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Occupational Wage Survey

MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN
APRIL 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-59




UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BU REA U OF LA BO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN




APRIL 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-59
June 1 9 6 3

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

-

Price

25 cents




Preface

Contents
P age

The L a b o r M arket O ccu pational W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

In tr o d u c tio n

__________________________________________________________________________________________

W a g e tre n d s fo r

E ig h ty -t w o la b b r m a r k e t s c u r r e n t ly a re in clu d ed
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e da ta on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
supplem entary b enefits.
I n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the l a b o r
m arkets.

s e le c te d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

1
4

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

2.

P e rc e n ts

a n d w o r k e r s w ith in

of in c r e a s e

s t r a ig h t -t im e

in

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w h ich p r e s e n t s earn in gs
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s i s r e l e a s e d w it h in a m o n t h a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f the s tu d y in e a c h a r e a .
This bu lletin p r o ­
v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l da ta not i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t .

A :

fo r

fo r

of su rv e y
s a la r ie s

s a la r ie s

s e le c te d

_______________________________

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

___________________

5

O ffic e

o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

and w o m en

_________________________________

6

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n

A -3 .

O ffic e ,

and w o m e n
m en

_______________

p r o fe s s io n a l,
and w o m en

9

an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—

c o m b in e d

______________________________________________

A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s

A -5 .

C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
M in im u m

B -2 .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a ls

B -3 .

S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s

B -4 .

P a id h o lid a y s

B -5 .

P a id v a c a tio n s

B -6 .

H e a lth ,

A p p e n d ix :

e n tra n c e

s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

14
15

___________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________
an d p e n s io n p la n s

_____________________________

___________________________________________________ -

S im ila r tabulations a re a v a ila b le f o r
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

o th e r

A cu r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the M i l w a u k e e a r e a , i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r th e m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s (June 1 9 62).
Union
s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e available
f o r the f o l l o w i n g t r a d e s o r i n d u s t r i e s : B u i l d i n g c o n s t r u c ­
tion, prin tin g,
lo c a l-t r a n s it operating e m p lo y e e s ,
and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

12

_____

___________________________________________________________________

in s u r a n c e ,

* NOTE:
areas.

________________

10
11

_____________________________________________________________

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s

m ajor

________________________

an d s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s :*

B -l.

T h i s b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., b y M a r v i n C l i c k , u n d e r
the d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C. Lin n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

5

and s t r a ig h t -t im e

A -2 .

B:

3

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1.

A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , the f i r s t p a r t o f
th is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e in 1963 and the s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1964).
The f i r s t p a r t p r e s e n t s individual
l a b o r m a r k e t d a ta . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s da ta r e l a t i n g
t o a ll m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s in the U n ite d S t a te s .

__________________

and

s e le c te d

s e le c te d p e r io d s

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly
h o u r ly e a r n in g s

scop e

s ta n d a rd w e e k ly

h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ,
3.




_____________________________________

16
17
18
20
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Milwaukee, Wis.
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s i n w h i c h the U. S. D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B ureau o f L a b o r S tatistics con du cts su rv eys
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e
ba sis.
In th is a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u ­
r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x
b road in du stry d iv ision s:
M anufacturing; tran sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou ps
e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d the c o n ­
s tr u c t io n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a re o m itted b e c a u s e they
t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to
w arran t in clu sion .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b ro a d in d u stry d iv isio n s w hich m e e t pu b lica tion c r it e r ia .

s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e
b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n a n d w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the s e x e s a m o n g i n d u s t r i e s and
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h
the o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d o n th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u l d r e s u l t in h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y w h e n
b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p l o y e d w it h in the s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Job d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e co n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccu pations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s t u d y a nd n o t the n u m b e r a c ­
tu ally s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i ­
c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d i e d .
These differences
in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta .

and E a rn in g s

The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow in g types:
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(c ) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s s ifi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e o f
th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d i n the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t i n th e •o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .

E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s t h e y r e l a t e to
o f f i c e a n d pla n t w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in t h is b u l l e t i n , i n c l u d e s w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a nd n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , and e x c l u d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l .
"P lant w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (inclu din g
l e a d m e n a nd t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
A dm in istra tive,
e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tion e m p lo y e e s who a r e u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x ­
clu ded .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
i n the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
and in ce n tiv e ea rn in gs a re in clu d ed .
W here w eekly h ours a re r e ­
p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o the w o r k




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t , a n d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t at the t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g to a
m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s ­
sifica tion "o t h e r " was u sed.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n w h i c h s o m e l a t e s h if t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o a l l o f
the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P aid holidays;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4
t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e
a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums
o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s
b e c a u s e o f rou nd ing.
D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data o n
h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d
f o r i n w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H oli­
d a y s o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a
n o n w o r k d a y , e v e n i f th e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The
f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e
and half h o lid a y s a ctu a lly g ra n ted .
The s e c o n d part c o m b i n e s w hole
a n d h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to
fo rm a l p olicie s,
exclu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y i s g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
Separate e s ­
t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e i n c o m p u t i n g
v a c a t io n p a y m e n ts, such as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n ­
in gs, o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H o w e v e r , i n the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n
p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
f o r e x a m p le , a p a ym e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .

1 A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f it m e t
e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s : (1) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s at the t i m e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
An
e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s i f i t (1) h a d
o p e r a t e d l a t e s h i f t s d u r i n g th e 12 m o n t h s p r i o r to th e s u r v e y , o r
(2) had p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t t e n f o r m f o r o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .




D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y
the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s
c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
S u c h p la n s
i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a nd
t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fu n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y the e m p l o y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f i n ­
su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym ents a re m ade d ir e ctly
to th e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c ­
cid ent d isa b ility.
In fo rm a tio n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to
w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w
J e r s e y , w hich have e n acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n c e law s w hich
r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p l a n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m ­
p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s
the e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k - l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g
absence fro m w ork because of illn e ss.
S ep arate tabu lation s a r e p r e ­
s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d no w a it in g
p e r i o d , a n d (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a it in g
period.
In a d d i t i o n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s
w ho a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r paid s i c k le a v e ,
an u n d u p lica te d tota l is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e ith e r o r both
types of b en efits.
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s t o p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r they m a y
be s e lf -in s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d
to t h o s e p la n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f
th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

2 The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a lif o r n i a and R h ode Island
do n o t r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s .
3 An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s i d e r e d as having a f o r m a l plan if
it e s t a b l i s h e d at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k l e a v e
th at c o u l d b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u c h a p la n n e e d not be
w r i t t e n , b ut i n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s , d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i ­
vidual b a s is , w e r e e x clu d e d .

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in M ilw a u k e e , W is ., 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 A p r il 1963

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

___________________________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________ _____ ____________ _______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r
p u b lic u tilit ie s 5 ___ _________ _________ ___________________
W h o le s a le tra d e
______________________ - _______________
R e ta il tra d e
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ____________________
S e r v i c e s 8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N u m ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
stu dy 1
3
2

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T o ta l 4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l 4

802

190

2 5 1 ,0 0 0

43, 200

167, 100

167, 740

"

391
411

93
97

1 6 6 ,5 0 0
84, 500

22, 700
20, 500

119, 200
47, 900

116, 640
51, 100

50
50
50
50
50

54
91
127
67
72

50

20
19
25
16
17

2 1 ,5 0 0
10, 700
30, 800
11 , 900
9, 600

3, 900
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

12 ,2 0 0
(6)
(6)
(7)
(‘ )

1 8 ,2 1 0
3, 840
19, 400
6 , 580
3, 070

1 The M ilw au k ee S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M ilw au k ee and W aukesh a C o u n tie s.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f study" e s t im a t e s show n in th is table p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . Th e e s t im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er
em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t
data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the
p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e
of the s u r v e y .
2 Th e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o t io n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the se p a r a te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in
the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the' sa m p le
w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n tire in d u s try d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r tio n on ly in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n of data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv en in fo o tn o te 6 ab ov e.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e i n a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a i d . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n m e n and w o m e n in th e f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , accou n tin g , c la s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B , a nd C ; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y ­
r o l l ; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a nd B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s ;' tabu latin g-m ach in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ; a nd t y p i s t s , c l a s s A a nd B .
T h e in d u s t r ia l n u rs e data a re
b a s e d o n m e n and w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in th e f o l l o w i n g
8 s k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s a nd 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p la n t w o r k e r da ta : S k i l l e d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n i c s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l handling.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s or a v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The average s a l­




a r i e s o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h
o f the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1 9 6 1.
T h e s e w eigh ted e a r n ­
in g s f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 is the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d to th e o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , th e e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e
resu ltin g fr o m labor tu rn over, f o r c e exp an sions, fo r c e red uctions,
and c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e
i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l
wage changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a id
w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h no c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e n ot i n f l u ­
e n c e d b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e , s in c e they a re b a s e d on pay f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d u s e d in c o m p u t i n g a n e w t r e n d
s e r i e s ( t a b l e 2).
T h i s s e r i e s , i n i t i a t e d w it h th e e x p a n s i o n o f th e l a b o r m a r k e t
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , w i l l r e p l a c e
th e o l d s e r i e s (1 9 5 3 b a s e ) s h o w n in t a b l e 3. C h a n g e s in the j o b s s u r v e y e d a nd
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s s i n c e th e s t a r t o f the o l d s e r i e s c a l l e d f o r a r e e x a m i n a t i o n o f
the j o b s and j o b g r o u p i n g s f o r w h i c h t r e n d s w e r e to b e c o m p u t e d .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s th e s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s th e e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w ith th e f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d t o w o m e n , n o w i n c l u d e b o t h m e n and w o m e n . C h a n g e s w e r e a l s o m a d e
in th e j o b s i n c l u d e d w it h in j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r th at an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d
b e e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .




5

T a ble 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e
h o u rly ea rn in gs f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in M ilw au k ee, W is. ,
f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
A p r il 1961
to
A p r il 1962

A p r il 1962
to
A p r il 1963

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

A p r il 1960
to
A p r il 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en) ___________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) _______
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en)
------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) ____________ _____ __

3.
3.
3.
3.

4
6
9
8

2.
4.
2.
2.

3
3
6
4

3.
5.
3.
3.

1
0
5
6

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en)
-------------In d u strial n u r s e s (m e n and w om en) _______
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) --------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) ____________ _________

3. 4
3. 6
3. 8
4 .6

2.
4.
2.
2.

5
3
1
3

4.
5.
3.
3.

0
0
6
5

T able 3. Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u rly
e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in M ilw au kee, W is. ,
A p r il 1963 and A p r il 1962
( A p r il 1953=100)
Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group

A p r il 1963

A p r il 1962

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en)
---------------------------In d u strial n u r s e s (w om en) -------------------------S killed m ain ten an ce (m en) -------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) -----------------------------------

145.
159.
154.
146.

6
1
0
3

140.
153.
148.
141.

8
6
3
7

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w om en) ------------------------------In d u strial n u r s e s (w om en) -------------------------S killed m ain ten an ce (m en) -------------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) -----------------------------------

151.
159.
154.
149.

1
7
3
0

145.
154.
148.
142.

9
2
7
6

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r il 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

Weekly^
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

* 45'
* 40
Weekly
earning*1
and
(Standard) u n d e r
45
50

* 50

* 55

* 60

* 65

>70

*75

* 80

*85

* 90

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

7

12

*

95

* 100

100

105

n o

53

41

’ 105

‘ n o

*115

* 120

*125

’ 130

*135

’ 140

*145

*150

*155

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

16 0

27
13
14

29
15
14

37
23
14

48
38

36
18

21
9
12

10

6
2
4
1

8

3

-

2
1
1

9
9

18
18

9
4

*160
and

Men
C lerks, accounting, cla s s A ----------------Manufacturing —----------------------- --------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

374
225

39. 5
40. 0

$ 1 1 9 .5 0

122.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
4

149

39. 5

1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

C lerks, accounting, cla s s B ----------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------

165
82

40. 0
4 0 .0

8 9 . 50
9 2 . 50

_

_

_

3

3

4

-

10

-

5

40. 5
40. 0

-

3

83

9 3 . 50

-

-

-

-

-

C lerks, o rd e r ----------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

215

40. 0
40. 0

105. 50
1 0 7 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

40. 0

103. 00

C lerks, p a y roll -------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

74

40. 0

1 1 3 .0 0

_

53

40. 0

1 1 1 . 50

•

■

-

O ffice boys ---------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________

139
.9 3

39. 5
4 0 .0

6 3 . 50

-

6
2

7

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la s s A -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

87
55

39. 5
40. 0

1 1 9 . 50
1 2 0 .5 0

“

-

Tabulating-m achine operators,
c la s s B ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

169
117
52

39. 5
40. 0

99. 00
1 0 0 .5 0
9 5 . 50

-

_

-

-

-

39. 0

-•

-

-

-

-

61

40. 0

8 1 .5 0

.

.

2

84

40. 0

7 0 . 00

2

53

40. 0

7 3 . 50

8
1

12
1

4

12

113
72

4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0

4.

7 0 .0 0

21
11

33

4 0 .0

33

4

20
10

9

16

30

25

119
96

86 . 0 0

6 3 . 50

_

_

1

11
11

.

49
45

3
-

1
1
22

_

1

-

1

_

.

-

-

_

"

21
6

5

14

2
2
14

16
7

5

9

36

31
26

23

5

28

7

5

2

13

10
11

3
3
-

43

4

30

18
25

4

6

27

-

24

_

3
3

8
6
12
6
6
_

1

"

-

1
1
1

6

12

.

.

.

“

“

1
1

8

14

-

4
4

5

28
14
14

1

10

13

7

5

6

7

14

16

11

5

9

4

20
10
10

17

29

10

7

3
3

3

-

4
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
-

_
_

17

4
4

2
1
1

-

21

12
12
6

-

-

5

4

■-

14

15

2
2

12

_

1
1
1
_
1

21
20
1

_

_
_
_

2
2
2

2
2

5
_

_

_

-

_

5

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

4

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

2
2

4

9

11

9

“

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

>
-

1
1

5
3

9
5

17
5

3
3

9
7

14
13

11
11

3

3
3

3

4

19

22

13

8
1

4
3

4
3

4

7
5

1

24

5
3

18

9

19

17

7
3

10
1
1

30

“

-

20
21
10

1
1

3

5

.

6

36
17

4
3

5

16

16

_

Tabulating-m achine op erators,

2
1
1
1
1

7

1
6
12

-

"

.
"

9

24
23

1

3

7

9

19
15
4

4

8

1

1

4

1
1

12

13

10
3

7

1

1

1

2
1
1

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

Women
B ille r s , m achine (billin g m achine) ------M anufacturing -----------------------------------B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------B ook keeping-m ach ine o p erators,
cla s s A -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

152

4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0

327

39. 5

68 . 5 0

206

39. 5
40. 0

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le,




5
5

“

82. 00

75

B ookkeeping-m ach ine o p erators,
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

-

85. 00

77

-

121

88 . 0 0

75. 50
6 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
8

4

12

11

4
-

46

34

40

8

58

57

27

25

37

45

33

32

33

20

15

4

1

1

12

8
21

18

2
1

34

6
1

13

14

5

7

14

5

6

10

7

24

1

2

10
10

4

-

1
1

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M ilwaukee, W is. , A p ril 1963)

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta ble,




8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r i l 1963)
A verage

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

W
eekly 1 40 * 45
W
eekly^
earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

* 50

* 55

* 60

* 65

* 70

* 75

* 80

* 85

* 90

* 95

*100

*105

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

3
3
-

11

222

98
124

231
125
106

257
197
60

183
119
64

65
49
16

50
36
14

26

84
127

295
103

31

4
7

116
45
71

211

-

20
11

21

5

1

35

86

53

55

95

43

13

48
38

105
84

100

16

Sex, occupation, and industry division

21

18

21

11

36

6

3

23
14
9
9

18
15
3

15

3
3

17
4
36
17
19

9

*115

*120

*125

*130

*135

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

18
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

4

_
-

.

1

.

.

.

.

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

*110

* 140 *145

* 150 *155

* 160
and

155

160

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Women— Continued
Stenographers, general
— — _ — __
M anufacturing ___ — — — -----------Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ __ —

1,719
798

39.5
40.0
39.5

$76.00
79.00
72.50

Stenographers, senior __________________

921

192

683

39.5

89.50

17

63

Nonmanufacturing --- ------- — — -----

222

39.5

83.00

-

-

-

-

12

37

19

Switchboard op era tors __________________
M anufacturing
__ ------- ------- ------Nonmanufacturing __ — — --------------Pu blic utilities 2 - __ _
—

256
85
171
25

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

73.50
87.50
66.50
81.00

.

2

15
15
“

39

56
4
52

20

-

16
7
9

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing
__ __ — _ — ------Nonmanufacturing __ _ __ ________

444
242

40.0
40.0
39.5

73.50
76.50
70.00

-

202

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la s s B __
. _____ _ _
Nonmarmf ad u r in g

83
50

39.5
40.0

83.50
83.50

-

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
c la s s C ___
— _______
_ _
Nonmanufacturing _____ _________

79
71

39.5
39.5

73.00
72.00

-

423
185

39.5
40.0

72.00
76.00

-

880
54S~
334
41

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

81.00
87.00
71.00
77.50

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

65.50
70.00

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op e ra to rs,
g e n e r a l ------------- ------- -----------------------M anufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __ __

T yp ists, cla ss A _________________________

T y p ists, cla ss B _________________________

1,417
682
735
46

6 1.00

65.00

2

2

_
-

2

-

-

5
5

-

-

1

38
~

79
16
63

113

10
6

-

-

4

16

1

68

44
24

45

20

5

23
6

12

12

2

11

8

4

11
1

l

4

1

2

2

1

44
27
17

61
46
15

22

8

6

6

22

“

4
4

3
3

3
3

34
26

19

4

5

2

.

1

11

12
12

2
2

-

-

-

-

164
157

66

56

19
19

3

1

7
7

8
8

15
15

23

6

8

7

22

3

5

6

74
4

59
35

85
33

63
39

75
37

15

90
15
75

137
54
83

105
50

92
54

85
50

37

5

5

27

1

1

8

10
1

2

3
17
3

15
2

13

12

l
l

5
5

6

8

6

9

153
28
125

322
90
232
8

379
T5(5
219
17

160
102

58

in
62
49

77

134

45
44

10

17

10

38

10

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Milwaukee, W is. , A p ril 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of

W eekly,
hours (Standard)

W eekly .
(Standard)

NU M BER O F W O R K E R S RE C EIV IN G ST R A IG H T -T IM E W EEK LY EA RN IN G S O F —

Under 65 ‘ 70
and
$
under
65
70
75

* 75

’ 80

* 85

* 90

80

85

90

95

'

95 * 100 * 105 1 110 * 115 * 120 * 125 * 130 * 135 * 140 * 145 * 150 * 155
105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

1
1

100

1
1

3
3

3
3

1
1

3
3

.

* 160

s

170

*180

* 190

*200

150

155

160

170

180

190

200

210

i
“

6
6

1
1

8
8

13
13

26
26

10
10

3
3

53
50

46
41

17
14

7
7

Men
D raftsm en, lea d er -------------- ------- -----M anufacturing ------------------------------------

80
79

40. 0
40. 0

$170.50
171. 00

D raftsm en, sen ior --------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

1,088
1, 035

40. 0
40. 0

129. 50
129. 50

D raftsm en, ju n ior ---------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

580
546

40. 0
40. 0

107. 00
107. 00

T r a c e r s ---------------------- ------- — — -----M anufacturing -------------------------------- _

71
62

40. 0
40. 0

82. 50
85. 00

199
180

39. 5
39. 5

101. 50
101. 50

‘

-

*

1
1

-

1
1

11
11

31
25

89
87

128
125

105
102

139
136

82
74

104
98

88
87

121
120

32
26

33
30

67
66

89
87

60
60

81
78

57
51

43
43

23
19

12
11

12
12

8
8

5
5

6
5

2
2

5
5

“

1
1

28
27

26
24

20
18

12
11

3
2

6
4

6
6

1

5
3

11
9

7
6

25
19

17
14

57
53

7
3

9
6

8
8

12
12

8
8

8
8

1

5
3

7
6

20
19

39
35

6
S

-

Women
N urses, industrial (re g istered ) -----------M anufacturing ------------------

25
24

1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these weekly hours.




"

-

"

-

10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Milwaukee, W is., A p ril 1963)

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

Average
earnings *
(Standard)

95
53
—

113
72

73.00
70.00

152
77
75
328
121
207

68.50
75.50
64.00

700
367
333
49

108.00
113.50
102.50
103.50

1,407
441
966

75.50
81.00
73.00

-----------------------------------------------------

85.00
88.00
82.00
Nonmanufacturing

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss B --------------

----

Nonmanufacturing _______________ — - ------------Pu blic utilities 1 ________________________ _____
2
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A -----------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _______________________________

C lerks, ord er _______________________________________
M anufacturing ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________ ___________ ____

f ! lp r ] f s

p a y ro ll

644
237
407

81.00
92.50
74.50

629
427
202
65

739
328
411
58

70.00
75.50
65.50
73.00

76.00
79.00
72.50
82.00

M a m if^ f 't n r 'P g

684
462
222

252
150
102

94.00
96.50
89.50

140

94

76.50
72.50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op era tors, general ________
M annfarhiring

424
186
238

72.00
76.00
68.50

T yp ists, cla s s A ____________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________________________

887
551
336

81.00
87.00
71.50

1,439
694
745
56

65.50
70.00
61.00

80
79

170.50

1, 092
1 039

129.50

598
564

106.50
107.00

199
180

101.50
101.50

85

82.50
84.50

89.50
92.50
83.00

Manufacturing
_____________________ _______ ___
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________

256
85
171
25

73.50
87.50
66.50
81.00

84.50
84.50
85.00
88.50

Nonmanufacturing __ __ _________ _ ____

444
242
202

73.50
76.50
70.00

____

43

P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations

M anufacturing

1 Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




$119.00
119.00

81.00
83.50
77.50

1, 725
921
804
164

Stenographers, general ----------------------------------------------

54.50
53.50

301
172
129

97.00
98.50
94.50
112.00

^ p rr p ta r ip c

62.50
71.50
58.00
68.00

114
91

109
65

1.563
900
663
73

______________________________

76.00
82.00
69.50

665
215
450
75

98
60

68.00
69.50

61.50
65.00
58.50

O ffice boys and g irls

Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------------104
54
50

$71.00
77.50
68.50

344
151
193

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------

T abulating-m achine op era tors, cla ss A -----------------

T abulating-m achine op era tors, cla ss C ___________

—

651
192
459

D uplicating-m achine operators
Manufacturing

Bookkeeping-m achine o p era tors, cla ss A -------------M anufacturing ___________________________________

Average
weekly
earnings
(Standard)

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s B ___________

- ---------------------- --------

of
workers

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

$73.50
73.50
Nonmanufacturing

Nonmanufacturing -------------

Average
weekly l
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) -

Number
of

O ccupation and industry division

-

___ ______

. __ ____

11

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r il 1963)
N U M B E R O F W O R K E R S R E C E IV IN G S T R A IG H T -T IM E H O U R L Y E A R N IN G S O F —

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Carpenters, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing -------------------------------- _
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

286
181
105
47

E lectricia n s, m aintenance — ------------ _
M anufacturing -----------— ----

1.139
940

Average
hourly .
earnings

s

$

$

1. 80 1. 90 2.00
and
under
1.90 2. 00 2. 10

1

$

3.
3.
2.
2.

04
08
98
67

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70 2. 80 2.90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40
2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2.70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$

$

$

3. 50 3.60

s
S
$
4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 4. 30

$

3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 4. 30 4. 40

17
6
11
11

47
18
29
23

10
9
1

10
8
2

38
20
18
4

18
14
4

29
28
1
1

11
7
4
4

18
15
3

7
3
4

51
37
14

-

14
14

_

_

_

_

-

-

16
2
14

_

-

_

_

_

_

5
5

41
41

23
16

69
65

36
36

45
45

70
70

197
193

61
44

110
110

126
121

180
82

105
89

15
13

6
-

16
10

12
-

19
-

-

13

25
25

31
31
-

6
5
1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

___ -

_

_

$

3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3.90

3
~

-

3. 38
3. 32

2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40

$

_

_

_

E ngineers, stationary ------------------------ _
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

243
172
71

3. 04
3. 13
2. 80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

1
1
-

13
9
4

32
16
16

29
16
13

26
24
2

31
11
20

20
20
-

14
12
2

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________
M anufacturing ------------ — — — — _

494
421

2. 68
2. 74

40
13

8
8

36
32

_
-

12
11

4
1

28
24

66
59

52
52

36
26

64
60

14
8
6

12
10

31
26

77
77

'
12
12

H elpers, m aintenance trades ---------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

466
271

2. 56
2. 41

12
12

12
12

19
19

11
11

40
39

17
17

72
70

31
29

38
20

116
23

73
1

20
13

3
3

-

-

2
2

-

-

M ach in e-tool op era to rs, to o lro o m ____
M anufacturing --------------------------- ------

764
762

3. 39
3. 40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
38

7
7

23
23

39
39

30
28

43
43

75
75

75
75

88
88

M achinists, m aintenance
— ------- — _
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

656
627

3. 41
3. 41

.

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

29
29

4
4

20
8

3
3

24
24

26
26

34 ___ZQj
33
70

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance) --------------------------------------Manufacturing ------- — — ------- — .
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

687
210
477

3. 10
3. 07
3. 12

-

27
27

11
11

-

-

15
10
5

52
10
42

96
11
85

69
48
21

18
6
12

278
42
236

M echanics, m aintenance ----------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------

1,040
978

M illw rights ---------------------- --------------------M anufacturing —---—
— -----O ilers --------------

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

92
92

172
172

61
61

20
20

1
1

-

-

-

-

117
117

54
54

264
251

3
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

60
7
53

15
10
5

19
15
4

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
1

4
3

_

_

2
-

_

4
-

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

-

7

-

-

7

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

7

-

3. 12
3. 10

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

41
41

19
19

152
152

93
85

56
56

222
221

38
31

. 55
38

34
32

247
245

29
26

36
26

461
454

3. 18
3. 18

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30

27
27

12
12

23
23

15
15

40
40

48
48

111
111

28
21

93
93

_

-

-

34
34

343
343

2. 80
2. 80

_

8
8

_

5
5

10
10

13
13

57
57

56
56

41
41

11
11

40
40

19
19

77
77

P ainters, m aintenance --------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------

187
145

3. 17
3. 16

7
6

6
6

ii
9

10
1

9
9

32
31

12
8

19
9

33
31

5
1

-

38
30

1
-

P ip efitters, m aintenance
— — — — _
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

320
293

3. 27
3. 27

10
10

_

10
7

8
8

17
15

55
55

17
14

59
53

10
2

94
94

5
-

_

_

-

35
35

-

-

-

S heet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance ------

145

3. 32

1

1

30

18

4

24

50

5

9

3

_

_

_

1,351
1,351

3. 65
3. 65

15
15

38
38

54
54

33
33

199
199

148
148

162
162

250
250

304
304

116
116

7
7

-------------------------------------

T ool and die m akers -----------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------

.

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




-

2
2

11
11

.

_
_

j

.

.

6
6

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

8
8

4
4

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r i l 1963)
N U M BER OF W ORKERS R E CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry division

$
.
Average s1.00 *1.10 $1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 S1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 s2.40 s2.50 2.60 $2.70 $2.80 s 2.90 S3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $
3.50
hourly
earnings 2 and
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

E levator op era tors, passen ger
43

$ 1.39

-

10

16

6

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

_

_

4

1,043
571
355

1.92
2.42
2.54
2.23

-

2
-

382
-

31
1
1

17
7
7

7
-

8
4
4

6
-

37
30
5
25

38
35
4
31

37
32
19
13

56
56
11 '
45

42
41
17
24

14
14
11

70
62
55

28
28
26

94
94
90

152
145
90
55

17
17
17

5
5
5

-

-

-

_

-

_

1, 924
1,469
455
87

2.16
2.28
1.76

i
1

28
8
20

46
7
39

74
18
56

32
13
19

30
6
24

82
6
76

63
37
26

99
68
31

94
62

219
213
6

148
123

212
204

157
142

329
316

190
178

12
-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

10

106
66
40
26

13

12

Janitors, p orters , and clea n ers
(women) _______________________________
M anufacturing ---- ------- __ __
Nonmanufacturing __ — ------- — —

1, 027
435
592

1.71
2.09
1.42

23
23

12
12
-

124
8
116

154
8
146

145
19
126
66

78
7
71

84
27
57

79
39
40

19
15
4

19
19
-

24
24
-

50
45
5

46
45
1

23
22
1

124
123
1

_
-

14
14
-

9
8
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 3 _ __ __ — —

3, 701
2, 774
927
373

2.44
2.43
2.47
2.87

“

72
72
“

36
26
10
“

35
31
4
"

97
91
6
"

62
18
44
"

14
14

40
20
20
9

141
123
18

104
74
30
14

126
77
49
2

149
136
13

249
236
13
_

446
404
42
4

301
192
109
56

383
381
2

464
463
1
-

200
101
99
6

36
36

146
115
31
-

317
3
314
282

281
281
-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

O rd er f i l l e r s ___ _ __ — ------- -------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

1,284
339
945

2.53
2.44
2.57

4
4

4
4

4
4
‘

12
2
10

4
4

16
16

25
13
12

n

54

-

1
1

-

-

P a ck ers, shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____
__ __
_

879
665
214

2.46
2.51
2.31

-

-

*

-

6
6

-

9
9

23
14
9

13
4
9

5
5

14
14
-

P a ck ers, shipping (w o m e n )__ __ __ _
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ — — — --------

303
18T
117

1.94
2.08
1.72

_
"

_
"

10
10

24
6
18

32
11
21

16
2
14

24
22
2

15
8
7

22
22

R eceiving c le r k s _ ___________

382

2.57

.

.

2

1

1

3

8

181

2.60

-

-

2

-

1

1

3

8

2.71
2.73
2.65

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
8

_
-

_

-

_
-

Nonn anufacturing
Guards and watchmen __ ------- ------------M anufacturing ___
— ------- — —
Guards ___________ — ------- --------

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) ___________________________________
M anufacturing ______
____________
■PuHliV hHIi H as 3

____

—

Nonm anufacturing ____________ ____
Shipping cle rks _____ __ ________ _____
M anufacturing ______ __ ____ _____
Nonm anufacturing _____ _ __ _____

282
231
51

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s __________
Man nf a rfrn ri ng
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

248

2.57

114

2.56

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




"

6

119
23
96

137
53
84

49
41
8

47
29
18

80
71
9

194
50
144

36
21
15

63

i

-

-

-

-

54

142
20
122

281

-

n

281

63

1

30

49
36
13

56
8
48

35
27
8

37
29
8

202
194
8

39
39
-

123
123
-

103
40
63

61
61
-

38
16
22

11
10
1

13
12
1

1
1
-

-

4

-

7
7
-

4
4
-

16
16
_

5
4
1

34
5
29

38
38

20
5
15

17
17

2
2

21
21

1
1

6
— 5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5

5

17

24

23

18

34

32

37

80

22

4

5

5

6

9

11

7

17

7

32

6

_
-

1
1

8
7
1

12
2
10

26
24
2

18
14
4

. 54
46
8

17
17
-

31
19
12

22
22
-

10

48

12

13

8

7

45

6

5

1

12
11
1

38

9

8

-

10
10

26

10
10

-

60

4

1

1

57

2

1

1

-

-

10
10
-

21
16
5

8
2
6

25
25
*

13
12
1

*

8
7
1

6

25

9

40

.

.

.

.

1

3

5

30

“

“

13
Tabic A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r i l 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 cind industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
* 1 .0 0
hourly
and
earnings 2

* 1 .1 0

* 1 .2 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

$

1 .3 0

* 1 .4 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

$

1 .5 0

* 1 .6 0

* 1 .7 0

* 1 .8 0

*1.9 0

* 2 .0 0

* 2 .1 0

*2 . 2 0

* 2 .3 0

* 2 .4 0

* 2 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

-2 J 1 C L

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

64

71
68
3

117

* 2 .6 0

$

$

3 .0 0

*3 .1 0

*3 . 2 0

* 3 .3 0

* 3 .4 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

320

246
24
222

2 .7 0

* 2 .8 0

* 2 .9 0

2 ,7 .0 . 2 , 8 0

2 ,9 0

1 .1 0

T ru ck d river s 4 ----------------- -------------------------------M anufacturing
------------------------------------------Nonmanufactur Lng ___________________

2. 712
697
2, 015
1 ,4 0 4

$ 2 .8 9
2 .7 5

-

9
-

45
-

-

10
10

8
-

18
10

33

-

23

-

26
20

18

9

9

45

-

-

8

8

10

2

6

18

-

2 .9 3
3 .0 5

-

2 .6 3

-

-

9

2

39
25
25

T r u ck d riv ers , light (under
1 '/2 tons) ___
____ ___ ___ ___
------------ ------------M anufacturing
N onm anufacturing
----------------------

207
124
83

T ru ck d riv e rs , m edium ( l l/2 to and
including 4 tons) _______________

709

2 .6 2

-

-

18

9

9

45

-

-

5

18

32
23

2

20

43

524
312

2 .6 5
2 .9 7

_

-

18

9

9

45

-

-

5

8

9

2

19
1

23

1, 001

3 .1 0

Nonm anufacturing __ ____

— __

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________

2 .5 6
2 .7 4

* 3 .5 0

and

under

-

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

3

_
-

•

3

-

-

5

11

53

1
4

11

53
*

7

95
60

187
40

197
63

88
88

35

147

134

-

54

29

30

"

28
26

25

26

8
8

23

4

r fu r in p

226
94

8

12
12

2

216

1234
85
1149
1035

2
-

-

2

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
_

-

27
4

-

26

17

-

-

17

23

1

-

26

-

66

108

176

99

-

-

-

_

53

65
23

162

99
96

_

_

_

_

871

2

1

_

_

-

-

_

_

6

1

27

1

156

66

10
10

-

66
0 P u b lic

3

707

T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) ____________
Nonmannfa rhiring
T ru ck ers , pow er (forklift)
Nonmanufacturing

__________________

________________

T ru ck ers , power (other than
forklift) _ ____________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

1
2
3
4

3 .1 3

550

2 .9 3

1. 150

2 .6 7

' 135

2 .6 7

378

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

359

700

1

9

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all driv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




-

-

2

1

8

13

20

9

-

_

30

101

6 -

1
1

103

_

_

37

13

4

13

147
146
1

20

32

7

_

12

71

61

254
253
1

159
38

32

1
1

_

_

42
41
1

158

2

83
82
1

60

3

-

34

_

28

4

44
44

9
9

9
9

27
17

36
34

212
211

26

253

7

_

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , M ilw a u k e e , W is. , A p r il 1963)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M an u factu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1
2

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N on m an u factu rin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f -----

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 42. 50
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 77. 50
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 82. 50
$ 8 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u nd er
u nd er
u n d er
und er
u nd er
u n d er
und er
u nd er
u n d er
u n d er
over

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 80. 00
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 85. 00

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f -----

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

190

93

XXX

97

XXX

190

93

XXX

97

XXX

-----------------------------

88

50

45

38

32

100

51

45

49

42

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

_

-

-

-

1

1
1

1
1

1
2
1
7
5
8
9

_________________________ — —
_________________________ _______
________________________________
________________________________
__________________ ~ „
— —
_________ ________ — — — —
--------------------------------- — ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- — ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- — — —

3
2
23
7
12
14
10

6
6

6
6

3

8
11
7
2

7
9
5
2

2

-

-

3

-

-

2
1
17
1
4

1
1
14
1

3

3

3

3

1
2
2

1
1
2

-

-

3

2

-

-

2
1
7
5
7
7
4

8
1
14
2

6

.0
2
21
7
11
17
9
4

2
-

6
1
12
1

3

3

8

7

3

3

3

3

1

3

-

-

3

4
2
2
1

3
1
1

3
1
1

1

1
1

-

-

—

3

------------------

2

1
3
1

1
3
1

--------------------------------------------------------------------

1

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
2
1
1
1
1

--------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

--------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2

1
2
-

-

-

-

-

1
2
1

-

-

1
2
1

-

-

1
2
1

-

-

---------------------------------------

—

................... - ----------- ----------------

----------

_______

-

1
2
-

---------------------------

37

21

XXX

16

XXX

49

24

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________________________

65

22

XXX

43

XXX

41

18

--------------------------------------------------------------------

_________________________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m

1 T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m sta r tin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .
2 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s s u ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g ir l.
3 D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




2

N on m an u factu rin g

----------

-------------------------------------------------------------------

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

M an u factu rin g

1

-

-

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

23

XXX




15

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r il 1963)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T o ta l

..................................................................................

W ith s h ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l _

_____________

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r hou r) -------------

--------------

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

93. 1

86. 5

21. 2

5 .3

92. 6

86. 4

21. 1

5 .3

6 9 .7

56. 8

14. 7

3.2

_

U nder 5 c e n ts --------------------------------------------5 c e n ts ------------------ -----------------------------------6 c e n ts _____ _ ______________________ —
7 c e n ts _____ _____ — _______________ __
7 V 2 ce n ts __________________________________
8 c e n ts _ _ ------------- -----------------------------8*/z ce n ts — ________ ____________ ______
9 c e n ts _____ ______________________________
10 c e n ts ___________________________________
11 c e n ts ______ — ----------------------- — —
12 c e n ts ---------- ------- ----------------------- —
13 c e n ts ___________________________________
14 c e n ts ____________________ _____________
15 c e n ts ----- ---------------------------------------- —
17 c e n ts ________________________ — --------18 c e n ts ____________________________________
19 c e n ts ___________________________________
20 c e n ts ----- ------------- ----------------------- —
O v e r 20 c e n ts ------ ------- ------- ------- —

.5
5. 2
.9
4. 8
.5
7. 7
.6
25. 1
6 .0
6. 2
5. 4
3. 8
.5
-

2. 2

.3
.6
.7
9 .7
1 .4
5. 4
8 .0
2. 5
15. 8
2. 0
2. 7
2. 1
2 .9
2. 7

U n ifo rm p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

21. 4

-

. 1
1. 1
.2
1. 1
. 1
1 .9
.2
5. 1
-

.9
1 .4
1. 2
.7
. 1
-

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

_
-

. 1
( 2)
.4
(2)
.4
.7
(2 )
.9
. 1

.6

(2)
(2 )
.2
.2

2 1 .4

6. 3

1.4

12. 4
8. 3
.7

2. 3
.8
5. 2
13. 1

4 .6
1. 6
(2 )

-

. 1
(2)
.5

----------------------

1. 5

8. 2

. 1

.8

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l ___________________

.5

. 1

. 1

5 p e r c e n t _______________________ _________
6 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------- —
7 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
8 p e r c e n t __ — — — — ------------- --------9 p e r c e n t _____________ — ------- — — —
10 p e r c e n t _______ — -----------------------------O th er fo r m a l pay d iffe r e n t ia l

-

-

.7

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e ven though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

16

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 9 6 3 )

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

_______________________________________

U nder 35 h o u r s __ _____ — — ------ — - —
35 h o u r s __ ___ ______________________________________
36*/4 h o u r s
- — _____ — _____ _____ — 37*/2 h o u r s
— _____ ______________________ —
O v e r 37*/ 2 and u n d er 40 h o u r s __________________
40 h o u r s . - — -------- -------- ------- ------------- —
O v e r 40 and u nd er 48 h o u r s — — — — — —
48 h ou rs and o v e r
_ __ _____ . . „ _____ —

100

(4 )
l

8
6

84
(4 )
(4 )

Manufacturing

100
(4 )
3
5
91

Public utilities1
2

All industries 3

100

100

.
_
_

1

(4 )
89
5
3

100
-

'
_____________________________

2
(4 )
89
4
2

100

2

-

-

-

1

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities2

-

2

-

(4)

100

<*)

-

-

Manufacturing

-

96
4

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 96 3)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________

______

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o l i d a y s ______________________ __________ __
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries ^

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

97

100

100

“

3

(4 )

“

N u m ber o f days

L e s s than 6 h o l i d a y s _____________________________
6 h o lid a y s __ _____________________________ ___ ___ __
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d ays ______________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf d ays ______________________
7 h o lid a y s ___ ___ ______ ___ ____ _____ ____ _______
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
.. ..
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf days _____________________
8 h o l i d a y s ______ ______________________ . ________ __
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day ______________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ______ ________ __
9 h o lid a y s
_________________ _______ __________
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days ______ _____________
10 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf day _________________ ___

18
3
22
2
5
10
1
1
1
2
(4 )
5
(4)

(4 )
8
(4 )
29
31
4
9
14
(4)
4
(4 )

(4)
5
7
9
10
25
30
70
79
99
99
99

(4 )
4
4
4
4
28
31
91
92
100
100
100

(4 )
21
9

_
13
2
28
47
10
-

"

2

26
(4 )
20
1
24
1
5
13
(4)
(4)
"
3
(4 )

(4)
n
27
“
29
2
7
18
-

_
41
16
37
-

4
(4)

6
■

(4 )
5
5
5
5
30
32
88
88
100
100
100

6
6
22
59
59
100
100
100

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5
lo V l d ays _________________________________________
10 o r m o r e d ays - _— __________ „
9 V2 o r m o r e days ________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________ __________
8l/ o r m o r e days
z
„ _____
. ______ - __
8 o r m o r e days ___ ___ ___________ __ ____________
7 V2 o r m o r e days
___ ___ ____________ — —
7 o r m o r e d ays ___________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d ays __________ _____ _____________
6 o r m o r e d ays
______ — _____ ___ _____
2 or m o r e d ays ________________ __________ _____ _
1 o r m o r e days

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

.
10
10
39

87
87
100
100
100

(4)
3
3
3
4
22
25
69
70
95
96
97

.

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A l l co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d ays that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 d ays in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated .




18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 9 6 3 )

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

______ _____

________

____________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
86
14
-

100
81
19
-

100
99
(4 )
-

(4 )

-

1

6
51
1
1

8
49
1

_
30
-

45
55
(4 )

M ethod o f paym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p aid v a c a tio n s _____ _______________ ________
L e n g t h -o f - t im e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___ . . „ ________ ___
F la t - s u m paym en t _____________________________
O t h e r ___ __
______________________________ „
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s ______________________________—

(4 )

-

-

22
3
1
-

19
-

*

17
11
1
-

46
54
(4)

69
30
-

88
6
6
1

90
8
1
1

81
19
-

8
2
89
-

11
3
85
-

8
9
83
-

(4)

64
24
10
1
1

36
_
64
_

(4 )

55
17
26
(4 )
1

3
3
94

4
5
91
-

21
28
50
(4 )
1

23
39
36
1
1

.
_
100
_

18
78
52
(4 )
1

21
39
38
1
1

1
1
84
7
7

.

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _ _____ ____________ ________ .
1 w e e k ________ ________ __ . . _____ ________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____ __________ ______ __ ________ ___ ___

.

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____ __________ _____ ___ ____ ____ ___ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ ________ — ___ __
2 w e e k s _ __ _____ _____ _____ __ ____________
3 w e e k s _ _____ ________ _____ _______________
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ____ ___ _______ _____
2 w e e k s ____ ________ __ ________ _____ _____
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______ _____ _____ _____ ____________

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________ _____ ________ „ . . — .
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________ _____ ______________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . „ ________ — . .
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

-

_
99
-

(4 )

(4 )

2
3
95

4
5
91

_
99

-

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________ . . _____ . . ________ ________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______ ___________
2 w e e k s . . . ________ _____ „ _____ „ ____
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ ________ __
_____
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

_

(4 )

(4 )

-

(4)
(4)
89
4
6

_

(4 )
92
3
5

.

_
100

_

-

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________ . . _______ __ __ ______
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . _______________ _
3 w e e k s ____ _____ ________ ___________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

98
-

1

1
81
10
8

_

96
_

4

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i lw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r i l 1 96 3)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 5— C on tinued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s _____________ _______
3 w eek s ____________________________________________
...............
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w eeks _

.

_

32
25
36
3
3

29
34
28
4
5

58
42
-

50
49
-

1
19
30
42
4
3

13
42
34
6
5

40
60
-

(4 )
2
91
3
4

_
3
94
2

i
6
78
9
5

_
3
79
13
5

_
85
15

(4 )
6
66
2
25
"

(4 )
2
69
4
25
“

_
3
47
49
“

1
5
57
8
24
3

_
3
60
12
20
5

_
40
60
"

(4 )
5
30
1
62
1

(4 )
2
26
2
67
2

_
3
10
86

1
5
26

_

_
20
80

(4 )
38
13
47
2

(4 )
34
24
38
4

54
45
-

(4 )
26
18
54
2

< )
4
14
33
49
4

(4 )
6
88
2
4

i

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w e e k s __ _ _
_ _ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ _ _
3 w eeks
........ ... . . .
. _ ................... . .......
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w eek s
......
_ __
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w eek s _____________ _____________________________

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s
3 w eek s
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w eek s ____________________________________

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
2 w eek s ____________________________________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w eek s
4 w eek s
........................ ...
. .
..
..
.
O ver 4 w eeks
.......................................
. . . . . .

4

57
7

3
24
6
57
10

1 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 In clu d es p a y m en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " s u ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
ch a n g es in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r il 1963)
2
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll industries

100

2

Manufacturing

100

Public utilities 3

Public utilities 3

A ll industries4

100

100

100

100

Manufacturing

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ____________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 ________________________

95

98

99

95

97

100

58

71

47

58

62

42

82

95

98

94

97

83

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ic k le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w a itin g p e r io d ) __ ______________________
S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) __________________________

61

90

38

83

97

42

52

54

94

6

2

23

3

-

1

8

-

36

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________________________ _
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n __________________________
N o h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ____

93
92
81
53
82
2

99
99
88
43
87

63
63
61
76
80
1

95
94
80
20
74
1

100

82
82
80
55
80

( 6)

99
87
17
81

1 In clu d es th o s e plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 U n d u p lica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ich d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
CLERK , A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C—
Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C l a s s B —Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C-Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR—
Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

MAINTENANCE

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

3 POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission .equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in die plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting f>arts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting'
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and' experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

29
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m o re o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or m ore o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g :
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d e r 1% t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tra iler t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically ^in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational W age S u rveys
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s
is a v a ila b le u po n r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BBS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

A k r o n , O hio _________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. _______
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . ____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J.
B
E
N.
A tla n ta, G a. _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d. ____________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r , T e x . ____________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________
B o i s e , Idaho ________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . _____________________________

1 303-81
1 3 4 5 -5 3
1 3 4 5 -6 3
1 3 4 5-4 5
1 3 0 3-6 5
1 3 4 5 -2 3
1 3 0 3 -7 8
1345-56
130 3-7 7
1 3 4 5 -1 5

25
20
20
20
30
25
25
20
25
25

ce n ts
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ce n ts
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B u f f a l o , N. Y _______ __________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . ____________________________
C a n to n , O hio _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . _______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C. _________________ ___________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e r m . —
Ga. __________________
C h i c a g o , 111. ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, O hio— y. ______________________
K
C l e v e l a n d , O hio ____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio ____________________________

1 3 4 5 -3 0
1 3 4 5-5 0
1345-64
13 4 5-6 1
1 3 4 5 -5 8
1 3 4 5 -8
1 3 0 3 -6 4
1345-54
1 3 4 5 -1 4
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25
25
20
20
20
25
30
20
25
25

ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o lin e , Iowa—111.
R
M
D a y to n , O h io ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa _________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h . _____________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . _________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is . ___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. __________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . ______________________________

1 345-21
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5 -3 5
1 3 4 5-3 2
1 3 4 5 -4 2
13 4 5-4 7
13 4 5-2 7
13 4 5-3
1 3 0 3-7 0
130 3-7 9

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

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I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind. ____________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . _______________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F la . ___________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . — a n s . ____________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. .
H
N.
L ittle R o c k — o rt h L ittle R o c k , A r k .
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif . ___
L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. _________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . ________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. ____________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n. ______________________

1 3 4 5 -2 6
1 3 4 5 -4 3
134 5-3 9
1 3 4 5-2 2
1 3 0 3 -7 6
1345-7
1 3 4 5 -6 2
1 3 4 5-4 8
1 3 0 3-7 4
1 3 4 5-2
1 3 4 5-3 6

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

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B u lle tin
number

A rea

P rice

1345-33
1345-59
1345-38
1 3 0 3 -6 8
1 3 4 5 -4 6
1 3 4 5-3 7
1 3 4 5 -4 4
1 3 0 3 -5 8

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
30

1 3 0 3 -7 5
1 3 4 5 -6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

Omaha, N e b r .—
Iowa __________________________
P a t e r so n —C lif to n — a s s a i c , N. J.
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a . P a . - N . J.
Phoenix, A riz.
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . ________________________________
P o r t l a n d . M a in e
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . ______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t . R. I . — a s s .
P
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. _________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . _________________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 2
13 0 3-7 1
1 3 4 5-3 1
1 3 4 5 -5 7
1 3 4 5 -4 0
1 3 4 5 -2 4
1303-72
1303-66
13 4 5-1
1 3 4 5 -1 9

20
25
30
20
25
20
25
25
20
20

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
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cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
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cen ts
cen ts

R o c k f o r d , 111. _____ _____________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111. ___________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah __________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . _____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a lif . .
O
San D i e g o . C a lif .
San F r a n c i s c o — a kla nd , C a lif . ______________
O
Savannah, G a. _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . _______________________ ____ ______
S e a t t le , W a s h . _________________________________

1345-55
1 3 4 5 -1 7
1 3 4 5 -2 5
1303-63
1 3 4 5 -9
1 3 4 5-1 0
1345-34
1 3 4 5 -6 0
1 3 4 5 -5
1 3 4 5 -4

20
25
25
25
20
25
25
20
15
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
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cen ts
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S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. _________________________
South B e n d . Ind.
S p o k a n e . W a sh .
T o l e d o . Ohio
T r e n t o n , N. J. _________________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . — d . — a . _________________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , Con n. _____ ______________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa ________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . ________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . ____________________________
Y ork . Pa.

1 3 4 5 -1 3
1 3 4 5 -5 2
1 3 0 3 -7 3
1345-51
1 3 4 5 -2 9
1 3 4 5 -1 6
1 3 4 5 -4 9
1 3 4 5 -2 0
134 5-1 1
1 3 0 3 -8 2
1 345-41

20
20
20
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
20

ce n ts
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cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
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cen ts

M i a m i , F la . ____________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . ______________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , Min n. _______________
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H eig hts , M ic h . ______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N. J. ______________
New H av e n, Con n. _____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . _____________________________
New Y o r k . N. Y. _______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . ________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y . Okla.

_

'

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102