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Occupational Wage Survey
LITTLE HOCK-NORTH LITTLE ROCK,
ARKANSAS
AUGUST 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C ia g u e , Com m iitioner




Occupational Wage Survey
LITTLE ROCK-NORTH LITTLE ROCK,




ARKANSAS
AUGUST 1962

Bulletin No. 1345-7
October 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superindent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Labor Market Occupational Wage Survey Program

Introduction _______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups __________________________

Eighty-two labor markets currently are included
in the Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occu­
pational wage surveys in major labor markets. These
studies provide data on occupational earnings and related
supplementary benefits. Information on related supple­
mentary benefits is obtained biennially in most of the labor
markets.

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey ____________
2. Percents of increase in standard weekly salaries and
straight-time hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups _____________________________________________
A:

A preliminary report which presents earnings
trends for selected occupational groups and average earn­
ings in selected jobs is released within a month after the
completion of the study in each area. This bulletin pro­
vides additional data not included in the preliminary report.
A two-part summary bulletin is issued after the
completion of all of the area bulletins for a round of sur­
veys (for the current round of surveys, the first part of
this bulletin will be available late in 1963 and the second
part early in 1964). The first part presents individual
labor market data. The second part presents data relating
to all metropolitan areas in the United States.
This bulletin was prepared in the Bureau's re­
gional office in Atlanta, Ga., by Cappa C. Kent, under
the direction of Donald M. Cruse. The study was under
the general direction of Louis B. Woytych, Assistant Re­
gional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




B:

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women _______________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men _____________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined___;_____________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations _________________
A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations ___________
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office
workers ___________________________________________________
B -2. Shift differentials __________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours ____________________________________
B -4. Paid holidays _______________________________________________
B - 5. Paid vacations ______________________________________________
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans ____________________

Appendix: Occupational descriptions ___________________________________

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other major
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
also available for the following trades or industries: Build­
ing construction, printing, local-transit operating employees,
and motortruck drivers and helpers.

in

1
4

3
3
5
6
7
8
9

11
12
13
14
15
17
19




Occupational Wage Survey—Little R ock—North Little Rock, Ark.
Introduction

This area is 1 of 82 labor markets in which the U .S. De­
partment of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide
basis.
In this area, data were obtained by personal visits of Bu­
reau field economists to representative establishments within six
broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communica­
tion, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance,
insurance, and real estate; and services.
Major industry groups
excluded from these studies are government operations and the con­
struction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer
than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because they
tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied to
warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
Differences in pay levels for selected occupations in which
both men and women are commonly employed are largely due to
(1) differences in the distribution of the sexes among industries and
establishments; (2) differences in specific duties performed, although
the occupations are appropriately classified within the same survey
job description; and (3) differences in length of service or merit
review when individual salaries are adjusted on this basis.
Longer
average service of men would result in higher average pay when
both sexes are employed within the same rate range.
Job descrip­
tions used in classifying employees in these surveys are usually more
generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for
minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indi­
cate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences
in occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (a) Office clerical; (b) professional and technical;
(c) maintenance and powerplant; and (d) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary benefits as they relate to
office and plant workers.
The concept "office workers, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working supervisors and nonsupervisory
workers performing clerical or related functions, and excludes ad­
ministrative, executive, and professional personnel. "Plant workers"
include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including
leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
Administrative,
executive, and professional employees, and force-account construc­
tion employees who are utilized as a separate work force are ex­
cluded.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are excluded in manufac­
turing industries, but included as plant workers in nonmanufacturing
industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living bonuses
and incentive earnings are included.
Where weekly hours are r e ­
ported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the e s­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2

Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to manufacturing
industries. This information is presented both in terms of (a) estab­
lishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant worker employ­
ment, and (b) effective practice, presented in terms of workers ac­
tually employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey.
In
establishments having varied differentials, the amount applying to a
majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority, the clas­
sification "other” was used.
In establishments in which some lateshift hours are paid, at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a majority of the firstshift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to all of
the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B-4
through B-6) are treated statistically on the basis that these are
applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority of such workers
are eligible or may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums
of individual items in tables B-2 through B -6 may not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data or.
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i . e . , (l) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holi­
days ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a
nonworkday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The
first part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole
and half holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate e s ­
timates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earn­
ing s, or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis;
for example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sidered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne by
the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as workmen's
compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans
include those underwritten by a commercial insurance company and
those provided through a union fund or paid directly by the employer
out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside for this pur­
pose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of in­
surance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or ac­
cident disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to
which the employer contributes.
However, in New York and New
Jersey, which have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which
require employer contributions,2 plans are included only if the em ­
ployer (1) contributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides
the employee with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law.
Tabulations of paid sick-leave plans are limited to formal plans 3
which provide full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during
absence from work because of illness. Separate tabulations are pre­
sented according to (1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which provide either partial pay or a waiting
period. In addition to the presentation of the proportions of workers
who are provided sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of workers who receive either or both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans may be underwritten by com ­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met not require employer contributions.
do
either of the following conditions: (l) Operated late shifts at the time
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if
of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late shifts.
An
it established at least the minimum number of days of sick leave
establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (l) had
that could be expected by each employee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or
written, but informal sick-leave allowances, determined on an indi­
(2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.
vidual basis, were excluded.




Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 August 1962

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in sc o p e
of study

In d ustry d iv isio n

A ll d iv isio n s

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M an ufactu ring ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------N on m an ufactu ring -------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and
other p ublic u tilitie s 5 ---------------------------------------------------------W h o le sa le tra d e ------------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e -------------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te --------------------------------S e r v ic e s (exclu d in g h o te ls with m o r e
than 100 e m p lo y e e s )8 _______________________________________

N u m b er of esta b lish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
Within sc o p e o f study

W ithin
sc o p e of
s tudy 3

169

79

3 0 ,0 0 0

-

62
107

33
46

12, 700
1 7 ,3 0 0

50
50
50
50

17
23
29
23

1
1

6, 600

7
14
7

1, 700
4, 500
3, 000

50

15

7

1, 500

Studied

Studied

_
50

T o t a l4

O ffic e

Plant

T o t a l4

4, 200

19,3 0 0

21, 310

700
3, 500

9, 900
9, 400

9, 460
11, 850

3, 500

800
(6 )
( )
(6 )

( ,)
(7 )

5, 880
620
3, 480
, 110

(6 )

(6 )

760

(6 )

1

1
The L ittle R ock—N orth L ittle R ock Standard M etrop olitan S ta tistic a l A r e a c o n s is t s of P u la sk i C ounty. The "w o r k e r s within scop e of stu d y " e s tim a te s shown in this table p rovide a reason ably
a c cu r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and com p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e s tim a te s are not intended, h o w ev er, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r iso n with other em ploym ent
in d exes for the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p loym en t trends or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of wage su rv e y s req u ir e s the u se of esta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance c f the p a y ro ll period
studied, and (2) s m a l l e sta b lish m e n ts a r e excluded fr o m the scope o f the su rv e y .
The 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual w as
u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by industry d iv isio n .
In c lu d es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m
lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c om p an ie s in such
in d u str ie s as tra d e , finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m o t io n -p ic t u r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
In clud es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o r ie s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w ere exclu d ed .
T h is in du stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for "a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, and for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S eparate p resen tation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e o f the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it se p a r a te study, (2) the sam p le was not d e ­
sign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p resen ta tio n , (3) r e sp o n se was in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen tation , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual estab lish m en t data.
W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in du stry d ivision a r e r ep rese n ted in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. Sep arate p resen tation o f data for this d iv isio n is not m ad e for one or m o r e of the r e a so n s given in footnote 6 ab ove.
H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile rep air sh o p s; m otion p ic t u r e s ; n onprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g a n iza tio n s; and en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .

2
3
4
5
6

7
8




Table 2.
P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e in standard w eekly sa la r ie s and
s tr a ig h t -t im e h ourly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation al grou ps in
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o ck , A r k . , fo r se le c te d p eriod s
N

Industry and occu p ation al group

A u gu st 1961
to
A u gu st 1962

A ll in d u str ie s:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)
_
In dustrial n u rses (m en and w om en)
_ _ . _ .
S killed m aintenance (m en) ___________________ _______________
U n sk illed plant (men) ___ ____ ________________________ _______

4 .9
(*)
3. 4
3. 1

M an u factu rin g:
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en) ____________________ _____
In d ustrial n u rses (m en and w om en) _______________________
S killed m aintenance (m en) ___________________________________
U n sk illed plant (m e n )_____________________ ____________________

4. 5
(M
. 6
2 .4

Data

do not m e et publication c r ite r ia .

2

A u gu st I9 60
to
A ugu st 1961

2. 4
C)

4. 1
3. 0

5. 0
(l )
3. 3
3. 1

A

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

Presented in table Z are percentages of change in average
salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in av­
erage earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group. The
office clerical data are based on men and women in the following 19 jobs:
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting, class A
and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks, payroll;
Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B; office
boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenographers,
senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators, class B;
and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are based on
men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following 8 skilled
maintenance jobs and Z unskilled jobs are included in the plant
worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; mechanics;
mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and die makers;
unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers, material
handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of




the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings
for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate
for each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a per­
centage) of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for
the other year was computed and the difference between the result and
100 is the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The percentages of change measure, principally, the effects
of (1) general salary and wage changes; (Z) merit or other increases
in pay received by individual workers while in the same job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force re ­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels. Changes in the labor force can cause in­
creases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage
changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the pro­
portion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the
average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers
would have the opposite effect.
Similarly, the movement of a
high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the ef­
fect of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each
job included in the data. The percentages of change are not influenced
by changes in standard work schedules or in premium pay for over­
time, since they are based on pay for straight-time hours.

Wage indexes for selected groups of workers based on data from the
labor market surveys were computed for Z0 areas between 1953 and I960. In
1961, the labor market occupational wage program was expanded to include
80 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas which will be surveyed annually. This
expansion made data available for the computation of wage indexes for selected
job groupings in each of the 80 areas. The above text represents the method
used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new series was initiated
last year and the data are not comparable with trends published prior to that time.
The new series covers the same job groupings as the earlier series
with the following exceptions: The clerical and industrial nurse groups, formerly
restricted to women, now include both men and women. Changes were also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in order that an identical list could be
employed in all areas.

A:

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS O
F

Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

$
35.00
W
eekly
W
eekly
earnings 1 and
hours1
(Stand
ard) (Standard) under
40.00

$
40.00

$ 5 .00
4

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

$
90.00

$95.00

foo.oo

$
105.00

fio .o o

115.00 120.00

45.00

50.00

55.00

6 0 .00

(35.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90 .00

95.00

1 00.00

105.00

1 10.00

115.00

120.00

and

Men

_

_

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

6
4

1
1

8
7

6
3

7
5

_

.

1

14

3

8

3

2

_

2

_

_

17

_

6

1

3

8

1

4
4

16
12

3
3

4
1

1
1

_

_

_

4

_

-

1

3

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

33
20

40.0
40.0

$ 9 1 .5 0
87.50

_

C lerk s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________

33

40.0

64.50

_

C le r k s, order

44

41.0

71.00

B ille r s , machine (bookkeeping m achine) _______________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

46
39

40.0
40.0

53.50
52.00

_
-

9
9

o
9

Bookkeeping-m achine op erators, c la ss A _______________

16

40.0

75.00

_

.

-

________________________________________________

_

_

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

5

3

W om en

-

_

-

-

_

.

.

_

_

.

_

_

"

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

_

„

.

-

-

8
3

4
3

13
6

5
5

7
7

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

.
-

4
4

8
4
4

14
5
9

1
1

8
8

5
5

2
2

_
-

_
-

-

12
6
6

_
-

-

8
1
7

1
1

-

2
2

-

-

_
-

_
-

37
5
32

28
8
20

20
4
16

17
10
7

12
8
4

20
5
15

5
5

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

-

32
3
29

_
-

-

33
4
29

-

-

-

32
32

9
9

9
9

3
1

4
4

2
2

_

_

.

_

.

-

4
4

-

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

7
3
4

2
2

4
3
1

6
3
3

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6
5
1

2
2

11
10

10
7

9
7

9
7

7
5

4

-

1
1

58.00
57.50

_

.
-

3
3

6
6

11
11

15
15

5
3

39.0
39.0

56.50
57.50

_

2
2

13
12

7
5

1

_

_

-

-

361
71
290
59

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

76.00
74.50
76.50
91.50

.
-

_
-

_
-

16
1
15

182
173
29

39.5
39.5
40.0

59.50
59.50
78.00

_

_

-

-

Bookkeeping-m achine o p erators, c la ss B _______________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________

43
29

40.0
40.0

63.00
66.00

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss A ______________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

65
17
48

40.0
40.0
40.0

79.00
76.00
80.50

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

204
47
157

40.0
40.0
39.5

62.00
67.00
61.00

C le r k s, file , c la ss B _______________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

64
62

39.5
39.5

51.50
51.50

C lerk s, payroll ______________________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

43
28
15

40.0
40.0
39.5

69.50
70.50
68.00

Com ptom eter op erators ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

57
43

40.0
40.0

62.50
61 .50

_

Keypunch o p era to rs, c la ss A ______________ _____________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

40
38

38.5
38.5

Keypunch o p era to rs, c la ss B _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

30
26

S e c reta ries ___________________________________________________
M anufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________
Public u tilities 2 ______________________________________
Stenographers, general
Nonmanufacturing
Public u t ilit ie s 2

..

8

.

_
"

_
-

"

1

_

-

-

-

-

29
4
25
2

15
15

58
57
1

45
44
2

_

_

_
-

-

~

-

-

7
6
1

2
1
1

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

"

-

-

1
1

5
5

_

.

.

_

_

-

1
1

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-4 9
11
38
3

56
9
47
3

31
14
17
5

• 62
6
56
5

23
9
14
3

15
3
12
6

18
1
17
7

21
2
19
12

1
1
1

7
7
6

5
5
1

25
24
1

9
6
2

10
7
3

12
12
12

1
1
1

4
4
4

.

„

'

-

26
11
15 .
3
3
3
3

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

See footnotes at end of table.

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

2
2
2
.

_

'




-

_
-

1
1

.

NOTE:

_

'

_

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—North Little Rock, A r k ., August 1962)
Average
Sex, occupation, and industry division

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

Number

of

workers

Weekly,
hours
(Standard)

Weekly,
earnings
(Standard)

$
35 .0 0
and
under
4 0 .0 0

$
40.00

4 5 .0 0

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
8 5 .00

$
9 0 .0 0

$
9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

$

$
$
105.00 1 1 0 .0 0

45.00

50.00

55.00

6 0 .0 0

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0

105.00

1 1 0 .0 0

115.00

2
1

12
11

22

5
3

12
10

4
4
3

7

_

_

_

-

4
4

_

-

4
4
4

_

7

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

$
$
115.00 1 2 0 .0 0
and
1 2 0 .0 0

over

Women— Continued
Stenographers, senior ____ _______________________________
Nonmanufacturing ______ _______________________________
Public utilities 2 _____________________________________

73
64
23

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

$ 74.50
75.50
83.50

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

"

-

1

2

7

Switchboard operators _____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing _______________________________________

50
44

41 .0
41 .5

55.50
55.50

38
8

8
8

2
2

8
7

8

4

3
3

2
2

2
2

_

_

-

-

Switchboard o p er ator-recep tion ists ________________________
Manufacturing _______ __________________________________ —
Nonmanufacturing ___ ________ __________________ __ —

59
19
40

39.5
40 .0
39.5

59.00
63.50
56.50

_

7

9

16

_
-

2
1

_

-

3
3
-

-

1

Tran scrib in g-m achin e op erators, general ______________

21

39.5

49.50

Typ ists, c la ss A _____________________ ___________________________
Manufacturing _______ ________________ _________________
Nonmanufacturing __ ____________ ____________________

76
18
58

39.5
40 .0
39.5

6 6 .0 0

62.50
67.00

-

T yp ists, c la ss B _____________________________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------------------------------

183
28
155

39.0
40 .0
38.5

51.50
52.00
51.00

1

1
2
3

1
1

—

6—

1

19

-

-

1
1

'

7

-

9

7
9

12

4
3
1

_

17

2

_

2

_

.

_

11
4
7

6

21

8
13

6
6

42

26
8
18

8

_
-

-

2

1
1

_

-

-

-

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

2

-

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

9

1
5

16
1
15

7

-

-

4
4

-

_

-

6

92

10

-

-

12

6

1

10

80

36

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes 3 w ork ers at $ 3 0 to $ 3 5 .

16
4

2
6

2

5

2

-

-

'

-

2

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2

-

-

~

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

'

7

"

‘

"

"

stra igh t-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—North Little Rock, A r k ., August 1962)
Average
Occupation and industry division

Number

of

workers

D raftsm en,

senior

__________________________________________

Draftsm en, junior ___________________________________________

16
18

Weekly
hours 1
(Standard)

41 .5
41 .0

Weekly
earnings1
(Standard)

NU M B ER OF W ORKERS RECEIVING ST R AIG H T-TIM E W E E K L Y E A RN IN G S OF—

$
60 .00
and
under
65 .00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00 _9IL(HL

1

2

1

$ 1 02 .5 0
78.50

3

3

4

$
85.00

5

$
9 0 .00

$
95.00

$
100.00

$
105.00

$
110.00

$
$
$
115.00 120.00 125.00
and

100.00 1Q5J1G. njELO.o. 115J_0 120.00
1

4

4

1

1

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 W ork ers were distributed as follow s: 1 at $ 1 35 to $ 140; 1 at $ 1 55 to $ 160.




NOTE;

“

Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

125.00

1

over
22

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

|(A verage stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk . , August 1962)

N ber
um
of
w ers
ork

Occupation and industry division

earn gs 1 1
in
(Standard) 1

$6 2. 50
6 1 .5 0

Reypnpeb nperatnrs, r b s s A
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

40
38

58. 00
57. 50

Keypunch o p e r a to r s, c la ss B _________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------

31
26

Office boys or girls ____________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ------------------------- ------------------------

23
17

56. 00
56. 50

50 S ecretaries ________________
— ----------------------------------00“
Manufacturing ______________ _______________________
00
Nonmanufacturing ----- --------------------------------------------00
Public utilities 2 ________ ___________________

364
71
293
62

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la ss A ----------------

38

68. 50

B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la s s B __________
Manilla rtnring
............
......

79
29

59. 00
66. 00

C lerk s accounting, c la ss A _ ________________________
M an u fac tu rin g________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g____________________________________

98
30
68

8 3. 50
8 5 .0 0
82. 50

C le r k s, accounting, c la ss B ___________________________
M ft n f ft
N on m an u factu rin g____________________________________
'Pilhlir u tilit ie s 2
_ ___

237
52
185
53

C le r k s, f ile , c la ss B ___________________________________
N on m an ufactu ring____________________________________

65
63

52. 50
52. 00

n p r V s , ord er
yannfartiiTing
a nnf A rtn T1 rig

68
19
49

66. 50
76. 00
63. 00

51
32
19

72. 50
71 . 0 0
74. 50

............... .
..._
_
__

___________________
_______

Switchboard o p erator-recep tion ists __________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

60
20
40

$59. 00
6 3 .0 0
56. 50

Tabulating-m achine op erators, c la ss C ______________
N on m anufacturing____________________________________

42
40

71. 50
72. 00

21

49. 50

T y p ists, c la ss A
M an ufactu ring_________________________________________
Nonmannfartnring __ . . . . . . .

76
18
58

66. 00
62. 50
67. 00

T y p ists, c la ss B _________________________________________
Manufacturing ________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________

183
28
155

51. 50
52. 00
51. 00

20

97. 00

31

76. 50

56. 50
57. 50

$ 5 4 .5 0
52. 00

62.
67.
61.
71.

Average
w ly j
eek
earn gs
in
(Standard)

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued

57
43

49
39

___

w ly j
eek
earnin
gs
(Standard)

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations

C le r k s, p ayroll ________
Mamifar.biring
..

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

N ber
um
of
w
orkers

T ran scrib in g-m ach in e op erators, g e n e r a l___________

Occupation and industry division

76.
75.
77.
93.

50
00
00
50

Stenographers, general ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing ----------------------------------------------------Public u tilit ie s 2 ------------- -----------------------------------

182
173
29

59. 50
59. 50
78. 00

Stenographers, senior ________________ ______________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________
PnKlir
^

74
65
24

75. 00
76. 00
85. 00

D raftsm en , senior

Switchboard operators
^IrYnrnarvy^farti-iT'ing

50
44

55. 50
55. 50

D raftsm en , junior ______

_________________________________
. . . . . . . ...

P rofession al and technical occupations

______________________________________

_____

________________________

1 Earnings relate to regu lar stra igh t-tim e weekly salaries that are paid for standard w orkw eeks.
2 Tran sportation , com m unication, and other public utilities.




NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

8
Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A verage stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk. , August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF-

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
Average
hourly .
1. 20
earnings 1 and

$
1. 30

under
1. 3Q_ U .4 .Q -

$
1. 40

$
1. 50

1. 50

1. 60

$

,

1. 60
1. 70

1. 70

$
1. 80

$
1. 90

$
2. 00

1. 80

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

$

2. 20

----------------------------------------------------------

38
28

2. 42
2. 34

"

-

E ngineers, stationary ------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

27
21

2. 27
2. 18

"

-

-

H elpers, maintenance trades ----------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

45
33

1. 78
1. 56

3
3

4
4

5
5

11
11

4
4

"

2
2

4
4

M achinists, maintenance _________________________
Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

83
36

2. 70
2. 62

-

-

"

-

2
2

1
1

"

-

2
2

M echanics, automotive (maintenance) -------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------------------Public utilities 1 -----------------------------------------2
3

170
36
134
127

2.
2.
2.
2.

2. 20

$ 30
2.

2. 30

2. 40

3

1
1
-

.
-

-

-

"

22
12
10
10

M echanics, maintenance ------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

107
96

2. 41
2. 37

2
2

4
4

Tool and die m ak ers ---------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------------------

54
49

2. 90
2. 90

$

2. 40

-

3

"

-

-

~

$
2. 80

$
2. 90

$ 00
3.

$ 10
3.

$
3. 20
and

2. 80

2. 90

3. 00

3. 10

3. 20

over

1
1

~

2
2

“

~

1

_

1

_

_

12

1

1

3
3

6
6

1
1

7

4
1

_

_

“

"

_

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

"

~

~

_

~

46
"

3
3

15
15

.

~

_

3
3
3

_

“

88
88
88

“

4
3

10
10

"

"

_

_

.

.

18
18

1

2
2

_

-

3
3

$
2. 70

1

1
1

"

2. 60

$

2. 70

1
1

"

"

2. 50

2. 60

"

“

$

2. 50

.

_

1

$

7

$ 2. 28

63
05
78
83

2. 10

3

2

27

Manufacturing

$

“

“

-

1

4

2

_

.

"

■

“

"

"

1
1

4
4

.

2
2

6
6

_

-

24
3
21
21

19
19
"

2
2
1

2
2
2

2
2
1

3
3
1

_
-

1
1

15
15

5
5

17
17

5
4

43
43

3
2

5

.

4

.

.

.

“

"

~

“

"

“

2
2

7
7

2
2

5
5

5
4

3
1

3
3

9
7

2
2

3 16
16

1

2

“

_

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
3 A ll w orkers w ere at $ 3. 20 to $ 3. 30.




1

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

1
1
-

“

1
_
_
-

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(Average stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk. , August 1962)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECE IVIN G ST R A IG H T-TIM E H OURLY EARN ING S OF—

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
$
$
Average $
hourly , 0 . 50 0 . 6 0 0 . 70 0 . 80 0 . 90
earnings^
and

$
1. 0 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$ ,
$
$
$ ,
1. 10 1. 20 1. 30 1. 4 0 1. 50 1. 60 1. 70 1. 8 0 1. 90 2 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90

under
. 60

E levator op erators, p assen ger
(women) -------------------------------------------------------------

. 70

$ 0 . 79
. 79

91
54
47
37

1.
1.
1.
1.

38
41
39
33

374
177
197
41

1.
1.
1.
1.

J anitors, p o rte rs, and c lean ers
(women) ----------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

143
18
125

1. 20
.9 3

L a b o r e rs, m a teria l handling -----------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

5 77
265
312

1. 46
1 .4 3
1 .4 8

O rder fille r s -----------------------------------------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

105
25

1. 4 4
1. 59

P a c k e rs, shipping -------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

86
60
26

1. 40
1 .4 4
1. 32

Receiving clerk s ----------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing --------------------------------

57
48

1. 57
1. 53

18

1 .7 5

.

Shipping and receivin g clerk s ----------------Manufacturing ---------------------------------------

2
2

25
25

"

Shipping clerk s --------------------------------------------

_

-

Janitors, p o r te r s, and clean ers
(men) ----------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing --------------------______
Nonmanufacturing -------------------------------P u b lic u t il it ie s *

....

26

1. 0 0

1. 10

36
6

•90

1. 4 0

1
1

1
1

19
16
16
3

16
8
6
8

69
33
36

43
16
27

3

30
10
20

12

_

1. 30

.

2

6

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

"

6

“

2

34
45
25
73

3

_
-

_
-

15

_
-

48

.9 6

_
-

1. 8 4

-

3

-

15

1. 60

1. 70

1. 80

1. 9 0

2. 00

2. 10

_
-

-

9
5
5
4

9
6
4
3

16
10
10
6

2
2
2

3
3

2
2
2

6
2
2
4

1

48

39
7
32
9

26
23

68
62
6

9
7

25
6
19

4

_

2

226
40
186

61
53
8

28

23

75

“

"

75

-

-

-

-

-

"

.

.

_

■

"

.

.

.

.

.

2

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

2

6

6

12

.

"

-

.

-

"

■

.

.

“

.

1

2

"

2
2

'

42
28
14
14

_

3

9
9

_

-

~

63
43
20

22
4
18

47
46
1

47
46
1

10
9
1

9
9

15
1

4
"

7
7

8

30

2

22

2
2

5
5

10
8

-

12
12

1

8

2 . 30

2. 40

2 . 50

2 . 70

2. 80

2 . 90

3. 00

1

1

_

_

4

2

5

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

4

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

41

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

24
24

1

3

“

1

3

'

4
4

.

.

11

"

4
4

4

1

5

-

2

2

4

-

“

1
1

5

2

1

1

2

.

5
4

3
3

8
6

-

20

1

5
4

41

20

-

"

6
6

~

.

3

2

3

2

See footnotes at end of table.




2. 60

15
15

8

29
19
10

2. 2 0

3

-

1
-

3

_

6

_
-

-

_
-

1. 50

12
12

-

1. 86

1. 20

1

45
45

Guards and watchmen ____________________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------Watchmen ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing _____________ ______

. 80

NOTE: Data for nonmanufacturing do not include information for hotels which employ more than 100 workers; the smaller hotels and the
remainder of the services division are appropriately represented in data for all industries combined and for nonmanufacturing.

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., August i 9 6 Z)
NUM BER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGH T-TIM E HOURLY E A RN ING S OF—
Number
of
workers

O ccupation1 and industry division
3
2

T r u c k d r iv e r s5 _____________________________
Nonmanufacturing

_____________________

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1 V2
tons) ____________________________________
Manufacturing ______________________
Nonmanufacturing _________________

T ru ck d rivers, m edium (IV 2 to and
including 4 tons) _____________________
Manufacturing ______________________

Average
hourly ,
earnings^

507
289
218
87

$ 1.93
1.81
2.0 8
2.87

61
22
39

1.52
1.80
1.37

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2.3 0 2.4 0 $2.50 2 .6 0 2.7 0 2.8 0 2.90
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1 0 2 . 2 0
0.50 0.60 0.7 0 0.80 0.90 1.00 1.10 1 . 2 0
and
under
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2.8 0 2.9 0 3.00
.60
.70
.80

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

47

..

72
64

2.67
2.7 4

_

T ru ck ers, power (forklift) _______________
Manufacturing __________________________

84
67

P u b lic u tilitie s 4

_

___

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra iler type) __________________________
N o n m a n u fa r tu r in p

1
2
3
4
5

. .

_
-

2
_
2

88
18
70

49
40
9

52
40
12

7
7

2
2

1
_
1

6
6

40
40

37
37
-

97
97

8

4
4

14
4
10

9
9

12
12

“

2
2

“

2
2

14
14

-

-

‘

“

-

-

7
7

-

1
1
_

4
4

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

1
1

7

4

-

-

■

"

1.69
1.41
1.95
2.85

222
107
115

N n n m a r m fa r h ir in g

_
-

"

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4
_

73
14
59

-

_

1

1.68

9

1 .5 3

9

9
9

_

-

_

_

_

-

_

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
A ll w orkers were at $ 0.3 0 to $ 0.40.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rivers reg a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




8
_

1

40
40

40
40

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

2

4

2

4

24
24

_

18
18

_

_

_
-

_
-

2
_
2

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

6

8
_
8
8

-

2

-

“

'

29
2
27

2

“

-

8
8
8

-

-

_

4
4
_

2
2

23
21

-

-

_

_
-

79
_
79
79

-

-

-

-

“

■

_
-

_

_

39

39

39

-

_

40
40

B:

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

11

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n of estab lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u str ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en offic e w o r k e r s , L ittle Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A rk . , A ugu st 1962)
N
O ther in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w o rk ers 2

In exp erien ced ty p ists
N onm an ufactu ring

M an ufacturing
M in im u m w eekly s t r a ig h t -t im e sa la r y 1

A ll
in du stries

M an ufactu ring
A ll
in d u strie s

B ased on standard w eekly h ours 3 o f—
A ll
sch e d u les

E sta b lish m e n ts studied

----------------------------------------------------------------

40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

33

XXX

46

XXX

XXX

40

79

33

XXX

41

46

xxx

xxx

18

22

4

17

1
3
1
9
1
3
1
2

_

-

1

_
8
1
3
1
3
1
1

-

-

1

-

1
2
7
1
3
1
1
1

XXX

XXX

10

3

xxx

7

xxx

xxx

XXX

XXX

28

11

x xx

17

xxx

xxx

11

18

4

13

_
6
2
1

_
6
2
1
_
1
1
-

1
2
1
8
1
2

_
1
2
-

1
1
6
1
2

-

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

7

1

XXX

6

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o rk ers
in this c a te g o r y __________________________________________________

43

21

XXX

2
2

-

T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly estab lish ed m in im u m startin g (hirin g) reg u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that are paid for standard w ork w eek s.
E x c lu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a r e p r e se n te d fo r a ll standard w orkw eeks com bined, and fo r the m o s t com m on standard w orkw eeks rep o rted .




37 Vz

_
8
1
4
1
3
1
1

11

1
2
1
14
3
3
.
3
1
_
1

1
1
-

40

19

29

-

A ll
sch e d u les

1
3
1
17
2
7
2
5
1
1
1

-----------------------

$ 37 . 50 and under $ 4 0 . 00 ___________________________________
$ 4 0 . 00 and under $ 4 2 . 50 ___________________________________
$ 4 2 . 50 and under $ 4 5 . 00 ___________________________________
$ 4 5 . 00 and under $ 4 7 . 50 -----------------------------------------------------$ 4 7 . 50 and under $ 5 0 . 00 -----------------------------------------------------$ 5 0 . 00 and under $ 5 2 . 50 -----------------------------------------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 and under $ 5 5 .0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 5 5 .0 0 and under $ 5 7 .5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 57 . 50 and under $ 6 0 . 0 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 6 0 . 0 0 and under $ 6 2 . 5 0 -----------------------------------------------------$ 6 2 . 50 and under $ 6 5 . 0 0 -----------------------------------------------------O ve r $ 6 5 . 00 ____________________________________________________

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m

A ll
sch e d u les

37 V 2

79

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on standard w eekly h ours 3 o f -

-

1
2
-

1
-

12




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s by type and amount of d ifferen tial,
L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R ock, A r k ., A ugu st 1962)
N
P er c en t of m anufacturing plant w o r k e r s—
In e s ta b lish m e n ts having f o r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 for—

Shift d ifferen tia l

A ctu a lly w ork ing on—
T h ird o r other
sh ift

Second shift
w ork

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

___________________________________________________

6 3 .8

5 5 .0

10.6

1.6

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l _________________________

6 2 .1

53 .4

10.4

1.4

5 2 .4

4 3 .7

8.0

.7

_

_

_

T o ta l

U n iform cen ts (p er hour) ________________

___

4 cen ts _________________________________________
5 cen ts ____________________________ ___________
cen ts ____________________________________ ___
7 cen ts _______________________________________
cen ts _________________________________________
cen ts _________________________________________
cen ts _______________________________________
cen ts __________________________________ __

6
8
9
1
0
1
2

U n iform p erc en ta g e ________

1 p ercen t
0
15 p erc en t

_____

_____

__

________________ ________________
_ _________________________________

With no shift pay d iffer en tia l ___________________

.6
20.6
2.2
16 .8
6.2

6.6
.6
14.0
3.1
3 .4
13.7
2 .4

3 .4
2.7

Second shift

3 .4

.2
2.2
.5
-

1
.6

-

(2 )
-

.2

.5

9 .7

9 .7

2.4

.7

9 .7

2.4

.7

-

8 .3
1.4

1.7

1.7

1 Includes e sta b lish m e n ts cu r r e n tly operating late sh ifts,
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly op erating late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0 .0 5 p ercen t.

and

"

.2

.2

e sta b lish m e n ts with fo r m a l p r o v isio n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts

13
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift workers, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk., August 1962)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

W e e k ly h ours
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________________________________

Under 37*/2 h ours ___________________________________
3 7 V2 hour s ___________________________________________
38 h ours ______________________________________________
40 h ours ______________________________________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h ou rs _____________________
44 h ours ______________________________________________
45 h ours ______________________________________________
48 h ours ______________________________________________
O ver 48 h ours

100

(4 )
16
_
76
3

M anufacturing

Public utilities1
2

100

100

2

-

99

'

i

1

1

3

1

-

100

I

2
1

M anufacturing

100

1

_
94
_

_

1

All industries3

3
-

3
79

-

2

91
_

4

2

1

6
3

_
3

Public utilities2

100

_
_
90
_
_
_
10

2

1 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h otels which em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those industry
d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
3 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , re ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s (excep t h o te ls w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p ercen t.




14
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry'divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Little Rock—North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1962)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W ORKERS

Item
All industries1

A ll w o rk ers

_________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
paid h olid ays _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
no paid h olid ays --------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M anufacturing

P u blic utilities2

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

100

10
0

99

99

99

95

98

97

1

1

1

5

2

3

Num ber of d a y s

2 h olid ays
--------------------------------------------------- ----- —
4 h olid ays ____________________________ _______________
5 h olid ays ________ - _____ ____________________________
5 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days ______________________
h olid ays --------------------------------------------------- ----------6 h olid ays plus 2 h alf days
_______ _____________
7 h olid ays ---- --------------------------------- -------------- —
8 h olid ays -----------------------------------------------------------------

6

(4 )

39
30
5

2

(4 )

59

1
1
1
1
1

23
2

6

1
0

15
84

9

2
6

5
32

27

25
9

26
3
18
17

1
2
1
1

-

7
-

1
0
80

‘

Total h o lid a y tim e 5

8 days -------------------------------------- —
-------- --------7 or m o r e days ------------------------------- -------------- —
6 or m o r e days
-----------------------------------------------5 or m o r e days ------------------------------------- --------------4 or m o r e days ------------------------------------------------------2 or m o r e days
__________________ _______________

2
26

38
98
99
99

9
24
53
92
99
99

84
99
99
99
99

9
35
57
88
94
95

17
38
64
90
96
98

80
90
90
97
97

1 In clud es data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h otels w hich em ployed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to th ose in d u stry
d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 In cludes data fo r w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s (excep t h ote ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o rk ers) in addition to th ose in d u str y d iv isio n s shown se p a r a t e ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
5 A ll com b in ation s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a re com b in ed ; fo r e x a m p le , the p roportion of w o rk ers rec eiv in g a total o f 7 d ays in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll d ays and
no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d ays, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cu m u lated .




15
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P erc en t d istrib u tion of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R o ck , A r k . , A u gu st 1962)
N
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries *

A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________________

M e th o d

_____

__

M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

M
anufacturing

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0
99
1

10
0
10
0

98
96
"
-

96
93
3
_
-

2

Public utilities2

10
0

4

off p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid vac atio n s _______________________
__________
L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p aym ent ______________________
P e r c e n ta g e p aym ent ----------- --------------------------F la t -s u m p aym ent __________ _
_ _____ — _
Othor
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid vac a tio n s _____ ___ ___ _______ __________

A m o u n t off v a c a t i o n

99
(4 )
-

-

-

2

10
0
10
0

pay 5

A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek ________________________________________
w eek _______ ___ _____ ___ _______________________

1

3
64

6

-

13

1
2

32

59

_
43
57

6
6
1
33

(4 )
13

25
75

4
15
81

32

2
0
7

18

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ------------ ----- ------------------ -------------------w eek _______ ___ _ ____ — ----------- -------- —
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w ee k s _ --------------------------------w ee k s ______ _____
___
— --------------------

1
2

_
35
(4 )
64

-

1
82

2
85
9

82
3
15

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek ________ __ _____________ ___________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s -------------- --------------- _
w ee k s ------------ -------------- -------------------------------

1
2
3
85

63
13

65
3
32

27
15
57

39
31

3
97

23
13
62

32
23
41

3
97

7
89

4
89
3

10
0

57

8

2
1

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w ee k _________ ___ __ _____ ___ _______ _____ —
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ________________________
2 w eek s _ ----- ----- -- ----- ----------- ----------

8

2
0

(4 )
92

80

7
(4 )
93

17
83

99

4
96

3
97

10
0

-

1

99

2
6

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1
2

w eek _______ ______ _________ ___________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s ________________________
w eek s _ ____ _____ _____ _____________ _______

-

1

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1w eek
2 w eeks

_____ _____ __ __ „
_____ ___
_________ ___ ___________ _________
___
3 w eek s _ ___
_________ __ __ ___
_____ __

S ee footnotes at end of table




(4 )

-

1

-

16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(Percent distribution of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , August 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V acation p o lic y
M
anufacturing

Public utilities2

3
71
8
18

3
62
35

89
1
10

3
69
8
20

3
61
2
35

79
1
21

3
38
8
51
1

3
55

All industries 1

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

(4 )
25

4
60
32

97
3
1

6
60
3
29

4
55
6
32

78
3
19

6
44

4
48
44

10
3
88

"

"

4
48
34
10

10
3
78
9

4
48
25
19

10
3
53
35

p a y 5--------C o n t in u e d

A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ve r 2 and under 3 w eeks ------------------------------------3 w eeks _______________________________________________

.
1

6
66

_

A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ________________________
3 'weeks _______________________________________________

_

_

A fte r 15 y e a r s of se r v ic e

1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w eeks ___ ____________ _ _____
_________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w eeks _______________ ______
3 w eeks _______________________________________________
4 w eeks ___________________________ _________________

-

42
"

_
8
1
91
"

(4 )
47
1

_

A fte r 20 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____________________________ ___________
___
2 w eeks _______________________ __ _____________ —
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ____ _____ __ ______
3 w eeks ________
_________________________________
4 w eeks _______________ ___________ ___________________

3
33
8
45
11

3
55
33
9

8
1
90
2

3
33

3
55
19
24

8
1
33
58

-

6
44
(4 )
35
13

_

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1 w eek _________ _____
___________________________
2 w eeks _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks ____ _________________
3 w eeks ______________________________ _______________
4 w eeks ____________ __ ------------------------------------

(4 )
39
25

_

6
44
(4 )
26
23

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h otels w hich em ployed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s ) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s
shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilit ie s .
3 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s (excep t h otels which em ployed m o r e than 100 w o rk ers) in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
5 Includes paym ents other than "le n g th of t im e , " such as p erc en ta g e of annual ea rn ings or f la t -s u m p ay m e n ts, converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a p aym ent of 2 p erc en t
of annual earn ings w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the changes
in p rop ortion s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s o c cu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s are cu m u lative. T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e
after 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e after few e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




17
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t of office and plant w o rk ers in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s e m p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
health, in suran ce, or pen sion b e n e fits, 1 L ittle Rock—N orth L ittle R o ck , A r k ., A ugu st 1962)
PLAN T W O RK ERS

O F FIC E W O R K E R S

T yp e of b en efit
All industries2

A ll w o r k e r s

__________________________________________

M anufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

All industries4

M anufacturing

100

Public utilities3

100

100

97

W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g:
L ife in su ran ce ___________________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce _______________________________________
S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce or
sick le a v e or b o th 5 ___________________________

91

89

98

78

73

65

52

67

47

45

29

65

73

75

59

65

46

S ick n ess and a c cid en t in su ra n ce -----------Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p eriod ) ____________________________
Sick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aiting p eriod ) ____________________________

35

64

19

48

63

13

42

44

24

13

3

20

10

-

48

4

H o sp ita liza tio n in su ran ce ____________________
S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce _____________________________
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce ______________________________
C ata strop h e in su ra n ce ------------------------------------R e tire m e n t p en sion ____________________________
No h ealth, in su r a n ce , or p en sion plan ____

81
79
67
66
69
4

91
85
56
46
57
4

50
50
36
94
73
2

80
74
56
40
40
13

82
72
54
31
35
17

73
73
63
81
40
3

17

I
|

i
_________________________________
1 In cludes those plans for w hich at le a st a part of the cost is b orne by the e m p lo y e r , excepting only le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's c om p en sation , s o c ia l se c u rity , and r a ilr o a d
r e tir e m e n t.
2 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s (excep t h ote ls w hich e m p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those industry
d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
4 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , re ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te, and s e r v ic e s (excep t h otels w hich em p loyed m o r e than 100 w o r k e r s) in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown sep arately.
5 U nd up licated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick leave or sic k n ess and accid en t in suran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elow .
S ic k -le a v e plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly esta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n um ber of d ays' pay that can be expected by each em p loyee .
In form al s ic k -le a v e a llo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis are exclu ded.







Appendix: Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’ s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (hilling machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’ s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger orledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts
19

20

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B—
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B—
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




C LE R K , ORDER

Receives customers'orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow uporders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers'
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker's name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto;
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class 5 —
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and




SECRETARY— Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)

STENOGRAPHER,SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

22

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive a-ccounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.




TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.

Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources orr responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

23

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries: keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




24

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, iayout, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’ s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

25

M A C H IN IST, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

M ILLW RIG H T

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for the production o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
.experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties invQlve setting up or adjusting machines.




OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

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P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u e d

and fastening pipe to hangers;making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; ghge maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties o f common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’ s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




27

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize m window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the follow­
ing: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform Other related duties.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

28

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under iy2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1l2 to and including 4 tons)
/
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
☆

U S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 664507


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102