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Occupational Wage Survey
P R O V ID E N C E -P A WTUCKET,
RHODE ISLAND-MASSACHUSETTS
MAY 1963

1 3 4 5 -7 0




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PROVIDENCE-PA WTUCKET, RHODE ISLAND-MASSACHUSETTS




M AY 1963

B u lle tin N o. 1 3 4 5 -7 0
July 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price. 25 cents




C ontents

P refa ce

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual oc­
cupational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the
labor markets.

Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups --------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.
3.

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.
A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data.
The second part presents data re­
lating to all metropolitan areas in the United States.

A:

B:

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in Boston, M ass. , by Leo Epstein, under
the direction of Paul V. Mulkern, Assistant Regional Di­
rector for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
4

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, for selected periods _____________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups _____________

5
5

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ________________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ________________________________
A - 4.
Maintenance and power plant occupations _________________
A - 5.
Custodial and material movement occupations __________

9
10
11

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for womenoffice workers __
B -2 .
Shift differentials __________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly hours ___________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays _______________________________________________
B -5 .
Paid vacations _____________________________________________
B -6 .
Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

13
14
15
16
17
19

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions ____________________________________

* NOTE:
major areas.

Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Providence—
Pawtucket area, are also available for the
following trades or industries:
Building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motor­
truck drivers and helpers.

iii

3

6
8

21




O ccu pation al W a g e S u r v e y —P r o v id e n c e —P aw tucket, R .I .—M ass.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and l-elated wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted'on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. ‘ To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -se rie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-tim e workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the c la s­
sification "other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B -6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table 'B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as- extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
y/ritten, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.
1




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e of s u r v e y and n um ber stu died in P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R .I .— a s s ., 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 M ay 1963
P
M

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 1
2
3

715

50
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

________________________________ __________________

M an u factu rin g ___________ —--------------------------------------------------- —
N on m an u factu rin g __ — ------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------------------------- —
W h o le s a le tra d e ________________________________ ___________
R e ta il tra d e _________ ____________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te _________________ —
S e r v ic e s 8 ___________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

T otal 4

O ffic e

Plant

135

1 3 9 ,2 0 0

19, 300

100, 500

59, 390

510
205

76
59

104, 000
35, 200

1 0 , 200
9, 100

80, 500

39, 060
20, 330

31
35
71
35
33

6
22
10

14

7

8,
2,
14,
6,
2,

600
600
400
800
800

20 ,000

1, 500
(6 7
)
1 ,6 0 0

5, 300
( 6)
1 1 ,4 0 0

(6)

( 6)

0

T o ta l4

7, 260
480
7, 480
4, 200
910

1 T he P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f the fo llo w in g a r e a s in Rh ode Isla n d: C e n tra l F a lls , C ran ston , E a st P r o v id e n c e , P a w tu ck et, P r o v id e n c e and
P
W o o n s o c k e t c it i e s , and s e v e n tow n s in P r o v id e n c e County; N arra gan sett and N orth K in gstow n tow ns in W ashington C ounty; W a rw ick c ity and th ree tow ns in Kent County; a ll o f B r is t o l County;
and J a m estow n tow n in N e w p o rt County; and in M a s s a ch u s e tts : A t t le b o r o city and eight con tig u ou s tow ns in B r is t o l, N o rfo lk , and W o r c e s t e r C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e of study"
e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u rv e y . The es tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e
as
a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r em p loym en t in d exes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce ( 1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use of esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and ( 2 ) sm a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo ym e n t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the are a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s
as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e e xclu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les. S eparate p resen ta tion
of data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple
w a s not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it sep a ra te pre se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
esta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n are r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l esta te p o rtio n only in
e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p r e s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iven in footn ote 6 above.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u tom obile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; ' tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each
of the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earn­
ings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data.
The percentages of change are not influ­
enced by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay
for overtime, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2).
This series, initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, will replace
the old series (1953 base) shown in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and
job descriptions since the start of the old series called for a reexamination of
the jobs and job groupings for which trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could
be employed in all areas.




5

T a ble 2.

P e r c e n ts o f i n c r e a s e in stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in gs
fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s in P r o v id e n c e — a w tu cket, R . I . — a s s . ,
P
M
f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
M ay 1962
to
M ay 1963

Industry and o c cu p a tio n a l grou p

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) ----------------In du strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en) ----------S killed m aintenance (m en ) --------------------------U n sk illed plant (men) -----------------------------------M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m en and w om en) ----------------In du strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en ) ----------S k illed m aintenance (m en ) --------------------------U n sk illed plant (men) ________________________

M ay 1961
to
M ay 1962

3. 1
6. 8
4. 6
2 .9

4.
3.
3.
3.

3. 2
6. 2
5. 0

4. 7
3. 9
3. 4
2. 8

1.8

9
2
5
2

M a r c h I960
to
M ay 1961

3. 1

6. 1
3. 4
2. 9
4.
6.
2.
2.

2

2
5
5

Table 3. Indexes o f standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups in Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— a ss., May 1963 and May 1962
M
(D ecem ber 1952«1Q0)
Industry and occupational group

May 1963

May 1962

All industries:
Office cle rica l (women) ________________________________
Industrial nurses (women) _____________________________
Skilled maintenance (men) _____________________________
Unskilled plant (men) _____________ __________________ ___

146. 8
147. 0
151.4
139. 8

141.9
137. 6
144. 6
135. 0

Manufacturing:
Office c le rica l (women) -------- ----- -— ---------------------------Industrial nurses (women) ---- ---- -___. . . — _________ ___
Skilled maintenance (men) ---------------------------------- --------Unskilled plant (men) -----------------------------------------—
------—

151.8
146. 1
149. 8
129. 5

146.
137.
142.
127.

0
5
3
2

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R . I . — a s s ., M ay 1963)
P
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
40
45
W
eekly.
W
eekly ,
earnings1
(Standard) (Standard) under
“
50
45

$ 50
~

55

$

“
60

$ ,
60

$

$ ,
65

65

55

“
70

70
75

$

75
"
80

$

80

$

"
85

$

85

90

$

95

95

“
90

100

7
5

1
1

"

$

100
“
105

$

105
no

$

no
~
115

$

115
~

120

$

120

$

125

$

130

~
125

_
130

135

$

135
“
140

$

140
"
145

Men
C lerks, accounting, c la s s A
Nonmanufacturing ---------------

57
36

2
1

6
6

-

1
1

_

1

_

_

_

_ ■

_

_

9
9

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

1
1

-

“

”

-

-

-

-

.

.

_

1

2

1

1

20

_

1

_

1

_

16
16

3
3

3
3

6
6

-

4
4

8
8

14
7

-

8
8

22

17
13
4

22

5

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

14

16
15

8

1

4

4

-

-

-

-

"

-

i
-

17
15

7
5

1
1

3

1

1

-

3
3

11
11

_

-

-

-

-

5
5

9
9

2
2

.

.

"

-

-

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

56. 00
59. 00
53. 50

_
-

36
5
31

55
45

2
2

1

81.00
80. 00

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
cla ss B ---------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------

"

1
1

73. 50

40. 0
40. 0

57
65

1

7

3

39. 5

73

66

8

l

_

32

C lerks, ord er -------------------------Manufacturing ______________

122

2

-

C lerks, accounting, cla s s B —

O ffice boys ------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------

7
4

-

37. 5
37. 0

84. 00
82. 50

39.
39.
38.
38.

5
5
5

61.00
65.00
53. 50
53. 50

“

"

9
13

-

-

"

-

19
7

1
1

39. 0 $98. 50
38. 0 104. 50

-

-

1
j
3 !

4
4

2
1

12
12

2

8
8

-

-

15
-

6

|

-

Women

6

8
1

35

21

11
8

34

-

6
6

7
7

14
14

3
3

14
14

25
25
9

5
5
5

22

-

6
6
6

6 8 . 50
76. 50

8

26

3

3

-

-

25
4

16

-

1

21

2

1

13
13

60.00
62. 00
57. 50
57. 00

11

52
30

28
26

13

2

6

22

27

8

16

8

14
-

7
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

18
18
-

16

11

89
31
58

49

-

-

17

12
12

27
7

25 ;
25

"

20
2

-

-

42
19
23
16

61
54
7
5

30
27
3

2

39
30
9
-

62
26
36

73
37
36

21

41

6
20

6

89
63
26
4

23

8

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------

124
80
44
44

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ----------------------------------

80
48
27

39. 5
39. 0
38. 5

57. 00
53. 00
54. 00

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss A ________________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------

110

38. 5
39. 0

B ookkeeping-m achine o p erators,
cla ss B — ................................ ......................
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------

276
135
141
34

38.
39.
38.
39.

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A ----------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------

276
178
98
28

38.
39.
37.
37.

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B ----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public u t ilitie s 2 ---------- ,---------------Retail trade ----------------------------------

502
237
265
64
94

39.
39.
38.
38.
39.

C lerks, file, cla ss A ----------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------C lerks, file, cla s s B ----------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




58

0

5

0
5
5
5

0

0
5

82. 50
85. 50
77. 50
8 6 . 00

5
5
0
5

64. 50
6 8 . 00
61. 50
70. 50
59. 50

60
33
27

38. 5
39. 5
37. 5

76. 00
72. 00
81. 50

256
105
151

37. 5
38. 5
36. 5

60. 00
60. 00
59. 50

0

-

7
7

_

2

7

-

-

-

_
-

2

7
-

3
_
3
-

6

34
7
27

75
24
51
3
13

73
27
46
14
7

_

6

"

_

_

6

15

20

22

2
15

n
n

!
i

-

-

"

-

-

i

5

1

.

.

-

“

i-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

3

1
2
2

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

-

1
1

3
"■

4
4
-

_

6
6

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

31
26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

1
1

_

10

18
18

_

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

2

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

5
-

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

1

1

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

1

1

2

18
4
14

_

-

9
5
4

_

_

16
14

_

_

12
10
2

_

_

"

-

-

-

1

1

1

"

-

-

-

“

28

27
5

45
15
30

5

4

1

1

1

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

22

79
60
19

3

28

61
25
36

“

"

“

■

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

4

1

1

1

"

1

-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1963)
P
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$ 50

$ 55

$ 60

$ 65

5 70

$ 75

s 80

$ 85

S go

$ 95

$ 100

$ 105

$ no

$ 115

$ 120

$ 125

$ 130

$ 135

* 140

55

$ 40
$ 45
W
eekly,
W
eekly ,
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
"

10
8
2

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
.
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

2
2

2

Wom en— Continued
C lerk s, file , c la s s C ____________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

275
58
217

38.0
40.0
37.0

$52.00
53.00
52.00

C lerk s, ord er _____________ _________ __
M anufacturing ------------------------------------N onm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade _______________________

310
162
148
91

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

64.00
70.00
58.00
53.00

-

C lerk s, p ayroll
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade ------------------------------------

392
310
82
31

39.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

70.50
70.50
70.50
58.50

C om ptom eter op era tors _________________
M anufacturing ____________ .___________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade _______________________

134
77
57
34

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

71.50
75.00
67.00
60.50

Keypunch o p era tors, cla s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

111
47
64

38.0
39.5
37.0

72.00
74.50
70.50

Keypunch o p era tors, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

231
128
103

38.5
40.0
37.0

O ffice g ir ls _______________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

72
47
25

39.5
40.0
38.5

51.50
51.00
52.50

-

2

6

S e c r e ta r ie s _______________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u tilities 2 ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

1 , 100

38.5
39.0
37.5
37.0
39.5

80.00
82.00
77.00
91.50

14
_
-

Stenographers, general __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________

523
322
35

38.5
39.5
37.5
38.0

63.50
68.50
60.00
76.50

Stenographers, sen ior __________________
M anufacturing ___________ ___________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

259
115
144

38.0
39.5
37.0

76.50
81.50
72.50

Sw itchboard op era tors __________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
R etail trade _______________________

169
53
51

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0

63.00
65.00
62.50
55.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n is ts ____
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

325
265
60

39.0
39.0
38.0

65.00
65.00

66.00

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss B
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________

81
54
27

39.0
39.5
37.5

83.00
83.50
81.50

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




706
394
39
50

201

116

_
-

_
-

3
3

_
-

28
28
-

37
16 j

21

14
14
-

21
8

89

86
13
73

83
32
51

8

12

8

-

32
32
26

35
29

14

42
34

56
23
33
19

_
-

6

29

17

-

22

6
6

7

2

6
11
8

70
54
16

11

2

6

15

5

15

15

1

1

10

12

6
6

3
3
-

14

4

10

2

5
4

3
3

_
-

_
-

9
9

2
2

15
5

-

10
8
2

20
11

10

26
7
19

63.00

1

66.00

-

28
7

21

39
32
7

41
30

1

33
7
26

57
49

59.50

19
19

11

16

42
41

2
2

2
2

8
1

_
_
104
57
47
4
3

66.00

5
5

77
54

-

6
_
_
-

12

1
27

32

2

2

-

20

30
_

113
15
98

74
4
70

2

20

25
_
4

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

34

8
-

2

8
8

32
16

_

_

34

-

-

-

-

22
12

-

-

10

-

6
6

81
34
47

6
8

1
1

8
6
6
120
113
7

-

1
109
59
50

2
16

25
25
17
14
3

2

_
229

196
33
_
4

1
1

10
10

-

-

23
14
9
23
19
4
-

8

5
3

6

1

5

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

_
-

17
13
4

6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10

3
3
-

_
_
-

_
_
23

_
_
-

_
_
-

12
11
1
1

10

-

31
28
3

2
10
3
7
5

9

41
29

12
19
13

6
-

-

10
2
-

1

1

_
_
118

_
_
82
47
35

_
_
47
29
18
_
_
-

_
_
19
13

1

4
4
_
-

4
4

-

-

_

_

1
-

101
17

12
5
7
3
_
-

5
_
-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

11
12

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

9

1

_
-

1
1

-

37

21
19

47
40
7

28

21
16

9
9
“

7

15

9

5
4

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
1

50
43
7

3
3

1

-

1

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

16
3
13

19
7

8

4

2

7

12
2

1

2
2

2

12

61
30
31
13

“

-

-

78
74
4

38
34
4

70
48

61
51

14

10

22

10

12
2

-

13
9
4

2
1
1

31
15

2
_

7

12
16

2
5
-

11

6
2
2

_
_
_
_
_
_
-

16 I 28
22
3

7

-

-

15

18

2

1

1
3

2

11

2

1

-

6

1

1

30

12
12

1

4

1
-

1
2
2
2

-

1

-

1
1
16

24

-

1
1

1

63
63

-

92
76
16

9
9

-

1

1

99
52
47
3
-

104
82

22

3
5
4
3

2

64
16
48
5

69
50
19
-

29

_
3
3
_
-

-

1
_
_
_

_

1

.

_
-

1

_
_
_

_
-

-

1

-

1

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
-

2

_

_

-

-

_
_
_

_
-

-

_

_
_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Wom en---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I. — a s s ., May 1963)
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME1 WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

A verage
Number
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings A
(Standard)

$

40

$

45

50

$

55

-

55

60

60

$

$

65

-

50

45

~

$

$

70

$

75

$

80

$

85

90

$

95

$

100

“

65

-

"

-

-

“

“

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

$

$

105

1 10

$

115

$

$

120

“

125

-

“

110

115

125

120

130

*

130

$

135

$

140

“

135

“

140

145

Women — Continued
Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla s s C ____________________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

82
33
49

_

T ran scribin g-m ach in e operators,
general ________________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________

213
170
43

38. 5
39. 0
36. 5

297
215
82

38. 5
39. 0
37. 0

949
288

38.
39.
37.
39.

661
47

14

19
-

19

1

4

28

1

22
6

_

3

38

17

-

-

10

8

55.00
57.00
54. 00
52. 50

0

3

67. 50
64. 50

0
5
5

1

2
11

13

4
3

19

"

11
8

13

1

7

20
20

15
13

2

1
1

6

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

“

"

-

‘

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

~

“

2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

"

“

-

“

-

“

'

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

1

'

"

“

7
3
4

_

1

-

1

-

-

"

2

_

67
59

68

37
27

10

58

46
45

1

10

6

-

■

1

“

“

“

55

16

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

28

9

8

232
93
139

168

127
79
48
3

57

11

“

-

-

-

-

61
59

3

13

-

47
32
15

10

66
102
11

12

22
20
2

279
18
261
14

-

1
1

5
5

19

1
13

-

6 6 . 50

Typists, cla ss B ------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------

-

1

67.00
6 8 . 50
61.00

Typists, cla s s A ------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

1

-

38. 5 $ 6 3 .0 0
6 8 . 50
40. 0
59.00
37. 0

20

8

2

37

47

4

14

2
-------------- i

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek for which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I . — a s s ., May 1963)
M
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

N um ber

of

W eek ly
(S tan d a rd )

W eek ly
e a rn in g s1
(S tan d a rd )

N U M BE R OF W O R K E R S RECEIVING ST R A IG H T -T IM E W EEKLY E ARN IN G S OF -

1

* 65

* 70

'7 5

* 80

* 85

* 90

* 95

*100

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

105

*110

*115

no

115

120

*120 * 125 *130
125

130

*135

*140

*145

*150

$
155

*160

*165

140

145

150

155

160

165

4
4

* 5 5 * 60
and
under
60 . 65

1
1

8
8

9
Q
7

2
2

12
12

1
1

2
2

1
1

2
2

i

2
2

-

2
2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

135

s

170

$
175

170

175

180

_

4

_

Men
D raftsm en, leader

---------------------------------

28
28

4 0.0
40. 0

$155.50
155.50

D raftsm en, sen ior _____________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------

254

40. 0
40. 0

113.00
117.50

_

_

_

_

190

-

~

-

-

10
10

Draftsm en, junior ______________________

107

40. 0

86.50

_

3

1

26

4

76

4 0 .0
40. 0

86.00

1

4
3

8

6

8

_

6

26

-

10

8
6

52
25

14

22

10

6

9

12
12

15
15

11
11

12

9

8

_

29
25

10
8

9

2

27

21

_

31
31

23
23

_

Women
N urses, industrial (reg iste re d )
Manufar tu ring

________

66

85.50

_

7

5

9

5

2

2
2

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.




1

*

_

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, P ro v id e n ce —
Pawtucket, R. I.— a ss., May 1963)
M

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry division

w
eekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

— — —— ——

——

50
44

27

$62.00
65 no I
;
57.50
53.50

383
228
155
91

$67.50
73.00
59.50
53.00

Sw itchboard op erators ----------------------------------------------M anufacturing ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing ________________________________
R etail trade _________ ________________________

170
53
117
51

$63.50
65.00
62.50
55.50

71.00
71.00
72.00
58.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists _________________
M anufacturing _____________________-______________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ___________________

325
265
60

65.00
65.00

54. 00
54.00

405
315
90
33

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla ss B -----------------M anufacturing ____________ _____ ____________ ______
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

136
64
72

83.50
84.50
82.50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, c la s s C -----------------M anufacturing ____________________________________
N onm anufacturing ________________________________

96
40
56

63.00
66.50
60.00

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op era tors, general -------------M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing
___________________________ _—

213
170
43

67.00
68.50
61.00

T yp ists, c la s s A _____________________ ______ ______
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------

301
219
82

67.00
67.50
64.50

T yp ists, cla ss B _____________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________________ -—
_—
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
R etail trade ____________________________________

950
288
662
47

55.00
57.00
54.50
52.50

D raftsm en, leader ___________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________ ___-__________

28
28

155.50
155.50

D raftsm en, senior ___________________________________
M anufacturing _____________________________________

254
190

113.00
117.50

Drr’ ftsrn^n, junior . ......

130
—— —————

_______

108

86.50

N urses, industrial (reg istered ) _____________________
M anufacturing
__________________________________ -

76

86.00

66

85.50

134
77
57
34

71.50
75.00
67.00
60.50

B ook keeping-m ach ine o p era to rs , c la s s A ---------------M anufacturing _____________________________________

110
58

68.50
76.50

M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
R etail trade _______ ____ ____
___ _____ -

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p era to rs , c la s s B ------------- —

281
135
146
39

60.00
62.00
58.00
58.00

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss A ______________________
M anufacturing ______________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing ________
— — ------------- —-

115
48
67

73.00
74.00
71.50

85.50

231
128
103

63.00

333
199
134
45

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss B ______ _
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________

534
260
274

O ffi r e boys and girls
________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________________ __-

194
104
90

54.50
55.50
53.00

71
35
36

77.00
72.50
81.50

S e cre ta rie s __________________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _____________________________
R etail trade ___________________________________

1, 100

97

65.00
69. 00
61.50
70.50
59.00

80.00
82.00
77.00
91.50

Stenographers, general __________ ________
____
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _____ ____________________

533

O

1

y

e. ,

*1 f«

p

untin
.
g’

’

^

Pu blic u tilities ^
^ e.r,

* , c ^° .
P u blic
P
1
J f 11<
S
=
»

TT
v

68

^
A

...

_________ ___—

, ' g .

{ * * ^ file

p|^cc "R

N onm anufacturing -------------------------------------------------C*.!rlcft

fil#»

rla s s

____ ___ _____ ____

86.00
84.50
97.00

256
105
151

60.00
60.00
59.50

277
58
219

52.00
53.00
52.00

Stenographers, senior ______________________________
M anufacturing _ __________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing _ ___________ _______________

Earnings rela te to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly salaries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.




w
eekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

R etail trade

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry division

706
394
39
50

211

66.00

66.00
59.50

66 .00
63.50
68.50

322
35

60.00

259
115
144

76.50
81.50
72.50

P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations

76.50
_

__ _

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R .I .—M a s s ., M ay 1963)
P
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Average Under *1.30 $1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 $1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 $2.90 *3.00 $3.10 *3.20 *3.30 $
‘3.40 3.50 *3.60 3.70
hourly
earnings1 $
and
and
1.30 under
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 over

O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

C arpenters, m aintenance _ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing
________ __ __ _____
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________

219
179
40

$2.38
2.33
2.58

E lectricia n s, m aintenance
__ _________
M anufacturing ___ ___________ _____
Nonmanufacturing __ __ _______ __
Public utilities 23 __________ __ __

342
277
65
58

2.63
2.51
3.13
3.19

_
-

E ngineers, stationary __ __ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing
_______ __
__ __

298
133

2.69
2.38

_

F irem en, stationary b o ile r _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _________________

267
198
69

2.20

23

2.05
2.63

320

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
M anufacturing
Nonmamifart.uring
... ...
P ublic utilities 2

250
217
33
32

2.18
2.16
2.33
2.35

M achine-tool o p era tors, to o lro o m ____
M anufacturing _______________________

236
236

M achinists, m aintenance ___________ ;____
M anufacturing ___ __ __ __ __ __ __

11
10
1

17

27

17
15

24
16

9

-

8

2

2

10
10

1
1

9
9

35
35

27
26

18
16

27
25

20
20

28
27

1

-

_
-

_

_

"

"

-

_
-

_
-

2

2

-

1
1

15
15
"

13
9
4
4

7
5

7
7

8
8

2
2

"

4
4
-

12
6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

31
18
13
13

16

12
12

4

11

9

2

22
1

11
11

5

42
42
"

11

11
6

22

1

2
1
1

2
2

16
6
10
10

2
2

_

26

~

-

1

14
14
"

17
17

-

4
4

7
7

24
24
"

18
5
13
13

28
28
28

29
-

53

10
8

33
15

22

4
4

_
-

15
15
"

_
-

_

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
13

8
8

4

29
28

10
10

_

_

_
-

16

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

24
24

1
-

-

23

_

!

|
16 i
9 I

4
42
41

1
1

-

-

16
-

21
20

1
1

10
10

17

-

3
-

10

39
37

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

5
5
-

3

51
43

44
44
-

22
20
2

13
13
-

14

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

9

32
32
-

23

16
16
-

11
11

44
30
14
14

2
2

-

2.52
2.52

_

_

_

9
9

4
4

2
2

19
19

4
4

15
15

42
42

27
27

30
30

48
48

32
32

_

_

-

-

493
489

2.64
2.64

_

67
67

36
36

16

M echanics, autom otive (m a in ten a n ce)__
M anufacturing
__ __ __ ________ __
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 _ __ ____ __ __

254
50
204
178

2.63
2.58
2.64
2.55

_
-

_
-

_
-

6

12

23
23
19

11
2

M echanics, m aintenance _______________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

383
332
51

2.56
2.49
3.01

_
-

_
-

_
-

12

6
2

2
2

M illw rights _
Manufacturing

71
71

2.56
2.56

O ilers
M anufacturing

133
132

1.87
1.87

__

73
57

P ip efitters, m aintenance _______________
Manufacturing
Sheet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance ___
Manufacturing

Painters, maintenance
M anufacturing ______

Tool and die m akers
Manufacturing

1
2
3
4

____ ___ __

3

8
6

_

-

29
29
-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

26

-

26

38
38

10
10

79
79

85
84

3
3

29
29

39
39

_
“

_
-

_
“

_
-

9
4
5
5

23
23
23

_
-

1
1

20

-

16

32
32
32

44
18
26

26

_
-

57
17
40
40

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

21
21

36
36

53
53

2
2

24
23

_
"

31
29

30
24

2

6

24
24

13
13

6

8
1

-

"

22
1
1

-

4
16

1
16
16
40
40

_

_

-

_

-

-

2.40
2.38

_

_

_

_

111
111

2.50
2.50

_

28
27.

2.82
2.82

_

368
368

3.12
3.12

4
4

12

22
-

16

4

-

2
2

12
12

81
81
"

51
46
5

25
13

4

3
3

2
2

3
3

_

_
-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

1

_

_

-

7
7

_

-

-

-

"

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

7
7

_
-

_

_

_

_

44

-

-

-

62
62

29
29

15
15

32
32

6
6

26
26

_

8

_

-

7

2
1

5

16

1

-

6
6

-

3
-

_

_

6
6"

3
3

14
14

12
12

11
11

13
13

10
10

8
8

3
3

9
9

6
6

1
1

7
7

_

1
1

4
4

_

_

_

_
"

6

6
6

2
2

2
2

_

-

2
2

7

-

4
4

_

_

13
13

24
24

"

'

26
26

21
21

28
28

19
19

45
45

"

-

“

■

"

'

and late shifts.

'

_

16
-

-

16

— 6~

18
18

-

_

5
5

-

2

_

1

_

_
-

-

4

-

_
-

_
-

1

_

_
-

_
-

4

-

_
-

-

10
10

_

_
-

10
10

2
2

_

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

_

-

5
5
-

_
"

4
4

-

-

-

1
1
-

1

-

-

2

-

5
5

_

2

1
1

-

19
19

5
5

6

1
-

5
5
"

13
13

9
3

28
28

—

-

4
4

13
13

6
— r~

Excludes prem iu m pay for o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $1.10 to $1.20.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $3.70 to $3.80.




8

-

"
_

2
1

-

-

1

_

4

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1963)
P
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Average *1.00 *1.10
hourly
earnings2 and
under
1.10 1.20

E levator o p era tors , passen ger

*1.30

o

Num
ber
of
workers

o

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

1.40

$

1.40

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2.40 *2.50 *2.60 2.70 2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 3.20

1.5Q_. 1.60
__

1.70

1.80

1.9 Q. 2.00
_

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2.50

-

-

31
29
E levator o p era tors , passen ger
(women) ________________________________
1Mrmmartnfa rturing
Guards and watchm en __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Guards ____________________________
W atchm en _________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(men) ___________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u b lic utilities 3 __________________
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) __________ ________
___
M anufacturing ________________ _______
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

$1.26
1.23

-

8
8

17
17

4

_

_

1.30
1 27
1 20

-

22
22
22

-

11
u
u.

-

11
9

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

647
421
39
382
226

1.62
1.67
1.96
1.64
1.51

106
10
10
96

37
20
4
16
17

77
64
_
64
13

71
61
1
60
10

48
37
1
36
11

80
52
52
28

58
58
1
57
-

12
12
4
8
-

27
19
5
14
8

55
47
10
37
8

12
12
6
6
-

27
5
1
4
22

_
-

921
649
272
65
110

1.63
1.63
1.63
2.04
1.37

-

263
62

1.40
1.57
1.35

2
-

2
_
-

24
9
15

30

201

15
15
_
15

91
43
48
34

191
168
23
2
11

94
54
40
7
25

58
29
29
_
12

104
83
21
8

36

10
1

7
7
-

30

19
19
-

2
2

9

134
5
129

32

11
25

“

-

65
55

92
51
41

171
160

185
177

10

69
42
27

11

2

144
136
8
_

41
36
5
_

46
23
23
1

9

36
19
17
10

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

_

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_
_

_
_

8
_
_
8

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_ '
_

_

-

-

7 ; 22 1
2 '
1
1
5

22
5
17 |
-

-

-

i

_

_ ■
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_
_
_
-

_

36
15

44
28
16

58
_
58

22

2

9
13
13

2
2

53
9
44
44

11

21

9

207
_
207
177
30

41

10

8

10

5

-

5

20

10
10

17

-

34
28

21

-

42
18

10

53
53

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing -------------------- ------------Nonm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

560
479
81
60

1.77
1.81
1.54
1.43

_
-

6

41
41
-

38
34
4
4

43
29
14
14

10
10

63
56
7
-

79
63
16

51
51

39
39

6
6

79
49
30
30

P a ck e rs , shipping (women) _____________
M anufacturing _______________________

103
29

1.60
1.58

_

_

-

-

5
-

39
-

10
10

8
8

R eceivin g cle rk s ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade ___________
___

197
130
67
36

1.93
1.91
1.97
1.95

_
-

2

10
10

8

2
2

_
-

4
4
4

_
_
-

2
2

Shipping c le r k s
_ _
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

233
166
67

2.03
1.93
2.29

_
-

_

2

-

-

2

_

1

_

2

-

-

2

2

1

2

Shipping and r eceiv in g cle rk s
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

157
96
61
51

1.93
1.96
1.89
1.73

_

_

6

3

5

-

-

-

_
-

112

29

5
5

_
-

107
5

20

-

_
.

55
45

11

3
3

_
-

8

10

-

_
-

100

_

6
6

_
_
.
_

_
-

10

-

_
_
_
_

_
-

_

-

_
_
_
_

_
-

9

_

_
_
_
_

_
-

_

_

_
_
_
_

_
-

-

_

_
_

1
1

1.94
1.85

2

7
7
_

_
-

297
185

_

_
_

8
2
6

O rder fille r s ------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________

-

2
2
_

4
4

8
8

742
539
236
170

_

36
26
10
9 !

2

1.95
1.72
2.26
2.71
1.81

20
10

17 p_39_ _
T
10 "
24
7
4
24

1

1 , 281




2.80

!

L a b o r e rs , m aterial handling ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pnhl i r ntiliti/aQ
R etail trade ______________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .

2.70

2

46
42
33

2.60

9

10
10

_

-

2

5

6
6

16
16

_

-

14
14

4
“

8
8

32
32

55
55

8
8

4
4

“

-

10

5
5
_
-

11
11

_
_
_

2

44
4
_
4
4

_

_
-

_
_
-

.

-

_
_
_
-

_
_
-

31
-

-

1

-

19

28
4
24
3

12
12

33
33
-

13
4
9

15
15
-

12
12
-

32
4
28

30
30

6
6

11
6

2
2

-

_

5
5

-

31
31
_
-

33
26
7

1

17
17

9
9
_
-

40
40
-

18
16

40
34

6
6

2

6

-

37
23
14
14

3

30
19

6

-

3
3

11
11

2
2

2

4

_
-

5
5

1

_
-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

6
6

8
2
6
6

-

_
-

6

.

_

6

4
4

3

-

3

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

.
_

.
_

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

-

_

2
2

2
_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

7

-

-

_

9

_

-

2
2

_

-

_

9

_

_
_

7

_

.

'

_
_

.
_

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck e t, R. I. — a s s . , M a y 1963)
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Average
hourly ,
earnings L

of

workers

T ru ck d river s 4 __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ _________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 3 _________________
T ru ck d rivers, light (under
lVz tons) _ __ __ __ __ ------- __ —

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( lV 2 to
and including 4 tons) _______________
M anufacturing
_______ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing __ ________ __
P ublic utilities 3 _ __ ________

*1.00 *1.10 $1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2J 70 2.80 2.90 3.00

1 ,316

$2.65

285
1, 031
581

2.01

-

-

38
30

10
10

5
5

15
9

-

-

6
6

2.82
2.79

8

-

-

-

6

1.61

-

76
67

—

_

TTT~

325
127
198
54

2.32
2.07
2.48
2.77

784
57
727
445

46
382
328

2.16

2.06

~

87
76

2.03
1.98

-

_

37
7
30

3

1
1

9

9

9

3

9

2.49

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) _____________
M anufacturing _______________________

10
10

2.23
2.93
2.79

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________

23
15

32
29
3

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) _ __ __ __ __ __
__
M a n n f ar^ tn -rin ar

Nonmanufacturing ________________

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
f o r k l i f t ) __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____
AAa n n f a r h i r i n g

1
2
3
4

__

2.88

25
25

11
8

-

-

3

4

6

16

-

-

6

13
3

34
4
30

15
15

-

"

"

“

"

“

"

"

-

-

-

-

4

-

14
14

-

60

626

20

-

45
581
577

20

60
“

1
1

1
1

42
-

-

-

42

60

"

12
10
2
2

"

“

"

-

5

31
31

-

-

3

5
5

42
42

-

"

5
5

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

37
36

3

3

15
15

17
3
3

-

4
4

3.10

4
4

"

3.20

3.30

146
146

120
-

120

"

1

21
21

-

20

1
1

1
1

-

3
3
-

2
2

12
12

-

4

60

89
37
52
52

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

"

-

-

4

-

3

14

_
-

-

10
10

-

_

105
105

23
23

46
46

"

12
12

10
10

8
8

_

8
8

32
32

and late shifts.

4

4

146

112

4

4

146

112

-

-

8

"

-

2

-

-

12

4

-

3
3

23
23

"

2
2

30
24

75
43

16
-

"

_

14
4

2

-

9
9

16
16

2

1

40
40

_
_

3

5

445
445
445

-

Data lim ited to men w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r o vertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




55
55

$
3.00 *3.10 *3.20

3

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-lj

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D is trib u tio n of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f fic e w o r k e r s , P r o v id e n c e — aw tu ck et, R .I.— a s s ., M ay 1963)
P
M
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

A ll
sch e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu died

_____ __

__ — -------

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
u nd er
un d er
un d er
under
u nd er
under
und er
u nd er
u nd er
over

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

37V 2

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37Vz

40

------

135

76

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

135

76

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

__ __ __ __ _

75

36

29

39

10

15

78

37

30

41

11

16

1
8

_

_

1

_

1

_

_

7
14
4
7
4
-

1
2
2
1

9
27
3
18
5

1
12

1
10

1
8

_

1
8
1
6

_
-

_
9

-

__ -----

$ 4 2 .5 0
___ ____ __ __ _ __ __ __ _
$ 4 5 .0 0
__ __ __ __ _____ __ __ __ _
$ 4 7 .5 0 ___ ___ _______ __ ______________
$ 5 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 5 2 .5 0
_____ _____ __ __ _____ __ _
$ 5 5 .0 0 ___ _____ __ _________________
$ 5 7 .5 0 ___ _____ _____________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 _________________ __ _____ __ _
$ 6 2 .5 0 _____________ __ ________ __ _
$ 6 5 .0 0
__ ________ __ __ ___________
__ ____________ __ __ __ ________ _____

6

1
10
2

16

9

6

6
1

5

3

3

2

1
2
1

1
2
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____________

26

22

E sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _____ __ ________ __ __ „ __ _____ __ _

34

18

24

5
3

1
3

8
2

4

1

-

6
2
2

2
2
2

1
2
2

4
-

3
-

-

4

1

3
~

3

1

1
1

-

1

XXX

XXX

24

20

XXX

4

XXX

XXX

X XX

XXX

33

19

XXX

14

XXX

XXX

3
-

1
1

1

XXX

4

XXX

16

1

15
3
7

2
2
2
1

7
4

4
-

11

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m starting (h irin g) r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r standard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r all standard w o rk w eek s com b in ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




N onm anufactur:Lng

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—

1

1
4

1
-

14




Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R .I .— a s s ., M ay 1963)
P
M
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

S econ d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

_______________________________________________

76.9

65.5

14.8

7.3

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l --------; --------------------------

50.6

6 0 .2

9.5

6 .4

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h ou r) -------------------------------

37.9

44.5

7.2

5.5

4 c e n ts __ - __________________________ ________
5 ce n ts ---------------------------------------------------------6 ce n ts ______________________________________
7 ce n ts ______________________________________
l x!z c e n ts ___________________________________
8 ce n ts --------------------- —---------------------------------10 ce n ts ------- „--------------------------------------- —
12 ce n ts ---------------------------------------- -------------15 c e n ts ____________________________________
18 ce n ts ____________________________________
23 c e n ts ____________________________________

6.0

_

1.9
.9
1.3
.7
.4

_
.3
.4
2.7

.6
.8

.6

T o ta l

5.0
3.9
4.7

1.8
6.2
6 .6
2.7

1.2
-

2 .8
2.5
14.5
-

4.7
7.5
3.4
7.1

.8
1.2
10.7

.3

-

.9
.4

.2

.2

-

(2)

1.8

.9

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

8.5

5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________

.2

.1

1.1

1.1

-

6.5

8.7

1.6

.7

1.4

-

.3

-

----------------------

2. 8

5.0

.2

(2 )

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l -----------------------------

26.3

5.3

5.4

.9

F o r m a l pa id lu n ch p e r io d

-----------------------------

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

.9

.9

1 I n clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

c o v e r in g la te

s h ifts

15
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s ., M a y 196 3)
P
M
P L A N T W ORKERS

O FF ICE WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
A
U 1
industries

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------

U nder 35 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------35 and un d er 36V4 h o u r s ------------------------------------3 6 V4 h o u r s _ --------- ------------------------------ ---------O ver 3 6 V4 and under 37V2 h o u r s ---------------------37Vz h o u r s _____ _ ------ — -----------------------------O v er 3 7 V2 and under 3 8 3U h o u r s ______________
/4
383 h o u r s ________________________________________
40 h o u r s ------- ---------- --------- — -----,-----------------O v er 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s
------- ----------------44 h o u r s ---------- -------------------- ---------------------------45 h o u r s
----------------------- - -------------------------O ver 45 h o u r s --------------------- ------------------------------

1
2
3
4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities1
2

100

100

100

(4 )
6

(4 )
2

8
3

1
-

1
10

12
1
12

53
_
-

72
-

19

4
71
25
-

Retail trade

100

.
_

6
4

21
3
15
51
-

A
U ,
industries

100

,
2
(4 )

1
1
1
78

Manufacturing

100
1
2
-

-

1
(4 )
80

2

1

(4 )

6

7

7

8

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




Public 2
utilities

100

91
9

Retail

trade

100

3
-

2
5
9
7
61
3

2
7

16
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .—M a s s ., M a y 1963)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

_

_

_

_

All
l
industries

_

____ ___ ___

W o rk e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s
_
_ ____ __ ____
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Retail trade

Publicz
utilities

All 3
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

94

98

99

95

92

6

2

1

5

8

4
2
21
3
16
17
1
25
6
4
(4 )

4
2
24
3
20

9

11
2
_

1
‘

N u m ber o f days

5 h olid a ys o r le s s _
_ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ _
5 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day __ __ __ __ __ __ _
6 h o l i d a y s ___ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
____ __
6 h olid a ys plus 1 half day ______________________
7 h olid ays __ _________________________
7 h olid a ys plus 1 half day ______________________
8 h olid a ys
_ _
_
_
8 h olid a ys plus 1 half day ______________________
9 h olid a ys
_____
__ __ _ _ _ _____
9 h olid ays plus 1 half day ______________________
10 h olid a y s
_ _ _
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y _____________________
11 h olid a y s
_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1
2
7
(4 )
8
(4 )
7
1
32
6
15
7
14

2
4
12
1
14
10
1
42
12
2
"

6
2
-

9
42
41

_

4
1
19
-

71
-

-

20
1
18
7
-

-

-

23
63
-

4
75
_
-

_
63
63
86
86
86
86
95
95
95
95
95
95
95
95

_
_
_
75
75
79
79
79
79
81
81
81
81
84
92

“

T otal h o lid a y tim e 5

11 days ______ __ __ _____ __ _____ __ _______
I 0 V 2 o r m o r e days
_
_ __ __
10 o r m o r e days ___________ ___ ___ ____ ________
9 V 2 o r m o r e days
_ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
9 or m o r e days _ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
81/2 o r m o r e days _ _____ __ __ __ __ __ __
5
4
3
2
8 o r m o r e days __________________________________
71/z o r m o r e days
_____ __ __ __ __ __ __
7 or m o r e d a y s _____ _________ r
___________________
61/? o r m o r e days _ __ __ __ __ __ _____
6 or m o r e d a y s _____ ____ ___________________
51/? o r m o r e days _ _____ _____ __ __ __
5 or m o r e d a y s __
4 or m o r e days _ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _
2 or m o r e days ______
_ _ _ _ _
1 or m o r e days ___

14
21
36
42
74
74
81
81
89
90
96
99
99
99
99
99

2
14
57
58
68
68
82
83"
95
98
99
100
100
100

41
83
83
92
92
94
94
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

_
71
71
90
90
90
90
94
94
94
94
94
94

0

(4)
4
10
35
36
52
52
68
71
92
94.
96
97
97
98

_
7
25
26
46
46
66
69
93
96
98
99
99
99

1 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s ep arately.
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll co m b in a tio n s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th o s e w ith
7 full days and no h alf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d ays, and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w ere then cum ulated.




Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 196 3)
M

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o rk e rs

----------------------------------------------------------

A
U
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities c

Retail trade

All
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

96
4
-

100
100

100
100

-

-

99
67
31
-

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

99
60
39
-

100
100

100
100

-

-

_
47

Manufacturing

M eth od o f paym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s __ ____ ______ __ ________ ___ ___ _
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t __ _ --------------------P e rce n ta g e paym ent
— ------- - --------F la t - s u m p aym en t -----------------------------------------O th er ______ _________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s -------- -----------------------------------

2
-

1

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 4
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____ __________ ____________ _______
1 w e e k ______________________ ___________________
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________

10

16
44

20

_
71
-

46
14

55
9

1
2

-

17
18
24

10

3

18
36

27
( 5)
72

39
( 5)
60

18
82

39
61

77
7
14

83
9
7

41
59

59
41

3

5
84

61
16

71

20

21

7

12

(5)

-

27
73
"

18
79
4

27
31
39

30
39
28

-

-

86

82

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

6

26
31
40

30
39
28

-

-

100

1
1

1

-

82
-

-

-

6

5
85
5

_
_
99
_

2

1

52
3

2

1

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------

2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

31

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------

17

O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------3 w eek s ___________________________________________

2

2

6

80

67
-

90
-

1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------- --------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

10
4
85
.

18
7
75
-

1

3

1

-

-

97
-

83
-

16

14

12

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eeks __ __________ __ ____ ________ ___ ____ __
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w eek s __________________ _______________________

_
_

-

100

83

_

-

16

-

16
7
77
_

1

-

“

4
_
90
_
5
(5)

8

_
_
96
4

9
4

86

1

1

_

12

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek

_____ _____ _____________ ____________ ______
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ ___________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s ______________________

_

88

_
4
'

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




1
65
_
30
4

6
2
83
4
4
(5)

2

12
59
_
27

2

18
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I. —M a s s . , M a y 196 3)
O FF ICE WORKERS

V a ca tion p o lic y

All
,
Industries1
3
2

Manufacturing

PL A N T W ORKERS

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

All
3
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Retail trade

Am ount o f v a c a tio n pay 4— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------------2 w eeks ---------------------------- ------- --------------------------------- --------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4
-

60

2
30
4

8
-

71
3
18
-

_

1

5

5

-

9

-

-

2

2

-

-

51

46

70

55

26

-

-

-

38
15

11
10

-

49
-

64
9
17

2

-

42
4

48
17

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------- -----------------

4

8

_

1

5

5

_

9

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

55
5
32
4

63
9

45

46

26

-

-

-

20

55
-

38
15

22

59
17
15

37

-

54
13
3

1

60
4

48
17

(5)

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 w eeks -----------------------------------------.-------------------------------------

4

8

_

1

5

5

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

30

37

2

46

-

-

60

53

98

38

42
5
42

26

1

39
4
45

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

4

(5)

-

15

4

1
1

9

-

-

96

41

-

-

4

24

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek --------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ----------------------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ______________________
3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4

8

_

1

5

5

9

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

29

34

2

46

26

1

-

-

53

56

68

25

-

-

-

-

40
5
42
3

-

1

30

29

37
4
39
3
9

13

1

1

-

-

56

15

-

-

44

50

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ______________________
2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks — ---------- --------------------------3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------- --------—
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ----------------------------------------4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

4

8

_

1

5

5

9

_

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

27

2

46
-

-

-

19

14

38
5
33

26

-

35
4
29

-

45

31
I
49

15

11

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

11

79

39

1
22
1

13

85

54

1
23
(5)

( 5)

1

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
In clu d es paym en ts o th e r than "len gth o f tim e, " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m pa ym e n ts, c o n v e rte d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; f o r ex a m p le , a p aym en t
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le, the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
Th us, the
p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

1
2
3
4




19
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n efits* 1 P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R .I.— a s s ., M ay 1963)
2
P
M
P L A N T WORKERS

O FF ICE WORKERS

T ype of b e n e fit

All
,
industries 6

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

3

A
U

Retail trade

industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ______________________ ________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e
_____ ___ _______ _____ — ----------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
Sick le a v e or b o t h 5 __ __ ___ __ — ______

83

79

95

89

82

80

99

83

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ___ __
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) ____ __ __ __ __ _____
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g pe r io d ) _ _____ ___ ___ ___ ___ ____

20

26

56

36

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e _ _____ _____ __
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ______ __ __ __ __ ______
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _________________ *_________
C a ta s trop h e in s u r a n c e
___
____ ____
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ____ ___ ___ ___ ______ __
No health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan ____

93
92

A ll w o r k e r s

__

__ __

---------------

—

__

—

__

—

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

59

59

75

50

62

63

75

50

66

51

87

73

42

34

80

78

32

1
0

33

31

53

31

87

52

9

3

20

42

10

2

1
88
44
65

1

"

"

96
93
89
31
59

63
63

1

1

61

83
83
67

82

51
84

10
8

91
91
1
6

93
94
85

34

50
3

49

1
6
2

24

5

73
73
73
40

83
83
70
5
48

86

8

1 In clu d es th o s e p lan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt of the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l se c u r ity ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick leave o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th o s e w h ich d efin itely
e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m num ber of d a y s ' pay that can b e e x p e c te d by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e exclu ded.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a s s is t its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.

This is

essen tial in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
B IL L E R , MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OP E R A TO R

Prepares statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May a lso keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssifie d by type of machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Class A —Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sh eets, and other records by hand.

Billet, machine (hilling machine)—Uses a sp ecia l billing ma­
chine (Moon H opkins, E lliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare b ills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation u sually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping.
P hases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or a ssist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— ses a bookkeeping
U
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare custom ers’
b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sa les and

C LE R K , ACCOUNTING

Class A —Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

credit slip s.




21

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct c la ss B a c­
counting clerks.

Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional b a sis among several
workers.

C LE R K , FILE

Class A —In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s , c la ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the file s . May lead a small group of lower lev el file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, co d es, and files u n classified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly c la ssifie d material by finer
subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
A s requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service file s .

C LE R K , ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

C LE R K , P A YR O LL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a s s is t paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f sta tis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE O P E R A TO R (MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O )

Class C —Performs routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is ea sily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ica l).
A s requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service file s.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
b ilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, co llate, and staple completed material.

23
SE C R E T A R Y — Continued

K E YP U N C H O P E R A T O R

Class /4—Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.

Performs same tasks as lower

level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding sk ills and the making of some determinations, for example,

making phone c a lls ; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B —Under c lo se supervision or following sp ecific proce­
dures or instructions,
punched cards.
bination

keypunch

verify cards.

transcribes data from source documents to

Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
machine

to keypunch

tabulating cards.

STENOGRAPH ER , G E N E R A L
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s , keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical task s. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

May

Working from various standardized source documents,

follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
m issing information, e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

STENOGRAPH ER , SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep records, etc.

O F F IC E BOY OR GIRL

OR

Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs
administrative

secretarial

and clerical duties for a superior in an

or executive position.

Duties include making appoint­

ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice; answering and




Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die follow ing:
Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the specific business operations,
organization, p o lic ie s, procedures, file s, workflow, etc.
U ses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s ; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc .; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R

TABULATING-M ACH INE O P E R A T O R -C on tin u ed

Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
c a lls. May record toll ca lls and take m essag es. May give information
to persons who call in, or occa sion a lly take telephone orders.
For
workers who a lso act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

Class

C—Operates

simple

tabulating or electrical account­

ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc .,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may a lso type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TA B U LA TING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R

Class A —Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c ­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignm ents without clo se supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken.
A s a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.

Class B —
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting ex ercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well establish ed. May also include the training
of new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May a lso type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ec ia lized vocabulary such as leg a l
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssifie d as a stenographer, general.

T Y P IS T
U ses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little sp ec ia l
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming m ail.

Class A —Performs one or more o f the following:

Typing ma­

terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct sp ellin g , syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated sta tistic a l
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type
routine form letters varying d etails to suit circum stances.

Class B —Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance pol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already se t up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SE N IO R -Contm ued

DRAFTSM AN, JUNIOR
(A ssista n t draftsman)
Draws to sca le units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
U ses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketch es, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specification s; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specification s.
May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c ­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSM AN, L E A D E R
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R EGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketch es, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assign in g duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May a ssist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
D RAFTSM AN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-section s, e tc ., to sca le by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TR A C E R
Copies

plans

and

drawings prepared by others, by placing

tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil.
T-square, compass, and other drafting too ls.
ings and do simple lettering.

U ses

May prepare simple draw­

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M AINTENANCE

C A R P E N T E R , M AINTEN AN C E-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

E LEC TRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay ­
out, or other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATIO N ARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning.
Work involves:
Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

H E L P E R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesse r sk ill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and too ls; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or too ls;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time b a sis.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lath es,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gag es,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feed s, speed s, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress too ls, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIO N ARY B OILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, o il, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f mechanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to clo se toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, M AIN T E N AN C E -Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assem bling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work normally

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to str e sse s, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard too ls, equipment and
parts to be used; and installin g and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

MECHANIC, AU TO M O TIVE (M AINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, bu ses, motortrucks, and tractors of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gag es, drills, or sp e c ia liz e d equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
v a lv e s; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making n ecessary adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, M AIN T E N AN C E
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with item s obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling
m achines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience u sually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience.
Excluded from this cla ssific a tio n are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting m achines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.

P A IN T E R , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w a lls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, g as, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecifica tio n s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assem bling pipe with couplings

28

P IP E F IT T E R , M A INTENANCE—Continued

SH EE T -M ET A L WORKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tin u ed

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­

types of sheet-metal-working m achines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installin g
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience u sually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and

repairing building sanitation or heating system s are excluded.
TO O L AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUM BER, M AINTENANCE

Constructs and repairs machine-shop to o ls, g a g e s, jig s , fix­
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work in volves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SH EE T-M ETA L W ORKER, M AINTENANCE
Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
sh elves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay ­
ing out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other sp ecifica tio n s; setting up and operating all available

tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e c ifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision m eas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dim ensions
of work, speeds, fe ed s, and tooling of m achines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well a s o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to c lo se tolerances; fitting and assem bling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allow an ces; and se le c tin g appro­
priate materials, too ls, and p ro ce sse s.
In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this c la ssific a tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , PASSENGER
Transports

GUARD

passengers between floors of an office building
or similar establishm ent.

Performs routine police du ties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessa ry . Includes gate-

Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

men who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
other persons entering.

apartment house,




department

store,

hotel,

29

P A C K E R , SHIPPING

JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N ER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishm ent.

Duties involve a combination of the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ic e s; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make

wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
L A B O R E R , M A TE R IA L HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockSHIPPING AND RECEIVING C L E R K

man or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more o f the follow­

ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing,

or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

Longshoremen , who load and unload ships are excluded .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.

ping work involves:
routes,

available

Ship­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

means

of transportation

and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment.

work involves:

May

Receiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness o f shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchant
ORDER F IL L E R

dise

or materials

to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and file s.

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise

in accordance with specifications on sa le s

tomers’ orders, or other instructions.
and indicating items filled or omitted,

slip s, cu s­

May, in addition to filling orders
keep records of outgoing orders

requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssified as follow s:

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

30
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers* houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded .
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (iy2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




TR U C K E R , POWER
Operates a manually controlled g aso lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssifie d by type of
truck, as follow s:

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102