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Occupational Wage Survey

BUFFALO, NEW YORK
DECEMBER 1962

I

Bulletin No. 1345-30




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
BUFFALO, NEW YORK




DECEMBER 1962

B u lle t in N o . 1 3 4 5 -3 0
April 1963

/ jp

W

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR /? Y
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary L I M v i
BUREAU O F LABO R STATISTICS
Ewan C lague, Commissioner

For tol« by tht Superintendent of Document!, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington 25, D.C.

-

Price 25 cents

v\
*




P reface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu­
pational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor
markets.

Introduction ______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey _____ ______
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, for selected periods _____________ ________
3. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups ____________

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.

A:




3
5
5

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women ______________________ -_______________ ________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined _______________________________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations ___________

10
11
13

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk e rs__
BShift differentials __________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ___________________________________
B -4. Paid holidays _______ ______________________ _________________
B-5. Paid vacations _____________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

15
16
17
18
19
21

Appendix: Occupational descriptions _________________ -________________

23

A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964). The first part presents individual
labor market data. The second part presents data relating
to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in New York, . N .Y ., by Martin M. Weinles,
under the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The study
was under the general direction of Fredrick W. Mueller,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.

1
4

B:

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
major areas. (See inside back cover.)
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Buffalo area are available
for the machinery industries (April 1962) and flour and
other grain mill products (November 1961). Union scales,
indicative of prevailing pay levels, are also available for
the following trades or industries: Building construction,
printing, local-transit operating employees, and motortruck
drivers and helpers.

in

6
9




O ccu p ation al W age Survey—B u ffalo, N.Y.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U. S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and t-elated wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted‘ on. this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are re ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification ‘'other” was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (l) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as> extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
do
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
either of the following conditions: ( l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.
1




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs within s co p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber studied in B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a ra C ou nties)

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 2
3
1

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffice

Plant

T o t a l4

684

207

223, 000

30,0 0 0

153, 700

157,550

50
■

362
322

111
96

151, 300
71, 700

16, 500
13, 500

111, 300
42, 400

112, 980
44, 570

50
50
50

58
62
103

27
15
25

23, 600
5, 500
2 6 ,8 0 0

3, 500

50
50

37
62

13
16

7, 100
8, 700

__________________________________________________

M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ------------------------------------------ -----------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t ilitie s 5 ---------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e -----------------------------------------------------------------R eta il tr a d e _______________________________________________
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l es ta te _______________________________________________
S e r v i c e s 8 __________________________________________________

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts

N. Y .,1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1962

(6 7
)

12, 700
(*)
(6 )

19, 920
1, 640
15,130

(6)
(6)

(6 )

0

4, 480
3, 400

(M

1 The B u ffa lo Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is ts o f E r ie and N ia g a ra C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f stu d y" es tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a rea son a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith other em ploym ent
in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in ce ( l ) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in adva n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d
stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex clu d e d fro m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto rep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and oth er w o rk e rs exclu ded fr o m the s e p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r "a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p r e s e n ­
tation o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo ym e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sam ple
w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te pre se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n are r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o rtio n only in
e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . Sepa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s given in fo o tn o te 6 ab ove.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, pay­
roll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations.
The average sal­




aries or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each
of the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earn­
ings for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data.
The percentages of change are not influ­
enced by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay
for overtime, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

The above text represents the method used in computing a new trend
series (table 2).
This series, initiated with the expansion of the labor market
wage survey program to 80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, will replace
the old series (1953 base) shown in table 3. Changes in the jobs surveyed and
job descriptions since the start of the old series called for a reexamination of
the jobs and job groupings for which trends were to be computed.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could
be employed in all areas.




T a b le 2. P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in B u f f a lo ( E r i e a n d N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N . Y .,
fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s

D e c e m b e r 1961
to
D e c e m b e r 1962

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group

D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

O c t o b e r 1959
to
D e c e m b e r I960

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ___________
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ___ __
S killed m aintenance (m en) ___ ____________
U nskilled plant (men) --------- __ __ __ __ __

3.1
1.9
1.9
3.6

2.2
2.0
2.5
2.3

3.6
5.8
4 .3
4.5

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w om en ) ___________
In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) ----- —
S killed m aintenance (m en) ----- __ __ __ __
U nskilled plant (m en) --------- — — — „ —

2.9
1.9
2.0
3.0

2.1
1.5
2.3
1.9

3.6
6.2
4.3
4.1

T a ble 3. In dexes of standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in gs
fo r s e le cte d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s in B u ffa lo (E r ie and Niagara Cou nties), N. Y .,
D e ce m b e r 1962 and D e c e m b e r 1961
(A p r il 1963 « 100)
D e c e m b e r 1962

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l gro u p

D e c e m b e r 1961

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) ------------------------------------------------------Industrial n u r s e s (w om en)
__ __ _______________ _____
S k illed m aintenance (m en) ______ — ------------- --------------U nskilled plant (men) _________ — — — — --------------------

144.3
149.9
148.5
151.6

139.6
146.4
145.7
146.0

M anufacturin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (w om en) ----- __ ------- __ — __
Industrial n u r s e s (w om en) ______ _____ _____
S k illed m aintenance (m en) ______
__ ------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) __ ___ ___ ___ __ ____ ______

146.2
150.4
148.0
151.7

141.1
147.5
145.2
147.0

--------------_____ __
------- —
— ___

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

O
b
O

$
*65.00
*75.00 *80.00 *85.00 * 0 . 0 0 *95.00 100.00 *05.00 lia o o *15.00 120.00 125,00 130.00 ? 3 5.00 140.00 145.00
9
W
eekly ^ 0 . 0 0 15.00 % 0 . 0 0 *55.00
W
eekly
and
(Standard) (Standard)
45.00 50.00 55.00 6 0 . 0 0 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 11O
00
L0O 115.00 120.00 125l 130L00 135.00 140L00 14500 150100
1

O
O
O

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

S
150.00
and
<a.Y
§.r

Men
5 $118.00
123. 50
5
0
123.50
122.50
0
110.00
5
0
114.50

_
-

_
-

95. 50

_
-

C lerk s, accounting, cla ss A --------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------E rie County --------------------------------Niagara County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------Public utilities 2 -------------------------

317
192
142
50
125
57

39.
39.
40.
39.
39.
40.

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s B --------------M anufacturing ---------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------

108
75
61

39. 0
39. 5
39. 5

102.00

-

_
-

-

5

-

5
3
3

3

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

1

2

2

3

1
11

“

-

2

10

-

7
7

7
3
3

5
-

12
12

7
4
4

_

_

_

_

_

-

1

6

_

_

6

5
5

4
4
4

10

9

6

_

10

1
1

10

3

73

40. 0 '

103.00

40. 0
40. 0
40. 0

121.00

O ffice boys

--------------------------------------------

91

39. 0

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss A _______________________________

47

39. 5

115. 00

Tabulating-m achine o p erators,
c la s s B _______________________________

92

39. 5

104.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

Tabulating-m achine operators,
cla ss C _______________________________

54

39. 0

93. 00

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

B ille r s , machine (billing machine) ----Manufacturing ______________________
T t* f'! minty
Ti

93
71
51

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0

79. 00
82. SO
82. 50

1

5
-

2

5
4

7

4

10
6
4

8

-

7

10
10
9

B illers , machine (bookkeeping
machine) ---------------------------------------------

49

39. 0

61. 50

-

4

11

7

11

11

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
cla s s A _______________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------E rie County _____________________

103
64
51

39. 5
40. 0
40. 0

84. 50
90. 50
91. 00

"

“

"

1

-

-

17
-

Bookkeeping-m achine operators,
cla s s B _______________________________
"N mvfa ntn ring
/fa
E rie County --------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________

379
58
37
321

38.
40.
40.
38.

5
0
0
0

58.
70.
71.
56.

50
00

-

69

131

54

24
9

00

69

1

50

-

5
33

C lerk s, accounting, cla s s A __________
Manufacturing ______________________
E rie County _____________________
Niagara County __________________
Nonmanufacturing __________________

257
170
140
30
87

39.
39.
39.
40.
39.

5
5
5
0

9 8 . 00

_

_

100. 50
99. 50

-

-

-

106.00

-

-

-

0

93. 00

50

4
7

9

77
59
48

68.

17
11

2
2

---------------------------------------

125. 50
128.50

-

1
1

94. 50

C lerk s, payroll ------------------------------------M anufacturing ______________________
E rie County ---------------------------------

C lerk s, ord er

12
1

15

20
8
6
2
12

41
17
13
4
24
24

22
6

42
23

35
28

3
3

21
2

21

16
12

19
5

7
7
7
_
-

19
12
6
6

43
28
22
6

22
22
16
6

7
4

15
5

-

3
3

_
-

3
3

2
1

8

14

7

7

-

6

12
11

6
6

_

8

10

_

10

2

1

9
3
3

6

11

3
3

3
3
-

6

1
1
1

3
3
"

1

24
24
21

3
-

1
1
1

5
5
2

-

3
4
4
"

1
1

1
1

-

-

6

1

_

_

2
2
2

24
24
24

1
1
1

.
-

r ~

2

6

-

2
2
2

8

8

1

2

2

4

4

8

1

8

4

3

1

4

3

-

2

3

2

8

7

20

17

14

4

3

3

-

3

1

7

-

-

5

16

1

11

7

1

1

6

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4

5
5
3

8
8
1

19
12
6

_
-

2

11
11
11

2
2
2

2
2
2

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
3
-

5

21

15

21

18
18

3
3

7

4
4
4

1

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

12

5
5
3

-

17

3
3
3

-

2
2

-

-

26

42

24

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2

1
1

-

11
11

1
1

4

9

-

1

1

17
15
14

39
32
24

11
11

26
14

10

1
1
1

3

2
2

_

_

-

2

-

_
_
-

_

4

19

16

10

_

3

8

12

—

7

Women

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta ble,




-

-

7

124

54

15

16
12
10

_

_

7

7

5

-

-

-

-

7

7

6

2

13

1

-

-

2

17

20

31

2
2

8
2
2

8

9
7

22
22

53
49
41

3

-

1

2

1

8

9

11

9

8

6

4

2

7

7

9

8
6

12

3
3
7

-

-

3

2

-

_
-

T able A -l.

O ffice O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n ----- C on tin ued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
A verage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Weekly x
(Standard)

J
S
S
$
s
*
1
i
s
s
S
40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00

S

$
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
S
S
$
00
9500 100 J 10500 1 1 0 0 0 11500 120.00 12500 130.00 13500 14000 14500 15000

and

and

45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 11500 1 2 0 0 0 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 15000 over

W om en— Continued
C lerk s, accounting, c la s s B ----------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------N iagara County _________________ —
Nonm anufacturing -----------------------------

467
228
169
59
239

C lerk s, file, c la s s A ___________________

53

C lerk s, file, c la s s B ___________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ------------- ------------------- --------------------------------

218
79
58
139

C lerk s, file, c la s s C ----------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------- ---------

165
140

C lerks, o rd e r ----------------------------------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------E rie County ______________________
C lerks, p ayroll

5

$73. 50
81.00
80. 50
82. 00
6 6 . 00

38. 5

76. 50

38.
39.
39.
37.

58.
71.
70.
51.

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0
0

5
0

19
_
_
-

_
-

-

19

_

50
00
50
50

18

38. 5
38. 5

52. 50
51. 50,

116
75
67

39. 0
39.0
39.0

76. 00
80. 50
77. 50

39.
39.
39.
39.
38.

0

E rie County ---------------------------------N iagara County ----------------------------N onm anufacturing ___________________

316
231
188
43
85

5
5
5
5

81. 00
84. 00
83. 00
8 8 . 00
72. 50

C om ptom eter op erators _____________
M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County ---------------------------------N onm anufacturing -----------------------------

338
199
191
139

40.
40.
40.
39.

0
0
0
5

73.
72.
71.
75.

50
00
50
50

Keypunch op era tors, cla s s A --------------M anufacturing ----------------------------------E rie County ___ ___________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------

241
115
119

39.
39.
39.
39.

5
5
5
5

85.
85.
85.
84.

00
50
00
50

Keypunch op era tors, cla ss B --------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ---------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 :_________________

297
130
114
167
31

39.
40.
40.
38.
38.

0

70.
79.
80.
62.
76.

00
50

Noilmanufacturing

--------------------------------------

Manufacturing

---------------------------------------

122

93
M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ----------------------------------

60
38

S ecreta ries ---------------------------------------------M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County ______________________
N iagara County ___________________
N onm anufacturing --------------------------—
Public utilities 2 ___________ ______

1, 065
798
597

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




20 1

267
62

5
5
5
5

0
0
5
5

39. 0
39. 5
39. 5
39.
39.
39.
39.
38.
38.

5
5
5
5
5
5

00

50
00

58. 50
60. 50
58. 00
98. 00
99. 00
97. 50
104. 00
94. 50
1 1 1 . 00

_

34
32
28
4

38

65
17
13
4
48

4

5

19
18
17

10
10
10

1

-

7
7
5
-

79

25

37
14
9
5
23

1

14

2

36
3

29
4
4
-

21

17
4
58

63
25
15
10

30
21

23
23

27
26
19
7

17
15
9

22
1

2

14
7
9

-

1

6
2

5

3

2

10

3

10
10

12
12
11

8
8
1

7
3

14

11
6
6

6

3
3

_

_
-

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

2

13
9
5
4
4

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
10
8

_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3
3

_

-

2
2
1

-

-

-

-

5
5
4

11

_

3
3
3

3
3
3

1
1
1

_

_

-

1

-

-

_

-

-

“

1
6

-

"

-

-

1
1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

12

2

_
_

3
_

1

18

58

33

28
5
3
23

4
4

84
83

25
23

18
7

15
15

14
4

5
4

5

19
3
3

23
23
23

9

54
30
27
3
24

12
8
8

28
18

29
9
9

8

20

25
23
23

27
19
18

5
7

_

61

11
10
10

10

-

3

-

11
8
8

6

_

-

4
4

1

_

12

26
9

19
15
15

21
21

39
36
34

-

-

2

_

-

5
5

-

_

1
8

2

30

1

-

7

17

4

9

3

_

1

_

_

23
17
17

-

1

6

24
15
15
9

36
29
29
7

58
27
27
31

75
43
42
32

_

_
_

2
2
2

10

29

_
-

10
10

24
4
4

_
_

-

_
-

_

9
-

20

2
2

_

4

-

-

-

10

19

20

2

8

_

17

39
2
2
37
-

23
4
4
19
3

35

63

19
19
17

23
19

13

10
10

24
16

_
_

-

-

17
-

4

25

-

12
11

9

12
6

_

4

11

51
3

-

1

1

11

9

8
6

5
3

2

3

1

3
3
3

15

77
47
43
4
30

93
67
60
7
26

_

9

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

10
10

12
11

23

33
25
25
_

_

50
30
25
5

8

5

20

10
10

17

1

4

3
-

2

2
2
2

2
2
1

-

"

27
23
16
7
4

26
23
19
4
3

16
14
10

14
13
3

16
16
14
-

19

8

12
10

4
3
4

34
29
28
5

13
13
9
“

35

27
23
22
4
4

9
9
7

1
1

1

81
46
38

10 2

8

35
4

7

_

-

80
63
17
22
4

1
1

4
2

_
-

10
1

8
8

5
3
-

_
-

5
4

9
9
9
-

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

14
3
3

2
2

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11

3

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2
1

4
3
3

2
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

25

34
5
5
29

-

1

23
17

5
2

17
6
6

1
1
1

3
3

108
91
60
31
17

130
117
92
25
13

15
13

18
18

4
4

6
6

8

12
1

12
6

1

5

8
8
8

3

1

2
2

_

_

_

1

35
26
17
9
9
9

23
15

6

64
40
33
7
24
3

10
10

-

5

1
1

143
1 20

59
61
23
7

60
35
26
9
25
21

7
8

5

_

8
T a b le A -l.

O ffic e O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N .Y., D ecem ber 1962)
NUM
BER O WORKERS RECEIVIN STRAIGHT-TIM W
F
G
E EEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of

W
eekly j 40.00 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 *80.00 85.00 9 0 . 0 0 *95.00 ioaoo 105.00 iia o o 115.00 * 2 0 .0 0 *125.00 13CX00 *35.00 140.00 145.00 isaoo
W ly;
eek
h rs1
ou
and
and
d
(Stand
ard) (Stan ard) under
00
00
45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 00 .0 0 105.00 n a o o 115.00 120100 125.00 130.00 13 5l 140l 145.00 150.00 over

Women— Continued

44
14

81

102

110

111

11

11

11

3
30
-

70
-

60
47
13
42

65
51
14
45

73
49
24
38

125
97
63
34
28

-

1

1

1

_
-

_
-

11

21

16

-

-

-

_
-

8
8

-

"

-

-

3

4
4
17

6
6
10

6

5
5
-

33
33

20

17
7
5

19
9

41

16

20

6
10

19

12
10

21

-

-

"

3

6

27
24

8

23

64

12
12
11

31
33

080
700
495
205
380
82

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

$ 7 7 .5 0
80.50
79.50
83.00
72.00
96.50

Stenographers, senior _ ________ __ __
Manufacturing _________________________
E rie County _________ __________ __
Nonmanufacturing __________________ __

400
301
176
99

39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

93.00
95.00
• 95.50

Switchboard operators _______________ —
Manufacturing _______ ________ ______
E rie County _____________ _________
Nonmanufacturing _________ __ --------Public utilities 2 ___________________

258
115
94
143
31

39.5
40 .0
40 .0
39.0
39.5

75.00
85.00
85.00
67.00

6

90.00

-

Switchboard op erator-recep tionists ____
Manufacturing ___ __ ________________
E rie County __ ____________________
N iagara County _____________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ _____ __ __

310
187
160
27
123

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

74.00
76.50
75.00
84.00
71.00

_
-

Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B _____________ _____
_________
Manufacturing ___ __ _____ __ __ __
E rie County ______ ________________

84
55
32

39.5
39.5
39 .0

Tabulating-m achine operators,
class C _______________________________ __

61

Stenographers, general --------------- --------Manufacturing ___ __ __ _____________
E rie County ________________________
Niagara C o u n ty __ ________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________

Tran scribin g-m achin e operators,
general ___________________________________
Nnnmarmfartnr^TU,

Typ ists, class A _____________________________
_________
Manufacturing ___ _____
E rie County ______ ________ ______
Niagara County _____________________

1,

8

5
3
9
-

_
-

88.00

-

-

21

3
3

-

-

-

6

90.50
94.00
90.00

-

-

-

-

38.5

76.50

_

-

183
94
83
89

39.5
39.5
40 .0
39.0

71.00
79.00
79.50
62.50

-

10

375
264
194
70

39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
37.5

77.50
82.50
83.00
81.00
65.50

_
-

-

-

38.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

62.00

111

T yp ists, class B _ __ _______________ __
Manufacturing _________________________
E rie County ______ __ __ _________
Niagara rniinty
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilitie s 2

17
-

958
410
320
90
548
96

3 8 .0

39.5

67.50
67.50
67.50
58.00
71.00

-

20

-

_
-

10
1

27
9
9

-

-

8

18

-

6

-

-

31

20

8

51
50

52
45

13
5
4

16
14
13

32
28

23

21

4

8

"

4

2
2

4
4

3
17
17

52
38
30

37
23
23
14

26

11

21

12

11

21

7
5
14

7
4

14
7

8

14

5

12

7

62

57
43
14
5
3
81
68

42
13

18
18

4
4

2
2

1
1

8
10

1

-

-

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13
13

2
2
2

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

1
1
1

17
17

39
25
16
14

12

12

4

35

27

9

22

20

19
13

15
7

8
8
1

-

-

-

8

1
1
1

5
5
5

1
1
1

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

91
77
28
14

-

-

-

5
4
3

5
5
5

-

3

31
31
9

6

6

-

1

5
5
5

-

1

2
2
2

11
1

2

-

3
3

5
4

1

2

2

2

1

-

*

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

4

1

7

16

5

12

-

2

6

26
5

6

20
8
8

26

13
7

33
29
25
4

11
10

9

9

9

8

8

-

9
9

49
39
30
9
10

49
34
19
15
15

10

21

12

16

_

8

45

30

30

-

-

6

22

-

-

1
1

32
30

3
3
24

15
7

21

64
64
52

9

12

8

2

122

73
32
17
15
41

75
61
46
15
14

47
40
34

24
17
15

6

23

93
53
35
18
40

8

11

4

6

3

2
7
7

8

_
-

118
11

22
6

_

107

208
14

236
28

44
135
56
40
16
79
13

3

3
3

99
87
12

10
10

6
6

7

1

-

-

1
6
6

3
3

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

5

3
-

3
-

-

-

-

11

16
16
13
3

-

-

-

-

■
-

-

-

-

7

40
40
29

11

17

11
11

2
2

_

15
15

1

7
7

Standard hours re fle ct the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa laries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




_
-

1

-

1

19
4
4
15

8

29

97
85
58
27

5
5
5

2

11

131
80
60

146
113
84
29
33
4

_

9
T a b le A -2.

P rofession al and T ech n ica l O ccu p a tio n s—M en and W o m e n

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , Buffalo (E rie and Niagara Counties), N. Y. , D ecem ber 1962)
Averag i

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Weekly,
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly .
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Under

$

$
$
s
S
$
S
*
s
S
s
$
$
s
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
i
o
.0
75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 9 Q ioaoo 10500 naoo 11500 i2 ao 12500 13000 13500 14000 14500 150 015500 16000 16500 17000 1 500180.00
7
S0
.0 2 .0 3 .0
80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 1 0 0 10500 liotoo 1 500 120 0 1 5 0 1 0 0 13500 14000 14500 15000 15500 16000 16500 17000 1 500 18000
1
0 .0
7

and
over

Men

40. 0 $159. 0
0

3

---------------------------------

5
3

D raftsm en, sen ior _____________________
M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County _____ _______________
N iagara County ___________________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________

629
5
47
460
8
7
82

39. 5
39. 5
40. 0
39. 5
38. 5

134.50
136.00
137.50
127.50
126.00

"

"

D raftsm en, junior ______________________
M anufacturing _______________________
Erip County

349

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

104.00

~ T "5
05. 0

2

22

313

D raftsm en, lead er

293

2
3

2
105. 5 1
0

6
4

-

-

“

“

2
7
26
26

20
1
8
1
8

47
46
41

5

1
9

"

7

"

“

1
7
4
1
4

24
1
9
1
6

3
1
29
2
7

3
4
3
1
3
1

1
2
1
1
9

9
9
5

29
28
22
6

25 22
2i “ '2
1
1
2 1
1
0
9 1

7
7
4

7

1
9

43
38
3
7

33

29
29
22

2
4
24
1
7

7

7

33

33

35

40
33
1
9
1
4

65
65
59
6

2
6

T4~

1
3
1
9

21

7

80
5
1
36
1
5
29

7

5 106
2
46 99
2
7 82
7
1
9 1
6
7

.

5
1
47
47
-

4
4
4
4

3
1
3l
3
1

j

3

_

3

5

1
6

45
45
45

20
1
7
1
6
1
3

— n r"

1
5
-

1

1

-

8

— n

1

1

6
6
6

W om en
N u rses, industrial (re g is te re d ) _ ______
M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County --------------- ------------------N iagara County ___________________

11
8
16 8

122
46

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

105.00 4
106.00 105. 0 0
108.50

1
1
1

5
'—

5

-----4

4

TT- ^

13

4

7
7

----- T~

3

i

3

1 _____
_

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa laries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.




■
1

1
1

1
1
1

7
28
~ zsn

23
3

3

2

7

7

7

7

7
7

7
7

-

-

7
-

1
2

2

"

"

_

1
1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
2
1
~ rr

2
1
■

_
-

10
T a b le A -3.

O ffice , P rofessional, and T ech n ical O ccu p a tion s—M en and W o m e n C om bin ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
w
orkers

w
eekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

w
eekly
earnings1
(Standard)

B ille r s , m achine (billing m achine) -------------Manufacturing ___________________________
E rie County -----------------------------------------

112
74
53

$ 8 3 .5 0
8 3 . 50
8 3 . 50

B ille rs , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) ----

49

103
64
51

8 4 . 50
9 0 . 50
9 1 . 00

Bookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss B —
Manufacturing ___________________________
E rie County ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------

3 89
58
37
3 31

$ 7 3 . 50
7 2 .0 0
7 1 . 50
7 5 . 50

Com ptom eter operators ___________
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________

338
199
191
139

Keypunch op e ra to rs, cla ss A _____
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County __________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------

247
122
115
125

85.
85.
85.
84.

00
50
00
00

Keypunch o p erators, cla ss B _____
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County --------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------Public utilities 2 _____________

303
134
117
169
31

70.
79.
79.
62.
76.

00
50
50
50
00

O ffice boys and g irls ---------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County ---------------------------

184
70

6 3 . 50
6 3 . 00~
6 0 . 50

S ecretaries _________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County _________________
N iagara County ______________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------P ublic utilities 2 _____________

1 ,0 7 4
803
602
201
271
66

9 8 . 00
9 9 . OO..
9 7 . 50
1 0 4 .0 0
9 4 . 50
1 1 0 .0 0

Stenographers, general -----------------Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County _________________
Niagara County ______________
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------Public utilities 2 _____________

1 ,0 8 4

Stenographers, senior ____________
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County -------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------

402

6 1 . 50

B ookkeeping-m achine op e ra to rs, cla ss A —
Manufacturing -----------------------------------------E rie County ___________________________

C lerks, accounting, cla ss A
Manufacturing __________
E rie County __________
Niagara County ______
Nonmanufacturing ______
Public utilities 2 ______

574
3 62
2 82
80
2 12
79

C lerks, accounting, cla ss B
Manufacturing __________
E rie County __________
N iagara County ______
Nonmanufacturing ______

5 75
303
2 30
73
2 72

C lerks, file , cla s s A ______

53

59.
70.
71.
57.

00
00
00
00

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 1 . 50
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 1 6 . 00
77.
86.
84.
92.
68.

50
50
50
50
00

7 6 . 50

T 0 l~

77.
80.
79.
83.
72.
97.

50
50
50
00
00
00

177
100

93.
95.
96.
88.

00
00
00
50

70Z~
497
205
382
84

C lerks, file , cla ss B ---------Manufacturing __________
E rie County --------------Nonmanufacturing ______

2 22
83
61
139

59.
72.
71.
51.

C lerks, file , cla ss C ______
Nonmanufacturing ______

166
141

5 2 . 50
5 1 . 50

C lerks, ord er --------Manufacturing ----E rie County __

189
120
108

8 6 . 50
9 0 . 00
8 8 . 00

Switchboard operators ____________
Manufacturing ---------------------------E rie County _________________
Nonmanufacturing ______________
Public utilities 2 _____________

260
115
94
145
33

75.
85.
85.
67.
90.

00
00
00
50
50

C lerks, payroll ____
Manufacturing ---E rie County __
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing

3 93
2 90
2 36
54
103

88.
92.
92.
93.
78.

Switchboard ope ra to r-re ce p tio n ists
Manufacturing __________________
E rie County -------------------------N iagara County ---------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------

310
187
160
27
123

74.
76.
75.
84.
71.

00
50
00
00
00

00
00
50
50

50
50
00
00
50

Earnings relate to regular straigh t-tim e w eekly sa laries that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




earnings1
(Standard)

Tabulating-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la s s A

64

$ 1 1 4 .5 0

Tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la s s B
Manufacturing _______________________
Erie County ______________________

176
95
71

9 8 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

Tabulating-m achine op e r a to r s , cla s s C

115

8 4 .5 0

T ran scribing-m achine op e r a to r s , general
Manufacturing __________________________
E rie County -------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------

183
94
83
89

71.
79.
79.
62.

00
00
50
50

T ypists, class A ______
Manufacturing _____
E rie County ____
N iagara County
Nonmanufacturing

385
' 169
199
70
116

78.
82.
83.
81.
67.

00
50
00
00
00

Typists, class B ______
Manufacturing _____
E rie County -----Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing
Public utilities 2 .

985
413
3 23
90
5 72
120

63.
68.
68.
67.
59.
77.

00
00
00
50
50
00

O ffice occu pation s— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations

Number
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

—

w r

P rofession a l and technica l occupations
D raftsm en, leader

53

1 5 9 .0 0

D raftsm en, senior _
Manufacturing ___
E rie County __
Niagara County
Nonmanufacturing

6 31
5 49
462
87
82

1 3 4 . 50
1 3 6 .0 0 "
1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

D raftsm en, junior
Manufacturing
Erie County

3 54
3 18
2 98

1 0 4 .0 0
1 05 . 50
1 0 5 . 50

N urses, industrial (reg istered )
Manufacturing ______________
Erie County _____________
Niagara County ---------------

190
177
129
48

1 0 5 . 00
1 0 6 . 66
1 0 5 . 00

109.00

11
T a b le A -4.

M aintenance and P ow erp la n t O ccu p a tion s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccupation and industry div isio n

N ber
um
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
Average
hourly , Under 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20
earnings 1 $
and
and
1.90 under
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.40 Z . 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 over

307
244
197
47
63
31

$2.
3.
3.
3.
2.
2.

96
01
00
05
76
86

1, 029
1, 004
713
291

3.
3.
3.
3.

E n gin eers, stationary ----------------- -------M anufacturing --------- ------- — -------E rie County _____ ____ __ -------N iagara County -----------------------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------

C arp enters, m aintenance ---------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ----------------------------------N iagara County ------------- ------------Nonm anufacturing ------------------------------

16
16
14
2
-

12
7
6
1
5

40
40
29
11
-

45
36
20
16
9
6

43
43
26
17
-

16
14
14

36
36
36

14
14
14

6
-

2

-

-

18
16
16
-

23
23
23
-

36
36
28
8

90
88
47
41

141
140
58
82

133
129
88
41

130
130
25
105

74
74
74
-

29
28
22
6
1

4
2
2
2

109
101
89
12
8

75
72
52
20
3

26
24
20
4
2

93
69
25
44
24

38
35
31
4
3

32
31
30
1
1

17
10
10

22
22
13
9

7
6
6

33
31
19
12

40
40
21
19

24
24
4
20

59
59
27
32

1
1
1

-

14
14
14

-

36
12
1
11
24
22

49
49
44
5
-

182
179
115
64
3

87
69
59
10
18
14

56
43
29
14
13
13

10
10
10

8
8
8

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

11
11
11

8
8
8

77
77
77

45
45
45

15
15
15

11
11
11

67
67
64

-

-

35
35
35

2
2
2

13
11
11

29
29
29

45
44
41
3

101
99
88
11

66
66
33
33

1

-

-

-

31
16
16

223
78
78

29
2
2

15
15

145
144

27
27

30
11
9
2
19
19

17
4
4
13
3

135
24
17
7
111
111

49
30
9
21
19
19

5
-

8
-

-

-

7
7
7

13
11
11

12
12
12

19
3
3

10
5
5

5

8

-

-

-

2

-

16
14

5
5

19
19
22
11

_

.

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

“

-

34
34
32
2

14
11
8
3

554
463
357
106
91

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

87
91
92
86
67

2
2

-

2
2

10
10

25
25
25
"

59
33
18
15
26

"

F irem en , stationary b o ile r -------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ----------------------------------r.nnnty

332
323
165
158

2.
2.
2.
2.

58
60
67
52

14
9
9

6
5
5

-

31
31
31

53
53
38
15

19
19
9
10

H elpers, m aintenance trades __________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County ----------------------------------N iagara County -----------------------------Nonm anufacturing —_ -----------------------

519
430
310
120
89
62

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

51
54
56
50
37
48

14
4
4
3 10

8
8
8
-

3
1
1
2

12
7
1
6
5
1

48
34
24
10
14
12

M ach in e-tool op era tors,
to o lro o m _______________________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County -----------------------------------

660
660
639

3. 23
3. 23
3. 23

-

-

-

-

-

M achinists, m aintenance ----------------------M anufacturing -----------------------------------E rie County _______________________
N iagara County ------------------------------

1, 018
1, 006
794
212

3.
3.
3.
3.

22
22
22
22

-

-

1
-

-

M echanics, autom otive
(m aintenance) ---------------------------- -------M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County _______________________
N iagara County ------------------ -------Nonmanufacturing ___________________
Public u t ilit ie s 2

652
265
235
30
387
360

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

83
91
90
99
78
77

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

1
1

-

E le ctricia n s , m aintenance _____________
E rie County ----------------------------------N iagara County ------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le.




-

1
-

-

-

-

_

4
_
_

6
6

-

1

-

-

-

_

4

206
206
206
“

95
82
82
"

13
13
4
9

12
12
12
"

_

7
7
7
“

_

_

-

3
3
3
-

15
15
15

7
7
7

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

5
5
5

-

-

"

-

-

-

"

9
9
9

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

31
31
13

138
138
138

187
187
187

57
57
57

.13
13
13

-

"

-

-

_
_

_
_

“

“

156
156
109
47

139
139
50
89

44
44
44

326
326
326

6
-

37
37
8
29

13
13
13

-

-

5
5
5

-

-

52
42
42

18
9
9

62
46
46

-

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

10

9
5

16
16

7

-

-

-

12
T a b le A -4.

M aintenance and P ow erp la n t O ccu pation s — C on tin u ed

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n t ie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
Number
of
workers

Average
hourly j
earnings

M echanics, maintenance _______________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------E rie County -----------------------------------------------N iagara County ___________________

1, 109
1, 077
850
227

$ 3. 10
3. 10
3. 14
2.97

M illwrights ______________________________
M anufacturing _________________ ____
E rie County _______________________________
N iagara County __________________________

1, 107
1, 107
724
383

3. 18
3. 18
3. 24

O ilers ____________________________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------E rie County _______________________________

519
505
407
98

O ccupation and industry division

8
P ainters, m aintenance ________________________
M anufacturing ________________________________
T .t i <» r . r m n t y
P
=

g

c

y

P ip efitters, maintenance _____________________
M anufacturing --------------------------------------------------

g

y

S heet-m etal w ork ers, m aintenance _____
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------E rie County _______________________________

8
Tool and die m akers ____________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------------------E rie County ------------------------------------------------

'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

•

-

~

“

"

1
1
1

.

26
26

45
43
32

.

3. 06

24

3

22
22
21
1

77
77

100
1 00

2 21
2 21

68

9

29
71

61
160

47
47
37

128
128
101

79
79
75

35
35
34

10

27

4

1

25
25
24

11
11
9
2

36
55

38
38

8

7

8

15

16

r —

r r

_

5
5
4
1

46
46
17
29
9
5

.

“

11

.

7

-

2 . 88

4

4

_

2

11

15

2.9 5
2. 93
2 ! 97

-

-

-

-

7

1
1

09
09
12
05

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

232

3.
3.
3.
3.

_

295
291
232
59

3.
3.
3.
3.

18
19
21
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

842
842
780
62

3.
3.
3.
3.

37
37
39
13

300
254
139
115
672
--------EEE

2.

1

6

-

16
10

7

29

11

6
6
6

5

_

16

15
12

42
42
30
12

_
-

2
2
2

.

.

„

---- 2

-

-

-

8
8
8

1
1
1

8
8
8

21
21
21

12
12
12

19
19
19

1
1
1

76

26
26
18

21

16

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

19
19

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

144

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
1

-

_

_

66
20

53
53
40
13

3
3
3

_
-

2

-

22

81
81
81

16

_

.

-

1 12

4

2
2
1
1

-

.

-

9

5
4
3
1

_

-

58
58
58

7
7
3

6

-

3
3
3

27
27
27

23
23
14

2

_

6
6
6

298
298
298

-

2

-

7
7
7

8

1

-

9
9
9

60
60
38

139
137
54
83

5

_

6
6
6

194
194
82

_

11 0

46

— FT — n r
13
13
10

-

7
7
7

32
32
32

121
121

7

_

4
4
4

81
81
81

31

7

-

_

4
4
4

139
139
89
50

7

—

3
3
3

123
123
123

16

12
11

-

43
43
43

71
48
48

27

7
7

E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts,
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 8 at $ 1 .7 0 to $ 1 .8 0 ; and 2 at $ 1. 80 to $ 1.90.




319
319
209

7

21
21

"

2

25
25
25

-

“

-

71
69
69

7
7

-

-

119
117
72
45

40
40
36
4

51
51
37
14

12
12
12

62
58
31
27

1

26
26

-

-

2. 74
2. 75
80
2. 53

434

o P .n n n ty

2
2
50 h . 60 h . 70 h . 80 h . 90 $ 00 $ 10 $ 20 *3.30 $3 .4 0 $3 .5 0 $3. 60 *3. 70 $3. 80 *3. 90 *4. 00 $4. 10 $4. 2 0
Under *1. 90 * i . 0 0 $ . 10 $ . 20 h . 30 h . 40
3.
3.
3.
5
and
and
1 .9 0 under
2 . 00 2 . 1 0 2 . 20 2. 30 2.4 0 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50 3. 60 3. 70 3. 80 3. 90 4. 00 4. 10 4. 20 ov er

16
16

8
8

7
1

36
85

24

144

30
30
30

85
85
41
44

2
2
2

131
131
131

13
13
13

_

.

.

.

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
66

69
69
38
31

48
48
43

62
62
62

139
139
139

253
253
253

-

8
8

2
2

6
6

8

2

6

66

------ I T ~ T ^ T

5

.

.

13
T a b le A -5.

C u stodial and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tio n s

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N .Y ., D e c e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O ccu p ation 1 and industry d ivision

N ber
um
of
workers

Average $1 . 0 0 Y i o
hourly
earnings2 and
under
1.10

E levator op e r a to r s , p assen ger
(women) __ ____ __ ____ ____________
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Guards and w atchm en __ __ -----------------________ ____________
M anufacturing
E rie County __ ___ ___ ______________
Guards __ __ ___________ _____
N iagara C o u n t y __ ____

__ __ __

Nonm anufacturing ___________________
Jan itors, p o r te r s , and c lea n e rs
(men) ______________ __ _______________
M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County _____ __ ____________
N iagara C o u n t y -------- -----------------Nonmanufacturing __ __ ____________
P u blic u t ilit ie s 4 ------ ------------ --Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n e rs
(women)
Mannfa o Hiring
E rie County
Niagara County
Nonm anuf a r.tur i ng

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.50

$1.31
1.29

"

11
11

29
29

30
30

10

1, 158
880
625
458
167
255
L62
93
278

2.24
2.46
2.48

_
-

12

176
7
7
7

41

5
-

-

-

1,

861
1,342
1,0 6 1

281
519
147
963
305
253
52
658

2.66

1.99
2.42
?
2.24
1.52

-

-

1.70

2
2

24
19
19

15
9
-

1

_

9

83
54
54

2
1
1

53
5
3

60

29

1

48

11

36

29

27

1
1

8
8

10

57
-

35
"

21

305

20

57
15
15

81
21
21

16

140

12
2

3

5
5
17
3

44
35
33
2

O rd er fille r s ____________________________
M anufacturing _________ ____ _____
E rie County __ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ____
Nonm anufacturing _________ ____ __

674
245
242
429

2.59
2.46
2.45
2.67

P a ck e rs , shipping (men) __ __ _________
M anufacturing _______________________
E rie County _______________________
Niagara C o u n t y __ __ ________ __

533
513
458
55

P a ck e rs , shipping ( w o m e n ) __ __ __ __
M anufacturing ___ ____ __ ____ __
E rie County __ __ ________ _____
R eceiving cle r k s
M anufacturing
T tip nrmni’y
^
Nonm anufacturing __ __ __ __ __ __

1

32
29
9
9
9

z

2.21

1.33

14

22

68
11
11

1.98

12

_

16
16

1

87
87
4

1.55

16
2

9

6

2.0 2

19
5
5
5

95
63
62

5

102

1
1

78
41
41
37

5

-

15
13

:

19

102

2 .0 0

14

169

15

1.90

18

22

12

3 15

1.80

$

$

2.2 0

*2.30

2.2 0

2.30

2.40

39
35

54
50
41

2.0 0

*2 . 1 0

2.10

13

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.40 *2.50 2 . 6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 *3.10 3.20 *3.30 3.40 3.50
and
2.50

2.60

2.70

2.80

118
87
42
42

2.90

3.00

225
225
224
224

16
16

21
21

16
16

15
15

1
1

_

2

_

1

15
19
14
5
4

1 16
112

68

94
18
4
3

43
25
17
13

36
31
28
3
5

48
48
32

164
163
150
13

124
106
42
64
18

12

140

305

11

42

19
-

36
-

20

16
4
4

10

24

-

16
-

-

1
1

5
5

98
40
40

64
54
54

19

36

20

16

12

10

23

6

58

10
5

1

2.68

-

2.37
2.39
2.37
2.55

_

13

_

-

11
11

-

155
79
61

2.13
2.33
2.19

_
-

3
-

272
rs o ~
143

2.48
2.57
2.58
2^35

_

.

-

-

"

-

-

12
11
11

6

4
3
3

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2

3

_

1

3

3.30

3.40

3.50 over

3
3
3
3

3
3
2
2

5
5
5
5

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

6
6

5

_

1

_

_

_

85

1
1

2
2

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

.
_

_
_

_

1

2

2
2

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_

-

_
_
-

_
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

16

620
323
323

408
302
302

62
_
_

21

25
24
24

59
_
_

3
3
3

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

297

106
103

62

18
17

1

59

_

_

_

_

264
19
19
245

21
10
10
11

109

1
1

25

21
21
88

_

_
24

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

14
14
14
-

1
1

1
1

123

88

1 22

24
24

67
61

64
35
29

55
55

45
33

1

1

31

149
149
60
89
-

309
306
262
44
3
3

130
130
130
_
_
-

31
31
31

9

_

436
427
330
97
9
4

461
321
249
72
140
140

296

11
11
10

90
69
69

78
71
71
7

20
21

9

12
9

4
293
239
219
20

54
53
31
31
13
18

17
4
193
l 66
92
74
27
11

42
41
28
13

6

12

_

9
9

1

107
98
98
9

273
48
225
23
7

_
-

4
4
4
-

“

49
16
16
33

3
3
3
“

5
5
5
-

10
10
10

-

-

21

4
4
4

8
8
8

60
58
58

30
29
19

23
23

11
11

19
19

21
2

5

10

1 02
1 02
1 02

6

9

58
51
51
-

-

150
150
141
9

_
-

7
7
7

11
11
11

_
-

_
-

22
22
22

_
-

11
11

5
4
4

5

26

43
37
32

39

26

20

1

3

20
20
6

8
6
3

43

2
2

2

22

14
19

7
7
7

_
-

25
-

62

2

9

12

1
1

14
14

l

2

3.20

6
6
1
1

89

116
87
35
52
29

10

-

4
4
4

16
1

1 20

Q
7

12
12

16

-

3.10

3

9
9

-•

2.11

2.43
2.44
2.45
2.42
2.41

1 12

22
22

5

1.6 0

9

2.32
2.31
2.35
1.57
2.08

3, 100
2, 147
1,676
471
953
349




$
$
$
$
$
1.40 1.50 *1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90

85
77

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling _ _________
M anufacturing ___ ________ __ __ __
E rie County __ ___ ___ _________ __
T l a o'a t a ("trvnn’f y
M
Nonm anufacturing ___________________
T^nVilir1 n fililip c ^

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,

*1 . 2 0 *1.30

1

2

9

12

21

6

21

3
3

-

l

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

1

1

17
17
_
17

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

14

30
27

11
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

1
1
1

12

3

9

-

_

14
T a b le A -5 .

C u stod ia l and M aterial M o v e m e n t O ccu p a tio n s— C on tin u ed

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Buffalo (E rie and N iagara Counties), N. Y. , D ecem ber 1962)

O ccupation1 and industry division
3
2

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

NUMBER O
P
Average $1. 00 $1. 10 $1. 20 $1. 30 $1 .4 0 $1. 50 *1.6 0 $1. 70 S1. 80 $1 .9 0
h
ourly
earnings& and
under
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00

$ 2. 74
2 .7 5
2. 78

Shipping clerk s ------------------------------------------Manufacturing ------------- ---------------------E rie County _________________________

273
259
246

Shipping and receiving clerk s ----------------Manufacturing _________________________
E rie County _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

188
114
92
74

2.
2.
2.
2.

56
50
50
64

T ruckdrivers 5 ____________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------E rie County _________________________
Niagara County -------------------------------Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilit ie s 4 ___________________

2, 738
801
682
119
1, 937
1, 174

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

74
68
69
61
76
81

T ru ck d rivers, light (under
11lz tons) ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ______________________
E rie County _____________________

472
171
154

_
-

_

_
-

-

140
339
235

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public u tilit ie s 4 ________________

961
778
616

612
194
180
1, 631
1, 405
1, 155
250
226
107

2. 59
2. 57
2. 60
2 .4 5
2. 74
2. 81

T ru ck ers, power (other than
forklift) ___________________________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------E rie County _________________________
Niagara County _____________________

597
385
321
64

_

_
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

1
2
3
4
5

503
\& T

2.
2.
2.
2.

53
47
45
57
71

61
71
75
50

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

"

16

-

-

-

"

~

-

"

183
30
30
153
41

"

-

13
13
13

-

-

"

"

11
11
4

1
1
1
-

-

6
6
-

-

-

■

111
106
106

16
16

9
9
9

-

-

23
9
3
14

19
19
13
-

40
37
37
3

7
7
7
-

15
8
5
7

IB
18

17
15
12
2

20
1
19

"

28
8
8
20

19
18
14
4
1

47
30
25
5
17
3

59
38
31
7
21

631
77
46
31
554
245

315
271
223
48
44
3

766
83
77
6
683
605

229
8
8
221
163

68
68
68
-

45
13
13
32

21

257
133
124
9
124
93

28
26

60
25
25

~

1

7

“

29
4
4
25

29
29

9
7
7
2

16
9
3
6
7

over

7
7
7

22
21
21

1

3. 50

1
1
1

16
14
9

2
1
1
1

3. 40

1
1

16

6
6
6

1

-

-

"

1
-

16

16

~

-

-

-

3
3

-

"

"

2
1
1

10
-

7
7
7

-

21
1
1

5
4
4

18
3
"

3
3
2

67
63
59

234
22
17

-

2
2

2
1
1
1

27
3
3
24

19
19

2
2

9
2
2
7

7
7
7
-

10
10
10
-

29
27
25
2
2

21
19
13
2
2

173
56
51
117
90

58
21
18
37
32

8
4
2
4
“

118
13
7
105
105

-

-

11
11
11

3
3
3

16
“

146
3
3

408
405
405

177
177
153

20
"

32
32

147
147
41

"

-

■

-

17
16
16

14
14
14

315
11
4

70
35
32

74
29
29

41
8
8

47
47
47

-

30
30
30

"

-

"

150
150
135
15
-

62
50
39
11
12
12

96
84
74
10
12
12

160
157
94
63

353
267
222
45
86

375
370
358
12
5

65
52
50

115
23
20

2

3

2
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

10
10
10
-

11
11
11
-

-

92
74

21
21
7
14
-

“

13
9

30
30
29
1
-

"

-

-

-

33

236
29
12
17

63
63
54

10
10

94
94
85

2
2
2

33

5

3

31
31

5
5

3
3

12
12
12

16

2

7
7
7

28
28
28

9

8

9

1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
l6
4
6
-

1
1
1
-

1
1
1
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes 3 w ork ers at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss o f size and type o f truck operated.




2. 80

29
29
29

5
3
3
2

7

2. 70

15
10
10

1
1

1

2. 60

13
13
10

19
18
15
1

1

2. 50

4
3
3

1

3. 30

2. 40

3
3
3

_

-

-

-

2. 74
2. 84
2. 87

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) _______________
Manufacturing _________________________
E rie County ____________________ —
Niagara County _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public utilities 4 ___________________

-

_

4
4

2 .9 2
2. 96
2. 90

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
other than tra iler type) _____________
Manufacturing ------------------------ -----E rie County _____________________

_
-

-

and
2. 10 2. 20 2. 30

4
4

-

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.

-

-

_

2. 59
2 .6 1
2. 64

T ru ck d rivers, medium ( l 1^ to
and including 4 tons) ________________
Manufacturing ______________________
E rie County _____________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________
Public utilities 4 ________________

-

WORKERS RECEIVINGr STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.
2.
2. 00
10 $ 20 $ .3 0 $ 40 $ 50 $ .6 0 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10 3. 20 3. 30 3. 40 3. 50
2
2.
2

-

-

-

5

103
103
91
12
-

26
26
26

-

64
61
5
56

3

7
7
7

17
17
14
3

30
12
18

3
-

25

"

16

16

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W o rk e rs
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B u f fa lo ( E r i e an d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y ., D e c e m b e r 1 96 2)

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w ee k ly s t r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

37V 2

40

in d u str ie s

A ll
sc h e d ­
u les

37 V2

40

A ll
sc h e d ­
u les

37 J 2
/

40

A ll
sch ed ­
u le s

37 V2

40

_______

207

111

XXX

XXX

96

XXX

XXX

207

111

XXX

XXX

96

XXX

XXX

----------------------

110

71

10

58

39

11

23

111

67

10

54

44

14

23

under $ 4 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 4 5 .0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 4 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 5 0 .0 0 __________________________________ •
u nder $ 5 2 .5 0 ________________________ ___________
under $ 5 5 .0 0 ______________________ ___________
under $ 5 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 6 0 .0 0 ____________________________________
under $ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 6 5 .0 0 _______ _____________ ___________
under $ 6 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 0 .0 0 ______________________________ __
under $ 7 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 7 5 .0 0 _______ _____ __________________
under $ 7 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
under $ 8 0 .0 0 ___________________ ______________
under $ 8 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
ove r _______________________________________________

1
1
9
4
25

_
3
1
15

_
-

_
3
1
12

1
1
1
1

_
2
1
11

_
5
1

2

2

1

6

2
3

7
7

2
5
8
2
6
1
1

2
5
1
-

4

_
2
1
14
6
6

_
-

8
8

_
3
1
6
1
1

2
5
10
3
20

4

1
1
6
3
10
-

-

7
4
5

4

3

1
1

-

11
10
6

2
2

5
5

6
1
1

1
-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied

________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

A ll
sc h e d ­
u les

N onm an ufactu ring

B a sed on standard w eek ly hou rs 3 of—

B a sed on stan dard w e e k ly hou rs 3 o f—
in d u stries

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 82. 50

M anufacturin g

N onm an ufactu ring

7
7
8
6

4
3
5
3
3
4

5
4
6
6

4

4

2

1
1
-

3
4
2
3
6

2
3
3
1

4
4

2
2

1
1
5
2
2

2
1

2
1
1
-

3

1
1
2

2
2
1

3

1

1

1
1
-

3

2

-

4

4

3
4

3
5

5

4
5
4
3
5
2
3
4

2
-

5
1

2

2

-

2

1
1
1
2

4

2

-

1
2
2

-

1
2

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------

25

16

XXX

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

30

18

XXX

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a te g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

71

23

XXX

XXX

48

XXX

XXX

65

25

XXX

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

1

1

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

D ata not a v a ila b le

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
5
2
2

1

'

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r standard w ork w eek s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d fo r a ll standard w ork w eek s com bin ed , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




-

2

5

1
2

-

-

2

16




Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s by type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
B u ffa lo ( E r ie and N ia g a r a C o u n tie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—

S e c o n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift w o rk

S e co n d sh ift

------------------------------------------------------------------------

95. 2

90. 6

20. 7

8. 2

W ith s h ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l -----------------------------------

95. 0

9 0 .6

20. 7

8. 2

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r) -------------------------------

60. 4

5 4 .4

11. 2

6. 2

4 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------5 o r b l h c e n ts -------------------------------------------6 c e n ts ______________________________________
7 o r l l/ z c e n ts -------------------------------------------8 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------------9 o r 9 V 2 c e n ts -------------------------------------------10 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------11 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------12 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------121/ 2 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------13, I 3 V3 o r 134/ 5 c e n ts __________________
143/ 4 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------15 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------17 o r I 7 V 2 c e n ts ---------------------------------------18 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------20 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------24 c e n ts ------------------------------------------------------36 c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------

.7
2 .9
4. 2
3. 2
19. 8
2. 8
12. 6
3 .4
2 .4
1 .9
.8
. 1
3. 6
.4
1. 3

-

*
(2 )

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ----------------------------------------

30. 2

2 9 .9

8. 8

1 .4

3 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 1/ 2 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------9 p e r c e n t ------------------------- ---------------------------10 p e r c e n t ---------------------------------------------------

.3
18. 7
1. 3

.3
-

(2)
6. 2
.2

-

T o ta l

-

_
-

_
.5
.7
3. 4
8. 3
4. 7
24. 1
.9
.8

.2
.2
.6
. 3
5. 5
.4
1. 6
.7
.5
.2
.2

-

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

_

(2 )

.4
-

6. 7
1 .0
1. 3
1. 1
.3
.2

-

.6
. 1
. 1
-

(2)
(2 )
. 1
. 1
.6
.7
4. 0
(2 )
. 1
.2
(2 )

. 1
(?)

-

9 .8

2. 1
.5
26. 9

2. 3

(2 )
(2)
1. 3

----------------------

4. 5

6. 3

.7

.6

W ith no s h ift p a y d iff e r e n t ia l -----------------------------

. 1

O th er f o r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l

-

-

(2 )

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though they w e r e n ot c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

17

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B u f fa lo ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N .Y ., D e c e m b e r 1 96 2)

PLAN T W ORKERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

W eek ly h o u rs
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

______ __ — — — ____________ —

U nder 35 h o u r s .
35 h ou rs
O v e r 3 5 and u nd er 371/2 h o u rs
.
.......
37*/i h o u r s
O v e r 3 7^ / 2 and un d er 40 h o u rs
_ _
__
40 h o u r s __________ _____ _______________________
O v e r 40 and u nd er 48 h o u rs ____________________
48 h o u r s and o v e r

1
2
3
4

100

1
3
25
6
65
(4 )

M anufacturing

Pu blic utilities 2

100

100

1

1

12
4
83

37

-

62
-

_

A ll industries 3

100
2
(4 )
1
8
(4)
84
1
3

In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; re ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , re ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p erc en t.




M anufacturing

100

Public utilities2

100

2
1
2
90
1
4

shown se p a r a te ly .

99
-

1

18
T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l i d a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B u f fa lo ( E r i e a n d N ia g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N .Y ., D e c e m b e r 1 96 2)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_________

__ -----------------------------------

W ork ers in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h olid a y s ___ _____ _______________________
W ork ers in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h olid a y s ___ __ -----------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

97

98

99

(4 )

3

2

(4 )

7
1
19
31
2
9
2
25
(4 )
2
1
2
(4)
-

6
42
2
24
1
24
-

1
15
1
15
(4)
31
3
5
1
18
(4 )
1
3
(4)
2
-

_
6
1
21
-

_
1
“
57
18
1
23
-

.
(4 )
1
5
7
41
43
92
93
100
100

.
24
25
25
50
50
51
51
94

(4 )

N um ber of d a y s

5 h o lid a y s ____________ __ ----------------------------------6 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day ______________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf days __________ _________
6 h olid a y s plus 3 h alf days _____________________
7 h olid a y s __ _____ __________________________ —
7 h olid a y s plus 1 h alf day __________________ —
7 h o lid a y s plus 2 h alf days ----- ------------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 3 h alf days __
_______ ______
8 h o lid a y s __ __ __ __ ----------------------- -------------8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf day ______________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h alf days _____________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 3 h alf days
_____ __ -------------9 h o lid a y s ------------------ ---------------------------------- —
10 h o lid a y s ___ _________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ______________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h alf d a y ----- ------------- --------12 h o lid a y s ___________________________ _________

1
14
1
10
(4 )
25
2
7
1
15
1
1
(4 )
6
(4 )
13
0

29

4
7
1
24
(4 )
2
2
(4 )
-

(4 )

Total h o lid a y tim e 5

12 days ----------- ------- ----------------------------- --------H V 2 o r m o r e days ---------------------------------------------11 o r m o r e days _ ____________ ________________
10 o r m o r e days _ __ __ _______________________
9 V 2 o r m o r e days __ __________________________
9 or m o r e d a y s --- ------------------ ------------------ —
8 V 2 o r m o r e days _______________________________
8 or m o r e days _________ __ __ ------------------ —
l l l z o r m o r e days
_________ ___________________
7 o r m o r e days _______________________ _________
6 V 2 o r m o r e days ___________________
_________
6 o r m o r e days ____________ _____ _____________
5 o r m o r e d a y s __ ______________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

(4 )
1
14
14
15
22
24
47
49
85
86
99
99

94
99
99

_

_

2
2
2
6
8
31
34
80
81
96
97

(4 )
(4 )
4
5
37
40
91
92
98
98

_
23
24
24
42
42
42
42
99
99
99
99

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in add ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra tely.
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
A ll com b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a re c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days in c lu d e s th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d ays, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a ys, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cum ulated.




19
T a b le B-5.

P a id V a c a tio n s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B u f fa lo ( E r i e an d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 196 2)

PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s

----------------------------------------------------------

1

M anufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1
(4)

100
98
1
(4)

100
100

99
89
9
1

100
87
12
1

100
99
1
-

M e th o d of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s ---------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m en t ____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p aym en t -------------------------------------F la t -s u m p aym en t -----------------------------------------O th er -------------- -------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------

-

1

"

“

6
63
7
(4)

3
71
5
( 4)

_
27
12
-

15
8
2
“

14
4
1
-

_
20
11
-

_
20
2
78

_
14

_
60
2
38

( 4)
81
5
14

_
89
2
8'

.
67
1
32

(4 )
57
9
30
2
2

64
11
25
-

Amount of v aca tio n p a y 5
A ft e r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------- -----------------------------1 w eek ------------------------------------------------------------- —
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

85

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------- — ------------------------1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w eek s ---------------------------------2 w eek s ---------------------- ----------------------------------------O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ---------------------------------3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------- ------------

_
9
5
83
2
2

_
10
-

90
-

_
5
39
56
-

_

_

38
1
61
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ---------------------------- ------------------------1 w eek ---------------------------------- — ------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s __________________ —
2 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

_

1
2
92
3
2

2
3
92
1
1

1
2
91
3
3

2
3
91
1
2

_

-

100
-

(4)
8
31
55
2
3

-

10
43
46

-

2
98

-

-

1

-

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s ----------------------------------------------2 w eek s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ______________________
3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




_
-

100
-

7
31
56
2
3

8
43
48
1

2
-

98
-

20
T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t io n s — C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B u f fa lo ( E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n t i e s ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

Pu blic u tilities2

Amount of vacation p a y 5---------- Continued
A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ---------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s ----------------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ —

(4)
90
3
6

(4)
92
4
4

(4)
40
11
49
(4 )

(4 )
32
17
51
1

(4)
32
8
60
(4)

21
12
67
1

_

100
-

-

1
88
2
9

( 4)
94
2
3

1
24
32
44

18
43
38

-

100
-

-

A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eeks ____________________ ________

/-

67
-

33

(4)

-

-

-

49
-

51
"

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _____________________ ____________________________________
2 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w eek s _________ ___________
3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eeks __________________________ —
4 w eeks _____________________________________________ — ----------

(4 )

-

_

67
-

33
-

1
19
33
47
(4)
(4)

(4)

12
45
42

_

49
-

50

-

-

-

1

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________________________________________
2 w eeks ------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------3 w eeks __________________________ _______________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________________ _________
4 w eeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

(4)
6
92
2
(4)

(4 )
3
94
3
1

(4)
6
67
1
25
1

(4 )
3
64
2
31
1

(4)
6
33
8
52
1

(4)
3
32
12
52
1

_

2
98
-

1

1
8
85
4
2

( 4)
3
89
5
3

1
8
59
3
29
(4)

(4 )
3
63
4
29
( 4)

1
7
32
14
46
(4)

( 4)
3
32
19
46
(4)

.
-

98
1
1

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________________________________ — —
2 w eeks _____________________
__________________ ______________
3 w eeks ___________ _______________________________
_________
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ________________ ___________
4 w eeks ---------------- -------------------------------------------------------------- —
O ver 4 w eeks __________________________________________________

_

2
78
2
18
-

_
-

64
1
35
-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 ,,r o o lr
2 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and u nd er 4 w eeks _______________________________
4 w eeks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks __________________________________________________

_
2
41
-

57

_
-

29
-

71

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad d ition to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 In clu d es paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r f la t -s u m paym en ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le, the
changes in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g be tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o se who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




21

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
health, in su ra n ce , o r p e n sio n b e n e fits , 1 B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n tie s ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1962)
2
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All industries

2

M anufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

M anufacturing

Public utilities 3

_____

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n t a l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
S ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 ________________________

96

97

98

94

97

98

48

61

32

52

56

52

86

93

62

80

88

75

8

69

84

31

59

11

5

26

A ll w o r k e r s

...... _

_

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e
.... _
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ) __________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d ) . _______________________

57

86

70

70

3

2

"

6

5

19

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e __________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n __________________________
No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan

90
88
68
45
82
1

96
95
71
40
88

75
75
67
78
54

89
88
60
16
76
3

96
95
62
12
82
1

77
77
54
61
72

1--------------------------------------------1 In clu d es th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n d u p lica ted tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a re lim it e d to th o s e w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose o f preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability o f occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
cla ssified by type o f machine, as follow s:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C la ss A—
Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
v oices from custom ers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry o f necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING-Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper a c­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May a ssist in preparing,
adjusting and closin g journal entries; and may direct cla ss B a c­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B —Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or a c­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple co st accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge o f accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in o ffices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C la ss A—
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter file s, cla ssifie s and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con­
junction with the file s. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.

—
Sorts, cod es, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly cla ssified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss B

routine filing of material that has already
been cla ssified or which is easily cla ssified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss

C—
Performs




CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the n e ce s­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and d is­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used sten cils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la ss A

—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la ss 6 —
Under clo s e supervision or following sp e cific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follow s sp ecified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and d is­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into o ffice ; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone ca lls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain file s, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scien tific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the follow ing: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general busi­
ness and office procedures and o f the sp ecific business operations,
organization, p o licie s, procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, e tc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or o ffice
calls. May record toll calls and take m essages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasion ally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATO R-Continued
C l a s s C-O perates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single p o si­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and com plex reports,
Does n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical a c­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
sp ecific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or sp ecia lized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scien tific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
cla ssified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make cop ies o f various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little sp ecia l
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spellin g, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C l a s s B —Performs o n e o r m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance p ol­
ic ie s , etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specification s; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specification s. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, e le c­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration o f working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gen cies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use o f drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength o f materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies
plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f the fo l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, d is­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c ­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction o f machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree o f accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selectin g feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tion .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety o f ma­
chinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping o f metal parts to clo s e toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f
work, tooling, feeds and speeds o f machining; knowledge o f the working

29

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE-Continued

MILLWRIGHT

properties o f the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specification s; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an e s ­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or sp ecia lized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or d efective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually a c­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ica l equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly d is­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacementpart by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work o f a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
,experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this cla ssifica tion are
workers whose p rim a r y d u t i e s invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge o f surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or con sisten cy. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from draw­
ings or other written sp ecification s; cutting various s iz e s of pipe to
correct lengths with ch isel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and siz e of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specification s. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in i n s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety o f handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

r ep a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s are e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g^ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an
establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specification s; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written sp e cifica tio n s;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding o f the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
o f work, speeds, feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating o f metal
parts during fabrication as well as o f finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to clo s e tolerances; fitting and assem bling
o f parts to prescribed tolerances and allow ances; and se le ctin g appro­
priate materials, tools, and p rocesses. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where n ecessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d a t g a te a n d c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s €tnd
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

31
JANITOR, P O R T E R , OR C LE A N E R

P A C K E R , SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance serv ic e s; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who sp ecia lize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number o f units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m o re o f
th e fo l l o w i n g : Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify
content; selection o f appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

L A B O R E R , M A TE R IA L HANDLING

(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockSHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LE R K

man or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w ­
in g :

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, sh elv­
ing,

or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;

and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow.

L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c l u d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s:

available

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

means

of transportation

and rates;

and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up b ills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or a s s is t in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against b ills of lading, in voices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER F IL L E R

dise

or materials

to proper departments; and maintaining necessary

records and file s.

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise

in accordance with specifications on sa le s

tomers’ orders, or other instructions.
and indicating items filled or omitted,

slip s, cus­

May, in addition to filling orders
keep records of outgoing orders

requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are c la ssified as follow s:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32
TR U C K E R , POWER

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents
and customers1 houses or places of bu sin ess. May a lso load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r i v e r s
are e x c l u d e d ,

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are c la ssifie d by size
and type of equipment, as follow s: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the b a sis of trailer capacity.)

Operates a manually controlled g a so lin e- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, workers are cla ssifie d by type o f
truck, as follow s:

T r u c k er , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k er , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r l l2 t o n s )
/

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m ( l l2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r




4
4

t o n s , tra iler t y p e )
t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102