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Occupational Wage Survey
MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE
AUGUST 1962

B u lle tin No. 1 3 4 5 - 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MANCHESTER, NEW HAMPSHIRE




AU G U ST 1 9 6 2

B u lle tin No. 1 3 4 5 - 2
October 1962

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.

Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The L abor M arket O ccupational Wage Su rvey P ro g ram
E ighty-tw o la b o r m a rk ets c u rre n tly are included
in the B ureau of L ab or S tatistic s' program of annual o c ­
cupational wage su rv e y s in m a jo r lab o r m a rk ets. These
studies p rovid e data on occupational earnings and re la te d
su p plem entary b e n e fits.
Inform ation on re la te d supple­
m e n ta ry benefits is obtained bien n ially in m ost of the
la b o r m a rk e ts .
A p re lim in a ry re p o rt which presents earnings
tren d s fo r selec te d occupational groups and average e a rn ­
ings in selec te d jobs is re le a s e d within a month a fte r the
com pletion of the study in each a re a . This bulletin p ro ­
vid es additional data not included in the p re lim in a ry re p o rt.
A tw o -p a rt su m m ary bulletin is issu ed a fte r the
com pletion of a ll of the a re a bulletins fo r a round of s u r­
v e ys (fo r the c u rre n t round of s u rv e y s, the fir s t p art of
this b u lletin w ill be a v a ila b le late in 1963 and the second
p art e a r ly in 1964).
The f i r s t p art p resen ts individual
la b o r m a rk et data.
The second p art presents data r e ­
lating to a ll m etro p o litan a re a s in the United States.
This b u lletin was p rep ared in the B ureau's r e ­
gional o ffice in Boston, M ass. , by Leo Epstein, under the
d ire c tio n of P aul V. M ulkern, A ssista n t Regional D irecto r
fo r W ages and In d u stria l R elations.




Introduction _________________________________________________ _______
Wage tren d s fo r selec te d occupational groups ______________________

1
4

T ables:
1.
2.

E stablishm ents aijd w o rk e rs within scope of su rv e y _
P erce n ts of in c re a se in standard w eekly s a la rie s and
stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r selected
occupational groups -----------------------------------------------

A: O ccupational earnin gs:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women — ------------------------A - 2. P ro fe ssio n a l and techn ical occupations— en __________
m
A -3 . O ffice, p ro fe ssio n al, and techn ical occupations—
men
and women combined ________________________________
A -4 . M aintenance and pow er plant occupations ______________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent occupations ________
B: E stablishm ent p ra ctic e s and supplem entary wage p ro visio n s:*
B - l . M inimum entrance s a la rie s fo r women office
w o rk e rs _____________________________________________
B -2 . Shift d iffe re n tia ls _____________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eekly hours _______________________________
B -4 . P aid holidays _________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations _______________
B -6 . Health, in suran ce, and pension plans _________________
Appendix:

O ccupational d escrip tio n s

-----------------------------------------------

* NOTE: S im ila r tabulations a re ava ilab le fo r oth er m ajo r
a re a s (see inside back cover).
Union s c a le s, in d icative of p revailin g pay le v e ls ,
a re also availab le fo r seven selected building trad e s in
the M anchester a re a .

m

5
6
6
7
8

9
10
10
11
12
14
15




Occupational Wage Su rvey—Manchester, N.H.
Introduction

This a re a is 1 of 82 lab or m a rk ets in which the U .S . D e­
p artm en t of Labor*s B ureau of Labor S tatistic s conducts su rve ys
of occupational earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide
b a sis.
In this a re a , data w ere obtained by p erson al v is its of Bu­
reau fie ld econom ists to re p re se n ta tiv e establishm ents within six
broad in d u stry d ivisio n s: M anufacturing; tran sp ortatio n , com m unica­
tion, and oth er public u tilitie s; w holesale trad e; re ta il trad e; finance,
in su ran c e , and re a l estate; and s e rv ic e s .
M ajor in d u stry groups
excluded fro m these studies a re governm ent operations and the con­
stru ctio n and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having few er
than a p re s c rib e d num ber of w o rk ers are omitted because they
tend to fu rn ish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied to
w a rra n t in clu sion . Sep arate tabulations a re provided fo r each of the
b road in d u stry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite ria .

schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h alf hour) fo r which straig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid; a ve rag e w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h alf d o lla r.
D ifferen ces in pay le v e ls fo r selected occupations in which
both men and women a re com m only em ployed a re la rg e ly due to
(1) d iffe ren c e s in the distrib u tion of the sexes among in d ustries and
estab lish m en ts; (2) d ifferen ces in specific duties p erform ed, although
the occupations a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the same su rvey
job d escription; and (3) d ifferen ces in length of s e rv ic e or m e rit
re v ie w when individual s a la rie s a re adjusted on this b asis.
Longer
averag e s e rv ic e o f men would re s u lt in higher averag e pay when
both sexes a re em ployed within the same ra te range.
Job d e sc rip ­
tions used in c la ssify in g em ployees in these su rve ys a re u su ally m ore
gen eralized than those used in individual establishm ents to allow fo r
m inor d ifferen ces among establishm ents in sp ecific duties perform ed.

These s u rv e y s a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the u n n e c e ssa ry cost in volved in surveying a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u ra c y at minimum* cost, a g re a te r p roportion of
la rg e than of sm a ll estab lish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ever, a ll estab lish m en ts a re given th e ir appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the estab lish m en ts studied a re presented, th e re fo re ,
as re la tin g to a ll estab lish m en ts in the in d ustry grouping and a re a ,
except fo r those below the minimum size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates re p re se n t the total in a ll
estab lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tu a lly su rveyed .
Because of d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re
among estab lish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational employment ob­
tained fro m the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to indi­
cate the re la tiv e im portance of the jobs studied.
These d ifferen ces
in occupational stru c tu re do not m a te ria lly affect the accu racy of the
earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations selec te d fo r study a re common to a v a rie ty
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
follow ing typ es: (a) O ffice c le ric a l; (b) p ro fessio n al and technical;
(c) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (d) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set of job
d escrip tio n s designed to take account of in terestab lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job.
The occupations selected fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e sc rib e d in the appendix. Earnings data fo r some of
the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed a re not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tab les because e ith e r (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to provid e enough data to m e rit p resentation, or (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility of d is c lo s u re of individual establishm ent data.

E stablishm ent P ra c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro vision s
Inform ation is presented (in the B - s e r ie s tables) on selected
estab lish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary benefits as they re la te to
office and plant w o rk e rs .
The concept "office w o rk e rs, " as used
in this bulletin, includes working su p e rv iso rs and n on su p ervisory
w o rk e rs p erfo rm in g c le ric a l o r re la te d functions, and excludes ad ­
m in is tra tiv e , executive, and p ro fe ssio n al p erson n el. "Plant w orkers"
include working fo re m en and a ll n o n su p erviso ry w o rk ers (including
leadm en and train ees) engaged in nonoffice functions. A d m in istrative,
execu tive, and p ro fe ssio n a l em ployees, and fo rce-a cco u n t c o n stru c­
tion em ployees who a re u tilized as a sep arate w ork fo rc e a re e x ­
cluded.
C a fe te ria w o rk ers and routem en a re excluded in m anufac­
turing in d u stries, but included as plant w o rk ers in nonmanufacturing
in d u strie s.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i. e. , those h ired to w ork a re g u la r w eekly schedule
in the given occupational c la ssific a tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olidays, and late
s h ifts. N onproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses
and in cen tive earnin gs a re included.
W here w eekly hours a re r e ­
p orted , as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occupations, re feren c e is to the w ork




Minimum entrance s a la rie s (table B -l) re la te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v isite d . They a re p resented in te rm s of establishm ents
with fo rm a l minim um entrance s a la ry p o licies.
1

2

Shift d iffe ren tia l data (table B-2) a re lim ited to m anufacturing
in d u stries. This in form ation is p resented both in te rm s of (a) e sta b ­
lishm ent policy, 1 p resented in te rm s of total plant w o rk er em p loy­
m ent, and (b) effective p ra ctic e , p resented in te rm s of w o rk e rs a c ­
tu ally em ployed on the specified shift at the tim e of the s u rv e y . In
establishm ents having v a rie d d iffe re n tia ls, the amount applying to a
m a jo rity was used o r, if no amount applied to a m a jo rity , the c la s ­
sification '‘other" was used. In estab lish m en ts in which some la te shift hours a re paid at norm al ra te s , a d iffe re n tia l was re c o rd ed
only if it applied to a m a jo rity of the shift hou rs.
The scheduled hours (table B-3) of a m a jo rity of the f i r s t shift w o rk ers in an establishm ent a re tabulated as applying to a ll of
the plant o r office w o rk ers of that establishm ent.
Paid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, insuran ce, and pension plans (tables B -4
through B-6) a re trea ted s ta tis tic a lly on the b asis that these a re
applicable to a ll plant o r office w o rk ers if a m a jo rity of such w o rk ers
a re eligible o r m ay even tu ally qualify fo r the p ra ctic e s liste d .
Sums
of individual item s in tables B -2 through B -6 m ay not equal totals
because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) a re lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo rm a l b asis; i . e . , (l) a re provided
fo r in w ritten form , or (2) have been estab lish ed by custom .
H oli­
days o rd in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a
nonworkday, even if the w o rk er is not granted another day off.
The
fir s t p art of the paid holidays table p resen ts the number of whole
and half holidays actu ally granted. The second p art com bines whole
and half holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary of vacation plans (table B-5) is lim ited to
fo rm al p olicies, excluding in fo rm al arran g em en ts w hereby tim e off
with pay is granted at the d iscretio n of the em p lo yer. Sep arate e s ­
tim ates a re provided according to em p loyer p ra ctic e in computing
vacation paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t of annual e a rn ­
ings, o r fla t-su m am ounts. H owever, in the tabulations of vacation
pay, payments not on a tim e b asis w ere con verted to a tim e b asis;
fo r exam ple, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was con­
sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w eek's pay.

Data a re presented fo r a ll health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans (table B-6) fo r which at le a s t a p art of the cost is borne by
the em ployer, excepting only le g a l req u irem en ts such as w orkm en's
com pensation, so cial sec u rity , and ra ilro a d re tire m e n t.
Such plans
include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l in su ran ce com pany and
those provided through a union fund o r paid d ire c tly by the em p loyer
out of cu rren t operating funds o r fro m a fund set asid e fo r this p u r­
pose. Death benefits a re included as a fo rm of life in su ran ce.
Sickness and accident in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type of in ­
surance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a re made d ire c tly
to the insured on a w eekly o r m onthly b asis during illn e s s o r a c ­
cident d isab ility. Inform ation is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to
which the em ployer con tribu tes.
H owever, in New Y ork and New
J e r s e y , which have enacted te m p o ra ry d isa b ility in suran ce law s which
re q u ire em ployer c o n trib u tio n s,2 plans a re included only if the e m ­
p lo yer (1) contributes m ore than is le g a lly re q u ire d , o r (2) p rovides
the employee with benefits which exceed the req u irem en ts of the law.
Tabulations of paid sic k -le a v e plans a re lim ited to fo rm a l plans 3
which provide fu ll pay o r a p ro p ortion of the w o rk e r's pay during
absence from w ork because of illn e s s . Sep arate tabulations a re p r e ­
sented according to (1) plans which provide fu ll pay and no waiting
period, and (2) plans which p rovide e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a waiting
period. In addition to the p resen tation of the p ro p ortion s of w o rk ers
who a re provided sickness and accident in su ran ce o r paid sick leave,
an unduplicated total is shown of w o rk e rs who re c e iv e e ith er o r both
types of benefits.
Catastrophe in suran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as- extended
m ed ical insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to pro tect
em ployees in case of sickness and in ju ry involving expenses beyond
the n orm al coverage of h ospitalization, m ed ical, and su rg ic a l plans.
M edical insurance re fe rs to plans providing fo r com plete o r p a rtia l
payment of doctors' fe e s.
Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by com ­
m e rc ia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit o rgan ization s o r they m ay
be se lf-in su re d . Tabulations of re tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ited
to those plans that provide m onthly paym ents fo r the rem ain d er of
the w o rk er's life .

2 The te m p o ra ry d isab ility law s in C a lifo rn ia and Rhode Island
do
An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a policy if it m et not req u ire em ployer contributions.
e ith er of the following conditions: (l) O perated la te shifts at the tim e
3 An establishm ent was con sid ered as having a fo rm a l plan if
of the su rve y, or (2) had fo rm a l p ro visio n s coverin g late sh ifts. An
it established at le a s t the m inim um num ber of days of sick leave
establishm ent was con sid ered as having fo rm a l p ro visio n s if it (l) had
that could be expected by each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
operated late shifts during the 12 months p rio r to the su rv e y, or
w ritten , but in fo rm al sic k -le a v e allow an ces, determ ined on an in d i­
(2) had p rovision s in w ritten fo rm fo r operating late sh ifts.
vidual b asis, w ere excluded.
1




3

•Table 1.

E stab lish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of s u r v e y and nu m ber studied in M a n c h e ste r, N.H ., 1 by m a jo r in d u s try d iv isio n , 2 A ugust 1962
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv isio n s

W ithin scope of study

W ithin
scope of
study 3
107

50
•
50
50
50
50
50

Studied

Studied

_______________________________________________

M an u factu rin g ____________________________ _______________
N onm anufacturing ________ _______________________________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u nication, and o th er
pu blic u tilitie s 5 ____________________________ ________
W h o le sa le tra d e ___ ____ _______________ _________________
R e ta il tra d e ______________________ ____________ ____ ____
F in a n ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ---------------------------S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________________

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lish m en ts

N um ber of e s ta b lish m en ts

T o ta l4

O ffice

P lan t

62

2 1 ,5 0 0

2, 400

1 6 ,4 0 0

1 6 ,6 3 0

59
48

33
29

1 5 ,5 0 0
6, 000

800
1 ,6 0 0

13, 300
3, 100

12, 110
4, 520

9
9
16
9
5

9
5
8
4
3

2, 200
1, 000
1 ,4 0 0
1, 000
400

500

1, 100

2, 160
550
900
660
250

(!)
( >
(6 )

(!)
(I)

(6)

T o ta l4

1 The M a n c h e ste r S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n sists of M an ch e ster c ity and G offstow n tow n in H illsboroug h County. The " w o rk e rs w ith in scope of study" e s tim a te s shown in
th is tab le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e sc rip tio n of the size and co m p o sition of the la b o r fo rc e included in the s u rv e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e rv e as a b a sis of
co m p a riso n w ith o th e r em p lo ym en t in d e xes fo r the a r e a to m e a su re em plo ym en t tren d s o r le v e ls since (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s re q u ire s the use of e sta b lish m e n t data com piled co n sid era b ly
in ad van ce of the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll estab lish m en ts a r e excluded fro m the scope of the s u rv e y .
2 The 1 957 r e v is e d ed itio n of the Stan d ard In d u strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual w as used in c la s s ify in g es ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d ivisio n .
3 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith to ta l em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim ita tio n . A ll o u tlets (w ithin the are a ) of com panies in such in d u s trie s as tra d e , finance, auto re p a ir s e rv ic e ,
and m o tio n -p ic tu re th e a te r s a r e c o n sid e re d as 1 estab lish m en t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o ther w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the se p a ra te o ffice and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 T ax icab s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e re excluded.
6 T his in d u s try d iv isio n is re p re s e n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r "a ll in d u stries" in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. S e p a ra te p resen tatio n
of data fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the follow ing re a s o n s : (1) E m p loym ent in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e rit s e p a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) re sp o n se w as in su ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u re of individual e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t data.
7 W o rk e r s fr o m th is e n tire in d u s try d ivisio n a r e re p re se n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fro m the r e a l es ta te p o rtio n only in
e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u strie s" in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n of data fo r th is d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the re a s o n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H otels; p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ic tu re s ; nonprofit m e m b e rsh ip o rg a n iz a tio n s ; and en g in eerin g and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e rv ic e s .




T able 2. P e rc e n ts of in c r e a s e in sta n d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r
sele cte d o ccup atio nal groups in M a n ch e ster, N.H., fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
O ccupational group

___
O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en)
In d u strial n u rse s (men and wom en) ________
S k illed m aintenance (men)
U n sk illed plant (men)
...........

D ata do not m eet p u blication c r it e r ia .

August 1961
to
A ugust 1962

A ugust I960
to
A ugust 1961

4.5

4 .1

(')

4 .4
5.9

(M

3.5
3.3

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups

P re se n te d in table 2 a re percen tages of change in averag e
s a la rie s of office c le ric a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rs e s , and in a v ­
erage earnings of selected plant w o rk e r groups.
F o r office c le ric a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rse s, the p e r ­
centages of change re la te to av e rag e w eekly s a la rie s fo r n orm al hours
of w ork, that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s are paid. F o r plant w o rk er groups, they m easu re changes
in averag e stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in g s, excluding p rem ium pay fo r
o vertim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts. The
p ercen tages a re based on data fo r selec te d key occupations and in ­
clude m ost of the n u m e ric a lly im portant jobs within each group. The
office c le ric a l data a re based on men and women in the following 19 job s:
Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c lass B; c le rk s , accounting, c lass A
and B; c le rk s , file , class A, B, and C; c le rk s , o rd e r; c le rk s , p a y ro ll;
Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la ss A and B; office
boys and g irls ; s e c r e ta rie s ; sten og rap h ers, gen eral; sten ograp h ers,
sen io r; sw itchboard o p e ra to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e rato rs, c lass B;
and ty p ists, c la ss A and B. The in d u stria l n urse data are based on
men and women in d u strial n u rses. Men in the following 8 skilled
m aintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs a re included in the plant
w o rk er data: S k illed —c a rp e n te rs; e le c tric ia n s ; m achin ists; m echanics;
m echanics, autom otive; p a in te rs; p ip e fitte rs; and tool and die m a k e rs;
u nskilled—ja n ito rs , p o rte rs , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o re rs , m a te ria l
handling.
A verag e w eekly s a la rie s or averag e h ou rly earnings w ere
computed fo r each of the selected occupations. The average s a la rie s
or h ou rly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each of




the jobs during the p eriod su rve ye d in 19 6 1. These weighted earnings
fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate
fo r each occupational group. F in a lly , the. ra tio (ex p re sse d as a p e r ­
centage) of the group aggregate fo r the one y e a r to the aggregate fo r
the oth er y ea r was computed and the d iffe ren c e between the re s u lt and
100 is the percentage of change fro m the one p erio d to the oth er.
The percentages of change m e a su re, p rin c ip a lly , the effects
of (1) gen eral s a la ry and wage changes; (2) m e rit or other in c re a s e s
in pay received by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e job; and
(3) changes in average wages due to changes in, the lab or fo rc e r e ­
sulting from labor tu rn o ver, fo rc e expansions, fo rc e red uctions, and
changes in the proportions of w o rk e rs em ployed by estab lish m en ts
with d ifferen t pay le v e ls . Changes in the la b o r fo rc e can cause in ­
c re a s e s or d e crea ses in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actu al wage
changes. F or exam ple, a fo rc e expansion m ight in c re a se the p ro ­
portion of low er paid w o rk ers in a sp ecific occupation and lo w er the
averag e, w hereas a reduction in the p ro p ortion of lo w er paid w o rk e rs
would have the opposite effect.
S im ila rly , the m ovem ent of a
high-paying establishm ent out of an a re a could cause the average
earnings to dikop, even though no change in ra te s o cc u rred in other
establishm ents in the area.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim in ates the e f­
fect of changes in the prop ortion of w o rk e rs re p re se n te d in each
job included in the data. The p ercen ta g es of change a re not influenced
by changes in standard w ork schedules or in prem iu m pay fo r o v e r­
tim e, since they a re based on pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.

Wage indexes fo r selected groups of w o rk ers based on data fro m the
lab or m a rk et su rv e ys w ere computed fo r 20 a re a s between 1953 and I960. In
19 6 1, the labor m ark et occupational wage p ro gram was expanded to include
80 Standard M etropolitan S ta tis tic a l A re a s which w ill be su rveyed annually. This
expansion made data availab le fo r the computation of wage indexes fo r selec te d
job groupings in each of the 80 a re a s . The above text re p re se n ts the method
used in computing these new wage change indexes. The new s e rie s was in itiated
la s t y e a r and the data a re not com parable with tren d s published p rio r to that tim e.
The new s e r ie s c o ve rs the sam e job groupings as the e a r lie r s e r ie s
with the follow ing exceptions: The c le ric a l and in d u strial nurse groups, fo rm e rly
re s tric te d to women, now include both men and women. Changes w ere also made
in the jobs included within job groupings in o rd er that an id entical lis t could be
em ployed in a ll a re a s .

A: Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en

(A verage straig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d ivision, M an chester, N.H., August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verag e

N ber
um
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry division

Men
C le rk s, accounting, c la ss A
N onm anufacturing _________________________________
T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs , c la ss R
_ __

$
$
W
eeklv
Weekly. 40.00 45.00
hours"
earnings1 and
(Standard) (Standard) under
45 .00 50.00

23
15

39.5
39.5

19

40.0

$ 8 3.50
80.50
71.00

_
_

$
50.00

$
55.00

$
60.00

$
65.00

$
70.00

$
75.00

$
80.00

$
85.00

55.00

60.00

65.00

70.00

75.00

80.00

85.00

90.00

_
-

_
_

_
_

3
3
_

_
5

2
2

$
95.00

$
90.00

95.00 100.00

11

5
2
3

2
2
_

5
4
_
-

_

_

3
2
_

1
_

_
_

_

_

1
_

-

$
$
$
$
100.00 105.00 1 10.00 1 15.00
and
105.00 110 .0 0 115 .0 0 over

_

_

_

_

1
-

W omen
B ille r s , m achine (bookkeeping m achine) _____________

17

38.0

64.50

-

1

4

3

-

-

4

5

Bookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss B ______
N onm anufacturing
_
___

31
20

40.0
40.0

64.00
6 1.5 0

.

.

1
-

7
7

7
7

9
5

5
1

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C le rk s , accounting, c la s s A
M anufacturing _________ ____________________________
N onm anufacturing
_
_

81
15
66

38.5
40.0
38.5

78.50
8 1.00
77.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

1
1
-

2
2

13
2
11

7
1
6

21
1
20

21
3
18

9
3
6

5
2
3

.
_
-

2
2
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
-

C le rk s, accounting, c la ss B _________________________
M anufacturing
.
_ _
N onm anufacturing _________________________________

109
32
77

39.0
40.0
38.5

59.50
58.00
60.00

-

10

23
5
18

10
2
8

_

-

-

5

2
2
-

_

10

21
12
9

5

-

30
11
19

8

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

44
43

39.0
39.0

49.00
48.50

2
2

29
29

11
10

1
1

1
1

_

_
-

_

_

_

_

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

25
24

39.5
39.5

62.50
62.52

_

2
2

6
”---- 1

3
3

6
5

_

_

-

-

8
8

_

110
90
20

40.0
40.0
40.0

60.50
57.50
75.50

12
12
-

28
27
1

21
20
1

19
19
-

4
3
1

11
5
6

8
1
7

C le rk s, file , c la ss C
N onm anufacturing

__ _

_ _ .... ....

C le rk s, o rd e r
M anufacturing __

.. ...

_ . . ..
_ _

___

C le rk s , p a y ro ll
M anufacturing _____________________________________
N onm anufacturing
_ _

-

_
-

-

8
“
_

-

r

.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

3
2
1

2
_
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

15
5
10

8
4
4

8
3
5

3
_
3

_
-

2
_
2

2
_
2
-

Com ptom eter o p e ra to rs ______________________________

26

40.0

60.50

_

_

5

6

11

_

1

3

.

Keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la ss B

44

39.0

54.00

_

11

19

8

1

1

3

.

1

120
49
71

39.5
40.0
39.0

77.00
7 1.50
80.50

-

-

_
-

6
5
1

21
16
5

16
5
11

21
5
16

11
4
7

7
2
5

42
28

39.5
39.5

59.50
57.00

_

3
3

5
4

12
11

12
8

6
2

4
~

_

22

39.0

67.00

_

" _

_

_

9

8

2

Sw itchboard o p e ra to rs
....
......
N onm anufacturing _________________________________

22
16

39.5
39.5

64.50
65 .50

_

2
2

1
-

1
1

7
2.

4
4

Sw itchboard o p e ra to r-re c e p tio n is ts
. ...
M anufacturing _____________________________________

29
19

39.5
39.0

59.50
60.50

_

3
2

2
2

10
6

7
3

T abulating-m achine o p e ra to rs, c la ss C

43

38.0

52.50

12

24

6

T yp ists, c la ss A

25

39.0

58.50

4

13

109
31
78
17

39.0
40.0
38.5
39.5

53.00
54.00
52.50
61.0 0

38
12
26
2

22
10
12
4

15
5
10
8

S e c r e t a r i e s __
_
M anufacturing ______
N onm anufacturing
S ten o g rap h ers, g en eral
N onm anufacturing
Sten o g rap h ers, sen io r

. ...
_
_

. ....

___
_ .. _ ...

_

. _

..

..

___

T yp ists, c la ss B
M anufacturing _ _
N onm anufacturing
P ublic u t i li t i e s 2

....... .. .
.....................
_
__ _.

_
_
_ _
. ...

...

”

32
4
28
1

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

.
-

-

1

2

_

_

.

.

.

.

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

3
3

1
1

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

.
-

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

.

6

1

1

1
_
1
1

1
_
1
1

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re ceiv e th eir re g u la r s traig h t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings co rrespon d to these w eekly hours.
T ran sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilities.




_

6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME WEEKLY EARNINGS OF—

A verage

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

D raftsm en, senior __________________________________
Manufacturing _______________ __________________

35
32

Weekly

Weekly .
earnings
(Standard) (Standard)

40. 0 $ 1 15 .5 0
40. 0
1 16 .5 0

$
$
$
$
$
85. 00 90. 00 95. 00 1
$00. 00 105. 00 1*10. 00 1*15. 00 1*20. 00 125. 00 1*30. 00 1*35. 00
and
under
90. 00 95. 00 100.00 105.0 0 110. 00 1 15 .0 0 120. 00 1 2 5 .0 0 13 0 .0 0 135. 00 140. 00
1
1

1
1

4
4

5
5

2

4
3

9
9

3
3

3
3

3
3

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which employees receive their regu lar straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-tim e weekly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August 1962)

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Average
weekly j
earnings
(Standard)

17

$6 4 . 50

________

31
20

64. 00
6 1 .5 0

C lerks, accounting, class A _____________________
Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufac tur i ng _______ _________________ ___ ____

104
23
81

79. 50
84. 00
78. 00

P.1pfjfs ^rmnntjng
^armfa r*tiiri ng

115
35
80

60. 00
59. 00
60. 50

-----------------------

Rnnkkppping-marhinp operators, r.lass B
Nonmanufacturing _____________________

r*l a s « *
R

T\Jr*nrr->» m i f a r t u r i n g

..........

earnings
(Standard)

................

Keypunch operators, class B ___________________

115
90
25
26
44

P ^ p f p . t a r i _
_
_
_
_ ___ _
Manufacturing ------------------------------- ------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing __________________________ ____

120
49
71

C lerk s, payroll --------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing ________________________________
Nonmanufacturing --------------------- --------------------------------------

S tp n n g r^ p h ers,

gen era l

Nonmanufacturing

__

_

_

______ ___________________

42
28

$ 6 1.
57.
76.
60.
54.

50
$0
50
50
00

77 .00*
7 1 .5 0
80. 50

C lerks, file , class C ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ___________________________________________

49. 00
48. 50

Stenographers, senior

_______________________________________

22

67 .00

m prks,

43
24

64. 00
62. 50

Switchboard operators __________________________
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------

22

64. 50
65. 50

............ . ...

Manufacturing ________________________________

Earnings relate to regu lar straight-tim e weekly sa la ries that a re paid for standard workweeks.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




16

Switchboard o p era to r-re cep tio n ists ______________
Manufacturing --------------------------------------------------------------------------

Number
of

earnings^
(Standard)

29
19

$ 5 9 . 50
60. 50

Tabulating-machine o p era to rs, class B

-----------------------

28

73. 00

Tabulating-machine o p erato rs, c la ss C

-----------------------

49

53. 50

Typists, class A

_______________________________________________

Typists, class B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturing __________________________________________ ____
59. 50
Nonmanufacturing -----------------------------------------------------------------Public u tilities 2 -------------------------------------------------------------57. 00 ]

44
43

order

Occupation and industry division

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations— Continued

Office occupations
B ille rs, machine (bookkeeping machine)

Number
of

Occupation and industry division

25

58. 50

109
31
78
17

53. 00
54. 00
52. 50
6 1 .0 0

P ro fession al and technical occupations
Draftsmen, senior
Manufacturing

_______________________________________ ____
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

35
32"

1 1 5 .5 0
TT6 : w

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N.H. , August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average $
hourly . 1.20
earnings
and

under
1. 30

$

1. 30
1.4 0

$

1.40
1. 50

$

1. 50

$

1. 60

$

$

1. 70 ' 1. 80

$

1.9 0

$
$
$
$
$
2. 00 2. 10 2. 20 2. 30 2.4 0

1.7 0

1.8 0

1. 90

2. 00

2. 10

2. 20

2. 30

~

1. 60

1
1

2
2

2
2

4
4

“

4
4

"

5
5

_
“

1
1

_
”

3
3

2
~

2.4 0

2. 50

$
2. 50

$

2. 60

$

2. 70

$

2. 80
2. 90

$

2. 90

$

3. 00

$

3. 10

$

3. 20
and
3. 20 over

2. 60

2.7 0

2 .8 0

_

1

~

_

3
3

2
2

_
“

.
■

_
“

3
3

_

_
“

'

-

“

“

"

"

_

.
~

.

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

C a rp en ters, maintenance ___ __ _________ _
Manufacturing -------- ------ — -----------------

17
16

$ 2 . 20
2. 17

E le ctric ia n s, maintenance __________________
Manufacturing
__ ____
__ __________

17
17

2. 24
2. 24

.

_
"

_
“

_
“

_
“

_

"

_
“

5
5

F irem en, stationary b o iler ________________
Manufacturing — -------------- ---------- -

32
27

1. 62
1. 61

.
"

1
1

11
11

3
"

5
5

6
6

4
4

43
34

1 .7 9
1 .7 5

2
2

2
2

_

2
2

7
7

2
2

19
14

4
2

_

.
“

.
"

.

*

_
~

_
“

8
8

2
2

1
1

4
4

1
1

2
2

.
"

_
-

_

~

■

15
15
15

8
4
4

21
21
20

11
8
6

3

-

.

6
6

7
7

4
4

2
2

_

_

3. 10

2

H elpers, maintenance trad es
__ „ „ __ __
Manufacturing --------- _ __
__ _ ___ _

3. 00

“

M achinists, maintenance _ _____
_____ _
_
Manufacturing ________ __ ________ _
_

22
22

2. 21
2. 21

.

Mechanics, automotive (m ain ten an ce)_______
Nonmanufacturing __ __ __ ______ __ ___
Public u tilitie s 2 _ __ __ _____ _ ___
_

65
55
52

2. 25
2. 25
2. 24

_
"

_
"

_
'

_
~

_
~

M echanics, maintenance _ __ __ _____________
Manufacturing
__ __ __ __
________

29
28

2. 32
2 .3 1

.

_

_

_

.

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
T ransportation, communication, and other public u tilities.




.

-

“

'

4
4

.
"

3
3
3

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
2

.

.

_

~

3
2

_
~

"

"

1
1

1
1

_
“

“

_

_
“

~

3
3

1
1

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N.H., August 1962)
NUMBER OF WORKEBS RECEIVING STRAIGHT-TIME HOURLY EARNINGS OF—

Occupation1 and industry division

N ber
um
of
workers

Average $
1.00 $ 1.10
hourly
earnings 2
and
under
1.20
1.10

$

1.60

$ 1.70

$ 1.80

$ 1.90

$ 2.00

$ 2.10

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

$ 1.20

$ 1.30

$ 1.40

$ 1.50

1.30

1.40

1.50

$

2.20

$ 2.30

2.30

$

$

2.40

$ 2.50

2.40

2.50

-_2.a.6Q , ...2, Z fl_

"

-

-

_
-

_
_
“

Guards and watchmen __________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Watchmen _____________________________

47
44
32

$ 1.45
1.46
1.48

"

2
2
2

3
3
2

10
7
4

16
16
8

9
9
9

3
3
3

4
4
4

~

■

-

-

Jan ito rs, p o rters, and cleaners ______________
Manufacturing ____________________ ______
Nonmanufacturing ____ __________________

137
86
51

1.43
1.44
1.42

5
5

22
21
1

17
15
2

33
8
25

16
16
-

13
5
8

11
8
3

1
1

-

4
_
4

13
13
-

1
1

L aborers, m aterial handling _________________
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

196
94
102

1.69
1.57
1.80

_
"

8
5
3

10
2
8

11
7
4

21
13
8

32
25
7

28
20
8

36
8
28

24
12
12

6
2
4

_
"

_
“

_
-

Order fille rs _____________________________
Manufacturing ____________________________

67
31

1.59
1.49

7
7

4
2

11
9

6
2

8
-------6

9
1

1
1

14

-

-

-

46
46

1.67
1.67

_
"

_

_
-

5
5

3
3

11
11

3
3

2
2

20
20

_
*

-

P ackers, shipping (men) _____________________
Manufacturing ____________________ ______

4
_

-

1
1

1
1

P ackers, shipping (women) __________________
Manufacturing ____________________ ______

82
82

1.51
1.51

3
3

31
31

22
22

6
6

4
4

2
2

10
10

4
4

.

.
"

-

Receiving clerk s ________________________ ___
Manufacturing ____________________________
Nonmanufacturing ________________________

32
15
17

1.75
1.68
1.82

4
1
3

2
2

1
1

4
4
-

4
3
1

4
3
1

3
3

3
3

2
2
“

.
-

Shipping clerks ______________________________
Manufacturing ------------------------------------------

22
18

1.97
1.98

_

_
-

_
-

5
5

3
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

1
1

Shipping and receiving clerk s ________________
Manufacturing

30
28

4
4

1
1

4
4

1
1

T ruckdrivers 3 _______________________________
Manufacturing ____________________ __
Nonmanufacturing ________________________
Public u tilitie s 4 _______________________

.
_

$

2.70
and
over

.

-

2.60

_
-

_
-

2.07
2.05

_

_

190
53
137
73

2.21
1.85
2.36
2.64

_
-

T ru ck d rivers, light (under 1 V2 tons) ______

21

1.57

T ru ck d rivers, medium (IV2 to and
including 4 tons) ________________________
Manufacturing _________________________

45
24

T ru ck d rivers, heavy (over 4 tons,
tra ile r type) _________ __________________
T ruckers, power (forklift) ___________________

1
2
3
4

-

_

_
'

_
-

_

2
2
'

8
8
-

3
2
1
-

6
4
2
-

5
3
2
-

8
7
1
-

24
20
4
-

16
2
14
-

_

2

2

1

6

2

2

2

1.98
1.75

-

-

6
-

-

-

3
3

6
6

37

2.42

-

-

-

_

_

-

45

2.03

_

_

_

_

1

3

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Includes all d riv e rs regard less of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




"

'

~

1
_
1

_

_
-

_
“

19
19

.
_
~

1
1

2
2

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
1
“

-

2
2

-

-

.

3
1

3
3

.
-

1
1

2
2

_
-

13
13

4
2

.
-

3
3

.

.

.

-

-

_
-

4
4
-

1
1
1

30
30
-

75
3
72
72

-

2
2
-

1

.

2

.

_

_

1

_

12
12

-

-

_
-

-

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

6

1

_

-

-

1

6

_

_

2

8

13

_

2

3

_

_

.

r

1
1

6
------6—
-

_

_
-

_
-

_

15
-

_

23

_

13

-

B: Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tio n o f e stab lish m en ts studied in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by m inim u m en tra n c e s a la r y fo r s e le c te d c a te g o rie s
of in ex p erien c ed w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs , M a n ch e ster, N. H. , A ugust 1962)
O th er in ex p erien c ed c le r i c a l w o rk e rs 2

In ex p erien ced ty p is ts
M anufacturing
M inim um w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y

1

A ll
in d u s trie s

E sta b lish m e n ts stu died

40

A ll
sch ed u les

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B ased on sta n d ard w ee k ly h o u rs ;J of—

A ll
in d u s trie s

'
B a sed on sta n d ard w eekly h o u rs 3 of—

A ll
sch ed u les

M an ufacturing

N onm anufacturing

A ll
sch ed u les

40

40

62

33

XXX

29

XXX

62

33

XXX

29

XXX

-----------------------------------------

22

14

14

8

4

39

22

21

17

12

50 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------00 __________________________________
50 ------------------------------- ------- ---------------------------------00 ------------------------------------------------- --------------------------50 __________________________________
00 — ----------------------------------------------------------------------50 ____________________________________________________
00 ____________________________________________________
50 ____________________________________________________

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

11
2
6
1
2

11
2
6
1
1

1
2
9
1

1
2
6

-

-

1

-

-

1
1
1

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m

1

-

-

1

1

1
2
19
4
6
2
3
1
1

-

-

1
1

---------------------------------------

6

3

XXX

3

XXX

13

6

XXX

7

XXX

E s ta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em plo y w o rk e rs
in th is c a te g o ry ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

34

16

XXX

18

XXX

10

5

XXX

5

XXX

$ 4 0 . 00
$ 4 2 . 50
$ 4 5 . 00
$ 4 7 . 50
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 52 . 50
$ 55 . 00
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 . 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
u n d er
un d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er
u n d er

$ 42.
$ 45.
$47.
$ 50 .
$ 52 .
$ 55 .
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62 .

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m

-

-

-

-

-

10
4
5
1
1

6
2
5
1

6
2
5
1

4
2

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

T h ese s a la r i e s r e la t e to fo r m a lly e sta b lish e d m inim um sta rtin g (h iring) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a r e paid fo r sta n d ard w o rk w eek s.
E xclu d es w o rk e rs in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e ss e n g e r o r o ffice g irl.
D ata a r e p re s e n te d fo r a ll sta n d a rd w o rk w eek s com bined, and fo r the m o s t com m on sta n d ard w o rk w eek re p o rte d .




1

-

-

10
Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift d iffe re n tia ls of m a n u factu rin g plant w o rk e rs by type and am ount of d iffe re n tia l,
M a n ch e ster, N.H., A ugust 1962)
P e rc e n t of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo rm a l
p ro v is io n s 1 fo r—

Shift d iffe re n tia l

Second shift
w o rk

T h ird o r other
sh ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—
Second shift

T h ird o r o th e r
sh ift

T otal __________________________________________

54 .0

4 0 .4

8.4

3 .4

W ith sh ift p a y d iffe re n tia l ___

3 1 .5

36 .2

4 .2

3 .4

23.6

30.7

3.7

3.4

U niform cen ts (p e r hour)

__ _______ ___

___

5 cen ts ____ __________________________
7 cen ts ------- -------------------------- __ __ „
l x!z cen ts ______________ ___________ __
8 ce n ts __________________________________
10 cen ts ______ ____ __ __ __ __ __ __
15 cen ts _
224/5 cen ts ---------------------------------------------

1 5 .0
.7
6.5

_

2.9
_

1.5

10.8
3.4
2.2
10.8
1.9
1.5

7.9
5.5
2.3

5.5
5.5

.4

.1

.3
.1

.1

22 .5

4 .2

4 .2

-

U n iform p e rcen ta g e _______ __ __ __ _____
5 p e r c e n t __ __ ____ _______ __ „ __
10 p e rc e n t _ _______________________ ___
W ith no sh ift pay d iffe re n tia l _____________

_

___

2 .8
.1

.1

-

.5

_

_

.7

-

-

1
Includes e sta b lish m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts , and e stab lish m en ts w ith fo rm a l p ro v is io n s c o v e rin g la te s h ifts
even though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts.

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and p lant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv isio n s by scheduled w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o rk e rs , M a n c h e ste r, N.H., A ugust 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries1
A ll w o r k e r s

_____________________ ___________

35 h o u r s ------------------------- ---------------------------------3 7 x/2 h o u r s ---------- ------- ---------------------------------38 3/4 h o u r s ___________________________________
391/2 h o u r s ___________________________________
40 h o u r s _______________ ____ _______________
4 2 1/2 h o u r s ------------------------- ----------------------------45 h o u rs ---- ------------------------------------------------------4 5 1/2 h o u r s ___ ______________________________
46 h o u rs ____________ ____ __________________
4 6 x/2 h o u r s _______________________________ __
48 h o u rs ____________ ________________________
50 h o u rs ---------------------------------------------------------1
2
3
4

100
(4 )
27
15
4
53
(4 )

All industries3

100

100

100

100

1
4
-

_

1
1
-

2
1
92
5
-

58
-

-

-

95
-

42

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

(4 )
"

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

-

-

84
4
5
2
1
2
1

Includes data f o r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u nication, and o th e r public u tilitie s .
Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a i l tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u s try d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0 .5 p e rc e n t.




Public utilities2
100
.

-

69
31
-

11
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffice and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by nu m ber of paid h o lid a ys
p ro vid ed an n u ally, M a n ch e ster, N. H. , A ugust 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Item
2
1

All industries 3

All industries *

Manufacturing

_______________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
paid h o lid a ys ________________________________
W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g
no paid h o lid a ys ____________________________

99

100

100

98

100

100

A ll w o rk e rs

__________________

Public utilities

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

2

1

N u m b e r off d a y s
4 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
5 h o lid a ys ____________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____
________________________
6 h o lid a ys plus 2 h a lf days ___________________
7 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
8 h o lid a ys ____________________________________
---- —
8 h o lid a ys plus 1 h a lf day ---------------9 h o lid a ys _ __________________________________
10 h o lid a ys _________________________ __
.
10 h o lid a ys plus 1 h a lf day ---------------------------10 h o lid a ys plus 2 h a lf d a ys _____ ____________
11 h o lid a ys ------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
(4 )
21
1
10
(4 )
1
n
46
2
(4 )
6

1
50
3
27
1
4
8
6
-

6
8
54
65
66
66
77
98
99
99

6
15
19
19
49
99
100
100

11
84
4
“

2
6
26
3
33
11
1
8
7
(4 )
1
~

j

2
7
28
4
41
14
1
3
-

31
56
5
-

Totol ho liday tim e 5
,, „ .y .
IOV2 o r m o re d a ys ___________________________
10 o r m o re days _______________________ _____
9 o r m o re days _______________________________
8 1 o r m o re d a ys ____________________ ______
8 o r m o re days
__________________________
7 o r m o re days _______________________________
6 o r m o re days _______________________________
5 o r m o re d ays ________________________ __ __
4 o r m o re days _______________________________

1
2
3
4
4
no h a lf

4
88
99
99
99
99
100
100
100

1
1
8
16
17
28
64
90
96
98

3
4
18
62
91
98
100

5
61
92
92
92
92
100
100
100

Inclu des data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ; finance, insurance, and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in ad ditio n to those in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ication , and o th er public u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s in ad dition to those in d u s try d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.
A ll co m b in atio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bined; fo r exam ple, the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a to ta l of 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a ys, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf days, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w e re then cu m ulated.




12
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations

(P e rc e n t d is trib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a c a tio n pay
p ro v is io n s , M a n ch e ster, N. H. , A ugust 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V acatio n p o lic y
All industries1

A ll w o rk e rs

----------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

All industries3

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100
96
4
-

100
89
11
-

100
100

21
27
16
17

49
33
2
-

_
29
2
58

24
_
75

39
61

V 28

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100
58

100
48
52
-

100
100
-

57
7
1
2

71
4
~

_
26
10
31

10
90

89
1
9

94
2
4

25
75

72

9
1
90

83
2
16

92
2
7

21
4
75

11
3
86

21
7
72

6
94

64
19
18

70
23
7

21
79

11
3
86

21
7
72

6
94

64
19
18

70
23
7

21
79

1
(5 )
89
6
4

2
1
92
5

100
-

6
3
84
3
3

5
4
85
4
2

100
-

Method of payment
W o rk e rs in esta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g
paid va c a tio n s ---------------------------------------------L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent ---------------------------P e rc e n ta g e paym en t ---------------------------------F la t-s u m paym ent ------------------------------------O ther ---------------------------------------------------------W o rk e rs in e sta b lish m en ts provid in g
no paid va c a tio n s -----------------------------------------

_
-

j1
i'!!

l
-

Amount of vacation p a y 4
A fte r 6 m onths of s e rv ic e
Under 1 w eek ---------------------- --------- -----------1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and un der 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w eek --------- ---- ----------------------------------- — O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------

15
(5 )
85

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and un der 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and un der 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ----------------------- ---------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks -----------------------------2 w eeks ----------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and un der 3 w eeks -----------------------------3 w eeks -----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end o f table,




13
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations— Continued

(P e rc e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and p lan t w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p ro v is io n s , M a n c h e ste r, N.H., A ugust 1962)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V ac atio n p o lic y
All industries*

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 4 -------C o n tin u e d

A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____ ____________________ ____ ______
O v er 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _ ____ ____ _____
2 w e e k s ________________________ _______________
O v er 2 and un der 3 w e e k s ------ ------- ------------3 w e e k s - --------------- ------------------------------------- -

1
69
6
25

1
87
12

_
70
30

6
1
82
3
7

4
2
87
4
3

66
34

1
67
6
26

1
87
12

_
64
36

6
1
80
3
10

4
2
87
4
3

_
35
65

1
38
60
1

1
83
12
4

3
97
-

6
1
62
3
27
1

4
2
69
4
20
1

100
-

1
38

1
83

_
3

-

-

-

59
2

12
4

92
5

6
1
62
3
26
2

4
2
69
4
20
1

1

1

_

-

-

6
1
60
3
15
9
6

4
2
67
4
10
11
2

A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k _____________________ ______ _______ __
O v er 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----- ------- ------------2 w ee k s _ ______________ _ __ ------- __ -------O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s _ _______ ____ —
3 w e e k s — ............. —

............... —

............... —

A ft e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____ ____________ ____________ ____ —
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
_______ __ -------2 w ee k s ___ ____ _____ ____ — ------------ —
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ___ ____ ________
3 w ee k s _______ ________ _______ ____ _____
4 w ee k s ___ ____________ ________ __ — — —
A ft e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ------ ---- ---- ---- ---- --------- ---------------------O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ____________________
__ __ __ __ ------- — —
2 w ee k s ___ __ __
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ____________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________ ___________
4 w e e k s ..................................................... .......................

-

-

87
13

A fte r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_
_
_ ___ ___________
O v e r 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ____________________
2 w ee k s _____________________________________ __
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _ __ __ _______ __
3 w ee k s __________ ____________ ______________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s _ ____ __ __ __ __
4 w ee k s ___ ____________ _______________ ______

37
42
20

81
13
5

-

3
9
88

-

35
65

1 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ication , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l esta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 Includes p aym en ts o th e r than "length of tim e, " such a s p ercen ta g e of annual ea rn in g s o r fla t- s u m p a ym e n ts, co n v e rte d to an eq u ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r ex am p le, a paym ent of 2 p e rcen t
of annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n sid e re d a s 1 w ee k 's pay. P e rio d s of s e rv ic e w e re a r b i t r a r i ly ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the ind ivid u al p r o v is io n s fo r p ro g re s s io n s . F o r exam ple, the
changes in p ro p o rtio n s in d ica te d at 10 y e a rs ' s e rv ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e. Thus, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w eeks' pay
o r m o re a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d es th o se who re c e iv e 3 w eeks' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of s e rv ic e .
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p e rc e n t.




14
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e rc e n t of o ffice and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
h e alth , in s u ra n c e , o r pension b e n e fits , 1 M a n c h e ste r, N.H., A ugust 1962)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of b en efit
All industries2

Manufacturing

All industries4

Public utilities3

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ra n c e _________ ______________ __
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b erm en t
in su ra n c e ___ __ ------- --------------------------S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ra n c e o r
sick le a v e 'o r b o th 5 -------- ----------------------

92

79

100

75

72

100

73

77

96

59

57

91

93

90

100

81

83

96

S ick n e ss and accid en t in su ra n c e _______
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g period) _______________________
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aitin g period ) _______________________

46

84

11

75

82

31

71

51

88

7

2

-

1

2

H osp italizatio n in su ra n c e ________ _________
S u rg ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________________ _____
M ed ical i n s u r a n c e __ __ ----------- __ -------C a ta stro p h e in su ra n c e ________________ —
R etire m e n t p ension ___ __ ------- ------------No h ealth , in su ra n c e , o r pension plan -----

83
84
62
57
65
1

89
93
75
9
36
1

42
42
42
84
89

90
89
79
12
52
1

A ll w o rk e rs __ ____

__ _____________________

W o rk e rs in esta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g :

1

(6 )

J

34
31

i

94
94
81
8
56

69
69
69
56
67

1 Includes th o se plans fo r w hich at le a s t a p a rt of the co st is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, excepting only le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e c u rity , and r a ilr o a d
re tire m e n t.
2 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u nication, and o th e r public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a i l tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s in addition to th ose in d u s try d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l of w o rk e rs re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r s ick n ess and accid en t in su ra n c e shown s e p a ra te ly below . S ic k -le a v e p lans a r e lim ite d to th o se w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m inim um nu m ber of days' p a y th at can be exp ected by each em p lo yee. In fo rm a l s ic k - le a v e a llo w a n ce s d eterm in ed on an in dividual b a s is a r e excluded.
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rc e n t.




Appendix: Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to a ssist its
field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll
titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This is
essential in order to permit the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the
Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those
prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are in­
structed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time,
temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other
than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as
to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott
Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without
a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A—
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of
and experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with
the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines
proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used
in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, bal­
ance sheets, and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing machine)—
Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and in­
voices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of prede­
termined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of
the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B—
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll,
customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of, billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping machine)—
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’
bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally in­
volves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger rec­
ord. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number
of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically
the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of book­
keeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and
credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A—
Under general direction of a bookkeeper or account­
ant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com­
plete set of books or records relating to one phase of an establish­
ment’s business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing
subsidiary ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts

15

16

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G -C o n tin u e d

payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper ac­
counting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in
making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing,
adjusting and closing journal entries; and may direct class B ac­
counting clerks.
Class B —
Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or ac­
counts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers con­
trolled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not require a knowledge of accounting and book­
keeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several
workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A— an established filing system containing a number
In
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B —
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by sim­
ple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer
subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference
aids.
As requested locates clearly identified material in files
and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required
to maintain and service files.

Class C—
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial
classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numer­
ical). As requested, locates readily available material in files
and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Per­
forms simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and
service files.




C L E R K , ORDER

Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be
filled. May check with credit department to determine credit rating of
customer, acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders
to see that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check
shipping invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the neces­
sary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’
earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated
data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, work­
ing days, time, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due.
May make out paychecks and a ssist paymaster in making up and dis­
tributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathema­
tical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsi­
bilities, reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter,
using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such
as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to
prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto
masters. May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but in addition, work requires application of
coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Class B—
Under close supervision or following specific proce­
dures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to
punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com­
bination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May
verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents,
follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed
in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes,
missing information, etc., are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, opera­
ting minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and dis­
tributing mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an
administrative or executive position. Duties include making appoint­
ments for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and



SECRETARY — Continued
making phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential
mail, and writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking
dictation (where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand
or by Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the
recorded information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare
special reports or memorandums for information of superior.
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a
normal routine vocabulary; and transcribe dictation. May also type from
written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other
relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation from one or more persons,
either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine, involving a var­
ied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or
reports on scientific research and transcribe dictation. May also type
from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater
independence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evi­
denced by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic
speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general busi­
ness and office procedures and of the specific business operations,
organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this
knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for
reports, memorandums, letters, etc.; composing simple letters from general
instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine
questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard.
Duties involve handling incoming, outgoing, and intraplant or office
calls. May record toll calls and take messages. May give information
to persons who call in, or occasionally take telephone orders. For
workers who also act as receptionists see switchboard operatorreceptionist.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR-Continued
Class C—
Operates simple tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc.,
with specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams
and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a
work unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or re­
petitive operations.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator, on a single posi­
tion or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type
or perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing
or clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A—
Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines, typically including such machines as the tabu­
lator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com­
plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs
difficult wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating
assignments typically involve a variety of long and complex re­
ports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring
some planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more
experienced operator, is typically involved in training new opera­
tors in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring
from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports,
Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine
operations and day-to-day supervision of the work and production
of a group of tabulating-machine operators.
Class B—
Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical ac­
counting machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition
to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under
specific instructions and may include the performance of some wir­
ing from diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabu­
lations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but
small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report.
Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where
the procedures are well established. May also include the training
of new employees in the basic operation of the machine.



TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal rou­
tine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from
written copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation
involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who
takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is
classified as a stenographer, general.
TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to
make out bills after calculations have been made by another person.
May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in
duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special
training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or
sorting and distributing incoming mail.
Class A—
Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punc­
tuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical
tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type
routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B—
Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance pol­
icies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR-Continued

DRAFTSMAN, JUNIOR
(Assistant draftsman)
Draws to scale units or parts of drawings prepared by drafts­
man or others for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Uses various types of drafting tools as required. May prepare drawings
from simple plans or sketches, or perform other duties under direction
of a draftsman.

completed work, checking dimensions, materials to be used, and quan­
tities; writing specifications; and making adjustments or changes in
drawings or specifications. May ink in lines and letters on pencil
.drawings, prepare detail units of complete drawings, or trace drawings.
Work is frequently in a specialized field such as architectural, elec­
trical, mechanical, or structural drafting.

DRAFTSMAN, LEADER
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
Plans and directs activities of one or more draftsmen in prep­
aration of working plans and detail drawings from rough or preliminary
sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing purposes.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Interpreting blueprints,
sketches, and written or verbal orders; determining work procedures;
assigning duties to subordinates and inspecting their work; and per­
forming more difficult problems. May assist subordinates during emer­
gencies or as a regular assignment, or perform related duties of a
supervisory or administrative nature.
DRAFTSMAN, SENIOR
Prepares working plans and detail drawings from notes, rough
or detailed sketches for engineering, construction, or manufacturing
purposes. Duties involve a combination of the following: Preparing
working plans, detail drawings, maps, cross-sections, etc., to scale by
use of drafting instruments; making engineering computations such as
those involved in strength of materials, beams and trusses; verifying

A registered nurse who gives nursing service to ill or injured
employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the
premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combina­
tion of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to
subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients
treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes;
conducting physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants
and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health
education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other
activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel.
TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others, by placing
tracing cloth or paper over drawing and tracing with pen or pencil. Uses
T-square, compass, and other drafting tools. May prepare simple draw­
ings and do simple lettering.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE-Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and main­
tain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim
made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or
verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable

power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop
computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials
necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance car­
penter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the
installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generating, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety
of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards,
controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems,
or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, lay­
out, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the elec­
trical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to
load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety
of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In
general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping
a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting worker by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The
kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade:
In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding
materials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is per­
mitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade
that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation
of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to sup­
ply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigera­
tion, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining
equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors,
turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and
boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record
of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May
also supervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establish­
ments employing more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling and
operation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to rec­
ognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper
coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study
purposes, machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fire stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valve.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and
specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of ma­
chinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and
operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close toler­
ances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of
work, tooling, feeds and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working

21

MACHINIST, M AIN TEN AN CE—C o ntinu ed

M ILLWRIGHT

properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts,
and equipment required for his work; and fitting and assembling parts
into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally
requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Installs new machines or heavy equipment and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experi­
ence in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and- experience usually ac­
quired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechan­
ical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dis­
mantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of
handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective
parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a re­
placement part by a machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine
shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs
or for die production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling
machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In gen­
eral, the work of a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are
workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.



OILER
Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of. mechanical equipment of an establishment.

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface pecu­
liarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from draw­
ings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to
correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­
cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by
hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings

22

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E -C on tinued

SH E E T-M E T AL W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E -C o n tin u ed

and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relat­
ing to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard
tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general
the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equiva­
lent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and
repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

types of sheet-metal-working machines; using a variety of handtools in
cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing
sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance
sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of
vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and
fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake.
In general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded train­
ing and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheetmetal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans,
shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an
establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and lay­
ing out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints,
models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fix­
tures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work
involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision meas­
uring instruments, understanding of the working properties of common
metals and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related
equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal
parts during fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve
required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling
of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appro­
priate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die
maker’s work requires a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers
in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

GUARD

Transports passengers between floors of an office building
apartment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as
those of starters and janitors are excluded.

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.




23

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER

PACKER, SHIPPING

(Sweeper; charwomen; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polish­
ing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor mainte­
nance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Work­
ers who specialize in window washing are excluded.

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing
them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being
dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the
type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of
the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify
content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting
enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels
or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make
wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one 'or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or
from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelv­
ing, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location;
and transporting materials or merchandise by hand truck, car, or wheel­
barrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, cus­
tomers* orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders
and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders
requisition additional stock, or report short supplies to supervisor, and
perform cither related duties.



SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is respon­
sible for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Ship­
ping work involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices,
routes, available means of transportation and rates; and preparing
records of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight
and shipping charges, and keeping a file of shipping records. May
direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving
work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correct­
ness of shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other records;
checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchan­
dise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary
records and files.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

24

TRUCKDRIVER

TRUCKER, POWER

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of estab­
lishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments
and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload
truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep
truck in good working order. Driver•salesmen and over-the-road drivers
are excluded.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size
and type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on
the basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under l ^ tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( l1 to and including 4 tons)
^
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)




For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of
truck, as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

☆

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1962 0 — 664506


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102