s
e ith e r in sh o rth a n d o r by S te n o ty p e or s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a
norm al ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y ; a n d tr a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . May a l s o ty p e from
w ritten c o p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , or perform oth er
r e la t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s . M ay o p e r a te from a ste n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n ot in c lu d e tr a n s c rib in g - m a c h in e w ork. (S e e tra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r .)

May

W orking from v a r io u s sta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts,

fo llo w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w hich h a v e b een c o d e d or p r e s c r ib e d
in d e t a i l a n d re q u ir e lit t l e or no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , or in te r p re tin g
d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b le m s a r is in g from e rro n e o u s ite m s or c o d e s ,
m i s s in g in fo rm a tio n , e t c . , a re re fe rre d to su p e r v iso r *

O F F IC E BO Y O R G IR L

S T E N O G R A P H E R , S E N IO R
P rim ary duty i s to ta k e d ic ta tio n from one or more p e r s o n s ,
e ith e r in sh o rth a n d or b y S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a v a r ­
i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s in l e g a l b r ie f s or
r e p o r ts on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a n d tr a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n . M ay a l s o ty p e
from w ritten c o p y . May a l s o s e t up an d m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s, e tc .

OR

P e rfo rm s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s, o p e ra ­
tin g m inor o f f i c e m a c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s or m a ile r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s ­
trib u tin g m a il, a n d o th e r m in or c l e r i c a l work.

SEC R ETA R Y
P e rfo rm s
a d m in is t r a t iv e

s e c r e ta r ia l

a n d c l e r ic a l d u t ie s for a su p e r io r in an

or e x e c u t iv e p o s it io n .

D u tie s in c lu d e m ak in g a p p o in t­

m e n ts for su p e r io r ; r e c e iv in g p e o p le co m in g in to o f f i c e ; a n sw e rin g a n d




P e rfo rm s st e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s re q u irin g s ig n if ic a n t ly g r e a te r
in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s ib i l it y than ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v i­
d e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : Work r e q u ir e s h ig h d e g re e o f ste n o g ra p h ic
s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th orough w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i ­
n e s s a n d o f f ic e p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s ,
o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s th is
k n o w led g e in p erfo rm in g st e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s ib le c l e r ic a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a te r ia l for
r e p o r ts, m em oran du m s, l e t t e r s , e t c .; c o m p o sin g sim p le l e t t e r s from g e n e ra l
in s tr u c tio n s ; re a d in g a n d ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il; a n d a n sw e rin g ro u tin e
q u e s t io n s , e t c . D o e s n o t in c lu d e tra n sc rib in g -m a c h in e w ork.

18

SW IT C H B O A R D o p e r a t o r
O p e r a te s a s in g le - or m u ltip le - p o s itio n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d .
D u tie s in v o lv e h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , a n d in tr a p la n t or o f f i c e
c a l l s . May re co rd to ll c a l l s a n d ta k e m e s s a g e s . May g iv e in fo rm atio n
jto p e r s o n s who c a l l in , or o c c a s i o n a l l y ta k e te le p h o n e o r d e r s .
For
w o rk ers who a l s o a c t a s r e c e p t io n i s t s s e e sw itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rjr e c e p tio n ist.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R - C o n tin u e d

C lass C —O p e r a te s s im p le t a b u la t in g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g p u n c h , c o ll a t o r , e t c . ,
w ith s p e c if i c in s tr u c tio n s . M ay in c lu d e sim p le w irin g from d ia g r a m s
an d so m e filin g w ork. T h e w ork t y p ic a lly i n v o lv e s p o r tio n s o f a
w ork u n it, for e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g ru n s or r e ­
p e t it iv e o p e r a tio n s.

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d itio n to p erfo rm in g d u t ie s o f o p e ra to r , on a s i n g l e p o s i ­
tion or m o n itor-typ e sw itc h b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n is t a n d m ay a l s o ty p e
or perform ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w ork a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u t ie s . T h is ty p in g
or c l e r ic a l work m ay t a k e th e m a jo r p a rt o f t h is w o rk e r’ s tim e w h ile a t
,sw itc h b o a rd .
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C lass A —O p e r a t e s a v a r ie ty o f t a b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e ta b u ­
la to r , c a lc u la t o r , in te r p re te r, c o lla t o r , a n d o t h e r s . P e rfo rm s co m ­
p le t e re p o rtin g a s s ig n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , a n d p erfo rm s
d if f ic u lt w irin g a s re q u ir e d . T h e c o m p le te re p o rtin g a n d t a b u la tin g
a s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x re ­
p o rts w hich o fte n a re o f ir r e g u la r or n o n recu rrin g ty p e re q u irin g
so m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to be ta k e n . A s a m ore
e x p e r ie n c e d o p e ra to r , i s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g n ew o p e r a ­
to rs in m ach in e o p e r a t io n s , or p a r tia lly tra in e d o p e r a t o r s in w irin g
from d ia g r a m s a n d o p e r a tin g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x re p o r ts,
Does not include w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s p erform in g ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e
o p e r a tio n s and d a y -to -d a y s u p e r v is io n o f the w ork a n d p ro d u ctio n
o f a gro u p o f ta b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C lass B —O p e r a t e s m ore d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g or e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
co u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e ta b u la to r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n
to th e so r te r , re p ro d u c e r, an d c o lla t o r . T h is w ork i s p erfo rm ed u nder
s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s a n d m ay in c lu d e th e p e rfo rm a n c e o f so m e w ir­
in g from d ia g r a m s . T h e w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , for e x a m p le , ta b u ­
la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e tit iv e a-ccoun ting e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but
sm a ll ta b u la tin g s t u d y , or p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m ore c o m p le x re p o rt.
Su ch re p o rts an d s t u d i e s a re u s u a l l y o f a re cu rrin g n a tu re w h ere
the p ro c e d u re s a re w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d . May a l s o in c lu d e th e tra in in g
o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s i c o p e ra tio n o f th e m a c h in e .




T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P rim ary duty i s to t r a n s c r ib e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o rm al ro u ­
tin e v o c a b u la ry from tra n sc rib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a l s o ty p e from
w ritten co p y and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o rk . W orkers t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n
in v o lv in g a v a rie d t e c h n ic a l or s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y s u c h a s l e g a l
b r ie f s or re p o rts on s c ie n t i f ic r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o rk er w ho
t a k e s d ic ta tio n in sh o rth a n d or by S te n o ty p e o r s im ila r m a c h in e i s
c l a s s i f i e d a s a ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w riter to m ak e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to
m ak e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m ad e by a n o th e r p e r s o n .
May in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , or s im ila r m a t e r ia ls fo r u s e in
d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . May do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l
tra in in g , su c h a s k e e p in g sim p le r e c o r d s , f il i n g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , or
so r tin g an d d istr ib u tin g in co m in g m a il.

C lass A —P e rfo rm s one or more o f the following: T y p in g m a­
t e r ia l in fin a l form w hen it i n v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l from s e v e r a l
s o u r c e s or r e s p o n s ib ilit y for c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c ­
tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l or u n u s u a l w o rd s o r fo re ig n la n g u a g e m a­
t e r ia l; an d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l
t a b l e s to m ain tain u n iform ity a n d b a la n c e in s p a c i n g .
M ay ty p e
ro u tin e form le t t e r s v a ry in g d e t a i l s to s u i t c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C lass B — e rfo rm s one or more of the following: C o p y ty p in g
P
from rough or c le a r d r a ft s ; ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo rm s, in s u r a n c e p o l ­
i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t tin g up sim p le s t a n d a r d t a b u la t io n s , or c o p y in g
m ore c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p ro p e rly .

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R - C o n tin u e d

D R A F T S M A N , JU N IO R
( A s s i s t a n t d r a ftsm a n )
D ra w s to s c a l e u n it s or p a r ts o f d ra w in g s p re p a re d by d r a f t s ­
m an o r o th e r s fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s tr u c tio n , or m an u factu rin g p u r p o s e s .
U s e s v a r io u s t y p e s o f d r a ftin g t o o ls a s re q u ired . May p re p a re d ra w in g s
from s im p le p la n s o r s k e t c h e s , or perform oth er d u t ie s u n d er d ire c tio n
o f a d r a ftsm a n .

c o m p le te d work, c h e c k in g d im e n s io n s , m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , and q u a n ­
t i t i e s ; w ritin g s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; a n d m ak in g a d ju s tm e n ts or c h a n g e s in
d ra w in g s or s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
M ay in k in l i n e s a n d le t t e r s on p e n c il
d r a w in g s, p re p a re d e t a il u n its o f c o m p le te d r a w in g s , or tra c e d ra w in g s.
Work i s fre q u e n tly in a s p e c i a l i z e d f ie l d s u c h a s a r c h ite c tu r a l, e l e c ­
t r i c a l , m e c h a n ic a l, or stru c tu ra l d r a ftin g .

D R A FTSM A N , L E A D E R
N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L ( R E G I S T E R E D )
P l a n s a n d d ir e c t s a c t i v i t i e s o f on e or more d ra ftsm en in p re p ­
a r a tio n o f w o rk in g p la n s a n d d e t a il d ra w in g s from rough o r p relim in a ry
s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or m an u factu rin g p u r p o s e s .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following: In terp re tin g b lu e p r in ts,
s k e t c h e s , an d w ritten or v e r b a l o r d e r s; determ in in g work p r o c e d u r e s ;
a s s i g n i n g d u t ie s to s u b o r d in a te s an d in s p e c tin g th e ir w ork; a n d p e r ­
form in g m ore d if f ic u lt p ro b le m s. May a s s i s t su b o r d in a te s d u rin g em er­
g e n c i e s or a s a r e g u la r a s s ig n m e n t , or perform r e la t e d d u t ie s o f a
s u p e r v is o r y o r a d m in is tr a tiv e n atu re.
D R A F T S M A N , S E N IO R
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g p la n s an d d e t a il d ra w in g s from n o t e s , rough
or d e t a ile d s k e t c h e s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n str u c tio n , or m a n u fa ctu rin g
p u r p o s e s . D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following: P r e p a r in g
w o rk in g p la n s , d e t a il d r a w in g s , m a p s, c r o s s - s e c t i o n s , e t c ., to s c a l e by
u s e o f d r a ftin g in str u m e n ts; m ak in g e n g in e e rin g co m p u ta tio n s su c h a s
th o s e in v o lv e d in stre n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , b e a m s a n d t r u s s e s ; v e rify in g

A r e g is t e r e d n u rse w ho g i v e s n u rsin g s e r v i c e to i l l or in ju re d
e m p lo y e e s or oth er p e r s o n s who b ec o m e i l l or s u f f e r an a c c id e n t on the
p r e m is e s o f a fa c to ry or o th er e s t a b lis h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following: G iv in g f ir s t a id to the i l l or in ju re d ; a tte n d in g to
s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ’ i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s
t r e a te d ; p re p a rin g a c c id e n t re p o r ts for c o m p e n sa tio n or o th er p u r p o s e s ;
c o n d u c tin g p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s
an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a rry in g ou t p ro gram s in v o lv in g h e a lth
e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p re v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t en viron m ent, or oth er
a c t i v i t i e s a ffe c t in g the h e a lth , w e lfa r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e rso n n e l.
TRACER
C o p ie s
p la n s
an d d r a w in g s p re p a re d by o th e rs, by p la c in g
tra c in g c lo th or p a p e r o v e r d raw in g an d tra c in g w ith pen or p e n c il. U s e s
T - s q u a r e , c o m p a s s , and oth er d r a ftin g t o o l s . May p re p a re sim p le draw ­
in g s a n d do sim p le le tte r in g .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

P e rfo rm s th e ca rp en try d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tr u c t a n d m ain ­
ta in in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w oodw ork and equipm en t su c h a s b in s , c r ib s ,
c o u n te r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t it io n s , d o o rs, f lo o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , an d trim
m ad e o f w ood in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s most of the following:
P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w ork from b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, m o d e ls , or
v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ; u s in g a v a rie ty o f c a rp e n te r’ s h a n d to o ls , p o rta b le

pow er t o o l s , and sta n d a r d m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; m ak in g sta n d a rd sh o p
co m p u ta tio n s re la tin g to d im e n s io n s o f work; and s e l e c t i n g m a te r ia ls
n e c e s s a r y for the w ork. In g e n e r a l, the work o f the m ain ten an ce c a r ­
p en te r re q u ir e s roun ded tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ire d through
a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .




20

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

P e rfo rm s a v a rie ty o f e l e c t r i c a l tra d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s the
in s t a lla t io n , m a in te n a n c e , or re p a ir o f eq uip m en t for the g e n e ra tin g , d i s ­
trib u tio n , or u tiliz a t io n o f e l e c t r ic e n e rg y in an e s ta b lish m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s most of the following: I n s t a llin g or re p a irin g an y o f a v a r ie ty
o f e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itc h b o a r d s ,
c o n tr o lle r s, c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o to rs, h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s ,
or oth er tr a n s m iss io n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g from b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s, l a y ­
ou t, o r oth er s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t in g an d d ia g n o s in g trou b le in the e l e c ­
tr ic a l s y s t e m or eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g sta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
lo a d re q u ire m e n ts o f w irin g or e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; an d u s in g a v a r ie ty
o f e le c t r ic ia n ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d m e a su rin g an d t e s t in g in stru m e n ts. In
g e n e r a l, the work o f the m a in te n a n c e e le c t r ic ia n re q u ir e s roun ded tra in ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n tic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

A s s i s t s one or more w o rk ers in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ,
by p erform in g s p e c if i c or g e n e ra l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g
a w orker su p p lie d with m a te r ia ls a n d t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a­
c h in e , an d eq uip m en t; a s s i s t i n g w o rk er by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or t o o l s ;
and perform ing oth er u n s k ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d by jo u rn ey m an . T h e
k in d o f work the h e lp e r i s p erm itted to perform v a r i e s from tra d e to tr a d e :
In so m e tra d e s the h e lp e r i s c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , lif t in g , a n d h o ld in g
m a t e r ia ls an d t o o ls an d c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; a n d in o th e rs he i s p e r ­
m itted to perform s p e c ia l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a tra d e
th a t a re a l s o perform ed by w o rk ers on a fu ll-tim e b a s i s .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s an d m a in ta in s an d m ay a l s o s u p e r v is e the o p e ra tio n
o f sta tio n a r y e n g in e s a n d eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p ­
p ly the e s ta b lish m e n t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith p ow er, h e a t, r e f r ig e r a ­
tio n , or a ir -c o n d itio n in g . Work in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g a n d m a in ta in in g
equipm en t su c h a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a to r s, m o to rs,
tu r b in e s, v e n tila tin g a n d r e fr ig e r a tin g eq u ip m en t, ste a m b o ile r s a n d
b o ile r-fe d w a te r p u m p s; m ak in g eq u ip m en t r e p a ir s ; an d k e e p in g a re c o rd
o f o p e ra tio n o f m ach in ery , tem p e ra tu re , an d fu e l c o n su m p tio n . May
also s u p e r v is e th e se o p e r a t io n s . Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p e c i a l iz e s in the o p e ra tio n o f o n e or m ore t y p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o l s , su c h a s ji g b o re rs, c y lin d r ic a l or s u r f a c e g r in d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s ,
or m illin g m a c h in e s in the c o n s tr u c tio n o f m a c h in e -sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s ,
j i g s , f ix tu r e s , or d i e s . Work i n v o lv e s most of the following: P la n n in g
a n d p erform ing d iffic u lt m ach in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s in g ite m s re q u irin g
c o m p lic a te d s e t u p s or a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r ie ty o f p r e ­
c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m e n ts; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g a n d
o p e ra tio n s e q u e n c e ; an d m ak in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e ra tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u is it e to le r a n c e s or d im e n s io n s . May b e re q u ire d to r e c ­
o g n iz e w hen t o o ls n eed d r e s s in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p ro p er
c o o la n t s a n d cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e stu d y
p u r p o s e s , m ach in e-to o l o p e r a to r s , to o lro o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s a re e x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E

F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F ir e s ta tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu rn ish the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich
em ploy ed w ith h e a t, p ow er, or ste a m . F e e d s f u e l s to fire by h an d or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , or o il burner; a n d c h e c k s w a te r
an d s a f e t y v a lv e .
M ay c le a n , o i l , or a s s i s t in re p a irin g b o ilerro o m
eq u ip m en t.




P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a r ts o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work
in v o lv e s most of the following: In te rp re tin g w ritten in s t r u c t io n s a n d
s p e c if i c a t io n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w ork; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f m a ­
c h in is t ’ s h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in s tr u m e n ts ; s e t t i n g u p a n d
o p e ra tin g sta n d a rd m ach in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e ta l p a r t s to c l o s e t o le r ­
a n c e s ; m ak in g sta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f
w ork, to o lin g , fe e d s a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o rk in g

21
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

p r o p e r t ie s o f th e com m on m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia l s , p a r t s ,
a n d eq u ip m en t re q u ir e d fo r h i s w ork; a n d fittin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s
in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in ist’ s w ork n o rm a lly
r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e -sh o p p r a c t ic e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d
through a fo rm al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s or h e a v y eq u ip m en t a n d d is m a n t le s an d
i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y eq u ip m en t w hen c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t
a r e re q u ir e d . Work in v o lv e s most of the following: P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t o f the w ork ; in te r p re tin g b lu e p r in ts or o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r ie ty o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e ­
la tin g to s t r e s s e s , stre n g th o f m a t e r ia l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g
an d b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g sta n d a r d t o o l s , eq u ip m en t an d
p a r ts to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d ord er pow er
t r a n s m is s io n eq u ip m en t su c h a s d r iv e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l,
th e m illw rig h t’ s w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tra in in g a n d e x p e r i­
e n c e in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo rm al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o to rtru ck s, a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work in v o lv e s most of the following: E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
eq u ip m en t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t an d
p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d eq u ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l in g o r f it t in g p a r t s ;
r e p la c in g brok en or d e f e c t i v e p a r ts from s t o c k ; g rin d in g a n d a d ju s t in g
v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g a n d i n s t a l l in g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le
a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e ra l, th e w ork o f th e a u to ­
m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c ­
q u ire d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .
Work i n v o lv e s most of the following: E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e ch a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m en t to d i a g n o s e s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; d ism a n tlin g or p a r tly d i s ­
m a n tlin g m a c h in e s a n d p erfo rm in g r e p a ir s th a t m ain ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f
h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n or d e f e c t iv e
p a r ts w ith it e m s o b t a in e d from s t o c k ; o rd erin g the p ro d u c tio n o f a rep la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p or se n d in g o f the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e
sh o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p re p a rin g w ritten s p e c if i c a t io n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r th e p ro d u c tio n o f p a r t s o rd e re d from m ach in e s h o p ; r e a s s e m b lin g
m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts for o p e r a tio n . In g e n ­
e r a l, th e w ork o f a m a in te n a n c e m e ch a n ic r e q u ir e s roun ded tr a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a ­
l e n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d from th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a re
w o rk e rs w h o se primary duties in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .




O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il or g r e a s e , th e m o vin g p a r t s or w e a rin g su r ­
f a c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w oodw ork, a n d f ix tu r e s o f an e s ­
ta b lish m e n t. Work involves the following: K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u ­
l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t re q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p l ic a t i o n s ; p re p a rin g
s u r f a c e for p a in tin g by re m o v in g o ld fin is h o r by p la c i n g p u tty o r f ille r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun or b ru sh .
M ay m ix c o lo r s , o i l s , w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in
p ro p er c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e
p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed t r a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through
a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a ir s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e an d
p ip e f itt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s most of the following:
L a y in g ou t o f w ork a n d m e a su r in g to l o c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e from draw ­
in g s or oth er w ritten s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o rre c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d ham m er o r o x y a c e t y le n e torch o r p ip e ­
c u ttin g m a c h in e ; th re a d in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e by
h an d -d riven o r p o w e r-d riv en m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s

22

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

an d f a s t e n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m ak in g sta n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t ­
in g to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e re q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d
t e s t s to d e term in e w h eth e r f in is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l
the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tra in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a ­
le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e . Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded .

t y p e s o f sh e e t-m e ta l-w o rk in g m a c h in e s ; u s i n g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in
c u ttin g , b en d in g , form in g, s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g
s h e e t- m e ta l a r t i c l e s a s re q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, d ie w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e
sh e e t- m e ta l w orker r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tr a in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u ir e d through a fo rm al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g a n d
e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m ak er; j i g m a k e r; to o l m a k e r; fix tu r e m a k e r; g h g e m a k e r)

P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t in g o o d o rd e r.
Work in v o lv e s : K n o w le d g e o f s a n it a r y c o d e s re g a rd in g i n s t a l l a t io n o f
v e n ts an d tr a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l in g or r e p a ir in g p ip e s a n d
f ix tu r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b e r’ s s n a k e .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m ber r e q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in ­
in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d through a form al a p p r e n t ic e s h ip or
e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e tm e tal eq u ip m en t a n d fix tu r e s (s u c h a s m ach in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s ,
s h e l v e s , lo c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e ta l r o o fin g ) o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t . Work in v o lv e s most of the following: P la n n in g a n d l a y ­
in g o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t- m e ta l m a in te n a n c e w ork from b lu e p r in t s ,
m o d e ls , or o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a tin g a l l a v a i l a b l e

C o n s tr u c ts a n d r e p a ir s m a c h in e - sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x ­
tu r e s or d i e s for fo r g in g s , p u n ch in g , a n d o th e r m e tal-fo rm in g w ork . Work
in v o lv e s most of the following: P la n n in g a n d l a y in g o u t o f w ork from
m o d e ls , b lu e p r in ts, d r a w in g s , or o th e r o r a l a n d w ritte n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a rie ty o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s h a n d t o o ls a n d p r e c is io n m e a s ­
u rin g in stru m e n ts, u n d e rsta n d in g o f th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s o f com m on
m e t a ls a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a tin g o f m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e la t e d
eq u ip m en t; m aking n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t i n g to d im e n s io n s
o f w ork, s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t t r e a t in g o f m e ta l
p a r ts d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e
re q u ire d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g
o f p a r ts to p r e s c r ib e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a l lo w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o ­
p r ia te m a t e r ia ls , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l a n d d i e
m a k e r’ s w ork r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d to o lro o m
p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r s
in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d from t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEV A TO R O PERA TO R , PA SSEN G ER

GUARD

T r a n s p o r ts p a s s e n g e r s b etw een flo o r s o f an o f f i c e b u ild in g
a p artm en t h o u s e , d e p a rtm en t s t o r e , h o te l, or s im ila r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W orkers w ho o p e r a te e l e v a t o r s in co n ju n c tio n w ith oth er d u t ie s su c h a s
th o se o f s t a r t e r s an d ja n it o r s a re e x c lu d e d .

P e rfo rm s ro u tin e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e ith e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on to u r,
m a in ta in in g order, u s in g a rm s or fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . Includes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G

7 A N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
(S w e e p e r ; ch arw om en ; ja n i t r e s s )
C le a n s an d k e e p s in an o rd erly co n d itio n fa c to ry w o rk in g a r e a s
a n d w a sh ro o m s, or p r e m is e s o f a n o f f i c e , ap artm en t h o u se , or co m m e rcia l
o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

D u t ie s in v o lv e a combination of the following:

S w e e p in g , m opp in g o r sc r u b b in g , an d p o lis h in g flo o r s ; rem ov in g c h ip s ,
t r a s h , a n d o th er r e f u s e ; d u s t in g eq u ip m en t, fu rn itu re, or f ix tu r e s ; p o lis h ­
in g m e ta l fix tu r e s o r trim m in g s; p ro v id in g s u p p l ie s an d m inor m a in te ­
n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s, and r e str o o m s. Work­
e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a s h in g a re e x c lu d e d .

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p ro d u c ts for sh ip m e n t or s t o r a g e by p la c in g
them in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p erform ed b e in g
d e p e n d en t upon the ty p e , s i z e , a n d num ber o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , the
ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , an d m ethod o f sh ip m e n t. Work r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g o f ite m s in s h ip p in g c o n ta in e r s a n d may involve one or more of
the following: K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f s t o c k in o rd er to v e rify
co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e a n d s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; in s e r tin g
e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r or o th e r m a te r ia l to p re v e n t
b re a k a g e or d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n ta in e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s
or e n te rin g id e n tify in g d a t a on c o n ta in e r .
Packers who also make

wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tru c k e r; sto c k S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

m an or s t o c k h e lp e r ; w a re h o u se m a n or w a re h o u se h e lp e r)

P r e p a r e s m e rc h a n d ise for sh ip m e n t, or r e c e i v e s an d i s r e sp o n ­

A w o rk er e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u se , m an u factu rin g p la n t, s to r e ,
or o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e one or more of the follow­

ing:

L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls an d m e rc h a n d ise on or

from fr e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , or o th e r tra n sp o rtin g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e l v ­
in g , o r p la c in g m a t e r ia ls or m e rc h a n d ise in p rop er s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ;
an d tr a n sp o rtin g m a t e r ia ls o r m e rc h a n d ise by hand tru ck , c a r , or w h e e l­
b arro w .

Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded .

s i b l e for in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts o f m e rc h a n d ise or o th e r m a t e r ia ls .

ping work involves:
r o u te s ,

a v a i la b l e

Ship­

A k n o w led ge o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s ,

m eans

o f tra n sp o rta tio n

an d

rate s;

an d p rep arin g

re c o r d s o f the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m ak in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o stin g w e ig h t
an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s.
d ir e c t or a s s i s t in p re p a rin g the m e rc h a n d ise for sh ip m e n t.

work involves:

May

Receiving

V e rify in g or d ir e c tin g o th e rs in v e rify in g the c o rre c t­

n e s s o f sh ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o ic e s , or oth er r e c o r d s;
c h e c k in g for s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m erch an ­
O RD ER F IL L E R

d i s e or m a t e r ia ls to p rop er d e p a r tm e n ts; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s s a r y
reco rd s and f ile s .

(O rd er p ic k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a re h o u se sto c k m an )
F i l l s s h ip p in g or t r a n s fe r o rd e rs for fin ish e d g o o d s from sto r e d
m e rc h a n d ise

in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c if i c a t io n s on s a l e s

to m e rs9 o r d e r s , or o th e r in s tr u c tio n s .
a n d in d ic a t in g ite m s f i l l e d o r o m itted ,

slip s, cu s­

M ay, in a d d itio n to f illin g o rd e rs
k ee p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o rd e rs

r e q u is it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k , o r re p o rt sh o rt s u p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , an d
p erform o th e r r e la t e d d u t ie s .




F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk ers a re c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

24

T R U C K D R IV E R

T R U C K E R , PO W ER

D r iv e s a tru ck w ith in a c it y or in d u s tr ia l a r e a to tra n s p o r t m a­
t e r ia l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m en t, or men b etw een v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts su c h a s : M a n u fa ctu rin g p l a n t s , fre ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s ,
w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s t a b li s h m e n t s , or b etw een r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s
an d c u s t o m e r s ’ h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . May a l s o lo a d or u n lo a d
truck w ith o r w ith ou t h e lp e r s , m ak e m inor m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p
tru ck in g o o d w o rk in g o rd e r. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o li n e - or e le c tr ic - p o w e r r
tru ck or tracto r to tra n sp o rt g o o d s a n d m a t e r ia ls o f a l l k in d s a b o u t
w a re h o u se , m a n u factu rin g p la n t, o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , tru c k d riv e rs a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e
and ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, a s f o llo w s : (T r a c to r - tr a ile r s h o u ld b e r a te d on
the b a s i s o f tr a ile r c a p a c i t y .)

Truckdriver (combination of siz e s listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1% tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o rk e rs a re c l a s s i f i e d by ty p e o f
tru ck , a s fo llo w s :

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
M akes ro u n d s o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o t e c tin g p ro p e rty
a g a i n s t fire , th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l en try .


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102