View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

u. S. D C M T C LLEC N
O U EN O TIO

Occupational Wa

NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA

FEBRUARY 1963

Bullet i

n No. 1345-44




UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
B UR EA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA




FEBRUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-44
May 1963

UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




P refa c e

Contents
Page

T h e L a b o r M a r k e t O c c u p a t io n a l W a g e S u r v e y P r o g r a m
E ig h t y -t w o l a b o r m a r k e t s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d
in th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l o c c u ­
p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m a j o r l a b o r m a r k e t s .
T h ese
s t u d ie s p r o v i d e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s a nd r e la t e d
s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s .
I n fo r m a t io n on r e l a t e d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y b e n e f it s is o b t a in e d b ie n n ia lly in m o s t o f th e l a b o r
m a rk ets.

I n t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t w h ic h p r e s e n t s e a r n in g s
t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s a n d a v e r a g e e a r n ­
in g s in s e l e c t e d j o b s i s r e l e a s e d w ith in a m o n th a ft e r th e
c o m p l e t i o n o f th e s tu d y in e a c h a r e a .
T h is b u ll e t in p r o ­
v i d e s a d d it io n a l d a ta n o t in c lu d e d in th e p r e l i m i n a r y r e p o r t .

A:

A t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle t in is i s s u e d a ft e r the
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r ­
v e y s ( f o r th e c u r r e n t r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , th e f i r s t p a r t o f
t h is b u ll e t in w i l l b e a v a ila b le la t e in 1963 an d th e s e c o n d
p a r t e a r l y in 1 9 6 4 ).
T h e f i r s t p a r t p r e s e n t s in d iv id u a l
l a b o r m a r k e t d a ta . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s d a ta r e la t in g
t o a ll m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s .
T h is b u lle t in w a s p r e p a r e d in th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in A t la n t a , G a ., b y J a m e s D . G a r la n d , u n d e r
th e d i r e c t i o n o f D o n a ld M . C r u s e .
T h e s tu d y w a s u n d e r
th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o u is B . W o y ty c h , A s s is t a n t R e ­
g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s a n d I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s .




1
4

B:

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y ____________
P e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e in s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d
s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________

3

O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s : *
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n
a n d w o m e n ______________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s __________________
A -5 .
C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

9
10
11

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s o f w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ________________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s ______________________

13
14
15
16
17
19

A p p e n d ix :

jo r

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

* N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la t io n s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o t h e r m a ­
areas.
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in th e
N ew O r le a n s a r e a , a r e a v a ila b le f o r th e f o llo w in g t r a d e s o r
i n d u s t r i e s : B u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n , p r in t in g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t ­
in g e m p l o y e e s , a n d m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s a nd h e l p e r s .

iii

3

5
8

21




O c cu p a tio n a l W age S u rv ey —N ew O r le a n s, La.
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 82 l a b o r m a r k e t s in w h ic h th e U . S. D e ­
p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e
b a s is .
In th is a r e a , d a ta w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u ­
r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a t i v e
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x
b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n i c a ­
t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n ­
s t r u c t io n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r
th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y
te n d to f u r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to
w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f th e
b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

s c h e d u le s ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e
b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
D i f f e r e n c e s in p a y l e v e l s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s in w h ic h
b o th m e n a n d w o m e n a r e c o m m o n l y e m p lo y e d a r e l a r g e l y due to
(1) d i f f e r e n c e s in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f th e s e x e s a m o n g in d u s t r ie s and
e s t a b lis h m e n t s ; (2) d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h
th e o c c u p a t io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y
j o b d e s c r i p t i o n ; a n d (3) d i f f e r e n c e s in le n g th o f s e r v i c e o r m e r i t
r e v i e w w h e n in d iv id u a l s a l a r i e s a r e a d ju s t e d o n th is b a s i s .
Longer
a v e r a g e s e r v i c e o f m e n w o u ld r e s u l t in h ig h e r a v e r a g e p a y w h en
b o th s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in th e s a m e r a t e r a n g e .
Job d e s c r i p ­
t io n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s to a llo w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d o n a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th an o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d .
In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s i z e s t u d ie d .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c ­
t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d i ­
c a t e th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s
in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .

O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(a) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l;
(c ) m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (d) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n if o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f
th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s
t a b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n i s t o o s m a ll
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s

I n fo r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s a s th e y r e la t e to
o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s .
The co n ce p t " o ffic e w o r k e r s , " as u se d
in th is b u lle t in , in c lu d e s w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d e x c lu d e s a d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l p e r s o n n e l .
" P la n t w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g
le a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t io n s .
A d m in is t r a t i v e ,
e x e c u t iv e , a n d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , a n d f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
t io n e m p l o y e e s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x ­
c lu d e d .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t in c lu d e d a s p la n t w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g
in d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e
s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e r e ­
p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e w o r k




a n d S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s (t a b le B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e li m i t e d to m a n u fa c t u r in g
in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in t e r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t, a n d (b) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t th e t i m e o f th e s u r v e y .
In
e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t a p p ly in g to a
m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y , th e c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u sed .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e l a t e s h ift h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e f i r s t s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e t a b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll o f
th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
P a id h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a t io n s ; a n d h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4
th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n th e b a s is th a t t h e s e a r e
a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s
a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sum s
o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls
b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l im it e d to d a ta on
h o lid a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
f o r in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o li­
d a y s o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a
n o n w o r k d a y , e v e n i f th e w o r k e r is n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The
f i r s t p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le
a n d h a lf h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le
a n d h a lf h o lid a y s to s h o w to t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (t a b le B -5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o l i c i e s , e x c lu d in g i n f o r m a l a r r a n g e m e n t s w h e r e b y t im e o f f
w ith p a y is g r a n t e d a t th e d i s c r e t i o n o f th e e m p l o y e r .
S ep arate e s ­
t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u tin g
v a c a t io n p a y m e n t s , s u c h a s t im e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n ­
in g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s .
H o w e v e r , in th e ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a t io n
p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s is ;
f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n ­
s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n
p la n s (t a b le B - 6 ) f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y
th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t in g o n ly l e g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s
in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n y a nd
t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y th e e m p l o y e r
o u t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r th is p u r ­
pose.
D e a th b e n e f it s a r e in c lu d e d a s a f o r m o f l i f e i n s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e o f i n ­
s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d o n a w e e k ly o r m o n t h ly b a s i s d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c ­
c id e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p la n s to
w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N ew
J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h
r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,
p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m ­
p l o y e r (1) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th a n is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s
th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la tio n s o f p a id s i c k - l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 2
3
w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g
a b sen ce fr o m w ork b eca u se o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e p r e ­
s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to ( l ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y a n d no w a itin g
p e r i o d , a n d (2) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g
p e r io d .
In a d d it io n to th e p r e s e n t a t io n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s
w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k le a v e ,
a n u n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b o th
t y p e s o f b e n e f it s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s t o p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t ia l
paym ent o f d o c to r s ' fe e s .
S u ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T a b u la t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d
to t h o s e p la n s th a t p r o v id e m o n t h ly p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f
th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .

2 T h e t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y la w s in C a l i f o r n i a a n d R h o d e I s la n d
A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a p o l i c y i f it m edo n ot r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s .
t
e it h e r o f th e f o llo w in g c o n d it io n s : ( l ) O p e r a t e d la t e s h ift s at th e t im e
3 A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g a f o r m a l p la n i f
o f th e s u r v e y , o r (2) h ad f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e s h if t s .
An
it e s t a b lis h e d a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s o f s i c k le a v e
e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s h a v in g f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s i f it (1) h a d
th a t c o u ld b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e e d n ot b e
w r it t e n , b u t i n f o r m a l s i c k - l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s , d e t e r m i n e d o n an i n d i ­
o p e r a t e d la te s h ift s d u r in g th e 12 m o n th s p r i o r to th e s u r v e y , o r
(2) h ad p r o v i s i o n s in w r it t e n f o r m f o r o p e r a t in g la te s h if t s .
v id u a l b a s i s , w e r e e x c lu d e d .
1




3

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y and num ber studied in New O rle a n s , L a .,1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 F e b ru a r y 1963

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h m ents in scop e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s

______

_______________________________________

M anufacturin g ________ __ __ ____________ _________________
N onm anufacturing _ _________________________ ___________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i li t ie s 5 ____ ____________________ ______
W h olesale trad e __________________________________________
R eta il trade _ ___________ _____________________________
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ___________________
S e r v i c e s 8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
sc o p e o f
study 3

Studied

Studied
O ffice

T otal 4

Plant

T o t a l4

_

592

174

117 ,2 0 0

17, 600

72, 300

6 9 ,3 2 0

50
"

153
439

54
120

4 1 ,6 0 0
75, 600

4, 300
13, 300

3 1 ,0 0 0
4 1 ,3 0 0

2 5 ,790
43, 530

50
50
50
50
50

92
102
120
59
66

32
19
33
16
20

9, 300
(6)
18, 200
(7 )
(6)

18, 890
2 ,6 2 0
14,250
3, 360
4 ,4 1 0

26,
9,
22,
7,
9,

200
600
900
800
100

4, 100
( 6)
2, 100
(‘ )
( 6)

1 The N ew O rle a n s Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f J e ffe r s o n , O rle a n s , and St. B e rn a rd P a r is h e s .
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e of study" e s tim a te s show n in this table
p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the
s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv e y .
The e s tim a te s
a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to
s e r v e as a b a s is of co m p a r is o n
w ith oth er em ploym en t in d exes f o r the a r e a to m e a s u re e m p loym en t tr e n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f esta b lish m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance
of the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rvey.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d ition of the Standard Industrial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 Inclu des a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with to ta l em ploym en t at o r above the m in im um lim ita tio n .
A ll outlets (within the are a ) o f co m p a n ies in such in d u stries as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e stablish m en t.
4 Inclu des ex e cu tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and oth er w o r k e r s exclu d ed fr o m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu d ed .
6 This in du stry d iv isio n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les .
Separate p resen tation
of
data f o r th is d iv isio n is not m ade f o r one o r
m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv isio n
is to o s m a ll to
p r o v id e enough data to m e r it
sep arate study, (2)the sam ple
w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u fficie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of individual
esta b lish m en t data.
7 W ork ers fr o m this en tire in d u stry d iv isio n a re re p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o rtio n on ly in
e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p re se n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s given in footn ote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s . 1
2




T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f change 1 in standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs
fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s in New O rle a n s , L a . , fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
F e b ru a r y 1962
to
F e b ru a ry 1963

M a rch 1961
to
F e b ru a ry 1962

F e b ru a ry I960
to
M a rch 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en)
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en)
_ . . . ....
S k ille d m aintenance ( m e n ) _________________________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _

4 .5
1.5
4. 2
4 .3

3 .4
1.5
3 .5
2 .0

2 .5
9 .9
5 .7
4 .4

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) .
.
___
In du strial n u rs e s (m en and w om en)
S k illed m aintenance (m en) _________________________________
U n sk illed plant fm en)
...........................

5. 2
2—. 9
4. 3
3. 2

2. 8
.5
3 .4
.8

4. 3
12.0
5 .2
8 .6

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

1 A ll ch anges a r e in c r e a s e s u n le ss o th e r w is e in d ica te d .
2 T h is d e c r e a s e r e fle c t s changes in e m p loym en t am ong
d ecreases.

e sta b lish m e n ts

w ith d iffe r e n t pay l e v e ls ,

rath er than sa la ry

4
Wage T ren d s for S elected O ccupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e
s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e r a g e e a rn in g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a nd i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u r s
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they m e a s u r e ch an ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e a nd f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p . T h e
o f f i c e c l e r i c a l da t a a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g 19 j o b s :
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A
and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B, and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y r o l l ;
C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B; o f f i c e
b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
s e n i o r ; s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ; t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B;
a nd t y p i s t s , c l a s s A a nd B. T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e da ta a r e b a s e d on
m e n a nd w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g 8 s k i l l e d
m a in te n a n ce j o b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d e d
in the p la n t
w o r k e r data; S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e c h a n i c s ;
m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; a n d t o o l and d ie m a k e r s ;
p o r t e r s , a n d c l e a n e r s ; a nd l a b o r e r s , m a t e r i a l
u n s k i l l e d ----j a n i t o r s ,
h a n d lin g .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The average sa la ries
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f




th e j o b s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1 9 6 1 . T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e
f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
c e n t a g e ) o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e o t h e r y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and
100 i s the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y , the e f f e c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s
in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ; and
(3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due t o c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n ­
c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e
changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o ­
p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the
a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s
w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e
effect.
S im ila rly,
the m o v e m e n t o f a
h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s t o d r o p , e v e n t h o u g h n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f ­
f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h
j o b i n c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a r e n ot i n f l u e n c e d
b y c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s o r in p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r ­
t i m e , s i n c e t h e y a r e b a s e d on p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .

W a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d g r o u p s o f w o r k e r s b a s e d on d a t a f r o m the
l a b o r m a r k e t s u r v e y s w e r e c o m p u t e d f o r 20 a r e a s b e t w e e n 1953 a n d I 9 6 0 .
In
1 9 6 1 , the l a b o r m a r k e t o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e p r o g r a m w a s e x p a n d e d t o i n c l u d e
80 S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s w h i c h w i l l b e s u r v e y e d a n n u a lly . T h i s
e x p a n s i o n m a d e da t a a v a i l a b l e f o r the c o m p u t a t i o n o f w a g e i n d e x e s f o r s e l e c t e d
j o b g r o u p i n g s in e a c h o f the 80 a r e a s .
T h e a b o v e t e x t r e p r e s e n t s the m e t h o d
u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e s e n e w w a g e c h a n g e i n d e x e s .
The new s e r i e s w a s initiated
l a s t y e a r and the da ta a r e n o t c o m p a r a b l e w i t h t r e n d s p u b l i s h e d p r i o r t o th at t i m e .
T h e n e w s e r i e s c o v e r s the s a m e j o b g r o u p i n g s a s th e e a r l i e r s e r i e s
w i t h the f o l l o w i n g e x c e p t i o n s : T h e c l e r i c a l a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e g r o u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r i c t e d t o w o m e n , n o w i n c l u d e b o t h m e n a nd w o m e n .
Changes w e re a lso m ade
in the j o b s i n c l u d e d w it h i n j o b g r o u p i n g s in o r d e r that an i d e n t i c a l l i s t c o u l d b e
e m p l o y e d in a l l a r e a s .

5

A: Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly.
(Standard)

$
Weekly . 3 0 . 0 0
earnings
(Standard) u n d e r
3 5 . 00

$

3 5 . 00

$

4 0 . 00

”

_

4 0 . 00

4 5 . 00

$ 5 . 0 0 $5 0 . 0 0
4

$
55 . 00

$6 0 . 0 0 $

6 5 . 00

$

7 0 . 00

$

7 5 . 00

$

8 0 . 00

$

8 5 . 00

"

"

“

”

"

“

”

“

50. 00

5 5 . 00

6 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0 . 00

13
13

7
7

13
13

-

-

-

-

2

-

11
2

15

-

33
2

26
2

10

2

15

31

24

7

16

21
37
4

$
$
$
$
$
$
*
s
$
s
9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

“

“

“

“

“

“

“

"

and

“

9 5 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

over

Men
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla s s B ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 __________________
R etail trade ______________________
C lerk s, accounting, cla ss B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

54

40. 0

$9

40. 0

$ 6 7 .5 0
6 4 . 00

371
94

39. 5

1 0 0 . 50

39. 5

1 0 7 . 50

277
122

39. 5
39. 5
41. 5

9 8 . 50
9 3 . 00
1 0 2 . 50

40. 0
40. 0
40. 5

7 3 . 50

6 9 . 00

27
162
35
127

8 3 . 00
7 1 .0 0

69

39. 0

C le rk s , o rd e r __________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

177
25
152

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

7 9 . 00

C lerk s, p a yroll _________________________
M anufacturing _______________________

51
31

39. 5
40. 0

9 4 . 00
1 0 4 . 50

O ffice b o y s _____________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

170
30
140

39. 5
40. 0

5 5 . 00
5 6 . 50
5 5 . 00

7 9 . 50
8 2 . 50

56

39. 5
39. 0

6 3 . 50

Tabulating-m achine o p era to rs,
cla s s A ________________________________

32

40. 0

1 0 7 . 50

Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
c la s s B ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

78
32

39. 0
40. 0

9 0 . 00
9 3 . 50

46

39. 0

88. 00

T yp ists, cla s s B ________________________

27

37. 5

6 0 . 50

54
31

39. 5
39. 0

-

_
-

_
_
-

-

1

-

1

6

1

1

6

6 7 . 50
6 2 . 50

“

-

"

2

9
1

-

-

61
11
50

43

12

-

9
1

-

42

5
5

-

"

-

-

-

51
4

35
1(8

14

27

16
6

9
4

7
3

-

14

10

5
1

4

-

-

5

-

14

-

40
12

26
4

44
4

12

30
1(8

9

5

14

40

32

2

20

18
3

20

11

1

20
2

47
24

25

11

28
11
1

22

5

5

1

9

1
1

7
4

23
8

8

4

-

13
2

3

2

11

8

1

-

4

9

-

15

9
7
2

5

1
9

4

-

20

21

15

10

14

16

21

1
14

1

21

-

-

8

33

8
12

1

-

1

1

-

9

a

1

11
2

12

5

1

"

27
4
23
13

1
4
4

6
2
4
4

7
36

9

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

12

4

4

_

"
_
-

21

4
4

4
2

_
-

_
"

1

.

-

11
1
3
3

-

_

-

2

9
4
4

u

-

5

3
3

-

2
2

-

1
1

ii
4

-

-

-

-

16

16

i
i

5

2

5

10
10

1

2
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

4

3

_

5

4

2

_

2

1

_

-

_

.

4
4

15

2

“

15
15

.

10

.

14

-

9

-

9

3

11
8
3

1
13

5
1
4

23
16
7

5
2
3

4
2
2

2

_

-

_

4

1

_

1

•-

-

"

1

3
1

14
2

2
2

4
4
4

1

3

6

i

16

-

1

-

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h in e ) ____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) ______________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
R etail trade ______________________

38
38

B ookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs,
c la s s A ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________

131
33

B ookkeeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs,
cla s s B ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ___________ t
___________
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




29

98

343
30
313
31

39. 5
39. 5
40. 5

56. 00
56. 00
5 6 . 50

_

_

_

"
15
15
13

_

39. 5

7 5 . 50

39. 5
39. 0

7 5 . 50

-

-

-

-

7 6 . 00

-

“

*

6 0 . 50

_

5
5
2

5
5

3
3

2
2

3

1

2

4
4
4

_

9

24

39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

6 4 . '5 0
6 0 . 50

-

55. 00

-

3
3

-

-

4

8

38

i

24

2

2

14

-

13
4

11
2

9

-

_

17

2

16

35

10

2

9

9

4

2
2

-

6

-

22

-

46

-

43

130

81

8

9
2

22

46

35

10
120

6

6

75

7

2
2

-

6

6

2

4

10

1

2

_

-

2

_

6

-

-

6

-

_

-

_

_

*

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

_

-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division , New O rleans, La., F eb ru ary 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

*
s
s
s
s
S
$
$
$
*
s
$
$
s
$
$
t
t
*
W
eeklyt W
eekly 30.00 35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 *130.00 *135.00
earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

Women— Continued
.
-

.
~
-

_
"

9
9

15
15
5

-

-

-

56.00
55.00

_

_

_

-

-

39.5
39.5

53.00
50.00

_

_

-

"

138
123
45

40.0
40.0
40.0

61.00
59.50
65.00

“

~

C lerk s, p a yroll ________ ___________ ___
Manufacturing ________________________
N on m an u factu rin g_________________ _
R etail trade _______________________

146
66
80
30

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

70.00
70.00
69.50
67.00

-

6
6

C om ptom eter op era tors _________________
Nonm anufacturing ________
__ _
Public u tilities 2 __________________
R etail trade „
_______ ____

209
197
27
87

39.0
39.0
38.5
38.5

66.00
65.00
73.50
58.50

-

Keypunch op e r a to r s , cla s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g__ ________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________

142
51
91
30

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

77.50
87.00
72.00
83.50

Keypunch o p era tors , c la s s B ___________
Nonm anufacturing ____________________
Retail trade
____ __ __

141
127
33

39.5
39.5
40.0

63.00
61.50
54.50

O ffice g ir ls ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

66
62

39.0
39.0

51.00
50.00

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
Manufacturing ________________________
N on m an u factu rin g____________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________
R etail t r a d e _

178
41
137
55
30

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5
41.5

$85.50
88.00
85.00
87.50
81.50

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing __________________
R etail trade
__ __ __ __________

545
66
479
98

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.5

65.00
70.50
64.50
60.50

_
"

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g____________________

62
42

39.0
38.5

71.50
65.00

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ___________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

179
163

39.5
39.5

C lerk s, file , cla s s C ___________________
Nonm anufacturing _________ _________

86
68

C lerk s, o rd er ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
___ __
R etail trade _____ __

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




-

-

.

8

-

8
2

4
2
2
2

10
4
6
5

8
3
5
1
4

108
6
102
18

59
2
57
15

108
21
87
38

40
8
32
7

60
12
48
13

-

9
9

4
4

11
11

9
9

-

47
47

36
30

42
42

38
35

8
8

38
32

8
7

21
21

_

-

18
18
9

18
18
'

42
38
5

11
9
3

19
19
10

7
7
7

"

7
4
3
3

11
6
5
3

19
10
9
6

18
12
6
3

26
10
16
4

“

27
27
27

20
20
14

14
14
4
4

42
42
4
15

9
9

46
7
39
17
3
50
3
47
2

16
1
15
7
1

18
7
11
6
3

22
5
17
15
1

78
4
74

10
4
6

5
3
2
~

~

1
1

4
4

15
2

5
-

2
2

-

-

5
5

2
-

_

_
-

1
-

_

-

8
4

_

_

11

_

_

_

"

“

'

18
14
11

2
-

-

3
“

8
6
2
1

14
3
11
4

9
9
2

2
2
"

6
4
2
1

3
3
-

29
28
2
7

27
27
8
9

16
14
4
2

14
8
7

6
4
2

i
i
i
*

11
11
"

36
3
33
8

12
4
8
5

23
16
7
2

8
1
7
3

14
11
3
2

27
22
1

11
9
2

10
6

6
6

2
2
"

'

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

20
20
10

16
16
9

19
19
4

26
25

7
7

4
4

21
21

19
19

3
3

9
5

7

1
1

' 1
1

4
1
3
3
-

20
3
17
1
-

12
12
3
9

2
2
-

-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

“

'

•

“

~
"

_

"

"

10
5
5
3

5
1
4
"

1
1
-

"

'

-

6
6
2
-

2
2
2
-

5
4
-

"

-

-

7
4
3
2

2
1
1
1

5
2
3
3

13
9
4
4

-

-

2
2

2
~

_
~

"

-

_
-

*

1
1

_

4
4
-

-

-

4
2
2
2
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
“

-

-

1
1
-

_

.
“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
"

_
'

_
'

_
-

-

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, New O rleans, La. , F ebru ary 1963)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

s
$
W
eeklyj W
eekly , 30.00 *35. 00 *40. 00 *45. 00 l o . 0 0 I s . 00 *60. 00 *65. 00 *70. 00 *75. 00 *80. 00 *85. 00 90. 00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
35.00 40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60.00 65. 00 70.00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 over

Women— Continued
S ecreta ries ---- ---------- ------- __ __ _____
M anufacturing
—
___________
Nonmanufacturing _ _
_
Pu blic utilities 2 _________________
Retail trade ______________________

716
241
475
179
55

39. 5
40. 0
39.0
39.0
40. 0

Stenographers, general _________________
M anufacturing
______
________
Nonm anufacturing ----------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 _ _ _ _ _
__ __

923
301
622
230

39.
40.
39.
38.

Stenographers, sen ior
M anufacturing
__
__ __ __
Nonmanufacturing -------- —
Public u t ilitie s 2 ___ — — __ __
Switchboard op erators _________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________
Public u t ilitie s 2 —
— —

$90.
95.
87.
91.
78.

00
50
00
00
00

5
0
0
5

72.
80.
69.
69.

50
50
00
50

222
40
182
87

39.0
40. 0
39. 0
38. 5

79.
81.
78.
79.

00
50
50
00

298
277
51
69

42.0
42. 5
39. 0

55. 50
54. 00
75. 00

208
76
132
40
35

39. 5
4 0 .0
39. 5
40. 0
41 .0

67.
70.
65.
74.
64.

— ___

37

38. 0

T ran scribin g-m ach in e o p era tors,
general -_______________________________
___ __ __
N onm anufacluring ____

98
80

Typists, cla s s A ____________________ __
Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufac luring ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 ----- — —

205
113
92
41

Typists, c la s s B ___ ___ ______________

456
49
407
84
85

Switchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s ___
Manufacturing
__
__ __ — -------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilitie s 2 ------ — — __ —
— —
Retail trade _______
Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla s s B ___ .
—
____

N onm anufacturing -______ —_________ Public u tilit ie s 2 ---------— —
Retail trade ___ ___ ____ — __

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

"

-

-

5
5

57
57

36
36

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

2
2
1

22
6
16
12
2

38
38
7
9

43
10
33
11
8

1
1
-

62
8
54
18

100
20
80
31

116
12
104
44

135
15
120
53

8
8
8

8
8
"

8
8
8

20
20
9

37
37
4
21

26
26
-

31
31
2

16

37
11
26
11
5

55
7
48
18
4

73
14
59
17
5

80
21
59
23
7

96
36
60
9
6

66
43
23
14
1

82
39
43
14
5

35
17
18
12
2

20
13
7
5
-

31
15
16
4
-

11
1
10
10
-

11
7
4
2
'

87
12

106
38
68
26

101
53
48
28

107
71
36
-

30
28
2
_

15
6
9
9

10
1
9
9

13
11
2
_

6
4
2
_

_

_
_
_

28
3
25
5

20
3
17
3

21
7
14
4

21
15
6
2

35
8
27
27

18
2
16
2

6
6
6

12
2
10
10

13
13
3

-

-

*

-

4
4
'

26
22
5

15
15
13

17
12
2

21
16
5

6
4
4

5
2
2

15
13
13

1
1
1

9

-

-

_
_

_

_

28

20

4
16
4

19
9

5
3

10

2

-

-

4
4

5
5
_

4
4
4

_

6
6

_

_

-

6

32
14
18
4
9

10

11

_

_

-

_

_

121
34

11
1
10
10

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

8

9

-

-

-

8

8
1

-

-

19
19
-

-

-

-

-

6

40
13
27
18
9

72. 50

-

-

-

-

1

5

7

2

2

6

9

4

1

39.0
38. 5

65. 50
62.00

-

-

1

7
7

4
4

31
5T~

16
10

14
14

3

9
9

-

-

4
4

9

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

39. 5
40. 0
39.0
38. 5

77.
82.
70.
73.

5
5
2

6
3
3
3

23
23
6

9
9
3

20

“

99
83
16
9

2
2
“

7
6
1
1

4
3
1
1

2
2
“

2
1
1
1

-

_

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
_

u

25
12
13
4

-

-

-

83
3
80
17
11

78

56

49

33

1

8

1

76
26
14

45
9
8

48
6
42
3
14

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

39. 5
39. 5
38. 5
41.0

59.
69
58.
60.
55.

50
00
50
50
00

00
50
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

-

1

.
-

“

-

22
-

_

-

-

76

22
8

76
16
22

17
4

‘

20

6

8
2

1
1

_

1

-

1

16
33

23

3

-

-

8

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




3
3
_

1
1

8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , New O rlean s, L a ., F e b ru a ry 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF -

A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Weekly
Weekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard) (Standard)

s

s

s

s

6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0

S
s
s
$
S
s
8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 i o o o c 105X 10

s

7 5 .0 0

naoo

s
s
s
s
s
S
s
s
s
S
$
s
s
I
1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 0 0 1 6 5 0 0 1 7 Q 0 0 1 7 5 0 0 1 8 Q 0 0

under
6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 0 0

io s o o

1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 125X10 1 3 0 0 0 135X10 1 4 0 0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 1 5 0 0 0

15500 16000 16500 17000 17500 18000 18500

Men
D raftsm en, senior ______________________
Nonm anufacturing __ ______— __ —
D raftsm en, junior _
M anufacturing

____ _____________
__ __ __ __ __

186
122
64

105
85

.

4 1 .0

$ 1 3 1 .5 0

.

4 1 .5

1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

9 3 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

2

6

8

4 0 .5

2

6

8

8
8

20
20

4 0 .0

1 0 2 .5 0

.

.

4

1

7

4 0 .5

1 0 6 .5 0

4

1

2

3 9 .5

4 0 .5

_

5

—

5

_

2

5

5

-

10

8
5

4

1

5

14

7

7

3

-

5

4

7

2

2

2

3

3

.

4

2

1

7

2

1

1

1

1

3

2

1

7

8
T “

2

6
4

15
15

2

5
5

-

8
7
1

44
15
29

9
7
2

17
16
1

13
10
3

9

7

3

7
-

.

1

10
8
2

7
5
2

4

6

2
2

7
3
4

2
1

1

1

5
1

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

5
4

4
4

W omen
N u rses, industrial (re g is te r e d ) _ _____
M anufacturing
_
_____________

39
27

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r w hich em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly h ours.




1

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , New O rleans, La,, F eb ru ary 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

of
w
orker*

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

w'SSfj
earnings
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) _________ ___
Manufacturing _______ __________________ ______

69
29
40

$71.50
71.00
72.00

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _____ ____
Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
R etail trade _______________________ _________

38
38
29

56.00
56.00
56.50

139
35
104

75.50
76.00
75.50

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla s s A ________
Manufacturing
________ ___ __ ____ ___

__________________________________

397
45
352
36

Com ptom eter o p era tors _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____ __ _ ____
__ ______

549
135
414
177
57

218
20531
87

$67.00
66.00
74.00
58.50

Switchboard o p e r a to r -r e c e p tio n ists
M anufacturing

______ ______ __

208
76
132
40
35

$67.50
70.00
65.50
74.50
64.00

36

106.00

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, cla s s A ________ _____________

115
36

84.50
92.50

79

6 1 .5 0

8 0 .5 0

25

6 3 .5 0

98
80

6 5 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

57.00

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s A

144
53
91

___

25

77.50
87.00
72.00

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors, cla s s B _____

30

____

8 3 .5 0

143
128
34

6 2 .5 0

____

6 9 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine o p era tors, cla s s C ____________

6 1 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

6 1 .5 0
5 4 .0 0

Nonmanufacturing _________________________
O ffice boys and g ir ls __ _

_______ __ ____

____

_

__

5 4 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

212

5 3 .5 0

120

6 3 .5 0

92
41

721

9 1 .5 0

236
34
202
70

Public utilities 2 _____________________ ________

707

_____________________________

6 7 .0 0

101
606

7 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

254
111

Manufacturing

w^Uy',
earnings
(Standard)

R etail trade _______ __________________________
D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ____ ___ ______

Nonmanufacturing ________________________________
R etail trade _______________________________ __
C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A ________________________
Manufacturing ___ _______________________________

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Manufacturing

Num
ber
of

O ccupation and industry division

6 9 .5 0

241

9 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

6 3 .0 0

480
183
55

8 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

930
301

7 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0

85

5 6 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

87
68

5 3 .5 0
5 0 .0 0

629
237
45

315
275

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

228
42

53

6 9 .0 0

Stenographers, general _________________ ___ ____
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __________

_____

____

Public utilities 2 _______________________________

Nonmanufacturing ________________

____________

19 7
97
10 0
25
34

8 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

Nonmanufacturing ________________

__ ____

_

298
277

1 3 1 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

108

9 2 .5 0

88

9 0 .0 0

39
27

1 0 2 .5 0

10 2

P rofession a l and technical occupations

7 0 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

7 6 .0 0

_

____ ___

___ _

__

5 5 .5 0

7 9 .5 0

51

5 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

69

4 9 .0 0

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la rie s that are paid fo r standard w orkweeks,
Transpoirtation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




186
90

8 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

188
124
64

D raftsm en, junior __
Manufacturing

186
169

C lerks, file, c la s s B _______________________________

7 3 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

5 9 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

D raftsm en, senior ____ _____________________________

84
50

483
54
429

1 0 6 .5 0

10
Table A - 4 . Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry division

,
,
Average *1 . 0 0 $1 . 1 0 *1 . 2 0 $1.30 $1.40 $1.50 $1.60 $1.70 $1.80 $1.90 $2 . 0 0 $2 . 1 0 $2 . 2 0 $2.30 $2.40 s2.50 $2.60 $2.70 s2.80 $2.90 $3.00 $3.10 $3.20 $3.30 $3.40 $3.50
hourly
earnings 12 and
and
under
1.10
1.30 1.40 1.50 1 . 6 0 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
1 .20

C a rp enters, m aintenance ______________
M anufacturing
__ — __ __ __ _» —
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

138
78
60

$2.70
2.90
2.45

E le ctricia n s , m a in te n a n c e --------------------M anufacturing
_
_ _
__
Nonmanufacturing
_ _
_ __

293
234
59

3.07
3.13
2.79

E n gin eers, s t a t io n a r y __________________

7
7

4
4
-

2

6
1

2

4

2

2
2

_
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

1

-

-

2

8

8

-

-

5
3

3
3

2

8

5
5

3

4
3

_
-

1
2

1?
16

7
2

4
3

4
3

-

6

3

5

1

1

1

3

5
5
-

4
4

36
29
7

23
16
7

27

2
1
1

12

26
1

3
9

9
9
-

4

6

28

9

6

3

-

1

9

2.38

_

_

_

_

20

1

9

13

3

12

116

2.17

-

-

-

-

20

1

9

13

3

F irem en , stationary b o i l e r _____________
M anufacturing
__ __ _
_ __ __ __

78
62

2 .20

8

2.38

-

-

-

6
6

5
-

-

2
2

12
12

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
M anufacturing
_
___ — —

■ 248
151

2.13

13

2
2

8
8

19

2 .21

_
-

M achinists, m aintenance _______________
rinf a r'f’n Ting

228

3.09

M echanics, autom otive (m aintenance) __
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P u blic utilities 34 __________________

457
128
3 29
290

2.53
2.65
2.72

-

-

-

-

M echanics, m a in t e n a n c e ____ __________
M anufacturing _______________________
__
Nonm anufacturing __ ____

556
508
48

2.87
2.89
2.69

_
-

_
-

_
*

_
-

80

80

2.41

P a in ters, m a in te n a n c e __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ~ - __ __ —

151
74
77

2.52

P ip efitters, m aintenance __ __ ________

90

3.09

T ool and die m akers ____________________
___ . . . . .
. .
M anufacturing

37
37

3.42
3.42

1
2
3
4

________ ____

__

3
-

7
6

n
6

2.14

13
13

4

2

2

34
28

109
107

6

2

1
2

3

1

_

1

3

1

_

1

8

-

-

_
-

_
-

105

1

-

4

1

5

2

1

5

2

19
4
15

14
5
9

16

4

-

-

-

2

-

3
3

4
4

15
15

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

21

4
-

22

26
4

29
18

8
1

10
10

3
3

48
48

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

9

12

10

22

8

30

15

6

13

5

10

30
15
15
14

24
3

27

7
4
3
3

58

20

8

8

14

17
17

92
92
91

2

21

23
23

-

50
50

6
6

-

43
40
3

26
19
7

4
4
-

38
33
5

21
21

14

-

12

44
40
4

141
141
-

12
12

61
61

_

5

4

_
-

5
4

33
4
29

10

23
14
9

-

20

9

1

8

-

3
5

1

1

16

32
13
19

25
18
7

13
13

-

12

6

8

10
6

6
6

18
16

10
10

4

-

2

5
5
-

6
10

8

9
5
4
4

11
11

12
12

-

-

10

-

14

2

10

-

-

"

-

_

-

10

3
3
"

5
5

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $3.50 to $3.60.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s:
10 at $3.50 to $3.60; and 6 at $3.60 to $3.70.




10

8
1

16

1

3

2 .6 2

2 .9 2

9

3
3

_

3.30

M illw rights ___ ____

6

6
6

4

12

2

12

2

11

-

n
2h

5
5
-

1

2

-

12

______

26
25

7

187

—

Nonmanufacturing __

-

2

9

17
17

3

12

1

-

_

1

"
3

-

11

5
3
2

64
62
2

19
78
77
1

8

10

4

29

5

3

8

8

2

_
_

4

6

25

10

2

3
-

"

3

3

6

8

6

4

1

~T^

2

1

18
12

4

10

12

8

-

10
-

12

2

15
11
4

10

2

2

1

13

5

26

20

3
3

2
2

-

14
4 16
“ TT16

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Elevator op era tors, p assenger
(men) --------------- — — __ __ __ __

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
5
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average $ 40 $ 50 $ 60 $ 70 $ 80 $ 90 $ 00 $ 10 $
0.
0.
0.
0.
0.
1.
1.
1. 20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 80 3. 00 3. 20
hourly , 0.
earnings
and
and
under
_JL 0
■90 1. 00 1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 80 3. 00 3. 20
■80
- .
—

186

$ 0 . 91
. 89

16
16

_

68
68

-

_

_

1

90
87

7

2

2

157
157

. 83
. 83

24
24

20
20

27
27

-

15

12

39
39

1

5

6
6

6
6

2

-

Guards and watchmen ----------------- — —
M anufacturing _______________________

959
97

1. 35
1. 88

7

4

8

35
-

16
-

241
14

435
6

21
-

24
14

9
1

32
10

20
6

W atchmen -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

49
862

14
227

6
429

_
21

14
10

8

6
22

3
14

125
19
106
5
21

60
17
43

34
5
29
6

140
72
68
62
3

24
8
16
4

E levator op erators, passenger
(women) ------------ __

"

Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(men) ------------ — — — — —
— —
M anufacturing
----------------- _ . . —
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 3 --------------------------Janitors, p o rte rs , and clea n ers
(women) _______________________________
M anufacturing ______ — —
__ __

-

-

-

-

-

1. 51
1. 29

_

_

-

-

_
7

_
4

_
8

35

_
16

1, 752
326
1, 426
105
667

1. 18
1. 78
1. 04
1. 56
. 95

3
3

42
42

195
195

102
102

23
23

49
49

426
426

451
33
418
154

. 94
1. 37
. 91

L a b orers, m a teria l handling ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing __ — —
— —

1, 985
891
1, 094
425

1.
1.
1.
1.

65
75
58
49

O rder f i l l e r s ____________________________

689
70
619
99

-

-

-

3

20

91

76

21
15
6
4

36
23
13
7
6

15
14
1
-

22
22

-

-

4
-

1
1

29
11

10
10

_

_

_
2

1

3

4
-

-

2
18

-

-

-

35
33
2
2

2
2
_

42
42
_
_

10
10
_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

-

11
5
6
6

5
5

69
69

4
4

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

1
1

216
95
121

I ll
45
66
66

187
187

50
35
15

15
15

75
15
60

-

331

133
133

20
20
20

116
-

75
23

1
-

9
1

10
4
6

-

31
19
12
12

360
152
208

187
102
85

76
38
38

259
6
253

165
2
163
49

79
76
3

28
13
15

90

108

29

121

78

33

64

32

18

78

104
9

11
-

121
-

76
-

33
-

44
35

32
32

18
18

9
6
3
3

4

2

3

12

79

-

1. 53

-

-

-

-

-

-

1. 52
1. 89

_

_

-

_

_

_

246
45
201
42

1. 42
1.42
1.42
1. 25

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

R eceiving cle r k s ------------------------------------M anufacturing ______ — — __ — __
Nonmanufacturing ____________ — __
R etail trade ----------------------------------

175
26
149
56

1.
2.
1.
1.

Shipping clerk s -------- — — ------- — —
M anufacturing ----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing — — — — — —

119
45
74

2. 05
2. 24
1. 94

Shipping and receivin g cle rk s __________
M anufacturing ---- — — — — — —

119
38

2. 11
2. 25

R etail trade ______________________

42

2. 01

_

-

10

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

92
75
17

18
12
6

32

2

2

32

2
_

2
_

2

6
6
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

2
-

_

_

.

8

.

_

_

_

8

_

_

_

_

1

2

12
2

_

8

70

44

15

24

19

18

20

8

6

_

_

-

-

8
8

56
19

35
5

13
3

22
3

9
-

18
-

20
-

8
-

4
4

16

8

15

-

-

5
5

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

11
7

25
6

7
7

-

1

2

12
3
9

5
5

9
5

18
3
15
2

-

15
3

12
2
10
3

11

8
4

25
4
21
16

9

16
3

-

-

-

-

_

2

2

13

17
4
13

12
4
8

13
5
8

6
1
5

8

1

1
1
-

3
3
-

-

1

5
5
-

-

8

9
9
-

5

-

14
10
4

_

-

-

5

8
3
5

6
6

11
2

6
6

28

3
3

5
4

1
1

3
3

6

1

-

-

9
3

7
7

11
3

“

18

“

1

83
27
75
70

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

2

2

13

6

.......

5

9

5

1




4

8
8

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

8

_
22

-

32

-

—
— —

2

-

-

Nonmanufacturing -------Retail trade _____

22
-

4

-

------- __ —

14
10

87

-

-

P a ck ers, shipping -------------

10
2

335
41
294
9
56

-

Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade _____ — ____

8
4
4
_
4

9

-

1

-

25

7

"

8

2
-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y 1963)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
s
$
Average $
hourly , 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20
earnings
and
and
under
1 .0 0
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 over
.80
.50
.9 0
.60
.70

T ru ck d river s 4 __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ____________________

2, 695
536
2, 159

$

R etail trade _______________________
T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
l l/ tons) ____________________________
z
Manufacturing _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
R etail trade __ _______ ________

O ccupation 1 and industry division

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) ____________________
Manufacturing
__ ______________
Nonm anufacturing _________________
Public u tilities 3 _______________
R etail trade ____________________
T r u c k d riv e r s , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________
M anufacturing ______________ ____
N onm anufacturing _________________
Public u tilities 3 _______ ________
T r u ck d riv ers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ___________
T ru ck ers , pow er (fork lift) __ _________
Manufacturing _______________ _______
N onm anufacturing ____________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3 __________________
R etail trade _______________________
T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
fork lift)
Manufacturing ______________________

1
2
3
4

2 .0 1
1 .9 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

9

36
36

346
20
326

81
38
43

132
15
117

115
30
85

358
9
349

101
101

323

U63

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

37

23

36

40

51

1

542
80
462
117

1.43
1.61
1.40
1.45

'

-

-

-

1

"

8
8
_

36
36
25

137
8
129
31

43
28
15
9

71
2
69
11

53
10
43
8

57
4
53
8

35
35
"

38
1
37
"

9

-

1.95
2.00
1.94
2.68
1.63

-

-

-

1
1

-

193
6
187

32
10
22

49
4
45

41

284

-

-

-

6

14

24

24

54
54
1

25
12
13
1

-

279
25
26

16
6
10

6
6

11
9
2

18
10
8

16
16

12

-

-

12

~
-

1

3

1

-

-

31
15
16

13
12
1

30
12
18

-

-

-

-

2

-

8

35
2
33
25
8

1, 254
T521,092
427
133

644
101
543

1

1 .9 4

374

2.31
2.29
2.31
2.40

243

119
73

2.16
2.32
1.87
2.01
1.83

80
65

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.06

626

-

1

9

2.20
2.20

40S~
220

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

-

3

"

-

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s re g a rd le s s o f s ize and type o f truck operated.




7
34

5

-

63
13
50

18
4
14

305
188
117

123
53
70

43
1
42

38
9
29

38
38

4

60

24

3

19

13
11
2
“

5
2
3
3

4
4
-

-

3
3
3

19
19
19

"

135
20
115
105
-

11
10
1
1

61
48
13
13

33
1
32
24

10
9
1
1

4
4

155
29
126
126

108
108
108

-

-

-

-

47
“

-

10
■

'

5

-

181

11

10

15

15

1
1

15
12
3
-

9
4
5
5

3

19
1
18
18
"

16
3
13
13

1

112
66
46
16
30

78
75
3

-

65
8
57
42
15

9
9

2
2

9

-

303
60
243

47

-

3

64
49

-

10

66
12
54

4

-

-

7
7
-

1
1
"

2
2

4
4
4
-

25
22
3
3
-

8
8
-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

56
2
54
“

2

-

-

49
42
7

-

-

_

_

4

-

466
38
428

_
-

-

_
-

288
288
288
-

_
_

'

178
38
140
140

_
-

1

-

-

-

105
103
2

87
87

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

’

_

_

_

5
5

-

2

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions

13

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ie d in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv isio n s b y m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o rie s
of in e x p e rie n c e d w om en office w o rk e r s , New O rle a n s , L a ., F e b r u a ry 1963)

M inim um w eekly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

E s ta b lish m e n ts stu d ie d

A ll
in d u s trie s

In e x p e rie n c e d ty p ists
M an u factu rin g
N o n m an u factu rin g
B a se d on sta n d a rd w eekly h o u rs 3 of--A ll
A ll
40
40
sch ed u le s
sch ed u le s

A ll
in d u s trie s

O th e r in e x p e rie n c e d c le ric a l w o rk e rs 2
M an u factu rin g
N o nm anu facturing
B ased on s ta n d a rd w eekly h o u rs 3 of—
A ll
All
40
40
sch ed u le s
sch ed u le s

___________________________________

174

54

XXX

120

XXX

174

54

XXX

120

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m ___________
$40.0 0 and u n d e r $42.5 0 ___________ __________________
$42.5 0 and u n d e r $45.0 0 „ „ . . ____ _______________
$4 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $47.5 0 . ________ _____ ___________
$4 7 .5 0 and u n d e r $50.0 0 __ __ ________ ________ __ __
$50.0 0 and u n d e r $52.5 0 _______________________________
$52.5 0 and u n d e r $55.0 0 ___________ _____ __ __ ____
$5 5 .0 0 and u n d e r $57.5 0 _______ ____ ________________
$ 57.50 and u n d e r $60.0 0 ________ __ ________ ____ __
$60.0 0 and u n d e r $62.50 _______________________________
$62.5 0 and u n d e r $65.0 0 _______________________________
$65.0 0 and u n d e r $67.5 0 _______________________________
$67.5 0 and u n d e r $70.0 0 _______________________________
$70.0 0 and u n d e r $72.5 0 _______________________________
$7 2 .5 0 and u n d e r $75.0 0 _______________________________
$75.0 0 and u n d e r $77.5 0 ___________ __________________
$77.5 0 and u n d e r $80.0 0 _______________________________
$80.0 0 a n c u n d e r $82.5 0 „ „ __ ______________ __
$ 8 2 .5 0 and o v e r ____ ___ _______________ ___________

15
_
2
2
2
3
3
1
1
1
7

14
_
2
2
2
2
3
1
1
1
XXX

41

E sta b lish m e n ts h aving no sp e c ifie d m in im u m _________ ..

56
3
2
10
3
16
5
5
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
21

30
2
1
6
2
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
XXX

77
4
3
17
6
20
6
5
1
5
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
27

19
_
3
4
2
2
_
4
1
, 1
1
1
10

17
_
2
_
4
2
1
_
4
1
_
1
1
_
1
XXX

58
4
3
14
6
16
4
3
1
1
1
2
_
_
1
_
_
1
1
17

46
2
2
12
5
15
2
_
1
1
1
2
_
_
1
_
_
1
1
XXX

E s ta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o rk e rs
in th is c a te g o ry ______ _____ „ _________________________
D ata not a v a ila b le _________ __ _____________________ __ __

96
1

32

XXX

64
1

69
1

25

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

i

XXX

-

XXX

3
2
8
3
14
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
14

XXX
XXX

'

T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to fo rm a lly e sta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta rtin g (h irin g ) re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s th a t a re p aid fo r sta n d a rd w o rk w eek s.
2 E x clu d es w o rk e rs in s u b c le ric a l jo b s such a s m e s s e n g e r or office g irl.
3 D ata a re p re s e n te d fo r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w eek s co m b in ed , and fo r th e m o st com m o n s ta n d a rd w o rk w eek re p o rte d .







Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y 1963)

P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a vin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iff e r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

75.3

4 7 .6

16.4

5.2

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________ - ________

58.6

4 6 .4

13.4

5.1

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) - ______________ ____

54.9

4 3 .0

13.0

5.0

7.5
10.4
6 .4
15.7
11.2
.5
2.0
1.3

_
3.0
5.6
4 .4
16.2
4 .6
5.3
3.8
-

1.6
2.4
1.3
3.6
2.8
1.1
.1

.3
.3
1.0
1.9
.5
.4
.7
-

3.8

.9

.4

-

2.8
.9
*

.9

.4
-

*

2.5

-

.2

1.2

3.0

(2 )

5 c e n t s —__________ ___ ___ __________ ___ ____
6 c e n t s - __ ___
____ -______ ___ ____
7 ce n ts *
_
____
ft
___ _
- ^
9 cen ts . . __ ________
. . .
10 c e n t s ___ ___ ___ ______ ________ ________
1 1 c e n t s ._____ __________ ___ ,___ „___________
12 c e n t s
.
.
____________
- __
1 Zl h c e n t s ____
- _____ .
.
. . .
15 c e n t s ____ - ___ — ___ __ ______ _____ ____
_
_
16 c e n t s >
_______- - - .. - -__ ____ ___ ________
24 c e n t s ____ ._____________ ___ __________ ,____
U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _

-------- — ———

4 p e r c e n t __ ___
___ _
____ ___ ___ _
5 p e r c e n t __ ____
~
_____ . . . __
10 p e r c e n t ____ ___ ___ ___
____ ___ ___ ____
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________
W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________ . _ ______

-

16.6

_

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y 1963)

OFFICE WORKERS
W eekly hou rs

A ll w o rk e rs

---------------------------------------------------------

Under 35 h ou rs ---------------------------------------------------35 h ou rs ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and under 37*/2 h ou rs -------------------------37*/, h o u rs ___ — — —
— --------------O v e r 37*/, and under 40 hou rs -------------------------40 h o u r s _________ —
___ ______
— ______
O v e r 40 and under 42*/2 h ou rs _________________
42*/2 h ou rs ---------------------------------------------------------44 h ou rs
— — — — — _____
45 h o u rs
„
—
— __________ — —
4 7 l/2 h o u rs ______ _____
____________ — ___
48 h ou rs --------------- —
___ — ------- --------O v e r 48 h o u rs ___ —
------- —




1
2
3
4

A
U j
industries

100

( 4)
6
(4)
10
9
67
(4)
3
2
(4)
1
1

PLANT WORKEKS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities c

Retail trade

A
U 3
industries

100

100

100

100

100

(4)
5
1
85

11
20
4
59
-

-

5
( 4)

l
l
1
2
63
1
2
2
11
12
3

2
A
3
71

-

13
1
75
3
1
2
1
4

8
1
-

-

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities c

100

100

-

_
8
45
5
6
3
8
22
2

-

92

-

-

18
2
2

4
4
(4)

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se industry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.

Retail trade

-

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

Item

A ll w o r k e r s

____________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid h olid a ys
________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h olid ays ______________________________

All
!
industries

,

Manufacturing

100

100

99

98

1

PLANT WORKERS

Public
utilities

E

2

Retail trade

All
industries

100

100

100

3

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99

7E

6E

95

81

1

E8

38

5

19

(4 )
3
5E
5
8

5
5
E0
E
3
E

3

5
10
4
4

13
8
49
3

'

N um ber o f days

L e s s than 5 h olid ays
_________________________
5 h olid a ys _______________________________________
6 h olid a ys ____ ______________________ _______
6 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day _____________________
6 h olid a ys plus E h a lf days ____________________
6 h olid a y s plus 3 h a lf days ____________________
6 h olid a ys plus 4 h a lf days ____________________
6 h olid a y s plus 5 h a lf days ____________________
6 h olid ays plus 6 h alf days
__________________
7 h olid a ys _______________________________________
7 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day _____________________
7 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days ____________________
8 h olid a ys _______________________________________
8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day _____________________
8 h olid ays plus 2 h a lf days
9 h olid a ys ____________ __________________________
9 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day _____ _____________
10 h olid a ys _____________________________________
10 h olid a ys plus 1 h alf day ____________________
11 h olid a y s __________ _________________________

(4 )
1
E3
1
IE
3
E
E
1
E0
E
E
18
E
4
5
(“ )
(4 )

_

_

(4 )
El
1
E3

4
(4 )
IE

-

"

E
"
6
3
3
35
1
1
E
1

1
10
4
46
-

-

(4 )
(4 )
17
1

-

-

-

7
"

"

"
5
4
-

-

13
1
1
18
“
E

(4 )
61
-

(4 )
1

-

3
E

( *)
~

-

1

3
17
4
-

17
"
14
"
"

1
1
2
E
4
4
17
E0
40
4E
6E
68
68
69
7E

E
E
5
5
7
7
E6
E8
44
48
57
6E
6E
6E
6E

1
IE
(4 )
1
1

EE

"

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 5

11 days _______ ________________________________
IOV 2 o r m o r e days _____________________________
10 o r m o r e days ________________________ ___
9*/2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
9 o r m o r e days _________________________________
8 V2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
8 o r m o r e days _________________________________
7*/2 o r m o r e days _____________________________
7 o r m o r e days ______
________________________
6*/2 o r m o r e days ______________________________
6 o r m o r e days _________________________________
5 o r m o r e days _________________________________
4 o r m o r e days _________________________________
3 o r m o r e days _________________________________
1 o r m o r e days _________________________________

_
(4 )
(4 )
1
11
15
37
4E
74
75
98
99
99
99
99

_
1
1
E
4
4
45
47
76
77
97
98
98
98
98

-

E5
34
38
38
95
96
100
100
100
100
100

-

'

14
14
39
44
96
99
99
99
99

-

(4 )
(4 )
1
1
E4
E4
85
85
92
92
92
92
95

4
4
912
61
69
69
72
81

1 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith
7 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b r u a r y 1963)
OFFICE WORKERS

V a ca tion p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

___________

_______________________

All
industries
100

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public 2
utilities4
1

Retail trade

A
U
industriesJ
100

100

100

100

99
99
(4)

99
99
1

-

-

-

-

100
100
-

100
100
-

(4)

(4 )

-

2
48
10
1

4
41
21
1

25
(4)
74
1
-

M
anufacturing

100

Public,
utilities^

Retail trade

100

100

99
99
-

100
94
3
3
-

M ethod o f paym ent
W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid v a ca tio n s _________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ____________ _____
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent
__ ___________ _____
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t __ __ ___________________
O ther ______ __________ _______________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts provid in g
no paid v a ca tio n s _____ ________ ____________

96
90
5
1
(4)

96
86
10
(4 )

-

4

4

?
44
7
4

_
37
"

6
24
1

10
17
2
"

_
31
-

5
37
-

11
1
88
-

_
43
57
-

46
54
1
-

2
64
(4)
23
3
(4)

_
81
1
9
-

_
59
41
-

7
49
33
4
-

10
5
85
1
-

_
6
1
93
-

_
4
18
77
-

_
15
_
85
1
-

2
50
5
35
3
(4)

_
70
8
17
_

_
35
4
61
_
-

7
38
.
51
4
-

7
(4)
90
3
(4).

5
1
94
-

-

_
15
85
1
-

2
36
3
52
3
(4)

_
47
6
42
_
(4 )

_
6
93
_
1

7
38
51
4
-

_
7
(4 )
90
3
(4)

5
1
94

(4)
99

_
6
93

-

-

1

2
34
3
52
3
(4)

_
46
8
42

-

_
15
85
1
-

4
(4)
87
3
6

3
1
85

(4 )

-

Am ount o f v a ca tio n p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w ee k _______________ ____ ______ ____ __
1 w eek __ _______________ ________ __ _________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _ . . . . . ____ ________________
1 w eek . . . . ____ ________ . . ___________ __
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s . . . ________________
2 w eek s . ________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s . . . _____ _________
3 w eek s ____ ________________________________ __

(4 )

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek . — ____ — . . _____ _____ .
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s __________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s . . . ________________
3 w eek s _ __ __ __________________ „ _________

(4)

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w ee k . . . .
___________ — _____ .
1 w e e k __________________________________________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w eek s _______ __ _____________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ____ ________________
3 w e e k s _ ___________ __________________________

(4)
99
_
1

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ___________________________________
1 w eek ___________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____ _____ __________________ _________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w e e k s _ _____ _________________________________

_
-

.

_

(4)

1

7
38
_
51
4
-

13
2
75

1

3
29

_

_

98

56
4
8

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ . . ______ . . ._ ____________
1 w e e k ___ ____ ___________________________ _____
O ver 1 and under 2 w eek s . . . . . ____________
2 w eek s . . . __________________ ________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s . _____ ________ _____________________

See fo o tn o te s at end of table.




-

10

-

4

-

_

86
1
13

93
1
3

1
15
1
71
3
4

-

-

6

1

Table B-5. Paid Vacations— Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b r u a r y 1963)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

PLANT WORKERS

All
.
industries1
3
2

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

2
(4)
64
3
30
( 4)

3
1
31
1
63
1

68
32
-

2
(4)
60
3
34
(4 )

3
1
30
1
64
1

_
2
(4 )
39
1
56
3
(4)

All 3
industries

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilitiesL

Retail trade

4
87
1
8
-

i
13
( 4)
55
7
18
(4)
1

_
ii
i
44
10
26
( 4)
3

i
71
28
-

3
25
58
4
10
-

62
38
-

4
68
1
28
-

1
13
(4)
50
7
24
(4)
1

11
1
39
8
33
(4)
3

_
1
60
39
-

3
25
_
52
4
16
-

3
1
25
70
1
1

_
14
86
-

4
66
1
29
-

1
13
(4)
39
5
35
1
1

11
1
35
5
39
2
3

1
19
80
-

3
25
52
4
16
-

_
2
(4)
32
1
51
3
12
-

_
3
1
25
59
1
11
-

_
14
74
12
-

_
4
66
1
21
8
-

1
13
(4)
37
5
30
1
7
1

_
11
1
33

_
1
19
63
17
-

3
25
_
47
4
13
8
-

2
(4)
32
1
35
(4)
30

3
1
25
56
1
14

14
-

-

1
13
(4)
37
5
18
1
20
1

11
1
33

1
19
40

3
25
47

Retail trade

Am ount o f v a ca tio n pay 5— Continued
A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ — — ---------------- — —
1 w eek __________________ _____ — — — — —
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w eeks ---------------- -------------2 w eeks ________________________ _____ — — —
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------------------------3 w eek s ------ ------- — ---------------------------- — —
O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks -------------------------- —
4 w eeks ---------------- ---------------------------- -------------A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------- — —
O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eeks ---------------- --------------------------------- --------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s --------------------------- —
3 w eeks ____ —
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s ------ — — — — —
4 w eek s ---------------- ---------------------------------- — —
A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ — ------------------ ------- — —
1 w eek ------------ — ---------------------------------- --------O v er 1 and under 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------------- — --------3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------------4 w eek s ----------- — — ------------ — — __ — —
A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____ — — — ------- — ------- —
1 w eek ------- — — — — — ------- — — --------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s ------------ — —
2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ------ ------- — — ------------ — — — —
O v er 3 and under 4 w eeks ---------------------------------4 w eeks ------ ------- — ---------------------------------------O v er 4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------

4

35
2
6
3

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ____________________________________
1 w eek ------- ------- — ---------------------------- --------O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eeks ---------------------------------2 w eek s ______________ — ------------------ — — —
O v er 2 and under 3 w eeks --------------------------------3 w eek s ------ ------- ---------------------------- — --------O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s - ________ — __________________ — —
O ver 4 w eeks ____________________________________

44

4

66
1
5

-

-

42

25

"

4

18
2
24
3

-

40

4

7
-

14

1 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e a l esta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 In clu d es paym ents o th er than "len gth o f tim e, " such as pe rce n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r exam p le, a paym ent
o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in gs was c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the ch an ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch anges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a tes a r e cu m u la tiv e.
Thus, the
p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts provid in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion b e n e fits , 1 New O rle a n s , L a . , F e b ru a r y 1963)
2

OFFICE WORKERS
Type o f ben efit

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

100

100

100

L ife in s u ra n ce ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n ce ___________________________________
S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 ________________________

95

92

98

86

49

52

39

41

55

79

47

62

54

71

54

45

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce -----------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e rio d ) __________________________
S ick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e rio d ) __________________________

28

48

8

24

41

63

30

24

25

36

25

21

7

7

5

6

11

3

18

25

9

-

26

21

H osp ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ___________________
S u rg ica l in s u ra n ce ___________________________
M ed ica l in su ra n ce ____________________________
C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce ______________________
R etirem e n t p en sion __________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion plan ____

78
76
61
51
66
3

77
77
50
24
80
4

77
77
71
88
68
2

69
52
24
24
59
8

64
61
36
25
45
14

72
72
38
23
44
14

75
75
57
73
71
1

50
36
18
6
51
16

A ll w o rk e rs

______________________________________

AU
industries 2

Retail trade

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

79

79

99

69

43

49

50

34

Public
utilities34

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g:

1 Inclu des th ose plans fo r w hich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is born e by the e m p lo y e r , excep tin g on ly le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such as w o rk m e n 's c om p en sa tion , s o c ia l s ecu rity ,
and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le trade; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u t ilitie s .
4 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated total o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a ra te ly b e lo w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich d efin itely
e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is a r e exclu ded.







s

Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m a ch in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i ll e r , m a ch in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—V is e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A —
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22
CLERK, AC C O U N TIN G -C ontinued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing theitems
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C—
Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
/4—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
C la ss

coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o ll o w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h -

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27

MACHINIST, M AINTEN ANC E-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in die trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a ry d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e fo l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

P IP E F IT T E R , M AINTEN ANC E-Continued

SHEET-M ETAL WORKER, M A IN TEN A N C E-C ontinued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk ers p rim a rily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sneet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually,
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications!
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas*
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te an d c h e c k on id e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

29

PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
the f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or . other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e or m ore o f the f o l l o w ­

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e i v i n g
w ork

in v o lv e s:

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
Sh ippin g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n an d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T r u c k er , p o w e r (f o r k l i f t )
T r u c k er , p o w e r ( o th e r than fo r k lift)

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r, lig h t (u n d er 1% to n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m

(1%

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tra iler t y p e )




WATCHMAN

to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

Occupational W age Su rveys
A

list

of

the

la test

av a ila b le

b u lle tin s

is

presented

b e lo w .

A

d ire cto ry

in d ic a tin g

is a v a ila b le upon r e q u e s t.
B u lle t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
o r f r o m an y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the in s id e f r o n t c o v e r .

dates
U . S.

of

ea rlier

Governm ent

stu dies,
P rin tin g

and

B u lletin
Area

A k r o n , O h i o _________________________________
A lb a n y—S c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N. Y . _________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . _____________________
A lle n to w n — e th le h em —E a s to n , P a . —N. J.
B
A tla n ta , G a. ________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d . _____________________________
B ea u m on t— o r t A r t h u r , T e x . ____________
P
B irm in g h a m . A la . _________________________
B o is e , Id a h o _________________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . ______________________________
B u ffa lo , N. Y . ____ ___________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t.______________________________
Canton, O h i o ________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a. _________________________
C h a r lo tte , N. C. _____________________________
C h atta n ooga , T e n n .- G a . ___________________
C h ica g o , 111. ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y. ______________________
K
C le v e la n d , O h i o _____________________________
C o lu m b u s, O h i o _____________________________

P rice

1 3 0 3 -8 1

25 c e n t s

1 3 0 3 -56
1 3 0 3 -6 7

25

1 3 0 3 -46
1 3 0 3 -65
1 3 4 5 -23

25 c e n t s

1 3 0 3 -59
1 3 0 3 -77
1 3 4 5 -15
13 4 5 -30
1 3 0 3 -50
1 3 0 3 -62
1 3 0 3 -6 1
1 3 0 3 -60

cents

25 c e n t s
30 cents
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts
30 cents
25

cents

25 c e n ts
25

20 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

134 5 -8
1 3 0 3 -64
1 3 0 3 -55

25 c e n ts

1 3 4 5 -14

25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

D a lla s , T e x . ________________________________
D a v e n p o rt—R o c k Isla n d— o lin e , Iow a—111.
M
D a yton , O h i o ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo . ______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a __________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h . ______________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x . ___________________________
G r e e n B a y, W is . ___________________________
G r e e n v ille , S. C. ___________________________
H ou ston , T e x . ' ______________________________

1 3 4 5 -42
1 3 0 3 -38

1 3 0 3 -79

25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s

In d ia n a p o lis,

1 3 4 5 -26

25

cents

1 3 4 5 -43

20

cen ts

Jackson,

J ack son v ille,
K ansas

I n d . __________________________

M iss.

C ity,

_____________________________

F l a . __________________________
M o . —K a n s .

L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l ,

_______________

M a s s . —N . H .

13 4 5 -35
1 3 4 5 -32

1 3 45-27
1 3 4 5 -3
1 3 0 3 -70

1 3 45-39
1 3 4 5 -22
1 3 0 3 -76

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

25 c e n t s
25 cen ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

K y . —I n d . ______________________

1 3 0 3 -51

T e x . _______________________________

1 3 0 3 -74

25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

L o u isv ille ,
M an ch ester,
M em p h is,

1 3 4 5 -1 8

1 3 4 5 -7
1 3 03-53

L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k .
L o s A n g e l e s — L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . ____
Lubbock,

1 3 4 5 -21

N . H . __________________________

Tenn.




____________________________

134 5 -2
13 4 5 -36

of

the

W ash in gton

b u lletin s

25,

D. C. ,

Area

M ia m i, F la . __________________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . ___ __________________________
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n . ______________
M u sk eg on —M u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M ic h . _____
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. _____________
N ew H aven , C onn. ___________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a . ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N. Y _______________________________
N o r fo lk —P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pton , V a. ______________________________
O k la h om a C ity, O k la . _______________________

num ber

P rice

1 3 4 5 -33

20 c e n ts

1 3 0 3 -57

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s

1 3 4 5 -38
1 3 0 3 -68
1 3 0 3 -45

25 c e n t s

13 4 5 -37

30 cen ts
20 c e n t s

1 3 4 5 -44
1 3 0 3 -58

30 cents

1 3 0 3 -75

20 c e n ts

134 5 -6

25 c e n t s

13 4 5 -12
1 3 03-71

20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1 3 4 5 -31
1 3 0 3 -54

30 cents
25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

25 c e n t s

cents

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
30 cents

1 3 4 5 -28

p rices

B u lletin

num ber

1 3 0 3 -78

the

O ffice,

30 cents

25 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

O m ah a, N e b r .- I o w a _________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n — a s s a ic , N. J. ___________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J _______________________
N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . _______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a . ______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —W ash . _____________________
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R. I . —M a s s . ______
P
R a le ig h , N. C. ________________________________
R ich m o n d , V a. _______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111.________________________ _________
St. L o u is , M o . —111.___________________________
Salt L ake C ity, U t a h _________________________
San A n to n io , T e x . ____________________________
San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e —O n ta rio , C a lif.
San D ie g o , C a lif. ____________________________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a l i f . _____________
O
Savannah, G a. ________________________________
S cra n to n , P a . ________________________________
S e a ttle , W ash . ________________________________
S iou x F a lls , S. D ak. _________________________
South B en d, Ind. _____________________________
S p ok an e, W ash. ______________________________
T o le d o , O h i o __________________________________
T r e n to n , N. J. ________________________________
W a sh in gton , D. C . —M d .—V a. _______________
W a te rb u ry , C onn. ____________________________
W a t e r lo o , I o w a _______________________________
W ich ita , K a n s. _______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . ___________________________
Y o r k , P a . ______________________________________

1 3 0 3 -35
1 3 4 5 -24
1 3 0 3 -72
1 3 0 3 -66
1 3 4 5 -1

20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s

1 3 45-19

20 c e n ts
20 c e n t s

1 3 0 3 -69
1 3 4 5 -1 7

30 cen ts
25 c e n t s

1 3 45-25

25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

13 0 3 -63
1 3 4 5 -9
1 3 45-10

20 c e n ts

1 3 0 3 -80

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1 3 4 5 -5
134 5 -4

15 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1 3 4 5 -13
1 3 0 3 -52

20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1 3 0 3 -73

20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts

13 4 5 -34

1 3 0 3 -47
1 3 45-29
1 3 4 5 -16
1 3 0 3 -48
1 3 45-20
1 3 4 5 -11
1 3 0 3 -8 2
1 3 4 5 -41

25 c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25 c e n ts
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents




c'£ rY & ° 0


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102