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Occupational Wage Survey

TOLEDO, OHIO
FEBRUARY 1963

1345-51




UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BU REA U O F LABO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
TOLEDO, OHIO




FEBRUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-51
May 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent

of

Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




P refa c e

C o n ten ts
Page

The L a b o r M a rk et O ccu p a tion a l W age S u rvey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -t w o la b o r m a r k e t s c u r r e n t ly a r e in cluded
in th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f ann ua l o c ­
c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
supplem entary ben efits.
In form ation on related su p p le­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s is o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the l a b o r
m arkets.

I n t r o d u c t i o n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ables :
1.
2.

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w h ich p r e s e n t s earn ings
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s is r e l e a s e d w it h in a m o n t h a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f the stu dy in e a c h a r e a .
T h is b u l l e t i n p r o ­
v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l da t a n o t i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t .

A:

A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n i s i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , the f i r s t p a r t o f
th is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e in 1963 and the s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1964).
T h e f i r s t p a r t p r e s e n t s i n d iv id u a l
l a b o r m a r k e t da ta .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s da ta r e ­
la t i n g to a ll m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s in the U n ite d S t a t e s .

B:

T h is b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , b y E l l i o t t A. B r o w a r ,
A ssista n t R egion a l D ir e c t o r fo r
W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l
R elation s.




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y _____________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn ings fo r s e le cte d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

3

O ccupational e a r n in g s :*
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s - m e n and w o m e n __________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n
and w o m e n ______________________________________________________
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

8
9
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B -2.
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s _______________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

A ppendix:

O ccupational d e s crip tio n s

________________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
m a j o r a r e a s . (See in side ba ck c o v e r . )

a v a ila b le f o r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e T o l e d o a r e a , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r the f o l l o w i n g t r a d e s o r
in d u stries:
B u ildin g c o n s t r u c tio n , printing, l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

3

5
7

19




O ccu p a tio n a l W a g e S u rv e y —T o le d o , O h io

Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s i n w h i c h th e U. S. D e ­
pa rtm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau of L a b o r S ta tistics conducts su rv ey s
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e
b a sis.
In th is a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u ­
r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x
b ro a d in du stry d iv ision s:
M a n ufactu ring ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e ,
i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r in du stry grou ps
e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d th e c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s having f e w e r
th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a re o m itte d b e c a u s e they
t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to
w a rra n t in clu sion .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv ision s w hich m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e
b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n a n d w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s i n the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g i n d u s t r i e s and
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h
the o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w it h in th e s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d o n th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u l d r e s u l t in h i g h e r a v e r a g e p a y w h e n
b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p l o y e d w it h i n th e s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
J ob d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h ese su rv e y s a re con d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e ca u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g th e da ta,
h o w e v e r , all e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the s t u d y and n o t the n u m b e r a c ­
tu ally s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i ­
c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
These d ifferen ces
in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s d a ta .

and E a rn in g s

The o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
fo llo w in g types:
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
( c ) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tio n a l c l a s s i fi c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
E a r n i n g s da t a f o r s o m e o f
th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d i n th e A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .

E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s

P rovision s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s t h e y r e l a t e to
o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u l l e t i n , i n c l u d e s w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n ctio n s , and e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l .
"P lant w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (inclu din g
le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s .
A dm in istrative,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tion e m p l o y e e s w ho a r e u t iliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x ­
clu ded .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b ut i n c l u d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s data a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s ch e d u le
i n th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and late
s h ift s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
and in c e n t iv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly h ours a re r e ­
p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o th e w o r k




a nd S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2

Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f t o t a l pla n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t , a n d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t at th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p l y i n g to a
m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y , th e c l a s ­
sifica tio n " o t h e r " was u sed .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n w h i c h s o m e l a t e s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t shift w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la ted a s a p p lyin g to all o f
th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P a id h olidays;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e s B - 4
t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e
a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums
o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s
b e c a u s e o f rounding.
D a ta o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a o n
h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d
f o r i n w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H oli­
d a y s o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a
n o n w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The
f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o l e
and h alf h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d .
The s e co n d part co m b in e s whole
a n d h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to
form a l p olicies,
exclu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w i t h p a y i s g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
Separate e s ­
t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g
v a c a t io n p a y m e n ts , such as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n ­
in gs, o r fla t -s u m am ou nts.
H o w e v e r , i n th e t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n
p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .

D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y
th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s
co m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u c h p la n s
i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n f u n d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y the e m p l o y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th at ty p e o f i n ­
suran ce under w hich p red e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents a re m ade d ire ctly
t o th e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c ­
cid en t d isa b ility .
In form a tion is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to
w h i c h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w
J e r s e y , w h ich h ave e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e law s w h ich
r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m ­
p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s
th e e m p l o y e e w i t h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k - l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s pa y d u r i n g
absence fro m w ork because of illn ess.
S ep arate tabu lation s a re p r e ­
s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y a n d no w a it in g
p e r i o d , a n d (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a it in g
p eriod .
In a d d i t i o n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s
who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r paid s ic k le a v e ,
an u ndu p lica ted total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e it h e r o r both
types of b en efits.
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs' fe e s.
Such plan s m a y be u n d e r w r itt e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e lf -in s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f
th e w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

2 The t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a and R hode Island
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g a p o l i c y i f i t m edo n o t r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s .
t
e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s : (1) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h i f t s at the t i m e
3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w as c o n s i d e r e d as h aving a f o r m a l plan if
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
An
it e s t a b l i s h e d at l e a s t th e m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k l e a v e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v i n g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s i f i t (1) h a d
th at c o u l d b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u c h a p l a n n e e d n ot b e
w r it te n , but i n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s , d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i ­
o p e r a t e d l a t e s h i f t s d u r i n g th e 12 m o n t h s p r i o r to the s u r v e y ,
or
(2) h ad p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t t e n f o r m f o r o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
v id ual b a s is , w e r e e x clu d e d .
1




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in T o le d o , O hio, 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1963

M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in sc o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

305

50
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

__________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g ________________________________________________
N onm an u factu rin g ____________________________________________
T ra n sp orta tion ', co m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u tilitie s 5 __________________________________
W h o le s a le trade
R e ta il tra d e _______________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te
S e r v ic e s 8 __________________________________________________

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

T otal 4

O ffic e

Plant

T o ta l4

126

8 0 ,4 0 0

1 2 ,500

5 1 ,8 0 0

59, 350

136
169

62
64

50, 600
29, 800

7, 300
5, 200

3 4 ,2 0 0
1 7 ,600

39, 790
19,560

31
27
64
14
33

18
9
21
5
11

9, 200
3, 300
11,9 0 0
2, 200
3, 200

1,5 0 0
(‘ )
(?)
(*)
(6)

4 ,8 0 0
(6)
(6)

C)
(6)

7 ,7 0 0
1,830
7 ,4 5 0
1,260
1, 320

1 Th e T o le d o Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f L u ca s County. Th e " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip ­
tion o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t in dexes fo r the
a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls sin c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and
(2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 Inclu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p r e s ­
entation o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it s ep a ra te study, (2) the
sa m p le w as not d esig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d i­
v idu al esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o rtio n on ly in
e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S epa ra te p r e s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 ab ov e.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s in T o le d o , Ohio,
fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

In du stry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

M a r c h 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

M a rch 1961
to
M a rch 1962

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en) ________________________
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en) _____________________
S killed m ain ten an ce (m en) _______________________________
U n sk ille d plant (m en) _____________________________________

1.
4.
2.
2.

9
5
3
7

2.
2.
2.
2.

3
0
3
2

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om en) ________________________
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en) _____________________
S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) _______________________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _____________________________________

1 .6
4 .4
2. 0
3. 5

2.
2.
1.
2.

0
0
9
2

4

Wage T ren d s for S elected O ccu p a tio n al Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d a t a a r e b a s e d o n m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A
a nd B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B, and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o l l ;
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A a nd B ; o f f i c e
b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
s e n i o r ; s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B;
a n d t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B.
T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e da ta a r e b a s e d on
m e n and w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g 8 s k i l l e d
m a in te n a n c e j o b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d e d
in the p la n t
w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h in is t s ; m e c h a n ic s ;
m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; a n d t o o l a nd d ie m a k e r s ;
unskilled— ja n ito r s,
p o r t e r s , a nd c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l
h a n d lin g .
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or av era g e h ou rly earn in gs w ere
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The average sa la ries
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f




th e j o b s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1 9 6 1 . T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f th e g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 is the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , the e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due t o c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n ­
c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w i t h o u t a c t u a l w a g e
changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n a n d l o w e r the
a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s
w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e e f f e c t .
S im ila rly,
th e m o v e m e n t o f a
h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n th o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d i n the da ta.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of ch a n g e a r e not in flu e n c e d
b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r ­
t i m e , s i n c e t h e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .

W a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d g r o u p s o f w o r k e r s b a s e d on d a t a f r o m the
l a b o r m a r k e t s u r v e y s w e r e c o m p u t e d f o r 20 a r e a s b e t w e e n 1953 a nd I 9 6 0 .
In
1 9 6 1 , the l a b o r m a r k e t o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e p r o g r a m w a s e x p a n d e d t o i n c l u d e
80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s w h i c h w i l l b e s u r v e y e d a n n u a lly . T h i s
e x p a n s i o n m a d e d a t a a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o m p u t a t i o n o f w a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d
j o b g r o u p i n g s in e a c h o f the 80 a r e a s .
T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d
u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e s e n e w w a g e c h a n g e i n d e x e s .
The new s e r i e s w a s in itia ted
l a s t y e a r and the d a t a a r e n o t c o m p a r a b l e w i t h t r e n d s p u b l i s h e d p r i o r t o th at t i m e .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s th e s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s the e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w i t h the f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d to w o m e n , n ow in clu d e b oth m e n and w o m e n .
Changes w ere a lso m ade
in the j o b s i n c l u d e d w i t h i n j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r th at an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d b e
e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .

A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , T oledo, Ohio, F e b ru a ry 1963)

See fo o tn o te at en d o f ta b le .




5

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

W
eekly,
W
eekly * 40 * 45
hours 1 earnings 1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
50
45

‘ 50

* 55

* 60

* 65

55

60

65

70

2

6

22
20
2

9
3
6

1

16
3

6
6

11

5

1

70

’ 75

* 80

* 85

' 90

* 95

*100

*105

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

1

7

2

2

8

8

7

3
5

3
3
9
9

5
5

4
4

6
6

5
5

140

s

$

150
and
over

1
1

6
6

s

2
2

4

s

*115

*120

*125

*130

120

125

130

135

12
11
1

2
2

_

1

_

_

1

_

_

-

1

-

-

1

-

-

66

27

18

54

16
2

5
4

16
16
-

12
12
-

1
1
-

3
3

1

6
6
-

*110

135
140

145

145
150

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, file , cla s s A ___________________

23

39.5

$79.50

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ___________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

101

38
63

39.5
40.0
39.5

66.50
74.00
62.00

C lerk s, o rd e r __________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________

80
58

40.0
40.0

C lerk s, p a y r o l l _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

174
115
59

C om ptom eter op era to rs ________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

-

8
-

25

-

-

16
-

-

-

8

25

16

79.50
84.00

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

6

-

40.0
40.0
40.0

82.50
86.50
75.00

_

_

_

9

10

-

-

-

127
70
57

39.5
40.0
39.0

76.50
80.00
72.50

Keypunch o p era tors, cla s s A __________
M anufacturing _______________________

68

63

39.5
40.0

85.50
86.50

Keypunch op era tors, cla s s B __________

128
76
52

39.0
39.5
38.0

77.00
80.50
72.50

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

________________________

10
2

29
28

25
13

17

4

25
13

16

2

12

12

6

12

8

1

12

4

5

-

-

5
5

27
14
13

13

10

20

13

1
12

5
5

18
15
3

13

-

11
2

5
15

11
2

_

_

_

_

2

-

-

-

7
7

5
3

-

4
3

39
39

_

_

-

-

2
-

4

11

12

25

-

2

8

8

32
24

15
15

4

9

4

17

8

2

10

.

-

“

2

.

1

6

10

10

5

15

-

-

-

-

-

10

40

39.0

62.00

M a n u fa c tu r in g ______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

561
442
119
47

39.5
40.0
38.5
38.5

100.50
102.50
93.50
89.50

-

-

*

-

Stenographers, g e n e r a l _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

457
341
116
50

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

81.50
81.00
83.00
99.00

_

2

-

2
-

17
5
12

-

-

-

7
4
3
-

Stenographers, senior _________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

312
270
42

39.5
39.5
40.0

92.50
92.50
90.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

Sw itchboard op era to rs __________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

109
46
63

39.5
39.5
39.0

80.50

i

7

-

8
-

7

90.00

-

-

-

73.50

i

8

-

7

7

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

140
93
47

39.5
40.0
39.5

71.00
71.50
70.00

_

3
3

15

36

-

10

22

O ffice g irls

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




-

5

_

i

10

-

-

1

8
2

5
5

2
2

1
1

3
3

7
7

1
1

7

6

6
1

4
2

14
9
5

92
72

37
34
3
i

65
53
-

2

5

21
6
2

14

43
14
29
28

16

5
5

3
3

3
3
-

4
4

1

16
15

14
4

5
3

1

10

-

4

15

61
46
15
7

21
10
11

28
26

83
67
16

87
76

39
33

24
13

11

6

11

-

-

67
60
7
-

1

4

3

7

3

i
i

5
5
-

26

48
43
5

48
39
9

61
53

14
3

5

9

6
6

1

1

1

10

13
7

5

6

2

1

1

1

4

3

7
7
-

23

1

11

-

13

6

3

32

8
6

5
4

1

4
4

2

1

5
1

-

2

3

"

-

6

7

-

-

5

3

14

14
14

21

5

31
18
13
7

3

19

20

1

12

2

8
11

20

8

12
2
1

40
40
-

1

12

32
32

71
57
14

10

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

2
2

_

_

1

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

6
6

37
25
12

1
-

1

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, T oledo, Ohio, F eb ru ary 1963)

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied '
by industry division, T oledo, Ohio, F eb ru ary 1963)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly^ Weekly 1 65
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
70

* 70

* 75

’ 80

* 85

* 90

75

80

85

90

95

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
S
s

* 95 *100
100

105

*105 * 110
110

115

120

125

' 125 *130 * 135 * 140 *145

40. 0
40. 0

$174.00
174. 00

D raftsm en, senior
M anufacturing _

165

40. 0
40. 0

131.50
131.50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-■

-

D raftsm en, junior _____
Manufacturing ______

154
154

40. 0
40. 0

107.00
107.00

8
8

_

_

8
8

57
53

40. 0
40. 0

104. 50
105.50

155

*160

*165

$

170

*180

“

1

1
"

"

1
1

$

190

*200

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

210

-

26
26

6
6

1
1

-

6
6

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

10
10

4
4

15
15

1
1

2
2

3
3

1
1

5
5

9
9

19
19

33
33

19
19

14
14

11
11

4
4

13
13

15
15

1
1

4
3

_

11
11

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

16

21
2i

16

8
8

8
8

9
9

19
19

7
7

10
10

_

21
21

_

2
2

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

"

'

'

'

16

16

4
3

3
3

5
5

20
20

5
5

5
5

6
6

3
3

2
1

'

1
1

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.




s

130

'

N urses, industrial (reg istered )
M anufacturing ______________

150

2
2

75
75

D raftsm en, leader
Manufacturing

115 *120

'

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io, F e b r u a r y 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly .
earnings1
(Standard)

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of

weekly
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

O ccupation and industry d ivision

of

w«klye !
earnings
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla s s A --- -------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------- ----------------------------

68
63

$85 . 50
86. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s B ____________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

103
82

$ 103. 00
104. 00

82. 00
86. 50

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla s s B ---------------------------------Manufacturing _______________ __________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

129
77
52

77. 00
80. 50
72. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s C -----------------Nonm anufacturing --------------------------------------------------

69
48

83. 50
79. 50

249
68
181

65. 50
74. 50
62. 00

O ffice boys and g ir ls _______________________________
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ — ------— — -------

108
64
44

66. 50
62. 50
72. 50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e o p era tors, gen eral _________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

44
29

70. 50
74. 50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A -----------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

185
129
56

106. 00
109. 50
97. 00

S e cre ta rie s ---------------------- — ---------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------- --------------------------- ---Nonmanufacturing ------ — — ------ — ------------

564
444
120
47

100.
102.
93.
89.

50
50
00
50

Typists, cla s s A --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

245
204

80. 50
80. 50

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B -----------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _______________________________
Public u tilit ie s 2 ----------------------------------------------

300
142
158
33

Stenographers, general -------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------ — --------------------------------

461
342
119
53

81.
81.
83.
99.

50
00
50
50

Typists, cla s s B --------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------

177
92
85
45

70.
68.
72.
80.

B ille r s , m achine (billin g machine) --------------------------

36

$ 78. 00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping machine)

----------------

27

67. 00

Bookkeeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs, cla ss A -------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

44
28

B ookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs, cla s s B _________
M anufacturing ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------------------------

80.
87.
75.
83.

50
00
00
00

C lerk s, file, cla s s A ------------------------------------------------

23

79. 50

C lerk s, file, cla s s B ------------------------------------------------

66. 50
74. 00
62. 00

Manufacturing ------- — ------------ — — .. ------Nonmanufacturing ----- — ------------ __ --------------

312
270
42

92. 50
92. 50
90. 00

------------------------------------------------

101
38
63

C lerk s, o rd e r -----------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------------

98
76

80. 50
83. 50

Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

109
46
63

80. 50
90. 00
73. 50

C lerk s, p a y roll _____________________________________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------

211
146
65

87. 00
91. 00
78. 00

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists -----------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------- --------------------------

140
93
47

71. 00
71. 50
70. 00

C om ptom eter op era tors ------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------Nonm anufacturing _______________________________

127
70

76. 50
80. 00

Tabulating-m achine operators, cla s s A -----------------

32
30

115. 50
116.00

50
50
50
50

M a n u fa c t u r in g

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Nonmanufacturing

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




P ro fe s s io n a l and technica l occupations

M anufacturing — ---------------------------------------------------

76
76

173. 00
173. 00

D raftsm en, sen ior -----------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

165
164

131. 50
131. 50

D raftsm en, ju n ior ------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------

154
154

107.00
107.00

59

105. 00
106. 50

N urses, industrial (reg istered )

--------------------------------

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io, F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
Average
hourly . 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 *3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 *3.50 *3.60 *3.70 3.80 *3.90
earnings 1 and
under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00

C arpenters, m aintenance ______________

62

$3.15

E lectricia n s , m aintenance _____________
M anufacturing __ __ __ __ _____ ___
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

376
313
63

3.29
3.25
3.45

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

1
1

E n gin eers, stationary __________________
M anufacturing _______________________

81
61

3.20
3.35

-

-

-

-

-

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____________ __
__

125
90

2.71
2.72

9
9

_

4
-

_

-

-

73

2.77

_

.

_

_

M ach in e-tool op erators, too lro o m

182

3.29

M achinists, maintenance _______________
M anufacturing _______________________

178
171

3.31
3.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance) _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___
_____________
P u blic utilities 2 __________________

297
131
166
136

3.00
2.98
3.01
3.04

-

4
4
-

-

-

-

M echanics, maintenance
__ __ _______
M anufacturing _______________________

384
364

3.14
3.13

_

_

_

_

_

M illw rights _
Manufacturing ______________

34.1
340

3.07
3.08

n i ,p„

59

2.62

P a inters, m aintenance _________________

46
36

3.00

135

Sheet-m etal w ork e rs, m aintenance ____
T ool and die m akers ________________
M anufacturing ____________ ____ __ _

H elpers, maintenance trades

__

P ip efitters, maintenance

3

4

4

1

1

2

14

3

2

6
6

6

15

-

-

2
2

-

6
5
1

3
2
1

10
10
-

22
20
2

29
27
2

90
87
3

31
30
1

10
9
1

126
93
33

13
0
-

4
4
-

10
10
-

-

16
16

6
-

3
-

-

1
-

5
4

-

1
1

5
5

-

1
-

18
18

-

9
5

8
8

2
-

6
4

8
8

-

8
8

7
7

6
6

4
-

12
9

8
'

15
15

16
16

12
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

20
20

_

-

12
4

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

_

2

2

13

4

20

1

3

i

"

1

i

3

6
6

12

59

39

3
3

-

-

*

2
2

3
-

*

29
29

7
7

5
5

25
25

10
10

14
10

80
80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

8
8
8

20
10
10
10

10
10
10

57
41
16
16

36
32
4
-

20
2
18
-

79
34
45
41

6
1
5
5

49
7
42
42

3
3
-

1
1
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

10
10

_

_

23
23

37
37

22
22

71
71

34
29

11
11

56
41

19
19

74
74

_

_

•

18
18

_

■

2
2

-

“

1
1

.

.

3
3

13
13

.

36
36

.

-

4
3

.

-

-

43
43

117
117

25
25

16
16

51
51

33
33

“

.

.

.

“

*

-

.

2

2

_

_

26
26
4

55

32

1

8

1

4

7

3

4

3.32

4

9

1

6
6

24

2

25

3.25

1

2

i

531
531

3.40
3.40

1

6
6
3

4

-

12

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




_

2

4
4

2

1

12
12

53
53

51
51

10

50

6
6

6
6
30
30

12

9

101
101

61
61

29

35
35

144
144

40
40

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io, F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
N ber
um
of
workers

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Average $1.00 *1.10 *1.20 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 $1.70 $1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 *2.20 *2.30 *2.40 $2.50 *2.60 $2.70 *2.80 *2.90 $3.00 *3.10 $3.20 *3.30 *3.40 *3.50
hourly
earnings 2 and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

Guards and watchmen __________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------On a rds
Watchmen _________________________
—
Nonmanufacturing _____ __ __

465
267
235
32
198

$2.20
2.51
2.52
2.46
1.79

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs
(men) ___________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _____ _____—
Pu blic u tilit ie s 3 _________________

976
730
246
56

2.16

n z
1.85
2.26

18
18

19
19

4
4

7
7

15
3
3
12

9
9

24
4
2
2
20

7
4
4
3

11
9
9
2

12
8
8
4

1
1

31
31
16
15
-

118
100
93
7
18

11
6
6
5

26

-

44
_
44

26
-

54
45
45
9

19
16
8
8
3

20
20

15
15
15
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

12
12
-

6
6
-

8
8
-

20
20
-

35
15
20
-

48
33
15
-

60
17
43
2

61
46
15
-

27
27
-

40
27
13
11

118
99
19
6

61
40
21
20

170
156
14
4

109
87
22
8

184
182
2

2
2
-

3
1
2
-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
2

6
6

9
— 5“
3

4
3
1
“

28
3
25
15

23
23
“

15
12
3
3

4
4
-

5
5
"

11
9
2
“

6
6

5
5

16
16

2
2
-

-

"

18
13
5
5

“

"

“

“

“

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

10
6
4

18
12
6

31
31

ii
9
2

19
10
9

67
56
11

113
105
8

56
30
26

217
197
20

270
254
16

90
50
40

79
48
31

143
125
18

38
29
9

2
2

16
4
12

64
64

1

24

4

2

“

”

1

24

4

2

18
8
10

28
1
27

90
90
“

“

36
36

79
50
29

38
18
20

-

"

8
8
“

-

"

.

.

.

6

6

12

.

10
10

42

.

173
173

_

-

-

-

6

6

25

-

7
5
2

2
2

-

26
24
2

32
32

-

.

14

_

4

_

4

6

“

"

4

.

.

.

-

*

*

-

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(wom en) __ _
_
___ ___ _____ ___
M anufacturing
_ ____ ____ _ __
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ __ __ __
P u blic utilities 3 _________________

164
84
80
25

1.80
2.02
1.56
1.70

L a b o r e rs , m aterial h a n d lin g ___________
M anufacturing
— __
__ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____ __ —

1, 244
935
309

2.44
2.41
2.53

O rder f i l l e r s ____________________________
M anufacturing
_ _____— — — —
Nonmanufacturing _____ ___— _______

355
202
153

2.47
2.55
2.37

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) _______________

326

2.42

Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ ____

—

41

2.17

-

-

P a ck e rs , shipping (w o m e n ) _____________

25

1.75

.

.

.

.

R eceiving c le r k s _______ ___— — — —
M anufacturing
— — — — — — —
Nonmanufacturing
_
_— —

94
52
42

2.48
2.56
2.39

“

“

“

Shipping cle rks __________________________
M anufacturing
_______ ______— —

71
61

2.49
2.52

-

-

-

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s __________
7 /f^
^
rliiripg

77

2.55

T ru ck d river s 4 ____________ ____ _____
M anufacturing
_ ____ ______ ___
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

1, 149
515
634
251

2.81
2.71
2.90
3.00

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

26

"

“

“

~
"

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

27
27

-

-

-

_

_

_

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

1
1
_

5
3
2

14
11
3

12
12
“

11
5
6

22
9
13

2
2

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

“

6
6
“

2

6

2
"

'

'

'

"

'

‘

2
2

2
2

3
3

.

8
2

2
2

22
19

2
2

15
14

6
6

4
4

4
4

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

i

5
5

3
1

_

9

_

4
4

5
5

28
14

11

1

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

4
4

4
2
2

4
4
-

36
21
15

12
11
1

84
76
8
6

74
43
31
17

19
16
3

77
49
28

118
31
87
45

29
27
2

300
165
135

191
61
130

151
3
148
147

32
32
32

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

-

-

6

2
2

6

6

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
s
hourly _ 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 *2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50
e& ings
m
and
under
1. 10 1 . 2 0 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70 2. 80 2 . 9 0 3. 00 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60

T ru ck d rivers 4— Continued
T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
11 tons) ___________________________
h

136

$ 2 .4 8

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

Nonmanufacturing ________________

68

2. 54

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( I V 2 to and
including 4 tons) ___ — — — — _

282

2. 77

82

2. 85

367
35

3. 02
2. 69

2

2

4

16

1

2

2

-

16

10

3

7

-

2

4
'

34

13

10

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r t y p e ) ________________________
M anufacturing ------ -------------

28

37

_

-

10

_

_

_

_

_

37

35

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

-

68

25
25

7

49
49

32

5

1

_

_

27

3
3

_

-

-

-

_

_

28
24

17

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

11
11

32

2
2

105
-

84
-

105

T ru ck ers, pow er (fork lift) __ —
M anufacturing ---— — T ru ck ers, pow er (oth er than
f n rk lift) _

512
438

2. 50
2. 47

75

2. 49

“

15
15

4
4

4
4

7
3

32
32

6
6

63
63

101
101

49
49

110
82

95
63

14
4

4
4

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e r s re ga rd le ss o f size and type o f truck operated.




-

4
4

2

2

6

43

_

_

21

1

_

_

_

______
1
2
3
4

119
3

84

4
4

_

_

B: Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
T able B-l.

M inim um Entrance Salaries for W o m e n O ffice W o rk e rs

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1963)

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

und er
und er
under
und er
under
und er
und er
u n d er
und er
und er
und er
under
und er
u n d er
u n d er
under

$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 82. 50

___________

________________________________
________________________________
__ _____ _____________________
_________________________________
________________________________
____________________________
_
____________________________
___________ ___________________
________________________________
____________________ __________
_________________________________
____________________________ —
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________

37 V2

126

62

44

_________________________

29

A ll
in d u s trie s

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37 V2

40

XXX

XXX

64

XXX

XXX

3

25

15

5

8

_

_

_

_

1
1

3
2
5
2
5
3
1
1

1
1
1

2
.2
-

_______

1
2
2
6
3
7
3
8
6
1
1
1
1
1
_
1

4
2
6
2
5
5
1
1
1
1
1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _____________

22

10

XXX

60

23

XXX

$ 85. 00 and und er $ 87. 50 _______________________

M anufacturin g

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h o u rs 3 of—
A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lish m en ts stu died

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N on m anu fac tu rin g

1
"
-

1
2
2
2
1
1
1
3
1

37>/z

40

A ll
s ch e d u le s

37 Vz

40

126

62

XXX

XXX

64

XXX

XXX

58

34

29

24

1
2
4
6
9
5
8
3
4
8
2
3
1

3
_
1
1

-

1
1
-

XXX

XXX

27

12

XXX

XXX

XXX

41

16

XXX

-

-

-

-

XXX

12

XXX

37

1
-

_
-

1
1
1
_
1
-

1
1
1

B a s ed on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch e d u le s

1
1
1
5
3
6
2
4
5
1
2
1
1
1
-

2
-

N on m anufacturing

1
“
-

1
1
1
4
3
5
2
4
3
1
1
1
1
1
-

5
.

1
1
3
5
4
2
2
1

1
2
2

3
1
1

"

-

17
1
1
5
4
1

-

3
1
1
-

-

-

-

XXX

15

XXX

XXX

XXX

25

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta rtin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid fo r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fic e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .







13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly wo rk in g on—

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

9 2 .8

88.8

16.4

5 .1

____

9 2 .3

88.8

16.2

5 .1

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) ____________________

83.8

78.5

16.1

5 .1

5 ce n ts
_ _
6 ce n ts ______________________________________
6 7 2 ce n ts
7 c e n ts ______________________________________
_________________________________
7 V2 c e n ts
8 re n ts
9 ce n ts
10 c e n ts ______________________________ ____
11 c e n ts ____________________________________
1Z c e n ts ____________________________________
- ____
I 2 V2 ce n ts __ . . _____ _______
13 ce n ts __________________________ _________
15 c e n ts
16 ce n ts
18 ce n ts
2 9 V3 ce n ts

11.9
6.2
1.4
2.8
31.1
13.2
.1
7.1
5.8
2.7

5.5
1.6
11.2
3.7
5.6
29.9

3.4
1.5
.2
.3
4.5
2.2
1.5
1.6
.9

.5

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ________________

-

.2
.5
.7
-

-

-

6.4
.6
5.8
1.5
4.0
1.2
1.6

__ -

7 .7

8.5

-

-

5 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
10 p e r c e n t

7 .7

_

-

-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ____________

__

-

1.6
-

1.5

-

-

-

.8
.1
.6
(2 )
.2

.2
-

-

8.5

-

-

_______________

.8

1.7

(2 )

-

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l ___________________

.5

O th er fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

.3

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.

c o v e r in g la te sh ifts

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , T o le d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1 96 3)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

________

44 h ou rs

________

____

__

------

49 h o u rs

__________________________________________

__

____

1
2
3
4

__

______

________

100

100

l
13
2
83
1
__

_____________________________________

Manufacturing

7
3
90

f )

(4 )

Public utilities 13
2

100

4

96
-

All industries^

Manufacturing

100

(4)
2
1
87
2
2
1
4
(4 )

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a d d ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




100

Public utilities2

100

1
2
88
3

100

2
2
4

_

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

96

100

100

All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

_________

________

______

__

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s ___ ____________._________ __ __ _____
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid a y s _______________ ________________

Manufacturing

4

(4 )
'

■

'

-

Public utilities2

N um ber of days

3 h olid a y s _______________________ ___ . . ___ . .
4 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
5 h olid a y s ________________________________________
6 h olid a y s ________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day
6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days _____________________
__
7 h olid a y s ___ ___ ______ __ ___
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
7 h olid a ys plus 3 h alf days
8 h olid a y s __________ __ __ __
___ ___ ______
8 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day
8 h olid a ys plus 2 h alf days
_
_____ __ __ ___ __
9 h olid a y s ___________
1 0 h olid a y s _ _ ___ ____
____ __ __
___

2

1

2

16
57
19
-

1

-

8

(4 )

1

(4 )
(4 )
30
3
27
26
3
(4 )
7
(4 )

10

4
45
31
6

3
-

(4 )
1
20

3
7

1

1

39

58
18
3
-

22
2

(4 )
7
3

6

1

4
-

”

“

3
3

4
4
13
89
90
97
97
97
100

18
60
14
8

"

‘

T ota l h o lid a y tim e

10days

5

___________________________________________

9 o r m o r e days __________________________________
8 V 2 o r m o r e days
8 o r m o r e days
_
—
_
__
7 o r m o r e days __________________________________
6 V 2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
6 o r m o r e days
5 o r m o r e days
__
4 o r m o r e days
3 o r m o r e days
_
_
__________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

(4 )
2

3
13
67
70
99
99
99
99

1

3
3
11

87
90
100
100
100
100

8
8

27
84
84
100
100
100
100

12

73
73
93
94
95
96

8
8
22

82
82
100
100
100
100

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s ep a ra tely .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
A ll c om b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount are co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cum ulated.




16
Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1 963)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tion p o lic y
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries ^

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
96
4
-

100
93
7
-

100
100
-

100
63
36
1

100
47
52
i

100
94
6
-

“

"

6
47
10
2

1
24
-

75
-

M ethod o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s _________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p aym ent ------------------------------P e r c e n ta g e p aym en t -------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym en t -----------------------------------------O th er ________ — — ------- ------------------ -----W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ---------- — — ----------------------

'

'

'

"

9
58
16
3

_
2
4
-

16
22
1

22
32
(5)
-

_
5
(5 )
-

_

_
75

-

-

91
-

25
-

57
30
12
1

95

-

1
67
20
11
(5)

-

9

3

11
35
54

47
22
31

50
32
18

45
6
49

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

1

-

A m ount o f v a c a tio n pay 4

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------- ------------- ------------------ -----O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------------------- ------- ----------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

5
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 w eeks ___________________________________________
4 w eeks ____________ — — — ------------- — ------

5
4
91
(5)
(5)
-

-

97
(5) •
(5)
-

-

/ f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ________________________________ ____ — -

(5)
2
98
-

11
32
55
1
(5)

11
48
38
~
2
1

1
99
-

-

(5)
89
7
3
-

1
(5)
93
4
2

(5)
89
7
4

(5 )
2
98
-

9
28
60
2
1
(5)

10
42
43
3
2
1

1
99
-

1
(5)
93
4
2

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s -------------- ----------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------------4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

"
'

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




17
Table B-5. Paid V acations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1 96 3)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o l ic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities23

All industries^

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4 ----- C o n t i n u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
O
2
O
3
4

w e e k _________________________ • ____ ______ ______ _______
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ______ _______
__ ___
______ ________ — __________________
w e e k s ____________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s _____ ________ ________ ____ ________ ________ _______
w e e k s _ __ ______ ________ ____________ ________ ___
___
A fte r

1
O
2
O
3
O
4

-

_

_

-

2
98
-

2
13
71
11
4

-

_
100
-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

19
59
16
6
1

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

28
32
37
1

21
48
28
2
1

77
-

(5 )
92
5
3

87
9
4

.

-

10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w e e k ______ ________ ____________________
______ _________
v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ______________ _________
w e e k s _____ ____________ — — — __ --------- — —
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ — — _________ —
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________ ______ __ ___
w eeks _
__________ ______ __________ __ __ ___

(5 )
35
3
62
-

28
5
67
-

(5 )

-

2
68
31
-

(5 )

2
23
32
42
1

23
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
2
O
3
O
4

w e e k __________ _________
w e e k s _________ ____________ ____________ ______ __ ___
___________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________
______ ____________ _______
w e e k s _ ______ ________ ___
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____ __ _______________
w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r

1
2
O
3
O
4
O

-

_

-

29
3
68
-

23
5
72
-

57
-

-

_

16
48
33
2
1

62
6
32
-

43
-

(5 )

-

-

(5 )

2
4
2
74
18
1

69
27
1
(5 )

-

15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

w e e k __________ _______________
______ ______ _______
w e e k s ____________________________________________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ __________ ______ ___
w e e k s ____________
______ ______ __ _______________
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . ______ . . ______ ___
w e e k s _____ ________________________ __________ _______
v e r 4 w e e k s _ __ ______ __ ________________________

-

-

_

6
-

3
-

4
-

94

97
-

96
-

-

-

(5 )

2
3
1
64

(*)

(5 )
-

-

_

(5 )
2

2
98
-

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
O
4
O

w e e k ______________________ ____________________ _______
w e e k s _____________________ ____________ _________________
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________ ___
w e e k s ________________
______ ________________ _______
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________— __ _____
w e e k s _ ______ ___
______ ______________ ______ ___
v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________ __________ ___

-

-

-

6
-

3
-

4
-

75
-

74
-

82
-

20

23

14

-

-

-

(5 )

(5)

2
3
1

_

19
11

-

_

-

2
-

1
61
28

82

9

15

-

-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2
O
3
O
4
O

w e e k __________ ___
__ ______________ ________ _______
w e e k s _____________________
__ __________________ ___
v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . . . . . _______________
w e e k s _____________________ ___
______ ____________ _
v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________
w e e k s _________ ________ ____________________ ___________
v e r 4 w e e k s _ ______ ______ ____________ _____________

_

-

_

6

3
-

4

-

49

56

-

-

-

35
-

45

41

61

(5 )

"

-

1
52

49
6
40

9
37

(5 )

(5 )

_
2
_
39
_
58
-

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ,
r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a t e s a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s, th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




18

Table B-6. H ealth, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 12 T o l e d o , O h i o , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

T y p e o f b en efit
A ll industries

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

M anufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _______________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ___________________________________
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 ________________________

95

100

98

97

99

98

66

83

42

70

78

39

79

92

66

92

99

60

S ick n es s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________

60

83

18

82

94

17

50

62

34

8

6

11

H os p ita liz a tio n in su ra n ce
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________ ______________
M e d ica l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce ______________________
R e tire m e n t p e n s io n _________________________
No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ____

85
85
75
63
81

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

4

(6)

19

6

2

33

98
98
93
68
95

80
80
80
88
62

95
92
76
28
80

100
99
83
26
93

79
79
79
77
58

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d
r e tire m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly e s t a b lis h at le a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n fo r m a l s i c k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e )—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s .4—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C —Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
C la ss

coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to

punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la ss A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t i n c l u d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la ss A—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f th e f o llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t ie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of-mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s the f o llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f th e f o l l o w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a l l in g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c lu d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t io n e d at g a t e a n d c h e c k on i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

27
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay in v o lv e o n e or m ore o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'o r m ore o f the f o l l o w ­
in g :

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
making up bills of lading, posting weight

r e c o rd s o f the g o o d s s h ip p e d ,

and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions.
and indicating items filled or omitted,

May, in addition to filling orders
keep records of outgoing orders

requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform <Jther related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le r k

28
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r i v e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k lift )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d er iy 2 t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( 1 l2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tr a ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational Wa«je Surveys
A l is t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g da te s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s
is a v a ila b le u pon r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

Area

A k r o n , O hio _________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y ,N. Y. _________________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . ____________________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J. _______
B
E
N.
A tla n ta, G a. _________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. ____________________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r , T e x . ____________________
P
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________________
B o i s e , Idaho ________________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . _____________________________________

130 3-8 1
1345-53
1 3 0 3-6 7
1 3 4 5 -4 5
1 3 0 3 -6 5
1345-23
1 3 0 3 -7 8
1 3 0 3 -5 9
1 3 0 3-7 7
1 3 4 5 -1 5

25 ce n ts
20 c e n t s
25 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

M i a m i , F la . _________________________________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . __________________________________
M in neap olis—
St. P a u l , Min n. ____________________
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M ic h . ___________
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N. J. ___________________
New H av e n , Con n. __________________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . __________________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y. ___________________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . _____________________________________
O k la h o m a C it y , Okla. _____________________________

B u f f a l o , N. Y ............................................................................
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . ____________________________________
C a n to n , O hio _______________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . _______________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N. C. ____________________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . __________________________
C h i c a g o , 111. ________________________________________
C in c in n a t i, O hio—
Ky. ______________________________
C l e v e l a n d , O hio ____________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio ____________________________________

1 3 4 5 -3 0
1 3 4 5 -5 0
1 3 0 3 -6 2
130 3-6 1
1 3 0 3 -6 0
1 3 4 5 -8
1 3 0 3 -6 4
1 3 0 3 -5 5
1 3 4 5 -1 4
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Isla nd— o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111. ______
D a y to n , O hio ________________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . ______________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa _________________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h . _____________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . _________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . ___________________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. __________________________________
H o u s to n , T e x . ______________________________________

134 5-2 1
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5 -3 5
1 3 4 5 -3 2
1345-42
1 3 4 5 -4 7
134 5-2 7
1345-3
1 3 0 3 -7 0
1 3 0 3 -7 9

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind. _________________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . _________________________________
K a n s a s C it y , M o . — a n s . _________________________
K
N.
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — H. ______________
L it tle R o c k — o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . ___________
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a lif . ________________
Lou isville, K y .—
Ind. _______________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . ______________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. __________________________________
M e m p h i s , Ten n. ___________________________________

1345-26
1345-43
1 3 4 5-3 9
1345-22
1 3 0 3 -7 6
13 4 5-7
1303-53
1 3 4 5 -4 8
1303-74
1 3 4 5 -2
1 3 4 5 -3 6

25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts




B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

1345-33
1 3 0 3 -5 7
1 3 4 5 -3 8
1303-68
1345-46
1 3 4 5 -3 7
1345-44
1 3 0 3 -5 8

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

1 3 0 3 -7 5
1345-6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

O m a h a , N e b r . —Iowa _______________________________
P a t e r s o n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N. J. ___ _____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J. ___________________________
N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . _____________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . ____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h . __________________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R. I . — a s s . ____________
P
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. ______________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . _____________________________________

1345-12
130 3-7 1
1 3 4 5-3 1
1303-54
1 3 4 5 -4 0
1345-24
1303-72
1303-66
13 4 5-1
1345-19

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
20
20

R o c k f o r d , 111. _______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. ________________________________
Sa lt L a k e C it y , Utah _______________________________
San A n t o n io , T e x . __________________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r i o , C a lif . _____
San D i e g o , C a lif . ___________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif . __________________
O
S avan nah , G a. ______________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . ______________________________________
S e a t t le , W a s h . ______________________________________

1 3 0 3 -6 9
1 3 4 5 -1 7
1345-25
1303-63
1 3 4 5 -9
1 3 4 5 -1 0
1345-34
1 3 0 3 -8 0
1 3 4 5 -5
1345-4

30 c e n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
15 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. ______________________________
South B e n d , Ind. ___________________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . ____________________________________
T o l e d o , O hio -----------------------------------------------------------T r e n t o n , N. J. ______________________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d . — a . ______________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , Conn. _______________________________ .__
W a t e r l o o , Iow a _____________________________________
W i c h i t a , K a ns . _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . _________________________________
Y o r k , P a . -------------------------------------------------------------------

1345-13
1345-52
1303-73
134 5-5 1
1 3 4 5 -2 9
1 3 4 5 -1 6
1 3 4 5 -4 9
1345-20
13 4 5-1 1
1303-82
1 3 4 5-4 1

20 cen ts
20 c e n ts
20 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
25 c e n t s
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts




% TY

•^V-A-L


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102