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u, S DOCUMENT COLLECTIOi!
.
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Co.

Occupational Wage Survey




Occupational Wage Survey
PHOENIX, ARIZONA




MARCH 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-57
May 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irfz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew a n C la g u e , C o m m issio n e r

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 20 cents




C o n ten ts

P refa c e

Page
The L a b o r M ark et O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -t w o la b o r m a r k e t s c u r r e n t ly a r e in clu d ed
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f a nn ua l o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e da t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
su p plem entary ben efits.
I n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the l a b o r
m arkets.
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w hich p r e s e n ts earnings
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s i s r e l e a s e d w i t h i n a m o n t h a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f the s tu d y in e a c h a r e a .
T h is b ulletin p r o ­
v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l da t a not i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t .
A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , th e f i r s t p a r t of
th is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e in 1963 and th e s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1 9 64).
T h e f i r s t p a r t p r e s e n t s i n d iv id u a l
l a b o r m a r k e t da ta .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s da ta r e l a t i n g
to a ll m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s in the U n ite d S t a te s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
Table s :
1.
2.

A:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e of s u r v e y _____ _________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn ings fo r s e le cte d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O ccu pa tion a l earn ings: *
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n
m
and w o m e n _______________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n a nd w o m e n c o m b i n e d
_______________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A pp end ix:

O ccupational d e scrip tio n s

________________________________________

T h i s b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , b y R o b e r t L. O r r ,
u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f W i l l i a m P . O ' C o n n o r .
T h e s tu dy
w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f J o h n L . D a n a , A s s i s t a n t
R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
3

m ajor

* NOTE:
areas.

S im ila r tabu lation s a re a v a ila b le f o r
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the P h o e n i x a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
b uildin g tr a d e s .

i ii

2

2

4
6
7
8
9
11




Occupational Wage Survey—Phoenix, Ariz.
Introduction
T h is

area

of

L a b o r 's

p artm en t

is

1

of

82

Bureau

occu p ation a l e a rn in g s

and

la b o r

of

m ark ets

Labor

rela ted

in

w h ic h

S ta tistics

w age b en efits

the

conducts

on

an

U .S .

D e­

surveys

a rea w id e

O c cu p a tio n a l

of

fu ll-tim e

b a sis.

in

the

given

m iu m
T h is
ea rn in g s
visited

b u lle tin

in fo rm a tio n

by

B ureau

occu p ation s
the

e c o n o m ists

r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r
and

p re v io u s
In

each

to th o s e

area,

p ortation ,

co m m u n ic a tio n ,

tion s

tra d e ; fin a n ce,
and

h a v in g
tion s

the

of

e x clu d e d

tend

stu d ied
each

a

to

are

the

and

la te

e sta b lish m e n ts

p rev io u s

survey

P e rso n a l v isits w ere

obtain ed

rep o rtin g unu su al

and

oth er

fro m

to

changes

broad

re p rese n ta tiv e

estab­
tran s­

u tilitie s;

stu d ies

e x tra ctiv e

governm ent

num ber

opera­

of

w orkers

S eparate

are

in

tab u la tio n s

d iv isio n s

w h ic h

unnecessary

la r g e
m ates

o p tim u m

are

conducted

in v o lv e d

accuracy

at

based

on
to

for

the
all

in

m in im u m
are

is

e sta b lish m e n ts

b elo w

th e

a

sa m p le

cost,

(2)
are

d e scrip tio n ;

average

p ro v id ed

a

the

m in im u m

e sta b lish m e n ts.
greater

In

are

both

p ro p ortion
w e ig h t.

p resen ted,

of

and

The

occu p ation s

fo llo w in g

ty p es:

(c) m a i n t e n a n c e
m en t.

and
(a)

and

occu p ation s
ta b le s
to

p ro v id e

b ility

of

enough

take

in the

and

e ith e r

d isc lo su re




to

s a m e jo b .

d e sc rib e d
liste d

and

c la ssific a tio n

d esig n ed

because

for

a lly
from

d ata
of

to

is

account
The

are

em p loym en t
m erit

in d iv id u a l

p ro fe ssio n a l
cu sto d ia l and

based
of

on

are

and

th an

u n iform

not

d ata

presen ted
the

for
in

occu p ation

p resen ta tio n ,
e sta b lish m e n t

or

(2)

em p loye e s

th o se

d iffe re n c e s

used

am ong

in
in

in

the

of
on

rate

this

th ese

survey

or

m e r it

b a sis.

average

range.

Longer
pay

Job

surveys

w hen

d e sc rip ­

are

u su a lly

esta b lish m e n ts

e sta b lish m e n ts

in

to
and

alth ou gh

sam e

service

in d iv id u a l

w h ich
due

in d u stries

p erform ed ,

h igh er

sam e

in

la rg e ly

sp ecific

to

d uties

surveyed.

B ecause

the’

the

sa m p le

of

scope

of

the

of d iffe re n c e s

e stim a te s

of

stru ctu re

of

do

the

not

jo b s

stu d ied

stu d ied .

m a te ria lly

stru ctu re

em p loym en t

serve
These

affect

the to ta l

the

in a l l

the n u m b e r

in o c c u p a tio n a l

occu p ation al

e sta b lish m e n ts

im p o rta n ce

represent

stu d y and not

on ly to

ob tain ed

in d ic a te

d iffe re n ce s
accuracy

actu ­
am ong
the

occu­

the

of

in

earn­

data.

v a rie ty
of

the
E sta b lish m e n t

te ch n ica l;

P ra ctices

and

S u p p lem en ta ry

W age

P ro v isio n s

m aterial m o v e ­

se le c te d for

E a rn in g s
in

a

to a

and

in te re sta b lish m e n t

occu p ation s

ap p en d ix .

d e sc rib e d
(1)

(b)
(d)

com m on

in d u strie s,

resu lt
the

cla ssify in g

e sta b lish m e n ts,

area,

stu d ied .

stu d y a re

c le ric a l;

and p ow erp lan t;

in d u tie s w ith in the
listed

O ffice

O ccu p a tio n a l

d e scrip tio n s

se le c te d

w o u ld

these

w ith in

ad ju sted

w ith in

in

pation al

n on m a n u factu rin g

are

for

d o lla r.

am ong

len g th

O ccu p atio n al e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s

E a rn in g s

m a n u fa ctu rin g

m en

e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the

in g s
of

sa la ries

in

w h ich

are

d u ties

c la ssifie d

d iffe re n c e s

em p lo y ed

re la tiv e
O ccu p a tio n s

(3)

sexes

is

for

occu p ation s

e m p lo y ed

the

w e e k ly

referen ce

hour)

h a lf

se le c te d

in s p e c i f i c

a p p ro p ria te ly

in d iv id u a l

m in o r

of

W here

e a rn in g s

w e e k ly

nearest

and

c o st-o f-

of

data,
E sti­

and

for

c o m m o n ly

but

in clu d e d .
h a lf

pre­

p erform ed .

th erefore,

grou pin g

le v e ls

d iffe re n c e s

g e n e ra lize d
for

pay

are

used

a llo w

of

the

for

h o lid a y s,

occu p ation s,

nearest

average

d istrib u tio n

and

serv ice

sexes

tion s

To

c o m b in in g the

in d u stry

size

because

when

the

are

the

occu p ation s

review

p u b lica tio n

b a sis

ap p rop riate

stu d ied

in

all

studied.

given th eir

e sta b lish m e n ts

those

on

su rv ey in g

e sta b lish m e n ts

all e s ta b lis h m e n ts

re la tin g

except

cost

th an of s m a l l

how ever,
as

surveys

in

are

show n

e x clu d e

ex c lu d e d ,

c le rica l

to

in

w om en

jo b

occupa­

are

m eet

and

p aid;

d ata

w eekends,

are

e a rn in g s

rounded

are

w e e k ly sch e d u le

on

bonuses

to

d ata

a re g u la r

E a rn in g s

w ork

o ffice

are

been

e sta b lish m e n ts;

o m itte d

the

for

(rou n d ed

sa la ries

have

the

E sta b lish m e n ts

em p lo y m en t

m en

for

sc h e d u le s

(1) d i f f e r e n c e s

M a jo r

are

as

ea rn in g s

c la ssific a tio n .
and

in ce n tiv e

D iffe re n c e s
b oth

tra d e;

and s e r v ic e s .

in d u strie s.

in su fficien t

in d u stry

w h o le sa le

m ore
These

ob tain

w ork

and

rep o rted ,

stra ig h t-tim e

criteria .

the

bonuses

and

h ire d to w o rk

N on p rod u ction

are

the

th o se

o v ertim e

sh ifts.

liv in g

m ade

e m p lo y m en t

i.e .,

occu p ation a l
for

hours

for

M a n u fa ctu rin g ;

and r e a l e sta te ;

p rescrib ed
fu rn ish

p u b lic

th ese

and

fro m

d iv isio n s:

to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
the

la st

resp on d en ts

in su ra n ce ,

than

they

the

study.

in d u stry

con stru ctio n

few er

because
for

six broad

groups

in

em p loym en t

pay

occu p ation s

d ata

w ith in

in d u stry

occu p ation al

survey.

lish m en ts
re ta il

current

obtained la r g e ly b y m a il f r o m

field

to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts
sin ce

p resen ts

w orkers,

set

stu dy

som e
the
is

there

of

T a b u la tio n s

jo b
m en tary

v a ria tio n
of

are

b u lle tin .

the

th is

is

area.

w e e k ly

sm a ll

and

p o ssi­

These

1

for

se le c te d

p aid

th is

for

th ese

office
h o lid a y s;

are

on

ta b le s)

tab u la tio n s
m in im u m

w orkers;
paid

p resen ted

area.

e sta b lish m e n t

(B -se r ie s

tab u la tio n s

w om en

hours;

p e n s io n p la n s

b u lletin s

data.

on

p ro v isio n s

In fo rm a tio n

exp erien ced

A -se r ie s
too

wage

(in

is

not

sh ift

and

co llecte d

B -se rie s

sa la ries

health,
ta b le s)

in

this

b ie n n ia lly

d iffe re n tia ls;
and

su p p le­

p resen ted

en tran ce

v a ca tio n s;
the

p ra ctices

are

for

in
in ­

sch e d u le d
in su ran ce,
in

p re v io u s

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in P h o e n ix , A r iz . ,
N u m ber o f e sta b lis h m e n ts
In du stry d iv is io n

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1963
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 1
2

Studied

—

340

107

70, 400

45, 920

M a n u fa ctu rin g _____________ — — — ------- — — ------- —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ------------------------------------ — ------------- — —
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______ — — ------------------ — —
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 __________________________________________
R e ta il t r a d e 6 _________________________ ___________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 ---------------------------— _____ _____ — —
S e r v i c e s 6' 7 __ — — — — —

89
251

36
71

31, 700
38, 700

24, 910
21, 010

33
34
106
25
53

16
7
25
12
11

8,
2,
17,
5,
5,

A ll d iv is io n s

_____ ________________________________________

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 4

800
600
100
000
200

Studied

7, 510
650
7, 500
4, 010
1, 340

1 The P h o e n ix S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f M a r ic o p a C ou nty.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in
th is table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
Th e e s t im a t e s a r e not
intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e
(1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m ­
p a n ie s in su c h in d u s t r ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o t io n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S e v e r a l e l e c t r i c u t ilit ie s (su p p ly in g l e s s than h a lf the e l e c t r i c
co n s u m p tio n in M a r ic o p a County) w e r e p u b lic ly o p e r a te d and e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n fr o m the s c o p e o f the stu dy.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n t a ­
tio n o f d ata f o r this d iv is io n is not m a d e fo r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate
to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in P h o e n ix , A r iz . , f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) ___________
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) _______
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en) _____ — _____ .
U n s k ille d plan t (m en ) ________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) — — ____
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) _______
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m en ) __________________
U n s k ille d plan t (m en ) ________________________

1 D ata d o not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r it e r i a .
2 R e v is e d e s tim a te .

M a r c h 1962
to
M a r c h 1963

4. 3
2 .0
1. 1
7. 8

2. 8

0)
n

4. 4

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

3.
4.
2 6.
4.

A p r il 1960
to
M a r c h 1961

8
7
5
2

2. 6
(* )
2. 8
4. 4

1 .9
5. 2
(*)
2 .9

1. 9
(*)
(*)
3. 0

3

Wage T re a d s for S elected O ccu p a tio n al G roups
P resen ted
sa la ries
erage

of

in

office

ea rn in g s

ta b le

2

are

p ercen tages

c le ric a l
se le c te d

of

w orkers
p la n t

and

of

w orker

average

the

an d in a v ­

change

in d u stria l

fo r

in

nurses,

groups.

jo b s

d u rin g

in d iv id u a l

for

For
of

o ffic e

of change

w ork,

th at

sa la ries

are

in a v e r a g e
o v e rtim e

is,

c le ric a l
re la te

the

paid.

stan dard
For

and

fo r

w ork

are

m ost

of

the

office

c le r ic a l data a r e
cle rk s,

file ,

C om p tom eter
boys

and

sen ior;
and

and

c la ss

m a in ten a n ce
w orker

B,

c la ss

and

and

B.

and

2

The

pay

and

key

au to m o tiv e;

u n sk ille d — ja n ito r s ,

p ain ters;

p orters,

B;

c le rk s,

M en
jo b s

A

g e n e ra l;

are

p ip e fitte rs;

A

c la ss

in

or

on

w o u ld

have

or

h o u rly

w e e k ly

each

ea rn in g s




of

the

w ere

sala ries
se le c te d
then

or

average

h o u rly

occu p ation s.

m u ltip lie d

by

The

ea rn in g s

ea rn in g s

W age

in d exes

for

m arket

surveys

w ere

1961,

the

80

S tan dard

e x p a n sio n
jo b

grou p in gs

used

to

new

series

restricted
the

em p loyed

in

in clu d e d
all

groups

S ta tistica l
the

for
80

wage

covers

for

areas.

of

a

per­

r e s u lt and

to

p rin c ip a lly ,

w h ile

w ages

due

to

fo rce
of

the

oth er.

a

the

la b o r

jo b ;

and

force

re ­

red u ction s,

and

la b o r

by

e sta b lish m e n ts

fo rce

can

cause

in ­

o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c tu a l w a g e
force

ex p a n sio n

m igh t

a

in

o ccu p a tio n and

sp e c ific

effect.
out

of

though

even
the

in cre a se s

sam e

force

e m p lo y ed

a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n

in

the

the e f fe c t s

oth er

the

in

ex p a n sio n s,
in

or

in

changes

w orkers

Changes

in the

o p p o site

The

Areas
the

areas

change

jo b

of

S im ila rly ,
an

no

area

change

in crea se
lo w e r

the

c o u ld
in

pro­

paid

the

w orkers

m ovem ent

cause

rates

the
lo w e r

the

of

a

average

occurred

in

oth er

area.

of

con sta n t

in

the

they

The

based

betw een

of

above

in d e x e s.

sam e

jo b

are

w as

on

from

the

I960.

In

to

in clu d e

for

rep resen ts

th e

the

m ethod

Changes

in itia ted

to th at

e a rlie r

groups,
w ere

an id e n tic a l

T h is

se le c te d

series w as

as

for

and

in d exes

new

grou p in gs

th at

pay

data

1953

p u b lish e d p r io r

and w o m en .

on

s u r v e y e d a n n u a lly .

text

of

sc h e d u le s

based

in d u stria l n u rse

in o r d e r

w ork

expanded

wage

The

e m p lo y m en t

p ro p ortion

tim e.
series

fo rm e rly
also

list

m ade

c o u ld

be

w eigh ts

w orkers

The percen tages

stan dard

w h ic h w ill be

c le r ic a l and

grou p in gs

in

program

com p u tation

areas.

the

use

w orkers

20

wage

now in clu d e b oth m e n
w ith in

m easure,

w orkers

le v e ls.

drop,

sin ce

not c o m p a r a b le w ith tr e n d s

e x ce p tio n s:

to w o m e n ,

jo b s

change

p aid w o r k e r s

changes

tim e,

of

com puted

new

of

each

occu p ation a l

of

th ese

data a r e

the f o llo w in g

p eriod

in d iv id u a l

esta b lish m e n t

by changes

a v a ila b le

each

an d the
The

in

in

in c o m p u t in g

la st yea r

w ith

data

b e t w e e n the

one

(2) m e r i t

j o b in c l u d e d in the d a ta .

w ere

se le c te d

m arket

M e tro p o lita n

m ade

as

to th e a g g r e g a t e f o r

changes;

e x a m p le ,

e sta b lish m e n ts

salaries

in

la b o r

la b o r

the

e a rn in g s
ag gregate

(expressed

one y e a r

from

an

m aterial

average

em p loym en t

pay

the

h ig h -p a y in g

p la n t

of

tu rn over,

w hereas

The

for

ra tio

the

w eigh ted

ob tain

w age

decreases
lo w er

fect
Average

to

an d the d i f f e r e n c e

p ro p ortion s

For

average,

m ec h a n ic s;

la b o rers,

la b o r

d ifferen t

h a n d lin g.

com pu ted

T hese

to ta le d
th e

fo r

change

and

by

the

changes.

to o l an d d ie m a k e r s ;

and

of

average

p o rtio n of

sk illed

the

in

in

creases

B;

8

sala ry

re c e iv ed

changes

w ith

office

based

are

m a c h in ists;

and

B;

fo llo w in g

in clu d ed

cle a n e r s;

F in a lly ,

com pu ted

percen tages

general

changes

stenograph ers,

data

the

was

1961.

then

aggregate

percentage

su ltin g f r o m

19 j o b s :
p a y ro ll;

operators,

nurse
in

group

year

th e

pay

(3)

The

c la ss

(1)

in

in ­

group.

and

of

The

and

c le rk s,

cla ss

the

The

fo r

sh ifts.

a c c o u n tin g ,

order;

e le c tric ia n s;

and

la te

occu p ation s

w ith in e a c h

c le rk s,

in d u stria l

u n sk ille d

is

changes

op erators,

nurses.

oth er

100

p rem iu m

o p e r a to r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e
A

the

m easure

sten ograp h ers,

data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ;

m e c h a n ic s,

C;

per­

they

h o lid a y s,

w ere

stra ig h t-tim e

a n d w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g

keypunch

in d u stria l

jo b s

w h ich

of

hours

the

fo r n o rm a l

e x c lu d in g

im p o r ta n t jo b s

op erators,
A,

for

se le c te d

b ase d on m e n

se c re ta rie s;

w om en

fo r

nurses,

sa la ries

groups,

w eekends,
d ata

c la ss

sw itc h b o a rd

typ ists,

m en

on

op erators;

g irls;

w orker

h o u rly e a r n in g s ,

n u m e rica lly

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e
and B ;

in d u strial

sc h e d u le

on

based

clu d e

and

w e e k ly

w ork

p la n t

stra ig h t-tim e

p ercen tages

w orkers

to a v e r a g e

s u r v e y e d in

each occu p ation al grou p.

centage)
cen tages

the p e r i o d
occu p ation s

or

of change
in

elim in a te s

rep resen ted
are

p re m iu m

stra ig h t-tim e

the
in

ef­
each

not in flu e n c e d
pay

for

hours.

over­

A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage s tra ig h t-tim e w eekly h o u rs and e a rn in g s for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry division, Phoenix, A riz ., M arch 1963)
Sex, occupation, and in d u stry division

Men
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ___________
M anufacturing __ __ __
— __ __
N onm anufacturing __ __ __ ------- —
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B ___________
C le rk s, o rd e r ___ ____ ____________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Office boys ___________ ____ _________
T ab u lating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss A ________________________________
T abu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss B ________ _______ ___________
W omen
B ille rs , m achine (billing m a c h in e )_____
N onm anufacturing ___________________

Number
of
workers

Average
Weekly earnings1 $ 40 *45
Weekly
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45
50

*50

40.5
40.0
40.5
41.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$104.50
109.00
99.50
81.00
99.50
106.50
94.00
59.00
58.50

_
_

_
_

_

*
4

25

40.0

106.00

-

26

40.0

91.50

36
33

40.0
40.0

* 60

55

73
38
35
34
75
35
40
35
30

*55
60

65

_
"
_

_
_

_
5

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF*65 * 70 * 75 s 80 8 85 * 90 8 95 $ 100 105 * n o *115
75

80

85

90

95

100

105

_
-

_
-

4
4

1
1

2
8
8
_

12

4
2
2

_
1

20
2
18
_

9
3
6
2

2

1
1
2
28
4
24
_

-

8

5

70

10
10

“
11
11

4

2
4
2
2
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8

68.00
68.00

.
"

_
'

8
8

4
4

15
12

_

1
1

1
1

-

_

130 *135 * 140

1HL_ 135

_
1
------1

12Q.

125

4
4
“
2

13
5
8
_

5
5
_

1
1
_

2
2
_

_

4
4
-

13
12
1
2
2
2
-

-

11
8
3

5
2
3

4
4
-

2
2
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

5

-

1

3

1

1

i

2

-

3

3

2

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

125

115

_

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

5
5

—

no

120

r ~

140 —145_

_

_

-

_

-

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss A ______________ ___________________
N onm anufactur ing __ __ __ — ____
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
c la ss B _________________________________
M anufacturing ____— — — --------N onm anufacturing __ _ — ____ —

47
28

39.5
39.5

86.50
84.50

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

2
2

2
-

12
8

7
4

8
3

2
-

3
1

5
4

-

-

-

.

-

-

*

214
32
182

40.5
40.0
40.5

67.00
80.00
64.50

-

8
8

38
38

30
1
29

29
2
27

35
8
27

19
19

17
2
15

13
4
9

7 14
7 T "
8
"

2
2
~

2
2

*

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A ____________
M anufacturing __________ _________
N onm anufacturing ____________________
C le rk s , acco unting, c la ss B ___________
M anufacturing ____ ____________ ___
N onm anufacturing __ ____ ____ ___
C le rk s , file , c la ss B ____________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
C le rk s , file , c la ss C __ ____ ____ __
N onm anufacturing ________ ____ __
C le rk s , o rd e r __ __ __ __ __ _______
M anufacturing _ __ __ __ _ __ __

175
63
112
387
119
268
124
111
56
56
62
31

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.5
40.0
40.5
39.5
39.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
40.0

91.00
92.50
90.50
73.50
77.50
72.00
61.00
58.50
54.00
54.00
69.50
80.00

.

.

.

.

.

6
2
4
70
17
53
14
14
2
2
1

11
4
7
40
11
29
2
2
3
3
6
4

20 23
8
6
12 17
51 74
11 24
40 50
6 . 2
1
-

17
9
8
3
1
2
2
2

24
5
19
7
1
6

7
7
3
1
2

5
5
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

1
1
6
6
13
13

_

_

_

.

7
7
31
31
28
28
24
9

38
10
28
36
36
5
5
5
3

50
14
36
20
19
5
5
11

4
4

_

27
7
20
20
11
9
5
-

21
8
13
18
13
5
.

-:

19
7
12
_

-

-

"
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-




-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

1
1

_

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

______________

See footnote at end of table.

-

5

Tabie A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Phoenix, A r iz . , M arch 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly, Weekly ,
hours 1 earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$

s

40
and
under
45

45

$

50

$

55

$

60

$

65

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF
$
s
$
$
$
$
s
$
$
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

7

13
9
4

4
-

.

4

4

-

4

9

3
1

3

$

t
115

120

115

120

125

7
4
3

-

2
----- 2—

_

_

-

_

“

50

55

60

65

_
-

3
3
_

4
4

8
5
3

21
6
15

2
2

6
3
3

5
----- 3
2

20
15
5

29
9
20

28
9
19

15
11
4

9
7
2

2
2

2
2

3

24
7

11
8

6
5

7
7

5
5

3
3

1
i

12
T2—

-

22
7
15

8
4

14
11
3

13
4
9

5
1
4

18
4
14

2
2
■

i
i

_

"

_
■

21

72
10
62

39
4
35
1

87
25
62

90
26
64
12

73
27
46
4

78
31
47
6

61

49
22
27
8

34
26
8
2

12
6
7
4

42

22
7

11
3
8

10
6
5

1
1
_

5
5

5
4
i

57

2
2

70

$

125

$

130

130

135

-

-

“

"

-

_

.

$

135
140

$

140
145

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, p ayroll
__ ___ ______ _______
Manufacturing ____________ ________
Nonmanufacturing

82
43
39

40. 0
4b. 0
4b. 5

C om ptom eter operators
..... _
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______ _____________

117
62
55

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

73. 00
74. 50
71. 00

Keypunch op e r a to r s , cla ss A __________
M anufacturing

74
50

40. 0
40. 0

Keypunch op e r a to r s , cla s s B
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

134
40
94

S ecreta ries ______________________________
M anufacturing ___ __ __ __________ _
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 __________________

674

_

$79. 00
99. 5b
79. 00

"

"

3

_

_

_

"

"

"

83. 00
68. 5b

_

_

_

_

“

“

"

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5

72. 00
77. 00
69. 50

“

“

3
3

20
20

28
6
22

422
51

40.
40.
40.
40.

88.
95.
83.
98.

00
50
00
00

_
“

_
-

1
1
“

5
5
“

21
_

Stenographers, general _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ____________ _____

293
72
221

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

73. 50
'7 7 . W
72. 50

_
“

_
“

16
16

22
22

40
12
28

19
8
11

51
9
42

51
15
36

62
15
47

Stenographers, sen ior _________________
M anufacturing
____
N onm anufacturing ___________________

296
217
79

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

85. 00
83. 00
90. 00

_
“

_
“

_

_

4

13

"

"

37
35
2

41

"

25
25
_

64

7

17

16

30
20
10

30
20
10

Sw itchboard op erators _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
______ __
Nonmanufacturing

135
26
109

41. 5
40. 0
41. 5

63. 50
83. 50
59. 00

-

43
43

5
5

22
22

12
4
8

10
1
9

10
5
5

10
10

5
5
“

2
2

11
7
4

1
1

Sw itchboard op e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing ____________ ________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

123
4b
83

40. 5
4b. b
41. 0

63. 00
66. 50
61. 50

9
9

_

7

29

45
17
28

6
5
1

7
5
2

8
7
1

4
4

-

_

4

4
1
3

“

_

3

0
0
0
0

‘

1

-

1

4

3

1

27

6

T y p ists, cla s s A
_ _
_ _
Nonmanufacturing ____________ _____

132
70

39. 5

73. 50
69. 00

_
"

“

3

4
4

15
15

42
Z7

T yp ists, cla s s B ________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

335
117
218

40. 0
40. 0 “
40. 0

62. 50
70. 50
58. 50

-

15
“
15

74

52

66

44

73
16
57

58
32
26

39. 5

-

—

8

8

4

4
14
12

2

24
15' '
23
16
7

81

_

3b

_

-

12
----- 2—
10

5
“

15
_

6
"

1
“

2
2

13
12

10
10

3
3

-

-

1

“

.

’

.

.

-

“

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

_
-

_
-

-

“

9
4

2
Z—
■

5
1
4
1

1
1
“

1
1
1

i
1
1

_
"

_
'

_
“

.
'

_
“

.
-

.
-

5
5

.
-

.
"

.
’

.
-

_

-

_
"

_
-

.
“

.
“

.
“

“

'

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

"

_

-

-

“

"

_

_

_

33

-

_______

_

_

_

_

_

-

1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_
— :—

-

-

-

-

4
----- :— — r - '
“
■
4
4

_

"

-

"

-

-

-

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

—

_______

-

_
-

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A r i z ., M arch 1963)
A v er a g e

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

W e e k ly
(Standard)

W e ek ly Under
e a rn in g ! 12

(Standard)

80

s

80,
and
under
85

s 85
90

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S

90
95

s 95 s 100 s 105 s n o s 115 s 120
100

105

no

115

S

125

s 130 s 135 s
140

125

130

135

140

145

2

120

7
7

5
3

5
4

7
5

22

24
23

S

145

s

150

s 155 s 160 s 165 s

170

155

160

165

170

175

4
5~

3
2

1

2
2

1
1

1
1

8
8

s

175

7
7

150

s

180

s

185

s

190

180

185

190

195

-

2
2

1
1

3
— 5~“

Men

.

.. ...... ...

D raftsm en, s e n i o r ______________________

44
34

40.0
40.0

197
177

40.0
40.0

124.50
125.00

40.0
40.0

25

40.0

.

$147.50
149.50

80
63

D raftsm en, leader .
M anufacturing
..

“

1
1

99.00 2 12
12
99.00

3
3

-

"

3
5
— 3“ — 5

4
— 3^

“

10
10

6
4

14
8

9
8

43

35

3Z

3T- “ E H

4
4

4

15
8

6
2

8
4

7
7

10
10

8
6

5

3

2

4

4

1

i

6
— 5~

3
-----F~

Women
N urses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) ________

102.00

1

4

______
1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 70 to $ 75.




7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Phoenix, A r iz . , M arch 1963)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

Average
weekly .
earning!
(Standard)

O ffice occupations

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

wi k l y ' .
V
earning*
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) _________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------- — — -------------

36
33

$68 . 00
68. 00

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p erators, c la s s A --------- ---------Nonm anufacturing --------------- ---------- ----------------------------------

54
32

87. 50
86. 00

B ookkeeping-m achine o p erators, c la s s B _________
-------------------------------------------------------------------

220
32
188

67. 00
80. 00
65. 00

M anufacturing ------- ------- ------- -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ — ------------ -------------------

248
101
147

95. 00
98. 50
92. 50

Nonm anufacturing ----------- — — — — --------------

421
135
286

74. 50
78. 50
72. 50

C lerks, file, cla ss B ------------------------------------------------

124
111
57
57

54. 50
54. 50

137
66
71

80. 00
80. 50
79. 00

117
62
55

$73 . 00
74. 50
71. 00

Keypunch operators, cla s s A -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ___________________________________

74
50

83. 00
88. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s A

134
40
94

72. 00
77. 00
69. 50

Tabulating-m achine op erators, cla s s B

---------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

38
33

1

earnings
(Standard)

58. 50
58. 00

Nonmanufacturing ----- -------- -------------------------Public u t ilitie s 2 ----------------------------------------------

674
252
422
51

88.
95.
83.
98.

Nonmanufacturing

293
72
221

73. 50
77. 00
72. 50

296
217
79

85. 00
83. 00
90. 00

135
26
109

63. 50
83. 50
59. 00

86. 00
94. 00
78. 50

87
47
40

Number
of

O ffice occupations— Continued

Com ptom eter operators -----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ____ ____ — --------------- -------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------- ----------------------------

61. 00
58. 50

C lerks, file, cla s s C ------------------- -------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Sw itchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists ------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing - — ----------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch o p erators, cla s s B
Nonmanufacturing

--------

—

------------------------------------------------

—

------------------------------------------------

00
50
00
00

$ 6 3 .0 0
66. 50
61. 50

---------------------------

25

106.00

---------------------------

30

91.00

T ypists, cla s s A ............................. .............................. .......................
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing

123
40
83

132
70

73. 50
69. 00

T ypists, cla s s B ---------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

335
117
218

62. 50
70. 50
58. 50

44
34

147.50
149.50

200
179

124. 00
125. 00

80
63

99. 00
99. 00

25

102. 00

P rofes s ion a l and technical occupations
D raftsm en, leader

Manufacturing
C lerks, p a yroll --------- — — ------- — ------------ ---M anufacturing ------— ------- — ------- -------------

Switchboard operators ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------- — ----------- -------- — — ----------

1 Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

2




------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------- ------------ —..........

N urses, industrial (reg istered )

— .......—

..........-.......... —

8

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r men in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Phoenix, A r iz ., M arch 1963)
N U M BER OF W O RK ERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
hourly
earnings

C arp enters, m aintenance ______________

33

$2.93

E le ctricia n s , m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing
---------------------- --------

137
87

3.36
3.35

En gin eers, stationary __ —

_ __ __ __

Nonmanufacturing __ __

— — —

102
50
52

2.90
3.07
2.73

Under *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 *2.80 *2.90 *3.00 *3.10 *3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70 *3.80
and
1$
1.70 under
1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
K armfarturino
/T

82
35

2.16
2.04

M ach in e-tool o p e ra to rs, to o lr o o m

____

32
32

3.09
3.09

__ __

104
170
79
91
69

3.11
3.24
2.99
3.09

M echanics, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing
---------------------- __ __

126
123

3.15
3.17

__ __

34
34

2.39
2.39

T ool and die m akers ___ ____ __ _____
M anufacturing _______________________

77
77

"

"
_

_

-

7

.

" \

"

7

"

3

1

5

_

_

_

5

13

4

_

_

_

.

O i l e r s __ ____

__ __ __

_

5

3

4
2

1
1

7
7

.

12
12

10

2

8

1

2

8

-

_

-

_

1
1
-

"

_

"

_

_

“
5
5

1

1

.

6

14
14

68
23

17
16
1

1

16

1

8

.

7

3

17

4

3

17

9

37

1

_

_

_

-

12
12

_

.

.

.

1

.

6

"

5
5
1

11
5
6
“

25
4
21
15

"

"

49
4
45
45

1
1
-

5
5

5
5

7

64

11

2
2

25
25

4

7

1
1
-

“

_

6
6

5

4
5
5

6
6

6

1 Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
2 A ll w o rk e rs w ere at $1.40 to $1.50.
3 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




5

4

3.30
3.30

M achinists, m aintenance _______

6

,
1

1
1

“

3.38

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) __
M anufacturing
_____— — — __ ____
N onm anufacturing __ ____ ______—
P u blic utilities 3 __________________

2

3
3

6

13
5
8
8

.
2

_

2
2
-

5
5
-

5
5

10

_

7

1

i
i

and late shifts.

8
8

1

1

_

.

11
11

2

2

”

7

7
7

5

1
i

2

8
8

2
2

8
8

5
5

91

64

2
2

-

"

51
51
-

-

-

4

-

i
i

12
12

-

-

4

4
4

25
25

5
5

8
8

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pho.enix, A r iz ., M arch 1963)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

G u a rd s and w a tch m e n
M a n u fa c tu r in g
-- -----------------— _
G u a r d s _______ _________________________
W a t c h m e n ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____
_______________
J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( m e n ) __________________ ________ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s
( w o m e n ) _____ ____________________________

$
$
Average
0 .8 0
0 .9 0
hourly
earnings2 a n d
under
1 .0 0
.9 0

178
112
87
25
66

$ 2 .0 8
2 .4 0
2 .5 5
1 .8 7
1 .5 5

565
235
330
34

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

*1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

I .6 Q

22
-

11
6

8
-

2
2

6
i

22

6
5

8

2

50
10
40

s

$

$

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

. l u a . -1J1Q

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

7
3
3
4

15
13
1
12
2

4
4
4
-

-

i
5

3
1
1
2

45
17
28

53
29
24

49
13
36

57
42
15
11

34
26
8

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.5.0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

7
7
3
4

22
22
22
-

3
3
3
-

1
1
1
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

2
1
1
-

-

10
5
5
5

42
38
4

17
14
3

$

2 .6 0

3
2
2
1

13
12
12
-

i

12
11
11
1

1

21
18
18
3

7
3
4

14
14
-

23
23
-

1
1

-

$

2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

* 3 .1 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

1 .6 4
1 .9 2
1 .4 3
1 .6 6

5
5

6
6

14
14

44
44

62
1
61
8

42
5
37

-

-

-

17

27

15

3

-

8

3

-

3

1

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

_

-

6
6

-

6
6

8
8

82
57
25

45
18
27

54
30
24

232
16
216

36
21
15

19
6
13

16
10
6

19
16
3

14
10
4

80
24
56

117
29
88

17 4
37
137

4
3
1

15 5
3
15 2

-

9
9

16
16

4
4

36
32

4
i

16
6

-

-

-

42
42

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

82

1 .4 1

1, 0 6 8
280
788

2 .2 2
2 .0 7
2 .2 7

O r d e r f i l l e r s __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
___ ____
_________

105
70

2 .4 3
2 .5 4

P a c k e r s , s h ip p i n g ____ _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

90
86

2 .1 9
2 .2 5

R e c e i v i n g c l e r k s _____________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

53
25

2 .0 9
2. IS

T r u c k d r i v e r s 4 ____ ___
_____ _________
_
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ _________
_
_
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____ _ _

1, 149
276
873
349

2 .3 9
2 .1 3
2 .4 7
2 .7 9

_

_

_

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
1 l/z t o n s ) __ _______
_ _
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________

197
102
95

1 .8 6
1 .9 0
1 .8 2

-

-

-

-

-

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d i u m (lV z t o a n d
in c l u d i n g 4 t o n s ) _______________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 3 __________________

541
435
223

2 .4 2
2 .5 3
2 .7 6

-

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a i l e r t y p e ) _____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___
____________

241
224

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r ( f o r k l i f t ) _____ ___________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________

157
105

-

-

10

_

_

_

-

-

'

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

_

_

4

_

_

-

-

2

_

5

5
2

2
2

1
1

9
9

9
9

12
12

1
1

_

2

-

5
5

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

10
4

8

17
n

2
2

2
2

4

_

2

_

_

.

-

-

4
4

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

6
4
2

-

-

-

4
4

9
5
4

14
14
-

10
10

53
8
45

97
81
16

20
20
-

70
8
62

87
6
81
19

22
4
18

10
10

5
3
2

18
18
-

195
25
170

7
6
1

32
18
14

70
6
64
14

388
44
344
284

31
5
26
26

4
4

9
5
4

14
14

18
18

6
6

25
25

4
4

-

2
2

-

-

-

15
15

5
5

-

10
4
6

3
3

-

70
8
62

-

-

4
4

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
42

63

14

-

21
19
19

4

-

-

-

170
170
2

2
-

11
-

-

2
2

-

191
187
187

5
-

*

15
14
14

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

17
14

10
10

10 0
10 0

26
26

1
_

4
_

3

47

2 .5 5
2 .5 4

2 .2 7
2 .2 7

14
14

3
‘

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all driv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




$
1 .8 0

-

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g _____________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _ __ _____ __ __ _

'
2
3
4

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .6 0

3

-

-

3

4
4

4

3

4

-

-

1
1
1

56
56

3
3

-

_
-

36

28
28

13
13

4

-

9
-

2
2

44

14

-




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

11

12
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK , ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on trme or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C —Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,

SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotvpe or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera'
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc,; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
krnd of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f th e f o llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m en ts e m p lo y in g m ore than on e e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

17

MACHINIST, M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t ie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s the f o llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f th e f o llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

18

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W ork ers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l in g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c lu d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f th e f o l l o w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
W'orkers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




men w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a t e a n d c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

19

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a co m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e o n e o r m ore o f
the f o llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.

S h ip ­

or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or more o f the f o l l o w ­
in g :
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

p in g

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight

ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

w ork i n v o l v e s :

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform dther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le r k

20

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T r u c k er , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k lift )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er 1% t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tra iler t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s
is a v a ila b le u po n r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s ho w n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

A k r o n , O hio ________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. _______
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . ____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J.
B
E
N.
Atla nta, G a. _________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d. ____________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . ____________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________
B o i s e , Idaho ________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . _____________________________

1303-81
1 3 4 5 -5 3
130 3-6 7
1 3 4 5-4 5
1 3 0 3-6 5
1 3 4 5 -2 3
1 3 0 3-7 8
1 3 0 3 -5 9
130 3-7 7
1 3 4 5-1 5

25
20
25
20
30
25
25
30
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

B u f f a l o , N. Y .............................................................
B u r lin g t o n , V t . ____________________________
C a nton, O hio _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . _______________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C. ____________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . __________________
C h i c a g o , 111. ________________________________
C in c in n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. ______________________
C l e v e l a n d , O hio ____________________________
C o lu m b u s , O hio ____________________________

1 3 4 5-3 0
134 5-5 0
1 3 0 3-6 2
1303-61
13 0 3-6 0
13 4 5-8
1 3 0 3 -6 4
1345-54
1 3 4 5 -1 4
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
20
25
25

ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd—M o lin e , Iow a—
R
111.
D a y to n , O hio ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa __________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h . _____________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . __________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . ___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. ___________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . ______________________________

1 345-21
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5-3 5
1 3 4 5-3 2
1 3 4 5 -4 2
1 3 4 5-4 7
134 5-2 7
1 3 4 5 -3
1 3 0 3-7 0
1 3 0 3-7 9

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind. _______________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . ___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F la . ______________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . — a n s . _______________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. ___
H
N.
L ittle R o c k — o rt h L ittle R o c k , A r k .
N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a lif . ______
L
L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. ____________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . ____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. _______________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n. _________________________

1 3 4 5 -2 6
1 3 4 5 -4 3
13 4 5-3 9
1 3 4 5 -2 2
1 3 0 3 -7 6
1 345-7
1 3 0 3 -5 3
1 3 4 5 -4 8
1 3 0 3 -7 4
13 4 5-2
1 3 4 5-3 6

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts




A rea

B u lle tin
number

P rice

M i a m i , F la . __________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . ____________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n. _____________
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . ____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N. J. _____________
New H av e n , Conn. ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y. _____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . _______________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , O kla. _______________________

1345-33
1303-57
1345-38
1303-68
1 3 4 5 -4 6
1 3 4 5 -3 7
1345-44
1303-58

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
30

1 3 0 3 -7 5
1 3 4 5 -6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa ________________________
P a t e r s o n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N. J. __________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J. _____________________
N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . _______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . ______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . ____________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R. I . — a s s . _____
P
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. ________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . _______________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 2
130 3-7 1
1 3 4 5-3 1
1 3 4 5 -5 7
1 3 4 5 -4 0
1 3 4 5 -2 4
1 3 0 3 -7 2
1303-66
1 3 45-1
1 3 4 5 -1 9

20
25
30
20
25
20
25
25
20
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

R o c k f o r d , 111. _________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111. _________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah ________________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . ___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a lif .
O
San D i e g o , C a l i f . ____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif . ____________
O
S avan nah , G a. ________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . ________________________________
S e a t t le , W a s h . ________________________________

1 3 0 3 -6 9
1 3 4 5-1 7
1 3 4 5 -2 5
1303-63
1 3 4 5 -9
1 3 4 5 -1 0
1345-34
1 3 0 3 -8 0
1345-5
1345-4

30
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
15
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. ________________________
South B e n d , Ind. _____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . ______________________________
T o l e d o , O hio _________________________________
T r e n t o n , N. J. ________________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d . — a . _______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , Conn. ___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a _______________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . __________________________
Y o r k , P a . _____________________________________

1345-13
1345-52
1303-73
1 3 4 5-5 1
1 3 4 5 -2 9
1345-16
1 3 4 5 -4 9
1345-20
1 3 4 5 -1 1
1303-82
134 5-4 1

20
20
20
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

P * Aj^ /0i





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102