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Occupational Wage Survey

MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE
J ANUARY 1 9 6 3

Bulletin No. 1345-36




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE




JANUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-36
April 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The L a b o r M a rk et O ccu p ation al W age Survey P ro g ra m
E ig h ty -tw o la b or m a rk e ts cu rren tly are included
in the B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p ro g ra m of annual o c ­
cupational wage s u r v e y s in m a jo r labor m a r k e ts.
T h ese
stu dies pro vid e data on occupational earnings and related
su p p lem en tary b e n e fits.
Inform ation on related su p p le­
m en ta ry b en efits is obtained biennially in m o st of the labor
m a r k e ts .

Introduction -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age trends fo r se le c te d occupational groups ____________________________
T a b les :
1.
2.

3.
A p r e lim in a r y
rep o rt which p rese n ts earnings
tren ds fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al groups and average e a r n ­
ings in s e le c te d jo b s is r e le a se d within a m onth after the
com p letio n o f the study in each a rea.
This bulletin p r o ­
v id e s additional data not included in the p relim in a ry rep o rt.
A tw o -p a r t su m m a ry bulletin is issu ed a fter the
c o m p letio n of a ll o f the a re a bulletins fo r a round of s u r ­
v e y s (fo r the c u rren t round of su rv e y s, the fir s t part of
this b u lletin w ill be a va ilab le late in 1963 and the second
p art e a r ly in 19 64 ).
The fir s t part p r ese n ts individual
la b o r m a r k e t data.
The second part p rese n ts data r e ­
lating to a ll m e tro p o lita n a re a s in the United States.

A:

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rvey ------------------P e rc e n ts of in c r e a se in standard w eekly s a la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings for selected
occu pation al g rou p s, for se le c te d p erio d s _______________________
Indexes of standard w eekly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r se le c te d occupational groups ______________
O ccupational e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffice occu p ation s— en and w om en --------------------------------------m
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occu p ation s^m en
and w om en ___________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occu p ation s—
m en and w om en com bined ___________________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplant occupations ----------------------------A - 5. C u stodial and m a te r ia l m o v em en t occupations ------------------

Appendix:

This b u lletin was prep ared in the B u re a u 's r e ­
gional o ffic e in A tlan ta, Ga. , by Jam es D . Garland, under
the d ir e c tio n of D onald M . C r u se .
The study was under
the g en era l d ir e c tio n of L o u is B . W oytych, A ssista n t R e ­
gional D ir e c to r fo r W a ges and Industrial R elation s.




1
3

O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s ________________________________________

* NOTE:
S im ila r tabulations are a v a ilab le fo r other
m a jo r a r e a s .
(See in side back c o v e r .)
Union s c a le s , in dicative of prevailin g pay le v e ls ,
a re a lso a v a ilab le fo r the follow ing tra d es or in d u strie s:
Building con stru ction , prin tin g,
lo c a l-t r a n s it
operating
e m p lo y e e s, and m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

2

4
4

5
7
8
9
10
13




Occupational Wage Survey—Memphis, Tenn.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 of 82 labor m ark e ts in which the U .S. D e ­
pa rtm en t of L a b o r 's B ureau of Labor S ta tistics conducts su rvey s of
occu p ation al ea rn in g s and related wage ben efits on an areaw ide b a s is .

O ccupational em p loym en t and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ired to work a reg u lar w eekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h olidays, and
late sh ifts.
N onproduction
bonuses are excluded,
but c o s t -o f living bon u ses and incentive earnin gs are included.
W here w eekly
hours are rep o rted , as for office c le r ic a l occupations, referen ce is
to the w ork sch ed ules (rounded to the n ea re st half hour) for which
s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s are paid; a verage w eek ly earnings for these
occupations have been rounded to the n ea re st half dollar.

This bu lletin p r e se n ts current occupational em p loym en t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtained la rg e ly by m a il fro m the esta b lish m en ts
v isite d by B u reau fie ld e c o n o m ists in the la st p rev iou s su rvey for
occupations r e p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n a l v is its w ere made
to n on respon den ts and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p rev io u s su rvey .
In each a re a , data are obtained fr o m r e p rese n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lish m e n ts within six broad in du stry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; t r a n s ­
portation , com m u n ica tio n , and other public u tilitie s; w h o le sale trade;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce, and rea l esta te; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
in d u stry groups exclu ded fr o m these studies are governm ent o p era ­
tions and the con stru ction and extractive in d u stries. E sta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e sc r ib e d num ber of w o rk ers are om itted
b eca u se they tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em p loym en t in the occu p a­
tions studied to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a re provided
for each of the b road in du stry division s which m eet publication
c r ite r ia .

D iffe re n c e s in pay le v e ls for selec ted occupations in which
both m en and w om en are com m on ly em ployed are la rg ely due to
(1) d iffe re n ce s in the distribu tion of the sex es among industries and
e sta b lish m e n ts; (2) d iffe re n ce s in sp e c ific duties p e rfo rm ed , although
the occupations are ap p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d within the sam e survey
job d e sc rip tio n ; and (3) d iffe re n ce s in length of se rv ic e or m erit
review when individual s a la r ie s are adjusted on this b a sis.
Longer
average s e r v ic e of m en would re su lt in higher average pay when
both sex e s are em p loyed within the sam e rate range.
Job d e s c r ip ­
tions u sed in c la ssify in g em p lo y ee s in these su rvey s are usually
m o re g en e ra liz e d than those used in individual establish m en ts to
allow for m in or d iffe re n ce s among esta b lish m en ts in specific duties
p e rfo rm ed .

T h ese su r v e y s are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y co st in volved in surveying all e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a g re a ter proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, a ll esta b lish m e n ts are given their appropriate weight. E s t i ­
m a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m en ts studied are p r ese n te d , th e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a rea,
excep t for those b elow the m in im u m size studied.
O ccu p ation s

O ccupational em p loym en t e s tim a te s re p re se n t the total in all
e sta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number actu ­
a lly su rvey ed . B eca u se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure among
e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occupational em ploym ent obtained
fr o m the sam p le of e sta b lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate the
rela tiv e im p o rtan ce of the jo b s studied.
T hese d iffe re n ce s in o ccu ­
pational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly affect the a ccu ra cy of the e a rn ­
ings data.

and E a rn in g s

The o ccu p ation s se le c te d for study are com m on to a v a riety
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are of the
follow in g ty p e s: (a) O ffice c le r ic a l; (b) p r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l;
(c) m ain ten an ce and pow erp lan t; and (d) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la ssific a tio n is based on a un iform set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d e sig n ed to take account of inter esta b lish m en t v ariation
in duties within the sa m e jo b . The occupations selec ted for study are
lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. Earnings data for so m e of the
occu pation s lis te d and d e sc rib e d are not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b ec a u se eith er (1) em p loym en t in the occupation is too sm a ll
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it presen tation , or (2) there is p o s s i ­
b ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual esta b lish m en t data.




E sta b lish m en t P r a c tic e s

and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s

Tabu lation s on se le c te d esta b lish m en t p r a ctic e s and su pp le­
m en ta ry wage p ro v isio n s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presen ted in this
bulletin.
In form ation for these tabulations is co llec ted biennially in
this a rea.
T h ese tabulations on m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for in ­
ex p e rie n ce d w om en o ffice w o r k e r s ;
shift d iffe re n tia ls; scheduled
w eek ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s; paid v acation s; and health, in su ran ce,
and pen sion plans are p rese n te d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previou s
b u lletin s fo r this a re a .

i

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e of su rv e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in M e m p h is,
N u m b er o f e sta b lish m e n ts
In d u stry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

b y m a jo r in d u str y d iv is io n , 2 Jan u ary 1963
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts

W ithin sc o p e
of stu d y 1
3
2
4

________________________________________________________

M3
rtn i-i ng
N nnm am ifa rtn ri ng
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
n th ^ f pilhlir nt.ilitipis 56
.........
Wl'ir> p salp trarlp ^
l
. __
R ptai 1 traHp ^
.........
F in a n r
'*1 inpiyrqnrPj anri rpal pstatp
r*p p 7

Tenn,

_ .
___________

......

Studied

W ithin scop e
of study *

Studied

44 0

151

8 4 , 900

51, 380

168
272

58
93

3 8 , 700
4 6 , 200

24 , 49 0
26 , 890

50
77
76
33
36

24
20
21
12
16

10,
8,
15,
5,
6,

800
700
400
200
100

8,
2,
9,
3,
3,

140
940
290
090
43 0

1 The M e m p h is Stan dard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of S h elb y C ou n ty .
The "w o r k e r s within sc o p e of s t u d y " e s t im a t e s show n in
this ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the lab or fo r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y .
Th e e s t im a t e s a r e not
in tend ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n with other e m p lo y m e n t in d e x es fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r le v e ls sin ce
(1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d ed fr o m the sc o p e of the s u r v e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u str ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M an u al w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u str y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts with total em p lo y m en t at
or ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n (50 e m p lo y e e s ).
A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) of
c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts with to ta l em p lo y m e n t (w ithin the area) at or above the
m in im u m lim ita t io n (5 0 e m p lo y e e s ) .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater t ra n sp o r ta tio n w e r e ex clu d e d .
M e m p h is' e l e c t r ic , g a s,
and t r a n s it s y s t e m s a r e m u n ic ip a lly
o p era ted and a r e exclu d ed b y d efin ition f r o m the sc o p e of the stud y.
6 T h is in d u str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b l e s .
S ep a ra te p r e s e n ­
tation o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e
enough data to m e r it se p a r a te stud y, (2) the s a m p le w as not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t or
in adequate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al e sta b lish m e n t data.
'
H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ictu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s ; and en g in eer in g
and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in tab le 2 are p ercen tages of change in a verage
s a la r ie s of o ffic e c le r ic a l w orkers and industrial n u r s e s , and in a v ­
era ge earnin gs of s e le c te d plant w orker groups.

F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in dustrial n u r s e s , the p e r ­
centages of change rela te to average w eekly sa la r ie s fo r n orm al hours
of w ork, that i s , the standard work schedule for which str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid. F o r plant w orker grou ps, they m e a su re changes
in a vera ge s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnin gs, excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late sh ifts. The
p e rc e n ta g e s a re b ased on data for selec ted key occupations and in ­
clude m o st of the n u m e r ic a lly im portant jobs within each group. The
o ffic e c le r ic a l data are b a se d on m en and wom en in the follow ing 19 jo b s :
B oo k k eep in g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s , c la ss B; c le r k s , accounting, c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , f i le , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r ; c le r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m eter o p e r a to r s ; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A and B;
office boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; sten ograp h ers, g en eral; ste n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; sw itch board o p e r a to r s; tabu latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B .
The industrial n u rse data are
b ased on m e n and w om en in du strial n u rse s.
M en in the follow ing
8 sk illed m ain ten an ce job s and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant w ork er data: S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs; e le c tric ia n s; m a c h in ists; m e ­
ch an ics; m e c h a n ic s , autom otive; p a in ters; p ip efitte rs; and too l and
die m a k e r s ; u n sk ille d — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e r s; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.

A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s or average hourly earnings w ere
com puted fo r each of the selec ted occupations.
The average s a l ­




a rie s or hourly earnings w ere then m u ltip lied by em ploym ent in each
of the job s during the perio d su rvey ed in 1961.
T h ese weighted e a rn ­
ings fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate
fo r each occupational group. F in a lly , the ratio (e x p re s s e d as a p e r ­
centage) of the group a ggregate fo r the one y ea r to the aggregate for
the other y ear was com puted and the d iffe re n ce between the result and
100 is the p ercen tage of change fr o m the one p erio d to the other.
The p e rce n ta ge s of change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the effects
of (1) g en eral s a la r y and wage ch an ges; (2) m e r it or other in c re a se s
in pay r ec eiv ed by individual w o rk ers while in the sam e job; and
(3) changes in avera ge w ages due to changes in the labor force
resu ltin g fro m labor tu rn o ve r, fo r c e ex p a n sion s, fo rc e reductions,
and changes in the proportion s of w o rk e rs em p loyed by establish m en ts
with differen t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the labor fo r c e can cause
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the occupational a v era g e s without actual
wage ch an ges.
F o r ex a m p le, a fo rc e expansion m ight in cre ase the
proportion of low er paid w o rk ers in a sp e c ific occupation and lower
the a v e r a g e , w h ereas a reduction in the proportion of low er paid
w o rk ers would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem ent of
a h igh -payin g esta b lish m en t out of an a rea could cause the average
earnings to d rop , even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
esta b lish m en ts in the a rea.
The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the e f ­
fect of changes in the proportion of w o rk ers rep resen ted in each
job included in the data.
The p e rce n ta ge s of change are not in flu ­
enced by changes in standard w ork sch ed ules or in prem iu m pay
for o v e r tim e , sin ce they are b a se d on pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.

The above text r e p r e se n ts the m ethod u sed in com puting a new trend
s e r ie s (table 2).
T h is se r ie s , initiated with the expansion of the labor m ark et
wage su rvey p ro gram to 80 Standard M etropolitan S ta tistica l A r e a s , w ill rep lace
the old s e r ie s (1953 b ase) shown in table 3. Changes in the job s su rvey ed and
job d escription s since the start of the old s e r ie s called fo r a reexam in ation of
the jobs and job groupings fo r which trends w ere to be com puted.
The new s e r ie s co v ers the sam e job groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
with ihe follow ing excep tion s: The c le r ic a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s, fo r m e r ly
r e stric te d to w om en, now include both m en and w om en . Changes w ere a lso m ade
in the jobs included within job groupings in o rd er that an identical lis t could
be em ployed in all a r e a s .




T a b le 2 . P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e in sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -t im e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in M e m p h is , T e n n . ,
fo r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s
J a n u a ry 1962
to
J a n u a ry 19 63

In d u str y and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

Janu ary I9 60
to
J a n u a r y 1961

J an u ary 1961
to
J a n u a ry 1962

A l l in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) -------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p lant (m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------------------

2. 3
3 .9
3. 5
3. 0

5 .7
2. 3
4 .9
7. 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) -------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p lan t (m e n ) ----------------------------------------- -----------------------

1. 7

7. 4

C )

(M

(M

3. 5
2. 5

4. 0
4 .6

5. 0
3. 7

1

4.
4.
4.
2.

3 .9

D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T a b le 3. In d ex e s o f sta n d a r d w e e k ly s a la r i e s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in M e m p h is , T e n n . ,
J a n u a r y 196 3 and J a n u a ry 19 62
(J a n u a ry 1 9 5 3 = 1 0 0 )
In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) _________________________________________
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (w om en ) ------------------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p lan t (m en) ----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu r in g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) -------------------------------------------------------------In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w om e n ) -------------------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ) _____________________________________
U n s k ille d p lan t (m en ) -----------------------------------------------------------------

D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

Jan u ary 1963

7
2
2
0

Jan u ary 19 62

142. 6
1 5 5 .4
153. 4
1 5 5 .6

13 8.
149.
148.
149.

5
6
6
2

142. 5

141. 3

(M
146. 1
144. 4

(M
141. 5
140. 8

5

A: Occupational Earnings
Tabic A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn., January 1963)
Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of •

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF —

(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Weekly

30.00 35.00 *40.00 *45.00 *50.00 *55.00 *60.00 *65.00 *70.00 *75.00 *80.00 *85.00 *90.00 * 95.00 foaoo 105.00 i i a o o 11500 *120100 *12500 *3aoo 135.00 140100
and
and
under
35.00 40 .00 45 .0 0 50.00 55.00 60.00 6 5 .00 70 .0 0 75.00 80 .00 85.00 90 .00 95.00 iocloo 105t00 11CL00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130LOO 1 3 5 l 14GL00 over
OO

Men
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ____________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

156
96
60

40 .0
40 .0
40 .5

$106.50
110.50
100.50

-

-

-

-

-

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

69
31
38

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

88.00
90.00
86.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

108
85

40 .0
40 .0

87.00
88.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
5

Office boys _________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

54
28
26

39.5
40 .0
39.0

56.00
53.00
59.00

_
-

_
_

4
_
4

18
10
8

13
8
5

8
8

T abulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss A _________________________

33

40 .0

104.00

.

.

.

.

T abulating-m achine o p erators,
c la ss B ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

41
31

39.0
39.0

84.50
82.00

“

-

_

_

2
2

87
36
51

40.0
40 .0
40 .0

61.00
50750"
61.50

1

-

-

-

11

16
4
12

1

-

34
24
10

1

-

22
8
14

1

-

1

-

1

1

1

-

9
9

9
9

1
1

5
5

14
14

1
1

2
2

3

4

3

13

12

1

1

.

76
11
65

62
2
60

21
11
10

18
6
12

9
6
3

10
4
6

9
3
6

3
3

-

C le r k s, o rd er _________________
Nonmanufacturing _________

2

-

11
7
4

16
7
9

9
3
6

15
7
8

5
4
1

10
6
4

10
6
4

14
12
2

10
10

5
2
3

2
2

-

11
3
8

10
_
10

12
8
4

4
2
2

4
2
2

_
_

-

12
7
5

5
2
3

12
7

2
2

4
2

10
9

11
10

7
6

13
7

12
11

18
17

_

4
1
3

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
-

2

"

"

-

5
1
4

1

4

1

1

1

5

6
6

“

4
2

12
11

6
5

1
-

2

-

-

2

_

_
_

-

-

2

10
6
4

24
17
7

6
3
3

7
3
4

5
5
-

2
1
1

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

11
8

-

-

-

1

3

1

8

5

2

2
1

2
2

1
1

1

-

"

-

2

4
1

“

“

"

W om en
B ille r s , m achine (billing m a c h i n e ) _____
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

11

-

-

-

-

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
62
59

39.5
39.5

59.00
57.50

38

39.5

75.50

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators,
c la ss B ------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

313
53
260

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

60.00
58700"
58.50

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ____________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

179
53
126

40.0
40 .0
40 .0

87.00
95.00
83.50

C le r k s, accounting, c la s s B ____________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

626
134
492

39.5
40 .0
39.5

63.50
57750"
62.50

_

C lerk s, file , c la ss B _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

153
140

39.5
39.5

C lerk s, file , c la ss C _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

122
102

C lerk s, ord er ______________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

171
44
127

Nonmanufacturing _____________________

4
4

.
"

8
8

6
6

B ookkeeping-m achine op era to rs,

See footnote at end of table.




_

6

24
24

75
7
68

_

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

18

-

-

-

-

6

-

18

15
2
13

11
1
10

10
5
5

27
5
22

19
9
10

18
3
15

8
7
1

5
5

-

-

10
5
5

14
2
12

5
4
1

_

69

-

_

1
1

6
2
4

4
1
3

1

_

_

_

1

-

44
12
32

34
14
20

26
5
21

10
7
3

4
3
1

12
1
11

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

9
3
6

_

69

79
28
51

_

-

-

94
20
74

2

-

4

119
29
90

2

-

-

114
12
102

4

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

61.50
62.00

_

_

35
33

25
20

14
11

12
9

5
5

12
12

7
7

4
4

4
4

2
2

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

13
13

_

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

39.5
39.5

47.50
47.50

4
4

2
2

24
24

33
22

56
47

1
1

1
1

1
1

40 .0
39.5
40.0

66.50
71.00
65.00

_

_

_

17
9
8

30
4
26

39
7
32

14
9
5

1
1
-

2
1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

4

-

35
6
29

_

-

2
2

22

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

"

“

4

~

"

-

“

-

"

4

-

22

-

_

-

6
Table A -l.

Office Occupations—Men and W o m e n ----- Continued

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M em phis, T en n ., January 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage
Number
of

s
S
$
S
s
s
$
S
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 *75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *95.00 100.00 1*05.00 *10.00 115.00 1*20.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
and
13 (LOU135.00 1AQJQ over
35.00 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85,00 90.00 95,00 100.00 1Q5JIQ 110.00 115 JO 1 2QJ.Q

J
$
30.00 35.00 40 .00 45.00

hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

195
100
95

39.5
39.5
40.0

$72.00
75.50
68.50

_
_

4
_

_

_

_

4

2

5

32
18
14

12
3
9

16
6
10

14
11
3

21
10
11

27
15
12

13
3
10

12
9
3

13
10
3

14
10
4

3
2
1

4
2
2

184
165

39.5
40.0

66.00
64.00

_

_

11
11

11
11

14
14

14
13

52
47

27
27

18
17

4
4

6
5

10
6

3
2

8
6

2
2

4

-

-

____________________________

"

-

-

Keypunch op erators, c la ss A -----------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________________________

64
43

39.5
39.5

72.00
68.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

20
15

18
17

8
6

2

-

5
2

5
1

3
-

2
1

Keypunch op erators, c la ss B ____________

170
32
138

39.0
40.0
39.0

61.50
69.00
59.50

_
_

_

18
_
18

11

15
10
5

15
1
14

2

2

-

-

-

2

2

7
4
3

-

_

-

7
3
4

3

_

26

24
3
21

_
_

11

34
5
29

32

Nonmanufacturing ______________________

3

-

-

-

-

71
65

40.0
40.0

55.50
56.00

_

_

_

Nonmanufacturing ______________________

-

-

19
17

18
14

5
5

23
23

3
3

3
3

558
178
380
43

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

79.50
84.50
77.00
94.00

_

_

1

7

28

Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public u tilit ie s 2
... .

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

1

7

28

37
9
28

44
12
32

67
21
46
-

69
19
50
4

68
24
44
4

40
16
24
7

29
7
22
7

28
6
22
4

31
15
16
9

22
11
11
5

21
5
16
2

9
8
1
-

2
2
-

Stenographers, general __________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________
Public utilities 2 _________________________

486
171
315
43

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.5

68.00
68.50
68.00
94.00

-

-

Stenographers, senior --------------------------------------Manufacturing _________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

102
39
63

39.5
39.5
39.5

91.50
94.00
89.50

_
-

-

-

Switchboard operators ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

133
115

41.5
41.5

50.50
48 .00

22
22

18
18

Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists ____
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

174
60
114

40.0
39.5
40.0

66.00
66.00
66.00

_
-

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss B ____________________________________
Nnnmannfarfnring

36
30

38.5
38.5

75.50
75.00

Tabulating-m achine op erators,
c la ss C ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

29
28

39.0
39.0

68.50
68.50

Tran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators,
general ____________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

203
42
161

40.0
40.0
40.0

62.50
59.00
63.50

_
_
-

T yp ists, c la ss A __________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ______________________

162
35
127

39.5
40.0
39.5

65.50
79.50
62.00

_

_

_

-

-

T yp ists, c la ss B __________________________
Mannfarturing
Nnnmannfarturing
....

412
109
303

40.0
40.0
39.5

54.00
56.50
53.00

_
_

_

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Women— Continued

Nonmanufacturing

_

-

2

5

_

-

1

_

-

-

50
19
31
1

-

4
4
-

50
17
33
1

75
13
62
1

78
36
42
-

75
32
43
3

43
16
27
3

50
21
29
-

38
20
18
6

21
10
11
1

3
3
-

-

19
2
17
-

10
1
9
8

1
1
1

13
13
13

6
6
6

_

_

_

-

4

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

5
1
4

7
1
6

9
2
7

19
2
17

17
12
5

11
10
1

11
4
7

10
3
7

4
1
3

26
26

16
14

9
5

6
6

6
5

5
4

8
5

3
2

6
1

1

-

-

-

"

6
6

-

“

"

_
-

_
"

32
7
25

22
9
13

24
10
14

35
14
21

7
3
4

15
7
8

2
1
1

3
3

6
4
2

-

-

15
4
11

"

3
1
2

_

-

_

_

-

4
4

1
1

7
3

4
4

10
10

3
3

4
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

12
12

1
1

3
2

_
_

_

33
11
22

29
9
20

54
11
43

45
3
42

15
3
12

13
1
12

1
_
1

1
1
~

_

-

9
3
6

_

-

_
_

15

18

37
3
34

18
6
12

16
3
13

5
5
-

11
2
9

_

15

27
3
24

18

-

4
4
-

6

_

18

120
30
90

114
31
83

47
21
26

10
3
7

10
8
2

1

18

86
16
70

-

6

_

1

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

3
2
1
-

-

i
i
_

-

-

-

-

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
1
1

“
1
1

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

“

"

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

10
10

-

"

-

-

"

-

'

-

-

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

"

“

-

_

5
5
-

6
4
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours,
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




1
-

~

-

-

-

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M em phis, Tenn. , January 1963)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

N UM BER OF W O RK ERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
~
and
~
■
“
~
65. 00 7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 over

$
Weekly
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$

$

Men

.

_

.

2

2

“

"

"

“

-

1
1

_

_

"

“

8
8

5
4

3
3

2
2

1
1

1

.

7

2

2

3

D raftsm en , senior ________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

43
34

40. 0
40. 0

$ 1 2 3 .0 0
128. 00

D raftsm en , junior ___________________
Manufacturing -------------------------------

31
28

40. 5
40. 5

85. 50
87. 00

6
4

29

3 9 .5

92. 50

.

3

___
-----

.
"

6
4

4
4

1
-

_

•

4
4

1
1

1
1

_

2

.

.

6

6

6

6

_

_

.

"

"

3

6

5
5

1

________

“

-

_

.

1
1 Standard hours r efle ct the workweek for which employees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 7 at $ 175 to $ 180; and 1 at $ 180 to $ 185.




28
8

.

W omen

N u r se s, in du strial (registered )

1
-

-

-

-

-

8
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M em phis, Tenn. , January 1963)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

weekly

j

Number
of

Occupation and industry division

(Standard)

earnings 1
(Standard)

$ 6 3 .5 0
k? 50
64. 00

184
165

$ 6 6 . 00
64. 00

53
62
59

59. 00
57. 50

64
43

72. 00
68. 50

44
26

78. 00
81. 50

319
59
260

60. 50
68. 50
58. 50

335
149
186

96. 00
1 0 5 .0 0
89. 00

695
165
530

66. 00
71. 50
64. 00

153
140

61. 50
62. 00

124
104

48. 50
48. 50

Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

279
67
212

74. 50
75. 00
74. 50

Stenographers, senior
Ivlanufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

206
To?
100

73. 50
77. 00
69. 50

Switchboard operators
Nonxrianu.factu.ring

94
Nonmanufacturing

•

----------------------------

, . ^^
u

c u

A

g

-------------------------------------8
C/i * s , accounting, c la ss
--— -—
-—
Manufacturing _______________________________________
iNonmanuiacturing —-------- —------- —...........
C lerk s, accounting, c la ss o --- ----------- -—

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, class B
Manufacturing

gi k

a

Ma u ctu
g
JNonmanulacturmg

,

C le r k s file , c la ss B
Nonmanufacturing

_________________
---- . . . . . . . . . —

C
*
.

file
N^nmanufacturing

........ ............ ............
-------------------------------------------------------

Keypunch operators, class B _________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________________
Nnnmanufa ctu ring

173
32
141

61. 50
6 9 .0 0
59. 50

Office boys and girls
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

__________

125
34
91

55. 50
52. 50
56. 50

C rrataripa
Jp

.... _
_
__ _
________ _________

565
180
385
48

80.
85.
77.
96.

00
00
50
50

t gpnpr al
_
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
Public utilities 2 _________________________________

489
171
318
46

68.
68.
68.
95.

50
50
00
00

_
___ ____
.... - ______
----------------------------

107
40
67

92. 00
94. 00
90. 50

____ ___________

133
115

....

-

. ..

__ ____ ...
------------------------------___ __

Earnings relate to regular stra igh t-tim e weekly salarie s that are paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




______________________

------------------------------............
-....

Ivlanufacturing
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2

Number
of

earnings 1
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

Office occupations

Occupation and industry division

50. 50
48. 00

----------------------------------------------------------------------------Tabulating-m achine o p erators, c la ss A ----------Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss B ----------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C ----------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------T ran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general --------Manufacturing --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Typists, class A __________________________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

168
41
127

Switchboard o p er a to r -r ec ep tio n ists
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

-------------------------------------------------------------Typists, class B ---------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------Public u tilities 2 ----------------------------

174
60
114

$ 6 6 . 00
66. 00
66. 00

36

1 0 2 .5 0

77
61

80. 50
78. 50

33
30

67. 50
68. 00

203
42
161

62. 50
59. 00
63. 50

441
122
319
31

’

67. 00
82. 00
62. 00
56.
57.
55.
82.

00
50
50
00

P rofession al and technical occupations

---------------------------------------------------------------D raftsm en, j u n i o r _______________ _
Manufacturing --------------------------------N u rses, industrial (registere d ) -------------------

D raftsm en, senior
Manufacturing

47
38

125. 00
1 3 0 .0 0

31
28

85. 50
87. 00

29

92. 50

9
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

C arp en ters, m aintenance
Manufacturing ..
Nonmanufacturing .......

Number
of
workers

83
40
43

..

Average
hourly j
earnings

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Under 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30
and
$
1. 10 under
1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0

$ 2 .4 0
2. 26
2. 52

15
10
5

10
7
3

-

161
153

E n gin eers, stationary
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing

129
84
45

2 .6 2
2 .7 5
2. 37

2
2

-

F ir e m e n , stationary b oiler ______________
Manufacturing __________________________

160
138

1. 59
1. 55

-

___________

118
72
46
39

1. 83
1.7 3
1. 98
2. 13

4
4

127
127

2 .8 8
2. 88

M ech an ics, automotive
(maintenance) _____________________________
Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing
Public u tilities 5 ___________________

384
91
293
257

2. 76
2. 37
2 .8 8
2. 97

M ech anics, m aintenance
Manufacturing

664
646

2 .6 9
2 .7 0

-

-

-

-

2 .9 7
2799“

H e lp e r s, m aintenance trades
Manufacturing
Nonmarmfartnring
'Public litilities ®

M ach in ists, m aintenance _________________
Manufacturing __________________________

"

3
3

1
1
-

7
4
3

1
1
-

3
3

10
7
3

-

12
10

-

3
3

5
'4~

1
1

1
1

2
2

4
4

5
5

4
4

5
----- 3
2

5
5
-

4
4

9
4
5

6
~

_

_

_

■

4
4

23
10
13
13

6
6
g
13
13

4
4

3
3

11
11
-

-

_
-

4
4
-

56
52

6
6

33
33

5
5

6
5

~

6
~

6
4

10
10

17
5
12
12

_

3
3

23
23

13
13

1
1

2
2^

-

'

'

'

"

"

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

'

‘

4
~

-

“

_

_

_

_

_

”

~

“

~

~

4
4

7
7

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2. 28
2. 32

2

P a in ters, m aintenance ________________________
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing . ... .

73
44
29

2. 37
2. 57
2. 07

-

P ip efitte rs, m aintenance
Manufacturing

99
99

3. 02
3. 02

T ool and die m ak ers
Manufacturing

69
69

3
1
2
-

17

17
f2

17
16

2
2

_

_

~

“

4
4

6
6

-

6
2
4

_

_

-

17
4

1
-

-

1

-

15
12

_

3
3

.

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

.

“

“

-

71
69

“

5
5

8
8

1
1

14
14

9
2
7
3

5
4
1
1

4
3
1
1

33
33

30
30

13
...T3

36
30
6

7
6
1
1

15
15

50
50

22
22

18
18

-

3. 13
" i i r

O ile r s _________________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

"

2. 80

_

3. 00

3. 50 over

6
5
1

1
1
“

4
4

2
----- 2
■

6
26

9
9

2

6
4

11
8

61
61

17
17

_

_

-

-

3 22
22

15
15
-

15
7
8

5
4
1

10
9
1

8
7
1

_
-

_
-

-

3
3

-

16
4 15
1

7
7

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

“

-

-

31
31

25
25

"

-

11
11

17
9
8
8

25
10
15
15

3

-

-

-

-

17
151
15 T 4 9

34
34

_

20
20

_

T~

-

8

1
1

9
9

4
4

2
2

7
4
3
2

37
5
32
30

33
-

-

33
25

160
160

28

40
40

59
— 55“ '

3

2
-

1
1

2
2

77
77

34
34

-

3
3

"

■

.

-

~

30
30

13
13

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

14
13
1

1
1
-

_
-

5
5

_
-

1
1

42
42

2
2

1
1

16
16

_

1
1

4
4

3
3

21
21

8
8

3
3

2
2

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

13
13

3
3

16
16

_

-

5
5

2
2
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

-

1
1
-

15
15
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

_

_

"

~

33
33

_

“

1
1

_

-

1
1

1
1

-

8
8

7
7

_

160

.

8
8

.

3 .4 0

-

2
2

9
9

3. 30

8
g

T~

~

3. 20

5
1
4

1
1

-

3. 10

3
3

-

-

4
----- i ~

2. 90

7
7

E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 5 at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70; and 1 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 10 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60; 1 at $ 3. 70 to $ 3. 80; 2 at $ 3. 80 to $ 3. 90; and 2 at $ 4 . 10 to $ 4 . 20.
T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 3. 60 to $ 3. 70.




2. 70

4
4

~

-

2. 90
2. 90 "l

127
127

2. 60

2
1
1

3
"

_

M illw rights _________________________________
Manufacturing __________________________

2. 50

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50
and

5
5

-

E le c tr ic ia n s, m aintenance _______________
Manufacturing
_ _

2 .4 0

_

7
7

7
7

4
4

33
33

4
4

.

6 27
27

10
Table A -5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn., January 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING ST RAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
Average $0.30 $0.4 0 $0.5 0 $0.60 $0.70 $0.80 $0.90 $1.00 1.10 $1.20 $ 1.30 1.40 $ 1.50 $ 1.60 $ 1.70 $ 1.80 $ 1.90 $ 2.0 0 $ 2.10 $ 2.20 $ 2.3 0 $ 2.40 $ 2.50 $ 2.6 0 $ 2.80 $ 3.0 0
h
ourly
earnings 2 and
and
under
.80
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1 0 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.6 0 2.8 0 3.00 over
.70
.60
.50
.40

Elevator op erators, passenger
(men) __________________________ _____ —
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

41
41

$ 0 .8 0
.80

-

Elevator op erators, passenger
(women) ___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

111
111

.78
.78

30
30

Guards and watchmen __ ------- -------------Manufacturing ----- -------- ------------- —
Guards _____ ________________________
Watchmen ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

316
156
71
85
160

1.52
1.80
2.49
1.22
1.24

Janitors, p orte rs, and clean ers
(men) _______________________ _____________
Manufacturing _________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________

1, 027
418
609
75

1.37
1.58
1.21
1.67

Janitors, p orters, and clean ers
(women) ___________________ _____________
Manufacturing _____________________ —
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________

338
79
259
28

L ab ore rs, m aterial handling -----------------Manufacturing _______ _____ _____ —
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 3 ___________________

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

40
40

4
4

20
20

14
14

1
1

3
-

2
-

7
-

6
-

128
53

31
23

8
-

-

3

2

7

6

53
75

23
8

13
_
13
"

12
_
12

24
_
24

30
_
30

8
8

132
_
132

190
60
130
17

17
17

83
83

3
3

-

-

"

"

"

“

“

“

29
29
“

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
1

.
-

_
-

12
12

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

"

12
12

2
2

-

-

.
-

8
-

8
-

-

8

8

_
-

15
_
15
-

1.05
1.41
.94
1.35

-

1, 697
1, 016
681
265

1.68
1.61
1.79
2.37

Order fille r s __ ____________ — _________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

817
119
698

1.65
1.83
1.62

P ackers, shipping (men) _________________
Manufacturing _______ _________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

391
108
283

1.89
2.0 5
1.83

_
-

P ackers, shipping (women) --------- --------Manufacturing _______ __ --------------------

120
117

1.39
1.40

Receiving clerk s ___________ _____________
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

161
45
116

1.85
1.93
1.82

Shipping clerk s ______ ________________ __
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing __ _________________

135
56
79

Shipping and receiving clerk s ___________
Manufacturing _________________ ______

70
51

See footnotes at end of table,




-

19
19

_

_

.
-

-

-

-

-

8

12
10
4
6
2

1
1

193
117
76

26
10
16
7

20
9
11
“

96
9
87
9

58
49
9
"

29
7
22
15

410
254
156
28

174
104
70
“

5
5

2
2

6
4
1
3
2

8
7
7
1

1
1

25
25

_

_

-

-

74
31
43
24

88
70
18
1

51
22
29
-

19
4
15

19
19
“

1
1
1

40
22
18
16

18
11
7
5

31
28
3
1

2
1
1
1

"

2
2

3
3
“

2
2
“

“

4
1
3
3

”

9
9
-

“

~

87
77
10

115
37
78

193
183
10

“

~

95
80
15
2

34
2
32

"

92
69
23
1

"

10
3
7
“

7
6
1
“

82
36
46
27

49
29
20
19

1.98
2.22
1.82

_

_

2.08
2.10

_

_

-

_

25
22
22
3

22
22
22
"

5
5
-

15
15
■

3
3
3

~

-

“

1
1
-

~

"

“

99
45
54
54

28
28
18

67
67
-

2
2
~

5
5
-

“

133
17
116
116

79
79

7
6
l

2
2

16
4 16

'

-

37
8
29

239
6
233

49
29
20

25
25

48
6
42

37
37

18
3
15

18
18

5
5

39
8
31

1
1
-

.

_
-

_
-

1
1

33
12
21

23
11
12

19
3
16

94
26
68

24
10
14

8
2
6

54
4
50

7
7

14
14

_
-

-

1
1

-

-

-

16
14
2

76
4
72

1
1
“

20
5 20
-

_

_

3

-

56
56

28
28

2
2

"

3
3

28
28

15
2
13

32
13
19

12
2
10

11
2
9

25
7
18

14
4
10

9
9

11
6
5

3
3

4
1
3

1
1
-

13
5
8

1
1
-

2
2

2
1
1

10

5
2
3

14
14

2
2

2
2

-

1

8
7

3
1

1

.

2

“

-

3

1

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

1

_

-

-

18

-

-

-

18

25
6
19

10
3
7

18
8
10

10

8
8
-

9
7
2

8
1
7

5
5
■

-

1
-

4
4
4
-

76
22
54

-

_

_

121
14
107

-

-

_
-

"

11
11
11
-

-

-

-

-

3
-

-

-

_

-

_

_
-

-

2
2

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

12
3

14
14

2
2

2
2

12
12

5
5

-

4
1

-

“

“

-

"

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material M ovement Occupations— Continued

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Memphis, Tenn. , January 1963)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RE CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN INGS OF—

Occupation 1 and industry d ivision
5
4
3
2

T r u c k d r iv e r s6 -------------------------------------------Manufacturing ----------------------------------------

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
1 V 2 tons) ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

T ru ck d rivers, m edium ( 1 V 2 to and
including 4 tons) -------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------- —
*PiiKl i C u.L.111 L c o
XHJ. D ll r> n f i 1i f i la g ^

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------U n K l i r n f i 1i t i a c ^

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra ile r type) --------------------------

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) ----------------------------Manufacturing -------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

T ru ck ers, pow er (other than
forklift) ______________________ ____________ __________
Manufacturing ------ ----------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

2, 001
466
1, 535
852

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
a
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
A
verage $
hourly , 0. 30 0. 40 0. 50 0. 60 0. 70 0. 80 0. 90 1 .0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 *1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 80 3. 00
earnin
gs
and
and
under
. 50
. 70
. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 .6 0 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 80 3. 00 over
.4 0
.6 0
■ 80

$2.
1.
2.
2.

15
63
30
86

312
48
264

2.
1.
2.
2.

16
62
34
83

752
69
683
421

2.
1.
2.
2.

48
64
56
88

183

1.

1 . 82
1 .9 5
1 . 62
1 .4 3

125
122

2. 50
2. 53

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

“

“

12
12

“

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

32
32

216
29
187

140
68
72

52
39
13

136
7
129

16
16

21
18
3

278
210
68

33
27
6

17
17

4
3
1

-

9
4
5

2
1
1

-

-

1
1

68
68

6
6

-

~

5
2
3

12
12

16
16

41
41

7
7

17
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

71
6
65

76
23
53

12
6
6

2
2

4
4

9
9

81
23
58

44
25
19

35
28
7

87
2
85

"

4
3
1

-

6
5
1
1

"

l

\

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

64

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

64

-

5
5
-

47
5
42

-

-

11
11

20
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

158

,

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
19
21
13

152
46
106
103

-

54
28
26

-

-

25
13
12

14
14

-

-

31
31

-

-

7
7

-

■-

24
24

-

-

43
42
1

10
9
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2

11
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s : 3 at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50; and 13 at $ 3. 50 to $ 3. 60.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 3 .2 0 to $ 3 . 3 0 ; and 14 at $ 3 .9 0 to $ 4 .
Includes all d riv ers r eg a r d le ss of size and type of truck operated.




-

86

596
362
234
137

-

1 .4 9
1 .4 5
1. 50

754
190
564
380

-

12
-

12

7
7

4
4

56
56
50

68
16
52

105
7
98

800
800
800

1
1

-

3
3

25
25

49

16
16

-

49
49

“

-

-

-

330

-

-

-

330
330

8
4
4

6

421

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

52

92

421
421

-

-

-

-

-

1

24

-

29
9
20
2

14
14

-

24
24

1
1

31
31

-

3

52

9
3
6

-

92

-

78
62
16

32
16
16
16

4
4

3
3

-

3
3

37
37

23
23

9
9

-




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
13

14

C L E R K , A C C O U N T I N G -C o n t i n u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




C L E R K , ORDER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class yl—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by die following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A—
Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources e r responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
r
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayout, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

19

M A C H I N I S T , M A I N T E N A N C E —C o n tin u e d

M IL L W R I G H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of-mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

20

P I P E F I T T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E -C o n t i n u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E - C o n t i n u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




21

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

22

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (l /2 to and including 4 tons)
l
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102