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Occupational Wage Survey
WASHINGTON, D .C .-M D .-V A .
OCTOBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-16




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan CloQue, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
WASHINGTON, D .C .-M D .-V A .




OCTOBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-16
January 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program
Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu­
pational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the
labor markets.
A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.
A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data. The second part presents data relating
to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's r e ­
gional office in New York, N .Y., by Philip Goldstein, under
the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The study was under
the general direction of Frederick W. Mueller, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups _________________________

1
4

Tables:
1.
2.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey ___________
Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, for selected periods _____________________

A: Occupational earnings: *
A -1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women _________________________________________________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ________________________________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations _________________
A -5. Custodial and material movement occupations ___________
B:

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers _
_
B-2. Shift differentials __________________________________________
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours ____________________________________
B-4. Paid holidays _______________________________________________
B-5. Paid vacations ______________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ___________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
major areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
available for the following trades or industries: Building
construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

3
3
5
8
9
10
11
13
14
15
16
17
19
21




Occupational Wage Survey—Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
I

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the cla s­
sification "other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data or.
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (l) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.
1




Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Washington, D . C . — d .—
M
Va. , 1 by major industry division, 2 October 1962

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Manufacturing

_

_____ ________

Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
_
_
W holesale trade ________________________________________ _
Retail trade (except lim ited -p rice variety stores) ____
Finance, insurance, and real estate ___________________
Services 7 __________________________________________________

Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

797

50
~
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

_

A1
1

Workers in establishments

Number of establishments

T otal4

Office

Plant

T otal4

223

199.200

3 6,100

121,100

128,620

127
670

45
178

28,000
171,200

3, 200
32,900

16,300
104,800

16,020
112,600

69
78
203
113
207

27
28
41
33
49

3 7,600
11,300
63,6 0 0
18,900
3 9,800

6, 600
2,4 0 0
5, 500
10,500
7, 900

2 4 ,2 0 0
6, 000
5 2,700
6 3 ,0 0 0
18,900

30,650
6, 570
45, 250
9, 320
20,810

1 The Washington Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Washington, D .C .; Alexandria and Falls Church C ities, and Arlington and Fairfax Counties, Va. ; and Montgomery and
Prince Georges Counties, Md. The "workers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and m otion-picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 Estim ate relates to real estate establishments only.
W orkers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estim ates in the Series B tables.
7 H otels; personal service s; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations; and engineering and architectural service s.




Table 2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups in Washington, D . C . — d .—
M
Va. ,
for selected periods

Occupational group

October 1961
to
October 1962

November I960
to
October 1961

Office clerical (men and women) ________ ___________
Industrial nurses (men and women) __________________
Skilled maintenance (men) ______
__ ______________
Unskilled plant (men) __________________ ______________

3.
2.
5.
4.

3.
3.
3.
2.

3
7
1
5

3
3
5
1

Decem ber 1959
to
November I960
3.
4.
-4.
4.

9
7
7
1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table 2 are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, payroll;
Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B; office
boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenographers,
senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators, class B;
and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based on
men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following 8 skilled
maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the plant
worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics;
mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and die makers;
unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers, material
handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of




the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings
for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force re ­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause in­
creases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage
changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the pro­
portion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the
average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers
would have the opposite effect.
Similarly, the movement of a
high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influenced
by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for over­
time, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Wage indexes for selected groups of workers based on data from the
labor market surveys were computed for 20 areas between 1953 and I960. In
1961, the labor market occupational wage program was expanded to include
80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas which will be surveyed annually. This
expansion made data available for the computation of wage indexes for selected
job groupings in each of the 80 areas. The above text represents the method
used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new series was initiated
last year and the data are not comparable with trends published prior to that time.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a., October 1962)
V
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly
4 0.0 0 45.0 0 50.00 55.00 60.0 0 65.0 0 7 0.00 7 5.00 80.00 8 5.00 90.00 9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00
hours 1 earnings *
and
(Standard) (Standard) and
u n d er
4 5.0 0 50.00 55.00 6 0.00 65.00 70.00 7 5.00 8 0.00 8 5.00 90.0 0 9 5.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 o v e r

M en
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

58
58

37.5
37.5

$ 7 2 .5 0
7 2.50

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 _____________________

210
53
157
37

38.5
39.0
38.5
40.0

100.00
106.00
98.00
109.00

_
-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

108
72

38.5
38.5

81.50
8 0.50

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____________________

214
181
169

40.0
40.0
40.0

99.0 0
9 9.50
9 9.00

.
-

O ffi c e b o y s __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t il it i e s 2 -------------------------------F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

295
270
69
93
88

38.5
38.5
38.0
37.5
4 0.0

60.50
6 0.50
7 0.00
56.00
58.00

_
-

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

174
152
56

39.0
39.0
37.5

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

64
50

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e )
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________

9
9

17
17

11
11

2
2

-

1
1

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

4
4
-

7
7
-

12
1
11
-

21
21
-

-

-

7
7

2
2

14
14

11
2

19
18

_
-

.
-

_
-

-

-

_
"

2
2
2

2
2
2

27
17

"

39
38
18
16

27
20
14
2

117
108
26
47
34

50
48
12
10
22

10
10
2
2
5

12
12
5
2
4

91.5 0
8 9.50
8 1.50

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
7

39.5
39.5

8 7.00
85.5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

93
81

40.0
4 0.0

60.50
60.00

_
-

6
6

8
8

25
25

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e ) ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _________________________

155
132
67

39.5
39.5
39.5

68.5 0
66.50
59.00

-

11
11
11

15
15
15

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________

192
192
156

38.0
38.0
37.0

82.00
82.00
79.50

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B _____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________

831
817
57
695

38.5
38.5
4 1.0
38.0

67.00
67.00
72.50
66.00

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 -------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 4 _________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

489
55
434
80
145
81
118

39.0
4 0.0
39.0
38.5
40.0
37.5
38.5

89.00
90.50
89.00
96.00
82.00
87.00
9 2.50

-

-

-

18
18

-

-

-

19
2
17
4

22
13
9
-

17
4
13
3

20
7
13
5

22
7
15
10

13
6
7
2

17
5

15
7

6
2

1
1

3
2

5
5

18
18
18

16
14
14

29
23
23

12
12
12

42
39
31

16
10
3
5

10
10
7
-

14
14
14
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

14
14
6

21
20
13

18
16
6

22
22
9

5
5

8
8

5
4

2
2

30
24

4
4

16
12

2
-

10
10
10

27
27
15

11
11
5

20
15
5

1
1
-

-

3
3
2

12
12
12

8
8
4
-

48
48
5
43

173
173
4
166

200
200
2

-

_
-

3
3
3
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

19
1
18
9

6
5
1
1

3
3
1

7
6
1
-

11
11
1

3
1
2
1

5
5

1

2
2

-

-

-

12
12
12

9
7
5

15
11
9

8
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

-

17
15
10

14
14
5

13
10
-

16
11
-

11
6

6
2

5
2

1

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

36
28
3

2
2
2

19
13
1

4
-

-

70
70
68

22
22
19

8
8
4

8
8
6

46
46
41

143
143
10
119

101
100
6
80

54
48
4
36

58
52
8
44

16
16
14

16
16
12
2
2

29

31
6
25
1
5
8
11

62
13
49
1
29
4
15

81
12
69
8
17
19
25

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

4
4
4

8
6
6

6
6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

-

-

27
19
-

3
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16
4

5
5
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
20
14
1

-

9
9
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

90
4
86
41
9
22
14

74
8
66
8
22
11
21

45
5
40
5
13
4
18

13
2
11
7
2
1
1

10
3
7
5
-

17
2
15
2
-

3

1

-

-

3
1
-

1
1
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

9

-

-

"

-

-

W om en

See footnotes at end of table.




"

192
14
-

14
10
4

-

29
23
6
-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C .— d .-V a ., October 1962)
M
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME! WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

Average
S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
Weekly
Weekly , 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0 $5 0.00 55.00 6 0 .0 0 6 5.0 0 7 0.00 7 5.00 $8 0 .0 0 8 5.00 90.00 9 5 .0 0 100.00 105 .00 110.00 1 15.00 120.00 1 2 5 .0 0 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00
earnings
and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5 .0 0 50.0 0 55.00 60.00 6 5 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 7 5.00 8 0.00 8 5 .0 0 q o .o o 9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115 .00 120.00 125 .00 1 3 0 .00 135 .00 1 4 0 .0Q o v e r

W om en — C on tin u ed
C le r k s , a cc o u n tin g , c l a s s B _____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 ________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

722
90
632
176
193
113

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.0
3 9.0

$ 70.0 0
76.0 0
69.00
66.00
66.5 0
7 0.00

_
-

19
19
14
-

-

-

C le r k s , f i le , c l a s s A ______________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________

99
69

38.5
3 9.0

77.50
76.50

_
“

-

-

______________________
______________________
_____________________
_____ __ __________

369
296
67
135

3 9.0
39.5
38.5
4 0 .0

68.5 0
68.00
6 1 .5 0
74.00

_
-

2
2
-

36
36
22

"

-

C le r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C ______________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
R e ta il tra d e 4 ________________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

616
591
150
290
118

3 9.0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 8.0
4 0 .0

57.50
57.50
51.50
58.0 0
6 3.0 0

5
5
5
-

83
83
55
23
5

C le r k s , o r d e r __________ _________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le tra d e _____________________

150
60
90
53

4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

73.00
82.5 0
6 7 .0 0
77.5 0

-

C le r k s , p a y r o l l ------- -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
R e ta il tra d e 4 ________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________ ______________
S e rv ice s
__ _____ _____ __________

293
249
42
73
55
69

3 9.0
3 9.0
38.5
4 0 .5
3 8.0
3 9.0

81.5 0
80.00
91.00
76.0 0
77.50
77.5 0

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s __________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________ ___
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _______ ______________

200
171
50
94

39.5
39.0
3 7.5
4 0 .0

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ____________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________ __________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2 ____________________

244
209
42

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B __________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______ ______________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
F i n a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s _______ __ _________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

11
8
3
3

_
-

2
2
-

2
1
1
1

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

24
21
4
10
6
1

6
4
2
_
_
2

12
12
7
2
2
-

3
3
2
_
_
1

3
3
2
_
_
-

_
_
_
_
-

2
_
_
_
-

18
18
-

5
5
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

_
_

-

8
8
5
"

_
_
_
_
_
_

2
_
_
_
-

17
10
3
7

4
4
4
_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

26
21
-

26
9
1

28
23
19

9
9
3

24
21
19

2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

18
6
3
2

11
5
1
2

3
2
1
-

13
12
12
-

3
3
3
-

-

3
3
_
-

-

-

_
-

.
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

"

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

268
21
247
28
2
17
39
161

372
33
339
27
19
31
65
197

456
41
415
31
21
21
81
261

428
32
396
17
45
20
95
219

433
45
388
16
37
32
89
214

365
33
332
38
37
34
59
164

228
10
218
44
36
9
52
77

113
15
98
10
25
18
25
20

107
15
92
25
31
_
27
9

66
2
64
11
18
4
4
27

61
3
58
5
5
_
4
44

20
2
18
6
7
_
5

31
1
30
15
6

26
2
24
7
14

"

9

2
1

11
11

1

_

-

-

20
20
2
8

118
105
18
43

40
32
19
12

72
22
3
12

27
25
3
15

20
20
18

2
2
2

10
10
4

22
22
21

99
99
49
30
14

236
224
33
155
23

94
87
3
64
10

65
59
2
12
41

29
29
3
3
23

1
1
1

4
4
3
1

_
-

_
-

_
_
-

9
9
-

19
19
-

11
11
6

11
5
6
2

10
4
6
6

29
23
6
6

8
8
8

21
7
14
14

9
5
4
4

3
3
3

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2
-

5
5
3
2
-

38
38
4
19
11
4

27
24
2
7
15

48
43
9
6
15
11

36
34
1
6
8
19

23
16
6
4
4

22
14
1
5
6
2

36
26
4
7
1
10

81.0 0
8 1.50
8 1.00
7 7.00

-

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

8
8
8

22
17
8
8

30
22
6
16

29
26
5
21

32
30
17
13

28
24
6
18

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5

84.5 0
83.5 0
101.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

8
8
-

19
19
-

26
26
-

33
31
-

36
35
-

371
326
66
63
118

39.5
3 9.5
38.0
3 8.5
4 0.0

70.00
6 9.50
74.50
68.0 0
69.0 0

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

21
21
1
4

108
103
33
27
31

53
51
4
8
23

88
75
2
12
42

50
45
7
15
14

______________

52

3 9.0

58.50

1

7

25

6

8

3

S e c r e t a r ie s ________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _____________________
R e ta il tra d e 4 ________________________
F in a n c e 3 _____________________________
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------

3, 162
261
2, 901
285
324
228
615
1 ,4 4 9

3 9.0
3 9.5
39.0
39.0
39.5
4 0.0
3 8.0
3 9.5

9 4.5 0
9 4.5 0
9 4 .5 0
102.00
103.00
89.0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

10

55

115
6
109
5
12
17
32
43

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

8
-

_
_

4
6

~

-

-

-

-

55
5
17
30
3

_
-

-

2
2

-

_
-

-

27
5

8

_
-

_
-

13
8

-

-

_
-

_
-

33
31

-

-

_
-

5
5

-

-

_
-

-

3
3

-

-

_
-

-

3
3

-

_

-

3
3
_

8

-

_

-

14
1
13
5
8

2

-

_

1

45
13
32
9
8

____________

-

_

-

55
21
34
9
6
6

O ffic e g ir ls ___

"

_

_

86
13
73
25
13
13

C le r k s , f i le , c l a s s B
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g
F in a n c e 3 ______
S e r v i c e s _______

-

-

1

101
20
81
21
11
37

5
5
_
-

5
5
_

_
-

-

1

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

155
11
144
21
69
23

"

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

153
2
151
39
69
6

_

_
_
_

5
5
_
_

61
4
57
22
15
20

15
2
13
11
2

-

_

-

_
_

_
_
-

_

_
_

_

Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a sh in g to n , D . C . — d . — a . , O c t o b e r 1962)
M
V
Average
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF-

$
$
$
$
Weekly , 4 0 . 00 4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 60. 00 1.5. 00 7 0. 00 7 5. 00 80. 00 85. 00 $
90. 00 9 5.0 0 100 .00 105 .00 n o . 00 *115.00 *120.00 *125.00 *130.00 *135.00 140.00
earnings 1 and
and
(Standard) (Standard) u n d er
4 5 . 00 50. 00 55. 00 6 0. 00 65. 00 7 0. 00 7 5 . 00 8 0. 00 8 5. 00 9 0 . 0 0 95. 00 1 00.00 105 .00 110 .00 115.00 120 .00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 o v e r
Weekly

W o m e n — C on tin u ed

_

_

-

-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l __________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __ __ __ ______
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
F i n a n c e 3 ____________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________

609
583
153
117
261

38.
38.
39.
37.
38.

5
5
5
5
5

$ 8 3 .5 0
83. 50
9 2 .0 0
74. 50
83. 50

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r ____ _____ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

177
171

38. 0
38. 0

96. 50
96. 0 0

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s __
__ _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b l ic u t ilit ie s 2 ___________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 ____ __ _____________
F i n a n c e 3 _________________ __ ______
S e r v i c e s __________________ _________

814
773
77
144
284
236

39.
39.
39.
40.
38.
39.

0
0
0
0
5
5

65.
65.
82.
64.
60.
65.

50
00
50
00
00
00

S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2 ____ _____ ______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________

307
68
239
27
69
79

39.
39.
39.
37.
39.
38.

5
5
0
5
5
5

74.
73.
75.
84.
76.
7 9.

50
00
00
00
50
50

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B ____________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________

58
55

38. 0
38. 0

84. 00
83. O
Q

"

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C _________________________ __

1
1
-

2
2
2
"

11
10
4
2
-

61
60
8
30
18

106
100
1
27
66

90
83
18
37
18

-

6
6
4

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
1

2
-

1

_

-

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

"

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

"

-

-

33
33
-

91
91

89
89

72
66
1
18
21
18

59
43
13
8
14
6

41
37
10
1
8
18

10
10
9

24
65

93
85
6
25
31
19

28
26
19

1
90
-

147
146
8
44
58
36

85
81

-

56
56
7
12
32

5
-

-

-

11
1
10

14
7
7

72
11
61

28
16
12

-

-

.
-

.
-

_
-

-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

16
12

3
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

2
6

2

-

4
1

14
14
12
2

2
2

-

32
3
29
3
6
20

5
2
3

2
5

51
8
43
6
6
28

8
8

-

56
20
36
6
16
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

17
17

8
8

1
1

5
5

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

8

4
4

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

8

9

9

3

1

6

5

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
22
4

10
8
8

82
80
21

27
25
11

28
28
10

13
12
10

12
11
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

120
117
18
69
28

122
117
5
45
55

128
121
2
39
52

79
77
10
17
1Q
25

38
38
9
13

6

12
12
8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4 36
35
401
42
38
92
223

169
13
156

68
14
54
5
4
13
31

11
1

10

10

10
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

33
-

-

13
13

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T y p is t s , c l a s s A _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____ __ __ ______
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _____________________________

0
5
0
0
0

77.
78.
78.
75.
77.

_

_

-

-

-

14
14
14

19
11

67
250
192

39.
38.
40.
37.
4 0.

_

6oT~

:

:

:

-

9

92
88
1
65
17

2 , 049
140
1 ,9 0 9
104
170
895
707

39.
39.
39.
39.
40.
38.
40.

0
5
0
0
5
0
0

6 6 . 50
6 9 .0 0
6 6 . 50
74. 00
64. 00
64. 50
6 8 . 50

2

13

66

2

13

66

559
37
522
18
37
383
82

519
37
4 82
7
33
233
195

1
2
3
4

-

-

-

VPA
IP

-

-

-

Spr

-

-

9
9

75. 00
75. 00
76. 00

P n K lir n filitipfl ^
R ptail trad p ^

-

_

-

39. 0
38. 5
38. 0

F in a n c e 3

-

1
1

-

197
187

_____________________

-

1
1

17
11

-

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

-

28
28

2

1

196
3
193

Q
/

15

1Q
■7
i

4

41
8

95
73

-

-

11
22
40

-

9
8

16

12
34
93

6

2

— r~
-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .




.
-

-

-

Typi-i s t e r
'R
A A m i f p f'tn T"i ■ng

17
17

6

57
57

.
-

-

-

V in an rp ^

11
11

27

36
36

20
19
19

-

7 5. 00

S e rv ice s

.
-

48
46
34

-

39. 0

50
00
50
50
50

.
-

48
47
20

-

44

630

.
-

72
67
12
7
47

-

_______

66

_
-

78
78
15
3
52

-

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
g e n e r a l _________________________ ______ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _______________________ .___
F i n a n c e 3 _______ __ __ __ ____________

_

5
5
5

67
65
17
9
27

8
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W a sh in g to n , D .C .— d .—V a ., O c t o b e r 1962)
M
Average

N UM BER OF W O RK ER S RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN IN G S OF—

$
Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(Standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

6 0 .0 0
and

6 5 .0 0

7 0.0 0

7 5.0 0

8 0.0 0

8 5 .0 0

90.00

6 5 .0 0

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

7 0.0 0

7 5.0 0

8 0.0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0.0 0

9 5 .0 0

$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
9 5.0 0 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125 .00 130 .00 135 .00 140 .00 145 .00 150.00 1 5 5 .00
and
100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130 .00 135.00 140 .00 145 .00 150.00 155.00 o v e r

$

1

M en

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r _________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2
S ervi c es

255
78
177
35
132

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
4 0 .0

$ 1 2 2 .5 0
125.50
120.50
1 34.50
115.00

2
-

-

-

-

-

4

9
3
6

22

2

3
19

22
8
14

2

-

4

6

19

14

5
1

22
4
18
1
17

37
5
32
11
21

36
19
17

32
13
19

1
5

3

14

24
6
18
4

1

14

3

7
3
4

5
5
5

6
6
1

19
9
10

7
4
3

9

3

!

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r __________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ___________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______________________
S e r v i c e s ______________________________

256
96
160
101

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

8 8.5 0
8 4 .5 0
91.00
83.0 0

48

39.5

9 5.5 0

16
12
4
4

12
7
5
5

15
8
7
7

32
16
16
16

35
10
25
24

33

17
17

4

5

5

4

7

19
2

14
19
16

24
10
14

32
1
31
5

13
8
5

4

21
8
13
3

4

1

6

6

4
4

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

1

5

Wc!>men

N u rse s , in d u s t r ia l(r e g is t e r e d )

_________

_

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , October 1962)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

earnings*
(Standard)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

$ 6 2 . 00
6 l . 00

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b illin g m a c h in e ) --------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------

103
91

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) ---------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 1 ____________________________________
2

157
134
67

6 8 . 50
6 6 . 50"
59. 00

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ________________________________________

209

82. 00

166

7 9. 50

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 2 ____________________________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________

889
875
57
730

6 7.
67.
7 2.
65.

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s A -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 2 ____________________________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s __________________________________________

Aqq
o 77
108
591
117
172
129
142

Q9 5U
7^. cn
98. 00
9 1 .5 0
1 00 .0 0
84. 00
8 6 . 00
94. 00

C l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g , c l a s s B -------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 2 -----------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ----------------------------------------------------------------

830
126
704
17J
I
1 2o
17/

7 1 .5 0
78. 00
7 0. 00
6 6 . 50
67 00
7 0. 50

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------------------------------------------

113
83

7 9. 50
79. 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s __________________________________________

389
310
79
135

68.00
6 7. 50
61.00
74. 00

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C __________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e 2 ____________________________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s __________________________________________

645
609
151
303
118

57.
57.
51.
58.
6 3.

50
56
50
00
00

C l e r k s , o r d e r ---------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu r in g ------------------------ ---------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________

364
93
271
222

88.
88.
88.
9 4.

50
00
50
00

50
50
50
50

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Num ber
of
workers

earnings*
(Standard)

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — C on tin u ed

O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s

C l e r k s , p a y r o ll -----------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g __________ _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________ _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e 2 ____________ _____________________
F in a n ce 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------------

317
267
51
73
57
75

$ 8 2 . 50
8 1 .0 0
94. 50
7 6. 00
7 7 . 50
77. 50

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s _________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___
_______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _________________________________
S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------

307
68
239
27
69
79

C o m p to m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ______________________________
-myfa r'tivri ng
...........
W h o le s a le t ra d e _________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e 2 ------------------------------------------------------

205
176
54
94

8 1 .0 0
81. 50
80. 00
77. 00

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B -----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
F in a n ce 3 ___________________________________________

232
207
64

89. 50
88. 00
8 1 .0 0

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A _ -------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________________________________

263
224
57

8 6 . 50
8 5. 00
1 0 3 .5 0

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s C ____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
___ __ ________________

108
87

82. 00
80. 5 6

K eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- -------------------------------‘pvi'frli c iiTi 11ti p p ^
F in a n c e 3
________________ _____________________
S e r v i c e s __________________ _____________________

379
334
72
64
118

70.
69.
7 6.
68.
69.

50
50
00
00
00

T r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , g e n e r a l _________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
F in a n c e 3 __________________________________________

199
187
66

75. 00
75. 00
76. 00

648

O ffic e b o y s and g ir ls --------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ------------- -------------------------------F in a n c e 3 ____________________________________ —
S e r v i c e s _______________________ ____ ______________

347
319
86
97
105

60.
60.
68.
56.
58.

50
50
00
00
50

68
250
201

78.
78.
78.
75.
78.

00
00
50
50
50

S e c r e t a r ie s _____________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu r in g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________________________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e _________ _____________________
R e t a il t r a d e 2 ------------------ -------------------------------F in a n e e 3
___
_________- ________
S e r v i c e s ---------------------------- --------------------------------

3, 198
263
2, 935
300
335
236
615
1 ,4 4 9

2, 083
143
1, 940
122
171
907
707

67.
69.
66.
75.
64.
64.
68.

00
00
50
00
00
50
50

9 4. 50
94. 50
94. 50
102. 00
1 0 3 .5 0
8 8 . 00
9 3 . 00
92. 50

S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l
______ _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________ _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________ _____________________
F in a n c e 3 _________________________________________
S e r v i c e s __________________ _____________________

626
50T
165
122
261

84.
84.
93.
74.
83.

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , S en ior ________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- --------------------------------

184
178

96. 50
9'6. W

S w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ________ _____________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ---------------- -------------------------------P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 ________________________________
R e t a il t r a d e 2 ------------------ -------------------------------F in a n c e 3 -------------------------- -------------------------------S e r v i c e s __________________ _____________________

835
7 94
77
144
305
236

65.
64.
82.
64.
58.
6 5.

1 E a r n in g s r e la t e to r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly s a la r ie s that a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c lu d e s l i m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




Number
of
workers

00
00
00
50
50

00
50
50
00
50
00

T y p is t s , c l a s s A ________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________ _____________________
R e t a il tr a d e 2 ------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce 3 __________________________________________
S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------- ----T y p is t s , c l a s s B ________________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ________________________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________________________
R e t a il tr a d e 2 ____________________________________
F in a n ce 3 __________________________________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________________

£ W

$74.
73.
75.
84.
76.
79.

50
00
00
00
50
50

P r o f e s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s

D r a ft s m e n , s e n io r _____________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g ___________________ ___________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 4 _________________________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________________

258
80
178
35
133

1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0
115'. 00

D r a ft s m e n , ju n io r ______________________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _______________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __________________________________
S e r v i c e s ___________________________________________

258
96
162
102

88. 50
84. 50
9 1 .0 0
83. 00

48

95. 50

N u r s e s , in d u s t r ia l ( r e g i s t e r e d )

______________________

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., October 1962)
V
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING ST RAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orker#

$
Average
hourly j U nder 1.60
earning#
and
$
1.60

u n d er
1.70

$

$

$
1.70

1.80

1.90

1.80

1.90

2.00

$
$
$
$
$
2.00 2.10 2.20 2 .3 0 2 .40
2.10

2 .60

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3 .20 3.30
3 .40 3 .50 3 .60 3.70 3 .80 3.90 4 .0 0
and

2.30

2 .40

2 .5 0

2.60

2 .7 0

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

8
6

7
7
7

10
7
7

14
14
5

19
17
11

15
14
11

14
9
6

8
2
"

11
11
5

5
2

"

16
16
"

1
1

33
32
25

9
8

14
8
3

3
"

3
3

6
6

4
4

9

8

-

-

3

6

60
1
59
46
12

12
10

9
9

.

-

1
1

~

"

1
1
1

-

“

"

“

-

_

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

■

'

"

~

“

10
10
_

2
2
2

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

1

3

14
14
12
2

2

7
7
1
6

38
30
8
8
-

.

8
5

4.
4

.

.

"

-

26
26
24

42
41
39

17
17
17

55
55
55

_

_

1

6

2

3

2

4

37
37
29

5
5
5

12
2
10
5

19
19
14

-

49
6
43
43

54
28
26
19

59
14
45
36

9
5

13
12
2

$ 2.86
2 .87
2 .6 2

-

E le c t r i c i a n s , m a in te n a n ce _______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________

119
91
29

2 .9 3
2 .7 8
2 .7 9

-

E n g in e e r s , s t a t io n a r y ____________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
F in a n c e 4 _______________________________
S e r v i c e s _____________________________

335
73
262
85
96

2 .97
3.01
2 .9 5
2 .6 5
2.86

2
2
2

8
8
-

-

-

8

“

F ir e m e n , s t a t io n a r y b o il e r ______________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________

84
79

1.86
1.84

38
*38

7
7

_

H e lp e r s , m a in te n a n ce t r a d e s ___________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________

323
308
281

2.26
2 .30
2 .3 5

21
9

6
6

10
10
10

22
22
21

5
5
3

10
8
3

M a c h in is ts , m a in te n a n ce ________________

67

3 .02

.

.

.

M e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e
(m a in te n a n ce ) ____________________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________

712
129
583
485

2 .7 5
2.71
2 .7 6
2 .76

-

7
2
5
5

M e c h a n ic s , m a in te n a n ce ------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________

167
143

3 .15
3.18

1

P a in t e r s , m a in te n a n ce ___________________
N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3 ____________________
F in a n c e 4 _______________________________

207
198
27
79
77

2 .4 7
2 .46
3 .1 3
2 .1 5
2 .3 5

~

'

-

-

-

"

-

“

2
2

-

.

-

-

"

16
15

"

"

"

4
4

8

"

-

-

11
11

4
4

14
14

14
14

11
11

41
41

8
8

28
28

_

3.30

3.40

3 .50

8
7

3
2

-

-

2
1
1

-

10
9

-

3.60

3 .7 0

3.80

3.90

4 .0 0

over

109
109
109

140
116
53

_

11

4

6
8

6
8

6
5

37
4

-

8

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 to $ 4 .1 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s : 8 at $ 0 .8 0 to $ 0 .9 0 ; 21 at $ 1.30 to $ 1.40; and 9 at $ 1.50 to $ 1.60.




2 .50

-

C a r p e n t e r s , m a in te n a n ce -----------------------N on m a n ijfa ctu rin g -------------------------------S e r v i c e s _____________________________

1
2
3
4
5

2.20

$

$

8

6
22

-

10

"

“

-

2

.

-

-

9
2
4

8
-

-

"

-

5
3
"

24
2
22
2
14

49
1
48
9
22

2

_

-

2
1
1

29
9
20

-

-

1

-

.

.

4
4

.

.

.

"

“

"

14

.

.

9

11

2

2

2

97
13
84
83

101
42
59
52

181
22
159
143

39

6

3

20

23

-

39
3

6
3

3
2

20
20

23
23

-

2
1

1
1

2
2

.

26
24

2
2

10

13

"

8

4
4

13
12
6
3
3

7
6

3
2

11
8

1
-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

2
1
1

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

2

1

“

■

-

10

-

-

"
6
6

3
3

2

~

41
24
17

13
2 13

-

“

-

-

-

-

2

9

6

-

-

-

-

9

-

2

-

-

1
-

9

.

“
6

.

_

_

_

~

~

■

-

8

.

1

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

"

-

-

"

"

-

-

■

-

15
15

29
29

14
14

8
8

1
1

2
2

12
12
12

3
3

.

.

-

-

-

-

5
5

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., October 1962)
N U M BER OF WORKERS RECE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN INGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

Average $0 .7 0
hourly
earnings2 and

$
0 .8 0

$0 .9 0

$

1 .0 0

* 1 .1 0

*1 .2 0

*1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$

,

1 .6 0

$

1 .7 0

$

1 .8 0

$

1 .9 0

$

2 .0 0

* 2 .1 0

$

2 .2 0

$

2 .3 0

$

2 .4 0

$

2 .5 0 * 2 .6 0

$

2 .7 0

$

2 .8 0

$

2 .9 0

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(m e n ) _________ ____________ _____________

E le v a t o r o p e r a t o r s , p a s s e n g e r
(w o m e n ) ___________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

2 06
2 06
115
74

$ 1 .1 6
1 .1 6
1 .2 2
1 .0 6

32
32

219
219
65

1 .2 4
1 .2 4

-

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

-

-

30
30
30

-

1 .6 0
1 .5 9

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(m e n ) ___________________ ___ _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ ___________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ___________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ _________ ______
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _ _ _ _ _ ________ __
F i n a n c e 3 __ __ ____________________
S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------

2 , 130
228
1 ,9 0 2
2 96
70
5 88
486
462

1 .4 6
1 .6 7
1 .4 4
1 .9 7
1 .5 5
1 .3 4
1 .2 1
1 .4 4

6 28
5 95
104
110
259
109

1 .2 8
1 .2 6
1 .6 5
1 .1 9
1 .1 6

1 ,9 9 6
5 54
1 ,4 4 2
373
322

2 .0 5
2 .0 4

O r d e r f i l l e r s ______________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _____ __ ______
W h o le s a le t r a d e ____________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _ __ ____________ __

924
8 50
368
460

1 .9 9
1 .9 6
1 .7 6
2 .1 5

P a c k e r s , s h i p p i n g __ __ _____ __ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________

140
115

1 .6 7
1 .6 5

-

66

1.62

-

R e c e iv in g c l e r k s ____ __ __________ __ __
N on m a n u fa c tu rin g __ __ __ _________
W h o le s a le t r a d e _____ _____________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _______________________

231

1 .9 8
1 .9 7
2 .1 5
1 .8 5

_
-

See footnotes at end of table.




211
50
119

2.06
1 .81
1 .77

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

15
15
2

116
116
74
39

-

88
88

4
4

8

"

■

51
51

30
30
-

_

8
8

6
24

-

-

_
8
-

-

4
4
4

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

-

3
3

_

-

_

over

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

1
1

12
12

14
14

_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

1
1

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

5
5

17
1

_

27
6
21

3 .0 0

1

-

6
6

-

4
4

3
3

69
67

35
29

50
48

23
21

58
58

18
18

16 .
16

60
60

32
32

152
23
129
10
19
36
33
31

148
20
128
10
4
37
20
57

2 29
61
168
66
6
20
11
65

56
15
41
6
2
10
4
19

153
34
119
37
3
45
2
32

39
8
31
4
2
3

46
21
25
20

_
_

48
1
47 .
34
2
2

70
1
69
65
3
1

45
2
43
39
4

_
22

3
2

9

9
8
2
4

92
91
63
2

35
26
23

6
2
-

2
2
_

1
_

4
4
4

2

11

3

103
34

65
65

64

10
10
6
2

2

4

2 00
194

107
106

60
56

47
45

149
149

253
2 53

359
9
3 50
5
16
102
116
111

267
27
2 40

93
83
22

-

_

78
23
48

117
114
22

39
39
14
1

281
281
54
2 03
19

9

48
43
_
14
26

48

1

39
39
5
34

52
52
34
18

39
39

41
41
18
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

55
55
44

-

"

11

.

9
98
89
44

6
6

4

11

7

2
3

22

25
13

2
2

12

8
8
_

4
4

428

-

-

52
52
43
7

78
78
7
71

10
10

113

9
9
7

174
174
5
169

1

_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

6

41
41
7
34

16

103
7

24
15
4

74

4

15

-

-

-

30
26

9

2

-

3
3

6
6

_

_

_

_

“

-

2

1

1
1
1

_

12

-

-

-

-

26

7
7

22

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

9
9

-

41
23
18
5

_

26

-

3 02
6l
241
42

-

14
11

-

109
91
18
14

450

5
17
-

-

3
-

-

22

_

6

9
9
-

125
60
65
33

98

16
14

11
11

_
-

-

6

4
4
-

_
-

-

16
16

_
-

_
-

-

14
14
14

_
-

_
-

-

20
20

_
-

_
-

-

48
48
16
31

-

_
-

-

51
51
34
14

-

2
-

4
4
-

20
16

-

_
_

114

49
49

-

_
-

2

69
69
46
23

-

12
12
12

_

_
_
21

2 16
78
138
97
38

91
45
46

17

_

_
_

_
_
_

118

45
14
31
14
15

22

-

-

2

13
175
37
138
17
65

-

-

1 .9 0

-

18
18
18

15
15
15

-

1 .8 0

2

24

12
39

1 .7 0

1
1
1

8
g

1 .6 0

5
5

1.22

L a b o r e r s , m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g ____________
M a n u fa ctu r in g
__ __________ __ ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ______ __ __ __ __
W h o le s a le t r a d e __ _________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 _______________________

15
15

1 25

R o t a 'll t r a d p ^
F in an n < ^
=
>
f ip r v i r pc

1 .3 0

24

96
8 29
7 88

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s
(w o m e n ) ________ ___________________ __
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g __ _________ __ __
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ___________________

1 .2 0

32

G u a r d s and w a tc h m e n __ _________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________ __

3 .0 0

and

und er
.8 0

$

20
18

76
42
36
4

4
13

11

10

20
12

13
13
-

7
7

36
33

13
13

15
13

-

6

12

4

19

4
9

2
11

21
11
8

110

11

_

15
13

6

2

12
5
7

2

1

1

1
1

1
1

6
14
13 ------ 1~
_
4
6

20
20
2
10

1
1
_

16

18
18

6
7

_
_

-

_
-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Washington, D. C . —
Md. —
Va. , October 1962)
NUM BER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST RAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average $ 70 $ . 80 $ . 90 $1. 00 $1. 10 $1 . 20 $1 .3 0 $1 .4 0 $1. 50 $1 . 60 $1. 70 *1. 80 $1.9 0 $2 . 00 $2 . 10 $2 . 20 $2. 30 $2. 40 $2. 50 $2 . 60 $2. 70 $2 . 80 $2. 90 $3. 00
0
0
hourly , 0.
and
earnings
and
u n d er
. 80
.9 0 1 .0 0 1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1 .4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2. 30 2. 40 2. 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3. 00 o v e r

Shipping c l e r k s ____________________________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------

100
53

$ 2 . 19
2 . 08

Shipping and r e c e iv in g c l e r k s ----------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _____________________

98
85

2. 30
2. 31

T r u c k d r iv e r s 6 ________________ ‘___________
M a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ___________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e ____________________
R e t a il tra d e 4 ----------------------------------S e r v i c e s _____________________________

2, 970
786
2, 184
713
639
658
157

T r u c k d r iv e r s , lig h t (u n d er
1Vz t o n s ) ----------------------------------------------M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------N on m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le t ra d e ________________

2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
2.
1.

30
35
28
59
17
25
54

"

"

-

-

.

_

.

_

“

"

“

-

-

-

-

S e r v i c e s __________________________

T r u c k d r iv e r s , m e d iu m ( I V 2 to and
in clu d in g 4 ton s) ______________________
M a n u fa ctu rin g --------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e ________________
R e t a il t r a d e 4 ___________________

552
75
477
138
105

2 . 28
2 . 20
2 . 29
2. 34
1.9 6

-

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
t r a il e r ty pe) _________________ _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________
P u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 ________________

561
533
46

2 . 61
2 . 61
2. 13

T r u c k d r iv e r s , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s,
o th e r than t r a il e r ty pe) _____________
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________

628
123

132
89

1 .9 3
1. 73

_

5
5

_

"

17
4

8
4

23
15

13
1

6
5

3
3

3
"

3
1

-

1
1

5
1

3
3

2
1

4

20
19

10
10

5
5

10
7

13
13

.

4

'

18
18

2
2

"

2
2

.

_
■

-

58
58
15
43

107
107
14
2
91

65
2
63
7
20
31
5

40
1
39
32
1
6

99
----93
7
40
34
12

93
63
30
16
4
4

145
51
94
79
6
3

198
20
178
15
112
46
1

90
42
48
26
20
2

80
21
59
3
24
29
2

147
71
76
2
26
47
1

242
96
146
88
10
45
3

643
390
253
208
36
9
-

217
13
204
83
40
78
3

61
61
26
35

78
78
78
-

-

-

66
10
56
20
19
17

498
498
300
20
178

-

43
43
5
31
7

-

-

-

"

-

-

58
58
15
43

36
36
4
15
17

85
85
12
2
71

16
1
15
14
1

25
6
19
6
4

21
2
19
12

39
24
15
14

17
17
12

6
6
4

27
7
20
18

22
21
1
-

2
2
-

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

43
43
5
31
7

27
2
25
20
5

-

-

.

2
2

"

9

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
10
8
4
4

20
20
2

29
29
26

5
5
2

38
38
8
30

1
1
-

35
6
29
20
3

5
2
3
2

23
2
21
20
1

21
14
7
2
1

19
12
7
5

51
14
37
4
31

236
8
228
36
1

25
6
19
14
1

-

-

-

_

-

26
26
26
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

-

10
10
-

14
14
14

2
2

4
4

26
26
“

22
15
“

30
13
10

118
114
8

196
196

35
35

74
74

-

-

“

",

"

42
36

14
2

2
2

"

38

76
1

370
5

74
71

2
2

"

4
4

"

18
7

1

_

2

7
6

5
1

3
1

19

1

_

_

2. 46
2. 41

T r u c k e r s , p o w e r (f o r k lif t ) _______________
M a n u fa ctu r in g _________________________

8
8

-

-

-

1.61
2 . 06
1 .5 4
1 .7 0
1 .2 6
1 .4 8

8
8

“
.

431
63
368
136
101
113

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

”

-

■

"

“

"

4
4
~

6

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 E x c lu d e s li m i t e d - p r i c e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
5 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
6 In clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




"

19
19
7

"

_

12
12

30
30

_

20
20

14
12

-

“

-

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

13

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W om en Office W orkers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s tu d ie d in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —M d .— a . , O c t o b e r 1 96 2)
V
In exp e rie n ced typ ists

M in im u m w ee k ly s tr a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in du stries

M an ufactu ring

B a sed on stand ard w eekly h ours 3 of—
A ll
sch e d u les

E s ta b lis h m e n ts studied

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2

N on m anufacturing

M an ufacturing

A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
in d u strie s
A ll
sch e d u les

40

37 Vz

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on stand ard w eek ly h o u r s 3 o f A ll
sc h e d u les

40

37V2

40

__________________________________________

223

45

XXX

178

XXX

XXX

223

45

XXX

178

XXX

XXX

_______________

88

15

10

73

9

51

98

18

12

80

10

54

____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
______________________ _______ ______
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________
____________________________________

1
1
9
1
8
4
15
7
19
7
7
3
2
1
1

_
1
-

_
-

1
2
-

1
12
4
12
8
18
8
17
8
4
2
1
1
1

_
1
6
1
5
3
1
1

_
5
1
5
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
_
12
4
12
7
12
7
12
5
3
1
1
1
1

1
2
1

-

_
6
1
7
3
7
3
8
3
6
1
2
1
1

-

_
9
3
9
5
8
3
6
3
3
1
1
1
1

-

-

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

-

-

5
6
2
1
-

3
6
1
-

-

-

-

-

1
9
1
8
4
10
7
13
5
6
3
2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

1

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

43

10

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

60

15

XXX

45

XXX

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y __________________________________________________

92

20

XXX

72

XXX

XXX

65

12

XXX

53

XXX

XXX

$ 4 0 .0 0
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
u nd er
under
under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0

-

2
2
1
1
-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




-

-

-

2
3
1
-

1

14




T ab le B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., October 1962)
V
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually wcirking on—
Third or other
shift

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

79.3

67.3

14.4

4.9

With shift pay differential _______________________

70.5

60.0

13.5

4.7

Uniform cents (per hour) ____________________

45.1

37.3

8.4

2.9

5 cents ______________________________________
7 V2 cents ___________________________________
1 0 cents ____________________________________
1 2 cents ____________________________________
1 3V cents
3
_________________________________
I 4 V3 cents _________________________________
15 cents ____________________________________
16 cents ____________________________________
I 7 V2 cents _________________________________
2 0 cents ____________________________________
24 cents ____________________________________
263 cents _________________________________
/4
282
/3 cents
_________________________________
30 cents ---------------------- --------------------------------

7.2
2.9

.9
2.9

2.0

_

.5

.3

2.0

2.0

.2

.1

3.9

3.9

.2

Total

_______________________________________________

1.8

-

(2 )
.7

7.7
4.3

-

1.1

-

4.3
1.4

.5
1.9

.1

-

-

1.1

1.4

-

8.2

-

.9

-

1.8

-

.1

-

6 .1

-

-

4.6

~

.7
.5
.2

8.2

1.4
5.6
-

-

-

Uniform percentage __________________________

4.1

4.1

.8

percent ______________________________________
I 2 V 2 percent
------- ----------------------------15 percent _________________________________

4.1

1.1

.8

-

-

1.9

-

.2

-

1 .2

-

~

10

Full day's pay for reduced hours

__________

2.6

______________

18.6

18.6

4.3

1.6

With no shift pay differential ___________________

8.8

7.3

.9

.2

Other form al pay differential

3

-

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
3 P r i m a r i ly c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d if f e r e n t ia ls , v a r y in g b y o c c u p a t io n .

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h ifts

15
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly H ours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , October 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W O RK ERS

Weekly hours
All
industries

44 h ou rs

Over 44 and under 48 hours ___________________
48 hours ____________________________ ___________________________
Over 48 hours
_______________________________ ____________

1
2
3
4
5

Public
utilities 1

100

35 hours
Over 35 and under 37V 2 hours _________________
U
hours
38 hours ______ _____ ___________________________
Over 38 and under 40 hours ___________________
______________________ _
40 hours
_
Over 40 and under 44 hours ___________________________

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

1

4
27
-

7

2

9
2

18

61

65

7

2

-

3
9
-

32
14
46

Finance 34

100

100

1

22

( 5)

7

6

21

85
4

2

15
33

Services

100

4
( 5)

9
1

85

100

3

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

1
-

2

-

2

2

91
5
3

59

-

Retail trade 2

Services

20

1

2

-

3
72

14
56

96
-

1

-

-

86
-

-

-

( 5)

-

-

-

( 5)

-

-

6

1
2

1

2

-

-

2

-

( 5)

2

3

1

-

-

-

1

-

10

2

3

j

M anufacturing

Public
utilities

( 5)

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
E x clu d e s lim it e d -p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Retail trade 2
1

All
4
industries

-

2
2

-

88

-

-

10

4

3

-

21

2

4

4

16
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., October 1962)
V
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e r s

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

99

97

100

100

All
industries

-------------------------------------- -------- -----------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l id a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id h o l id a y s ____________________________________

1

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade2

All
industries4

Public .
utilities1

Wholesale
trade

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

96

96

99

100

95

98

4

4

1

5

2

2
-

1

3

Manufacturing

Retail trade 2

Services

N u m b e r off d a y s

2 h a lf h o l id a y s _______________________________________
1 h o l id a y
------ --------------------------------------------- ------------2 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
3 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
5 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------------ -----------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ------ ----------------- ------8 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y --------- ---------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o l id a y s ______________________________ _____ _________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
10 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________

T ota l h o lid a y

_

_

.

(5)
1

-

(5)
13
1
2

-

1
31
(5 )
66
2
-

(5 )
19
3
2
40
6
1
6
1
4
1

2
6
10
30
(5)
43
5
-

_

_

_

_

4
8
11
9
7
32
2
23

1
1
40
2
2
39
-

6

1
1
19
(5)
(5)
13
11
1
30
12
8

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

15
1
-

_

(5)
5
5
46
11
1
8
3
13
"

(5)
3
23
1
2
23
1
(5)
33
(5)
3

-

-

3

(5)

3
3
3
11
23
54
65
78
79
97
99
100
100
100
100

(!)
( )
(5)
3
3
37
38
62
63
86
86
89
89
91
96

.
13
(5)
10
28
37
7
'

.

_

4
5
33
57
-

9
18
6
10
1
38
4
14

10
3
2
26
2
19
31
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
12
46
19
8
1
10
1
(5)
(5)

tim e 6

11 d a y s ---------------------------- -------------------------------------------10 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
9 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ------ ----------- ----------------- ----------------9 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
8 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
8 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
7 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
7 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
6 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
6 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
5 V2 o r m o r e d a y s ____________________________________
5 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
3 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
2 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________
1 o r m o r e d a y s ______________________________________

1
5
6
13
19
60
63
84
85
98
99
99
99
99
99

_
-

-

5
5
48
49
88
95
97
97
97
97
97
97

2
2
68
68
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

_
3
3
26
28
60
67
88
88
96
96
100
100
100
100

_
-

1
1
15
15
57
59
98
98
99
100
100
100

_
13
16
25
37
88
88
93
93
99
99
99
99
99
99

1 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
2 E x c lu d e s li m it e d - p r ic e v a r ie t y s t o r e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l an d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




(5)
5
1

r e c e iv in g

_

_

-

-

7
7
44
44
82
83
96
96
96
96
96
96

-

57
57
90
90
95
95
95
95
95
99

a tota l o f 7 d a ys

_
14
18
56
57
73
73
91
91
100
100
100
100

in c l u d e s

_
-

3
3
33
33
53
55
80
80
82
82
85
95

(? )
( )
(5 )
1
2
12
20
39
39
84
84
96
98
98
100

t h o s e w ith 7 f u l l d a y s a n d

17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , October 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Vacation policy

All workers

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

PLAN T WORKERS
AH
4
industries

Finance 3

Services

100

100

100

100
100
-

M anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade2

Services

100

100

100

100

100

95
95
-

100
100
-

100
97
3

100
100
-

99
99

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

Retail trad e2

5

_

13
26
2
-

2
14
2
-

25
16
6
3

65
5
28
2

59
4
32
3
1

100

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations ----------------------------------------------------------------------L ength-of-tim e payment ____________________
Percentage payment ----------------------------------------------------F lat-su m payment ---------------------------------------------------------Other -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations ----------------------------------------------------------------

-

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

99
98
(5)

Amount of vacation p a y 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week ----------------------------------------------------------------------------1 week ------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

6
42
12
3

3
59
4
-

1
64
1
-

57
2
-

5
24
5
-

12
39
10
9

5
30
35
3

7
24
5
1

10
32
14
-

17
(5)
77
6
1

16
80
4
-

24
(5)
75
(5)
-

26
72
2
-

37
58
2
3

1
99

13
64
22
1

55
3
38
1
1

39
3
51
3
1

40
1
59
-

56
41
2
-

4
3
85
3
5

5
90
4
-

5
17
77
(5)

9
89
2
-

7
85
8

2
1
74
10
13

29
(5)
64
2
4

17
75
4
1

25
1
74
-

27
71
2
-

35
57
8

31
1
59
6
2

3
2
87

1

9
(5)
79
2
8

12

98
-

82
2
3

9
1
80

20

64
5
22

6

2

12

-

-

_

45
5
-

After 1 year of service
1 we ek ----------------------------------------------------.--------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ---------------------------------2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ---------------------------------3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

After 2 years of service
1 week ------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________
2 weeks -----------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________
3 weeks ------------------------------------------------------------------

_

97
3

After 3 years of service
1 week ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks — ,-----------------------------------------2 weeks ___________________________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------------------------3 weeks ___________________________________________________________

1
(5)
87
3
9

_

1

_

-

-

-

66
5
29

99
(5)

96
2
2

_
-

97

-

70
10
19

-

-

8

3

3
2
87

_

1

-

-

6
-

2
-

-

-

10

-

70
6
3

After 4 years of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________________
2 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------------------------3 weeks --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

1

_

_

_

-

1
(5)
87
3
9

66

(5)

-

_

_

1

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

80
3
16
1

50
5
45

5

99
(5)

29

93
2
5

_

8

96
1
3

70
10
19

9
(5)
80
2
8

-

9
1
80

64
5
22

98
-

79
2
6

_

_

5

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

17
-

74
6
3

After 5 years of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ----------------------------------------------2 weeks ___________________________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ----------------------------------------------3 weeks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________________

'

See footnotes at end of table.




95
-

4
(5)

90
2
8
"

90
-

9
■

84
3
13

65
6
23
5

"

6
(5)
77
2
13
(5)

56
6
35

88
-

12
‘

84
2
9

81
-

12
'

11
2
73
5
5
2

18

Table B-5.

Paid V acations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Washington, D .C .—
Md.—V a ., October 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
A
ll
in u
d stries

M ufactu g
an
rin

P blic j
u
u
tilities

PLANT WORKERS

W olesale
h
trad
e

R
etail trade1
2

F
inance3

S ice
erv s

A
ll 4
in u
d stries4

M ufactu g
an
rin

P
ublic j
u
tilities

W
holesale
trad
e

R
etail trade2

S
ervices

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6-------C ontinued
After 10 years of service
1 week ____________________________________ ______
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________ _____ __
2 weeks ___________________________________ ______
Over 7 nr>d under 3 weeks
3 weeks ____ __________________ ________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________
4 weeks _________________________ ________________
Over 4 weeks ____________________________________

36
2
58
(5)
3
1

_
19
81
-

_
65
3
31
(5)
_
-

_
48
2
50
_
-

1
33
64
3
-

_
29
3
68
-

1
27
2
56
1
10
4

6
(5)
41
2
48
(5)
2
(5)

24
72
1
_
-

_
55
6
39
_
-

5
_
50
2
42
_
-

7
_
34
_
57
2
-

11
2
53
4
22
1
5
(5)

(5)
31
6
54
5
3
1

19
71
10
-

61
3
35
(5)
-

42
7
51
-

1
29
68
3
-

21
11
62
6
-

1
21
6
45
13
10
4

6
(5)
38
3
49
1
2
(5)

24
72
1
-

_
52
6
42
_
-

5
_
49
3
42
-

7
_
34
_
57
2
-

11
2
41
13
24
2
5
(5)

(5)
11
1
70
3
11
3

_
11
58
31
-

_
1
95
(5)
3
-

_
24
73
3
-

1
22
_
75
3
-

7
2
81
5
4
-

1
16
34
7
27
16

6
(5)
25
1
60
1
7
(5)

_
18
_
60
1
18
-

3
_
84
13
-

5
30
_
64
1
-

7
29
_
62
2
-

11
2
39
4
30
3
7
1

(5)
11
57
2
26
3

9
45
1
45
-

1
62
(5)
37
-

24
46
3
27
-

1
19
54
26
-

7
79
14
-

1
16
34
7
27
16

6
(5)
20
1
42
1
30
(5)

_
10
54
2
31
-

_
3
48
48
-

5
30
_
43
1
21
-

7
20
_
41
_
31
-

11
2
39
4
30
3
7
1

(5)
11
45
2
33
9

_
9
38
1
52

_
1
33
(5)
33
32

24
34
3
40

1
19
38

7
71

1
14
32
7
29
16

6
(5)
20
1
35
1
29
7

_
10
48
2
37
"

_
3
31

5
30
30
1
34

7
20
38

11
2
39
4
30
3
8
1

(5)

After 12 years of service
1 week ________ __ _______________ _____________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ____ __ _____________
2 weeks _______ _____ __________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks _ ___________________
4 weeks _ __________________ _______________ __
Over 4 weeks ________________________ _________
After 15 years of service
1 week _______________ — ----------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 weeks ___________ _________
2 weeks _____________,_____ _____ ___________ _____ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ _______________ __
3 weeks --------------------------- ---------------------------- —
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________
4 weeks _________________ ______________________ ___
Over 4 weeks ____________________________________

_

After 20 years of service
1 week ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks ______________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks ______________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ______________________
4 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 4 weeks _______ ___________________ ______
After 25 years of service
1 week _______________ __________________________
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _ ___________________
2 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ ___________________
3 weeks ___________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 weeks ____ _____ _____ __
4 weeks ____________________________ ___ ______ __
Over 4 weeks ________________________ _________

-

-

42

22

_

31
35

_

35
-

1 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
2 Excludes lim ited-price variety stores.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 L ess than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of time, 1 such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
1
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not n ecessarily reflect the individual provisions for p rogressions. For example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks’ pay or m ore
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.




19
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits , 1 Washington, D. C. —
2
Md. —
Va. , October 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W O RK ERS

Type of benefit
All
industries

A U w ork ers

_______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities c

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

91

85

94

95

90

50

54

47

58

32

90

98

81

92

98

93

Retail trade 3

Finance 4 5

Services

All
5
industries

M anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

81

Retail trade3

Services

100

100

92

89

88

88

94

89

89

65

42

56

49

56

57

59

58

83

84

90

76

85

90

76

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
Life insurance __________ __ _________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance ____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both6 _________________________
Sickness and accident insurance ________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period) _ __ __ ____________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) __________________________

29

48

19

44

33

29

21

52

70

35

43

57

54

72

72

75

77

52

76

76

39

22

56

61

35

37

6

3

1

2

37

-

16

4

15

13

25

5

Hospitalization insurance _ _____ __________
Surgical insurance ___________________________
Medical insurance ____________________________
Catastrophe insurance _______________________
Retirement pension ______________ __________
No health, insurance, or pension plan _____

71
68
47
58
79
1

85
79
49
60
73
1

55
55
37
75
79

90
64
62
73
86
9

81
78
27
44
77
2

73
73
56
53
76
1

80
78
41
42
60
6

89
80
55
27
37
2

67
67
52
74
74
4

90
76
71
54
66
6

85
84
25
34
66
6

78
78
50
35
51
12

65
65
52
53
82

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad
retirem ent.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Excludes lim ited -p rice variety stores.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Includes data for real estate in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick-leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minim um number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick-leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
C l a s s A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B i ll e r , m a c h in e (h illin g m a c h in e )—Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

C l a s s B —Keeps a record of one or m
ore phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e )—U s e s a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
C l a s s A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. W
ork involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—
Continued
payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
C la ss B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
C l a s s A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.

B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.
C la ss

routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.
C la ss

C —Performs




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve a n y c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
/4—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
C la ss

C la ss B —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or m
ore persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters fromgeneral
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

24

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
C l a s s C —Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
C l a s s A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
D o e s n o t in c lu d e working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations a n d day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
C l a s s B —Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
C l a s s A—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Typing ma­
terial in final formwhen it involves combining material from several
sources o r responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

C l a s s B—
Performs o n e or m o re o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
W
ork is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo l l o w i n g : Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a ­
tio n o f the fo l l o w i n g : Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. W
ork involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. W
ork
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or m
ore workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. W
ork involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
a l s o supervise these operations. H e a d or c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h •
m e n ts e m p lo y i n g m ore than o n e e n g i n e e r are e x c l u d e d .

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. W
ork involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
ork
involves m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

27

M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW R IG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacementpart by a machine shop or sendingof the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose p rim a r y d u t i e s involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. W
ork i n v o l v e s th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

28

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O RK ER , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. W o rk e rs p rim a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a l li n g a n d

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

rep a irin g b u ild in g s a n it a t io n or h e a tin g s y s t e m s a re e x c l u d e d .

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
W
ork involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. W
ork involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. W
ork
involves m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g : Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. I n c l u d e s g a t e -




m en w h o are s t a t i o n e d at g a te and c h e c k o n i d e n t i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d
o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

29

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a c o m b in a tio n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. W
ork requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m a y i n v o l v e o n e o r m ore o f
th e f o l l o w i n g : Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a ke
w o o d e n b o x e s or c r a t e s are e x c l u d e d .

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve o n e or m ore o f the f o l l o w ­
in g :
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s are e x c l u d e d .

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. S h ip ­
p in g w ork i n v o l v e s :
A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. M
ay
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. R e c e i v i n g
w ork i n v o l v e s :
Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
R e c e i v i n g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c le r k

30

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. D r i v e r -s a l e s m e n a n d o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

are e x c l u d e d .

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
T ru c k er , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k er , p o w e r (o th e r than fo r k l if t )

T r u c k d r iv e r ( c o m b in a tio n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r iv e r , li g h t (u n d e r iy 2 t o n s )

WATCHMAN

T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m (1 l2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 t o n s )
/
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , tra ile r t y p e )
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r than tr a ile r t y p e )




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102