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O ccupational Wage S u rv e y

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
SEPTEMBER 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-10




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS v
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA
SEPTEM BER 1962




B u lle tin N o. 1 3 4 5 -1 0
February 1963

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington 2 5, D .C.

-

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
Introduction _____________________________________________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual oc­
cupational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits.
Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the
labor markets.

Tables:
1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey __________

A:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women ____________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women _________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined ______________________
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations ________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations __

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.
B:
A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964).
The first part presents individual
labor market data.
The second part presents data re ­
lating to all metropolitan areas in the United States.

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers __
B -2 .
Shift differentials
___________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weeklyhours __________________________________
B -4 .
Paid holidays _____________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations _______________ ,____________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans -----------------------------

Appendix:

Occupational descriptions __________________________________

This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in San Francisco, Calif. , by Robert L.
Orr, under the direction of William P. O'Connor.
The
study was under the general direction of John L. Dana,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.




* NOTE:
major areas.

Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are also available for the following trades or industries:
Building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

1

3
4
6
sO 00 -4

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

11
12
13
14
15
17
19




Occupational Wage Survey—San Diego, Calif.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor*s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(l) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted'on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept ’’office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) i elate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification ’'other" was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B-6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table 'B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (l) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as- extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.
1




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk e rs within s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m ber studied in San D ie g o , C a lif. , 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n , 2 S ep tem b er 1962
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
of study

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s

----------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 1
3
2

335

-

50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

---------------

M an u factu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an u factu rin g ----------- ---------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ----------------------- ------------------ ----W h o le s a le tra d e -----------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ----------------------------S e r v i c e s 8 ___ _______________ ___________________________

N um ber o f esta b lis h m e n ts

50

T otal 4

O ffic e

P lant

101

100 ,4 0 0

16, 200

5 9 ,9 0 0

7 6 ,2 3 0

90
245

30
71

5 9 ,4 0 0
41, 000

5, 800
10, 400

34, 700
25, 200

52, 360
23, 870

22
32
95
30
66

12
7
22
11
19

10,2 0 0
2, 200
16, 600
5, 700
6, 300

2, 400
(6 7
)
<!)
(!)
(6 )

T o t a l4

6, 100
(6 )
(*)
C)

(6 )

9, 300
510
7, 880
3, 750
2, 430

1 The San D ie g o Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f San D ie g o C ounty.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a ccu ra te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e included in the su r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p loym en t indexes
f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e sta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lis h m e n ts by in d u stry d iv is io n .
3 In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p loym en t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the a re a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r ep a ir
s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 establish m en t.
* In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and other w o rk e rs exclu ded fr o m the se p a ra te o f fi c e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e re e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r "a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S eparate p resen ta tion
o f data f o r this d iv is io n is not m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sam ple
w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it sepa^Ate p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
es ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re re p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te p o r tio n only in
e s t im a t e s f o r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. Sepa ra te p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 a b ov e.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s ; and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




A: Occupational Earnings

4

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly^
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—
$
4 0 .0 0
and
under
4 5 .0 0

$
4 5 .0 0

$
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

5 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 5 .0 0 9 0 .0 0
and
7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 6 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 8 5 .0 0

over

M en
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

39
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

$ 1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

C le r k s ,

___________________________________

50

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .5 0

_______________________________________

45

4 0 .0

1 05
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

59
29
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C __________________________________________

28

B i l l e r s , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h i n e ) ________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

.

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5

3

4

3

1

5

8

7 5 .0 0

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________

_

ord er

O ffic e b o y s

_

_

_

9
8

2

_

_

18

13

2

4
4

6
1

7
1

2
2

6

_

3

21

4
4

20
17

22
22

20
19

35
35

4
1
3

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

9
9

_

-

-

2

_

_

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

2
1
1

23
13
10

24
11

-

2
2

-

-

13

4
3
1

4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

10

11

2

3

2

_

_

-

51
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

-

-

26
26

8
8

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

-

7
7

2

-

-

-

-

"

-

"

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
c l a s s A __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

96
77

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

17
17

25
21

2
2

16
11

20
10

5
5

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

-

"

-

-

-

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

1 10
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

-

-

2
2

9
9

25
25

28
28

19
17

11
9

13
8

2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s A ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

270
58
212

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

36
25
11

-

27

26
13
13

_

-

38
7
31

_

-

24
24

_

-

25
5
20

_

-

50
2
48

33

-

18
18

-

~

-

-

C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g , c l a s s B ________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

253
5.0
203

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

-

-

-

15
15

74
6
68

25
10
15

36
2
34

17
2
15

40
15
25

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

24
24

14
14

-

-

~

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s B _________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

1 13
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 9 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

_

20
20

37
37

4
4

15
9

14
12

10
9

7
7

5

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

C l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s C _______ _________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

156
146

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 4 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

_

58
58

11
11

21
18

8
5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

9
5

_

"

49
49

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

C l e r k s , o r d e r ___________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

49
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

.

_

3
2

3
2

1

5

_

_

_

"

-

-

9
9

_

-

2
2

_

-

12
11

_

-

10
10

2

-

2
2

_

-

"

-

-

-

C l e r k s , p a y r o l l _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________

96
45
51

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

1

5
1
4

-

3

1
1

-

“

5
4
1

-

-

18
9
9

21
21

-

12
5
7

_

-

13
4
9

_

-

8
1
7

_

-

5
5

_

-

4
4

3

-

-

-

-

-

125
35
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

_

_

28
1
27

1
1

1
1

10
10

13
6
7

11
2
9

5
5

16
16

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

"

3
3

_

“

12
12

_

-

13
3
10

_

-

12
12

"

■

W om en

C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s
M a n u fa c t u r in g
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

______________________
_

See footn ote at end of table.




..

..

~

"

_
“

—

"

-

6
--------5“

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
1
1

_

-

-

_

-

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en-----Continued

(A vera ge straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry d iv isio n , San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)
Average
Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekljt
hours
(Standard)

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

$
$
Weekly! 4 0 .0 0 4 5 .0 0
earnings
and
(Standard) u n d e r
4 5 .0 0 5 0 .0 0

*
5 0 .0 0

$
5 5 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0

$
6 5 .0 0

$
7 0 .0 0

$
7 5 .0 0

$
8 0 .0 0

$
8 5 .0 0

$
9 0 .0 0

5 5 .0 0

6 0 .0 0

6 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

7 5 .0 0

8 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

9 0 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

$

$
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0
and

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 5 .0 0 1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0 1 3 0 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0

over

W o m e n — C o n tin u e d
K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A ______________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________ _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _______________ __________

322
267
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$ 9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

15
1
14

8
3
5

36
31
5

79
72
7

160
160

-

4
4

"

3
3

1
1

3
3

_

-

-

-

1
1

K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B ______________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

92
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

-

-

_

.

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

_

-

59
59

4

-

9
9

10

-

3
2

-

“

-

-

-

“

-

O f f i c e g i r l s ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

81
69

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

5 4 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

_

33
30

16
13

7
6

1

2

_

_

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

20
20

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

S e c r e t a r i e s _____________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________

744
410
334
68

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

5
5

9
-

56
56
10

62
8
54
2

47
4
43
7

66
l6
50
6

51
17
34
6

74
41
33
7

96
79
17
9

197
186
11
4

16
9
7
3

37
30
7
5

18
12
6
6

6
4
2
1

4
4
-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l _____________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________ _____

5 77
457
120
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

185
185
-

S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r -----------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

730
465
265

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s _______________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

260
101
159

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t s ____
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

1 34
41
93

_
-

-

“

9
2

-

2
2

17
17

-

-

40
4
36
6

28
6
22
9

19
a
11
5

94
88
6
5

165
1 65
-

-

26
1
25
8

-

-

1
1
1

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

56
56

33
33

52
1
51

53
25
28

77
30
47

65
43
22

98
80
18

290
286
4

-

7 5 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

2
2

8
8

22
6
16

20
20

30
30

33
33

16
16

12
2
10

26
17
9

13
11
2

25
18
7

47
46
1

4
4

2
1
1

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

_
-

-

-

_

-

16
7
9

18
3
15

8
3
5

13
10
3

10
3
7

10
4
6

_
-

"

30
10
20

1
1

“

26
26

-

2
2

42
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

6
6

47

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

-

-

-

.-

-

-

-

2

4

2

26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

8
8

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s C __________________________________________

45

4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

5

4

9

14

12

-

T y p i s t s , c l a s s A ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________
P u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 2 _______________________

839
694
145
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

.

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
8
19
10

12
10
2
2

77
65
12
7

186
174
12
7

431
431
-

-

71
71
28

17
6
11

-

16
16
2

-

T y p i s t s , c l a s s B ______________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____ ________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________

407
85
322

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

50
50

41
41

74
74

93
1
92

46
7
39

26
9
17

9
5
4

19
15
4

12
11
1

37
37

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s A ------- --------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s B __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

■

12
3

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

1

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
_
2

-

-

-

_
-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-------- g - i

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

'

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Standard h ours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regu lar stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earnings c o r re s p o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ra n sp orta tion , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.




-

6
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)
Avebaq*
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours
(Standard)

Weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

NUM BER OF W O RK ERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E W EEKLY E A RN INGS OF '
1$
$
$
$
$
$
S
75.00 80.00 *85.00 *90.00 *95.00 fo o .o o f05.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 * ,
160.00 *165.00 *70.00 *175.00 *180.00
and
under
80.00 _85,00. 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 120.00 125.00 130.00 135.00 140.00 145.00 150.00 155.00 160.00 165.00 170.00 175.00 180.00 185.00

Men
1

7

2-

6

29
6

27
14

9
6

23

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

“

“

~

.

.

.

D raftsm en, leader ______________________

33

40.0

$159.00

D raftsm en, senior ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________

286
179

40.0
40.0

125.00
118.00

~

■

“

2
2

5
5

18
18

25
25

39
39

25
25

43
16

23
14

12
9

D raftsm en, junior ______________________
Manufacturing ________________________

111
81

40.0
40.0

94.00
92.00

6
4

7
3

19
19

34
28

29
23

6
4

4
“

_

~

4
“

2
~

75

40.0
40.0

106.50
106.50

.

.

_

.

4
4

32
32

7
7

32
32

_

_

_

_

4

2

5

2
"

4
~

~

"

_

.

.

.

_

.

"

~

"

"

“

_

.

.

.

.

6

“

_

Women
N urses, industrial (reg iste re d ) ________
Manufacturing ________________________

75

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e their regular straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours.




.

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

O ccupation and industry division

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

Num
ber
of

Occupation and industry division

56
49

Nonmanufacturing -------96
77
115
104

69.50
68.50

f*!] a rlr

309
72
237

89.50
97.66
87.00

269
53
216

76.00
82.65"
74.50

119
102

60.00
58'! 50

156
146

54.00
' '63.66'

— —

- — —

- -------

88.50
87.50

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e r a to r s , c la s s B -------------NfiTvmsTiiifcir tMr,'pg
rlp ao A

N onm anufacturing ________________________ _______
^ vntipn

c^

g
rl a « s R

----

Nnnm9nnf
fil^j r la s s C.
C lerk s, o r d e r

__
_

_ ,—

__________________________—
-----------------

N onm anufacturing ________________________________
C lerk s, p a y r o l l _______ ____ ___ ___ ___ _________—
" g .
Inonm anuiactunng —

~

— ———
—
—

99
31
68
113
51
62

130
C om ptom eter o p era tors — — — — — — -----------M annfartnring
__
...... - ------ 35
95
N onm anufacturing --------------------• -— ——
----- — ---------- -

O ffice boys and g ir ls __ ___

__ - _- ____ —

____

g
S e cre ta rie s
_
________ ___________ ___ ____
M anufacturing
__ _ — — — ------- ------- — —
Nonmanufacturing -------- — — -------- -— ---------—
Public u tilit ie s 2 , - SteringrapherR, general

...

_

___ _ _

Nonm anufacturing --------- -------------------------------------Pu blic u tilit ie s 2 __
_ __ __ _____ .____ —
Stenographers, senior __________________ ___________
Mflpnf a rtnring
.......„ „ Nonmanufacturing _______________________ ________

96.50
T o r s o ” Sw itchboard o p erators ________________- _____________
94.00
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------92.50
98 06 Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r -r e c e p t io n is t s __-_________ _
M^pv|f^rfnrir|g
.........
88.00
Nonmanufacturing ---------------------------------- ------- ----79.50
.
... W S 6 - Tabulating-m achine op e ra to rs, c la s s A ----------------Mamifaf'fnrinjT
..................
_ _
75.00

Earnings rela te to regu lar straigh t-tim e w eekly sa la ries that are paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
T ran sp ortation , com m u n ication , and other public utilities.




N ber
um
of

earnings*
(Standard)

322
267
55

$93 .00
95.00
84.50

T abulating-m achine o p era tors , c la s s B ------- --------M anufacturing ------ __ _ — __ — ---- ----- -----------Nonmanufacturing _____ ____ — ------------ — ----

106
55
51

$ 99.00
100.50
97.50

92
76

$66.00
61.50

B ook keeping-m a ch ine o p e ra to rs , c la s s A --------------

O ccupation and industry division

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occupations— Continued

O ffice occu pation s

t^

Average
w
eekly j
earnings
(Standard)

73.50
70.50

T abulating-m achine o p era tors, c la s s C ------- ---------

73

88.50

126
35
91

61.50
78.00
55.00

744
410
334
6a

101.50
109.50
91.50
rooToo

M anufacturing ___ _ ____
_____ __ __ _____
N onm anufacturing ______ ____ __ — P u blic u tilit ie s 2 _ __ ------- ----------------- ---------

844
593
150
56

91.00
95.00
73.50
74.50

577
457
120
34

89.00
93.00
72.50
77.00

T yp ists, cla s s B __ _ --------------------------- ------------------M anufacturing
____ ______________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing ____
— ------- ------------ ---------

407
85
322

64.00
83.50
59.00

731
T65
265

92.00
98.50
80.50

D raftsm en, leader --------- --------------------------------------------

33

159.00

260
101
159

75.50
90.00
66.50

D raftsm en, senior ____ _____________________________
M anufacturing -------------------------------------- -----------------N onm anufacturing ____________ __ ------------------------

289
179
110

125.00
118.00
137.00

134
41
93

76.00
80.00
74.50

D raftsm en, junior -------- ------------------------------------- ---M anufacturing
__ ------------ ------- ----------------------

116
84

94.50
92.06

147
135

115.50
116.00

N urses, industrial (reg istered ) _____________________
M anufacturing
__ ------- __ ------- ------------------------

77
77

106.50
106.50

P ro fe s s io n a l and technical occupations

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, San D iego, C alif. , Septem ber 1962)
N U M B E R OF W O RK EB S RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E H OURLY E A RN IN G S OF—

O ccupation and industry d ivision

Number
of
workers

A ven g e
hourly
earnings

, $ 2. 20
1 and
under
2. 30

$ 2. 30
2. 40

$

2. 40
2. 50

$

2. 50
2. 60

$

2.60

. 2. 70

$

2. 70

$2. 80

2. 80

2. 90

$

2. 90

$

3. 00

S 3. 10

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

$

$ 3. 30

3. 30

3. 40

-

“

-

-

2
-

E le ctricia n s , m aintenance _____________________
M anufacturing -------------- __ ------- ------------

174
116

3. 37
3. 29

91
90

"

56
"

2
2

71
63

3. 21
3. 22

-

_

.

.

"

■

-

H elpers, m aintenance trades --------------------------Manufacturing ---- — — — — ------------ —

140
44

2. 54
2.49

9
9

_

_

M achinists, m aintenance ---------------------------------Manufacturing ------------------- ------- — — ----

42
35

3. 24
3. 25

M echanics, autom otive (maintenance) — ______
Manufacturing ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____ _____________________
Public utilities 2 --------------------------------------

157
74
83
60

3.06
3. 11
3. 02
3. 04

M echanics, maintenance ______________________
M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

228
210

O ilers ----------------------------------------------------------- -----Manufacturing --------------------- -----------------------

44
44

3
1

2
1

16
16

11
10

37
32

_

■

-

-

5
5

1
1

1
1

1
"

11
11

6
6

.

.

.

_

-

“

1
"

_

"

2
2

41
34

10
10

13
3

30
"

75
20

.

.

-

"

"

.

-

E n gineers, stationary --------------------------------------Manufacturing -----------------------------------------------

7
4

.

$ 3 . 05
3.03

“

-

78
64

"

_

C arpenters, m aintenance -------------------------- ---M anufacturing -----------------------------------------------

"

"

1

„

~

-

2
2

“

2
-

2
2

-

$

3. 20

27
27

3. 40

$3. 50

3. 50

3. 60

_

.

_

“

■

-

11
11

7
2

20
20

-

_

5

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

5
"

■

25
2
23
23

43
32
11
11

11
1
10
"

24
16
8
5

29
12
17
17

-

“

1
1
_

-

-

9
4

“

3. 11
3. 09

-

-

1
1

“

-

1
1

4
4

14
14

86
85

92
91

17
1

12
12

-

2. 48
2. 48

1
1

8
8

10
10

22
22

3
3

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

-

_

“

“

"
_

_
"
■

"

9

10
10

.

-

“

.

1
1

_

_

"

"

Painters, m aintenance _________________________
Manufacturing ______________________ ._______

91
71

2. 92
2. 86

-

-

-

2
1

16
15

49
49

"

16
"

6
6

-

"

P lum bers, m aintenance -----------------------------------M anufacturing --------- -- ------------ --------------

61
60

3. 02
3. 01

38
37

8
8

.

-

5
5

.

-

9
9

_

-

1
1

_

-

“

“

"

_

T ool and die m akers
— — ------------ -------------Manufacturing ___ — —
— ------- — ----

433
433

3. 32
3. 32

6
6

18
18

30
30

40
40

339
339

.

1 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.

-

■

.




$3. 60
and
over

2

.

9
Table A -5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division , San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS R E CE IVIN G ST R AIG H T-TIM E HOURLY EARN ING S OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry d ivision

Num
ber
w
orkers

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.00 1. 10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

$
houriy ,
earnings

E levator op e r a to r s , passen ger
(wom en) _________________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________

47
47

$1.50
1.50

Guards and w atchm en ____________________
M anufacturing _________________________
Guards _____________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________

311
280
276
31

2.53
2.59
2.60
2.04

1, 027
407
620
102

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(wom en) _________________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________

6
— g—

-

"

-

1.97
2.18
1.84
2.20

.

47
40

1.59
1.49

-

L a b o r e rs , m a teria l handling -----------------M anufacturing _________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 3 ___________________

279
94
185
29

2.55
2.69
2.49
2.80

_

O rder fille r s _____________________________
N onm anufacturing _____________________

180
180

2.49
2.49

P a ck ers, shipping _______________________

73

2.62

R eceivin g c le r k s _________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________

40
27

2.30
2.29

Shipping c le r k s

___________________________

49
38

2.68
2.66

Shipping and receiv in g cle r k s ___________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________

67
25
42

2.50
2.58
2.45

T ru ck d river s 4 ____________________________
M anufacturing _________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________
Public u tilities 3 ___________________

1, 032
355
677
324

2.84
3.01
2.75
2.86

Jan itors, p o r te r s , and clea n ers
(men) ____________________________________
Nonm anufacturing _____________________

See footn otes at end of table.




6
6

8
8

2
2

5
5

5
5

~

14

_
-

5
5

3
3

.
"

4
4

.
-

8
5
1
3

.
-

16

7

19

7

10
6
4

58

16

58

19
1

16
4
12
1

177
9
168
1

130
8
122
6

123
31
92

"

"

14
14

1
1

1
1
-

1
1

1
1

20
20

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

6
6
6 — r

~

"

6
6

7
5
5
2

1
1

3
3

.
"

8
8
8
"

64
41
23
20

48
23
25
16

312
257
55
53

23
12
11

3
1

~

-

5
1

1
"

'

7
7

10
10

17
17

5
5

7
1
6

7
7
-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

.

.

“

.

4

-

1
1

-

-

■

14

.

“

.

2
“

.

6
4

-

29
28
28
1

234
234
234
"

9

1

5
5

14
12
2

4
4

1

2

2

~

~

-

-

25
22
3

72
72

10
10
-

13
13
4

76
28
48
25

73
73

57
57

-

-

35
35

8

3

4

14

8

32

“

7
5

7
5

6
1

~

3
3

4
4

10
5

16
16

1
1

9

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

4
4
"

.
"

_
-

-

-

23
20
3

-

-

3

_

■

“

2

1

_

"

2

2

1

2
1
1

9
9

2
2

5
5

_

~

~

2
2

18
12
6

1
1
"

1

11

1

.

.

2
2
-

4
4

_
-

8
6
2

4
4

15
7
8
2

_
-

1
1
1

31
6
25
1

28
28
2

125
40
85

119
28
91
12

99
68
31
31

152
37
115
100

244
4
240
175

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

11
-

3
3

■

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

.
-

.
■

-

-

.
"

"

-

15
12

2
"

"

1
-

10
6'
4
27
27

"

'

-

"

■

13
13

13
10
3

12
12
-

15
15
-

120
120
-

-

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , San D iego, C a lif., Septem ber 1962)
N UM BER OF WO RK ERS RECEIVING STR AIGH T-TIM E H OURLY EA RN IN G S OF—

O ccupation 1 and industry division
2

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
*
Average S
hourly , 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 * 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
earning*
and
under
1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.6Q 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 ZAQ 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60

Number
of
workers

T r u ck d riv ers:4— Continued
T ru ck d riv ers, light (under
1llz tons) ___________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________

50
42

$2.41
0 5 “
(

-

T ru ck d riv ers, m edium ( i Ve to and
including 4 tons) ___________________
Ma nufar.tu ri ng
Nonmanufacturing ________________
Public u t ilit ie s 3

261
57
204
82

2.57
2.52
2.59
2.81

-

323
82
241
175

2.92

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
tra iler type) _______________________
M a n n fa r t iir in g
N n n m a n n fa d u r in g
P n b l i r lit ilit i A4 ^

. ...

~

-

•

-

■

"

•

2
2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

9
8

-

1
1 —

2
2

4

_

-

-

4

-

6
6

4

_

6
6

_

-

_

-

4

-

-

1
_
1

5
3

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

103
18
85

12
3
9
9

33
2
31
31

43

4
4

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

13
10
3

_

43
42

-

-

-

19
19

39
33
6

181

9

10

-

12
12

15
15

-

181
175

9

10

45

30
6
24

27
27

l
■

38
3
35

-

1
r

-

24

18

-

-

-

-

-

120

67
67

4

19
6
13

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 00

2.89
.

2 Q3

T ru ck d riv ers, heavy (o v e r 4 tons,
other than tr a ile r type) ____________

207

3.19

T ru ck ers, pow er (fork lift) _____________
Manufacturing _______________________
________
Nonmanufacturing

177
151
26

2.58
2.53
2.83

1
2
3
4

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here otherw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holid ays, and late shifts.
Tran sportation, com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s of s ize and type o f truck operated.




_

1
1

3

3

29
29

14
8
6

37
37

-

4

-

3

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o f fic e w o r k e r s , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1962)
O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M anufacturin g
M in im u m w eek ly s t r a ig h t-t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll
sch e d u le s

E sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied

-------------

-

_

E s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m
$ 45. 00 and u n d er $ 47. 50
$ 4 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 50. 00
$ 50. 00 and un d er $ 52. 50
$ 52. 50 and u n d er $ 55. 00
$ 5 5 .0 0 and u n d er $ 5 7 .5 0
$ 57. 50 and un d er $ 60. 00
$ 60. 00 and u n d er $ 62. 50
$ 62. 50 and un d er $ 65. 00
$ 65. 00 and u n d er $ 67. 50
$ 6 7 . 50 and u n d er $ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 0 . 00 and u n d er $ 7 2 . 50
$ 7 2 . 50 and un d er $ 75. 00
$ 75. 00 and un d er $ 77. 50
$ 7 7 .5 0 and un d er $ 80. 00
$ 80. 00 and un d er $ 82. 50
O v er $ 8 2 . 50 __ - ________

101

__ — -----——

--------------------

----------------- --- — __ — ,------------------------------------------------------------_ _ — ------ --------------------------------------------------------__ __ —
— — ------------- -------- — — —
------------- — __ — ------ -------------__ _
--------- __ — --------__ —
--------- —
—
- — -------

—

------

—

---------

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ich did not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y __ _______ _
—
~
------ —

15

15

32

28

4
2
6
1
4
6
10
3
3

.
-

-

4
2
6
1
2
5
5
1
2

3
2
5
1
2
4
5

14

27

3

_

-

-

5
1
2
6
11
3
3

-

_
-

-

-

1
6
2
1

1
6
2
1
-

3
5
1
2
5
5
1
2

-

1

2
1

-

-

1

-

-

2
1
5
2
1
-

2
1
5
2
1
-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

3
1

3
1

-

-

4

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2

2

3

-

-

3

-

3

10

2

XXX

8

XXX

12

3

XXX

9

XXX

50

14

X XX

36

XXX

42

12

XXX

30

XXX

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s that a r e paid f o r stan dard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jo b s su ch as m e s s e n g e r o r o f fi c e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll sta n d a rd w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n stan dard w o rk w e e k r e p o r t e d .




-

40

-

-

------

_ _ _ _ _ _

E s ta b lis h m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m

47

2
4
1
2
4
5

14

A ll
s ch ed u les

3
1
2

------------

------------------ -—
__

23

41

-

-----------

XXX

XXX

-

_

71

71

-

-------

XXX

XXX

1

-------------------------------

30

30

-

— ——

101

40

-

_

40

40

--------------------------------------- ------------------

B a sed on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 3 of—
A ll
sch e d u le s

A ll
sch e d u le s

--------------------

—

A ll
in d u s trie s

B a se d on standard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u strie s

N onm anufacturing

M anufacturin g

N onm anufacturing

12




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S hift d iff e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g plan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount of d iffe r e n t ia l,
San D ie g o , C a lif ., S e p te m b e r 1962)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

S e c o n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th er
s h ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on —

S e co n d shift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

9 5 .2

91 .6

13.5

2.4

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l _______________________

9 4 .4

91.6

13.4

2.4

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r) ____________________

8 8.0

12.1

12.7

.9

5 c e n ts __ __ __ _____ __ _____ __ __ __
10 c e n ts ______________ _____ ________ __
12 c e n ts _______ _____ ________ __ __ __
I2V2 c e n ts ____ __ ___________________ __
14 c e n ts ___ ____________ _____ _________
I4V5 c e n ts _ __ ________ __ _____ __ __
15 c e n ts __________ _____ ________________
18 c e n ts ____________________________________
20 c e n ts ____________________________________
2 8 7 2 c e n ts ---------------------------------------------------

1.2
7.6
73.5
2.0
1.1
1.3
1.1
-

T o ta l

__________

__ ____________

________________

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p lu s
u n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r)
__ __ _____ __
8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 7V2 h o u r s ' w o r k
p lu s 10 c e n ts ___ _______ ________ „ __
8 h o u rs' pay fo r 7 h o u rs' w ork
p lu s 15 c e n ts ___________________________ _
8 h o u r s ' pay f o r 6V2 h o u r s ' w o r k
p lu s 8 c e n ts ____ __ __ __ ______________
8 h o u r s ' p a y f o r 61h h o u r s ' w o r k
p lu s 12 c e n ts ___ __ __ _____ _______ __
8 h o u r s ' pay f o r 6 h o u r s ' w o r k
p lu s 10 c e n t s -------------- ----------------------------O th er p r o v i s io n s f o r fu ll d a y 's p a y f o r
r e d u c e d h o u r s ____________ __ _____ _____ _
W ith n o sh ift p a y d iffe r e n t ia l ____

_____

______

5.1
5.1

_
3.2
2.0
_
3.1
1.1
1.2
1.3

77.3
-

( 2)
.5
10.5
.3
,4
.8
.2
-

_
( 2)

-

.2
_
.2
.5
.1

.5

1.4

.5

-

5.1

(2)

6 9 .2

1.4

2.3
.7

1.2
.8

2.2

2
.1

In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .

c o v e r in g la te s h ifts

13
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y s ch e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s , San D ie g o , C a lif., S e p te m b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

W eek ly h ou rs
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s ______________ ________________________

h o u r s __________________________________________
h o u rs __________________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s
________________________________________
3 8 V2 h o u r s
________________________________________
__________________________________________
4 0 h ou rs
O v e r 4 0 and u n d er 4 8 h o u r s ____________________________
4 8 hours
__________________________________________________________
35

36

1
2
3
4

100

(4 )
2
5
3
88
1

(4 )

M anufacturing

Pu blic u tilities13
2

All industries2

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

-

3
-

4

1
-

-

99
-

100
-

100

-

-

1

-

-

90

2

95
-

100
-

4

1

In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er pub lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Public utilities2

-

14
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by num ber o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d annually, San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Item
All industries 1

M anufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

M anufacturing

P u blic u tilities2

1
I
A ll w o r k e r s

---------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ----- -------------------- --------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

99

100

100

7

100

99

93

i
!

(4 )

100

10
0

95

(4 )

5

N u m b e r of d a y s

4 h o lid a y s

-------------------------------------------------------------------

5 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------- --------------------7 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ----------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ------------------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------

6

(4 )
1
17
8
65
2
3
2
2

.

87

-

-

-

-

-

4

22
12
58

.

15
15
70

(4)
2
7

1
10
7
82

3
17
75

,

-

-

|

"

-

To tal h o lid a y t im e 5

11 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------9 V 2 o r m o r e d a y s --------------------------------------------------9 or m
8 or m
7 or m
or m
5 or m
4 or m

6

ore
ore
ore
ore
ore
ore

days
days
days
days
days
days

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
3
9
73
81
99
99
99

_
-

-

-

82
89
99
100
100

87
91
98
100
100

58
71
93
93
93

-

70
85
99
99
99

-

75
92
95
95
95

1 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il t r a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
3 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s th o s e w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h alf da ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ays, and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o l ic y
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

_______

__ ___ _____

__ _____ ___

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(4)
-

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

99
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
95
5

M eth od o f p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
pa id v a c a tio n s -------------------------------------------------L e n g t h -o f - t im e paym en t __________ ___ ______
__ _
P e r c e n t a g e paym en t __ _______
F la t - s u m paym en t ___________________________
____
O th er _____ __ ______ _______________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no pa id v a c a tio n s ________________ - _______ - ___

-

-

(4)

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 5

A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek __ ______ ________ —
----------1 w eek
____
_
__ ______ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s -----------------------------2 w eek s ______________ _ ____ _________ — ___

1
24
5

2
9
-

51
-

3
8
1
-

4
4
1
“

_
40
-

54

47
(4)
45
6
2

17
( 4)
69
11
3

89
2
4
5

3
3
85
7
2

1
5
80
11
3

8
85
2
5

( 4)
91
7
2

86
11
3

93
2
5

(4)
91
7
2

_
86
11
3

_
93
‘ 2
5

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___ __ ____ __ ___ __
___ ___
O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w eek s --------------------------------2 w eek s ________________ ___ _____________ — _
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s ---------- —
— ----3 w e e k s __ ____ __ ________ __________ ___ _

29

8

-

-

69
2
-

86
6
-

46
-

<!>
(4)
96
2
1

_
90
6
4

1
2
98

(4)
96
2
2

89
6
5

(4)
96
2
2

89
6
5

-

-

A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _________ _
___ _______ __
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w eek s -----------------------2 w eek s _________
_
__________ ___ _ ____
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w eek s _________
— ___
3 w eek s -----------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _______________________________ __________
2 w eek s ____ ___ ___ ______________ _______________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w eek s _____________________
3 w eek s ______ _______ ______
_______ __ ___

_

_
100
-

_

_

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ---------------2 w eek s
_ _____
O v er 2 and un d er
3 w eek s _________

-------------------- ------------- __ __
— ____ __ __ ________ ___
3 w eek s --------------------------------___ _ _________________ __ __

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




_

_
100
-

16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a ca tion pay
p r o v is io n s , San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1962)
PLAN T W ORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll industries 1

M anufacturing

All industries3

Public utilities1
2

M anufacturing

Pu blic utilities2

Am ount of v a c a tio n p a y 5— —Continu ed

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
86
3
11

82
10
9

96
4

77
9
14

76
15
9

90
2
8

67
2
28
2

79
5
16
-

52
48
-

61
7
32
(4)
1

72
11
17
(4 )

44
2
49
5

40
6
51
2

11
9
80
-

51
49
-

28
3
68

17
5
78

(4)

(4 *
)

-

-

1

-

39
2
54
5

14
3
79
3

10
9
79
2

2
98
-

14
3
71
11

10
9
79
2

2
91
7

14

2

54

10
9
79

-

-

-

28

2 w eeks ______________________________ _____ ___
O ver 2 and und er 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

3

93

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 vvppJ
cs
r
_
__ _________ _
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ____________ _______
4 w eeks ______________________________________ —

|

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks ------------------------- — ------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ---------- ------------------3 w eeks --------------- ---------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks ___________ _______
4 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------------A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
? moplre
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w eeks -------------------------------------------------- ----------O ver 3 and und er 4 w eeks _____________________
4 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

20
3
74
(4 )

(4)

3

4

20
71

12
5
79

(4)

-

12
5
79

(4 )

_
93
2
5

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks ---------- ------------------ -----------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 w eeks ---------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w eek s _____________________
4 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------------

3

i

_
70
2
28

7

4

20

12
5
78

5

(4 )

(4 )

2

1
6

5

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
2 w eeks __________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________
3 weftks
O ver 3 and under 4 w eeks _____________________

3

-

5

3
61

_
-

93

1 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to those in d u s try d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 In clu d es paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f tim e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r f la t -s u m paym en ts, co n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individ ual p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n g e s in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e.
T h us, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o se who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




17
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 San D ie g o , C a lif. , S e p te m b e r 1962)
2
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
All industries

2

Manufacturing

Public u tilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e ------------------------------------------------A c c id e n t a l d eath and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5 — ------- -------------------

98

99

100

97

100

100

80

99

94

87

96

84

89

97

96

86

92

88

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e ----------S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ------ — — ------------------S ick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) __________________________

45

73

41

67

4

70

92

60

77

39

10

-

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ------ ------------- —
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ___________________________
C a ta s trop h e in s u r a n c e ------ ------------------------R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ---------------------------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan ------

93
93
83
86
74

A ll w o r k e r s

-------------------------

-------

-------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

99
99
94
97
84

_
49

4
7

17

3

45

53

96
96
85
80
65
1

100
100
87
91
76

64
64
64
60
96

5
3
53
60

9
5

1

1 In clu d es t h o s e plan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d
r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n du plica ted tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plan s a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly es ta b lis h at lea st
the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' pay that can be exp e cte d by ea ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n ce s d e te r m in e d on an in d ivid u a l b a s is a r e e x clu d ed .







Appendix:

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

19

20

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




CLE RK , ORDER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as ^sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A—
performs one or more o f the following; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources err responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B —
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in goodrepair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25

M ACH IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW RIG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of.mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

26

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RK ER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent trainingand experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; g&ge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 ^ to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102