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Occupational Wage Survey ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO APRIL 1963 Bulletin No. 1345-63 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS Ewan Clague, Commissioner Occupational Wage Survey ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO APRIL 1963 Bulletin No. 1345-63 June 1963 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS Ewan Clague, Commissioner For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C. - Price 2 0 cents Contents Preface Page The L abor M a rk et O ccu p ation al W age Survey P r o g r a m E ig h ty -tw o ^abor m a rk e ts cu rren tly are included in the B u reau of L a bo r S ta tistic s p ro g ra m of annual o c cupational w age su r v e y s in m a jo r labor m a rk e ts. T h ese stu dies p ro v id e data on occupational earnings and rela te d su p p lem e n ta ry b e n e fits. In form ation on rela te d su p p lem en ta r y b en efits is obtained bien n ially in m o st of the labor m a r k e ts . A p r e lim in a r y rep o rt which p resen ts earnin gs tren ds for s e le c te d occu pation al groups and a verage e a r n ings in s e le c te d jo b s is r e le a s e d within a month a fter the com p letion of the study in each a rea. This bulletin p r o v id es additional data not included in the p r e lim in a ry rep o rt. A tw o -p a r t su m m a r y bulletin is issu ed after the c om p letion of a ll of the a re a bulletins for a round of s u r v ey s (for the cu rren t round of su r v e y s, the fir s t part of this b u lle tin w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the second part e a r ly in 1964). The fir s t part p rese n ts individual lab or m a r k e t data. The secon d part p r ese n ts data relatin g to a ll m e tro p o lita n a r e a s in the United States. Introduction _______________________________________________________________________ W age tren ds for s e le c te d occupational groups ____________________________ T a b le s : 1. Z. A: E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scop e of su rvey P e r c e n ts of change in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s for s e le c te d occupational g ro u p s, for s e le c te d p e rio d s _________ O ccupational e a r n in g s :* A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en ___________________________ m A - Z . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s— en _______________ m A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations— m en and w om en com bin ed ____________________________________ A - 4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations ____________________ A - 5 . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ov em en t occupations ____________ Appendix: O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s ________________________ _______________ T h is b u lletin w as prep ared in the B u reau ’ s r e gional o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif., by R obert L. O rr , under the d ir e c tio n of W illia m P. O 'C on n or. The study w as under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n of John L. Dana, A s s is ta n t R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W a g e s and Industrial R ela tio n s. 1 3 m a jo r * N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re ava ilab le fo r other a reas. (See in side back c o v e r .) Union s c a le s , in dicative of p rev a ilin g pay le v e ls in the Albuquerque a re a , a re a ls o ava ilab le for seven selected building tra d e s. in 4 5 5 6 7 9 Occupational Wage Survey—Albuquerque, N. Mex. Introduction T h is a re a is 1 of 82 labor m a rk e ts in which the U. S. D e p a rtm en t of L a b o r 's B u reau of Labor S ta tistics conducts s u r v e y s of occu p atio n al ea rn in g s and rela te d wage b en efits on an areaw id e b a s is . O ccupational em p loy m en t and earnin gs data are shown for fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ired to w ork a reg u lar w eekly schedule in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arn in gs data exclude p r e m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h olidays, and late sh ifts . N onproduction bon u ses a re exclu ded, but c o s t -o f livin g b on u ses and in cen tive earn in gs are included. W here w eekly hours are rep o rte d , as for o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is to the w ork sch ed u les (rounded to the n e a re st half hour) for which s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s are paid; a vera ge w e ek ly earnings for these occupations have been rounded to the n e a re st h alf d ollar. T h is b u lle tin p r e se n ts cu rren t occupational e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the e s ta b lish m e n ts v is ite d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m ists in the la st p rev io u s s u r v e y for o ccu p ation s r e p o r te d in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n a l v is it s w e re imade to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose respondents reportin g unusual ch an ges sin ce the p r e v io u s su rv ey . In ea ch a r e a , data are obtained fr o m re p re se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ithin six b road in du stry d iv isio n s: M an u factu ring; t r a n s po rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s; w h o le sa le traide; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n c e , and rea l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r in d u stry grou ps ex clu d ed fr o m these studies are g overn m en t o p e r a tions and the co n stru c tio n and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries. E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk ers a re o m itte d b e c a u se they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em p loym en t in the o c c u p a tions studied to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a re p r o v id e d for each of the b road in d u stry division s which m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r ia . D iffe re n c e s in pay le v e ls for s e le c te d occupations in which both m en and w om en a re c om m o n ly em p loy ed are la rg e ly due to (1) d iffe re n c e s in the distrib u tion of the se x e s among in du stries and e sta b lish m e n ts; (2) d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo r m e d , although the occupations are a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e survey job d e sc rip tio n ; and (3) d iffe re n c e s in length of se r v ic e or m e rit rev ie w when individual s a la r ie s are adjusted on this b a sis. Longer avera ge se r v ic e of m en would re s u lt in higher average pay when both se x e s are em p loy ed within the sam e rate range. Job d e s c r ip tions u sed in c la ssify in g em p lo y e e s in these su rvey s are usually m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those u sed in individual esta b lish m en ts to allow for m in or d iffe re n c e s among esta b lish m e n ts in sp ecific duties p e rfo r m e d . T h e se su r v e y s are conducted on a sam p le b a sis b ecau se c>f the u n n e c e s s a r y c o st in volved in surveying all e sta b lish m e n ts. To obtain o ptim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o st, a g re a ter pro p ortion o:f la rg e than of s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts is studied. In com bining the data,, h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts are given their appropriate w eight. E s t i m a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m e n ts studied are p re se n te d , th e r e fo r e , as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a re a , ex cep t fo r th ose b elow the m in im u m size studied. O ccu p ation s O ccupational em p loym en t e s tim a te s re p r e s e n t the total in all esta b lish m e n ts within the scope of the study and not the number actu a lly su rvey ed . B eca u se of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occupational em ploym en t obtained fr o m the sa m p le of e sta b lish m e n ts studied s e r v e only to indicate the r ela tiv e im p o rtan ce of the jo b s studied. T h ese d iffe re n ce s in o ccu pational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly affect the a cc u ra c y of the ea rn ings data. and E a rn in g s The occu p ation s s e le c te d for study are com m o n to a v a r ie ty of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u strie s, and a re of the fo llow in g ty p e s : (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe ssio n a l and tec h n ic a l; (c) m ain ten an ce and po w erp la n t; and (d) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e m en t. O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is b ased on a u n ifo rm set of job d e s c r ip tio n s d e sig n e d to take account of inter esta b lish m en t v a ria tio n in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b . The occupations se le c te d for study are lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r so m e of the occu p ation s lis t e d and d e sc r ib e d are not p rese n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u se eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too s m a ll to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , or (2) th ere is p o s s i b ility of d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al esta b lish m en t data. E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s and Sup plem en tary W age P ro v isio n s T abu lation s on se le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supple m en ta ry wage p r o v isio n s ( B - s e r i e s tab les) are not presen ted in this bu lletin . In form ation fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d biennially in this a re a . T h ese tabulations on m in im u m en trance s a la r ie s for in ex p e rie n c e d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled w e ek ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s; and health, in su ran ce, and pen sion plans are p r ese n te d (in the B - s e r i e s tab les) in previous b u lletin s fo r this a re a . 1 2 T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of s u r v e y and n um b er stu d ied in A lb u q u erq u e , N. M e x ., by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 A p r il 1963 W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts In d u stry d iv isio n W ith in sc o p e of stu d y 3 * W ithin sc o p e of study * Studied Studied --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 125 79 25, 60 0 2 1 , 83 0 M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________________________ N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________________________ T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 _______________________________________________ W h o le s a le tra d e 6 _______________________________________________ R e ta il tra d e 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te 6 _____________________ S e r v ic e s 6» 7 _______________________________________________________ 27 98 23 56 19, 5, 700 90 0 5, 33 0 16, 50 0 17 14 35 10 22 13 7 16 7 13 4, 700 90 0 4, 300 1, 20 0 8, 80 0 4 , 46 0 450 2, 52 0 1, 090 7, 98 0 A ll d iv is io n s 1 Th e A lb u q u erq u e Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of B e r n a lillo County. The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith other e m p lo y m e n t in dexes for the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s or le v e ls sin ce (l) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed f r o m the sc o p e of the su rv e y . 2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Stan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an ual w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv isio n . 3 In clu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at or ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ). A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) of c o m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ictu r e th e a te rs a re c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t. 4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the area) at or above the m in im u m lim ita t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ) . 5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed . 6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n of data fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te stud y, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p resen ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w a s in s u ffic ie n t or in adequate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al e sta b lish m e n t data. 7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s; n onp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s . T a b le 2. P e r c e n ts of change 1 in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n a l gro u p s in A lb u q u erq u e , N. M e x ., fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s O c c u p a tio n a l group O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ) ________________ In d u str ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) ____________ S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en) ________________________ U n s k ille d plant (m en) _______________________________ 1 2 3 M a y 1962 to A p r il 1963 1.9 (1 ) 2 (2 ) 4 .7 M a y 1961 to M a y 1962 M ay i9 6 0 to M a y 1961 2 .3 2 .2 (2 ) , (2 ) 3 - 1.2 (2 ) (2 ) .9 U n le s s o th e rw ise in d ic a ted , a ll a r e in c r e a s e s . D ata do not m e e t p u b lic ation c r it e r ia . T h is d e c r e a s e r e f le c t s a h igh er p r o p o r tio n of e m p lo y m e n t re p o r te d in lo w -w a g e ra th e r than w age d e c r e a s e s . e s t a b lis h m e n ts Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups P r e s e n te d in table Z are percen ta ges of change in a vera ge s a la r ie s of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in du strial n u r s e s , and in a v e ra g e earnin gs of s e le c te d plant w orker grou ps. F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in du strial n u r s e s , the p e r cen tages of change re la te to a vera ge w eekly sa la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours of w ork, that i s , the stan dard work schedule for which stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s a re paid. F o r plant w orker grou ps, they m e a su re changes in a v e ra g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s, excluding p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en ds, h olid ay s, and late sh ifts. The p e rc e n ta g e s a re b ase d on data fo r se le c te d key occupations and in clude m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im portant job s within each group. The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re b a se d on m en and w om en in the follow in g 19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la ss B; c le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll; C o m p to m eter o p e r a to r s ; keypunch o p era to rs, c la ss A and B; o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; sten og rap h e rs, g en eral; sten o g ra p h e rs, s e n io r ; sw itch b o ard o p e r a to r s ; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to rs, c la s s B; and t y p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in du strial nurse data are b ased on m en and w o m en in d u stria l n u rse s. M en in the follow in g 8 sk illed m ain ten an ce jo b s and Z u n sk illed jobs are included in the plant w o rk er data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a c h in ists; m e c h a n ic s; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e; p a in te r s; p ip e fitte r s; and tool and die m a k e r s ; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s; and la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l handling. A v e r a g e w e ek ly s a la r ie s or average hourly earnin gs w ere com puted for each of the s e le c te d occupations. The avera ge s a la r ie s or h ou rly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lied by em p loym en t in each of the jo b s during the p e rio d su rv ey ed in 1961 . T h ese weighted earnings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate fo r each occupational group. F in a lly , the ratio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r centage) of the group a gg re ga te fo r the one y e a r to the aggregate for the other y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the resu lt and 100 is the p e rce n ta ge of change fr o m the one p e rio d to the other. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the effects of (1) g en eral s a la r y and wage ch an ges; (Z) m e r it or other in c re a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e job ; and (3) changes in avera ge w ages due to changes in the labor force r e sulting fr o m labor tu rn o ver, fo r c e ex p a n sion s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the proportion s of w o rk e rs em p loy ed by establish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls . Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the occupational a v e r a g e s without actual wage ch an ges. F o r ex a m p le , a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a se the p r o portion of low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific occupation and lower the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a reduction in the p ro p ortion of low er paid w orkers would have the opposite e ffe ct. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t of a h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out of an a re a could cause the average earnin gs to drop, even though no change in rates o ccu rred in other e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a . The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a te s the e f fe ct of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each job included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change are not influenced by changes in standard w ork sch ed u les or in p re m iu m pay for o v e r tim e , sin ce they are based on pay for s tr a ig h t-tim e hours. W age indexes for se le c te d groups of w o r k e r s b a se d on data fr o m the labor m ark et su rvey s w ere com puted fo r Z0 a re a s betw een 1953 and I9 6 0 . In 1961, the labor m a rk e t occupational wage p r o g r a m w as expanded to include 80 Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A r e a s which w ill be su rvey ed annually. T h is expansion m ade data ava ilab le fo r the com putation of wage indexes for s e le c te d job groupings in each of the 80 a r e a s . The above text r e p r e se n ts the m ethod used in computing th ese new wage change in d ex es. The new s e r ie s w as in itiated la st year and the data a re not c o m p arab le with tren ds published p rio r to that tim e . The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e job groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s with the follow ing e x c ep tio n s: The c le r ic a l and in d u stria l n u rse g rou p s, fo r m e r ly r e s tr ic te d to w om en, now include both m en and w om en . C hanges w ere a ls o m ade in the jo b s included within job groupings in ord er that an id en tical lis t could be em p loyed in a ll a re a s. A: Occupational Earnings 4 Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women (Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ., April 1963) 55 $ 55 6° _ O' o $ 50 $ 65 65 70 $ 70 _ 75 $ 75 80__ V* Weekly W eekly $ 45 earnings1 and (Standard) (Standard) under 50 o 1 00 N ber um of w orkers o o NtFM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF— Average Sex, occupation, and industry division $ 90 $ 95 $ 100 $ 105 $ n o $ 115 $ 120 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 Men C lerk s, accounting, class A ______________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 27 22 40 .5 40 .5 $ 9 4 .0 0 94.50 _ _ _ _ _ - - " 3 2 5 5 3 3 5 4 3 3 2 1 _ - 5 3 _ " 1 1 _ " - - C lerk s, order 31 40 .0 81.50 _ _ 2 _ 1 8 6 2 2 4 _ 6 _ _ _ _ ________ ________ _________________________ 29 40 .0 54.50 11 4 12 class B ________________ 26 40.0 106.00 . . _ . . . 1 . 2 1 1 5 3 12 B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ___________ ___ Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------- 19 17 40 .5 40 .5 80.50 80.00 _ _ _ _ 3 3 7 7 1 1 1 1 _ _ - 1 1 _ - 2 1 _ - 3 3 1 " - - - B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B _______________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 128 122 40 .0 40 .0 63.00 63.00 4 4 21 21 21 21 29 27 34 32 7 6 5 5 1 1 5 5 _ " C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 45 23 39.5 39.5 99.50 100.00 . _ _ _ _ _ - " - - " 1 1 - 4 3 6 3 7 1 C lerk s, accounting, class B ______________________________ Manufacturing ___________________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 171 46 125 40 .0 40 .0 40.0 66.00 72.00 63.50 12 12 16 2 14 37 5 32 26 6 20 23 7 16 20 11 9 14 5 9 7 3 4 3 2 1 C lerk s, file , class B _______________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 61 60 40 .0 40 .0 59.00 59-00 19 19 20 20 2 2 6 6 3 2 . - 8 8 _ - C lerk s, order _______________________________________________ 16 40 .0 65.00 _ 1 1 8 3 . 3 _ _ C lerk s, payroll _____________________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 22 19 40 .5 40.5 81.50 83.50 1 4 4 1 - 2 2 " 1 1 - 2 1 3 3 _ 6 _ 2 1 4 1 13 4 9 _ 1 _ _ _ _ - 3 3 - 2 2 - 6 2 4 - 1 1 - 4 1 13 2 11 3 12 12 6 11 2 9 3 10 2 8 - 19 3 16 14 3 11 49 2 47 3 3 3 44 12 32 1 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 - 4 4 5 5 4 9 9 6 5 5 3 19 7 - 6 3 1 1 _ - _ _ - - 1 1 1 _ _ - 1 1 1 - - 19 16 4 - - - 13 12 48 61 89 25 1 _ _ 1 Office boys ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tabulating-m achine operators, 1 1 1 W omen " _ _ _ _ - - - - - 4 2 3 11 6 2 2 _ - 7 5 7 5 2 5 5 1 1 _ - _ - _ - _ - 3 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ - - - - - - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ - 5 5 1 1 - 1 1 - 1 1 1 _ _____________________________ 41 40.5 79.00 S ecretaries ___________________________________________________ Manufacturing ___________________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ Public u tilities 2 _____________________________________ 193 33 160 26 40 .0 40 .0 40 .0 40.0 98.00 95.50 98.50 92.50 Stenographers, general ____________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _________ ___________________ _________ Public u tilit ie s 2 _____________________________________ 77 48 22 40 .0 39.5 40 .0 73.50 72.50 71.00 " _____________________________________ 270 40 .0 91.0 0 _ _ 2 10 7 Switchboard operators _____________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 58 50 41.0 41 .0 6 0 .50 59.00 8 8 18 17 7 6 10 9 2 2 4 3 3 - 1 1 - 4 4 - " - - Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ______________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 31 21 40.0 40 .5 64.50 65.00 3 3 3 2 3 2 8 3 6 6 _ _ _ _ _ 3 " “ - 1 1 _ 6 1 1 T yp ists, c la ss A ____________________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________ 162 126 40 .0 40 .0 73.00 75.00 _ 16 16 12 12 41 10 5 5 4 51 50 9 9 11 11 1 1 _ - 10 10 - 1 1 T yp ists, c la ss B ____________________________________________ Nonmanufacturing ___ ____________________________________ 62 62 40 .0 40 .0 57.50 57.50 5 5 13 13 27 27 11 11 4 4 _ _ _ _ _ _ ■ " " ~ ~ " Keypunch op erators, c la ss A Stenographers, senior 1 2 3 2 3 3 2 2 . ' 2 2 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities. - _ _ - - _ _ _ " - " _ _ _ " * Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men (A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex. , A p ril 1963) N U M BE R OF W O R K E R S RE CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W EEKLY EARNING S OF - Average Occupation and industry division D raftsm en , leader _________________________ N um ber of W eek ly e a rn in g s1 (S tan d a rd ) W eek ly hours 1 (S tan d a rd ) 42 40. 0 $ 90 $ 95 95 100 100 *105 _________________________ 331 40. 0 40. 0 40. 0 102. 50 105. 00 $ $ 105 n o * 120 *125 *130 *135 *140 *145 *150 *155 *160 *165 *170 *175 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 over 1 2 4 2 4 1 1 1 1 2 4 6 2 10 31 40 23 21 24 15 8 17 16 17 28 10 11 8 3 1 6 6 15 15 2 13 7 .5 0 95 75 $ *115 $n o $ 1 7 0 .5 0 D raftsm en , junior --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------- D raftsm en , sen ior s 3 Under 1 80 * 8 5 and $ under 80 85 90 4 4 8 4 7 6 3 1 15 37 12 3 3 12 11 16 14 12 12 180 185 * 190 195 and 1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 8 at $ 1 9 5 to $ 200; and 2 at $ 200 to $ 2 0 5 . Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined (A verage straight-tim e weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex. , A p ril 1963) Occupation and industry division Number earnings 1 (Standard) 23 19 $ 78. 00 76. 50 Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ----------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------- 19 17 80. 50 80. 00 133 126 63. 00 6 3 .0 0 ------------------------------------------- 72 45 97. 50 97. 50 C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B --------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------- 182 46 136 66. 50 72. 00 64. 50 C lerk s, file , c la ss B ----------------------------------------------------N^nm^^n far tn ring _ .... 68 67 6 1 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ]\]r nT'j amifartnring \ T Average weekly j earnings (Standard) Occupation and industry division C lerk s, payroll ----------------------------------------- --------------- -------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------- 27 20 $ 8 3 . 50 84. 00 Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------- Keypunch operators, class A 43 79. 00 Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B Office boys and girls _________________________ Number of 31 21 $ 6 4 . 50 65. 00 ----------------------- 32 105. 00 55. 50 Typ ists, class A ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Pit>vl i r ut:i 1i ti e s 2 ......... 169 133 16 73. 50 75. 00 74. 50 98. 95. 98. 93. Typists, class B ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________ 62 62 57. 50 57. 50 ___________________________________ 39 Secretaries ___ - __________________________________________ Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nnnmannfartnring Public utilities 2 ________________ _________________ 196 33 163 29 Stenographers, general ________________________________ Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 _________________________________ 79 50 23 74. 00 73. 00 72. 50 274 91. 50 00 50 50 50 P rofession al and technical occupations 42 17 0 .5 0 --------- 339 47 16 31 75. 50 83. 00 72. 00 1 3 7 .5 0 D raftsm en , junior ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------- 106 86 10 2 .5 0 105. 00 D raftsm en , leader Stenographers, senior Switchboard operators Mmrmarmfartnring _________________________________ _________________________________ _ _____ 1 Earnings relate to regular stra ig h t-tim e weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. 2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities'. 59 51 60. 50 59. 00 ------------------------------------------------------------ D raftsm en , C lerk s, order ------------------------ --------------------------------------^ m if 3 rtnTi'ng _ _ ......... . Weekly6 j earnings (Standard) Office occupations ---- Continued Office occupations— Continued O ffice occupations B ille r s , machine (billing machine) ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------- B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B __________ 1 [nrvrr) armfartijring \ Number of workers Occupation and industry division ----------------------------------------------- senior 6 Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations (A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex. , April 1963) N U M B E R OF W O RK EB S RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A R N IN G S OF— Occupation and industry division Number of workers Average hourly , earnings 1 E le ctr icia n s, maintenance _______________________ 67 26 40 $ 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 58 $ . 20 $ 2. 30 * 2 .4 0 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2 $ 2. 50 2. 60 2. 94 H e lp e r s, maintenance trades . 00 and under 2 . 10 2 $3. 25 E n gin eers, stationary ____________________________ Under $ 2 . 00 $ ___________________ M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) _________ Manufacturing __________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________________ P n h l i e utilities 2 101 27 74 67 3. 2. 3. 3. 13 73 28 28 M ech anics, maintenance _________________________ Manufacturing __________________________________ 75 70 3. 07 3. 07 O ilers _______________________________________________ 16 2. 48 2. 70 $ 2. 70 2. 80 $ 2. 80 $ 2. 90 2. 90 3. 00 $ 3. 00 _ $ 3. 10 $ 3. 20 $ 3. 30 $ 3. 40 $ 3. 50 _ 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60... 14 30 5 1 6 1 5 - 1 1 - - 40 40 40 2 1 12 1 8 4 1 3 5 21 2 16 16 16 5 5 4 4 4 - ~ “ 25 25 3 " 6 6 _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 4 2 2 _ _ - _ 13 _ _ _ 5 5 - 5 5 - 7 7 - 2 2 7 7 31 31 8 1 3 3 2 2 1 2 “ 2 2 4 8 1 3 _ 1 " " _ 1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts. 2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities. $ 2 . 60 - _ - _ 5 Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations (Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ,, A p ril 1963) NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF— O ccup ation 1 and industry division N ber um of w orkers A verage Under $1.00 $1.10 h ourly , and earnin ^ $ gs 1.00 under 1.10 1.20 1 145 12 133 1.30 1.40 $ 2.88 400 78 322 38 1.56 1.83 1.49 1.73 2 2 25 24 1.57 1.57 - L a b o r e rs, m a te r ia l handling ____________ Manufacturing __________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________ Public u tilit ie s 3 ____________________ 332 2.27 _ 111 221 2 .02 - _ - Order fille r s _______________________________ Manufacturing __________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________ 150 40 2 .20 _ - _ - 110 1.89 - P a c k e rs, shipping _________________________ 22 1.62 R eceiving clerk s ___________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________ 55 38 2.26 2.20 - - - - Tru ck d river s 4 ______________________________ Manufacturing __________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________ P ublic u tilities 3 ____________________ 352 136 216 2.24 2. 13 2.31 2.82 _ - _ - 4 4 _ - - - - - _ 4 4 _ ____________________ Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (men) _______________________________________ M anufacturing __________________________ Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers (women) ___________________________________ Nonmanufacturing _____________________ 152 102 2.39 2.71 1.97 1.60 1.70 3 3 31 14 17 14 3 11 9 2 14 14 - 17 1 16 4 1 3 9 2 2 - - - 3 3 2 2 1 - _ - 30 30 _ - _ - 35 24 _ - . - 6 " 5 5 21 3 18 " 1 75 64 1.99 1.99 T r u c k d r iv e r s, m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons) _____________________ M anufacturing ______________________ 83 38 2.34 2.08 - - - - 34 2.36 2.09 - - 22 T r u c k d r iv e r s, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra iler type) _____________ ^ ami-fa rfnrinn /T 59 59 2.15 2.15 _ T r u ck e r s, power (forklift) _______________ 131 2.41 _ 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.10 3.20 85 2.9 0 41 4 3.30 - - - - - - - _ _ 22 22 12 22 2 16 6 2 - _ - _ - - 35 35 35 _ - - 93 93 93 _ - - " * - 4 4 _ - _ - _ _ _ - _ - " " " - " - 1 1 10 10 1 1 - - 17 17 5 96 96 90 5 5 4 _ - _ _ - _ - " - " _ _ _ _ - - _ _ _ _ - 47 41 2 - 4 1 6 6 2 2 4 " 5 5 3 3 8 2 23 21 2 6 2 10 6 11 1 1 5 4 27 5 3 1 4 4 4 4 17 16 - 12 8 6 4 2 2 ! _ 1 - j 1 1 18 - 73 7 - _ _ - 30 24 6 - 8 2 66 18 6 2 2 " 10 " j 11 11 4 4 2 2 2 2 3 3 14 14 9 9 - 40 34 42 40 33 31 6 2 - " 3 3 3 - " - - 43 _ 3 1 16 1 1 " 4 6 1 6 - 2 3 3 - - 13 - - - 3 3 - - - - _ ~ - - 13 13 11 11 _ - 3 3 _ - - 2 - - - - 5 27 _ 1 3 3 1 1 - - 1 6 5 _ - " " - - “ 8 58 2 27 4 2 1 - - - 6 1 1 10 - 3 5 13 4 " - “ - 3 3 4 4 11 11 2 2 8 1 1 25 20 17 16 5 5 7 7 1 6 6 17 17 7 2 13 - 30 30 13 13 - - - - - " " - - - - _ - 2 2 2 " - _ - _ “ 3 13 43 _ 2.6 0 54 - 1 - - - - - 5 5 - _ _ _ _ 1 1 5 5 _ 3 5 _ 1 Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated. E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities. Includes all d rivers r eg a r d le ss of size and type of truck operated. 9 2.5 0 - j ---------1 2 3 4 65 1 64 2.4 0 4 1 13 13 2.30 - - _ 2.20 - . - 7 5 2. 10 5 5 6 _ 1.80 1.90 2.00 1 3 T ru ck d river s , light (under 1 V2 tons) ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________ T r u c k d r iv e r s, heavy (over 4 tons, tra iler type) ___________________________ M anufacturing ______________________ 1.50 3 203 Guards and w atchm en $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.0 0 2 . 1 0 2.20 2.3 0 2.40 2.50 2.60 $2.70 2.80 2.9 0 3.00 3.10 3.20 3 12 12 1.20 S1.30 1 ______ _ " _ n _ - Appendix: Occupational Descriptions The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. OFFICE BILLER, MACHINE BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are classified by type of machine, as follows: Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A— Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal ance sheets, and other records by hand. Biller, machine (hilling machine)— Uses a special billing ma chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Class B— Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)— Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book keeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. CLERK, ACCOUNTING Class A— Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts 9 10 CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac counting clerks. Class B— Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers. CLERK, FILE Class A— an established filing system containing a number In of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in con junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. Class B— Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. CLERK, ORDER Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders. CLERK, PAYROLL Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine. COMPTOMETER OPERATOR Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of other duties. DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) Class C— Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto, masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material. 11 KEYPUNCH OPERATOR Class A— Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example, locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and interprets information on the document to determine information to be punched. May train inexperienced operators. Class B— Under close supervision or following specific proce dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor. OFFICE BOY OR GIRL Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis tributing mail, and other minor clerical work. SECRETARY Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and SECRETARY— Continued making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or th* recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special reports or memorandums for information of superior. STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.) STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons, either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc. OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. 12 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard. Dunes involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information ta persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist. TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued Class C— Operates simple tabulating or electrical account ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re petitive operations. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at switchboard. TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR Class A— Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports, Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators. Class B— Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the procedures are well established. May also include the training of new employees in the basic operation of the machine. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general. TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Class A— Performs one or more o f the following; Typing ma terial in final form when it involves combining material from several sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances. Class B— Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. 13 PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR (Assistant draftsman) Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction of a draftsman. completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings. Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec trical, mechanical, or structural drafting. DRAFTSMAN, LEADER NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints, sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures; assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a supervisory or administrative nature. DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw ings and do simple lettering. MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 14 ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. ENGINEER, STATIONARY Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification. MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and safety valve. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment. Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working 15 MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued MILLWRIGHT properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. OILER Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment. PAINTER, MAINTENANCE Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings 16 PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded. types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. TOOL AND DIE MAKER (Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker) PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification. CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER GUARD Transports passengers between floors of an office building apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of starters and janitors are excluded. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and other persons entering. 17 JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER PACKER, SHIPPING (Sweeper; charwomen; janitress) Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work ers who specialize in window washing are excluded. Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING (Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper) A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded. ORDER FILLER (Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman) Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus tomers * orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform Other related duties. SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Receiving clerk Shipping clerk Shipping and receiving clerk 18 TRUCKDRIVER TRUCKER, POWER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are excluded. Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.) Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately) Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons) Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type) Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type) For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck, as follows: Trucker, power (forklift) Trucker, power (other than forklift) WATCHMAN Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.