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Occupational Wage Survey
o

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA
JANUARY 196H

Bulletin No. 1345-34




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
BU REA U O F LABO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA




JANUARY 1963

Bulletin No. 1345-34
April 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LABOR STA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

Fo r sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing O ffic e , W ashington 2 5 , D.C .

Price 2 5 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The L a b o r M a rk et O ccu p a tio n a l W age S u rvey P r o g r a m

In trod u ction ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ----------------------------------------

E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts cu r re n tly are in clu d ed
in the B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual o c cu p a tion a l w age su r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts.
T h e se
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l earn in gs and r e la te d
s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits .
In form a tion on rela ted s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e fits is ob ta in ed b ien n ia lly in m o s t o f the la b o r
m a rk ets.

T a b le s :
1.
2.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u rv e y ____________
P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t -tim e h ou rly earn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s, fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -------------------------------3. In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p s --------------------

A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w hich p re se n ts ea rn in g s
tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s and a v e ra g e e a r n ­
in gs in s e le c t e d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f the study in each a r e a .
This bu lletin p r o v id e s a d d ition a l data not in clu d ed in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t .

A.

A tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is is su e d a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the a r e a bu lletin s fo r a round o f s u r v e y s (fo r the c u r r e n t round o f s u r v e y s , the fir s t p a rt o f
th is b u lle tin w ill b e a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the se co n d
p a rt e a r ly in 1964).
The f ir s t p a rt p r e se n ts in dividu al
la b o r m a r k e t data.
The secon d p a rt p r e se n ts data r e la tin g to a ll m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s in the United States.

B:

T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u re a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in San F r a n c is c o , C a lif., by R o b e rt L. O r r ,
u n der the d ir e c t io n o f W illia m P. O 'C o n n o r.
The study
w as u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f John L. Dana, A s s is ta n t
R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In du stria l R e la tio n s .




ta bu la tion s

are

5
5

10
12
13

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l . M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e r s —
E -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ____________________________________________
B -3 . S ch edu led w eek ly h ou rs _____________________________________
B -4 . P aid h olid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . P aid v a c a tio n s ------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . H ealth, in su r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans ----------------------------------

15
16
17
18
19
22

a v a ila b le

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip tio n s --------------------------------------------------------

fo r oth er

m a jo r

areas.

(See

C u rren t r e p o rts on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r a c t ic e s
in the San F r a n c is c o — akland a r e a a re a ls o a v a ila b le fo r the m a ch in e ry in d u str ie s
O
(M a r ch 1962) and w o m e n 's and m i s s e s ' c o a ts and suits (A u gu st 1962).
Union
s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a re a v a ila b le fo r the fo llo w in g tra d e s
o r in d u s tr ie s : B uilding c o n s tr u c tio n , prin tin g, lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - l . O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — en and w om en ------m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — en
m
and w om en __________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en co m b in e d -------------------------------------------------A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s ------------------- *____
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s ___________

A p p en dix:

* N O T E : S im ila r
in sid e ba ck c o v e r . )

1
4

6
10

23




Occupational Wage Survey—San Francisco—Oakland, Calif.

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U .S . D e ­
p a rtm en t o f L a b o r 's B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u rv e y s
o f o c c u p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d w age ben efits on an a re a w id e
b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e re obtain ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u ­
reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p re s e n ta tiv e esta b lish m en ts w ithin s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an ufacturin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tion , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il trad e; fin a n ce,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jor in d u stry g rou p s
e x clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e g ov ern m en t o p e ra tio n s and the c o n ­
str u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lish m en ts having fe w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o rk e r s are o m itted b e c a u s e they
tend to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied to
w a rra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te tabu lation s a re p ro v id e d fo r ea ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m eet p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese occu p a tion s have
b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls fo r s e le c t e d occu p a tion s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a re la r g e ly due to
(1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in d u stries and
e sta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , although
the occu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e su rvey
jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju sted on this b a s is .
L on ger
a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e su lt in h igh er a v e ra g e pay when
both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ithin the sam e rate ra n g e.
Job d e s c r ip ­
tion s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in in dividu al e sta b lis h m e n ts to allow fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo rm e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m ple b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e stim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in all
esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a c ­
tu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
a m on g e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts studied s e r v e on ly to in d i­
ca te the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h ese d iffe r e n c e s
in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
ea rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c) m a in ten a n ce and p o w erp la n t; and (d) cu s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o ccu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o sm a ll
to p r o v id e en ough data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , or (2) th ere is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l esta b lish m en t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) on s e le c te d
esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry b en efits as they rela te to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n ctio n s, and ex clu d es a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e , e x e cu tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P lan t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding
le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tion e m p lo y e e s who a re u tiliz e d as a sep a ra te w o rk fo r c e a re e x ­
c lu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa c­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed as plant w o r k e r s in n onm an ufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and earn in gs data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ire d to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te
sh ifts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u se s a r e ex clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g bon u ses
and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d ed .
W h ere w eek ly h ou rs a r e r e ­
p o r te d , a s fo r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (table B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m en ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e se n te d in te r m s o f esta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .
1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to m an u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T his in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p r e se n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
tu ally e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In
e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plyin g to a
m a jo r ity was u sed o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u se d .
In esta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e la t e shift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s.
The sch ed u led h ours (ta ble B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the f i r s t sh ift w o r k e r s in an e sta b lish m en t a re tabu lated as ap plying to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w o rk e r s o f that esta b lis h m e n t.
P a id h olid a y s;
paid v a ca tio n s ; and health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans (ta b le s B -4
th rough B -6 ) a r e tre a te d s ta t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s
a re e lig ib le o r m a y even tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sums
o f in div idu al ite m s in ta b les B -2 th rough B -6 m a y not equal totals
b e ca u se o f roun din g.
Data on paid h olid a ys (table B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h olid a ys g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p ro v id e d
fo r in w ritten fo r m , o r (2) have been e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H o li­
days o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d e d ev en though they m a y fa ll on a
nonw orkday, even if the w o rk e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff.
The
f ir s t p a rt o f the paid h olid a ys table p r e s e n ts the n um ber o f w hole
and h alf h olid a ys a ctu a lly g ra n ted.
The s e c o n d part c o m b in e s w hole
and h a lf h olid a ys to show total h olid a y t i m e .
The su m m a ry o f v a ca tio n plans (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , ex clu din g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
with pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s ­
tim a tes a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c tic e in com pu tin g
v a ca tio n p a ym en ts, such as tim e pa ym en ts, p e r ce n t o f annual e a r n ­
in gs, o r fla t-s u m am oun ts.
H ow ever, in the tabu lation s o f v a ca tion
pay, paym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ;
fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r ce n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n ­
s id e r e d as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

Data a re p re se n te d fo r a ll health, in s u r a n c e , and p en sion
plans (ta ble B -6 ) fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by
the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's
co m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans
in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n y and
th ose p r o v id e d th rough a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r
out o f c u r re n t op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund se t a s id e fo r this p u r ­
pose.
D eath b en efits a r e in clu d ed as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n ce .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f i n ­
su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du rin g illn e s s o r a c ­
cid en t d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to
w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o rk and New
J e r s e y , w hich have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly i f the e m ­
p lo y e r (1) con trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s
the e m p lo y e e with b en efits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the law .
T abu lations o f paid s ic k -le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring
a b se n ce fr o m w ork b e ca u se o f ill n e s s .
S ep arate tabu la tion s a r e p r e ­
sen ted a c c o r d in g to (1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting
p e r io d , and (2) plans w hich p r o v id e e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aiting
p e r io d . In addition to the p re se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r pa id s ic k le a v e ,
an u n du plicated total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both
types o f b e n e fits.
C a ta stroph e in su ra n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as- exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose plans w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f sick n e ss and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ica l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to r s ' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d e rw ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T abu lations o f r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p ro v id e m on th ly pa ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

2 The te m p o ra ry d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y i f it m et not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
do
eith er o f the fo llo w in g con d ition s: (1) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
3 An esta b lish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan i f
o f the su rv e y , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts.
An
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m ber o f days o f s ic k le a v e
e sta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s i f it (1) had
that c o u ld be e x p ected by each e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be
op e ra te d late sh ifts during the 12 m onths p r io r to the s u rv e y , o r
w ritten , but in fo rm a l s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d i­
(2) had p r o v is io n s in w ritten fo r m fo r op e ra tin g late sh ifts.
v idu al b a s is , w ere ex clu d ed .
1




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu died in San F r a n c i s c o — aklan d, C a lif. , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s try d i v i s i o n , 2 Jan u ary 1963
O

In d u stry d iv is io n

A l l d iv is io n s

__________________________________________________

M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
oth er p u b lic u tilit ie s 5
6
. .
_.
W h o le s a le tra d e
R e ta il tr a d e
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te
......
S e r v ic e s 7 __________________________________________________

M inim um
em p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 1
3
2

_

1 ,2 4 9

100
100
50
100
50
50

Studied

Studied
T o ta l 4

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4

269

3 7 2 ,5 0 0

99, 900

1 9 1 ,6 0 0

2 0 9 ,6 7 0

366
883

83
186

1 3 4 ,6 0 0
2 3 7 ,9 0 0

2 2 , 000
7 7 ,9 0 0

8 7 ,5 0 0
1 0 4 ,1 0 0

6 6 ,0 3 0
143 ,640

78
254
118
209
224

32
38
45
40
31

7 2 ,4 0 0
3 3 ,7 0 0
4 7 ,5 0 0
5 1 ,8 0 0
3 2 ,5 0 0

14,7 0 0
10,3 0 0
6 , 700
3 9 ,3 0 0
( 8)

2 9 ,5 0 0
1 8 ,4 0 0
35, 100
6 1 ,5 0 0
( 8)

62, 710
9, 550
3 1 ,7 4 0
2 8 ,6 6 0
10,980

1 T h e San F r a n c i s c o — akland Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f A la m e d a , C o n tr a C o s ta , M a r in , San F r a n c i s c o , San M a teo, and S olan o C o u n tie s .
O
T h e "w o r k e r s w ithin
s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s tim a te s sh ow n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u r v e y . T he e s tim a te s a re not intended,
h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e ( 1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s t a b lis h ­
m en t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and ( 2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym e n t at o r a bove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tle ts (w ith in the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n ce ,
auto r e p a ir
s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic tu r e t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o th e r w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a r a te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re e x c lu d e d . San F r a n c i s c o 's tr a n s it s y s t e m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E s tim a te r e la te s to r e a l e s ta te e sta b lis h m e n ts o n ly.
W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l es ta te p o r tio n on ly in " a ll
in d u s t r y " e s t im a t e s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s .
S eparate p r e s ­
en tation o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the
s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in ­
d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occnpational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a r e p e r ce n ta g e s o f change in a v era g e
s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
era g e earn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.

F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tages o f change rela te to a v era g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l h ou rs
of w o rk , that is , the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich str a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid. F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u re changes
in a v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s, ex clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts. The
p e r ce n ta g e s a re b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o ccu p a tio n s and in ­
clude m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p . The
o ffic e c le r i c a l data a re ba sed on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B oo k k e e p in g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a ccou n tin g , c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C om p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; keyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b oy s and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e ra l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e rs , s e n io r ; sw itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s t a b u l a t i n g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u rse data a re
ba sed on m en and w om en in d u str ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 sk ille d m ain ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a ch in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ics ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.

A v e ra g e w eek ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
com pu ted fo r ea ch o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s .
The a v e ra g e s a l ­




a r ie s o r h ou rly earn in gs w e re then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch
o f the jo b s during the p e r io d s u r v e y e d j.n 1961.
T h e se w eigh ted e a r n ­
ings fo r in dividu al o ccu p a tion s w e re then tota led to ob ta in an a g g re g a te
fo r e a ch occu p a tion a l g rou p. F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
cen tage) o f the grou p a g g reg a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r
the oth er y e a r was com pu ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e su lt and
100 is the p e rce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The p e rce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s
o f (1) g e n e r a l sa la ry and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in dividu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) changes in av era g e w ages due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
r e su ltin g fr o m la b or tu r n o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and changes in the p r o p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y esta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C hanges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al
w age ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le, a fo r c e ex p a n sion m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e r s in a s p e c ifi c o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h ereas a r e d u ctio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the op p osite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a co u ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
earn in g s to d r o p , even though no change in ra tes o c c u r r e d in oth er
esta b lish m en ts in the a rea.
The u se o f constan t em p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e f ­
fe c t o f changes in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch
jo b in clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge a r e not in flu ­
en ced by changes in stan dard w o rk sc h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e , sin ce they a re b a se d on pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .

The ab ove text r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u sed in com pu tin g a new tren d
s e r ie s (ta ble 2).
T h is s e r ie s , in itiated w ith the ex p an sion o f the la b o r m a rk et
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s , w ill r e p la c e
the o ld s e r ie s (1953 ba se) show n in table 3. Changes in the jo b s s u rv e y e d and
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s s in c e the sta rt o f the old s e r ie s c a lle d fo r a reex a m in a tion o f
the jo b s and jo b g rou p in gs fo r w hich tren ds w e r e to be com pu ted.
The new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b grou pin gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x ce p tio n s: The c l e r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s, fo r m e r ly
r e s t r ic t e d to w om en , now in clu d e both m en and w om en . Changes w e re a ls o m ade
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ithin jo b g rou pin gs in o r d e r that an id en tica l lis t cou ld
be e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .




5

T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s

Jan uary I960
to
Jan uary 1961

January 1962
to
January 1963

Jan uary 1961
to
Jan uary 1962

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
.....
In du strial nurses (m e n and w om en ) _______
S killed m aintenance (m en )
____
U n sk illed plant (m en)

3. 2
3 .7
3. 2
4. 5

3. 0
2 .4
3. 2
3 .0

4.
8.
3.
4.

1
3
2
8

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en )
Industrial n urses (m e n and w om en)
S killed m aintenance (m en) _________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) ________________________

2 .4
4. 2
2. 9
3. 7

2 .6
2 .4
2 .9
2. 7

4.
8.
5.
4.

2
2
1
5

Industry and o cc u p a tio n a l grou p

T a ble 3. Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in gs fo r s e le c t e d
occu p a tion a l g rou p s in San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a lif. , Jan uary 1963 and Jan uary 1962
O
(January 1953 ■ 100)
Jan uary 1962

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

January 1963

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) __________________________________i
In du strial n urses (w om en) -----------------------------------------------S killed m aintenance (m en) _______________________________
U n skilled plant (m en) _____________________________________

147. 0
161. 2
150 .4
157. 1

142.
155.
145.
150.

6
3
6
1

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) _________________ ________________
In du strial nurses (w om en) _______________________________
S killed m aintenance (m en) _______________________________
U n sk illed plant (m en) _____________________________________

1 43 .6
162. 3
152. 7
154. 0

140.
156.
148.
148.

5
6
5
1

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a li f., Jan u a ry 1963)
O

A verage
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

S
$
$
S
£
s
$
s
s
S
S
s
$
S
S
S
$
s
$
Weekly
W
eekly 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 *95.00 ioaoo 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00
earnings * and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 ioaoo 105.00 IIOj O115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 13 5.00 140.00 145.00 150100 155.00 16Q00
O

S
160.00
and
over

Men
_
-

718
345
373
130
89
119

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
38.5

$114.50
118.00
111.50
119.00
117.50
100.00

_
"

"

-

-

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

358
194
164
10?.

39.5
39.5
39.0
40 0

106.50
112.00
100.50
108 00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

C lerks, ord er ___ ________ __ ________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________
W holesale trade __________________

938
218
720
689

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

115.00
118.00
114.00
113.50

-

-

-

-

C lerks, p ayroll _________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic utilities 2 _________________

140
99
57

39.0
39.0
39.5

118.00
112 .5 6
120.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

O ffice boys ______________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________

783
176
607
65
391

38.0
38.5
38.0
39.5
38.0

66.50
67.00
66.00
82.00
63.50

18
18

28
28

20
20

18

28

232
91
141

39.5
39.5
39.0

121.50
124.00
120.00

"

-

650
185
465
93
79
211

39.0
39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

105.50
107.00
105.00
109.00
111.00
97.00

Pinanrp^
Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss A ________________________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ ____________
Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla ss B ________ _________________ •
-----M anufacturing --------- ----------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________
Tabulating-m achine op era to rs,
cla s s C ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 ____________ ____________

-

_
-

C lerks, accounting, cla s s A ----------------Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Pu blic utilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

_
-

3
3
-

3
3
-

-

3

3

2

3

_
-

2
2

_
-

19
6
13
4

30
7
23
4

-

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

1
-

6

149
49
100
2
76

204
5*
147
12
95

131
21
110
5
72

-

-

-

-

1

38
4
34
3
7
22

34
8
26
4
11

89
29
60
6
14
39

112
64
48
24
5
19

60
35
25
11
4
-

97
44
53
16
24
13

86
57
29
20
6
2

57
38
19
3
15
-

26
6
20
17
2
-

17
6
11
10
1

19
5
14
14
_
-

28
14
14
1

10
3
7
2

20
8
12
5

20
20
16

74
42
32
31

47
43
4
4

14
1
13
11

51
27
24
24

21
21

6
6

9
9

7
7

28
5
23
23

10
3
7
7

12
1
11
7

142
36
106
100

100
1
99
95

132
24
108
108

38
8
30
30

115
33
82
82

148
27
121
114

64
31
33
33

40
26
14
14

64
3
61
55

3
3

_
-

3
3

19
19

_
-

4
2
2

15
15
10

9
7
6

15
15
15

11
6
1

22
9
7

21
15
15

82
17
65
1
41

51
8
43
7
27

37
7
30
2
28

46
9
37
28

4
1
3
2

3
3
-

2
1
1
1

4
3
1
1

4

.

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

9
2
7

3
3
-

15
6
9

15
4
11

16
1
15

49
23
26

35
10
25

27
3
24

78
28
50
7
9
20

119
23
96
26
9
50

84
36
48
6
10
29

37
9
28
7
12
9

49
25
24
9
7
7

5
5
3

13
10
3
-

15
6
9
2

20
11
9
7
2
-

1
1
_

13
12
1
_

10
9
1
_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

5
3
2
“

7
3
4
4

8
6
2
-

7
7
7

7
4
-

4
1
1

-

3
-

_
-

3
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

13
9
4

18
4
14

30
21
9

10
6
4

2
1
1

13
1
12

-

-

99
31
68
29
15
-

34
5
29

3
1
2

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

16
— r~
10
10

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
3

36
13
23
5

-

-

-

-

10

17

2
21

68
11
57
1
6
47

-

-

2
2
2

-

6
6
6

11
11
11

29
28
25

36
31
27

22
22
18

38
38
33

20
18
9

21
19
15

21
19
6

13
10
1

3
3
1

_
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

222
207
154

39.0
39.0
39.0

90.50
90.00
86.50

-

B ille r s , m achine (billin g m a c h i n e )____
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
"P kl i ntilif"! pc ^
iiV

176
142
49

39.5
39.5
39.0

87.50
91.00
108.50

_
-

_
-

-

-

9
8

14
-

26
16

7
1

16
14

55
54

-

_
-

20
20
20

_
-

22
22
22

7
7
7

B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping
m achine) _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Retail trade ____________ ________

203
156
105

39.5
40.0
40.0

78.50
80.50
81.00

-

-

-

29
16
9

16
3
1

3
3
1

100
97
71

7
7
7

3
1
1

9
9
2

5
2
2

4
4
4

-

-

20
7

-

-

6
6
6

_

-

-

-

-

7
-

-

Women

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a li f., J a n u a ry 1963)
O

A verage
Sex, occupation, and industry d ivision

Number
of

W eekly
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

* 4 0 .0 0 * 4 5 .0 0 * 5 0 .0 0 * 5 5 .0 0 * 6 0 .0 0 * 6 5 .0 0 * 7 0 .0 0 * 7 5 .0 0 * 8 0 .0 0 * 8 5 .0 0 * 9 0 .0 0 * 9 5 .0 0 f 0 0 .0 0 f 0 5 .0 0 f i a o o 1*15.00 1*20.00 f 2 5 .0 0 h a o o * 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 S 0 0 i s a o o * 5 5 .0 0 * 6 a o o
Weekly
earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) under
4 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 . 0 0 8 5 . 0 0 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 . 0 0 l o a o o 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0 i s a o o 1 5 5 .0 0 1 6 0 .0 0

over

W om en— Continued
B ook keeping-m ach ine o p e ra to rs ,
cla s s A _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
B ook keeping-m ach ine op e r a to r s ,
. c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________ ________
W holesale trade ----------------------------F in a n ce 3 ___________________ .______

282
113

_

3 8 .5

$ 9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

974

3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0

_

_

137
837
210

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

169
101

501

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1 , 143

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ___________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale t r a d e --- ------------------------R etail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

2, 252
442

C lerk s, file , c la s s A ___________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u tilities 2 __________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

360
58
302

C lerk s, file , c la s s B ____________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1 ,6 8 3
76
1 ,6 0 7
88
164

297
846
95
121
81
397

1, 810
392
284
335
618

33
221

105
1 , 151

C lerk s, file , c la s s C ___________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

620

C lerk s, o r d e r ___________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail trade _______________________

360
134
226
145

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




579
329

81

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

8 2 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

-

-

_

_

_

3
-

28
13

3

15

2
-

49
-

108
-

129
10

100

188

1

49
-

99
-

6
182

-

-

2

49

108
7
101

119

-

2
-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
-

4
-

8
-

_

_
_
-

2
2
_
_
_

4
_
_
_

9
109

8
_
_
-

83
20
20
_
_
_

55
103

45

34

19
26
11

11
23
15

161
32

168
42
126

129
50
40

70

156

5

7

65
2
7
1
51

149
1
14
24

593
31
562

364

113
44

37

89
12
118
36

60
36
24

14
-

16

2

31
14

22

17

1

14

21

-

28

51

171
83

1
48

9
46
6
77

217
40

215
62

80
24

177
12

153

56
20

-

2

4

8

20

_

144
4

188
31

_
_
-

-

12
-

221

-

2
2
_
-

12
_
-

140
_

-

-

-

_

11
3

-

-

2

12

118

_

_

_

_

44

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

10
34
_

52
_

22

-

-

-

-

34

46

16

_

72
-

235
-

267
10
257
1
7
_

344

235
_
_
_

345
1
344

186
22
164

86
10
76

19
63

6
30
24

9
2

25
7
18
3
1

4
29

13

8
7

66

23
22

1
1
_

49
13
36

45
45
_

114

5

48

5

2

-

48

1

3

6

1
_

1
2

6

54

32

58

26

22

28
26
12
_

11

18

20

8
14

n o
12
18
9
48

88
8
7
11

3
2

21
6
4
4

40
14
2
15
8

6
5
_
_

1
9
2

7
2

_

12
11
_

5
_

_

1

4

12
_

_

_

_
_
_

7
_
7
7
_
_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

14

34
24

48
_

1

96

7
5
2

1

161

187

-

6
3
3

1

7
14

“

29
9
7

215

82

_

38

_
_
_

10
334
_

18
203
21
14

. 41

62

56
1

66
22
44
_

47

30

192

52
_

22
_

60
4

6 9 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

_
-

72

235

249

290

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

_

_

-

-

190
190

-

159

150
125
113

34
31

-

55
55
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

22
_

11
-

75
153

102
262
69
16
112

20
30

72
_

1

32

17
134

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

21

157
64

95

156

65

46
43

8
54
10
41
64
11
53
4
' 33

69
39
23

27
57
35
22

91
71
20

18

7
12

5
4

7

3

7
2

9
7
2
_

18
8
10
10

30

9
9

_

1

1

8

4
2

7
20
11

5
25
25

11
13
3
10
2

2

5

1

6

-

2
1

24

6
2
4
1

2
22

8
_

_
_

3

1
_

1
_

2
_

_

11
_

3
3
_
_

17
17
17

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

4
_

_

_

_

_
_
_

10
_

4
4

_
_

18

1
2
_

2

18
18

3

8
8
_

18
18

22
22

19
19

1
1

27
1

25
12
13
2
11

14

19
17
2
2

19
2

2

16

22

11

22

11

36

29
85
85

26
25
1

8
6
6

5
5
_
_

_
_

11
11

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

10
10

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1963)
O

A veragi
Number
of

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weeklyj

Weekly

(Standard)

(Standard)

$
4 0 .0 0

s
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0

4 5 .0 0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0

and
under

%
$
6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0

s
7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

i
8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

%
$
S
$
1
$
9 0 . 0 0 * 9 5 0 0 1*0000 1 0 5 0 0 h o o o 1*1 5 0 0 * 1 2 0 0 0 * 1 2 5 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 * 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 0 0 * 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 0 0 1 6 0 0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 . 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 0 0 1 2 0 .0 0

1
-

14

19
4

59
30

1
_

9
3
4
2

15
-

29

1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 0 0 1 3 5 0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 1 5 5 0 0 1 6 0 0 0

and
over

W omen— Continued
C lerks, p a y roll -------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 _________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________
F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

779
308
471
119
110
80

39. 5
40. 0

Com ptom eter op erators -----------------------M anufacturing —--------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------

1, 1 5 5
460
695
157
227
266

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5
39. 5
4 0 .0

D uplicating-m achine operators
(M im eograph or Ditto) ________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

135
53
82

Keypunch op era tors, cla ss A ---------------M anufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

96

39. 0
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5

39. 0

$ 9 6 .0 0
9 4 . 00
9 7 . 00
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 2 . 00
8 8 . 00
9 4 . 50

_
_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

5

-

9
_

73

61
37
_

19
54
1
14
17
11

55
30
25
2
11
2

139
68
71
23
15
3

66
21
45

8

28

5

9
17
14

32

22

10
22

13

13
4
3
2

9
5
2

38
7

10

20

1

31
11

10
_

20

1
_

18

8

4

-

6
7

-

10

36

51

166

251

142

120

58

193

54

18

45

9
_
_

10
41
7
7

34
132

61
190

60
82

50
4

18
_

5

4
_

_

6

7

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

66
25
41
24
13
2

14
11

42
22
20
1

1
1
-

9
2
-

-

-

-

-

4
1
1

1

-

-

29

1
1

_

19
19

69
101

86
6

9
36
4
32

19

5
27
44

27
31
11
12

72
121

6
60
58

90
30
10
14

20
_

21

27

2

1

13
16
8

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_ ■

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_
_

8 3 . 50

-

-

-

-

39. 5
39. 5
39. 0

7 4 . 00
7 3 . 00
7 4 . 50

_

2
_

4
_

25
21

19
4

-

-

2

4

4

15

27
5
22

27
5
22

8
4
4

11

_

8
3

4
1
3

6
4
2

-

39. 0
3 9 .0

8 7. 00
8 7 . 50

_

_

_

97
16

214
28

255
92

156
32

88
27

1, 0 5 6

39. 0
40. 0

8 6 . 50
1 0 4 . 00

163
15
_

124
6
33
4

26
6
20
11

38. 0

-

-

-

42

28

18

78

140

80

13 1
26
37
13
27

10
3
7
3
2

_

81
3
_
_

61
2

_
_

18
_
_
_

186
3

9 6 . 00
8 3 . 00
8 0 . 00

42
_

28
_

39. 5
40. 0

_
_
_
_
_

18
_

162

_
_
_
_
_

28
_

182

_
_
_
_
_

42
_

61

22

81
12

116

197

347

78

50

82

165

42

34

41

80
267

30
48

33
17
4

30
52

12
30

1

1

1, 3 4 0
284

34

139
138
85
602

9 0 . 00
9 2 . 00
8 8 . 50
1 0 0 .0 0
8 8 . 00

-

-

_

_
_
_
-

7
30

1, 4 1 4

39. 0

82. 00

_

_

_

399
1, 0 1 5

39. 0

8 2 . 00

_

_

_

31
_

39. 0
39. 5

8 2 . 00
93. 00

_
_

_
_

31
_

69
_

75
2

61
136
27

39. 5
38. 5

7 7 . 00
7 1 . 50

_
_
_

_

_

-

-

-

3
22

19
48

6
63

13
72

O ffice girls ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

431
183
248
41
143

3 9 .0
38. 5

66.
68.
65.
77.
62.

7
_

25
_

95
41
54
_

-

8

42

40

49
5
38

79
47
32
17
12

21
4

25
_

68
24
44
_

107

7
_

S e cretaries ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public utilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Retail trade ---------------------------------F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

4, 452
1, 5 5 5
2, 897
350
497

7
_

8
_

87
_

7
_

8
6
_

87
_

124
1
123
17
_

Stenographers, general --------------------- —M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------

1, 8 2 6
575
1, 2 5 1
290




98

40
92
_
13
42

Keypunch op era tors, c la s s B ---------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public u t ilit ie s 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ---------------------------Financ e 3 -------------------------------'--------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.

132

399
144
298

275
1, 1 4 2

76
660

39. 5
40. 0
3 9 .0
38. 5
3 9 .0
38. 5

50
00
50
00
50

1 0 2 . 50
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

0
5
5
5

1 0 9 . 50
106. 00

39. 0
39. 5

_
_
_
_

-

.

_
_
_
_

8 4 . 50

39.
39.
39.
38.

39.
39.
39.
39.

0
5
5
0

9 8 . 50
9 6 . 00

8 7 . 50
8 3 . 00
9 2 . 50
8 8. 00
7 9 . 00

_

-

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

-

-

-

1
_

1
«

35
_

1
_
_

1
_
_

35
_
_

1

1

35

7
_

58

_
1
126
--------6 "
120
_
_
76

7
2
8
111
14
97
15
_
76

99
66
37

17
6
3

11
45

29
106
191
77
114
13
11
34
5
1
4
4

421
131
290
12
40
22
172
343

409
114
295
63

119
224
32

17
183

7
130

49
133
12
23
7

6
12
18
15
4
11

31

23
2

7
4

6

23
142
142
-

5
-

1
1

537
163
374
42
65

27
150

37
176

58
35
23
10

121
57
64

1

21

41

21
17
4

41
41

373
183
190
28
76

184
104
80
20
15

190

155
28
43
13
35

7
44

13
6

2

21
10
11

4

25

4

25

10

4

25

9

3
3

416
124
292
31
27

-

2

43

29
1

34

477
185
292

319
164

5

9

433
92
341
6
35
43
162
313
135
178
24
28
79

622
215
407
23
54
52
212
200
57
143
36
8
69

6
4

49
5
6

66
69
37
73
58
28
30
22
5

69
121
28
21
44

62
37

58
20

25

38
8
13
5
10

9
6
1
2

3
1
2
-

11

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W om en---- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a li f ., J a n u a ry 1963)
O

Average

(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Weekly

s

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

o

P
o

of

s

s

$
$
S
$
$
$
t
t
*
$
$
S
t
%
S
1
$
t
J
*
t
4 0.0 0 4 5.0 0 50.0 0 55.0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 75.0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 n a o o 145.00 150.00 155.00 i6 a o o
and
and
und er
4 5 .0 0 50.00 5 5.0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0
OO
00
7 5.0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0 95. Oil IOOl 105J0Q 110.00 11 5j 120.00 125.00 130 l 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 1 55.00 16000 n v p r
00
,

Sex, occupation, and industry division

W om en— Continued
Stenographers, sen ior __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------Pu blic u tilities 2 --------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------F in a n ce 3 __________________________

2, 143
650
1 ,4 9 3
197
263
702

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9.5

$ 9 3 .5 0
9 7.5 0
9 1 .5 0
107.00
9 5.5 0
86.0 0

Sw itchboard o p era tors __________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
Retail trade _______________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1 ,0 5 6
167
889
119
98
133
272

3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

83.0 0
89.5 0
81.5 0
101.00
9 0 .5 0
7 8.00
78.50

Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M anufacturing _______________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________

873
320
553
46
262
118

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5
39.5
3 9.5
3 8.0

83.0 0
8 3.00
82.5 0
9 7 .5 0
'85.00
7 7.00

421
128
293
96

3 9.5
39.5
3 9.5
3 8.0

94.5 0
101.50
9 1.5 0
9 1.0 0

T a bulating-m achine o p e r a to r s ,
c la s s B _________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________ 7
—
Nonmanufacturing --------------------- .-------F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------------T ra n scrib in g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
general -------------------------------------------------M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing -----------------------------W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

753
93
660
133
410

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 9.0
38.0

7 9.00
8 6.00
7 8.00
7 9 .5 0
7 7.5 0

T yp ists, c la s s A ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pu blic u tilities 2 __________________
W holesale trade ___________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________

1 ,7 6 8
274
1 ,4 9 4
172
108
978

3 8.5
3 9.0
3 8.5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
38.5

7 9.50
85.0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 0.5 0
7 5.0 0

T yp ists, cla ss B ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
P ublic u tilities 2 ___________ . _____
_
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade --------------------------- :------F in a n ce 3 __________________________

2, 977
550
2 ,4 2 7
126
281
97
1 ,7 0 2

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5

7 0.50
7 7 .5 0
6 9.00
7 6 .5 0
75.0 0
7 5.00
6 7.0 0

8
_
_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_
_

26
-

-

26

32

_

_

_

2
30

_

_

-

-

-

8

26

4

47

66

_

_

1

-

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

1

4

47

66

-

-

_
_

-

_
_

-

-

1

4

23

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

"

-

-

.

.

.

-

_

-

"

.
_

-

262
7
255
1
-

4 29
83
346
26
73
127

401
144
257
36
41
136

293
126
167
22
48
68

163
71
92
19
20
29

139
57
82
11
30
11

98
55
43
13
23
2

26
19
7
1
2
1

19
12
7
4

175
35
140
7
5
69
48

94
19
75
7
24
9
24

112
16
96
17
21
8
50

113
41
72
9
18
15
19

76
19
57
22
22
1
10

28
14
14
10
4

33
14
19
7
2

17
2
15
11
2

9

19

9
9

19
19

-

8

1

152
47
105

148
38
110
6
85

23
13
10

52
33
19
6
9

25
3
22
17

33
9
24
1
23

3
3

4

26
14
12
11
1

86
10
76
11

53
7

34
34

30
21
9

2
1
1
1

108
35
73
2
21
1

233
92
141

19

44
31
13
3
2
8

68
45

46
40

.

.

.

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

4

-

-

-

56
13
43
17

67
14
53
16

-

26
2
24
_
-

3

13

-

-

-

-

13

28

70
11
39

28

_

_

13

26

70

_

12

_

-

-

-

12

36

67

196
18
178

-

_

2
_

34
10
24
6

40
5
35
18

39
9
30
13
9

21
19
2
2

396
64
332
30
41
220

398
70
328

97
40
57
10
3
37

38
13
25

48
166

166
17
149
19
3
83

619
148
471
44
110
25
231

200
70
130
10
47
3
52

95
37
58
9
14
18
17

53
41
12
1
9
2

28
11
17
7

-

_

-

12

36

65

176

_

_

18

273

-

_
-

-

-

18

273

-

9

18

264

569
8
561
9
46
19
459

647
81
566
17
18
9
4 88

4 70
149
321
29
24
17
173

_

3
5

73
10
63
6
51

-

-

-

194
21
173
53
72

-

67

_

172
16
156
15
118

2
_

36

_

120
10
110
33
71

-

-

293
59
234
9
19
139

9
40

257
l6
241
32
9
172

-

152
16
136
1
4
125

22
44

-

.

-

.

_

32

-

8

22

46

1
3

-

-

-

3
3

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2
2

.
-

9
9

.

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

“

-

-

-

1

"

-

.

.

.

1

4

1

2

1

1

.

1

4

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

1

4

1

2

"

"

"

-

1

1

-

1

42
19
23
11
1
8

30
17
13
9

16

2

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

12
8
4

-

-

_

-

-

16
16

2
2

15
15

-

-

_

_

.

2

_

_

_

4
4

Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp ortation, com m u nication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.




12
1
11
11

.

"

2

_

24

43
2
41
41

_

6
2
4
3
1

_

10

Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C alif. , January 1963)
Averaqx
o
o

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

$
$
$
$
$
%
s
%
$
$
$
80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 *95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00

o
o

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

N UM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W E E KLY E A RN IN G S OF

$
70. 00
and
under
75. 00

oo

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

95a 0.0 90. 00 ■35a 00 lop.o.Ql 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 180.00

Men
D raftsm en, leader ---------------------------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

137
51

39. 5
39. 0

D raftsm en, senior ---------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ------------- ------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------

767
531
236
144

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

127.00
125.50
130.50
126. 50

D raftsm en, junior ________________________________
M anufacturing -------------- ---- -----------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------

212
T2S
86

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

110
79

40. 0
40. 0

$148.00
151.50

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

“

1
1

15

“

.

-

8
2

43
14

23
8

15
10

10
4

13
9

5
2

47
40
7
5

41
27
14
4

36
12
24
7

19
3
16
-

6
4
2
-

4
1

-

3
3

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

“

-

"

.

_

_

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

■

3
3

2
2

1
-

14
11
3
2

45
4l
4
1

44
32
12
2

50
45
5
3

65
43
22
19

107
80
27
23

97
70
27
24

126
63
63
47

57
53
4
2

102. 00
97.50
108.00

_

1
1

8
8
"

46
43

28
21

26

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

7

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

7

19

7

43
11
32

_

7

19
l 2‘

24

-

13
12
1

1 1 1 .00
112.00

2

-

_

7

19
14

12
9

13
5

11
8

13
13 '

4
4

.

_

_

_

.

“

3

1
"

_

~

8
3

3

~

14
12

-

“

-

“

"

“

~

3

17

W omen
N urses, industrial (re g iste re d ) ------------M anufacturing -------------------------------------

3
3

-- 5 '

-

1 S tandard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hou rs.
2 T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C alif. , January 1963)

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

234

$97 . 00

O ffice occupations
B ille r s , m achine (billin g machine)
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------Public utilities 2 ____________
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) __
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------R etail trade _________________________
Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s A
Manufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------W holesale trade ____________________
See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number

of

earnings1
(Standard)

200

101.00

107

118.00

206

78. 50
80. 50
81.00

TU
b
105

298

113
185
117

96 . 00
91. 00
99. 00
104. 50

C lerk s, accounting, c la s s A ----M anufacturing ________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------Public utilities 2 __________
W holesale trade ___________
R etail trade _______________
Finance 3 __________________

Average
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

C lerks, accounting, c la s s B ---------------------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ____________ ______________________
Public u tilities 2 _______________________________
W holesale trade _________________________ ____
Retail trade ____________________________________
Finance 3 ________________________________________

2, 610
636
1,974
494
307
343
628

$85 . 00
97. 50
8 1.00
90. 50
84. 00
79. 50
73. 50

C lerk s, file , c la s s A --------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________ _____ ______ __
Public u tilities 2 -----------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

367
59
308
36
224

82. 00
84. 00
81. 50
113.00
75. 50

Number

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu pation s— Continued
B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s B -------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------W holesale trade ---------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------

of

O ccupation and industry division

987
137
850
210
506

$ 77.00
88. 00
75. 00
81.50
70. 00

1, 861
642
1, 219
225
210
90
516

103.00
110.50
99. 00
115.50
104.00
101.50
90. 50

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combine^— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak land, C a lif. , J a n u a ry 1963)
O

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

C lerk s, file, c la s s C
Nonmanufacturing
Financ e 3 ---------C lerk s, o rd e r
M anufacturing ------------Nonmanufacturing ------W holesale trade ----R etail trade ------------

1, 7 5 3
78
1, 6 7 5
105
164

$ 6 5 . 50
7 5 .0 0
6 5 . 00
8 9 . 00
7 3 . 50

105
1, 1 6 2

6 9 . 50
6 0 . 50

688
646

6 8 . 50
6 8 . 50
5 7 . 50

329
1, 2 9 8
352
946
834
106

1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 . 50
1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .00
8 6 . 50

C lerk s, p a y roll
Manuf actur ing
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic u t ilit ie s 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade -----F in a n ce3 -----------

919
349
570
153
127
114
83

9 9 . 50
9 8 . 50
1 0 0 .0 0
1 1 3 . 50
1 0 3 .5 0

C om ptom eter op era tors
Manuf ac tur ing
Nonm anufacturing _
Pu blic u tilities 2
W holesale trade
R etail trade ------

1, 1 5 5
460

9 0 . 00
9 2 . 00

695
157
227

8 8 . 50
1 0 0 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 3 . 50

D uplicating-m ach ine op era tors
(M im eograph or Ditto) ----------M anufacturing ------- --------------Nonm anufacturing ----------------

266

145

8 9. 00
9 5 . 50

53

7 4 . 50
7 3 . 00

92

7 5 . 00

Keypunch o p era tors , c la s s A __
M anufacturing ---------------------Nonm anufacturing ---------------P ublic u t ilit ie s 2 ------------W holesale trade -------------R etail trade --------------------Financ e 3 --------------------------

1, 3 4 0
284

Keypunch o p era tors,
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade
F in a n ce3 -----------

1, 4 2 4

earnings *
(Standard)

1, 0 5 6
139
138
85
602

399
1, 0 2 5
400
144
306

9 6 . 00
83. 00
8 0 . 00

00
00
00
00

weekly ,
earnings 1
(Standard)

O ffice occupations— Continued
$66 . 50
67. 50
66.00
80.00
69.00
63. 00

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, cla s s B ------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------F in a n ce3 ------------------------------------------------------------

1, 071
313
758
270
83
307

S ecretaries ---------------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------- --------Public utilities 2 -------------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------Retail trade ----------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------

4, 486
1, 556
2, 930
367
504
275
1, 151

102. 50
107.00
100.00
110.50
105. 50
98. 50
96. 50

Tabulating-m achine op era tors, c la s s C ------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Financ e 3 ________________________________________

270
240
183

90. 50
90. 50
87. 50

Stenographers, general
M anufacturing --------Nonmanufacturing —
Public utilities 2 W holesale trade —
Financ e 3 -------------

1, 832
575
1, 257
296
76
660

84. 50
87. 50
83. 50
93. 00
88.00
79. 00

T ran scribin g-m ach in e op era tors, general ---------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------F in a n ce3 ------------------------------------------------------------

753
93
660
133
410

79.
86.
78.
79.
77.

00
00
00
50
50

Stenographers, senior
Manufacturing
Nonmanufacturing ---------Public utilities 2 -------W holesale trade --------F in a n ce 3 --------------------

2, 150
652
1,498
202
263
702

93. 50
97. 50
91. 50
107.00
95. 50
86. 00

T ypists, cla ss A ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------F in a n ce3 ________________________________________

1,769
274
1, 495
173
108
978

79.
85.
78.
89.
80.
75.

50
00
50
50
50
00

Switchboard operators
M anufacturing
Nonmanufacturing -------Public utilities 2 ----W holesale trade ____
R etail trade ------------Financ e 3 ------------------

1, 056
167
889
119
98
133
272

83.00
89. 60
81. 50
101. 00
90. 50
78. 00
78. 50

Typists, cla ss B ---------------------------------------------------------M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------- -----------------Public utilities 2 -----------------------------------------------W holesale trade ------------------------------------------------Retail trade ____________________________________
F in a n ce3 ------------------------------------------------------------

3, 009
552
2, 457
137
284
97
1, 702

70.
77.
69.
76.
75.
75.
67.

50
50
00
50
00
00
00

Switchboard o p e ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
M anufacturing ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------Public utilities 2 --------------------W holesale trade ---------------------F in a n ce 3 ---------------------------------

873
320
553
46
262
118

83. 00
83. 00
82. 50
97. 50
85.00
77. 00

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la s s A
M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------

259
98
161
58

120.50
123. 50
118. 50
118. 50

82. 00
8 2 . 00
82.
93.
77.
72.

Number
of

1, 214
359
855
106
65
534

8 7 . 00
8 7 . 50
8 6 . 50
1 0 4 .0 0

O ccupation and industry d ivision

O ffice boys and g irls -----------------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------------------------W holesale trade ----------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 ----------------------------------------------------------

Earnings rela te to regu lar s traigh t-tim e weekly salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks,
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Finance, in su ran ce, and real estate.




Number
of

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu p a tion s— Continued
C lerk s, file , c la s s B M anufacturing ------Nonmanufacturing _
Public u tilities 2
W holesale trade --------------------------------R etail trade ---------------------------------------F in a n ce3 ---------------------------------------------

O ccupation and industry division

$101.
105.
99.
97.
111.
95.

00
00
50
00
00
00

P ro fe s s ion a l and technical occupations
D raftsm en, leader ___________________________________
M anufacturing _____________________________________

142
53

148. 50
151. 50

D raftsm en, sen ior ___________________________________
M anufacturing _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------------------------Public utilities 2 ------------------------------------------------

789
545
244
147

127.00
125.50
130.50
126.50

D raftsm en, junior ____________________________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

227
136
91

101. 50
97. 50
107.50

N urses, industrial (reg istered ) --------------------------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------------------------------

111
80

111. 00
112. 50

12

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in s elected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San F ra n cis co —
Oakland, C a lif., January 1963)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
Average
2.50
hourly j Under 2.40
earnings $
and
under
2.40
2.50
2.60

C arpenters, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public utilities 2 __________________________

342
176
166
27

$3.58
3.36
3.81
3.14

E lectricia n s, m aintenance _____________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

613
450
163

E ngineers, stationary __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

$2.60

$
2.70

$
2.80

$
2.90

$
3.00

$3.10

$
3.20

$
3.30

$
3.40

- 2 .7 0 .

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3.30

3.40
108
94
14
10

$
3.60

$
3.70

$
3.80

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

1
1
-

-

5
4
1
-

$

3.90

$
4.00

$
4.10

$
4.20

$4.30

3.90

4.00

4.10

4.20

4.30

4.40

-

1
1
"

3
3
-

-

119
13
106
-

1
1
-

8
8
-

-

$

4.40
and

ov er

5
5
5

4
4
-

1
1
-

15
6
9
-

5
4
1
-

34
18
16
10

32
28
4
2

_
-

_
"

1
1

4
4

16
6
10

6
6
-

49
32
17

107
84
23

182
TS8~
14

35
35
-

1
1

89
89

76
75
1

1
1

_
"

1
1

_
-

24
24
-

6
6
-

15
14
1

_
-

8
8

_
-

_
-

1
1

44
44

36
15
21

66
10
56

23
4
19

99
95
4

17
17
-

43
14
29

19
19

62
30
32

3
3
-

_
"

1
1

58
54
4

_
-

_
-

1
1

_

1
-

20
18

13
7

_

15
14

11
8

_

_

_

-

13
13

_

-

-

-

8
2

33
16

67
6

53
21

181
121

165
163

44
44

_

7
7

_

_

-

-

_

_

.

_

1
1

_

_

19
19

6
6

-

-

-

3.47
3.49
3.44

_
-

_
-

481
242
239

3.43
3.57
3.29

_
-

Firem en, stationary b o ile r ____________________
Manufacturing
______________________________

74
60

2.87
2.89

1
-

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________________
Manufacturing _______________________________

558
. 380

2.73
2.79

M achine-tool op era tors, to o lro o m ____________
Manufacturing ________________________ „______

184
184

3.34
3.34

"

-

-

M achinists, m aintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________

1, 196
1,081
115

3.46
3.46
3.42

_
-

_
-

_
-

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) ________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2 _________________________
W holesale trade __________________________
R etail trade ______________________________

1, 000
174
826
673
59
63

3.48
3.49
3.48
3.48
3.49
3.61

_
-

_
-

_
-

M echanics, maintenance _______________________
M anufacturing _______________________________
_
Nonmanufacturing ________________ i __________

853
802
51

3.36
3.37
3.22

_
-

_
-

M illwrights _____________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________

165
163

3.45
3.46

_

O ilers ________________________________ ___ ____
Manufacturing __________________________ ___

176
137

2.82
2.80

P ainters, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________
Public u tilities 2 __________________________

314
152
162
29

3.51
3.34
3.67
3.09

"

P ipefitters, maintenance ______________________
Manufacturing _______________________________

378
347

3.39
3.39

_

Sheet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance ____________

52

3.32

_

T ool and die m akers ___________________________
Manufacturing _______________________________

625
623

3.74
3.74

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

115
115

21
21

21
21

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

491
4&2~
29

99
99
-

296
233
63

72
72
-

16
16
-

22
22
-

27
27
-

_
-

23
23
-

8
8
-

_
-

.
-

_

-

_

_

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
"

7
------ 5“
1

20
20
-

115
93
22

5
5
5
-

31
31
31

_
' -

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
3
3
-

17
1
16
16
-

38
15
23
4
4
-

111
39
72
45
16
8

269
34
235
235
-

131
39
92
57
32
3

365
28
337
280
7
40

15
15
-

12
12
12

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6
6

1
1
-

_
-

20
20
-

88
86
2

54
47
7

180
163
17

194
182
12

27
27
"

137
130
7

11
11

84
84
-

_
“

51
51
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

72
72

_

-

15
15

_

-

36
34

_

-

33
33

_

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

6
6

60
6o

27
20

7
7

54
22

2
2

16
16

_

_

_
-

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

25
8
17

-

1
1
1

_
-

-

5
5
5

-

“

13
10
3
1

32
11
21
5

40
26
14
14

81
78
3
2

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

37
28

250
228

44
44

_

-

18
18

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

1

16

23

9

1

3
2

-

-

•

-

|
1

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




3.50

$

^

-

-

_

-

18
18

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

6
6
■

_
-

13
12
1

96
1
95

_
-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

20
20

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

27
27

-

-

"

-

“

-

_

-

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

315
315

84
84

88
88

56
56

21
21

6
6

4
4

2
2

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry, d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d, C a l i f . , J a n u a ry 1963)
O
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G STR AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
.
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
Average Under $1. 60 $
1.70 1. 80 1.90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 $ 30 2 .40 2. 50 2 .6 0 2.70 2. 80 2.9 0 3 .00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .40 3. 50 3. 60 3.70 3. 80 3.90 4. 00
2.
hourly ,
and
earnings^ $
under
1. 60
1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2.6 0 2.7 0 2. 80 2 .90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3 .3 0 3.4 0 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3 .80 3.90 4. 00 4. 10

E levator o p e r a to r s , passen ger
(men) ___________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

141
120

$ 2 . 14
1. 12

-

-

-

E levator op e r a to r s , p assen ger
(wom en) ________________________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

197
178

2. 17
2. 14

4
4

3
3

1, 652
399
187
21 2
1, 253

2. 16
2. 52
2. 57
2 48
2. 05

16
16

W holesale trade __________________
R et.ai 1 traHfi
Fi n a n rp *

5, 814
1 888
4 426
464
192
282
579

2. 29
2 49
2. 22
2. 17
2. 24
2. 19
2. 30

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n e rs
(wom en) ________________________________
Marmfacturi r>g
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Pnlilir' u tilities ^

544
73
471
43

2. 23
2. 29
2. 22
2. 03

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling ___________
M anufacturing _________ ____________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
Public u tilities 3
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade

4, 788
1, 805
2,983
1, 372
1, 155
452

2. 80
2. 65
2.90
3. 07
2. 72
2. 82

O rd er f ille r s ___________ _______________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade
R etail trade _______________________

2, 304
801
1, 503
1, 138
293

2. 80
2. 79
2. 81
2.81
2. 77

-

-

-

-

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
N onm anufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade ___________________
R etail trade _______________________

895
453
442
289
117

2.63
2.59
2. 66
2. 70
2. 36

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

P a ck e rs , shipping (women) _____________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

170
85

1.99
2. 19

9
59

40
8

52
8

R eceivin g c le r k s ------------------------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------Nonm anufacturing ______ ___________
W holesale trade ___________ _______
R etail trade _______________________

436
198
238
119
109

2. 86
2. 86
2. 87
2.93
2. 81

_

_

_

_

Guards and watchm en __________________
M anufacturing _______________________

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n e rs
(men) ------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,




38

-

32
32

-

_

232
-

134
10

232

124

17

65

80

17

65
22

80
21

.
7

16
1

8
2
6

4

22

4

22
21

76
11
59~---- 8

3

126
126

6

-

1

-

48

684
' To
26
34
624

40
15
6
9
25

23
21
12
9
2

249
70
179
31
2
14
13

816
55
763
161
79
79
2

1862
149
1713
29
41
28
387

679
230
449
31
30
12
123

13
9
4
1

24
10
14
4

354
1
353
4

77
25
52
13

60
60

5
-

5

142
102
40

48
12

_
5

173
97
76
71

24
16

4

21

3
3

1
1

12
4

-

-

-

27
6

22
-

58
10
6

6
21

22

103
15
9
6
88

-

441
2
439
46
11
41

39
1 39
24
2
2
11

9
4
5

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

32
32
-

_

25
n r-

1
1

36
35
16
19
1

133
93
12
81
40

125
115
99
16
10

19
19
1
18

642
385
273 “ 275
110
369
81
4
4
65
22
20

222
95
127
1
12
2

49
32
17
17

56
20
36

-

212
189
23

_

_

7
16

9
9
-

1
1
-

12
12

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

45
44
1

256
237
19
18

1428
819
609
106
461
41

746
433
313
19
183
110

468
12
456
155
298
3

203
203

158
4
154

65
138

32
122

1215 357
503
32
712 325
552 321
106
4

146
1
145
144
1
29
1
28
28
-

_

1

-

-

1

21

17
17

26
26

1

21

17

26

3

-

-

10

39

5

16

10

39

5

16

6
6
-

149
149
-

47
47
-

-

10

39

5

16

-

-

3
3

1
1

_
-

1
1

20
19

7
-

21
20

7

_

_

_

8

9

-

-

-

8

9

8
1
7

2
2

7

12
9
3

8

9

2

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

45
45
-

26
26
-

76
35
41
41

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

.

.

_

_

713
22
691
659
32

351
7
344
344

40
28
12

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

139
9
130
48
82

22
22

32
32
32

75
75
-

10
10

61
43
18

_

_
_

.
.

_
_

_
_

-

10

18

-

-

-

-

-

4
1
3

_

_

35

_ .

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

35

-

2

1

_

_

_

1
1
_

3

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

391
160
231
211
20

150
79
71
50
21

10
9
1
_
-

_

_

16
16

“

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

67 129
64
71
3
58
48
1 10

86
16
70
64

48
48
4
44

14
5
• 9
1
8

12
12
2
10

24
24

_

.

.

_

_

_

_

1
_
1

_
_

_

2
_
2

_

.

_

_

2

1

“

-

.

7
6
1

-

.

14
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—-Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , San F r a n c i s c o —O ak la n d , C a lif. , J an u a ry 1963)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN ING S OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division

Num
ber
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
%
$
$
S
s , $
Average
hourly , Under 1. 60 1. 70 1.80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .4 0 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00
and
earnings c $
1 60 under
1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2.80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3 .40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10
$ 2.
2.
2.
2.

Shipping clerk s ... ................
M anufacturing _________ ____________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________

204
63
141
124

Shipping and receivin g c le rk s __________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

587
132
455
295
148

2. 95
2. 88
2. 96
3. 03
2. 85

T ru ck d rivers 6 __________________________
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic utilities 3 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

4, 828
746
4, 082
2,441
1, 127
373

T ru ck d riv e rs , light (under
IV2 tons) ___________________________
Manufacturing
____ ....
Nonmanufacturing ________________
W holesale trade _______________
T ru c k d riv e r s , m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) ..
.
Manufacturing . . . .
Nonmanufacturing ________________
P ublic utilities 3 _______________
W holesale trade _______________
R etail trade

818 .
287
531
238

98
96
99
97

.

_

_

_

_

1

_

2

_

.

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

7
6

24
21
3
3

74
19
55
54

14
14
14

15
— r
12
n

34
10
24
22

18
18
14

2
8
8 ------ TT
"
-

-

5

6

-

14
4
10
10

26
13
13
2
-

18
11
7
1
6

53
21
32
26
6

118
22
96
35
61

56
17
39
37
1

154
19
135
100
35

57
19
38
23
15

56
56
53
3

-

53
53
45

10
1
9
9

86
4
82
74

82
10
72
67

8

5

46
35
11
2
8

92
92
41
51
-

453
75
378
144
224
-

1121 1618
246“ 180
875 1438
479 1130
345
236
12
-

-

2

-

-

-

-

“

2
2

"

-

"

5
5

6
6

-

3. 21
3. 21
3. 21
3. 19
3. 20
3. 49

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6
3
3
-

4
4
4

1
1
1

8
8
-

3. 09
3.1 7
3. 04
3. 11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3. 19
1,679
------ T J S ~ — T .T E ~
1,541
3. 18
3. 09
837
450
3. 25
3. 41
205

T ru ck d riv e rs , heavy (over 4 tons,
tr a ile r type) ________________________
Manufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________ _____
P ublic utilities 3 _______________
W holesale trade _______________

1,201
208
993
804
130

T r u ck d riv ers , heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________
M anufacturing ____________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________
P ublic utilities 3 _______________
W holesale trade _______________

666
80
586
344
187

3.
3.
3.
3.
3.

26
18
27
26
23

T ru ck e rs , pow er (forklift)
Manufacturing _______________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________
P ublic utilities 3 __________________
W holesale trade __________________
Retail trade ______________________

1,945
“ 1,387“
558
332
119
105

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

T ru ck ers , pow er (other than
fork lift) ________________________________
Manufacturing _______________________

316
235

1
2
3
4
5
6

_

3. 31
37 29
3. 31
3. 31
3. 16

1
1
-

-

.
-

.
-

.
-

3
3
-

19
3
16
16
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

881
151
730
447
262
21

197
13
184
7
177

28
1
27
27

83
6
77
77

32
— 6“
26
26

-

14
i4
-

13
1
12
12

1
1

8
8

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

15
4
11

5
1
4

18
17
1

18
18

323
15
308
164

213
153
60
60

104
32
72
-

68
61
7
7

7
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
25
25

9
9
9

71
71
63

16
3
13
8

8
8
-

5

8

34
34
23
11
-

65
6
59
49
-

664
37
627
479
97
12

380
76
304
230
74
-

248
8
240
219
21

129
2
127
127

15
15
15

-

6
6
-

-

-

9
9
9

19
19
19

18
18
-

27
27
27

9
9
9

101
43
58
58

378
40
338
338
-

564
81
483
447
36

12
10
2
-

9
1
8
-

23
23
-

26
26
-

-

14
14
-

1
1
-

11

4
4

-

27
27

8

3

6
T

11
11

33
33
-

27
13
14
14

532
26
506
344
162

1
1
-

4
4
-

55
16
39
-

15
1
14
6
8
-

4
4
-

6
6
-

-

-

-

13
10
3
3

49
1
48
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

-

16
"

-

“

"

”

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

82
79
91
90
87
99

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

14
9
5
5

33
28
5
5

74
59
15
15

71
68
3
1

2. 87
2. 96

-

-

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
F inance, insurance, and real estate.
A ll w ork ers w ere at $ 1. 50 to $ 1. 60.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss o f size and type of truck operated.




4
4
-

-

12

20

33
8

77
69

-

-

-

625
921
322 “ 874 '
303
47
201
44
59
43
3
25
25

2
2

-

-

-

-

4

39

118
118
95
7
16

4
4

"

“

127
127

-

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. M inimum Entrance Salaries for W om en O ffice W o rk e rs
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p ists
M a n u f a c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

$ 5 0 . 00
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 5 . 00
$ 7 7 . 50
$ 8 0 . 00
$ 8 2 . 50
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 . 50
$ 9 0 . 00
$ 9 2 . 50
$ 9 5 . 00
$ 9 7 . 50
O ver $

A ll
s c h e d u le s

269

83

XXX

186

57

152

49

36

1
3
9
8
5
2
4
5
3
5
3
1
2
1
-

9
9
13
14

1
4
2
6
7
5

8

9
2
1
1
1
2
1
-

_
1
1
6
6
2
6
2
1
1
1

4

3

3

3

-

1
1

-

1
-

3 7 Vz

3 83/ 4

40

83

XXX

186

XXX

XXX

XXX

139

47

36

92

19

9

1
7
11
18
7
16
14
17
8
8
8
2
3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

1
7
10
15
6
10

1
2
2
2
1
1
-

------------

---------

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 1 3 of—

40

40

a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------- -----------a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------- — — -----a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------and u n d e r $ 6 0 .0 0
a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------- — ------------------a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ------------------------- -------------------------------and u n d e r $ 7 0 .0 0
------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 __________________________ ____________
a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ......... .............................................................
a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------- --------- -----------a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------------- — -----and u n d e r $ 8 7 .5 0
------------------------------- -------------------------and u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0
-------------------------------------- — -----------a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 -------------------------------------- ------------------a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ------------------------------------------------------------a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ---------------- ---------------------- -----------1 0 0 . 0 0 ......................................................................................................

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

------------------------

1
3
1
6
5
8
4
2
5
1
1
2
1
-

5
4
5
3
2
5
1
1
2
1
-

2

2

4

-

1
-

1
-

1
-

1
1
6
1
5
1
1
1
1
1
-

2
3

1

1

1

-

-

1

-

1
-

3

2

-

"

-

-

3

3

52

15

XXX

37

X XX

XXX

X XX

52

15

XXX

21

XXX

57

X XX

XXX

X XX

65

19

XXX

3 7 Vz

3 8 3/ 4

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

103

20

9

67

8

2
3
-

_

4
3
13
6
4
5
3
5
6
4
2
1
3
1
-

2

78

E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c if ie d m in im u m

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

269

-------------------------- ,---------------------------------------------

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s! 3 Of---A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

2
1

6
2

1
-

9
9
4
6
3
1
2
1
1
1

9
19
15
12
16
6
3
3
4
3
1

2
1
-

9
13
10
7
13
8
7
7
4
2
2
3
1
-

8
1
-

,

3
2
5
2
1
-

1
1
-

1
1
2
2
2
1
-

7
-

-

-

37

XXX

XXX

XXX

46

X XX

XXX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e p aid fo r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r or o f f i c e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll stan dard w o rk w e e k s co m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n stan d ard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




16




Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y typ e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
San F r a n c i s c o — ak lan d, C a lif. , Jan u ary 1963)
O
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on —

S e co n d sh ift
w ork

T o ta l

------------------------------------------------------------------------

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

9 5 .7

88. 4

17. 1

4. 6

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

—

95. 7

88. 4

17. 1

4. 6

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r) -------------------------------

52. 2

33. 7

10. 6

4. 0

5 c e n ts ----------.----------------------------------------------8 c e n ts ------------------ — ------------------------------9 c e n ts ______________________________________
10 c e n ts ----- ------------------ ------------------ —
11 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------I I V 2 c e n ts -------------------------------------------- —
12 c e n ts ---------------- ----------------------------- —
I 2 V2 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------13 c e n ts __________ — — — -------------------M V 4 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------I 4 V3 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------15 c e n ts ____________________________________
16 c e n ts ----- ------------------------ — -------------20 c e n ts --------------------- ------------------------ —
O v e r 20 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------

4. 5
15. 0
.8
12. 8
.3
.2
.2
_
1. 2
6. 7
4. 1
4. 2
2. 1

2. 7
.2

8 .0
.2
.3
_
9. 5
6. 5
1 .9
2. 8

1. 0
3. 1
.2
2 .6
. 1
. 1
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------

14. 0

5 p e r c e n t -------------- ------------------------- — __
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ------ ------- ------------- — — —
--------------------

W ith s h ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ----------------------------

O th er f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l 3

W ith no s h ift pay d iff e r e n t ia l -----------------------------

-

1 .7
-

(2 )
-

(2 )
2. 0

_
( 2)
-

1 .6
. 1
(2)
-

. 7

. 7

.4
.3

.8
. 1

7. 5

1. 2

. 1

7. 0
7. 0
-

_
3. 4
4. 1

.4
.8
"

. 1

29. 5

47. 3

5. 3

.6

“

"
'

. 7

-

'

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .
7
3 P r i m a r il y c o m b in a t io n p la n s p r o v id in g f o r fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u rs p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iff e r e n t ia l, o r p e r c e n t
d iffe r e n t ia l, a n d /o r a p a id lu n ch p e r io d not g iv e n f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s .
S o m e of the p la n s p r o v id e f o r f la t - s u m p a y m e n ts p e r
s h ift o r p e r w e e k , o r f o r a c o m b in a t io n o f e ith e r c e n t s - p e r - h o u r o r p e r c e n t d iffe r e n t ia l plu s a pa id lu n ch p e r i o d not g iv e n
fir s t -s h ift w o rk e rs.

17

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll
.
in d u strie s

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------- -----------------------------

—

--------------

30 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------35 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------O v e r 35 and u n d er 37 V2 h o u r s ------------------------------ —
3 7 V2 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------- — -------------O v e r 2 > ll lz and un d er 383/4 h o u rs -------------- — —
5
4
3
2
383/ 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------ --------------------------------------------3 9 V4 h o u r s -------- _ _ ----------------------------- -------------------- _ _ —
40 h o u r s ---------------- ----------------------------- — ------------ — -------------45 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
trade

R e t a il t r a d e

Finance3

All .
industries

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s c

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3
2
19
4

1
6
16

1

-

-

2

7

9

-

-

-

9

14
2
61

1
62

8

13

(*)

-

11
-

7

28
9
9

_

-

-

-

84

77

82

52

In clu d e s d ata f o r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In c lu d e s d ata f o r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




2

(5)
7

14

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

7
1
(5 )

1
2

6

4

9

-

-

_

-

-

3

(5)

-

84
(5)

-

_

_

83

94

92

91

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 196 3)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

PLANT WORKERS

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

M
.
industries4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

industries*

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no paid h olid a y s -------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

100

100

“

-

_
3
33
47
17
-

_
4
2
73
2
14
4
-

“

1

“

“

_
1
2
24
13
47
( 5)
1
6
4
1
-

_
33
3
58
1
5
( 5)
-

_
4
21
4
62
6
2
1
-

( 5)
1
73
4
13
7
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
5
12
12
73
73
99

-

1
3
9

4
6
6
12
16
18
34
39
97
97
100
100
100

99

"

( 5)

'

N um ber of days

2 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ —
6 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days --------------------------------7 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ---------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days --------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ------------------ ------------------------------ -------8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ---------------------------------8 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days -------------------------- —
9 h o lid a y s __________________________ _____________
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ---------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days --------------------------------10 h olid a y s _______________________________________
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day --------------------------------11 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______ _____________
13 h olid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
1
1
21
1
5
50
2
1
9
2
1
1
2
( 5)
1
2

_
( 5)
3
3
55
5
2
14
1
2
3
6
2
4

( 5)
6
2
-

_
2
3
26
10
51
1
4
3
-

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
8
8
57
58

-

-

-

3
5
2
31
( 5)
5
44

14
1
60
2
22
2
-

T o ta l h o lid a y tim e 1
6
5
4
3
2

13 days ___________________________________________
I I V 2 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------11 o r m o r e days -------------------------------------------------10*4 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e days _________________________________
9 V 2 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------9 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------8V 2 o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------8 o r m o r e days __________________________________
l 1 /z o r m o r e days -----------------------------------------------7 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------6 o r m o r e days ----------------------------------------------------2 o r m o r e days _______________________________ - __

2
2
3
5
7
9
19
21
76
77
99
100
100

100
100

6
6
67
67

75
75

2
2
2
2
9
9
23
26

100
100
100

96
100
100

100
100
100

(5)

9

91
96

.

3
3
7
7
68
68

17
17
64
64

4
4
18
20
96
96

2
2
23
25

98

97
100
100

100
100
100

86
86
100

99
99

1 In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu d e s data fo r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s a m e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to ta l o f 7 d a ys in c lu d e s th o s e
w ith 7 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on . P r o p o r tio n s w e re then cu m u lated .




19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 )
O

iPLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________________________ ——

A
H !
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

100
100
-

100
100
-

All 4
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities^

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100
84
16
_

100
100
_

96
96
-

100
100
-

M e th o d o f paym en t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a tio n s __ -------- ----------------------------------L e n g t h -o f - t im e p aym en t --------- --------------- —
P e r c e n t a g e p a ym e n t _________________________
F la t - s u m p a ym e n t ___________________________
O th er ----- ------------- __ ----------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p ro v id in g
n o pa id v a c a t io n s _____ _______________________

99
99
(5)
-

1

-

-

99
92
8
(5 '

-

-

_

_

4

(5)

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n pay 6

A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ____________________________________
1 w e e k -------- --------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _ ________ ______________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________

1
52
5
7
(5)

1
60
2
-

_
51
_

_
41
_

-

"

-

19
79
1
_

5
95

73
_
27
_
_

20
80
_

-

_
17
_
_

1
61
10
18
-

6
23
4
_

12
24
5
_

_
52
8
_

_
13
_
_

4
9
_
_

(5)

-

"

-

-

58
_
42
_
_

_
_
97
3
_

71
_
25
_
_

72
_
28
_
_

-

-

58
14
20
_
8
-

52
_
32
17
_

-

61
6
25
3
4
(5)

-

-

_
20
80
_
_

_
_
100
_
_

_
100
_
_

_
_
97
3
_

_
_
96
_
_

2
_
98
_

-

-

"

20
9
59
1
11
-

6
2
76
17
_

-

12
4
75
3
5
(5)

-

-

-

_
_
95

99

_
_
100

_
_
97

_

_

5

1

_

3

.
83
_
17

_
100

_

5
14
69
1
11

_
_
96

_

3
7
82
1
7
( 5)

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____ ______________________ -_________ ____
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______ ,______________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

-

_

(5)

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________ _______________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ________ _________
2 w e e k s _ --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s _______ _____________________________ __
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

_

(5)
3
95
1
(5)
(5)

_
99
( 5)
1
-

_
95
(5)
4
( 5)

90
(5)
10

_

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _ ____________ _____
2 w e e k s _ ____________ ________ ________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _ _____ ________ ____________ __

See fo o tn o te s




at en d o f ta b le .

_

_

_

_
_

20

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1963)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T

W ORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa ct u r in g

P u b lic ,
u t ilit ie s 2

W h o le s a le
trade

R e t a il tr a d e

F in a n c e 3

AU
,
in d u s tr ie s ’

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 2

W h o le s a le
trad e

R e t a il t r a d e

A m ou n t of v a c a tio n pay 6— C on tinued

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _ _____ __________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____________________________________________ _________

_

_

_

_

_

_

95

99

-

83

_

-

100

97

5
14
69

_

90

3
7
82

_

95

96

10 0

-

_

-

-

1

1

_

-

-

11

17

_

_

-

-

(5 )

4

(5)
10

5

1

-

3

7

(5 )

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

-

-

_

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _ _______________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and und er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
4 w e e k s ____ _____ ______________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

_

_

_

83
17
_

89
-

"

_

_

37
6
55
1
( 5)

8
8
84
(5)

79
4
16

( 5)
( 5)

_

85
( 5)
15
_

_

2
82

_

_

_

15
_

77
23
_

80
16
_

37
63
_

-

-

-

-

(5)
16
7
71
4
( 5)

2
_
11
16
70
1
-

_
_
38
_
39
23
-

_
_
13
_
78
4
-

_
_
5
_
95
_

1
( 5)
13
8
73
4
( 5)

2
_
6
17
75
1
"

_
_
38
_
39
23

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
93

_

_

_

_

77

91

1

86

1

1

_

41
59
_

3
_

27
_

"

-

"

"

(5)

_

_

_

11

11

(5)
71

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s _ _________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _______ _____________
3 w e e k s _ __ _______________________________ ; -------4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

56
1
37
6
-

_
29
_
70
1
-

_

_
16
_
84
_

_
56
11
33
_

-

-

_
_
16
_
84
_

_
56
11
33
_

-

"

1

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __ -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s ____ ________ ___________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _______ ___ __
______
3 w e e k s ____ _______________________________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

_

_

36
5
57
1
( 5)

7
1
91
( 5)

_

_

_
56
38
6
-

_
20
6
73
1
“

_

_
_
9
2
80
4
-

.
_
5

_

95
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __ _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _ ___________________
2 w e e k s ____ ________ ___________________________
O v e r 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _ _____ _____________
3 w e e k s _ _________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____ ________________
4 w e e k s ---------------------- ----------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks

See fo o tn o te s




at en d o f ta b le .

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

5
( 5)
92
( 5)
2
( 5)

3
( 5)
94

_

12

7

6

_

_

_

_

92

85

88

-

_

_

_

3

8

3

6

93
1
_

_

_

_

_

_

_
1
_
84
_

8
( 5)

2

23

4

15

(5)
4
1
86

21

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , Sa n F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 )

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

V a ca tio n p o l ic y
A ll
in d u strie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

.
4
( 5)
80
1
16
( 5)

_
3
( 5)
70
1
25
( 5)

_
85
15
"

2

W h o le s a le
trade

R e t a il tr a d e

F in a n c e 14
3
2

.
7
69
24

.
3
88
1
7
"

A ll
4
in d u s tr ie s *

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 2

W h o le s a le
trade

R e t a il tr a d e

A m ou n t of v a c a t io n p a y 6— Continued

A ft e r 20 y £ a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
_
__ _______
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________

.
12
59
29
"

( 5)
4
1
65
29
1

2
1
1
71
23
1

1
( 5)
4
1
38
3
52
1

2
1
1
47
7
41
1

1

_
57
_
43
-

36
60
-

1
72
_
27
-

_
_
_
10
_
90

_
_
26
69

_
1
35
64

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ... _ ..
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
___
3 w eeks
...
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s
_ ....
O v e r 4 w eek s

_

_

4
( 5)
50
2
43

3
( 5)
47
6
45
( 5)

_
32
68

_
12
47
41

_
7
24
70

_
3
59
3
34

1 In clu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pub lic u t i li t ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e state and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
6 In clu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r f la t -s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an equ iva len t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r il y r e fl e c t the in d ivid u a l p r o ­
v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the changes in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s t h o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f
s e r v ic e .




22

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f ., Jan uary 1963)
2
O
O F F IC E

W ORKERS

PLAN T

W ORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll
2
in d u s tr ie s

A ll w o r k e r s

______________________________________

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

F in a n c e 4 5

A ll
,
in d u strie s

100

100

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il tr a d e

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e ______________________________ —
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 6 _________________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e _______
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ___________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e __________ :________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e ______________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n __________________________
No h ea lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p lan ____

97

95

99

97

88

100

97

97

98

100

95

60

67

54

66

38

61

62

71

64

80

32

77

71

77

78

72

80

70

54

90

87

82

29

31

30

21

3

39

22

30

39

10

4

54

26

38

61
8
92
92
82
79
84
( 7)

60

37

68

48

66

26

13

( 7)

36

7

23

“

31

15

36

56

41

99
99
96
60
92

66
66
66
93
74

96
94
91
70
71

97
97
80
71
55
2

96
96
77
89
96

94
94
90
44
86
( 7)

99
99
94
28
96

70
70
70
78
93

93
87
85
53
91

100
100
93
62
59

1 In clu d es th o s e plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l re q u ir e m e n ts s u ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c ia l
s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 In clu d es data f o r r e a l e sta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
6 U n du plica ted to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh ow n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
Sick le a v e plan s a r e lim it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f i ­
n ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that can be e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is
a r e e x c lu d e d .
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la ss A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B ille r , m achine (hilling m achine)—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C la ss B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, m achine (b ook k eep in g m achine)—Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C la ss A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
C la s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C la s s C —Performs

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la s s B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype .or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERA TOR-Continued
C la ss C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C la s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s not in clu de working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C la ss B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C la ss A—
Performs on e or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C la ss B —
-Performs one or m ore o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a com bin ation o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a com bina­
tion o f the fo llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a lso supervise these operations. H ea d or c h i e f en g in eers in e s ta b li s h ­

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

m ents em p loyin g more than one en g in eer are exclu d ed .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose prim ary d u tie s invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent trailing and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f the fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily e n g a g e d in in sta llin g and

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

repairing building sa n ita tion or heating s y s t e m s are ex c lu d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c lu d e s g a te -




men who are sta tio n e d at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
oth er p e r so n s en terin g .

31
PACKER, SHIPPING

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a combination o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may in v o lv e one or more o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s who a ls o make
w ood en b o x e s or cra tes are e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more o f the fo llo w ­
ing:

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g sh o rem en , who load and unload sh ips are exclu d ed .

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work i n v o lv e s :

routes,

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
work in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers * orders, or other instructions.

May, in addition to filling orders

and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e iv in g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and r e c e iv in g clerk

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers9 houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv er -sa le sm e n and o v e r -th e -r o a d d rivers

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x clu d ed .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

Trucker, p ow er {forklift)
Trucker, p o w er {other than fork lift)

Truckdriver (com bin ation o f s i z e s l i s te d se p a r a te ly )
Truckdriver , ligh t {under l l2 ton s)
/
Truckdriver , medium

(iy2 to

and including

4

WATCHMAN
to n s)

Truckdriver , h e a v y {o v er 4 to n s , trailer ty p e )
Truckdriver , h e a v y {o v er 4 to n s , other than trailer ty p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102