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Occupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1962

B u 11 e l i

No. 1345-21




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewarj Clogue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS




NOVEMBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-21
February 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

P age

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
E ig h ty -tw o la b o r m a rk e ts c u r re n tly are in clu d ed
in the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual o c ­
cu p a tion a l w age s u r v e y s in m a jo r la b o r m a rk e ts .
T h ese
stu d ies p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and re la te d
su p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s .
In form a tion on re la te d s u p p le ­
m e n ta ry b e n e fits is ob ta in ed b ien n ia lly in m o s t o f the la b o r
m a rk ets.

In trod u ction __________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s

A t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is su e d a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the a r e a b u lletin s fo r a round o f s u r ­
v e y s (fo r the c u r r e n t roun d o f s u r v e y s , the fir s t p a rt o f
this b u lle tin w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the se c o n d
p a rt e a r ly in 1964).
The fir s t p a rt p r e s e n ts in d iv id u al
la b o r m a r k e t data.
The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts data r e ­
la tin g to a ll m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s in the United States.
T h is b u lle tin w as p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f ic e in A tlan ta, Ga. , by J a m es D. G arland, u nder
the d ir e c t io n o f D on a ld M. C r u s e .
The study w as u nder
the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f L o u is B. W oytych, A s sis ta n t R e ­
g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W ages and In d u stria l R ela tion s.




1
4

T a b les :
1.
Z.

3.
A p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t w hich p r e s e n ts earn in g s
tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s and a v e ra g e e a r n ­
in gs in s e le c t e d jo b s is r e le a s e d w ithin a m onth a fte r the
c o m p le t io n o f the study in ea ch a re a .
T his b u lletin p r o ­
v id e s a d d ition a l data not in clu d ed in the p r e lim in a r y r e p o r t.

---------------------------------------

A:

B:

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f su r v e y ----------------P e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e in stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and
s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d
o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ------------------------------In dexes o f stan dard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g rou p s -------------------

5
5

O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w om en ---------------------------------m
A -Z . P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s — en
m
and w om en ---------------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m en and w om en co m b in e d ------------------------------------------------A - 4.
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s ------------------------A - 5.
C u sto d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s --------------

11
13
14

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________
B -Z .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls __________________________________________
B -3 .
S ch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs -----------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P aid h o lid a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P aid v a c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans ------------------------------

16
17
18
19
Z0
ZZ

A p p en d ix:

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s -------------------------------------------------------

* NOTE:
m a jo r a r e a s .

S im ila r ta b u la tion s a r e a v a ila b le f o r oth er
(See in s id e b a ck c o v e r .

C u r re n t r e p o r t s on o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and su p p le­
m e n ta ry w ag e p r a c t ic e s in the D a lla s a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila ­
b le fo r the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s (M a r ch 196Z).

6
10

Z3




Occupational Wage Survey—Dallas, Tex.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 la b o r m a rk e ts in w h ich the U .S . D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r* s B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s
o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a rn in g s and re la te d w age b en efits on an a re a w id e
b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data w e re obtain ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u ­
rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n ta tiv e esta b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a ­
tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s ; w h o le sa le trad e; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s
e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r
than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re o m itted b e c a u s e th ey
ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to
w a r ra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r ea ch o f the
b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r i a .

sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich stra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e r a g e w e e k ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese o ccu p a tio n s have
b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
D iffe r e n c e s in pay le v e ls f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s in w hich
both m en and w om en a r e c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d a r e la r g e ly due to
(1) d iffe r e n c e s in the d is tr ib u tio n o f the s e x e s am ong in d u strie s and
e s ta b lis h m e n ts; (2) d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d , although
the o c cu p a tio n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s if i e d w ithin the sam e su rv ey
jo b d e s c r ip tio n ; and (3) d iffe r e n c e s in len gth o f s e r v ic e o r m e r it
r e v ie w w hen in d iv id u a l s a la r ie s a r e a d ju s t e d 'o n this b a s is .
L on ger
a v e r a g e s e r v ic e o f m en w ould r e s u lt in h ig h er a v e r a g e pay when
both s e x e s a r e e m p lo y e d w ith in the sa m e ra te ra n g e .
Job d e s c r ip ­
tion s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e
g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in in d iv id u a l esta b lis h m e n ts to a llow fo r
m in o r d iffe r e n c e s a m on g e sta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c ifi c du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In c o m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a c ­
tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
ta in ed fr o m the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d i­
ca te the r e la tiv e im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s
in o c cu p a tio n a l str u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a re c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
(a) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (b) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(c ) m a in te n a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (d) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a se d on a u n ifo r m se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in the ap pendix.
E arn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e se n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e en ou gh data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , or (2) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e sta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry b en e fits as they re la te to
o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
The c o n c e p t " o f f i c e w o r k e r s , " as u sed
in th is b u lletin , in clu d e s w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s, and ex clu d es a d ­
m in is tr a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l.
"P la n t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cluding
le a d m e n and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s.
A d m in istra tiv e ,
e x e c u tiv e , and p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c ­
tion e m p lo y e e s w ho a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o rk f o r c e a r e e x ­
c lu d e d .
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e e x clu d e d in m a n u fa c­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d as plant w o r k e r s in nonm an ufacturin g
in d u s tr ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
f u ll-t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and la te
s h ift s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u se s
and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
W h ere w eek ly h ou rs a r e r e ­
p o r te d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d .
T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f esta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta ble B - 2) a r e lim ite d to m a n u factu rin g
in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in te r m s o f (a) e s t a b ­
lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f tota l plant w o r k e r e m p lo y ­
m ent, and (b) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f w o r k e r s a c ­
tu ally e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d shift at the tim e o f the s u r v e y .
In
e sta b lish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount ap plyin g to a
m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity , the c l a s ­
s ific a tio n " o t h e r " w as u se d .
In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich som e la t e shift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n tia l w as r e c o r d e d
only i f it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s.
The sch ed u led h ou rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the f i r s t shift w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a re tabu lated as ap plyin g to a ll o f
the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that esta b lis h m e n t.
P a id h olid a y s;
paid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in s u r a n ce , and p e n sio n plans (ta b le s B -4
th rough B -6 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e
a p p lica b le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s
a re e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sums
o f in div idu al ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou gh B -6 m a y not equal tota ls
b e c a u se o f roun din g.
Data on paid h olid a y s (ta ble N -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
B
h olid a ys gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritten fo r m , o r (2) have b een e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m .
H o li­
days o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m a y fa ll on a
nonw orkday, even if the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted a n oth er day o ff.
The
fir s t part o f the paid h olid a y s table p r e s e n ts the n um ber o f w hole
and h alf h olid a ys a ctu a lly gra n ted .
The s e c o n d pa rt c o m b in e s w hole
and h alf h olid a ys to show total h olid a y t i m e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (ta ble B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
with pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep arate e s ­
tim a tes a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g
v a ca tio n pa ym en ts, such as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n ­
in g s, o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H ow ev er, in the ta bu la tion s o f v a ca tio n
pay, paym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e re c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ;
fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r ce n t o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n ­
s id e r e d as the equ ivalen t o f 1 w e e k 's pay.

D ata a r e p re se n te d fo r a ll health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plans (ta b le B -6) fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by
the e m p lo y e r , ex cep tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as w o r k m e n 's
c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans
in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e co m p a n y and
th ose p r o v id e d th rough a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly b y the e m p lo y e r
out o f c u r r e n t op era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e fo r th is p u r ­
pose.
D eath b en efits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life in s u r a n c e .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to that type o f i n ­
su ra n ce u nder w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a ym en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in su r e d on a w eek ly o r m on th ly b a s is du ring illn e s s o r a c ­
cid e n t d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plans to
w h ich the e m p lo y e r c o n trib u te s .
H o w e v e r , in N ew Y o rk and New
J e r s e y , w hich have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich
r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m ­
p lo y e r (1) con trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , or (2) p r o v id e s
the e m p lo y e e with b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law .
T ab u lation s of paid s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3
w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring
a b s e n ce fr o m w ork b e c a u se o f ill n e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r e ­
sen ted a c c o r d in g to ( l ) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting
p e r io d , and (2) plans w hich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r tia l pay o r a w aiting
p e r io d .
In addition to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s
who a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r paid s ic k le a v e ,
an u n du plica ted total is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both
types o f b e n e fits.
C a ta strop h e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d e s th ose plans w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ick n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s bey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l pla n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a rtia l
paym en t o f d o c to r s ' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d e r w ritte n b y c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce co m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
T abu lation s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n plans a r e lim ite d
to th ose plans that p ro v id e m on th ly p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

2 The te m p o r a r y d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia and R hode Islan d
An esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having a p o lic y if it m et not r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s .
do
eith er o f the fo llo w in g co n d itio n s: ( l ) O p era ted la te sh ifts at the tim e
3 An esta b lish m en t was c o n s id e r e d as h aving a fo r m a l plan if
o f the su rv ey , o r (2) had fo r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts.
An
it e s ta b lis h e d at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f days o f s ic k le a v e
esta b lish m en t w as c o n s id e r e d as having fo r m a l p r o v is io n s i f it ( l ) had
that c o u ld be ex p e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan n eed not be
op era ted late sh ifts du ring the 12 m onths p r io r to the su rv e y , o r
w ritten , but in fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s , d e te rm in e d on an in d i­
(2) had p r o v is io n s in w ritten fo r m fo r op era tin g late sh ifts.
vid u al b a s is , w ere e x clu d ed .
1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in D a l l a s ,

In d u s try d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

________________________________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g _________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r
p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ________________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e _____________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v i c e s ( e x c l u d i n g h o t e l s ) 8 _________________________________

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

T e x . , 1 b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1962
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in
scope of
stu d y 1
3
2

9 75

50
50
50
50
50
50

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d

_

T ota l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

216

2 0 2 , 000

4 4 ,2 0 0

118, 6 00

1 0 9 ,7 9 0

332
643

70
146

8 8 ,1 0 0
113, 900

1 0 ,1 0 0
3 4 ,1 0 0

6 0 ,2 0 0
5 8, 4 00

5 0, 4 50
59, 340

79
176
168
137
83

31
23
37
37
18

2 7 ,0 0 0
1 7 ,9 0 0
3 5 , 200
2 4 , 600
9, 200

6 , 400

1 4 ,2 0 0

(67
)
3, 900
1 7 ,6 0 0
(6)

(6 )
2 7, 4 00
7 1, 100

2 0 ,0 0 0
3, 800
2 1 ,2 6 0
1 2 ,0 2 0
2, 260

(6)

1 T h e D a l l a s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f C o l li n , D a l l a s , D e n t o n , an d E l l i s C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r
e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e o f f i c e and p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n ­
t a t io n o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e
s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le
w as
n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s t o r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
in d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
8 P e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ; and e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e p e r c e n ta g e s o f change in a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and in a v ­
e ra g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s .

F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen tag es o f change r e la te to a v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
of w o rk , that is , the stan dard w o r k sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id. F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pa y fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late s h ifts . The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s and in ­
clude m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin ea ch g rou p . The
o ffic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a se d on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g 19 jo b s :
B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a cco u n tin g , c la s s A
and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s , p a y ­
r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir ls ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; sw itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; *ta b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is ts , c la s s A and B. The in d u stria l n u rse data a re
ba sed on m en and w om en in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten an ce jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a re in clu d ed in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fitte r s ; and t o o l and
die m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l han dlin g.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
com p u ted fo r e a ch o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
T he a v e r a g e s a l ­




a r ie s o r h ou rly earn in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch
o f the jo b s during the p e r io d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n ­
in gs fo r in dividu al o ccu p a tio n s w e re then tota led to ob ta in an a g g re g a te
f o r ea ch o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ­
cen tage) o f the grou p a g g re g a te f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r
the o th e r y e a r was com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and
100 is the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r .
T h e p e r ce n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly , the e ffe c t s
o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la r y and w age c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s
in pay r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ; and
(3) ch a n ges in a v era g e w ag es due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r, f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u se
in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l
w age ch a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c if i c o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ould have the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g esta b lish m en t out o f an a r e a c o u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e
ea rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no ch a n g e in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a rea .
The u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e f ­
fe c t o f changes in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in ea ch
jo b in clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e a r e not in flu ­
en ce d by changes in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s o r in p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e , sin c e th ey a re b a s e d on pa y f o r s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r s .

The a b ove text r e p r e s e n t s the m eth od u se d in com pu tin g a new tren d
s e r ie s (ta ble 2).
T h is s e r ie s , in itia ted w ith the ex p an sion o f the la b o r m a rk e t
w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m to 80 Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a s , w ill r e p la c e
the old s e r ie s (1953 b a se ) show n in ta ble 3. Changes in the jo b s s u r v e y e d and
jo b d e s c r ip tio n s s in c e the sta rt o f the o ld s e r ie s c a lle d fo r a r e ex a m in a tion o f
the jo b s and jo b g rou p in gs fo r w hich tren d s w e r e to be com pu ted.
T h e new s e r ie s c o v e r s the sa m e jo b g rou pin gs as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
w ith the fo llo w in g e x ce p tio n s : T h e c l e r i c a l and in d u stria l n u rse g ro u p s , f o r m e r l y
r e s t r ic t e d to w om en , now in clu d e both m en and w om en . Changes w e re a ls o m a d e
in the jo b s in clu d ed w ithin jo b g rou p in gs in o r d e r that an id e n tica l lis t co u ld
be e m p lo y e d in a ll a r e a s .




5

T a b le 2.

P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s
f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in D a l l a s , T e x . , f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
N o v e m b e r 1961
to
N o v e m b e r 1962

I n d u s t r y and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

N o v e m b e r I96 0
to
N o v e m b e r 1961

O c t o b e r 1959
to
N o v e m b e r I96 0

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) -------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) __________
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) -----------------------------------------

2. 1
4. 3
1 .9
2 .9

3.
3.
4.
2.

3
4
7
7

2.
3.
3.
2.

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) --------------S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) ------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) -----------------------------------------

1. 2
3 .8
1 .9
1 .7

2.
4.
4.
1 6.

3
6
4
7

1. 5
1. 2
1. 0
2 .9

1 T h e a m ou n t o f t h is i n c r e a s e r e f l e c t s c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t a m o n g
p a y l e v e l s in a d d it io n t o g e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s .

T a b le 3.

5
5
0
5

e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t

In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d
o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 2 a n d N o v e m b e r 1961
(A u g u s t 1 9 5 2 = 1 00)

In d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

N o v e m b e r 196 2

N o v e m b e r 1961

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (w o m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------------

148.
145.
152.
145.

0
4
6
5

143. 6
137. 1
1 49 . 6
1 4 2 .0

M a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (w o m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ( w o m e n ) ____________________________________
S k ille d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ) ----------------------------------------------------------------

140.
1 40 .
144.
145.

9
7
9
8

1 37.
1 33 .
1 42 .
1 45 .

7
3
7
4

A: Occupational Earnings

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF

Average
S ex ,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

$
$
Weekly
Weekly U n d er 4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0
earnings1
and
(Standard) (Standard) $
u nder
4 5 . 00
5 0 .0 0 5 5 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
and
"
-

-

-

-

6 0 .0 0

6 5 ,0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

3
3
3

36
8
28
10
18

63
7
56
30
6

41
3
38
11
9

32
4
28
8
7

61
27
34
16
1

44
3
41
24
10

95
13
82
37
23

55
14
41
16
2

18
2
16
11
2

23
2
21
11

5
5
4

6
6
4

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

M en

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________ ______

5 20
100
420
189
90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$ 9 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n rh a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 -------------------------------------------------

310
113
197
71
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

28
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

_

3 25
55
270

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

_
-

-

-

45

3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0

_

_

4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

5 6 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

1
1
1
-

96
8
88
5
63

90
29
61
9
48

-

-

-

-

"

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______

______________
______________

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________ ___________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ ______________
N o n m a p u fa c tu r in g _______________________
C l e r k s , p a y r o ll

______________________________

O ffic e b o y s ____________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ ______________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________ ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 ______________________________

339
--------5 4 “
2 75
33
197

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

4
4
-

4
4
-

"

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

"

18
2
16
8
2

_
-

2
2
2

24
24
1
16

30
21
9
3
5

28
3
25
2
13

7
4
3
3

33
17
16
6
8

37
16
21
13
6

17
1
16
9
1

26
1
25
11
2

18
1
17
2

66
49
17
10
1

7
7
2

-

-

"

-

6
6

12
12

4
4

6
5

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

49
49

59
6
53

11
4
7

23
1
22

32
11
21

16
4
12

20
2
18

6
1
5

9
7
2

6
2
4

9
7
2

7
7

_
-

_
-

-

56
56

4

1

4

6

1

3

_

_

3

13

_

1

4

_

_

52
7
45
7
35

44
10
34
4
27

25
10
15
1
8

13
13
10

12
12
6

2
2
2

3
3
3

-

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

~

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

2
2
2

7
7
6

12
1
11
10

11
5
6
3

21
8
13
10

22
4
18
11

20
2
18
3

14
2
12
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

2

40
40
34

10
5
5

38
4
34
2
32

31
11
17

26
4
22
4
13

64
2
62
9
30

23
8
15
2
8

34
12
22
11
4

23
5
18
12

-

31
1
30
30

31

-

-

-

6
6
6

24
24
24

27
27
21

30
19
13

13
11
7

12
5
2

5
3
2

6
6
4

5
5
2

1
1

-

3
3
-

-

_

-

_
-

"

-

10
10

1
-

-

-

_
-

9
9

3
3

1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

6
2
4
4

12
3
9

3
3

1
1
-

1
1

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
2

3
1
2
2

-

-

-

7
5
2
2

-

-

-

-

134
30
1 04
50

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g _______ __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
P u b lic u tilit ie s 2 ________ ________ _
F i n a n c e 3 ---------------- -----------------------------

3 35
43
2 92
60
177

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e t a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
F i n a n c e 3 ---------- -----------------------------------

129
107
81

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

NOTE;

D ata f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g do n ot in clu d e in fo r m a t io n fo r the h o t e l in d u str y .
T he r e m a in d e r o f the s e r v i c e s d iv is io n is a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n te d .

)

-

10
-

-

-

"

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A __________________ _____ __ _______
M a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
F in a n c e 3 _
_ __________________________

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end of ta b le .




4
3
1
1

-

16
1
15
3
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A vebage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

Weekly
U nder
earnings 1
(Standard)
4 5 . 00

$
$
$
4 5 .0 0 5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00
and
under
5 0 . 00 5 5 . 00 6 0 . 00

6 0 . 00

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
/
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0
6 5 . 00 7 0 . 00 7 5 . 00 8 0 . 00 8 5 . 00 9 0 . 00

6 5 . 00

7 0 . 00

and
7 5 . 00

8 0 . 00

8 5 . 00

9 0. 00

9 5 . 00

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 1 4 5 .0 0

over

Women
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b il li n g m a c h in e ) _____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) __________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e __________ _______________

$ 7 2 .5 0

99
46

40. 0
40. 0

7 1 .0 0

-

2
2

5
-

4
4

53

40. 0

7 3 . 50

"

"

5

"

126

40. 0
40. 0

6 3 . 00
7 4 . 50

13
-

21
-

31
10

40. 0
40. 0

58. 00
5 6 . 50

13
13

21

21

17

4

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

7 5 . 00
7 8 . 50
7 4 . 00

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
-

9
-

11

6 7 . 50

-

-

"

7

9
8

39. 5

6 5 . 50
7 3 . 00
6 4 . 50

-

12
-

28
1

20
2

163

39. 0
40. 0

12

18

149

6 6 . 00
6 1 . 50

-

3

27
-

-

9

27

1
17

9
93

37
5
23

8 5 . 50

-

-

-

8 9 . 50
8 4 . 00

-

-

-

12
-

66
1

69
11

12
-

65
-

2
10

18
47

58
4
11
37

154
25

202

129
5
2

247
54
193
15
30

39
87
52

.
-

26
6
20

8
8

14
14

"

"

22

16

3

9
7
1

3
2

7
3

1
1

4
4

63
17

65
12
53

14
7
7

6

19
11

15
5
10

7
1

5
-

-

-

13
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

5

-

"

7

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

1

3
2

2

3

2

3

-

-

-

18
16
2

1
-

2
-

15

1

2

-

"

1

"

1
-

2

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ______________ ___________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

243
70
173
42

358
50
308
189

40. 5
40. 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

715
190

40. 0
40. 0

525
112

40. 0

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

1 ,6 5 5
380

39. 5
40. 0

1 ,2 7 5
254
158

39. 5
40. 0
40. 5

68.
71.
66.
83.
64.

657

39. 5

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

283
264

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

26

106
217

40. 0
40. 5
39. 5

98. 00
7 8 . 00
7 6 . 00

_

"

-

14

43
16
27
18

49
12

16
-

116
2

16
-

114
22

222
12
210
3
22

5 9 . 50

-

89

174

106

134

64

39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

6 7 . 50
6 7 . 00
6 6 . 50

-

21
21

42

75

40

15

37

71
68

55
52

-

1
1
1

48

711
56
655
43

39. 5
40. 0

50
50
00
00

1
-

151
12

158
2

155

107

52

1
-

139
1

39. 5

56. 00

-

126

99
7
76

7
45
2

475

156
16
120

7
148
6
110

8

39. 5
39. 5

58.
64.
58.
62.

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C _____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

657
27
630

39. 5
40. 0

9
-

349
2

152
13

49
11

510

39. 5
39. 0

5 2 . 50
5 4. 00
5 2 . 50

9
8

347
300

139
117

38
35

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

303
131
172

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0

-

15
-

5
-

44

56

40. 0

15
15

5

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




226

00
50
50
00
00

5 0 . 50
6 8 . 50
7 2 . 50
6 5 . 50
6 2 .0 0

-

-

5

7
37
7

89
113
7
20

46
2

17
2

_

13
2

31
-

3
2

11
5
6

31
1

1
1

39
5
34
3
10
18

83

44
15

96
40

100
23

29
-

77
26
13
16

213
101
112

124

26
6
20
1
14

24

28
55
6
18
28

19
105

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2

56
5
21

19

18

87
31

166
27

56

139
110
2

-

41
7
34
12

.
-

67
23
44

46

13
4
10

29
7
4

27
2

19
-

25
10

19
13

72
26

_

_

.

.

_

.

.

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

11
11
-

_
-

-

-

-

'

-

-

2
-

_

.

.

.

.

_

„

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

27
7

19
4

20
13
-

15

19
5
14

7
-

4

-

21

.

2

_

_

_

_

6
-

-

_
_
-

2
2
_
_

_

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

11
10
10

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

-

_
_

26
18

19
7

26

17

12

5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
35
22

22

16

5

-

3

2

.

_

_

_

_

_

5
4

-

3
2

2

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

16
15

1
-

_

17
14

1
1

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

18
2

25

22

4
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

12

10
-

_

6

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

19
4
4

10
3
4

8
-

10
-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

17

16
4
6

6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
1

22

-

40

4

_

.

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

30

22

-

40

4

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

8
8

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

35
28

29

21

“

-

-

-

35
8

77
48

14
14

29
5

15
2
13

32
2

27
1

56
40
16
11

30
4

~

8

_

_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)

NUM
BER O W R ER RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIM WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F O K S
E
F-

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N m er
u b
o
f
w rk rs
o e

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
W ly
eek
W
eekly Under 45.00 50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00
a in s1
h rs1 e rn g
ou
and
and
ta d rd
(S n a ) (S n a ) $
ta d rd
45. 00 under
50.00 55.00 60.00 65.00 70.00 75.00 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 over

Women— Continued
Clerks, payroll __________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
Retail trade _______________________
Finance3 _________________ _________

462
161
301
57
67
80

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

$78.00
75.00
79.00
92.00
69.50
78.00

_
-

3
3
3
~

8
8
3
5

24
11
13
1
6
5

59
28
31
2
5
11

60
27
33
1
18
6

66
31
35
8
12
4

59
15
44
4
10
13

49
14
35
9
1
4

20
1
19
1
7
11

37
13
24
4
2
5

30
4
26
3
14

18
13
5
5
-

16
4
12
10
2

9
9
7
-

2
2
2
-

2
2
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_
-

_
_
-

Comptometer operators _________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
Retail trade _______________________

609
111
498
54
247

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

70.00
78.50
68.50
83.50
68.50

_
-

24
24
10

13
13
12

84
8
76
17

133
5
128
12
49

87
17
70
4
45

68
20
48
37

51
14
37
6
31

47
14
33
1
28

44
4
40
16
15

21
14
7
2

12
7
5
2
1

20
5
15
11
-

_
-

5
3
2
2
-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

Duplicating-machine operators
(Mimeograph or Ditto) _________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________

33
29

40.0
40.0

73.50
74.00

-

3
3

-

1
1

2
1

1
-

1
-

19
19

1

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

"

-

Keypunch operators, class A ___________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities2 ___________________
Finance 3 __________________________

652
106
546
105
302

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

74.00
77.00
73.00
82.00
68.00

-

.
-

-

41
7
34
6
24

127
3
124
7
93

98
11
87
4
75

122
37
85
11
60

70
13
57
8
15

84
13
71
19
31

51
51
34
-

29
9
20
5
4

14
8
6
-

10
3
7
7

2
2
2
-

2
2
2
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

.
-

_
-

Keypunch operators, class B ___________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
Finance 3 __________________________

524
87
437
54
308

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

65.50
69.50
64.50
83.00
58.50

2
2
-

13
13
2
9

108
9
99
1
98

116
8
108
5
101

78
12
66
3
53

43
20
23
9
13

36
8
28
1
25

49
8
41
2
1

17
8
9
1
-

23
13

2
2
-

32
1
31
25
"

5
5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

Office girls ______________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
Finance3 __________________________

225
30
195
30
134

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

54.00
59.00
53.50
63.50
50.50

1
1
-

109
109
10
94

47
15
32
2
19

10
10
2
5

18
6
12
1
8

19
7
12
7
2

10
2
8
6

4
4
1
-

5
5
5

2
2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
"

_
“

_
-

Secretaries ______________________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities2 ___________________
Retail trade _______________________
Finance3 __________________________

2, 272
724
1, 548
282
196
691

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

90.50
93.00
89.50
102.00
80.50
85.00

_
_

_
_

98
11
87
29
30

98
7
23
53

115
40
75
7
15
42

254
56
198
12
38
117

239
68
171
12
10
95

220
108
112
10
15
71

288
95
193
24
36
98

259
116
143
35
10
61

279
98
181
86
11
42

119
40
79
34
1
10

104
32
72
11
6
6

51
12
39
20
_
11

53
9
44
8
_
25

34
19
15
5
1
4

1
1
_

7
2
5
2
_

5
1
4
4
_

-

15
15
_
15

114

-

11
11
11

“

-

-

6
_
6
5
1
-

Stenographers, general _________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities 2 ___________________
Retail trade _______________________
Finance3 __________________________

1, 556
588
968
310
72
277

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5

72.00
77.00
69.00
73.00
69.50
64.50

1
1
1
-

1
1
_
1

43
4
39
17
1
11

109
20
89
25
2
43

296
22
274
56
17
106

230
67
163
39
11
59

265
109
156
41
17
37

185
96
89
39
14
20

221
153
68
26
5
-

144
80
64
50
_
"

17
9
8
1
4
'

27
25
2
2
-

16
3
13
13
-

1
1
1
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
.-

_

_

_

_

-

-

Stenographers, senior __________________
Manufacturing ________________________
Nonmanufacturing ____________________
Public utilities2 ___________________
Finance3 __________________________

938
380
558
153
201

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

87.50
90.50
85.00
88.50
81.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

146
45
101
41
18

212
84
128
36
27

60
24
36
7
15

80
60
20
9

20
10
10
-

12
5
7
7

17
15
2
2

-

-

-

-

149
65
84
31
46

-

-

97
19
78
16
40

-

-

67
39
28
4
24

1
1

-

48
5
43
2
15

7
7

-

22
1
21
14

_
-

_
_

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




16

10
8

.

-

.

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_

_
_

.

"

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OP WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Average

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , an d in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
s
$
%
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly Under 4 5. 00 50. 00 55. 00 6 0 . 0 0 6 5. 00 7 0 . 00 7 5. 00 80. 0 0 8 5. 00 9 0 . 0 0 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 105 .00 1 1 0 . 0 0 115 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125 .00 130 .00 135.00 140.00 145.00
Weekly.
earnings $
hours*
and
(Standard) (Standard) 4 5 .0 0 u n d er
■
■
~
"
“
"
“
“
"
“
"
~
“
"
“
■
5 0. 00 5 5 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5 . 00 8 0. 0 0 8 5. 00 9(L 00. 9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 05 .00 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 15 .00 1 2 0 . 0 0 125 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140.00 145.00 o v e r

1

-

-

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s ___
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ___
R e t a il t r a d e ________
F in a n c e 3 ____________

322
67
255
49
96

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s __
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 _________________
R e t a il t r a d e _______________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________ , ________
_

404
148
256
32
44
70

40. 0
4 0. 0
40. 0
4 0. 0
4 1. 5
3 9 .5

6 9. 50
. 50
7 0 .0 0
8 6 . 50
6 5. 50
7 0. 00

55
44

4 0. 0
40. 0

8 5. 50

68

4 0. 0 $ 6 8 . 0 0
4 0. 0
7 6. 00
65. 50
40. 0
4 0. 0
7 7 .0 0
55. 00
4 0. 5
3 9 .5
6 8 . 50

68

7

-

23

25

60
6

43

7

23

54

1

25
4

7
'

17
5

16
2

39
9

35
5
7

6

17

_
_

17
_
_

51
13
38
3

"

4

.
_
_
"

-

-

2

8

33
5
28

21

43

7
14

20

6

19
7

23

9

12

30
7
23

3

3
3
8

11

3
3

1

-

16

12

“

4

5

79
44
35
9

9

33
11
22

5
1

21
10

4

11

4

_

12

108
45
63
4

57
15
'4 2

16

2

15

4

25

2

1
22

5
3

_

6

11

”

3
3

6
6

~

2
2

4
4

2
2

-

1
8

_

15

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

8

2

5

2
2

5
5

1

2

-

-

2

”

8

■

■

3

23
21

14
7

1

3

“

-

2
2

_

7
5

-

1
1

_
_

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_

2

.
_
-

.
_
_

.
.
_

.
_
_
_

_
_
_

■

'

“

■

*

-

.
_
-

_
_

■

_
-

-

"

~

“

2

-

2

5
“

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

__________

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________

27
27

40. 0
4 0. 0

6 3 . bo

"

7 2. 50
7 2. 50

1
1

1
'

7
7

'

6
6
'

‘

78

48
3
45
45

1

2

1

2

'

“

4
4

'

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------F in a n c e 3 _____________________

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2
F i n a n c e 3 _______

T y p is t s , c l a s s B __________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ___________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________ ____
F in a n c e 3 __________________ ...

544
29
515
433

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
39. 0

6 4. 50
67.6 0
6 4. 50
6 3 .0 0

-

873
129
744
137
470

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
4 0. 0
3 9 .5

7 0. 00
7 4 . 50
6 9 . 00
7 3 . 50

.
-

6 6.0 0

-

1 ,6 6 8

3 9 .5
4 0. 0
39. 5
4 0. 0
4 0. 0
3 9 .5

5 7 .0 0
65. 50
55. 50
63. 50
63. 50
54. 00

30

zii

1, 441
140
67
1 , 001

-

30
_
6

107

55

54

-

97
2

10

10

55
55

54
53

95

97
76

68

23

93

-

227
16

23

93
5
81

211
20

11

175

35

346
31
315
18
13
234

204

134
42
92
52
18
16

.
-

-

23

285

-

285
16
2

240

491
32

459
23
5
392

88

32

172
10

5
105

42

103
16
87

149
40
109
43
54

95
70
25

42

41

2

39
37

16

2

16

2

2

40
33

2

-

2

2

-

75

2

2

54
19
28

41
18

12

10

19
5
14
3

15
13

1

2
2

1
1

58

43
2

9
8

1
1

_

6

4

6

2
2

_
_
_

3

2

3

2
2

-

6

3

2

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .




_

_

_

_

_

_

_

„
_

.
-

.
-

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

.
_
_

_
_
_

.
_
_

.
_
_

.
_
_

_
_

6

21

21

43

14

135
29
106

41
4
7

6

2

4

10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly ,
earnings
(Standard)

$126.00
125.50

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
55. 00 60. 00 65. 00 70. 00 75. 00 80. 00 85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 *120.00 $
125.00 *130.00 *135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00
and
and
under
60. 00 6iLM . JiL-Qfl. 75. 00 80. 00 -85. 00 90. 00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 over

Men
Draftsmen, leader --------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------------------------

142
131

40.0
40. 0

Draftsmen, senior --------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------Public utilities 2 ---------------------------

429
353
76
39

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

108. 00
107.50
112.50
108. 50

Draftsmen, junior ----------------------------------

362
261
101
37

40.
40.
40.
40.

0
0
0
0

85. 00
85. 50
84. 00
70.00

Nonmanufacturing -----------------Pnhl l r ntilitioa ^

__ —

Women
Nurses, industrial (registered) -----------Manufacturing ------------------------ --------

1
2

-

-

-

-

"

2
2

9
9

9
8

16
16

8
8

6
5

21
21

28
22

30
29

6
6
"

6
6
-

8
8
■

11
10
1
1

24
16
8
8

55
46
9
9

69
65
4
4

59
49
10
4

49
39
10
4

70
49
21
1

31
27
4
1

14
14
-

12
12
"

5
2
3
1

24
20
4

26
18
8

31
27

58
54

24
13
11

7
7

4

5

4

5

2

63
48
15
1

10
5

4
4

66
37
29

28
24

4
4

10

2

5
4

9
5

6

4

5

5

.

1

1

2

5
5

2

3

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

4
4

21
4
17
17

)
54
34

40. 0
40. 0

96. 50
95. 00

1
1

9

1

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




NOTE:

D ata f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g d o not in clu d e in fo r m a t io n f o r the h o t e l in d u s tr y .
T h e r e m a in d e r o f the s e r v i c e s d i v is i o n is a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n te d .

2

10
9
1
1
-

"

-

1
1

1
1

1
"

9
3
6
6

-

-

“

-

_
-

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

N um ber
of

Average
weekly
earn in g s1
(S tan d a rd )

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
w orkers

weekly
earnings 1
(S tan d a rd )

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) _______
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------------P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 ______________________

104
47
57
26

$ 7 3 .5 0
71.5 0
75.5 0
89.50

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ________________ - --------R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________

127
40
87
52

63.00
74.50
58.00
56.50

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
F in a n c e 3 ______________________________

254
71
183
46
370
57
313

C le rk s , file , c la s s C
M a n u fa ctu rin g ----N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
F i n a n c e 3 ______

699
29
670
545

$ 5 2 .5 0
5 4.00
52.5 0
51.00

C le r k s , o r d e r ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g —
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
R e t a il tra d e

186
442
62

7 6.50
7 4.5 0
6 4.5 0

507
177
330
78
68
87

78.5 0
75.0 0
8 0.50
9 4.0 0
6 9.00
7 8.00

618
111
507
56
248

7 0.00
7 8.5 0
6 8 .5 0
84.00
68.5 0

37
33

C le r k s , p a y r o ll --------M a n u fa ctu r in g -----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
6 5.5 0 I
72.5 0
R e t a il tr a d e ----64.00
F i n a n c e 3 _______

26

6 6 .0 0

194

61.00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 .... .......
R e t a il t r a d e ___________
F i n a n c e 3 _______________

1, 235

9 1.00

290

94.5 0

945
301
128
307

90.00
98.00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ______
R e t a il t r a d e ----------------F i n a n c e 3 ---------------- -—

1, 965
493
1, 472
325
180
714

7 0.50
75.00
6 9.00
85.00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A ----------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______
F in a n c e 3 ----------------------

291
272
234

6 7.50
67.0 0
66.5 0

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B ----------M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 --------F in a n c e 3 ______________

739
57
682
56
488

58.50
64.50
58.00
6 1.00
56.50

80.5 0
82.50

6 6 .0 0

6 0.50

564
94
470
63
331

$ 5 5 .5 0
57.00
55.00
61.50
53.00

S e c r e t a r ie s __________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _
_
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
R e t a il tr a d e __
F i n a n c e 3 _____

2, 324
766
1, 558
286

90.00

S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il t r a d e
F in a n c e 3 __

1, 556
588 ■

72.00
77.00

968

6 9.0 0

310
72
277

73.00
69.50
64.50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
F i n a n c e 3 _______

944
380
564
159

87.50
90.50
85.50
89.00
81.00

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 __
R e t a il tr a d e ______
F i n a n c e 3 __________

323
67
256
50
96
68

77.50
55.00
68.50

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n is t s
M a n u fa ctu r in g ____________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _______________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 _______________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________
F in a n c e 3 _______________________

405
148
257
33
44
70

69.50
68.50
70.00
87.00
65.50
70.00

7 3.50
7 3 .5 0

75.00
78.50
7 3.50
67.00

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g -----------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________
R e t a il t r a d e ___________________________
F i n a n c e 3 -------------------_--------------------------

weekly
earnings1
(S tandard)

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s

N um ber
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s
M a n u fa ctu r in g --------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2
R e t a il tr a d e _____

D u p lic a t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s
(M im e o g r a p h o r D itto ) _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ----------F in a n c e 3 _______________

654
106
548
107
302

7 3.50
7 7.00
7 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
68.00

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___
N on m a n u f a c tu rin g
P u b lic u t ilit ie s
F in a n c e 3 _____

527
87
440
57
308

65.0 0
"69.50“
64.5 0
8 1.00
58.50

O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls
M a n u fa ctu rin g -----N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
F in a n c e 3 _______

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




NOTE:

D ata f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g d o not in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n fo r the h o t e l in d u s tr y .
T he r e m a in d e r o f the s e r v i c e s d i v is i o n is a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n te d .

196

691

201

9 2.0 0

89.50
101.50
80.50
85.00

6 8.0 0

76.00
6 6.0 0

12
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined,— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex., November 1962)

Number
of

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

earnings 1
(Standard)

___________
_ __

...

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ___________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
F in n n c e 3
. ..
...............

class C
..... . .........
__________________________________
. . . . . . . ........

T a bulating-m a chine o p e ra to r s,

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
Finance 3

137
30
107
50

Average 1
weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

390
54
336
85
187

156
134
89

554
29
525
443

$64.50
6 7.00
64.50
63.0 0

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g
. . . . . . .
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
P nK lir utilitiPQ ^
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________

882
129
753
145
470

70.00
7 4.5 0

T y p is t s , c l a s s B _______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g __________________________________
6 8.5 0
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _________________________________
6 8.0 0 "
R e t a il tr a d e _____________________________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________________________
6 3.5 0

1 ,6 7 7
227
1 ,4 5 0
149
67

8 6.00

9 8 .0 0
8 4.0 0
9 2.00

7 7.5 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

earnings1
(Standard)

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _______
M a n u fa ctu rin g
...
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
_ __
F in a n c e
--------------------------------------------------------------

$ 10 3.5 0
107.00
102.50
9 5 .5 0

1 Earnings relate to regular straight-time weekly salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Number
of

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A
Ma rmfq rtn ri ng
N u n m ^ n u fa rtu rin g

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

1,001

69.00

74.00
66.00

5 7.5 0
6 5.50
56.00
6 5.50
6 3.50
54.00

_______________________________________

142
131

$ 126.00
125 .50

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ____________________________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2
_____

D r a ft s m e n , le a d e r
M a n u fa ctu rin g

447
359

108 .50
107 .50
112 .50
109 .50

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________
Nonm anufact.il rin g
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2
_ _ ......
_ .

374
253
38

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d ) _______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________________

55
35

9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

T ra cers

27

6 3 .5 0

___________________________________________________

88

48

111

13
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Average * 1 . 2 0 *1.30 *1.40 *1.50 *1.60 *1.70 *1.80 *1.90 *2 . 0 0 $2 . 1 0 s 2 . 2 0 *2 .3 0 $ 2 .40 *2 .5 0 *2 .6 0 $ 2 .7 0 * 2 .8 0 * 2 . 9 0 * 3 .0 0 * 3 .1 0 * 3 .2 0 *3 .3 0 *3.40 *3.50 *3.60 $3.70
hourly .
earnings1 and
and
u n d er
1.30 1.40 1.50 1 . 6 0
1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .70 2 .80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3.60 3 .70 o v e r

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in t e n a n c e ________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

98

E l e c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n c e _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

227
174
53

E n g in e e r s , s t a t i o n a r y _____ _____ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2 _ _____ __________
R e t a il t r a d e __ __ __ — _____ —
F i n a n c e 3 --------------------------------------------

288

2 .4 4
2.71
2.28
2.33
2.43

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r __ ___ ___ ____

32

110

178
80
34
45

$ 2.69
2.57
2 .94

-

1
1

-

-

-

_
_

_

_
_

_
-

2.18
2.18

3
3

4
4

_

H e l p e r s , m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s ___ ___ ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________

303
227
76

1
1

34

21

21

-

5
5
5

39

66

1.82
1.83
1.77
1.77

18
18

13
9

M a c h in is t s , m a in t e n a n c e _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ __ __ _____ ______

165
134

2 .56
2.63

_

_

4
4

M e c h a n ic s , a u t o m o tiv e
(m a in t e n a n c e ) ______ __ __ _____ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ __ __ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e ______ _________________

633
123
510
460
42

2.68

2.31
2.77
2 .78
2 .70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

619
539
80
63

2.60
2.56
2.89
2.97

62

2.27
2.27

__

62

-

_
-

2.50

-

2.66

-

T o o l and d ie m a k e r s
_____ __ __ ______
M a n u fa ctu r in g ----------------------------------------

223
223

-

4
------3

2

-

1

32
25
7

18
13
5

15

4
4

30

12

3

-

9
5
4

49
47

11

16
12

30
24

23
23

-

4

6

"

40

15
15
4
3

18
4
14

14
3

6

13

6

2
11

1
1

11

6
6
2

1
10

2
2
2

4
3
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

1

-

~

9

12

_

5
5

_

54
47
7

21

15

22
12
10

-

12

8
8

21
20

62

8

20

54

9

1
1

8
6

4
4
4

11
10

1

_

2

1

"

"

19
-

14
14

4

10

-

8
2

6

4
4

-

32

60

-

2

2
1
1

30
29

34
26

2

1

_

_

_

_

_

16

25

-

-

-

-

-

11

20

5
5

5
5

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

22
2

1

22
20
2

-

14
14
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

27
5

33
19
14

22
22

-

12
2

29

-

_

15
15
-

_

40

-

32
32

18
15

34
31

16

18

22
11
11

14

95

2

-

1

-

7
4

103

84
72

50
50

12

-

22
22

-

101
2

_

h o lid a y s ,

4
4

and la te

_

6
6

18
18

16
T6

9

3

_

2
2

3

15

2

12

-

52
4
48

2

3

2

"

1

2
2

6
6

28
28

-

3
3

-

5
5

1

13
13

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

_

_

„

1

-

-

-

1

17
17

17
17

1

6

24

-

17
17
17
_

4
4
_
_

11
1

2

10

1

4

_

6

1

_
_

_

3
3

1
1

3
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

6

_

_

_

6

"

-

_

_

_

16

5
5

3
3

30
7
23
23

9

-

1

l

7
7

16
16

-

_

-

6

41
41

_

3
1
2

1

7

34
33

-

1

_

7
3

14
14

_

_

_

22

-

1
1
1

7
4
_
3

2
1

-

-

1
1

40
40

1
1

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and oth e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .




-

2

-

28
16
_

21

3.00
3.00

NOTE;

15
13

-

1
1

127
46
81

1
2
3

14
7
7

16
16

1

7
4
3

2

2

-

19
19
9
_

6
6

P a i n t e r s , m a i n t e n a n c e ____________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ _____ __ __ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

2.42

3

10

_
-

_

_

-

_____ ___ ______________

2
2

1

-

28
28

M a r m f a f'I'iv ri'n g

-

6
6

5
5
5
_

-

O il e r s _________

-

4

2 .84

-

P>1il-tli p n H l i t i P c ^

7
7

4

-

M e c h a n ic s , m a in t e n a n c e __ _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ _____ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __ _____ ______

-

TM ~

2 .22

8

-

15
5

2.85

66

-

2

14
14
-

93
80
13

41
41
-

48
48
-

4
4
30
16
14

4,

10
10

2
2

14
14

10
6“

_
"

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
-

2

20
20

13

-

-

-

-

-

8

49
41

_
_
_

_
_

24
4

169
169
169

15

1

-

12

16

9
3

16
-

44
7
37
37

8
8

_
-

2
2

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

39
39

50
50

20
20

3
3

2

“

“

1
8

7

-

15

-

8

_
-

_

_

6

—

r

_

g

2
2

3

—

9

2
2

s h ift s ,

Data f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and n on m a n u fa ctu r in g do n ot in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n f o r the h o t e l in d u s tr y .
T he r e m a in d e r o f the s e r v i c e s d iv is io n is a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n t e d .

3
3

10
10

2
2

36
36

_

2

2

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m en ) _________ _____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

29
25

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w om en ) ----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------- —

Average U n der $0 . 80 $0 . 90 $1 .
hourly ,
and
earnings $
0 . 80 u n d er
. 90 1 . 0 0 1 .

$

-

-

1. 22
1. 15

-

"

-

49
49

1 . 12

-

-

-

1 . 12

-

-

“

755
279

12

10

-

_

-

12

10

_
_

11

11

130
130
_
38

-

-

88

11
11

10
10

-

G u ards and w a tc h m e n ------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------- — -------- — —
G u a rd s ----------------------------------------------W a tch m en ----------------------------- — —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

169
476

1. 54
1. 83
2 . 16
1 .6 1
1. 36

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m en ) — -------- ------------------ — — --------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------- -------- — —
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------- _
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------------------------R e t a il t r a d e -------------------------------------F in a n c e 4 ____________________ ______

3 ,2 2 4
1, 217
2, 007
262
538
398

1 .4 0
1 .6 4
1 .2 5
1. 63
1 . 20
1. 15

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w om en ) ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

752
------ 728

1 .11

73

1 .4 4

132
67

1 .1 6

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g -----------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ----------------------------R e t a il t ra d e --------------------------------------

2, 956
1, 369
1, 587
841
376

1 .7 7
1 .7 2
1 . 82
2 . 11
1 .6 9

O r d e r f i l l e r s ----------------------------------- --------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------ .-------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------

1, 315
328
987
328

1.

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (m en ) ------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------- --------------------

458
165
293
72

1.
1.
1.
1.

P a c k e r s , sh ip p in g (w o m e n ) ______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g - — _—«.—------ --------— ——

102

335
147
188
79

R e t a il tra d e

--------------------------------------

110

101

1. 13

1.01

80
1. 98
1 .7 4
1. 90
7 0.
62
74
44

11

11

-

10

_

_

1. 40

14
14

8

1
1

1
1

-

-

1

2

-

-

7

-

~

“

"

-

-

13
13

34
34

7
7

264
36
7
29
228

91
38
38
53

22

47

42

19

28

12

21

11

7
14
26

11

12
2
2

10

22

26
13

47

13
13
9

1
1

6
6

-

-

8

10

9

22

306
24
282
139
no

882
106
776
13
157
92

363
117
246

219
89
130
28
43

177
162
15
14

210

60
54

20

6

63
3

-

4
-

2
1

1

-

1

56
43
13
9
4

22
2

94
76
3

-

2

-

-

2

-

-

~

370
370

239
236

49
42
40

12
8

32
29“

6

6

-

-

1

-

5
3

2

17
17
-

2
2

166

-

80
30
50

90
31

12

22

53
28

3

1.

60

1. 70

6

1

8

16
25

11

30

5
13

203
95
108

238
139
99

22

21

26
27

39
26

198
136
62
49
3
7

5
4
4

7
7

2
1

_

1.

80 1. 90

21
1

4
4

182
114
68

87
83
4

4
371
106
265
138
31

160

67

1

8

1

3

87
23
64
15

138
15
123
58

42

5
195
26

145
31
114
7

3

16
16
3

15
13

1

72
35
37
3

61
39

65
13

63
9
54
37

35
35

124
103

5
4

18
18

4
4

24
24

26

13

25

6
20
20

8

-

5
5

25
23

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

-

_

-

-

_
-

21

21

-

_
-

33
26
7

250

252

112

111

138
25
35

141

154
14
140
52

200

73
8

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1 .86

-

-

-

1 .7 4

"

"

~

■

”

-

2 . 10

2 . 20

116

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 . 20

2. 30

2. 40

3. 00

31
28
28
3

3

2. 50

2

.

60

2. 70

2.

80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

over

2
2

20

-

66

1
1

2

56
53
46
7
3

2

-

_
-

6
6

14
14
14
-

6

2
2

-

-

_

-

6

6

-

-

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

29
28

7

26

21

1

21

21

1

6

5
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

382
69
313

43
18
25
21

-

172
42
130
130

112
8

212

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

99
9
90
81

70

10

2
68

4

9
3

6

6

-

-

-

17
14
3

7
7
-

72
72

_
-

_
-

8

4
4

1

7

-

1

-

17
17
-

2

2

12

52

55
105
97

22

233
231

195
189

2
1
1

6

"

~

38
24
14
7

40
34

24
3

6
6

21

12
2
10

7

3

6

2
2

4
4
4

_
-

7
7
-

60
7
53

16

7

29

24
17
7

6

1

22
20

5

3
3

6
6

1

-

23
13

15

7

10

3

21
8
1

“

86

220

22
1

88

60

2

10

-

7
3

2

132

3

23

2

21
2

1
1

104
104

101

27
5

2

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




90

16
16

204
19
185
70

_

2. 24

12

1. 50

26

-

-

$
$
3. 10 3. 20

5

2

%

2
2

00

and

_
-

_

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 .

1. 30

-

-

$

1. 20

-

_
-

$

10

$1 .

-

2 . 02

$
$
$
$
$
$
$ , $
1. 30 1. 40 1. 50 1 . 60 1. 70 1 . 80 1. 90 2 .

1 . 20

1. 35
1. 35

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________ —
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e --------------------------------------

_

$
10

00

N O T E : D ata f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and n on m a n u fa ctu r in g d o n ot in clu d e in fo r m a t io n f o r the h o t e l in d u s tr y .
T h e r e m a in d e r o f the s e r v i c e s d i v is i o n is a p p r o p r ia t e ly r e p r e s e n te d .

38
14
24
16

~

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

"

_
-

_
~

"
_
-

8
8

-

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

6

"

7
1

15
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
2

S h ip p in g c l e r k s _____________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___ ____ __ __ ______
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ _____ __ __
R e t a il t r a d e __ __ __ __ __

Number
of
workers

274

$ '
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
Average U nder $
0. 80 0 .
1. 00 9 0 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 . 1 .8 0 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00
1.
hourly 2
and
earnings $
un d er
0. 80
. 90 1. 00 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 80 1. 90 2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2 .4 0 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2. 80 2. 90 3. 00 3. 10

$2 .12

7
7
"

15
15
1

_

13
13
~

11
1
10

28
18
10

55
23
32

13
13

~

"

_
"

168
7
161
15

143
28
115
18

174
48
126
5
21

126
22
104
10
26

187
59
128
15
34

177
27
150
38
8

84
28
56
-

28
18
10
2
8

12
12
12

26
7
19
5

85
28
57
16

118
29
89
21

58
18
40
20

35
21
14
“

21
4
17
4

68
12
56
"

-

-

-

132
132
-

58
58
-

68
4
64

6

-

2

10
6

14
14
-

"

144
38
106
15
44

78
23
55

-

56
19
37
5
-

-

-

1ZE~

2 .29

148
55

1. 98
2. 12

“

-

■

"

~

“

_

_
-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

12
12
12

■

4
2
2
2

27
27
11

22
2
20
1

S h ip p in g and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ___________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________ _____ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

192
120
72

2. 04
2. 04
2. 05

_
"

T r u c k d r iv e r s 5 _________
___ __ — __
M a n u fa ctu r in g _______ __
__ __ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ __ __ __
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 34 ____________ „ __
R e t a il t r a d e _________________________

3, 389
445
2, 944
1 ,7 9 9
309

2. 30
1. 88
2. 36
2 .8 1
1. 92

_

T r u c k d r i v e r s , lig h t (u n d e r
1 j / e t o n s ) ______________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________ __
R e t a il t r a d e _____________________

607
143
464
131

1 .6 5
1. 54
1 .6 9
1. 68

~

-

2 ,4 7 7
223
2, 254
1 ,6 9 7

2 .4 7
1. 95
2. 52
2. 83
1 .8 7

-

-

2 . 20
2. 18
2 . 21
2. 43

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

78

2
2

216
01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

78
32

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k l if t ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __ _____________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3 ___ ___ __________

646
369
277
156

1 .9 1
1. 92
1. 90
1. 8 8

■

"

~

12
12

“

17
5

74
28
46
40

107
69
38
26

16

-

48
23
25
“

19

-

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (o t h e r than
f o r k li ft )
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________

69
65

2 .3 0
2. 31

-

-

-

10
10

-

-

12
12

-

1
1

T r u c k d r i v e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 to n s )
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 _________________
R e t a il t r a d e _____________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s ,
t r a i l e r ty p e )
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________ __________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________

1
2
3
4
5

106

270
54

-

“

“

~

-

-

“
_
-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




2

5
11
11

9
9
_

18
10
8
1

17
15
2
2

40
24
16
2

21
3
18
16

3
2
1
1

23
2
21
17

33
33
_

17
17
-

5
4
1
1

2
2

3
3

17
17

.
-

.
-

1
1
“

9
9
~

3
2
1

_
~

5
3
2

54
16
38
24
10

196
37
159
17
22

63
12
51
1
50

121
41
80
59

39
2
37
37

20
20
-

.18

62
33
29
15
14

14
1
13
5

11
3
8
3

90
14
76
11

16
16
16

13
3
10
10

5
5
1

-

33
12
21
-

35
12
23

41
T3
28

102
23
79

32
12
20

29
15
14

11

21

12

1

77
7
70
59

1

4

7

11

19

8

4
4
-

21
21

-

2

1

15
15

52
34
18
18

75

38
32

"

“

1

-

-

12
12
"

13
13

83
33
50
7

49
13
36
11
9

4
1
3
1

29
29
6

13
13
-

-

68

7

31
31
-

-

-

2
2

1

28
13
15

64

-

2
2
-

-

-

"

-

17
17
-

61
61

11

2
1
1
-

3

1

*

-

19
19
-

16

36
36

1
1

1
1

-

-

10
10
-

-

6

"

32
7
25
"

-

2

7

12

6

10

10

~

-

61

26
23
3
-

-

16

-

16

-

4
4
-

“

.
-

12
12

.
-

-

_
_
-

4
1
3

“

“
1541
1541
1541

52
52

and
3. 20 o v e r

■

62
1
61
61
-

10

$
3. 10 3. 20

_
-

-

'

-

"

-

56
56
c£
DO

4
-

-

-

“

1485
1485
1485

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

4
4

-

-

-

"

-

20
20

-

-

-

16

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers

(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 196 2)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

________________________

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

B a se d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

_____

216

70

XXX

146

XXX

216

70

XXX

146

XXX

_______________

81

26

24

55

44

107

33

31

74

58

$ 3 7 .5 0 and u n d er $ 4 0 .0 0
___
_________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 2 . 50
_
$ 4 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 4 5 . 00 _ ___________________
_________
$ 4 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 4 7 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 4 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 0 . 00 ___________________________________
$ 5 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50 ___________________________________
_
$ 5 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 5 5 . 00 _ ________________ _________ _
$ 5 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 5 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 00 _ __ ___________ _ ___ _______
_
$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50 _ ________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 00 _ __ __________ _______________
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50 _ _________________ _____________
$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50 ________ __ ____________________
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5. 00 _ _____________ _________________
$ 7 5. 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ______ _____________ _____ __ __
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 00 ___________________________________
O v e r $ 8 0 . 00 _____________________ _______ __________________

_

_
3
2
2
2
2
1
4
4
1
2

_

1
20
7
13
9
4
5
4
6
2
7

_
3
2
2
3
2
1
4
5
1
2

1
17
5
11
6
2
4
1
1
5

_
1
13
4
10
5
1
3
1
4

1
4
2
31
7
19
7
6
6
7
7
2
4

_
7
1
5
3
4
1
3
5
1
1

_
7
i
5
2
4
1
3
4
1
1

1
4
2
24
6
14
4
2
5
4
2
1
3

_
4
20
4
12
2
1
5
2
2
1
3

-

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d

_______

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m

______________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ___________________ _______ _____________

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

3

1

1

2

2

1
1

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1

1
-

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

23

7

XXX

16

XXX

28

7

XXX

21

XXX

112

37

XXX

75

XXX

81

30

XXX

51

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .







17
T ab le B-2. Shift D ifferentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

__ _
_

7 7 .7

______

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ______________________

T ota l

___

_________

_____

— __ __ __ __

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________

___

^ rp n t-c
5 c e n t s _______________ ____ _______________ ._____
6 c e n t s __ __ _____________
_________ ______
7 c e n t s ______________________________ __________
l x!z c e n t s ------- ---- -------- -------------- ---------8 c e n t s __ __ __ _________
_____________ _
_
10 cen ts
___ _________
__ __ _____ _
_
12 cen ts
___________ __ ___ ________ _________
_
13 c e n t s
__ __ _________ _____ __ __ _
1 4 1 / 3 c e n t s ____ __ — __ _________ — _
_
15 c e n t s ___ _____________ __ __ — ---------16 c e n t s
__ __ _____ _________ _____ —
2 0 ce n ts
_____ _________ _____ __________
2 8 2 /3 c e n t s _ _____
__ __ _____ _____ _
_

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft w o r k

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

5 7 .0

1 0 .7

4 .1

7 2 .1

5 7 .0

9 .8

4 .1

6 6 .9

4 4 .4

9 .4

3 .9

.8
1 1.0

1.3
4 .0
4 .8
4 .5
2 5 .9
9 .3
1.6

3 .1
-

_
.9

.2
1 .6

_
.2

.8

.1

.1

3 .1
.4

.7

.6

1.1

.6

1 2 .3
4 .7
1 .8
-

1 6 .5
.5
1.3

.5
3 .4

1 .0

1.0

.2

-

.1

.2

_

.3

1 .0
-

.2

.1

-

1.6

“

.5

_
_

5 .2

3 .3

.5

.1

5 p e r c e n t _ ___ _ ____ ___ _______ ____ ___ _
_
_
_
1 0 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------

2 .9
2 .3

3 .3

.2

-

.3

.1

-

9 .3

-

.1

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _ _________

O th e r fo r m a l p a y d iffe r e n t ia l2

_________

_________

_
_

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

.8

5 .6

.9

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h ift s .
2
F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p l u s u n i f o r m c e n t s p e r h o u r .

la t e

s h ifts

18
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D a l la s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 1 1 1U h o u r s -------------------------------------------------3 7 V 2 hours
--------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 3 8 3 / 4 h o u r s --------------------3 8 3/4 h o u rs
--------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 8 3 / 4 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ---------------------- —
40 hours
_
___ _
_
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ____________________
____________________________________________
4 4 hours
4 5 hours
____________ ______________________________
O v e r 4 5 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ____________________
48 hours
____________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 a n d u n d e r 5 4 h o u r s ____________________

1
2
3
4
5

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

100

100

1

1
2

5

1

100

Retail trade

100

Finance 3

100

All .
industries4

Manufacturing

100

100

1

3
3

6

8

(5)

3

3

-

-

-

7

78

91
4

91
3

86

64

-

-

6

8

4

1
(5)

-

Public,
utilities1
2

PLANT WORKERS

3

18

2

-

( 5)
72

100

2

Retail trade

100
1

-

-

-

-

( 5)

80

2

79

57

4
7

(5)

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




3

(5)
-

Public 2
utilities

7

-

13

2

7

4

12

3

1

1

-

5
-

6

3
3

2

15

2

1

( 5)

1
5

19
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 2 )
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ___________________________________

All
.
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities1
2

Retail trade

Finance 34

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

98

100

(5 )

(5 )

~

All 4
industries

1

1

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

87

91

99

78

13

9

1

22

4
3
33

1

1

26

7

(“)
(5 )

15

1

61
-

(5 )

2

100

1

N um ber o! d a y s

L e s s th a n 4 h o l i d a y s _______________________________
4 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
5 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s ________________________
7 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y _________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a l f d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s
___________________________________________

1

(5 )

1

1

1

-

18
19

6

17

2

23
4

55
-

1

31
5
5

(5 )
19

(5 )
1
8
1

1
6

1

37
-

7

44
-

45

7

18

8

1

31
3

11

13

14
2

29
-

4
-

9
-

1

3

5
23

2
2

7

3

1

14
3

"

1

6

8

6

9
34
34
47
48
81
83
84
86
86
87

3
3
17
18
46
47
62
62

2

30
7

46
-

6

2

-

‘

3
3
4

1

2
1
1
-

5

"

2

8

-

Total h o lid a y tim e 6

10 d a y s
________________________________________________
9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
5 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
4 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
3 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ___________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
2 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________

1

35
40
72
76
98

3
3
34
35
60
61
80
80
98

99
99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99
99

2

3
11
11

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e and s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d i t io n to
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls )
5
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
1

51
51
93
94
100
100
100
100
100
100

29
29
40
40
95
97
97
97
97
98

1

19
31
76
83
100
100
100
100
100
100

t h o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

88

90
91
91
91
91

-

_

_
53
53
85

-

10

86

10

93
94
94

70
72
72
75
75
78

_

99
99
99

_

8
8

sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .

2

3




in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e

in d u s tr y d iv is io n s

sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .

b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u l a t e d .

r e c e iv in g

a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c l u d e s

t h o s e w it h 7 fu l l d a y s and

20
Table B-5.

Paid V acations

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o lic y

AH
,
industries1

A ll w o rk e r s

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities i

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 3

AH .
industries*

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities c

Retail trade

100

M eth od

of

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ___________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ______________________________
O t h e r ______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s _________________________________
A m ount o f
A fte r

6

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

88

100

100

-

-

-

95
90
5
-

97

100

9
-

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

7
42
9

15
34

100

paym ent

v a c a tio n

p a y

3

6

m on th s o f s e r v ic e

U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w eek
.
__ ._
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks

( 5)

2

7

1

61

20

1

-

4
50
17
5

3
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e

19
12
2

( 5)

32
5
_
-

12

2

48
7
-

8

70
3
23
-

61
_

80
_
15
-

40
3
55
-

28
5
67
_
-

_
-

|

w eek
.
_
.. _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
__
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
1

24

66

34
-

99
-

( 5)

74
-

55
45
-

7

7

10

12

_

2

1

-

87

92
-

14
76
-

4
_
96
-

97
-

( 5)
75
1

25
1

68
1

24
( 5)

1

39
-

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2
2

( 5)

88

-

-

35
2

91
4
5

58

1

-

( 5)

31
_
69
_
-

A fte r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
. _
. . . . . . . .
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w eeks
_

4
( 5)
91
2
2

( 5)

( 5)
2

7
_
93
_
-

_
_

17
2

2

6

16
_

91
4
5

75

1

-

75
_
-

93
_
-

84
_
_
-

( 5)

16
_
84
_
_

( 5)

20

1

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________
_________________
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
. .

3

4

( 5)
92

-

2

-

95

98

93
-

2

( 5)

2

( 5)

-

-

7

_
-

91
4
5

14

14

2

2

1

79

81

99

1

1
-

-

-

-

1

( 5)

~

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
....
O ve r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
_.. _
. .
O ve r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks
_ _
4 w eeks
_ _

_

_
.

.
_
_

2

.........
. . .

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




_
_ _
. _

.

_

( 5)
92

3

( 5)

-

2

92

7
92
_
1

2

2

97
-

3

3

1

( 5)

“

_
91
4
5
1

( 5)
83

9
85

1

2

1

2

10

( 5)
1

99
( 5)

16
_
82
_
2

-

21
Table B-5.

Paid V acations— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n

p a y

6 --------C

All
!
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

Finance3

All ,
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

14
67
19
-

o n tin u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k _____ _____________ __________________________
2 w e e k s ____________ __ -------------- --------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________ ___ _______ —
3 w e e k s ____ _____ ___ ___ _______ _________ — —
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____ _____ _________ ______________
1

1

69
7
23
(5)

3
71
1

25
"

(5 )
96
4

_

10

64

69

9
70

10

2

2

26

15

17

( 5)
91
9

1

-

-

-

10

53
3
29
-

9
47
3
39
-

-

_

10

32

11

18
5
73
4
-

-

1

5
47
48

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k _________ __ _____________ _____ __________
_
w e e k s ________________ _____ _________________ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ __ __ „
__________
3 w e e k s _ _____ ___ _______ __________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ _____ __________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _ _____ _____ __ __ _________ __
1

1

2

58
7
32
1

(5)

3
39
1

57
-

(5 )
80
4
15
-

-

-

3
23
74
-

(5 )
9

5
44
51
-

_
61
12
22
1

4
1

31
-

14
62
24
-

-

-

-

9
28
-

10

(5)
63
6

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k ____ ____________________________________________
w e e k s ____________ _____ _____ __________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____ __________________
3 w e e k s _ _____ _____ _____________ ______________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ ___ ________________
-------- -------------- __ ---------4 w e e k s ____________ „
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________ _____ __________________
1

1

2

24
2

70
1
1

(5)

1

89
-

5
38
46
-

(5 )
53
(5 )
-

61

-

(5)
2

87
-

14
52
32
2

"

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1

m od.

22

3
23

67

66

_

1

(5 )

(5 )
9
84
-

8

8

6

5
31
49
15

(5)

-

-

-

1

3
23
25
50

(5 )
9
56
34

5
31
15
49

18
42
39

1

w e e k s ________________ — -------- --------------------------3 w e e k s _ _________ — _________________ __________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ________ __ __ _____ ______________
2

18
68

3
11

(5)
4

1

69
-

14
43
41
-

1

21

2

-

-

-

-

10

29
53

9
26
60

(5)
10

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k _____ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ____________________
w e e k s _ __ _________________ _____ _________ —
3 w e e k s ________ _____________ __ __________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ _________ ___ ____
4 w e e k s ________________ ______________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____ _____________ ___ ________________
1

1

2

22

35
1

40
(5)

_
1

10

9

29
31

26

10

34
29

45
45

(5)
25

(5)

14
43
26
17

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e l s ) in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6
I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o an e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 an d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s, th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 5 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
1

2




22
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 12 D a l la s , T e x , , N o v e m b e r 1962)
3
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll
2
industries

---------------------------------------------------------------

P ublic o
utilities J

R etail trade

Finance 4

100

100

100

100

100

98

96

99

93

99

43

A ll w o rk e r s

M anufacturing

53

44

72

22

63

77

58

67

57

All
industries

Manufacturing

3
6

Public ,
utilities

R etail trade

100

100

86

91

99

79

49

49

57

49

49

49

77

44

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
T.ifp i n s n r a n r p ...........
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i^ k l p f i v p n r h<~>th 6
_
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e -----------S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y an d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------------------S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p p »rin rl)

23

52

14

18

4

33

44

36

16

44

60

22

26

51

17

15

32

19

10

1

29

30

6

9

4

27

13

72

93

93

80

93

68

78

88

81

93

73

78

63

51

54

60

30
62

49
64

57

31

76

57

8

1

C )

14

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------

88
86

97

73

93

‘N/f

63

69
57

58

75

56

68

55

75

82

74

78

59
72

(7 )

(7 )

r-'^1 i n c n r a n r" p

C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ------------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n -------

1

97

4

27

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r ,
e x c e p t i n g o n ly l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d
re tire m e n t.
2
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e an d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s ( e x c e p t h o t e ls ) in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6
U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
7
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b i lli n g m a c h in e )—U s e s a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (h o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

23

24

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G - C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C l a s s B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

C l a s s B —Sorts,

codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

C L E R K , O RDER

Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w in g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers*
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la s s




Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
C la s s

A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

C la s s B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s not in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records., filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

C l a s s A—
Performs o n e o r m ore o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B—
Performs o n e o r m ore o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o llo w in g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a co m b in a ­
tion o f the f o llo w in g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves m ost o f the f o llo w in g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves m o st o f the f o llo w in g : Installing or repairing any o f a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a ls o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m en ts e m p lo y in g m ore than o n e e n g in e e r are e x c lu d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w in g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves m ost o f the f o llo w in g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

29

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW R IG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o st o f th e f o l l o w in g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o st o f th e f o llo w in g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the wort of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o st o f th e f o l l o w in g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p r im a r y d u t ie s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w in g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o st o f th e fo llo w in g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

30

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O RK ER , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W orkers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a l l in g a n d
r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c l u d e d .

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gkge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves m o st o f the f o l l o w in g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves m ost o f the f o llo w in g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t io n e d at g a te a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

31

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment.

Duties involve a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :

Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay i n v o lv e o n e or m ore o f
the fo llo w in g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container.
P a c k e r s w h o a ls o m ake
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s a re e x c lu d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or m ore o f the f o l l o w in g :

Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or

from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h ip s are e x c lu d e d .

sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials.
p in g

w ork

routes,

in v o lv e s :

S h ip ­

A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,

available means of transportation and rates; and preparing

records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records.
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment.
w ork

in v o lv e s :

May

R e c e iv in g

Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­

ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)

dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

32
TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r iv e r - s a le s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c lu d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:

T ru c k e r, p o w e r ( fo r k lift )
T ru c k e r, p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k lif t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r l

/
l2 to n s)

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ediu m (IV2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s, tr a ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 to n s , o th er than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102