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ayton & !\"onT3orn
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U b

11 C

i- •

Occupational

Wage S u rv e y
JIN I I '63

LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—INDIANA
FEBRUARY 1963

UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R EA U O F LA BO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—INDIANA




FEBRUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-48
May 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewao Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L a b o r M arket O ccupational W age S urvey P r o g r a m
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r r e n t ly a re in clud ed
in the B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f ann ual o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
These
s t u d i e s p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d
su p plem en ta ry b en efits.
In fo rm a tio n on re la te d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the l a b o r
m arkets.

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w hich p r e s e n ts earn ings
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s and a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s is r e l e a s e d w it h in a m o n t h a f t e r
the c o m p l e t i o n o f the s t u d y in e a c h a r e a .
T h is b ulletin
p r o v i d e s a d d i t i o n a l d a t a n o t i n c l u d e d in the p r e l i m i n a r y
report.

A:

A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d a f t e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , the f i r s t p a r t o f
th is b u l l e t i n w i l l b e a v a i l a b l e l a t e in 1963 and the s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1 9 64).
The f ir s t p a rt p r e s e n t s individual
l a b o r m a r k e t data.
T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s da t a r e ­
la t i n g to a l l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s in the U n ite d S t a t e s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , b y E l l i o t t A . B r o w a r ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l
R ela tion s.




1
4

B:

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ___________
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and
s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly earn ings fo r s e le c t e d
o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________

3

O ccu pation al ea rn in g s:*
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n
m
and w o m e n ____________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________

8
9
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e
w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________
B -2 .
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________
B -3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ______________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
B -6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s _____________________

12
13
14
15
16
18

A pp end ix:

O ccupational d e s crip tio n s

______________________________________

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
m a j o r a r e a s . (See in sid e b a ck c o v e r . )

ava ila b le fo r other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e L o u i s v i l l e , a r e a a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r th e f o l l o w i n g t r a d e s
o r in d u st rie s : B u ildin g c o n s t r u c t io n , p r in tin g , lo c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

3

5
7

19




Occupational Wage Survey—Louisville, Ky.—Ind.
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s in w h i c h the U. S. D e ­
pa rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics con du cts su rv e y s
o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e
basis.
In th is a r e a , d a t a w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u ­
r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x
b roa d in du stry d iv ision s:
M an u factu rin g ; tr a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e ,
i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor in d u stry groups
e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a n d the c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r
th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a re o m itte d b e c a u s e they
te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to
w arrant in clu sion .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia .

s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e
b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s in w h i c h
b o t h m e n and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p l o y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s in the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f the s e x e s a m o n g i n d u s t r i e s and
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h
the o c c u p a t i o n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in l e n g t h o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n i n d i v i d u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d j u s t e d o n th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u l d r e s u l t in h i g h e r a v e r a g e pa y w h e n
b o t h s e x e s a r e e m p l o y e d w it h in the s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Job d e s c r i p ­
t i o n s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e se su rv e y s a re con d u cte d on a sa m p le b a s is b e ca u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d .
In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , all e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d ie d .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i ­
c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
These d ifferen ces
in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s da ta.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow ing types:
(a) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(c ) m a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d i a l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccu pa tiona l c l a s s ifi c a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set of jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
i n d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s a s th e y r e l a t e to
o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u l l e t i n , i n c l u d e s w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s , a nd e x c l u d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l .
"P lant w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d i n n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
A dm in istrative,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n e m p l o y e e s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x ­
clu ded.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c ­
t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in du stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
i n the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d la te
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b ut c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W here w eek ly hours a re r e ­
p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the w o r k




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b le B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v isite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2
Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l da ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s o f t o t a l pla n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t , a n d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h if t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t a p p l y i n g to a
m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s ­
sifica tion " o t h e r " was u sed.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e l a t e s h if t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the f i r s t s h if t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to a l l o f
the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P aid h olidays;
p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4
t h r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e
a p p l i c a b l e to a ll pla n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums
o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls
b e c a u s e o f rou nding.
D a ta o n p a id h o l i d a y s ( t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data o n
h o l i d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d
f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H oli­
d a y s o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a
n o n w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The
f i r s t p a r t o f the p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e
and h a l f h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d .
The s e c o n d part c o m b in e s whole
and h a l f h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p la n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d to
form a l p olicies,
excluding in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y i s g r a n t e d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
Separate e s ­
t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g
v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n ­
in gs, o r fla t-s u m am ounts.
H o w e v e r , i n the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n
p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ;
f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t i s b o r n e b y
the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n ' s
c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
S u c h p la n s
i n c l u d e t h o s e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n i o n fun d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y the e m p l o y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a f o r m o f life i n s u r a n c e .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f i n ­
suran ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca sh paym ents are m ade d ir e ctly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c ­
cident d isa b ility .
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to
w h i c h the e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w
J e r s e y , w hich have en ac ted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n c e law s w hich
r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f the e m ­
p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th an i s l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s
the e m p l o y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f p a i d s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3
w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r in g
absence fro m w ork because of illn ess.
Sep arate tabu lation s a r e p r e ­
s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to ( l ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y a n d no w a itin g
p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y o r a w a itin g
p eriod .
In a d d i t i o n to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s
who a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r paid s i c k le a v e ,
a n u n d u p l i c a t e d to t a l i s s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o th
types of b enefits.
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s i n c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d
to t h o s e p la n s that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

2 T h e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y l a w s in C a l i f o r n i a a n d R h o d e I s la n d
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d as h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m edo n o t r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s .
t
3 A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
e i t h e r o f the f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d l a t e s h if t s at the t i m e
o f the s u r v e y , o r (2) h a d f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la te s h i f t s .
An
it e s t a b l i s h e d at l e a s t the m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k l e a v e
th at c o u l d b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u c h a p la n n e e d not be
e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s i f i t (1) h a d
w r i t t e n , b ut i n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s , d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i ­
o p e r a t e d la te s h if t s d u r in g the 12 m o n t h s p r i o r to the s u r v e y , o r
(2) h ad p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t t e n f o r m f o r o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
vid ual b a s is , w e r e exclu d e d .
1




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e of s u r v e y and n u m b er studied in L o u is v ille , K y.—
Ind., 1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1963
M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h m ents in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s

___

_____ ___ ___ ___ ___ __

_____ __ _

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scope of
study 3

W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T otal 4

Plant

T otal 4

471

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5 . . . . _____ . . . . . . - - . . .
W h olesa le trad e ___________________________________________
R eta il tra d e _______________________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te . . . . __ .
S e r v i c e s 8 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

124, 200

18, 500

8 3 ,6 0 0

82, 890

50
"

M anufacturin g

153

214
257

73
80

75, 800
48, 400

11 , 000

7, 500

5 6 ,5 0 0
2 7 ,1 0 0

54, 140
28, 750

50
50
50
50
50

44
51
87
39
36

21
10
21
12
16

15,
6,
15,
6,
4,

800
500
000
900
200

3, 100
< >
(6 )
(‘ )

8, 700
(‘ )
( 6)
D
(‘ )

1 3 ,0 8 0
2, 650
7, 300
3 ,3 8 0
2, 340

1 The L o u is v ille Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f J e ffe r s o n County,
K y.; and C la rk and F lo y d C ou n ties, Ind. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu dy" e s tim a te s shown in
th is table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n of the la b o r
f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u rv e y .
Th e e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of
c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly
in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a re a ) of c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des ex e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te q ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a ter tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e xclu d e d .
6 T h is in du stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Separate p resen ta tion
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s ; (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as
not design ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in su fficie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e sta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a re r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n on ly in
e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S epa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this
d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e of the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a ble 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn in gs
fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s in L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
F e b r u a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

A ll in d u strie s;
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) _______________________
In d u strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en) _____________________
S killed m ain ten an ce (m en) . ____
__________ . . .
U n sk illed plant (m en) ____________________________________

3.4
2.0
3.1
1.4

2.9
2.6
2.9
3.5

M anufacturing;
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) _____________________ .
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en) -------------------------------S k illed m ain ten an ce (m en) _______________________________
U n sk ille d plant (men) __ ___ ___ __
________ — -

1.9
2.5
3.1
1.3

3.7
2.1
2.7
4.1

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

4
Wage T rends (or S elected O ccupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e pa id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s . T h e
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on da ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l da t a a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B, and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o l l ;
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B; o f f i c e
b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
s e n i o r ; s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B;
and t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B. T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e data a r e b a s e d on
m e n a nd w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g 8 s k i l l e d
m a i n t e n a n c e j o b s and 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c l u d e d
in the p la n t
w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e c h a n i c s ;
m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; a nd t o o l and die m a k e r s ;
u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; a nd l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l
h a n d lin g .
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s or a vera ge h ou rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a vera ge sa la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f




the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 19 6 1. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a in an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 is the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , the e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due t o c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y ' e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n ­
c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e
changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the
a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s
w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e e f f e c t .
S im ilarly,
the m o v e m e n t o f a
h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d in the da ta.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d
b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r ­
t i m e , s i n c e t h e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .

W a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d g r o u p s of w o r k e r s b a s e d on d a t a f r o m the
l a b o r m a r k e t s u r v e y s w e r e c o m p u t e d f o r 20 a r e a s b e t w e e n 1953 and I 9 6 0 .
In
1 9 6 1, the l a b o r m a r k e t o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e p r o g r a m w a s e x p a n d e d t o i n c l u d e
80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s w h i c h w i l l b e s u r v e y e d a n n u a lly . T h i s
e x p a n s i o n m a d e d a t a a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o m p u t a t i o n o f w a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d
j o b g r o u p i n g s in e a c h o f the 80 a r e a s .
T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d
u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e s e n e w w a g e c h a n g e i n d e x e s .
The new s e r i e s w a s in itiated
l a s t y e a r and the da ta a r e n o t c o m p a r a b l e w it h t r e n d s p u b l i s h e d p r i o r t o that t i m e .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s the s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s the e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w i t h the f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d t o w o m e n , n o w i n c l u d e b o t h m e n a nd w o m e n .
Changes w e re a lso m ade
in the j o b s i n c l u d e d w it h in j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r that an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d be
e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .

5

A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , F eb ru ary 1963)
Averagb
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

s
s
1
*
s
$
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
I
W
eekly.
W
eekly . 40. 00 4 5 .0 0 *50. 00 55. 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 *80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hourB 1 earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45 .0 0 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2

258
158
100
49

39. 5 $110. 00
115.00
39. 5
102. 50
39. 5
4 0 .0
115.00

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B ___________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

156
77
79

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

93. 50
'Tl".-5i5
95. 50

39

39. 5

86. 50

27

38.
38.
38.
39.

61.
63,
60.
82.

54
43

.
-

_
-

-

6
6

1
1
-

-

4
4

8
2
6

1
1

1
1
-

1
1
~

3
3

9
6“
3

13
10
3

15
3
12
2
16
— rr5

1
1
-

6
5—
3
*

15

8
2
6

4
2
2

26
“ "13"
13
6

35
13
22
13

11
9
2

33
32
1

18
------1
17

16

5

40
33
7
4

42
33
9
7

31
2 "
29

-

23
14
9
9
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

"

26
24
2
2
-

10
7
3
3
-

1
1
-

6
—
3
3
-

.

9

-

-

-

-

-

2

i

7

4

9

-

-

50
00
00
00

15
15

31
6
25
-

17
6
n
3

8
6
2
2

32
27
5
2

13
12
1
1

9
9
-

3
1
2

i
l
-

12
12
12

2
2
2

4
1
3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

39. 5
39. 5

116.00
117.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i

1

2

-

6

3

13
13

10
"5

8

6

1

-

3
3

39. 0
39. 0

95. 50
97. 50

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

2
5
4 -----2

9
5

22
16

-

8
7
9
— T ~ ----- T H— S-

6
2

10

3
----- 2

-

-

-

-

76
57

37. 5
38. 0

87. 00
90. 06

-

-

-

4

*

1
-

2
1

15
3

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) ____
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
_
_

87
50
37

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5

70. 50
69. 00
72. 50

.
-

4
4

6
3
3

17
io
7

13
ll
2

19
17
2

1
1

2

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ____
__ _

53
4l

38. 5
39. 0 '

3
65. 00
60. 50 — 3

7
7

1
1

7
7

3
3

12
12

11
------

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s A
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing

81
34
47

39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

82. 50
83. 50
82. 50

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

2
2

12
7

63. 00
39. 0
"
38. 5 ■ “68. 50
61. 50
39. 0

3
3

98
86

55
5
50

47
35
6 " T2
41
23

-

-

-

C lerk s, ord er
O ffice boys ______________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2
_ _
Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla s s A _
_ _____
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss B ________________________________
Manufacturing
Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla ss C
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

150

10
80

85
----- ST~

5
5
5
5

------

_

5

1
1

2
2

9
9

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

5

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

.

2

1

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

3
26
22 —

W omen

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B _ .
_
.
Manufacturing _________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing

389
----- TT~
315

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 .. _
_
...

245
143
102
34

39.
39.
38.
39.

0
0
5
5

91.
95.
87.
94.

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B ___________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2
. ___

797
2T5
579
186

38.
39.
37.
38.

0
5
5
5

67. 50
73. 50
65.00
76. 50

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




50
00
00
50

2

47
-

47
-

~ n r~

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

34

42
8
34
“

91
8
83
2

79
13
66
13

110
40
70
24

-

34

17
8
9

4

2

1

-

5

9
9

25
19
6

2
2
-

11
2
9

3
3
*

3
3

-

15
5
10

50
29
21

-

3
----- T~\
1

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

11
4
7
-

50
27
23
2

27
8
19
8

29
17
12
2

27
19
8
8

19
13
6
6

27
15
12
-

8
6
2
-

26
2l
5
5

10
10

3

_

-

3
2
1
*

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

74

115

69
47
22
14

104
20
84
68

25
17

13
10
3
1

11

21
T3

6

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

*

-

-

-

-

r?
57
9

— TT
93
30

—

16
-------3~
13

-

8
8

8

8
8

-

-

_

-

-

_

_
-

_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, L o u isv ille , K y.—
Ind., F eb ru a ry 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
5
«
S
$
s
1
s
*
$
t
s
s
Weekly
W
eekly , 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
earnings
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
and
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 over

W omen— Continued
C lerk s, file , cla s s A ___________________
M anufacturing _______________________

43
26

38.0
37.0

$85.50
77.50

_

_

_

_

7
7

10
9

5
2

”

1
-

3
-

1
-

1
-

2
-

-

-

-

C lerk s, file , cla ss B ___________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

134
112

38.0
38.0

61.50
59.50

35

14
14

15
15

11
7

14
12

10
4

5
2

5
-

1
'

1
-

12
12

1
8
8

1
-

_

-

3
1

_

-

5
4

1

-

3
2

_

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, file , cla s s C ___________________
__________
N onm anufacturing ___

40
31

39.0
38.5

52.50
51.50

_

5
5

12
7

6
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

-

17
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

C lerk s, ord er __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________

124
51
73

39.0
38.0
39.5

64.50
80.50
53.50

1
1

37
37

12
12

5
5

8
1
7

16
9
7

20
20
-

_
-

2
2
-

7
7
-

6
2
4

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, payroll _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing _
_____ ___

252
142
110

39.0
39.5
38.5

74.00
76.00
71.00

_
-

7
7

26
10
16

44
14
30

24
19
5

23
18
5

17
29
21 ------F “
12
8

24
21
3

23
18
5

14
6
8

2
1
1

2
2
-

3
1
2

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

11
— 6
5

-

-

-

-

-

C om ptom eter op erators
M anufacturing
_
Nonm anufarturing

219
92
127

39.0
39.0
39.0

76.50
77.50
75.50

3
3

12
12

10
10

27
15
12

13
8
5

12
9
3

38
20
18

11
6
5

20
3
17

6
2
4

9
9
-

33
4
29

4
4
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

D uplicating-m ach ine op erators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________

38

37.5

62.00

-

-

5

16

4

1

9

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Keypunch o p era tors, cla s s A . __ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

124
61
63

40.0
39.5
40.0

87.00
81.00
92.50

.

3
3

6
3
3

20
14
6

23
17
6

329
120
209
35

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.5

67.00
74.50
62.50
79.50

49
27
22
3

8
5
3
*

58
36
22
4

8
4
4
"

8
4
4

Keypunch op era tors, cla ss B __________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ________________ _
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________

10
10
“
20
i3
7
6

1
1
24
u
13
13

38
2
36
.
-

2
1
1
*

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ____________ ______

96
28
68

38.5
36.5
38.5

56.00
62.50
53.50

_

.

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

.
-

_
*

_
-

_
-

1

1
1

S e cre ta rie s ______________________________
M anufacturing ________ _______________
Nonmanufacturing _______________ ___ _
Pu blic u tilit ie s 4 ________ __________

1, 220
675
545
133

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5

89.50
9 3 .S6
84.50
104.50

106
85
21
a

99
58
41
11

72
44
28
17

163
116
47
17

68
50
18
7

46
7
5

28
12

Stenographers, general ______ *_________
M anufacturing ______ ________ ________
N onm anufacturing ....... .....................
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 1 __________________

666
312
354
125

39.5
39.3
39.5
39.5

72.50
73.06
72.00
87.00

38
38
38

2
2
2

14
14
14

.
-

-

Stenographers, senior _________________
M anufacturing _________ ___________ . ..
N onm anufacturing ______ ________ ____

478

39.5
40.0
39.0

89.50
8 ). 50
92.50

-

10
nr
-

25
r
24

28

13

Sw itchboard op erators _________________
M anufacturing ________ _______________
N onm anufacturing ___________ ________

172
" “ SIT
112

39.0
39.0
39.5

64.00
73.50
59.50

* 29

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ____
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___ . . . . . . __________

221
126
101

39.5
39.6
39.5

66.50
70.50
61.50

-

_

See fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




166
182

~T5~

-

6
6
12
-

12

25
i
24
2

36
5
31
1

3
3
"
68
20
48
6

38
34

12
6
4

6
3
3

11
8
3

5
4
i

3
-

39
.
39
-

12
12
-

53
IT
42
-

74
15
54
1

99
42
57
2

61
'— 3
58
6

78

-

67
“ IS
57
29
7
4

-

-

-

-

20
11
8

6
6

9
9

40
2
38

33
33
8
1
7
3

-

-

29

*

-

“

I ll

a
53
16
7
r 6

19
10
9

-

2
2
-

60
7

134
88"
46
10

95
S3
40
7

53
it"
20
5

107
83
24
11

12
5
4
1

11
9
2
1

17
4
13
13

119

— rr

13
~ rr
2

19
8
11

33
n
22

60
41
19

44
1$
25

140
123
17

27
12
15

25
23
2

21
5
16

10
1
9

14
14

16
5
8

26
19
9

5
3
2

10
8
2

8
8

5
T
1

22
22
*

28
14
14

37
27
10

24
11
13

33
21
12

12
12
~

1
.—T -

12
7 ■
5

*

-

31
----- j - p
}
1
*

—

i
r _
‘

-

.
-

2
2
_
.
-

2
2
"

_
-

-

-

60

~~n

-

-

31
—
21
21

_

.

23

13

1
1
.

-

.

*

-

.
-

27 ------j—
6
9
-------j-1
17
10
3
e
4
8
3
_
*
*
e
.
2
2

i

..
l

*

.
-

*
-

-

“

7

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L o u isv ille , K y .—
Ind. , Febru ary 1963)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Weeklyj Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

$

$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
|$
$
40. 00 45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
and
45. 00 50.00 55.00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 n v p r

Women — Continued
Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
cla ss B ------------------ __ ------- ------- ___

38. 5
38.0

$83. 50
82. 00

-

76

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
cla s s C ----------------------- -----------------------

27

37. 0

62. 50

-

T ran scribin g-m ach in e operators,
general ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------

176
83
93

38. 5
38. 5
39. 0

70. 00
72. 00
68. 50

Typists, cla ss A -------------------------------------------Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

193
141
52
34

39.
39.
39.
40.

76.
75.
82.
85.

-

Typists, cla s s B ------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

448
161
287

39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

96

5
5
5
0

50
00
00
50

60. 00
62. 00
59. 00

-

1
1

6
6

4
4

1

7

-

8

8

3

4

11
3
8

17
7
10

9
4
5

22
6
16

-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

15
13
2

41
41

43
10
33

78
26
52

53
25
28

7

31
27

17
17

-

-

-

10
5
5

33
7
26

1
1
"

17
11
6
2

17
14
3

34
27
7
7

54
48
6
6

11
5
6
2

89
48
41

63
25
38

47
10
37

16
11
5

-

-

6

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

14
14
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

19
7
12
7

1

12
3
9

3
3

2

3

1

44
33
11

5

8
7
1

11
6
5

_

-

-

14
2
12

"

-

-

9

_

'

-

-

1
1
“

3
3

“

-

__

3
3

1

-

-

-

-

~

“

3

1

-

...

_
_

_

.

_

_
-

_

_

_

“

.
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

—
1 Standard hours re fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes 1 w orker at $25 to $30 ; 6 at $30 to $3 5 ; and 6 at $ 35 to $40.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , Febru ary 1963)

Sex, occupation, and indu stry divisio n
Men
— ~ — — -------------- —
D raftsm en , sen io r ------M anufacturing --------- — — ------- —
D raftsm en , ju n io r -------- --------- — ------- ------M anufacturing ---------------- — — — — — ---- —
Women
N u rse s, in d u stria l (re g iste re d ) ----- ---- --------M anufacturing

Number
of
workers

135
116
81
78
51
45

Average
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly• earnings1 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 $
Weekly
145.00
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
65.00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 _9 0 . 00 1 5 , 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00
40.0 $124.00
40. 0 125. 00
40. 0 88. 50
40. 0 88. 50
39. 5
39. 5

100. 00
101. 00

-

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

_
“

1
1

3
3
3
3

6
6
6
3

13
7
6
6

6
3
16
16

3
3

8
4

6
6

12
12

2

-

-

-

23
23

19
19

2
2

5
4

2

7
7
-

14
10
_

14
12
_

-

-

8
7

3
3

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these weekly hours.




32
32
2
2

19
19
_

7
4

2
2

-

12
11
1
1

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

Average
weekly .
earning*1
(Standard)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s

P u b lic u tilitie s 2

____

__________________________

—

96
50
46
26
53
41

$ 7 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

T

82
34
48

6 5 .0 0
B T

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s

__________

c l a s s B _________ __

394
-------T5—
319

_____________________

'

42
25

63

$ 6 6 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

59
47

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

181
82
99

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

103

8 0 .5 0
76756"
8 1 .5 0

Y 20

6 7 .5 0
'T 4 T 5 6 '
6 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

M a n u f a c t u r in g

_________ ________ *________________....______

—

7 1 .5 0
7 8 ,0 0
6 9 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

93

117

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

2 46
98
148
40

. . . . . . . . . . _______ . . . _____. . . . . . . . . ___
___ ___________________________________

1, 2 2 8
676"
552
140

8 5 .0 0
7T5TT

5 9 .5 0
6 3 ,6 0
5 7 ,0 0
7 7 .5 0

T y p is tr, d js s s

60.00

— n r - ""73765
668

____ ______________________________ _____

448
— 1ST “
287

6 0 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

7 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

5 2 .5 0

"51.50

163
97

7 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

478
O T -I
182

8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 6
9 2 .5 0

_ __ .___ _____

275

7 6 .0 0

1 75

25

1 15

6 0 .0 0

P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s

6 4 .5 0

_____________________

M anufacturing____ ___________ —______________________

d>&

159
116

_____________ ______ ________________ _

7 2 .5 0

3 56
127

ST

1 38
1 19

Manufacturing

_________ _________________________________

■ 78; 50'
7 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




7 6 .5 0
7 4 .6 6
8 2 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
9 '4 '.06 "
8 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

40

1
2

_______________________________________

200
' ' i 4 a '■
52
34

a

S I—

6 1 .5 0

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

.

7 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

176

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
1 39

..

78

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
45
' "H "

________

_______________

■
O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls

Ole rks , payroll ■■
Manufacturing
N^nmanufa^turing
Public utilities *

c la s s C

9 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

953
M S—
658
233

221

_____________________

8 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

342
n r l
2 21
47

101

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s

6 4 .0 0
'" 6 5 .6 6

126

1 0 1 ,0 0

202
83

$ 7 6 .5 0
77.116
7 5 .5 0

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ________ _______
M a n u fa c tu r in g
___ ______ __ ___________________________
________ __ __

6 3 .0 0
69. W
6 1 .5 0

5 03

earning* 1
(Standard)

T a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________ ______
M a n u fa c t u r in g
______ _
_ ___ _ ______________ _ ___
_
_

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
( M i m e o g r a p h o r D it t o ) _______________ _____
M a n u fa c tu r in g
__ __ __ _____ __ ______

219
92
127

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

'

Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _ . . . . . .
_
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,

Average
weekly ,
earning* 1
(Standard)

Number
of
worker*

O c c u p a t io n a n d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

—

68 ” 7TTB'

1 2 3 ,5 0

"IU T T

81

78

8 8 .5 0
8 6 .5 6

52
46

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

9
Tabic A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
In

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
A
Average Under *1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2.00 $2.10 $2.20 $2.30 $2.40 $2.50 $2.60 $2.70 s2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $ 3.40 $3,50 $3.60 $3.70 s3.80 *3.90
hourly .
earnings 1 $
and
1.70 under
1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00

O ccupation and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

C arpenters, m aintenance ______________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ ________ . . . . .
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

155
123
32

$3.19
3.2l
3.10

-

-

-

E lectricia n s, m a in te n a n c e _________ ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g __________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

454
351
103

3.30
3.36
3.10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

"

5
3
-

4
4

13
6
7

2
2

1
1

4
4
-

-

.
"

'

En gin eers, stationary ______ ____________
Manufacturing _______________________

126
T07

3.11
3.18

*

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r ____________
M anufacturing
_ ____ __ __ __ __

265
248

2.68
2.73

12
5

21
21

-

-

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________

218

4

9

2

2

4

8
1

2

2

.

-

_

-

-

3
3
'
5
5

-

1

14
i4
-

10
9
1

54
54
-

21
21
-

1
1

6
6
-

35
33
5

10
4

9

45

2

97
97
-

42
42
-

93
93
-

9
9

6

4
41

59
13

25

*

-

-

24
34

9
7

-

8
8

21

58
58

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7
5
2

1
1

!0
3
4
2

1

-

3
2

2
2

4
-

4
-

8

11
11

2
2

4

-

1
-

12

_

24
24

16
13

4
*

5
4

5
1

7
7

6
6

16
13

12
12

45
45

6
— 5—

21

66

23

24

4

20

18

9

_

8
8

5

65

14

6

-

10

-

-

-

_

.

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

9

-

2
2

_

-

2
2

20
20

12
12

1

-

8
8

_

-

1
1

7

■-

7
7

-

1

28
17
11
10

33
33
27

25
1
24
4

10
10

_____

109

M ach in e-tool o p era to rs, to o lro o m ____
M a n u fa c tu r in g _____ __
_____

98
98

3.24
3.24

M achinists, m aintenance _______________
Manufacturing
__ __ __
__ ____

510
495

3.29
3.29

-

*

-

-

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ____ _ ________ ________ _
Manufacturing
_______ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 _________________

382
ill
271
211

2.86
0 3
2.87
2.96

-

9
9
-

*

12

1

12

-

-

1
1

3
3
-

1
1
-

10
lo
-

26
15
11
3

56

18
18
8

M echanics, maintenance
Manufacturing
__ ____

820
770

3.17
3.26

.
-

-

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

8
8

6
6

10
6

22
22

16
13

57
35

51
43

8
3

M illwrights ____________________________ _
172
Manufacturing
___________ ________ ----- TT2

3.05
3.65

15
15

46
43

-

10
10

-

-

O ilers __ ___________

218
F09

2.63

52

14
14

16
16

58

32

_

P ainters, m aintenance _______ _____ ____
Manufacturing _____ _____ __ _____ ____

118
108

3.15
3.20

1
1

3

6
5

-

6
4

3
3

P ip e fitte rs , m aintenance _______________

291

3.35

2

10

_

8
8

-

2

-

____

______ _ __
________ __

________ __

-

11
11

2
2

9
9
-

-

-

-

10

-

2.38
2.45
2.32

Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ „

43

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_
-

5

— T~

-

_
-

-

16

12
12

1

-

21

37

~ r~

_

-

-

19

19
1
-

2
1

5

57

57

-

_

_

-

-

3

53
53

25
25

20
20

16
13

271
258

147
147

-

27
3
24
24

74
20
54
54

24
23
1
-

24
24
24

17
14

96
96

59
51

419
419

37
37

-

7
7

-

-

94
94

-

-

.

.

-

-

.

_

_

.

*

-

-

-

'

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

_

12

_

.

_

_

_

10
10

18
18

9
9

47
47

9
8

-

2
2

_

24

7

154

58

14

5

10

2

3
3

31
31

4
4

*

1
1

6
3

6
16
-----S'- * 13

13
13

47
47

197
197

-

-

_

_

-

2

3
— 5

_

5

.

-

-

”
:*heet-metal w ork e rs, m aintenance ____
Manufacturing ------------------------------------

56
56

T ool and die m akers ____________________
Manufacturing _______________________

297

wr~

3.27
3.27

*

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1

3.56
T sE -

-

2
2

1

_

_

,

2
2

2

9
9

2
2

2
2

_____
1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays,
* T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




and late shifts.

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L o u is v i ll e , K y. —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

,
$
$
$
$
Average Under $ 80 $ 90 $ 00 $1. 10 $ 20 $ 30 s1.40 $ 50 $ 60 $ 70 $1. 80 $1.90 $ 00 $ 10 $2. 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2. 60 $
1.
0.
1.
1.
1.
1.
2.
2.
0.
1.
2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 *3. 00 3. 10 3. 20
hourly ,
earnings 6 $
and
and
under
3. 80
_,3 Q . 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 over

E levator op era tors, p assenger
(men) --------------------------- ----------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------------

31
31

$ 1.09
1.09

3 13
13

-

-

1
1

11
11

_

-

Elevator op era tors, passen ger
(wom en) -----------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------- ------- --------

32
32

1.06
1.06

"

_

“

19
19

12
12

1
1

Guards and watchmen ---------------------------M anufacturing ------------------- ------_-----Guards ------------------------------------------Watchmen -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

838
471
292
179
367

1.97
2. 34
2. 65
1.83
1. 50

.
-

.
-

.
-

9
9

198
15
15
183

37
18
18
19

Jan itors, p orters , and clea n ers
(men) -----------------------------------------__
M anufacturing ----------------------------------- Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 4 ---------------------------

1, 894
1,039
855
161

8
8

67
67
-

97
97

167
18
149
-

Jan itors, p o rte rs , and cle a n e rs
(wom en) -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonrnanufacturing ------------------ --------

-

-

-

-

25
14
14
11

39
16
2
14
23

29
24
24
5

11
6
6
5

12
12

6
6
6

121
36
85
“

120
21
99
6

53
14
39
3

93
44
49
25

84
55
29
-

59
17
42
2

3
3

24
17
10
7
7

49
16
16
33

40
22
22
18

13
2
2
11

33
17
15
2
16

28
28
28
_

60
43
17
2

64
35
29
8

205
166
39
39

130
58
72
64

117
110
7
7

126
118
8
2

85
85
-

44
44
44
_

79
64
29
35
15

88
88
88
_

54
54
54

20
20
20
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

163
163
-

56
56
-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

■ '

-

-

3
_
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

'

80
13
40
99

16
16

312
143
169

1. 58
1.96
1. 26

-

-

1
1

28
28

70
70

28
8
20

35
7
28

5
4
1

3
3

1
1
-

13
4
9

19
19
-

34
34
-

17
17
-

15
11
4

16
11
5

21
21

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

L a b o re rs , m aterial handling ----------------M anufacturing --------- — -----------------Nonm anufacturing — — — __ __ __

2, 443
1, 833
610

2. 25
2. 22
2. 33

-

-

-

46
15
31

58
49
9

24
22
2

31
29
2

98
43
55

117
112
5

120
78
42

41
33
8

148
99
49

56
56
-

214
214
-

255
208
47

172
134
38

99
14
85

295
269
26

354
354
-

117
104
13

90
90

2
2

58
58

48

-

O rder f ille r s -------------------------------- — —

998

2. 19

37

51

42

40

32

150

100

78

140

64

65

688

2. 04

-

-

-

-

-

45

-

-

37

42

42

40

117
6
in

27

Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

27

32

136

60

116

-

-

689
493
196

2. 15
2. 33

_

14
12

9

8
8

4
4

20
2
18

19
2

38
6

22
12

20
14
6

97
93

114
114

124
120

65
65

-

_

P a ck ers, shipping (women) _____________
M anufacturing ------------------------------------

221
215

1. 78
1.80

■

4
4

9
9

11
11

12
12

40
40

3
3

14
14

R eceiving cle rk s ----------- __ ------------- —
M anufacturing ------------------- -— — __
N onm anufacturing ------------------ --------

234
137
97

2. 34
2. 56
2. 03

14
7
7

6
1
5

16
3
13

22
12
10

26
23
3

37
18
19

5
5

P a ck ers, shipping (men)
M anufacturing ---------

_______________
— ------- — __

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




1.
2.
1.
1,

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

45

-

.

.

.

45

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

"

-

~

23
21

64
60

24
24

6
6

4
4

6
6

7

3

7

2

10

1

7

3

7

2

10

1

52
3
49

28
28

-

6
6

_
-

-

-

8
8

2
2

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

10

23
13
10

48

48
48

1
1

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—In d ., F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Occupation 1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

__
Shipping c l e r k s _______ ________
M anufacturing
_ ______ _________

92
66

$
$
s
$
$
$
$
!$
$
$
$
Average Under *0.80 $0.90 $ 1.00 *1.10 *1.20 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 *1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $ 1.90 %
2.00 2.10 *2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 I 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20
hourly _
earnings $
and
and
0.80 under
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 ! 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 over

Shipping and receivin g c l e r k s __________
Manufacturing
____
__ __ __

79
32

2.23
2.39

T ru ckd river s 5
___ _____ __ _ __ _
M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________
Nonmanufacturing
______
_ __
Public u t ilitie s 4
_ __ __ __

1, 594
424
1, 170
596

2.62
2.58
2.64
2.81

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
l '/z tons) . ------------ ------- — — —
Manufacturing
__ __ __ __ __ __
Nonmanufacturing ________________

100
30
70

1.76
2.19
1.57

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( l '/z to and
including 4 tons) ____________ ____ _

520

2.32

Nonmanufacturing ________________

343

2.08

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tone,
tr a ile r type) --------- — ____ ____ ....—„

_

$2.44
2.56

13
4

“
.

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

38
10
28

47
47

4
4

3

25
25

.

34
10
10 l T F ~
~
2

.

9
-

3
"
2

120
-

9

120
116

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

-

3

22

-

4

25

-

'

“

■

■

3

22

“

4

25

"

10
8
2

-

-

-

-

-

16

47

-

-

-

7

116

-

6

47

-

7

116

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

28

11
9

5
2

9
9

15
8

.

19
18

12
1

3
3

_

17
13

11
11

5
5

13
13

1
1
'

-

I
-

1
1

-

-

-

284

3
3
-

14
5
9
8

,,
12
7
1

170
39
131
4

114
28
86
39

25
20
5

79
77
2

189
19
170
-

49
33
16

168
84
84
60

136
52
84
84

3
3
"

2
2

-

13
13
-

5
1
4

4
4

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

3

85

-

82

67

7

79

1

12

10

7

■r i j —

2.94

1

_

53
----- _ .

!

11

6

170

~Jk ~

39

77

442

2.96

1

-

52

1

1

2

170

9

77

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________

145

2.85

1

9

57

6

1

139

135
31

74

222

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) --------------------Manufacturing --------- ------- -------------

2.45
2.45
39

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
f o r k l i f t ) .............................. ............................

-

-

-

-

-

2.40

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherw ise Indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts,
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s; 3 at $0.60 to $0.70; and 10 at $0,70 to $0.80.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all driv e rs re ga rd le ss of siae and type of truck operated.
All w ork ers w ere at $4.10 to $4.20,




9
-

-

9

20

JB

39

12

54 "1 T

5

l

17
14

77

9?

303

234

3

16

U

216

3

6

— rH

34

22
nr

48

-

_
-

75

* 54

75

54

25

17"

2 23
— n -TT-

_

4

71

-

2.46

115

-

-

-

491

■
—

_
-

7

------- --------

Nonmanuf actur ing —

-

-

-

67

54
54
-

'

19

-

284
284

-

27
t r

B: Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions

12

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

In e x p e r ie n c e d typ ists
M anufacturin g
M inim um w eek ly s t r a ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing
A ll
in d u s trie s

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u strie s

M anufacturin g

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

A ll
sch e d u le s

40

153

73

XXX

80

XXX

52

31

24

21

3
4
5
4
7
3
6
2
5
3
2
1
3
1
1
2

2
“
4
1
6
2
4
3
2
1
3
1
2

2
4
1
2
2
3
3
1
3
1
2

3
4
3
4
3
2
1
1
-

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ____________

25

12

XXX

13

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y ________ _ _________________ _____

76

30

XXX

46

E sta b lish m en ts studied

______________________________________

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
under
under
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
u nd er
under
u nd er
under
under
under
u nd er
under
under
under
over

_____________

$ 4 2. 50 ________________________________
$ 4 5 . 00 ________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 ________________________________
$ 50. 00 _ ______________ _____________
$ 52. 50 ________________________________
$ 55. 00 ____________ _________________
$ 57. 50 ________________________________
$ 60. 00 _______ ______________________
$ 62. 50 ________________________________
$ 65. 00 ________________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 ________________________________
$ 70. 00 ___________________ ________
$ 72. 50 ____________ _____ ____ ____
$ 75. 00 ________________________________
$ 77. 50 _ _____________________________
$ 80. 00 ________________________________
___ ____ ________ . ____________________ . . .

___

B a sed on standard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
s ch ed u les

40

A ll
s ch ed u les

40

153

73

XXX

80

XXX

12

76

40

32

36

24

2
2
2
3
1
1
1
-

5
6
13
4
9
6
11
4
4
3
1
1
4
1
1
3

6
5
3
8
3
3
3
1
1
3
1
3

5
5
2
3
3
2
3
1
1
3
1
3

5
6
7
4
4
3
3
1
1
1
1
-

2
2
5
3
4
1
3
1
1
1
1
-

-

-

XXX

34

18

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

43

15

XXX

28

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




N onm anufacturing




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind., F e b r u a r y 1963)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

A c tu a lly w o r k in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T ota l

_

______________

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t ia l
U n ifo r m

_

________

5 cen ts
6 cen ts
7 cen ts

______

1 7 .1

4 .7

9 0 .1

8 1 .0

1 6 .5

4 .6

6 2 .6

5 3 .9

1 1 .2

3 .7

___
____
__ ___________________ „
---------------------------------------------------------------------______________________________ ______ ______ _

1 2 .3
4 .0
3 .4
2 .1
4 .8
-

1 .4

3 .0
.3
.6
.7
.8
-

.1
(2 )
-

3 .8
.6
-

.6
.4
.2

7 '/z c e n t s __________________________________________
8 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s ____________ ________________________ _______
1 0 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 2 c e n t s ____________ ______________________________
1 3 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 3 % c e n t s ________________________________________
1 4 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 5 c e n t s ______ ____________________________________
16 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 8 c e n t s __________________________________________
__________ ______ ________ ~
— 2 8 % cen ts
U n ifo r m

8 2 .4

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

_______________________

ce n ts (p e r h o u r)

„

S e c o n d s h ift

9 3 .8

_______________

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

p e rcen ta g e

5 percen t
7 percen t
8 percen t

_

___________

_____

___

___________________ ____________________ _
________ ____________________ ____ ____
_ _ _

2 7 .2
4 .1
2 .7
2 .0
-

2 0 .4

2 .6
2 .4
1 4 .7
5 .5
1 .1
1 .3
1 4 .7
3 .0
4 .4
2 .7
1 9 .1
_

3 .7
1 .2
2 .1
1 3 .5

1 9 .1

___________

2 .1

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________

4 .9
3 .7

1o 'p e r c e n t

--------------------------------------------------------------

F u ll d a y s ' p a y fo r

red u ced h ou rs

W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

______________________

-

.8
-

.3

.5

.9
.3
.5
.5

-

4 .2
.3
.2

.7

.4

_
-

3 .0

.4

2 .1

.1

. 1

5 .9

1 .0

.4

1 .5

.6

.1

1 In clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late sh ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

14

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 96 3)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll industries 1

Manufacturing

100

100

1
li
4

7
1
8
5
78

10

6
64
1
2
1

100

19

A ll industries 3

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

(4 )
(4 )
1
6

(4 )
2
6

1

81

1

<
;>

1

88

79
3
4
2
2

2
2

1

I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e ,

1
1

T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e ,

in s u r a n c e ,

4

L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .

a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s

a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

92
6
2
1

1

(4 >




Public utilities 2

sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —In d . , F e b r u a r y 1963)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Item
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

___________

________________________

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid ays _____
____________ _____________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid a y s _
_____ ~ ____________ __

Manufacturing

100

100

99

100

Public utilities^

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

(4)

Public utilities2

(4)

“
■

N um ber o f days

1
2
4
4
5
5
6

h olid a y _____
____ ___
— ___
h olid a y s ____ ___ _____ — ________ ___ ___
h olid a y s — _____
— _____ ________ ______
h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days _________________ —
h olid a y s „ __________________ ____________ __
h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ___________ ~ — —
______ — _____
h olid a y s . . _____
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ___________ _________
6 h olid a ys plus 2 h a lf days -------------------------------7 h olid a y s ______________________ — _________ —
7 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day ___________ _________
7 h olid a ys plus 2 h alf days _____________________
8 h olid a ys _______________ ______________
_____
9 h olid a ys __________
__________________________
-- ____________ __
10 h olid a ys _______________
13 h olid a ys __________ —
_____ — _____ __

(4)
1
1
1
39
4
1
36
2
(4)
8
4
1
1

(4)
1
14
4
2
51
6
(4)
8
11
3

23
(4)
77
-

1
1
(4)
2
(4)
30
4
3
42
1
(4)
10
4
1

1
17
4
4
53
2
1
10
6
2

1
5
15
16
61
65
95
95
97
97
99
99

2
8
19
21
77
82
99
99
99
99
100
100

46
54
-

T otal h o lid a y tim e 5

13 days ___________
__ _____ ___________ __
10 o r m o r e days __________________ ___________
9 o r m o r e days __________________________ — __
8 o r m o r e days ______ ________ ______ ______
7l /2 o r m o r e days _____________ ______ ___ —
7 o r m o r e days ________________________ ___ ___
6 '/j o r m o r e days ______________________________
6 o r m o r e days __________ __________
5‘ /2 o r m o r e days _________ ___________________
5 o r m o r e days
________ ______________________
4 o r m o r e days ________ „ __________ ___
2 o r m o r e days __________________
___ —
1 o r m o r e days ________
.. .. .. ..
___ . .

1
3
7
15
17
54
58
97
98
99
99
99
99

3
14
23
28
81
85
99
99
99
100
100
100

-

77
77
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e '
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f fu ll a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e th en cu m u la te d .




-

-

54
54
100
100
100
100
100
100

in c lu d e s

th ose

w it h

7 fu ll

days

and

16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a ca tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y.— d ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
In
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 1

Manufacturing

Publio utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Publio utilities2

100

A ll w o r k e r s

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4 )
-

100
99
(4 )
-

100
100
-

99
92
6

99
88
9

100
99
1

M ethod o f P a ym en t

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s
_____. ___ __________________ _
L en g th -of-tim fe paym ent ____________________
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent __ . . . . _____. . . . . . . _____
F la t -s u m p aym ent ___________________________
O ther __________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a ca tio n s ___ -__________________________

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

(4)
44
9
3

(4 )
56
4
1

_
25
4

2
19
1
(4 )

2
18
(4 )

13

93

70
1
28
(4 )

71
1
27
-

91
_
6
3

39
16
44
(4 )

33
23
43
-

70
1
26
3

10
22
67
(4 )

7
31
61
-

88
3

10
22
67
(4 )
(4 )

7
31
61

A m ount of v a c a tio n pay 5

A fter 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ______ ____________________. . . . ___ . . .
1 w eek ___________________________________________ _
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s . . . ______________________________________. . .

.
20
_
3

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________ . . . .
2 w eek r
_ _
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

29
1
70

-

-

87
“

7

8
10
82
-

6
1
93
”

15
53
32

2
2
96
(4 )

2
3
96
“

2
2
96
1
(4 )

96
.

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 Week ............ .......................... ..................................... _
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____
____
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s . . ________ _____________________________
3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

_
(4 )
99
1

9

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________ __ ___________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ____________ _______
3 w eeks
______ ______ _________________________

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




2
3

(4 )
96
3

1

9
87
1
3

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 96 3)
I

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

2
95
1
2

2
94
2
3

95
3
2

4
91
2
3

2
91
2
3

.
96
1
3

2
62
(4 )
36
-

2
39
1
59
-

_
88
12
-

3
44
10
42
1

1
33
14
48
1

-

-

-

(*)

1

_
86
14
-

3
30
19
45

1

.

17
28
50

73
27
-

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5— C ontinued

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
_____ __ ________ . . ____________
2 w eek s _______ __ _____________ ______________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________ ___
3 w eek s ___________
____ ______ — __ ____ -

_

A fter 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
2 w eek s __________________________ . __________ . . . . . .
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s . . . __. . . ______ _______
3 w eek s ___ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ______. . . . . ___. . . . . . . . . . .
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _________ ___________
4 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________ __________ _______ ___ _____. . . . . .
2 w eek s . . __________________ _______ ___________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s ________________________________________ __
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ______________________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

_

53

39
-

20
15
63
-

85
15
-

-

-

-

(4 )

2
8

_

90
-

98
”

3
17
77

6

2

2
1

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek . .
. . . __ ___ _____. . . ___ _
__ ___ ____
2 w eek s ___________________ ______________ . . . . _____
3 w eek s _________ _____________ _____ ___ _____ ______
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2
15
83

“

2

1

1

1
11
84

1
2

_
.
100
*

A fter 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________ ____________
2 w eek s __ _________. . . . _________. . . . __ _________ _
3 w eek s ________ ________________ ___ ____________ __
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

_

13
75
11

8
74

2
95
-

16
67

4

13

2

2

13
50
-

8

2

45
46

16

3

1

_

1
10
73

88

1
14

.
12

1
10

.
62
-

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
2 w eek s
3 w eek s ______. . . . . . . _______ _____________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
______________ _
4 w eek s ____________ __ . . . . _____
O ver 4 w e e k s ________________ ________ _______

36

_

3

73

16
44

1

46

25

35

40

1

1

1

38

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ice s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 Less than 0.5 percent.
9 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time b asis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. P eriod s of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e ce ssa rily reflect the individual provisions for p rogression s. F or example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 yea rs' s ervice include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 years includes those who receiv e 3 weeks' pay or m ore after few er years of serv ice .




18
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 L o u is v ille , K y .—
2
Ind. , F e b ru a r y 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type o f b e n e fit
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

-----------

---------------------------------------

^

Manufacturing

Public utilities3*

All industries

100

100

100

100

92

97

99

57

80

45

73

78

44

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

88

94

99

66

76

56

82

91

66

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u ra n ce ------------------------------------------ —
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 5 --------- — __ — — —
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ----------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ----------- — — — — —
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) _________________________

42

71

11

68

85

24

47

49

9

9

8

6

12

2

31

15

8

43

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ------ — — — —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ------- ~ ------------- — —M e d ica l in s u ra n ce -----------------------------------------C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce ---------------------------------— — — — —
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n -----No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan ____

87
85
64
65
70
2

96
97
82
63
78
1

79
79
72
93
46

89
89
69
31
70
3

94
96
76
28
78
1

81
81
72
78
63

1 In clu d es th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g only le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
re tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
* In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
* U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly es ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and iateKtrea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h i n e ) - Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies ol
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p i n g m a c h in e )—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers*
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

CLERK , A C C O U N T IN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C—
Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss

/l —
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various rdutine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECR ETAR Y— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25

MACHINIST, M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of-mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26
P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN T EN A N C E-C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

rep a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; ghge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

27
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e 'or m ore o f the f o l l o w ­
in g :
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

in v o lv e s:

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s:

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

28
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n an d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o t h e r than fo r k lift )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d er iy2 t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1% to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y { o v e r 4 t o n s , tr a ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational W age Su rveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g da tes o f e a r l i e r s t u d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s
is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n 25, D. C. ,
o r f r o m any o f the BL S r e g i o n a l ' s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

B u lle tin
number

P rice

A k r o n , O h i o _________________________________
A lb any—S c h e n e c t a d ^ - T r o y , N. Y . _______ —
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . ___ __________________
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N. J.
A tla nta, G a. -------------- ----------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d. _____________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r , T e x . _____________
B i r m i n g h a m , A la . _________________________
B o i s e , I d a h o _________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . ______________________________

130 3-8 1
1303-56
1 3 0 3 -6 7
1 3 4 5 -4 5
1 3 0 3 -6 5
1 3 4 5 -2 3
1 3 0 3 -7 8
1303-59
1303-77
1 3 4 5 -1 5

25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
2 0 ice n ts
30 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 c e n t s
30 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts

B u ff a lo , N. Y. _______________________________
B u r lin g to n , V t .__________________________ ____
Canton, O h i o ____________ ____________________
. C h a r le s t o n , W. Va. _________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N. C. _____________________________
C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . ___________________
C h ic a g o , 111. __ ! __________ ____________ ______
_
C in cin n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. ______________________
C le v e la n d , O h i o __________________________ __
C o lu m b u s , O h i o ____________________ ________

1 3 4 5 -3 0
1303-50
1303-62
13 0 3-6 1
1303-60
1345-8
1303-64
1 3 0 3 -5 5
1 3 4 5 -1 4
1 3 4 5 -2 8

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts

D a l l a s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k Isla nd— o lin e , Iowa—
M
111.
D ayton , O h i o ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . ______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . _______________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x . ___________________________
G r e e n B a y, W is . ________________ J
-------------G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. ___________________________
H ouston , T e x . ' ______________________________

1345-21
1 3 4 5 -1 8
1 3 4 5 -3 5
1 3 4 5 -3 2
1 3 4 5 -4 2
1 3 4 5-4 7
1 3 4 5-2 7
1 3 4 5 -3
1303-70
1303-79

25
25
20
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d . _______ 1-----------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . _________ i ____________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . ___________________ 1.
K a n s a s Cit y, M o . —K a ns. ____________
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h il l, M a s s . —N. H.
L ittle R o ck —N o rt h L it tle R o c k , A r k .
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ___
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . ______ ___________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . _________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. _________________ .__
M e m p h i s , Ten n. ______________________

1 3 4 5 -2 6
1345-43
1 3 4 5 -3 9
1 3 4 5 -2 2
1303-76
1 3 4 5 -7
1303-53
1345-48
1303-74 '
1 3 4 5 -2
1 3 4 5 -3 6

25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
30 cen ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 cen ts

A rea




A rea

B u lle tin
num ber

P rice

M i a m i , F la . __________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is . _____________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s —St; P a u l, Min n. _______________
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y Cit y, N. J. _____________
N e w 'H a v e n , Conn. ____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , La. ____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N. Y . ___________________ ___________
N o r f o lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pto n , Va. __ _____ ____________ __________
O k la h o m a City, O kla . _______________________

1 3 4 5 -3 3
1303-57
1 3 4 5 -3 8
1303-68
1 3 4 5 -4 6
1 3 4 5 -3 7
1345-44
1 3 0 3 -5 8

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
30

1 3 0 3 -7 5
1 3 4 5 -6

20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a _________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lif to n — a s S a i c , N. J. ___________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J _______________________
N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . _______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . ______________________ ________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e _____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . _____ ,_______________
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R. I . —M a s s . ___ .*
P
R a le ig h , N. C. ________________________________
R ic h m o n d , Va. _______________________________

1 3 4 5 -1 2
130 3-7 1
13 4 5-3 1
1303-54
1 3 4 5-4 0
1345-24
1303-72
1303-66
1 3 45-1
1 3 4 5-1 9

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
20
20*

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

R o c k f o r d , 111. _________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111.___________________________
Salt Lake Cit y, U t a h _________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . ____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e —O n t a r io , C a lif.
San D i e g o , C a lif . ______________________ ______
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakla nd, C a l i f . _____*_______
Savannah, Ga. ________________________ _______
S c r a n to n , P a . ________________________________
S e a ttle , W a s h . ________________________________

1 3 0 3 -6 9
134 5-1 7
1 3 4 5-2 5
1 3 0 3 -6 3
1 3 4 5-9
1 3 4 5 -1 0
1 3 4 5 -3 4
1 3 0 3 -8 0
1 3 4 5 -5
1 3 4 5 -4

30
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
15
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

S io u x F a l l s , S. Dak. _________________________
South Ben d, Ind. ____________________________ _
S p o kan e , W a sh . _________________________ ____
T o l e d o , O h i o __________________________________
T r e n t o n , N. J. ________________________________
W a sh in gto n, D. C. —M d . —V a . _______________
W a t e r b u r y , Conn. ____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a _______________________________
W ic h ita , K a ns. _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . ______________________________________

1 3 4 5-1 3
1 3 0 3 -5 2
1 3 0 3-7 3
1 3 0 3 -4 7
1 345-29
13 4 5-1 6
13 4 5-4 9
1 3 4 5-2 0
1345-11
1303-82
1345-41

20
25
20
25
25
25
20
25
25
25
20

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
Cents
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ce n ts
ce n ts





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102