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Occupational Wage Survey

LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA *
MARCH 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOS ANGELES-LONG BEACH, CALIFORNIA




MARCH 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-62
June 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sa lt b y the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington 25, D.C.

-

Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

1

T h e L a b o r M a r k e t O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey P r o g r a m
W a ge tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a r k e ts c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d e d
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c ­
cu p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts .
T h ese
s tu d ie s p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and r e la t e d
s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s . In fo rm a tio n on r e la t e d su p p le m e n ­
ta r y b e n e fit s is o b ta in e d b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f the la b o r
m a rk ets.

T a b le s :

1.
2.
3.

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w h ich p r e s e n ts e a r n in g s
tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ith in a m on th a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f the stu d y in e a c h a r e a . T h is b u lle tin p r o ­
v id e s a d d itio n a l data n ot in clu d e d in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

A:

A t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a roun d o f s u r ­
v e y s (fo r the c u r r e n t rou n d o f s u r v e y s , the f ir s t p a rt o f
th is b u lle tin w ill b e a v a ila b le la te in 1963 and the s e c o n d
p a rt -e a r ly in 1964).
T h e f i r s t p a rt p r e s e n ts in d iv id u a l
la b o r m a r k e t data. T h e s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts data r e la tin g
to a ll m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s in the U nited S tates.

B:

T h is b u lle tin w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u rea u 1s r e ­
g io n a l o f f ic e in San F r a n c i s c o , C a lif., b y R o b e rt L. O r r ,
u n d er the d ir e c t io n o f W illia m P . O 'C o n n o r.
The study
w a s u n d er the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f John L. D ana, A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W a g es and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y __
P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -----------------In d exes o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n ______________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s -r o e n
and w o m e n _________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
o c c u p a tio n s — e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _
m
A - 4 . M ain ten an ce and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s _____
A - 5. C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tr a n ce s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s __
B -2 . Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ...
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s
B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
B -6 . H ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n pla n s

A p p e n d ix :

* N O T E : S im ila r
in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

ta b u la tion s

4

are

a v a ila b le

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s

fo r

oth er

m a jo r a r e a s .

5
5

6
12
13
15
17

19

20

21
22
23
25
27

(See

C u rren t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s
in the L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r g r a y ir o n fo u n d r ie s
(N o v e m b e r 1962), s t e e l fo u n d r ie s (N o v e m b e r 1962), w om en *s and m i s s e s ' c o a ts
and su its (A ugust 1962), w o m e n 's c e m e n t - p r o c e s s (c o n v e n t io n a l-la s t e d ) s h o e s
(A p r il 1962), and w o o d h o u s e h o ld fu rn itu r e (e x c e p t u p h o ls te r e d ) (J u ly 1962). U n ion
s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s
o r in d u s tr ie s : B u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g , l o c a l- t r a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3




Occupational Wage Survey—Los Angeles—Long Beach. Calif.

Introduction
O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data are shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e ., th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch edu le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g
b o n u s e s and in ce n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to
the w o r k sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich
s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th ese
o c c u p a tio n s have b e e n rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U . S. D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r* s B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la te d w age b en efits on an a r e a w id e
b a s is .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u ­
re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s 1 to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s :
M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l -esta te; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u str y g ro u p s
e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a re o m itte d b e c a u s e th ey
ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to
w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .

D iffe r e n c e s in pa y le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s in w h ich
b oth m en and w o m e n a re c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a r e la r g e ly due to
(1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am on g in d u s tr ie s and
e s ta b lis h m e n ts ; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific d u tie s p e r fo r m e d , although
the o c c u p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ith in the sa m e su rv ey
jo b d e s c r ip t io n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju ste d on th is b a s is .
L on g er
a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ou ld r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e r a g e pay w hen both
s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te r a n g e .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s
u s e d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts to a llo w fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ifi c d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ied .
In co m b in in g the da ta,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t.
E s tim a t e s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stud ied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e ­
f o r e , as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and
a r e a , e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and n ot the n um ber a c tu ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l stru ctu re am ong
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t obtain ed
fr o m the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the
r e la t iv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.

The o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(a) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c ) m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in ter esta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the ap pendix.
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e
o f the o c c u p a t io n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the
A - s e r i e s ta b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is
to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re
is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s

In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B -* s e rie s ta b le s ) on. s e le c te d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits a s th ey re la te to
o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , ” as u sed
1
D ata w e r e ob ta in e d b y m a il fr o m som e o f the s m a lle r e s ­ th is b u lle tin , in c lu d e s w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
in
ta b lis h m e n ts f o r w h ich v is it s b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d m in ­
p r e v io u s s u r v e y in d ic a te d e m p lo y m e n t in r e la t iv e ly few o f the o c c u ­
is t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P la n t w o r k e r s ” in ­
p a tio n s stu d ied .
U n u su al ch a n g es r e p o r t e d by m a il w e r e v e r ifi e d
clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding
le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s.
A d m in is tra tiv e ,
w ith e m p lo y e r s .




1

2
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n
e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m an u factu rin g in d u s ­
t r ie s , but a r e in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta ble B - l ) r e la t e on ly to the
e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y p o l i c i e s .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u fa ctu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m en t, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s
a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plyin g to
a m a jo r it y w a s u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y , the
c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r n w a s u s e d .
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
la t e -s h ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sch ed u led h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the f i r s t - s h i f t
w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e ta bu la ted as ap plyin g to a ll o f the
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t.
P a id h o lid a y s ; p a id
v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh
B -6 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le
to a ll plant o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e l i ­
g ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sum s o f
in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou g h B -6 m a y n ot equ al to ta ls b e ­
c a u se o f rou n d in g.
D ata on paid h o lid a y s (ta ble B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h o lid a y s g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d e d ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a
n on w ork d a y , ev en i f the w o r k e r is n ot g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
The
fir s t p a rt o f the pa id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m b er o f w h o le
and h a lf h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted .
The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h o le
and h a lf h o lid a y s to show tota l h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o l i c i e s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , su ch as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,

o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n p a y ,
p a y m en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
e x a m p le , a p a ym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as the eq u ivalen t o f 1 w e e k ’ s pa y.

D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s (table B -6 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by
the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such p la n s
in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
th o se p r o v id e d th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r
out o f c u r r e n t op era tin g funds o r f r o m a fund se t a s id e fo r th is
p u rp ose.
D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f life in s u r a n c e .

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim ite d to that ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u rin g ill n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s . H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,3 plans a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m
w o r k b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a ra te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d in g
to ( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f v /o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d s i c k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d to ta l
is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fit s .
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in clu d e s th o s e p la n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in su ra n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
b e s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o s e plans that p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

3 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R h od e Is la n d
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as h aving a p o li c y i f it m edo n ot r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
t
eith er o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s :
(1) O p e ra te d la te sh ifts at the
4 An esta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d a s h aving a f o r m a l plan i f
tim e o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts .
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s ic k le a v e that
An e sta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s i f it
c o u ld b e e x p e cte d b y ea ch em ployee*.
Such a pla n n e e d n ot be w r it te n ,
(1) had o p e r a te d la te sh ifts d u rin g the 12 m on th s p r io r to the s u r v e y ,
but in fo r m a l s i c k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s ,
or (2) had p r o v is io n s in w ritte n fo r m fo r op e r a tin g la te sh ifts .
w e r e e x clu d e d .
2




Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., 1 by major industry division, 2 March 1963

Industry division

All divisions __________________________________________
_ _____ —
__ _ __
Manufacturing ______________ _
Nonmanufacturing ------------ __ ---— __ __ —
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities5 — ..
__
__ __ .. __
---- — — — — — _
Wholesale trade — — — -----Retail trade (excluding department stores) --------------Finance, insurance, and real estate ------------------------Services (excluding motion pictures) 8
Motion pictures9 ---- -------------------- __ — .. — ------

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study1
3
*

_

2, 915

100
-

1, 180
1, 735

100
50
100
50
50
50

120
520
222
313
507
53

Studied

Studied
Total4

Office

Plant

353

1, 079, 400

227,200

613, 600

540, 920

124
229

601, 700
477,700

97,400
129,800

357,500
256,100

315, 060
225, 860

35
51
29
44
54
16

104, 100
71, 500
108, 200
94, 500
79,500
19,900

21, 500
18, 100
(67
)
63,700
15, 400
2,600

58,
43,
?
7 6,
42,
13,

100
100
(6)
700
800
700

Total4

84, 430
15, 100
36,370
51, 850
24, 550
13,560

1 The Los Angeles—
Long Beach Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Los Angeles and Orange Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison
with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance
of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
* The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. Los Angeles' electric utilities and most of its local transit are municipally operated and are excluded by definition
from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "all industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample
was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only. Workers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "all
industry" estimates in the Series B tables.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion picture distribution and motion picture theaters; nonprofit membership organizations; and engineering and
architectural services.
9 Motion picture production and motion picture service industries independent of production but allied thereto.




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge in a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ta g es o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o rk , that i s , the stan d ard w o r k sc h e d u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id . F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts . The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p . The
o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m e n and w om en in the fo llo w in g 1 9 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B ; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c la s s A
and B ; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; *ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B . T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rse data a r e
b a se d on m e n and w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2
u n sk illed jo b s a r e in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l h an dlin g.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e
com p u ted fo r e a c h o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s .
The average s a l­




a r ie s o r h o u rly ea rn in g s w e r e then m u lt ip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a c h
o f the jo b s during the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n ­
in gs f o r in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a te
f o r e a c h o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
cen ta g e) o f the g rou p a g g re g a te f o r the on e y e a r to the a g g r e g a te f o r
the o th e r y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and
1 0 0 is the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the on e p e r io d to the o th e r .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s
o f ( 1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age c h a n g e s ; ( 2 ) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an g es in the la b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l
w a g e ch a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a t io n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r pa id
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a re a .
The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s th e e f ­
fe c t o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
jo b in clu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e a r e n ot in flu ­
e n ce d b y ch a n ges in stan dard w o r k s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pa y
f o r o v e r t im e , s in c e th ey a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

T h e a b o v e tex t r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u s e d in com p u tin g a new tr e n d
s e r ie s (ta b le 2).
T h is s e r ie s , in itia te d w ith the e x p a n sion o f the la b o r m a r k e t
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S tandard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a s , w ill r e p la c e
the o ld s e r ie s (1953 b a se ) sh ow n in ta b le 3. C hanges in the jo b s s u r v e y e d and
jo b d e s c r ip t io n s s in c e the sta r t o f the o ld s e r ie s c a lle d f o r a re e x a m in a tio n o f
the jo b s and jo b g rou p in g s f o r w h ich tre n d s w e r e to be com pu ted.
T h e new s e r ie s c o v e r s the s a m e jo b g rou p in gs as the e a r lie r s e r i e s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x c e p tio n s : T h e c l e r i c a l and in d u str ia l n u rse g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w o m e n , now in clu d e both m e n and w o m e n . C hanges w e r e a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d e d w ith in jo b g rou p in g s in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t c o u ld
be e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .




5

Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings
for selected occupational groups in Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif.,
for selected periods
March 1961
to
March 1962

April I960
to
March 1961

Industry and occupational group

March 1962
to
March 1963

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )______ -__
Industrial nurses (men and women)
—
Skilled maintenance (men) _ __
Unskilled plant (men) . —

3.3
4.6
2.7
3.8

3.3
3.8
3.2
3.2

4.1
3.0
4.0
3.4

Manufactur ing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------------Industrial nurses (men and women)
Skilled maintenance (m e n )-------------—
------—
Unskilled plant (m e n )____________________

3.7
4.6
3.0
3.6

3.4
3.3

3.4
2.9
4.1
3.1

2 .8

1.9

Table 3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups in Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif.,
March 1963 and March 1962
(February 1953*100)
Marcli 1963

Industry and occupational group

All industries:
Office clerical (women)
_ __
.
______
Industrial nurses (women)
Skilled maintenance (men)______________________________
Unskilled plant (men) _ _
. . . .
Manufactur ing:

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) ---- _ - ______
_ _
Industrial nurses (women) _____
__ _
Skilled maintenance (men)
_ _ __
__ „
U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n )
_

______

___

March 1962

150.7
151.6
151.4
151.3

145.8
145.6
146.8
146.1

151.0
152.7
151.2
147.2

146.1
146.6
146.7
142.0

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

*55

f 60

* 65

* 70

* 75

* SO

1 85

* 90

* 95

*100

*1 0 5

*110

*1 1 5

*120

*125

*130

*1 3 5

*1 4 0

*145

*150

*155

*1 6 0

*165
an d

60

* 50
Weekly * 4 5
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d e r
55
50

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

11 5

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

over

M en

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h i n e ) ------------

10 7
10 7
10 7

40. 0
46. 0
40 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ----------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g _
_ .
. . .
______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g . . . . ________ ____________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ______ - ______________
W h o le s a l e t r a d e __
_______ - _____
F i n a n c e 3 _______ _________ _____ __
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n p ic t u r e s ) _ _____ __
__

1, 1 5 4
647
507
73
85
13 3

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
i i 4 .o o
1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
1 0 5 . 50
1 0 8 .5 0

12 3
46

3 9 .0
40. 0

9 9 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ __________________ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -----_ ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -----------------------------------

38 1
224
15 7
35

4 0 .0
4 6 .6
3 9 .5
40. 0

12
12
12

$ 1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
i n 6 no
46
TA
22

33
12
21

16
l2
4

70
47
23

-

-

-

_

-

-

22
-

-

4

2
7

113
11
42
7
8
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21

-

14

9

41

18

1

7

8 9 . 50
8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

"

-

“

22
10
12
3

22
19
3
1

70
40
30
4

107
7$
34
3

49
n
26
1

30
16
12
12

29
14
15

-

8
8
1

36
26
10
6

2
2
2

3
1
2
1

11

11

11

8

2

43
IV
26
26

215
66
147
14 7

170
66
104
44

265
56
20 7
202

549
19
530
485

52
11
30
30

4
4
3

36
34
2
2

64
63
1

17
8
9

12
7
5
3
2

49
7
42
28
2

10
1
9
4

44
J4"
10
3
_

1
1
_

6
3
3
_

14
14
-

2

7

-

3

5 14

-

-

-

-

22
6
14
2
8

46
27
19
9
3

14
11
3
2
_

25
10
15
2
4

68
66
2
-

1
2

1
6

1

9

4

81
60
21
21

.

8 3 . 50

_

2

_

11

_

8

1 0 8 . 50
1 1 6 . 50
1 0 7 . 50
1 0 8 .0 0

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4
-

4
4
-

4
4
-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll ------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ ________
__ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
_____ ___ __ ___
P iiK lir n filiti oe ^

345
176
16 9
43
66

40. 0
46. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4o! 0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 3 9 !0 0

_
-

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

17
17




10
2

-

3 9 .5

See footnotes at end of table.

84
53
31
2

-

4 0 .0
40. 6
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

T a b u la tin g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ---------------------- —
---------—
M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------- —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------- -----P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ------- — -------------- —
F in a n c e 3
__
M o tio n p ic t u r e s 4 ---------------------------------

14 4
53
91
5
3
50

-

68

S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o tio n
p ic tu r e s) __________ ___________________
M o tio n p ic t u r e s 4 ___ ______________ _
_

96
60
36
3
12
-

-

2, 012
578
1 ,4 3 4
1 ,2 9 9

O ffic e b o y s _
_
_____ _____
_
.
K/fannfa rtn r-i ng
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ _ _ _______________
_ _
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
_ _____
W h o le s a l e t r a d e __

146
66
80
33
5
24

-

c l a s s B _____________________ ___

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s '
( M im e o g r a p h o r D itto ) _ _________________
_

16 6
89
77
5
9
22

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------W h o le s a l e t r a d e -------------------------------------

C le r k s , file ,

95
95
95

"

1

9
8

1

1
1

-

1

-

1

-

269
74
19 5
19 5

143
44
99
79

39
22
17
12

32
8
24
24

87
53
34
34

27
27
-

_

_

_

-

-

28
28
-

_

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

15
3
12
2

33
29
4

12
5
7

15
5
10

6
6
-

35
4
31

3
3

11
1
10

3
3
-

_

1
1

j

6

10

31

3

10

-

-

1

83

40. 0

8 2 .0 0

-

-

1

10

4

4

3

21

34

2

3

-

1

982
36o~
622
70
80
224

3 9 .5
40. 0
39! 0
38. 5
3 9 .5
39. 0

7 6 .0 0
8 1 . 00
7 3 ! 00
8 1 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

_

30

151
■1

15 4
36
118
10
25

123
66
33
2
6
g

151
99
52
23
4

51
23
28
8
12

27
n

7
4

3

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

.

30
-

1 12
36
82
1
16
28

15
g

_
-

120
34
86
11
21
31

7
4
-

20
3
3

3
-

3
2
-

_
-

-

1
1
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

154
79

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .0 0
8 5 . 00

32

21
2

34
3

50
28

1
16

812
44T
37 1
38
217
25

3 9 .5
4 6 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
40. 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

-

-

2

108

121
83
38
18

55
53“
2

20
10
10
8
1

16
7
9
8
-

7
7
6

5

17

_

_
_
_
_

30

37
18
19
17

-

-

2

“

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14 0
15
12
81

-

-

2
2

10

3

1
1

-

1
2

13

3

1

7
4
3
1
2

13
6
7
2
5

26
9
17
2
12

58
18
40
3
33

150
41
109
1
86
6

132
95
37
1
20

54
10
25

4

75

— 43" —
32
15

4

'
1

— rl ~ r n
4
4

_

Table A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area bas*®
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

f 50
Weekly
Weekly * 4 5
earnings1 and
hours 1
(Standard) (Standard) u nder
50
55

* 55

1 60

*65

* 70

# 75

* 80

* 85

* 90

* 95

*100

*1 0 5

* iio

*11 5

*120

*125

*130

*1 3 5

*1 4 0

*145

*150

*155

* 160

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

12 5

13 0

13 5

140

145

15 0

155

160

165

-

-

-

5
5
5

11
11
4

27
3
24

132
51
81
3

141
63
78
1

7
7

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

48

20
40

38
18
20
9
7
3

4
4

16

163
62
101
32
60
8

89
61
28
3
9

5

146
101
45
12
14
8

7
2
5

25
38

17 6
75
1 01
2
8

19
4
15

4

72
16
56
2
5

2

3

1

15

17

1

9

5

4

7

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*165
and
over

M e n — C o n tin u e d
T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
- __ __ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___
______ _

248

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
40 0
•^9 o
38^5

$ 1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
107 no
1 06 50
9 7 ! oo

58
31

39 0
4 0 .0

0 5 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

281
14 5
136
104

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

-

-

-

6

2

-

-

-

2

-

"

"

6
6

55

3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0

_

!

3

473
13 2
34 1
142
130

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

68
52

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

-

812
439
373
136

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39^5
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 6 ! 00
9 8 .0 0

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B _ _
_ _________________ __________________
_
2 ,4 0 0
M a n u fa c tu r in g --------------------------------------------300
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ______________
___________
2 , 100
W h o le s a l e t r a d e _____________________ _
240
F i n a n c e 3 -------------------------------------------------------- ,6 4 1
1

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

-

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

1, 0 4 2
456
586
l*»7

-

-

68

14

-

-

5

S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
M o t io n p i c t u r e s 4

_____________________

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ __ __ __ __ ___
F i n a n c e 3 -------------------------------------------------T y p is ts ,

c la s s B _

_________

__

—

—

___

1

19

15
4

-

1

-

4

11
1

-

1

-

4

20
2
18
18

13

_

3

12
10

4
4
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

_

_

_

11 9
52
67
13

159
11 3
46

13
9

39
11

4

28
21

29
15
14
6

34
12
22
10

56
19
37
25

68
13
55
40

21
5
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

41
30
11
10
1

140
47
93
7
42
26

426
196
230
14
71
86

373
215
158
58
23
49

576
398
178
38
25
35

274
67
207
79
24
39

80
63
17

3

25

2

9
6
3

6
6

3

10

.

_

3

10

-

.
-

_

_

_

_

3

44

14
4

42
42
40

15
13
2
2

35
35
-

1

8
2
6
5

40
23
17

-

53
18
35
35

11

60
50
10
3

4

6

18

1

2

6

12

_

2

_

18
11

10

31

-

7
7

10
10

59
23
36
36

75
40
35
6
29

73
67
20
28

77
15
62
14

19

31
21
10

71
30
41
5
36

-

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

4
4

21
14

8
8

15
6

-

-

-

-

-

4

_

_

_

_

3

11
11

20
16
4

80
39
41

160
91
69
23

14 3
69
74
63

323

450

369
52
317
20
297

188
21
167
12
14 3

322
43
279
95
1 10

96
29
67
6
41

108
58
50
12

161
97
64

146
72
74

W om en
B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e ( b illin g m a c h i n e ) _____
Marmfa rtnrinjy

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ ___________
_
___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ — __ __ __ ___
r»1pca1p tra/lA

B i l l e r s , m a c h i n e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) _________ __ __ _______

_

_

___

Nrmrttarmfartnri'ng

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ______________ _ _ _ _
- _ _ _ _ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

------------------------------------------

WVinlAcalp fradp

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t in g , c l a s s A _ _
___________
■
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__
_______
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ,
— —
_
_ _
___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________
W h o le s a l e t r a d e _______________________
F in a n c e 3 ________________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s ) _ __ --------- _
_____
___
M o tio n p ic t u r e s 4 ___________________ _
_

See footnotes at end of table.




2, 904
1 ,4 8 1
1 ,4 2 3
238
306
362
244
72

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

-

172
-

-

-

172

323

450

-

-

-

172

323

442

136
-

136
-

112

_

_

_

_

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

20

_
.
-

_

_

-

-

_
_
-

_
_

1

20

_

13
7

22
11
31

28
35
11

'

19
6
13

65
2

25
2

1
1

30
30

20

-

-

20
20

213
92
1 21
34
22
37

279
123
156
2
16
19

70
65
5
1
4

87
34
.5 3

_

.

-

-

14
4

27
4

-

-

_

-

3

-

-

25
3

2
2

12

_

_

_

.

_

2
3

-

-

-

-

-

3

22

29

12

3

-

-

3

6 10

8
Table A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C.alif., March 1963)
Ae a e
v r g

Sex, occupation, and industry division

<f
r

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$

Number
Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
earnings 1
(Standard)

45
uncler
50

S

50 * 55 * 60

* 65 * 70

* 75 * 80

1

85 * 90

$ 95

*100

*105

$ 110

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

12

61
23
38

81

460

605

210

222

60

383

749
233
516
154
131
107

622
296
326
87
87
116

673
$16
357
108

491
312
179
70
73

57
31
26
13

94
50
44

2

4

1

273
180
93
23
38
4

51

21

3

95

32

30

19

24

2

67
64

40
28

3

12

5

”

”

76

14

*120

I
S
145 *150 155 *160 *165
and
145 150 155 160 165_ over

*125 *130 *135 *140

9

32

* 115
120

125

19

4

10

-

12
8

4

4

130

135

140

Women—Continued
Clerks, accounting, class B -------------Manufacturing
---.. .. ---- Nonmanufacturing -------------------------

4, 269
1, 938
2, 331

39.5 $82.00
40.0
84. 00
39.5
80.00

536
609

40! 0
38.5

83^ 0 0
75. 50

281

38.5

78. 00

590
165
425
304

39.0
40.0
39.0
38.5

78. 50
92. 50
73.00
70.00

2,
Clerks, file, class B ----------------------------------------- 834
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------- 712
Nonmanufacturing — __ __ -----------2, 122
Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------- 82
Wholesale trade — — — — — —
181
T i nflrir ^
T
a
1,486
Services (excluding motion
309

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
40.0
38.0

67. 50
78. 50
64. 00
87.00
69. 50
62.00

39. 5
39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
38. 0

65.00
74. 00
62. 50
72.00
59. 50

Wholesale trade ------ __ _
Finance3
. ,
Services (excluding motion
pictures) -----------------------------------------------Clerks, file, class A ----------------------------------------Manufacturing — -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------Finance3 ---------- ------------

Clerks, file, class C ________________
Manufacturing ---__ __ _ _
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Wholesale tra d e ------------------------

641
Clerks, order — __ — — — __ — —
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------- 216
Nonmanufacturing _____ —
425
UTUAlafiola irdue
a
w noicpdie f
289

39. 5 94. 50
39.5
89. 50
39.5
96. 50
39. 5 100.50

Clerks, payroll ----------------------------------------------------- 511
1,
Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------- 768
Nonmanufacturing _ ____ ..
743
95
Public utilities2 - -----------------— —
inq
wnoiesaie trade
1U7
157
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ------------------------------155

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

Comptometer operators --------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------H D L—
ii l i
7 ~
fi a
e
x^'»1Jiic utilities ^ •••••«—... m.......
u1
Wholesale trade ____ — —

1.610
544
1 , 066
56
477

96.00
95.00
97.50
102. 50
96. 50
J7. 5
87! 50
38.5
39.0

_

8

_

_

32

4
9

■

4

6

40

17

79

_

_

-

-

-

“

-

4
4

8

320

448

_

3

8

317

-

_




_

6

442

7

222

19
121

165

68

-

3

79

162
106

2
66

68

716
97
619
4

378
22

356

73
42

14
345
75

55

147
7
140

-

-

42

55

-

42

-

52

-

134

121

90

64

36

18

1

33

22

31
31

31
18

14
14

10
8

243
98
145
14

141

271
214
57

193
178
15

58

66

75
10

2

22

_

423

25
310

92

34

34
19

107

18

5

357
78
279
36
242

49

52
18
34

12

47
12

52
26
26

-

14

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

26

4

-

2

19
19

_

4

6

6
8

8

4
4
4

25

9

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

_

-

-

5

-

-

~

“

*•
*

8

4

4

3

6

4
“

3

6

14

2

2

12
2
1

2
2

2

9

80

20

1
8

12
68
68

20
20

-

-

-

64

114
40
74

39
34

9
7

45
31
14

4
4

5

12
8
2

1
1
1

1
2

2
2

2

-

2

2
-

2

■

12
12

68

8

-

-

.38
30

-

12

8

6

7

55

95
48
47
35

22

5

35
14

12 2

26
29
25

50
25
25
14

46

1
6

24
24

31
31

21
21

86

34

g

72
51

92
26

164

220

42

132
46

66

224
99
125

201
112

21

43

-

1

6

1

8

2

44

11

53
18

96
16
80
42
15

-

35

5

13

4

12 2

36

l64
56

36

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

13

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

4

-

"

-

4

10

27

14

30

40

5

5

_

_

1

25

12 2

_

_

-

6

-

_

-

1

19

38
84

233
24
209

189
43
146

84
39
45
14

22
11
11

55

96

96
59
37
19
13

386
155
231

28

215
57
158
g
118

204

_

29
9

8

2

16

_

1
12

9

20
1

4

;

-

-

-

-

6
2
.

_

_

5

-

1

-

:

.

20

66

11

12

64
28
4
17

2
6

30

26

-

242

8

:
See footnotes at end of table.

12

4

95. 50

39.5 94. 50
40.0
98. 00
39.5 92.50
40. 0 101 50
39! 5 9 3 ! 00

_

250
^5
44
129

60. 50

827
174
653
97
505

-

:

:

4

1

89
14

2

2

5

17

19

101

103
5

71

86
12
5
6

1

4

90

-

10

*17

2

-

3

3

-

-

-

3

-

3

-

12

9
Tabic A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
Aea e
vrg
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number

<f
r

Weeklv
hours1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

W eekly. ‘ 4 5
earnings1
(Standard)

* 50

and
under
50
55

* 60

*55

66

*65

1 70

*75

* 80

* 85

* 90

65

7p

75

80

85

90

95

'

-

*100 *105 *110 *115 * 120 * 125 *13.0 *135 *140 *145 *150 ;*!55 *160 *165
and
100 105 n o 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 over
95

Women—Continued
Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) — — _ ___

429
19$
234
82

Nonmanufacturing_________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) __

39.5 $77.00
4o;_o " 6 0 6
39.0
74.50
39.0
67.00

83

38.5

78.00

095
953
1, 142
146
173
629

39.5
4o.o
39.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

92.50
9 6 . 5o
103.00
93.00
82.00

129
38

39.0
40. 0

93.00
118.50

Keypunch operators, class B __ _______
Mannfaphiring
..........
.....
Nonmanufacturing______ _____ _____
PiiKlir ntiliti A ^
fi
Wholesale tra d e _____ ___________
Finance®
Services (excluding motion
p ictu re s)_____________________
Motion pictures 4 _______________

2,311
1, 019

8 6 .0 0
8 8 . 00

304
247
497

39.5
40. 0
39.0
40. 0
39.0
38.5

85
40

Office girls ,.....
,
....... .. ..........
Manufacturing ;------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________ _______
Finance 3 ..
. _
Services (excluding motion
pi rhireia)

843
303
540
341
69

39.0

15,385
8,266
7, 119
834
943
2,555

39.5
40. 0
39.0
38.5
40.0
39.0

1,842
505

_
-

71.50

Secretaries __________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Public utilities 2 _ __
Wholesale trade .
Finance 3 ____________________ rr—
Services (excluding motion
pictures)
Motion pictures 4 __ _______ ____

_
-

Keypunch operators, class A
...
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing_________________
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale tra d e ________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) .
. . .

Stenographers, general
M a n n f a r t i i p i n jr

Nonmanufacturing_________—
_____ _
Public utilities 2 ________________
Wholesale tra d e ________________
TTi n a n r p ^

Services (excluding motion
p i r tiir a fl)

Motion pictures 4

.. .

See footnotes at end of table,




2,

8 9 .0 0

_
-

_
-

25
25
25

35
61
19 ..35
16
26
12
10

9

2

23

2

5
2
3

_

1

-

11

21

10

2

20

1

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

16
16
3
13

76

250
29
221
5
9

226
44
182

292

264
193
71
13

368
256

72
l5
54
50

23

21
1“
?
4

8
8

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
.

"
_
.
_

_
_

21
10

40
36

144
52
92
39
8

1

2

-

1

27

14

21
5

1
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

4

g

-

4

4

131
32
99

56
13
43

24
9

22
4

15

18

15

-

11

-

3

39

3

39

7 9 .0 0
9 0 . 00
*

_

_

_
36

39.5
40.0

82.50
111.50

-

-

3
-

2

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

67.50
71.00
65.00
62.00

3
3
3

60
6

52
47

145
27
118
104

105.00
105. 50
104.00
110.00
104.50
99.50

-

-

_

38.5
40.0

100.50
128.00

-

-

-

5, 942
2, 856
3, 086
402
463
1,541

39.5
46.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

89. 50
93. 6 6

_

_

5

50

240

_
-

_
-

5
_

187
14
_
153

410
109

39. 0
40.0

6

106
15
91
25

6
68
2

65

6

12

206

25
129

100

320
224
96
7
32
51

1

15

47

2

439
306
133

368
154
214
40
40

328
242

277
155

86
9

1 22
6

75
30

23
37

1
2
1

5
5
_

27

333
73
260
90
39

49

3
-

6

"

13
-

197
79
118
84

191
62
129
62

64

50
4
46

4

29

6

12

12
12

53
19
34
34

43
7
36
1

355
34
63
136

-

-

115

243
11

265
11

632 774
135' ~2T5“
497 559
45
33
12
99
342 313

699
216
483
33
96
251

112
6

g

6

17
3

1000

2

53

81.00

2

50
5
37

85. 00
108.00

3

7

17

_
_
_

.
_
_

2

106
186

185
l6
169
83
4
74

1

80.50

93.50

2

35
— TT

12

_

9 1 .0 0

3

87
W

11

_

8 6 .0 0

46
67
nr — z r
28
39

6

_
-

84. 50

1 ,2 9 2

66
3
63
28

39

49
35

86

29

5
-

30
-

20

72
60

36
30

12
1

6

12

7

637

20
9

28

-

7

4

4

227
55
172
2
3
125

-

-

21

43
18

6

324
53
271
46
16

180
10

1 20

-

22

72

282

1 10

_

5
9
4
5
_

-

1

-

891 1569 198 1
665 906“
360
591 904 1075
42
56
77
47 118 164
203 443 460

61

265
-

-

7

8

18

10
8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

.

_

„

_

_

_

_

_

_

970 750
451 ” '388
519 362
46
85
100
36
88
139

681
254
427
81
77
43

369
273
96
20

144
9
135
11
42

32
5
27
3
2
_

76
4
72

14

4
_
4
_
_
_

14

4

185
80
105
35
25
22

73
50

40
146

10
48

20
3

82

20
2

13
31

-

6

4

j 12

56
~5T

_

_

_

_

,_

_

_

"

"

-

2914 2663 1156
1913 1580 76$
1001 783 391
66
173
96
118 129
49
405 214 143
342
35

205
9

81
7

no
48

1575 280 193
34
59
623 T55T" 80 — 50“ — IT ----T "
377 214 2 0 0 143
48
31
2
21
33
4
81
77
87
48
61
12
10
17
g
6
170
81
77
4

33
6

37

20
10

36

8

21

6

6

_
22

8
6

_
_
_

- •

2

12
_
_
_

21

13

8

“

-

“

~

"

■

10
Table A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Ae a e
v r g

Sex,

Number

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

*

Weekly .
Weekly,
45
hours 1
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
50

$

S

%

$

S

S

$

S

S

$

120

125

130

135

%
14 0

11 5

1 20

125

13 0

13 5

140

14 5

223
84
139
8
44

38
8
30
5

35
1
34

4
1
3

22
.
22

34
_

3
_

34

3

17

215
90
12 5
70
1
7

48
15

15
32

52
34

9
4

-

-

34

3

21
1

!

u

2

1
1

11

2

-

11

55

1 60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

no

.

7

290
100
190
8
16
46

431
178
253
8
56
77

434
215
219
8
9

800
407
393
15
33
15 2

69 7
506
191
14
10
98

816
658
15 8
27
9

247
13 2
11 5
18

54

81

90

67

169

67

43
13

S
no

$

%

1

s

%

t

t

115

%

50

S

s

s

145

150

15 5

1 60

165
and

150

155

1 60

165

over

_
_

2
.
2

_

-

-

1

-

-

W o m e n — C o n tin u ed

S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r _____________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g
______
_________ —
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___ — ___
— ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______________________

4 ,3 9 8
2 ,3 8 5
2 ,0 1 3
189
211
608

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40 0
39l 5

$ 9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 . 50
1 0 3 .0 0
9 2 *50
9 0 . 50

705
176

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ________________________2 ,3 4 0
M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________ 6 6 4
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________ ,6 7 6
1
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 —
251
W h o le s a l e t r a d e ______________________
14 2
F in a n c e 2 _______________________ ______
470
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s ) ___________ _________ ______ _
660
M o tio n p ic t u r e s 4 ___
98

_
_

_
_
_

-

-

26
_

_

7
2

26
2
8

73
5
68
4
22
20

9 3 . 50
12 3 . 00

-

-

-

5

16

22

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 3 . 00
9 5 . 00
7 8 . 50
9 0 . 50
9 1 . 50
7 7 .0 0

34
-

-

-

-

34
_
_
_

135

15 3

155

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

26

51

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 7 . 00
1 1 1 . 50

34

132

12 5

-

3 9 .5
40. 0
39! 5
39. 5

_
_

3 8 .5

8 4 . 00
8 4 . 00
83*. 50
9 8 . 50
85*. 50
7 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0

130
65
65

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 7 . 50
1 2 0 . 50
1 1 4 . 50

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B — — _
. . .
765
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------------- 109
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------- 6 5 6
W h o le s a l e t r a d e ____
70
F i n a n c e 2 ------------------------------------------------------- 131

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

94.
106.
92.
105.
93.

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C -----------------—
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ _
_

140
128

939
300
639
37
367

S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s ) ________________
_____
M o tio n p ic t u r e s 4 _______________________

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _____
XXamifartiiring

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

________________________

Pnblir utilifi np ^

2 ,1 0 4
1 047
ll 057
84
414
235

W h o le s a l e t r a d e _ _ _ — — _
___
___
F in a n c e 2 _
___ ___________________________
S e r v i c e s (e x c lu d in g m o t io n
p ic t u r e s ) ---------------------------------------------------- 197
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A — _
______ __
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____
—
__
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________________

T r a n s c r i b i n g -m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l ___________________
____________________ __
X^aniifa rtnri ng

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

- —
PiiKlir iiHliti ae ^

------ — ------

4o ! 0

72
4
68
16
2
45

86
86
18
1
36

218
17
201
11
14
122

273
42
231
38
32
72

277
1 00
177
15
10
73

266
114
152
54
34
21

30 4
196
108
53
17
24

214
164
50
23
18

71
15
56
20
14

49
10
39

17
2
15

-

-

102

-

10

52

-

-

1

35
5

11
3

1
8

-

-

79
3

77

-

1
1

2
37

15

“

_

14

246
16 6

257
12 9
128

100

24

145
57

79

20

15
9

46
3

4

6

5

3

34

_

_

29
17

12

13
6
7

42

40




-

-

-

2

1

_

2

10

15
4

-

3

10

30

-

34

24
14

1

160
56
104
59
34

57

24
14

339
108
231
16
72
61

202

14

13 7
77
60

466

_

63
23
40

135

_

_

_

-

_

15 3

155

80

-

_

_

.

14

27

47
13

-

-

4

20

“

71

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 . 50
8 1 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 9 .0
40. 0
39! 0
40. 0
38! 0

8 0 .0 0
8 3 . 00
78.* 50
8 9 . 00
7 6 ! 00

_

_

-

24

11 7

_

_

_

33

33

24

84

14 9
2

24

42

113

118
84

42

2

_

2

_

2

-

_

256

20

21

_

10

-

-

4
6

_ '

5

3

48

308

16 0

57

5

3

48

-

-

4

308
1

148

-

-

2

-

-

1

25

25

25

35
14
16

_

_
-

20
20

53
53

32

-

31

4
4

8
8

8
5

109

90
52
38

14
6

5

188
90
98
6

5

75

58

30

17

12
-

22

5
1
4

1
1

50
13
37

42
19
23

11

22

21

-

20
22
20

1

20
20
10
3

»

182

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

5
4

1

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

_
_

_

_

1

.

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

82

-

_

210

2

20

-

50
50
50
50
50

:
See footnotes at end of table.

12 9

16 6
24
14 2

36

73
11

4
3

2

4

2

-

15

2
2

_

15

5

32
26
6
1

3

5

8

9

13
7
6

2
2
-

19
4
15

4

1

1

11
Table A -l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

•Number
ojf

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings *
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

* 45 * 50 * 55 9 60 9 65 9 7 0 * 75 9 80 9 85 9 90 • 9 5 *100 *105 *110 *115 *120 *125 *130 *135 *140 *145 *150 *155 *160 *165
and
and
under
60
55
70
50
65
75
80
85
100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 over
90
?5

Women—Continued
12

Typists, class A ______________
Manufacturing__ ___________
Nonmanufacturing__________
Public utilities 2 ________
1
Wholesale tra d e _________
Finance 3 ________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ____ —
________
Motion pictures 45 -----------6

3, 347
1, 525
1 , 822
96
163
1 , 165

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
38.5

$84.00
89.00
80.00
86.50
88.50
77.50

314
43

39.5
40.0

77.50
110.00

Typists, class B ______________
Manufacturing---------- ---------Nonmanufacturing _________
Public utilities 2 ________
Wholesale trade _________
Finance3 _______________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ____________ __
Motion picture s 4 ________

10,309
3, 970
6, 339
298
784
4, 326

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
38.0

74.00 119
83.50
68.00 119
79.00
76.00
65.00 119

741
50

38.5
40.0

69.50
87.50

1
2
3
4
5
6

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

429
-

429
-

-

12
-

12

_
709
18
691
-

359

2
620

70

63

73
4
69

243
48
195
7
128

340
46
294
5
2
241

530
149
381
17
17
274

704
365
339
23
29
200

469
214
255
16
60
139

69
_

60

46

73

87

20

1240 2027 1217 1212 881
94 384 388 405 560
1146 1643 829 807 321
46
93
16
28 30
22 180 181 229 85
984 1277 361 408 162

727
576
151
20
22
36

_
_

89

-

123

189

110
11

34

52
21

344 385
203 356
141 29
4
8
_
27
93
9
13

115
62

53
4
22

56
24
32
12
1

8
2
6

20
11
9

4

6

7
1
6

1

6

1

2

41
40
1

14
2

14

12

1549 127
1511
9
38 118
12 42
56

43
20
23
4
1

29
5
24
7
6

11
12

1

6

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Workers were distributed as follows: 7 at $165 to $170; 1 at $170 to $175; 2 at $175 to $180; 2 at $200 to $205; and 2 at $210 to $215.
All workers were at $165 to $170.




12
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en .

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, l/os Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

* 7 5 * 80 * 85
V
and
under
85
90
80
75

* 95 *100 *105 *110 *115 *120 *125 *130 *135 *140 *145 *150 *155 *160

So
95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

S

170 *180 *190 *200 *210 *220
180

190

200

210

220

2?6

Men
327 39. 5 $170.50
----- T5T 46.6
162.00

Draftsmen, leader
Manufacturing

3,512

_
-

~

_
-

■

"

"

~

“

■

“

63
63
-

187
185
2

40.0
"46.5 "
39.5
40.0

132.50
l2 6 .56
150.00
142.50

703

39. 5

w r

125

40.0
46. 0
40.0

102.50
100.60
120. 50

2
2
-

24
24
“

124
126
4

35
34
1

143
141
2

125
122
2

205
196
9

377
Tracers -------------------------------------------Manufacturing — ________ ____ __ ----- T n
__

40.0
40.0

98.00
98.01)

.
“

"

29
29

_
"

21
21

119
119

2
2

42

364
265
59
4

40

51

110
105
5

96
91
5

72
64
8

39
25
4

1

19

2

6
6

13
It

61
61

15
15

10
4

29
9

14
16

55
6

53
26

13

13

“

“

28
28

13
_
-

“

4
2
2
-

r

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

.

_

404
337
67
7

344
311
33
10

239
180
59
13

200
166
34
2

215
162
112
8

235
25
210
3

200
17
153
8

44
-

20
2
18
-

60

20

44

21

93

199

133

28

13

85
85

-

16
T6

-

-

-

-

-

-

32

6
6

38
37

4
4

10
4

9
9

.

1

_

_

22
87
79
8
4

21
13
8
2

15
6

11
"6

7

3

383
276
5
5

51

208
266

_

222

184
182
2

150.50

1,076

145
140
5
1

4
2
2

849
60

4
2

Draftsmen, senior
' Manufacturing —
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 ----------- ------------Services (excluding motion
psrfiil>Ao|
Draftsmen, junior
Manufacturing---Nonmanufacturing _

_

—

9
9
-

39
29
-

1 66

7

Women
Draftsmen, senior Manufacturing--------------- ----------------

124
116

40.0
46.6

Nurses, industrial (registered )-----------

545
458
87
26

39.5
40. 0
J7. V
39.0

113.00
n i . oo
112.00

.

126.50
1F5.50

Public utilities 2 -----------------------

1 1 7 !0 0

~
_

_

_

9

5

6

5

3

50
42
g

.
“

1

76
66
10

45
35
10
5

2

19
96
89
7

1

I

130
115
15
10

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




13
Table A-3. O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women^ Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly ,
earnings1
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

$90.50 Clerks, file, class C ----------------------------------------Manufacturing__________ _________ __________
83.50
Nonmanufactur ing ----------------------------------------92.50
94.50
Public utilities2 -------------------------------------87.50
Wholesale tra d e -----------------------—
-------------Finance3 --------------- ------------------ -------------86.00 Clerks, or'i**1 _
*
86.00

Billers, machine (billing machine) --------Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities2 -------------------------Wholesale tra d e ---------------------------

580
132
448
249
130

Billers, machine (bookkeeping machine) Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------

68
52

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class A
Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------ -—
Wholesale tra d e ---------------------------

«, a
441
373
136

94. 50
96.00
98.00

Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Wholesale trade

2, 408
301
2, 107
240
1, 648

73.00
90.00
70.50
91.00
65. 50

Clerks, accounting, class A
Manufacturing --------------Nonmanufacturing Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Finance3
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures 4 ---------------- :---------

4, 058
2, 128
1, 930
311
391
495
367
118

105.50 Comptometer operators -----------------------------------105. 50
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------ ---105.00
Public utilities 2 --------------------------—------- —
107.00
100.00
Wholesale tra d e---------------------------------------100.50
98.00 Duplicating-machine operators
143.00
(Mimeograph or Ditto) — - — ____ - ..

Clerks, accounting, class B ------Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2
Wholesale trade
Finance3
Services (excluding motion pictures)

4, 650
l . 162
2, 488
778
537
681
308

Clerks, file, class A ---------------------------Manufacturing--------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------Finance3 ----—— --------------- ---------

628
165
463
27
311

Clerks, file, class B _
Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing Public utilities2
Wholesale trade
Finance 3
Services (excluding motion pictures)

2, 902
737
2, 165
92
181
1,504
309

Nonmanufacturing
.
—
82.50
Finane e 3
_
—
——----—
-----84. 50
Services (excluding motion pictures) ---------81.00
80.00
__
83.00 Keypunch operators, class A 76.50
Nonmanufacturing----------------------------------------78. 50
Public utilities2 -------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e --------------------------------------79. 50
Finanee3
,.
,______,, „-----------------92.50
Services (excluding motion pictures) ---------75.00
109.00
Motion pictures 4 ------------------------------------70.00
Keypunch operators, class B ------------ ---------------68.00
79.00
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----—
--------------- --------------64.00
88.50
Wholesale tra d e ---------------------------------------Finance3 —
------------------— -----—------------69.50
Services (excluding motion p ictu re s)---------62.00
Motion pictures 4 ------------------------------------60.50




Nonmanufacturing ___________________ —-------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------T7k !
|" a
A^
fra/1 a
------C-lftflrs, p a y r o l l _
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------Public utilities2 -----— --------- -----Wholesale tra d e --------------------------------------Finance 3 ----------------------------——-----—----—
Services (excluding motion p ictu re s)---------Motion pictures4 ------------------------------------

Average
weekly .
earning, *
(Standard)

Average
weekly j

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations—
-Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

See footnotes at end of table.

Number
of

849
181
668
32
97
508
2, 653
794
1, 859
79
1, 588
1, 856
944
912
138
130
159
173
87
1, 651
585
1, 066
56
477
512
253
259
98
87
2, 098
953
1, 145
146
173
632
129
38
2, 338
1,022
1, 316
308
267
497
85
40

$66.00 Office boys and girls 74. 50
Manufacturing-----Nonmanufacturing 63.50
Public utilities 2
92.00
Wholesale trade —
72.00
59.50
Finance3 .
Services (excluding motion pictures)
105.00
Motion pictures 4
105.00
105.00 Secretaries __________
108. 00
Manufacturing-----106.50
Nonmanufacturing Public utilities 2
99. 00
Wholesale trade
96.50
101.00
Finance3
Services (excluding motion pictures)
104. 00
Motion pictures 4 -------------- ----------97.00
87.50
94. 00 Stenographers, general .
143.00
Manufacturing-----Nonmanufacturing Public utilities2
95. 50
Wholesale trade
101.00
Finance3 —
92. 50
Services (excluding motion pictures)
101.50
Motion pictures 4 ----——
------ --—_ —
93.00
Stenographers, senior
Manufacturing-----78. 00
Nonmanufacturing —
81.50
Public utilities2
74. 00
Wholesale trade 66.50
Finance3
78.00
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures 4 -------------------------92.50
96.50 Switchboard operators
89.00
Manufacturing-----103.00
Nonmanufacturing —
93.00
Public utilities2
82.00
Wholesale trade
93.00
Finance 3
118.50
Services (excluding motion pictures)
Motion pictures 4
86. 50
88. 00 Switchboard operator -receptionists
84. 50
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
79.50
Public utilities2 ----—
90.50
Wholesale trade
80. 50
82. 50
Finance3
Services (excluding motion pictures)
111.50

1,825 $72. 00
563“
76. 50
1, 162
69. 50
80. 50
91
72. 00
127
63. 50
565
72. 00
223
85. 50
88
15, 472
8, 315
7, 157
866
943
2,555
1,842
511

105. 00
105. 50
104. 50
110.50
104. 50
99. 50
100. 50
128. 00

5,975
2, 862
3, 113
429
463
1, 541
410
109
4,413
2, 387
2, 026
202
211
608
705
176

89.50
93. 00
86.00
94. 00
91.00
81.00
85. 00
108. 00
96.50 i
97.00 1
95. 50
103. 50
.92. 50
90. 50
93.50
123.00

2, 347
667
1,680
251
142
474
660
98
2. 104
1,047
1,057
84
414
235
197

83. 00
95. 00
78.50
90. 50
91.50
77.00
67.00
111.50
84. 00
84. 00
83.50
98. 50
85. 50
76.00
80. 50

14
Table A-3. O ffice, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined!— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)

N m er
ub

Occupation and industry division

of

A
verage
w ly
eek
ea in 1
rn gs
(S n a )
ta d rd

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

N m er
ub
of

A
verage
w ly ,
eek
earn gs1
in
(S n a )
ta d rd

Occupation and industry division

Nm
u ber
of
w ers
ork

A
verage
w ly .
eek
earn gs1
in
(S n a )
ta d rd

Professional and technical occupations

943 $80.00 |
327 $170. 50
(Draftsmen, leader ------------------------------------------ ---942 $117.00 Transcribing-machine operators, general ----------1 6 2 .0 0
Manufacturing
__ ____
__
Manufacturing------------------------------------------------300
83.00
181
-----53T7 1 2 0 . O T
T
643
78.50
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------436 114.00
Public utilities 2
^ . __ ______
37
51 117.50
8 9 . 00
132.00
76.50 Draftsmen, senior ______________________________
3, 636
371
Finance3 __ __ __ __ _ _ — -_ __
59 120.50
126755"
Manufacturing ________________________________ "2;779
246 1 1 0 . 0 0
150.00
3,383
84. 00
Nonmanufacturing __ __ _______ _ __ _______
857
Motion pictures4
_
__ _____
25 131.50 Typists, class A
__
____ ___ __
_
__
Public utilities 2
142. 50
Manufacturing ___ _ .
1,535 " “ 35700"
61
Services (excluding motion pictures) ________
80.00
150. 50
1,848
710
Nonmanufacturing ------- -------— __ —
102
86.50
Public utilities 2 ---------— ------ -------1 0 0 .0 0
'Tabnlflting-n'ifln'hin** opftra^nrn, class R
1, 807
8 8 .0 0
rtn ri rig
171
Wholesale trade __ ___ ____ __
-----555“ 105.'50
102.50
1, 174
77.50 Draftsmen, junior _______________________ _
Nnnmannfarhiring .
...
_ ..
1 , 111
Finance3 __ _ __ ______ __- ____ ___
1, 242
97. 50
Piiblir ntiliti as ^
314
Manufacturing __ ____
__ _ ____________
1 0 0 .0 0
77. 50
Services (excluding motion pictures) ______
975
258 - 95. 50
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------136 118.50
46 1 1 0 . 0 0
__ _ ------ __ ------ ~
Motion pictures 4
227 1 0 6 . 0 0
Wholesale tra d e_________________ __ _____
_
95. 50
Finance3
___ __ __ __ ---- ---- __ _
379
10,364
74. 00
9 8 .0 0
Typists, class B __ __ _____ ___ — ____
68
Services (excluding motion pictures) _________
584
113.50
83. 50 Nurses, industrial (registered) __________________
Motion pirhiras ^
Manufacturing _____________ ___ ________ — "37W
37 134. 50
6 8 .0 0
Manufacturing ____ __ _
__ _______ _ __
lT O o "
Nonmanufacturing — ------ _ ------- ---- ___ — 6,379
479
303
79.50
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------Tabulating-macbine operators, class C, __
88.50
105 113.50
421
-------- — — Public utilities 2 ---------Wholesale trade
Public utilities 2 ___ _
_
_
_ _
Manufacturing
117.00
796
76. 00
32
94. 50
157
Finance3
___
Mrmmannfa rfnri ng
4,336
65.00
264
84. 50
PnHir utilities^
......... ...... ....... .
748
69.50 Tracers ________ — — __ __ ____ ___
Services (excluding motion pictures) _______
405
9 8 . 00
51
89. 50
87.50
Manufacturing ---- ---_ — ----- — _ ----- ----- 405“
56
93755"
84.00
Motion pictures 4 ___ _ ------—
148
Tabulating-machine operators, class A ----^annfarti^ring
Nonmanufacturing —
---- — — —
piiblir
^
...
Wholesale trade
r

1
2
3
4

-----

_ —

Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.




15
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time nourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)

Nm
u ber
of
w ers
ork

Occupation and industry division

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-TIM H U L E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H
E O RY AN G F
$
A
verage
h rly *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70 *3.80 *3.90 *4.00 *4.10 4.20 *4.30
ou
earn gs1 and
in
and
under
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4,30 over

950
690
260
110

$3.13
3.16
3.05
2.84

58
31

3.06
3.89

2, 344
1,858
486
195

3.37
3.37
3.35
3.17

57
143

3.12
3.89

Engineers, stationary________________
Manufacturing____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Services (excluding motion
pictures) -------------------------------

913
615
298

3.44
3.57
3.18

200

3.09

Firemen, stationary boiler _

__ __ __

109

3.03

Helpers, maintenance trades _________
Manuf acturing
„
__ __
__ _
Nonmanufacturing
__ __ __
Public utilities 2 _______________

1, 049
872
177
133

2.65
2^8“
2.53
2.53

Machine-tool operators, toolroom ____
Manufacturing
. . . . . .

1. 920
1,915

3.17
3.17

Machinists, maintenance_____________
Manufacturing_ _ ____ _________
_ _
Nonmanufacturing _______________—

1,703
1,608
95

3.34
3.33
3.53

2,482
615
1, 867
1,475
164

3.26
5.25
3.26
3.29
3.09

110

3.25

-

2,447
2, 267
180
129

3.13
3.14
3.01
3.01

_

Carpenters, maintenance _ .. __ __
Manufacturing _ _
----- — Nonmanufacturing _ _ _ — __
_
Public utilities2 ___ _____ —
Services (excluding motion

__
_
_
-

Motion pictures 3 ______________
Electricians, maintenance---------------- _
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Public utilities2 _______________
Services (excluding motion
Motion pictures 3 _____________ —

Mechanic s, automotive
(maintenance) _______________ _____
Manufacturing . . .
. . . . -----Nonmanufacturing __ ._ _. . . . .
PiiKHp iitilitiAfi ^
..
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ... ____ __ . ___
Mechanics, maintenance
Manufacturing_ ; ___ ____________
__
Nonmanufacturing___ _____________
Wholesale tra d e ________________

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

-

87
9
78
78

2
1
1
-

20
17
3
-

48
24
24
-

55
45
10
5

269
232
37
3

75
66
9
8

21

7

181
149
32
-

28

87
84
3
3

18
18
-

40
28
12
-

20
17
3
3

-

31
31
-

3
3
3

-

7
7
7

1
-

-

894 192
879 172
15 20
6

136
50
86
84

40
37
3
-

6
6
-

145
2
143
-

32
28
4
4

40
40
-

_
-

15
15
-

77
77
-

88
88
-

15
15
-

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

2

77

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

77
75

54
46
8
-

141
59
82
11

163
132
31
8

218
212
6
3

111
103
8
4

2

8

3

17

1

4

9

11

_
-

_
•-

_
-

_
-

8
8

_
-

_
-

9
1
8

11
2
9

1
1

24
5
19

12
4
8

143
55
88

119
58
61

89
66
23

94
89
5

41
40
1

75
65
10

24
8
16

22
17
5

93
72
21

4
4

41
30
11

_
-

■

"

“

8

"

■

“

5

■

17

6

87

33

23

5

~

■

"

5

■

“

11

■

20

1

20

2

10

6

6

2

_

8

32

228
201
27
15

45
21
24
22

179
168
11
■

246
241
5
5

34
34
-

-

88
84
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

■

52
52

140
140

323
323

472
472

692
692

85 n o
65 109

6
2

20
20

6
6

-

3
3

-

-

36
32
4

30
26
4

_

_

-

-

345
345

“

112
112
-

330 166
324 163
6
3

91
50
41

114
114
"

■

33
33

128
128
-

10
10
-

42
42

"

256
256
“

.
_
-

_
-

42
12
30
5
25

96
22
74
66
2

40
6
34
13
20

176
43
133
126

109
52
57
18
32

149
13
76
39
18

296
78
218
113
33

1186 223
192 91
994 132
929 118
3
27

68
22
46
42

42.
16
26

4
4

20
8
12

_
_

.

.

_
_

_
.
_

-

7

10

22

11

-

26

-

-

137 289
130 TF1
7
16
4

553
510
43
36

220
205
15
6

92 304
186 304
1 .6
6

42
42

138
138

-

_

_
_

2

"

4
4
“

3
3
■

29
28
1
“

21
16
5
“

no
69
41
40

62
7
55
51
11

_

"

_
-

_
~

“

_

_

_

-

-

"

"

_

10
6
" • 4
-

-

-

-

1

8

1

12

9

-

-

-

1
1

8

1
1

12

9
3

_
-

8

-

5

-

-

-

_

_

1

4
4

35
35

16
16

97
90
7

520
434
86
76

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

20

_

.

-

-

-

“

4
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

16
Tabic A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant O ccupations.-----Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

A
verage
2
h rly , *1.80 *1.90 * . 0 0 *2 . 10 *2 . 2 0 *2. 30 *2. 40 *2.50 *2 . 6 0 *2.70 *2 . 80 *2.90 *3,00 *3. 10 *3, 20 *3. 30 *3.40 *3. 50 *3.60 *3.70 *3. 80 *3.90 *4. 00 *4. 10 *4. 20 *4. 30
ou
ea in
rn gs and
and
under
1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70 2 . 80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 2 . 2 0 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3. 80 3.90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 4. 30 over

Occupation and industry division

Nm
u ber
of
w ers
ork

Millwrights__ __ __ ---- -------Manufacturing ------ — — .. — —

313
313

Oilers — — .
—
Manufacturing

430
424

2 .6 0

699
532
167
47

3.07
3. 10
3.01
3.09

-

—

--------------- —
—
--------- —
---------

Painters, maintenance —------—
---------- Manufacturing ——
---------------------- —
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------— —
Public utilities 2 — ---•
Services (excluding motion

5
5

$3. 31
3.31
2.60

62
648
612

3. 35
3.38

Plumbers, maintenance —
Manufacturing ------------------------------------- —
—
Nonmanufacturing —------—

270
217
53
169
128

-

-

_

19
19

29
29

65
59

121
121

_
-

32

6

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

3. 13
3.22

Tool and die makers — —
-----Manufacturing----------—
------------ —
—

2,635
2,611

.

3.36
3. 35

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
See footnote 9, table 1.




33
1
8

.

_

46
_ : 46

-

4
4

-

"

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

16
16

_
"

24
24

146
146

25
25

68
68

7
7

“

12
12

-

"

32
32

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
5

64
64

_

61
l

11
11

34
34

32
32

-

-

-

-

-

32
30

27
18
9
3

70
57
13
-

132

116
28
2

65
33
32
17

22
21
1
1

123
no
13
7

18
18
-

22

121
11
2

5

26

15

2
2

.

33
33

99
99

71
71

268
264

39
39

_
“

15
14

20
10
10

139
136
3

56
So

2
2

1

6

”

3
3
“

“

11
11

24
24

47
47

5
4

15
15

6
TT

8
8

6

2
2

4

3.21
3. 17
3. 39

Sheet-metal workers, maintenance----Manufacturing ------------------------------

-

2. 98

Pipefitters, maintenance —------ —-------Manufacturing — —
—
— -----

26
26

-

12

28

_

2

2

7

2

2

1
6

36

27
27

1
1

34
34

"

41
41

88

92
92

266
266

244
244

682
682

—

856
856

19
3
-

.

“

17
-

4
-

-

_

.

23

1

219
205

“
8
8

101

101

23

“

_
-

4
-

4
4

-

-

35
35

_

.

10

28
28

“

e
»

“

“

-

17
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)

Occupation1 and industry division

Elevator operators, passenger
(men)
_
Services (excluding motion

Nm
u ber
of
w ers
ork

206
199
63

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T-TIM H U LY E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H
E OR
AN G F
A
verage $1.20 $1.30 *1.40 $1.50 *1.60 $1.70 *1.80 $1.90 $2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 $2.40 *2.50 *2.60 $2.70 $2.80 $2.90 $3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70
h rly ,
ou
ea in
rn gs and
and
vinder
1.3fl_ 1.40 1,50, -L.6.Q- _LZfl_ _L&2_
-2.Q0. 2-10 2.20
2t3iL. JL.4fl_ ,2,5.0 _2J>0_ 2, T . 2,.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 over
P
$1.69
1.67
1.71

111

1.66
1.64
1.77
2.39
2.52
2.56
2.30
2.16

Receiving clerks
Manufacturing..................... .... - ____
Nonmanufacturing
____...__ _ _
_ _
Wholesale trade

2.58
2.56
2.60
2.59

_

Elevator operators, passenger
(women) _______________
7 ________,
I
-------------------------r

1,474
670
804
474

-




15
15
-

_

_

.
_

_
_

64
64

37
37
29

24
24
20

33
33
22

43
41
15
39
13
10
3
26

8

223
223
4
335

14
14
14
20

180
180
169
45

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.

63
61

-

-

101

335

20

249

424

249

370
15
355

424

317
72
245

288
106
182

20

_

2
2

2
114

1.82
2.50

204

345

53

63

1.80
2.11
1.75
1.66

10

-

138

28

10

-

138
113

28
21

452
16
436
419

880
15
865
277

528
22
506
72

541

431

1.80
2.54
2.58
2.39
2.65
2.69
2.69
2.54
2.39
2.57
2.53
2.34
2.34
2.34
2.35
2.06
2.25
1.83

_

_

6

16

-

-

-

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

9

85

117

-

-

-

-

-

_

66

_

9
9
5

117
91
13

_

5

85
40
66
52
14

-

-

-

-

5

68

_

_

_

15

-

-

“

“

-

-

80
80

-

-

-

-

153
153

-

-

_

68

216
138
21
117
78

163
115
106
9
48

132
111
74
37
21

447

-

66
66
5

2

211 1729

-

_

2

89

-

-

8

6
76

-

_

1
1

967 1099
380 753
587 346
82 133
32
38
17
36

-

-

10
4

828 2304 1342
180 176 289
648 2128 1053
7
8
33
4
22
30
345 357
75

-

_

45

_

17
17
3

1

1
-

42
-

-

13
-

4
-

42
10

-

-

15
“

10
"

2
2

10

25
25
13
124
63

59

20
20
101

LI

2.03
2.25
1.89
2.21
2.13
1.78

'

See footnotes at end of table.

17
17
12

1.62

532
518
215
Finance3 ------------------------------------------------------3,628
Guards and watchmen 2, 305
Manufacturing
1,941
Guards __
364
Watchmen______ ______
1, 323
Nonmanufacturing
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
12,405
(men)
5, 035
--Manufacturing ..- ---------------------------------- Nonmanufactur ing
7,370
PiiKlir nfilifioo ^
487
264
Wholesale trade _______ -— ________
_
FinanrA^
1, 041
Services! (excluding motion
pi pfnrpfl|
4, 092
192
Motion pictures 5 —
___ _______ _
_
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
(women)
— __
__
2,448
340
Nonmanufacturing ____
_________________—
—. 2, 108
lTinanrA ^
907
Services (excluding motion
pictures) ___ __________________
.
_
_
1, 031
51
Motion pictures 5 _
Laborers, material handling --------------------- 9.254
Manufacturing -.......... -..... — ........—
2,578
Nonmanufacturing
_
6,676
Public utilities'*
2,609
2,507
Wholesale trade -----------------------Order fillers
4,965
Mannfartnring
876
Nonmanufacturing
4, 089
Wholesale trade —
___________________ _
__
_
2,499
Packers, shipping (men) -------------------------------- 1. 258
Manillarhiring
................. .
... . .
647
Nonmanufacturing___________________________ 611
Wholesale tra d e ______ _ ___ _________
_
532
Packers, shipping (women) _
526
Manufacturing ---- ---------- --- ------284
Nfnnmannfarhiring
242

-

4

49
8
41
40

51
15
36
20

858
104
68
36
5
16
-

319
296
23
_
23
114
19
95
44
86
48
38
36
41
10
31
21
-

21
9

47
24
23

65
34
28
6

138
123
123
_

15

843 1612
664 1039
179 573
46
76
9
9
1
18
5

-

.

56
264
243
21
20
24
24
22
54
-

54
10
8
2
“

-

-

81
81
-

227
196
172
24
31

599
331
268
42
36

684
625
59
20
39

167
122
45
37
6

178
157
21
3

4

42

2

-

360
48
48

57
47
47

25
15
15

48
48

_

_

_

312

10

10

48
-

104
102
2

30
24
6

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2
2

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

_

_

_

-

168
122
46
46

113
83
30
21

101
47
54
53

-

-

15

152
152

52
26
6

48

-

-

-

948
882
860
22
66

-

2

489
364
329
35
125

-

10
752 1254 1743
152 108
76
600 1146 1667
95 749 1094
492 223 385
724 894 212
2
233 107
491 787 210
90
491 101
193
20
46
9
20
184
20
26
184
20

309
180
129
53
66
363
69
294
198
65
64
1

26

-

41
812 962
121 357
691 .605
513
35
171 453
271 1005
70
88
201 917
155 821
325 218
291
65
34 153
33 141
3
9
3
9

-

319 1354
155 443
164 911
68
42
119
194
146
23
22
123 172
43 148
52
79
73
25
27
6
3
27
71
76
61
49
22
15
99
58
41
18

-

161
142
136
6
19

190
86
78
8

-

8

21
107
51
56

-

176
144
32
29

132
9
123
106

122
55
67
57

-

-

-

-

-

-

371
17
354
_
149
316

-

438
348
90
2
88
251

-

158
38
120
_
120
_

120

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

120
_
120
_

.

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

316
122

251
126

_

_

_

-

-

-

178
5
173
7

3

8
8

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

37

3

_

_

37
19

3

96
53
43
40

30
27
3
3

_
_
"

_

2
1
■

_

_

_

_

"

"

18
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations— Continued

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)

$2.65
2.59
2. 73

Wholesale trade -----------------------Truckdrivers6 --------------------------------———
Manufacturing __ — —
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------Public utilities 4 ----------------------Wholesale tra d e -----------------------Services (excluding motion
pictures) ___ ____ _____ __ ____
Motion pictures5 -------------- — —
Truckdrivers, light (tinder
1 1/i tons)
—
....................................Manufacturing — —
— .. —
Nonmanufacturing -------------------Services (excluding motion
piciur Q o) —
■—
■ —
Truckdrivers, medium (IV 2 to and
including 4 t o n s ) ------- --------------Manufacturing — .. -----Nonmanufacturing --------------- —
Public utilities 4 -----------------W iaIacsIA u auc
V
wnoiesctie
Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
trailer type) ----------- ------------------Manufacturing -------------------------Nonmanufacturing — —
Public utilities4 -----------------Wholesale trade ------------------Truckdrivers, heavy (over 4 t o n s ,
other than trailer type) --------------Manufacturing -------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------Public utilities 4 -----------------Wholesale trade ------------------Truckers, power (forklift)----------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------Public utilities 4 ---------------------Wholesale trade -----------------------Truckers, power (other th a n
forklift) —
—
_______ ____ ______ ___ _____
Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------

187
13,404
3, 855
9, 549
4, 843
2, 785

2.55
2.46
2.71
? 6^
3^03
2.90
2 . 89
2.91
2.90
2 . 90

354
336

2. 32
3. 19

1
2
3
4
5
6

2 .6 8

1, 349
557
792

2. 53
2.74

179

2 .8 6
2 .9 2
2 . 82

5, 118
1 , 028
4, 090
2, 175
1 , 086

2.99
3.06
2.97
2.91
2.96

1, 329
206
1, 123
637
406
3, 762
2, 461
1, 301
233
638
852
584
268

_
_
-

.
_
-

_
-

IL L
SO

8
8

22

_
- .
-

22
22

72
29
43

46
46
-

23
23
83
62

1

21

1

14
_
_
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_

23
23
-

4
_
4
4
-

78
78

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

23
23
-

3
3

2.85
2.82

2 .8 6
2 .8 8

89
89
76
76
-

83

6l
22
22

92
92
-

31
28
3
57
56
1

14
6
8
8

87
87
-

49
7
42
42
297
219
78
2

147
87
60
40

404
158
246
33
209

423
163
260
215

25
263
138
125
46
46

130
27
103
84

96
29
67
42

102

100

116

60
40
14

28
88

125
95
30
30
24
24
-

3
3
3
_
-

840
140
700
455
-

274
209
65
46
.

40

-

2538
789
1749
854

20
20

22

336

6

-

-

2

-

2

6

6
6

41
41

-

-

66

1
1

53
49

45
22
2
32
705 3933 2376
304 448 1 0 0 2
401 3485 1374
9 2974 1216
381 331
59

66

1

66

42
42

2

-

2

_
-

_
-

8
8

_
-

_

199
51
148
148

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

76
85
1

-

1

18

15
5
3
-

7

214
18
196
89

40

-

84

4

95

20

4

23

7

11

51

15

66

18
15
3

112

34
26

25
18
7

43
23

77
71

47
28
19

73

178

30

10

8

335

_

68

121

22
8

10

8

335

-

-

-

-

-

2

179
82
97
50

643
341
302
300

120
120
120

209
209
-

13
13
-

_
-

-

.
-

380
135
245
-

53
53
44
-

-

I ll
51
60
60

-

1
1

10

-

10

7
7
-

8

2.74
2.62
3.00

2 .6 6

18
18
18
92
59
33
140
98
42

-

20

66

40

161

28
84

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

2

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

1
1

10

20

6

267
114
153

20

8

84

-

4

22

2

81
51
30
-

5

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

48
48
-

76
46
30
-

183
183
82

104
64
40
40

118
87
31
31

89
40
49

6

-

194
194

55
55

66

24
42

9
9

194

-

43

42

9

11
8

14

10
10

-

6

30
26
4

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
-

48
48

30
30

36
36

27
27

31
31

251
241

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




2 -0 0

2 .9 0

2. 87
2.91
2.84
2.99
2.75
2.65
2.93

.
_
-

2. 13

4, 778
1,752
3, 026
1,621
974

_
_
-

0
00

857
480
377
283
1,247
792
455

.1

Shipping clerks --------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------Nonmanufacturing — — ------ — —
Wholesale trade ------ ------ ------Shipping and receiving clerks — — —
Manufacturing -------------------- — —
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------

N M E O W R E S R C IV G STR IG T IM H U L E R IN S O —
U B R F O K R E E IN
A H -T E O R Y A N G F
$
$
$
2
2
2
2.
3.
10 $ . 2 0 2. 30 2.40 $ 50 * . 60 $ 70 $ . 80 $ . 90 $3. 00 $3. 10 $ 20 $ 30 *3.40 $ 50 3. 60 *3.70
2.
2
3.
3.
and
2 . 1 0 2 t2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 , 6 0 2.70 2 . 80 2.90 "3.00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 3.60 3. 70 over

$ . 80 V 90 $ . 0 0 * .
1
2
2

0

$
A
verage $
1
1.40 S 50 $ . 6 0
l.
h rly , 1 . 20 1. 30 $
ou
ea in 4 and
rn gs
under
1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1.60 _LJ0 _

r-

Occupation 12 and industry division
3

Nm
u ber
of
w ers
ork

-

422
413
9
8

6

42

3
3
370
278
92
20

72
6

6

26
26

129
129

108
100
8

8
6
6

508
406
102

84
56
56

57

480
324
156
3
140
142
142
”

91
520
37
388

_

16
6

5

517 1815
180 1 0 0
337 1715
4 1456
324 136

-

611

627
539
88

-

987 1581
325
6
981 1256
912 1191
69
59

145 1449
7 416
138 1033
28
70 540

791
59
732
606
126
262
240

268

22

•
22

125
125
“

66

44

2

22
22

266

302
36
266
177
44

266
512
30
482
264

244
244

-

’

112

32
80
14

-

26
96
-

I ll
61
50
15
-

6

10

6

10

122

-

-

200
200

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

22

16
6

-

-

-

-

-

50
34
16
-

-

9
9
-

12

-

_
-

-

-

-

“

“

_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
T able B-l.

M inim um Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W o rk e rs

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office workers, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
Inexperienced typists
Manufac turing
Minimum weekly straight-time salary1

All
industries

____ __ ------

- ~ -

Establishments having a specified m in im u m _ _______ _
_
$42.50 and under $45.00 ___________________________
$45.00 and under $47.50 _ __ _ ------ — __ ~ —
_
$47.50 and under $50.00 ___________________________
$50.00 and under $52.50
__ ____ — __ — ----------$52.50 and under $ 55.00 ___________________________
$55.00 and under $57.50 ___________________________
$57.50 and under $60.00 _____________________________________________
$ 60.00 and under $62.50
_ __• — - —
~ ~ —
-----------$62.50 and under $65.00
_ _ __ __ _ __ ~
$65.00 and under $ 67.50
__ __ __ _
---------- ---------- $67.50 and under $70.00
__ __ _ __ _ __ __ ----------$70.00 and under $72.50
— __ - — — - __
------- —
$ 72.50 and under $75.00
__ ____ __ ------- -----------_
$75.00 and under $77.50 _ _____ _______ _ — — —
$77.50 and under $80.00 ___________________________
$ 80.00 and under $82.50 -----------------------_---- -----------$ 82.50 and under $ 85.00 ___________________________
$85.00 and under $87.50 ------- --------------------------------$87.50 and under $90.00 _ __ __ __
_
- — ---$90.00 and under $92.50 _ _ ____ __ __ __ __ ______
$92.50 and under $95.00 ___________________________
$95.00 and under $ 97.50
__ _ _ _ _ _
_ __ _ __ __
$97.50 and under $ 100.00 .......................................
$ 100.00 and under $ 102.50 _________________________
$ 102.50 and under $ 105.00 _________________________
$ 105.00 and under $ 107.50 _ ____ __ __ __
__ __

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—
All
schedules

Establishments studied ____

Other inexperienced clerical workers 1
2

Nonmanufacturing

353

40

37V2

383/4

124

XXX

229

XXX

XXX

XXX

353

186

76

74

110

12

10

77

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
3
5
7
16
16
19
23
16
14
7
5
10
9
7
5
4
5
7
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
4
10
11
8
8
5
2
6
8
3
4
1
1
2

2
4
10
10
8
8
5
2
6
8
3
4
1
1
2

-

-

1
1
3
5
7
14
12
9
12
8
6
2
3
4
1
4
1
3
4
5
2

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

37V2

124

XXX

229

XXX

XXX

201

76

73

125

13

10

91

1
1
3
7
5
9
26
15
17
20
16
14
10
2
11
11
9
3
5
7
4
2

-

-

1
1
3
7
5
6
20
10
12
11
6
6
6
2
6
1
3
3
5
5
2
2

_
2

1
1
1

2
2
4
3
13
6
9
9
5
5
6
2
4
1
3
3
3
5
2
2

All
schedules

40

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
2
2
5
7
5
7
9
7
4
2
3
4
1
2
1
3
4
3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

2
1

1
-

-

1

-

-

2

4
2

3
3
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

Nonmanufacturing

-

-

-

383/4

-

-

1
4
1
1
1

2
2
1
1

-

-

40

XXX

-

-

3
6
5
5
9
10
8
4

3
6
5
5
8
10
8
4

-

-

5
10
6
-

5
10
6
-

-

-

2
2

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
2

-

Establishments having no specified minimum ____ _____
_

57

20

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

57

18

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this c a t e g o r y ____ _
------ __ __ __ ----- — ----

110

28

XXX

82

XXX

XXX

XXX

95

30

XXX

65

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

1

-

1 These salaries relate to formally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.




20




T a b le B-2.

Shift D ifferen tials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant workers by type and amount of differential,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
Percent of manufacturing plant workers—
In establishments having formal
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually working on—
Second shift

Third or other
shift

_ — ------ ------ — ------ -

92.0

81.1

17.9

3.7

With shift pay d iffe re n tia l___________________

92.0

81.1

17.9

3.7

— _ — _

67.8

25.3

13.3

1.8

4 cents
5 cents __ — — ------ _ ------ -----6 cents
_ __ — ------ ------ — __ __ _
71/2 cents _____________________________
8 cents __ — — ----- ------------------ ----9 c e n t s ---- ---------------------- ------ — —
10 cents ____ __ ____ ____ __ __ __
11 cents
_______
. ___ ________
12 cents
____ _____ ____ __ ____
I 2 V2 c e n t s ___ _ ____ __________ _
13 cents r,____________________ . ___ ___
14 cents ,,__________.___________________
1 4 l /z cents ____ ______________________
15 c e n t s _____ ____ __________ ______ ____
16 cents
__ ______ __ ____ ___
18 cents __ - ~ ------ ----------- — — _
20 cents __ _ _ ------ __ __ _ __ —
22 cents __ __ — -------------------- — —
2 2 V2 cents __ ____„___________________
_
24 cents _______ _______ — _______
29 cents __ ____ _______ — ____ __

.6
6.0
1.4
2.3
3.8
.3
15.7
1.1
27.5
.8
.9
.4
.2
5.2
1.6
-

_
.2
1.4
.5
7.2
2.2
.8
.2
5.1
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.1

.1
.7
.4
.6
.7
(2)
2.5
.4
6.1
.3
.1
.1
.1
.8
.5
-

.2

Total —

— __

Uniform cents (per hour)

Uniform p e rce n ta g e-------

___

__ __ __ __ —

5 percent _ __ __ __ _ ------ ----------- _
6 percent ______________________________
10 percent _________________ .___________
15 percent -------------------------------------------

(2 )

.3
.5
.1
(2)
.1
.2
.1
.2
.1

.9

-

1.3
.2

-

-

-

(2 )

12.8

6.9

2.3

.1

4.2
3.4
5.2

-

.8

.1

-

-

"

6.6

.3

.9
.6

-

(2 )

Full day's pay for reduced hours ________

1.5

2.9

.3

.1

Full day's pay for reduced hours, plus
uniform cents per hour _________________

6.1

38.6

1.2

1.4

Paid lunch period not given first-shift
workers, plus uniform cents per hour —

1.6

1.6

.3

(2)

Other form al pay differential -------------------

2.2

5.8

4

.2

With no shift pay d ifferen tia l________________

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with formal provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 Less than 0.05 percent.

21
T able B-3.

Scheduled W e ek ly H ours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-shift workers, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o rk e r s

_

_

__

___

-

------

AH
.
industries1

----------

_

—

35 h o u r s
36 h o u r s
_
__
_____ . ________________________
361 h ou rs
/*
, _
3 7 V2 h o u r s _
-- O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3/4 h o u r s __________ — _____
3 8 3/4 h o u r s _
__
—
_____ __________ —
O v e r 3 8 3/4 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _______ _____________
___
___
40 h ou rs _
4 4 h o u r s .......
........
......
45 h o u r s _
_ ______
„
_
______
4 8 h o u r s __________
________
_ —

1
2
3
4
5
6

100

2
(6)
2
7
3
4

|

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Finance3

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

100

100

100

100

100

3

(6)

Motion
pictures

100

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures *

100

100

100

100

100

100

_
_

1
-

-

3
_

4
_

_
_
_
_

4

1

1

2

-

-

-

9
.

(6)

3

.
-

(? )
(6)
1
_

-

1
.

4
26
9
-

1
96
1

-

-

1
.
1

-

-

.

-

-

95

87

55

57

99

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

(6)

Manufacturing

8
13
8
13

-

(6)
98

AH
c
industries5

(6)
’

4

-

(6)
82

PLANT WORKERS

(6 )

-

(? )
(6 )

Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
See footnote 9, table 1.
Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 pereent.




1
.
1
96
-

-

-

_

.

100

96

100

-

_

86
6
1
4

-

-

_
_

22
T able B-4.

Paid H olidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item
Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Finance3

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Workers in establishments providing
paid holidays ---------------- --------- — — ---------------- Workers in establishments providing
no paid holidays -------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

“

"

“

“

“

_

_

A
ll

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

98

97

100

88

98

-

Manufacturing

All
.
industries1

All workers

PLANT WORKERS
Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

2

2

3

-

12

2

_

6
1
10

24
34

98

Motion
pictures45

industries9

Motion
pictures 4

Number of days
Less than 5 holidays -----------------------------------------------------5 holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day -----------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days ----------------------------------------7 holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day -----------------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half days ----------------------------------------8 holidays ----------------------------------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day -----------------------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half days --------------------------9 holidays ---------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day ---------------------------9 holidays plus 2 half days --------------------------10 holidays --------------- --------------- -------------11 holidays -------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 2 half days ------------------------1 3 holidays --------------------------------------------------

(‘ )
(6 )
8
1
1
26
5
1
43
8
1
2
1
1
1
1
(* )
(6)

_
(6)

5

3
3
32
3
1
53
-

3
20
76
-

16
2
33
6
4
39
-

_
4
14
9
1
24
27
2
3
3
3
3
5

-

-

-

1

2
-

2
(6 )
-

“

-

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

"

-

2

(‘ )
(6 )
21
1
3

99

:

39
28
9

1

3
32
2
1
40

-

-

-

(6)

2
3

1
4
3
5
40
3
1

25
67

39
-

-

_
9
2
28
5
3
51
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

2

2

1

-

(6)

-

-

-

_
(6)
-

(6)
1
28
2
(6 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

(!)
(6)

-

-

(!)
(6)
1
1
42
44

-

3

-

3

(6 )

(6)

“

-

"

-

'

Total holiday tim e7
*
13 days ---------------------------------- — ---- ---- 1 2 or more days -----------------------------------------11 or more days ------- ---------------------------------10 or more days -----------------------------------------9 x/ 2 or more days --------------------------------------9 or more days -------------------------------------------l /z or more days --------------------------------------8 or more days -------------------------------------------7 V 2 or more days --------------------------------------7 or more days ---------------- --------------------------b xU or more days --------------------------------------6 or more days --------------------------------------------

8

5 or more days -------------------------------------------2 or more days -------------------------------------------1 or more days --------------------------------------------

(6 )
1

2
4
5
7
15
58
63
90
91
99
100
100
100

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

(!)
(6)
1
1
54
57
92
95
100
100
100
100

77
77
97
97
100
100
100
100

(!)
(6 )
2
2
44

50
83
84
100
100
100
100

2

7
13
16
21
48
73
82
96
96
100
100
100
100

1-

-

9
6
36
78
79
100
100
100
100

-

1
1
1
1
100
100
100
100

79
81
91
92'
93
98

1
1

42
44
90
93
98
98
98
98

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 See footnote 9, table 1.
5 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.
7 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of
no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




67
67
93
93
96
96
97
97

7

57

61
89
91
100
100
100
100

-

-

2
2

31
31
65
65
67
88

days includes those with

98
98
98
98

7

full days and

23
T able B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
O
FFICE W R E S
OKR
Vacation policy

All workers __ ____ __ — — — ___________

PLANT W RK S
O ER
M
anufacturing

Public ,
u
tilities 2

W olesale
h
trade

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

100

100

100

100

100

10
0

99
86
12
1

100
82
16
2

100
86
14
_

100
100
_

94
94
_
_

98
20
78
_

1

-

6

2

Finance3

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures*

A _
ll
in stries5
du

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
95
5
-

M u rin
an factu g

P
ublic ,
utilities2

W olesale
h
trade

100

100

100

100
95
5
-

100
89
11
-

100
94
6
-

A
ll .
in stries
du

M
otion
pictures *

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ______________________ ____ __
Length-of-time paym ent__ ____ __ __ __
Percentage payment __ — _ __ __ — —
Flat-sum payment _____ __ __ __ __ __ —
Other ________ ___________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations _ ___________________ ____
_
Amount of vacation pay6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week _______________________________
1 week ______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______ _________ _
_
2 weeks ___ ____
____________
_____
After 1 year of service
1 week _
____ __ _____ ___________ _
_
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 weeks ___ ____ _____ __ ____ ____ ___
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________ _
3 weeks ___________________________________ _
4 weeks -------------------------------------------------------After 2 years of service
1 week .___ _____ _., ____ ___________ ____
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________________
2 weeks _____________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _
3 weeks ........................... ... .............. .........,
4 weeks _ __ ____ __ __ ________ _ __ __ __
After 3 years of service
1 week __ _ ______ _______ __ _ ____ _
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ __
__ ________
2 weeks _________________ ____________ ___
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ __ __ __ __ __ _
3 weeks _________ _________ ______ ________
4 weeks -------------------------------------------------------After 4 years of service
1 week ___________________ ________ _______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _
_
2 weeks _ __ _ ____ __ — __ __ __ ____ __
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _ __ ____ __ _
3 weeks ___________________
_
_____ ________________________
___
4 weeks _ __ __ __ __ __ __ ____ __ _______
After 5 years of service
1 wpplr

Over 1 and under 2 weeks
__ __ __ __
________
2 weeks _ ____ __ __________________ __ __
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ___________________
3 weeks __ _____ __ _ __
_
__ __ __ _____
4 weeks --------------------------------------------------- ___
See footnotes at end of table.




_

2
42
2
1

2
30
(7)

1
44
_
-

3
37
-

4
64
3
-

_
37
10
8

_
92
4
-

10
16
(7)
(7)

13
12
_
-

2
36
_
3

20
18
_
-

8
18
1
1

98

21
1
76
1
(7)
1

12
1
84
2
1
-

82
4
14
_
-

33
2
65
_
-

5
_
95
_
-

20
70
1
8

4
96
_
-

62
5
31
1

68
14
15
_
3
-

68
1
31
_
_
-

60

_
_

0

57
6
35
1
(7)

3
2
93
1
1
1

5
(7)
92
2
2
-

2
17
81
-

1
97
2
-

_
100
_
_
-

11
_
78
3
8

_
_
100
_
_
-

21
5
70
3
1
(7)

28
4
62
4
2
-

12
21
63
1
3
-

7
_
92
_
1
-

36
_
56
1

2
(7)
94
2
2
1

3
91
2
4

_
1
99
-

_
_
100
-

7
_
68
16

_
_
100
-

-

_
_
98
2

_

_

_

8
6
79
4
3

-

-

-

-

8

-

5
4
85
3
2
(7)

_
2
94
1
3
-

2
(7)
93
3
2
1

3

_

_

_

7

_

-

.

_

6
5
79
6
3

_

_

5
3
86
4
2
(7)

_

1
99

_

_

94
3
3

99

-

-

-

2
(7)
75
7
15
(? )

2
1
81
8
9
■

_
_
91
5
2
3

1
-

84
5
9
1

-

90
4
4
-

2
-

85
4
10
“

98

_

_

99
1

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

68
16

_

94
3
3

79
2
18

87
7
6

“

“

“

C)

100
-

8

-

1

_

-

-

66
19
6
8

100
_

“

.

-

_
_
99
1
-

_

31
1
_
1

_
1

13

_

-

98
_

_
_
98
_
_
-

_
_

79
1

98

_

_

1

-

13

_

_

_

79
1

98

_

_

1

-

_
_

12

_

73
1
26

75
6

98

1

”

_
_

_
_
_

1

-

24
T able B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., March 1963)
O
FFICE W R E S
OKR
Vacation policy

A
ll
in stries 1
du

PLANT W RK
O ERS
W
holesale
trade

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

68
4
26
3

35
1
64
(7)

12
42
38
1
1

9
88
-

1
1
16
13
66
2
1

53
3
41
3

33
1
66
(7)

12
40
2
38
1
1

98
-

1
(7)
7
1
84
2
3
(7)

1
1
6
2
85
3
2
-

_
2
92
1
4
1

6
94
(7)
-

12
31
49
1
1
-

98
-

.
6
94
-

1
(7)
7
1
73
2
14
(7)

1
1
6
2
75
3
12
“

_
_
2
68
1
29
1

6
77
17
-

12
.
31
49
_
1
1

.
_
98
_
.
-

.
_
6
94
.
-

1
(7)
7
1
61
2
26
(7)

1
1
6
2
65
3
22
■

_
.
.
2
18
1
78
1

_
.
6
_
55
1
37
(7)

12
_
31
_
48
.
1
1

.
.
.

F an 3
in ce;

Services
(excluding
m
otion pictures)

M
otion
pictures *

A
ll
industries5

M
anufacturing

29
2
69
(7)

59
3
38
-

1
42
4
43
1
8

14
86
-

2
(7)
39
6
49
1
2

2
1
44
9
42
2
1

63
1
37
-

23
2
75
(7)

59
3
38
-

1
41
4
44
1
8

6
94
-

1
(7)
21
8
66
1
2

_
1
99
1
-

_
13
_
83
5
"

8
87
4
1
-

1
22
.
67
1
8
-

_
6
94
-

.
_
.
1
88
11
-

_
.
13
_
61
_
27
-

6
78
_
17
-

1
.
22
66
_
10
1

.
.
.
1
19
81

.
.
13
.
45
(7)
40
2

.
6
67
25
3

1
.
21
.
32
9
35
1

M ufactu g
an
rin

Public ,
utilities *

W
holesale
trade

1
51
4
43
(7)
1

2
50
4
43
(7)
(7)

68
3
29
-

(7)
33
5
61
1
1

(7)
10
8
80
2
(7)

D

(7)

8
(7)
88
2
2
-

4
_
92
2
2
-

Public ,
utilities2
4
3

M
otion
pictures *

Amount of vacation pay6— Continued
After 10 vears of service
1 week __ _____ __ ......-------- -------- .....
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______ ____ _______
_
________ - ----- ---- ------- ...
2 weeks _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks . ---- -----3 weeks ___ ...______________ __________ ..—
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ---------------------------- 4 w e e k s ____ _ __...___ ____ — __ . . . __
_
_
After 12 years of service
1 week ____ . . .
_ —_ . . . .
_
. .
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _________________ __
2 weeks ____ __
_____ __ . _
----- . .
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------- ---- -------_
_
3 weeks
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ---- ----- ---- -------- ---- _
__ ....
_
4 w e e k s _ ________ ...
After 15 years of service
1 week __
--------— ----- . . .
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 weeks .... _ — -------------- ----- . —
_
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ___________________
^ w*»flics ______ ______ - Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________ :------------4 weeks
_ ____________ ______
_
_
Over 4 weeks _ _ ________... -------_
After 20 years of service
1 week
1
1
. .. n
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _____ ______________
2 w e e k s _.... ___________ . _______ _____
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ________
. . . .
3 weeks ......... ----- ---- -------- ------ — -----------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------ ------------------- --4 weeks
... ... ,
_ „........... ........
_
_________ _ _____ ____
Over 4 weeks ____

(7)

(7)

7
(7)
77
1
15
(7)

4
79
2
15
-

After 25 years of service
1 week . __
___ _ .
.. — _ ------ ----Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____ —______ — _
___
2 weeks ____
___________ ____ — _ _
_ _
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______ _ ___ ____ _
_ _
3 weeks
.. , _i__
...... .....
,
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ___________________
4 weeks ____ _____ _ ________ ____ _____ ____
_
Over 4 weeks _______________ .___________

(7)
7
(7)
58
2
32
1

(7)
4
_
68
2
26
-

_

98
.
-

1 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 See footnote 9, table 1.
5 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 Includes payments other than "length of tim e," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or more
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.
7 Less than 0.5 percent.




25
Table R-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Los Angeles-Long Beach, C alif., March 1963)
2
OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

All
.
industries*

Manufacturing

100

Public
utilities3

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

I
I
Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures 5

100

100

100

: Finance4
—

/I
/1

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public
utilities3

Wholesale
trade

Services
(excluding
motion pictures)

Motion
pictures ®

100

100

100

100

100

100

All
,
industries6

Workers in establishments providing:
98

'

99

99

96

97

98

94

92

96

99

97

82

100

72

*

92

62

73

42

71

94

76

85

64

83

62

100

78

;

85

85

76

70

59

93

66

69

72

80

23

23

--------------

24

'

26

13

25

24

22

31

27

31

17

36

11

23

------

70

I

80

68

59

65

54

93

38

47

55

36

9

12

40

6

-

63
63
61
79
81

83
83
80
51
81

92
92
88
19
49
8

100
100
100

Life in su ra n ce ------------------------ ------------------ -----------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance
— — — -------- — ~
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both7 ---------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)
—
— — —
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)
----_ __

— _

5

2

14

9

2

3

-

17

Hospitalization insurance — — ~
.. —
Surgical insurance ---------------------------------Medical insurance ----------------------------------Catastrophe insurance ---------------------------------—
__ — Retirement pension
No health, insurance, or pension plan -----

94
94
85
77
78
(*)

98
98
87
82
79
(8)

53
53
53
93
85

96
96
87
63
59

99
99
94
76
84

96
96
89
73
73
(8)

88
88
76
57
94

94
94
86
51
74

1

1

!
:

8
100
100

90
58
71

-

24
100

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad
retirement.
2 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
* See footnote 9, table 1.
6 Includes data for retail trade (except department stores) and real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
7 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number o f days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
* Less than 0. 5 percent.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C lass A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—U se s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—U se s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

27

28
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C lass B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C lass B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­

ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C lass C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already

been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow in g:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
•M make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
ay
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

29
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —Under close supervision or following specific proce­

dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

80
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing,
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C lass A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D oes not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C lass B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B—
Performs one or more o f the follow in g: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination o f the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves, most o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent ttaining and experience.




32
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis".

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. H ead or ch ief engineers in esta b lish ments employing more than one engineer are excluded .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

33

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and laying
out of die work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
triEmsmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering die production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv es the follow in g: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush*
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, die work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

84
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or beating sy s te m s are exclu ded .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, die work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the follow in g: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most o f the follow in g: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. In cludes gate-




men who are stationed at gate and ch eck on identity o f e m p lo y e e s and
other persons entering .

SS
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the following:

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded,

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in volve one or more o f
the follow ing: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden b oxes or crates are exclu ded .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler aad stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse', manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties iavolve one or more o f the follow ­
ing:

Loading aad unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks,or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are excluded .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work in v o lv e s:

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s:

May

R eceiving

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perfona cither related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

86
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, Warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesm en and over-tbe-road drivers
Ore excluded .

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Truckdriver (combination o f s i z e s liste d separately)
Truckdriver$ light (under 1% tons)

WATCHMAN

Truckdriver, medium (1% to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102