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Occupational Wage Survey

ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO
APRIL 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-63




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO




APRIL 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-63
June 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price 2 0 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M a rk et O ccu p ation al W age Survey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -tw o ^abor m a rk e ts cu rren tly are included
in the B u reau of L a bo r S ta tistic s p ro g ra m of annual o c ­
cupational w age su r v e y s in m a jo r labor m a rk e ts.
T h ese
stu dies p ro v id e data on occupational earnings and rela te d
su p p lem e n ta ry b e n e fits. In form ation on rela te d su p p lem en ­
ta r y b en efits is obtained bien n ially in m o st of the labor
m a r k e ts .
A p r e lim in a r y rep o rt which p resen ts earnin gs
tren ds for s e le c te d occu pation al groups and a verage e a r n ­
ings in s e le c te d jo b s is r e le a s e d within a month a fter the
com p letion of the study in each a rea. This bulletin p r o ­
v id es additional data not included in the p r e lim in a ry rep o rt.
A tw o -p a r t su m m a r y bulletin is issu ed after the
c om p letion of a ll of the a re a bulletins for a round of s u r ­
v ey s (for the cu rren t round of su r v e y s, the fir s t part of
this b u lle tin w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the second
part e a r ly in 1964).
The fir s t part p rese n ts individual
lab or m a r k e t data.
The secon d part p r ese n ts data relatin g
to a ll m e tro p o lita n a r e a s in the United States.

Introduction _______________________________________________________________________
W age tren ds for s e le c te d occupational groups ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
Z.

A:

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within scop e of su rvey
P e r c e n ts of change in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s for s e le c te d
occupational g ro u p s, for s e le c te d p e rio d s _________
O ccupational e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en ___________________________
m
A - Z . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu pation s— en _______________
m
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w om en com bin ed ____________________________________
A - 4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations ____________________
A - 5 . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ov em en t occupations ____________

Appendix:

O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s ________________________ _______________

T h is b u lletin w as prep ared in the B u reau ’ s r e ­
gional o ffic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif., by R obert L. O rr ,
under the d ir e c tio n of W illia m P. O 'C on n or.
The study
w as under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n of John L. Dana, A s s is ta n t
R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W a g e s and Industrial R ela tio n s.




1
3

m a jo r

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re ava ilab le fo r other
a reas.
(See in side back c o v e r .)

Union s c a le s , in dicative of p rev a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Albuquerque a re a , a re a ls o ava ilab le for seven selected
building tra d e s.

in

4
5
5
6
7
9




Occupational Wage Survey—Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 of 82 labor m a rk e ts in which the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t of L a b o r 's B u reau of Labor S ta tistics conducts s u r v e y s of
occu p atio n al ea rn in g s and rela te d wage b en efits on an areaw id e b a s is .

O ccupational em p loy m en t and earnin gs data are shown for
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ired to w ork a reg u lar w eekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h olidays, and
late sh ifts .
N onproduction bon u ses a re exclu ded,
but c o s t -o f livin g b on u ses and in cen tive earn in gs are included.
W here w eekly
hours are rep o rte d , as for o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, referen ce is
to the w ork sch ed u les (rounded to the n e a re st half hour) for which
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s are paid; a vera ge w e ek ly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n e a re st h alf d ollar.

T h is b u lle tin p r e se n ts cu rren t occupational e m p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the e s ta b lish m e n ts
v is ite d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m ists in the la st p rev io u s s u r v e y for
o ccu p ation s r e p o r te d in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n a l v is it s w e re imade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose respondents reportin g unusual ch an ges
sin ce the p r e v io u s su rv ey .
In ea ch a r e a , data are obtained fr o m re p re se n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin six b road in du stry d iv isio n s: M an u factu ring; t r a n s ­
po rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s; w h o le sa le traide;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n c e , and rea l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry grou ps ex clu d ed fr o m these studies are g overn m en t o p e r a ­
tions and the co n stru c tio n and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries.
E s ta b lis h m e n ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk ers a re o m itte d
b e c a u se they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em p loym en t in the o c c u p a ­
tions studied to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a re p r o v id e d
for each of the b road in d u stry division s which m e e t p u b lic a tio n
c r it e r ia .

D iffe re n c e s in pay le v e ls for s e le c te d occupations in which
both m en and w om en a re c om m o n ly em p loy ed are la rg e ly due to
(1) d iffe re n c e s in the distrib u tion of the se x e s among in du stries and
e sta b lish m e n ts; (2) d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo r m e d , although
the occupations are a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e survey
job d e sc rip tio n ; and (3) d iffe re n c e s in length of se r v ic e or m e rit
rev ie w when individual s a la r ie s are adjusted on this b a sis.
Longer
avera ge se r v ic e of m en would re s u lt in higher average pay when
both se x e s are em p loy ed within the sam e rate range.
Job d e s c r ip ­
tions u sed in c la ssify in g em p lo y e e s in these su rvey s are usually
m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than those u sed in individual esta b lish m en ts to
allow for m in or d iffe re n c e s among esta b lish m e n ts in sp ecific duties
p e rfo r m e d .

T h e se su r v e y s are conducted on a sam p le b a sis b ecau se c>f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o st in volved in surveying all e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain o ptim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o st, a g re a ter pro p ortion o:f
la rg e than of s m a ll e sta b lish m e n ts is studied. In com bining the data,,
h o w e v e r, a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts are given their appropriate w eight. E s t i ­
m a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m e n ts studied are p re se n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a re a ,
ex cep t fo r th ose b elow the m in im u m size studied.
O ccu p ation s

O ccupational em p loym en t e s tim a te s re p r e s e n t the total in all
esta b lish m e n ts within the scope of the study and not the number actu ­
a lly su rvey ed . B eca u se of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among
e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occupational em ploym en t obtained
fr o m the sa m p le of e sta b lish m e n ts studied s e r v e only to indicate the
r ela tiv e im p o rtan ce of the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n ce s in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly affect the a cc u ra c y of the ea rn ­
ings data.

and E a rn in g s

The occu p ation s s e le c te d for study are com m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u strie s, and a re of the
fo llow in g ty p e s : (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe ssio n a l and tec h n ic a l;
(c) m ain ten an ce and po w erp la n t; and (d) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is b ased on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e s c r ip tio n s d e sig n e d to take account of inter esta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The occupations se le c te d for study are
lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E arn in gs data fo r so m e of the
occu p ation s lis t e d and d e sc r ib e d are not p rese n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u se eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too s m a ll
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tio n , or (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ility of d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al esta b lish m en t data.




E sta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s

and Sup plem en tary W age P ro v isio n s

T abu lation s on se le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supple­
m en ta ry wage p r o v isio n s ( B - s e r i e s tab les) are not presen ted in this
bu lletin .
In form ation fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d biennially in
this a re a .
T h ese tabulations on m in im u m en trance s a la r ie s for in ­
ex p e rie n c e d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s ;
shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled
w e ek ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s; and health, in su ran ce,
and pen sion plans are p r ese n te d (in the B - s e r i e s tab les) in previous
b u lletin s fo r this a re a .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of s u r v e y and n um b er stu d ied in A lb u q u erq u e , N. M e x .,

by m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 A p r il 1963
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts

N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

W ith in sc o p e
of stu d y 3
*

W ithin sc o p e
of study *

Studied

Studied

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

125

79

25, 60 0

2 1 , 83 0

M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 _______________________________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e 6 _______________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te 6 _____________________
S e r v ic e s 6» 7 _______________________________________________________

27
98

23
56

19,

5, 700
90 0

5, 33 0
16, 50 0

17
14
35
10
22

13
7
16
7
13

4, 700
90 0
4, 300
1, 20 0
8, 80 0

4 , 46 0
450
2, 52 0
1, 090
7, 98 0

A ll d iv is io n s

1 Th e A lb u q u erq u e Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of B e r n a lillo County.
The "w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of stu d y " e s t im a t e s show n
in th is ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n of the la b o r fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e
not in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith other e m p lo y m e n t in dexes for the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s or le v e ls
sin ce (l) planning of w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e s t a b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and
(2) s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d ed f r o m the sc o p e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition of the Stan d ard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an ual w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at or ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50
e m p lo y e e s ).
A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) of
c o m p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ictu r e th e a te rs a re c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the area) at or above the m in im u m lim ita t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ) .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a ter tra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n
of data
fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the
d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te stud y, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e sig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p resen ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se w a s in s u ffic ie n t or in adequate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and
(4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in divid u al e sta b lish m e n t data.
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ;
b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s; n onp rofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

P e r c e n ts of change 1 in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly
ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c cu p a tio n a l gro u p s in A lb u q u erq u e , N. M e x .,
fo r s e le c te d p e r io d s

O c c u p a tio n a l group

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en ) ________________
In d u str ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) ____________
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en) ________________________
U n s k ille d plant (m en) _______________________________

1
2
3

M a y 1962
to
A p r il 1963

1.9
(1 )
2
(2 )
4 .7

M a y 1961
to
M a y 1962

M ay i9 6 0
to
M a y 1961

2 .3

2 .2

(2 )
, (2 )
3 - 1.2

(2 )
(2 )
.9

U n le s s o th e rw ise in d ic a ted , a ll a r e in c r e a s e s .
D ata do not m e e t p u b lic ation c r it e r ia .
T h is d e c r e a s e r e f le c t s a h igh er p r o p o r tio n of e m p lo y m e n t re p o r te d in lo w -w a g e
ra th e r than w age d e c r e a s e s .

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in table Z are percen ta ges of change in a vera ge
s a la r ie s of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in du strial n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e ra g e earnin gs of s e le c te d plant w orker grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in du strial n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tages of change re la te to a vera ge w eekly sa la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
of w ork, that i s , the stan dard work schedule for which stra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w orker grou ps, they m e a su re changes
in a v e ra g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h ou rly ea rn in g s, excluding p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en ds, h olid ay s, and late sh ifts. The
p e rc e n ta g e s a re b ase d on data fo r se le c te d key occupations and in ­
clude m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im portant job s within each group. The
o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re b a se d on m en and w om en in the follow in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a to r s , c la ss B; c le r k s , accou n tin g, c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r ; c le r k s , p a y r o ll;
C o m p to m eter o p e r a to r s ; keypunch o p era to rs, c la ss A and B; o ffice
boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; sten og rap h e rs, g en eral; sten o g ra p h e rs,
s e n io r ; sw itch b o ard o p e r a to r s ; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to rs, c la s s B;
and t y p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in du strial nurse data are b ased on
m en and w o m en in d u stria l n u rse s.
M en in the follow in g 8 sk illed
m ain ten an ce jo b s and Z u n sk illed jobs are included
in the plant
w o rk er data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a c h in ists; m e c h a n ic s;
m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e; p a in te r s; p ip e fitte r s; and tool and die m a k e r s ;
u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s; and la b o r e r s , m a te r ia l
handling.
A v e r a g e w e ek ly s a la r ie s or average hourly earnin gs w ere
com puted for each of the s e le c te d occupations. The avera ge s a la r ie s
or h ou rly ea rn in g s w e re then m u ltip lied by em p loym en t in each of




the jo b s during the p e rio d su rv ey ed in 1961 . T h ese weighted earnings
fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate
fo r each occupational group. F in a lly , the ratio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
centage) of the group a gg re ga te fo r the one y e a r to the aggregate for
the other y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the resu lt and
100 is the p e rce n ta ge of change fr o m the one p e rio d to the other.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the effects
of (1) g en eral s a la r y and wage ch an ges; (Z) m e r it or other in c re a se s
in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e job ; and
(3) changes in avera ge w ages due to changes in the labor force r e ­
sulting fr o m labor tu rn o ver, fo r c e ex p a n sion s, fo r c e redu ction s, and
changes in the proportion s of w o rk e rs em p loy ed by establish m en ts
with differen t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the labor fo r c e can cause in ­
c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the occupational a v e r a g e s without actual wage
ch an ges.
F o r ex a m p le , a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a se the p r o ­
portion of low er paid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific occupation and lower the
a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a reduction in the p ro p ortion of low er paid w orkers
would have the opposite e ffe ct.
S im ila r ly ,
the m ovem en t of a
h igh -p a yin g esta b lish m en t out of an a re a could cause the average
earnin gs to drop, even though no change in rates o ccu rred in other
e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a .
The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a te s the e f ­
fe ct of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each
job included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change are not influenced
by changes in standard w ork sch ed u les or in p re m iu m pay for o v e r ­
tim e , sin ce they are based on pay for s tr a ig h t-tim e hours.

W age indexes for se le c te d groups of w o r k e r s b a se d on data fr o m the
labor m ark et su rvey s w ere com puted fo r Z0 a re a s betw een 1953 and I9 6 0 .
In
1961, the labor m a rk e t occupational wage p r o g r a m w as expanded to include
80 Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A r e a s which w ill be su rvey ed annually. T h is
expansion m ade data ava ilab le fo r the com putation of wage indexes for s e le c te d
job groupings in each of the 80 a r e a s .
The above text r e p r e se n ts the m ethod
used in computing th ese new wage change in d ex es.
The new s e r ie s w as in itiated
la st year and the data a re not c o m p arab le with tren ds published p rio r to that tim e .
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e job groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
with the follow ing e x c ep tio n s: The c le r ic a l and in d u stria l n u rse g rou p s, fo r m e r ly
r e s tr ic te d to w om en, now include both m en and w om en .
C hanges w ere a ls o m ade
in the jo b s included within job groupings in ord er that an id en tical lis t could be
em p loyed in a ll a re a s.

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ., April 1963)

55

$ 55
6° _

O'
o

$ 50

$ 65

65

70

$ 70
_

75

$ 75
80__

V*

Weekly
W
eekly $ 45
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50

o
1 00

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

o
o

NtFM
BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

$ 90

$ 95

$ 100

$ 105

$ n o

$ 115

$ 120

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

Men
C lerk s, accounting, class A ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

27
22

40 .5
40 .5

$ 9 4 .0 0
94.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

3
2

5
5

3
3

5
4

3
3

2
1

_

-

5
3

_

"

1
1

_

"

-

-

C lerk s, order

31

40 .0

81.50

_

_

2

_

1

8

6

2

2

4

_

6

_

_

_

_

________

________

_________________________

29

40 .0

54.50

11

4

12

class B ________________

26

40.0

106.00

.

.

_

.

.

.

1

.

2

1

1

5

3

12

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ___________ ___
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------

19
17

40 .5
40 .5

80.50
80.00

_

_

_

_

3
3

7
7

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

2
1

_

-

3
3

1

"

-

-

-

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B _______________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

128
122

40 .0
40 .0

63.00
63.00

4
4

21
21

21
21

29
27

34
32

7
6

5
5

1
1

5
5

_

"

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

45
23

39.5
39.5

99.50
100.00

.

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

"

1
1

-

4
3

6
3

7
1

C lerk s, accounting, class B ______________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

171
46
125

40 .0
40 .0
40.0

66.00
72.00
63.50

12
12

16
2
14

37
5
32

26
6
20

23
7
16

20
11
9

14
5
9

7
3
4

3
2
1

C lerk s, file , class B _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

61
60

40 .0
40 .0

59.00
59-00

19
19

20
20

2
2

6
6

3
2

.

-

8
8

_

-

C lerk s, order

_______________________________________________

16

40 .0

65.00

_

1

1

8

3

.

3

_

_

C lerk s, payroll _____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

22
19

40 .5
40.5

81.50
83.50

1

4
4

1

-

2
2

"

1
1

-

2
1

3
3

_

6

_

2

1

4

1

13

4

9

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

3
3
-

2
2
-

6
2
4
-

1
1
-

4
1

13
2
11
3

12
12
6

11
2
9
3

10
2
8
-

19
3
16

14
3
11

49
2
47

3

3

3

44
12
32
1

2
2
1

3
1
2
1

-

4
4

5
5
4

9
9
6

5
5
3

19

7
-

6
3

1
1

_
-

_
_

-

-

1
1
1

_
_

-

1
1
1

-

-

19
16
4

-

-

-

13

12

48

61

89

25

1

_

_

1

Office boys

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tabulating-m achine operators,

1

1
1

W omen

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
2

3

11
6

2
2

_

-

7
5

7
5
2

5
5

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

5
5

1
1

-

1
1

-

1
1

1

_

_____________________________

41

40.5

79.00

S ecretaries ___________________________________________________
Manufacturing ___________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilities 2 _____________________________________

193
33
160
26

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40.0

98.00
95.50
98.50
92.50

Stenographers, general ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________ ___________________ _________
Public u tilit ie s 2 _____________________________________

77
48
22

40 .0
39.5
40 .0

73.50
72.50
71.00

"

_____________________________________

270

40 .0

91.0 0

_

_

2

10

7

Switchboard operators _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

58
50

41.0
41 .0

6 0 .50
59.00

8
8

18
17

7
6

10
9

2
2

4

3

3

-

1
1

-

4
4

-

"

-

-

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

31
21

40.0
40 .5

64.50
65.00

3
3

3
2

3
2

8
3

6

6

_

_

_

_

_

3

"

“

-

1
1

_

6

1
1

T yp ists, c la ss A ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

162
126

40 .0
40 .0

73.00
75.00

_

16
16

12
12

41
10

5

5
4

51
50

9
9

11
11

1
1

_

-

10
10

-

1
1

T yp ists, c la ss B ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___ ____________________________________

62
62

40 .0
40 .0

57.50
57.50

5
5

13
13

27
27

11
11

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

■

"

"

~

~

"

Keypunch op erators, c la ss A

Stenographers, senior

1
2

3

2
3
3

2

2
.

'

2
2

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

"

-

"

_

_

_

"

*

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex. , A p ril 1963)
N U M BE R OF W O R K E R S RE CE IVIN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E W EEKLY EARNING S OF -

Average

Occupation and industry division

D raftsm en , leader

_________________________

N um ber
of

W eek ly
e a rn in g s1
(S tan d a rd )

W eek ly
hours 1
(S tan d a rd )

42

40. 0

$ 90

$ 95

95

100

100

*105

_________________________

331

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

102. 50
105. 00

$

$

105

n o

* 120

*125

*130

*135

*140

*145

*150

*155

*160

*165

*170

*175

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

over

1

2

4

2

4

1

1

1

1

2

4

6

2 10

31

40

23

21

24

15

8

17

16

17

28

10

11

8

3

1

6
6

15
15

2

13 7 .5 0

95
75

$

*115

$n o

$ 1 7 0 .5 0

D raftsm en , junior --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------

D raftsm en , sen ior

s

3

Under 1 80 * 8 5
and
$
under
80
85
90

4
4

8
4

7
6

3

1

15

37

12
3

3

12
11

16
14

12
12

180

185 * 190

195
and

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 8 at $ 1 9 5 to $ 200; and 2 at $ 200 to $ 2 0 5 .

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A verage straight-tim e weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex. , A p ril 1963)

Occupation and industry division

Number
earnings 1
(Standard)

23
19

$ 78. 00
76. 50

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A ----------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

19
17

80. 50
80. 00

133
126

63. 00
6 3 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

72
45

97. 50
97. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B --------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

182
46
136

66. 50
72. 00
64. 50

C lerk s, file , c la ss B ----------------------------------------------------N^nm^^n far tn ring
_ ....

68
67

6 1 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A
]\]r nT'j amifartnring
\ T

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

C lerk s, payroll ----------------------------------------- --------------- -------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

27
20

$ 8 3 . 50
84. 00

Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch operators, class A

43

79. 00

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B

Office boys and girls

_________________________

Number
of

31
21

$ 6 4 . 50
65. 00

-----------------------

32

105. 00

55. 50

Typ ists, class A ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------Pit>vl i r ut:i 1i ti e s 2
.........

169
133
16

73. 50
75. 00
74. 50

98.
95.
98.
93.

Typists, class B ---------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________________

62
62

57. 50
57. 50

___________________________________

39

Secretaries ___ - __________________________________________
Manufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------Nnnmannfartnring
Public utilities 2 ________________ _________________

196
33
163
29

Stenographers, general ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 _________________________________

79
50
23

74. 00
73. 00
72. 50

274

91. 50

00
50
50
50

P rofession al and technical occupations

42

17 0 .5 0

---------

339

47
16
31

75. 50
83. 00
72. 00

1 3 7 .5 0

D raftsm en , junior ------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

106
86

10 2 .5 0
105. 00

D raftsm en , leader
Stenographers, senior

Switchboard operators
Mmrmarmfartnring

_________________________________

_________________________________
_ _____

1 Earnings relate to regular stra ig h t-tim e weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities'.




59
51

60. 50
59. 00

------------------------------------------------------------

D raftsm en ,
C lerk s, order ------------------------ --------------------------------------^ m if 3 rtnTi'ng
_
_
......... .

Weekly6 j
earnings
(Standard)

Office occupations ---- Continued

Office occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , machine (billing machine) ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------

B ookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss B __________
1 [nrvrr) armfartijring
\

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

-----------------------------------------------

senior

6

Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex. , April 1963)
N U M B E R OF W O RK EB S RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A R N IN G S OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly ,
earnings 1

E le ctr icia n s, maintenance _______________________

67

26

40

$ 2

.

10

2

.

20

2. 58

$

.

20

$ 2. 30

* 2 .4 0

2. 30

2 .4 0

2. 50

2

$ 2. 50
2.

60

2. 94

H e lp e r s, maintenance trades

. 00
and
under
2 . 10
2

$3. 25

E n gin eers, stationary ____________________________

Under
$
2 . 00

$

___________________

M ech anics, automotive (maintenance) _________
Manufacturing __________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________________
P n h l i e utilities 2

101

27
74
67

3.
2.
3.
3.

13
73
28
28

M ech anics, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing __________________________________

75
70

3. 07
3. 07

O ilers _______________________________________________

16

2. 48

2. 70

$ 2. 70
2.

80

$

2.

80

$ 2. 90

2.

90

3. 00

$

3. 00
_

$

3. 10

$

3. 20

$

3. 30

$

3. 40

$

3. 50
_

3. 10

3. 20

3. 30

3. 40

3. 50

3. 60...

14

30

5

1

6

1

5

-

1

1

-

-

40
40
40

2

1

12

1

8

4

1

3

5

21

2

16
16
16

5
5
4

4
4
-

~

“

25
25

3

"

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

4

2
2

_

_

-

_

13

_

_

_

5
5
-

5
5
-

7
7
-

2
2

7
7

31
31

8
1

3
3

2

2

1

2

“

2
2

4

8

1

3

_

1
"

"

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




$ 2 . 60

-

_

-

_

5

Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M e x ,, A p ril 1963)
NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O ccup ation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

A
verage Under $1.00 $1.10
h
ourly ,
and
earnin ^ $
gs
1.00 under
1.10 1.20

1

145
12
133

1.30

1.40

$ 2.88

400
78
322
38

1.56
1.83
1.49
1.73

2
2

25
24

1.57
1.57

-

L a b o r e rs, m a te r ia l handling ____________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilit ie s 3 ____________________

332

2.27

_

111
221

2 .02

-

_
-

Order fille r s _______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

150
40

2 .20

_
-

_
-

110

1.89

-

P a c k e rs, shipping _________________________

22

1.62

R eceiving clerk s ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

55
38

2.26
2.20

-

-

-

-

Tru ck d river s 4 ______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
P ublic u tilities 3 ____________________

352
136
216

2.24
2. 13
2.31
2.82

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

_

____________________

Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers
(men) _______________________________________
M anufacturing __________________________

Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers
(women) ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

152

102

2.39
2.71
1.97

1.60

1.70

3

3

31
14
17

14
3
11

9
2

14
14

-

17
1
16

4
1
3

9

2

2

-

-

-

3
3

2

2

1

-

_
-

30
30

_
-

_
-

35
24

_
-

.
-

6

"

5
5

21
3
18

"

1

75
64

1.99
1.99

T r u c k d r iv e r s, m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) _____________________
M anufacturing ______________________

83
38

2.34
2.08

-

-

-

-

34

2.36
2.09

-

-

22

T r u c k d r iv e r s, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) _____________
^ ami-fa rfnrinn
/T

59
59

2.15
2.15

_

T r u ck e r s, power (forklift) _______________

131

2.41

_

2.70

2.80

3.00

3.10

3.20

85

2.9 0

41

4

3.30

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

22
22

12

22

2

16
6

2

-

_
-

_
-

-

35
35
35

_
-

-

93
93
93

_

-

-

"

*

-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
-

"

"

"

-

"

-

1
1

10
10

1
1

-

-

17
17
5

96
96
90

5
5
4

_
-

_

_

-

_
-

"

-

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

47
41

2
-

4
1

6
6

2
2

4

"

5
5

3
3

8

2

23
21
2

6
2

10
6

11

1
1

5
4

27

5
3

1

4
4

4
4

17
16

-

12

8

6

4

2
2

!
_ 1
- j

1
1

18

-

73
7

-

_

_
-

30
24

6

-

8

2

66

18

6

2
2

"

10

"

j

11
11

4
4

2
2

2
2

3
3

14

14

9
9
-

40
34

42
40

33
31

6

2

-

"
3

3
3

-

"

-

-

43

_

3

1

16

1
1

"

4

6

1

6

-

2

3
3
-

-

13

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

-

13
13

11
11

_

-

3
3

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

5

27

_

1

3
3

1
1

-

-

1

6

5

_

-

"

"

-

-

“

8

58

2

27

4

2

1

-

-

-

6
1

1

10

-

3

5

13

4

"

-

“

-

3
3

4
4

11
11

2
2

8

1
1

25
20

17
16

5
5

7
7

1

6
6

17
17

7

2

13

-

30
30

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

_

-

2

2

2

"
-

_
-

_

“

3

13

43

_

2.6 0

54

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

5
5

_

3

5

_

1

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rivers r eg a r d le ss of size and type of truck operated.




9

2.5 0

-

j
---------1
2
3
4

65
1
64

2.4 0

4

1

13
13

2.30

-

-

_

2.20

-

.

-

7
5

2. 10

5
5

6

_

1.80

1.90

2.00

1

3

T ru ck d river s , light (under
1 V2 tons) ----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ___________________________
M anufacturing ______________________

1.50

3

203

Guards and w atchm en

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.0 0 2 . 1 0
2.20 2.3 0 2.40 2.50 2.60 $2.70 2.80 2.9 0 3.00 3.10 3.20

3

12
12

1.20 S1.30

1 ______
_

"

_

n

_
-




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
9

10

CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto,
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

11

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY— Continued

making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or th*
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

12

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Dunes involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
ta persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

13

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




14

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most o f the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

15

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

16

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




17

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers * orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

18

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102