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MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
JANUARY 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS—ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




JANUARY 1963

B u lle t in No. 1345-38
April 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

Fo r sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing O ffic e , Washington 2 5 , D.C .

Price 2 5 cents

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Contents

Preface

P age
The L a b o r M a rk et O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

In trod u ction __________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s ------------------------------------------

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r re n tly are in clu ded
in the B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c cu p a tion a l w age s u r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts.
T h ese
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l earn in g s and r e la te d
su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fit s .
In form a tion on rela ted su p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits is ob ta in ed b ien n ia lly in m o s t o f the la b o r
m a r k e ts .
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w hich p r e se n ts earn in g s
tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s and a v e ra g e e a r n ­
in gs in s e le c t e d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f the study in each a rea .
This b u lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l data not in clu d ed in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

T a b le s :
E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y _____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t -tim e h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s, fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
____________________ —
3. In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s __________ ____

A tw o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u lletin s fo r a round o f s u r v e y s (fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s, the fir s t p a rt o f
th is b u lle tin w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the se co n d
p a rt e a r ly in 1964).
The f ir s t p a rt p r e s e n ts in dividu al
la b o r m a r k e t data.
The se co n d p a rt p r e se n ts data r e la tin g to a ll m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s in the United States.

1.
2.

A:

B:

T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e g ion a l o f f ic e in C h ic a g o , 111., by Kenneth T h orsten , under
the d ir e c t io n o f W o o d ro w C. Linn, A s sis ta n t R eg ion a l
D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In d u stria l R ela tion s.




ta bu la tion s a re

5
5

10
12
13

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v i s io n s :*
B - l . M inim u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s —
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls -------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs ----------------------------------------------------------B -4 . P aid h olid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . P aid v a c a tio n s — ----------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H ealth, in su r a n ce , and p en sion plans ______________________

15
16
17
18
19
21

a v a ila b le

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------

fo r oth er

m a jo r

areas.

(See

C u rren t r e p o rts on o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s
in the M in n eap olis—
St. P au l a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le fo r flo u r and oth er g ra in
m ill p ro d u cts (N o v e m b e r 1961) and the m a ch in e ry in d u s tr ie s (M ay 1962).
Union
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tr a d e s
o r in d u s tr ie s : B uilding c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g, lo c a l- t r a n s it o p era tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w om en _________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s -m e n
and w om en -----------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l
occu p a tio n s-m ie n and w om en c o m b in e d __________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o ccu p a tio n s -----------------------------A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ____________

A pp en d ix:

* N O T E : S im ila r
in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

1
4

6
10

23




Occupational Wage Survey—Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U .S . D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r* s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u rv e y s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and re la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e
b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u ­
rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jor in d u stry g rou p s
e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e g ov ern m en t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s t r u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re om itted b e c a u s e they
tend to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to
w a rra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a r e p ro v id e d fo r ea ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese occu p a tio n s have
b e e n rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a r e la r g e ly due to
(1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in d u strie s and
e s ta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , although
the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin the sam e su rv ey
jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is .
L on ger
a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h igh er a v e r a g e pay when
both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e.
Job d e s c r ip ­
tion s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in d iv id u al esta b lis h m e n ts to a llow fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a c ­
tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d i­
ca te the r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s
in o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
ea rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c ) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the ap pendix.
E arn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a re not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is too sm a ll
to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , or (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e le c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits as they re la te to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and e x clu d es a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P la n t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g
le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tio n e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a ra te w o rk fo r c e a r e e x ­
clu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and ea rn in g s data a r e sh ow n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te
s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d ed , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b on u ses
and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly h ou rs a r e r e ­
p o r te d , as fo r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta ble B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f esta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .
1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta ble B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
This in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
tu ally e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In
e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plyin g to a
m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , i f no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r 1 w as u se d .
’
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e la t e shift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sch ed u led h ou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the f i r s t shift w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e ta bu la ted a s ap plyin g to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
P a id h o lid a y s;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans (ta b le s B -4
th rough B -6 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s
are e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sums
o f in div idu al ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rou gh B -6 m a y not equal tota ls
b e ca u se o f roun din g.
Data on paid h olid a y s (ta ble ^B-4) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid a ys gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritten fo r m , o r (2) have b een e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H o li­
days o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d e d ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a
n onw orkday, even if the w o rk e r is not g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
The
fir s t pa rt o f the paid h olid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w hole
and h alf h olid a ys a ctu a lly g ra n ted .
The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w hole
and h a lf h olid a ys to show total h olid a y t i m e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e re b y tim e o ff
with pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s ­
tim a tes a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com pu tin g
v a ca tio n pa ym en ts, such as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n ­
in gs, o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the ta bu la tion s o f v a ca tio n
pay, paym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s is ;
fo r e x a m p le, a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n ­
s id e r e d as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plans (ta b le B -6 ) fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by
the e m p lo y e r , e x cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such plans
in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
th ose p r o v id e d th rough a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r
out o f c u r r e n t o p era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e fo r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b en efits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that type o f in ­
su ra n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du ring illn e s s o r a c ­
cid e n t d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to
w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o rk and N ew
J e r s e y , w hich have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m ­
p lo y e r (1) con trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s
the e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the la w .
T ab u lation s o f paid s ic k -le a v e pla n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring
a b s e n c e fr o m w ork b e c a u se o f i ll n e s s .
S ep a ra te tabu la tion s a r e p r e ­
sen ted a c c o r d in g to ( l ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g
p e r io d , and (2) plans w hich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g
p e r io d .
In addition to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e ,
an u n du plica ted total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both
ty pes o f b e n e fits.
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as ex ten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ick n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c to r s ' f e e s .
Such plan s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T abu lation s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p r o v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

2 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as h aving a p o lic y i f it m et not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
do
eith er o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
3 An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as h avin g a fo r m a l plan i f
o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te sh ifts .
An
it e sta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e
esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s i f it ( l ) had
that c o u ld be e x p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be
op e ra te d la te sh ifts during the 12 m on th s p r io r to the su r v e y , o r
w ritten , but in fo r m a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te r m in e d on an in d i­
(2) had p r o v is io n s in w ritten fo r m fo r o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts.
v id u a l b a s is , w e re e x clu d ed .
1




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber studied in M in n e a p o lis—
St. Paul, M inn. ,

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 1
3
2

1, 131

50
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

--------------------------------------------------------------------- -----

M an u factu rin g ------------------ — ----------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s 56 ---------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e ---------- ---------------------------------- — ---------R e ta il tr a d e ------ ------- ---------------------------------------------------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te -----------------------------S e r v i c e s 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n , 2 Jan uary 1963

T otal 4

O ffic e

Plant

275

2 7 6 ,5 0 0

58, 500

1 59 ,500

166, 270

439
692

105
170

126, 000
150 ,500

17, 200
41, 300

81, 600
7 7 ,9 0 0

78, 650
8 7 ,6 2 0

92
166
215
110
109

36
40
42
30
22

4 2 ,0 0 0
25, 800
45, 100
23, 400
14, 200

8,
8,
5,
16,

22,
12,
34,
6 1,

32,5 9 0
11, 010
2 6 ,4 1 0
13, 720
3, 8 9 0 '

400
400
900
800
( 8)

500
000
200
300
(8 )

T o t a l4

1 The M in n e a p o lis —
St. P aul Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f Anoka, D akota, Hennepin, R a m se y , and W ashington C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e stim a tes
show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
The es tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a
b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t indexes fo r the a re a to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the use o f esta b lish m en t data co m p ile d
c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a re ex clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u se d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in du stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ith in the are a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto re p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e xclu d e d .
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e sta te e sta b lish m e n ts only.
W ork e rs fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n
a r e r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A
ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n only in " a ll
in d u s tr y " e s tim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
8 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s fo r "a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g " in
the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in
the S e r ie s Bta b le s .
Separate p r e s ­
entation o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l) E m p loym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it
sep a ra te study, (2) the
sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p resen tation , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tion , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e of
in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.




4

Wage T ren d s for S elected O ccu p atio n al Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a re p e r c e n ta g e s o f change in a v e ra g e
s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
era g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tag es o f change r e la te to a v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs
of w o rk , that is , the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid. F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e changes
in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts . The
p e r ce n ta g e s a re b a se d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey o ccu p a tio n s and in ­
clude m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p . The
o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a re b a se d on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e rs , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; *ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B.
The in d u stria l n u rse data are
ba sed on m en and w om en in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ics ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l h andling.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
com pu ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l ­




a r ie s o r h ou rly earn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m e n t in each
o f the jo b s during the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e se w eigh ted e a r n ­
in gs fo r in dividu al occu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te
f o r ea ch occu p a tion a l grou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
cen tag e) o f the grou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r
the o th e r y e a r was com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
100 is the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The p e r ce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s
o f (1) g en era l s a la r y and w age ch a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in div idu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) changes in a v era g e w ag es due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l
w age ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a fo r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a co u ld ca u s e the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , even though no ch a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lish m en ts in the a rea .
The u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e f ­
fe c t o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch
jo b in clu d ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge a r e not in flu ­
en ce d b y changes in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e , sin ce they a re b a s e d on pay fo r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

The ab ove text r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u se d in com pu tin g a new tren d
s e r ie s (ta ble 2).
T h is s e r ie s , in itiated w ith the exp an sion o f the la b o r m a rk e t
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a s , w ill r e p la c e
the o ld s e r ie s (1953 ba se) show n in table 3. Changes in the jo b s su r v e y e d and
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s s in c e the sta rt o f the o ld s e r ie s ca lle d fo r a re e x a m in a tio n o f
the jo b s and jo b g rou p in gs fo r w hich tren ds w e r e to be com pu ted.
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou pin gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x ce p tio n s: T h e c l e r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s, f o r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w om en , now in clu d e both m en and w om en . Changes w e re a ls o m a de
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ithin jo b grou p in gs in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t c o u ld
be e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .




T able 2. P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs
fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s in M in n eapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
January 1962
to
January 1963

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

January 1961
to
January 1962

January I960
to
January 1961

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) ___________
Industrial n u rses (m en and w om en) _______
Skilled m aintenance (m en) --------------------------U nskilled plant (men) ------------------------------------

2 .9
3. 7
4. 0
2. 7

3.
2.
3.
4.

3
7
5
0

3.
5.
3.
4.

4
1
7
5

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and w om en) ___________
Industrial n u rse s (m en and w om en) _______
Skilled m aintenance (m en) --------------------------U n skilled plant (men) ------------------ ---------------

2.
3.
3.
2.

4.
1.
3.
4.

2
6
8
0

3.
5.
3.
3.

1
1
8
6

5
2
3
0

T able 3. Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c t e d
occu pation al groups in M in n eapolis—
St. Paul, M in n ., January 1963 and January 1962
(N o v e m b e r 1952 = 100)
Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l grou p

January 1963

January 1962

A ll in d u stries:
O ffice c le r i c a l (wom en) -----------------------------------------------------Industrial n u rses (wom en) ------------------------------------------------Skilled m aintenance (m en) ------------------------------------------------U nskilled plant (men) ___________ _______________ _______

146.
154.
152.
158.

0
4
7
1

1 41 .9
149. 6
146. 9
154. 6

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l (wom en) ---------------------------------------- ----------Industrial n u rse s (wom en) _______________________ _______
Skilled m aintenance (m en) ----------------------------------- ----------U nskilled plant (men) ------------------ --------------- ----- ----------

144.
152.
149.
151.

6
3
3
8

140.
147.
144.
148.

8
6
6
7

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly 4 0. 00 4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.0 0 100.00 105 .00 1 10 .00 1 1 5 .00 1 20.00 1 25 .00 1 30.00 135.00 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .00
earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110 .00 1 1 5 .00 1 2 0 .00 125 .00 1 30 .00 135 .00 140 .00 1 45 .00 o v e r

M en
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________

587
203
384
198
147

4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
4 0.
4 0.

0
0
0
0
0

$ 1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 5. 50

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

"

-

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 -------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________

312
97
215
100
77

4 0.
40.
39.
4 0.
40.

0
0
5
0
0

86. 00
84. 50
8 7 .0 0
9 4. 50
81. 50

_
-

_
-

1
1
1

11
11
11

C le r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________

646
144
502
457

4 0.
39.
4 0.
4 0.

0
5
0
0

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

.
-

_
-

_
-

39. 5

1 0 1 .0 0

_

C le r k s , p a y r o l l

_
-

27
6
21
1
17

45
29
16
2
14

65
25
40
9
22

52
26
26
7
15

63
81
42 | 25
38
39
25
14
13
7

41
17
24
18
5

37
16
21
15
5

51
7
44
30
14

46
1
45
42
3

13
13
13
-

12
2
10
10
-

4
4
4

13
1
12
12
-

32
15
17
7
2

34
13
21
1
12

38
25
13
6
4

36
17
19
6
9

36
12
24
15
8

28
3
25
23
2

11
11
7
4

17
17
13
4

7
7
7
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

~

28
2
26
16

18
2
16
16

73
4
69
59

63
34
29
22

48
16
32
32

82
13
69
69

102
3
99
99

49
8
41
41

41
29
12
12

44
6
38
32

50
20
30
24

20
20
20

22
7
15
9

4
4
4

2
2
2

"

2
2
2

12
1
11
10

23
5
18
16

20
6
14
12
2

16
6
10
2

25
25
1
18

.
-

.
-

_
-

“

~

_

-

_

_

1

-

-

1

-

"

1

1

4

9

2

7

6

_

11

3

2

4

3

1

1

_

2

66
35
31
11
14

61
15
46
28
6

23
10
13
3
_
7

24
9
15
4
6
2

16
10
6
2
4

9
9
7
2

5
5
5
-

30
30
28
2

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

35
6
29
27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3
3

10
3
7
7

13
6
7
7

20
11
9
8

23
” l6
7
7

11
4
7
3

17
13
4 ,

19
3
16
12

6
2
4
2

1
1
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

5
0
5
0
0
5

9 1. 00
9 1 .0 0
9 0. 50
9 7 .0 0
9 0. 00
8 7. 50

-

-

-

-

9
5

39
8
31
5
7
12

43
10
33
11
11
9

36
12
24
12
4
8

47
6
41
21
10
6

25
10
15
4
6
5

8
6
2
2
"

7
4
3
1
2

-

-

_

_

-

30
15
15
1
5
4

-

-

29
10
19
1
6
10

1
1
-

-

13
1
12
1
2
8

22
7

-

4
3
1
1

"

-

-

-

-

-

106
86
50

39. 0
39. 0
38. 5

7 5 . 50
7 4. 00
7 1. 50

-

-

12
12
4

20
17
14

14
12
10

8
6
4

12
9
3

12
8
8

7
7
5

8
10
e r ------ 6
2
-

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

3
3

-

-

-

"

148
129
60

39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5

6 8. 00
6 8. 00
69. 50

_

10
10
8

6
6

25
24
2

24
19
11

27
21
9

12
11
1

24
18
18

8
8
7

1
1
1

-

8
8
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-------------------------------------------

58

O ffic e b o y s --------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g ---------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

275
85
190
55
53
56

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
38.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s A ------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

154
74
80
59

39. 0
3 9 .5
38. 5
38. 5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

304
93
211
57
62
70

39.
4 0.
39.
4 0.
40.
38.

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _________________ ___________

5
5
5
0
0
5

61.
57.
63.
80.
60.
52.

50
50
00
00
00
50

3
3
3
-

-

1-5

—

12
17
9 ------ F ~
6
8
5
5

-

W om en
B i ll e r s , m a ch in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) ______
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________ r
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
B i ll e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a ch in e) ---------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




135
113

4 1 .0
4 1 .5

67. 00
6 7. 50

-

23
21

15

1
2

28
25

34
11

10
10

12
10

4
4

-

3
3
3

-

“
1
1

-

"
8
8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a ry 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W
eekly,
W
eekly x 40. 00 45. 00 50.00 55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 0 0 95.00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
hours 1 earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45. 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 0 0 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 0 0 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1 0 0 . 0 0 105.00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine op e ra to rs ,
c la s s A ________________________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------B ook keeping-m ach ine op e r a to r s ,
cla s s B -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ----------- ---------------------

204
156
68

$80.50
79. 50
85.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
.

116
116
_
_

140
138

143
18
125

0
0
0

63.00
71. 50
61.50
74. 50
67. 00
63. 50

1

11

5

48

-

2

21

20

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

-

4
4
_
4

2

38

143
18
125

39. 0
39. 0
40. 0

930
155
775
61
207
156

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
40.

785

5
5
5
0
0
0
5

85. 00
87.00
84. 50
94. 00
85.00
78. 50
8 6 . 00

0

0
0

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
R etail trade ----------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

585
91
138
155
129

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___ ______________
Retail
Finanrp^

1, 911
297
1, 614
330
236
344
605

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
38.

0

6 8 . 00

5

69.00
6 8 . 00
74. 50
72. 00
6 1.50
67. 50

C lerk s, file, cla s s A -----------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

209
83
126

39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0
0

C lerk s, file, c la s s B ---------------- ----------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ---------------------------R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

928

152
776
98
131
125
391

39.
40.
39.
40.
40.
39.
38.

5
0

C lerk s, file, c la s s C -----------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------TO lir*
n'K
^
Wbn1p«a 1p tradp
ITinarirp ^

484
83
401
52
54
267

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
39.

C lerk s, o r d e r --------------------------- __ -----M anufacturing ---------------------- ----------Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------W holesale trade ---- ------- ~ -----Retail trade -----------------------------------

282
106
176
64

39.
39.
40.
40.
40.

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




200

68

68

0

0
0
0
0

5

0

0
0
5
5

-

2

2

36
_
5
18
13

_
_
2

12

5

9

39
13
26

54
32
22

4
4
_
_

16
3
13
4

1
8

60
19
41

35

11

5

95
26
69
5
29
9
7

64

6

97
56
41
9
14
5

18
19

12
1
2
2

58
14
44

57

16

15

12
10

12
22

22

8

17
7

1

4

1

2

-

1

7

-

3
-

“

-

18
3
15
7

14

1

11

2

9
28

15

22

53
4
49

121

141
42
99
13
30

22

112
8
21

1

5
17
-

377
56
321
45
49
79
107

321
57
264
38
26
47
133

284
51
233
49
16
60
99

174
32
142
33
19
75

95
14
81
30
30
4
17

4
4
4

16

53
17
36
24

69
38
31

29

12

11

2
2

7
5

271
26
245
23
31
35
143

120

74
30
44

8

6

26
9
36

13
25

50
17
33
14
17

10
8
2

10
1

2

9

16
54
35

6

-

205

221

30

-

12

6

193
13
32
134

54
167

8
22
8
12
2

20
10

126

2

14
5
35
85

9

64
14

20

9

18
5
19
9
10

11

53
5

_

41
24
17

1
1

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

34

29
2

8
1

10

2

32
12

27
7

4
_
4
_

5

6

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

5

11

-

_
_
5

2

10

7
7
_

2
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

28
28
27

8

5
3

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
-

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

3
7

6

4
-

2

_

11

2

2

46

14
4

13
9
4

6

1

8

2

_

2

_

_

-

-

_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

3
3
3

4
4
4

2

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

■

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5
5

1

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

7

4
4
-

1

-

-

11

1
1

1
1

-

2
2

_
-

_
_
_

_
_

2
2

8

2
66

-

46
24

26

-

37
15

13

-

8

10

19
13

28
4

22

5
4

16
9

37
29
19

21

8

22
8
10

28

10

8

-

15

19

8

13

1

-

15

3
5

8
2
6
6

3
-

13
13

-

-

6

9

5
5
4

2
2

12

24
4

15

_
-

1

10

12

60
49

9

_
-

4

78
18
60

42
32
-

_
-

3

198
47
151

295
38
257
54
29
71
92

311
30
281
25
29
37
181

71. 50
76. 00
69.00
81.00
56. 50

8

13
7

38

3

11
10

2

3
3
_
3
-

6

8

7
18
4

59. 0 0
62. 50
58. 50
6 8 . 50
61. 50
56.00
56.00

1

17

58
41

-

2

37

125
15
110
6

19
13

43
42
9

13

_
-

34
24
19

12
2

2

"

5
5
0
0
0

0
0

-

-

0

5

-

73. 00
74. 50
72.00
70. 00

51.00
53. 00
50. 50
54. 50
51.00
49. 50

0
0

-

2

_
-

4

1

16
5

-

2

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
Weekly
Weekly
5
6
4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 $ 0.00 55.00 $ 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0.00 75.00 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 9 5.0 0 100.00 1 05 .00 1 1 0 .00 1 1 5 .00 120 .00 1 2 5 .00 130 .00 1 35 .00 140 .00 1 45 .00
hours1 earnings1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5 .0 0 5 0.0 0 55.00 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75.00 8 0.0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.0 0 100.00 105.00 1 1 0 .0 0 115 .00 1 2 0 .0 0 1 25 .00 1 30 .00 1 35 .00 1 4 0 .0 0 1 45 .00 o v e r

W om en — C on tin u ed

17
1
16
2
1
3

94
42
52
2
12
23

75
48
27
10
2
11

69
34
35
7
1
18

104
59
45
4
6
25

65
28
37
12
16
7

29
14
15
6
6
3

38
16
22
4
12

-

5
1
4
_
4

-

9
9
_
9

34
34
2
28
4

48
6
42
15
16
11

120
19
101
2
50
36
13

124
27
97
45
26
26

122
14
108
2
61
39
6

74
29
45
29
10
6

46
10
36
9
3
24

27
5
22
7
8
1
6

-

3

22

1

12

10

6

1

4

-

4

-

21
21
3
6

59
11
48
18
4

30
18
12
4
8

46
13
33
11
13

24
7
17
5
8

25
16
9
_
6

3
3
_
-

14
14
7
7
_

21
4
17
14
3
_

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____ _______ ____
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e ta il tr a d e __ _____________________

589
254
335
106
73
95

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

$ 7 8 .0 0
75.0 0
80.5 0
9 3 .5 0
84.0 0
71.0 0

-

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __ ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________ ________
R e t a il t r a d e ______ _________________
F in a n c e 3 ______ _____________________

703
144
559
57
232
159
105

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.0

7 2.50
77.00
7 1.00
9 3 .5 0
70.5 0
6 4.5 0
6 9.0 0

_
_

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto) __________________

_

4
4
1

31
4 '
27
24
3

"

22
7
15
4
8
1

22
22
18
4

-

-

-

-

44
20
24
9
9
_

37
37
37
_
_

16
12
4
4
_

_
_
_

1
1
_
_

1
1
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

2
1
1
1
-

no
no
no
_
_

15
15
13
2
_

1
1
1
_
_

_
_
_
_

8
8
8
_

4
4
3
1

_
-

-

"

_
_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
-

1
1
1
-

_

_

1
1
1
_

_

_
_
_

_
_

-

"

63

3 9.0

6 3 .5 0

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

229
74
155
44
53

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

74.0 0
78.5 0
7 2.00
74.5 0
7 3.00

-

-

-

14
2
12
8

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B __________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ ________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e ________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

1, 207
372
835
261
117
82
369

39-5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

6 8.00
67.0 0
6 8.5 0
82.5 0
6 8.00
59.00
61.0 0

_
_
_

114
20
94
10
17
13
54

215
45
170
22
14
31
103

267
88
179
27
25
32
92

176
86
90
13
13
3
58

165
69
96
32
18
3
43

69
46
23
8
11
_
4

25
14
11
4
7
_

-

15
15
_
_
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

O ffic e g ir ls __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e ta il tr a d e ______________ ______ _____
. F i n a n c e 3 ..................................... .............

448
62
386
78
243

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

52.50
52.00
52.50
52.50
50.50

9
9
9

168
21
147
21
112

179
24
155
35 ,
105

57
16
41
18
14

16
1
15
4
3

9
9
_

1
1
_

3
_
3
_

4
_
4
_

_

2
_
2
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

.

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e c r e t a r ie s __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

2, 869
1, 203
1 ,6 6 6
269
465
204
594

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
3 8.5

89.5 0
9 0.5 0
88.5 0
9 3.5 0
9 0.5 0
85.5 0
86.5 0

_
-

_
_
_

10
2
8
4
_

446
186
260
36
68
52
79

417
194
223
26
46
31
102

467
221
246
21
74
23
117

272
145
127
13
50
23
37

257
no
147
44
43
11
47

98
49
49
17
19
3
6

80
34
46
16
24
2
4

60
26
34
11
11
4
2

_

_

9
3
6
4
_
_

-

405
137
268
23
64
31
125

11
3
8
2
_
_

-

129
53
76
17
36
6
17

20
9
11
4
3

-

101
11
90
14
11
13
31

36
14
22
8
8

-

44
6
38
10
_
5
15

6

_
_

_
_
_

6

4

-

2

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __ ________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e _________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

2, 123
717
1 ,4 0 6
456
387
120
392

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

7 4.00
7 1.00
7 5.00
8 9.50
75.00
64.5 0
63.0 0

_

5
5

99
22
77
3
4
8
62

141
33
108
3
9
18
75

382
104
278
29
60
46
115

381
193
188
33
54
19
71

336
164
172
49
77
16
30

240
95
145
33
57
12
34

150
55
95
14
77
1
3

62
17
45
29
16

59
20
39
36
2

114
5
109
99
10

79
5
74
63
11

33

32
3
29
27
2

7
1
6
6

3

_

_

_

33
29
4

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

_
_
_
_
_

“

"

-

“

"

'

'

'

'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




-

-

_

-

-

4
_

1

-

_
_

3
3
-

_
_
_

-

1

_

6
2
4

■

1
_
1
1
_

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
S
$
S
$
$
$
*
*
$
$
Weekly
6
Weekly . 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 $ 0 . 00 $
65. 00 7 0. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 8 5. 00 9 0. 00 9 5 .0 0 1 00.00 * 0 5 .0 0 1 10.00 1 15.00 120.00 125 .00 130.00 135.00 *140.00 *145.00
hours 1 earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5 . 00 5 0 .0 0 55. 00 6 0. 00 6 5 . 00 70. 00 7 5. 00 8 0 . 00 8 5. 00 90. 00 9 5. 00 100.00 105.00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130 .00 135 .00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

W o m e n — C on tin u ed
S te n o g ra p h e r s, s e n io r
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
_ _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________ ______
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________
F in a n c e 3

$ 8 0 .0 0
7 7. 00
83. 00
99. 50
80. 50
7 5. 00
7 6. 50

-

_
-

-

170
97 '
73
4
13
17
36

99
23
10
20
25

311
140
171
16
1
14
35

217
116
101
8
34
12
20

117
65
52
6
11
13
22

47
29
18
4
7
3
4

11
2
9
7
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

468
94
374
52
84
80

40.
39.
41.
40.
39.
39.

5
5
0
0
5
0

69.
78.
67.
93.
58.
69.

50
50
50
00
50
00

-

40
40
16
“

77
1
76
11
11

72
8
64
9
5

60
16
44
5
36

52
18
34
17
14

30
13
17
5
5
4

31
14
17
4
5

20
7
13
2
1

37
8
29
25
3

13
6
7
5
-

3
1
2
2
-

11
2
9
9
-

-

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

22
22
21
1

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________ ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _______ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3
_

644
26T “
383
73
139
80
55

39.
39.
39.
40.
40.
40.
37.

5
5
5
0
0
0
5

69.
70.
68.
7 0.
71.
60.
7 0.

00
00
00
00
50
50
50

3
3
3
-

4
4
4
-

38
14
24
6
9
-

56
15
41
9
11
8
13

125
53
72
11
19
28
2

134
44
90
16
43
18
10

125
55
70
7
29
10
12

67
45
22
6
8
8

51
10
41
12
22
7

17
14
3
3

11
9
2
2
-

9
9
4
5
"

4
2
2
2
-

_
-

-

_
"

_
-

-

_
-

_
"

_
-

-

247

33
11
22
18
4
-

2
2
2
-

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
__
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e
F i n a n c e 3 ____________________________

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .0

42
35
7
2
2
1
2

14
3
11
11
-

11
1
10
2
8
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

1 ,3 0 1
649
652
176
88
88
144

19
1
18
16
2
-

31
31
31
-

25
------j—
24
24
-

4
4
4
-

"

-

-

71
SO

40. 0
40. 0

8 2 .0 0
8 1. 50

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

8
5

20
13

13
9

9
9

8
3

2

1
1

1
1

"

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

133
1 Iff

39. 5
39. 5

64. 00
63. 00

-

1
1

3
3

40
38

43
43

24
15

6
6

8
8

4
2

2
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
gen era l
_
_
_ _ _ _ _
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

570
159
411
120
208

39. 0
3 9 .0
39. 0
40. 0
38. 5

68. 50
7 4 .0 0
6 6. 50
71. 00
63. 00

-

3
3
3

37
3
34
2
29

73
3
70
2
61

111
24
87
36
42

99
19
80
28
27

84
28
56
14
21

77
38
39
15
18

57
35
22
11
2

20
7
13
6
5

5
2
3
2
“

-

4
4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

674
248“
426
94
65
60
184

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
40. 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
38. 0

7 0. 50
7 1. 50
7 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
63. 00
6 5 .0 0

-

10
10
1
9

64
9
55
2
4
16
33

142
41
101
11
10
31
45

148
61
87
10
9
5
60

97
59
38
6
7
5
20

88
46
42
9
10
3
11

79
17
62
38
11
6

20
11
9
1
8
-

12
12
9
3
-

2
2
2
-

3
1
2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
- .

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

9
3
6
4
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

“

-

-

39. 0
39. 5
39. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
38. 0

61. 50
62700"
61. 00
8 1 .0 0
60. 50
5 5 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

448
81
367
77
42
235

666
219
447
10
50
24
306

638
262
376
18
77
6
256

297
167
130
29
35
11
53

125
55
70
13
25
20

62
30
32
12
14
6

20
3
17
10
5
-

24

6

35

15

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ___________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _ _ _
R e ta il t r a d e
F in a n c e 3

_ __
____

_ _

__

_

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B _________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ____ __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________
P u b lic u t i li t i e s 2 ___________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ____________ ______
R e ta il t r a d e _________________________
F i n a n c e 3 ________________________________

2 , 386
822
1, 564
174
298
92
893

_
-

_
-

-

47
5
42
14
9
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
23
1
-

6
6
-

35
35
-

15
15
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

-

-

'

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek for which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings c o rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public utilities.
3 F in an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate.




■j

-

-

-

-

-

'

10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn. , J anuary 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O F -

A vera

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

s

$

$

of
workers

$

S

$

s

$

55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00

$

s

s

S

S

S

S

$

s

S

s

s

$

$

$

95.00 10000 10500 110.00 11500 12000 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 14500 150.00 155.00 16000 16500
and
under
60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100J00 10500 11000 11500 120.00 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 155.00 16QJPQ 165QQ over

Men
6
6

D raftsm en, leader —
Manufacturing ____

129
124

D raftsm en, senior —
M anufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

820
651
169
75

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

119.00
117.50
125. 50
131.00

_

_

_

-

-

-

D raftsm en, junior ---Manufacturing -----Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

542
429
113
32

40.
39.
40.
40.

0
5
0
0

93. 50
92. 50
97. 00
1 1 1 .50

_

6

_

6

21
12
9

-

-

-

12
10
2
1

T r a c e r s --------------------Manufacturing ------

69
67

39.5
39. 5

75. 50
75. 00

2
2

6
6

17
17

128
89

39. 5
39. 5

98. 00
97. 50

"

“

4
4

10
10

9
9

4
4

30
30

13
13

68
67
1

111
99
12
5

102

83

20
9

104
82
22
9

53
26
27
14

57
34
23
13

53
42
11
8

39
23
16
4

18
17
1
1

19
11

28
20

8

8

3

8
8

8
8

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
1

2
2

2

1

39. 5 $142.50
142.00
39. 5
3

5
5

6
6

5

15
15

59

65

5l

5l

8

1
1

14

57
40
17
1

28
23
5

4
1

68
62
6
2

129
115
14
1

11
11

9
9

12
12

7
7

4
3

_

_

1

-

79
70
9
2

4
4

2
1

14

24
19

39
34

15

30
26

-

82

64

19
10

11
8

10
10

5
3
3

.

14
14

10
9

1

1
1

_

28
20
8
3

_

8
7

----- 2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

.

.

W omen
N urses, industrial (re g iste re d )
Manufacturing ---------------------

“

7

7

9
6

13
8

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1963)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly' J
earnings1 I
(Standard)

171
150
32
60

B i ll e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e )
N n rtm ann farturing
_

143
121

6 6. 50
66. 50

213
55
158
68

8 1 .5 0
86.. 50
7 9. 50
8 5. 00

-----------------

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A __________

W h o le s a le t ra d e

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




Number
of
workers

weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

$ 6 3 .0 0
71. 50
6 1 .5 0
74. 50
67. 00
63. 50

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
___________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e
. ...... .
R e ta il t r a d e ______________
_
___
____

. _

$70.
70.
87.
69.

00
00
00
50

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

2, 223
394
1, 829
430
313
348
631

$71.
7 3.
7 0.
7 9.
74.
61.
68.

00
00
50
00
50
50
00

220
83
137
68

7 3.
7 4.
7 3.
7 0.

50
50
50
00

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a ch in e ) ---------------------------]\fnmr)aniifartnrir)g
^
...
f* .Q 1
S
..
.. . .

y a n n fa r tn r in g
NTrm-m a n n f a r h i r i n g

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ---------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _
_____________ ______
N onm aniifact.il rin g
...
P ilh lic u t ilit ie s 2
......
W h o le s a le t r a d e
_
_____ ____
__
R e ta il t r a d e _ _
________ ___
__

937
155
782
61
207
163

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ---------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------- ----------------- -----------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________________________
_____________ _ ___
W h o le s a le t r a d e
R e t a il tr a d e
_
________ '__________
F in a n c e 3 _ _
_ ____
-

1, 372
403
969
289
285
161
162

94. 00
94. 00
94. 00
1 1 1 .50 C l e r k s , f i le , c l a s s A _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
__
... _
90. 50
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
_ _
___
79. 00
F in a n c e 3 ____________________________________________
88. 50

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1963)

N ber
um
of

O ccupation and industry division

earnings 1
(Standard)

Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------------

________________________________

Finin''® 3
r orri f*t
-•
......
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------- --------Nonm anufacturing __________________ -___ - ________
W holesale trade __- _____ - ___________________ —
P ot ai 1

C. 1f»T]rff
* =*

................. .

... .
^

o trfr ’ ng
ii- i]i ^ s ^
t

npf»r ^tnr g
... ....
.. . ...
Manufactu ’ ng
iNonmanuxacturing
------------- -------------- -------- -—
Public ut”i]i1’i°R *
*
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------Retail trade ___________________________________
Fi nanrfi^ .
_______________ _________
D uplicating-m a ch ine op era tors
( Mirnprigrqph or D
itt<~>)
....

P^faypil-Q
r*}^ nppratnrs

■ --- -

....

—--------— — ------— -----------—
•
—

r 1^ . G R
g

. . ....

. ._ ..........

Nonm anufacturing ________________________________
Public lit’ 1iti p c 2
Finan'’ 0 3

943
152
791
103
132
125
400

$ 59.
62.
58.
69
61
56
56.

00
50
50
00
50
00
00

488
83
405
52
54
269

51.
53.
50.
54.
51
49l

00
00
50
50
00
50

928
250
678
521
113

92.
91.
92.
98.
72.

00
50
00
00
50

647
283
364
129
78
96

80.
77.
83.
97.
84.
71.

00
00
00
50
00
00

712
145
567
59
232
159
105

72.
77.
71.
94.
70.
64.
69.

50
00
50
00
50
50
00

73

_

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s A ----------------------------------^°rvm ftthi f 3n f1 t^ng
1*
Publi^1
^
F inane e
—

65. 00

230
75
155
44
53

74. 00
78. 50
72. 00
74. 50
7 3 00
*.

1, 212
373
839
265
117
82
369

68.
67.
68.
83.
68.
59.
61.

00
00
50
00
00
00
00

Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------- -

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$56 . 00
55. 00
56. 00
77. 00
58. 50
53. 50
51.00

F in a n ce 3 _____________________________ - ______ _

89.
90.
88.
93.
90.
85.
86.

Stenographers, general -------------------------------------------M anufacturing
_
... ...
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ______________________________
traHp
...
Retail tradp
_ ................
.
F in a n ce 3
--

2, 124
717
1, 407
457
387
120
392

74. 00
71.00
75. 00
89. 50
75. 00
64. 50
63. 00

St»nngraph®rs, spninr
...
. .
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ______________________________
W holesale trade _______________________________
Retail trade .................................................. .............
Finan ''p 3
...

1, 303
650
653
177
88
88
144

80.
77.
83.
99.
80.
75.
76.

00
00
00
50
50
00
50

Switchboard operators ______________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 .--------------------------------------------Retail fr^rle
_
........
Finan^^ 3

471
94
377
55
84
80

69.
78.
67.
93.
58.
69.

50
50
50
50
50
00

Switchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists ________________
Manufacturing ______________________________ _____
N^nmanu farm ring ........ .
...
.....
■publir nti liti en 2
W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------R etail trade ______________________ ____ ______
F in a n ce 3 ______________________________________

644
261
383
73
139
80
55

69.
70.
68.
70.
71.
60.
70.

00
00
00
00
50
50
50

Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, cla s s A ----------------Manufacturing ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________ ________
F in a n ce 3 ______________________________________

173
86
87
60

M anufacturing ------------------------------------------------------

O ccupation and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of

w
eekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued
723
147
576
73
96
89
299
2, 879
1, 203
1, 676
277
467
204
594

50
50
50
50
50
50
50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, c la s s B ------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 _____ ■
__________________________
W holesale trade ________________________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________ -____________________

375
114
261
66
87
77

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, c la s s C ____________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
Financ e 3 ________________________________________

239
204
98

69. 00
67. 50
68. 50

T ra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op era tors, general ---------------M anufacturing ____________________________ _________
Nonmanufacturing _________________________________
W holesale trade ____________-___________________
F in a n ce 3 ________________________________________

570
159
411
120
208

68. 50
74. 00
66. 50
71.00
63. 00

Typists, cla ss A ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------ --------------------------N onm anufacturing _________________________________
Public utilities
---- ------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------Retail trarip
F in a n ce 3 ________________________________________

684
70. 50
255
71. 50
70. 00
429
94 • 79. 00
68
75. 50
60
63. 00
184
65. 00

$89.
89.
89.
94.
88.
88.

00
50
00
50
50
00

2,404
822
1, 582
175
298
109
893

61.50
62. 00
61. 00
81. 00
60. 50
56. 50
58. 00

D raftsm en, leader •
___________________________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------- -------------------

129
124

142.50
142. 00

D raftsm en, sen ior ___________________________________
_
Ma.nivfa.ptivring
... .
_
N onm anufacturing ________________________________ Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------

825
656
169
75

119.00
117.00
125. 50
131. 00

D raftsm en, junior -------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------

545
432
113
32

93. 50
92. 50
97. 00
1 1 1 .50

N urses, industrial (reg istered ) --------------------------------M anufacturing _____________________________________

129
90

98. 50
97. 50

T r a c e r s ___ ____________________________________________
M anufacturing ------------- -------------------------------------------

98
74

74. 00
74. 00

Typists, cla s s B ______________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------Retail trade -------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ________________________________________
P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations

Earnings rela te to regular s traigh t-tim e weekly salaries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Num
ber
of
workers

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

Nonm anufacturing

O ccupation and industry division

103. 00
102. 00
104.00
100.50

12

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M inn. , J a n u a ry 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry division

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.4 0 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10
and
earnings 1 $
and
2. 00 under
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3.40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 over

Num
ber
of
workers

_
-

_
-

02
05
99
63
16

_
-

-

2. 75
2.79
2. 65
2. 59

11
11
"

12
11
1
-

$3. 02
o n
3. 04
2. 61

C a rp en ters, maintenance ______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 ---------------------------

259
139
120
59

E lectricia n s , m aintenance
......... .
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

415
324
91
62

3.
3.
3.
3.

28
27
33
16

E n gin eers, stationary
_ .. _
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

541
287
254
54
63

3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

351

F irem en , stationary b o ile r ____________
Manufacturing
__
_ ___
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 __________________

“

---115
34

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ... ...
__

249
179
70

M ach in e-tool o p e r a to r s , to o lro o m ____
Manufacturing _______________________

167
167

M achinists, maintenance _______________
Manufacturing _______________________

566
-----532

M echanics, autom otive
(maintenance) __________________________
979
M anufacturing _______________________ — nre874
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
817
P ublic utilities 2 __________________
M echanics, m aintenance _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2

556
— ?n
145
65

M illwrights ______________________________

201

“

2. 61
8
2730 — r~ “
2. 65
-

24

19
4
15
-

21
19
2
"

11
11
11
41
25
16
9

o

29
17
12
9

3
3
45
---- 3“ — T ~ 13
1
32
1
32
42
30
19
“ O
13 ~2"5
25
6
17
1
25
6
2
-

86
85
1
1

14
13
1
31

49
49
4

38
8
30
23

5
5
5

4
4
-

_
-

24
11
13
-

3
1
2
"
"
-

39
9
30
3
-

TF~

78
48

6
6
1
-

11
10

----

-

5
5

27
27

27
7
-----g— ~ T T ~
1
1
10
10
-

3
3

16
16

35
35

47
47

47
47

4
4

14
14

"

4
4

■

■

"

15
16

20
20

31
3l

45
45

267
267

78
78

12
12

1
1

45
r o “
43
40

135
11
124
124

54
24
30
18

241
14
227
193

421
nr~
408
406

8
1
7
7

20
14
6

-

-

-

-

44
34
10

69
53
16

37
lo
27
6

122
105
17
1

2
2

89
38
51
49

4
4
2

4
4
2

-

18
18

2

18
18

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

-

-

-

53

4

18

-

2

-

-

-

-

2
2

11

_

_

_

10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
ro
28
28

12
—n
i
i

2. 94
“ 2790
3.04
3. 18

-

-

1
1
1

-

16
16
-

39
38
1
1

35
31
4
2

60
52
8
1

-

.

-

-

-

2. 72

3775”

75
75
43
25
18
-

4
1
3

-

3. 36

2
2
“
100

29
27
2
120
80
40
-

2
2
“

-

755

19
18
1
-

16
“ TO
3
38
27
11
7
2

47
24
23

-

— 735~

_
-

84
74
10

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________

_
-

26
9
17

3. 01
2790
3. 01
3.01

3. 24

_
-

32
22
10

3
17
— 3“ ---- 5“

191

5
5

2
1
1

11
n

— m r~ “ 3 7 2 0

20
4
16
-

18
0 3
3

1
1

-

P ip e f it t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________

23
23

-

_
"

_

_
-

6
T
-

"

3 .2 9
3. 36

3
1
2
1

14
9
5

-

3.04 "

12
12
"

33
27
6

-

-

4
1
3
3

26
id
16

_
-

3. 21

64
64
-

40
34
6

3. 27
----O Z O

2772

9
9
-

27
8
19
9

16
16

-

5
1
4
-

25
11
14
1

-

3. 11
3. i i

15
12
3
-

38
23
15
15

-

198
65
133
54

-

-

3
— 3“

.

2

-

-

“

3
3
-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

24
24
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

_

_

9
25

02“

10

3

4

-

-

-

14
14

14
4

-

7

12

15

19

1
6

3
9

12

25
25

9

-

-

1

3

-

1

-

18
18

50

4

20

-

17

2

-

9

2

3
3

19
15
4

3
— 3

8

6
6

2
2

36
36

4
4

80
80

9

22
21

_

8

9

•

"

6
6

10
10

15
15

110
110

76
76

41
41

76
76

40
40

50
50

300
300

— 2“

-

-

-

-

-

_

10

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

.

”

_

■

_

— ~ r~

6

-

25

25

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

4

4

-

_

2

5
----- 3“

"

_

10

-

■

6
109
6 TO T-

-

-

-

_

9~

27
27

*

34
34

32

-

1
1

9

_

.
"

-

1

_

10

-

■
32
27

2

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la t e s h i ft s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




6
6
-

-

P a i n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________

1
2
3

-

52
~T5"'1
37
37

-

10 1
------ 9 3

_ ______

9
9
9

-

198

___ _ ___

_
-

-

_________________________

F in a n ce 3

2
“ 2“
'

_
-

2. 78
2770

“

O ile r s _______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

M a n u fa ctu r in g

3
3
-

-

8

2

"

“

_

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average $1.00
hourly
earnings£ and
under
1.10

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

-

-

47
47

-

-

-

-

-

26
26

"

-

4
4

59
59

13
13

12
12

28
28

61
61

-

_
-

_
-

151
-

63
-

6
-

4
3
-

-

-

151

63

6

1

31
6
1
5
25

14
1
1
13

2
2
1
1

517

2.10
2.39
2.43
? 13
1.84

2, 924
1,405
1, 519
230
108
472
367

1.99
2.16
1.83
2.21
2.10
1 69
1.93

6
6
_

28
28
3
_
24

75
10
65
10
7

102
1
101
6
34
15

105
21
84
2
_
59

195
17
178
9
10
70
2

132
7
125
1
1
18

92
32
60
3
_
29
24

670
136
534
58
67
365

1.66
1.90
1.60
1.85
1.46
1.58

-

-

29

-

_

29
1
26
2

41
17
24
6
6
6

409
1
408
22
20
354

28
1
27

_

15
3
12
3
7

28
28

7
7

29
29

18
18

20
2
18

22
5
17

_
28

_
7

_
10

_
18

_

$1.64
1.64

-

E levator o p era tors , passen ger
(women) ---------------------- ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

190
190

1.59
1.59

Guards and watchm en ___________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Guards _____________________ _______

979
462
393

_____

Finanrp^
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c lea n e rs
(women) ________ ______________________
Marmfa rhirinjr
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
T^nHlir* nfi lif i * > ^
=c
Retail trade _________ __ _________
Finance^

o
f\
a

1.40

81
81

N onm anufacturing ____________

$
$ ,
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.20 *1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2.00 *2.10 2.20 *2.30 *2.40 *2.50 *2.60 *2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 *3.10 3.20 *3.30 3.40 *3.50
and
1.30

Elevator o p era tors , passen ger
(men) __________________ ____ _________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n e rs
(men) ___________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 3 __________________
W holesale trade __ _______________

o
* (
-H

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
"P-iiK i n n filifip c ^
l
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail trade _______________________

5,
1,
4,
2,
1,

844
783
061
264
302
487

2.49
2.33
2.56
2.64
2.58
2.16

O rder fille r s ________ ________ _________
M anufacturing ___ ___________________
N onm anufacturing _____ ____________
nf 11i f i # c ^
=
»
W holesale trade ------- ------------------Retail trade _______________________

2, 743
497
2, 246
216
1,494
536

2.50
2.33
2.54
2.67
2.59
2.35

-

-

.
29
-

_

_

.

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) — ____________
Ma rmfarturing
Nonmanufacturing _________ _________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _______________________

1,074
416
658
555
103

2.42
2.27
2.51
2.53
2.38

_

1

1

3

1
1

1
1

3
3

P a ck e rs , shipping (wom en) _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade
. _

390
236
154
140

1.83
2.01
1.57
1.52

-

2
2
2

17
17
17

R eceiving cle r k s _ ____ _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade _______________________

515
268
247
109
119

2.50
2.50
2.50
2.68
2.33

-

-

-

-




'

2.70

3
3

-

-

-

5
5

5
5

-

-

"

125
108
94
14
17

109
26
18
g
83

51
41
32
q
10

61
45
45

74
72
72

16

317
283
34
3
10
4
5

266
153
113
69
13
25
2

188
143
45
25
12
1
7

124
66
58
48
10

44
44
-

21
13
8
7

19
3
16
16

-

228
222
6

118
103
15

108
70
38

_
13

_
6

_
15

_
38

278
220
58
37

70
43
27

100
10
90

39
12
27

9
9

17
10
7

172
102
70

_
43

_
27

8
82

27

9

_
7

4
4
4
23
23
23

8
8
3
2
1
1

39
33
6
6

115
94
21
20
1

179
177
2
2

2.30

2.40

2.50

1
1

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

3
3

40
21
12
q
19

45
1
1
44

103
79
60
19
24

139
43
96
2
40
34

282
63
219
32
3
94
60

660
392
268
7
20
13
200

3
3
-

21
18
3

37
33
4

25
9
16

117
38
79

76
63
13

_
17

_
16

70
9

3
3
-

2
2
-

43
43

_

_

-

2.80

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55
47
47

20
1
1

9
9
9

16
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

8

19

-

16

-

-

-

-

-

102
81
21
5
16

103
86
17
17
_

8
7
1
_
1

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

418
270
148
97
24
27

965
431
534
401
83
50

1492
124
1368
635
683
50

331
77
254
198
50
6

341
30
311

1118
14
1104
896
207
1

.
-

16
16
-

55
55
_

_

34
34
_

-

_

_
-

_
-

357
37
320
3
313
4

368
77
291
20
223
48

484 828
27
39
457 789
25 161
356 441
76 187

23
13
10

2
2

15
15

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

62
4

211
122
89
3
65
21

_
_
-

9
1

2
-

15
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

69
61
8
8
_
_

139
40
99
99
-

331
68
263
206
57

17
17
_

70
50
20
20
-

17
16
1
1

-

104 107
5
23
81 102
63
97
18
5
.
1
1
_
_

31
20
11
10

52
31
21
16
4

85
58
27
8
13

2.90

3.50 over

8
3

_

_

21

4

16
5
11
11

29
9
20
20
-

30
10
20
20

4
4
38
3
35
35

31
10
21
21

11
11
11

16
16
17
17
7

-

-

5
5

-

2
2

21
11
10

12
8
4

28
21
7

16
16

49
24
25

2

10

4

7

16

22

5
'

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

-

2.60

2.20

2.10

'

37
18
19
12
6

185
126

61
14
47
30
11

_

_
_
-

2

4

6

2

2

_

.

2

2
2

4
4

6
6

2
2

2
2

-

-

2
2

4
4

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
.

.
_
_

_
_
_

103
58
45
25
19

5
2
3
3

1
1
1
“

3
3
_
_

2
_
2
2
"

2
_
2
2
~

_
.

_
_

'

"

"

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M inn. , January 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1.30 *1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1.80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50
and
and
under
2. 00 2, 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 -2-i_5P- _2 jl6.0_ 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90
1. 10 1.20 1. 30 1.40 1. 50 1. 60 1,70 1. 80
_ i a o _ 3_2 0 _

of

Average
hourly .
earnings4

Shipping cle rk s ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ________________________
W holesale trade _____________ ______

366
207
159
128

$ 2.
2.
2.
2.

Shipping and receivin g cle r k s ---------------M anufacturing ------------------------ -------Nonmanufacturing ___ -______________
W holesale trade ----------------------------

265
137
128
71

2. 52
2. 52
2. 52
2.66

T ru ck d rivers 5 ____ _____________________
M anufacturing -------------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________

3, 571
470
3, 101

2. 82
2. 80
2. 82

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

20

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

1
l

l

W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

’ 617
519

2. 84
2. 70

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
l x/2 tons) -----------------------------------------M anufacturing ------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___ ___________
WViol pqs 1p
R etail trade ___________________

434
144
290
68
162

2. 68
2 .84
2. 60
2. 72
2. 57

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( l x/2 to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
M anufacturing ______ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 __________ ____
W holesale trade ----------------------Retail trade ___________________

1, 840
157
1, 683
1, 267
243
173

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

83
85
83
84
83
70

1, 026
70
956
602
212

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

87
82
88
89
87

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ------------------------------------M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public utilities 3 ______________
T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) ____________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------

workers

192
78
114

2. 73
2. 56
2. 84

W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

924
481
443
231
119
93

2. 58
2.45
2. 72
2.71
2. 71
2. 75

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
fork lift) ------------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
Mnnm anil fa rtnri -njy

364
181
183

1
2
3
4
5

_

_

.

_

.

4

_

9

10

-

-

“

-

-

4
4

-

9
-

10
-

29
10
19
18

45
24
21
20

49
32
17
15

70
30
40
38

54
25
29
20

24
8
16
9

5
4
1
1

11
11

10
8
2
“

1
1
-

22
21
1
'

16
16
-

45
33
12
12

30
18
12
2

39
16
23
21

30
5
25
3

22
22
22

6
1
5
5

_
-

21

9

21

9

43
28
15

29
18
11
11

240
49
191

9

11

-

-

103
3

89
176

2196 305
64 29
2132 276
1679 43
181 233
272
"

106
105
1

17

140
15
125
103
11
11

389
124
265

4

37
16
21
21

78
12
66
22

47
29
18
18

43
15
28
5
20
3

237
35
202
68
134

81
20
61

20
19
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

1

14

9

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

1

14

9

15

17
16
1

4
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

10

9

11

-

-

15
3
12
11
1

7

-

7

-

3
3
-

20
20
20

12
2
10
10

125
12
113
103

7

-

-

-

-

10

1
1

-

-

-

5

2

11
11
11

1277
45
1232
1125
88
19

72
2
70
3
67
-

716 189
8 16
708 173
549 40
17 133

-

-

-

2
2

12
12
-

_
-

9
7
2
2

_
-

_
-

13
13
13

13
13
-

.
-

9
9
-

_
-

_

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

70
70
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

133
11
122
6
111

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28
27
1
1
-

-

7
7
-

-

9
9
-

_
-

-

13
13
13

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
24

-

13
13

-

2
2

71
27
44

48
48

30
8
22

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

8
8

10
10

23
23

7
7

105
101
4

40
40

93
87
6
1
4
1

141
76
.65
61
4

104
54
50

143
12
131
45
45
41

1
1

8
8

13
13

-

-

_
-

1
1
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

50
-

224
38
186
1 24
16
46

_
1

_

_

_

_

_

‘

-

-

-

"

"

-

143

40
38
2

75
63
12

21
15
6

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all d riv e rs r e g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




41
33
8
4

11
11

2. 51
2. 54
2.48

T ru ck ers, pow er (forklift) _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

20
19
1
1

61

65
59
72
68

-

4
1
1

6
6

"

20
20

49
29
20

-

143

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen O ffice W orkers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fic e w o r k e r s , M in n e a p o lis—
St. Paul, M inn. , Jan uary 1963)
O th e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u f a c tu r i ng
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r ss 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

---------------------------------------------------------------

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

----------------------

$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50 ----------------------------------------------------$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 ----------------------------------------------------$ 4 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ----------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50 -------------------------------------------------$ 5 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 -------------------------------------- ----------$ 5 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50 --------------------------------- -------- ----$ 5 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50 ----------------------------------------------------$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00 ---------------------------------- — _________
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 --------------------------------- __ ----------$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ tO . 00 .................................................................
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50 --------------------------------- ---------------$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 00 ___________________________________
O v e r $ 7 5 . 00 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37 Vz

3 8 3/ 4

275

105

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

XXX

127

53

45

74

14

7

_
_
8
14
10
7
5
3

_
1
10
18
18
7
5
3
3
2
3
1
1
1
1

_
1
4
4
2
2
1

_
5
1
1
-

-

-

_
4
1
1

_
7
11
9
6
4
3
_
3
1
1

-

_

_
1
10
26
32
17
12
8
6
2
3
5
1
2
2

-

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s i 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V 2

383/ 4

40

2 75

105

XXX

170

XXX

XXX

XXX

51

139

54

45

85

14

7

61

_
1
9
9
11
4
5
1
2
2
3
1
1
1
1

3
1
24
25
32
13
10
6
8
3
3
4
1
3

_
4
5
15
9
6
4
4

_
3
5
11
8
6
3
4

_
1
1
5
3
1
2
1

_
3
3
1
_
-

-

-

3
1
20
20
17
4
4
2
4
3
2
1
2

-

-

40

-

1
2
1
,1

-

-

3
-

16
10
12
3
4
3
3
2
1
2

3

1
4
1
1

--------- i.---------

60

23

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

82

30

XXX

52

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ----- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

88

29

XXX

59

XXX

XXX

XXX

54

21

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

-

-

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m starting (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r standard w o rk w eek s.
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll stan dard w ork w eek s com bin ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




2

-

-

2

16




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan uary 1963)
P e r c e n t o f m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

A c tu a lly woirking on—

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r other
sh ift w o rk

S econ d sh ift

T o ta l ______________________________________________

93.1

83.2

13.5

2.3

W ith sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l

92.0

83.2

13.4

2.3

70.4

62 .4

11.1

2.1

_____________________

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r)

___________________

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

.5

2.6
1.5
9.1
1.9
16.1
1.0
1.2
2.5
14.8
2.4
3.3
6.0

_
.5
.5
1.8
.5
.1
3.2
.3
.9
.1
1.3
.1
1.5
.2
.3

20.5

19.8

1.9

.1

.1

.8
2.3
13.5
3.2

-

8 p e r c e n t __________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________
I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ______________________________
1 3 p e r c e n t _________________________________

1.8
.8
14.0
.8
3.2
-

O th er sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l _________________

1 .0

1.0

4 ce n ts ____________________________________
5 c e n ts _____________________________________
6 c e n ts ____________________________________
7 ce n ts ____________________________________
8 ce n ts _____________________________________
9 ce n ts ____________________________________
10 c e n ts ____________________________________
11 c e n ts ____________________________________
12 c e n ts ____________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n ts _________________________________
13 c e n ts ____________________________________
14 c e n ts ____________________________________
15 c e n ts ____________________________________
O v e r 15 and un d er 20 ce n ts _____________
20 ce n ts ____________________________________
O v e r 20 ce n ts _____________________________

.8
6.6
2.2
7.0
5.1
.4
24.8
1.3
7.8
.5
5.5

_________________________

__________________________________

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e
5 percen t

6 p e r c e n t __________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n t ia l __________________

-

.8
5.9
1.1

1.0

_

-

(2 )
.9
.2
.7
-

_

-

.2
-

.7
(2 )
-

.1
.5
.2
.3
.1

O

(2)
.1

.3
.2

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e ven though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.

17
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly H ours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M i n n e a p o l is —St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s

--------------

-------------

All
industries 1

------------------------

35 h o u r s ______ — --------------------------------------- —
O v e r 35 and u nd er 37V 2 h o u r s -------------------------3 7 V 2 h o u r s _______________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V 2 and under 383/4 h o u rs -------------------383/4 h o u r s
________ __________________________
O v e r 383/4 and u nd er 40 h o u rs -------------------------40 h o u r s ______________________________________ —
O v e r 40 and under 44 h o u r s ___________________
44 h o u r s __________________________________ ______
45 h o u r s and o v e r _______________________________

100

(5)
1
15
2
8
3
69

(!)

( )
( 5)

plan t

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

(5)
1
10

-

-

-

5
95
-

5'
4
2
89
-

1
3
36
8
24
28
-

4
9
75
( !)
0
( 5)

100
-

Retail trade

Finance34

1 In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
2 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th er public u tilitie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In clu d e s data f o r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




A
U 4

industries*

100
4
3
(5)
90
1
( 5)
2

Wo rk ers

M anufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

8
3
87
1
2

99
1
-

-

3
1
90
5

-

100
-

18
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , M i n n e a p o l is —St. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a ry 1 963)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------- ----------------------

W o rk e rs in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s -------------------------- — ------------- —
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ---------- -----------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3
4

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

100

100

All
x
industries

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

98

100

2

1

(5)

(5)

Manufacturing

All 4
industries

N um ber o f d a y s

3 h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ---------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days -------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 3 h alf days ------ -------------------------7 h olid a y s -----------------------------------------------— ---------7 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ---------------------------------7 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days -------------------- --------7 h olid a y s plus 5 h a lf days -------------------------------8 h olid a y s ------------- ---------------------------------- --------8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day --------------- - -------------8 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days -------------------------------9 h olid a y s ________________________________________
9 h olid a y s plus 2 h alf days -------------------------------10 h olid a y s _______________________________ _____
10 h olid a y s plus 4 h alf days --------------- -------------11 h olid a y s ----------------------------------------------- ---------

38
6
6
(5)
23
4
2
1
9
5
2
(5)
2
1
1
(5)

32
11
7
19
11
3
13
3
1
1

22
62
2
14
-

36
2
12
2
20
4
23
(5)
-

"

-

39
5
10
14
1
4
6
6
7
4
2

( 5)
37
6
8
(5 )
27
9
1
7
1
( 5)
1

18
8
13
27
17
2
13
2

2
2
14
14

1
1

.
2
2

30
60
(5 )
9
-

45
2
12
2
22
1
10
4
-

.

.
4
4
15
17
51
53
98
98

2
72
7
18
1
-

'

14
16
16
78
78
99
99

73
9
11
2
3
1
-

T o ta l h o l i d a y t i m e 6

12 days ------------------------------------------------------ --------11 o r m o r e days -------------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e days ------------------------------------------------9 V2 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------8V2 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e days ----------------------------- ------------------7 l lz o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------6 l /z o r m o r e days
----------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------------3 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------

1
1
4
5
7
12

23
27
56
62
99
99

1
1
1

3
5
21

32
57
68
100
100

-

28
30
62
64

4
6
17
27

100
100

100
100

(?)
( )

20

26
30
31
55
61
100

100

1
1

3
11
20

55
61
99
99

2
2
2

9

17
34
73
82

70
70

100
100

100
100

10
10

1 In clu des data f o r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r exa m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days
with 7 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cum ulated.




1
1

19
26
98
100

in c lu d e s th ose

19

Table B-5.

Paid V acations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i n n e a p o l is —S t. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a r y 196 3)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s

All
industries1

-----------------------------------------------------------

100

PLANT WORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

99
93
6
-

100
88
12
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

( 5)

( 5)

31
9
( 5)
( 5)

38
8
_

19
20
4
-

46
9
_

-

_
6
_
2

81
3
14
( 5)
( 5)
( 5)

84
7
8
1
-

82
_
16
_
_
2

70
_
29
1
_

79
21
_
_

-

-

49
6
42
2
( 5)
( 5)

63
10
22
3
1
-

45
4
49
_
.
2

37
1
61
1

15
_
85
_
_

-

-

5
5
85
2
1
( 5)
( 5)

9
9
74
4
2
1
-

1
1
95
_
_
2

3
3
93
1
_
_

9
8
75
5
3
1

1
1
95
_
_

3
3
93
1

2

-

A
H 4
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

M e t h o d off p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s __________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e paym en t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t --------------------------------------F la t -s u m paym en t ----------------.--------------------------O ther ____ ______ ______ ____ ____ ___________ _
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ________ ____________ ______

99
99
( 5)
( 5)

( 5)

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek _____________________________________ _______
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _______ _____________
2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------

7
40
11
1

5
36
28
1

1
4
2
-

7
26
5
-

25
7
_
-

7
80
4
2

31
( 5)
68
( 5)
( 5)

18
( 5)
81
1
-

80
_
20
_
_

33
_
66
1
_

77
_
23
_
_

3
_
97
_
_

-

-

-

-

5
( 5)
88
6
1
-

7
31
62
_
_

19
_
81
1
_

17
_
83
_
_

99
_
_

-

-

-

-

1
(5)
90
6
2
1
-

_

.

.

99
_

99
1
_
_

100
_
_

99
_
_

-

-

-

-

1
( 5)
89
6
3
1

( 5)

_

.

99
_
_

99
1
_

100
_
_

99
_
_

5
4
86
3
1

-

-

-

-

ft

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w ppV
O v er 1 and Under 2 w e e k s
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w e e k s
O v er 4 w eek s ___________

_____ __ ____________
----------------------------------__________________ ____
________ _____________

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s ______________ ,____ _______________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ------------------ -------------O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s _______________________
O v er 4 w eek s _____________ ______________ __ __

8
5
85
2
( 5)

( 5)

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________________________ _____
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s __ _______________ __
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ___________*______ ____
3 w eek s ____ ,_______________ ____ _______________ _
O v er 3 and und er 4 w e e k s ____
_
O v er 4 w eek s _____________________________________

( 5)
( 5)
97
2
1
( 5)

( 5)

100
_
_

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________
O v er 1 and und er 2 w e e k s _________
2 w eek s _______________________
O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s __
__
3 w eek s _______________________ - ____,______
O v er 3 and und er 4 w e e k s ______________
O v er 4 w eeks ________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le .




.. . ...
....
__ ___

( 5)
( 5)
96
2
1
( 5)

_

100

-

20

Table B-5.

Paid V acations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , M i n n e a p o l is —St. P a u l, M in n ,, J a n u a ry 1963)
P L A N T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O RK ER S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All
industries

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 14
3
2

All
industries *

M anufacturing

Public 7
utilities c

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A m ount of v a c a tio n p a y 6—- —C o ntinu ed
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s ______________________________
2 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________________
O v er 4 w eek s ___________________________________________________

(5)

(5 )

_

_

_

88
7
5

73
15
11
1

99

99
1

96

-

-

(5)
-

.

-

93
7

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

69

34
1
66

39
61

34
10
55

1
81
11
6

2
67
21
9
1

_

_

_

97
1

92

_

98
1
1

-

8

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

37
5
54
1
1

24
10
62
2
2

69
29

34
3
63

62

_

_

-

_

_

-

(*)
( 5)

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w ee k s ______________________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 4 w eek s ___________________________________________________

36
4
59
2

19
2
71
7
1

-

31

-

_

38
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5)

-

2

-

-

17
4
72
7
1

55

20
4
76

37
63

31
5
63

49

67

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
10
71
2
2

14
6
79

-

27
6
65
1
1

48

45

-

(5)

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

-

11

5
3
86
3
3

-

_

.

92

95

88

_

_

_

5
2

-

-

-

-

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________________
3 w eek s _______________ ____________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 4 w eek s ___________________________________________________

30
3
65
2
(5)

-

_

-

_

33
_

_

-

-

_

_

-

2

-

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks
___
___ _________
___
_
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O v er 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v er 4 w eek s ____________________________________ _

5
1
89

5
-

1

87
7
2

-

‘

4

3

15

-

-

-

96

83

89

-

-

-

1
3
90
7

1

2

-

-

7
1
88
2
2

-

-

-

-

(5)

-

5
1
58
1
32
2

51
2
38
3

1

5

12

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s _________________________________________ _
O v er 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O ver 4 w eek s ___________________________________________________

5
_

4

12

11

_

_

_

_

77

60

86

71

-

-

-

-

28
2

20
-

29
-

3
-

29
■

5

4

3

12

11

-

-

-

_

_

_

36

44

29

23

-

-

-

-

54
6

66
-

31
8
54
7

(5)

_

3

46
1
43
6

65

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eek s
__ ____ _ _
___ __
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ______________________________
3 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s ______________________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________________________
O ver 4 w eeks ___________________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

35
3
53
5

53
' 7

53
~

_

5
1
38
(5)
52
2

3
3

3
3
44
1
46
4

1

3

12

_

_

_

61

59

67

-

-

-

38
-

21
-

36
2

1

3

12

_

_

_

30

25

23

_

-

_

66
2

71
"

65
-

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y ,
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv i d u a l p r o ­
v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s
a r e cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




21

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 M in n e a p o lis—
2
St. P aul, M in n., Jan u ary 1963)
O F F IC E W O RK ER S

T y p e of b e n e fit

P L A N T W O RK ERS
Public
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

97

90

93

91

99

78

53

44

35

43

80

46

53

88

95

72

90

84

Manufacturing

Public utilities5

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance4

________

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e -------------- -----------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e ______ __________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 6 ________________ ________

94

96

91

94

85

45

35

38

64

46

73

85

95

70

81

A ll w o r k e r s

________________

___________

A
U

M anufacturing

All
industries

industries5

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g :

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) _________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r io d ) _ __ ___________________

34

54

16

41

57

10

73

89

24

71

65

49

50

89

41

29

46

15

11

25

30

17

3

1

2

8

10

"

11

10

26

13

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __ ----------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ----------------- ------------------No health , in s u r a n c e , o r p en sion plan ____

89
87
79
61
79
1

97
94
82
45
80

93
93
90
48
73
2

68

99
99
99
83
99

87
85
73
23

97
94
80
14
70
2

72
72
65
58
70

91
90
88
28
77

1

70
70
65
70
56
( 7)

62
29
59
71
3

66

2

1

5
70

69
53
27
61
3

1 In clu d e s th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu b lic u t ilitie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In clu d e s data f o r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
6 U nduplica ted to ta l of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to th o s e w hich d efin itely
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n um ber o f d a y s' pay that can be e x p e cte d b y each e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u al b a s is a re exclu d ed .
7 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), c o s t distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss




C —Performs

Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A

—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,

follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B—
Performs o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o ll o w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h •
m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a r y d u t i e s invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE—
Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te a n d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

31
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve

a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e or m ore o f
th e fo l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve
in g :

o n e 'or m ore o f th e f o l l o w ­

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g and r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
T r u c k er , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k er , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r (c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d er l l2 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m

(iy2 to

a n d in c lu d in g

4

WATCHMAN
ton s)

T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tra ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102